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  • 1.
    Appelblad Fredby, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Nilsson, David
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    From "All for some" to "Some for all"?: A historical geography of pro-poor water provision in Kampala2013In: Journal of Eastern African Studies, ISSN 1753-1055, E-ISSN 1753-1063, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 40-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the historical mechanisms and geographical factors that have formed the current structure of urban water provision in Kampala, the capital of Uganda. The formation of the urban geography of Kampala dates back to the early colonial period. The high- and middle-income earners have settled on the hills while the poorest part of the population lives in the low-lying areas, dispersed as pockets of unplanned and informal settlements. Public services are underdeveloped in these informal pockets. The government has pledged to improve services for the poor and this article analyses whether the efforts made are likely to lead to a lasting change, seen in a longer time perspective. The public water supply in Kampala has ever since its opening in 1930 focused on the middle- and high-income groups while poor people have been marginalised. Water provision to low-income groups has continued to rely on standpipes since the colonial period. There has also been organisational continuity, with a single centralised organisation in charge of urban water supply in all larger towns. Institutional changes, such as the new connection policy from 2004, have perpetuated the emphasis on middle- and high-income groups. This article argues that the traditional focus on private connections is creating a barrier for expansion of services in informal areas. Pre-paid water distribution, which was tried already in the 1920s, has in recent years seen a revival. This technology offers an important avenue for rectifying inequalities of public services that has been reproduced since the colonial period.

  • 2.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Is there an indigenous knowledge in the urban North?: Re/inventing local knowledge and communities in the struggles overgarbage and incinerators in Campania, Italy2014In: Estudos de Sociologia, ISSN 1415-000X, Vol. 1, no 20Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with the narratives about environmental struggles over garbage facilities in Campania, Italy, a region which, in the last decades, has become the worldwide icon of the failure in the management of its own metabolism. In particular I analyze the narratives about the activists involved in the struggles and their creative interaction with scientific knowledge. My thesis is that ecological conflicts--at least in this specific case--have been producers of communities and knowledges. Instead of reinforcing the narrative about “natural” communities living in a space of radically otherness and oppressed by global villains, I would like to explore the interstitial South, mixed with the North and its science and contradictions. Using a collection of interviews and some grassroots documentaries about the crisis and the mobilization, I analyze the rising of a collective knowledge and the making of communities through the very experience of resistance to the governmentality plan of waste disposal.

  • 3.
    Barbosa, William
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Den urbana integrationen av industriområden i Morges, Schweiz.: Utveckling och tillämpning av "best practices" i ett planeringssammanhang.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The region of Morges (Switzerland) grows in a context of land shortage. Industrial zones become strategic areas for denser settlements, threatening the local economic development in the long term. This master thesis investigates the conditions in which industrial zones in the region of Morges can be integrated in a function mixed urban area without jeopardising local activities. Case studies from Bern, The Hague, Geneva and Brussels are used as “best practices” in order to perform the analysis. Results show that the monitoring of disturbances and of logistics as well as a strong public commitment are key factors to a successful reconversion of industrial zones towards functional mix. “Best practices” are efficient if used as a support to decision making and as a source of inspiration.

  • 4. Bação, Fernando
    et al.
    Santos, Maribel YasminaPainho, Marco
    Drawing with Geography2015Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • 5. Borsekova, K.
    et al.
    Kourtit, Karima
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Nijkamp, P.
    Smart development, spatial sustainability and environmental quality2017In: Habitat International, ISSN 0197-3975, E-ISSN 1873-5428, Vol. 68, p. 1-2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Borén, Thomas
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Platser i Praktiken och Social Hållbarhet: Hökarängen och andra små centrumbildningar i fokus2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Stadsbyggnad och samhällsplanering är som framgår av förordet inget neutralt område utan en praktik och ett kunskapsområde med stora implikationer för människors vardagsliv liksom för samhället i stort. Det handlar om att få platser att fungera bra för dem som bor, arbetar eller på annat sätt är involverade i platsen, och där i samman­hanget ’fungera’ avser hela skalan från individens möjligheter till självförverkligande, till det för staden och samhället gemensamma bästa.

    Över tid förändrar sig förutsättningarna och platser som en gång formgivits i samklang med sin tid behöver i stadsbyggnadens och samhällsplaneringens praktik omtolkas och ges nya innebörder för att kunna leva upp till den nya tidens krav, utan att för den skull ge avkall på grundläggande överenskommelser i samhällskontraktet. Platser i praktiken kommer då att handla om social hållbarhet och om vilken typ av stad vi vill ha i vilken typ av samhälle. En komponent i detta handlar om livskraften i det lokala offentliga rummet och de villkor som gäller där oavsett om detta är beläget i stadens centrum eller i något av stadens ytterområden, där mycket av stadens liv levs. Det är detta lokala offentliga rum som den här rapporten ämnar bidra till att belysa.

  • 7.
    Bradley, Karin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Planning for eco-friendly living in diverse societies2009In: Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, ISSN 1354-9839, E-ISSN 1469-6711, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 347-363Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish cities are becoming increasingly multicultural and diverse in terms of lifestylesand socioeconomic conditions. However, cultural and social diversity is seldomconsidered when planning for sustainable urban development. This paper examinesplanning for more eco-friendly living in the increasingly diverse population of a citydistrict of Stockholm. The study reveals the prevalence of a discourse in which aSwedish identity carries environmental responsibility in the form of tidiness, recyclingand familiarity with nature. It is argued that planning for urban sustainability isunderpinned by Swedish middle-class norms, indirectly entailing processes of (self-)disciplining and transforming the other (foreign and/or troublesome dwellers) intowell-behaving Swedes. A clearer definition of the environmental improvementintended, its goals and target groups is needed. Finally, an appreciation of the multipleways we can save natural resources would make urban planning policies more attunedto social and cultural diversity as well as more environmentally progressive.

  • 8.
    Brandt, Anna-Clara
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Hälsoeffekter av ett förändrat klimat – risker och åtgärder i Botkyrka kommun: Planering för en robust och klimatsäkrad dricksvattenförsörjning med vatten av god kvalitet2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här rapporten baseras på en klimat- och sårbarhetsanalys som identifierar de hälsoeffekter som uppkommer i och med ett förändrat klimat. Analysen pekar ut flera samhällsystem som kommer att påverkas av klimatförändringarna men som kan anpassas med hjälp av samhällsplaneringen. Utifrån klimat- och sårbarhetsanalysen har parametern dricksvatten undersökts närmare då tillgången till rent dricksvatten är grundläggande för allt mänskligt liv.

    Botkyrka kommun tar idag sitt dricksvatten från Mälaren. Forskning visar dock att Mälarens vattenkvalitet hotas av klimatförändringarna. Den pågående havsnivåhöjningen kommer i slutet av seklet leda till en ökad risk för större inbrott av saltvatten i Mälaren. Brunifieringen, en ökad halt av näringsämnen och humus i råvattnet, är ytterligare ett hot mot dricksvattenkvaliteten och kommer att öka i och med större nederbördsmängder i framtiden.

    Botkyrka har genom sina stora isälvsavlagringar bra naturliga förutsättningar för att producera grundvatten av god kvalitet, vilket är vatten som kan användas för dricksvatten, både idag och i framtiden. De stora isälvsavlagringarna bidrar också till goda förutsättningar f̈ör att framställa ballastmaterial till bygg- och anläggningsindustrin. Det innebär en målkonflikt mellan dessa olika prioriteringar, vilken har blivit synliggjord under senare år i och med den ökade kunskapen kring behovet att säkerställa en robust, kvalitetssäkrad och långsiktig lösning för kommunens och regionens dricksvattenförsörjning.

    Idag pågår grustäktsverksamhet på flera platser i kommunen, vilket innebär en negativ risk för vattenresursens funktion som dricksvatten. Vid grustäktsverksamhet forslas många lager grus bort, vilka fyller en funktion vid naturlig rening av grundvattnet. I och med det ökar riskerna för att vattnets naturliga rening kommer att påverkas negativt. En ökad risk finns även för föroreningar från verksamheten i sig, där fordon på grustäktsområdet kan leda till spill av olja och andra kemikalier.

    Kommunen arbetar för att grustäktsverksamheten ska avvecklas. I samrådsförslaget till den nya översiktsplanen har kommunen istället förslag på att exploatera dessa områden. Det kan innebära andra risker, som kan ha negativ påverkan på grundvattenkvaliteten, om dessa områden exploateras. Kommunen behöver därför se över de exploateringsförslag som finns på grustäktsområden.

    Kommunen behöver upprätta en vattenförsörjningsplan för att kunna säkerställa en robust, kvalitetssäkrad och långsiktig lösning för kommunens och regionens dricksvattenförsörjning. Med en sådan plan kan prioriterade vattenområden, för framtida dricksvattenförsörjning, identifieras och skyddas. 

  • 9.
    Bratel, Yael
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    SUSTAINABLE LIFESTYLES - AN EXPERIMENT IN LIVING WELL: Northern European examples of sustainable planning2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the concept of sustainable lifestyles. It is concluded that the concept of sustainable lifestyles is derived from the bigger term sustainable development and that the concept sustainable lifestyles exists as an antipode to unsustainable lifestyles. Sustainable lifestyles are still a new concept within the academic field of urban planning and design and some confusion regarding the definition remains.

    Three case studies were made investigating urban planning for sustainable lifestyles. The sites were Houthaven in Amsterdam, Netherlands, Royal Seaport in Stockholm Sweden and Western Harbour in Malmö, Sweden. Urban planning for sustainable lifestyles was explicitly carried out in the Royal Seaport, in the other two cases the concept of sustainability was approached more generally but nonetheless the methods used were quite similar in all three cases.

    How people in the society of today are seen as responsible for e.g. buying ecological food, driving ecological vehicles and living a sustainable lifestyle, are analysed through the approaches of governmentality and biopower. There has been a shift from a centralised governing of sustainability implementations to a decentralised one where the individual responsibility stands in focus.

    There are different views of what a sustainable behaviour and lifestyle could incorporate. According to the technocentric approach, technical solutions to environmental problems are sufficient, but according to the ecocentric approach, behavioural changes are needed in order to obtain sustainability. This has implications for the planning of sustainable lifestyles. In some cases technical solutions are favoured in front of behavioural ones and the other way around. The two tracks of understanding leads to two different pathways of sustainability and a need to recognize and comprehend the differences are crucial in planning for sustainable lifestyles.

    Sustainable behaviour and habits relate to actions, which e.g. minimizes the use of natural resources or incorporates the switch from an unsustainable habit to a sustainable one. Sustainable behaviour is often referred to as pro-environmental behaviour and circles around consumption. There are several ways of replacing unsustainable habits with sustainable ones discussed in this study.

  • 10.
    Dahlberg, Leif
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Mapping the Law of Stockholm2011In: Pólemos, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 61-84Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Dahlberg, Leif
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Spacing Law and Politics: The Constitution and Representation of the Juridical2016 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Examining the inherent spatiality of law, both theoretically and as social practice, this book presents a genealogical account of the emergence and the development of the juridical. In an analysis that stretches from ancient Greece, through late antiquity and early modern and modern Europe, and on to the contemporary courtroom, it considers legal and philosophical texts, artistic and literary works, as well as judicial practices, in order to elicit and document a series of critical moments in the history of juridical space. Offering a more nuanced understanding of law than that found in traditional philosophical, political or social accounts of legal history, Dahlberg forges a critical account of the intimate relations between law and politics that shows how juridical space is determined and conditioned in ways that are integral to the very functioning – and malfunctioning – of law.

  • 12.
    D'Alisa, Giacomo
    et al.
    Autonomous University in Barcelona, Spain.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    What happened to the trash: Political miracles and real statistics in an emergency regime2013In: Capitalism, Nature, Socialism, ISSN 1045-5752, E-ISSN 1548-3290, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 29-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article focuses on waste struggles in Campania, Italy, showing how the state of emergency has been used for years to silence alternative solutions to the waste crisis and favor private economic interests. In Italy, when an event severely jeopardizes human security, the prime minister declares a 'state of emergency' and appoints a commissioner with the power to coordinate actions regarding the catastrophe and rescue of the population. This procedure concentrates all the powers in one agency for coping more efficiently and timely with situations of extreme danger, which, due to their intensity and extent, need extraordinary means and power to guarantee an effective coordination and avoid institutional overlaps. In recent decades, the history of the Italian republic attests to an increasing use of the state of emergency to govern the most ordinary issues of contemporary society. Indeed, even if the first commissioners were appointed in the 1970s, Italians have experienced several extraordinary commissioners also for traffic and mobility control, or to manage 'grand' events including G8 summits, international sports meetings, and global religious conventions.

  • 13.
    Ejigu, Alazar Gedamu
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Haas, Tigran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Contextual Modernism and Sustainable Urbanism as New Housing Strategies2011In: 23rd Conference of the European Network for Housing Research, Toulouse, France 5-8 July 2011, Toulouse: ENHR , 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The growing alienation of modernist public housing estates and their ethnically and socially excluded people, and the neglected human potential they symbolize, is a grotesque expression of the failure of a system driven by the profit motive and failed planning policy, rather than by the requirement to satisfy sustainable urbanism. The modernist concept of urban planning, which emerged in response to a very particular time and set of regional circumstances, spread throughout the Western society in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The result, where the idea was simplistically accepted was a disaster. Paying particular attention to housing, this paper discusses the contrasting results of modernist planning approaches in housing and the consequences of that- It also looks at Sustainable Urbanism paradigm and the possibility that it might offer an alternative to the failed modernist satellite-suburban-monolith-alienated type of living in most major European cities. Empirical evidences are drawn from observation, introspection , analysis and deduction studies and Futurescape of selected cases in the American Housing Program HOPE VI, and from ethnographic survey of the ongoing Grand Housing Program in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, through an descriptive and explorative qualitative approach.

  • 14.
    Elmertoft, Emelie
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Från medborgaraktivism till konsultstrategi: en kartläggning av konsulters erfarenheter av flexibel urbanism2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Medborgarinitierade stadsförbättringsprojekt är något som fått fäste och som sprids i länder som USA, Storbritannien och Tyskland. Att i en högre grad utveckla städer i samarbete med medborgare blir en allt mer populär metod även bland kommunala myndigheter och privata aktörer. Denna studie syftar till att undersöka erfarenheter av att arbeta med vardagsurbanism, temporär urbanism och taktisk urbanism som konsult främst verksam i Stockholmsområdet. Särskilt fokus ligger på motiv, problematik och potential som är kopplat till arbetet. Studien tar avstamp i de tre koncepten vardagsurbanism, temporär urbanism och taktisk urbanism, vilka valts för att ge insikt i medborgardrivna metoder för att forma och förbättra sin stad. Litteraturorienteringen visar på hur de medborgardrivna initiativen har spirat, men också på hur dessa metoder har tagits i bruk även av myndigheter och privata aktörer. Då det i praktiken har visat sig svårt att åtskilja koncepten har ett samlingsnamn används inom ramen för denna studie; flexibel urbanism. Tolv intervjuer har genomförts; främst med konsulter inom samhällsbyggnadssektorn, men även representanter från den kommunala sektorn. Dessa intervjuer tillsammans med relevant litteratur ligger till grund för studiens inramning och resultat. Resultatet visar på att flexibel urbanism till stor del används för olika typer av dialoger och kommunikation, men även i identitetsskapande syfte, samt som forskning och utvecklingsprojekt. Projekten är idag ofta drivna av personligt engagemang, ett engagemang som ofta även går över gränsen för vad som krävs av yrkespersonen respektive privatpersonen. Idag finns inte fungerande rutiner hos varken beställaren eller utföraren, där kommunen ofta är beställaren. Det leder till att rollfördelningen ofta är otydlig. En viktig utmaning ligger i att utvärdera återkopplingar som ges i samband med projekten, samt att bibehålla ett medborgarförtroende. Övriga utmaningar innefattar att nå ut till en stor målgrupp, finansiering, samt engagera medborgare på en djupare nivå. Diskussionen pekar på att det finns många maktrelaterade, demokratiska och etiska aspekter att ta hänsyn till vid arbete med flexibel urbanisms utöver de organisatoriska utmaningar som är relaterat till konceptet som verktyg. Trots utmaningarna ser respondenterna stor potential hos verktyget och det finns en tydlig vilja och ett intresse att arbeta i större utsträckning med flexibel urbanism. 

  • 15. Elmqvist, Thomas
    et al.
    Colding, Johan
    Barthel, Stephan
    Borgström, Sara
    Duit, Andreas
    Lundberg, Jakob
    Andersson, Erik
    Ahrné, Karin
    Ernstson, Henrik
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Folke, Carl
    Bengtsson, Janne
    The Dynamics of Social-Ecological Systems in Urban Landscapes2004In: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, ISSN 0077-8923, E-ISSN 1749-6632, Vol. 1023, p. 308-322Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses social-ecological dynamics in the greater metropolitan area of Stockholm County, Sweden, with special focus on the National Urban Park (NUP). It is part of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) and has the following specific objectives: (1) to provide scientific information on biodiversity patterns, ecosystem dynamics, and ecosystem services generated; (2) to map interplay between actors and institutions involved in management of ecosystem services; and (3) to identify strategies for strengthening social-ecological resilience. The green areas in Stockholm County deliver numerous ecosystem services, for example, air filtration, regulation of microclimate, noise reduction, surface water drainage, recreational and cultural values, nutrient retention, and pollination and seed dispersal. Recreation is among the most important services and NUP, for example, has more than 15 million visitors per year. More than 65 organizations representing 175,000 members are involved in management of ecosystem services. However, because of population increase and urban growth during the last three decades, the region displays a quite dramatic loss of green areas and biodiversity. An important future focus is how management may reduce increasing isolation of urban green areas and enhance connectivity. Comanagement should be considered where locally managed green space may function as buffer zones and for management of weak links that connect larger green areas; for example, there are three such areas around NUP identified. Preliminary results indicate that areas of informal management represent centers on which to base adaptive comanagement, with the potential to strengthen biodiversity management and resilience in the landscape.

  • 16.
    Engström, Amalia
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Agdahl, Kristofer
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Bredäng in flux: Reshaping modernist spaces through contemporary planning2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Open and un-built spaces can be argued as creating holes and abruptions in the urban fabric, or contradictory, as being spaces for opportunities and spontaneity. In contemporary urban ideals of density, spaces as these are rarely planned. In previous paradigms of urban planning however, as during the modernist era, open spaces were more often intentionally introduced as urban elements.

    The study researches the neighbourhood of Bredäng as a distinct case of a modernist suburban area in Stockholm. Bredäng is characterised partly by its many open unbuilt spaces, which were planned as part of the then prevailing idea of urbanity where nature and open spaces were seen as providing a peaceful living environment in contrast to the hectic and unhealthy inner city. In the current planning ideal of Stockholm, the city is to become a coherent and dense urban environment, and a wish to ‘heal the wounds’ of, primarily, modernist planning, is stressed. Bredäng is placed between its historical ideals of modernism and contemporary ideals of densification and continuous urban landscapes, and in this meeting the open spaces will play a vital role.

    Through interview studies with planners, engineers and architects involved in current planning of Bredäng, as well as through analysis of planning documents and policies, the thesis examines the open spaces of Bredäng as fields for interaction between planning ideals. Three competing, but not mutually exclusive, strategic approaches emerges from the analysis of the contemporary planning of Bredäng. We categorise these approaches to the open spaces as; (1) Sustainable Bredäng in which open spaces are understood partly negative, as spaces without quality, hindering integration, and partly in positive terms as spaces for exploitation and densification. (2) Preserved Bredäng in which open spaces are romanticised as carriers of the historical legacy and seen as important to preserve. (3) Polished Bredäng in which the open spaces are perceived as positive for the marketing of the identity of Bredäng but also as unwanted, unsafe and empty elements.

    Regardless approach, the open spaces are seen as in need of definition, as urban parks, as cultural heritage or as transformed into vibrant spaces for street life. Hence, to be undefined and undisciplined is not a viable alternative within a contemporary urban context. A historical comparison can be made - if the land where Bredäng was planned can be seen as a tabula rasa for new visions, the small scale open spaces now becomes a tabula rasa for contemporary urban thought on which ideas a nd visions can be pictured.

  • 17.
    Erixon Aalto, Hanna
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. University of Cape Town.
    Of Plants, High Lines and Horses: Civics and Designers in the Relational Articulation of Values of Urban Natures2017In: Landscape and Urban Planning, ISSN 0169-2046, E-ISSN 1872-6062, Vol. 157, p. 309-321Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses three interventions into urban green spaces—a wetland in Cape Town, a post- industrial site in New York, and a park outside London. Through their different contexts, they help to grasp a wider phenomenon: the protection of urban nature through the development of protective narratives. We analyze these interventions as examples of “value articulation”, which we view as a relational and sociomaterial practice that requires the enrolment of people, plants, and things that together perform, spread, and deploy stories about why given places need protection. For each case study, we also highlight the moments when narrative practices move beyond mere protection and start to change the very context in which they were developed. We refer to these as projective narratives, emphasizing how novel values and uses are projected onto these spaces, opening them up for reworking. Our analyses of these successful attempts to protect land demonstrate how values emerge as part of inclusive, yet specific, narratives that mobilize and broaden support and constituencies. By constructing spatial linkages, such narratives embed places in wider geographical ‘wholes’ and we observe how the physical landscape itself becomes an active narrative element. In contrast to rationalist and external frameworks for analyzing values in relation to urban natures (e.g., ecosystem services), our ‘bottom-up’ mode situates urban nature in specific contexts, helping us to profoundly rethink planning and practice in order to (i) challenge expert categories and city/nature dichotomies; (ii) provide vernacular ways of knowing/understanding; and (iii) rethink the role of urban designers.

  • 18.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology.
    In Rhizomia: Actors, Networks and Resilience in Urban Landscapes2008Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University.
    The Drama of Urban Greens and Regimes: Social Movements and Ecosystem Services in Stockholm National Urban Park2007Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. University of Cape Town.
    The political nature of urban wetlands: Speaking from Princess Vlei Wetland, Cape Town2014In: Urban wetlands: South Asia, no 2, p. 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    van der Leeuw, S E
    Redman, C L
    Meffert, D J
    Davis, G
    Alfsen, C
    Elmqvist, Thomas
    Urban Transitions: On Urban Resilience and Human-Dominated Ecosystems2010In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 39, no 8, p. 531-545Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urbanization is a global multidimensional process paired with increasing uncertainty due to climate change, migration of people, and changes in the capacity to sustain ecosystem services. This article lays a foundation for discussing transitions in urban governance, which enable cities to navigate change, build capacity to withstand shocks, and use experimentation and innovation in face of uncertainty. Using the three concrete case cities-New Orleans, Cape Town, and Phoenix-the article analyzes thresholds and cross-scale interactions, and expands the scale at which urban resilience has been discussed by integrating the idea from geography that cities form part of "system of cities" (i.e., they cannot be seen as single entities). Based on this, the article argues that urban governance need to harness social networks of urban innovation to sustain ecosystem services, while nurturing discourses that situate the city as part of regional ecosystems. The article broadens the discussion on urban resilience while challenging resilience theory when addressing human-dominated ecosystems. Practical examples of harnessing urban innovation are presented, paired with an agenda for research and policy.

  • 22.
    Freitas, Flavio L. M.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Land and Water Resources Engineering.
    Guidotti, Vinicius
    d Institute of Agricultural and Forest Management and Certification – Imaflora.
    Sparovek, Gerd
    University of São Paulo, Soil Dep..
    TECHNICAL NOTE: LAND TENURE MAP OF BRAZIL2017Data set
    Abstract [en]

    The land tenure map of Brazil is the result of a collaborative effort between Imaflora, ESALQ/USP’s GeoLab and the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH, Sweden). This georeferenced database covers the entire Brazilian territory, offering an open and public picture of all public and private land holdings in Brazil.

    This land tenure map is an update on previous studies conducted by Professor Gerd Sparovek's team - ESALQ/USP’s GeoLab - (Freitas, Sparovek e Matsumoto, 2016; Sparovek et al., 2010, 2012, 2015) and includes new functionalities and the coding of a routine that allows for the continuous updating of this database developed by Imaflora and KTH-Sweden teams.

  • 23. Froster, Anna
    Nationalromantiskt naturskydd2011In: Hamra nationalpark: Urskog i myrland / [ed] Anna Froster & Marcus Elmerstad, Stockholm: Naturvårsverket & Votum förlag; tr. Lettland, 2011 , 2011, p. 60-62Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Gonzalez Palos, Andrea
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Empower Through Maps: Reclaiming the Power of Information through Participation2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is widely claimed that geographic information and maps are highly political. Many researchers have detailed the source of the power of maps and their ability to serve specific interests, represent certain ideologies and perpetuate systems of exclusion (Harley, 1988; Harvey, 1998; Wood, 1992). Maps can be both the products and the generators of power, thus assigning the mapmaker a great responsibility in the information that they choose or not to represent and how they decide to do it. Representing the same information in different ways, or choosing to omit certain parts of it and heighten others can reveal very different conclusions and lead to multiple interpretations.

    In the urbanism field, information often comes in extensive policy documents, development plans and land use maps. It is relevant to expand the sources of information that urbanists use when performing their job. Interest in mapping is high, made more accessible through tools like Google Earth and GIS software and with new forms of participatory mapping practices. Mapping has evolved from being done by and for figures of power and authority, to representing the issues, needs and conditions of everyday users. When mapping is reclaimed by the people, they can be used to propose alternatives to the image and language of power and become a medium for conversation or protest.

    By participating in the process, citizens can engage in dialogue with different stakeholders and government officials, acquire new skills and knowledge, be more informed and generate judgments about issues that concern them and exercise their political power.

    In the end, it is important to remember that making the map is not the end of the process, but the beginning, as information has to be processed, analyzed and discussed in a transparent and democratic manner as well. Cities are in constant growth and evolution and so the process of updating the information is ongoing. Maps should be kept updated and accessible in order for them to remain as a relevant tool for empowerment.

  • 25. Graham, M
    et al.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    University of Cape Town, South Africa.
    Comanagement at the Fringes: Examining Stakeholder Perspectives at Macassar Dunes, Cape Town, South Africa-at the Intersection of High Biodiversity, Urban Poverty, and Inequality2012In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 17, no 3, article id 34Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Theoretically, co-management provides a fruitful way to engage local residents in efforts to conserve and manage particular spaces of ecological value. However, natural resource management, and biodiversity conservation in particular, are faced with novel sets of complexities in the rapidly urbanizing areas of Cape Town, South Africa, and in the nexus between an apartheid past, informal settlements, remnant biodiversity patches, and urban poverty. Departing from such a dynamic social and ecological context, this article first provides an historical account of the decade-long comanagement process at Macassar Dunes, and then considers, through stakeholder perceptions, what are the successes and failures of the contested process. We find that comanagement at Macassar Dunes faces serious legitimacy, trust, and commitment issues, but also that stakeholders find common ground on education and awareness-raising activities. In conclusion we argue that the knowledge generated from case studies like this is useful in challenging and rethinking natural resource management theory generally, but specifically it is useful for the growing cities of the Global South. More case studies and a deeper engagement are needed with geographical theories on the “urban fringe” as “possibility space”, to help build a firm empirical base for theorizing comanagement “at the fringes”, i.e., at the intersection of poverty, socioeconomic inequality, and high biodiversity and ecological values.

  • 26. Grahn Danielson, Benjamin
    et al.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Swedberg, Stig
    Styrmedel och kompensationsåtgärder inom kulturmiljöområdet: Sammanfattning och slutsatser av FoU-projekt2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet Styrmedel och kompensationsåtgärder inom kulturmiljöområdet har genomförts av Kulturlandskapet i Fjällbacka i samarbete med KTH/A, GU samt SLU och med bidrag från Riksantikvarieämbetets FoU-anslag. Projektet har bestått av tre delar. En första del utgjordes av en faktagenomgång som omfattade begreppsanalys och juridisk analys, vilka tillämpades i fyra fallstudier. Del två utgjordes av testbäddar/workshoppar där begrepp, analysmodellen och fallstudierna låg till grund för vidare diskussioner och analyser. Slutligen har en konferens arrangerats där resultaten från projektet presenterats och diskuterats.  På konferensen presenterades också flera exempel på kommunal planering som inbegriper kompensation av kulturmiljövärden.

     

    I föreliggande rapport sammanfattas resultaten från dessa tre delar. Projektets slutsatser baserade på erfarenheter från fallstudier, workshoppar och konferens är att:

     

    •   Det saknas professionell och rättslig praxis för arbete med kompensation vid påverkan på kulturmiljöer.

    •   I kommunal planering har former för kompensation utvecklats genom olika typer av avtalslösningar.

    •   Vissa av dessa kommunala praktiker går längre än lagstiftningen och arbetar med balansering som princip.

    •   Kompensationsåtgärder behöver ges en tydligare koppling mellan värde/betydelse och själva åtgärden.

    •   Kvalitativa värden, som kulturmiljövärden, behöver behandlas tidigt i en planprocess, så att en prissättning av hänsynskrav och eventuella kompensationskrav kan ske på ett jämställt sätt.

    •   Transparensen i planprocessen behöver förstärkas.

    •   Gällande juridiska styrmedel fungerar dåligt och behöver justeras.

    •   Landskapskonventionen behöver implementeras i svensk lagstiftning.

    •   Utifrån detta utkristalliseras ett antal kunskapsbehov och behov av lagändringar:

    -   Erfarenheter från kommunala praktiker behöver studeras och utvecklas till en gemensam grund.

    -   Råd och beskrivning av processen för kompensation i planer och projekt.

    -   Utbildning i de juridiska förutsättningarna för kompensationskrav.

    -   Utveckling av de nationella målen avseende kulturmiljö och landskap.

    -   Förändrad lagstiftning behövs avseende möjlighet till kompensation enligt plan och bygglagen.

    -   Balansering bör tillämpas som grundläggande princip för miljölagstiftningen.

  • 27.
    Haas, Tigran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Missförstånd och feltolkningar av New Urbanism: [Misinterpretations and False Premises About New Urbanism]2005In: PLAN – Tidskrift för Samhällplanering, ISSN 0032-0560, Vol. 2, no 37Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Haas, Tigran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    New Urbanism and Beyond: Designing Cities for the Future2008 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Haas, Tigran
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Infrastructure.
    Sustainable Urban Matrix: Achieving Sustainable Urban Form in Residential Buildings (SUM)2000In: Achieving Sustainable Urban Form / [ed] Katie Williams, Elizabeth Burton and Mike Jenks, London: E & FN Spoon , 2000, 1, p. 329-337Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Haas, Tigran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Sustainable Urbanism and Beyond: Rethinking Cities for the Future2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Haas, Tigran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    URBANISM 303: Urban planning & design research ideas and writings (12½ New and Old Essays): Ten Years of Alpe-Adria Conference Papers 1999-2009: Vienna, Ljubljana, Naples, Siena, Venice, Bled, Bologna and Vienna2010Other (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Haas, Tigran
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Infrastructure.
    Roberts, Andrew
    Hifab International AB.
    New Possibilities for Sustaining Human Settlements in a War-Torn Zon2001In: Sustaining Human Settlement: A Challenge for the New Millennium / [ed] Roderick J. Lawrence, North Shields: Urban International Press , 2001, p. 376-405Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Högström, Ebba
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Gör platsen patienten?: Rumsliga föreställningar i psykiatrin2009In: Conference Proceedings Linköping University Electronic Press, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2009, Vol. 040, p. 339-353Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 34. Israelsson, Elin
    et al.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    University of Cape Town.
    Analyzing shifts towards people-centered conservation practice: a comparative study of urban biodiversity protection at four nature reserves in Cape Town2009Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Joshua A., Lewis
    et al.
    Tulane University.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. University of Cape Town.
    Contesting the Coast: Ecosystems as Infrastructure in the Mississippi River Delta2018In: Progress in Planning, ISSN 0305-9006, E-ISSN 1873-4510Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We develop an analytical repertoire for understanding historical interrelationships between water infrastructure, regional environmental politics, and large-scale coastal ecosystems. In doing so, we scrutinize how notions of urban resilience, climate adaptation, and ecosystem-based infrastructure are influencing contemporary planning practice. Our account from New Orleans and the Mississippi River Delta traces several large-scale hydrological engineering projects with origins in the early 20th century, which aimed to restructure the landscape for more effective maritime transportation, flood protection, and urban drainage. The account concludes with a discussion of a massive and ongoing planning project, which aims to restore the historical dynamics of the Mississippi River Delta, diverting the river into nearby coastal wetlands to provide storm protection for vulnerable communities, most especially New Orleans. Our analysis shows how the development of water infrastructure systems in the region produced cleavages in the region’s body politic and eco-hydrology, generating disputes that threaten to slow or obstruct the plan’s implementation. The study shows how the forms and discourses of political contention in the present are deeply informed by past decisions regarding the placement, operation, and maintenance of large-scale water infrastructures in the region. The conflicts that emerge from these cleavages comprise the primary obstacle facing ecosystem-based strategies aimed at securing New Orleans and other major settlements in the region from storm surges. This raises fundamental challenges for planning practice, which are explored here through a discussion of situational dissensus, conflicting rationalities, and pathways for democratic institutional innovation. 

  • 36.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Citybanan - en ny Hallandsås?2006In: Ny Teknik, ISSN 0550-8754, no 2006-03-15Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    et al.
    Jönköping International Business School, Sweden .
    Johansson, BörjeKTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics (Closed (20130101). KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.Stough, R.
    Innovation, Agglomeration and Regional Competition 2009Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    'The rise of globalization has triggered a fundamental rethinking about the role of regions in economic development policy. In this important new book, Karlsson, Johansson and Stough assemble a cast of leading international scholars to unravel the new role for regions and local economic development policy to harness the possibilities unleashed by the forces of globalization. This book contains important new insights and ideas that will be welcomed by both scholars and policymakers.

  • 38.
    Karlström, Matilda
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    På trendspaning efter demokrati: En fallstudie av idétävlingen Ung C Sundbyberg2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Citizen dialogues are an increasingly common feature in planning, and are frequently declared to be an important tool to promote local democracy and citizens' influence in the planning. Not seldom, there are great expectations for the potential of citizen dialogue, not only for increased democracy, but also on contributions to an increased efficiency in planning or better legitimacy to a propose plan. At the same time the objectives of the specific dialogue projects are often vaguely defined, and numerous dialogue projects suffer from problems with lack of representativeness and low influence on the future planning.

    The city centre of Sundbyberg, north of Stockholm will undergo major changes when Mälarbanan will be drawn down into a tunnel, and Sundbybergs stad has worked with a vision for the new city centre since spring 2013. Part of the work has focused on implementing a dialogue project to give residents in Sundbyberg an opportunity to contribute to the vision. To better reach young people in the work with this vision, an idea competition called Ung C Sundbyberg was carried out in the spring of 2015. I have made a qualitative case study of Ung C Sundbyberg as an atypical case of ambitious dialogue projects aimed specifically at young people, with the aim to gain a deeper understanding of the scope of, and motives behind the dialogue process, and especially youth participation. Through field studies where I attended and made observations at, and to a limited extent participated in five workshops conducted in the first round of Ung C Sundbyberg I seek to answer questions about why young people was an important group to reach, how the competition task was framed by the process managers and how the competition is related to ideals of how a "good" dialogue can be achieved.

    Despite the initial ambitions of the competition, you cannot understand the case as a citizen dialogue that will contribute to greater democratic control over the visionary work of Sundbyberg's new city centre. Some of the material also suggests that the interest in young people as a group is questionable, rather it is more about the dialogue work is closely related to market research, with ambitions to draw attention to urban transformation in Sundbyberg.

  • 39.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Analysing Architectural Configuration: Spatial heterogeneity as form, function, and communication2009In: urbanism & urban qualities: New Data & Methodologies / [ed] Jonna Majgaard Krarup, Thomas Sick Nielsen, Henrik Harder, Ålborg: Ålborg Universitet , 2009, p. 25-30Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Spatial and material form, the tools and modes of architects, participate in shaping our lives in many ways which are not detirminate but strongly influential. One of the ways in which it does this is by spatial configuration - that is, the setup of relations between spaces - which responds to and describes social relations as well as potentials, possibilities, restrictions, and suggestions. This both through practical and communicative means, and in a great many ways. Research at sad tries to focus more specifically at these components of the physical environment, and some intriguing results have been produced both when it comes to buildings and urban environments. Critical for these findingshave been the involvement of different theories and methods that complement one another, and the development of new models of analysis. This presentation aims to briefly present some of these models and results.

  • 40.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    ...and avoidance2015In: Proceedings of the 10th International Space Syntax Symposium / [ed] Kayvan Karimi, Laura Vaughan, Kerstin Sailer, Garyfalia Palaiologou, Tom Bolton, London: Space Syntax Laboratory, The Bartlett School of Architecture, University College London , 2015, p. 22:1-22:12Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Social Logic of Space it is stated that spatial configuration affects social relations in how it structures patterns of movement, encounter and avoidance. Since then, a lot of space syntax research has investigated these phenomena to provide empirical support and to refine the understanding of mechanisms and relations. However, most of this research focuses on the first half of these patterns - that of how space structures and generates encounters, whereas studies of how space generates patterns of avoidance is less often studied. The outset of this paper is that in order to understand a 'social logic of space', the study of how space generates, allows, or prevents patterns of avoidance is a missing key question that may also further develop discourses of patterns of encounter. Avoidance, as a social action, simply requires a series of socio-spatial, interactive, and shared relations to and through space that necessitates assumptions, presumptions, and speculations of the behaviours of specific or generic others that studies of encounters at times can avoid. In extension, while a development rather than a challenge to studies of encounters, this informs knowledge on the relations between society, activity, and space in general, and on the socio-cultural structuring taking place in everyday spatial performativity.

  • 41.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Exponerat, Tillgängligt och iscensatt... och det gömda, det dömda och det glömda2009In: MODE - en introduktion: En tvärvetenskaplig betraktelse / [ed] Louise Wallenberg & Dirk Gindt, Stockholm: Raster Förlag , 2009, p. 175-198Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    [Detta är de inledande styckena i kapitlet och inte ett egentligt abstract]

    Direkt innanför entrén till Åhléns fanns i november 2005 fyrtioåtta(dam)ben klädda i strumpbyxor eller nätstrumpor. FrånKlarabergsleden, innanför glasväggarna, sågs kosmetikmärken som Shiseido, Dior, Givenchy, Roc och Estée Lauder, medan det man möttes av innanför huvudentrén var Biotherm och Lancôme, som övergick i Chanel, Kanebo och Guerlain. Någonstans där bakomfanns, för den som tog sig dit, Max Factor, Revlon, och Decleor, medflera. En trappa upp låg damavdelningen där det fanns tre gånger flerskyltdockor som bar kläderna till försäljning än på herravdelningen,i Debenhams fyra gånger så många. Direkt från entrén till damavdelningarna i varuhusen kunde man se minst ett, helst flera, provrum,gärna också gardinerna som dras för, medan man ofta fick letaför att hitta dem på herravdelningarna. En del påminns man ständigtom medan annat mest flyter förbi, en del måste man aktivt leta efter. Såsom herrstrumpor.

    Det här, som bildar konsekventa mönster i shoppingmiljön, förklaras ofta med tankemodeller som används inom en del retail-litteratur, framförallt i dess populärvetenskapliga version: attraktorvaror och impulsköp.1 Ofta behandlas det vidare som om shoppingmiljönhar ett enda syfte: att exponera så mycket som möjligt, och göra detså enkelt som möjligt att förse sig.2 Det är så det förmedlas i tidskrifteroch bilder, i reklam och inte sällan i andra media som filmer ochteveserier. Ändå kräver det endast lite eftertanke att peka mot varorsom brukar vara undangömda, svårnådda, eller avsides.3 Av den anledningenär det viktigt att diskutera vad valet av grad av exponeringinnebär, och också vad det innebär att något är lätt att nå eller finnsbakom disk, inuti glasboxar, eller längst upp, längst in, längst bak.

    För en sådan diskussion är det av vikt att vi vrider perspektivet och läser behandlingen av mode och kläder i varuhus och butikersom disseminering och förhandling av modesystem snarare än rationelltförsäljningsmaskineri. Detta ger oss en annan bild av vad sompågår, som i viss utsträckning är förklarande.4 Vi bör också släppa enständigt framförd argumentation om målinriktade subjekt och specifika objekt som begärs och söks upp till förmån för en syn där arkitekturenär en aktiv deltagare i ständigt pågående förhandlingar och bestämningar genom hur den ordnar, strukturerar och förmedlar rum. I shoppingmiljön, på plats i den performativa handlingen, sker ett identitetsbildande; en slags träning, utbildning, protest mot och godtagande av modesystemet.5

  • 42.
    Koch, Daniel
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Marcus, LarsKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Urban Design.Steen, JesperKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Proceedings of the 7th International Space Syntax Symposium2009Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    [Foreword to the printed proceedings]

    The Space Syntax symposia are by now recognised as an established tradition in international architectural research, a tradition that combines high scientific rigour with high relevance for architectural practice. It will be the primary aim of the organisers of the Stockholm symposium to carry on this tradition.

    Still, each symposium has its own flavour due to continuous changes in the global society, but also due to the local context of each symposium. We believe that contemporary Stockholm presents a situation in architecture and urban design of great international relevance. Stockholm is often described as a successful city in these fields, but it is a success to a high degree relying on a top-down approach to architectural and urban development. From a local horizon it is becoming obvious how Stockholm needs to learn from the kind of bottom-up urban processes often prevalent in cities less often described as successful.

    To a large degree it is the study of such self-organising and emergent processes in buildings and cities that is at the heart of Space Syntax research. Since this implies an exploration of the field of the possible in architectural and urban design, one here also finds the reason for the high relevance of Space Syntax for architectural practice. We hope that this tension between top-down and bottom-up approaches in architecture and urban design will be a lasting memory of the Stockholm symposium.

  • 43.
    Koch, Daniel
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Urban Design.
    Sand, Monica
    Konstfack.
    Rhythmanalysis - Rhythm as Mode, Methods and Theory for Analysing Urban Complexity2010In: Urban Design Research: Method and Application: Proceedings of the International Conference held at Birmingham City University / [ed] Moshen Aboutorabi & Andreas Wesener, Birmingham, UK: Birmingham City University , 2010, p. 61-72Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In his last project the French philosopher Henri Lefebvre aimed to develop rhythmanalysis.  This was  an attempt to understand the pulse and life of the city combining the strengths of the overview of the urban choreography as seen from a window with the intense experiences of living down in the streets. Rhythmanalysis is about acknowledging the tension between these modes of observation and participation, and simultaneously, by developing qualitative and quantitative aspects of rhythms, interpreting and acting it, allowing for a complex understanding of urban life. Like polyrhythms in music, combinations of individually simple rhythms form a complex, living, and nearly incomprehensible whole. Our aim to develop rhythmanalysis as mode, method and theory focuses on natural, social and cultural rhythms, change and diversity, as a precondition for “just sustainability”. For this, artistic research methods are necessary:  because methods, actions and performances developed in art compile rhythm, body, and presence. They further allow for actively changing or affecting rhythm as a means to understand present situations. By developing art experiments directly in the city, strategies of capturing, being captured by, producing, and changing rhythms, opens for other ways of interacting and hereby of interpreting the urban context. Rhythmanalysis in this sense is about discovering the complex reality through production in order to elucidate theoretical and methodological concepts from change and experiments as a research method. In the analysis it is shown how by interrupting, influencing, combining and introducing rhythms on places and in buildings, actions, reactions, and new meanings arise. This makes rhythmanalysis a powerful mode of analysis that merits further development, and provides important insights into the complex, emergent processes and meanings of contemporary urbanity.

    Rhythmanalyses is a collaboration between artists, architects and researchers at the School of Architecture and the Built Environment, KTH and the University College of Arts Crafts and Design, Stockholm

  • 44.
    Kourtit, Karima
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. A. Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland.
    Nijkamp, P.
    Partridge, M.D.
    Challenges of the New Urban World2015In: Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy, ISSN 1874-463X, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 199-215Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban agglomeration will face major challenges in the future, such as demographic change, climate change and other structural megatrends, as well present turbulences of economic insecurity, financial deficits and social disorder, all of which might have long-term effects. Cities will need to improve and to maximize their quality of urban life so as to keep pace with rapidly changing global urban patterns. Such a goal calls not only for new technologies, but also for proactive and open-minded governance models and management techniques that include all actors in order to realize the concept of a sustainable city in a globalized world. The aims of this paper are: to map out the complex force field of urban dynamics; to identify the main drivers of urban evolution; and to explore promising land-use planning, infrastructural, cultural, economic and knowledge-based policy initiatives that may enhance the sustainable growth potential of modern (mega-) cities.

  • 45.
    Kourtit, Karima
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Nijkamp, Peter
    Impact of Cultural "Ambiance" on the Spatial Distribution of Creative Professions: A Modeling Study on the Netherlands2018In: International regional science review, ISSN 0160-0176, E-ISSN 1552-6925, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 103-128Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Creativity has in recent years received much attention from the research community, in relation to both technological innovation and knowledge spillovers. In the same vein, the concept of a creative class and of a creative city has gained a rising popularity. The present study aims to investigate the impacts of the urban ambiance on the spatial dispersion of heterogeneous types of creative people over different urban agglomerations. To that end, creative people are classified according to their profession or job class into Bohemians, creative core, and creative professionals. This article, then, seeks to relate the presence of each of these groups to the cultural ambiance of a given locality beside other moderator variables. Next, an econometric model is constructed and applied to explain the spatial distribution of creative professions in the Netherlands. Our study first maps out the spatial spread of these three creative classes in the Netherlands. Next, the shares of these creative classes are related to cultural, ecological, ethnic, and geographic characteristics of Dutch municipalities. Our results show that Bohemians and people belonging to the creative core exhibit a specific spatial pattern: they appear to be overrepresented in municipalities with a relative overconcentration of culture, nature, and ethnic diversity and with a short distance to job places.

  • 46.
    Kourtit, Karima
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Nijkamp, Peter
    Stough, Roger R.
    Modeling Regional Growth and Innovation2018In: International regional science review, ISSN 0160-0176, E-ISSN 1552-6925, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 3-6Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article introduces the papers for the special edition entitled Modeling Regional Growth and Innovation. It first provides an overview of the special edition and then presents short summaries of the papers.

  • 47.
    Lawhon, Mary
    et al.
    University of Oklahoma.
    Nilsson, David
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Silver, Jonathan
    Sheffield University.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Lwasa, Shuaib
    Makerere University.
    Thinking through Heterogeneous Infrastructure Configurations2017In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies of infrastructure have demonstrated broad differences between Northern and Southern cities, and deconstructed urban theory derived from experiences of the networked urban regions of the global North. This includes critiques of the universalization of the historically-culturally produced normative ideal of universal, uniform infrastructure. We introduce the notion of “heterogeneous infrastructure configurations” (HICs) as a way to analyze urban infrastructure that builds on postcolonial critiques of knowledge, as well as ethnographies of everyday Southern urbanisms. We argue that the notion of HIC helps us to move beyond technological and performative accounts of actually existing infrastructures to provide an analytical lens through which to compare different configurations. Our approach enables a clearer analysis of infrastructural artifacts not as individual objects but as parts of geographically spread socio-technological configurations: configurations which might involve many different kinds technologies, relations, capacities and operations, entailing different risks and power relationships. We use examples from ongoing research on sanitation and waste in Kampala, Uganda- a city in which service delivery is characterized by multiplicity, overlap, disruption and inequality- to demonstrate the kinds of research questions that emerge when thinking through the notion of HICs.

  • 48.
    Lawhon, Mary
    et al.
    Florida State University.
    Silver, Jonathan
    Durham University.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. University of Cape Town.
    Pierce, Joe
    Florida State University.
    Unlearning [Un]Located Ideas in the Provincialization of Urban Theory2016In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 50, no 9, p. 1611-1622Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Postcolonial scholars have argued for the provincialization of urban knowledge, but doing so remains an opaque process. This paper argues that explicit attention to 'learning to unlearn' unstated theoretical assumptions and normativities can aid in provincialization, and demonstrate ways in which theorizing entails a socio-spatial situation. The authors' efforts to grapple with operationalizing learning to unlearn in three different urban cases are described, followed by an articulation of strategies for theorizing which more explicitly acknowledge theory-building's situatedness as well as points of reflection for developing postcolonial urban theory. It is argued that this usefully shifts the focus of unlearning from 'who' is theorizing 'where' towards theory's unstated norms and assumptions.

  • 49.
    Lidström, Susanna
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Sea-level rise in public science writing: history, science and reductionism2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Presentation Abstract: Sea-level rise is potentially one of the most dramatic effects of climate change. In the past few years, a rush of literary non-fiction books have appeared that aim to explain and communicate this threat to the public. This paper critiques how sea-level rise is framed in many of those books, on two accounts. First, anthropogenic sea-level change is frequently framed by accounts of natural variations of sea level in earth history, focusing on geological rather than societal processes. Second, single and sudden floods are often used to exemplify sea-level rise in ways that draw attention away from incremental environmental change in favour of fast-paced but de-contextualised events. The paper argues that both these frames de-politicise sea-level rise and may steer public understanding and discussion away from relevant political, cultural and ethical considerations, thereby obstructing rather than facilitating appropriate negotiations in response to predicted sea-level rise.

  • 50.
    Lidström, Susanna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Technology and landscape in Ted Hughes's Elmet poems2011Conference paper (Other academic)
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