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  • 1.
    Aad, G.
    et al.
    Aix Marseille Univ, CPPM, CNRS IN2P3, Marseille, France..
    Leopold, Alexander
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Lundberg, Olof
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Lund-Jensen, Bengt
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Ohm, Christian
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Ripellino, Giulia
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Shaheen, Rabia
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Shope, David R.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Strandberg, Jonas
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Zwalinski, L.
    CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23, Switzerland..
    et al.,
    A search for an unexpected asymmetry in the production of e(+)mu(-) and e(-)mu(+) pairs in proton-proton collisions recorded by the ATLAS detector at root s=13 TeV2022Inngår i: Physics Letters B, ISSN 0370-2693, E-ISSN 1873-2445, Vol. 830, artikkel-id 137106Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This search, a type not previously performed at ATLAS, uses a comparison of the production cross sections for e(+)mu(-) and e(-)mu(+) pairs to constrain physics processes beyond the Standard Model. It uses 139 fb(-1) of proton-proton collision data recorded at root s = 13 TeV at the LHC. Targeting sources of new physics which prefer final states containing e(+)mu(-) and e(-)mu(+), the search contains two broad signal regions which are used to provide model-independent constraints on the ratio of cross sections at the 2% level. The search also has two special selections targeting supersymmetric models and leptoquark signatures. Observations using one of these selections are able to exclude, at 95% confidence level, singly produced smuons with masses up to 640 GeV in a model in which the only other light sparticle is a neutralino when the R-parity-violating coupling lambda(23)(1)' is close to unity. Observations using the other selection exclude scalar leptoquarks with masses below 1880 GeV when g(1R)(eu) = g(1R)(mu c) = 1, at 95% confidence level. The limit on the coupling reduces to g(1R)(eu) = g(1R)(mu c) = 0.46 for a mass of 1420 GeV.

  • 2. Acs, Zoltan
    et al.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    The Entrepreneruship-Philanthropy Nexus: Implication for internationalization2005Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines how Sweden and the United States have been impacted by philanthropicactivities, commercialization of university-based knowledge and internationalentrepreneurship. The analysis comprises a detailed case study of Swedish and U.S.universities, as well as a statistical analysis of the impact of philanthropy on economicgrowth. The results show that the United States has prompted a university system based oncompetition and variety, with an emphasis on philanthropy, promoting knowledge creation.International entrepreneurship has been an important mechanism by which this knowledge isglobalized leading to increased economic growth. Conversely, Swedish universities werecharacterized by less commercialized R&D and weak links to the commercial sector, rootedtraditionally in dependence on tax-financed and homogenous university structure. TheSwedish model has begun to change with important implications for development in smallerdomestic markets. The analysis has important implications for knowledge creation as asource of economic growth through international entrepreneurship taking advantage ofglobalization, especially for smaller countries.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    CESISWP34
  • 3.
    Adnot, Thibault
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Project Management within start-ups: Literary review and case studies in Stockholm, Sweden2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes the way start-ups use Project Management, what their needs in this field are, and what tools they use to support it. In the first part of this paper, a comprehensive literature review is performed, divided into three main parts. First, Project Management in general is studied; second its benefits to SMEs are pinpointed; and finally its application to startups are reviewed. The second part of this paper is based on three case studies of start-ups in the Stockholm-region. Five representatives of these start-ups were interviewed, and the results of these face-to-face conversations are first exposed and then discussed by the author.

    In the end, this paper shows the traditional phase-based approach to Project Management does not suit start-ups. Instead, a more agile and iterative method is put forward, such as SCRUM. It is argued that such strategy should be kept by start-ups when growing and tapping other markets outside Sweden, although it is recognized that Project Management should become more formal than the general “on the go” approach witnessed in the three start-ups.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 4.
    Ahmad Termida, Nursitihazlin
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap, Systemanalys och ekonomi. Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Department of Infrastructure and Geomatic Engineering.
    Understanding Individuals' Learning and Decision Processes in a Changing Environment by Using Panel Data2017Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    When a new transport service is introduced, people have to learn and familiarize themselves with the new service before they decide to adopt it. These processes are developed over time, thus produce dynamics in individuals’ behavioural responses towards the service. This affects the demand of the new service, thus affect revenues. Available studies have examined the factors influencing these responses from microeconomic perspectives. The influence of the theory-based subjective factors has not been examined empirically. Understanding these would assist transport and urban planners to design a better marketing strategy to increase the market share of the new service. A change in seasons affect individuals’ activity-travel decisions, thus produce dynamics in activitytravel patterns in different seasons. Individuals’ constraints, in a form of mandatory activities (working/studying), are influencing individuals’ decisions to participate in day-to-day nonmandatory activities (leisure and routine activities). The interdependency between travel demand, time allocation and mode choice that considers interactions between mandatory and non-mandatory activities, in different seasons is less explored. Understanding these would assist transport planners and operators to manage travel demand strategies across different seasons of the year and provide better transportation systems for all individuals. This thesis includes five papers. Paper I explores individuals’ characteristics of the quick-response and the adopters of the new public transport (PT) service and examines the temporal effects. Paper II investigates the subjective factors influencing a quick-response to the new PT service by proposing a modified attitude-behaviour framework. Paper III and IV analyse the effects of seasonal variations and individuals’ constraints on their day-to-day activity-travel decisions and patterns. Paper V analyses the attrition and fatigue in the two-week travel diary panel survey instrument.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Nursitihazlin's Kappa
  • 5.
    Ahmad Termida, Nursitihazlin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap, Systemanalys och ekonomi. Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Department of Infrastructure and Geomatic Engineering.
    Susilo, Yusak
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap, Systemanalys och ekonomi.
    Franklin, Joel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap, Systemanalys och ekonomi.
    Liu, Chengxi
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap, Systemanalys och ekonomi. VTI.
    Understanding Seasonal Variation in Individual's Activity Participation and Trip Generation by Using Four Consecutive Two-Week Travel DiaryManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the interactions between travel demand, time allocation and mode choice in different seasons by jointly modeling the work and/or study, routine and leisure activity-travel engagements of 67 individuals in Stockholm, Sweden. A longitudinal panel two-week travel diary data collected in four consecutive waves over a span of seven months period that covers all four different seasons; autumn, winter, spring and summer, were analysed by using simultaneous Tobit models. The model was applied to explore the interactions among each activity-travel indicator, and individuals’ unique characteristics and endogeneity in activity-travel engagements between different seasons were also considered in the model system. The results of models reveal clear trade-offs between mandatory activities (work and/or study) and non-mandatory activities (routine and leisure), regardless of any seasons, although the magnitudes vary between seasons. There is also a positive mutual endogeneity relationship between number of trips and activity duration within the same activity type. The trade-offs between work and/or study trips towards routine and leisure trips are larger in winter and spring respectively, than in other seasons. It is also found that mode effects on travel time for conducting mandatory activity are much larger in spring than in other seasons. However, the effects of public transport and slow modes on travel time for leisure activities are much larger in summer than in other seasons.

  • 6.
    Ahmad Termida, Nursitihazlin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap.
    Susilo, Yusak
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap.
    Franklin, Joel P.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap.
    Examining the effects of out-of-home and in-home constraints on leisure activity participation in different seasons of the year2016Inngår i: Transportation, ISSN 0049-4488, E-ISSN 1572-9435, s. 1-25Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Using multi-day, multi-period travel diaries data of 56 days (four waves of two-week diaries) for 67 individuals in Stockholm, this study aims to examine the effects of out-of-home and in-home constraints (e.g. teleworking, studying at home, doing the laundry, cleaning and taking care of other household member[s]) on individuals’ day-to-day leisure activity participation decisions in four different seasons. This study also aims to explore the effects of various types of working schedules (fixed, shift, partial- and full-flexible) on individuals’ decisions to participate in day-to-day leisure activities. A pooled model (56 days) and wave-specific models (14 days in each wave) are estimated by using dynamic ordered Probit models. The effects of various types of working schedules are estimated by using 28 days of two waves’ data. The results show that an individual’s leisure activity participation decision is significantly influenced by out-of-home work durations but not influenced by in-home constraints, regardless of any seasons. Individuals with shift working hours engage less in day-to-day leisure activities than other workers’ types in both spring and summer seasons. The thermal indicator significantly affects individuals’ leisure activity participation decisions during the autumn season. Individuals exhibit routine behaviour characterized by repeated decisions in participating in day-to-day leisure activities that can last up to 14 days, regardless of any seasons.

  • 7. Ahtiainen, Heini
    et al.
    Artell, Janne
    Czajkowski, Mikolaj
    Hasler, Berit
    Hasselström, Linus
    Enveco Environmental Economics Consultancy, Sweden.
    Huhtala, Anni
    Meyerhoff, Jürgen
    Smart, James C.R.
    Söderqvist, Tore
    Alemu, Muhammed H.
    Angeli, Daija
    Dahlbo, Kim
    Fleming-Lehtinen, Vivi
    Hyytiäinen, Kari
    Karloseva, Aljona
    Khaleeva, Julia
    Maar, Marie
    Martinsen, Louise
    Nommann, Tea
    Pakalniete, Kristine
    Oskolokaite, Ieva
    Semeniene, Daiva
    Benefits of meeting nutrient reduction targets for the Baltic Sea: a contingent valuation study in the nine coastal states2014Inngår i: Journal of Environmental Economics and Policy, ISSN 2160-6544, E-ISSN 2160-6552, Vol. 3, nr 3, s. 278-305Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 8.
    Aid, Graham
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Lysenkovac, Mariya
    Smedberg, Niklas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Looplocal: a Heuristic Visualization Tool for the Strategic Facilitation of Industrial Symbiosis2012Inngår i: Greening of Industry Netowrk Proceedings / [ed] Leo Baas, 2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Industrial symbiosis (IS) developments have been differentiated as ‘self organized’, ‘facilitated’, and ‘planned’. This article introduces a tool that has been built with objectives to support the strategic facilitation of IS. ‘Looplocal’ is a visualization tool built to assist in 1) the identification of regions prone to new industrial symbiosis activities 2) market potential exchanges to key actors and 3) assist aspiring facilitators to assess the various strategies and social methodologies available for the initial phases of a facilitated industrial symbiosis venture. This tool combines life cycle inventory (LCI) data, waste statistics, and national industrial data (including geographic, activity, economic, and contact information) to perform a heuristic analysis of raw material and energy inputs and outputs (wastes). Along with an extensive list of ‘waste to raw material’ substitutions (which may be direct, combined, or upgraded) gathered from IS uncovering studies, IS organizations, and waste and energy professionals; heuristic regional output to input ‘matching’ can be visualized. On a national or regional scale the tool gives a quick overview of what could be the most interesting regions to prioritize resources for IS facilitation. Focusing in on a regional level, the tool visualizes the potential structure of the network in that region (centralized, decentralized, or distributed), allowing a facilitator to adapt the networking approach correspondingly. The tool also visualizes potential IS transfer information, along with key stakeholder data. The authors have performed a proof of concept run of this tool in the ‘industrial disperse’ context of Sweden. In its early stages of application, the method has proven capable of identifying regions prone to the investment of facilitators’ resources. The material focus and custom possibilities for the tool show potential for a wide spectrum of potential facilitators: from waste management companies (using the tool as a strategic market analysis tool) to national or regional authorities looking to lower negative environmental impacts, to ‘sustainable’ industry sectors looking to strengthen market positioning. In conjunction with proper long term business models, such a tool could be reusable itself over the evolution of facilitation activities and aims.

  • 9.
    Ait Ali, Abderrahman
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap, Transportplanering, ekonomi och teknik.
    Warg, Jennifer
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap, Transportplanering, ekonomi och teknik.
    Eliasson, Jonas
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap, Transportplanering, ekonomi och teknik.
    Measuring the Socio-economic Benefits of Train Timetables: Application to Commuter Train Services in Stockholm2017Inngår i: 20th EURO Working Group on Transportation Meeting, EWGT 2017, 4-6 September 2017, Budapest, Hungary, Elsevier, 2017, Vol. 27, s. 849-856Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    On highly used railway lines with heterogeneous traffic, timetabling is challenging. In particular, the limited existing capacity means that to guarantee an acceptable level of quality, the infrastructure manager must cancel some train services on the expense of others. In this article, we study the conflict between commercial long-distance trains and subsidized commuter trains with a socio-economic perspective (i.e. travelers and train operators). The study attempts to answer the following question: What is the socio-economic effect of modifying the timetable of a commuter service?The case study treats the commuter train services in Stockholm. Trip data was collected from the local commuter train operator. An entropy maximization-based model was implemented to estimate the dynamic network Origin-Destination (OD) matrix. This dynamic matrix, of one full working day, was then used to estimate the number of travelers per train, and further converted for use in the microscopic simulation tool RailSys. Travel and waiting time are estimated for each OD pair and with that the generalized costs for the travelers and operators. The effect of crowding in the trains is included in the estimation. The article can be considered as an initiation to a novel method to calculate effects of changes in commuter train timetables. This novel approach enables to price commercial train slots in the capacity allocation process such as in an auction. It provides a new way to estimate the local train operator´s valuation of the different parameters (i.e. waiting, travel time and interchanges). Using RailSys for the estimation of times makes it possible to include capacity aspects that normally are difficult to reveal.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 10.
    Akhtar, Nadia
    et al.
    Int Islamic Univ, Dept Environm Sci, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan..
    Bokhari, Syed Atif
    Govt Grad Coll, Dept Geog, Asghar Mall 46000, Rawalpindi, Pakistan..
    Martin, Michael
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik. IVL Swedish Environm Res Inst, Sustainable Soc, Life Cycle Management, S-11428 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Saqib, Zafeer
    Int Islamic Univ, Dept Environm Sci, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan..
    Khan, Muhammad Irfan
    Int Islamic Univ, Dept Environm Sci, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan..
    Mahmud, Arif
    Natl Univ Med Sci, Dept Social & Behav Sci, Rawalpindi 46000, Pakistan..
    Zaman-ul-Haq, Muhammad
    Int Islamic Univ, Dept Environm Sci, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan..
    Amir, Sarah
    Int Islamic Univ, Dept Environm Sci, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan..
    Uncovering Barriers for Industrial Symbiosis: Assessing Prospects for Eco-Industrialization through Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Developing Regions2022Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, nr 11, s. 6898-, artikkel-id 6898Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Industrialization is indispensable for socio-economic development but poses far-reaching implications for resources and the environment. Consequently, industrial symbiosis-based collaborations are gaining recognition as a viable strategy to manage resource consumption for mitigating environmental distress. However, these types of synergistic collaborations are more prevalent in developed regions and are linked to larger-sized industries. Admittedly, such collaborative partnerships are less focused in developing regions and small- to medium-size enterprises (SMEs). This calls for discovering the potentials for synergistic partnerships among the small and medium scaled industrial entities in developing economies. Therefore, the study was designed to identify, assess and explore the prospects of symbiotic collaborations among SMEs in Pakistan. Moreover, the inputs are equally relevant for developing and expanding such productive associations in developing regions. Data regarding inputs and outputs was collected from sixty-one (61) SMEs through field survey during the year 2019. It was processed and analyzed to uncover existing and potential synergies among SMEs. The significant findings transpired that the majority of collaborative linkages are bilateral and are driven to maximize economic gains. However, informal networks of recyclers and absence of a stringent regulatory regime are the ground realities in developing/transforming economies. These factors symptomatically interfere with the process of formal/informal exchanges between and among firms. Furthermore, it was observed that the lack of awareness and impulsiveness of SMEs, as well as the inconsistent supply of by-products, act as barriers for such partnerships in developing countries. It calls for proactive engagements and facilitations from the state institutions through policy instruments. The study addresses a broad audience including industrialists, investors, policy makers and researchers engaged in IS studies. Moreover, the inputs will provide impetus for stimulating eco-industrial progress in developing regions such as Pakistan.

  • 11.
    Amir, Saman
    et al.
    Department of Marketing & Strategy and Center for Sustainability ResearchStockholm School of Economics, Stockholm Sweden.
    Abdullah Asif, Farazee Mohammad
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Roci, Malvina
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Tillverkning och mätsystem. Department of Marketing & Strategy and Center for Sustainability ResearchStockholm School of EconomicsStockholmSweden.
    Towards Circular Economy: Enhanced Decision-Making in Circular Manufacturing Systems2021Inngår i: Sustainable Consumption and Production, Volume II: Circular Economy and Beyond / [ed] Ranjula Bali Swain, Susanne Sweet, Palgrave Macmillan, 2021, 1, s. 257-279Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter will present an outlook on the modelling and simulation of circular manufacturing systems. Simulations in the linear context have long been an enabler in making the systems efficient through better design and improved decision-making. Circular aspects of manufacturing systems lead to another level of complexity to be tackled and understood in terms of the performance of the system from an economic, environmental and social perspective. This calls for enhanced understanding through analysis of the interdependencies between business models, product design, supply chains and consumption patterns interactions by modelling the effect of those interactions to provide a sound basis for decision-making. The role of modelling simulation for prediction and improved decision-making in complex situations will be presented and exemplified with case studies where simulation has been used as a tool to enhance decision-making. The chapter finishes by highlighting the potential of modelling and simulation in boosting the transition towards circular systems implementation.

  • 12. Andersson, David Emanuel
    et al.
    Andersson, Åke E.
    Hårsman, Björn
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    Unemployment in European regions: structural problems versus the Eurozone hypothesis2015Inngår i: Journal of Economic Geography,, ISSN 1468-2702, Vol. 15, nr 5, s. 883-905Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Unemployment rates differ dramatically across European regions. This article analyses these differences by integrating institutional and spatial perspectives into a unified dynamic framework distinguishing between slow and fast processes of change. The framework forms the basis for an econometric model that is used to analyse labour market differences among European Nomenclature des unités territoriales statistiques 2 regions. The results of random-effects models indicate that four key factors—all of which are of the slowly changing type—explain a large part of the variation in unemployment as well as employment rates. Flexible labour market regulations and above-average levels of interpersonal trust are institutional factors that reduce unemployment. Accessibility factors such as inter-regional transport connectivity and local access to skilled workers have similarly substantial effects. Whether a region belongs to the Eurozone or not seems to be less important.

  • 13.
    Andersson, David Emanuely
    et al.
    Natl Sun Yat Sen Univ, Kaohsiung, Taiwan..
    Andersson, Ake E.
    Jönköping Univ, Jönköping, Sweden..
    Hårsman, Björn
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Yang, Xiyi
    Shanghai Tech Univ, Shanghai, Peoples R China..
    The geography of science in 12 European countries: a NUTS2-level analysis2020Inngår i: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 124, nr 2, s. 1099-1125Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Europe has a long history as a global center of scientific research, but not all European regions are alike. Regions such as ile de France and the corridor that stretches from Cambridge to Oxford via London produce a disproportionate share of Europe's science output. An econometric analysis sheds light on the factors that explain the spatial distribution of European science. One result is that the regional volume of Web of Science publications depends on the regional number of researchers in higher education institutions. This is however not the only cause of high output. Universities and their surrounding regions are slowly evolving institutional structures. Some regions host universities that are more than 500 years old. A second key result is that an increase in the age of a region's oldest university is associated with greater output, other things being equal. Third, interregional accessibility via road, rail, and air networks is important for small regions, but not for large ones. Conversely, regional high-tech R&D employment is important for large but not for small regions.

  • 14.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    CIRCLE, Lund University and Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    Creative Destruction and Productivity: Entrepreneurship by Type, Sector and Sequence2012Inngår i: Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, ISSN 2045-2101, Vol. 1, nr 2, s. 125-146Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Schumpeter claimed the entrepreneur to be instrumental for creative destruction and industrial dynamics. Entrepreneurial entry serves to transform and revitalize industries, thereby enhancing their competitiveness. The purpose of this paper is to investigate if entry of new firms influences productivity amongst incumbent firms, and the extent to which altered productivity can be attributed sector and time specific effects.

    Design/methodology/approach – Implementing a unique dataset the paper estimates a firm-level production function in which the productivity of incumbent firms is modeled as a function of firm attributes and regional entrepreneurship activity.

    Findings – The analysis finds support for positive productivity effects of entrepreneurship on incumbent firms, albeit the effect varies over time, what the authors refer to as a “delayed entry effect”. An immediate negative influence on productivity is followed by a positive effect several years after the initial entry. Moreover, the productivity of incumbent firms in services sectors appears to be more responsive to regional entrepreneurship, as compared to the productivity of manufacturing firms.

    Originality/value – The paper employs a firm-level production function approach allowing for time lags of the effect of entrepreneurship. The unique data implemented allow the authors to identify genuinely new ventures as compared to those associated with reorganizations of existing businesses, thereby overcoming much of data deficiencies in previous studies. In addition, data are distributed on Swedish functional labor market regions.

  • 15.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi.
    Gråsjö, U.
    Karlsson, C.
    Knowledge, Knowledge Flows and Regional Growth: An analysis of the importance of knowledge accessibility2007Inngår i: ICFAI Journal of Knowledge Management, ISSN 0972-9216, Vol. 5, nr 4, s. 7-26Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 16.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Human Capital and Productivity in a Spatial Economic System: relating the extent of spatial dependence to localities’ position2008Inngår i: Annales d'Economie et Statistique, ISSN 0769-489X, nr 87/88, s. 125-144Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 17.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    Karlsson, Charlie
    University and Industry R&D Accessibility and Regional Growth2008Inngår i: Scienze Regionali, ISSN 1720-3929, Vol. 7, nr 2, s. 97-115Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A shortcoming of traditional endogenous growth approaches is their assumption that the stock of knowledge is generally accessible across space. The purpose of this paper is to analyse the contribution of R&D to economic growth in Swedish municipalities, taking account of the variation in R&D accessibility among different municipalities. We argue that the interaction possibilities at different spatial scales can be properly represented by an accessibility approach which discounts interaction potentials using travel time distances. The main result of the analysis is that knowledge accessibility in a given period has a statistically significant effect on the growth in value-added per employee in subsequent periods. Furthermore, the knowledge resources in a given municipality tend to have a positive effect on the growth of another municipality, conditional on the municipalities belonging to the same functional region.

  • 18. Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Johansson, B.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Lööf, Hans
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Introduction2013Inngår i: Innovation and Growth: From R&D Strategies of Innovating Firms to Economy-wide Technological Change, Oxford University Press , 2013Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 19.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Johansson, Börje
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Innovation Ideas and Regional Characteristics: product innovations and export entrepreneurship by firms in Swedish regions2008Inngår i: Growth and Change, ISSN 0017-4815, E-ISSN 1468-2257, Vol. 39, nr 2, s. 193-224Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses upon the ways in which characteristics of regions in regards to knowledge sources, communication opportunities, and absorptive capacity influence the development of innovation ideas among existing and potential entrepreneurs. We formulate a model where entrepreneurs or innovating firms introduce new products in a quasi-temporal setting. Market conditions are characterised by monopolistic competition between varieties belonging to the same product group, in which there is entry and exit of varieties. A stochastic process is assumed to generate new innovation ideas as time goes by, and a firm (entrepreneur) who receives such an idea has to transform the idea to an innovation, which in the model is specified as a particular variety combined with a specific destination market. The theoretical model is used as a reference when formulating two regression models, with which we estimate how a set of regional characteristics are associated with the likelihood of innovation ideas across Swedish local labour market regions. In one model, we examine the emergence of new export varieties, and in the second model, we investigate the appearance of new export firms. Results are consistent with the assumption that knowledge and information flows have a positive influence on the frequency of arrival of innovation ideas to firms.

  • 20. Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Johansson, Börje
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Lööf, Hans
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Multinationals in the Knowledge Economy: A case study of AstraZeneca in Sweden2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Multinational companies play a large and growing role in the world economy. Theycontribute about 10 percent to world GDP and about two thirds to global exports. Inthe vast majority of the countries in the world, the presence of multinationals has alsobeen growing over time.

    This report presents a case study of the role of a large multinational company, activein one of the most R&D and knowledge intensive industries of the world, withestablishments in a small open economy. The case study examines the role ofAstraZeneca in the Swedish economy, i.e. an economy dominated by multinationalcompanies. They account for almost all of Sweden’s aggregate investments in privateR&D, over 90 percent of the country’s exports and imports as well as a significantshare of the total number of employees in the private sector. The analyses in the reportmake it possible to assess the importance of the local presence of such a largeknowledge-intensive multinational for Sweden.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    CESISWP154
  • 21. Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Johansson, Börje
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi, Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Månsson, Kristofer
    Dynamics of Entry and Exit of Product Varieties: – what evolution dynamics can account for the empirical regularities?2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Firm-level heterogeneity is substantial even in narrowly defined industries. This paper focuses on formulating evolution dynamics which can account for the observed heterogeneity and its maintenance. Based on examination of data on Swedish firm’ supply pattern to different markets over time, we present a parsimonious model that has the ambition to capture the picture of heterogeneous firms, while accommodating the simultaneous exit and entry of destination varieties in firms’ supply pattern. The model assumes both scale economies of firms and pathdependence, where the latter is manifested in such a way that the arrival rate of innovation ideas to an individual firm is a function of each firm’s stock of varieties at every given point in time. The path-dependence phenomenon is an “explosive” non-linearity, whereas conservation mechanisms include development of demand and exit of established varieties. The described path dependence explains the skewed distribution of varieties across firms, but the question of what keeps the “equilibrium” away from competitive exclusion where only few large firms remain. We make use of simulations to depict and assess the innovation dynamics of the proposed model.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    CESISWP204
  • 22.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Regional innovation systems in small and medium-sized regions: A critical review and assessment2006Inngår i: The Emerging Digital Economy: Entrepreneurship, Clusters and Policy, Springer-Verlag , 2006, s. 55-82Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 23.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    The Location of Industry R&D and the Location of University R&D: how are they related?2008Inngår i: Innovation, Dynamic Regions and Regional Dynamics, Berlin: Springer , 2008Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 24.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi.
    Klaesson, Johan
    Growth Dynamics in a Municipal Market-Accessibility Hierarchy: Does the ICT service sectors follow the overall pattern?2006Inngår i: The Emerging Digital Economy: Entrepreneurship, Clusters and Policy, Springer-Verlag , 2006, s. 187-214Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 25.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi.
    Klaesson, Johan
    Regional Interaction and Economic Diversity: exploring the role of geographically overlapping markets for a municipality’s diversity in retail and durables2009Inngår i: Innovation, Agglomeration and Regional Competition, Edward Elgar , 2009Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 26.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi.
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi.
    Globalisering, arbetskraftens rörlighet och produktivitet2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Teknologiska framsteg och kunskapsutveckling är den viktigaste förklaringen till högre tillväxt och ett ökat välstånd. I en dynamisk global ekonomi där teknikfronten flyttas framåt i allt snabbare takt blir därför förmågan att tillgodogöra sig ny teknik allt viktigare. Betydelsen av väl fungerande utbildningssystem och starka forskningsmiljöer för produktivitet och tillväxt är väl känt, däremot är kunskaperna beträffande hur kunskap sprids mellan företag och regioner betydligt mer begränsade. Genom att använda ett unikt datamaterial visar författarna att en ökad rörlighet av högutbildade har en positiv inverkan på produktiviteten. Tolkningen är att högutbildade är bärare av kunskap som sprids och kombineras med redan befintlig kunskap vilket i sin tur har positiva produktivitetseffekter. Flöden av arbetskraft mellan företag, regioner och länder blir en viktig komponent för att öka tillväxt och välstånd. Politiken bör därför utforma system som skapar goda förutsättningar för rörlighet samt reducerar inlåsningseffekter i den svenska ekonomin. Resultaten pekar också på att "täta" miljöer som storstäder och klusterbildningar är särskilt gynnsamma för kunskapsspridning, skapandet av humankapital, innovationer och tillväxt.

  • 27.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Centre for Innovation, Research and Competence in the Learning Economy (CIRCLE) Lunds Universitet.
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    LABOR MOBILITY AND SPATIAL DENSITY2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on a much cited but seldom measured micro-foundation for agglomerations: inter-firm labor mobility. Labor mobility has been advanced as a vehicle for knowledge flows and labor market efficiency, and is often maintained to be an important source of agglomeration economies. Based on matched employer-employee data, we estimate the influence that spatial employment density has on the probability of inter-firm job-switching, while controlling for ample attributes of each worker and employer. The rate of inter-firm labor mobility varies substantially across regions and we document a systematic and robust positive influence of density on the probability of job switching. The likelihood that such switching is intra-regional is significantly higher if the employees operate in denser regions, verifying that labor mobility (and thus the effects mediated by it) is indeed localized. Higher rates of inter-firm labor mobility appear as a likely mechanism behind the empirically verified productivity advantage of dense regions.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    CESISWP248
  • 28.
    Andersson, Matts
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap, Transportplanering, ekonomi och teknik.
    Parking Policy under Strategic InteractionManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    I  examine   the   effect   on   parking   policy   of   strategic   interaction   between jurisdictions. To do this I use an inventory scheme and an analytical model basedon Hotelling’s linear city model. I conclude that the procedure for setting supplyhas a downward effect on prices, that resource flow competition implies that thecompetitive prices are higher than the efficient prices (but that the effect of thesupply procedures makes this effect incongruous), that road investments lowersparking prices and that municipality’ park-and-ride policies often leads to the fullbenefits of public transport investments not being attained.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Parking Policy under Strategic Interaction
  • 29.
    Andersson, Matts
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap, Transportplanering, ekonomi och teknik.
    Policy Analysis for Different Types of Decision-Making Situations2017Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis seeks to contribute to decision support for policy makers in the transport sector. In order to frame the papers and to relate them to the broad field of “policy analysis”, I have structured the papers around a simple framework with three decision levels: responsibility, policy gap, and policy measure. The thesis contains five papers.

    “Transaction and transition costs during the deregulation of the Swedish Railway market” is a paper in the transaction cost school. We studied the costs associated with the shift from monopoly to competition in the Swedish railway market, and we found that the change resulted in comparatively small transaction costs, but that transition and misalignment costs seem to be larger. 

    In “Parking policy under strategic interaction”, I examined the effect of strategic interaction between jurisdictions using an analytical model based on Hotelling’s linear city model. I conclude that the procedure for setting supply in most municipalities has a strong downward effect on municipal parking fees and that resource flow competition implies that the fees are higher than the efficient prices (but that the effect of the supply procedures makes this effect incongruous).

    In “Validation of aggregate reference forecasts for passenger transport”, we followed up the Swedish national forecasts for passenger transport produced from 1975 to 2009 and tried to explain the deviations. We found that the forecasts during the last decades have overestimated car traffic, and that this is due to input errors. The potential problem of using cross-sectional models for forecasting intertemporal changes seems to have been limited.

    In “The kilometer tax and Swedish industry - effects on sectors and regions”, we estimated factor demand elasticities in the Swedish manufacturing industry and used these to analyze the effects of a kilometer tax for heavy goods vehicles. We found that the kilometer tax leads to factor substitution in that it decreases transport demand and increases labor demand. The effects on output are less pronounced.  

    In “The effect of minimum parking requirements on the housing stock”, we used a model of the rental, asset, and construction markets. We quality-assured our assumptions and our results through interviews with market actors. In our example suburb, we found that parking norms reduced the housing stock by 1.2% and increased rents by 2.4%. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Spikblad
  • 30.
    Andersson, Per
    et al.
    Stockholm School of Economics, P.O.Box 6501, S-113 83, Stockholm, Sweden, P.O.Box 6501.
    Markendahl, Jan
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Kommunikationssystem, CoS. KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Centra, KTH Center för Trådlösa System, Wireless@kth.
    Mattsson, Lars Gunnar
    Stockholm School of Economics, P.O. Box 6501, S-113 83, Stockholm, Sweden, P.O.Box 6501.
    Rosenqvist, Christopher
    Stockholm School of Economics, P.O.Box 6501, S-113 83, Stockholm, Sweden, P.O.Box 6501.
    Cooperation and Competition during Evolution of Technology Based Service Innovation: The Case of Development of NFC Enabled Mobile Services in Nice2013Inngår i: 12th International Conference on Mobile Business, ICMB 2013, Association for Information Systems , 2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Concurrent cooperation and competition is an important characteristic of innovation processes. We illustrate this with reference to a case on new mobile, NFC (Near Field Communications) based services: a systemic service innovation project in Nice, named Cityzi. Cityzi is a local sub-process in the globally dispersed efforts to develop and implement mobile services enabled by the NFC technique that can be used for mobile communication. The project requires cooperation, also between competing actors, to determine technical interfaces as well as development and implementation of business models for production and use of the services in practice. Due to the heterogeneity of resources that need to be combined, actors from different industrial as well as public policy sectors participate in the project. We apply a network perspective for our analysis of cooperation and competition during service innovation processes, specifically focusing on network overlapping processes. A dynamic conceptual model is suggested to capture the complexities of implementing largescale ICT infrastructure projects, when going from trial to commercialization.

  • 31.
    Andersson, Roland
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Mandell, Svante
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Wilhelmsson, Mats
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Så skapas attraktiva städer2014Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 32.
    Andersson, Roland
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Nabavi, Pardis
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    Wilhelmsson, Mats
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för bank och finans, Cefin.
    The impact of advanced vocational education and training on earnings in Sweden2014Inngår i: International Journal of Training and Development, ISSN 1360-3736, E-ISSN 1468-2419, Vol. 18, nr 4, s. 256-270Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers have established a relationship between greater education and training and higher earnings but it is difficult to infer that the former causes the latter if those with higher earnings tend to engage in more education and training. The present study attempts to control for ability and family background to see if stronger inferences can be made about education and training as the independent variable. The study focuses upon advanced vocational education and training (AVET) in Sweden. This is post-secondary school education for individuals who are 20 years of age or older. The aim of this article is to estimate the effects of AVET on earnings by controlling for selection bias. We used various approaches such as instrumental variables, Hausman–Taylor estimates, fixed effects estimates and propensity score matching to achieve this aim. A panel, or longitudinal, data set for eight different labor markets in Sweden for the period 1996–2008 was used. The results indicate that earnings from AVET are higher than the return on investment in comprehensive education. The average effect on income is estimated to be in the range of 3–8 percent.

  • 33.
    Andersson, Roland
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Söderberg, Bo
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Elimination of Rent Control in the Swedish Rental Housing Market: Why and How?2012Inngår i: Journal of Housing Research, ISSN 1052-7001, Vol. 21, nr 2, s. 159-181Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    If housing market rent control is completely eliminated, welfare gains may arise from tenant redistribution. The amount of such welfare gains is estimated at approximately SEK 20 billion (approximately USD 3 billion) for inner Stockholm. In addition, welfare gains may arise from the production of new housing. We demonstrate that total deregulation is preferable to partial deregulation limited to new housing. Furthermore, inefficient overproduction of new housing would follow partial deregulation. Tenants facing rent increases if rent control were phased out would suffer welfare losses, and should be compensated to fulfill the Pareto criterion. Various compensation models could be used, as analyzed here. The amounts necessary to fully compensate tenants in attractive submarkets may be substantial. The Pareto criterion is not necessarily a desirable guideline for politicians if it implies huge wealth redistribution; it is still, however, a natural criterion in connection to all welfare economic analysis.

  • 34.
    Andersson, Roland
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande.
    Söderberg, Bo
    Department of Business and Economics, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
    Financing roads and railways with decentralized real estate taxes: The case of Sweden2012Inngår i: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 48, nr 3, s. 839-853Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Roads and railways in Sweden are mainly financed with national government taxes. However, the regional distribution of benefits differs widely from that of tax payments. As a consequence, overspending is likely to occur. A condition for efficiency is that the collective of users should pay for such projects. Therefore, we propose a new regional order for financing projects: government expenditures for transportation projects should be transferred to regions as well as the real estate tax to finance them. We present estimates of the size of such expenditures and of the income from real estate taxes following decentralization to regions.

  • 35.
    Annadotter, Kerstin
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Vilka är orsakerna till ett ökat behov av bostäder till Helsingborgs bostadssociala program och hur ska bostadsbehovet lösas?: En förstudie.2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

     

    Helsingborgshems formulering av problemet som denna rapport adresserar är att man önskar få besked av socialtjänsten, i detta fall Arbetsmarknadsförvaltningen och Socialförvaltningen, hur behovet av en utökning av det bostadssociala programmet ser ut. Hur många lägenheter per år är behovet och vilka klienter eller klientgrupper hos förvaltningarna är det som har behovet?

     

    Inom Helsingborg stad är det Arbetsmarknadsförvaltningen, Socialförvaltningen, Vård- och Omsorgsförvaltningen och Fastighetsförvaltningen som samarbetar inom ramen för det bostadssociala programmet. Fastighetsförvaltningen fungerar som spindeln i nätet, administrerar och fördelar remisser från förvaltningarna på de lägenheter som ställs till socialtjänstens förfogande av Helsingborgshem och privata fastighetsägare.

     

    Från den 1 januari 2015 har socialnämnden och dess förvaltning samordningsansvaret för det bostadssociala programmet.

     

    I intervjuerna har framkommit att gruppen av försörjningsstödstagare som saknar övrig social eller ekonomisk problematik inte är ny för Socialförvaltningen utan har funnits länge, att man inte vet om gruppen har ökat eller inte samt att man har svårt att bedöma hur många personer som utgör behovet av en utökning av det bostadssociala programmet. Socialförvaltningen uppger ändå att det kan röra sig om ca 50 personer eller fler. Man betonar att siffran är en grov uppskattning och att man vill återkomma om antalet. Fastighetsförvaltningen bedömer sitt behov till ca 40-50 personer. Dessa personer har enligt förvaltningarna ingen så kallad bostadsproblematik, innebärande att personerna inte har någon belastning som gör att de inte kan uppfylla hyreslagens krav på en hyresgäst. Dessa personer skulle enligt nuvarande regler vara kvalificerade för ett förstahandskontrakt med hyresgaranti inom det bostadssociala programmet. Arbetsmarknadsförvaltningen uppger att de inte har något utökat behov av lägenheter med hyresgarantier inom det bostadsociala programmet.

     

    Ett urval reflektioner, slutsatser och rekommendationer är:

     

    • Hemlösheten i Sverige idag kan till stor del förklaras av en mängd dysfunktionaliteter på strukturell och institutionell nivå i samhället, se avsnitt 3 och Appendix 2. En kompletterande förklaring av den pågående snabba ökningen av hemlösheten är den internationella flyktingkrisen och antalet asylsökande som kommer till Sverige.
    • Helsingborgs stad har ett upparbetat och välfungerande system för det bostadssociala programmet som berörda förvaltningar nu ser över med syftet att åstadkomma ett ännu bättre system för det bostadssociala programmet. Enligt uppgift (feb 2016) finns ett förslag från arbetsgruppen som innebär smärre justeringar av programmet eftersom man i stort är nöjda med gällande ordning.
    • Helsingborgs stad behöver kommunicera med, informera och engagera fler privata fastighetsägare i staden att delta i det bostadssociala programmet och att bidra med lägenheter motsvarande sin marknadsandel av hyresmarknaden i Helsingborg. Det bedöms här som nödvändigt för att uppnå stadens mål: att minska segregation och utanförskap. Vid behov kan staden använda verktygen markanvisningar och exploateringsavtal för att få även nyproducerade lägenheter till det bostadssociala programmet.
    • Relevant och korrekt statistik behöver föras av och kommuniceras mellan alla parter i det bostadssociala programmet, det vill säga förvaltningarna och fastighetsägarna.
    • Den kommunala hyresnormen behöver höjas för att möjliggöra lägenheter med hyresgaranti i fler bostadsområden.
    • Socialförvaltningen i Helsingborg har svårt att bedöma behovet av fler hyreslägenheter med hyresgaranti. De problem som orsakar svårigheter av en behovsbedömning behöver identifieras, kommuniceras och lösas.
    • Bygg fler hållbara bostäder, även till låginkomsttagare. Öka konkurrens och innovation i nyproduktion och på bostadsmarknaden.
    • Ingen av förvaltningarna har identifierat vilka klientgrupper som står för det ökade behovet av hyreslägenheter med hyresgaranti.
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 36.
    Annadotter, Kerstin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Werner, Inga Britt
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Grannskapseffekter på områdesnivå- en fördjupad studie av bostadsrättsombildning i allmännyttan: Arbetsrapport 3: Ekonomiska investeringar i Dalen och Östberga2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 37.
    Annadotter, Kerstin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande.
    Werner, Inga Britt
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö.
    Hungria Gunnelin, Rosane
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande.
    Bostadsrättsprisernas nivå och utveckling i Dalen och Östberga, åren 2005 - 2012: Arbetsrapport nr 2 i projekt Grannskapseffekter på områdesnivå - en fördjupad studie av bostadsrättsombildning i allmännyttan2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 38.
    Anop, Sviatlana
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande.
    Apartment price determinants: A comparison between Sweden and Germany2015Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Similar development of economic fundamentals in Germany over the last two decades did not lead to the same dramatic house price increases as it is in Sweden. What can explain this house price stability over a long period? This thesis attempts to find the answer this question.

    The first paper in this thesis contains an extended literature review on the studies focused on the factors affecting house prices in the short and in the long run. Existing literature adopts a broad variation of approaches and reaches different conclusions attempting to answer the question about what are the key drivers of house prices. Conclusions often depend on the model specifications and econometric methods applied. Though there is a considerable agreement in real estate economics theory regarding the main factors that affect house prices (or so called “fundamental determinants”), it is hard to find a consistent definition regarding what factors can be considered as “fundamentals” and what factors belong to “non-fundamentals”. The dominating factors that are presented in the majority of the studies are income, population, interest rate, housing stock and unemployment. Studies done after the recent financial crisis put more attention on such factors as the behavior of the market participants, financing conditions and regulations. The characteristics of the bank lending and valuation policies as well as regulations on the rental market have received attention in the research literature, but the impact of these factors on house price dynamics is not measured and not well described. Therefore the other two papers in this thesis aim to provide a better insight in to the factors that create fluctuations in housing markets.

    The second paper investigates the effects of macroeconomic indicators such as population, income housing stock, mortgage interest rate on house prices. Estimation is done by applying panel data methodology on regional data for major cities in Germany and Sweden and by using yearly observations from 1995 to 2010. Results suggest that the long-run development of apartment prices in Sweden can be explained by changes in such factors as population, disposable income per capita, mortgage interest rate, housing stock, and prices per square meter in the previous period. The price for the previous period has the highest impact in comparison with other factors in Sweden. At the same time for Germany this is the only factor that is valid for long-term house price development. Estimates for fundamental factors such as population, disposable income, mortgage interest rate and housing stock appeared as not significant in house price development in the long run in Germany. A closer analysis has shown that the fundamental factors developed in a similar way in both countries during the analyzed period, though the house prices dynamic is very different. The conclusion is that fundamental factors cannot provide an explanation for the differences in house price developments in two countries and further analysis of institutional differences in the housing markets is done in the third paper.

    Third paper applies a comparative analysis approach and hypothetico-deductive method in order to examine the differences in the banking policies on mortgage financing and approaches to valuation of mortgage properties in Germany and Sweden.  The results suggest that the extreme rise in Swedish house prices above the long-term trend was created by expanding bank lending policies that was supported by the general macroeconomic factors and regulation environment on the housing market. The main difference between countries in approaches to valuation for mortgage purposes is that in Germany that mortgage is based not on the market value as it is in Sweden, but on the long-run sustainable value, so called “fundamental” value. Mortgage lending value is determined in such a way that is also develops in the same tempo as fundamentals in the long-run and is not that procyclical as market value. Using a long-term sustainable value has a restrictive effect on the housing prices and in such a way stabilizes the market.  One more factor that gives stability to the housing market in Germany is the well-functioning rental market. Third paper contributes to a better understanding of necessary conditions for the house prices to rise in the long run above the fundamentals level and suggests policy solutions that can reduce the risks of housing bubbles and increase financial stability.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Licentiate Thesis
  • 39.
    Anop, Sviatlana
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Comparison of valuation and lending policies in Germany and SwedenManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 40.
    Anop, Sviatlana
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande.
    Determinants of foreign direct investments in real estate in European countries - panel data analysis2010Inngår i: 17th ERES conference proceedings, Milan, Italy, 2010Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Foreign direct investments (FDI) have been one of the core features of globalization and the world economy over the past two decades. Statistical data shows that the level of FDI was continuously increasing during 2003-2007, but the directions and amount of such inflows differs significantly between the countries. Investments in Real Estate are just one of these inflows and European countries proved to be successful in this process. The objective of this study is to highlight theoretical and empirical findings about determinants of foreign direct investment in Real Estate in developed European countries. This paper first present and analyze existing scientific theories in this area with special attention to Real Estate investments, then focuses on assessing the relative significance of the factors that may attract FDI in Real Estate via a panel data regression analysis for a representative sample consisting of 15 OECD countries for 1996-2007. Results of the study suggest that certain variables such as size and growth of GDP, human capital and road infrastructure appear to be robust under different specifications. Significance of these factors estimates are also observed, confirming the relevant theoretical propositions. However certain differential variables that expected to have positive effect proved to be insignificant within the estimated data sample.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 41.
    Anop, Sviatlana
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    House price determinants: A comparison between major cities in Germany and SwedenManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 42.
    Anop, Sviatlana
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande.
    House price determinants in Germany and Sweden: panel data analysis2011Inngår i: 18th ERES conference proceedings, Eindhoven, Netherlands, 2011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Article has an aim to investigate the effects of macroeconomic indicators such as population, income levels, GDP, housing stock, interest rate and rent levels on house prices. Analysis is done by applying panel data methodology on regional data for major cities in Germany and Sweden and by using yearly observations from 1995 to 2009. Results confirm that population, GDP, income, housing stock, interest rate and price levels for other market segments have effects on housing prices. However, these effects can be different for certain indicators depending on market segment and model used.

  • 43.
    Anop, Sviatlana
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    House price dynamics: A literature reviewManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 44.
    Anund Vogel, Jonas
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik, Tillämpad termodynamik och kylteknik.
    Lind, Hans
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Fastighetsekonomi och finans.
    Att styra allmänningar – en studie av svenska bostadsrättsföreningar2017Inngår i: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, nr 2, s. 55-66Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det är viktigt i ett samhälle att ha institutioner som bidrar till ett effektivt utnyttjande av resurser. Syftet med denna artikel är att granska den svenska bostadsrättsformen utifrån de kriterier som Elinor Ostrom formulerat rörande vad som bidrar till en effektiv förvaltning av en ”allmänning”. Avslutningsvis presenteras också reformförslag som vi bedömer skulle minska problemen i dagens strukturer, problem som främst sammanhänger med att den som startar föreningen och bygger dess hus inte har något långsiktigt ansvar.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 45.
    Aquili, Tommaso
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    The Austerical City.: London at the crush test of austerity2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In the UK, the unprecedented cuts to local budgets, implemented by the national governments from 2010 to the present day, have pushed local authorities to reconsider their scope, their role and their action. The ever decreasing budgets have de facto transformed local councils from service providers to territorial entrepreneurs, as the pressing pursuit of revenues has placed the economic profit at the core of the local policy-making. Urban planning plays a central role in this shift in mindset. The British planning system has been remodelled so to facilitate the implementation of development processes, as these grant revenues from planning obligations, uplifts in land values and higher income from taxes. The reform of the planning system has however conceded free rein to developers, especially through the introduction of the Development Viability Appraisal, a document which they use to reduce the provision of affordable housing, in favour of luxury housing tenures. Therefore, in London the mechanisms that rule the territorial transformations exacerbate the existing housing crisis and force local communities to face displacement. Austerity has thus initiated a cascade-effect whose negative externalities are tangible at the very local level. The emerged topics find their concretization in the description of the Heygate Estate regeneration.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 46.
    Aransiola, Temidayo James
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Justus, Marcelo
    University of Campinas, Institute of Economics, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.
    The Effect of Absolute and Relative Deprivation on Homicides in Brazil2021Inngår i: Homicide Studies, ISSN 1088-7679, E-ISSN 1552-6720, Vol. 25, nr 4, s. 361-386Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the effect of absolute deprivation (proxy unemployment)and relative deprivation (proxy income inequality) on homicide levels in Brazil. Adatabase from the Brazilian Information System about Mortality and Census of theyear 2000 and 2010 was used to estimate negative binomial models of homicidelevels controlling for socioeconomic, demographic, and geographic factors. Findingsshow that unemployment and income inequality affect homicides levels and that theeffect of the former is more pronounced compared to the latter. Moreover, thecombination of income inequality and unemployment exacerbates the overall effectof deprivation on homicide levels.

  • 47.
    Armerin, Fredrik
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande.
    Optimal Stopping of a Killed Exponentially Growing ProcessManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider a finite horizon optimal stopping problem. The value of the underlying process grows exponentially until a Poisson process jumps for the first time, at which the processes jumps to zero and stays there forever. As applications of this model we consider valuing real options and options written on the stock of a start-up company.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Optimal Stopping of a Killed Exponentially Growing Process
  • 48.
    Armerin, Fredrik
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Fastighetsekonomi och finans.
    Han-Suck, Song
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Fastighetsekonomi och finans.
    A framework for modelling cash flow lags2021Inngår i: SN Business & Economics, E-ISSN 2662-9399, Vol. 1, nr 10, artikkel-id 130Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditional models of irreversible investment problems assume that the investment starts generating cash flows immediately, i.e., at the same time as the investment is undertaken. Real-world investment situations are characterized by time-to-build or investment lags, which means that there is a time difference between when the investment is made and when the investment starts generating cash flows. We combine two existing models of investment lags to obtain a flexible, yet simple, way of modelling and analyzing the effects of investment lags. Both traditional models, and models that incorporate the effects of time-to-build, typically assume that the expected future cash flows generated by an investment are represented by a single cash flow that reflects the size of the market value of an investment. To reflect real-world cases where investments generate cash flows in several time periods, we present a framework in which cash flows are explicitly allowed to be spread out in time. Our model can be used to incorporate cases where an investment is partially sold in different time periods. Using an irreversible optimal investment timing problem case study, we show how our framework makes it possible to easily compare the effect of different cash flow timings. In this case, the value and the timing of the investment depend on a constant that in a natural way can be decomposed into three parts, thereby showing the influence of the value and timing from the respective parts of the framework.

  • 49.
    Armerin, Fredrik
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Fastighetsekonomi och finans.
    Han-Suck, Song
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Fastighetsekonomi och finans.
    Zheng, Mo
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Fastighetsekonomi och finans.
    Estimating VaR for house price indices - one suit doesn't fit allManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    National house price indexes serve as a guideline and general indicator of the performance of real estate markets and industries. Many countries have experienced several periods of booms and busts in house prices during the last four decades. The periods of high house price volatilities are often highly interrelated with high uncertainties in not only housing markets but also in the credit markets and real economic activities. Thus, there is a need to understand and search for an appropriate method to measure and quantify the potential risk of sizeable losses in house prices.

    There exist several Value at Risk (VaR) models that are used to measure asset price market risks. In this paper, we utilize quarterly panel real house price index series for 10 countries over the past four decades and apply different nonparametric, parametric, and semiparametric Value-at-risk models and methods to measure the downside risks of house prices. Our results highlight the importance of model choice regarding the calculation of VaR for the national house price indexes. The main contribution of this paper is the evaluation of the forecasting capability of nonparametric, parametric, and semiparametric risk models applied to national real house price indexes and showing that one specific model is not optimal for all the national indices: one suit doesn't fit all.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 50.
    Armerin, Fredrik
    et al.
    KTH.
    Song, Han-Suck
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande.
    Valuing the housing cooperative conversion option2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1990s, both private and municipal owners of multifamily rentalproperties in Sweden have sold a large number of their properties to hous-ing cooperatives established by the property's tenants. One motivationfor the large increase in so called housing cooperative conversions is thatthe practice of rent regulation causes actual rents to be lower than market-clearing rent levels, especially in attractive areas in larger cities. By sell-ing the property to a housing cooperative, the property owner can takeadvantage of the positive price di®erence between the price of housing co-operative dwellings, which are determined by demand and supply, and thevalue of the property based on the assumption that the rents will continueto be lower than market rents.In this paper we use a real options approach to derive a closed-formvaluation formula for the option an owner of an income producing multi-family property has to sell it to a housing cooperative. In traditionaloption valuation models, the date when the option matures is known inadvance. However, it is common that the property owner does not knowin advance when the tenants (through the housing cooperative) will buythe property. In this paper we let the expected time to maturity, which isthe day when the tenants purchases the property from their landlord, tobe a random variable. The numerical examples suggest that the value ofthe conversion option increases as expected time to conversion increases,as well as when the volatility of the price of housing cooperative proper-ties increase. The real options approach suggested in this paper may beespecially useful to explicitly conceptualize the problem of valuing a rentalproperty with embedded options to switch it to another type of property.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
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