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Angular anisotropy of the delay time of short pulses in impurity band based photonic crystals
KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Theoretical Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1269-8760
KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Theoretical Chemistry.
KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Theoretical Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1763-9383
2005 (English)In: Journal of Optics. A, Pure and applied optics, ISSN 1464-4258, E-ISSN 1741-3567, Vol. 7, no 3, 118-122 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We investigate the transmission of short pulses through one-dimensional impurity band based photonic crystals. We found a strong dependence of the delay time on the angle of incidence. The delay time is larger for larger incident angles for the transverse electrical mode, while the delay time of the transverse magnetic mode has a qualitatively different angular dependence, especially in the region below the Brewster angle. The strong anisotropy of the delay time is traced to the anisotropy of the group velocity which is directly related to the angular dependence of the impurity band structure.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 7, no 3, 118-122 p.
Keyword [en]
photonic crystal, impurity band, optical delay lines
National Category
Other Physics Topics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5484DOI: 10.1088/1464-4258/7/3/004ISI: 000228114600004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-14844322820OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-5484DiVA: diva2:9867
Note
QC 20100830Available from: 2006-03-15 Created: 2006-03-15 Last updated: 2017-11-21Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Pulse Propagation in Nonlinear Media and Photonic Crystals
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pulse Propagation in Nonlinear Media and Photonic Crystals
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

The present thesis is devoted to theoretical studies of pulse propagation of light through linear and nonlinear media, and of light-induced nuclear dynamics.

The first part of the thesis addresses propagation of light pulses in linear periodical media - photonic crystals. The main accent was put on studies of the angular properties of two qualitatively different types of photonic crystals: holographic photonic crystals, and impurity band based photonic crystals. The anisotropy of band structure, group velocity and pulse delay with respect to the light polarization are analyzed.

In the second part of the thesis a strict theory of nonlinear propagation of a few strong interacting light beams is presented. The key idea of this approach is a self-consistent solution of the nonlinear wave equation and the density matrix equations of the material. This technique is applied to studies of dynamics of cavityless lasing generated by ultra-fast multi-photon excitation. It is shown that interaction of co- and counter-propagating pulses of amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) affects the dynamics and efficiency of nonlinear conversion. Our dynamical theory allows to explain the asymmetric spectral properties of the forward and backward ASE pulses, which were observed in recent experiment with different dye molecules. It is shown that the ASE spectral profile changes drastically when the pump intensity approaches the threshold level. The effect of the temporal self-pulsation of ASE is studied in detail.

The third part of the thesis is devoted to light-induced nuclear dynamics. Time- and frequency-resolved X-ray spectroscopy of molecules driven by strong and coherent infrared (IR) pulses shows that the phase of the IR field strongly influences the trajectory of the nuclear wave packet, and hence, the X-ray spectrum. Such a dependence arises due to the interference of one (X-ray) and two-photon (X-ray + IR) excitation channels. The phase of the light influences the dynamics also when the Rabi frequency approaches the vibrational frequency, breaking down the rotating-wave approximation. The probe X-ray spectra are also sensitive to the delay time, the duration, and the shape of the pulses. The evolution of the nuclear wave packets in the dissociative core-excited state affects the dynamics of resonant Auger scattering from fixed-in-space molecules. One of the important dynamical effects is the atomic-like resonance which experiences electronic Doppler shift. We predict that the scattering of the Auger electrons by nearby atoms leads to new Doppler shifted resonances. These extra resonances show sharp maxima in the bond directions, which makes them very promising as probes for local molecular structure using energy and angular resolved electron-ion coincidence techniques. Our theory provides prediction of several new effects, but also results that are in good agreement with the available experimental data.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2006. x, 49 p.
Keyword
Photonic Crystals, Nonlinear optics, X-ray spectroscopy
National Category
Theoretical Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3886 (URN)91-7178-275-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2006-03-31, FB42, AlbaNova, Roslagstullsbaken 21, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100906Available from: 2006-03-15 Created: 2006-03-15 Last updated: 2011-11-23Bibliographically approved
2. Pulse propagation in photonic crystals and nonlinear media
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pulse propagation in photonic crystals and nonlinear media
2005 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

The present thesis is devoted to theoretical studies of light pulse propagation through different linear and nonlinear media. One dimensional holographic photonic crystals and one dimensional impurity band based photonic crystals are investigated as linear media. The effects of angular dependence of the band structures and pulse delay with respect to the light polarization are analyzed. A strict theory of nonlinear propagation of a few strong interacting light beams is presented and applied in the field of nonlinear optics. The key idea of this approach is a self-consistent solution of the nonlinear wave equation and the density matrix equations of the material beyond the so-called rotating wave approximation. The results of numerical studies led to a successful interpretation of recent experimental data [Nature, 415:767, 2002]. A theoretical study of the NO molecule by means of two-color infrared -- X-ray pump probe spectroscopy is presented. It was found that the phase of the infrared field strongly influences the trajectory of the nuclear wave packet, and hence, the X-ray spectrum. The dependence of the X-ray spectra on the delay time, the duration and the shape of the pulses are studied.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2005. iii, 32 p.
Keyword
Theoretical chemistry, Teoretisk kemi
National Category
Theoretical Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-351 (URN)91-7178-023-8 (ISBN)
Presentation
2005-05-24, Sal FB42, AlbaNova, Roslagstullssbacken 21, Stockholm, 10:00
Supervisors
Note
QC 20101207Available from: 2005-08-01 Created: 2005-08-01 Last updated: 2011-11-23Bibliographically approved

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Kimberg, VictorÅgren, Hans

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