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  • 1.
    Albrecht, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Nordic power road map 2050: Strategic choices towards carbon neutrality. D4.1.R Institutional grid review.2013Report (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Albrecht, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Nilsson, Måns
    Åkerman, Jonas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Nordic power road map 2050:Strategic choices towards carbon neutrality. D4.2.R Policy and Institutional Review Electric Vehicles (EV).2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report examines policy drivers of electric vehicles (EVs), and what potential role policy can play in enhancing the innovation and market development of EVs. We start with a policy review of key targets in the Nordic countries and the EU, up to 2030, and discuss to what extent they are consistent with industry, government and expert estimates of how the EV innovation systems can grow. On the basis of this, the second part examines what policy drivers might be needed to enable a breakthrough scenario, using a technological innovation systems (TIS) perspective to describe the needed processes, drivers and developments in policy and technology.

  • 3.
    Aquili, Tommaso
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    The Austerical City.: London at the crush test of austerity2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the UK, the unprecedented cuts to local budgets, implemented by the national governments from 2010 to the present day, have pushed local authorities to reconsider their scope, their role and their action. The ever decreasing budgets have de facto transformed local councils from service providers to territorial entrepreneurs, as the pressing pursuit of revenues has placed the economic profit at the core of the local policy-making. Urban planning plays a central role in this shift in mindset. The British planning system has been remodelled so to facilitate the implementation of development processes, as these grant revenues from planning obligations, uplifts in land values and higher income from taxes. The reform of the planning system has however conceded free rein to developers, especially through the introduction of the Development Viability Appraisal, a document which they use to reduce the provision of affordable housing, in favour of luxury housing tenures. Therefore, in London the mechanisms that rule the territorial transformations exacerbate the existing housing crisis and force local communities to face displacement. Austerity has thus initiated a cascade-effect whose negative externalities are tangible at the very local level. The emerged topics find their concretization in the description of the Heygate Estate regeneration.

  • 4.
    Azar, Christian
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Finnveden, Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Johannesson, Kerstin
    Gothenburg University.
    Johansson-Stenman, Olof
    Gothenburg University.
    Ledin, Anna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.
    Munthe, John
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Nilsson, Annika
    Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Nordin, Annika
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Rockström, Johan
    Stockholm University.
    Smith, Henrik
    Lund University.
    Sörlin, Sverker
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Turesson, Anders
    Swedish Ministry of Environment and Energy.
    Vahter, Marie
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Miljöpolitikens spelplan: Rapport från Miljöforskningsberedningen2014Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5.
    Azar, Christian
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Finnveden, Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Johannesson, Kerstin
    Gothenburg University.
    JohanssonStenman, Olof
    Gothenburg University.
    Ledin, Anna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.
    Munthe, John
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Nilsson, Annika
    Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Nordin, Annika
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Rockström, Johan
    Stockholm University.
    Smith, Henrik
    Lund University.
    Sörlin, Sverker
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Vahter, Marie
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Inrätta ett miljöpolitiskt råd direkt under statsministern2014In: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 2014-10-16Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6. Barufi, A. M. B.
    et al.
    Kourtit, Karima
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Agglomeration economies and smart cities2015In: The Rise of the City: Spatial Dynamics in the Urban Century, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 33-54Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Borgström, Sara
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.
    Kommunens nya roll som långsiktig brobyggare2019In: Innovation och stadsutveckling: En forskningsantologi om organisationsutmaningar för stad och kommun / [ed] Algehed, J.,Eneqvist, E., Jensen, C.,Lööf, J., Göteborg: Mistra Urban Futures, RISE, Vinnova , 2019, 1, p. 27-40Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Brännmark, Mikael
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Ergonomics.
    Lean i kommuner och myndigheter: En översikt över existerande empirisk forskningslitteratur2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna litteraturgenomgång avser att studera det empiriska underlaget om lean i kommuner och myndigheter (exklusive sjukvård) utifrån den forskningslitteratur som finns. Sökningar har gjorts i sex forskningsdatabaser under oktober 2011. Relevanta frågor för studien är hur lean används i kommuner och myndigheter, varför organisationerna väljer att arbeta med lean och vilka resultat man har uppnått.

    Totalt hittades 48 publikationer, men efter sortering återstod endast 17 empiriska artiklar av relevans för den här rapporten. De studier som valdes bort var antingen för diskuterande eller redogjorde inte tydligt för hur man har samlat in sin empiri. De 17 studierna som används är av skiftande kvalitet och utformning och det empiriska underlaget är varierat. En majoritet av de inkluderade publikationerna är publicerade efter 2005. Tio av de 17 publikationerna innehåller totalt 18 fallstudier. Utifrån detta, är det rimligt att hävda att den empiriska forskningen om lean i kommuner och myndigheter är ett relativt nytt fenomen. Fallstudierna föranleder flera slutsatser, även om det bör betonas att det empiriska underlaget är tunt och studierna är av starkt varierande kvalitet och utformning. Därför bör slutsatserna endast ses som tentativa, men det innebär samtidigt att det finns flera frågor som kan vara av stort intresse för fortsatt forskning.

    För det första, när det gäller vilka former lean-arbetet tar, så tycks värdeflödeskartläggning och slöserireducering utgöra centrala inslag i kommuner och myndigheters arbete med lean. Ofta verkar det handla om punktinsatser. Lean-program som omfattar hela organisationen är relativt ovanliga. Andra lean-verktyg förekommer också, men det är mindre vanligt. För det andra, när det gäller målen med lean-arbetet, verkar det i hög grad initieras med syfte att öka produktiviteten, även om andra skäl också förekommer, som exempelvis behov av kostnadssänkningar. För det tredje, när det gäller resultat av lean-arbetet, framför allt då värdeflödeskartläggningarna, verkar ökad produktivitet vara det vanligaste resultatet. Samtidigt leder arbetet också ofta till minskade problem och störningar för de anställda, vilket ofta uppskattas. Däremot tycks effekterna för personalen vara mer varierade än verksamhetseffekterna. De lean-verktyg som emellanåt verkar ge negativa konsekvenser är bland annat standardisering, visualisering och kundkontakt. Kundeffekterna är dock svårare att uttala sig om eftersom det ofta saknas empiri om detta i studierna.

    Slutligen bör det betonas att utifrån de inkluderade studiernas utformning och metodik är det mycket svårt att uttala sig om de långsiktiga effekterna av arbetet med lean, eftersom det finns empiri i publikationerna som väcker frågetecken om hur hållbart lean-arbetet är, till exempel deltagarnas känsla av att arbetet är avklarat efter genomförda förbättringsworkshops.

  • 9.
    Cars, Göran
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Witzell, Jacob
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Malmsten, Bo
    Infrastruktur med finansiering2011Report (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Rural crime and community safety2015Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Crime is often perceived as an urban issue rather than a problem that occurs in rural areas, but how far is this view tenable? This book explores the relationship between crime and community in rural areas and addresses the notion of safety as part of the community dynamics in such areas. Rural Crime and Community Safety makes a significant contribution to crime science and integrates a range of theories to understand patterns of crime and perceived safety in rural contexts. Based on a wealth of original research, Ceccato combines spatial methods with qualitative analysis to examine, in detail, farm and wildlife crime, youth related crimes and gendered violence in rural settings. Making the most of the expanding field of Criminology and of the growing professional inquiry into crime and crime prevention in rural areas; rural development; and the social sustainability of rural areas, this book builds a bridge by connecting Criminology and Human Geography. This book will be suitable for academics, students and practitioners in the fields of criminology, community safety, rural studies, rural development and gender studies.

  • 11.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Rural crime and community safety2015In: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 39, p. 157-159Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Corvellec, Hervé
    et al.
    Institutionen för service management och tjänstevetenskap, Lunds universitet.
    Ek, Richard
    Institutionen för service management och tjänstevetenskap, Lunds universitet.
    Johansson, Nils
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies.
    Svingstedt, Anette
    Institutionen för service management och tjänstevetenskap, Lunds universitet.
    Zapata, Patrik
    Förvaltningshögskolan, Göteborgs universitet.
    Zapata-Campos, María-José
    Management och Organisation, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Handelshögskolan, Göteborgs universitet.
    Avfallsförebyggande handlar om effektiv produktion och genomtänkt konsumtion –inte om avfall.: sju lärdomar från forskningsprojektet från avfallshantering till avfallsförebyggande2018Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13.
    Edström, Kristina
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Learning.
    Granskning av en tjänsteförslagsnämnds prövning av behörighetskravet för lektor avseende högskolepedagogisk utbildning: ett stickprov2008Report (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Fjæstad, Maja
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Demokratins triumf eller fiasko?: Folkomröstningen om kärnkraft i retroperspektiv2008In: Dædalus, Tekniska museets årsbok., ISSN 0070-2528, Vol. 76, p. 64-75Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Fjæstad, Maja
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Winds of time: Lessons from Utö in the Stockholm Archipelago, 1990-20012013In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 62, p. 124-130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When investigating the success or failure of different wind power projects, it is essential to take into account how they were historically situated. This study focuses on attempts to develop wind power in an archipelago setting, at Utö in Sweden. It has been argued that the development of Swedish wind power slowed during the 1990s; by revisiting the early days of wind power, looking at resistance and support, and connecting success factors, this can be further investigated.

    Whereas earlier research pointed out institutional conditions and site-specific conditions as crucial for successful wind power development and acceptance, the picture can be made more complete by discussing how wind power projects are affected by time-specific historical conditions. In the case of Utö, these can partly be associated with a newly launched political support program that gave the project political legitimacy and added a “pioneering spirit” to the endeavor. Conversely, when wind power is not seen as “pioneering” or “experimental” any more, but as a mere industrial activity, other incentives may need to be offered to municipalities.

  • 16.
    Granath Hansson, Anna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    The Planning Process in Sweden: current debate and reform proposals2015In: Kart og Plan, ISSN 0047-3278, Vol. 75, p. 249-254Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The housing shortage in the Swedish growth regions, generally believed to originate from limited construction of new housing and the rent regulation, is deemed to be the largest threat to continued economic growth in Sweden, and leads to an unsatisfactory welfare level of many citizens. The center-right government of 2010–2014 emphasized reform of the town planning process as the major means to overcome the housing shortage. The new red-green government has continued reform on their agenda, but to date no concrete reform proposals have been put forward. The article outlines the problems related to municipal housing strategies, the town planning process and municipal land allocation and the reforms that have been implemented or are being investigated. Lastly, possible future town planning reform is discussed in light of recent political development.

  • 17.
    Gullberg, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Konkurrens och samverkan i storstaden: Bostadsmarknaden som nyckel1991In: Fragment 80-tal / [ed] Anders Gullberg, Stockholm: Nordiska institutet för samhällsplanering , 1991, p. 146-164Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Med fördelningen av bostäder till hushåll följer inte bara de variationer i boende­kostnader och förmögenhetsbildning som blivit mycket uppmärksammade i massmedia under senare år. Med fördelningen av bostäder följer också fördelningen av mycket annat av detta livets goda. Bostadsmarknaden beskrivs som ett knippe sorteringsmekanismer där en matchning sker mellan bostäder och hushåll. Det stora beroendet mellan människor i en storstad påtalas och frågan om hur bostadskrisen ska kunna lösas ges en uppfordrande formulering. 

  • 18.
    Haglund, Gabriella
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Samverkan för en åldrande befolkning: Metoder för en äldrevänlig planering inom Stockholms stad2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 19.
    Hult, Anna
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Bradley, Karin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Planning for Sharing: Providing Infrastructure for Citizens to be Makers and Sharers2017In: Planning Theory & Practice, ISSN 1464-9357, E-ISSN 1470-000X, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 597-615Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores how local authorities can develop infrastructure for collaborative consumption, i.e. sharing amongst citizens of tools, spaces and practical skills.The City of Malmo, Sweden, is used as a case study to illustrate the work with such "sharing infrastructure". Existing planning research and planning practice for sustainability generally focus on facilitating citizens to live in a more eco-friendly way in terms of housing, modes of transport, waste flows and use of green space, but do not address citizens' consumption of other material goods. This paper points to a potential role for local public planning in relation to collaborative consumption through creating sharing infrastructure, i.e. providing access to shared tools and spaces for making and repairing, thus enabling citizens to act in the city not only as consumers, but also as makers and sharers.

  • 20.
    Johansson, Nils
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies.
    Gruvdrift eller återvinning av metaller? En politisk fråga2018In: Svensk gruvpolitik i omvandling: Aktörer, kontroverser, möjliga världar / [ed] Jonas Anshelm, Simon Haikola, Björn Wallsten, Halmstad: Gidlunds förlag, 2018, p. 201-214Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Johansson, Nils
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies.
    How can conflicts, complexities and uncertainties in a circular economy be handled?: A cross European study of the institutional conditions for sewage sludge and bottom ash utilization2018Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The circulation of waste, where waste is given a new chance as a resource, can potentially replace the environmentally harmful extraction of virgin resources from the Earth crust. But at the same time, waste often contains higher levels of contamination than the corresponding material from the bedrock. Increased use of waste brings thus benefits at the global level, for example by reducing mining and carbon dioxide emissions, but at the same time, the disadvantages of increased levels of contamination affects primary locally.

    This conflict has been exemplified in this study by looking closely at two different waste residues: bottom ash and sewage sludge, which contain both resources and hazards. In Sweden, the utilization of these residues is limited. In central Europe, on the other hand, several countries demonstrate a high utilization of waste.

    The purpose of this study is to map the institutional conditions in Europe that may facilitate the use of waste, without increasing the risk. How can waste in terms of both its resources and hazards be handled in the best way? First, the challenges facing the use of bottom ash and sewage sludge are identified in Sweden. After that, the challenges are brought to Central Europe to see how they have handled the challenges in achieving a higher use of waste. Finally, the lessons learned from Europe are brought back to Sweden to discuss how the use of waste can increase through different political trajectories. The study is based on interviews with three different actors: waste producers, waste recipients and the authorities, mainly in three different countries: Sweden, Denmark and Germany.

    CHALLANGES

    • Trust in the regulation is missing. All stakeholders express that current policy for using waste in Sweden is insufficient. The policy for using bottom ashes are too strict, and for the use of sewage sludge too liberal.
    • Uncertainty about future policies. There are uncertainties about how future polices for bottom ashes and sewage sludge will be reformulated. Therefore, actors await costly investments.
    • Lack of institutional capacity. The capacity to handle resources is low, as municipalities apply the policies differently.
    • Unbalanced resources policy. Waste-based materials face much tougher requirements than conventional materials from the Earth's crust.
    • Lack of interest from the customer. Potential customers see few reasons to use waste-based material instead of conventional virgin material.
    • Available alternatives. There are other waste-based alternatives more interesting to customers than sewage sludge and bottom ash.

     

    FAVORABLE INSTITUIONAL CONDITIONS  

    • Liberal guidelines. Liberal requirements for using waste may potentially increase its use, since a larger proportion of the generated waste will fall within the regulatory requirements.
    • Strict guidelines. Strict requirements can potentially lead to increased use of waste, as reliability in the quality of the waste may increase among costumers.
    • Differentiated guidelines. The use of waste can potentially increase with a flexible regulatory framework with requirements depending on the risk and level of pollution.
    • Political will and objectives. An outspoken political vision can create the necessary predictability for involved actors to meet, invest in learning and technology.
    • Neutral and coherent resource policy. A neutral resource policy that does not differ geographically and geologically creates better market conditions for waste.
    • Cooperation between government and business. Cooperation between government and business can increase the use of waste, if the authorities support the market, while business invest in learning and technology.
    • Acceptance and customer interest. Economically favorable conditions and technical qualifications can increase costumers’ acceptance and interest in waste. 

     

    POLICY TRAJECTORIES

    How can trust in the regulation increase?

    -         Hazards in relation to masses or resources. The limit values of contaminations for using waste can either be expressed according to masses (mg/kg) or according to resources (mg/ kg P).

    -         Leaching concentrations or total concentrations. The limit values of contamination can either be measured in terms of leaching concentrations and/or total concentrations.

    -         Differentiated conditions based on the material or context. Differentiated requirements for waste can be based on the context of the use and/or on the properties of the waste.

    -         Limit values based on the risk or the waste. The limit values can be constructed based on either a risk assessment or the characteristics of the waste.

     

    How can the security increase for future policies?

    -         Bottom-up or top-down formulated policies. Policies for using waste can either be formulated between involved actors or formulated top down by authorities.

    -         End of pipe or preventive solutions. Solutions to increase the use of waste are typically either end of pipe, directing pollution away, or preventive, focusing on avoiding the generation of pollution at the source.

    -         Incremental changes or social transitions. The relationship of the solutions to the existing system can either be incremental or require a radical transformation of the system.

    -         Requirements according to capacity or risk. The requirements for using waste may be the same for all stakeholders (based on risk), or based on the capacity for investment.

     

    How can the institutional capacity for waste as a resource increase?

    -         Centralized or decentralized authority. Criteria for using waste can either be decentralized where each region sets their own criteria or be centralized, where the same rules apply across the country.

    -         Differentiated or similar policies for primary and secondary resources. The requirements for primary and secondary resources can be shared or different.

    -         Institutional fragmentation or coherence. The responsibility of primary and secondary resources are typically divided between two different ministries (industry and environment), but can be shared under the same institutional structure.

    -         Resource or waste oriented organizations. There could be tradeoffs between cleaning the flows as effective as possible and acquire residues of good quality.

    -         National or multilateral policy. Waste polices are normally a national issue, but waste is traded in the international market. Waste polices in one country might thus affect the situation in another country.

     

    How can costumers’ willingness increase?

    -         Financial compensation or investment. Compensation is often required for costumers to accept waste, but the money could also be invested upstream in preventive work, to increase the quality.

    -         Direct or indirect political governance. The authorities normally interfere in the waste market by enforcing rules, but might also become an active part on the waste market as a costumer or through public procurement.

    -         Waste as a hot topic or asleep. Despite the same scientific understanding, the use of waste seems in some region to be politically debated while in other regions the debate is missing, which could affect the acceptance of using waste.

     

    How can access to alternatives be handled?

    -         A material or social challenge. The transition to circular economy can be driven by uncertain resource availability or be a political decision.

    -         Alternatives: primary material or secondary material. Primary material with a high environmental impact can be substituted with either another primary material or by secondary material.

    -         Same or different requirements for secondary material. The requirements for using waste based resources can either be the same, like for waste used in constructions, or differ like between sewage sludge, manure and digestate.

  • 22.
    Johansson, Nils
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies.
    Christer, Forsgren
    STENA .
    Is this the end of end-of-waste?: Uncovering the space between waste and products2020In: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, ISSN 0921-3449, E-ISSN 1879-0658, Vol. 155, article id 104656Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    End-of-waste has been promoted as a potential game changer in the circular economy. But the implementation of end-of-waste has largely failed in the European Union, as it has proven difficult to agree on joint criteria. The issue has therefore been decentralized, typically all the way to local authorities, which lacks capacity to determine when waste shall cease to be waste. For the few waste types that have been given product status, the positive effects are uncertain since end-of-waste only includes waste that is already circulated. Therefore, we should shift our interest towards the unknown space between waste and products. The interpretation of this space is open for discussion, but can be opened up by policy instruments such as standards, certificate and agreements, which makes the classification of the material redundant.

  • 23.
    Johansson, Nils
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies.
    Corvellec, Hervé
    Department of Service Management and Service Studies, Lund University.
    Waste policies gone soft: An analysis of European and Swedish waste prevention plans2018In: Waste Management, ISSN 0956-053X, E-ISSN 1879-2456, Vol. 77, p. 322-332Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an analysis of European and Swedish national and municipal waste prevention plans to determine their capability of preventing the generation of waste. An analysis of the stated objectives in these waste prevention plans and the measures they propose to realize them exposes six problematic features: (1) These plans ignore what drives waste generation, such as consumption, and (2) rely as much on conventional waste management goals as they do on goals with the aim of preventing the generation of waste at the source. The Swedish national and local plans (3) focus on small waste streams, such as food waste, rather than large ones, such as industrial and commercial waste. Suggested waste prevention measures at all levels are (4) soft rather than constraining, for example, these plans focus on information campaigns rather than taxes and bans, and (5) not clearly connected to incentives and consequences for the actors involved. The responsibility for waste prevention has been (6) entrusted to non-governmental actors in the market such as companies that are then free to define which proposals suit them best rather than their being guided by planners. For improved waste prevention regulation, two strategies are proposed. First, focus primarily not on household-related waste, but on consumption and production of products with high environmental impact and toxicity as waste. Second, remove waste prevention from the waste hierarchy to make clear that, by definition, waste prevention is not about the management of waste.

    The full text will be freely available from 2020-04-30 12:54
  • 24.
    Johansson, Nils
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Krook, Joakim
    Eklund, Mats
    The institutional capacity for a resource transition: A critical review of Swedish governmental commissions on landfill mining2017In: Environmental Science and Policy, ISSN 1462-9011, E-ISSN 1873-6416, Vol. 70, p. 46-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recycling of minerals from waste deposits could potentially double the recycling flows while offering an opportunity to address the many problematic landfills. However, this type of activity, i.e., landfill mining, brings many advantages, risks and uncertainties and lacks economic feasibility. Therefore, we investigate the capacity of the Swedish authorities to navigate the environmental, resource, and economic conditions of landfill mining and their attitude to support such radical recycling alternatives towards a resource transition.

    By analyzing three governmental commissions on landfill mining, we show how the authorities seem unable to embrace the complexity of the concept. When landfill mining is framed as a remediation activity the authorities are positive in support, but when it is framed as a mining activity the authorities are negative. Landfill mining is evaluated based on how conventional practices work, with one and only one purpose: to extract resources or remediation. That traditional mining was a starting point in the evaluation becomes particularly obvious when the resource potential shall be evaluated. The resource potential of landfills is assessed based on metals with a high occurrence in the bedrock. If the potential instead had been based on metals with low incidence in the Swedish bedrock, the potential would have been found in the human built environment.

    Secondary resources in landfills seem to lack an institutional affiliation, since the institutional arrangements that are responsible for landfills primarily perceive them as pollution, while the institutions responsible for resources, on the other hand, assume them to be found in the bedrock. Finally, we suggest how the institutional capacity for a resource transition can increase by the introduction of a broader approach when evaluating emerging alternatives and a new institutional order.

  • 25. Kleiman, F.
    et al.
    Janssen, M.
    Meijer, Sebastiaan
    KTH.
    Serious gaming for developing open government data policies by local governments2018In: ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2018, p. 702-703Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Developing open government by local government is cumbersome. Many local governments have no policies or are struggling to develop policies enabling to create value from open data. Policy-making is challenging due to the wicked nature of many policy problems, unclear objectives, and the involvement of diverse stakeholders. At the same time governments are opening their policy-making processes for participation by citizens and private companies. The goal of this paper is to present the structure of a game to increase the understanding of open-data policies by local governments. Open Data Policies are aimed at making public data available to be accessed and used by civil society. The game participants can experience the implications of various policies. This should help them to developed better policies.

  • 26.
    Kourtit, Karima
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Marinescu, M. M.
    Nijkamp, P.
    Multi-actor analysis of metropolitan performance indicators2015In: The Rise of the City: Spatial Dynamics in the Urban Century, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 117-134Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Kourtit, Karima
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Nijkamp, P.
    Stough, R. R.
    Introduction2015In: The Rise of the City: Spatial Dynamics in the Urban Century, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 1-12Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Kourtit, Karima
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Nijkamp, P.
    Stough, R. R.
    The rise of the city: Spatial dynamics in the urban century2015Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book examines urban growth and the dynamics that are transforming the city and city regions in the 21st century focusing specifically on the spatial aspects of this process in the "Urban Century". Forces that are driving city growth include agglomeration spillovers, concentration of innovation and entrepreneurship, diversity of information and knowledge resources, and better amenities and higher wages. These benefits produce a positive reinforcing system that attracts more people with new ideas and information, fuelling innovation, new products and services and more high-wage jobs, thereby attracting more people. Such growth also produces undesirable effects such as air and water pollution, poverty, congestion and crowding. These combined factors both impact and change the geography and spatial dynamics of the city. These transformations and the public policies that may be critical to the quality of life, both today and in the future, are the substance of this book.

  • 29. Larsson, Allan
    et al.
    Kordas, Olga
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.
    Anneroth, Mikael
    Rapport från möten i EU-kommissionen och Europaparlamentet: 9-10 APRIL 2018 INFO 2018:22018Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 30.
    Liedholm Johnson, Eva
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management.
    Ericsson, Magnus
    Löf, Anton
    Tan, Sofia (Editor)
    Tillstånd och miljöprövning för att öppna gruvor: en internationell utblick2016Report (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Mehaffy, Michael W.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Center for the Future of Places.
    Elmlund, Peter
    Farrell, Kyle
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Correction to: Implementing the New Urban Agenda: the central role of public space (URBAN DESIGN International, (2019), 24, 1, (4-6), 10.1057/s41289-018-0063-2)2019In: Urban Design International, ISSN 1357-5317, E-ISSN 1468-4519, Vol. 24, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the second paragraph in the second column on page 2 beginning “1. How important are public spaces as engines of human well-being, economic development and social justice, and what are the threats to them, especially from private interests?” the following sentence has been removed: “Setha Low also points to a worrisome diminution of the capacity of public spaces to promote social justice and diversity, replaced by a “politics of exclusion”.” On page 3 of the final sentence of the first paragraph “Ali Madanipour and Setha Low again warn of the danger of unequal access when private sector actors have increasing control over public spaces” has been replaced by “Ali Madanipour again warns of the danger of unequal access when private sector actors have increasing control over public spaces”. 

  • 32.
    Mätzke, Margitta
    et al.
    Johannes Kepler University, Inst of Politics and Social Policy.
    Anttonen, Anneli
    University of Tampere, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Brokking, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Javornik, Jana
    University of East London, Sociology and Social Policy.
    Public Policy Conceptions: Priorities of Social Service Provision in Europe2017In: Social Services Disrupted: Changes, Challenges and Policy Implications for Europe in Times of Austerity / [ed] Flavia Martinelli, Anneli Anttonen and Margitta Mätzke, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017, p. 71-91Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Müller, Oskar
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Mellankommunal kommunikation: En studie av samarbetet kring gröna kilar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 34. Naldi, Lucia
    et al.
    Nilsson, Pia
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Wixe, Sofia
    What is smart rural development?2015In: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 40, p. 90-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2010, the European Union adopted the notion 'smart' in its new ten-year growth strategy Europe 2020 stating that Europe should become a smart, sustainable, and inclusive economy. The broad and policy-oriented concepts of smart growth and smart development are part of the strategy introduced as a response to the observed low growth rates of innovation and productivity across European regions. In all its essence, the growth strategy states that smart growth supports sustainable development, which is achieved by promoting research, innovation, and knowledge in order to attain regional economic growth. What is made less clear is how the concept of smart growth can be translated to fit a diverse set of rural regions. Other outstanding issues discussed in this paper relate to the possibility to measure and empirically address the outcome of policies for smart rural development. Hence, in this paper we conceptually analyse and bring together the ideas that underlie the logic behind policies for smart growth by focusing on smart growth from the perspective of rural regions. The paper also presents indicators of smart rural development and analyses their relevance in future empirical studies. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 35.
    Newlove-Eriksson, Lindy
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.). Swedish Def Univ, Dept Polit Sci, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Accountability and Patchwork Governance in Urban Rail Interchanges: Junctions of London Crossrail and Stockholm City Line ComparedIn: Public Works Management & Policy, ISSN 1087-724X, E-ISSN 1552-7549Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How is accountability in safety management affected in and by public-private urban multiroute stations? To help address this question, major interchanges with newly tunneled lines in London and Stockholm are studied: Stratford station and Stockholm Station City. Differences in origin, national and regional significance, and specific governance features of these megaprojects are identified. Accountability in safety management appears more critiqued in the Swedish case, possibly related to comparatively higher attention to particularities of this "bottleneck" national nexus. Wrought with albeit less visible geographical and geological constraints, the comparative magnitude of London and acclimatization to projects has explanatory value. Similarity in the patchwork of public-private actors, implying fragmented governance jeopardizing accountability is observed in both cases. Both megaprojects span decades, with turnover and lack of institutional memory posing further challenges for accountability and safety. A major finding is that, complementary to standard risk analysis, accountability in the governance of infrastructural megaprojects begs improvement.

  • 36.
    Newlove-Eriksson, Lindy
    et al.
    KTH. Swedish Defence University (SEDU), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Giacomello, G.
    Eriksson, J.
    The Invisible Hand?: Critical Information Infrastructures, Commercialisation and National Security2018In: The International Spectator: Italian Journal of International Affairs, ISSN 0393-2729, E-ISSN 1751-9721, Vol. 53, no 2, p. 124-140Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Corporatisation of critical information infrastructure (CII) is rooted in the ‘privatisation wave’ of the 1980s-90s, when the ground was laid for outsourcing public utilities. Despite well-known risks relating to reliability, resilience, and accountability, commitment to efficiency imperatives have driven governments to outsource key public services and infrastructures. A recent illustrative case with enormous implications is the 2017 Swedish ICT scandal, where outsourcing of CII caused major security breaches. With the transfer of the Swedish Transport Agency’s ICT system to IBM and subcontractors, classified data and protected identities were made accessible to non-vetted foreign private employees–sensitive data could thus now be in anyone’s hands. This case clearly demonstrates accountability gaps that can arise in public-private governance of CII.

  • 37.
    Olsson, Linda
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Hjalmarsson, Linnea
    Tema T, Linköping University.
    Wikström, Martina
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology, Energy Processes.
    Larsson, Mårten
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology, Energy Processes.
    Bridging the implementation gap: Combining backcasting and policy analysis to study renewable energy in urban road transport2015In: Transport Policy, ISSN 0967-070X, E-ISSN 1879-310X, Vol. 37, p. 72-82Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper combines backcasting and policy analysis to identify the opportunities for and barriers to the increased use of renewable energy and energy-effcient vehicles in an urban road transport system, namely, that of Stockholm, Sweden, in 2030. The combination of methods could bridge the implementation gap between scenario-based research and actual policy implementation and thus increase the chances of research being implemented in practise. In the case study, backcasting identifies a need for diverse fuels and vehicles and for immediate policy action. However, analysis of policy integration demonstrates that such action is unlikely given current policy structures. The fundamental lack of integration between energy and transport policy obstructs measures to increase the use of renewable fuels and more energy-effcient vehicles, which in turn obstructs the reduction of CO2 emissions from transport. The combination of backcasting and policy analysis is demonstrated to improve our under- standing of the prerequisites for transitioning to a system based on renewable energy, and could thus be useful in further research.

  • 38.
    Raghothama, Jayanth
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Health Care Logistics.
    Meijer, Sebastiaan
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Health Care Logistics.
    Complexity and Context: Meta-requirements for Simulation GamesIn: Simulation and Gaming, ISSN 10468781Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Simulations and models mediate between actors, and between actors and reality. Researching their context of use in policy making and their interpretation by policy makers is essential, since it might lead to different requirements and considerations for a modeler and the modeling process. 

     

    Aim. In this article, we investigate and attempt to define the demands and requirements policy makers might have from simulation models, especially in the context of decision making in complex systems. Another goal of this article is to contribute to the ongoing discussion on fidelity and validity, and their relationship with representation of systems in models.

     

    Method. Policy makers have expert knowledge of the systems they work with, as well as considerable experience in working with analytical tools such as simulations that provide them with evidence to support their policy processes. As potential clients and users of simulations, the reflections of 18 policy makers on the use of simulations are triggered through structured, play based exploration of a systems dynamics model. The system dynamics model simulates is specific to the local context and simulates the region they work in. It is implemented within Democracy 3, a commercially available game. This model is explored through game play in a workshop. Through forms and debriefing, insights were gathered from the players’ reflections on the use of models and simulations in policy practice.

     

    Results. Our results point to different requirements from policy makers on simulations and models. Policy makers prefer complete, open models which are flexible and facilitate exploration. Results also demonstrate the linked nature of fidelity and validity. 

  • 39.
    Rosander, Lilly
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Project Communication.
    Kadefors, Anna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Project Communication.
    FROM PROJECT TO POLICY: IMPLEMENTING A COLLABORATIVE PROCUREMENT STRATEGY IN A PUBLIC CLIENT ORGANIZATION2019In: Proceedings of the 35th Annual ARCOM Conference: 2-4 September 2019, Leeds, UK / [ed] Gorse, C and Neilson, C J, 2019, p. 750-759Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Following urbanization and higher sustainability goals, large and complex

    infrastructure construction projects are becoming more common. New collaborative

    contracting models are increasingly used to tackle this complexity and uncertainty. In

    a public context, collaborative contracting may be seen as an international trend in

    public policy, which is implemented in projects by public clients world-wide. Since a

    few years, the Swedish Transport Administration recommends that a two-stage Early

    Contractor Involvement should be used for very large and complex projects. This

    paper analyses the implementation of this model in two sub-projects in a large

    Swedish infrastructure project based on policy implementation literature. Altogether

    24 interviews were performed in two rounds, capturing both early expectations and

    experiences gained after the contracts had been signed. Participants expressed

    positive attitudes to the new collaborative project practices. However, the

    implementation process was characterized by ambiguity and many issues about

    staffing, collaboration processes, target cost estimations, responsibilities and design

    output were left to the projects to resolve. The study shows how conflicting policies

    and high project-level autonomy combine to counteract organizational learning and

    homogenization of practices in this field.

  • 40.
    Rosén, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering.
    Edström, Kristina
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Learning.
    Borglund, Dan
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Learning, Organisation and leadership.
    Kuttenkeuler, Jakob
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering.
    Hallström, Stefan
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering.
    Garme, Karl
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering.
    Programmål inom den nya utbildningsstrukturen på KTH2010Report (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Sjögårde, Peter
    et al.
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Department for Library services, Language and ARC, Library, Publication Infrastructure.
    Karlsson, Staffan
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Department for Library services, Language and ARC, Library, Publication Infrastructure.
    Bibliometrisk benchmarking av KTH: KTH jämfört med 20 tekniska universitet i världen2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    KTH jämförs här med 20 andra universitet i syfte att identifiera KTH:s styrkor och svagheter ur ett bibliometriskt perspektiv och därmed bättre förstå KTH:s placering på internationella rankinglistor. Ämnesurvalet är begränsat till teknikämnen, fysik, matematik och kemi. Bland KTH:s starka sidor kan nämnas att KTH har en hög andel av publikationerna baserade på internationellt samarbete och att KTH:s publikationer baserade på stora samarbetsnärverk citeras mycket väl. För publikationer med mer än 100 författare har KTH det fjärde högsta citeringsmedelvärdet bland de 21 jämförda universiteten. Denna grupp publikationer domineras nästan totalt (till 98 %) av fysik. För fysikpublikationerna totalt återfinns dock KTH strax under mitten av de jämförda universiteten (på position 14 av 21 jämförda). Detta mönster, ett medelmåttigt citeringsgenomslag på publikationer där antalet författare inte är extremt stort (mindre än 100 författare) och än mer så när alla författare dessutom är svenska kan utpekas som en av KTH:s svagheter. Medelciteringen av nationella publikationer det vill säga sådana där alla författaradresserna är svenska, har KTH det fjärde sämsta värdet. Flera av de mest framgångrika universiteten (bland annat DTU) karaktäriseras av att publikationer med få författare utan internationell författarskara citeras i stort sett lika högt som internationella samarbeten. De ämnen där KTH uppvisar den lägsta medelciteringen är nationella publikationerna i Computer Science, matematik och materialvetenskap (baserad på fraktionerad summering). Två av dessa ämnen är dock små (Computer Science och matematik) och de har ingen stor effekt på citeringsmedelvärdet för alla KTH:s publikationer. Ett resultat av den stora skillnaden i citeringsgenomslag mellan stora samarbeten och publikationer med några få författare gör att KTH påverkas relativt mycket av om statistiken fraktionaliseras (delas upp mellan alla författaraddresser som anges på en publikation). För samtliga citeringsvärden som presenteras här sjunker KTH:s rankposition bland de jämförda universiteten två till fyra positioner när viktat statistik används jämfört med ej viktat (så kallade ”full counts”). Ämnesmässigt är fysik och kemi KTH:s starkaste ämnen (fysik ligger högt enbart om statistiken baseras på ej viktat summering). Även inom dessa ämnen återfinns KTH i mitten bland de jämförda universiteten med rankposition sju till 19 beroende på ämne och summeringsmetod. Jämfört med de andra universiteten i studien har KTH en viss ämnesmässig specialisering mot materialvetenskap, men citeringsmässigt har nästan alla andra universitet högre citeringsvärden inom detta område: KTH rankposition är 18 eller 20 beroende på summeringsmetod. Skillnaderna mellan KTH och till exempel DTU, ETH och EPFL är inte unika för just dessa universitet. Samma mönster återfinns om Sveriges alla publikationer jämförs med de från Danmark eller Schweiz. Det går alltså inte enkelt att peka ut något enstaka ämne eller annan grupp som ”förklaring” till varför KTH inte kommer bättre ut ur jämförelsen. Men bidragande orsaker är ett relativt lågt citeringsgenomslag för nationellt producerade publikationer eller publikationer med få författare oberoende av ämne. KTH har också relativt få högciterade publikationer (bland topp 10 % eller topp 1 %) framförallt när viktad summering används. För att komma i närheten av de allra främsta universiteten, som till exempel DTU, måste KTH:s citeringsgenomslag förbättras markant på alla fronter. Vi redovisar ingen statistik över förändringar över tiden i denna rapport men andra studier har nyligen visat på en vikande trend för Sverige framförallt inom ingenjörsvetenskaperna.

  • 42.
    Sjögårde, Peter
    et al.
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Department for Library services, Language and ARC, Library, Publication Infrastructure.
    Karlsson, Staffan
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Department for Library services, Language and ARC, Library, Publication Infrastructure.
    Ahlgren, Per
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Department for Library services, Language and ARC, Library, Publication Infrastructure.
    Östling, Per-Anders
    KTH.
    Projektrapport: Fördjupande studie av KTH:s publikationskultur med högre citering som mål2014Report (Other academic)
  • 43.
    South, Andrew
    et al.
    Stanford Univ, Civil & Environm Engn, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Eriksson, Kent
    KTH. Abo Akad Univ, Turku, Finland..
    Levitt, Raymond
    Stanford Univ, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    How Infrastructure Public-Private Partnership Projects Change Over Project Development Phases2018In: Project Management Journal, ISSN 8756-9728, E-ISSN 1938-9507, Vol. 49, no 4, p. 62-80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research adds to work on the development of infrastructure public-private partnership projects (P3s), which is a rapidly growing mode of infrastructure service delivery. Infrastructure P3 projects typically have a long life cycle, but little is understood about the nature of the changes that such a project goes through over the phases of its life cycle. This article contributes to project research as it studies the changes that an infrastructure P3 project goes through over its life cycle and suggests how those changes can be governed over the life cycle of the project. The research is empirically informed from an in-depth case study of a highway transportation P3 in California over a 20-year period. This research shows that the developmental phases of P3s differ by dramatic changes in the composition of stakeholder networks and the use of institutional logic. First, employing social network analysis (SNA), we map the network of stakeholders in the P3 case and show how the stakeholder network changes over four phases. Second, we identify how different stakeholders use formal and informal institutional logic in their interactions, and demonstrate that the dominant institutional logic employed in the P3 changes from informal to formal over the P3's life cycle. We further show how this change in the P3's dominant institutional logic corresponds to the dynamism in the stakeholder network. We propose that infrastructure P3s should be analyzed and governed as the dynamic arrangements they areconstellations of stakeholders that change individually and undergo change collectively over a long life cycle of different phases.

  • 44.
    Suleiman, Lina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    A Policy Framework for Governing Water ServicesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The scholarly work shows that the success of the water privatization in the provision of universal water services is questioned and the assumed superiority regarding the efficiency of the private sector is contested. Experiences have also shown that public water operators have succeeded where an effective policy framework and appropriate governance arrangements exist. Supported by lessons learned from water management practices and experiences, both past and present, this paper argues that certain key principles are necessary in order to develop a general policy framework for improving water services. The paper argues that municipal water services should be provided by an autonomous state authority with some degree of decentralization that base its strategy on the recognition of the rights of citizens to municipal water services and the political commitment to fulfil this right. Additionally, water services should be integrated and managed holistically, based on non-profit cost recovery principles and should be open to public participation and public steering with regard to policymaking. The paper finally tests this framework by examining the perceptions of the actors involved in the decision-making process with regard to integrating the private sector in the case study carried out in Accra, Ghana; it shows that these perceptions correspond to the principles stipulated herein for an effective water utility.

  • 45.
    Suleiman, Lina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Land and Water Resources Engineering.
    Privatisation of Jordan’s Capital Water Utility: Assessment and Evaluation of Water supply and Wastewater Services of Amman Governorate2002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 46.
    Suleiman, Lina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Van Well, Lisa
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Gustafsson, Jan-Erik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Land and Water Resources Engineering, Water Management.
    Governance of the Amman Water Utility2005In: / [ed] Konstantinos P. Tsagarakis, Routledge, 2005, p. 53-65Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1993 The World Bank assisted the Ministry of Water and Irrigation of Jordan in updating the water sector review and thus began the process of Private Sector Participation (PSP) for service provision. In this paper, three years of privatisation of water and wastewater services is examined and investigated from the stakeholder (input) and the consumer (output) perspective. The goal of the study is to assess the changes that have been taken place to date in relation to the principles of good governance. The results from interviews with stakeholders and questionnaires to consumers show that the privatisation process is so far only showing a few signs of “good” governance. 

  • 47.
    Suleiman, Rebieh
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Van Well, Lisa
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Gustafsson, Jan-Erik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Land and Water Resources Engineering, Water Management.
    Governance of the Amman Water Utility2008In: Development in Practice, ISSN 0961-4524, E-ISSN 1364-9213, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 53-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1993 the World Bank assisted the Ministry of Water and Irrigation of Jordan in updating areview of the water sector, and thus began the process of Private Sector Participation (PSP) inservice provision to improve the efficiency of the water sector and wastewater services. In thisarticle, the privatisation of water and wastewater services is examined from the perspectives ofstakeholders (input) and consumers (output). The goal is to assess the changes that have beentaking place to date in relation to the principles of good governance. The results from interviewswith stakeholders and from consumer questionnaires show that the privatisationprocess has to date shown only a few signs of ‘good’ governance. Despite the range of stakeholdersinvolved, the state remains responsible for designing a good-governance approach thatis responsive to the concerns and interests of all stakeholders.

  • 48.
    Sörlin, Sverker
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Forskningsinstitut2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Sörlin, Sverker
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Myt och verklighet i forskningspolitiken2012Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 50.
    Sörlin, Sverker
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Perspektiv på kunskapspolitiken2012Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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