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  • 1.
    Abraham, Jonatan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Crime and safety in rural areas: A systematic review of the English-language literature 1980-20202022In: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 94, p. 250-273Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the nature and frequency of crimes and people's safety perceptions in rural areas using a systematic review of the literature. It explores four decades of English-language publications on crime and safety in rural areas from several major databases; mainly Scopus, JSTOR and ScienceDirect. The number of retrieved documents was 840, of which 410 were selected for in-depth analysis and their topics later categorized by theme. We found that rural crime research took off after the mid-1980s and experienced an increase during the 2010s. Despite the domination by North American, British and Australian scholarship, studies from other parts of the world (including the Global South) are increasingly being published as well. Publications on rural crime patterns (e.g., farm crime) compose over one-fifth of the reviewed literature. This together with rural policing/criminal justice and violence constitute the three largest themes in rural criminology research. With ever-increasing links between the local and the global, this review article advocates for tailored multilevel responses to rural crimes that, more than ever, are generated by processes far beyond their localities.

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    fulltext
  • 2.
    Abshirini, Ehsan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Geoinformatics.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Urban Design.
    Legeby, Ann
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Urban Design.
    Flood Resilient Cities: A Syntactic and Metric Novel on Measuring the Resilience of Cities against Flooding, Gothenburg, Sweden2017In: Journal of Geographic Information System, ISSN 2151-1950, E-ISSN 2151-1969, Vol. 9, p. 505-534Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Flooding is one of the most destructive natural disasters which have rapidly been growing in frequency and intensity all over the world. In this view, assessment of the resilience of the city against such disturbances is of high necessity in order to significantly mitigate the disaster effects of flooding on the city structures and the human lives. The aim of this paper is to develop a method to assess the resilience of a river city (the city of Gothenburg in Sweden), which is prone to flood Hazard, against such disturbances. By simulating flood inundation with different return periods, in the first step, the areas of impact are determined. To assess the resilience, two different methods are followed. One is a syntactic method grounded in the foreground network in space syntax theory and the other is based on measuring accessibility to the essential amenities in the city. In the first method, similarity and sameness parameters are defined to quantitatively measure the syntactic resilience in the city. In the next step, accessibility to amenities and the minimum distance to amenities before and after each disturbance is measured. The results, in general, show that such disturbances affect the city structure and the resilience of the city differently. For instance, the city is more resilient after flooding ac- cording to accessibility measures. This clearly means that the answer to the question of resilience is mainly dependent on “resilience of what and for what.”

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    Abshirini et al - Flood Resilient Cities
  • 3. Adam, F.
    et al.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping, Sweden .
    Introduction: The meaning and importance of socio-cultural context for innovation performance2013In: Innovation in Socio-Cultural Context, Taylor & Francis, 2013, p. 1-21Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Adolphson, Marcus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Kernel densities and mixed functionality in a multicentred urban region2010In: Environment and Planning, B: Planning and Design, ISSN 0265-8135, E-ISSN 1472-3417, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 550-566Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Interurban-level focus during the last decade has shifted from the compact city towards a polycentric urban framework. The ability to define consistent urban structures and also link them with sustainability goals has been hindered by inconsistent evaluation methods for density and mixed functionality in a polycentric framework. The aim of this research is to test and combine various methods from these perspectives in order to define more reliable and consistent descriptions of urban structures. The methods used are spatial-density modelling using kernel convolution, a polycentric density estimation, and methods depicting mixed functionality and the association between density and mixed functionality. The empirical findings relate to planning goals at both national and international level. The study region is the municipality of Strangnas, within the Stockholm City Region since 1997. Results from the analysis reveal urban development towards further segregated land use and sprawl, as well as a decreasing link with a polycentric urban scheme. The methods developed for depicting urban form could be useful tools in the planning process and may reinforce the possibility for analysing links between urban form and sustainability aspects. This improved knowledge in turn could contribute towards formulating future planning principles.

  • 5.
    Adolphson, Marcus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Spatial Lifestyle Clusters and Access to the City: Evidence from the Stockholm Region2022In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, no 21, p. 14261-, article id 14261Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the distribution of social infrastructure (accessibility to services and job opportunities) in a perspective of spatial lifestyle stratification in the Stockholm region. The study is based on a questionnaire completed by 1160 respondents, capturing individual data on attitudes, lifestyles and demography, and urban morphological qualities developed from high resolution register data. The spatial social stratification is based on a spatial cluster analysis on six lifestyles: highly success-oriented; success-oriented with high work ethics; conscious young and elder; people with weak motivations; designers; and middle-class bourgeois. They are spatially distributed in eight overlapping spatial clusters, namely: highly success-oriented and socially mixed central inner city; designers' inner suburbia; socially mixed inner suburbia; middle-class bourgeois suburbia; highly success-oriented suburbia; conscious young-elder suburbia; socially mixed exurbia; and socially mixed rurality. It turns out that people characterized by weak motivation lifestyle (low income, low education level, not success oriented, etc.) are the most negatively affected lifestyle cluster concerning accessibility to jobs and service. A total of 45% of the 'weak motivation lifestyle' respondents reside in 'socially mixed exurbia' and 'socially mixed rurality'. They experience less than 20% of social infrastructure compared to, in this respect, the most privileged spatial lifestyle cluster, the 'highly success-oriented and socially mixed central inner city' cluster. Still, surprisingly, this 'weak motivation' lifestyle is also concentrated in the 'socially mixed inner suburbia' cluster. One reason for this dual spatial concentration might be the Swedish rental policy, linked to residential use-values and a queuing system, instead of exchange values. This policy allows for a complex spatial social stratification influenced by a range of factors (lifestyle and attitudes among others), and not merely income.

  • 6.
    Adolphson, Marcus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Urban morphology, lifestyles and work-related travel behaviour: Evidence from the Stockholm region2022In: Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives, ISSN 2590-1982, Vol. 16, article id 100706Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The possibility of attaining environmental and social goals through urban and regional planning has long been the subject of research and debate. The current research investigates the precise relations between urban morphology, lifestyles, social-psychological aspects and work-related travel behaviour in terms of travel distance and travel mode. The study area is the Stockholm region. Travel distance and mode were linked to explanatory variables by linear and multinomial regression methods. Results from this study in the form of marginal effects show that urban morphology and demographics have a substantial influence on travel behaviour. However, lifestyles, attitudes and ideologies have significant influence as well. Travel distance is foremost influenced by attitude to travel distance and occupation. Travel mode is foremost influenced by distance to public transport facility and gender. Urban morphology, a designer lifestyle and ideological concerns regarding ecology matter as well. Thus, sustainable travel behaviours can be promoted by spatial planning. As other factors – attitudes, lifestyles and ideologies – also have a substantial influence, the possibilities and limitations of planning to contribute to a sustainable society should be further debated and if possible – clarified.

  • 7.
    Ahlin, Lina
    et al.
    Lund Univ, CIRCLE, Lund, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Dept Econ, Lund, Sweden..
    Andersson, Martin
    Lund Univ, CIRCLE, Lund, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Dept Econ, Lund, Sweden.;Blekinge Inst Technol BTH, Dept Ind Econ, SE-37179 Karlskrona, Sweden.;Res Inst Ind Econ IFN, Stockholm, Sweden.;Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Accounting, Finance & Changes. Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Human capital sorting: The "when" and "who" of the sorting of educated workers to urban regions2018In: Journal of regional science, ISSN 0022-4146, E-ISSN 1467-9787, Vol. 58, no 3, p. 581-610Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The sorting of high-ability workers is often advanced as one source of spatial disparities in economic outcomes. There are still few papers that analyze when human capital sorting occurs and whom it involves. Using data on 16 cohorts of university graduates in Sweden, we demonstrate significant sorting to urban regions on high school grades and education levels of parents, i.e., two attributes typically associated with latent abilities that are valued in the labor market. A large part of this sorting has already occurred in deciding where to study, because the top universities in Sweden are predominantly located in urban regions. The largest part of directed sorting on ability indicators occurs in the decision of where to study. Even after controlling for sorting prior to labor market entry, the best and brightest are still more likely to start working in urban regions. However, this effect appears to be driven by Sweden's main metropolitan region, Stockholm. We find no influence of our ability indicators on the probability of starting to work in urban regions after graduation when Stockholm is excluded. Studies of human capital sorting need to account for selection processes to and from universities, because neglecting mobility prior to labor market entry is likely to lead to an underestimation of the extent of the sorting to urban regions.

  • 8.
    Alfredsson, Bo
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Engineering Mechanics, Vehicle Engineering and Solid Mechanics, Solid Mechanics.
    Wiman, Jan
    Planning in Sweden2017In: Reshaping Regional Planning: A Northern Perspective, Taylor & Francis Group, 2017, p. 15-21Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In principle, there is a municipal planning monopoly in Sweden, and the planning system is therefore basically designed for the municipalities. All municipalities must have a comprehensive plan that covers their entire area of responsibility. Although the plan is not binding, it must be kept up to date. The detailed development plan is a legally binding, executive planning instrument - a legal agreement between the municipality, the public and landowners - that makes it possible for the intentions of the comprehensive plan to be implemented. Special area regulations are also binding, and this form of planning is used within limited areas to guarantee compliance with certain comprehensive plan goals. A property regulation plan may be used to facilitate implementation of the detailed development plan. For the planning of matters that are of mutual interest to several municipalities, the national government may appoint a regional planning body with the task of monitoring regional questions and providing basic planning data for municipalities and Government authorities.

  • 9.
    Aliabad, Fahime Arabi
    et al.
    Yazd Univ, Fac Nat Resources & Desert Studies, Dept Arid Land Management, Yazd 8915818411, Iran..
    Malamiri, Hamid Reza Ghafarian
    Yazd Univ, Dept Geog, Yazd 8915818411, Iran.;Delft Univ Technol, Dept Geosci & Engn, NL-2628 CD Delft, Netherlands..
    Shojaei, Saeed
    Univ Tehran, Fac Nat Resources, Dept Arid & Mt Reg Reclamat, Tehran 1417935840, Iran..
    Sarsangi, Alireza
    Univ Tehran, Fac Geog, Dept Remote Sensing & GIS, Tehran 1417935840, Iran..
    Ferreira, Carla Sofia Santos
    Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, Dept Phys Geog, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Polytech Inst Coimbra, Agr Sch Coimbra, Res Ctr Nat Resources Environm & Soc CERNAS, P-3045601 Coimbra, Portugal..
    Kalantari, Zahra
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Water and Environmental Engineering. Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, Dept Phys Geog, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Investigating the Ability to Identify New Constructions in Urban Areas Using Images from Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, Google Earth, and Sentinel-22022In: Remote Sensing, E-ISSN 2072-4292, Vol. 14, no 13, article id 3227Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the main problems in developing countries is unplanned urban growth and land use change. Timely identification of new constructions can be a good solution to mitigate some environmental and social problems. This study examined the possibility of identifying new constructions in urban areas using images from unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), Google Earth and Sentinel-2. The accuracy of the land cover map obtained using these images was investigated using pixel-based processing methods (maximum likelihood, minimum distance, Mahalanobis, spectral angle mapping (SAM)) and object-based methods (Bayes, support vector machine (SVM), K-nearest-neighbor (KNN), decision tree, random forest). The use of DSM to increase the accuracy of classification of UAV images and the use of NDVI to identify vegetation in Sentinel-2 images were also investigated. The object-based KNN method was found to have the greatest accuracy in classifying UAV images (kappa coefficient = 0.93), and the use of DSM increased the classification accuracy by 4%. Evaluations of the accuracy of Google Earth images showed that KNN was also the best method for preparing a land cover map using these images (kappa coefficient = 0.83). The KNN and SVM methods showed the highest accuracy in preparing land cover maps using Sentinel-2 images (kappa coefficient = 0.87 and 0.85, respectively). The accuracy of classification was not increased when using NDVI due to the small percentage of vegetation cover in the study area. On examining the advantages and disadvantages of the different methods, a novel method for identifying new rural constructions was devised. This method uses only one UAV imaging per year to determine the exact position of urban areas with no constructions and then examines spectral changes in related Sentinel-2 pixels that might indicate new constructions in these areas. On-site observations confirmed the accuracy of this method.

  • 10. Allakulov, Umrbek
    et al.
    Cocciolo, Serena
    Das, Binayak
    Habib, Md. Ahasan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Water and Environmental Engineering. NGO Forum for Public Health, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Rambjer, Lovisa
    Tompsett, Anna
    Transparency, governance, and water and sanitation: Experimental evidence from schools in rural Bangladesh2023In: Journal of Development Economics, ISSN 0304-3878, E-ISSN 1872-6089, Vol. 163, article id 103082Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Can transparency interventions improve WASH service provision? We use a randomized experiment to evaluate the impacts of a transparency intervention, a deliberative multi-stakeholder workshop initiated with a community scorecard exercise, in schools in rural Bangladesh. To measure impacts, we combine survey data, direct observations, and administrative data. The intervention leads to moderate but consistent improvements in knowledge of WASH standards and practices, and institutions for WASH service management, but does not improve school WASH service provision or change WASH facility use patterns. Drawing on rich descriptive data, we suggest several reasons why the intervention we evaluate did not improve WASH service outcomes and propose ways to improve the design of future interventions.

  • 11.
    Anderson, Pippin
    et al.
    University of Cape Town.
    Charles-Dominique, Tristan
    University of Cape Town.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    Department of Geography, The University of Manchester; African Centre for Cities, University of Cape Town.
    Andersson, Erik
    Stockholm University.
    Goodness, Julie
    Stockholm University.
    Post-apartheid ecologies in the City of Cape Town: An examination of plant functional traits in relation to urban gradients2020In: Landscape and Urban Planning, ISSN 0169-2046, E-ISSN 1872-6062, Vol. 193, p. 1-10, article id 103662Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we explore species richness and traits across two urban gradients in the City of Cape Town. The first is the natural-urban boundary and the second is a socio-economic gradient informed by historical race-based apartheid planning. Plant species and cover were recorded in 156 plots sampled from conservation areas, private gardens, and public open green space. The socio-economic gradient transitioned from wealthier, predominantly white neighbourhoods to poorer, pre- dominantly black neighbourhoods. The socio-economic gradient was selected to fall within one original vegetation type to ensure a consistent biophysical template. There is a marked shift between the natural and urban plant communities in the City of Cape Town, with little structural affinity. Urban landscapes are dominated by grass, with low diversity compared to natural counterparts. A significant ecological gradient of reduced biodiversity, traits, and in turn functionality, was found across the socio-economic gradient. Wealthier communities benefit from more private green space, more public green space, and a greater plant diversity. Poorer communities have limited green space on all fronts, and lower plant and trait diversity. Plant communities with limited diversity are less resilient and if exposed to environmental perturbation would lose species, and associated ecosystem services faster than a species rich community. These species-poor plant communities mirror historical apartheid planning that is resistant to change. Based on how biodiversity, functionality, and associated ecosystem services and ecosystem stability are linked, the results of this study suggests how significant environmental injustice persists in the City of Cape Town.

  • 12. Andersson, A. E.
    et al.
    Andersson, D. E.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Hårsman, Björn
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Location and spatial clustering of artists2014In: Regional Science and Urban Economics, ISSN 0166-0462, E-ISSN 1879-2308, Vol. 47, no 1, p. 128-137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Surveys of artists' location choices show that they disproportionately reside in large cities. This paper introduces a model that attempts to explain this urban preference. The model includes four factors: access to other artists; access to consumer demand; access to service jobs; and housing affordability. These four factors are combined in a spatial equilibrium model. An equilibrium spatial distribution of artists is derived from the model and is correlated with the actual distribution among Swedish municipalities. Subsequently, the model is used for an econometric estimation of factor effects. The results show that access to other artists and local access to service jobs are important localization factors. Educated labor used as a proxy for consumer demand has a significant effect on artists' location choices.

  • 13.
    Andersson, Roland
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Wilhelmsson, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Universities, knowledge transfer and regional development: Geography, entrepreneurship and policy2012In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 91, no 2, p. 477-479Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Annadotter, Kerstin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management.
    Werner, Inga Britt
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE).
    Kriminalitet och Samverkan i Dalen och Östberga: Arbetsrapport nr 6 i projekt: Grannskapseffekter på områdesnivå-en fördjupad studie av bostadsrättsombildning i allmännyttan2017Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 15.
    Annadotter, Kerstin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Werner, Inga Britt
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Motiv för inflyttning till Dalen och Östbergahöjden samt inflyttades värdering av områdena: Arbetsrapport nr 5 i projektet Grannskapseffekter på områdesnivå- en fördjupad studie av bostadsrättsombildning i allmännyttan2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Huvudsyftet med denna studie är att få kunskaper om varför man flyttar till Östbergahöjden och Dalen samt vilka kvaliteter och eventuella problem de nyinflyttade upplever i respektive område.

     

    Metoden för att erhålla svar på frågorna är skriftliga enkäter där inbjudan att delta i en webbaserad enkät sändes ut via brev till personer som flyttat in till Östbergahöjden respektive Dalen under år 2014. Data på inflyttade personer 2014 erhölls från SPAR. Såväl brevet med inbjudan som enkäten var på både svenska och engelska.

     

    Antalet inflyttade år 2014 var 341 personer i Östbergahöjden och 320 personer i Dalen. Svarsfrekvensen efter två påminnelser blev totalt ca 12% i båda områdena, en mycket låg siffra.

    En analys av delgrupper av svarande indikerar att de som svarat kan anses vara representativa för de som har köpt en bostadsrätt eller fått en hyresrätt i respektive område.

     

    Priserna på bostäderna i Dalen och Östbergahöjden uppfattas som billiga och prisvärda. Det är den mest omnämnda orsaken för flytt till båda områdena. Man har kunnat köpa sin bostad eller köpa en större bostad. Man har i båda områdena i viss utsträckning flyttat från hyresrätt till bostadsrätt vilket talar för att områdena till del har fungerat som ett insteg på bostadsrättsmarknaden för de inflyttande.

    De svarande i båda områdena tillsammans bedömer att bostadsområdet de bodde i tidigare var tryggare, hade bättre rykte, att man hade bättre förtroende för grannar, att man tog mer hänsyn till varandra och att man höll mer rent och snyggt. Svaren per område visar att man i Östbergahöjden upplever att trygghet och områdets rykte är de faktorer där skillnaderna är störst och negativa jämfört med det bostadsområde där man bodde innan flytten.

    Att läget är centralt med goda kommunikationer och bra service är det näst mest omnämnda orsaken till varför man flyttat in, både för Dalen och Östbergahöjden. Andra ofta omnämnda orsaker till att flytta till Dalen är: ”nära natur, grönt”; ”trevligt område, fin arkitektur”; ”barnvänligt, bra skola, dagis ”samt att ”vänner, släkt har rekommenderat området”. Andra ofta nämnda orsaker att flytta till Östbergahöjden är att man ”flyttar ihop eller isär”; ”flyttat med släkt och familj” samt ”fick möjligheten; var tvungen”.

    Det bästa med att bo i både Dalen och Östberga är att områdena ligger nära Stockholms centrum. För Dalen omnämns också ”nära natur”; ”trevliga grannar, bra gemenskap”; ”trevligt område, ”fina innergårdar” samt ”bra lägenhet, stor lägenhet, billigt att bo”.

    Det mest omnämnda problemet med att bo i Östbergahöjden är ”anlagd brand”. Därefter kommer ”ungdomsgäng, knark, störande beteende, otryggt”, vilket också är de problem som omnämns mest i Dalen. I Dalen kommer därefter ”nedskräpning, dålig sophantering” samt ”dålig bostadskvalitet, planlösning, ljudisolering”.

    I Dalen upplever man att tex ungdomskriminaliteten minskat och att befolkningen håller på att gentrifieras. I Östbergahöjden fortsätter problemen med kriminalitet och bränder vilket oroar de boende. Östbergahöjden ser ut att lida större brist på socialt förtroende, gemenskap och samarbete än Dalen.

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    Motiv för inflyttning till Dalen och Östbergahöjden-Arbetsrapport 5
  • 16.
    Appelblad Fredby, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Nilsson, David
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    From "All for some" to "Some for all"?: A historical geography of pro-poor water provision in Kampala2013In: Journal of Eastern African Studies, ISSN 1753-1055, E-ISSN 1753-1063, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 40-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the historical mechanisms and geographical factors that have formed the current structure of urban water provision in Kampala, the capital of Uganda. The formation of the urban geography of Kampala dates back to the early colonial period. The high- and middle-income earners have settled on the hills while the poorest part of the population lives in the low-lying areas, dispersed as pockets of unplanned and informal settlements. Public services are underdeveloped in these informal pockets. The government has pledged to improve services for the poor and this article analyses whether the efforts made are likely to lead to a lasting change, seen in a longer time perspective. The public water supply in Kampala has ever since its opening in 1930 focused on the middle- and high-income groups while poor people have been marginalised. Water provision to low-income groups has continued to rely on standpipes since the colonial period. There has also been organisational continuity, with a single centralised organisation in charge of urban water supply in all larger towns. Institutional changes, such as the new connection policy from 2004, have perpetuated the emphasis on middle- and high-income groups. This article argues that the traditional focus on private connections is creating a barrier for expansion of services in informal areas. Pre-paid water distribution, which was tried already in the 1920s, has in recent years seen a revival. This technology offers an important avenue for rectifying inequalities of public services that has been reproduced since the colonial period.

  • 17.
    Aquili, Tommaso
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    The Austerical City.: London at the crush test of austerity2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the UK, the unprecedented cuts to local budgets, implemented by the national governments from 2010 to the present day, have pushed local authorities to reconsider their scope, their role and their action. The ever decreasing budgets have de facto transformed local councils from service providers to territorial entrepreneurs, as the pressing pursuit of revenues has placed the economic profit at the core of the local policy-making. Urban planning plays a central role in this shift in mindset. The British planning system has been remodelled so to facilitate the implementation of development processes, as these grant revenues from planning obligations, uplifts in land values and higher income from taxes. The reform of the planning system has however conceded free rein to developers, especially through the introduction of the Development Viability Appraisal, a document which they use to reduce the provision of affordable housing, in favour of luxury housing tenures. Therefore, in London the mechanisms that rule the territorial transformations exacerbate the existing housing crisis and force local communities to face displacement. Austerity has thus initiated a cascade-effect whose negative externalities are tangible at the very local level. The emerged topics find their concretization in the description of the Heygate Estate regeneration.

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    fulltext
  • 18.
    Aransiola, Temidayo James
    et al.
    KTH.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    The role of modern technology in rural situational crime prevention: A review of the literature2020In: Rural Crime Prevention: Theory, Tactics and Techniques, Taylor and Francis , 2020, p. 58-72Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 19.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Is there an indigenous knowledge in the urban North?: Re/inventing local knowledge and communities in the struggles overgarbage and incinerators in Campania, Italy2014In: Estudos de Sociologia, ISSN 1415-000X, Vol. 1, no 20Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with the narratives about environmental struggles over garbage facilities in Campania, Italy, a region which, in the last decades, has become the worldwide icon of the failure in the management of its own metabolism. In particular I analyze the narratives about the activists involved in the struggles and their creative interaction with scientific knowledge. My thesis is that ecological conflicts--at least in this specific case--have been producers of communities and knowledges. Instead of reinforcing the narrative about “natural” communities living in a space of radically otherness and oppressed by global villains, I would like to explore the interstitial South, mixed with the North and its science and contradictions. Using a collection of interviews and some grassroots documentaries about the crisis and the mobilization, I analyze the rising of a collective knowledge and the making of communities through the very experience of resistance to the governmentality plan of waste disposal.

  • 20.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Between Utopia and Armageddon: Novaya Zemlya as Contact ZoneManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Between Utopia and Armageddon: Novaya Zemlya as Contact ZoneIn: Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Avango, Dag
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Nilsson, Annika
    Roberts, Peder
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Assessing Arctic Futures: Voices, Resources, and Governance2013In: The Polar Journal, ISSN 2154-896X, E-ISSN 2154-8978, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 431-446Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Interest in the future of the Arctic is running high, motivated in large part by belief that climate change will open new possibilities (and unleash new threats). Wealth from shipping and natural resource extraction features prominently in narratives about the Arctic in the media, and governance of the region has become a major concern as new actors demand influence. We use three components of current discourse about the Arctic to help reveal connections between how the region is constructed and how the right to decide its future is articulated. Voices are the actors who participate in the discursive construction of Arctic futures, with varying degrees of influence. Resources are objects upon which actors inscribe values, thus locating them in the discourse. Governance refers to the structural features through which action is regulated within spaces, restricting also the range of legitimate actors. We demonstrate the usefulness of these concepts through brief case studies of coal on Spitsbergen, hydrocarbons in the Barents Sea and whaling in the North Atlantic. We conclude by emphasizing the value of a historical perspective to understanding contemporary debates about the future of the Arctic.

  • 23. Backman, Mikaela
    et al.
    Lööf, Hans
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    The geography of innovation and entrepreneurship2015In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 55, no 1, p. 1-6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This introduction to the special issue "The Geography of Innovation and Entrepreneurship" in the Annals of Regional Science surveys a collection of nine papers which consider agglomeration economies and spatial heterogeneity of regions and firms through the lenses of innovation and entrepreneurship. They all make use of extensive and detailed data sources that enable models to provide a richer picture of how firms, industries and regions are affected by innovation and entrepreneurship but also how these entities shape and foster renewal. These factors include spatial concentration, industry composition, labor market characteristics, immigration, firm characteristics, R&D activities and R&D collaboration. The papers add to the understanding of the geography of innovation and entrepreneurship by suggesting alternative ways of identifying spillovers, combing and integrating internal and external knowledge sources, and by estimating the impact on innovation, new firm formation and growth.

  • 24.
    Barbosa, William
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Den urbana integrationen av industriområden i Morges, Schweiz.: Utveckling och tillämpning av "best practices" i ett planeringssammanhang.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The region of Morges (Switzerland) grows in a context of land shortage. Industrial zones become strategic areas for denser settlements, threatening the local economic development in the long term. This master thesis investigates the conditions in which industrial zones in the region of Morges can be integrated in a function mixed urban area without jeopardising local activities. Case studies from Bern, The Hague, Geneva and Brussels are used as “best practices” in order to perform the analysis. Results show that the monitoring of disturbances and of logistics as well as a strong public commitment are key factors to a successful reconversion of industrial zones towards functional mix. “Best practices” are efficient if used as a support to decision making and as a source of inspiration.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Urbana_Integrationen_Industriomraden_Morges
  • 25.
    Bastian, Anne
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science.
    Börjesson, Maria
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    The city as a driver of new mobility patterns, cycling and gender equality: Travel behaviour trends in Stockholm 1985-2015Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyse changes in individual travel behaviour in Stockholm County over 30 years, using three large cross-sectional travel survey data sets. We show how travel patterns evolve over time by gender, income and age-group, in different areas of the region (centre vs. periphery).  We relate the observed trends in travel behaviour to societal trends (gender equality, ICT adoption, knowledge-based economy) and policy changes (congestion charges), and we compare them to trends in other European capital cities.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 26.
    Bastian, Anne
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport Planning, Economics and Engineering.
    Maria, Börjesson
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport Planning, Economics and Engineering.
    Peak Car for urban Swedish men?2014In: Proceedings of Symposium of the European Association for Research in Transportation (hEART),September 10, 2014 – September 12, 2014, Leeds, UK, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study long-term trends in regional car travel demand within and across socio-demographic groups in Sweden, using cross-sectional data from National Travel Surveys, spanning the period from 1978 to 2011. We find that the reduction in per-adult driving in Sweden mainly occurs among urban men. Urban men of all income groups reduced their driving for both commuting and non-commuting trips in conjunction with rising gasoline prices, which may have contributed to this development. We find that driving among those socio-demographic groups, who have better opportunities to reduce their driving, and driving for discretionary rather than commute purposes is being reduced over time. Sweden is ranked among the most gender-equal countries in the world; yet we find a substantial remaining gender gap in the share of adults driving a car on an average day, even when controlling for other socio-economic differences.

     

  • 27.
    Batabyal, Amitrajeet A. A.
    et al.
    Rochester Inst Technol, Dept Econ, 92 Lomb Mem Dr, Rochester, NY 14623 USA..
    Nijkamp, Peter
    KTH.
    Creative capital, information and communication technologies, and economic growth in smart cities2019In: Economics of Innovation and New Technology, ISSN 1043-8599, E-ISSN 1476-8364, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 142-155Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study aspects of economic growth in a stylized smart city with two distinct features. First, the modeled inhabitants of this city are smart because they possess skills. Using the language of Richard Florida, these inhabitants comprise the city's creative class and hence they possess creative capital. Second, the city is smart because it uses information and communication technologies (ICTs) and we model one specific kind of ICT use. In this setting, we first derive expressions for three growth related metrics. Second, we use these metrics to show that the economy of smart city A converges to a balanced growth path (BGP). Third, we compute the growth rate of output per effective creative capital unit on this BGP. Fourth, we study how heterogeneity in initial conditions affects outcomes on the BGP by introducing a second smart city B into the analysis. At time t = 0 two key savings rates in city A are twice as large as in city B. We compute the ratio of the BGP value of income per effective creative capital unit in city A to its value in city B. Finally, we compute the ratio of the BGP value of skills per effective creative capital unit in city A to its value in city B.

  • 28.
    Battisti, Chiara
    et al.
    Università degli Studi di Verona.
    Dahlberg, LeifKTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Law, Fashion and Identities2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Baum, Christopher
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS. Boston College; DIW Berlin.
    Lööf, Hans
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Stephan, Andreas
    Boston College, DIW Berlin.
    Viklund Ros, Ingrid
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    The impact of offshoring on technical change: Evidence from Swedish manufacturing firms2022In: Review of International Economics, ISSN 0965-7576, E-ISSN 1467-9396, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 796-818Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the link between offshoring and technical change measured by patent and total factor productivity in order to sort out the causality. It applies instrumental variable and matching approaches on a panel of more than 7000 Swedish manufacturing firms over the period 2001–2014, and identify offshoring-related intermediate imports by the United Nations Broad Economic Categories system. Accounting for self-selection and reverse causality, no impact of offshoring on TFP is found and only weak effect on patenting.

  • 30.
    Bazilian, Morgan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy Systems Analysis.
    Chattopadhyay, D.
    Considering power system planning in fragile and conflict states2016In: Energy for Sustainable Development, ISSN 0973-0826, E-ISSN 2352-4669, Vol. 32, p. 110-120Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditional methods of energy planning are likely to provide results that may be inappropriate in fragile and conflict-prone countries. The risks of violence and damage, or significant delays and cancellations in infrastructure development, are rife in these states. Thus, least-cost planning processes must explicitly address the inherent risks. While there are numerous statistical methods for dealing with decision making under uncertainty, few of them have been applied to power system planning and tailored for these situations. We present a general theoretical framing of the issue and illustrate application of a very simple method to a case study of the Republic of South Sudan. We find that, in general, the resilience aspects, combined with modular and incremental benefits of distributed generation technologies and systems, emerge as attractive options if the various risks of infrastructure development are included in modelling techniques.

  • 31. Bação, Fernando
    et al.
    Santos, Maribel YasminaPainho, Marco
    Drawing with Geography2015Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Behrsin, Ingrid
    et al.
    Univ Calif Davis.
    Palolo De Rosa, Salvatore
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Contaminant, Commodity and Fuel: A Multi‐sited Study of Waste's roles in Urban Transformations from Italy to Austria2020In: International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, ISSN 0309-1317, E-ISSN 1468-2427, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 90-107Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article traces the flow of municipal solid waste from southern Italy through a waste‐to‐energy facility and district heating system in Austria, examining the roles that waste's transformation from contaminant to commodity to fuel plays in interconnected, distributed, and contested urbanization processes. It contends that, while metabolic circulation hides socioecological costs in one place to facilitate valorization in another, specific spatial configurations emerge through territorialization—of waste economies, in this case—providing the spatial base to realize metabolic flows and to anchor political narratives. A decisive effect is that certain patterns of urbanization become locked‐in, impeding alternative metabolic transitions and spatial configurations. Attending to the coproduction of three sites—Naples, Italy; Zwentendorf, Austria; and St Pölten, Austria—through the circulation and transformation of waste and energy the article provides an empirical multi‐sited case study of a political ecology of urbanization.

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  • 33.
    Bergame, Nathalie
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies.
    Acknowledging Contradictions – Endorsing Change. Transforming the Urban Through Gardening2022In: Capitalism, Nature, Socialism, ISSN 1045-5752, E-ISSN 1548-3290, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The contradictions of commoning practices have recently gained increasing attention in critical research. As such, research has shown that collective practices of gardening in common produce contradictory effects not necessarily in line with progressive ideas of the common. Instead of a general dismissal of commoning due to its documented contradictions, I suggest looking beyond the naïve wishing away of contradictions by way of deploying Marxist dialectics as a research perspective from which to explicate and understand underlying processes. Rather than undermining the common's potential as a post-capitalist alternative, this article uses contradictions as an analytical lens through which the meaning of six contradictions of urban garden commons identified in the academic literature is explored. This article concludes that a conceptual focus on contradictions allows for a reflexive and critical research practice revealing the complexity of dialectical relations through which the practice of gardening propels changes but also the reproduction of existing relations.

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    fulltext
  • 34.
    Bergame, Nathalie
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies.
    More than flowers!: On the transformative practice of commoning urban gardens2023Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban gardening is a burgeoning practice that increasingly takes place in urban centres of the world. In this thesis, I define urban gardens as socially mediated yet materially rooted phenomenon through which social and material relations are elaborated in common through time and space. And, I understand the garden not as an object, but as an entity that emerges out of the relationships between gardeners and non-human nature. I draw on the recent turn in commons’ theory shifting the focus on commoning, and not, as in earlier commons research, on the commons as structure. Grounded in the case of a new wave of urban gardening initiatives in the City of Stockholm, Sweden, I examine how commoning urban gardens transforms the people doing the gardening, the commoners, including their agency, subjectivity, and identity. But also how the commoners shape their structural environment.

    Ontologically, I deploy a critical realist social theory perspective which means that I acknowledge the a priori existence of structures and agency and their conditioning by each other relationally. This means that I (i) look at how spatial, societal and temporal structures affect the agency of gardeners (ii) how those gardeners are affecting their structural environment through the practice of urban gardening, as (iii) well as how their agency is conditioned by the practice.

    I deploy a qualitative mixed methods approach, comprising of interviews, a questionnaire, observations, participatory dissemination and poetic inquiry and find that high green public space availability in the City of Stockholm, municipal policies in favour of urban gardening, and a rich historic culture of associational life in Sweden provide a supportive context for urban gardening. I find that commoning gardens in public spaces bring together people and build collective relations despite a context of neoliberal individualisation. It emancipates individuals by reorganising the management of urban space, and changes how the City of Stockholm is urbanising towards more collective organising. Among those that partake in urban gardening, some remain grounded in a need-fulfilment (“I want to garden to be more in nature”), whereas others change through the commitment of being part of an urban garden, become political and collective subjectivities with a social identity that overlaps with their personal identity. This shows that structures condition people differently, and do not deterministically affect agency in the same way for everyone. Yet many remain entirely excluded from the new urban garden commons, such as people of colour, indicating that urban gardening, while it can be transformative for those that partake, is reproductive of structures of whiteness in urban public space. At the same time, historical structures of patriarchy in public spaces are being transformed. At the expense of the unpaid social reproductive labour of female gardeners, who make out the majority of urban gardeners, public green space is being transformed into spaces of care and community.

    I conclude that urban gardening deserves a critical analysis of its immanent contradictions to safeguard against unwanted and unintentional reproduction of injustices and for the promotion of practices that emancipate and empower people.

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    Summary
  • 35.
    Bergame, Nathalie
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies.
    The reproductive fix: urban gardening and gendered relations of social reproduction under patriarchal capitalist urbanisationManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the City of Stockholm, for more than a decade, engaged women transform public green spaces collectively into commoned urban gardens, based on affective relations and care. Drawing on Sylvia Federici’s work on the role of oppression and marginalisation of female subjects and the destruction of the commons, I discuss, in this paper, how collective forms of urban gardening condition current processes of urbanisation, and, how patriarchal capitalist urbanisation conditions urban gardening as collective practice of social reproduction. Based on the case of a greening city that draws on the free labour of women, and by making use of the feminist method of poetic inquiry, I contribute to the debate on the gendered and spatial forms of urbanisation through a dialectical analysis of the relation between public forms of social reproduction and urbanisation. I argue that urban gardening can be understood as a ‘reproductive fix’ of capitalist urbanisation that continues to exploit subjects of social reproduction – in an invisible manner. 

  • 36.
    Bergame, Nathalie
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies.
    Borgström, Sara
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies.
    Milestad, Rebecka
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies.
    Preparing the grounds for emancipation. Explaining commoning as an emancipatory mechanism through dialectical social theory2022In: Environment and Planning E: Nature and Space, ISSN 2514-8486, E-ISSN 2514-8494 , p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While there is evidence that commons have the potential to counteract socio-spatial injustices unleashed by neoliberal and capitalist forms of urbanisation, less is known about how commons lead to emancipatory change. Anchored in dialectical social theory, this article explains commoning as a mechanism through which people reproduce/transform their structural context and agency, arguing that the potential for emancipation through commoning lies in the commoners’ ability to induce processes of structural/agential transformation. Empirically grounded in interviews with urban community gardeners in the City of Stockholm, Sweden, we show that collective gardening conceptualised as practice of commoning contributes to structural change in that female volunteer labour collectivises the mandate over municipally managed public space, transforming socio-spatial relations. Yet, garden commoning proves to reproduce structural whiteness and middle-class agency in public space, fails to establish autonomy from waged-labour relations, and is unable to abolish the separation from the sources of reproduction and subsistence.

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    Bergame, et. al (2022) Preparing the Grounds
  • 37.
    Berghauser Pont, Meta
    et al.
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Architecture & Civil Engn, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Barthel, Stephan
    Stockholm Univ, Fac Sci, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden.;Univ Gävle, Fac Engn & Sustainable Dev, Gävle, Sweden..
    Colding, Johan
    Univ Gävle, Fac Engn & Sustainable Dev, Gävle, Sweden; Royal Swedish Acad Sci, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Gren, Asa
    Royal Swedish Acad Sci, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Legeby, Ann
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Marcus, Lars
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Architecture & Civil Engn, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Editorial: Social-ecological urbanism: Developing discourse, institutions and urban form for the design of resilient social-ecological systems in cities2022In: Frontiers in Built Environment, E-ISSN 2297-3362, Vol. 8, article id 982681Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Bergman, Bosse
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Guides to a geography of tourism2012In: Belgeo, ISSN 1377-2368, E-ISSN 2294-9135, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Guidebooks are a part of a branch that is driven by market decisions as well as more unpredictable mental and cultural constructs. One of them is a geography of tourism, to which the guidebooks contribute by affecting both choices of routes and destinations, but also by mediating many types of spatial configurations with relevance for this imagined geography and the decisions it leads to. To describe and understand better how guidebooks work regarding these processes is, as this article could give the impression of, not solely a historical task, since these kinds of books in rather traditional formats and types still fill up substantial parts of the shelves in the bookstores of today.

  • 39.
    Biasillo, Roberta
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Department of History and Art History, Utrecht University, Netherlands;Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute, Florence, Italy.
    Geographical exploration via the environmental humanities: Decolonising approaches to space2022In: Rethinking Geographical Explorations in Extreme Environments: From the Arctic to the Mountaintops, Informa UK Limited , 2022, p. 157-176Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    From 1880 to 1964, many expeditions crossed seas and borders and climbed the highest mountains of the world, generating spaces which varied in accordance with the purpose of the journey and the interests of the explorers. This vast array of spatial re-productions is the realm of geography. Building upon the etymology of geo- and graphein (earth writing), this contribution analyses landscapes as products of geography by adopting emerging approaches in the environmental humanities (EH). Combining environment and humanities entails a mutual transformation: on the one hand, we recognise a landscape as constituted by stories other than materiality; on the other hand, the text - the object of interest par excellence in the humanities - involves a corporeal subject, not only a written or oral entity. If we deem the geography of a place the material translation of practices, discourses, and representations, EH offers the interpretative space and analytical tools to read (and re-write) the complex text of landscape. Given that power relations shape cultural and historical aspects of representations, which is to say geography, reassessments of geographical texts through EH can take on the status of a decolonising practice. 

  • 40.
    Biasillo, Roberta
    et al.
    European Univ Inst, Robert Schuman Ctr Adv Studies, Fiesole, Italy..
    de Majo, Claudio
    Ludwig Maximilians Univ Munchen, Rachel Carson Ctr Environm & Soc, Munich, Germany..
    Valisena, Daniele
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Environmental History of Migration (EHM): its roots and most recent developments. An interview with Marco Armiero2021In: Modern Italy, ISSN 1353-2944, E-ISSN 1469-9877, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 217-222Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Bieser, Jan C. T.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies. Department of Informatics, University of Zurich, Binzmuehlestrasse 14, Zurich, 8050, Switzerland.
    Höjer, Mattias
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies.
    Kramers, Anna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies.
    Hilty, Lorenz M.
    Univ Zurich, Dept Informat, Binzmuehlestr 14, CH-8050 Zurich, Switzerland..
    Toward a method for assessing the energy impacts of telecommuting based on time-use data2022In: Travel Behaviour & Society, ISSN 2214-367X, E-ISSN 2214-3688, Vol. 27, p. 107-116Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most telecommuting (TC) studies focus on travel impacts and do not consider changes in time spent on non-travel activities (e.g. 'leisure') and the energy impacts of these changes. We demonstrate a time-use approach to assess interrelations between changes in commuting time and time spent on travel and non-travel activities and associated energy impacts. Time-use data analysis shows that spending less time on commuting is associated with more time spent on 'sleep', 'leisure', 'personal, household and family care', 'private travel' and 'eating and drinking'. Substituting car commuting with 'sleep', 'eating and drinking', common 'leisure' and 'personal, household and family care' activities is likely to reduce energy requirements as these are associated with less energy requirements than car commuting. This is different for 'private travel', 'meal preparation at home', and energy-intensive or out-of-home 'leisure' activities, which are associated with relatively high energy requirements. The commute modal split is a key variable in energy impacts of TC, because transport modes differ in their energy requirements. While car commuters can realize high energy savings through TC, for people who usually bike or walk to work, direct energy savings through reduced commuting are zero. Thus, any additional energy impact due to substitute activities, increases net direct energy requirements. Future research should further investigate the relationship between TC and time spent on (non-)travel activities and the marginal energy requirements of these activities. If so, the time-use approach can become key for assessing energy impacts of TC and other applications which impact individual time allocation.

  • 42.
    Björn, Hellström
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Urban Design.
    Universell utformning i den kommunala samhällsbyggnadsprocessen: Om konsten att bygga en organisation med spelrum för reflektion, kreativitet och professionellt omdöme2022In: Jämlik livsmiljö: Universell utformning och tillgänglighet som stadsbyggnadsutmaning / [ed] Daniel Koch, Stockholm: Kungliga tekniska högskolan, 2022, p. 17-46Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This part-report/chapter is part of a research report that presents findings from a research project on universal design from a systems perspective. This perspective includes “systems” in several aspects: planning systems, political systems, organizations, social systems, and spatial systems. The focus is on planning systems and spatial systems, addressing challenges and queries in how to understand molar (larger scale, system) perspectives of universal design as interlinked with molecular (local) aspects. The reoport contains a general discussion and conclusion of the project as a whole and three studies, focusing on process and governance, developing models and methods, and investigating universal design challenges in relation to system world, life world, and material world respectively.

    This part-report/chapter concerns process and governance, and is in Swedish. See the whole volume for a brief English summary of the entire collection. 

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    Hellström B -- Universell utformning i den kommunala samhälls­ byggnadsprocessen (Jämlik livsmiljö, 2022)
  • 43. Bonnett, Alastair
    et al.
    Alexander, Catherine
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Mobile nostalgias: connecting visions of the urban past, present and future amongst ex-residents2013In: Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, ISSN 0020-2754, E-ISSN 1475-5661, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 391-402Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on interviews with ex-residents of Tyneside (United Kingdom), this paper builds on recent reappraisals of nostalgia as a productive' and living' disposition, to show how fond memories and a sense of loss shape and sustain engagement with the city. In contrast to recent attempts to identify active nostalgia only with its reflective' forms, or to separate out official' and non-official' nostalgia, the paper demonstrates that nostalgias are mobile and interwoven. It is shown that restorative' and reflective' forms can co-exist and state-led practices of conservation be maintained in a complex and mutually sustaining relationship with more personal, less official, visions of the value of the past. Thus it is argued that urban nostalgia for the city needs to be acknowledged as a potentially critical intervention that draws together different modes of attachment and yearning.

  • 44.
    Borgström, Sara
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Zachrisson, Anna
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Funding ecological restoration policy in practice-patterns of short-termism and regional biases2016In: Land use policy, ISSN 0264-8377, E-ISSN 1873-5754, Vol. 52, p. 439-453Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With continuous degradation of ecosystems combined with the recognition of human dependence on functioning ecosystems, global interest in ecological restoration (ER) has intensified. From being merely a nature conservation measure, it is today advanced as a way to improve ecosystem functions, mitigate biodiversity loss and climate change, as well as renew human-nature relationships. However, ER is a contested and diversified term used in research, policy and practice. Substantive public funding is allocated towards this end worldwide, but little is known about its concrete purpose and coverage, as well as what decides its allocation. With inspiration from environmental funding literature we analyze the case of Sweden to provide the first national overview of public ER funding. The understudied political context of ER is thus addressed but also regional variation in funding allocation. A database of all national government funding programs between 1995 and 2011 that included projects and sub-programs aiming at practical ER measures was created. Results show that ER activities counted for 11% (130 million USD) of the total government nature conservation funding. Water environments were highly prioritized, which can be explained by economic and recreational motives behind ER. The ER funding was unevenly distributed geographically, not related to either environmental need or population size, but rather to regional administrative capacity. It was also found to be small scale and short term, and hence part of a general trend of project proliferation of public administration which runs contrary to ecosystem based management. As ER is not yet a long-term investment in Sweden, commonly seen as an environmental lead state, we expect even less and more short-term ER funding in other countries.

  • 45. Borsekova, K.
    et al.
    Kourtit, Karima
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Nijkamp, P.
    Smart development, spatial sustainability and environmental quality2017In: Habitat International, ISSN 0197-3975, E-ISSN 1873-5428, Vol. 68, p. 1-2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Borén, Thomas
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Platser i Praktiken och Social Hållbarhet: Hökarängen och andra små centrumbildningar i fokus2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Stadsbyggnad och samhällsplanering är som framgår av förordet inget neutralt område utan en praktik och ett kunskapsområde med stora implikationer för människors vardagsliv liksom för samhället i stort. Det handlar om att få platser att fungera bra för dem som bor, arbetar eller på annat sätt är involverade i platsen, och där i samman­hanget ’fungera’ avser hela skalan från individens möjligheter till självförverkligande, till det för staden och samhället gemensamma bästa.

    Över tid förändrar sig förutsättningarna och platser som en gång formgivits i samklang med sin tid behöver i stadsbyggnadens och samhällsplaneringens praktik omtolkas och ges nya innebörder för att kunna leva upp till den nya tidens krav, utan att för den skull ge avkall på grundläggande överenskommelser i samhällskontraktet. Platser i praktiken kommer då att handla om social hållbarhet och om vilken typ av stad vi vill ha i vilken typ av samhälle. En komponent i detta handlar om livskraften i det lokala offentliga rummet och de villkor som gäller där oavsett om detta är beläget i stadens centrum eller i något av stadens ytterområden, där mycket av stadens liv levs. Det är detta lokala offentliga rum som den här rapporten ämnar bidra till att belysa.

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  • 47.
    Botha, Elise M.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial marketing.
    A means to an end: Using political satire to go viral2014In: Public Relations Review, ISSN 0363-8111, E-ISSN 1873-4537, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 363-374Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the rise of video sharing giants like Youtube and Google Video, coupled with increased broadband connectivity and improved sharing functionality across social networking sites, the role of the viral video has been cemented in many IMC strategies. While most agree about the importance of better understanding viral marketing, there is less agreement about what makes content become viral. While some content gets viewed by millions of people, others struggle to gain viral traction. Content specific, intrapersonal and interpersonal reasons have been proposed for viral marketing success. This paper' focuses on the intrapersonal reasons for content going viral in the context of political satire. More specifically, the role of emotion in the spread of content online, is investigated. Political satire focuses on gaining entertainment from politics. Satire, and specifically political satire, forms part of using humour in advertising and has been influential in shifting public opinion since ancient Greece. This study compares success and unsuccessful viral campaigns that used political satire, by first analysing the online comments that viewers made about the video. Following these findings, an experiment is conducted and the influence of intensity, creativity, humour and utility on virality is modelled, controlling for valence and previous exposure. The findings suggest that, when using political satire in viral campaigns, creativity and the intensity of the emotions felt are key influencing factors in whether videos get "shared" or "liked". Therefore, while many authors contend that particular emotions or positive content has a greater likelihood to become viral, this paper shows that it is not the particular emotion, but the intensity with which that emotion was felt that drives viral success.

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  • 48.
    Bradley, Karin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Planning for eco-friendly living in diverse societies2009In: Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, ISSN 1354-9839, E-ISSN 1469-6711, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 347-363Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish cities are becoming increasingly multicultural and diverse in terms of lifestylesand socioeconomic conditions. However, cultural and social diversity is seldomconsidered when planning for sustainable urban development. This paper examinesplanning for more eco-friendly living in the increasingly diverse population of a citydistrict of Stockholm. The study reveals the prevalence of a discourse in which aSwedish identity carries environmental responsibility in the form of tidiness, recyclingand familiarity with nature. It is argued that planning for urban sustainability isunderpinned by Swedish middle-class norms, indirectly entailing processes of (self-)disciplining and transforming the other (foreign and/or troublesome dwellers) intowell-behaving Swedes. A clearer definition of the environmental improvementintended, its goals and target groups is needed. Finally, an appreciation of the multipleways we can save natural resources would make urban planning policies more attunedto social and cultural diversity as well as more environmentally progressive.

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    Bradley Local Environment
  • 49.
    Brandt, Anna-Clara
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Hälsoeffekter av ett förändrat klimat – risker och åtgärder i Botkyrka kommun: Planering för en robust och klimatsäkrad dricksvattenförsörjning med vatten av god kvalitet2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här rapporten baseras på en klimat- och sårbarhetsanalys som identifierar de hälsoeffekter som uppkommer i och med ett förändrat klimat. Analysen pekar ut flera samhällsystem som kommer att påverkas av klimatförändringarna men som kan anpassas med hjälp av samhällsplaneringen. Utifrån klimat- och sårbarhetsanalysen har parametern dricksvatten undersökts närmare då tillgången till rent dricksvatten är grundläggande för allt mänskligt liv.

    Botkyrka kommun tar idag sitt dricksvatten från Mälaren. Forskning visar dock att Mälarens vattenkvalitet hotas av klimatförändringarna. Den pågående havsnivåhöjningen kommer i slutet av seklet leda till en ökad risk för större inbrott av saltvatten i Mälaren. Brunifieringen, en ökad halt av näringsämnen och humus i råvattnet, är ytterligare ett hot mot dricksvattenkvaliteten och kommer att öka i och med större nederbördsmängder i framtiden.

    Botkyrka har genom sina stora isälvsavlagringar bra naturliga förutsättningar för att producera grundvatten av god kvalitet, vilket är vatten som kan användas för dricksvatten, både idag och i framtiden. De stora isälvsavlagringarna bidrar också till goda förutsättningar f̈ör att framställa ballastmaterial till bygg- och anläggningsindustrin. Det innebär en målkonflikt mellan dessa olika prioriteringar, vilken har blivit synliggjord under senare år i och med den ökade kunskapen kring behovet att säkerställa en robust, kvalitetssäkrad och långsiktig lösning för kommunens och regionens dricksvattenförsörjning.

    Idag pågår grustäktsverksamhet på flera platser i kommunen, vilket innebär en negativ risk för vattenresursens funktion som dricksvatten. Vid grustäktsverksamhet forslas många lager grus bort, vilka fyller en funktion vid naturlig rening av grundvattnet. I och med det ökar riskerna för att vattnets naturliga rening kommer att påverkas negativt. En ökad risk finns även för föroreningar från verksamheten i sig, där fordon på grustäktsområdet kan leda till spill av olja och andra kemikalier.

    Kommunen arbetar för att grustäktsverksamheten ska avvecklas. I samrådsförslaget till den nya översiktsplanen har kommunen istället förslag på att exploatera dessa områden. Det kan innebära andra risker, som kan ha negativ påverkan på grundvattenkvaliteten, om dessa områden exploateras. Kommunen behöver därför se över de exploateringsförslag som finns på grustäktsområden.

    Kommunen behöver upprätta en vattenförsörjningsplan för att kunna säkerställa en robust, kvalitetssäkrad och långsiktig lösning för kommunens och regionens dricksvattenförsörjning. Med en sådan plan kan prioriterade vattenområden, för framtida dricksvattenförsörjning, identifieras och skyddas. 

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  • 50.
    Bratel, Yael
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    SUSTAINABLE LIFESTYLES - AN EXPERIMENT IN LIVING WELL: Northern European examples of sustainable planning2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the concept of sustainable lifestyles. It is concluded that the concept of sustainable lifestyles is derived from the bigger term sustainable development and that the concept sustainable lifestyles exists as an antipode to unsustainable lifestyles. Sustainable lifestyles are still a new concept within the academic field of urban planning and design and some confusion regarding the definition remains.

    Three case studies were made investigating urban planning for sustainable lifestyles. The sites were Houthaven in Amsterdam, Netherlands, Royal Seaport in Stockholm Sweden and Western Harbour in Malmö, Sweden. Urban planning for sustainable lifestyles was explicitly carried out in the Royal Seaport, in the other two cases the concept of sustainability was approached more generally but nonetheless the methods used were quite similar in all three cases.

    How people in the society of today are seen as responsible for e.g. buying ecological food, driving ecological vehicles and living a sustainable lifestyle, are analysed through the approaches of governmentality and biopower. There has been a shift from a centralised governing of sustainability implementations to a decentralised one where the individual responsibility stands in focus.

    There are different views of what a sustainable behaviour and lifestyle could incorporate. According to the technocentric approach, technical solutions to environmental problems are sufficient, but according to the ecocentric approach, behavioural changes are needed in order to obtain sustainability. This has implications for the planning of sustainable lifestyles. In some cases technical solutions are favoured in front of behavioural ones and the other way around. The two tracks of understanding leads to two different pathways of sustainability and a need to recognize and comprehend the differences are crucial in planning for sustainable lifestyles.

    Sustainable behaviour and habits relate to actions, which e.g. minimizes the use of natural resources or incorporates the switch from an unsustainable habit to a sustainable one. Sustainable behaviour is often referred to as pro-environmental behaviour and circles around consumption. There are several ways of replacing unsustainable habits with sustainable ones discussed in this study.

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