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  • 1.
    Andersson, Joella
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Grönstruktur ur ett socialt perspektiv: Planering för ökad folkhälsa2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Urban green structure is an important component of a pleasant and healthy society. Since over 85% of Sweden’s population live in cities and urban areas, the urban environment affects over 8,5 million people’s daily lives. With a variety of political goals and requirements concerning the built environment, the local planning authorities carry a great responsibility to create cities and towns that make good living spaces for all citizens. Today there are many research papers on how greenery affects the public health, and all of them show that urban green structure for example can reduce stress, increase physical activity and strengthen the social community.The aim of this thesis is to acquire a greater understanding of how green structure can be planned to increase public health. The study is restricted to the work by local authorities and Lunds Kommun has been chosen as study case. The report is based on a study of the municipality’s document “Grönprogram” as well as interviews with employees at Lunds Kommun. The results that were gathered have been analyzed using previous studies and national goals and guidelines. The findings show that there are many connections between urban green structure and public health, and the knowledge of these links are beginning to spread wide. However, in the work done by the municipality of Lund, greenery and public health is mainly dealt with on a strategic and general level. The implementation of it in practical, everyday work has not yet reached any further extension. A systematic work with these questions does not exist and the communal officers identify a lack of appropriate methods to do so. They wish for a clearer and more practical guide to facilitate their work. A conclusion that can be made is that green structure and public health is starting to get attention by the local authority’s planners but should be developed further and be used more systematically.

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  • 2.
    Annadotter, Kerstin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Business and Financial Systems.
    Knutagård, Marcus
    Socialhögskolan, Lunds universitet.
    Det bostadssociala programmet i Helsingborg: Hur samarbetar Helsingborgs Stad, AB Helsingborgshem och stadens privata fastighetsägare för att lösa bostadsbehovet för människor som står utanför den odinarie bostadsmarknaden?2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten redovisar resultat från en fördjupad studie av det bostadssociala programmet i Helsingborg åren 2017 och 2018. Studien anlägger ett brett angreppssätt då det bostadssociala programmet är komplext. Det hanteras inom ett samarbete mellan fyra av förvaltningarna i Helsingborg stad.Tre av dem: Socialförvaltningen, Arbetsmarknadsförvaltningen och Vård- och Omsorgsförvaltningen arbetar med och ger stöd åt många människor och där några av dessa behöver hjälp med att få en bostad. Den fjärde, Fastighetsförvaltningen, arbetar dels med att samla in och registrera tillgängliga bostäder bland stadens fastighetsägare, dels med att matcha det remitterade behovet från de tre andra förvaltningarna mot dessa bostäder. Det är ett komplext arbete och det tar tid att förstå, åtminstone övergripande, hur arbetet i och mellan de fyra förvaltningarna går till.

    Målet är att alla fastighetsägare med hyresfastigheter i Helsingborg ska vara anslutna till det bostadssociala programmet. Programmet syftar till att människor som står utanför den ordinarie bostadsmarknaden ska kunna få en bostlad med ett eget kontrakt.

    De övergripande frågorna i studien är: Hur arbetar man inom det bostadssociala programmet dels i den egna förvaltningen, dels tillsammans med de övriga förvaltningarna samt AB Helsingborgshem? Hur organiserar man sig? Vilka bostadsresurser har man? Vad är det som gör att människor som inte har stora skulder eller missbruk hamnar utanför den ordinarie bostadsmarknaden?

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  • 3.
    Bergström, Henrik
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Calander, Jonas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Att angöra en (socialt hållbar) brygga: Rekommendationer för utvecklandet av en mer socialt hållbar och levande skärgård i Värmdö kommun2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social sustainability has become a more used expression and received increasing attention during thelast years, not least through the UN sustainable development goals. Despite this, there is no unanimousdefinition of social sustainability and it therefore is defined differently depending on the context. Thereare a limited number of studies made on social sustainability in the Stockholm archipelago. Thearchipelago faces challenges of decreasing population, reduced level of service, strong seasonalvariations in tourism and a physical geography that complicates transportation. Therefore, this studyaims to examine how social sustainability can be defined in the archipelago and come up withrecommendations for Värmdö municipality on how they can steer the development towards a moresocially sustainable and vibrant archipelago.The research questions were answered through a case study on Värmdö municipality. The data collectionconsisted of interviews with different actors with connections to the archipelago, as well as a study ofdocuments from Region Stockholm, Värmdö municipality and the five other municipalities in theStockholm region that are a part of the archipelago. The interview respondents consisted of employeesat Värmdö municipality, residents in the Värmdö archipelago and actors that have insight in theStockholm archipelago from a regional perspective. The broad variety of respondents has given athorough understanding of the unique conditions that the archipelago faces related to socialsustainability, as well as the difficulties and possibilities in achieving a socially sustainable and vibrantarchipelago.A socially sustainable and vibrant archipelago can be described as an archipelago that offers housing,communications, schools and tourism on the permanent inhabitants’ terms, but with the part-timeresidents and tourists in mind. Furthermore, social sustainability needs to be defined locally and shouldbe characterized by citizen participation. The study results in several recommendations for Värmdömunicipality to consider when planning for a more socially sustainable archipelago. Therecommendations are based on the identified themes that are central to a socially sustainable and vibrantarchipelago. The themes are housing, schools, communications, participation, tourism and publicspaces.

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  • 4.
    Blomberg, Gustaf
    et al.
    FoU-enheten, Stockholms stad.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    FoU-enheten, Stockholms stad.
    Ekström, Veronica
    FoU-enheten, Stockholms stad.
    Bidrag och motprestation: En uppföljning av sex stadsdelsområdens aktiveringsprogram för arbetslösa socialbidragstagare2006Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom de flesta av Stockholm stads stadsdelsförvaltningar finns verksamheterdit arbetslösa som ansöker om socialbidrag hänvisas efter attde kontaktat socialtjänsten. De bidragssökande skall sedan under enviss tid delta i daglig verksamhet, så kallade aktiveringsprogram.Syftet med denna studie har varit att beskriva och följa upp arbetet idessa program inom sex stadsdelsförvaltningar. De centrala frågeställningarnai studien är:• Vad säger tidigare svensk respektive utländsk forskning påområdet?• Vilka skillnader och likheter finns mellan de olika stadsdelsområdena?• Hur arbetar man i stadsdelsförvaltningarna med arbetslösa socialbidragstagareoch hur motiverar man sitt arbetssätt?• Vilken syn har personal respektive chefer på verksamheten?• Hur upplever deltagarna i programmen hjälpen de får?• Vad är utfallet för arbetslösa socialbidragstagare som deltagit iaktiveringsprogrammen?För dessa ändamål har fyra enkätundersökningar genomförts och statistikur Stockholms stads register tagits fram och bearbetats.De sex stadsdelsområden som behandlas i studien är Vantör, Skärholmen,Kista, Hässelby-Vällingby, Rinkeby och Spånga-Tensta. Dessastadsdelsområden har i samtliga fall utom Hässelby-Vällingby likheteri form av relativt hög andel utrikes födda, högt bidragstagande,en problematisk arbetsmarknadssituation m.m. i förhållande till genomsnittet 

    i Stockholms stad men skiljer sig också åt. De har, somvisats i studien, till viss del olika utgångslägen, där Rinkeby har den”svåraste” situationen. Jämför man utvecklingen av arbetslöshet ochsocialbidragsstagande över tid i de olika stadsdelsområdena finnerman att den ser ut på samma sätt, d.v.s. kurvorna som beskriver utvecklingenser likadana ut men ligger på olika nivåer. I samtligastadsdelsområden har antalet socialbidragstagare minskat sedan 1998.Men det finns även stora skillnader mellan stadsdelarna inom respektivestadsdelsområde.Verksamheterna för arbetslösa socialbidragstagare som bedrivs av desex stadsdelsförvaltningarna liknar varandra. Alla sex strävar efter attfå sina deltagare ut på arbetsmarknaden alternativt i studier för att nåegenförsörjning. Så skall fullmäktiges mål för minskat bidragstagandeoch ökad sysselsättning i staden förverkligas. Verksamheterna skiljersig åt när det gäller krav, avgränsning av målgrupp, omfattning påverksamheten och val av fokus i arbetet. Samtliga arbetar dock medaktivering via motivationsinsatser, stöd, råd och hjälp med att sökaarbete. I alla verksamheterna ställs krav på aktivt deltagande, mengraden av kontroll och sätt att kontrollera varierar. Bara ett fåtal verksamheterhar satt upp en tidsgräns för aktiveringen. Det går således ide flesta fall att i åtminstone teorin befinna sig i aktivering hur längesom helst som arbetslös socialbidragstagare.Som en del av studien har enkätundersökningar genomförts inom socialtjänstensenheter för ekonomiskt bistånd respektive arbetsmarknad,för att få personalens och chefernas perspektiv på den verksamhetde arbetar inom. Deras inställning sammanfaller i hög grad, enligt våraundersökningar. Det är den arbetslinje som formulerats i måldokumentensom gäller och personalen ser arbetet att motivera deltagarnaatt nå egenförsörjning som centralt. Deltagarnas bristande vilja attbryta sitt bidragstagande ses samtidigt som ett större problem blandpersonalen än bland cheferna.I samtliga sex stadsdelsområden får den som vill ansöka om socialbidragsin första kontakt med socialtjänsten via så kallade mottagningsenheter.I rapporten har en mindre undersökning genomförts för attbland annat se hur stor andel av dem som tar en initial kontakt medmottagningsenheterna som sedan går vidare med sin ansökan. Vår 

    begränsade undersökning visar inget utmärkande hos de individer, enfjärdedel av de sökande, som avbryter sin ansökan direkt under denförsta kontakten med mottagningsenheterna. Då alla utom en som fullföljtsin socialbidragsansökan sedan också beviljats bidrag, verkarpersonalen på mottagningsenheterna vara väl insatta i vilka krav somställs för att klienten till sist ska erhålla försörjningsstöd.Efter inskrivning i aktivitet ställs olika krav på individen, exempelvisnärvaro på en viss plats under en viss tid, ett visst antal sökta jobb pervecka m.m. Det är rimligt att anta att individens motivation att delta iverksamheten och dennes syn på aktiviteten har påverkan på resultatetav aktiveringen. Därför har en enkätundersökning genomförts blanddeltagarna. Undersökningen visar i linje med tidigare forskning attdeltagarna har låga förväntningar på programmens förmåga att ökaderas chanser att få ett arbete. Samtidigt skulle en del delta även omprogrammen vore frivilliga, antagligen på grund av andra upplevdapositiva effekter av deltagandet.En del av socialbidragstagarna kommer att få arbete efter att ha genomgåttaktiveringsprogrammen, men det går inte att dra slutsatsen attenskilda deltagare fått arbete bara för att de lämnar verksamheten. Vidtill exempel studier, föräldraledighet eller flytt till ett annat stadsdelsområdelämnar deltagarna även den aktuella insatsen. För att kunnafölja deltagarna över tiden och se vart de tar vägen har Stockholmsstads egen statistik använts i en uppföljande registerundersökning.Undersökningen visar att knappt 21 % av deltagarna gått till egenförsörjningi form av arbete eller studier efter att ha avslutat sin aktivering.Då vår registerundersökning saknar jämförelsegrupper har det inte gåttatt beräkna några effekter av aktiveringen. Tidigare forskning på områdetär sparsam, i synnerhet i Sverige. Att döma av tidigare utvärderingarav aktivering, framförallt gjorda i USA, visar aktiveringsprograminga tydliga effekter för deltagarnas möjligheter att finna varaktigegenförsörjning. Vad som är en stor respektive god effekt förblir islutändan alltid en politisk fråga.Aktiveringsprogram verkar ha vunnit mycket popularitet runtom ivästvärlden genom sin politiska gångbarhet. De empiriskt belagda 

    resultaten ger inget tydligt stöd för aktiveringsinsatserna. Bidragstagandethar minskat i de sex stadsdelsområden som studerats här mendenna trend är generell för Sverige och inleddes redan innan aktiveringsinsatsernasinförande. Dessutom kostar det att driva aktiveringsprogram.Hur stor roll makrofaktorer som högkonjunktur och socialpolitiskareformer spelar är oklart. Det behövs minst sagt mer forskningpå området.Tidigare arbetsmarknadspolitisk forskning visar att arbetsgivare verkarvara mer positivt inställda till dem som deltagit i statliga arbetsmarknadsåtgärder– särskilt till dem som genomgått AMU – än tillarbetssökande som ”bara” gått arbetslösa. Det kan ses som ett argumentför någon form av aktivering. I framtiden kan den centralt styrdaarbetsmarknadspolitiken förväntas flyta ihop med den lokala. En sådantrend kan redan skönjas såväl i Sverige som utomlands. Det kanleda till att alla arbetssökande inlemmas under det statliga arbetsmarknadspolitiskaansvaret. Det skulle i sin tur kunna innebära merresurser till och högre kvalitet på insatserna för framtida arbetssökandesocialbidragstagare.

  • 5.
    Bottomley, Jane
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning, Language and communication.
    Cartney, Patricia
    Studying for your Master's Degree in Social Work2024 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    An essential guide for all students studying for a Master's degree in social work, whether they have come directly from their undergraduate studies or after a period of employment. 

    This book focuses specifically on the skills needed to study social work at Master's level, helping students get to grips with the academic rigour required at this higher level of study. This includes research skills, writing style, tone, the emphasis on self-reflection and the need to communicate in both academic and professional contexts. Pedagogical features and activities provide opportunities to explore, analyse and reflect on what has been learnt. The book will help cultivate a social practice approach to writing, raise awareness of the choices available, and aid understanding so that readers can produce the types of discourse required at Master’s level in social work. 

  • 6.
    Bottomley, Jane
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning.
    Cartney, Patricia
    Pryjmachuk, Steven
    Studying for your social work degree2018 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 7. Bowyer, A.
    et al.
    Montague, K.
    Wheater, S.
    McGovern, R.
    Lingam, R.
    Balaam, Madeline
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Human Centered Technology, Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Understanding the family perspective on the storage, sharing and handling of family civic data2018In: CHI '18 Proceedings of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Across social care, healthcare and public policy, enabled by the "big data" revolution (which has normalized large-scale data-based decision-making), there are moves to "join up" citizen databases to provide care workers with holistic views of families they support. In this context, questions of personal data privacy, security, access, control and (dis-)empowerment are critical considerations for system designers and policy makers alike. To explore the family perspective on this landscape of what we call Family Civic Data, we carried out ethnographic interviews with four North-East families. Our design-gamebased interviews were effective for engaging both adults and children to talk about the impact of this dry, technical topic on their lives. Our findings, delivered in the form of design guidelines, show support for dynamic consent: families would feel most empowered if involved in an ongoing co-operative relationship with state welfare and civic authorities through shared interaction with their data.

  • 8.
    Brouwers, Leo
    et al.
    KTH.
    Maria Ellegård, L.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Janlöv, N.
    Swedish Agency for Health Care Services Analysis, Sweden.
    Johansson, P.
    Ministry of Health and Social Affairs, Sweden View full profile.
    Mossler, K.
    Ministry of Health and Social Affairs, Sweden.
    Ekholm, A.
    Ministry of Health and Social Affairs, Sweden.
    Simulating the need for health- and elderly care in Sweden - A model description of SESIM-LEV2014In: New Pathways in Microsimulation, Ashgate Publishing Ltd , 2014, p. 41-59Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Collin, Lina
    et al.
    FoU-enheten, Stockholms stad.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    FoU-enheten, Stockholms stad.
    50+ år – en osynlig grupp?2007In: Vägen till arbete: Om Stockholms stads arbete med olika grupper av arbetslösa socialbidragstagare / [ed] Daniel Rauhut, Stockholm: Fou-enheten, Stockholms stad , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Comber, Robert
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Human Centered Technology, Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Laing, Mary
    Strohmayer, Angelika
    Justice-oriented ecologies: A framework for designing technologies with sex work support services.2018In: Routledge International Handbook of Sex Industry Research / [ed] Susan Dewey, Isabel Crowhurst, Chimaraoke Izugbara, Routledge, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Technologies and digital infrastructures can provide new opportunities for charities to rethink organizational control or potentials for justice. Furthermore, technologies can themselves generate new infrastructure to challenge existing structures. In order for newly adopted technologies to be useful for service delivery and not to simply reinforce existing power imbalances to amplify exclusion, they need to be embedded in the service, to follow “just sustainabilities” where attention is drawn to systemic rather than individual concerns, and be accessible for all. National Ugly Mugs (NUM) is a charity whose aim is to end violence against sex workers. They do this by providing access to justice and protection for sex workers in the UK through a digitally facilitated peer-alerting system, training police and other service providers, and through consensual sharing of intelligence with police forces. This chapter aims to look beyond digital technologies that are employed in sex work support services as “silver bullets” to solving complex socio-cultural, socio-ethical, and socio-technical problems.

  • 11.
    Dahlstedt, Magnus
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Socialt arbete.
    Fejes, Andreas
    Linköpings universitet, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande.
    Olson, Maria
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Rahm, Lina
    Linköpings universitet, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande.
    Sandberg, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande.
    Medborgarskapandets paradoxer [Paradoxes of citizen formation]: Medborgarskapspositioneringar i berättelser om tillhörighet i migrationens tid. [Citizenship positioning in stories about belonging in an era of migration]2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, E-ISSN 2002-066X, Vol. 54, no 1-2, p. 31-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     This article analyzes the formation of citizenship in today’s multi-ethnic Sweden with a particular focus on how migration renders visible existing citizenship ideals, defined in terms of similarity and difference on the basis of ethno-cultural background. Analysing three individual stories of women who have migrated to Sweden, with different biographies and stories of how they ended up in Sweden, the article focuses on negotiations of the boundaries and contents of citizenship in multi-ethnic Sweden. The point of departure for the analysis is a post-structuralist and discursive approach. In all, the stories address the crucial question of who should be included into the social community and on what conditions – and who should be left out? This particular question is also at the very centre of the political debate in today’s Europe. On the one hand, there are strong arguments about the ’death of multiculturalism’ and demands for new forms of ethno-culturally graduated citizenship – also in Sweden. On the other hand, in Sweden as well as in other European countries, claims for the development of a new and more inclusive societal community have been raised, expanding the rights of citizens to accommodating also those who have been excluded from them.

  • 12.
    Engel, Julia
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Ramstedt, Emma
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Behöver ytterstaden bli innerstaden för att vara socialt hållbar?: En fallstudie av Husbys utemiljöer2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Million House Programme areas are characterized in many cases by a uniformsettlement, large housing estates, traffic separation and lots of greenery. These areas are inneed of renovations, both internally but also in the public environment. Today, an urbanideal prevails in urban planning. This means that one wants to strive for the qualities andstructure of the inner city with dense buildings, living ground floors and urban streets. Oneargument for this is that it is sustainable, and thus also socially sustainable.

    Social sustainability is a concept that lacks a clear definition and therefore must be adaptedto each individual situation. In urban planning, it is therefore difficult to find a model forsocially sustainable urban development that can be applied to all parts of a city. A factor insocially sustainable urban development is a congenial outdoor environment. The purpose ofthe study is to investigate the Million Homes Programme's outdoor environments from asocially sustainable perspective, both on a local and on a large-scale level. The work alsoexamines whether an urban approach is suitable to apply to large-scale Million HomesProgramme areas or not.

    By conducting a literature study on social sustainability and public spaces, a sociallysustainable outdoor environment is defined. Furthermore, a case study is made of Husby'soutdoor environments, where the analysis is based on the theory mentioned above to findout what role physical design of public spaces plays in social sustainability. Additionally, adiscussion is held about potential consequences of the City of Stockholm's focus on creatingan urban environment in Husby.

    The analysis shows that a socially sustainable outdoor environment is accessible, safe and anenvironment that enables the execution of activities. This means that urban planning can beused as a tool to create conditions for an environment to be socially sustainable, but it alsodemands that other sectors in the society are engaged in the work in order for it to besuccessful. Socially sustainable urban development from a larger perspective also requiresinterconnections between different parts of the city for increased integration andcommunity. The analysis also points out that urbanism is not the only way to create a sociallysustainable city. Instead, an adaptation to each area's unique conditions may be moreappropriate, where the area can be supplemented with qualities the area lacks and thatwould improve the living environment for the area's residents. The work's conclusion can beuseful for problematizing how Million Homes Programme areas should be handled in futureurban development.

    Download full text (pdf)
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  • 13.
    Jing, Jing
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    School of Health and Welfare, Dalarna University, Falun Sweden; Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet and Stockholm University, Stockholm Sweden.
    Canter, David
    Liverpool Hope University, Liverpool UK.
    Plater-Zyberk, Elizabeth
    School of Architecture, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL USA.
    The Role of Third Place concerning Loneliness in the Context of Ageing in Place: Three Neighbourhoods in Stockholm2024In: Health & Social Care in the Community, ISSN 0966-0410, E-ISSN 1365-2524, Vol. 2024, article id 4172682Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an increasing recognition of the impact of built environment in the neighbourhood on healthy ageing, especially in the context of ageing in place. This study examines perceptions of third place and its potential value for mitigating loneliness in older adults. Thirty participants aged 65-89, living in ordinary housing across three neighbourhoods in the city of Stockholm, Sweden, conducted the interview-based sorting procedures, namely, Multiple Sorting Tasks (MST). In each individual MST procedure, the participant was asked to sort twenty pictures into groups using his or her own categories. The data were analysed using Multidimensional Scalogram Analysis, integrating qualitative data input and quantitative statistical analysis of the categorisations. Accessible local third places, which facilitate physical activities (especially walking) and community building (meaningful social connections) and provide options for food (a medium for social interactions), were seen as vital resources to combat loneliness. Thus, these places are supportive built environment elements of healthy ageing and ageing in place. The management aspect in third places operated by municipalities, including designing diverse public programs and services, and the service mentality of the staff members play an important role in making these places feel safe, at home, and potentially lessen the experience of loneliness to some extent. This study adds an urban design and planning perspective that can be integrated into environmental approaches to combat loneliness among older adults living in the community.

  • 14.
    Karlsson Wickman, Lisa
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE).
    Karlsson Wickman, Maja
    The Square’s Social role in Society: Karlstad: A Study focused on Social Sustainability around Stora torget and Våxnäs torg2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this work is to investigate how the urban planning in Karlstad worksand to study how they work with common areas, specifically squares. To investigatethis and how the square contributes to social sustainability, two case studies havebeen done on two selected squares, Stora torget and Våxnäs torg. A literature studyhas also been done to achieve the purpose of the work. The literature study describesdifferent theories that focus on sustainable public spaces, including important aspectsregarding the design of the square.

    In our case studies two methods were used: On-site observations and an online survey.The survey was also partly answered by the people who were on the square. Duringthe observation the design of the square was analyzed and also how the square wasused by the people. Many people were waiting for the bus at Stora torget, but somepeople were also sitting down on the benches around the fountain having their lunch.At Våxnäs torg some people were sitting on the benches, but in general it was very fewpeople at the square.

    Our on-site observations at Stora torget and Våxnäs torg showed that many peopleseem to pass the square on their way to other things. However, our survey showed thatmany people want to use the square environment in several different ways, forexample for events and as a marketplace. Further more, based on the survey, it wasconsidered that the most important aspects for creating a functioning square areseating, lighting, greenery and market trade, which is something that both Stora torgetand Våxnäs torg partially fullfill but it is also somehing that can be improved.

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  • 15.
    Kumar, Manish
    et al.
    Univ Petr & Energy Studies, Sch Engn, Sustainabil Cluster, Dehra Dun 248007, Uttarakhand, India..
    Jiang, Guangming
    Univ Wollongong, Sch Civil Min & Environm Engn, Wollongong, NSW, Australia.;Univ Wollongong, Illawarra Hlth & Med Res Inst IHMRI, Wollongong, NSW, Australia..
    Thakur, Alok Kumar
    Indian Inst Technol Gandhinagar, Discipline Earth Sci, Gandhinagar 382355, Gujarat, India..
    Chatterjee, Shreya
    Encore Insoltech Pvt Ltd, Gandhinagar 382307, Gujarat, India..
    Bhattacharya, Tanushree
    Birla Inst Technol, Dept Civil & Environm Engn, Mesra 835215, India..
    Mohapatra, Sanjeeb
    Natl Univ Singapore, NUS Environm Res Inst, Singapore, Singapore..
    Chaminda, Tushara
    Univ Ruhuna, Dept Civil & Environm Engn, Matara, Sri Lanka..
    Tyagi, Vinay Kumar
    Indian Inst Technol Roorkee, Dept Civil Engn, Environm BioTechnol Grp EBiTG, Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India..
    Vithanage, Meththika
    Univ Petr & Energy Studies, Sch Engn, Sustainabil Cluster, Dehra Dun 248007, Uttarakhand, India.;Univ Sri Jayewardenepura, Fac Appl Sci, Ecosphere Resilience Res Ctr, Nugegoda 10250, Sri Lanka..
    Bhattacharya, Prosun
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Water and Environmental Engineering.
    Nghiem, Long D.
    Univ Technol Sydney, Ctr Technol Water & Wastewater, Ultimo 2007, Australia..
    Sarkar, Dibyendu
    Stevens Inst Technol, Dept Civil Environm & Ocean Engn, Hoboken, NJ 07030 USA..
    Sonne, Christian
    Univ Petr & Energy Studies, Sch Engn, Sustainabil Cluster, Dehra Dun 248007, Uttarakhand, India.;Aarhus Univ, Dept Ecosci, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark..
    Mahlknecht, Jurgen
    Tecnol Monterrey, Escuela Ingn & Ciencias, Campus Monterey, Monterrey 64849, Nuevo Leon, Mexico..
    Lead time of early warning by wastewater surveillance for COVID-19: Geographical variations and impacting factors2022In: Chemical Engineering Journal, ISSN 1385-8947, E-ISSN 1873-3212, Vol. 441, article id 135936Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The global data on the temporal tracking of the COVID-19 through wastewater surveillance needs to be comparatively evaluated to generate a proper and precise understanding of the robustness, advantages, and sensitivity of the wastewater-based epidemiological (WBE) approach. We reviewed the current state of knowledge based on several scientific articles pertaining to temporal variations in COVID-19 cases captured via viral RNA predictions in wastewater. This paper primarily focuses on analyzing the WBE-based temporal variation reported globally to check if the reported early warning lead-time generated through environmental surveillance is pragmatic or latent. We have compiled the geographical variations reported as lead time in various WBE reports to strike a precise correlation between COVID-19 cases and genome copies detected through wastewater surveillance, with respect to the sampling dates, separately for WASH and non-WASH countries. We highlighted sampling methods, climatic and weather conditions that significantly affected the concentration of viral SARS-CoV-2 RNA detected in wastewater, and thus the lead time reported from the various climatic zones with diverse WASH situations were different. Our major findings are: i) WBE reports around the world are not comparable, especially in terms of gene copies detected, lag-time gained between monitored RNA peak and outbreak/peak of reported case, as well as per capita RNA concentrations; ii) Varying sanitation facility and climatic conditions that impact virus degradation rate are two major interfering features limiting the comparability of WBE results, and iii) WBE is better applicable to WASH countries having well-connected sewerage system.

  • 16.
    Kuoppamäki, Sanna
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Health Informatics and Logistics.
    Hänninen, Riitta
    University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Taipale, Sakari
    University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland; University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
    Enhancing Older Adults’ Digital Inclusion Through Social Support: A Qualitative Interview Study2022In: Vulnerable People and Digital Inclusion: Theoretical and Applied Perspectives, Springer Nature , 2022, p. 211-230Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A lack of social support can hinder older adults’ digital inclusion. This chapter examines the connection between social and digital inclusion by focusing on the process of acquiring social support for digital technology use among older adults in Finland. Building on the concept of warm expert, the chapter shows that acquiring support for digital technology use is a reciprocal process that both enhances and requires digital inclusion. A qualitative analysis of 22 participant-induced elicitation interviews was conducted with older adults aged between 57 and 89. The chapter shows that social support reinforces digital inclusion by (a) ensuring older adults’ access to technology, (b) catering for their positive approach towards technology and (c) improving their skills to use technology independently. The connection between social and digital inclusion also operates the other way round. Digital inclusion is required to gain social support that is more readily at hand in a technology-mediated manner.

  • 17.
    Larsson, Tore J
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.
    Normark, M
    AFA Insurances Sweden.
    Oldertz, Cecilia
    AFA Insurances Sweden.
    Tezic, K
    AFA Insurances Sweden.
    Allvarliga arbetsskador och långvarig sjukfrånvaro 2011: Severe work-related injury and long-term absence from work in 2011 (In Swedish)2011Report (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Lazpita, Eneko
    et al.
    Univ Politecn Madrid, Sch Aerosp Engn, E-28040 Madrid, Spain..
    Martinez-Sanchez, Alvaro
    Univ Politecn Valencia, Inst Matemat Pura & Aplicada, Camino Vera, Valencia 46024, Spain..
    Corrochano, Adrian
    Univ Politecn Madrid, Sch Aerosp Engn, E-28040 Madrid, Spain..
    Hoyas, Sergio
    Univ Politecn Valencia, Inst Matemat Pura & Aplicada, Camino Vera, Valencia 46024, Spain..
    Le Clainche, Soledad
    Univ Politecn Madrid, Sch Aerosp Engn, E-28040 Madrid, Spain..
    Vinuesa, Ricardo
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Engineering Mechanics, Fluid Mechanics and Engineering Acoustics.
    On the generation and destruction mechanisms of arch vortices in urban fluid flows2022In: Physics of fluids, ISSN 1070-6631, E-ISSN 1089-7666, Vol. 34, no 5, p. 051702-, article id 051702Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study uses higher-order dynamic mode decomposition to analyze a high-fidelity database of the turbulent flow in an urban environment consisting of two buildings separated by a certain distance. We recognize the characteristics of the well-known arch vortex forming on the leeward side of the first building and document this vortex's generation and destruction mechanisms based on the resulting temporal modes. We show that the arch vortex plays a prominent role in the dispersion of pollutants in urban environments, where its generation leads to an increase in their concentration; therefore, the reported mechanisms are of extreme importance for urban sustainability.& nbsp;Published under an exclusive license by AIP Publishing

  • 19.
    Markowski, Peter
    KTH. Stockholm University.
    Digital transformation of the home help service sector through welfare technology2021In: Technological Change and Industrial Transformation, Taylor and Francis Inc. , 2021, p. 74-90Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Martins, Nuno
    et al.
    Instituto de Investigação em Design Media e Cultura, Escola Superior de Design, Instituto Politécnico do Cávado e do Ave, Barcelos, Portugal.
    Brandão, Daniel
    Centro de Estudos de Comunicação e Sociedade, Instituto de Ciências Sociais, Universidade do Minho, Braga, Portugal.
    Guimarães, Leonor
    Instituto de Investigação em Design Media e Cultura, Escola Superior de Design, Instituto Politécnico do Cávado e do Ave, Barcelos, Portugal.
    Penedos-Santiago, Eliana
    Instituto de Investigação em Design Media e Cultura/Unexpected Media Lab, Faculdade de Belas Artes, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal.
    Brandão, Emílio
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE). Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Gotemburgo, Suécia.
    The Importance of Communication Design in the Process of Disseminating Community Practices in Social Neighbourhoods: The Balteiro2023In: Comunicacao e Sociedade, ISSN 1645-2089, Vol. 43, article id e023010Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to demonstrate how research in communication design can contribute to disseminating community practices in economically disadvantaged contexts, such as in social housing neighbourhoods. This study stems from the ECHO research project, where the main mission is to understand and document two self-initiated community practices in the social housing neighbourhood of Balteiro, in Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal, to disseminate them and foster their replication in similar social contexts. It begins with a literature review on the role of design on behalf of communities, focusing, in particular, on the concepts of social design and universal design, which substantiate the relevance and pertinence of the issue under study. Then, it describes the case study of Balteiro. It presents the methodologies adopted in this research, namely the interviews conducted to learn about the history of the two community practices. This provided the basis for developing a preliminary study for an online platform and a series of documentary films. This study proved the importance of involving designers in this dissemination process through multidisciplinary teams. The research work in the field should be close to the community, the institutions and the different social actors involved to understand the complexity of the study context and define how design should operate. The empirical experience from this study has shown that work in the social area should be developed locally, focused on small communities or informal organisations, and aware that results are achieved slowly and gradually.

  • 21. Nilsson, Birgitta
    et al.
    Pousette, Sandra
    Forsman, Mikael
    Bernmark, Eva
    Mathiassen, SvendErik
    Kan förpackningsproducenter bidra till en förbättrad förpackningshantering för kvinnor i livsmedelsindustrin?: Tre fallstudier2011Report (Other academic)
  • 22. Olsson, L. E.
    et al.
    Sinha, Rajib
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.
    Frostell, B.
    Friman, M.
    What Can Be Done to Change?—The Environmental and Behavioral Consequences of Interventions for Sustainable Travel2022In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, no 3, article id 1345Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Popova, Kristina
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Human Centered Technology, Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Standardization and professionalism in the work of call center operators2021In: Monitoring Obshchestvennogo Mneniya: Ekonomicheskie i Sotsial'nye Peremeny, ISSN 2219-5467, no 3, p. 105-133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article focuses on the work of a call center operating as an inquiry service in a major Russian city. Despite there are multiple studies of call centers within the critical studies of work, their focus traditionally lies on the managerial practices of control, while the “productive” part of work - its content and the professionalism of operators - often remains unstudied. This article examines a key part of the call center work: answering the callers' questions. Utilizing the methodology of conversation analysis to analyze the transcripts of calls, we demonstrate that the operators' work includes much more than simply reading a ready-made text from the database of answers. The operator performs the function of an interpreter, whose key task consists in establishing correspondence between the abstract information of the database and the unique life situations of the callers seeking help in the inquiry service. A professional operator is able to perform this job while balancing between often contradictory norms of everyday communication and the internal rules of the call center. Even though professionals in many spheres approach rules with flexibility, the specific of call center work implies that the professionalism of operators exists under the threat of being punished for deviating from the workplace instructions; the professionalism of operators cannot be institutionalized because of the requirement of standardization in a call center.

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  • 24.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Den besvärliga fattigdomen2006Book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    FoU-enheten, Stockholms stad.
    Samhörighet och generositet: Om socialbidrag och krav på motprestationer2007In: Vägen till arbete. Om Stockholms stads arbete med olika grupper av arbetslösa socialbidragstagare / [ed] Daniel Rauhut, Stockholm: Fou-enheten, Stockholms stad , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    FoU-enheten, Stockholms Stad.
    Vägen till arbete. Om Stockholms stads arbete med olika grupper av arbetslösa socialbidragstagare.2007Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    FoU-enheten, Stockholms Stad.
    Vägen till Sverige. Om Stockholms stads integrationsarbete.2007Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    et al.
    FoU-enheten, Stockholms stad.
    Alander, Nina
    FoU-enheten, Stockholms stad.
    Invandrarföretagande och integration: om främjande kommunala insatser2007In: Vägen till Sverige, Stockholm: Fou-enheten, Stockholms stad , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Hatti, NeelambarDept. of Economic History, University of Lund.Olsson, Carl-AxelDept. of Economic History, University of Lund.
    Economists and Poverty: From Adam Smith to Amartya Sen2005Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    et al.
    FoU-enheten, Stockholms stad.
    Lingärde, Svante
    FoU-enheten, Stockholms stad.
    Alander, Nina
    FoU-enheten, Stockholms stad.
    Om barnfattigdom: Ansvar, insatser och orsaker2006Book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Salla, Jako
    et al.
    Ministry of Justice - Estonia Criminal Policy Department, Estonian Ministry of Justice, Tallinn, EstoniaDepartment of Sociology, University of Tallinn, Tallinn , Estonia.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Ahven, Andri
    Ministry of Justice - Estonia.
    Homicide in Estonia2011In: Handbook of European Homicide Research: patterns, explanations, and country studies / [ed] M. Liem and W A Pridemore, New York: Springer, 2011, p. 421-437Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Homicide is a topic of particular interest in Estonia since level of violent deaths is well above the European average. In 2006-2008 the average rate per 100000 population in Estonia was 6.6, in the EU it was second highest rate after Lithuania in these years. At the same time Estonia has experienced a rapid decrease in homicide during last 15 years – the rate of homicide used to be more than four times higher in the middle of 1990s.

    High rate of violent death is not something that has evolved during last decades, it has been a problem through very different state orders and social conditions, including Soviet era from 1940ies to 1980ies. In broadest sense lethal violence in Estonia should be analyzed in relation to alcohol consumption behavior and cultural traditions. Estonia shares drinking patterns with its neighbors Finland and Russia, it also has a remarkable immigrant population whose rates of homicide and violence in general have been and are still higher in comparison to Estonians.

    The problems that arise from heavy drinking are also visible in other areas where unnatural deaths occur: Estonia has lead EU rankings of fire deaths and deaths caused by drowning and traffic accidents.

    Despite high rates of homicide, it has not become a topic of special interest for public in Estonia. Although each week a person or two are being killed on average in recent years, media covers only a few exceptional cases during the year. This has probably contributed to rational criminal policy but has not drawn enough attention to social and economic policy areas such as alcohol policy.

  • 32. Seifollahi-Aghmiuni, S.
    et al.
    Kalantari, Zahra
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Water and Environmental Engineering. Department of Physical Geography and Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University, 106 91, Stockholm, Sweden; Navarino Environmental Observatory, Costa Navarino, 24001, South-west Messenia, Greece.
    Egidi, G.
    Gaburova, L.
    Salvati, L.
    Urbanisation-driven land degradation and socioeconomic challenges in peri-urban areas: Insights from Southern Europe2022In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 51, no 6, p. 1446-1458Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change and landscape transformation have led to rapid expansion of peri-urban areas globally, representing new ‘laboratories’ for the study of human–nature relationships aiming at land degradation management. This paper contributes to the debate on human-driven land degradation processes by highlighting how natural and socioeconomic forces trigger soil depletion and environmental degradation in peri-urban areas. The aim was to classify and synthesise the interactions of urbanisation-driven factors with direct or indirect, on-site or off-site, and short-term or century-scale impacts on land degradation, focussing on Southern Europe as a paradigmatic case to address this issue. Assuming complex and multifaceted interactions among influencing factors, a relevant contribution to land degradation was shown to derive from socioeconomic drivers, the most important of which were population growth and urban sprawl. Viewing peri-urban areas as socio-environmental systems adapting to intense socioeconomic transformations, these factors were identified as forming complex environmental ‘syndromes’ driven by urbanisation. Based on this classification, we suggested three key measures to support future land management in Southern European peri-urban areas.

  • 33.
    Singh, Nandita
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.
    Singh, Om Prakash
    Climate change, water and gender: Impact and adaptation in North-Eastern Hills of India2015In: International Social Work, ISSN 0020-8728, E-ISSN 1461-7234, Vol. 58, no 3, p. 375-384Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Water resources in India are projected to face severe climate-induced stress. In the North-Eastern Hill region, where lifestyles are closely connected to nature, this holds great implications for human development. While scientific knowledge regarding climate change and water is growing at global and regional scales, an equally diverse body of knowledge on the human dimensions of the same at local levels is weak. This article attempts to bridge this knowledge gap by presenting micro-level evidence on the gendered impact of increasing water stress and the innovative gendered local adaptive strategies in this region. It urges for the need to re-think on adaptation planning, basing it on local templates for greater sustainability.

  • 34. Stenberg, Una
    et al.
    Cvancarova, Milada
    Ekstedt, Mirjam
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Systems Safety and Management.
    Olsson, Mariann
    Ruland, Cornelia
    Family Caregivers of Cancer Patients: Perceived Burden and Symptoms During the Early Phases of Cancer Treatment2014In: Social work in health care, ISSN 0098-1389, E-ISSN 1541-034X, Vol. 53, no 3, p. 289-309Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated levels of symptoms, caregiver burden, and changes over time in 278 family caregivers (FC) of cancer patients. FCs experienced high levels of depressive symptoms and sleep disturbance, low levels of fatigue, and low to moderate levels of caregiver burden, yet these symptoms remained relatively stable over time. Being female and not being employed were factors associated with an increased risk of symptoms and caregiver burden. The understanding evolving from this study can enhance social- and health care professionals' awareness of FCs' challenging situation and the potential impact this has on the FCs' ability to provide care to the patient.

  • 35.
    Tahvilzadeh, Nazem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Dahlstedt, Magnus
    Kings, Lisa
    Orten och stadens demokratisering2018In: Manifest: För ett socialt arbete i tiden / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt, Philip Lalander, Studentlitteratur AB, 2018Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 36.
    Tiftikci Celep, Helin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Hur Stockholm stad främjar tillgänglighet för personer med funktionshinder i den byggda miljön2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the early 2000s, Swedish politicians had the goal of making Stockholm the world's most accessible capital by the year 2010. The project was called The accessibility-project. The City of Stockholm then had the task of rebuilding and designing the municipality to make it as accessible as possible for all individuals. This is through, for example, individually remedied obstacles and new guidelines. However, it is not known whether the goal was met or not, as no discussion has been held or a conclusion reached about it. In addition to this, there is a general agreement that renovations have been made and thereby created a city structure that is as accessible as possible. Despite the existing legal requirements and guidelines, as well as the sustainability goals that Sweden has promised to fulfill, it is still being built incorrectly. It's been over 13 years since the accessibility project ended, but they're still building wrong. Why are they still building wrongly? Why are there still a lot of shortcomings, where disabled individuals have not been taken into account in the urban structure? Why don't we continue to build Stockholm as the world's most accessible capital? According to the Discrimination rule, people with impaired mobility and orientation must have as much value and participation in society on equal terms as non-disabled individuals have. They must have the same right to be able to move and orient themselves around society unhindered, as non-disabled individuals can.

    The aim of this study is to get an insight into how Stockholm municipality works with the accessibility issue for disabled individuals in urban and traffic planning; to be able to contribute knowledge about what shortcomings there are and how to improve on them. In order to be able to fulfill the aim, it has been used with qualitative studies through literature and case studies. The case study consists of 6 interviews that took place in the municipality building as well as guidance documents that the municipality has produced as a basis for accessibility adaptation and design of street planning. This study focuses only on the start-up phase of projects. Through the interviews, one gained an insight into how the municipality works with the issue of accessibility for disabled individuals in urban and traffic planning. What obstacles they face during the project phase, as well as how they work to be able to improve their shortcomings.

    The first part of the case study consists of a review and analysis of two different governing documents that Stockholm municipality has produced and using during planning, construction and maintenance at public places. This report focuses on two handbooks that Stockholm municipality has created and uses. Technical handbook for construction, operation and maintenance on public land and Stockholm - a city for all. The Technical manual is not specifically focused on requirements for adaptations for accessibility and free-movement, but contains type drawings and design requirements to be followed. It is a basic manual that sets requirements and guidelines. The second handbook, Stockholm - a city for all, is a handbook that is specifically oriented and designed for accessibility and free-movement on public spaces and ways. The handbook contains solutions and measures of design in outdoor and indoor environments for disabled individuals, but no requirement.

    The results show that there is some lack of knowledge and poor communication between the municipality and the consultants, which leads to the fact that the accessibility-aspect for the disabled is not taken into account at the beginning of the project phase. Another problem is that disabled individuals are a minority group, which means that the interest is not active as compared to the other challenges, such as environmental, sustainable and mobility issues and challenges. It leads to the fact that the projects adapt to the classical norm in the end, due to low interest and need. The governing documents are good as a basis and take into account the force of law, however adjustments are required; both to be able to confirm the importance that it is everyone's responsibility to take the accessibility issue into account and involve disabled individuals in urban and traffic planning.

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  • 37.
    Toma, Charbel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Tillämpning av principer om kollektiv förmåga i det lokala trygghetsarbetet i Farsta strand2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A case study was conducted to investigate Farsta stadsdelsförvaltning’s practice of applying collective efficacy in the safety practice in Farsta strand in Stockholm County in order to contribute to understanding the concept of collective efficacy, how it relates to safety issues and how it can be practised in Sweden. A study of municipal documents and websites as well as a case study of different local interventions in the area has been conducted. This in order to investigate to what degree these interventions align with theoretical criteria of collective efficacy and the lessons they can teach to other municipal organisations in Sweden. The study found that the interventions seemed to align well with the theory and that different lessons possibly can be learned about adapting the work to local conditions, coordinating interventions with other actors and increasing trust in public institutions. The study also found some potential for development of the interventions such as deepening the practical work, including residents more and diversifying the interventions’ substance. Overall the results should be treated with caution due to limitations in the study’s comprehensiveness.

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  • 38.
    Troje, Daniella
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management.
    Improving social value through facilities management: Swedish housing companies2023In: Buildings and Cities, E-ISSN 2632-6655, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 749-766Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Housing companies create, maintain and develop an important part of the built environment. Besides their core activity of providing housing, they can increasingly also mitigate societal problems and contribute to social, environmental and financial sustainability. One contribution to sustainability by housing companies is to create meaningful activities for tenants that benefit their employability, skills, careers, and physical and mental wellbeing. These ‘activity interventions’ are used as a vehicle to create social value. However, it is unclear what sort of impact these interventions have, and how they affect housing companies’ financial value. This paper investigates: (1) Swedish housing companies’ initiatives to provide meaningful ‘activity interventions’ for tenants; (2) what value these interventions create; and (3) how social value creation relates to financial value. Observations and interviews (n = 23) with Swedish housing companies are mapped onto a social value creation framework. The findings reveal several types of employment, educational and leisure activities that have been created for tenants, and the areas in which these initiatives create the most social value. Social value creation is often used as risk management to mitigate issues related to criminality, welfare-dependent tenants and decreased property values.

  • 39.
    Tuncer, Sylvaine
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Intelligent systems, Robotics, Perception and Learning, RPL.
    Gillet, Sarah
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Intelligent systems, Robotics, Perception and Learning, RPL.
    Leite, Iolanda
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Intelligent systems, Robotics, Perception and Learning, RPL.
    Robot-Mediated Inclusive Processes in Groups of Children: From Gaze Aversion to Mutual Smiling Gaze2022In: Frontiers in Robotics and AI, E-ISSN 2296-9144, Vol. 9, article id 729146Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our work is motivated by the idea that social robots can help inclusive processes in groups of children, focusing on the case of children who have newly arrived from a foreign country and their peers at school. Building on an initial study where we tested different robot behaviours and recorded children's interactions mediated by a robot in a game, we present in this paper the findings from a subsequent analysis of the same video data drawing from ethnomethodology and conversation analysis. We describe how this approach differs from predominantly quantitative video analysis in HRI; how mutual gaze appeared as a challenging interactional accomplishment between unacquainted children, and why we focused on this phenomenon. We identify two situations and trajectories in which children make eye contact: asking for or giving instructions, and sharing an emotional reaction. Based on detailed analyses of a selection of extracts in the empirical section, we describe patterns and discuss the links between the different situations and trajectories, and relationship building. Our findings inform HRI and robot design by identifying complex interactional accomplishments between two children, as well as group dynamics which support these interactions. We argue that social robots should be able to perceive such phenomena in order to better support inclusion of outgroup children. Lastly, by explaining how we combined approaches and showing how they build on each other, we also hope to demonstrate the value of interdisciplinary research, and encourage it.

  • 40.
    Winberg, Fredrik
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Contextualizing Accessibility: Interaction for Blind Computer Users2008Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Computer usage today is predominantly based on graphical interaction, where the visual presentation of information is essential both for input (hand-eye coordination when using a computer mouse), and output (seeing the information on a computer screen). This can create difficulties for blind computer users, both at an individual level when interacting with a computer, and also when collaborating with other computer users.

    The work presented in this thesis has investigated interaction for blind computer users in three stages. First investigating access to information by making studies on an interactive audio-only game, drawing conclusions about auditory direct manipulation and auditory interface design. Second studying collaboration between blind and sighted computer users in two different contexts, leading to questioning of commonly expressed design principles regarding access to collaboration. Finally studying accessibility in a working environment, finding out how technology, the assistive device used by the blind person, communication with others and professional knowledge interplayed to create an accessible work environment.

    Based on these empirical studies, the main conclusion from this work is a proposal of a research perspective, Assistive interfaces as cooperative interfaces. Here, the context where the interface is going to be used is in focus, and cooperative and social dimensions of interaction are acknowledged and highlighted. The design and analysis of assistive devices should be highly sensitive to the socio-interactional environment, and not just focusing on the single individual using an assistive device.

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  • 41.
    Winberg, Fredrik
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Supporting Cross-Modal Collaboration: Adding a Social Dimension to Accessibility2006In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743, E-ISSN 1611-3349, Vol. 4129, p. 102-110Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a study of cross-modal collaboration, where blind and sighted persons collaboratively solve two different tasks using a prototype that has one auditory and one graphical interface. The results shows the importance of context and the design of tasks for the accessibility of cross-modal collaborative settings, as well as the importance of supporting the participation in a working division of labour.

  • 42.
    Winberg, Fredrik
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Center for Useroriented IT Design, CID.
    Bowers, John
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Center for Useroriented IT Design, CID.
    Assembling the Senses: Towards the Design of Cooperative Interfaces for Visually Impaired Users2004In: Proceedings of the 2004 ACM conference on Computer supported cooperative work (CSCW 2004), 2004, p. 332-341Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The needs of blind and visually impaired users are seriously under-investigated in CSCW. We review work on assistive interfaces especially concerning how collaboration between sighted and blind users across different modalities might be supported. To examine commonly expressed design principles, we present a study where blind and sighted persons play a game to which the former has an auditory interface, the latter a visual one. Interaction analyses are presented highlighting features of interface design, talk and gesture which are important to the participants’ abilities to collaborate. Informed by these analyses, we reconsider design principles for cooperative interfaces for the blind.

  • 43.
    Winberg, Fredrik
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Center for Useroriented IT Design, CID.
    Hellström, Sten-Olof
    Department of Music, City University, London.
    Qualitative Aspects of Auditory Direct Manipulation: A Case Study of the Towers of Hanoi2001In: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Auditory Display (ICAD 2001), 2001, p. 16-20Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the results from a qualitative case study of an auditory version of the game Towers of Hanoi. The goal of this study was to explore qualitative aspects of auditory direct manipulation and the subjective experience from playing the game. The results show that it is important to provide a way of focusing in the auditory space. Articulatory directness was also an important issue and feedback should support the movement of the objects in the auditory space.

  • 44.
    Winberg, Fredrik
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Center for Useroriented IT Design, CID.
    Hellström, Sten-Olof
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Center for Useroriented IT Design, CID.
    The quest for auditory direct manipulation: the sonified Towers of Hanoi2000In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Disability, Virtual Reality and Associated Technologies (ICDVRAT 2000) / [ed] P. Sharkey, A. Cesarani, L. Pugnetti, & A. Rizzo, 2000, p. 75-81Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a study of an auditory version of the game Towers of Hanoi. The goal of this study was to investigate the nature of continuos presentation and what this could mean when implementing auditory direct manipulation. We also wanted to find out if it was possible to make an auditory interface that met the requirements of a direct manipulation interface. The results showed that it was indeed possible to implement auditory direct manipulation, but using Towers of Hanoi as the underlying model restricted the possibilities of scaling the auditory space. The results also showed that having a limited set of objects, the nature of continuos presentation was not as important as how to interact with the auditory space.

  • 45.
    Östlund, Britt
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Technology in Health Care.
    Frennert, Susanne
    How have user representations been sustained and recreated in the design of technologies between 1960 and 2018?2020In: Socio-Gerontechnology – Interdisciplinary critical studies of age and technology. / [ed] Peine Alexander, Marshall Barbara, Neven, L, Routledge, 2020Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Östlund, Britt
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Technology in Health Care.
    Håkansson, Ulla
    Design och Diakoni2007In: Svensk Kyrkotidning, Vol. 103, no 34-35, p. 415-417Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
1 - 46 of 46
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