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  • 1.
    Abbes, Yacine
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology.
    Educational studies in heat and power technology: how students learn with multimedia tools and problem-based learning2005Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Higher education is undergoing continuous changes and new learning tools and methods are implemented. Researchers in education do not always agree upon the effectiveness of some of the methods introduced into engineering education. The present thesis consists of two case studies on educational methods introduced at the Department of Energy Technology, at Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Sweden. The qualitative research methodology has been used in case one and a combination of qualitative and quantitative methodology has been used in the second case. The sources of evidences consisted of: unstructured interviews, analysis of video recording, questionnaires, and analysis of a variety of documents. In the first case, an educational program in heat and power technology was analysed. The second case consists in an in-depth study of group dynamics in a Problem –Based Learning course. These studies showed that the learning approach adopted by students depends strongly on the way they view the particular learning tool or method. The first case study revealed the existence of two types of learners. Surfacelearners follow the structure suggested by the designers of the multimedia program. This category of learners focuses only on the material available in the program. Deep-learners go beyond the information and the structure suggested in the program and combine different learning tools in their learning. These students do not follow the structure of the tutorials’ of the multimedia program. This study showed that students who had a strong view how to learn with a multimedia program or a learning method benefited less from the learning tools available. Students with weak views on how to learn from educational program or leaning tool benefit less from the presentation and engage in more surface learning. Self-motivated learners use the multimedia presentation in novel ways and crosscheck the information given with other material. The second study showed that students have unclear and weak views on how to learn with student-directed Problem- Based Learning model. Four types of learners were identified in Problem-Based Learning project: Leaders, Key Actors, Common Students and Social Loafers. Leaders and Key Actors are self-motivated individuals and participate most in the projects. Students who viewed themselves or were viewed as leaders were held responsible to take most of the decisions and students expected them to work more than the average student. Students who viewed themselves as common team members expected a lower workload than leaders’. Key Actors are self-motivated students who do not view themselves as separate from other group members but who participate more than others. Leaders learned more group and social processes, that they did not fully take part in, while common students learned more from the project management aspects that they did not take part in. The study also found that Problem-Based Learning groups can become very cohesive, and can develop distorted views on how to learn with Problem-Based Learning, and un-common group dynamics phenomena such as groupthink can occur in Problem-Based Learning setting.

  • 2. Abele, Eberhard
    et al.
    Chryssolouris, George
    Sihn, Wilfried
    Metternich, Joachim
    ElMaraghy, Hoda
    Seliger, Guenther
    Franzén Sivard, Gunilla
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering.
    ElMaraghy, Waguih
    Hummel, Vera
    Tisch, Michael
    Seifermann, Stefan
    Learning factories for future oriented research and education in manufacturing2017In: CIRP annals, ISSN 0007-8506, E-ISSN 1726-0604, Vol. 66, no 2, p. 803-826Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Learning factories present a promising environment for education, training and research, especially in manufacturing related areas which are a main driver for wealth creation in any nation. While numerous learning factories have been built in industry and academia in the last decades, a comprehensive scientific overview of the topic is still missing. This paper intends to close this gap by establishing the state of the art of learning factories. The motivations, historic background, and the didactic foundations of learning factories are outlined. Definitions of the term learning factory and the corresponding morphological model are provided. An overview of existing learning factory approaches in industry and academia is provided, showing the broad range of different applications and varying contents. The state of the art of learning factories curricula design and their use to enhance learning and research as well as potentials and limitations are presented. Conclusions and an outlook on further research priorities are offered. (C) 2017 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of CIRP.

  • 3.
    Abeywecra, Ruchira
    et al.
    OUSL, Dept Mech Engn, Nugegoda, Sri Lanka..
    Scnanavakc, Nihal S.
    OUSL, Dept Mech Engn, Nugegoda, Sri Lanka..
    Jayasuriya, Jeevan
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Heat and Power Technology.
    Fransson, Torsten H.
    EIT InnoEnergy, Eindhoven, Netherlands..
    A Remote Mode High Quality International Master Degree Program in Environomical Pathways for Sustainable Energy Systems (SELECT) -Pilot Program Experiences During First Year of Studies2018In: PROCEEDINGS OF 2018 IEEE GLOBAL ENGINEERING EDUCATION CONFERENCE (EDUCON) - EMERGING TRENDS AND CHALLENGES OF ENGINEERING EDUCATION, IEEE , 2018, p. 276-284Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Remote mode study programs at master degree level are becoming more popular than undergraduate level programs. Students after graduation with Bachelors degree very often are employed and the most appropriate mode for them to pursue higher studies is the remote mode. Postgraduate programs with one or two year duration mostly focus on specific areas of research based industrial application. Traditional remote education is thought to be more centered on web based on-line programs with a little opportunity for teacher student interaction and interaction with peers. In such programs motivation for studies has been a problem and as a result many students drop off and also those remain in the program for prolonged periods do not show good performance. One of the reasons for failures of students in remote studies is the isolation leading to discouragement for the completion studies. A remote mode Master Degree Program in Environomical Pathways for Sustainable Energy Systems (MSc-SELECT), consisting of a number of innovative features aimed at improved student engagement, motivation, exposure to experiences in multi-national setting and team work, was developed and implemented by the Master School of the EIT-InnoEnergy, as a pilot project. The program was offered, collaboratively and simultaneously to students in three locations, Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden, Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya in Spain and the Open University of Sri Lanka. The students in Sweden and Spain each followed 50% of the courses on-campus and 50% in remote mode depending upon the university they registered with. The students in Sri Lanka followed the entire 1st year fully remotely. All the students (from KTH, OUSL and UPC) will spend the 2nd year on-campus at another university in the consortium. This paper discusses, from the perspective of the fully remote site, the remote program with its innovative aspects, student performance and experience together with future tasks for making the program viable and beneficial to all partner countries.

  • 4.
    Adolfsson, Mikael
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Simuleringsstöd för modeller i fysikundervisning2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report is part of my master thesis, concerning the subject of how to develop a simulation tool for teaching physics, mainly focused on the concept of force and free body diagrams as taught in secondary schools. The work is based on previous studies on how to design a digital tool for teaching environments. The final result is not to be considered as a finished product but more as a prototype of a product of this nature. The report also stresses the importance of the fact that programs of this kind can't alone give students understanding, instead it places greater demands on teachers and the teaching environment. The program is meant to be used, exactly as mentioned in this report, as a support tool for teachers and students, to facilitate physics teaching and the understanding of the concept of force, by adding the possibility to be able to draw and test free body diagrams.

  • 5.
    Ahluwalia, Arti
    et al.
    Univ Pisa, Dept Ingn Informaz, Bioengn, Pisa, Italy..
    De Maria, Carmelo
    Univ Pisa, Dept Ingn Informaz, Bioengn, Pisa, Italy..
    Diaz Lantada, Andres
    UPM, ETSII, Dept Mech Engn, Madrid, Spain..
    Madete, June
    Univ Pisa, Res Ctr E Piaggio, Pisa, Italy.;Kenyatta Univ, Nairobi, Kenya..
    Makobore, Philippa Ngaju
    Uganda Ind Res Inst, Instrumentat Div, Kampala, Uganda..
    Ravizza, Alice
    Univ Pisa, Pisa, Italy..
    Di Pietro, Licia
    Mridha, Mannan
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Health Informatics and Logistics.
    Munoz-Guijosa, Juan Manuel
    UPM, ETSII, Dept Mech Engn, Madrid, Spain..
    Tanarro, Enrique Chacon
    UPM, ETSII, Dept Mech Engn, Madrid, Spain..
    Torop, Janno
    Tartu Ulikool, Inst Technol, Tartu, Estonia..
    Biomedical Engineering Project Based Learning: Euro-African Design School Focused on Medical Devices2018In: International Journal of Engineering ,Science and Innovative Technology, ISSN 0949-149X, E-ISSN 2277-3754, Vol. 34, no 5, p. 1709-1722Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Biomedical engineering (BME) has the potential of transforming medical care towards universal healthcare by means of the democratization of medical technology. To this end, innovative holistic approaches and multidisciplinary teams, built upon the gathering of international talent, should be encouraged within the medical industry. However, these transformations can only be accomplished if BME education also continuously evolves and focuses on the internationalization of students, the promotion of collaborative design strategies and the orientation towards context relevant medical needs. In this study we describe an international teaching-learning experience, the "UBORA (Swahili for 'excellence') Design School". During an intensive week of training and collaboration 39 engineering students lived through the complete development process for creating innovative open-source medical devices following the CDIO ("conceivedesign-implement-operate") approach and using the UBORA e-infrastructure as a co-design platform. Our post-school survey and analyses showed that this integral teaching-learning experience helped to promote professional skills and could nurture the future generation of biomedical engineers, who could transform healthcare technology through collaborative design oriented to open source medical devices.

  • 6.
    Aldenholt, Robin
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE).
    Hydrogen fuel cells for the development of a sustainable society: A case study on opinions and pedagogics regarding hydrogen fuel cells in Sandviken2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Last couple of years’ vehicles propelled by electricity generated from a hydrogen fuel cell has

    emerged as an alternative to the fossil fuel vehicles, so that the greenhouse gas emissions

    causing climate change can decrease. In Sandviken, a collaboration between the municipality,

    Sandvik AB and AGA has resulted in a hydrogen refuelling station, only the fourth in

    Sweden. As the knowledge and awareness of hydrogen fuel cells is unknown Sandvik AB

    wants to investigate what the general opinion and knowledge is but more importantly, how

    can pedagogical theories be used to increase awareness and knowledge.

    The purpose of this thesis is therefore to examine what the population of Sandviken think of a

    development of a hydrogen society as well as climate change and the concept of sustainable

    development. Based on the found status of knowledge and awareness in these issues a couple

    of tools and actions are suggested on how to increase general knowledge and awareness,

    applicable both for schools and organisations outside school.

    The method used to fulfil the purpose was a survey that was sent out to people employed at

    Sandviken municipality and Sandvik AB. The survey results were analysed to see which

    factors correlate with a likelihood to support a hydrogen society development. That is used to

    see what approach to use when educating people about hydrogen and sustainable

    development.

    The results show that people in Sandviken were very positive about the hydrogen refuelling

    station, and the level of knowledge people had did not significantly affect how much support

    they showed. However, the people’s support for a hydrogen development is greatly affected

    by the fact that a refuelling station has been built. Therefore, the result that the level of

    hydrogen knowledge seems irrelevant should not be taken as a general fact true for all

    societies.

    When educating people about hydrogen one should put emphasis on raising awareness and

    knowledge in sustainable development and climate change, since that has a positive effect on

    the likelihood to support a hydrogen development. This could be done via a, in this report

    constructed, SSI case (socio-scientific issues) that can be adjusted to fit environments and

    occasions outside school.

  • 7.
    Alf, Christoffer
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE).
    Erfarande av museiutställningar med hjälp av virtuell verklighet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis investigates the museum exhibition Royal Wedding Dresses at the Stockholm castle. This exhibition was temporary and closed in April 2017. The overall purpose is to map what can be done in order to raise interest and create meaning in a broader audience including younger people to take part in the exhibition, and create meaning of it after it has been closed down. An additional purpose is to investigate how, why, and whom the museum exhibition Royal Wedding Dresses can interest using virtual reality (VR), after the end of the exhibition.

    In this survey, a literature study, interviews and observations are performed regarding the exhibition Royal Wedding Dresses. This is the basis for developing a VR application prototype where major parts of the exhibition are included. Finally, the application is evaluated for technical interaction and how the virtual visit has been evaluated, to assess whether VR can create interest in, and develop, the exhibition for a wider audience.

    The result indicates that the application has good technical interaction, but the original exhibition does not encourage the visitor to experience it, and the application is unable to develop it in this regard. The application will not be more interesting for a younger audience than its content. With the help of aspects of serious gaming and social interaction, as well as future studies on the subject with more respondents and an expanded perspective, it may be possible to overcome these limitations. If technical interaction and social interaction can be integrated, the experience can also be developed and be put in a meaningful context that encourages experience and better retention of the virtual visit.

  • 8.
    Al-Khalili Szigyarto, Cristina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Proteomics.
    Garme, Karl
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, Naval Systems.
    Högfeldt, Anna-Karin
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Lärande.
    Magnell, Marie
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Lärande.
    Vägen från student till ingenjör: exempel från två kandidatexamenskurser och ett förslag om en programsammanhållande byggnadsställning2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Altimira, Mireia
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics.
    Casanueva, Carlos
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering.
    RAISING AWARENESS ON DIVERSITY AND EQUALITY IN STEM DEGREES IN HIGHER EDUCATION2017In: INTED2017: 11TH INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY, EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCE / [ed] Chova, LG Martinez, AL Torres, IC, IATED-INT ASSOC TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION A& DEVELOPMENT , 2017, p. 1037-1041Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Higher education environments are becoming more and more diverse, regarding both gender and cultural background, which could pose significant challenges for both students and teachers. In order to raise the topic amongst STEM students, a lecture on Diversity has been implemented in the course Research Methodologies for Engineering Mechanics, where different concepts regarding equality have been introduced and unconscious bias have been explained to the students. The lecture was placed in the middle of the course so that students could reflect back on their previous evaluations and enable them to correct their biases in the second half of the course. Feedback of the whole course has also been compared between the 2016 and 2015 editions, where this lecture was not present. The results show that a lecture in Diversity and Equality is especially useful for female students, strongly supporting its inclusion in the course.

  • 10.
    Andersson, Erika
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning.
    Kundutbildning från tre infallsvinklar: En fokusgruppstudie om hur utmaningar skulle kunna reduceras2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is conducted as an assignment from Saab in Järfälla, Sweden. Saab wanted help to reduce the challenges in the customer training since the instructors had expressed they needed help to improve it. The purpose of this study is to map the challenging situations that an instructor at Saab can experience during the customer training, and analyse how the challenges could be reduced. The main focus is put on organisational culture, pedagogic competence, and specialist knowledge.

    The theoretical background describes the following theories: adult teaching, competence, and organisational culture. The development of the competence is discussed and the importance of how to use the right competence is stated. The organisational culture is discussed and what an organisation can do in order to strengthen the culture is presented. Theories for adult teaching are also presented.

    A qualitative approach, in the form of focus group interviews, are used to collect data. Four focus group interviews are analysed using thematic analysis where the different themes and codes are found using the theory.

    The results indicate that the different challenges that the instructors are facing in the customer training are linked and that they influence the organisation as a whole. An example of what Saab could do in order to reduce the challenges in the customer training is presented and discussed based on relevant theories. The things that Saab may do to reduce the challenges, according to this study, are: improve the communication, work as a team and try to create a strong organisational culture.

  • 11.
    Andersson, Kjell
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Machine Design (Div.).
    Evaluation of a model based learning approach for engineering design2015In: INTERNATIONAL DESIGN ENGINEERING TECHNICAL CONFERENCES AND COMPUTERS AND INFORMATION IN ENGINEERING CONFERENCE, 2015, VOL 3, 2015, article id UNSP V003T04A013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Project-based education in combination with problem based learning has been very successful, and has contributed to the popularity of engineering design education among students at technical universities. The close connection to industrial problems by the use of industry-connected projects has boosted this popularity still further and to get an insight of future working environments after graduation is very inspiring for the students.

    The curriculum of the Machine Design capstone course at KTH Department of Machine Design covers the whole process from idea generation to manufacturing and testing a final prototype. A major part of the course consists of project work where students develop a product prototype in close cooperation with an industrial partner or with a research project at the department. This means that a major part of the course uses project-based learning as a teaching strategy. In addition, a model-based design methodology is introduced which enables the students to evaluate and "experience" many different behaviors of the product using digital models in a virtual environment. In this way, students can see that many undesirable concepts and flaws can be avoided even before a prototype is manufactured.

    This paper evaluates the use and learning outcome of model-based design in a capstone course in the Engineering Design MSc program at KTH Department of Machine Design. The approach has been used during a period of three years and the effect on the students' learning has been evaluated by a questionnaire after each course. I this paper we compare the results of these questionnaires and discuss implications and general conclusions about this learning approach.

  • 12.
    Andersson, Lina
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning.
    Medborgarforskning: En miljöutbildning för allmänheten?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to study the behavioral changes in participants in the citizen science project

    "Växtkalendern". The purpose is also to study how the citizen science project "Växtkalendern" can influence the gap between awareness and action in terms of climate change issues, so-called action gap, among the participants. The study is conducted based on an abductive approach, where the empiric material influences the literature study and vice-versa. The relevant empirical was collected through a survey sent out to all the participants in the project "Växtkalendern". In addition, interviews and discussions with specialists in the field of citizen science research have been conducted.

    The results shows that the citizen science project

    "Växtkalendern" has potential to influence participants. The survey revealed that the participants felt that the opportunity to assist research was clearly the most important reason for participation. Using the theoretical standing points and the empirical material, the citizen science project ability to create behavioral changes in the participants in terms of climate change issues was analyzed. The study shows that the gap between awareness and action can be reduced with the help of citizen science as participants experienced increased awareness and a changing behavior through participation in the project "Växtkalendern".

  • 13.
    Andersson, Magnus
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Material Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    A possible way to use student peer review to improve report writing skills2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Andersson, Magnus
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    Towards an engineering approach to quality in engineering education2015In: Proceedings of 5:e Utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges ingenjörsutbildningar, 2015, p. 13-14Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Education quality is handled at many different levels in an education system, ranging all the way from external reviews of education programs at the top university level to the creation of effective learning conditions for students at the practitioners level. Each level has its own processes for quality assurance, and those processes are usually quite different. Here, I suggest one way of joining the different quality processes into a coherent model, which at the same time retain the main conceptual ideas of the already existing quality processes. The proposed model is presented as a flow diagram of an education system together with an idea about how to create both a trouble- shooting and a quality enhancement scheme based on this model. The model is inspired by the way engineers look at quality assurance in engineering systems and it can, hence, be particularly interesting for engineering educations. 

  • 15.
    Andersson, Magnus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Material- och nanofysik.
    Delin, Anna
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Material- och nanofysik.
    A quality process for assessing mathematics in a study programme2018In: Proceedings från 6:e utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges ingenjörsutbildningar / [ed] Lena Petersson, Kristina Edström, Oskar Gedda, Fredrik Georgsson, Liselott Lycke och Marie Arehag, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present two methodologies to assess the use of mathematics in a study programme. Firstly, we use a relatively simple methodology to assess how students show their ability to use mathematics in their degree project reports. Secondly, we present a methodology to assess how mathematics is used during a study programme. We have applied the first methodology on the mathematics content in 114 randomly chosen bachelor degree reports from 6 different study programmes within the fields of electrical engineering and computer engineering at KTH. For the 3-year bachelor degree programmes in computer engineering, we find clear deficits in the way students use mathematics in their bachelor degree reports as compared to the other programmes in our study. Through the second methodology, we were able to relate the deficits in the bachelor degree reports to a programme structure where skills in mathematics have not been sufficiently demanded in the engineering courses of the programme. 

  • 16.
    Andersson, Marcus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Femzén, Jimmie
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Global Learning at Ericsson: how to improve knowledge management and competence build-up2007Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is organized in three different parts. In the first part Ericsson’s methods fordeveloping and deploying the existing knowledge are analyzed. In the second part we analyzethe competence build-up for consultants within a technical domain that is constantly evolving.The third part is an evaluation, on an overview level, of a new organizational concept thatEricsson launched. The concept is a way to globally manage knowledge and competencewithin different technical domains. The concept is called Global Competence Center.The method applied was interviews, as a first step to learn about the subject and also forourselves to get to know the organization in which we conducted our research. Interviewswere also used in order to answer our research questions. The employees gave their view onwhat makes learning more efficient. Examples are hands-on, reality based and problemoriented tasks. This was combined with studies of literature and our own experiences oflearning.Our study shows that a combination of different methods for developing and deployingknowledge and building competence seems to be most suitable. This is based on theinterviewees’ experiences and the principles of a theory about adult learning called andragogy.From the interviews, we also received suggestions about work improvements for theconsultants’ work roles. A competence program was developed for the building ofcompetence amongst consultants. The program uses case studies and mentorship as two of themethods, which both apply to the theory of andragogy.

  • 17.
    Andersson, Mikaela
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Fyra uppdrag om människokroppen för grundskolans senare år2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recent studies show that the knowledge in and understanding of science, technology andmathematics of Swedish junior high school and high school students is decreasing. As a resultof this the Swedish government has initialized several studies, research and reforms. One ofthe theories for teaching that today is seen as effective is the socio-cultural perspective and itsdescendants, including scientific inquiry. Using the pedagogy of the socio-cultural perspectivefour assignments regarding the human body was constructed for junior high school studentsattending summer research school in the summer of 2008, hosted by AstraZeneca. Theassignments follow a structure (goal of assignment, preparations, experiment and follow-up)inspired by the concept of NTA – Naturvetenskap och Teknik för Alla (Science andTechnology for everyone). The assignments can be found (in Swedish) as an appendix to thispaper. The assignments were evaluated and assessed through the observations made by theteacher and two questionnaires separated by six months. Results showed that three of the fourassignments had fulfilled the aim of making the students interested and engaged in scientificquestions. The forth had only partially achieved this, mostly due to a silent, built-in structureexpecting to generate certain knowledge in the students. This contradicts the socio-culturalperspective where new knowledge should be derived from what students already know.Seeing as the socio-cultural perspective was effective when using the other three assignmentsthis study shows that assignments constructed with a socio-cultural perspective are usefulwhen teaching science in junior high school.Nyckelord

  • 18. Andersson, Staffan
    et al.
    Pears, Arnold Neville
    The Impact of Academic Staff Development on Their Approach to Teaching and Learning2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19.
    André, Jonas
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE).
    Programvaruutveckling för en elektromagnetisk skanner med fokus på användaren, användarstudier och inlärning2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The project was based on a request to improve an already existing program and hardware at the electrical engineering department at the royal institute of technology. For maximum ease of use, tests have been done on students to properly design the program for what it is meant to be used for. These tests have been transcribed and analysed, then brought back to the group in a discussion and then transcribed and analysed again, I call this process the ‘four step process’ (this process is presented and explained in chapter 6.4.). A part of this master thesis was also to analyse the four step process to enhance validity of this research.

    The project resulted in a new program with a new graphical view and features to help students and researchers to work with the technical tool for electromagnetic readings of planar objects. Because users of the program have been a big part of the development of the program, the finished product has been designed according to their requirements and to facilitate their work.

  • 20.
    André, Kristina
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    En undersökning av naturligt förekommande radioaktiva ämnen och metaller i dricksvattnet från enskilda bergborrade brunnar runt Siljansringen iDalarna2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 21.
    Angelin, Marcus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Lärande.
    Rahm, M.
    Gabrielsson, Erik
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Gumaelius, Lena
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Lärande.
    Rocket scientist for a day: Investigating alternatives for chemical propulsion2012In: Journal of Chemical Education, ISSN 0021-9584, E-ISSN 1938-1328, Vol. 89, no 10, p. 1301-1304Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This laboratory experiment introduces rocket science from a chemistry perspective. The focus is set on chemical propulsion, including its environmental impact and future development. By combining lecture-based teaching with practical, theoretical, and computational exercises, the students get to evaluate different propellant alternatives. To complete the task, they need to use several important curricular concepts, such as the breaking and formation of bonds, redox reactions, and thermodynamics. They also apply basic computational electronic structure calculations to investigate the energetic content of hitherto nonexisting alternatives. Finally, actual chemical rocket propulsion is demonstrated through the assembly and testing of a model rocket motor, employing a commercially available kit. The full experiment was developed for upper-level high school classes and is completed in a 3-h lab period. The experiment, or parts of it, has also been successfully used both in undergraduate programs and continuing education for teachers. 

  • 22.
    Angelin, Marcus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry.
    Ramström, Olof
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Where's Ester? A Game That Seeks the Structures Hiding Behind the Trivial Names2010In: Journal of Chemical Education, ISSN 0021-9584, E-ISSN 1938-1328, Vol. 87, no 4, p. 406-407Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Aroyo, Lora
    et al.
    Technische Universiteit Eindhoven.
    Dolog, Peter
    University of Hannover.
    Houben, Geert-Jan
    Vrije Universiteit Brussel.
    Kravcik, Milos
    OTEC, Open University, The Netherlands.
    Naeve, Ambjörn
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Center for Useroriented IT Design, CID.
    Wild, Fridolin
    Vienna University of Economics, and Business Administration.
    Interoperability in personalized adaptive learning2006In: Educational Technology & Society, ISSN 1436-4522, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 4-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Personalized adaptive learning requires semantic-based and context-aware systems to manage the Web knowledge efficiently as well as to achieve semantic interoperability between heterogeneous information resources and services. The technological and conceptual differences can be bridged either by means of standards or via approaches based on the Semantic Web. This article deals with the issue of semantic interoperability of educational contents on the Web by considering the integration of learning standards, Semantic Web, and adaptive technologies to meet the requirements of learners. Discussion is made on the state of the art and the main challenges in this field, including metadata access and design issues relating to adaptive learning. Additionally, a way how to integrate several original approaches is proposed.

  • 24.
    Artman, Henrik
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    House, David
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH.
    Hulten, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet.
    Designed by Engineers: An analysis of interactionaries with engineering students2015In: Designs for Learning, ISSN 1654-7608, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 28-56, article id 10.2478/dfl-2014-0062Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to describe and analyze learning taking place in a collaborative design exercise involving engineering students. The students perform a time-constrained, open-ended, complex interaction design task, an “interactionary”. A multimodal learning perspective is used. We have performed detailed analyses of video recordings of the engineering students, including classifying aspects of interaction. Our results show that the engineering students carry out and articulate their design work using a technology-centred approach and focus more on the function of their designs than on aspects of interaction. The engineering students mainly make use of ephemeral communication strategies (gestures and speech) rather than sketching in physical materials. We conclude that the interactionary may be an educational format that can help engineering students learn the messiness of design work. We further identify several constraints to the engineering students’ design learning and propose useful interventions that a teacher could make during an interactionary. We especially emphasize interventions that help engineering students retain aspects of human-centered design throughout the design process. This study partially replicates a previous study which involved interaction design students.

  • 25.
    Artman, Henrik
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    House, David
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH, Speech Communication and Technology.
    Hultén, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet.
    Design Learning Opportunities in Engineering Education: A case study of students solving an interaction–design task2014In: Proc. 4th International Designs for Learning Conference, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How do engineering students embrace interaction design? We presented two groups of chemical engineering students with an interaction design brief with the task of producing a concept prototype of an interactive artefact. Through interaction analysis of video material we analyse how the students gesture and use concepts adhering to interaction. The students frequently use gestures to enhance idea-generation. Sketches are used sparsely and other design materials were almost not used at all.

  • 26.
    Artman, Henrik
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Ramberg, Robert
    Tholander, Jakob
    Klas, Karlgren
    Rollen hos representationer och agerande inom interaktionsdesign2014In: Resultatdialog, Vetenskapsrådet , 2014, , p. 8p. 156-163Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27.
    Askfors, Ylva
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Technology in Medicine and Health, CTMH.
    Hollmark, Malin
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Technology in Medicine and Health, CTMH.
    Haasl, Sjoerd
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Technology in Medicine and Health, CTMH.
    Guve, Bertil
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Technology in Medicine and Health, CTMH.
    Learning In Interdisciplinary Networks - For An Efficient Innovation System And An Improved Healthcare2013In: ICERI 2013: conference proceedings, International Association of Technology, Education and Development, IATED , 2013, p. 1000-1007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Clinical Innovation Fellowships is a program that creates conditions for learning and for innovative thought to take place. It aims to educate innovators and to develop innovations that result in more efficient healthcare production. [1] Multiprofessional 4-person-teams of fellow candidates with competence in engineering, medicine, industrial design and management work together full time for eight months, with the aim to identify clinical needs that can be met by a medical technology innovation (process, product or service) or by an organizational improvement. Early in the program, the team spends two months full time at a clinical department observing the various healthcare activities. Among the clinical needs identified by the fellow candidates three needs will be chosen, validated and approved by the department's management as appropriate starting points for student thesis projects. We describe the phenomenon we have seen when introducing new disciplines as observers and problem solvers in a healthcare context as the improbable dialogue. The improbable dialogue is the unexpected dialogue between professionals and students, or professionals within separate disciplinary boundaries that generally never meet professionally. Such a dialogue may however be the channel in which the curiosity and openness of a novice can reflect on the daily work of a specialist, ultimately resulting in the development of ideas, knowledge exchange and learning. The Clinical Innovation Fellowships program enables this learning to take place and has shown to be a successful catalyst for the improbable dialogue; the unexpected, interdisciplinary, dialogue between healthcare specialists, high qualified fellow candidates with working experience and thesis students from different educational fields. This paper gives a qualitative problematization of the program with respect to the strategy and method of including thesis students to reinforce (almost) any innovation system through interdisciplinary, multiprofessional collaboration, where healthcare and academy learn from each other.

  • 28.
    Asmar, Rabi
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Elmontörernas syn på elsäkerhet: En studie om att öka elsäkerheten i Telge Nät AB2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s society, safety in a workplace is an important factor to any organization. Focus on improving the working conditions by making them safer through technology is taking us into a time where we rely on technology to keep us safe. How well developed the technology may be, it is still not enough to keep us entirely from harm. Human error will always be a factor in the human interaction with a workplace. This thesis is built upon existing theoretical perspectives and with empirical data collected by methods such as interviews and field observations, with the aim to shed light upon the view and attitude towards electrical safety in Telge Nät AB. My main target group is the electrical installers who develop and maintain the power distribution grid. With interventions in this targeted group I hope to start a wind of change in the organization and its view on electrical safety.This study hopes to answer questions about the electrical installers view on electrical safety and the view of the organization as a whole, this is later used to map needed measures to change and improve the safety in the organization. The result of this thesis point in the direction of the literature, where safety environment is improved by empowering the worker in the task at hand. Empowerment is a time consuming process in which the entire company needs to pull its weight, so it may be a reality and not just spoken words.

  • 29.
    Asserstam, Christoffer
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE).
    Kursutvärdering på Volvo Construction Equipment2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this report an evaluation of current evaluation methods at Volvo CE Service School, which further educates technicians, will be presented. Data from observation and interviews, focusing on constructive alignment and course evaluations is analyzed. It turned out to be inadequate constructive alignment and course evaluations do not provide sufficient information. Through the development of the constructive alignment and by using well-formulated learning outcomes the technicians learning should be enhanced. Also the design of the course evaluation with questions that examines learning factors should contribute to development of the training.

  • 30.
    Aue Andersson, Gabriela
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning.
    Hjortsberg, Tobias
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning.
    Genusperspektiv på två av grundskolans teknikböcker: Två textanalyser2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Gender equality is a central topic and it is regulated through the Swedish parliament regulations, laws against discrimination and equality laws. Swedish parliament adopted goals for Swedish language policy, which says that language usage that conserves gender roles and obscuring women in, for example, the authorities' texts and in the language used in media, workplaces and schools should be counteracted. Gender equality is also found in the in the curriculum of the elementary school and it should permeate all of the school’s activities. According to Skolverket curriculum the school also has a responsibility to prevent traditional gender patterns. The purpose of this study is to determine whether two textbooks written for the course Technology in elementary school lives up to the requirements of gender equality as stipulated in the curriculum and by the Swedish law regulations. Based on gender and sociology theory, two textbooks have been analysed. The method used in the analysis of the two selected textbooks is text analysis, in the form of a quantitative content analysis and a qualitative discourse analysis, to distinguish and look at different parts of the text and examine different phenomena such as interpretation of messages, intentions or meaning structures. The textbooks are analysed both by means of comparing how often women and men are mentioned in the texts, as well as by evaluating the adjectives and participles by which women and men are described.

    The analysis shows that men are more frequently mentioned in the texts than women are. Moreover, positive adjectives and participles are more commonly associated with the male gender. The analysis also shows that men are usually linked to the public sector by association to their professional titles, where the personal names were mostly associated with well-known scientists and inventors, who historically were mostly men. Since the men were represented more in the texts more active participles were also found associated with men. In some cases, the women in the books are much more associated to their home and family roles than their professional titles. This study concludes that the reviewed textbooks cannot be said to meet the gender equality requirements in the curriculum for the elementary school. Men are in focus and the books confirm prejudice that exists in the society against women and men. However, these books do not need to be dismissed. Teachers can use these to show and discuss the relationship between women and men in today’s society with their students. This way norms can become more developed and contribute to a more permissive climate in the future.

  • 31. Azasu, S.
    et al.
    Berggren, Björn
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Banking and Finance.
    Using constructive alignment to improve student research and writing skills: A case study of a master's program in real estate management2015In: International Journal of Learning and Change, ISSN 1740-2875, E-ISSN 1740-2883, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 83-100Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the paper is to describe and analyse efforts to integrate research into teaching in a postgraduate degree program in real estate management. The long term goals of the changes were to increase graduation rates as well as the quality of dissertations. In order to validate our findings, the data for this paper emanate from a three main sources, namely; students' course evaluations, students' grades and a qualitative assessment of the students' thesis proposals made by senior lecturers. The results show that the first cohort of students found it stressful when individual research writing was introduced towards the end of their studies. With a more gradual and earlier introduction of writing in a series of courses in the program, coupled with changes in assessment tasks, the second cohort found individual research writing less stressful and more beneficial. Performance in the second cohort improved in appreciable ways.

  • 32.
    Azasu, Samuel
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Berggren, Björn
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Integrating research into teaching using constructive alignment2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the paper is to review and evaluate efforts to integrate research into teaching in a postgraduate degree program in real estate management at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden. The majority of the students in the program come from European countries, but a significant minority is from Asia. The long term goals of the changes were to increase graduation rates as well as the quality of dissertations. In order to validate our findings, the data for this paper emanate from a number of different sources, such as students’ course evaluations, students’ grades as well as interviews with students. The results show that the first cohort of students found it stressful when individual research writing was introduced towards the end of their studies, since they had very little practice and experience in research writing. With a more gradual and earlier introduction in teams, coupled with changes in assessment tasks, the second cohort found individual research writing less stressful and more beneficial. Performance in the second cohort has improved significantly. By creating a more aligned course design, students have spent more time on task, which is the most significant factor in creating a better learning environment.

  • 33.
    Azasu, Samuel
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management.
    Hungria-Gunnelin, Rosane
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management.
    Edström, Kristina
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Department for Library services, Language and ARC, Learning Lab IKT.
    The role of assessment in managing student diversity2010In: Journal of European Real Estate Research, ISSN 1753-9269, E-ISSN 1753-9277, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 59-70Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the use of assessment to manage some of the challenges diversity brings into the teaching and learning in international real estate degree programs. Design/methodology/approach: The paper is a multi-year case study of a course in real estate valuation in a Swedish University. The impact of assessment on student experience and performance was analyzed. Findings: Changes in the timing and rules of assessment have an appreciable impact on differences in student performance. However, some diversity problems must be addressed also at the program level. Practical implications: Real estate departments must exercise pedagogical leadership if they are to continue to effectively provide globally relevant education. Originality/value: This paper analyses one of the consequences of the expansion of international real estate education into a non-traditional destination for foreign students.

  • 34.
    Baalsrud Hauge, J. M.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM).
    Engström, Alexander
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM).
    Stefan, I. A.
    Strömgren, Johanna
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM).
    Bridging educational and working environments through pervasive approaches2017In: 3rd International Joint Conference on Serious Games, JCSG 2017, Springer Verlag , 2017, p. 296-307Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the education of mechanical engineers alternative learning methods like serious games, simulations etc. have been used in past decades to better the learning outcomes. However, a main concern is still the amount of resources used on adapting and modding games as well as the challenges related to the implementation in the class room setting. Typically a positive learning experience does not only rely on the game as such, but how good the facilitator or teacher is to change game mechanics and the narratives so that players with different learning curves, past experience and cognitive abilities all stay in flow and feel immersed. Physical simulation games played in a workshop setting often have this ability, whereas this still seems to be a challenge in digitalized games. The main purpose of this article is to identify mechanics that need to be adapted differently for different user groups in order to keep them in flow, motivated and engaged in order to have a high learning experience and how we can take advantage of technologies like VR to reduce the costs and the resources.

  • 35.
    Backlund, Göran
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Om ungefärligheten i ingenjörsarbete2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 36.
    Backolars, Mikael
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    En studie av ett grupporganiserat lärande2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 37. Badashian, A. S.
    et al.
    Firouzabadi, A. D.
    Delcheh, M. A.
    Afzali, Seyyed Hamidreza
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT).
    Mahdavi, M.
    Designing a collaborative educational system: A competitive approach to e-learning2010In: 2010 5th International Conference on Digital Information Management, ICDIM 2010, 2010, p. 478-483Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tens of thousands of universities are today educating students with different methods for a vast variety of majors. This paper aims to introduce Knowledge Tree (KT) as an integrated virtual structure to be used in the educational systems. A collaborative structure is utilized to define a universal curriculum for various university majors worldwide to maximize e-learning capabilities. Then, a collaborative competitive approach is introduced to enrich the contents of course topics offered based on the mentioned structure. The results based on both educational facts fetched from the search engines and a questionnaire filled by a group of academics from different universities show that this system performs well in educational systems in terms of time, effort and cost.

  • 38. Badger, M.
    et al.
    Vercoulen, F.
    Monaco, Lucio
    KTH.
    Farinetti, L.
    VIRTUAL CAMPUS HUB: A SINGLE SIGN-ON SYSTEM FOR CROSS-BORDER COLLABORATION2013In: EDULEARN13: 5TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON EDUCATION AND NEW LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES, IATED-INT ASSOC TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION A& DEVELOPMENT , 2013, p. 5759-5759Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Bankel, Johan
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Berggren, Karl-Fredrik
    Linköping University.
    Blom, Karin
    KTH.
    Crawley, Edward F.
    Massachussetts Institute of Technology.
    Wiklund, Ingela
    Linköping University.
    Östlund, Sören
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Solid Mechanics.
    The CDIO syllabus: a comparative study of expected student proficiency2003In: European Journal of Engineering Education, ISSN 0304-3797, E-ISSN 1469-5898, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 297-315Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Engineering students must graduate with command of a vast body of technical knowledge. They must possess personal, interpersonal and system-building skills to function in teams, and be prepared to produce products and systems. Their education must have been structured under a curriculum blending ability to combine technical expertise with ethical, innovative, philosophical and humanistic acumen. This paper describes a unique international collaboration among four universities to reform engineering education. The collaborators agreed to a statement of goals, which includes descriptions of knowledge, skills and attitudes vital to an effective education, and codifies proficiency levels expected of graduates. We developed and utilized unique stakeholder surveys both to validate our prototype and to determine desired proficiency levels. This collaboration resulted in The CDIO Syllabus, A Statement of Goals for Undergraduate Engineering Education. The syllabus is both a template and a process that can be used to customize the syllabus to others' programmes. It can define new educational initiatives/and be employed as the basis for rigorous assessment. This paper details how, with the input of industry, academia and others, we employed an engineering problem-solving paradigm to effect our redesign. It outlines the syllabus and the unique process employed to create it.

  • 40.
    Bartholomew, Scott
    et al.
    Purdue University .
    Hartell, Eva
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Learning.
    Strimel, Greg
    Purdue University.
    ACJ: A Tool for International Assessment Collaboration2017In: PATT34: Technology & Engineering Education – Fostering the Creativity of Youth Around The Globe Pupils' Attitudes Towards Technology, Philadelphia, USA, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Adaptive comparative judgment (ACJ), a relatively new approach to assessment, has proven valid, reliable, and feasible for the assessment of open-ended design problems. The use of ACJ for assessment has shown positive results in various countries around the world. The potential for ACJ, as a tool for international collaboration in assessment, has not yet been addressed. Preliminary findings from a study involving ACJ use in three countries (United States, United Kingdom, and Sweden) and future directions for research are shared.

  • 41.
    Bartholomew, Scott
    et al.
    Purdue University .
    Yoshikawa, Emily
    Purdue University, US.
    Hartell, Eva
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE). KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM).
    Strimel, Greg
    Purdue University.
    Design values, preferences, similarities and differences across three global regions2018In: 2018 PATT36 International Conference: Research and Practice in Technology Education: Perspectives on Human Capacity and Development / [ed] Niall Seery, Jeffrey Buckley, Donal Canty and Joe Phelan, Athlone, Ireland: Technology Education Research Group. TERG , 2018, p. 432-440Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As technological advances connect countries from across the world, preparing students to contribute to an internationally connected society is paramount. An understanding of the various cultures, traditions, values, and educational practices is necessary for a more-fully integrated and preparatory curriculum. Specifically, we contend that in the area of open-ended design, identifying cultural, regional, and local preferences is a necessary undertaking to assist in preparing students for success in future endeavors. However, as open-ended design is an area that can be challenging to assess and implement, effectively identifying the design values and preferences unique to different locations are necessary. Identifying these preferences and values across locations may help illuminate best-practices to the teaching and learning for an increasingly culturally-sensitive open-ended design process. In this study, 706 American middle school students participated in an open-ended design project and submitted both prototypes and portfolios for their projects. Panels of teachers and researchers from the United States, England, Ireland, and Sweden were recruited to judge the student work through Adaptive Comparative Judgment (ACJ). Each panel was trained on the ACJ software (CompareAssess), introduced to the assignment and the assessment criteria, and provided a login to complete the ACJ. Through the final student project rankings, emerging from each of the judge panels in the ACJ process, highlighted large variations from region to region with only a few student projects appearing in the top ten rank for all regions. Comments provided by the judges, which explain the rationale behind their ACJ decisions, highlighted themes related to significant design values of each region. The identified values may help to enhance design and design-based learning across an internationally-connected society through an understanding of cultural similarities and differences.

  • 42. Bellman, L.
    et al.
    Lind, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management.
    Öhman, P.
    How does education from a high-status university affect professional property appraisers' valuation judgments?2016In: Journal of Real Estate Practice and Education, ISSN 1521-4842, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 99-124Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The repertory grid technique is used to investigate professional property appraisers' thought patterns, and these patterns' complexity, with respect to the universities from which the appraisers graduated. Nearly half of Sweden's 138 authorized property appraisers participated in the study. The results indicate that the appraisers graduating from the university with the longest tradition of property education and ranked highest among the universities offering such education in Sweden have less complex thought patterns than do those graduating from other Swedish universities. This indicates that appraisers graduating from the highest ranked university simplify their valuation judgments more than do other appraisers.

  • 43.
    Bengmark, Samuel
    et al.
    Matematiska vetenskaper, Chalmers och Göteborgs universitet..
    Thunberg, Hans
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematics (Div.).
    Winberg, Mikael
    Institutionen för naturvetenskapernas och matematikens didaktik, Umeå universitet.
    Success-factors in transition to university mathematics2017In: International journal of mathematical education in science and technology, ISSN 0020-739X, E-ISSN 1464-5211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines different factors' relative importance for students' performance in the transition to university mathematics. Students' characteristics (motivation, actions and beliefs) were measured when entering the university and at the end of the first year. Principal component analysis revealed four important constructs: Self-efficacy, Motivation type, Study habits and Views of mathematics. Subsequently, orthogonal partial least squares (OPLS) analysis was used for measuring the constructs' ability to predict students' university mathematics grades. No individual constructs measured at the time of entrance predicted more than 5% of the variation. On the other hand, jointly they predicted 14%, which is almost in pair with upper secondary grades predicting 17%. Constructs measured at the end of the first year were stronger predictors, jointly predicting 37% of the variation in university grades, with Self-efficacy (21%) and Motivation (12%) being the two strongest individual predictors. In general, Study habits were not important for predicting university achievement. However, for students with low upper secondary grades, the textbook and interaction with peers, rather than internet-based resources, contributed positively to achievement. The association between Views of mathematics and performance was weak for all groups and non-existing for students with low grades.

  • 44.
    Bengt, Halling
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Lean Implementation: the significance of people and dualism2013Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Lean, with its origins at the Toyota Motor Company, is a concept that is known to increase effectiveness in manufacturing. The Lean concept is now argued to be relevant not only in manufacturing but in service and health-care delivery as well. The reported results of Lean implementation efforts are divided. There are reports that most of the Lean implementation efforts are not reaching the goal; on the other hand, there are reports of promising results. The divided results from Lean implementation efforts show how important it is to research and identify factors that are barriers to successful implementation of Lean. This thesis aims to contribute knowledge about barriers to Lean implementation by collecting empirical findings from manufacturing and health care and structuring the perceived barriers and difficulties to Lean implementation. My first study aimed to compare similarities and divergences in barriers to Lean described by key informants in manufacturing and health care. The data was collected via semi-structured interviews. Findings showed that the perceived difficulties and barriers are much the same in manufacturing and health care. The second study was a case study at a manufacturing firm, researching how the views on Lean of the managers implementing Lean influence its implementation. Data was collected via semi-structured interviews with 20 individuals and covered all hierarchical management levels in the company. Findings showed that managers' views on Lean influence the implementation but also that learning during the implementation process can alter managers' views of Lean. The third study aimed to research how management of Lean is described in the literature. This was done through a literature review. The findings showed that Lean management is a matter of dualism, consisting of two complementary systems of action, management and leadership, which are related to the two basic principles of Lean, continuous improvement and respect for the people.

  • 45.
    Benner, Mats
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Geschwind, Lars
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Learning.
    Conflicting Rationalities: Mergers and Consolidations in Swedish Higher Education Policy2016In: Mergers in Higher Education: The Experience from Northern Europe / [ed] Romulo Pinheiro, Lars Geschwind, Timo Aarrevaara, Berlin: Springer, 2016, p. 43-58Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Benson, Alexis
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM).
    Akustik och elevers uppfattningav ljudmiljön i klassrum: En undersökning av akustiken på gymnasieskolan NTI2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Classroom acoustics deal with spatial prerequisites for sound propagation, where good speech

    audibility is important for the well-being of students and teachers and provide opportunities

    for good learning environments. Cognitive abilities as memory functions are also influenced

    by sound environments, where lower background noise levels and shorter reverberation times

    are advocated by research and acoustical performance criteria for classrooms. Background

    noise levels, reverberation time T20 and room response C50 can together provide a picture of a

    good sound environment for classroom learning. In this survey, five classroom sound

    environments have been evaluated and questionnaires have been used to investigate the

    subjective experiences of pupils and teachers in these sound environments during current

    investigated lessons. There has been no clear correlation between acoustic data and subjective

    experiences of the audio environment from this survey. However, the survey has obtained

    acoustic measurements from the current classrooms and especially two of the classrooms

    have been found to be substandard in comparison with the guideline values of reverberation

    time from standards.

  • 47. Berg Nordstrand, Laila
    et al.
    Pinheiro, Rómulo
    Geschwind, Lars
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Learning.
    Vrangbæk, Karsten
    Responses to the Global Financial Crisis: Lessons From the Public Sector in the Nordic Countries2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2001-7405, E-ISSN 2001-7413, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 3-8Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 48. Berg Nordstrand, Laila
    et al.
    Puusa, Anu
    Pulkkinen, Kirsi
    Geschwind, Lars
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Learning.
    Managers’ identities: Solid or affected by changes in institutional logics and organisational amendments?2017In: Offentlig Förvaltning. Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2000-8058, E-ISSN 2001-3310, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 81-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies doctors in Norway and Finland to compare how identities among professionals in managerial positions were expressed after changes in management in the aftermath of ‘New Public Management’ (NPM) reforms. Studying shifting identities provides a basis for investigating how institutions have changed and illuminates how agents within an organisation have implemented NPM-inspired reforms. Data from both countries revealed three groups: the majority of doctors/managers, who had a strong managerial identity; a smaller group who mainly identified as doctors; and a few doctors who displayed hybrid identities. Work experiences have a strong effect on how identity is perceived. Doctors who hold on to their professional identities seemed uneasy with their skills and ability to perform the tasks related to their new position. Many of the doctors were found to have altered their identities due to organisational amendments and the expanded focus on management-related issues. Hence, this paper concludes that a strong intervention in the sector from central government, as seen in Norway, has resulted in implementing general management to a larger degree than in Finland, but in a more hybrid manner. This is expressed through a focus on management, the institutional logics at stake and doctors’ identity formation.

  • 49.
    Bergel, Nils
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Lean begripligt2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den japanska industrins intresse under efterkrigstiden för – denav Henry Ford (1863–1947) förädlade – löpande bandsteknikenframbringade Toyotas Production System (TPS). Japanernasförfinade automationstanke väckte uppmärksamhet på denamerikanska bilmarknaden, vilket ledde till att TPS under 80-talet blev föremål för forskningsprojekt vars utkomst blev Lean.Från att ha utvecklats för fordonsindustri återfinns i Sverige idagexempel på alltifrån kommunstyren till sjukvården somassimilerat Lean som verksamhetsstyrande metod.Trots att några av de mer basala principerna bakom Lean ärenkelhet och tydlig kommunikation tenderar västerländskaföretag som implementerar Lean köpa konceptet, och med dettaanvändande av engelska och japanska termer eller akronymer iorganisationens vardag, rakt av. Arbetets syfte är att undersökahuruvida användningen av dessa termer på svensk- ellerengelskspråkiga företag på något sätt motverkar eller försvårarimplementeringen och förståelsen för Leans grundläggandefilosofi: Uppkommer det inom en organisation begreppsförvirringvid användandet av Leans terminologi?Studien är utförd vid tre Lean-implementerande organisationer avolika karaktär, genom intervjuer med Lean-ledare ochkvalitetschefer samt kortintervjuer av medarbetare.Resultatet visar att det vid en Lean-implementering, och arbetetefter det, förekommer förvirring och missanvändning av olikaverktyg och begrepp inom Lean. Konkreta verktyg och begreppkunde flest medarbetare såväl identifiera, etikettera sombeskriva. Så snart man närmade sig abstraktbegreppsanvändande i vardagsspråk medföljde en större oklarhetoch missuppfattningar. Den japanska språkdimensionen tycksinte påverka än mer i förvirrande riktning. En japansk ellerengelsk term, såväl som en förkortning, ter sig lika främmande förden oinsatte, oavsett språk.Rapporten diskuterar även följder av resultaten och reflekterarutifrån lärandeperspektiv hur situationer med begreppsförvirringkan uppkomma, följder av det samt hur det kan undvikas.

  • 50.
    Berggren, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Banking and Finance.
    Fili, Andreas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Nordberg, Olle
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Experience of digital examination in Sweden: Some preliminary findings from three different perspectives2015In: INTED2015 Proceedings, iated Digital Library , 2015, p. 4001-4007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish higher educational system is under pressure. The competition from international universities is getting fiercer, and the demographical projections indicate that the number of students entering the university system is peaking right now. At the same time, the financial support from the government is decreasing. In order to stay competitive Swedish universities are trying to find strategies for using the scarce resources in the optimal way. The problem is to strike a balance between quality and efficiency.Over the past ten years a lot of improvement has been made within the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) regarding quality and innovation in education. Pedagogical courses are mandatory for the staff, and the merits of educational experience have been emphasized in hiring new staff members. Even though problem-based learning, constructive alignment and peer instruction are common in most courses today, some other aspects of education and learning remains the same. One such conservative trait has to do with written examinations. Since the founding of the university in 1827, all written examinations have been done using paper and pen at the Royal Institute of Technology. It is interesting to note that even the school of computer science is using paper and pen for their final written examinations. The problems with using paper and pen are numerous and includes; problems with reading and grading because of poor handwriting, distribution of exams between teachers in the same course, written exams getting lost, etc. In comparison with other parts of the educational system, little has happened to improve quality and efficiency when it comes to written examinations.During 2013 and 2014 a number of teachers initiated a project for increasing the efficiency in written exams. There was a general understanding that the final part of the courses consumed too much time and effort in relations to the other parts. Hence, new software for digital examinations was identified and a license was purchased. This paper summarizes the experiences that the teachers have made during this trial period. The experiences are divided between three different perspectives; the teachers, the students and the administrators. From the teachers perspective the experiences have been very positive – less time have been allocated to grading written exams, the grades are perceived as more just and the saved time can be spent on increasing the quality on other parts of the course. From a student perspective the experiences have been positive – most students are positive in that they get the results much quicker, that they can edit their answers on the exam easier and that the grades are more just. The experiences from the final perspective – that from the administrators’ point of view – are far more complex. Some parts of the administrative system encouraged the projects, whereas other parts tried to stop it, using different measures.The paper concludes with some advice on implementing changes in written exams, based on the experiences from the Swedish case.

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