Seasonal variations of ten metals in highway runoff and their partition between dissolved and particulate matter
2007 (English)In: Water, Air and Soil Pollution, ISSN 0049-6979, E-ISSN 1573-2932, Vol. 181, no 1-4, 183-191 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Knowledge of differentiation of pollutants in urban runoff between dissolved and particulate matter is of great concern for a successful design of a water treatment process. Seasonal variations in pollutant load are of equal importance. Ten metals (Al, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn), as dissolved and particulate bound, was studied in the runoff from a major urban highway during a winter season and its following summer. Studded tyres and winter salting were expected to have an impact on the runoff water quality. The dissolved part of Al, Cd, Co, Cr, Mn and Ni was significantly higher in winter in comparison with summer (p < 0.01). For Fe, however, the dissolved part was lower during winter. No significant difference was found for Cu, Pb and Zn between the two seasons. The mass concentration (mg kg(-1)) for all metals was significantly higher over the summer except for Al and Co, which showed a higher mass concentration during the winter. The concentration of selected metals vs. total suspended solids (TSS) showed a linear relationship (r(2)> 0.95) during winter runoff events except for Cd. A good correlation (r (2)> 0.90) was also found for the summer period for Al, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni and Zn. It is suggested that the metal pollutant load during winter could be assessed indirectly by measurement of TSS.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 181, no 1-4, 183-191 p.
de-icing salt; Event Mean Concentration; metal pollution; total suspended solids; storm water
Other Environmental Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5522DOI: 10.1007/s11270-006-9289-5ISI: 000245853500016ScopusID: 2-s2.0-34247507788OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-5522DiVA: diva2:9915
QC 20100712. Uppdaterad från Submitted till Published 20100712.2006-03-222006-03-222010-07-12Bibliographically approved