Residual Stress Analysis and Fatigue of Welded Structures
2006 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
This licentiate thesis is generally concerned with the fatigue of welded structures. Several topics related to fatigue of welded structures are treated such as; weld defects and their influence on fatigue performance of welded structures, fatigue life prediction using LEFM (Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics), fatigue testing, welding simulation, residual stress prediction and measurement and their influence on fatigue. The work that is reported in this thesis is a part result of a Nordic research project QFAB (Quality and Cost of Fabricated Advanced Welded Structures). One of the main objectives is to compare different welding processes in fatigue performance, weld quality and gain understanding of the weld defects, their appearance in different welding processes and their influence on fatigue life. Another main objective is to study welding residual stresses and their effect on fatigue. The design rules are in some cases conservative and especially on root sides the knowledge about the residual stress field may improve the life prediction. The aim is to develop simplified procedures for analysis of residual stresses, their relaxation and influence on fatigue life. In one study fatigue testing of Hybrid Nd: YAG laser/MAG and MAG welded (tandem arc solid wire, flux cored wire, tandem flux cored wire) non-load carrying cruciform joints was carried out. Four batches were produced, tested and the results were compared. The local weld geometry of the cruciform welded joints was measured and analyzed. Residual stress measurement was carried out close to the toe region using X-ray diffraction. Weld defects, in most cases cold laps, in the cracked specimens was measured. Residual stresses in multi-pass welded tube-to-plates were studied for two different tubular joint configurations; a three-pass single-U weld groove for maximum weld penetration and a two-pass fillet (no groove) welded tube-to-plates for minimum weld penetration. Torsion fatigue tests were performed in order to study crack propagation from the weld root. Mode III propagation from the lower and upper weld toe on the same tubular joints was also studied. Some tubes were stress relieved (PWHT) and some were fatigue tested with internal static pressure. A three dimensional finite element welding simulation of the 3 pass welded tubular joint was carried out. The calculated temperatures in the transient thermal analysis were compared with measured temperatures. The FE predicted residual stresses in the as-welded conditions were verified with hole drilling strain gage measurements. The residual stresses were used as internal stresses in the finite element model for the torsion fatigue simulation in order to study the cycle by cycle relaxation of the residual stresses in constant amplitude torsion loading.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Farkost och flyg , 2006. , iii, 21 p.
Trita-AVE, ISSN 1651-7660 ; 2006:02
welding, fatigue, finite element analysis, fracture mechanics, residual stresses
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3872ISBN: 91-7178-264-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-3872DiVA: diva2:9820
2006-03-01, S40, Farkost o Flyg, teknikringen 8, stockholm, 00:00
Hansen, Jan Langkjear
QC 201011092006-03-132006-03-132010-11-09Bibliographically approved
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