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  • 1.
    Abbasi, Saeed
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Machine Elements.
    Ekstrand-Hammarström, Barbara
    Division of CBRN Defence and Security, Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI),.
    Bergström, Ulrika
    Division of CBRN Defence and Security, Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI),.
    Bucht, Anders
    Deptartment of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University Hospital, Umeå, 901 89, Sweden.
    Olofsson, Ulf
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Machine Elements.
    Sellgren, Ulf
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Machine Elements.
    Jansson, Anders
    Department of Applied Environmental Science, Stockholm University, Stockholm, 106 91, Sweden.
    Biological response in lung cells by brake dust from a novel set-up to generate one sourcewear particles2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Ahlstrom, Linda
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Grimby-Ekman, Anna
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Hagberg, Mats
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Dellve, Lotta
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Measures of work ability and association with sick leave, symptoms and health: A prospective study of female workers on long term sick leave2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, ISSN 0355-3140, E-ISSN 1795-990X, Vol. 36, no 5, p. 404-412Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Ahlstrom, Linda
    et al.
    Högskolan Borås.
    Larsson Fallman, Sara
    Högskolan Borås.
    Dellve, Lotta
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics. Public Health and Community Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Return to work from long-term sick leave: a five-year prospective study of the importance of adjustment latitudes at work and home2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Adjustment latitude among employees, i.e. adjusting work to individual’s health capacity, has been associated with successful return to work (RTW) in cross-sectional studies. The aim is to investigate the long-term importance of adjustment latitude at the workplace and at home, as well as attitudes (own and colleagues) for increased work ability (WA), working degree (WD) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among female human service workers (HSW) on long-term sick leave in Sweden.

    Methods

    A cohort of female HSW (n=324) on long-term sick leave (>60 day) received a questionnaire at four times (0, 6, 12, 60 months). Prevalence ratios (PR) were used to examine possible relationships between explanatory factors and outcomes. Linear mixed models were used for longitudinal analysis of the repeated measurements of WA Score (0-10), WD (0-100%) and HRQoL (0-100). Analyses were performed with different models; the explanatory variables for each model were adjustment latitude, attitudes towards breaks at work, shared or single household and amount of household work.

    Result

    Having more adjustment latitude at work was associated with both increased WA and RTW compared to having few adjustment latitude opportunities. Adjustments related to working-pace were strongly associated with increased WD (PR 3.29(95%CI=1.71-6.26)), as were adjustments to working-place. Having opportunities to take short breaks at work, and a general acceptance at work to take short breaks was associated with increased WA. At home, a higher responsibility for household work (PR 1.98(95%CI=1.33-2.95)) was related to increased WA and RTW. Individuals with possibilities for adjustment latitude, especially pace and place, at work, and an acceptance to take breaks at work, increased in WA score significantly more over time and had higher WA score compared with individuals not having such opportunities at work. These prospective results were similar for the outcome WD and HRQoL.

    Conclusions

    The results highlight the importance of possibilities for adjustment latitude at work and at home, as well as accepting attitudes to take short breaks to increase WA and RTW among female human service workers previously on long-term sick leave.

  • 4.
    Ahmad Termida, Nursitihazlin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science.
    Susilo, Yusak
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science.
    Franklin, Joel P.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science.
    Examining the effects of out-of-home and in-home constraints on leisure activity participation in different seasons of the year2016In: Transportation, ISSN 0049-4488, E-ISSN 1572-9435, p. 1-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using multi-day, multi-period travel diaries data of 56 days (four waves of two-week diaries) for 67 individuals in Stockholm, this study aims to examine the effects of out-of-home and in-home constraints (e.g. teleworking, studying at home, doing the laundry, cleaning and taking care of other household member[s]) on individuals’ day-to-day leisure activity participation decisions in four different seasons. This study also aims to explore the effects of various types of working schedules (fixed, shift, partial- and full-flexible) on individuals’ decisions to participate in day-to-day leisure activities. A pooled model (56 days) and wave-specific models (14 days in each wave) are estimated by using dynamic ordered Probit models. The effects of various types of working schedules are estimated by using 28 days of two waves’ data. The results show that an individual’s leisure activity participation decision is significantly influenced by out-of-home work durations but not influenced by in-home constraints, regardless of any seasons. Individuals with shift working hours engage less in day-to-day leisure activities than other workers’ types in both spring and summer seasons. The thermal indicator significantly affects individuals’ leisure activity participation decisions during the autumn season. Individuals exhibit routine behaviour characterized by repeated decisions in participating in day-to-day leisure activities that can last up to 14 days, regardless of any seasons.

  • 5. Aili, K.
    et al.
    Nyman, Teresia
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH).
    Hillert, L.
    Svartengren, M.
    Sleep disturbances predict future sickness absence among individuals with lower back or neck-shoulder pain: A 5-year prospective study2015In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 43, no 3, p. 315-323Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Musculoskeletal pain is one of the most common causes of sickness absence. Sleep disturbances are often co-occurring with pain, but the relationship between sleep and pain is complex. Little is known about the importance of self-reported sleep, when predicting sickness absence among persons with musculoskeletal pain. This study aims to study the association between self-reported sleep quality and sickness absence 5 years later, among individuals stratified by presence of lower back pain (LBP) and neck and shoulder pain (NSP). Methods: The cohort (n = 2286) in this 5-year prospective study (using data from the MUSIC-Norrtälje study) was stratified by self-reported pain into three groups: no LBP or NSP, solely LBP or NSP, and oncurrent LBP and NSP. Odds ratios (ORs) for the effect of self-reported sleep disturbances at baseline on sickness absence (> 14 consecutive days), 5 years later, were calculated. Results: Within all three pain strata, individuals reporting the most sleep problems showed a significantly higher OR for all-cause sickness absence, 5 years later. The group with the most pronounced sleep problems within the concurrent LBP and NSP stratum had a significantly higher OR (OR 2.00; CI 1.09-3.67) also for long-term sickness absence (> 90days) 5 years later, compared to the group with the best sleep. Conclusions: Sleep disturbances predict sickness absence among individuals regardless of co-existing features of LBP and/or NSP. The clinical evaluation of patients should take possible sleep disturbances into account in the planning of treatments.

  • 6.
    Alsmo, Thomas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Fluid and Climate Technology.
    Holmberg, Sture
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Fluid and Climate Technology.
    A Study of Sources of Airborne Pollutants and Poor Hygiene in Schools2010In: Indoor + Built Environment, ISSN 1420-326X, E-ISSN 1423-0070, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 298-304Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Poor indoor air quality is a large problem in Swedish schools, since the health of occupants may be affected. Resources are consumed without identification of utility indicators and there is risk of problems, even after remedial measures have been taken. This can mean both unnecessary suffering for many people and considerable resources being wasted. The building itself is often in focus and other building-related problems may be neglected. The hypothesis of the present work is that other factors than the building itself have decisive influence on indoor air quality. An assessment of these nonbuilding-related reasons for bad indoor air quality has been made in the present study using particle measurements. Results show that it is possible to decrease emissions in indoor air by over 90% through identifying and eliminating activity-related sources of airborne contaminants.

  • 7.
    Antonsson, Ann-Beth
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Ergonomics (Closed 20130701).
    Christensson, Bengt
    KTH. IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet.
    Berge, Johan
    Rättsmedicinalverket.
    Sjögren, Bengt
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Fatal Carbon Monoxide Intoxication After AcetyleneGas Welding of Pipes2013In: Annals of Occupational Hygiene, ISSN 0003-4878, E-ISSN 1475-3162, Vol. 57, no 5, p. 662-666Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Acetylene gas welding of district heating pipes can result in exposure to high concentrations of carbon monoxide. A fatal case due to intoxication is described. Measurements of carbon monoxide revealed high levels when gas welding a pipe with closed ends. This fatality and these measurements highlight a new hazard, which must be promptly prevented.

  • 8.
    Antonsson Lundberg, Ann-Beth
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Ergonomics.
    A systems analysis of a target group of enterprises: A new way forward for the dissemination of research results and sustainable technologies2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Antonsson Lundberg, Ann-Beth
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Ergonomics.
    An interactive Internet tool supporting risk management in SMEs: The Chemical Guide (KemiGuiden)2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Antonsson Lundberg, Ann-Beth
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics. IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet AB.
    Företagshälsovård2014In: Människan i arbetslivet: Teori och praktik / [ed] Eva Holmström, Kerstina Olsson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB , 2014, 2:1, p. 199-223Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Antonsson Lundberg, Ann-Beth
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Ergonomics.
    Improving work environment in small enterprises: The need for a holistic perspective and adaptation to small enterprise reality2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Antonsson Lundberg, Ann-Beth
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Ergonomics.
    Interviews with employees reporting work-related injuries as the basis for intervention2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Antonsson Lundberg, Ann-Beth
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Ergonomics.
    Kapitel 1.: Varför företagshälsovård?2011In: Framgångsrik företagshälsovård: Möjligheter och metoder, Stockholm: Norstedts Juridik AB, 2011Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Företagshälsovård, fhv, är en viktig aktör i välfärdssamhället. Den ska bidra både till att förebygga ohälsa och främja hälsa samt till att ska pagoda och säkra arbetsplatser där de anställda inte riskerar att skadas eller bli sjuka. Omvärldens förväntningar är höga. För att uppfylla dem krävs att fhv har en bred kompetens och att arbetet bygger på samarbete både mellan olika kompetenser inom den egna verksamheten och med de företag och organisationer som fhv arbetar för.

  • 14.
    Antonsson Lundberg, Ann-Beth
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Ergonomics.
    Kapitel 4: Att förstå kunden2011In: Framgångsrik företagshälsovård: Möjligheter och metoder, Stockholm: Norstedts Juridik AB, 2011Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Verksamhet, ekonomiska förutsättningar, drivkrafter och värderingar varierar för FHV:s kunder. För att lyckas i arbetet med att stödja kunden, behöver FHV förstå hur dessa faktorer påverkar arbetsmiljöarbetet och hur insatser bäst anpassas till varje kund.

  • 15.
    Antonsson Lundberg, Ann-Beth
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Ergonomics.
    Kapitel 9: Företagshälsovård och småföretag2011In: Framgångsrik företagshälsovård: Möjligheter och metoder, Stockholm: Norstedts Juridik AB, 2011Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Många företag med mindre än 50 anställda har någon form av avtal med FHV och de flesta är nöjda. Deras anställda står dock bara för en liten andel av alla arbetstagare som har tillgång till fhv. En stor del av småföretagen utnyttjar inte FHV:s breda kompetens utan anlitar dem främst för hälsoundersökningar. Det betyder att det finns en stor utvecklingspotential om man kan få de mindre företagen att efterfråga fler tjänster.

  • 16.
    Antonsson Lundberg, Ann-Beth
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Ergonomics.
    Procurement demands: a management strategy for sustainability2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Antonsson Lundberg, Ann-Beth
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Environmental Technology and Work Science.
    Relation to other tools for the working environment2004In: Working environment in life-cycle assessment / [ed] Poulsen, Pia Brunn; Jensen, Allan Astrup, Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC), 2004, p. 3-8Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Antonsson Lundberg, Ann-Beth
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Ergonomics.
    Risk assessment tools for small enterprises: evaluation of uptake and effect2009In: USE 2009: Programme and abstract book, 2009, p. 118-118Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Risk assessment is a core component in the management of the working environment. Risk assessment helps identify and prioritize risks and reduce risks through implementation of control measures. Aim: To evaluate how tools for risk assessment are used by small enterprises and what the result is from using the tools. Method: Randomly selected small enterprises in printing and electroplating industry were contacted and asked to participate in an evaluation of tools for chemical risk assessment developed to suit small enterprises. An initial interview was made with the enterprises accepting to participate in the testing, aiming at surveying how they use to assess chemical risks. The enterprises were provided with one out of six tools. Ten enterprises in each sector were asked to test each tool, adding up to 20 enterprises testing each tool. After three and six months the enterprise was contacted. If they had tested the tool, a new interview was made, exploring their opinion on the tool and their experiences from using it. Enterprises not having tested the tools were also interviewed about the reasons why they did not use the tool they were provided. In enterprises having used the tools, an expert risk assessment was made and compared to the risk assessment of the enterprise in order to evaluate the quality of the risk assessment tool and the enterprise's use of it. Result: More than 60 % of the enterprises accepted to test the tools, reflecting an interest and concern for chemical risks in their work environment. The follow-up interviews are currently conducted and will be finished during April 2009. The results show how risk assessment works in practice in small enterprises. The study has revealed several problems with different tools and some unexpected results. One example is that several enterprises have concluded that they are content with their old method for risk assessment, which was using safety data sheets, reflecting a profound lack of understanding of what risk assessment is about. Results from the evaluation will be presented, showing how small enterprises perceive the different kinds of tools tested and what the outcomes in terms of quality are of the tested tools. The results will be discussed in relation to the enterprises and their previous experience of and knowledge about risk assessment.

  • 19.
    Antonsson Lundberg, Ann-Beth
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Ergonomics.
    Risk management in small enterprises: A system analysis of what works and what doesn´t2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 20. Antonsson Lundberg, Ann-Beth
    Risk management in small enterprises: A system analysis of what works and what doesn´t2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Antonsson Lundberg, Ann-Beth
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Environmental Technology and Work Science.
    Riskhantering och tillsyn i Strategier för bättre arbetsmiljö i små företag2004In: Framtidens arbetsmiljö- och tillsynsarbete / [ed] Johansson, Bo; Frick, Kaj; Johansson, Jan, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2004Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Antonsson Lundberg, Ann-Beth
    Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Strategies for Success? Managing Chemical Risks in Small Enterprises: Review of European Practice – a CEFIC project2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the project commissioned by Cefic was to identify: strategic approaches of managing chemicals-related risks in SMEs; the factors supporting the application of those strategies; and the factors determining their effectiveness.

    The outcomes of the project are an overview of approaches and tools to manage chemical risks in SMEs, as well as some evidence of the size of the problem. In Sweden, inspectors found rather poor risk management in SMEs, most of them lacking even the very basic instruments such as substance registers and product lists. Reasons for that are seen in a lack of resources and time. The support that inspectors and other OSH institutions could provide is apparently not called upon/used. Furthermore, the regulatory pressure to carry out a risk assessment is too low (too few inspections of SMEs). Whether the tools provided are too complex and not appropriate for SMEs cannot be fully judged, due to the lack of evaluation studies. It is apparent, however, that the acceptance of the tools by SMEs is rather poor.

    It was found that communicating well the context of risk management work to SMEs is crucial to convey the importance - and complexity - of proper risk management. Even more so, it is of utmost importance that the right intermediaries disseminate risk assessment strategies and tools and demonstrate their use in SMES for the success of their implementation. However, due to very limited information on the use of risk management materials and tools by SMEs and a lack of evaluation studies thereof, the tools themselves as well as their effects can hardly be described or measured.

  • 23.
    Antonsson Lundberg, Ann-Beth
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Ergonomics.
    Studiehandledning2011In: Framgångsrik företagshälsovård: Möjligheter och metoder, Stockholm: Norstedts Juridik AB, 2011Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24.
    Antonsson Lundberg, Ann-Beth
    Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    What strategies can be used to improve SMEs working environment2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Antonsson Lundberg, Ann-Beth
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Ergonomics.
    Holmefalk, C
    Hägg, GM
    Kumar, R
    Scmidt, L
    Hur förbättra städares arbetsförhållanden?2007In: NES2007 / [ed] Cecilia Berlin, Lars-Ola Bligård, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Antonsson Lundberg, Ann-Beth
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Ergonomics.
    Schmidt, L
    Swedish Occupational Health Services and Small Enterprises: How does it work?2005In: OHS2005 Conference Proceedings: SJWEH Supplements 2005; no 1, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Antonsson Lundberg, Ann-Beth
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Ergonomics.
    Verschoor, Atie H
    Ild care foundation, Maastricht.
    General Purpose of WE-LCA2004In: Working Environment in Life-Cycle Assessment / [ed] Poulsen, Jensen, Antonsson, Bengtsson, Karling, Schmidt, Brekke, Becker, Verschoor, Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC), 2004Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 28.
    Aronsson, K
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Teär Fahnehjelm, K
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Nylén, P
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Ergonomics.
    Eklund, Jörgen
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Ergonomics.
    Synergonomi och ögonbesvär hos personal på ögonsjukhus.2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ögonläkare, ögonsjuksköterskor, optiker och annan personal på ögonsjukhus arbetar ofta med synkrävande arbetsuppgifter i dämpad belysning eller helt utan allmänbelysning. Inför den planerade byggnationen av ett nytt ögonsjukhus i Stockholm ca år 2018 gjordes en enkätstudie för att kartlägga ögonbesvär och trötthet hos personalen på S:t Eriks Ögonsjukhus. Studien som är ett multidisciplinärt samarbetsprojekt mellan S:t Erik, Karolinska Institutet och Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, syftar till att optimera belysning, dagsljusinsläpp och ljusmiljö vid det nya ögonsjukhuset.

    Totalt 265 anställda på S:t Eriks Ögonsjukhus samt 60 röntgenläkare och 45 barnläkare, varav de senare två  utgjorde jämförelsegrupper, inviterades till  studien.  Enkäten som distribuerades baserades på synergonomienkäter av Knave och Hemphälä och bestod av 31 validerade frågor om subjektiva ögonbesvär, nuvarande belysning, tillgång till dagsljus och välbefinnande. Ögonbesvären räknades om till ett gruppmedelvärde (ögonbesvärsindex) med avseende på svårighetsgrad och frekvens. Studien är godkänd av Etikprövningsnämnden. 

    Nittiosex av 265 (33%) anställda på S:t Eriks Ögonsjukhus hade t o m juni 2012 besvarat enkäten tillsammans med 23 röntgenläkare (38%) och 14 barnläkare (31%). Ögonbesvär som torrhets- och gruskänsla var vanligt förekommande hos alla yrkesgrupper på ögonsjukhuset och generellt vanligare hos kvinnor. Då samtliga grupper jämfördes med avseende på ögonbesvärsindex var skillnaden mellan män och kvinnor statistiskt säkerställd (p<0,05). Röntgenläkarna rapporterade högst ögonbesvärsindex och barnläkarna lägst, skillnaden mellan dessa yrkesgrupper var signifikant (p<0,05). Ögonpersonal och röntgenläkare som rapporterade att de ofta arbetade i mörker, associerade detta med  ökad trötthet i högre grad än  med barnläkarna (p<0,05).

    Ögonbesvär var vanliga hos ögonpersonalen inkluderade i studien. Den grupp som arbetade mest i mörker hade mer ögonbesvär än den grupp som arbetade minst i mörker. Kvinnor hade mer ögonbesvär än män. Arbete i mörker ökade den subjektiva känslan av trötthet . Optimala ljusförhållanden och bra synergonomi bör ges hög prioritet vid planering av ett nytt ögonsjukhus.

  • 29.
    Aronsson, K
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Teär Fahnhjelm, K
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Nylén, P
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Ergonomics.
    Eklund, Jörgen
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Ergonomics.
    Visual ergonomics and eye strain in eye careprofessionals2012In: NES2012 Proceedings: Ergonomics for sustainability and growth / [ed] Ann-Beth Antonsson, Göran M Hägg, 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Eye care professionals spend many hours a day in darkness performing visually demanding tasks. A new eye hospital will be built in Stockholm 2018. The current lighting, logistics, and working conditions are analysed in a multidisciplinary project aiming to optimise settings in the new hospital. The main purpose of the present project was to study visual ergonomics and current eye strain in employees at an eye hospital. Ninety-six employees answered a validated questionnaire regarding their experiences of light, visual ergonomics and eye strain problems. Twenty-three radiologists and 14 paediatricians at a university hospital were used as comparison groups. Eye strain was common in all departments at the hospital but was significantly more common only among radiologists compared to paediatricians. Overall, women experienced significantly more eye strain than men.

  • 30.
    Borg Tornberg, Anette
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Ergonomics.
    Hurtig, Anna
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Ergonomics.
    Bärbara datorer, en möjlig källa för nickel- och koboltexponering av hud?: Direktvisande tester för nickel och kobolt på bärbara datorer och frisättningsförsök på en bärbar dator2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Since1994, the EU NickelDirective is limiting the release of nickel from objects that are in prolongedcontact with skin. Despite this, nickel is still the most common cause of contactallergy in industrialized countries. This could implicate that other productswith short contact to the skin, which are not restricted by EU´s legislation inREACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicalsubstances), could be a source of nickel or cobalt exposure. There is no limitfor cobalt release within REACH. To determine if there is cobalt or nickelpresent on the surface of a material and if metal can be released in contactwith the skin, there are quantitative and qualitative methods, such as the DMG(dimethylglyoxime)-test, the cobalt spot-test and a method for releasedetermination according to EN1811.Objectives: Laptops are not included in the REACH legislation. The purpose of thisstudy was to investigate whether nickel or cobalt can be found on computersurfaces and if nickel and cobalt can be released from surfaces that are incontact with skin, during work with laptops. Are there any variations betweendifferent models or different brands of laptops (two years old or less) andwhat levels of nickel and cobalt are released from different surfaces on a specificHP computer, that gave positive results for nickel and cobalt in the spot- tests? Methodand materials: In this study 30laptops (7 Hewlett Packard (HP), 18 Dell, 3 Sony Vaio, 1Fujitsu and 1 Macbook), weretested by using DMG-test and cobalt spot-test. To measure the release of nickeland cobalt on one specific laptop (HP2560p), the standard method EN1811 and amodified version of the method, were used. Results: Laptopsof different models and manufacturers were tested for nickel by using theDMG-test. The test turned out positive for all tested laptops from HP and 4 of18 of the laptops from Dell. For cobalt, onlyone laptop (HP) of the total 30 computers, gave a positive result. The resultsfrom the release test of a specific laptop, was lower than the limit thresholdvalue within REACH (0.5µg/cm2/week). The highest amounts of nickel,0.1μg/cm2/week, were measured for the computer components thatwere derived from the palm rest. All the cobalt levels, except one, were belowthe detection limit for the analysis. Conclusions: Our study indicatesthat laptops are a potential source for nickel deposition onto skin. In this study, computers from five differentmanufacturers have been tested, and it turned out that the tested models from HPand Dell released nickel. Cobalt was only released in very low concentrations,at a level near the LOD for the analysis.

  • 31.
    Boström, Maria
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Dellve, Lotta
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Thomée, Sara
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Hagberg, Mats
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Risk factor for decreased performance among young adults2008In: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, ISSN 0355-3140, E-ISSN 1795-990X, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 120-132Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 32. Brown, M.
    et al.
    Tucker, P.
    Rapport, F.
    Hutchings, H.
    Dahlgren, Anna
    Department of Shipping and Marine Technology, Chalmers University.
    Davies, G.
    Ebden, P.
    The impact of shift patterns on junior doctors' perceptions of fatigue, training, work/life balance and the role of social support2010In: Quality and Safety in Healthcare, ISSN 1475-3898, E-ISSN 1470-7934, Vol. 19, no 6, p. e36-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The organisation of junior doctors' work hours has been radically altered following the partial implementation of the European Working Time Directive. Poorly designed shift schedules cause excessive disruption to shift workers' circadian rhythms.

    METHOD: Interviews and focus groups were used to explore perceptions among junior doctors and hospital managers regarding the impact of the European Working Time Directive on patient care and doctors' well-being.

    RESULTS: Four main themes were identified. Under "Doctors shift rotas", doctors deliberated the merits and demerits of working seven nights in row. They also discussed the impact on fatigue of long sequences of day shifts. "Education and training" focused on concerns about reduced on-the-job learning opportunities under the new working time arrangements and also about the difficulties of finding time and energy to study. "Work/life balance" reflected the conflict between the positive aspects of working on-call or at night and the impact on life outside work. "Social support structures" focused on the role of morale and team spirit. Good support structures in the work place counteracted and compensated for the effects of negative role stressors, and arduous and unsocial work schedules.

    CONCLUSIONS: The impact of junior doctors' work schedules is influenced by the nature of specific shift sequences, educational considerations, issues of work/life balance and by social support systems. Poorly designed shift rotas can have negative impacts on junior doctors' professional performance and educational training, with implications for clinical practice, patient care and the welfare of junior doctors.

  • 33.
    Dahlgren, Anna
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Work stress and overtime work: effects on cortisol, sleep, sleepiness and health2006Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden the National Bureau of Statistics has reported an increase in stress-related disorders and sleep problems since the mid-1990’s. They also report that the number of hours of overtime worked has increased. Previous research on work-related stress and overtime work has demonstrated associations with altered physiological arousal, increased risk for stress related diseases, shorter sleep, greater fatigue and impaired performance. However, there is a lack of knowledge on the effects within individuals. The general aim of the thesis was to investigate the effect of overtime work and increased work stress on sleep, the diurnal pattern of cortisol, sleepiness and subjective stress in a within-subject design. In addition, it examined individual differences in the diurnal cortisol response to stress.

    We used a combination of methods – questionnaires, sleep and wake diaries, objective measures of sleep, stress hormones (salivary cortisol) and ambulatory measures of heart rate and blood pressure. Studies followed office workers during two different conditions of (I) high/low work stress and (II) overtime work respectively. The individual differences in the cortisol response to stress from study I prompted study III. In this study we examined two groups that showed different cortisol responses to stress.

    In conclusion, the results (I) demonstrated that a week with higher workload and stress affects physiological stress markers such as cortisol, and is associated with increased sleepiness and problems of unwinding at bedtime, shorter sleep duration and longer work hours. Furthermore (II) overtime work, under conditions of relatively low workload, was shown to be associated with modest effects on physiological markers of arousal. More pronounced effects were found on sleep and fatigue, with greater problems during overtime work. Study III indicated that individual differences in cortisol response to stress maybe related to fatigue and exhaustion.

  • 34.
    Dahlgren, Anna
    et al.
    Human Factors, Shipping and Marine Technology, Chalmers University of Technology.
    Kecklund, Göran
    Theorell, Töres
    Akerstedt, Torbjörn
    Day-to-day variation in saliva cortisol-Relation with sleep, stress and self-rated health2009In: Biological Psychology, ISSN 0301-0511, E-ISSN 1873-6246, Vol. 82, no 2, p. 149-155Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective was to examine the day-to-day variation in cortisol among healthy individuals and its relation to the time of saliva sampling, work, stress and fatigue. During 4 consecutive weeks, 14 office workers provided saliva samples (at awakening, 15 min after awakening and at bedtime) and made diary ratings for each day. Results showed a variation in cortisol values between participants but also within individuals. After controlling for the individual differences, results showed that low cortisol levels in the morning were associated with sleepiness at awakening and anxiety, exhaustion, and poorhealth the day before. High evening levels of cortisol were associated with symptoms ofstress and poor self-rated health. Further analysis of the cortisol awakening response (CAR) showed that all participants had a mixture of both a positive and negative responses. During mornings with a negative response participants stayed in bed for a longer time after the initial awakening, which might be a sign of snoozing, thus missing the awakening response. 

  • 35. Dahlgren, Anna
    et al.
    Kecklund, Göran
    Åkerstedt, Torbjörn
    Different levels of work-related stress and the effects on sleep, fatigue and cortisol2005In: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, ISSN 0355-3140, E-ISSN 1795-990X, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 277-285Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives The aim of the study was to relate different levels of work stress to measures of sleep and the diurnal pattern of salivary cortisol and subjective sleepiness.

    Methods Thirty-four white-collar workers participated under two different conditions. One workweek with a relatively high stress level (H) and one with a lower stress level (L) as measured through self-rated stress during workdays. The workers wore activity monitors, filled out a sleep diary, gave saliva samples (for cortisol), and rated their sleepiness and stress during one workday and one free day.

    Results During the week with stress the number of workhours increased and total sleep time decreased. Sleepiness showed a significant interaction between weeks and time of day, with particularly high levels towards the evenings of the stress week. Cortisol also showed a significant interaction, with a more flattened pattern, probably due to increased evening levels during the stress week. Stress (restlessness) at bedtime was significantly increased during the stress week.

    Conclusion The results demonstrate that a workweek with a high workload and much stress increases sleepiness and workhours, impairs sleep, and affects the pattern of diurnal cortisol secretion.

  • 36. Dahlgren, Anna
    et al.
    Kecklund, Göran
    Åkerstedt, Torbjörn
    Overtime work and its effects on sleep, sleepiness, cortisol and blood pressure in an experimental field study2006In: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, ISSN 0355-3140, E-ISSN 1795-990X, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 318-327Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives Previous studies of long workhours and their effects on stress, sleep, and health show inconclusive results. This inconclusiveness may be partly due to methodological problems such as the use of between-group designs or comparisons before and after reorganizations. In addition, stress is usually a confounder. A within-person design was used to examine the effects of working 8- or 12-hour shifts in the absence of additional stress.

    Methods In an experimental field study, 16 white-collar workers [9 women, mean age 45.9 (SD 15) years] undertook one workweek with normal workhours (8 hours) and 1 week of overtime with 4 extra hours of regular worktasks (12 hours). The participants wore actigraphs, rated sleepiness (Karolinska Sleepiness Scale) and stress throughout the day, and rated workload and how exhausted they felt. Saliva samples were collected on Mondays and Thursdays for cortisol analysis. On these days, ambulatory heart rate and blood pressure were also measured for 24 hours.

    Results Overtime was associated with higher levels of exhaustion. Sleepiness showed a significant interaction between conditions, with higher levels at the end of the workweek featuring overtime. Total sleep time was shorter in the overtime week. There were no significant differences between ratings of stress and workload. Cortisol showed a circadian variation but no main effect of condition.

    Conclusions One week of overtime work with a moderate workload produced no main effects on physiological stress markers. Nevertheless, sleep was negatively affected, with shorter sleeps during overtime work and greater problems with fatigue and sleepiness.

  • 37. Dahlgren, Anna
    et al.
    Åkerstedt, Torbjörn
    Kecklund, Göran
    Individual differences in the diurnal cortisol response to stress2004In: Chronobiology International, ISSN 0742-0528, E-ISSN 1525-6073, Vol. 21, no 6, p. 913-922Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objectives of this study were to explore individual differences associated with diverse reactions in cortisol secretion under different stress levels. This study was part of a larger project concerning working hours and health. Thirty-four whitecollar workers participated under two different conditions; one work week with a high stress level (H) and one with a lower stress level (L) as measured through self-rated stress during workdays. Based on the morning cortisol concentration during a workday subjects were divided into two groups. One group consisted of subjects whose morning level of cortisol increased in response to the high-stress week, compared to their morning levels in the low-stress condition (Group 1). The other group consisted of subjects whose morning cortisol response was the opposite, with a lower level under the high stress condition (Group 2). Subjects wore actiwatches, completed a sleep diary, and rated their sleepiness and stress for one work week in each condition, i.e., high and low stress. Saliva samples for measures of cortisol were collected on a Wednesday. Group 2 reported higher workload, fatigue, and exhaustion during both weeks. Since there were no differences in perceived stress, neither within nor between groups, the data indicate that there are other factors influencing morning cortisol. The results suggest that one component modulating the cortisol response might be the level of exhaustion, probably related to work overload. Higher levels of stress in exhausted individuals might suppress morning cortisol levels.

  • 38.
    Dellve, Lotta
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Hälsofrämjande ledarskap och medarbetarskap2008Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 39.
    Dellve, Lotta
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Ergonomics (Closed 20130701).
    Hållbart chefskap i hälso- och sjukvården - med vinjetter om engagemang, stress, tidsanvändning, medarbetarskap och vårdpraktik2012Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 40.
    Dellve, Lotta
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Ledarutveckling i hälsofrämjande ledarskap – ett FoU-projekt inom 3F ”Framgångsrika Friska Företag”: Erfarenheter från företag och forskare2009Report (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Dellve, Lotta
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Allebeck, Peter
    Ekman, Anna
    Hagberg, Mats
    Hansson, Tommy
    Herloff, Birgitta
    Karlberg, Catarina
    Lagerström, Monica
    Lindén, Arvid
    Arbetsskadeincidens i äldreomsorgen: En studie av vårdbiträden och undersköterskor 1994-1998 inom privat och kommunal omsorg om äldre och funktionshindrade2000Report (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Dellve, Lotta
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Eriksson, Jesper
    Vilhelmsson, Rebecka
    Assessment of long-term work attendance within human service organisations2007In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 71-80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Terms and theories of work attendance vary according to their use and focus. This paper analyzes long-term work attendance in relation to social, psychosocial, and health-related factors. Register-based and questionnaire-based data covering 3,804 human service organisation workers over a three-year period were analyzed at individual and work-unit level. The results showed positive relationships between work attendance and male gender, high income, work commitment, job satisfaction, and having positive feelings towards work. High work attendance combined with work commitment, stress, or pain did not show any negative long-term effects upon short-term or long-term sick leave. Instead, work attendance seemed to be more associated with stable patterns of behaviour. Register-based measures of work attendance (at most 4–7 days of sick leave per worker per year) may be a useful tool in managing psychosocial work environment and related behaviour, but their inability to encompass information regarding individual health and disease must be borne in mind.

  • 43.
    Dellve, Lotta
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Hadzibajramovic, Emina
    Ahlborg, Gunnar
    Work attendance among health care workers: Prevalence, incentives and consequences for health and performance2011In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 67, no 9, p. 1918-1929Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim. This paper is a report of a cohort study of healthcare workers' work attendance, and its long-term consequences' on health, burnout, work ability and performance. Background. Concepts and measures of work attendance have varied in the scientific literature. Attending work in spite of being sick can have serious consequences on health. There is little knowledge on which individual and work-related conditions that increase work attendance and the long-term impact on health and performance. Method. Prospective analyses of three measures of work attendance i.e. sickness attendance, uninterrupted long-term attendance and balanced attendance (≤7days of sick leave per year and no sickness attendance) were done using questionnaire data from a 2-year cohort study (2004-2006) of randomly selected healthcare workers (n=2624). Incentives (e.g. effort-reward balance, social support, meaningfulness) and requirements (e.g. time-pressure, dutifulness, high responsibility) to attend work as well as general health, burnout, sick leave, work ability and performance were assessed. Results. There was a positive relation between balanced work attendance and incentives, whereas high sickness attendance was associated with requirements. Follow up after 2years showed that balanced attendance was associated with sustained health and performance while sickness attendance was associated with poor health, burnout, sick-leave and decreased performance. Conclusion. It is important to distinguish between measures of work attendance as they differ in relation to incentives, and health- and performance-related consequences. Sickness attendance seems to be an important risk indicator. A balanced work attendance should be promoted for sustained health and performance in healthcare organisations.

  • 44.
    Dellve, Lotta
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Hallberg, Lillemor R-M
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    “Making it work in the frontline” explains female home care workers' defining, recognising, communicating and reporting of occupational disorders2008In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 176-184Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Epidemiological research has so far failed to explain the high incidence of occupational disorders among home care workers (HCWs) and the great differences in organizational incidence rate. A qualitative approach may contribute to a deeper understanding of work group reasoning and handling in a more contextual manner. The aim of this grounded theory study was to gain a deeper understanding of the main concern in the processes of recognizing, communicating and reporting occupational disorders among HCWs. Focus group interviews were conducted with 40 HCWs in 9 focus groups. The selected municipalities represented variations in municipality type and incidence rate of occupational disorders. Making it work in the frontline was identified as the core category explaining that the perceived work situation in home care work was the main concern but interacted with work-group socialising processes as well as with the communicability and derivability of the occupational disorder when defining and reporting occupational disorders. Complex problems could be reformulated and agreed within the workgroup to increase communicability. Described significances for reporting/non-reporting were related to financial compensation, to a part of organizational political game or to an existential uncertainty, i.e. questioning if it belonged to their chosen work and life. Our conclusion is that working situation and work group attitudes have importance for reporting of occupational disorders. To support work-related health for HCWs, integrating communication should be developed about work-related challenges in work situation, as well as about attitudes, culture and efficiency within work-group.

  • 45.
    Dellve, Lotta
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Skagert, Katrin
    Eklöf, Mats
    Delaktighet och struktur i systematiskt arbetsmiljöarbete: Betydelsen för rapporterade arbetsskador och arbetshälsa bland personal i kommunal vård och omsorg2004Report (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Dellve, Lotta
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Skagert, Katrin
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Eklöf, Mats
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    The impact of systematic occupational health and safety management for occupational disorders and long-term work attendance2008In: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 67, no 6, p. 965-970Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite several years of conducting formalized systematic occupational health and safety management (SOHSM), as required by law in Sweden and most other industrialized countries, there is still little evidence on how SOHSM should be approached to have an impact on employees' health. The aim of this study was to investigate the importance of SOHSM, considering structured routines and participation processes. for the incidence of occupational disorders and the prevalence of long-term work attendance among home care workers (HCWs). Municipal human service organizations were compared concerning (a) their structured routines and participation processes for SOHSM and (b) employee health, i.e. the municipal five-year incidence of occupational disorders and prevalence of work attendance among HCWs. National register-based data from the whole population of HCWs (n = 154773) were linked to register-data of occupational disorders and prevalence of long-term work attendance. The top managers and safety representatives in selected high- and low-incidence organizations (n = 60) answered a questionnaire about structure and participation process of SOHSM. The results showed that prevalence of long-term work attendance was higher where structure and routines for SOHSM (policy, goals and plans for action) were well organized. Highly structured SOHSM and human resource management were also related to high organizational incidence of reported occupational disorders. Allocated budget and routines related to HCWs' influence in decisions concerning performance of care were also related to long-term work attendance. The participation processes had a weak effect on occupational disorders and work attendance among HCWs. Reporting occupational disorders may be a functional tool to stimulate the development of effective SOHSM, to improve the work environment and sustainable work ability.

  • 47.
    Dellve, Lotta
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Vilhelmsson, Rebecka
    Skagert, Katrin
    Eriksson, Jesper
    Eklöf, Mats
    Hälsofrämjande arbetsmiljöprojekt inom social service och skola: Tvåårsuppföljning av SAMS-projekten2007Report (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Dellve, Lotta
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Wiksström, Ewa
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Managing complex work-place stress in health care organisations: Leaders’ identity- and loyalty conflicts2009In: Journal of Nursing Measurement, ISSN 1061-3749, E-ISSN 1945-7049, Vol. 17, no 8, p. 931-941Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Ding, Qian
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    Regulatory tools for managing chemicals risk at the workplace2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focuses on exacerbating chemicals risk in workplaces under the background of rapid industrialization in developing countries. The overall aim is to investigate the development of regulatory tools which aim at minimizing the health risks from chemical substances in the workplace. The contents of the thesis are divided into three sections: the profile of occupational diseases in China (paper I), occupational exposure limits (paper II and III), and comparison between chemicals regulat ions in Europe and China (paper IV).

    Paper I presents an analysis of the development of occupational diseases in China between 2000 and 2010. The number of recorded cases of occupational diseases increased rapidly in China during this period and the majority of cases were attributable to dust and other chemicals exposures. Difficulties in diagnosis and inefficient surveillance are major impediments to the proper identification and mitigation of occupational diseases. Migrant workers are extremely vulnerable to occupational hazards.

    Paper II investigates the state of harmonization of OELs between twenty-five OEL systems in Europe and Asia. The majority of the investigated organizations declare themselves to have been influenced by the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), and in many cases this can be empirically confirmed. However, large international differences still exist in substance selection and in the level of OELs among organizations.

    Paper III explores the setting of risk-based OELs on non-threshold carcinogens. Relatively few agencies set risk-based OELs. Differences exist in policy, both regarding the magnitude of risk considered as tolerable or acceptable and whether a general risk level or case-by-case substance-specific risk levels are determined. In regards to the level of the OELs both differences in science and policy contribute, and it was not possible to determine which has the larger influence.

    Paper III explores the setting of risk-based OELs on non-threshold carcinogens. Relatively few agencies set risk-based OELs. Differences exist in policy, both regarding the magnitude of risk considered as tolerable or acceptable and whether a general risk level or case-by-case substance-specific risk levels are determined. In regards to the level of the OELs both differences in science and policy contribute, and it was not possible to determine which has the larger influence.

    Paper IV systematically compares the regulation systems for chemicals in the EU and China in terms of substances covered, requirement on information, risk assessment and risk management. It shows that the European and Chinese chemicals legislations are remarkably similar.The differences are larger in terms of substance coverage and data requirements than in terms of risk assessment and management. Substitution of hazardous substances is driven more by updates of the EU regulatory system than of the Chinese system.

     

  • 50.
    Ding, Qian
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    Malkiewicz, Katarzyna
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    Rudén, Christina
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    Hansson, Sven Ove
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    Are the new Chinese chemicals regulations catching up with REACH?2012In: Toxicology Letters, ISSN 0378-4274, E-ISSN 1879-3169Article in journal (Other academic)
123 1 - 50 of 116
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