Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Reactions between MgAlON-BN composites and CaO-SiO2-Al2O3-MgO-''FeO'' slag
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.
2007 (English)In: Metallurgical and materials transactions. B, process metallurgy and materials processing science, ISSN 1073-5615, E-ISSN 1543-1916, Vol. 38, no 2, 231-241 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The reactions between MgAlON and MgAlON-BN composites and synthetic CaO-SiO2-Al2O3MgO-"FeO" slag at different temperatures were investigated under stagnant condition using the "finger" experiment as well as X-ray sessile drop methods. The corrosion rate was denoted by the radius difference between the initial radius of the specimen rod and the unreacted core at definite time intervals. The experimental results showed that the radius difference is linear with the square root of time. This indicated that the diffusion of ions in the slag through the product layer is the rate-determining step. One product layer was observed between the unreacted core and slag. X-ray images showed that gas bubbles were generated during the slag penetration. The slag penetration process depends strongly on the temperature. The apparent activation energy was evaluated to be 376.4 kJ/mol. The FeO addition into slag increased the slag corrosion rate. This is most probably due to the decrease of the slag viscosity, because the Fe+2 generally behaves as a network breaker. Furthermore, MgAlON and boron nitride (BN) can be oxidized by FeO, which also increased the slag corrosion rate. The slag corrosion rate decreased with increasing BN content. This can be explained by the fact that the grain boundary interfacial energy decreases with the increase of BN content and nonwetting of BN by molten slag compared to pure MgAlON.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 38, no 2, 231-241 p.
Keyword [en]
corrosion, melts, refractories, viscosities, resistance, spinel
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5482DOI: 10.1007/s11663-007-9038-1ISI: 000247008600009Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-34250892133OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-5482DiVA: diva2:9862
Note
Uppdaterad från "In press" till published: 20100929. QC 20100929Available from: 2006-03-15 Created: 2006-03-15 Last updated: 2017-11-21Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Synthesis and Characterization of MgA1ON-BN refractories
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Synthesis and Characterization of MgA1ON-BN refractories
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

In order to meet the need of metallurgical industry in the world, a new MgAlON-BN composite which can be used for example in special refractory nozzles, tubes and break rings for the continuous casting of steel was studied in the present thesis. The aim was to understand the mechanism of synthesis and their physicochemical properties during the application. Thus, the thermodynamic properties, synthesis process, mechanical properties, thermal shock behaviour, thermal diffusivity/conductivity as well as corrosion resistance to molten iron containing oxygen and molten slag of MgAlON and MgAlON-BN composites have been investigated.

The Gibbs energy of formation of MgAlON was estimated using the method proposed by Kaufman. The phase stability diagram of Mg-Al-O-N-B was investigated, and consequently the synthesis parameters were determined. MgAlON and MgAlON-BN composites were fabricated by hot-pressing method. The composites obtained this way were characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM and HREM analyses. A Matrix-flushing method was employed in the quantitative XRD analysis for the multi-component samples to understand the mechanism of synthesis.

The relationship between mechanical properties and microstructure of the composites was investigated. The experimental results indicated that BN addition has significant influence on the mechanical properties of the composites. These can be explained by the fact that BN has low Young’s modulus, density and non-reactive nature as well as considerable anisotropy of many properties such as thermal expansion, thermal diffusivity/conductivity. Thus, the addition of BN in MgAlON is likely to lead to the presence of microcracks caused by the mismatch of thermal expansion coefficient. The microcracks result in the enhancement of the strength at elevated temperature and thermal shock durability of the composites.

Effective thermal conductivities were evaluated from the present experimental results of thermal diffusivities, heat capacity and density. A model suitable for present composites has been derived based on Luo’s model. The predicted lines calculated by the model were in good agreement with experimental results.

The reactions between the composites and molten iron as well as the slag were investigated by ‘‘finger’’ experiments and sessile drop experiments. Both experimental results indicated that the BN addition has positive influence on the corrosion resistance. These are attributed to the excellent corrosion resistance of BN to molten iron and slag, such as the higher contact angle between BN substrate and liquid iron and molten slag compared with that obtained for pure MgAlON.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2006. xii, 43 p.
Keyword
MgAlON-BN composites, Mechanical properties, Thermal shock durability, Thermal diffusivity/conductivity, Corrosion resistance.
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3883 (URN)91-7178-271-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2006-03-31, Salongen, KTHB, Osquars backe 31, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100929Available from: 2006-03-15 Created: 2006-03-15 Last updated: 2010-09-29Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Zhang, ZuotaiMatsushita, TaishiSeetharaman, Seshadri
By organisation
Materials Science and Engineering
In the same journal
Metallurgical and materials transactions. B, process metallurgy and materials processing science
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 94 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf