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  • 1.
    Ahlin, Lina
    et al.
    Lund Univ, CIRCLE, Lund, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Dept Econ, Lund, Sweden..
    Andersson, Martin
    Lund Univ, CIRCLE, Lund, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Dept Econ, Lund, Sweden.;Blekinge Inst Technol BTH, Dept Ind Econ, SE-37179 Karlskrona, Sweden.;Res Inst Ind Econ IFN, Stockholm, Sweden.;Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.). Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Human capital sorting: The "when" and "who" of the sorting of educated workers to urban regions2018In: Journal of regional science, ISSN 0022-4146, E-ISSN 1467-9787, Vol. 58, no 3, p. 581-610Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The sorting of high-ability workers is often advanced as one source of spatial disparities in economic outcomes. There are still few papers that analyze when human capital sorting occurs and whom it involves. Using data on 16 cohorts of university graduates in Sweden, we demonstrate significant sorting to urban regions on high school grades and education levels of parents, i.e., two attributes typically associated with latent abilities that are valued in the labor market. A large part of this sorting has already occurred in deciding where to study, because the top universities in Sweden are predominantly located in urban regions. The largest part of directed sorting on ability indicators occurs in the decision of where to study. Even after controlling for sorting prior to labor market entry, the best and brightest are still more likely to start working in urban regions. However, this effect appears to be driven by Sweden's main metropolitan region, Stockholm. We find no influence of our ability indicators on the probability of starting to work in urban regions after graduation when Stockholm is excluded. Studies of human capital sorting need to account for selection processes to and from universities, because neglecting mobility prior to labor market entry is likely to lead to an underestimation of the extent of the sorting to urban regions.

  • 2.
    Appelblad Fredby, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Nilsson, David
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    From "All for some" to "Some for all"?: A historical geography of pro-poor water provision in Kampala2013In: Journal of Eastern African Studies, ISSN 1753-1055, E-ISSN 1753-1063, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 40-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the historical mechanisms and geographical factors that have formed the current structure of urban water provision in Kampala, the capital of Uganda. The formation of the urban geography of Kampala dates back to the early colonial period. The high- and middle-income earners have settled on the hills while the poorest part of the population lives in the low-lying areas, dispersed as pockets of unplanned and informal settlements. Public services are underdeveloped in these informal pockets. The government has pledged to improve services for the poor and this article analyses whether the efforts made are likely to lead to a lasting change, seen in a longer time perspective. The public water supply in Kampala has ever since its opening in 1930 focused on the middle- and high-income groups while poor people have been marginalised. Water provision to low-income groups has continued to rely on standpipes since the colonial period. There has also been organisational continuity, with a single centralised organisation in charge of urban water supply in all larger towns. Institutional changes, such as the new connection policy from 2004, have perpetuated the emphasis on middle- and high-income groups. This article argues that the traditional focus on private connections is creating a barrier for expansion of services in informal areas. Pre-paid water distribution, which was tried already in the 1920s, has in recent years seen a revival. This technology offers an important avenue for rectifying inequalities of public services that has been reproduced since the colonial period.

  • 3.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Is there an indigenous knowledge in the urban North?: Re/inventing local knowledge and communities in the struggles overgarbage and incinerators in Campania, Italy2014In: Estudos de Sociologia, ISSN 1415-000X, Vol. 1, no 20Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with the narratives about environmental struggles over garbage facilities in Campania, Italy, a region which, in the last decades, has become the worldwide icon of the failure in the management of its own metabolism. In particular I analyze the narratives about the activists involved in the struggles and their creative interaction with scientific knowledge. My thesis is that ecological conflicts--at least in this specific case--have been producers of communities and knowledges. Instead of reinforcing the narrative about “natural” communities living in a space of radically otherness and oppressed by global villains, I would like to explore the interstitial South, mixed with the North and its science and contradictions. Using a collection of interviews and some grassroots documentaries about the crisis and the mobilization, I analyze the rising of a collective knowledge and the making of communities through the very experience of resistance to the governmentality plan of waste disposal.

  • 4.
    Barbosa, William
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Den urbana integrationen av industriområden i Morges, Schweiz.: Utveckling och tillämpning av "best practices" i ett planeringssammanhang.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The region of Morges (Switzerland) grows in a context of land shortage. Industrial zones become strategic areas for denser settlements, threatening the local economic development in the long term. This master thesis investigates the conditions in which industrial zones in the region of Morges can be integrated in a function mixed urban area without jeopardising local activities. Case studies from Bern, The Hague, Geneva and Brussels are used as “best practices” in order to perform the analysis. Results show that the monitoring of disturbances and of logistics as well as a strong public commitment are key factors to a successful reconversion of industrial zones towards functional mix. “Best practices” are efficient if used as a support to decision making and as a source of inspiration.

  • 5. Bação, Fernando
    et al.
    Santos, Maribel YasminaPainho, Marco
    Drawing with Geography2015Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • 6. Borsekova, K.
    et al.
    Kourtit, Karima
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Nijkamp, P.
    Smart development, spatial sustainability and environmental quality2017In: Habitat International, ISSN 0197-3975, E-ISSN 1873-5428, Vol. 68, p. 1-2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Borén, Thomas
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Platser i Praktiken och Social Hållbarhet: Hökarängen och andra små centrumbildningar i fokus2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Stadsbyggnad och samhällsplanering är som framgår av förordet inget neutralt område utan en praktik och ett kunskapsområde med stora implikationer för människors vardagsliv liksom för samhället i stort. Det handlar om att få platser att fungera bra för dem som bor, arbetar eller på annat sätt är involverade i platsen, och där i samman­hanget ’fungera’ avser hela skalan från individens möjligheter till självförverkligande, till det för staden och samhället gemensamma bästa.

    Över tid förändrar sig förutsättningarna och platser som en gång formgivits i samklang med sin tid behöver i stadsbyggnadens och samhällsplaneringens praktik omtolkas och ges nya innebörder för att kunna leva upp till den nya tidens krav, utan att för den skull ge avkall på grundläggande överenskommelser i samhällskontraktet. Platser i praktiken kommer då att handla om social hållbarhet och om vilken typ av stad vi vill ha i vilken typ av samhälle. En komponent i detta handlar om livskraften i det lokala offentliga rummet och de villkor som gäller där oavsett om detta är beläget i stadens centrum eller i något av stadens ytterområden, där mycket av stadens liv levs. Det är detta lokala offentliga rum som den här rapporten ämnar bidra till att belysa.

  • 8.
    Bradley, Karin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Planning for eco-friendly living in diverse societies2009In: Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, ISSN 1354-9839, E-ISSN 1469-6711, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 347-363Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish cities are becoming increasingly multicultural and diverse in terms of lifestylesand socioeconomic conditions. However, cultural and social diversity is seldomconsidered when planning for sustainable urban development. This paper examinesplanning for more eco-friendly living in the increasingly diverse population of a citydistrict of Stockholm. The study reveals the prevalence of a discourse in which aSwedish identity carries environmental responsibility in the form of tidiness, recyclingand familiarity with nature. It is argued that planning for urban sustainability isunderpinned by Swedish middle-class norms, indirectly entailing processes of (self-)disciplining and transforming the other (foreign and/or troublesome dwellers) intowell-behaving Swedes. A clearer definition of the environmental improvementintended, its goals and target groups is needed. Finally, an appreciation of the multipleways we can save natural resources would make urban planning policies more attunedto social and cultural diversity as well as more environmentally progressive.

  • 9.
    Brandt, Anna-Clara
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Hälsoeffekter av ett förändrat klimat – risker och åtgärder i Botkyrka kommun: Planering för en robust och klimatsäkrad dricksvattenförsörjning med vatten av god kvalitet2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här rapporten baseras på en klimat- och sårbarhetsanalys som identifierar de hälsoeffekter som uppkommer i och med ett förändrat klimat. Analysen pekar ut flera samhällsystem som kommer att påverkas av klimatförändringarna men som kan anpassas med hjälp av samhällsplaneringen. Utifrån klimat- och sårbarhetsanalysen har parametern dricksvatten undersökts närmare då tillgången till rent dricksvatten är grundläggande för allt mänskligt liv.

    Botkyrka kommun tar idag sitt dricksvatten från Mälaren. Forskning visar dock att Mälarens vattenkvalitet hotas av klimatförändringarna. Den pågående havsnivåhöjningen kommer i slutet av seklet leda till en ökad risk för större inbrott av saltvatten i Mälaren. Brunifieringen, en ökad halt av näringsämnen och humus i råvattnet, är ytterligare ett hot mot dricksvattenkvaliteten och kommer att öka i och med större nederbördsmängder i framtiden.

    Botkyrka har genom sina stora isälvsavlagringar bra naturliga förutsättningar för att producera grundvatten av god kvalitet, vilket är vatten som kan användas för dricksvatten, både idag och i framtiden. De stora isälvsavlagringarna bidrar också till goda förutsättningar f̈ör att framställa ballastmaterial till bygg- och anläggningsindustrin. Det innebär en målkonflikt mellan dessa olika prioriteringar, vilken har blivit synliggjord under senare år i och med den ökade kunskapen kring behovet att säkerställa en robust, kvalitetssäkrad och långsiktig lösning för kommunens och regionens dricksvattenförsörjning.

    Idag pågår grustäktsverksamhet på flera platser i kommunen, vilket innebär en negativ risk för vattenresursens funktion som dricksvatten. Vid grustäktsverksamhet forslas många lager grus bort, vilka fyller en funktion vid naturlig rening av grundvattnet. I och med det ökar riskerna för att vattnets naturliga rening kommer att påverkas negativt. En ökad risk finns även för föroreningar från verksamheten i sig, där fordon på grustäktsområdet kan leda till spill av olja och andra kemikalier.

    Kommunen arbetar för att grustäktsverksamheten ska avvecklas. I samrådsförslaget till den nya översiktsplanen har kommunen istället förslag på att exploatera dessa områden. Det kan innebära andra risker, som kan ha negativ påverkan på grundvattenkvaliteten, om dessa områden exploateras. Kommunen behöver därför se över de exploateringsförslag som finns på grustäktsområden.

    Kommunen behöver upprätta en vattenförsörjningsplan för att kunna säkerställa en robust, kvalitetssäkrad och långsiktig lösning för kommunens och regionens dricksvattenförsörjning. Med en sådan plan kan prioriterade vattenområden, för framtida dricksvattenförsörjning, identifieras och skyddas. 

  • 10.
    Bratel, Yael
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    SUSTAINABLE LIFESTYLES - AN EXPERIMENT IN LIVING WELL: Northern European examples of sustainable planning2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the concept of sustainable lifestyles. It is concluded that the concept of sustainable lifestyles is derived from the bigger term sustainable development and that the concept sustainable lifestyles exists as an antipode to unsustainable lifestyles. Sustainable lifestyles are still a new concept within the academic field of urban planning and design and some confusion regarding the definition remains.

    Three case studies were made investigating urban planning for sustainable lifestyles. The sites were Houthaven in Amsterdam, Netherlands, Royal Seaport in Stockholm Sweden and Western Harbour in Malmö, Sweden. Urban planning for sustainable lifestyles was explicitly carried out in the Royal Seaport, in the other two cases the concept of sustainability was approached more generally but nonetheless the methods used were quite similar in all three cases.

    How people in the society of today are seen as responsible for e.g. buying ecological food, driving ecological vehicles and living a sustainable lifestyle, are analysed through the approaches of governmentality and biopower. There has been a shift from a centralised governing of sustainability implementations to a decentralised one where the individual responsibility stands in focus.

    There are different views of what a sustainable behaviour and lifestyle could incorporate. According to the technocentric approach, technical solutions to environmental problems are sufficient, but according to the ecocentric approach, behavioural changes are needed in order to obtain sustainability. This has implications for the planning of sustainable lifestyles. In some cases technical solutions are favoured in front of behavioural ones and the other way around. The two tracks of understanding leads to two different pathways of sustainability and a need to recognize and comprehend the differences are crucial in planning for sustainable lifestyles.

    Sustainable behaviour and habits relate to actions, which e.g. minimizes the use of natural resources or incorporates the switch from an unsustainable habit to a sustainable one. Sustainable behaviour is often referred to as pro-environmental behaviour and circles around consumption. There are several ways of replacing unsustainable habits with sustainable ones discussed in this study.

  • 11.
    Bridge, Gavin
    et al.
    Durham University.
    Barca, Stefania
    University of Coimbra.
    Özkaynak, Begüm
    Boğaziçi University.
    Turhan, Ethemcan
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Wyeth, Ryan
    Durham University.
    Towards a Political Ecology of EU Energy Policy2018In: Advancing Energy Policy: Lessons on the integration of Social Sciences and Humanities / [ed] Chris Foulds and Rosie Robison, Palgrave Pivot, 2018, p. 163-175Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    At the root of energy policy are fundamental questions about the sort of social and environmental futures in which people want to live and how decisions over different energy pathways and energy futures are made. The interdisciplinary field of political ecology has the capacity to address such questions, while also challenging how energy policy conventionally gets done. We outline a political ecology perspective on EU energy policy that illuminates how the distribution of social power affects access to energy services, participation in energy decision-making and the allocation of energy’s environmental and social costs.

  • 12.
    Bridge, Gavin
    et al.
    Durham University.
    Özkaynak, Begüm
    Boğaziçi University.
    Turhan, Ethemcan
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Energy infrastructure and the fate of the nation: Introduction to special issue2018In: Energy Research & Social Science, ISSN 2214-6296, E-ISSN 2214-6326, Vol. 41, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we introduce a Special Issue of Energy Research and Social Science focused on energy infrastructure and the political economy of national development. Many countries are experiencing transformational growth in energy infrastructure, such as transmission and distribution systems; import, export and storage facilities; the development of domestic energy resources; and construction of new power generating stations based on wind, water, coal, gas and nuclear sources. Large-scale projects like these are frequently justified by appeals to grand narratives – promoting economic growth, securing energy supply, modernizing energy service provision, and transitioning to more environmentally sustainable energy systems - in which the fate of the nation is closely tied to infrastructural development. The papers in this collection present compelling empirical evidence of how claims for energy infrastructure’s national significance and/or necessity intersect with the (re)production of political and economic power. Drawing on case material from Africa, the Americas, Asia, Australia and Europe, they highlight the capacity of different energy technologies and infrastructural assemblages to shape political and economic outcomes beyond their role in storing, transporting or transforming energy. This Introduction to the Special Issue does three things. First, it characterises the scale and significance of the contemporary ‘infrastructural moment’, observing how, in many national contexts, energy policy-making remains centralised and divorced from public participation. Second, it critically differentiates existing literature on the political economy of energy infrastructure to identify five distinctive ways in which research understands the ‘political work’ infrastructure performs. Third, it introduces the papers in the Special Issue and organises them into four key themes. Overall, the Introduction affirms the importance for social science of understanding the economically and politically constitutive power of energy infrastructures. The critical reflexivity this requires is essential to moving towards energy infrastructures that are just, equitable and sustainable.

  • 13. Cardoso, Andrea
    et al.
    Turhan, Ethemcan
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Examining new geographies of coal: Dissenting energyscapes in Colombia and Turkey2018In: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 224, p. 398-408Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Global energy geographies are changing, call it by will or by market forces. As coal production declines or consumption is phased out in parts of the Global North, the future of coal will likely be decided in the Global South. In this article, we explore energyscapes, as multiple and nested sites of connectivity over energy, and their relation to energy justice, environmental conflicts and social movements in new geographies of coal. By putting into question the reproduction of multiple levels of socio-environmental injustices related to coal’s extraction and consumption, we trace the emerging South-South coal links with an empirical focus on Colombia and Turkey. Coal extraction and consumption, respectively, in these geographically distant but increasingly connected countries are linked by multiscalar socio-ecological interactions and conflicts. After exploring these interactions, we examine the changing energyscapes of coal operating on different layers (the market, the physical, and the socio-environmental damages) between the two countries. Our analysis reveals that these new geographies are anchored in cross-scalar environmental injustices and democratic deficits, only sustained with top-down measures and emerging bilateral dependencies. The coming challenge for energy justice, therefore, is to link local communities' claims and democratization of energyscapes between the supply and the demand sides.

  • 14. Cook, G.
    et al.
    Shevtsova, Y.
    Lööf, Hans
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.). Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Sweden.
    The impact of technology spillovers and international knowledge flows on the productivity and innovativeness of UK multinationals2018In: Globalization, International Spillovers and Sectoral Changes: Implications for Regions and Industries, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, p. 64-96Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Dahlberg, Leif
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Mapping the Law of Stockholm2011In: Pólemos, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 61-84Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Dahlberg, Leif
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Spacing Law and Politics: The Constitution and Representation of the Juridical2016 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Examining the inherent spatiality of law, both theoretically and as social practice, this book presents a genealogical account of the emergence and the development of the juridical. In an analysis that stretches from ancient Greece, through late antiquity and early modern and modern Europe, and on to the contemporary courtroom, it considers legal and philosophical texts, artistic and literary works, as well as judicial practices, in order to elicit and document a series of critical moments in the history of juridical space. Offering a more nuanced understanding of law than that found in traditional philosophical, political or social accounts of legal history, Dahlberg forges a critical account of the intimate relations between law and politics that shows how juridical space is determined and conditioned in ways that are integral to the very functioning – and malfunctioning – of law.

  • 17.
    D'Alisa, Giacomo
    et al.
    Autonomous University in Barcelona, Spain.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    What happened to the trash: Political miracles and real statistics in an emergency regime2013In: Capitalism, Nature, Socialism, ISSN 1045-5752, E-ISSN 1548-3290, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 29-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article focuses on waste struggles in Campania, Italy, showing how the state of emergency has been used for years to silence alternative solutions to the waste crisis and favor private economic interests. In Italy, when an event severely jeopardizes human security, the prime minister declares a 'state of emergency' and appoints a commissioner with the power to coordinate actions regarding the catastrophe and rescue of the population. This procedure concentrates all the powers in one agency for coping more efficiently and timely with situations of extreme danger, which, due to their intensity and extent, need extraordinary means and power to guarantee an effective coordination and avoid institutional overlaps. In recent decades, the history of the Italian republic attests to an increasing use of the state of emergency to govern the most ordinary issues of contemporary society. Indeed, even if the first commissioners were appointed in the 1970s, Italians have experienced several extraordinary commissioners also for traffic and mobility control, or to manage 'grand' events including G8 summits, international sports meetings, and global religious conventions.

  • 18.
    Danenberg, Rosa
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Haas, Tigran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    New trends in bottom-up urbanism and governance-reformulating ways for mutual engagement between municipalities and citizen-led urban initiatives2018In: The Palgrave Handbook of Bottom-Up Urbanism, Springer International Publishing , 2018, p. 113-129Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter addresses how bottom-up urbanism relates to urban governance in Europe. The recent proliferation of bottom-up urban initiatives contrasts with the conventional system of top-down planning. This chapter includes eight examples of bottom-up initiatives from Stockholm, Sweden, and Istanbul, Turkey. Three conclusions can be drawn: first, the discrepancy between organizational structures, a hierarchical governmental structure, and the dominance of politics create missing links in the relationship between municipalities and citizen-led urban initiatives; second, new governance arrangements alone are not enough to create opportunities for citizens to partake in participatory methods and to be involved in decision-making processes; third, the political perspective of social innovation reformulates mutual engagement by introducing political liaisons, such as municipal guides or neighborhood councils.

  • 19.
    Diani, Mario
    et al.
    University of Trento.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Lorien, Jasny
    University of Essex.
    ‘‘Right to the City’’ and the Structure of Civic Organizational Fields: Evidence from Cape Town2018In: VOLUNTAS - International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, ISSN 0957-8765, E-ISSN 1573-7888Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract This article proposes a network analytic approach to the role of frames in shaping the structure of civic organizational fields. Adopting a perspective from the global South, it looks at the impact of the expression ‘‘Right to the city’’ (RTC) over alliance building among civil society actors, exploring patterns of collaborative ties among 129 civil society organizations active in Cape Town from 2012 to 2014. The article addresses two broad ques- tions: What is the relation between RTC and other frames that are also frequently invoked to describe urban struggles and issues? Does the RTC frame affect the structure of urban civic organizational fields in significant ways? Data suggest that while RTC plays a significant role in local civil society, it is neither the only interpretative frame that Capetonian civic organizations draw upon to characterize their activity, nor the more salient. ‘‘Urban conservation,’’ especially tied to nature conservation and environmental issues, actually shapes the structure of local organizational fields in a sharper manner. This is, however, a potentially more divisive frame, rooted as it is in the apartheid legacy that still shapes urban dynamics in the city.

  • 20.
    Ejigu, Alazar Gedamu
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Haas, Tigran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Contextual Modernism and Sustainable Urbanism as New Housing Strategies2011In: 23rd Conference of the European Network for Housing Research, Toulouse, France 5-8 July 2011, Toulouse: ENHR , 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The growing alienation of modernist public housing estates and their ethnically and socially excluded people, and the neglected human potential they symbolize, is a grotesque expression of the failure of a system driven by the profit motive and failed planning policy, rather than by the requirement to satisfy sustainable urbanism. The modernist concept of urban planning, which emerged in response to a very particular time and set of regional circumstances, spread throughout the Western society in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The result, where the idea was simplistically accepted was a disaster. Paying particular attention to housing, this paper discusses the contrasting results of modernist planning approaches in housing and the consequences of that- It also looks at Sustainable Urbanism paradigm and the possibility that it might offer an alternative to the failed modernist satellite-suburban-monolith-alienated type of living in most major European cities. Empirical evidences are drawn from observation, introspection , analysis and deduction studies and Futurescape of selected cases in the American Housing Program HOPE VI, and from ethnographic survey of the ongoing Grand Housing Program in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, through an descriptive and explorative qualitative approach.

  • 21.
    Elmertoft, Emelie
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Från medborgaraktivism till konsultstrategi: en kartläggning av konsulters erfarenheter av flexibel urbanism2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Medborgarinitierade stadsförbättringsprojekt är något som fått fäste och som sprids i länder som USA, Storbritannien och Tyskland. Att i en högre grad utveckla städer i samarbete med medborgare blir en allt mer populär metod även bland kommunala myndigheter och privata aktörer. Denna studie syftar till att undersöka erfarenheter av att arbeta med vardagsurbanism, temporär urbanism och taktisk urbanism som konsult främst verksam i Stockholmsområdet. Särskilt fokus ligger på motiv, problematik och potential som är kopplat till arbetet. Studien tar avstamp i de tre koncepten vardagsurbanism, temporär urbanism och taktisk urbanism, vilka valts för att ge insikt i medborgardrivna metoder för att forma och förbättra sin stad. Litteraturorienteringen visar på hur de medborgardrivna initiativen har spirat, men också på hur dessa metoder har tagits i bruk även av myndigheter och privata aktörer. Då det i praktiken har visat sig svårt att åtskilja koncepten har ett samlingsnamn används inom ramen för denna studie; flexibel urbanism. Tolv intervjuer har genomförts; främst med konsulter inom samhällsbyggnadssektorn, men även representanter från den kommunala sektorn. Dessa intervjuer tillsammans med relevant litteratur ligger till grund för studiens inramning och resultat. Resultatet visar på att flexibel urbanism till stor del används för olika typer av dialoger och kommunikation, men även i identitetsskapande syfte, samt som forskning och utvecklingsprojekt. Projekten är idag ofta drivna av personligt engagemang, ett engagemang som ofta även går över gränsen för vad som krävs av yrkespersonen respektive privatpersonen. Idag finns inte fungerande rutiner hos varken beställaren eller utföraren, där kommunen ofta är beställaren. Det leder till att rollfördelningen ofta är otydlig. En viktig utmaning ligger i att utvärdera återkopplingar som ges i samband med projekten, samt att bibehålla ett medborgarförtroende. Övriga utmaningar innefattar att nå ut till en stor målgrupp, finansiering, samt engagera medborgare på en djupare nivå. Diskussionen pekar på att det finns många maktrelaterade, demokratiska och etiska aspekter att ta hänsyn till vid arbete med flexibel urbanisms utöver de organisatoriska utmaningar som är relaterat till konceptet som verktyg. Trots utmaningarna ser respondenterna stor potential hos verktyget och det finns en tydlig vilja och ett intresse att arbeta i större utsträckning med flexibel urbanism. 

  • 22. Elmqvist, Thomas
    et al.
    Colding, Johan
    Barthel, Stephan
    Borgström, Sara
    Duit, Andreas
    Lundberg, Jakob
    Andersson, Erik
    Ahrné, Karin
    Ernstson, Henrik
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Folke, Carl
    Bengtsson, Janne
    The Dynamics of Social-Ecological Systems in Urban Landscapes2004In: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, ISSN 0077-8923, E-ISSN 1749-6632, Vol. 1023, p. 308-322Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses social-ecological dynamics in the greater metropolitan area of Stockholm County, Sweden, with special focus on the National Urban Park (NUP). It is part of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) and has the following specific objectives: (1) to provide scientific information on biodiversity patterns, ecosystem dynamics, and ecosystem services generated; (2) to map interplay between actors and institutions involved in management of ecosystem services; and (3) to identify strategies for strengthening social-ecological resilience. The green areas in Stockholm County deliver numerous ecosystem services, for example, air filtration, regulation of microclimate, noise reduction, surface water drainage, recreational and cultural values, nutrient retention, and pollination and seed dispersal. Recreation is among the most important services and NUP, for example, has more than 15 million visitors per year. More than 65 organizations representing 175,000 members are involved in management of ecosystem services. However, because of population increase and urban growth during the last three decades, the region displays a quite dramatic loss of green areas and biodiversity. An important future focus is how management may reduce increasing isolation of urban green areas and enhance connectivity. Comanagement should be considered where locally managed green space may function as buffer zones and for management of weak links that connect larger green areas; for example, there are three such areas around NUP identified. Preliminary results indicate that areas of informal management represent centers on which to base adaptive comanagement, with the potential to strengthen biodiversity management and resilience in the landscape.

  • 23.
    Engström, Amalia
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Agdahl, Kristofer
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Bredäng in flux: Reshaping modernist spaces through contemporary planning2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Open and un-built spaces can be argued as creating holes and abruptions in the urban fabric, or contradictory, as being spaces for opportunities and spontaneity. In contemporary urban ideals of density, spaces as these are rarely planned. In previous paradigms of urban planning however, as during the modernist era, open spaces were more often intentionally introduced as urban elements.

    The study researches the neighbourhood of Bredäng as a distinct case of a modernist suburban area in Stockholm. Bredäng is characterised partly by its many open unbuilt spaces, which were planned as part of the then prevailing idea of urbanity where nature and open spaces were seen as providing a peaceful living environment in contrast to the hectic and unhealthy inner city. In the current planning ideal of Stockholm, the city is to become a coherent and dense urban environment, and a wish to ‘heal the wounds’ of, primarily, modernist planning, is stressed. Bredäng is placed between its historical ideals of modernism and contemporary ideals of densification and continuous urban landscapes, and in this meeting the open spaces will play a vital role.

    Through interview studies with planners, engineers and architects involved in current planning of Bredäng, as well as through analysis of planning documents and policies, the thesis examines the open spaces of Bredäng as fields for interaction between planning ideals. Three competing, but not mutually exclusive, strategic approaches emerges from the analysis of the contemporary planning of Bredäng. We categorise these approaches to the open spaces as; (1) Sustainable Bredäng in which open spaces are understood partly negative, as spaces without quality, hindering integration, and partly in positive terms as spaces for exploitation and densification. (2) Preserved Bredäng in which open spaces are romanticised as carriers of the historical legacy and seen as important to preserve. (3) Polished Bredäng in which the open spaces are perceived as positive for the marketing of the identity of Bredäng but also as unwanted, unsafe and empty elements.

    Regardless approach, the open spaces are seen as in need of definition, as urban parks, as cultural heritage or as transformed into vibrant spaces for street life. Hence, to be undefined and undisciplined is not a viable alternative within a contemporary urban context. A historical comparison can be made - if the land where Bredäng was planned can be seen as a tabula rasa for new visions, the small scale open spaces now becomes a tabula rasa for contemporary urban thought on which ideas a nd visions can be pictured.

  • 24.
    Erixon Aalto, Hanna
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. University of Cape Town.
    Of Plants, High Lines and Horses: Civics and Designers in the Relational Articulation of Values of Urban Natures2017In: Landscape and Urban Planning, ISSN 0169-2046, E-ISSN 1872-6062, Vol. 157, p. 309-321Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses three interventions into urban green spaces—a wetland in Cape Town, a post- industrial site in New York, and a park outside London. Through their different contexts, they help to grasp a wider phenomenon: the protection of urban nature through the development of protective narratives. We analyze these interventions as examples of “value articulation”, which we view as a relational and sociomaterial practice that requires the enrolment of people, plants, and things that together perform, spread, and deploy stories about why given places need protection. For each case study, we also highlight the moments when narrative practices move beyond mere protection and start to change the very context in which they were developed. We refer to these as projective narratives, emphasizing how novel values and uses are projected onto these spaces, opening them up for reworking. Our analyses of these successful attempts to protect land demonstrate how values emerge as part of inclusive, yet specific, narratives that mobilize and broaden support and constituencies. By constructing spatial linkages, such narratives embed places in wider geographical ‘wholes’ and we observe how the physical landscape itself becomes an active narrative element. In contrast to rationalist and external frameworks for analyzing values in relation to urban natures (e.g., ecosystem services), our ‘bottom-up’ mode situates urban nature in specific contexts, helping us to profoundly rethink planning and practice in order to (i) challenge expert categories and city/nature dichotomies; (ii) provide vernacular ways of knowing/understanding; and (iii) rethink the role of urban designers.

  • 25.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology.
    In Rhizomia: Actors, Networks and Resilience in Urban Landscapes2008Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University.
    The Drama of Urban Greens and Regimes: Social Movements and Ecosystem Services in Stockholm National Urban Park2007Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. University of Cape Town.
    The political nature of urban wetlands: Speaking from Princess Vlei Wetland, Cape Town2014In: Urban wetlands: South Asia, no 2, p. 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 28.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. University of Cape Town.
    Swyngedouw, Erik
    The University of Manchester.
    Bringing Back the Political: Egalitarian Acting, Performative Theory2019In: Urban Political Ecology in the Anthropo-obscene: Interruptions and Possibilities / [ed] Henrik Ernstson, Erik Swyngedouw, Abingdon and New York: Routledge, 2019, p. 255-267Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The political is categorically and fundamentally performative. Those that gain a voice as equals do not do so by demanding a right to speak within an already policed order, they stage equality and produce new spaces from where equality and freedom can be thought and acted out. This notion of the political, we argue, has to (again) become central in radical and critical theory, urban political ecology (UPE) and associated fields in the coming decade. This concluding essay draws on the chapters of the book to discuss what “politically performative theory” could mean and what challenges and possibilities it brings to a reconfigured UPE and in politicizing the environment.

    The full text will be freely available from 2020-08-11 12:39
  • 29.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. University of Cape Town.
    Swyngedouw, Erik
    The University of Manchester.
    O Tempora! O Mores! Interrupting the Anthropo-obScene2019In: Urban Political Ecology in the Anthropo-obscene: Interruptions and Possibilities / [ed] Henrik Ernstson, Erik Swyngedouw, Abingdon and New York: Routledge, 2019, p. 25-47Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We develop the term “the Anthropo-obScene” to show how various discourses on “the Anthropocene” have created a set of stages that disavow certain voices and render some forms of acting (human, non-human, and more-than-human) off-stage. Examples include consensual narratives of adaptive, resilient, and geo-engineered governance, but also more-than-human ontologies that, in spite their purported radicality, could lead to a problematic strengthening of technomanagerial discourse. With the Anthropo-obScene, we seek to interrupt the deepening of “immunological bio-politics” and a politicization of the socio-ecological conundrum we are in, while fully and radically embracing our interdependence with non-humans.

    The full text will be freely available from 2020-08-11 12:42
  • 30.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Swyngedouw, Erik
    The University of Manchester.
    Politicizing the Environment in the Urban Century2019In: Urban Political Ecology in the Anthropo-obscene: Interruptions and Possibilities / [ed] Ernstson, Henrik; Swyngedouw, Erik, Abingdon and New York: Routledge, 2019, p. 3-21Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter focuses on the book’s central theme on how to organize anew the articulation between emancipatory theory and political activism. Framed against the background of five major transformations that deal with planetary urbanisation to de-politicization, we argue that while UPE and associated fields have offered ways to analyse the politics of nature, they have less to offer in terms of what to do, in terms of thinking with radical political activists about new imaginaries and practices of emancipatory socio-ecological change. In light of this, we present the chapters as enriching the approaches to re-centre the political in thought and action in environmental and urban studies.

    The full text will be freely available from 2020-08-11 13:25
  • 31.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    van der Leeuw, S E
    Redman, C L
    Meffert, D J
    Davis, G
    Alfsen, C
    Elmqvist, Thomas
    Urban Transitions: On Urban Resilience and Human-Dominated Ecosystems2010In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 39, no 8, p. 531-545Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urbanization is a global multidimensional process paired with increasing uncertainty due to climate change, migration of people, and changes in the capacity to sustain ecosystem services. This article lays a foundation for discussing transitions in urban governance, which enable cities to navigate change, build capacity to withstand shocks, and use experimentation and innovation in face of uncertainty. Using the three concrete case cities-New Orleans, Cape Town, and Phoenix-the article analyzes thresholds and cross-scale interactions, and expands the scale at which urban resilience has been discussed by integrating the idea from geography that cities form part of "system of cities" (i.e., they cannot be seen as single entities). Based on this, the article argues that urban governance need to harness social networks of urban innovation to sustain ecosystem services, while nurturing discourses that situate the city as part of regional ecosystems. The article broadens the discussion on urban resilience while challenging resilience theory when addressing human-dominated ecosystems. Practical examples of harnessing urban innovation are presented, paired with an agenda for research and policy.

  • 32.
    Freitas, Flavio L. M.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Land and Water Resources Engineering.
    Guidotti, Vinicius
    d Institute of Agricultural and Forest Management and Certification – Imaflora.
    Sparovek, Gerd
    University of São Paulo, Soil Dep..
    TECHNICAL NOTE: LAND TENURE MAP OF BRAZIL2017Data set
    Abstract [en]

    The land tenure map of Brazil is the result of a collaborative effort between Imaflora, ESALQ/USP’s GeoLab and the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH, Sweden). This georeferenced database covers the entire Brazilian territory, offering an open and public picture of all public and private land holdings in Brazil.

    This land tenure map is an update on previous studies conducted by Professor Gerd Sparovek's team - ESALQ/USP’s GeoLab - (Freitas, Sparovek e Matsumoto, 2016; Sparovek et al., 2010, 2012, 2015) and includes new functionalities and the coding of a routine that allows for the continuous updating of this database developed by Imaflora and KTH-Sweden teams.

  • 33. Froster, Anna
    Nationalromantiskt naturskydd2011In: Hamra nationalpark: Urskog i myrland / [ed] Anna Froster & Marcus Elmerstad, Stockholm: Naturvårsverket & Votum förlag; tr. Lettland, 2011 , 2011, p. 60-62Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Gonzalez Palos, Andrea
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Empower Through Maps: Reclaiming the Power of Information through Participation2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is widely claimed that geographic information and maps are highly political. Many researchers have detailed the source of the power of maps and their ability to serve specific interests, represent certain ideologies and perpetuate systems of exclusion (Harley, 1988; Harvey, 1998; Wood, 1992). Maps can be both the products and the generators of power, thus assigning the mapmaker a great responsibility in the information that they choose or not to represent and how they decide to do it. Representing the same information in different ways, or choosing to omit certain parts of it and heighten others can reveal very different conclusions and lead to multiple interpretations.

    In the urbanism field, information often comes in extensive policy documents, development plans and land use maps. It is relevant to expand the sources of information that urbanists use when performing their job. Interest in mapping is high, made more accessible through tools like Google Earth and GIS software and with new forms of participatory mapping practices. Mapping has evolved from being done by and for figures of power and authority, to representing the issues, needs and conditions of everyday users. When mapping is reclaimed by the people, they can be used to propose alternatives to the image and language of power and become a medium for conversation or protest.

    By participating in the process, citizens can engage in dialogue with different stakeholders and government officials, acquire new skills and knowledge, be more informed and generate judgments about issues that concern them and exercise their political power.

    In the end, it is important to remember that making the map is not the end of the process, but the beginning, as information has to be processed, analyzed and discussed in a transparent and democratic manner as well. Cities are in constant growth and evolution and so the process of updating the information is ongoing. Maps should be kept updated and accessible in order for them to remain as a relevant tool for empowerment.

  • 35. Graham, M
    et al.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    University of Cape Town, South Africa.
    Comanagement at the Fringes: Examining Stakeholder Perspectives at Macassar Dunes, Cape Town, South Africa-at the Intersection of High Biodiversity, Urban Poverty, and Inequality2012In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 17, no 3, article id 34Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Theoretically, co-management provides a fruitful way to engage local residents in efforts to conserve and manage particular spaces of ecological value. However, natural resource management, and biodiversity conservation in particular, are faced with novel sets of complexities in the rapidly urbanizing areas of Cape Town, South Africa, and in the nexus between an apartheid past, informal settlements, remnant biodiversity patches, and urban poverty. Departing from such a dynamic social and ecological context, this article first provides an historical account of the decade-long comanagement process at Macassar Dunes, and then considers, through stakeholder perceptions, what are the successes and failures of the contested process. We find that comanagement at Macassar Dunes faces serious legitimacy, trust, and commitment issues, but also that stakeholders find common ground on education and awareness-raising activities. In conclusion we argue that the knowledge generated from case studies like this is useful in challenging and rethinking natural resource management theory generally, but specifically it is useful for the growing cities of the Global South. More case studies and a deeper engagement are needed with geographical theories on the “urban fringe” as “possibility space”, to help build a firm empirical base for theorizing comanagement “at the fringes”, i.e., at the intersection of poverty, socioeconomic inequality, and high biodiversity and ecological values.

  • 36. Grahn Danielson, Benjamin
    et al.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Swedberg, Stig
    Styrmedel och kompensationsåtgärder inom kulturmiljöområdet: Sammanfattning och slutsatser av FoU-projekt2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet Styrmedel och kompensationsåtgärder inom kulturmiljöområdet har genomförts av Kulturlandskapet i Fjällbacka i samarbete med KTH/A, GU samt SLU och med bidrag från Riksantikvarieämbetets FoU-anslag. Projektet har bestått av tre delar. En första del utgjordes av en faktagenomgång som omfattade begreppsanalys och juridisk analys, vilka tillämpades i fyra fallstudier. Del två utgjordes av testbäddar/workshoppar där begrepp, analysmodellen och fallstudierna låg till grund för vidare diskussioner och analyser. Slutligen har en konferens arrangerats där resultaten från projektet presenterats och diskuterats.  På konferensen presenterades också flera exempel på kommunal planering som inbegriper kompensation av kulturmiljövärden.

     

    I föreliggande rapport sammanfattas resultaten från dessa tre delar. Projektets slutsatser baserade på erfarenheter från fallstudier, workshoppar och konferens är att:

     

    •   Det saknas professionell och rättslig praxis för arbete med kompensation vid påverkan på kulturmiljöer.

    •   I kommunal planering har former för kompensation utvecklats genom olika typer av avtalslösningar.

    •   Vissa av dessa kommunala praktiker går längre än lagstiftningen och arbetar med balansering som princip.

    •   Kompensationsåtgärder behöver ges en tydligare koppling mellan värde/betydelse och själva åtgärden.

    •   Kvalitativa värden, som kulturmiljövärden, behöver behandlas tidigt i en planprocess, så att en prissättning av hänsynskrav och eventuella kompensationskrav kan ske på ett jämställt sätt.

    •   Transparensen i planprocessen behöver förstärkas.

    •   Gällande juridiska styrmedel fungerar dåligt och behöver justeras.

    •   Landskapskonventionen behöver implementeras i svensk lagstiftning.

    •   Utifrån detta utkristalliseras ett antal kunskapsbehov och behov av lagändringar:

    -   Erfarenheter från kommunala praktiker behöver studeras och utvecklas till en gemensam grund.

    -   Råd och beskrivning av processen för kompensation i planer och projekt.

    -   Utbildning i de juridiska förutsättningarna för kompensationskrav.

    -   Utveckling av de nationella målen avseende kulturmiljö och landskap.

    -   Förändrad lagstiftning behövs avseende möjlighet till kompensation enligt plan och bygglagen.

    -   Balansering bör tillämpas som grundläggande princip för miljölagstiftningen.

  • 37.
    Haas, Tigran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Missförstånd och feltolkningar av New Urbanism: [Misinterpretations and False Premises About New Urbanism]2005In: PLAN – Tidskrift för Samhällplanering, ISSN 0032-0560, Vol. 2, no 37Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Haas, Tigran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    New Urbanism and Beyond: Designing Cities for the Future2008 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Haas, Tigran
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Infrastructure.
    Sustainable Urban Matrix: Achieving Sustainable Urban Form in Residential Buildings (SUM)2000In: Achieving Sustainable Urban Form / [ed] Katie Williams, Elizabeth Burton and Mike Jenks, London: E & FN Spoon , 2000, 1, p. 329-337Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Haas, Tigran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Sustainable Urbanism and Beyond: Rethinking Cities for the Future2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Haas, Tigran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    URBANISM 303: Urban planning & design research ideas and writings (12½ New and Old Essays): Ten Years of Alpe-Adria Conference Papers 1999-2009: Vienna, Ljubljana, Naples, Siena, Venice, Bled, Bologna and Vienna2010Other (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Haas, Tigran
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Infrastructure.
    Roberts, Andrew
    Hifab International AB.
    New Possibilities for Sustaining Human Settlements in a War-Torn Zon2001In: Sustaining Human Settlement: A Challenge for the New Millennium / [ed] Roderick J. Lawrence, North Shields: Urban International Press , 2001, p. 376-405Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Henao Castro, Andrés Fabián
    et al.
    University of Massachussetts Boston.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    "Hic Rhodus, Hic Salta!" Postcolonial Remains and The Politics of the Anthropo-ob(S)cene2019In: Urban Political Ecology in the Anthropo-obscene: Interruptions and Possibilities / [ed] Ernstson, Henrik; Swyngedouw, Erik, Abingdon and New York: Routledge, 2019, p. 69-87Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We use postcolonial theory to interrogate the discourse of €œthe Anthropocene€ and its depoliticizing effects. It is maintained that the way that the Anthropocene€ discourse has been articulated within parts of postcolonial theory is deeply problematic and risks making the political itself categorically unthinkable and ontologically evacuated. In an attempt to disrupt this deadlock, we combine post-foundational and postcolonial theory to propose three performative interruptions against conditions of exclusion—the politics of time, the politics of translation, and the politics of the stage. These build a platform to re-launch the political performativity of subaltern experiences in the here and now.

    The full text will be freely available from 2020-08-11 12:41
  • 44.
    Håkansson, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Geodesy and Satellite Positioning.
    Characterization of GNSS observations from a Nexus 9 Android tablet2019In: GPS Solutions, ISSN 1080-5370, E-ISSN 1521-1886, Vol. 23, no 1, article id UNSP 21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Global navigation satellite system (GNSS) raw data were made available in the application programming interface (API) starting from version 7.0 of the Android operating system. This opens possibilities for precise positioning with Android devices, as externally generated GNSS corrections can now be included in the positioning estimation in a convenient way. The Nexus 9 tablet is a good candidate for an early assessment of the raw GNSS observables and the corresponding derived precise positions, as it also supports many of the optional features and observation types presented by the API, including carrier phase observations which play an important role in many precise positioning techniques. It is known from the previous studies that poor handling of multipath in smartphones and tablets is a big challenge when it comes to precise GNSS positioning with these kinds of devices. Hence, this study assesses the raw GNSS observations and the calculated precise positions of the Nexus 9 tablet in two experimental setups with different multipath impacts. In addition, various biases of the observations are determined, some of which is not present on high-grade geodetic receivers. The analysis is done for GPS and GLONASS, which are supported by the Nexus 9 tablet. The study shows that multipath plays an important role for the expected accuracy of the calculated precise positions, both due to the induced error on the measurements, and due to loss of lock of the GNSS signals, which significantly affects precise positioning from carrier-phase measurements. Position accuracy ranges from just below 1m to a few decimeters between the experimental setups with moderate and low levels of multipath respectively, for positioning based on carrier-phase observations. It is, furthermore, demonstrated that consideration of code inter-system biases and code inter-frequency biases of the Nexus 9 tablet are crucial for differential GNSS with multiple GNSS systems and when GLONASS observations are used in the positioning solutions. Besides these expected biases, also other less expected behaviors were discovered in the Nexus 9 GNSS observations, including various drifts for the code and phase observations. This study also proposes some strategies to handle these.

  • 45.
    Högström, Ebba
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Gör platsen patienten?: Rumsliga föreställningar i psykiatrin2009In: Conference Proceedings Linköping University Electronic Press, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2009, Vol. 040, p. 339-353Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 46. Israelsson, Elin
    et al.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    University of Cape Town.
    Analyzing shifts towards people-centered conservation practice: a comparative study of urban biodiversity protection at four nature reserves in Cape Town2009Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Johansson, Emma
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Carlsbrand, Gustav
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Social cohesion in Gilbert Hill: What can be done to better integrate the informalitywithin the formal planning process2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The government in Maharashtra are trying to rehabilitate the informal settlements in Mumbai

    through the slum rehabilitation authority and its rehabilitation scheme and we wanted to learn

    more about how it worked and how it affects living conditions for former residents of an

    informal settlement and how it can differ from those still living there.

    This study has a focus on a specific informal settlement in Mumbai, called Gilbert Hill.

    Through observations and interviews with people living in the area, the research investigates

    resident’s opinions and experiences. Interviews with officials, involved in the planning of

    Mumbai were conducted, in order to learn how the interaction between formal and informal

    structures looks like. The results will be presented in this report and will give an insight of the

    life in an informal settlement in Mumbai as well as the thoughts and efforts with the

    rehabilitation of said settings.

    Our findings have been analysed and discussed in the light of David Harvey’s The right to

    city, displacement theories, theories about the public private partnership and what it is that

    makes informal settlements to persist.

    We have discovered that it is not as easy as to just redevelop an informal settlement according

    to a uniform plan. Residents have special bonds to the neighbourhood, both between each

    other and to the place itself. Even though the residents might be viewed as impoverished and

    underprivileged they still should have a right to form their future as well as their

    surroundings. They certainly have a will to do so.

  • 48.
    Joshua A., Lewis
    et al.
    Tulane University.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. University of Cape Town.
    Contesting the Coast: Ecosystems as Infrastructure in the Mississippi River Delta2018In: Progress in Planning, ISSN 0305-9006, E-ISSN 1873-4510Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We develop an analytical repertoire for understanding historical interrelationships between water infrastructure, regional environmental politics, and large-scale coastal ecosystems. In doing so, we scrutinize how notions of urban resilience, climate adaptation, and ecosystem-based infrastructure are influencing contemporary planning practice. Our account from New Orleans and the Mississippi River Delta traces several large-scale hydrological engineering projects with origins in the early 20th century, which aimed to restructure the landscape for more effective maritime transportation, flood protection, and urban drainage. The account concludes with a discussion of a massive and ongoing planning project, which aims to restore the historical dynamics of the Mississippi River Delta, diverting the river into nearby coastal wetlands to provide storm protection for vulnerable communities, most especially New Orleans. Our analysis shows how the development of water infrastructure systems in the region produced cleavages in the region’s body politic and eco-hydrology, generating disputes that threaten to slow or obstruct the plan’s implementation. The study shows how the forms and discourses of political contention in the present are deeply informed by past decisions regarding the placement, operation, and maintenance of large-scale water infrastructures in the region. The conflicts that emerge from these cleavages comprise the primary obstacle facing ecosystem-based strategies aimed at securing New Orleans and other major settlements in the region from storm surges. This raises fundamental challenges for planning practice, which are explored here through a discussion of situational dissensus, conflicting rationalities, and pathways for democratic institutional innovation. 

  • 49.
    Kahlbom, Tim
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Boendesegregation i Stockholm: Hyresmarknadens bidragande till segregationen i staden2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kandidatarbetets syfte är att försöka finna samband mellan den minskandehyresmarknaden och den ökade segregationen i Stockholm Stad. Andelen hyresrätterav bostadsbestånden i Stockholm Stads stadsdelsnämnder har undersökts samt olikasocioekonomiska klasser som existerar i dessa områden. Utvecklingen av antalethyresrätter mellan 1990 och 2014 har jämförs med utvecklingen i medelinkomst ochindivider med utländskbakgrund mellan 2000 och 2015 samt ohälsotalen i områdenamellan 2000 till 2014.Resultat visar att minskat hyresrättbestånd kan ha bidragit till ökad segregationenmellan stadsdelsnämnderna. Områden med stor andel hyresrättsminskning har haftkraftig ökning i medelinkomst, en liten ökning individer med utländskbakgrund samten stor minskning i ohälsotal. Samtidigt har de områden som haft minst minskninghyresrätter haft lägst medelinkomstutveckling, haft större ökning utlandsfödda ochmindre minskande ohälsotal. Författaren vill tydligt trycka på att resultatet inteimplicerar i att hyresrätter är dåligt för samhället utan istället att Stockholm blir mersegregerat efter hyresrättbeståndet som existerar i olika områden, samt att ett störrebehov av hyresrättsbebyggelse i attraktiva områden är av vikt för att minskaoattraktiva områdens sociala instabilitet.En regressionsanalys utförs för att undersöka sambandet mellan andelen hyresrättersom existerade i Stockholm 2014 och segregation. Hyresrätter ställs mot olika utvaldaförklaringsvariabler var av ett statistiskt signifikant resultat erhålls med R2 = 0,919

    samt ett p värde för F = 0,018

  • 50.
    Kahlbom, Tim
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Närhet och tillgänglighet till fotbollsplaner i Nacka kommun: En studie genom nätverksanalyser och space syntax2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims in examining closeness and accessibility of football pitches in the municipality of Nacka, in Stockholm Sweden, with the basis of network analysis and space syntax. The relations between accessibility and health are a key standpoints and related theories and previous studies in the matter has been discussed.

    The study focusses on existing football pitches in the municipality and how close and accessible these are for youths in the age of 7 to 20 years. The pedestrian and bicycling networks as well as public transportation road networks are there for examined. As a result, the study has provided suggestions for future locations of new football pitches. These locations have been analyzed from closeness and accessibility aspects as well as the capacity of the football pitches. The results have similarities to previous researches by the municipality, but does also show that some municipal areas are of greater need than previous investigations have shown. 

    Finally, two aspects must be noted. Firstly, in this study, "ball pitches" (football pitches which are not bookable for organized sport) have been excluded from the analyzes. These are highly relevant for “spontaneous sport activities” as well as daily exercise for young people. This notion becomes relevant though the municipality are discussing to make these non-bookable pitches possible to schedule for organized football. Secondly, this type of analysis can be done for a variety of different functions in the city and not necessarily just football pitches.

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