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  • 1. Adams, Sophie
    et al.
    Kuch, Declan
    Diamond, Lisa
    Fröhlich, Peter
    Henriksen, Ida-Marie
    Katzeff, Cecilia
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies.
    Ryghaug, Marianne
    Yilmaz, Selin
    Social license to automate: A critical review of emerging approaches to electricity demand management2021In: Energy Research & Social Science, ISSN 2214-6296, E-ISSN 2214-6326, Vol. 80, no October, p. 102210-12, article id https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.20102210Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     Electricity demand-side management (DSM) programs are becoming increasingly important to energy system managers in advanced industrialized countries, especially those with high renewable energy penetration. As energy user participation is paramount for their success but has proven to be difficult to obtain, we explore the usefulness of the ‘social license’ concept, originally developed in the mining sector, to refer to the process of creating acceptance in DSM programs aimed at managing or controlling household energy resources such EVs, batteries, and heating and cooling devices. We argue that analyzing the attainment or lack of ‘social license’ may be useful to energy policy-makers and researchers for understanding public concerns with not only supply-side energy resources, but also DSM. We do so by (1) drawing attention to potential frictions between demands for flexibility on the one hand and social practices and habits on the other; (2) attending to the ways that users’ engagement in DSM programs is influenced by their sense of control and agency, and their trust in program providers; and (3) exploring the ways that users may understand their stake in the energy system and may participate in programs as collectives rather than simply as individuals. We argue that a ‘social license to automate’ could not only describe a set of tools to manage participation in DSM projects, but rather assess the ways users effectively feel part of new energy systems designed to serve them. 

  • 2.
    Ahmad Termida, Nursitihazlin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, System Analysis and Economics. Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Department of Infrastructure and Geomatic Engineering.
    Understanding Individuals' Learning and Decision Processes in a Changing Environment by Using Panel Data2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    When a new transport service is introduced, people have to learn and familiarize themselves with the new service before they decide to adopt it. These processes are developed over time, thus produce dynamics in individuals’ behavioural responses towards the service. This affects the demand of the new service, thus affect revenues. Available studies have examined the factors influencing these responses from microeconomic perspectives. The influence of the theory-based subjective factors has not been examined empirically. Understanding these would assist transport and urban planners to design a better marketing strategy to increase the market share of the new service. A change in seasons affect individuals’ activity-travel decisions, thus produce dynamics in activitytravel patterns in different seasons. Individuals’ constraints, in a form of mandatory activities (working/studying), are influencing individuals’ decisions to participate in day-to-day nonmandatory activities (leisure and routine activities). The interdependency between travel demand, time allocation and mode choice that considers interactions between mandatory and non-mandatory activities, in different seasons is less explored. Understanding these would assist transport planners and operators to manage travel demand strategies across different seasons of the year and provide better transportation systems for all individuals. This thesis includes five papers. Paper I explores individuals’ characteristics of the quick-response and the adopters of the new public transport (PT) service and examines the temporal effects. Paper II investigates the subjective factors influencing a quick-response to the new PT service by proposing a modified attitude-behaviour framework. Paper III and IV analyse the effects of seasonal variations and individuals’ constraints on their day-to-day activity-travel decisions and patterns. Paper V analyses the attrition and fatigue in the two-week travel diary panel survey instrument.

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  • 3.
    Ahmad Termida, Nursitihazlin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, System Analysis and Economics. Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Department of Infrastructure and Geomatic Engineering.
    Susilo, Yusak
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, System Analysis and Economics.
    Franklin, Joel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, System Analysis and Economics.
    Subjective Factors Influencing Individual's Response to a New Public Transport ServiceManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The timing and nature of people’s responses can be expected to vary when a new element enter their environment. For example, when an individual is provided with a new or modified transport service. This time-scale of behavioural responses will affect the patronage of, and short- and long-term demands on the new service over time. Understanding the underlying factors that influence an individual’s response over time to a new or modified transport service would enable us to identify trigger factors that make the new service attractive from an individual’s point of view. Chatterjee (2001) and Douglas (2003) argued that motives other than instrumental factors related to public transport use, such as attitudes, awareness, travel habits and learning processes, can influence individual responses over time to changes in the travel environment. Unfortunately, despite their importance, there have been few studies that examined this argument empirically. To address this research gap, this paper aims to investigate the influences of subjective factors on individuals’ responses to the introduction of a modified public transport (PT) service over time by proposing and testing an alternative model that modifies the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) model framework. This paper also aims to investigate the behavioural change in terms of attitudes and perceptions on individuals’ resources and constraints in using a modified PT service over time after its introduction. The case study involves the new extension of a tram line connecting the suburbs of Alvik and Solna Centrum in Stockholm, Sweden. Four waves of a panel survey were conducted with 96 individuals who lived along the new service, from just before the new service was introduced and until seven months after its introduction. A structural equation modelling technique was used to estimate the relationships between behavioural constructs and panel data, then incorporate them into a discrete choice model. The results show that intention influences individual’s quick-response choice. The panel analysis shows that past behaviour in using the new service influenced current behaviour, and that perceived walking distance in using the service consistently influenced the frequency of using the new service over time.

  • 4.
    Allen, Irma
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Poland on fire: voices from the provinces2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5.
    Allen, Irma
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Polen – ett land som står i brand2017In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Allen, Irma
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Solidarity according to Polish women in 20172017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 7.
    Allen, Irma
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Thinking with a Feminist Political Ecology of Air-and-breathing-bodies2020In: Body & Society, ISSN 1357-034X, E-ISSN 1460-3632, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 79-105Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social theory has paid little attention to air, despite its centrality to bodily existence and air pollution being named the world’s biggest public health crisis. Where attention to air is found, the body is largely absent. On the other hand, conceptualizing the body without life-sustaining breath fails to highlight breathing as the ongoing metabolic bodily act in which the materiality of human and more-than-human intermingle and transmute one another. Political ecology studies how unequal power structures and knowledge production reproduce human–environment relations, including a nascent focus on the body and air – but as separate issues. This article argues that a political ecology of air would productively fuse with a political ecology of the body to bring the visceral realm into intersectional analysis of air’s contemporary materialities. A feminist political ecology situates explicitly air-and-breathing-bodies, their intimately posthuman, relational, elemental and corpomaterial intra-action, at the heart of such analysis.

  • 8. Alymov, Sergei
    et al.
    Anderson, David
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Etnos-Thinking in the Long Twentieth Century2019In: Life Histories of Etnos Theory in Russia and Beyond / [ed] David Anderson, Dmitry Arzyutov, Sergei Alymov, Cambridge: Open Book Publishers, 2019, p. 21-75Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 9. Anderson, David
    et al.
    Alymov, Sergei
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Grounding Etnos Theory: An Introduction2019In: Life Histories of Etnos Theory in Russia and Beyond / [ed] David Anderson, Dmitry Arzyutov, Sergei Alymov, Cambridge: Open Book Publishers, 2019, p. 1-19Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 10. Anderson, David
    et al.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry
    The Construction of the Soviet Ethnography and “The Peoples of Siberia"2016In: History and Anthropology, ISSN 0275-7206, E-ISSN 1477-2612, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 183-209Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The multi-generation book project "The Peoples of Siberia" enabled a group of Leningrad-based scholars to reshape their museum into a Soviet ethnographic community. This article analyses the face-to-face performances, the legalistic stenographic documentation, the collective crafting of a single authoritative style, and a unique temporal frame as an important background to understand a hallmark volume in Siberian studies. The authors argue that the published volume indexes nearly thirty years of scholarly debates as much as it indexes the peoples it represents. The article concludes with a critical discussion of how this volume was translated and received by a Euro-American readership influencing the perception of Siberian peoples internationally. It also links the volume to contemporary post-Soviet publication projects which seem to retrace the same path. The article is based on extensive archival work and references collections recently discovered and which are presented for publication here for the first time.

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  • 11. Anderson, David G.
    et al.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    The Etnos Archipelago: Sergei M. Shirokogoroff and the Life History of a Controversial Anthropological Concept2019In: Current Anthropology, ISSN 0011-3204, E-ISSN 1537-5382, Vol. 60, no 6, p. 741-773Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of etnos—one of the more controversial anthropological concepts of the Cold War period—is contextualized by looking at its “life history” through the biography of one of its proponents. Sergei Mikhailovich Shirokogoroff was a Russian/Chinese anthropologist whose career transected Eurasia from Paris to Beijing via Saint Petersburg and the Siberian borderlands of the Russian Empire. His transnational biography and active correspondence shaped the unique spatial and intellectual configuration of a concept that became a cornerstone of both Soviet and Chinese ethnography. The theory of etnos turned out to be surprisingly stable, while circulating through various political and intellectual environments ranging from England, Germany, and China to Imperial, Soviet, and modern Russia. This case study presents a history of anthropology wherein networks and conversations originating in the Far East of Eurasia have had unexpected influences on the heartlands of anthropology. 

  • 12. Anderson, David G.
    et al.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.Alymov, Sergei S.
    Life Histories of Etnos Theory in Russia and Beyond2019Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The idea of etnos came into being over a hundred years ago as a way of understanding the collective identities of people with a common language and shared traditions. In the twentieth century, the concept came to be associated with Soviet state-building, and it fell sharply out of favour. Yet outside the academy, etnos-style arguments not only persist, but are a vibrant part of regional anthropological traditions.Life Histories of Etnos Theory in Russia and Beyond makes a powerful argument for reconsidering the importance of etnos in our understanding of ethnicity and national identity across Eurasia. The collection brings to life a rich archive of previously unpublished letters, fieldnotes, and photographic collections of the theory’s early proponents. Using contemporary fieldwork and case studies, the volume shows how the ideas of these ethnographers continue to impact and shape identities in various regional theatres from Ukraine to the Russian North to the Manchurian steppes of what is now China. Through writing a life history of these collectivist concepts, the contributors to this volume unveil a world where the assumptions of liberal individualism do not hold. In doing so, they demonstrate how notions of belonging are not fleeting but persistent, multi-generational, and bio-social.This collection is essential reading for anyone interested in Russian and Chinese area studies. It will also appeal to historians and students of anthropology and ethnography more generally.

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  • 13.
    Andersson, Joella
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Grönstruktur ur ett socialt perspektiv: Planering för ökad folkhälsa2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Urban green structure is an important component of a pleasant and healthy society. Since over 85% of Sweden’s population live in cities and urban areas, the urban environment affects over 8,5 million people’s daily lives. With a variety of political goals and requirements concerning the built environment, the local planning authorities carry a great responsibility to create cities and towns that make good living spaces for all citizens. Today there are many research papers on how greenery affects the public health, and all of them show that urban green structure for example can reduce stress, increase physical activity and strengthen the social community.The aim of this thesis is to acquire a greater understanding of how green structure can be planned to increase public health. The study is restricted to the work by local authorities and Lunds Kommun has been chosen as study case. The report is based on a study of the municipality’s document “Grönprogram” as well as interviews with employees at Lunds Kommun. The results that were gathered have been analyzed using previous studies and national goals and guidelines. The findings show that there are many connections between urban green structure and public health, and the knowledge of these links are beginning to spread wide. However, in the work done by the municipality of Lund, greenery and public health is mainly dealt with on a strategic and general level. The implementation of it in practical, everyday work has not yet reached any further extension. A systematic work with these questions does not exist and the communal officers identify a lack of appropriate methods to do so. They wish for a clearer and more practical guide to facilitate their work. A conclusion that can be made is that green structure and public health is starting to get attention by the local authority’s planners but should be developed further and be used more systematically.

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  • 14.
    Annadotter, Kerstin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Business and Financial Systems.
    Knutagård, Marcus
    Socialhögskolan, Lunds universitet.
    Det bostadssociala programmet i Helsingborg: Hur samarbetar Helsingborgs Stad, AB Helsingborgshem och stadens privata fastighetsägare för att lösa bostadsbehovet för människor som står utanför den odinarie bostadsmarknaden?2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten redovisar resultat från en fördjupad studie av det bostadssociala programmet i Helsingborg åren 2017 och 2018. Studien anlägger ett brett angreppssätt då det bostadssociala programmet är komplext. Det hanteras inom ett samarbete mellan fyra av förvaltningarna i Helsingborg stad.Tre av dem: Socialförvaltningen, Arbetsmarknadsförvaltningen och Vård- och Omsorgsförvaltningen arbetar med och ger stöd åt många människor och där några av dessa behöver hjälp med att få en bostad. Den fjärde, Fastighetsförvaltningen, arbetar dels med att samla in och registrera tillgängliga bostäder bland stadens fastighetsägare, dels med att matcha det remitterade behovet från de tre andra förvaltningarna mot dessa bostäder. Det är ett komplext arbete och det tar tid att förstå, åtminstone övergripande, hur arbetet i och mellan de fyra förvaltningarna går till.

    Målet är att alla fastighetsägare med hyresfastigheter i Helsingborg ska vara anslutna till det bostadssociala programmet. Programmet syftar till att människor som står utanför den ordinarie bostadsmarknaden ska kunna få en bostlad med ett eget kontrakt.

    De övergripande frågorna i studien är: Hur arbetar man inom det bostadssociala programmet dels i den egna förvaltningen, dels tillsammans med de övriga förvaltningarna samt AB Helsingborgshem? Hur organiserar man sig? Vilka bostadsresurser har man? Vad är det som gör att människor som inte har stora skulder eller missbruk hamnar utanför den ordinarie bostadsmarknaden?

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  • 15.
    Apelmo, Elisabet
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC. Lund University.
    Greger, Henriksson
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Kan stadsbors användning av IT bidra till ett hållbart samhälle?: En kunskapsöversikt.2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report deals with everyday habits with environmental impacts in relation to the use of information and communication technology (ICT, colloquially referred to as IT).

    We raise issues related to a) how environmentally promising and problematic ‘ICT-practices’ in urban everyday life can be identified and b) how the potential for such practices to be transformed through the use of ICT can be assessed, and ultimately utilized, in the context of sustainable urban development.

    These issues we have addressed through reviewing case studies, reports etc. Case study examples showed how ICT is used, e.g. to streamline and inform, or to share resources, vehicles and other products.

    We discussed how it might be possible, from an environmental sociology perspective, to assess when and how ICT might serve as an enabling technology that enhances or replaces previous patterns of action. We also briefly included, and discussed, phenomena defined from more general sustainability science point of view, e.g. substitution, induction and rebound effects.

    An important starting point was that social structures both enable and limit specific patterns of action. The structures can only be said to exist, or be maintained, by people's actions and through their experience. Change occurs as a result of the dynamics between people's actions and the structures created by past actions. Social practices are constantly being reproduced, with additions of new elements, e g when ICT applications are put to new uses. Then patterns of social relations and systems might also change, for example in how we use energy, travel, consume or socialize during both work and leisure time.

    Our review indicates that the knowledge that partners of Centre for Sustainable Communications (CESC) currently have access to, is fragmented and with a bias towards certain types of sectors, and patterns of action. Environmentally promising practices are more researched than problematic ones. Furthermore, use of ICTs for e.g. commuting and monitoring household energy use is more researched than most other patterns of action involving use of ICTs. Research on e.g. leisure and entertainment in relation to the environment is very much absent from today’s body of knowledge (as it is defined and delimited in this report).

    As for how everyday practices might change towards increased environmental sustainability by the use of ICT, we have found the knowledge situation even more incomplete. This shows, however, that it is worthwhile for CESC researchers and partners to carry on searching and developing knowledge regarding this.

    Regarding what should be viewed as more promising respectively more problematic urban patterns of action, we have to some extent illuminated this by exemplifying international environmental sociological research that is useful for discussing social practices in relation to environmental impacts. We have exemplified how this can shed light on some of the case studies we found among the CESC researchers and partners. Based on environmental sociology we discussed in what ways city dwellers with high income account for the most environmentally problematic practices. Correspondingly, we discussed how inhabitants with low income – out of necessity–account for many promising practices. In relation to this we also briefly discussed how rebound effects should be seen as related to socio-economic position.

    Another kind of problematic aspect highlighted is that players responsible for introducing, trying out etc., new ICTs, seem to have a tendency to do this in own networks or among the urban middle class. This is problematic from a democratic point of view. In 2012, 1.2 million people in Sweden did very rarely, or not at all, use the internet in their homes. Detailed knowledge about this group's ICT related practices seems to be largely missing.  If representatives for these groups are not represented in environmental research there is a danger that they also become less visible in public debate of environmental and ICT issues.

    This means that different social positions imply different opportunities and constraints. What patterns of actions people take more or less part in is influenced by social structures, norms and regulations, the historical and the immediate context, but also by the individuals' previous experiences and knowledge. The understanding of how a change towards a more sustainable society could come about through use of ICT therefore requires knowledge of practices among the full socio-demographic range of city dwellers.

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  • 16.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment. CNR, Italian Natl Res Council, Inst Studies Mediterranean, Rome, Italy..
    De Rosa, Salvatore Paolo
    Lund Univ, Ctr Sustainabil Studies, Lund, Sweden..
    Climate Insurgency between Academia and Activism: An Interview with David N. Pellow2022In: Social Text, ISSN 0164-2472, E-ISSN 1527-1951, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 157-164Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This interview focuses on a spectrum of urgent challenges facing marginalized human and other-than-human communities, including the intersecting crises of global anthropogenic climate disruption and state and institutional racist violence. We discuss and consider the opportunities, limits, and contradictions of pursuing transformative, intersectional political change and scholarship through efforts to bridge community activism and academic labor. We also critically engage questions concerning the role of the state in the context of racial capitalism and the production of environmental and climate injustice, and how grassroots movements have responded to these concerns. Specific movement formations included in this discussion include the Central Coast Climate Justice Network of California, the Movement for Black Lives/Black Lives Matter, Extinction Rebellion, and multispecies abolition democracy. The importance of radical, multi-issue politics and cross-movement solidarities is also given serious attention.

  • 17. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    Altaĭskiĭ ritual’nyĭ kover i sozdanie geterotopii [Altai Ritual Rug and the Creation of Heterotopia]2013In: Antropologicheskii Forum, ISSN 1815-8870, no 18, p. 85-133Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 18. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    "Epîtres" altaïnnes: histoire et vie des textes du mouvement religieux Ak-Jaŋ2014In: Études Mongoles et Sibériennes, Centrasiatiques et Tibétaines, ISSN 2101-0013, Vol. 45, p. 1-22Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 19. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    Nabli͡udai͡a za nabli͡udateli͡ami: o vizual'nykh tekhnikakh teoretizirovanii͡a Sergeĭ i Elizavety Shirokogorovykh [Observing Observers: On Visual Techniques of Theoretical Thinking of Sergei and Elizabeth Shirokogoroff]2017In: Etnographicheskoe obozrenie, ISSN 0869-5415, no 5, p. 32-50Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 20. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    Samoyedic Diary: Early Years of Visual Anthropology in the Soviet Arctic2016In: Visual Anthropology, ISSN 0894-9468, E-ISSN 1545-5920, Vol. 29, no 4-5, p. 331-359Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 21. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    Shatra and Jurt: The ‘Return Address’ in Rituals of Altaians2016In: Archaeology, Anthropology and Ethnology of Eurasia, ISSN 1563-0102, p. 111-120Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    Writing the History of the Northern ‘Field’: An Introductory Note2017In: Sibirica (keele): Interdisciplinary Journal of Siberian Studies, ISSN 1361-7362, E-ISSN 1476-6787, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 1-5Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 23. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    Ėtnograf s kinokameroĭ v rukakh: Prokof'evy i nachalo vizual'noĭ antropologii samodiĭt͡sev [Ethnographers with Cinecamera in Their Hands: Prokofievs and the Beginning of Visual Anthropology of Samoyeds]2016In: Antropogicheskii Forum, ISSN 1815-8870, no 29Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 24. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    et al.
    Alymov, SergeiAnderson, David
    Ot klassikov k marksizmu: soveshchanie ėtnografov Moskvy i Leningrada (5–11 apreli͡a 1929 g.)2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 25. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    et al.
    Kan, Sergei
    Kont͡sept͡sii͡a poli͡a i polevoĭ raboty v ranneĭ sovetskoĭ ėtnografii [The concept of the Field and Fieldworking in Early Soviet Ethnography]2013In: Etnographicheskoe obozrenie, ISSN 0869-5415, no 6, p. 45-68Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 26. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    et al.
    Lyublinskaya, Marina
    Nenet͡skoe olenevodstvo: geografii͡a, ėtnografii͡a, lingvistika [Nenets Reindeer Husbandry: Geography, Ethnography, and Linguistics].2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
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  • 27.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    ‘American Dreams’ of Early Soviet Ethnography: Some Reflections on Bogoras’s Legacy2020In: Ab Imperio: Theory and History of Nationalities and Nationalism in the post-Soviet Realm, ISSN 2166-4072, E-ISSN 2164-9731, no 1, p. 75-89Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dmitry Arzyutov discusses a phenomenon that he defines as "American dreams" of Russian ethnography in the early twentieth century based on the example of Waldemar Bogoras, one of the founders of early Soviet ethnography. The essay highlights three specific cases that frame the development of this discipline not through the familiar narrative of gradual isolation but as a story of sometimes problematic contacts and exchanges with American anthropologists. The contacts that were established during the joint Jesup North Pacific Expedition (1897-1902) led by Franz Boas continued into the 1920s. Arzyutov shows that the main concepts of Soviet ethnography, such as "ethnogenesis" and "ethnic history," were products of the debates about the origin of the peoples of Arctica and Siberia between Franz Boas and the Russian expedition participants, Bogoras and, to a lesser degree, Lev Shternberg. The second case addresses Bogoras's unrealized project of establishing nature reserves-cum-reservations for the native peoples of Siberia. These were to combine the prerevolutionary idea of nature reserves (popular among Bogoras's geographer colleagues) with the North American practice of Indian reservations. Finally, the third case compares trajectories of the two students of Bogoras and Boas, Julia Averkieva and Archie Phinney. Their stories show how Marxism might have been differently understood and deployed in the transnational context, and how this difference could have generated intellectual and personal disagreements and conflicting versions of identity politics. The three cases taken together testify to the importance of shifting the optics of the history of anthropology from reconstructing national traditions and local genealogies toward tracing dialogue and mutual borrowings.

  • 28.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Antropolog ili politik? Politicheskie pristrastii͡a i teoreticheskie postroenii͡a Sergei͡a Shirokogorova [Anthropologist or Politician? Political Bias and Theoretical Constructions of Sergei M. Shirokogoroff]2017In: Etnographicheskoe Obozrenie, ISSN 08695415, no 5, p. 121-142Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the archival collection of photographs and drawings of Sergei and Elizabeth Shirokogoroff from the Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography. I examine these images as a visual technique of theoretical thinking in anthropology. In the first part of the article, I reconstruct the fieldwork of the Shirokogoroffs and focus on the technical history of fieldworking and the analysis of the images. Two main case studies are in the centre of the article: the analysis of the background and foreground of the photographs and “composite portraits” as a special genre in the history of physical anthropology. In the final part of the article, I provide an analysis of diagrams and drawings that Shirokogoroff did as an illustration of his theoretical ideas. The article concludes with an analysis of social life of their images in writings and archives of their colleagues.

  • 29.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Department of Siberian Ethnography, Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera), Universitetskaya nab. 3, 199034 Saint Petersburg, Russia.
    Environmental Encounters: Woolly Mammoth, Indigenous Communities and Metropolitan Scientists in the Soviet Arctic2019In: Polar Record, ISSN 0032-2474, E-ISSN 1475-3057, Vol. 55, no 3, p. 142-153Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article investigates how in the Soviet Arctic researchers and indigenous communities searched and understood the mammoth before and during the Cold War. Based on a vast number of published and unpublished sources as well as interviews with scholars and reindeer herders, this article demonstrates that the mammoth as a paleontological find fusing together features of extinct and extant species, plays an in-between role among various environmental epistemologies. The author refers to moments of interactions among these different actors as “environmental encounters,” which comprise and engagement with the physical, political, social and cultural environments of the Arctic. These encounters shape the temporal stabilisations of knowledge which enable the mammoth to live its post-extinct life. The article combines approaches from environmental history and anthropology, history of science and indigenous studies showing the social vitality of a “fossil object”.

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  • 30.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Norra ishavets gåva2020In: Arktiska spår: Natur och kultur i rörelse / [ed] Lotten Gustafsson Reinius, Stockholm: Nordiska museets förlag, 2020Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Order Out of Chaos: Anthropology and Politics of Sergei M. Shirokogoroff2019In: Life Histories of Etnos Theory in Russia and Beyond / [ed] Anderson, David; Arzyutov, Dmitry; Alymov, Sergei, Cambridge: Open Book Publishers, 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
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  • 32.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Reading Traces and Writing Indigenous Ethnohistories in the Russian North2022In: Histories of Anthropology Annual, University of Nebraska Press, 2022Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Reassembling the Environmental Archives of the Cold War: Perspectives from the Russian North2021Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    To what extent the environmental history of the Arctic can move beyond the

    divide between Indigenous peoples and newcomers or vernacular and academic

    ways of knowing? The present dissertation answers this question by developing the

    notion of an environmental archive. Such an archive does not have particular reference

    to a given place but rather it refers to the complex network that marks the relations

    between paper documents and human and non-human agencies as they are able to

    work together and stabilise the conceptualisation of a variety of environmental

    objects. The author thus argues that the environment does not only contain

    information about the past but just like any paper (or audio and video) archive is

    able to produce it through the relational nature of human-environment interactions.

    Through the analysis of five case studies from the Russian North, the reader is

    invited to go through various forms of environmental archives which in turn

    embrace histories of a number of disciplines such as palaeontology, biology,

    anthropology, and medicine. Every case or a “layer” is presented here as a contact

    zone where Indigenous and academic forms of knowledge are not opposed to each

    other but, on the contrary, are able to interact and consequently affect the global

    discussions about the Russian Arctic. This transnational context is pivotal for all the

    cases discussed in the dissertation. Moreover, by putting the Cold War with its

    tensions between two superpowers at the chronological center of the present work,

    the author aims to reveal the multidimensionality of in situ interactions with, for

    instance, the paleontological remains or the traces of all-terrain vehicles and their

    involvement into broader science transnational cooperations and competitions. As a

    result, the heterogeneous archives allow us to reconsider the environmental history

    of the Russian North and the wider Arctic and open a new avenue for future research

    transcending the geopolitical and epistemic borders of knowledge production.

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  • 34.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Anderson, David G.
    ‘Dvoĭnoe poslanie’ ėtnosa: kommentariĭ k stat’e akademika V.A. Tishkova2020In: Ėtnograficheskoe obozrenie, ISSN 0869-5415, no 2, p. 102-106Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Anderson, David G.
    Whole Parts: Transnational Life Histories of the Archives of Sergei and Elizabeth Shirokogoroff2021In: Antropologicheskij forum, ISSN 1815-8870, Vol. 17, no 51, p. 175-198Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What does an anthropologist’s archive look like? Where is it located? And is the anthropology of archives important for the understanding of anthropological thinking today? Here we answer these questions by analysing the various life histories of the archival fragments of one of the most puzzling and influential anthropologists in the history of Russian and Soviet anthropology: Sergei Mikhailovich Shirokogoroff (1887–1939). Shirokogoroff is credited as being one of the authors of the etnos theory — one of the main instruments of identity politics in Russia, China, Germany and also, in part, Japan and South Africa. The transnational life histories of Shirokogoroff and his wife Elizaveta [Elizabeth] Nikolaevna (1884–1943), and of their ideas, suggests a conception of the archive not as a single whole, but instead as a collection of forgotten, hidden, obliterated, or, on the other hand, scrupulously preserved fragments. These fragments are not centred in one place or organized around any one reading, but they nevertheless represent “partial connections”. Moreover, as we can see today with hindsight, none of these archival fragments lay inert. They have been intertwined in local political and social ontologies. Our text has an autoethnograpic quality. While illustrating separate episodes from the life of the Shirokogoroffs we also will tell of our search for the manuscripts through which we were forced onto strange paths and encounters. These greatly deepened our understanding both of the life of documents and their material links to the lives of researchers. Our article is an attempt to illustrate this complex picture which, in the end, will allow us to conclude that we have only just begun to understand the workings of the anthropologist’s archive in the history of anthropological thought.

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  • 36.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Anderson, DavidPodrezova, Svetlana
    Puteshestvii͡a cherez sibirskui͡u step' i taĭgu k antropologicheskim kont͡sept͡sii͡am: ėtnoistorii͡a Sergei͡a i Elizavety Shirokogorovykh [Journeys through the Siberian Steppes and Taiga to Anthropological Concepts: The Ethno-history of Sergei and Elizabeth Shirokogoroff], in two volumes, volume 12021Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment. University of Aberdeen.
    Danilina, Lidia
    Ėtnografii͡a ėtnografa: Andreĭ Grigor’evich Danilin i ego arkhivy2020In: Sibirskie istoricheskie issledovaniia, ISSN 2312-4628, no 4, p. 274-325Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 38. Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    et al.
    Kan, Sergei
    The Concept of the ‘Field’ in Early Soviet Ethnography: A Northern Perspective2017In: Sibirica (keele): Interdisciplinary Journal of Siberian Studies, ISSN 1361-7362, E-ISSN 1476-6787, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 31-74Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 39.
    Bahri, Leila
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Computer Science, Software and Computer systems, SCS.
    Carminati, Barbara
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Computer Science, Software and Computer systems, SCS.
    Ferrari, Elena
    Univ Insubria, Dept Theoret & Appl Sci, Varese, Italy..
    Knowledge-based approaches for identity management in online social networks2018In: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, ISSN 1942-4787, Vol. 8, no 5, article id e1260Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When we meet a new person, we start by introducing ourselves. We share our names, and other information about our jobs, cities, family status, and so on. This is how socializing and social interactions can start: we first need to identify each other. Identification is a cornerstone in establishing social contacts. We identify ourselves and others by a set of civil (e.g., name, nationality, ID number, gender) and social (e.g., music taste, hobbies, religion) characteristics. This seamlessly carried out identification process in face-to-face interactions is challenged in the virtual realms of socializing, such as in online social network (OSN) platforms. New identities (i.e., online profiles) could be created without being subject to any level of verification, making it easy to create fake information and forge fake identities. This has led to a massive proliferation of accounts that represent fake identities (i.e., not mapping to physically existing entities), and that poison the online socializing environment with fake information and malicious behavior (e.g., child abuse, information stealing). Within this milieu, users in OSNs are left unarmed against the challenging task of identifying the real person behind the screen. OSN providers and research bodies have dedicated considerable effort to the study of the behavior and features of fake OSN identities, trying to find ways to detect them. Some other research initiatives have explored possible techniques to enable identity validation in OSNs. Both kinds of approach rely on extracting knowledge from the OSN, and exploiting it to achieve identification management in their realms. We provide a review of the most prominent works in the literature. We define the problem, provide a taxonomy of related attacks, and discuss the available solutions and approaches for knowledge-based identity management in OSNs. This article is categorized under: Fundamental Concepts of Data and Knowledge > Human Centricity and User Interaction Application Areas> Internet and Web-Based Applications Application Areas> Society and Culture

  • 40.
    Benner, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History. Lund Univ, Sweden.
    New Big Science in focus: Perspectives on ESS and MAX IV2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, E-ISSN 2002-066X, Vol. 54, no 1-2, p. 139-141Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Bergame, Nathalie
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies.
    More than flowers!: On the transformative practice of commoning urban gardens2023Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban gardening is a burgeoning practice that increasingly takes place in urban centres of the world. In this thesis, I define urban gardens as socially mediated yet materially rooted phenomenon through which social and material relations are elaborated in common through time and space. And, I understand the garden not as an object, but as an entity that emerges out of the relationships between gardeners and non-human nature. I draw on the recent turn in commons’ theory shifting the focus on commoning, and not, as in earlier commons research, on the commons as structure. Grounded in the case of a new wave of urban gardening initiatives in the City of Stockholm, Sweden, I examine how commoning urban gardens transforms the people doing the gardening, the commoners, including their agency, subjectivity, and identity. But also how the commoners shape their structural environment.

    Ontologically, I deploy a critical realist social theory perspective which means that I acknowledge the a priori existence of structures and agency and their conditioning by each other relationally. This means that I (i) look at how spatial, societal and temporal structures affect the agency of gardeners (ii) how those gardeners are affecting their structural environment through the practice of urban gardening, as (iii) well as how their agency is conditioned by the practice.

    I deploy a qualitative mixed methods approach, comprising of interviews, a questionnaire, observations, participatory dissemination and poetic inquiry and find that high green public space availability in the City of Stockholm, municipal policies in favour of urban gardening, and a rich historic culture of associational life in Sweden provide a supportive context for urban gardening. I find that commoning gardens in public spaces bring together people and build collective relations despite a context of neoliberal individualisation. It emancipates individuals by reorganising the management of urban space, and changes how the City of Stockholm is urbanising towards more collective organising. Among those that partake in urban gardening, some remain grounded in a need-fulfilment (“I want to garden to be more in nature”), whereas others change through the commitment of being part of an urban garden, become political and collective subjectivities with a social identity that overlaps with their personal identity. This shows that structures condition people differently, and do not deterministically affect agency in the same way for everyone. Yet many remain entirely excluded from the new urban garden commons, such as people of colour, indicating that urban gardening, while it can be transformative for those that partake, is reproductive of structures of whiteness in urban public space. At the same time, historical structures of patriarchy in public spaces are being transformed. At the expense of the unpaid social reproductive labour of female gardeners, who make out the majority of urban gardeners, public green space is being transformed into spaces of care and community.

    I conclude that urban gardening deserves a critical analysis of its immanent contradictions to safeguard against unwanted and unintentional reproduction of injustices and for the promotion of practices that emancipate and empower people.

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  • 42.
    Bergame, Nathalie
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies.
    The reproductive fix: urban gardening and gendered relations of social reproduction under patriarchal capitalist urbanisationManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the City of Stockholm, for more than a decade, engaged women transform public green spaces collectively into commoned urban gardens, based on affective relations and care. Drawing on Sylvia Federici’s work on the role of oppression and marginalisation of female subjects and the destruction of the commons, I discuss, in this paper, how collective forms of urban gardening condition current processes of urbanisation, and, how patriarchal capitalist urbanisation conditions urban gardening as collective practice of social reproduction. Based on the case of a greening city that draws on the free labour of women, and by making use of the feminist method of poetic inquiry, I contribute to the debate on the gendered and spatial forms of urbanisation through a dialectical analysis of the relation between public forms of social reproduction and urbanisation. I argue that urban gardening can be understood as a ‘reproductive fix’ of capitalist urbanisation that continues to exploit subjects of social reproduction – in an invisible manner. 

  • 43.
    Bergame, Nathalie
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies.
    Borgström, Sara
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies.
    Milestad, Rebecka
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies.
    Preparing the grounds for emancipation. Explaining commoning as an emancipatory mechanism through dialectical social theory2022In: Environment and Planning E: Nature and Space, ISSN 2514-8486, E-ISSN 2514-8494 , p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While there is evidence that commons have the potential to counteract socio-spatial injustices unleashed by neoliberal and capitalist forms of urbanisation, less is known about how commons lead to emancipatory change. Anchored in dialectical social theory, this article explains commoning as a mechanism through which people reproduce/transform their structural context and agency, arguing that the potential for emancipation through commoning lies in the commoners’ ability to induce processes of structural/agential transformation. Empirically grounded in interviews with urban community gardeners in the City of Stockholm, Sweden, we show that collective gardening conceptualised as practice of commoning contributes to structural change in that female volunteer labour collectivises the mandate over municipally managed public space, transforming socio-spatial relations. Yet, garden commoning proves to reproduce structural whiteness and middle-class agency in public space, fails to establish autonomy from waged-labour relations, and is unable to abolish the separation from the sources of reproduction and subsistence.

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    Bergame, et. al (2022) Preparing the Grounds
  • 44.
    Bergström, Henrik
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Calander, Jonas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Att angöra en (socialt hållbar) brygga: Rekommendationer för utvecklandet av en mer socialt hållbar och levande skärgård i Värmdö kommun2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social sustainability has become a more used expression and received increasing attention during thelast years, not least through the UN sustainable development goals. Despite this, there is no unanimousdefinition of social sustainability and it therefore is defined differently depending on the context. Thereare a limited number of studies made on social sustainability in the Stockholm archipelago. Thearchipelago faces challenges of decreasing population, reduced level of service, strong seasonalvariations in tourism and a physical geography that complicates transportation. Therefore, this studyaims to examine how social sustainability can be defined in the archipelago and come up withrecommendations for Värmdö municipality on how they can steer the development towards a moresocially sustainable and vibrant archipelago.The research questions were answered through a case study on Värmdö municipality. The data collectionconsisted of interviews with different actors with connections to the archipelago, as well as a study ofdocuments from Region Stockholm, Värmdö municipality and the five other municipalities in theStockholm region that are a part of the archipelago. The interview respondents consisted of employeesat Värmdö municipality, residents in the Värmdö archipelago and actors that have insight in theStockholm archipelago from a regional perspective. The broad variety of respondents has given athorough understanding of the unique conditions that the archipelago faces related to socialsustainability, as well as the difficulties and possibilities in achieving a socially sustainable and vibrantarchipelago.A socially sustainable and vibrant archipelago can be described as an archipelago that offers housing,communications, schools and tourism on the permanent inhabitants’ terms, but with the part-timeresidents and tourists in mind. Furthermore, social sustainability needs to be defined locally and shouldbe characterized by citizen participation. The study results in several recommendations for Värmdömunicipality to consider when planning for a more socially sustainable archipelago. Therecommendations are based on the identified themes that are central to a socially sustainable and vibrantarchipelago. The themes are housing, schools, communications, participation, tourism and publicspaces.

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  • 45. Berndtsson, Johan
    et al.
    Normark, Maria
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA.
    The coordinative functions of flight strips: Air traffic control revisited1999In: Proceedings of the international ACM SIGGROUP conference on Supporting group work, 1999, p. 101-110Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cooperation in time-critical and physically distributed worksettings, such as air traffic control, requires extensive coordinationbetween the involved actors. For this coordination to beefficient the controllers rely both on the comprehensive use ofrules and procedures, and on artifacts supporting them infollowing these procedures. At the Copenhagen Air TrafficControl Center this coordination is largely carried out throughthe use of a flight plan database system, paper flight strips, anda closed-circuit television system. In relation to the introductionof a new and increasingly automated system in the year 2003 this paper discusses the coordinative functions served bythese three, soon to be replaced, artifacts from a design perspective.Despite the skepticism expressed in previous research,our results show that a further computerization couldbe successful if the coordinative functions the system currentlyfulfills are properly preserved.

  • 46.
    Bertilsson, Fredrik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Bevattningens biopolitik: Lågt grundvatten som ett regeringsbart problem i Sverige2024In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 33, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In several parts of Sweden, difficulties arise regarding access to water. In this article, I explore the biopoliticsthat take shape when low groundwater levels are turned into an object of government. Firstly, I examinethe formation of a so-called anatomical politics which refers to a disciplining form of power in which theresponsibilities and actions of the population are at the center. Secondly, I explore the priorities that are madein the political work where human life, health, and well-being are to be protected and other life forms that arenot vital for human living are instead deprioritized or allowed to die. The problems have clear consequencesbut do not pose a threat to human survival. Political efforts aim to bring about changes in people’s everydaylives and affect the use and decoration of households and public spaces. Empirically, I attach particularsignificance to the irrigation bans that Swedish municipalities can introduce to reduce water consumption.

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  • 47.
    Bertilsson, Fredrik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Politics, industry, and tourism: The conceptual construction of the Blue Highway2021In: Journal of Transport History, ISSN 0022-5266, E-ISSN 1759-3999, Vol. 42, no 2, p. 277-298Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article contributes to the research on the expansion of the Swedish post-war road network by illuminating the role of tourism in addition to political and industrial agendas. Specifically, it examines the “conceptual construction” of the Blue Highway, which currently stretches from the Atlantic Coast of Norway, traverses through Sweden and Finland, and enters into Russia. The focus is on Swedish governmental reports and national press between the 1950s and the 1970s. The article identifies three overlapping meanings attached to the Blue Highway: a political agenda of improving the relationships between the Nordic countries, industrial interests, and tourism. Political ambitions of Nordic community building were clearly pronounced at the onset of the project. Industrial actors depended on the road for the building of power plants and dams. The road became gradually more connected with the view of tourism as the motor of regional development.

  • 48.
    Bertilsson, Fredrik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Source Criticism as a Technology of Government in the Swedish Psychological Defence: The Impact of Humanistic Knowledge on Contemporary Security Policy2021In: Humanities, E-ISSN 2076-0787, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 13-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    “Source criticism” (källkritik) has become an essential part of the Swedish government’s activities against false information, deception campaigns, and propaganda, which are viewed as fundamentally destabilising forces that can potentially undermine the democratic system, the public debate, and political decision-making. The purpose of this article is to explore source criticism as a technology of government focusing on the Swedish Psychological Defence. I analyse the way in which source criticism is brought to bear on Swedish national security policy in the light of Foucauldian theories about modern governmentality and technologies of the self. Source criticism is seen as an example of a contemporary form of government that entails a redistribution of responsibility from the state to the individual, who is provided with certain “technologies of self” to master an unpredictable political environment. With this case study as empirical example, the aim of the article is to contribute to the research on the influence of humanistic knowledge in security and defence policy domains. This prompts further discussion about what happens with the democratic and critical potential of humanistic knowledge as it is enrolled in government operations.

  • 49.
    Blomberg, Gustaf
    et al.
    FoU-enheten, Stockholms stad.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    FoU-enheten, Stockholms stad.
    Ekström, Veronica
    FoU-enheten, Stockholms stad.
    Bidrag och motprestation: En uppföljning av sex stadsdelsområdens aktiveringsprogram för arbetslösa socialbidragstagare2006Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom de flesta av Stockholm stads stadsdelsförvaltningar finns verksamheterdit arbetslösa som ansöker om socialbidrag hänvisas efter attde kontaktat socialtjänsten. De bidragssökande skall sedan under enviss tid delta i daglig verksamhet, så kallade aktiveringsprogram.Syftet med denna studie har varit att beskriva och följa upp arbetet idessa program inom sex stadsdelsförvaltningar. De centrala frågeställningarnai studien är:• Vad säger tidigare svensk respektive utländsk forskning påområdet?• Vilka skillnader och likheter finns mellan de olika stadsdelsområdena?• Hur arbetar man i stadsdelsförvaltningarna med arbetslösa socialbidragstagareoch hur motiverar man sitt arbetssätt?• Vilken syn har personal respektive chefer på verksamheten?• Hur upplever deltagarna i programmen hjälpen de får?• Vad är utfallet för arbetslösa socialbidragstagare som deltagit iaktiveringsprogrammen?För dessa ändamål har fyra enkätundersökningar genomförts och statistikur Stockholms stads register tagits fram och bearbetats.De sex stadsdelsområden som behandlas i studien är Vantör, Skärholmen,Kista, Hässelby-Vällingby, Rinkeby och Spånga-Tensta. Dessastadsdelsområden har i samtliga fall utom Hässelby-Vällingby likheteri form av relativt hög andel utrikes födda, högt bidragstagande,en problematisk arbetsmarknadssituation m.m. i förhållande till genomsnittet 

    i Stockholms stad men skiljer sig också åt. De har, somvisats i studien, till viss del olika utgångslägen, där Rinkeby har den”svåraste” situationen. Jämför man utvecklingen av arbetslöshet ochsocialbidragsstagande över tid i de olika stadsdelsområdena finnerman att den ser ut på samma sätt, d.v.s. kurvorna som beskriver utvecklingenser likadana ut men ligger på olika nivåer. I samtligastadsdelsområden har antalet socialbidragstagare minskat sedan 1998.Men det finns även stora skillnader mellan stadsdelarna inom respektivestadsdelsområde.Verksamheterna för arbetslösa socialbidragstagare som bedrivs av desex stadsdelsförvaltningarna liknar varandra. Alla sex strävar efter attfå sina deltagare ut på arbetsmarknaden alternativt i studier för att nåegenförsörjning. Så skall fullmäktiges mål för minskat bidragstagandeoch ökad sysselsättning i staden förverkligas. Verksamheterna skiljersig åt när det gäller krav, avgränsning av målgrupp, omfattning påverksamheten och val av fokus i arbetet. Samtliga arbetar dock medaktivering via motivationsinsatser, stöd, råd och hjälp med att sökaarbete. I alla verksamheterna ställs krav på aktivt deltagande, mengraden av kontroll och sätt att kontrollera varierar. Bara ett fåtal verksamheterhar satt upp en tidsgräns för aktiveringen. Det går således ide flesta fall att i åtminstone teorin befinna sig i aktivering hur längesom helst som arbetslös socialbidragstagare.Som en del av studien har enkätundersökningar genomförts inom socialtjänstensenheter för ekonomiskt bistånd respektive arbetsmarknad,för att få personalens och chefernas perspektiv på den verksamhetde arbetar inom. Deras inställning sammanfaller i hög grad, enligt våraundersökningar. Det är den arbetslinje som formulerats i måldokumentensom gäller och personalen ser arbetet att motivera deltagarnaatt nå egenförsörjning som centralt. Deltagarnas bristande vilja attbryta sitt bidragstagande ses samtidigt som ett större problem blandpersonalen än bland cheferna.I samtliga sex stadsdelsområden får den som vill ansöka om socialbidragsin första kontakt med socialtjänsten via så kallade mottagningsenheter.I rapporten har en mindre undersökning genomförts för attbland annat se hur stor andel av dem som tar en initial kontakt medmottagningsenheterna som sedan går vidare med sin ansökan. Vår 

    begränsade undersökning visar inget utmärkande hos de individer, enfjärdedel av de sökande, som avbryter sin ansökan direkt under denförsta kontakten med mottagningsenheterna. Då alla utom en som fullföljtsin socialbidragsansökan sedan också beviljats bidrag, verkarpersonalen på mottagningsenheterna vara väl insatta i vilka krav somställs för att klienten till sist ska erhålla försörjningsstöd.Efter inskrivning i aktivitet ställs olika krav på individen, exempelvisnärvaro på en viss plats under en viss tid, ett visst antal sökta jobb pervecka m.m. Det är rimligt att anta att individens motivation att delta iverksamheten och dennes syn på aktiviteten har påverkan på resultatetav aktiveringen. Därför har en enkätundersökning genomförts blanddeltagarna. Undersökningen visar i linje med tidigare forskning attdeltagarna har låga förväntningar på programmens förmåga att ökaderas chanser att få ett arbete. Samtidigt skulle en del delta även omprogrammen vore frivilliga, antagligen på grund av andra upplevdapositiva effekter av deltagandet.En del av socialbidragstagarna kommer att få arbete efter att ha genomgåttaktiveringsprogrammen, men det går inte att dra slutsatsen attenskilda deltagare fått arbete bara för att de lämnar verksamheten. Vidtill exempel studier, föräldraledighet eller flytt till ett annat stadsdelsområdelämnar deltagarna även den aktuella insatsen. För att kunnafölja deltagarna över tiden och se vart de tar vägen har Stockholmsstads egen statistik använts i en uppföljande registerundersökning.Undersökningen visar att knappt 21 % av deltagarna gått till egenförsörjningi form av arbete eller studier efter att ha avslutat sin aktivering.Då vår registerundersökning saknar jämförelsegrupper har det inte gåttatt beräkna några effekter av aktiveringen. Tidigare forskning på områdetär sparsam, i synnerhet i Sverige. Att döma av tidigare utvärderingarav aktivering, framförallt gjorda i USA, visar aktiveringsprograminga tydliga effekter för deltagarnas möjligheter att finna varaktigegenförsörjning. Vad som är en stor respektive god effekt förblir islutändan alltid en politisk fråga.Aktiveringsprogram verkar ha vunnit mycket popularitet runtom ivästvärlden genom sin politiska gångbarhet. De empiriskt belagda 

    resultaten ger inget tydligt stöd för aktiveringsinsatserna. Bidragstagandethar minskat i de sex stadsdelsområden som studerats här mendenna trend är generell för Sverige och inleddes redan innan aktiveringsinsatsernasinförande. Dessutom kostar det att driva aktiveringsprogram.Hur stor roll makrofaktorer som högkonjunktur och socialpolitiskareformer spelar är oklart. Det behövs minst sagt mer forskningpå området.Tidigare arbetsmarknadspolitisk forskning visar att arbetsgivare verkarvara mer positivt inställda till dem som deltagit i statliga arbetsmarknadsåtgärder– särskilt till dem som genomgått AMU – än tillarbetssökande som ”bara” gått arbetslösa. Det kan ses som ett argumentför någon form av aktivering. I framtiden kan den centralt styrdaarbetsmarknadspolitiken förväntas flyta ihop med den lokala. En sådantrend kan redan skönjas såväl i Sverige som utomlands. Det kanleda till att alla arbetssökande inlemmas under det statliga arbetsmarknadspolitiskaansvaret. Det skulle i sin tur kunna innebära merresurser till och högre kvalitet på insatserna för framtida arbetssökandesocialbidragstagare.

  • 50. Bodin, Örjan
    et al.
    Ramirez-Sanchez, S
    Ernstson, Henrik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. University of Cape Town.
    Prell, Christina
    A social relational approach to natural resource governance2011In: Social Networks and Natural Resource Management: Uncovering the Social Fabric of Environmental Governance / [ed] Bodin, Örjan; Prell, Christina, Cambridge University Press , 2011, p. 1-54Chapter in book (Refereed)
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