NMR Studies of Colloidal Systems in and out of Equilibrium
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
The Thesis describes (i) the development of add-on instrumentation extending the capabilities of conventional NMR spectrometers and (ii) the application of the designed equipments and techniques for investigating various colloidal systems. The new equipments are:
Novel designs of stopped-flow and temperature–jump inserts intended for conventional Bruker wide-bore superconductive magnets. Both inserts are loaded directly from above into the probe space and can be used together with any 10 mm NMR probe with no need for any auxiliary instruments.
A set of 5 mm and 10 mm 1H – 19F – 2H NMR probes designed for heteronuclear 1H – 19F cross-relaxation experiments in Bruker DMX 200, AMX 300 and DMX 500 spectrometers, respectively.
A two–stage low-pass filter intended for suppressing RF noise in electrophoretic NMR experiments.
The kinetics of micellar dissolution and transformation in aqueous solutions of sodium perfluorooctanoate (NaPFO) is investigated using the stopped-flow NMR instrument. The sensitivity of NMR as detection tool for kinetic processes in micellar solutions is clarified and possible artefacts are analysed. In the NaPFO system, the micellar dissolution is found to proceed faster than 100 ms while surfactant precipitation occurs on the time scale of seconds-to-minutes. The kinetics of the coil-to–globule transition and intermolecular aggregation in a poly (Nisopropylacrylamide) solution are investigated by the temperature-jump NMR instrument. As revealed by the time evolution of the 1H spectrum, the T2 relaxation time and the self-diffusion coefficient D, large (>10 nm) and compact aggregates form in less than 1 second upon fast temperature increase and dissolve in less than 3 seconds upon fast temperature decrease.
The intermolecular 1H – 19F dipole-dipole cross-relaxation between the solvent and solute molecules, whose fast rotational diffusion is in the extreme narrowing limit, is investigated. The solutes are perfluorooctanoate ions either in monomeric or in micellar form and trifluoroacetic acid and the solvent is water. The obtained cross-relaxation rates are frequency-dependent which clearly proves that there is no extreme narrowing regime for intermolecular dipole-dipole relaxation. The data provide strong constraints for the dynamic retardation of solvent by the solute.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2006. , 55 p.
stopped-flow NMR, temperature-jump NMR, crossrelaxation, NMR, NMR probe, fluorosurfactant, micellar kinetics, micellar structure
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3898ISBN: 91-7178-310-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-3898DiVA: diva2:9930
2006-04-20, Sal F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, 10:00
Gosgrove, Terence, Prof
QC 201009292006-04-052006-04-052010-09-29Bibliographically approved
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