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  • 1.
    Adolfsson, Mikael
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Simuleringsstöd för modeller i fysikundervisning2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report is part of my master thesis, concerning the subject of how to develop a simulation tool for teaching physics, mainly focused on the concept of force and free body diagrams as taught in secondary schools. The work is based on previous studies on how to design a digital tool for teaching environments. The final result is not to be considered as a finished product but more as a prototype of a product of this nature. The report also stresses the importance of the fact that programs of this kind can't alone give students understanding, instead it places greater demands on teachers and the teaching environment. The program is meant to be used, exactly as mentioned in this report, as a support tool for teachers and students, to facilitate physics teaching and the understanding of the concept of force, by adding the possibility to be able to draw and test free body diagrams.

  • 2.
    Aldenholt, Robin
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE).
    Hydrogen fuel cells for the development of a sustainable society: A case study on opinions and pedagogics regarding hydrogen fuel cells in Sandviken2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Last couple of years’ vehicles propelled by electricity generated from a hydrogen fuel cell has

    emerged as an alternative to the fossil fuel vehicles, so that the greenhouse gas emissions

    causing climate change can decrease. In Sandviken, a collaboration between the municipality,

    Sandvik AB and AGA has resulted in a hydrogen refuelling station, only the fourth in

    Sweden. As the knowledge and awareness of hydrogen fuel cells is unknown Sandvik AB

    wants to investigate what the general opinion and knowledge is but more importantly, how

    can pedagogical theories be used to increase awareness and knowledge.

    The purpose of this thesis is therefore to examine what the population of Sandviken think of a

    development of a hydrogen society as well as climate change and the concept of sustainable

    development. Based on the found status of knowledge and awareness in these issues a couple

    of tools and actions are suggested on how to increase general knowledge and awareness,

    applicable both for schools and organisations outside school.

    The method used to fulfil the purpose was a survey that was sent out to people employed at

    Sandviken municipality and Sandvik AB. The survey results were analysed to see which

    factors correlate with a likelihood to support a hydrogen society development. That is used to

    see what approach to use when educating people about hydrogen and sustainable

    development.

    The results show that people in Sandviken were very positive about the hydrogen refuelling

    station, and the level of knowledge people had did not significantly affect how much support

    they showed. However, the people’s support for a hydrogen development is greatly affected

    by the fact that a refuelling station has been built. Therefore, the result that the level of

    hydrogen knowledge seems irrelevant should not be taken as a general fact true for all

    societies.

    When educating people about hydrogen one should put emphasis on raising awareness and

    knowledge in sustainable development and climate change, since that has a positive effect on

    the likelihood to support a hydrogen development. This could be done via a, in this report

    constructed, SSI case (socio-scientific issues) that can be adjusted to fit environments and

    occasions outside school.

  • 3.
    Alf, Christoffer
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE).
    Erfarande av museiutställningar med hjälp av virtuell verklighet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis investigates the museum exhibition Royal Wedding Dresses at the Stockholm castle. This exhibition was temporary and closed in April 2017. The overall purpose is to map what can be done in order to raise interest and create meaning in a broader audience including younger people to take part in the exhibition, and create meaning of it after it has been closed down. An additional purpose is to investigate how, why, and whom the museum exhibition Royal Wedding Dresses can interest using virtual reality (VR), after the end of the exhibition.

    In this survey, a literature study, interviews and observations are performed regarding the exhibition Royal Wedding Dresses. This is the basis for developing a VR application prototype where major parts of the exhibition are included. Finally, the application is evaluated for technical interaction and how the virtual visit has been evaluated, to assess whether VR can create interest in, and develop, the exhibition for a wider audience.

    The result indicates that the application has good technical interaction, but the original exhibition does not encourage the visitor to experience it, and the application is unable to develop it in this regard. The application will not be more interesting for a younger audience than its content. With the help of aspects of serious gaming and social interaction, as well as future studies on the subject with more respondents and an expanded perspective, it may be possible to overcome these limitations. If technical interaction and social interaction can be integrated, the experience can also be developed and be put in a meaningful context that encourages experience and better retention of the virtual visit.

  • 4.
    Andersson, Marcus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Femzén, Jimmie
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Global Learning at Ericsson: how to improve knowledge management and competence build-up2007Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is organized in three different parts. In the first part Ericsson’s methods fordeveloping and deploying the existing knowledge are analyzed. In the second part we analyzethe competence build-up for consultants within a technical domain that is constantly evolving.The third part is an evaluation, on an overview level, of a new organizational concept thatEricsson launched. The concept is a way to globally manage knowledge and competencewithin different technical domains. The concept is called Global Competence Center.The method applied was interviews, as a first step to learn about the subject and also forourselves to get to know the organization in which we conducted our research. Interviewswere also used in order to answer our research questions. The employees gave their view onwhat makes learning more efficient. Examples are hands-on, reality based and problemoriented tasks. This was combined with studies of literature and our own experiences oflearning.Our study shows that a combination of different methods for developing and deployingknowledge and building competence seems to be most suitable. This is based on theinterviewees’ experiences and the principles of a theory about adult learning called andragogy.From the interviews, we also received suggestions about work improvements for theconsultants’ work roles. A competence program was developed for the building ofcompetence amongst consultants. The program uses case studies and mentorship as two of themethods, which both apply to the theory of andragogy.

  • 5.
    Andersson, Mikaela
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Fyra uppdrag om människokroppen för grundskolans senare år2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recent studies show that the knowledge in and understanding of science, technology andmathematics of Swedish junior high school and high school students is decreasing. As a resultof this the Swedish government has initialized several studies, research and reforms. One ofthe theories for teaching that today is seen as effective is the socio-cultural perspective and itsdescendants, including scientific inquiry. Using the pedagogy of the socio-cultural perspectivefour assignments regarding the human body was constructed for junior high school studentsattending summer research school in the summer of 2008, hosted by AstraZeneca. Theassignments follow a structure (goal of assignment, preparations, experiment and follow-up)inspired by the concept of NTA – Naturvetenskap och Teknik för Alla (Science andTechnology for everyone). The assignments can be found (in Swedish) as an appendix to thispaper. The assignments were evaluated and assessed through the observations made by theteacher and two questionnaires separated by six months. Results showed that three of the fourassignments had fulfilled the aim of making the students interested and engaged in scientificquestions. The forth had only partially achieved this, mostly due to a silent, built-in structureexpecting to generate certain knowledge in the students. This contradicts the socio-culturalperspective where new knowledge should be derived from what students already know.Seeing as the socio-cultural perspective was effective when using the other three assignmentsthis study shows that assignments constructed with a socio-cultural perspective are usefulwhen teaching science in junior high school.Nyckelord

  • 6.
    André, Jonas
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE).
    Programvaruutveckling för en elektromagnetisk skanner med fokus på användaren, användarstudier och inlärning2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The project was based on a request to improve an already existing program and hardware at the electrical engineering department at the royal institute of technology. For maximum ease of use, tests have been done on students to properly design the program for what it is meant to be used for. These tests have been transcribed and analysed, then brought back to the group in a discussion and then transcribed and analysed again, I call this process the ‘four step process’ (this process is presented and explained in chapter 6.4.). A part of this master thesis was also to analyse the four step process to enhance validity of this research.

    The project resulted in a new program with a new graphical view and features to help students and researchers to work with the technical tool for electromagnetic readings of planar objects. Because users of the program have been a big part of the development of the program, the finished product has been designed according to their requirements and to facilitate their work.

  • 7.
    André, Kristina
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    En undersökning av naturligt förekommande radioaktiva ämnen och metaller i dricksvattnet från enskilda bergborrade brunnar runt Siljansringen iDalarna2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8.
    Artman, Henrik
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    House, David
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH.
    Hulten, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet.
    Designed by Engineers: An analysis of interactionaries with engineering students2015In: Designs for Learning, ISSN 1654-7608, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 28-56, article id 10.2478/dfl-2014-0062Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to describe and analyze learning taking place in a collaborative design exercise involving engineering students. The students perform a time-constrained, open-ended, complex interaction design task, an “interactionary”. A multimodal learning perspective is used. We have performed detailed analyses of video recordings of the engineering students, including classifying aspects of interaction. Our results show that the engineering students carry out and articulate their design work using a technology-centred approach and focus more on the function of their designs than on aspects of interaction. The engineering students mainly make use of ephemeral communication strategies (gestures and speech) rather than sketching in physical materials. We conclude that the interactionary may be an educational format that can help engineering students learn the messiness of design work. We further identify several constraints to the engineering students’ design learning and propose useful interventions that a teacher could make during an interactionary. We especially emphasize interventions that help engineering students retain aspects of human-centered design throughout the design process. This study partially replicates a previous study which involved interaction design students.

  • 9.
    Artman, Henrik
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Ramberg, Robert
    Tholander, Jakob
    Klas, Karlgren
    Rollen hos representationer och agerande inom interaktionsdesign2014In: Resultatdialog, Vetenskapsrådet , 2014, , p. 8p. 156-163Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 10.
    Asmar, Rabi
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Elmontörernas syn på elsäkerhet: En studie om att öka elsäkerheten i Telge Nät AB2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s society, safety in a workplace is an important factor to any organization. Focus on improving the working conditions by making them safer through technology is taking us into a time where we rely on technology to keep us safe. How well developed the technology may be, it is still not enough to keep us entirely from harm. Human error will always be a factor in the human interaction with a workplace. This thesis is built upon existing theoretical perspectives and with empirical data collected by methods such as interviews and field observations, with the aim to shed light upon the view and attitude towards electrical safety in Telge Nät AB. My main target group is the electrical installers who develop and maintain the power distribution grid. With interventions in this targeted group I hope to start a wind of change in the organization and its view on electrical safety.This study hopes to answer questions about the electrical installers view on electrical safety and the view of the organization as a whole, this is later used to map needed measures to change and improve the safety in the organization. The result of this thesis point in the direction of the literature, where safety environment is improved by empowering the worker in the task at hand. Empowerment is a time consuming process in which the entire company needs to pull its weight, so it may be a reality and not just spoken words.

  • 11.
    Baalsrud Hauge, J. M.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM).
    Engström, Alexander
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM).
    Stefan, I. A.
    Strömgren, Johanna
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM).
    Bridging educational and working environments through pervasive approaches2017In: 3rd International Joint Conference on Serious Games, JCSG 2017, Springer Verlag , 2017, p. 296-307Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the education of mechanical engineers alternative learning methods like serious games, simulations etc. have been used in past decades to better the learning outcomes. However, a main concern is still the amount of resources used on adapting and modding games as well as the challenges related to the implementation in the class room setting. Typically a positive learning experience does not only rely on the game as such, but how good the facilitator or teacher is to change game mechanics and the narratives so that players with different learning curves, past experience and cognitive abilities all stay in flow and feel immersed. Physical simulation games played in a workshop setting often have this ability, whereas this still seems to be a challenge in digitalized games. The main purpose of this article is to identify mechanics that need to be adapted differently for different user groups in order to keep them in flow, motivated and engaged in order to have a high learning experience and how we can take advantage of technologies like VR to reduce the costs and the resources.

  • 12.
    Backolars, Mikael
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    En studie av ett grupporganiserat lärande2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 13.
    Bergel, Nils
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Lean begripligt2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den japanska industrins intresse under efterkrigstiden för – denav Henry Ford (1863–1947) förädlade – löpande bandsteknikenframbringade Toyotas Production System (TPS). Japanernasförfinade automationstanke väckte uppmärksamhet på denamerikanska bilmarknaden, vilket ledde till att TPS under 80-talet blev föremål för forskningsprojekt vars utkomst blev Lean.Från att ha utvecklats för fordonsindustri återfinns i Sverige idagexempel på alltifrån kommunstyren till sjukvården somassimilerat Lean som verksamhetsstyrande metod.Trots att några av de mer basala principerna bakom Lean ärenkelhet och tydlig kommunikation tenderar västerländskaföretag som implementerar Lean köpa konceptet, och med dettaanvändande av engelska och japanska termer eller akronymer iorganisationens vardag, rakt av. Arbetets syfte är att undersökahuruvida användningen av dessa termer på svensk- ellerengelskspråkiga företag på något sätt motverkar eller försvårarimplementeringen och förståelsen för Leans grundläggandefilosofi: Uppkommer det inom en organisation begreppsförvirringvid användandet av Leans terminologi?Studien är utförd vid tre Lean-implementerande organisationer avolika karaktär, genom intervjuer med Lean-ledare ochkvalitetschefer samt kortintervjuer av medarbetare.Resultatet visar att det vid en Lean-implementering, och arbetetefter det, förekommer förvirring och missanvändning av olikaverktyg och begrepp inom Lean. Konkreta verktyg och begreppkunde flest medarbetare såväl identifiera, etikettera sombeskriva. Så snart man närmade sig abstraktbegreppsanvändande i vardagsspråk medföljde en större oklarhetoch missuppfattningar. Den japanska språkdimensionen tycksinte påverka än mer i förvirrande riktning. En japansk ellerengelsk term, såväl som en förkortning, ter sig lika främmande förden oinsatte, oavsett språk.Rapporten diskuterar även följder av resultaten och reflekterarutifrån lärandeperspektiv hur situationer med begreppsförvirringkan uppkomma, följder av det samt hur det kan undvikas.

  • 14.
    Berglund, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Integrated Product Development.
    Blackne, Johannes
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Integrated Product Development.
    Jansson, Niklas
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Integrated Product Development.
    Proposing a Feedback System to Enhance Learning Based on Key Performance Indicators2014In: International Journal of Quality Assurance in Engineering and Technology Education, ISSN 2155-496X, Vol. 3, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper proposes a feedback system that is based on the self-evaluation of perceived productivity as a mechanism for detecting deviations in an engineering design student project. By monitoring key performance indicators, project members used feedback loops to recognize alarming patterns and act accordingly. The study is based on descriptive survey data that addressed three factors of influence: perceived productivity, perception of stage completion, and work-activity distribution. The productivity data was analysed by detecting patterns in the form of peaks and lows and by combining the patterns with qualitative data from observations and documented work activities. Measurements were taken every time the project team got together; 33 occasions during the course of the project, resulting in a total of 280 student responses for productivity (P) and completion (C) and 115 student replies for work activity distribution. The findings provide an extraction of peak values and low values that enables tracking of critical incidents. Through an in-depth activity log, each value was enriched with lessons learned about what took place and the consequences for the project, thus enhancing learning from past activities through systematic feedback sessions. The accumulated set of data provided distinguishable patterns for the project team to interpret. Over time this made student actions more proactive, activity execution more distinct and purposeful, and resource allocation in combination with feedback reflections more refined.

  • 15.
    Berglund, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Integrated Product Development.
    Leifer, Larry
    TRIPLE-LOOP-LEARNING: AN INSTRUMENTATION MODEL FOR ENGINEERING DESIGN INNOVATION EDUCATION2016In: DESIGN EDUCATION: COLLABORATION AND CROSS-DISCIPLINARY, The Design Society, 2016, p. 77-82Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a framework for engineering design innovation education. This is discovery research in a purely qualitative sense. The authors, both highly experienced educators, are reflecting upon their practice of delivering team-based new product development courses at the master's degree level at deeply different universities in Sweden and the United States of America. In both cases, industry partners bring real-world projects and funding to the curricula. They have, as their primary objective, the development of talented new product development leaders. In both cases there is no intellectual property attachment to the funding. This paper seeks to make important distinctions about common language and practices within different regional and academic cultures. We are hopeful that our observations and the presented framework will draw others to deepen our understanding through next generation quantitative studies.

  • 16.
    Berglund, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Integrated Product Development.
    Leifer, Larry
    Stanford University.
    Why we Prototype!: An International Comparison of the Linkage between Embedded Knowledge and Objective Learning2013In: Engineering Education, ISSN 1750-0044, E-ISSN 1750-0052, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 2-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Prototypes are made, presented, and interpreted differently by people according to theirunderstanding and frame of reference. Design educators have, in recent decades, comecloser to one another in how they approach design creativity. Still, many distinct differencesexist. One of the most striking has to do with the role of prototyping in developing ideasinto concrete manifestations. Prototypes unlock cognitive association mechanisms relatedto visualisation, prior experience, and interpersonal communication in ways that favouriterative learning between peers in the product development community. When, where, andhow to use prototyping strategies depends on context, and it demands a high level ofsituation awareness. The nature of this awareness is, in turn, dependent on culturalvariables and curriculum development. Prototyping has been portrayed as an excellentactivity to share inner thoughts, yet a deeper connection to its knowledge-buildingprocesses has been lacking in previous research. This paper builds on related literature inshaping a common understanding of how prototyping is perceived and applied in twodifferent high-performance academic contexts (Stanford University, Stanford, USA, and theKTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden). Our exploration focuses onstudents’ perceived learning experiences and on teachers’ experiences within engineeringdesign projects. Prototyping is an active enabler in both cases, establishing iterative loopsof new knowledge through social interaction and team-based communication. The deeperlevel of cognitive attachments to prototyping provides an explicit link between embeddedimplicit knowledge and its consequences for objective learning.

  • 17.
    Berglund, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Integrated Product Development.
    Sturm, Dennis
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical sensors, signals and systems (MSSS).
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Embracing Entrepreneurial Behaviour in a Research School2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Product Innovation Engineering program (PIEp) has recently established a Research School withthe aim to increase innovation capabilities in Swedish industries and to promote entrepreneurialbehaviour. By following a bottom-up approach PIEp has been able to both embrace and fosterentrepreneurship. As a result, the research school has already been able to change preexisting mindsetsand to encourage PhD students to be more proactive, risk-taking and innovative. Through descriptions of their own experiences and of key cases along the way, the authors illustratethe transformation from the initial idea to the research school as it is today. This paper seeks toprovide insight and draw comparisons with other research schools to further research and assist policymakers interested in founding new research schools.

  • 18.
    Berglund, Daniel
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Kommunikation – mötet mellan IT-utvecklare och kund: En studie i hur IT-branschens kultur förhåller sig till andra yrkeskulturer,och vilken betydelse det kan ha för kommunikationen dem emellan.2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper concerns my research on the culture of the IT-workforce and how it relates to otheroccupational cultures, as well as how the relation affects the communication between them. Iconducted an ethnographic study at an IT-consulting company. My focus was on theinteraction between the IT-consultants and their customers. In combination with previousresearch in the same subject area, the study shows that the IT-workforce has a distinctoccupational culture. It is influenced by the reverence of technical knowledge and how the ITworkforceis treated as a group by society in general. This reciprocal prejudice also leads tointercultural dysfunction. Since a lot of companies depend on the IT-workforce there is muchto gain if communication is improved. Some solutions are for the IT-workforce to be morepronounced and understanding in the intercultural communication and to find common goalsto strive towards. Also the lowest level of IT-knowledge among the general population mustbe raised to avoid a class society related to IT.

  • 19.
    Bergman, Therese
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Att skriva ett kurskompendium för tätkontroll och läcksökning.2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

     

     

    SAMMANFATTNING

    Lackage fran en komponent i form av vatska eller gas ar ett ofta underskattat problem som kan ge

    upphov till samre produktkvalitet, energiforluster och i slutandan ge ekonomiska konsekvenser om

    lackaget blir for stort. Det finns dessutom en miljo- och halsorisk om en produkt eller komponent

    lacker ut storre mangder kemikalier eller metaller. Kan lackaget minskas finns med andra ord stora

    vinster att hamta.

    Nolek AB bygger instrument for att hitta lackage, lacksokning, och mata lackage, tatkontroll.

    Foretaget arrangerar utbildningar for sina kunder men har tidigare inte haft nagot uppdaterat

    material for detta andamal. Syftet med examensarbetet ar att producera delar till ett nytt

    utbildningspaket inom tatkontroll, lacksokning och provtryckning samt att undersoka teorier for

    skrivande av pedagogiska texter. Arbetets resultat utgors av ett kurskompendium samt en

    PowerPoint-presentation kopplad till kompendiet. Malgrupperna for kurskompendiet ar kursledare,

    nyanstallda pa Nolek samt foretagets kunder.

    Tathet ar ett relativt begrepp och det gar inte att bevisa en obefintlig lacka. Grunden for en

    tatkontroll ar tatkravet, vilket tydligt maste definiera lackagets storsta tillatna mangd per tidsenhet.

    Ur tatkravet ska det aven framga vilket medium kontrollen utfors i, vilket provtryck som anvands

    samt vid vilken temperatur som provningen sker. Vid tatkontrollen, som genomfors med lamplig

    metod utifran det satta tatkravet, gors en provning av om komponenten lacker mer eller mindre an

    tatkravet. Teoretiska kunskaper om tryck, gas och stromningslara ar centrala for att kunna avgora

    vad som ar ett godtagbart lackage eller for att forsta varfor ett visst utslag erhalls pa instrumentet.

    Provtryckning innebar ett test av hallfastigheten hos en komponent eller en produkt. Det finns ett

    flertal forordningar och direktiv som maste foljas vid provtryckning.

    Ett kurskompendium ar en pedagogisk text. Olika texter lases pa olika satt och lamnar olika stort

    utrymme for lasarens egna tolkningar. En pedagogisk text ska lamna ett mindre tolkningsutrymme

    at lasaren an vad den skonlitterara texten gor. Forfattaren av en pedagogisk text har pa forhand en

    uppfattning om vilka specifika saker mottagaren ska fa ut av sin lasning.

    Den pedagogiska texten ska vara beskrivande och maste struktureras utifran pedagogiska krav sa

    att fakta och forklaringar blir relativt enkla och gripbara for lasaren. Genom att forfattaren skriver

    enkelt, konkret och anvander rikt med exempel kan texten uppfattas som begriplig, personligt

    lonande och betydelsefull for mottagaren. Forfattarens tankar ska formedlas till lasaren samtidigt

    som lasaren stimuleras till att sjalv tanka vidare.

    ABSTRACT

    Leakage from an object or component is a common and often underestimated problem which can

    generate inferior quality of the product, loss of energy and eventually generate economical

    consequences if the leakage becomes too large. There also exists an environmental hazard and

    health risk if a product or component is leaking substantial amounts of chemicals or metals.

    Therefore there are great profits to gain if a possibility to minimize the leakage exists.

    Nolek AB assembles instruments for finding leakage, leak detection, and measure leakage, leak

    testing. The company arranges educations for their customers, but hasn’t had any updated material

    for doing this. The aim of this master thesis is to produce a compendium that explains leak testing,

    leak detection and proof testing, to produce a PowerPoint-presentation and to inquire into theories

    for writing pedagogical papers. The target groups for the compendium are course leaders, newly

    employed personnel at Nolek and the company’s customers.

    Density is a relative concept and it is not possible to prove a leak which does not exist. The base for

    leak testing is the density demands, which has to clearly define the leakage’s greatest quantity that

    is allowed per time unit. The density demands must also tell which medium, which pressure and

    which temperature that is being used for the testing. The testing is being carried out with a suitable

    method according to the density demands by deciding whether the component is leaking more or

    less than the density demands. Theoretical knowledge about pressure, gas and currents are central

    for determining what an acceptable leakage is or to understand why a certain deflection is shown on

    the instrument.

    Proof testing is a test of the strength of a component or a product. There exists multiple regulations

    that has to be considered when proof testing.

    A course compendium is a pedagogical text. Different texts are being read in different ways and

    leaves different room for the reader’s own interpretations. A pedagogical text should leave less

    room for interpretations than a fiction text. The author of a pedagogical text has a pre-defined

    opinion of what the reader is going to achieve by reading the text.

    The pedagogical text is supposed to be descriptive and has to be structured on the basis of

    pedagogical demands in order to make facts and explanations simple and tangible for the reader.

    When the author is writing in a simple and concrete fashion and uses a lot of examples, the text can

    be sensed as understandable, personally profitable and significant for the receiver. The thoughts of

    the author are supposed to be conveyed to the reader at the same time as the reader are being

    stimulated to think even further unaided.

  • 20.
    Bergner, Maria
    et al.
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE).
    Waardahl, Erica
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE).
    Interprofessionell kommunikation: En undersökning om kommunikationsvägar ochkunskapsutbyte mellan kompetensområdeni uppdraget Ostlänken.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The project Ostlänken is part of the single largest investment for Swedish infrastructure in modern times, a new double track high-speed railway between Järna and Linköping. It will provide new capacity to the railway system and off load existing traffic and thus enlarge the region. Sweco's task is to deliver a time- and economically efficient solution that is both secure, environmentally- and socially sustainable. To achieve this, Sweco's organization is divided into the three areas plan, environment and technology. Each of which is responsible for developing railway plans, environmental impact assessment and system documents.

    The purpose of the study is to analyze how communication and knowledge exchange between the areas environment and technology are experienced and put into practice. A further aim is to put the results of the study in relation to Sweco's internal project- and control documents for communication and knowledge and experience transfer, in order to further visualize strengths and improvement areas in terms of communication within the assignment Ostlänken.

    Collected material from a questionnaire survey, interviews and focus discussions has been compiled using a thematic analysis. The results showed that the use of communication means varies within the assignment. Many people experience a large flow of information, partly as a result of the high meeting frequency. There is an experienced knowledge gap between the main areas, but also between the different technical areas of expertise where it is sometimes hard to see each other's needs and prerequisites.

    Based on theories from organizational pedagogy, the study shows the importance of taking responsibility for the individual learning in the forms of active listening and reflection on ones frame of reference and how it relates to others. But also the importance of taking responsibility for others' learning in terms of how to express one self and sharing relevant information. Some of the areas that could benefit the organization's development are clear and detailed meeting agendas, mentoring to orient new employees in the project, recurrent opportunities for reflection on the workflow and continuous work to make sure that the word is evenly distributed at meetings. The study further shows that to fulfill the overall project objectives, individual endeavor is required in order to become an expert in the project itself, and also that each area of expertise may take place in decision-making processes. By not considering learning as a natural part of the workflow, but merely striving for progress in terms of productivity, there is a risk that this will happen at the expense of the organization's development in the longer term.

  • 21.
    Björklund, Johan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Johannisson, Emil
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Möjligheter med en digital och interaktiv lärresurs i matematik för gymnasieskolan: ur ett elev- och lärarperspektiv2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste årtiondena har matematikbokens format inte utvecklatsnämnvärt, man har försökt att blir mer digital genom att skickamed en cd-skiva med digitalt material och för de lägre årskurserna igrundskolan finns det matematikspel. För gymnasielever finns inte mycketinteraktivt och digital material idag. Behovet av en ny lärresurs ärstort och vi vill med detta arbete utröna vilka funktioner som bör ingå.Elever och lärare är överlag mycket positiva till utvecklingen ochde undersökningar vi tagit del av visar på ökat användande av datorerute på skolorna. Vi tog fram två gränssnittsskisser med en lärargruppoch en elevgrupp oberoende av varandra. Dessa två skisser sammanfogadestill en prototyp. Prototypen visades upp för lärare och elever ochgenom enkäter och intervjuer kunde vi utvärdera funktioner. Vi analyseraderesultatet och kom fram till ett underlag för en digital lärresurs.Prototypens pedagogiska effekt har inte gått att mäta.

  • 22.
    Björkman, Oscar
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE).
    Meaning-making knowledge sharing: Learning aspects of a Sandvik knowledge management system2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this thesis is the KMS at a Sandvik design department. Purposed to deal with information overload using user-generated content, it is also intended to enable the employees to share knowledge. Previous research has studied what motivates employees to use technology for knowledge sharing. This study seeks beyond what is motivating and instead asks what it is that creates meaning for the employees in using and contributing to the KMS. Based on what is found to be meaning-making the thesis discusses and highlights design considerations for the KMS. Qualitative methods as well as theories on learning, motivation and meaning-making is used. Six employees were interviewed and the analysis suggests using thematization that what is meaning-making for the employee is linked with the approach towards work tasks. Meaning-making aspects is seen as either instrumental or social. The use of communicative and social features should be considered.

  • 23.
    Blomkvist, Pär
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Sustainability and Industrial Dynamics.
    Hallin, Anette
    Method for engineering students: Degree projects using the 4-phase Model2015 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Method for engineering students provides an overview of how to formulate, design, produce and deliver a thesis of good quality. The book is relevant for all types of degree projects on bachelors’ and masters’ levels and is also useful when performing research work in other contexts. This is the first comprehensive book on research methodology for engineering students who are performing their degree project within or close to the social sciences. The book has been inspired by modern product design – the thesis is seen as a product – and takes as its starting point the fact that one may have two clients when carrying out a degree project (Academia and Industry). It also describes how to work one’s way through the process through the development of different prototypes. We see the thesis work as a form of craft and the book contains the most important scientific tools that are needed in order to make informed choices.

  • 24.
    Bodemyr, Sanna
    et al.
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE).
    Nilsson, Ulrika
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE).
    Lärarna och Studi.se: En studie av lärares uppfattningar om användande av det digitala läromedlet Studi.se2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a thesis project for the program Civilingenjör och Lärare at KTH. The study was conducted in spring 2014 in collaboration with Komplementskolan AB which has developed the educational material Studi.se, the focal point of this study.

    The overall aim of the study is to increase the knowledge of the participant teachers’ conception and use of the educational material Studi.se. The second purpose is to increase knowledge about the forms of use some of these teachers apply or claim to apply when using Studi.se. Theoretical framework used is constructivism and the notions of Piaget: adaptation, assimilation and accommodation. Roger’s Innovation-Decision process and Puentedura’s SAMR-model have been the analysis tools used.

    The method used is that of triangulation where action research has been supplemented by questionnaire, interviews and observations, as well as the analysis of logged data over schools' test periods.

    The results show that one of the main reasons for using Studi.se is that the educational material has a good basic level which to a great extent fit the needs of students with special needs. Additional reasons for using Studi.se are that the educational material is simple, time saving and suitable for reviewing and repetition. Reasons for not using Studi.se is an initial lack of time, the cost, lack of transparency at first glance and the perceived challenge given through the material. Studi.se is primarily used as a supplement to the regular curriculum where the material is mainly used individually in the form of repetition, variation and to cover things that the students have missed.

  • 25.
    Bosk, Daniel
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    En formalisering av matematiken i svensk gymnasieundervisning2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how formal mathematics can be taught in the Swedishsecondary school with its new curriculum for mathematics. The study examineswhat a teaching material in formal mathematics corresponding to the initialcontent of the course Mathematics 1c could look like, and whether formalmathematics can be taught to high school students.The survey was conducted with second year students from the science programme.The majority of these students studied the course Mathematics D.The students described themselves as not being motivated towards mathematics.The results show that the content of the curriculum can be presented withformal mathematics. This both in terms of requirements for content and studentsbeing able to comprehend this content. The curriculum also requires thatthis type of mathematics is introduced in the course Mathematics 1c.The results also show that students are open towards and want more formalmathematics in their ordinary education. They initially felt it was strangebecause they had never encountered this type of mathematics before, but somestudents found the formal mathematics to be easier than the mathematicsordinarily presented in class.The study finds no reason to postpone the meeting with the formal mathematicsto university level. Students’ commitment to proof and their comprehentionof content suggests that formal mathematics can be introduced inhigh school courses. This study thus concludes that the new secondary schoolcourse Mathematics 1c can be formalised and therefore makes possible a renewedmathematics education.

  • 26.
    Brattlöf, Therese
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    "Vi lägger ut och highlightar nya dokument": Kommunikation i skolan via lärplattformar och molntjänster2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The teachers have a big work load and that can make time management difficult. This leads to the teachers having less time to learn about new ICT tools. According to the new curriculum that came in 2011, all students should be able to use modern technology to communicate. In an effort to ease the work load for teachers, and also school management and students, a learning platform (LMS) is obtained. On the platform everything concerning the school can be gathered and the built-in functions support the user in just his needs.

    The purpose of this study is to examine whether, and if so, how LMS supports communication in some schools in Stockholm 2012. The survey was conducted by interviewing school management, teachers and students from schools that have a learning platform. The survey data was analyzed and then interpreted based on previous research on information and communication technology, ICT, educational theories and communication theories.

    The study shows that the features used in the LMS also control the modes of communication. Communication from the school management is accomplished by uploading documents, teachers mostly use the feature submission folder and the students only enter the platform to see their homework and submit assignments. When the situation requires two-way communication e-mail is almost exclusively used.

  • 27.
    Brickstad, Lars
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Nätbaserad utbildning för en hållbar besöksnäring2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A system to regulate both quality and sustainability regarding Swedish tourism industry is under way. In order for the system to be successfull it needs to be accompanied by an education, in this case a net based education is studied.

    High requirements are demanded for a successful net based education for a sustainable tourism industry. This is valid both for the didactic area,  which is how an education is structured and planned and in the organisational area, which is how and education best is implemented in a company. The aim with this study is to increase the understandings of which aspects that are important for  developers  if this net based education. The study was conducted at three hostels in Stockholm with surrondings. 

    Both managers and  employees participated in the study.  The managers where interviewed and got to answer a questionniare. The employees participated in a workshop. The outcome of this study indicates that education is  needed for  a successful system. Following the resut an analysis and discussion from where a  couple of  conclusions and recommendations is derived  for a successful  development  of a net based education in quality and sustainability for hostels. These are in summary  that:

    The education should consist to a great amount social activities.

    The education should promote questioned reflections in collaboration with others.

    The education should be relevant for every participant.

    It should exist a common part which is the same for every participant.

    Good leadership is of most importance when implementing a new education.

    The education should be attached with sufficient implementation information.

    A net based forum should be established as a complement to the education.

  • 28.
    Brorsson, Ellinor
    et al.
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE).
    Bartoletti, Michaela
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE).
    Kontinuerligt lärande förhållbara förbättringar: En fallstudie i hur miljöförbättringsarbete kanbelysa det lärande som sker hoselinstallatörsföretag som arbetar efter konceptetständiga förbättringar2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The expectations for a company to actively work on reducing their environmental impact are higher today than ever before. With an environmental certification, companies can show their responsibilities towards the environment to their stakeholders, and improve the chances to securing a position on the future market. An environmental certification, such as the standard ISO 14001, includes the need for continuous improvements to an organization’s processes and strategic environmental work. The term continuous improvements origins from Toyota Motors successful way of working - kaizen. It implies that everything can be madea little better than it is right now. This interpretation of continuous improvements goeswell together with environmental improvements in business since we are still on a journeytowards the most sustainable way of living.

    Two electrical contracting companies have through the web-based application System C2TM excelled in their work with continuous environmental improvements. Since a success factor to continuous improvements has proven to be education, one can assume that the two studied companies have a learning culture in their workplace that has led to this success. However, this learning culture is not specified. The purpose of this study is to examine what a training session in ecologically sustainable development should involve, not only lead to continuous improvements, but also to continuous learning. To generate knowledge about this, a qualitative study has been made. Two focus group conversations with each of the studied companies were made to gather data about their work with continuous environmental improvements. The data from the focus group conversations were analyzed through a thematic analysis. The results show that a training session that aims to lead to continuous improvements and learning within the organization consists of several sessions. The training sessions should make use of the knowledge within the organization, connect the environmental issue to the organization, involve an engaged leadership, and make use of the personal engagement amongst the coworkers. Apart from this, demands on the company culture are being made in order to create a learning organization. The culture should be open to challenge the existing routines and strive to develop the company to the better. The results from this study show that there are similarities between continuous improvements and learning. Suggested as further research is to examine the similarities between learning and continuous improvements. Another example for further research is to test the factors presented in this study, in a training session about ecologically sustainable development.

  • 29.
    Buchberger, Helena
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Teacher Developmen in Cuba: An analysis of two strategies2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to describe two strategies of professional teacher development in Cuba and analyse how they affect the professional growth of the teachers. The strategies investigated are methodological work sessions and further education at the university. Eight upper-secondary school teachers were interviewed and it was analysed how their professional growth was affected by the Cuban professional development strategies. The model utilized was the interconnected model of professional growth (Clarke & Hollingsworth, 2002).The results show that, four of the eight interviewed teachers experienced change sequences and growth networks as a consequence of participating in the two investigated strategies. The methodological work sessions promote a collaborative approach among the teachers to developing the education in their school. Further education in the university, on the other hand, encourages the teachers to reflect individually on practical school-related problems. The results indicate that the organization of the work both the professional development strategies provided acted as an incentive for the interviewed teachers’ development.

  • 30.
    Burmester, Johan
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC).
    Användarutbildning. En studie kring utbildningspaket för Windovs 7 och Office 20102011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When a company is about to upgrade its IT solution the company´s employees may get new computers and software. In order to maintain the same efficiency as before the upgrade, employees can undergo trining in order to get familiarized with the new software. This thesis is a study on how to develop a training package that emphasis the users and company´s needs to make a smooth transition.

    The study results in an implementable training package and applies a user-centered and agile design process to examine design principles, learning theories and how to treat a heterogeneous audience.

  • 31.
    Bygdeman, Caroline
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Development and production of a film intended for education and PR in the area of Reactor Technology products.2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Reactor Technology department at Alfa Laval has identified a difficulty in the mediating of knowledge to potential customers. The Master Thesis consists of the development and production of a film intended for education and marketing of the flow reactors at Alfa Laval, the ART® Plate Reactors, in order to improve Alfa Lavals way of mediate knowledge to potential customers and to catch their interest.

    The purpose of the Master Thesis was to show the film at chemical engineering fairs where the reactors are exhibited, and the aim of the work was to develop a film which catches interest and serves as a learning tool with the visitors’ prior knowledge as the basis.

    Information about what happens at fairs, requests for the presentation of technical content in the film and the assessment of the visitors’ prior knowledge was collected through interviews. These interviews, together with literature studies in the field of chemical reactors, learning with animations and communications at fairs formed the basis for the development of the film.

    A storyboard was developed, and was formed as the basis for the production of the film which was developed together with the film bureau Upper/First in Malmö, Sweden. The product of the Master Thesis, the film, can be found at

    http://youtu.be/PyoX3mVXuYc.

    Keywords:

    Storyboard, Multimodal learning, Continuous flow reactors, Reactor Technology, ART® Plate Reactors

  • 32.
    Bälter, Olle
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Colareti Tosti, Massimiliano
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering, Medical Imaging.
    Kann, Viggo
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Theoretical Computer Science, TCS.
    Svedin, Maria
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Lärstrategier på längden och tvären2015In: 5:e Utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges ingenjörsutbildningar, Uppsala universitet, Uppsala universitet, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiestrategier påverkar vad studenter får ut av sin utbildning. Vi har genomfört enkätstudier (ASSIST och RSPQ) för att mäta strategierna hos civilingenjörsstudenter på två olika program (Datateknik respektive Medicinsk teknik) på KTH. Resultaten visar att för denna tämligen homogena studentgrupp finns det inga större skillnader mellan årskurser eller program, men studenter med ytinriktad studiestrategi kommer efter eller hoppar av i större utsträckning än andra. Eftersom det åtminstone går att normalisera studiestrategier är det viktigt att arbeta för att normen är konstruktiv, det vill säga minska inslaget av ytinriktade strategier. De bägge instrumenten korrelerar runt 0,5 med varandra och enstaka frågor går att ifrågasätta, varför tolkningar av enstaka mätningar bör göras med försiktighet. 

  • 33.
    Bälter, Olle
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media technology and interaction design, MID.
    Enström, Emma
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Theoretical Computer Science, TCS.
    Klingenberg, Bernhard
    Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Williams College, Williamstown, MA, USA.
    The effect of short formative diagnostic web quizzes with minimal feedback2013In: Computers and education, ISSN 0360-1315, E-ISSN 1873-782X, Vol. 60, no 1, p. 234-242Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To help students gauge their understanding of basic concepts and encourage good study habits, we administered short online quizzes that use generic questions in the crucial first few weeks of a course. The purpose of the study was to investigate whether the combination of these web quizzes with generic questions with only binary feedback (right or wrong) would be beneficial for students' learning. We implemented these quizzes in three classes in two different subjects at two different universities, one in Sweden and one in the USA. The students' views on the quizzes' effect on their learning was investigated with surveys and interviews.

    Almost all students appreciated having these quizzes and 38% of them changed their view on how much they knew of the material covered in the course. Furthermore, over 20% of the students reported altering their study habits as a consequence, in particular studying harder or earlier.

    In conclusion, this study indicated that short quizzes using generic questions with limited correct/incorrect feedback on each question, have positive effects when administered early in courses.

    The combination of generic questions and short quizzes could be of value for those contemplating automatic formative assessment, particularly if there is some hesitation with respect to the resources needed for constructing and validating the automatic feedback.

  • 34.
    Bälter, Olof
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Cleveland-Innes, Martha
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Learning.
    Pettersson, Kerstin
    Stockholm University.
    Scheja, Max
    Stockholm University.
    Svedin, Maria
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Student Approaches to Learning in Relation to Online Course Completion2013In: Canadian Journal of Higher Education, ISSN 0316-1218, Vol. 43, no 3, p. 1-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the relationship between approaches to studying and course completion in two online preparatory university courses in math- ematics and computer programming. The students participating in the two courses are alike in age, gender, and approaches to learning. Four hundred and ninety-three students participating in these courses answered the short version of the Approaches and Study Skills Inventory for Students (ASSIST). Results show that students demonstrating a deep approach to learning in ei- ther course are more likely to complete. In the mathematics course, a com- bination of deep and strategic approaches correlates positively with course completion. In the programming course, students who demonstrate a surface approach are less likely to complete. These results are in line with the inten- tions of the course designers, but they also suggest ways to improve these courses. Furthermore, the study demonstrates that ASSIST can be used to evaluate course design. 

  • 35.
    Cai, Yuzhuo
    et al.
    University of Tampere.
    Pinheiro, Romulo
    University of Agder.
    Geschwind, Lars
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Learning.
    Aarrevaara, Timo
    University of Lapland.
    Towards a novel conceptual framework for understanding mergers in higher education2016In: European Journal of Higher Education, ISSN 2156-8235, E-ISSN 2156-8243, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 7-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper tries to develop a conceptual framework for a comprehensive understanding of the merger process, which is regarded as a matter of institutionalization of organizational innovation. In the framework, a number of factors affecting merger process or institutionalization of merger are identified, such as those related to environmental issues, economic benefits, institutional compatibility and human agency. The framework hopefully narrows our knowledge gap on theorizing innovation process, in general, and university merger, in particular. It also has a potential to better assist decision-makers and managers in planning and implementing university mergers.

  • 36.
    Carroll, Jude
    et al.
    Oxford Brookes University.
    Zetterling, Carl-Mikael
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Integrated Devices and Circuits.
    Hjälp studenterna att undvika plagiering2009 (ed. 1)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 37.
    Catoni, Erik
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Kunskapsutveckling och lärande vid utveckling av en ny mjukvara. En fallstudie på ESBE AB.2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on the development of a new software, which is used as a recommendationtool for selecting the best product. As part of the software development has an external partnerbeen asked to assist. The report will process the expectations that different people have on anew project but also how information is communicated to an external partner.The results from this study show that a software's function is closely linked to its usability.Therefore shall usability been taken into account when a new resource is created. The study alsoshows the importance of being able to share information, on how the program will beconstituted, to someone outside the organization.

  • 38. Chatti, M. A.
    et al.
    Klamma, R.
    Jarke, M.
    Kamtsiou, V.
    Pappa, D.
    Kravcik, M.
    Naeve, Ambjörn
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA.
    Techology enhanced professional learning: Process, challenges and requirements2006In: WEBIST - Int. Conf. Web Inf. Syst. Technol., Proc., 2006, no EL/-, p. 268-274Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since we cannot transfer knowledge from one person to another person, learning, also known as knowledge creation, is the social process of acquiring and applying knowledge. Our claim is that the oscillating process of knowledge acquisition and application for workplace learning can be best described by the SECI model introduced by Nonaka in 1994. In this paper, we analysis the learning process in terms of the SECI model, identify the challenges for technology enhanced professional learning and define the requirements for future applications such as personalized adaptive learning. We report the results of a roadmap survey done in the framework of PROLEARN to disclose the desired state of the art in technology enhanced professional learning in the year 2015 and show ways how to proceed on the way to the desired state.

  • 39.
    Cleveland-Innes, Martha
    et al.
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Learning. Athabasca University.
    Stenbom, Stefan
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Learning.
    Teaching blended learning through a blended community of inquiry: A course for faculty in Sweden2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Cleveland-Innes, Martha
    et al.
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Learning. Athabasca University.
    Stenbom, Stefan
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Learning.
    Hrastinski, Stefan
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Learning.
    The Influence of Emotion on Cognitive Presence in a Case of Online Math Coaching2014In: Challenges for Research into Open & Distance Learning: Doing Things Better – Doing Better Things. Proceedings of the European Distance and E-Learning Network 2014 Research Workshop , Oxford, 2014, p. 87-94Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Math Coach program provides help with mathematics instruction using online coaching. Instructive communication using text-based CMC with additional whiteboard capacity is used. Coachees range from sixth to ninth year of compulsory school, and upper secondary school (aged 12–19). Coaches are enrolled from students at teacher training colleges. Stenbom, Cleveland-Innes, & Hrastinski (2012) introduced a framework for analyzing online coaching called the Relationship of Inquiry. That framework is a modification of the well-researched and verified theoretical framework the online Community of Inquiry (Garrison, Anderson, & Archer ( 2000, 2001). Transcript analysis of Math Coach conversations indicates that emotional expression is a natural part of the practical inquiry process that constitutes cognitive presence.

  • 41. Corrigan, S.
    et al.
    McDonald, N.
    Zon, R.
    Maij, A.
    Mårtensson, Lena
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Collaborative learning & serious game development2013In: SIDs 2013 - Proceedings of the SESAR Innovation Days, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the overall Learning, Training and Mentoring Framework as developed as part of the MASCA project. The key focus of the framework is on the establishment of a collaborative learning framework and an integrated learning package that focuses on supporting continuous performance improvement and learning (competency and capability at all levels) and ensuring that this overall learning is fully aligned to the strategic blueprint of the organization. One of the key outputs of the Learning, Training and Mentoring Framework was the development of a Serious Game called Skyboard. The development of Skyboard was based upon a training needs analysis and an iterative development and implementation approach at a large airfield. The research found that Skyboard was an effective means of enhancing communication, collaboration and decision making across intra-organizational agencies which had to collaborate in order to implement a cross-agency change initiative. This paper includes an overview of the supporting learning theory that has emerged from the MASCA project.

  • 42. Crescenzi, P.
    et al.
    Enström, Emma
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Theoretical Computer Science, TCS.
    Kann, Viggo
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Theoretical Computer Science, TCS.
    From theory to practice: NP-completeness for every CS student2013In: ITiCSE '13 Proceedings of the 18th ACM conference on Innovation and technology in computer science education, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2013, p. 16-21Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    NP-completeness is one of the most central concepts in computer science, and has been extensively applied in many diverse application areas. Despite this, students have problems grasping the concept and, more specifically, applying it to new problems. Independently, we have identified these problems at our universities in different countries and cultures. In an action research approach we have modified our courses and studied the effects. We here present some promising results. Our approach is mainly based on the idea of making more evident the fact that proving a new NP-completeness result is not at all different from designing a new algorithm. Based on this idea, we used tools typically used to teach algorithms (such as automatic program assessment and algorithm visualization systems), accompanied by other activities mainly devoted to augmenting the motivation to study computational complexity and forcing students to think and adopt a standpoint.

  • 43.
    Cronhjort, Mikael
    et al.
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Learning.
    Filipsson, Lars
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.).
    Weurlander, Maria
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Learning.
    Improved engagement and learning in flipped-classroom calculus2017In: Teaching Mathematics and its Applications, ISSN 0268-3679, E-ISSN 1471-6976, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report on an effort tomeasure the effect of replacing traditional lecture-based teachingin calculus with a flipped-classroom approach.We base the comparison between the twoteaching models on data fromthree sources: (a) a Calculus BaselineTest, designed specificallyfor this purpose and given as pre-test and post-test; (b) a survey measuring studentengagement; and (c) student achievement on the final exam. On the Calculus BaselineTest, we found that the normalized gain was 13% higher in the flipped-classroom group.Similarly, the flipped-classroom group scored significantly higher on the engagementsurvey. Also, the students of the flipped-classroom group performedmuch better than expectedon the final exam of the course, with a substantial decrease in failure rate.

  • 44. Dagiene, V.
    et al.
    Mannila, L.
    Poranen, T.
    Rolandsson, Lennart
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Learning, Teknikdidaktik.
    Stupuriene, G.
    Reasoning on children’s cognitive skills in an informatics contest: Findings and discoveries from Finland, Lithuania, and Sweden2014In: Informatics in Schools. Teaching and Learning Perspectives: 7th International Conference on Informatics in Schools: Situation, Evolution, and Perspectives, ISSEP 2014, Istanbul, Turkey, September 22-25, 2014. Proceedings, Springer, 2014, p. 66-77Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we present the results from a multi-national study of students’ results in the international IT contest “Bebras”. Be-bras provides motivating and game-like tasks in the format of multiple-choice questions and interactive problems to students in grades 2-12. Our study focuses on the results of nearly 8 000 students aged 10-13 in Finland (n=852), Sweden (n=201) and Lithuania (n=7 022), using gender, task and country as the underlying variables. In addition to presenting the overall results of the three student groups, we also analyse a subset of tasks in common according to Bloom's taxonomy and put forward detailed results for these tasks with regard to gender and country. The results show that there is no difference in performance between boys and girls in this age group. Our findings also indicate that there was a slight mismatch between the difficulty level of the tasks used in the contest and students’ actual abilities; finding more efficient and trustworthy ways of evaluating difficulty levels upfront and choosing a suitable task set is hence important for upcoming contests.

  • 45.
    Dahlberg, Joen
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Cliffordalgebra för gymnasieelever2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här examensarbetet är ett projekt att förenkla Cliffordalgebra till en nivå så att vissa gymnasieelever kan förstå lite av grunderna. Ett kompendium är skrivet med definitioner, förklaringar, exempel, övningar och svar på dessa. Målgruppen är intresserade gymnasieelever med bra matematisk grund och som vill lära sig något nytt. Materialet i kompendiet har diskuterats med en grupp gymnasieelever. Diskussionen gav ett önskvärt. Det finns ett extrakapitel för de elever som tycker att kompendiet är lätt att förstå; ett mer avancerat kapitel som inte har blivit testat huruvida gymnasieelever förstår innehållet eller inte.

  • 46.
    Dahlman, Pär
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    User Centred Design for adolescents withCerebral Palsy: Designing an eye controlled software to enhance mathematical activities2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to find an answer to what prerequisites that needs to betaken into consideration when designing an eye controlled software formathematical activities carried out by children that suffers from cerebralpalsy. A user centred study was conducted at three habilitation centresaround Stockholm. This resulted in a high-fi prototype for columnarcalculation, in which findings from the study were incorporated.These findings included the need to be able to adjust colour, sizeand shape of interface elements, as the target group suffered from visualimpairments. The interface should have a simple and clean design, astoo appealing elements may draw the attention away from the task. Furthermore,it shouldn’t be too childish, despite the fact that the softwarecovers basic mathematics.The tasks should have various kinds of representation, such as readoutinstructions and visualizations. It is also theorized that by designingthe interface to have non-selectable elements, the user doesn’t needworry about clicking on buttons that affects the interface. Thus, thefocus can be on solving the task. The user should be encourage to solvetasks by getting feedback when a task is solved. This feedback shouldonly be given once per task, and should be customizable and optional.

  • 47.
    Dalarsson, Stefan
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning.
    IT-inslag i matematikundervisningen i grundskolan och på gymnasiet: Kritisk analys av statsmaktens och lärarnas diskurser2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The introduction of Information Technology (IT) in mathematics teaching in primary and secondary schools, as well as in high schools, is an important area of concern, where some major efforts by the legislators and the responsible Swedish government bodies (Skolverket, Skolinspektionen etc.) are made. Legislators and government bodies have produced and implemented a number of governing documents and other supporting documents that define the guidelines for deployment, practical use and follow-up of the effects of introducing IT in mathematics teaching.

    The purpose of the present thesis work is to use critical discourse analysis (CDA) to investigate how the introduction of IT in mathematics teaching is described in the governing documents. Furthermore, the present thesis work aims to investigate how the governing documents' discourse relates to the professional teachers' discourse and social practices when using IT in mathematics teaching. The practicing teachers discourse on using IT in mathematics teaching is described based on a number of texts published by the two major unions that organize practicing teachers in Sweden. The work consisted of a systematic literature study and a critical discourse analysis of the relevant parts of a number of selected texts.

    The analysis results show that, regarding the use of IT in mathematics teaching, the discourse in the governing documents consists to a large extent of vague terms that in the framework of discourse analysis are also called the floating signifiers. When it comes to the practicing teachers discourse and thereby also their social practices in the schools, the analysis shows that the practicing teachers are not always positive towards the use of IT in mathematics teaching. Thereby the analysis identifies the important differences between the governing documents' discourse and the teachers' discourse and social practices in the schools.

  • 48.
    Danielsson, Linnea
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    XRF för kvalitetskontroll av farmaceutiska råvaror: - metodutveckling och utbildning av användare2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis is the documented work of the development, implementation and documentationof a new method for identification of pharmaceuticals excipients using X-ray fluorescence. Themethod is supposed to be used at the laboratory for quality control at AstraZeneca, Södertälje. Thepurpose of the thesis was to develop a stout and effective method and to educate the users in theskills needed to perform fast and correct analyses. This thesis presents the technology behind XRFinstruments and which sources of errors that could affect the results as well as the pedagogicaltheories used to describe the practical work that takes place at the laboratory. The method and theexperiment that preceded the method are presented, and the results and decisions are discussed.How the education was planned, performed and evaluated is also presented.

  • 49.
    David, Gabriella
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Informationshantering kring nationella prov i matematik på gymnasiet2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work studied the information flow and information handling among different parties. The study focused on how educational materials on national tests from The Swedish National Agency for Education is managed by school principals and teachers and how the information is passed on to students. The data material was based on observations and interviews at two different high schools. Six teachers and their classes and principals participated in the study. The Agency was also interviewed. The results showed that opinions on the role of the national test varies between different teachers and the Agency. The study also showed that the dissemination of information in the schools is inadequate, information documents do not reach their target audience, and those who have access to the information do not read enough. This is partly due to lack of follow-up from the responsibles at the schools, but also teachers who do not seek out information that is available themselves. These shortcomings result in teachers carrying out national tests with their classes without being properly briefed, which could have consequences for both the students and the entire test system.

  • 50.
    Eddnan Husein, Hauraa
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE).
    Informations- och kommunikationsteknik (IKT) i matematiken: En studie av matematiklärarnas IKT-kompetens och dess betydelse i matematikundervisningen i gymnasieskolan 20142014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ICT, i.e. information and communication technology, is today an important part of the society. ICT tools are used in many different aspects in the everyday life, for example to perform transactions in the bank or to stay in touch with relatives and friends. Not long ago, ICT also became important in the world of school. Many schools have been equipped with ICT tools, like for example a virtual learning environment, laptops for teachers and pupils or smartboards, and many other schools are planning to.

    Meanwhile, the teachers are trying to catch up with the development and integrate the newly

    introduced technology in their work. Development in this area is requested in order to not let the teachers’ ICT literacy fall behind. Therefore, the teachers’ ICT literacy in relation to the use of ICT has been studied within the frame of this thesis.

    The aim of this study is to increase the understanding of what significance teachers’ ICT literacy may have for the organization of teaching in mathematics at three senior high schools in Stockholm during the academic year 2013/2014. The study was carried out by setting up interviews with mathematics teachers, attending one of their mathematics lessons for observation and handing out a questionnaire to the pupils at the lesson. The results obtained were analyzed and interpreted based on previous research in the area of ICT and learning and pedagogy.

    With the results obtained it appears that ICT tools may work as a support for pupils learning if the teachers know how and when to use the tools in their teaching. It is not enough that the teachers only work with ICT tools, but the use of ICT tools must be adapted to the pupils and with focus on their learning. In addition to that, the teachers’ ICT literacy differs in some extent. Some teachers mastered the use of ICT tools generally, for example by using computer programs, while other teachers also had knowledge of a computers’ functions and they could create programs. The teachers’ also used ICT tools in different extents. Meanwhile, it is clearly shown that their use of ICT tools is similar in the sense that the tools are used as substitutions for other existing tools, but with possible functional improvement. Since the teachers’ ICT literacy did differ while their use of ICT tools were the same, the fact that a teachers’ ICT literacy does not necessarily have significance for the organization of the

    mathematics teaching has been drawn as a conclusion, even though Skolverket have concluded something else in their evaluation.

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