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Modernising ecodesign: ecodesign for innovative solutions
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Machine Design (Div.).
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

The focus of environmental work in manufacturing companies has increasingly shifted from end-of-pipe solutions to the environmental performance of products and services. The product development process is central to creating value for customers. This thesis argues that companies can simultaneously create value for consumers and be profitable while taking environmental considerations into account.

Modernising ecodesign means taking advantage of environmental benefits and the innovation potential when developing solutions rather than using ecodesign simply to ensure that legal requirements or customer demands are met. Ecodesign is a strategic issue and should be included in early product development activities, such as for project selection and when setting product targets. There is also need to perform ecodesign according to the characteristics of specific development processes as for radical product development or when developing integrated solutions, using a combination of services and products.

This thesis reports on the findings from five different research studies, all of which adopted a qualitative approach in which the emphasis falls on exploring and creating understanding and meaning. The studies focused on three areas of ecodesign: A) rethinking approaches for manufacturing companies, B) setting environmental project targets and project selection and C) redesign of products.

Recommendations on how to modernise ecodesign have been developed and can be summarised in six points:

• Perform ecodesign both vertically and horizontally in a company.

• Increase interaction between organisational units.

• Take advantage of innovation potential in products, services, user behaviour and the delivery and take-back systems.

• Take environmental considerations into account in the project selection process.

• Set environmental targets for ensuring that environmental considerations are taken when developing innovative solutions.

• Develop ecodesign procedures that fit the characteristics of the development process

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Maskinkonstruktion , 2006.
Series
Trita-MMK, ISSN 1400-1179 ; 2006:05
Keyword [en]
ecodesign, design for environment, product development, integrated solutions, product service systems
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3878OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-3878DiVA: diva2:9846
Public defence
2006-03-24, Sal D3, Lindstedtsvägen 5, Stockholm, 10:15
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2006-03-14 Created: 2006-03-14 Last updated: 2012-03-22
List of papers
1. The Meaning of Functional Sales
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Meaning of Functional Sales
2001 In: Proceedings of the 8th International CIRP Seminar on Life Cycle EngineeringArticle in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5467 (URN)
Note
NR 20140805Available from: 2006-03-14 Created: 2006-03-14Bibliographically approved
2. How Do Functional Sales Affect Product Development and Environmental Performance?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How Do Functional Sales Affect Product Development and Environmental Performance?
2003 (English)In: Proceeding of ICED ´03 / [ed] Folkeson, A.; Gralen, K.; Norell, M.; Sellgren, U., 2003Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Keyword
Functional selling, green product development, service engineering, sustainable product systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5468 (URN)
Conference
International Conference on Engineering Design, Stockholm
Note

QC 20111007

Available from: 2006-03-14 Created: 2006-03-14 Last updated: 2014-09-24Bibliographically approved
3. Making an Ecodesign Choice in Project Portfolio Management
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Making an Ecodesign Choice in Project Portfolio Management
2004 (English)In: 2004 IEEE EMS International EngineeringManagement Conference: Singapore, 2004Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5469 (URN)
Conference
2004 IEEE EMS International EngineeringManagement Conference
Note
QC 20111216Available from: 2006-03-14 Created: 2006-03-14 Last updated: 2012-03-02Bibliographically approved
4. Setting Environmental Targets in Product Development
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Setting Environmental Targets in Product Development
2009 (English)In: ICED 09 - THE 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, 2009, 35-46 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

An import factor for reaching environmental improvements in product development is to have relevant environmental targets that actually influence the product development process. In this paper are procedures of setting environmental targets for product development projects identified, described and analyzed based on studies in three large companies operating in different industries. The different procedures have their own advantages and disadvantages and some of them can be combined within a company. The aim is to illustrate approaches of setting environmental targets early on and show different procedures of setting the environmental targets at a strategic level and how the way of setting environmental targets early on influences the product development process. This paper has a strong empirical connection.

Keyword
ecodesign, product targets, product specifications, design for x
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5470 (URN)000302594000004 ()2-s2.0-84859231377 (Scopus ID)
Conference
17th International Conference on Engineering Design, Stanford Univ, Stanford, AUG 24-27, 2009
Note

OC 20120918

Available from: 2006-03-14 Created: 2006-03-14 Last updated: 2012-09-18Bibliographically approved
5. Managing Radical Innovation and Environmental Challenges: Development of a Dry Capacitor at ABB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Managing Radical Innovation and Environmental Challenges: Development of a Dry Capacitor at ABB
2008 (English)In: European Journal of Innovation Management, ISSN 1460-1060, E-ISSN 1758-7115, Vol. 11, no 2, 182-198 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the driving forces for taking environmental considerations to a higher level in a project involving radical innovation.

Design/methodology/approach – This qualitative case study is based on ten in-depth interviews with respondents from the development team for the DryQ project at ABB.

Findings – In order to achieve substantial environmental benefits, radical product development is essential. Radical product development has attributes that differ from those of incremental product development. It is important that these differences be acknowledged when preparing to manage environmental challenges in development projects. In radical product development, environmental considerations should be taken into account very early on, at the strategic level of the design process.  Setting challenging environmental targets and rewarding environmental improvements was crucial to the outcome of the project presented in this paper.

Research limitations/implications – The research presented here describes one case in one manufacturing company. Readers can, however, learn from this case and apply the insights gained to their own research or use the findings to promote new thinking in their own organisation.

Practical implications – Suggestions are made about how to manage environmental considerations in radical product development.

Originality/value – Few studies combine ecodesign and radical innovation theories, as is done here. Yet this is not a theoretical paper but an industry-based study of eco-innovation, from which researchers and practitioners can learn.

Keyword
Innovation, Environmental management, Product design, Operations and production management
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5471 (URN)10.1108/14601060810869857 (DOI)2-s2.0-43049114602 (Scopus ID)
Note
Updated from Submitted to Published. QC 20111219Available from: 2006-03-14 Created: 2006-03-14 Last updated: 2017-11-21Bibliographically approved

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