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  • 1.
    Al Ghafri, Aziza
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Accounting, finance, economics and organization (AFEO).
    "I Wanna Be Free": On the Challenges and Coping Strategies of Women Entrepreneurs in Sweden2024Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Women's entrepreneurship is often presented as important for creating economic prosperity at the national level and is said to offer freedom, independence, and emancipation for women. The purpose of this study is to explore the conditions of women entrepreneurs who have different backgrounds in Sweden. To achieve this purpose, this study focuses on the challenges women entrepreneurs perceive and the coping strategies they employ to navigate these challenges. The study adopts an intersectional gender perspective, grounded in research on entrepreneurship, gender, and ethnicity. It draws on qualitative data collected through semi-structured interviews with women entrepreneurs in Sweden who have different backgrounds. The findings show that the challenges experienced by the women entrepreneurs included lack of support, being belittled, being excluded, having to work harder and be strong and having to adapt. The analysis discusses that these challenges can be understood as a result of gendered perceptions of entrepreneurship and processes of Othering. Ethnicity and race also play a role in shaping these conditions. The interviewed women deal with the conditions through four strategies: the assimilation strategy; the positive strategy, the ambiguity strategy, and the change strategy. The coping strategies are discussed in relation to empowerment and emancipation. From a theoretical perspective, this study contributes to developing concepts and conceptual relationships to capture how gender, ethnicity, and race impact women's conditions as entrepreneurs. 

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    fulltext
  • 2.
    Allen, Irma
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Thinking with a Feminist Political Ecology of Air-and-breathing-bodies2020In: Body & Society, ISSN 1357-034X, E-ISSN 1460-3632, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 79-105Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social theory has paid little attention to air, despite its centrality to bodily existence and air pollution being named the world’s biggest public health crisis. Where attention to air is found, the body is largely absent. On the other hand, conceptualizing the body without life-sustaining breath fails to highlight breathing as the ongoing metabolic bodily act in which the materiality of human and more-than-human intermingle and transmute one another. Political ecology studies how unequal power structures and knowledge production reproduce human–environment relations, including a nascent focus on the body and air – but as separate issues. This article argues that a political ecology of air would productively fuse with a political ecology of the body to bring the visceral realm into intersectional analysis of air’s contemporary materialities. A feminist political ecology situates explicitly air-and-breathing-bodies, their intimately posthuman, relational, elemental and corpomaterial intra-action, at the heart of such analysis.

  • 3.
    Andersson, Kristina
    Centrum för genusvetenskap, Uppsala universitet, Box 527, 751 20 Uppsala.
    Biologi under lupp: hierarkier, strategier och skevheter2018In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 39, no 4, p. 53-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines conceptions about the biology discipline and its practices, which are explicitly and implicitly presented in biology environments at Swedish universities. The empirical material has been obtained through “shadowing” and interviewing biologists and is analyzed with inspiration from Gee’s discourse analysis. The overall biology discourse consists of a number of sub-discourses, which sometimes express tensions between each other. One of these is the discourse of superior research with competitive, high performance, heavily equipped environments – a discourse which is in opposition to teaching activities. Another sub-discourse concerns the successful strategic biologist, and this discourse is in tension with the discourse of the enthusiastic, devoted, nature-loving biologist. The meritocratic discourse characterized by competence, knowledge and talent supposedly without the influence of gender, ethnicity, or class, contrasts, in its turn, with the discourse of the gendered practice that is visible in the material. These different sub-discourses are more or less inclusive for different individuals, something which can be observed in the gendered practices.

  • 4. Andersson, Mats
    et al.
    Håkansson, Cecilia
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Holmgren, Lina
    Non-industrial private forest owners' financial risk taking: Does gender matter?2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 25, p. 6-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Male and female non-industrial private forest (NIPF) owners differ in inheritance positions, valuations and forest management style. A survey of Swedish NIPF owners found that male and female owners differ in their willingness to take a financial risk. The preliminary analysis, looking only at gender, revealed no difference in the willingness to take risk. Dividing the population according to dependence on income from forestry, however, showed that female NIPF owners increased their willingness to take financial risk when the dependence of income from forestry changed from insubstantial to notable. Females' tolerance towards risk was also significantly higher than males' at the notable level of dependence of forestry income. Having or not having economic yield as one of the most important objectives of ownership seemed to have a little effect on the willingness to take financial risk; however, the results were further strengthened when adding this dimension. A gender perspective was applied to explain identified differences between male and female forest owners concerning their willingness to take financial risks. Whether these differences emanate from real differences in willingness to take risk, or whether they are effects from other differences in male and female forest ownership, is discussed.

  • 5.
    Arabzadeh, Daniel
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Organization and management.
    How to Stay Aligned Rather than Becoming Fragmented: The Importance of Knowledge Management in Flexible Working2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Although the fundamental settings for the global business landscape has evolved throughout history in areas such as social, economic, political and demographical trends, companies  are still experiencing the same challenges in performing within the traditional criteria: profitability, customer satisfaction, market share, and innovation. Corporations have to constantly adapt to the changing market (Microsoft, 2005).

    In the current economic climate an increasingly more common change management program, has become flexible working. Flexible working in accordance with Oseland and Webber (2012) implies for many corporations a radical change on the entire organizational structure. What characterizes flexible working is the top management support for employees to be flexible regarding their working hours and working locations as long as they do their job.

    However, the flexible working change management program is not entirely without risks. Working remotely, also known as teleworking or telecommuting, may cause negative social implications among the workforce and could in the long-term lead to cultural cannibalization(Bailey and Kurland, 1999). In order to respond to risk of organizational fragmentation in flexible work systems that are embossed by distance, previous research show the importance  of managing the intellectual assets in order to promote collaboration and communication (Fontaine et al, 2000). Through an on-site case study at Microsoft Sweden, a new adopter of flexible working, this paper aimed to identify the factors that affect knowledge management in a flexible working organization. Recommendations were also to be made on how a flexible working organization should respond to the risk of organizational fragmentation.

    The qualitative study at Microsoft Sweden, including 18 semi-structured interviews and a review of previous research, show that the following factors are driving knowledge management in flexible working companies: distance, performance measurement, enabling technology, the office, the structure in codification and the alignment.

    This research study shows that top managers in flexible working companies must work to spread awareness regarding the importance of knowledge management in flexible working success. Moreover, training must be distributed to employees on the what knowledge should be transferred, how it is done, why it is done, and ultimately top management must foster a culture that care why they are needed to share their knowledge. Mentorship programs are recommended for new recruits. Another important factor is the need for revising the performance measurement process. Improperly defined measurements will lead the organization to succumb to cannibalizing internal competition in flexible working. The research have also shown that flexible working companies need to refine their codification structure and embrace a codification process that actually works as a knowledge sharing tool instead of individual note-taking. Top management can’t allow any lacking in the usage of the flexible working enabling technology. There are an increasing need of team building in flexible working and top management must be sure to invest in developing team spirit and connectedness among the workforce. However, the most important recommendation is that leaders must lead as example on how employees should work in a flexible working organization, and more importantly, how they should share their knowledge. The research suggests that if the recommendations are followed, this will help flexible working organizations stay aligned rather than become fragmented. Future research include, a larger scale study regarding the drivers of knowledge management in flexible working, and an in-depth study regarding each of the produced factors: the distance, the performance measurement, the enabling technology, the office, the structure in codification and the leadership. A more comprehensive action plan on how to respond to each of factors needs to be developed.

  • 6.
    Aysegul, Alayat
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Rental Housing Policy Norms in Stockholm Through A Queer Theoretical Lense2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish Instrument of Governance and Housing Sustention Responsibility state that everyone living in Stockholm County has the right to housing. This thesis deals with norms created by the first-, second-hand rental market and priority housing rules and regulations in the Stockholm County. Using a queer theoretical framework this thesis analyses the situation of young adults and students, elderly, homeless, LGBTQ and abused persons in housing market in relation to “housing for all” policy and suggests possible policy changes in order to make the rental housing market more inclusive.

    Queer theory asserts that subjects are precisely constituted by the existing power structures through socio-political arrangements that are based on assumptions. Urban planning by its nature also uses assumptions therefore it also reproduces accepted truths and risks generalizing heterogeneous social groups’ needs, these generalizations might also create cases that are insensitive to personal needs. According to queer theory identities change over time and individuals can belong to more than one category simultaneously and therefore rental housing market requires having awareness of fluidity.

    This study by using the queer theoretical framework, analyzes the situation of young adults and students, elderly, homeless, LGBTQ and abused persons in Stockholm’s rental housing market by using stories, interviews, policy documents, reports and statistical data to clarify how accepted truths/norms effects the constitution of housing categories, and how these housing categories, for that matter norms that are created by rules and regulations, exclude/include different social groups from the rental housing market.

    In order to fulfil the laws for “housing for all”, there is a need for more affordable rental housing units as well as regulation luxury renovations, supporting research that is related to housing prices and so on. The laws can also be fulfilled by changing in the norm for rental housing tenants; this can be done decreasing the demands for being eligible tenants including requirement on income for regular queue and requirement of study phase of 50 percent for students. For the second-hand rental housing there is a need of a system that minimizes possible discrimination, a database of accessible housing units could help those that need accessibility issue solved and a wider variety with a bigger housing stock for homeless could benefit homeless that want to change their realities. Concerning usage of housing stock in Stockholm, policy changes like “kompis kontrakt” make it possible to use the existing rental housing stock more efficiently.

    The conclusions of this study shows that the requirements set by the rules and regulations on first-hand rental housing excludes individuals that have record of non-payment related to housing, an income that is lower than the total of the monthly rent and 4 675 SEK, and that are not credit worthy. For many including homeless sensitiveness to personal needs are critical. The results show that there is number of shelters in Stockholm County is insufficient and the aid given by the social services to shelters reproduces gender binaries through laws. 

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    Alayat_Ays_Master_Thesis
  • 7.
    Bergame, Nathalie
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies.
    The reproductive fix: urban gardening and gendered relations of social reproduction under patriarchal capitalist urbanisationManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the City of Stockholm, for more than a decade, engaged women transform public green spaces collectively into commoned urban gardens, based on affective relations and care. Drawing on Sylvia Federici’s work on the role of oppression and marginalisation of female subjects and the destruction of the commons, I discuss, in this paper, how collective forms of urban gardening condition current processes of urbanisation, and, how patriarchal capitalist urbanisation conditions urban gardening as collective practice of social reproduction. Based on the case of a greening city that draws on the free labour of women, and by making use of the feminist method of poetic inquiry, I contribute to the debate on the gendered and spatial forms of urbanisation through a dialectical analysis of the relation between public forms of social reproduction and urbanisation. I argue that urban gardening can be understood as a ‘reproductive fix’ of capitalist urbanisation that continues to exploit subjects of social reproduction – in an invisible manner. 

  • 8. Bromseth, J.
    et al.
    Sundén, Jenny
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Queering Internet Studies: Intersections of Gender and Sexuality2011In: The Handbook of Internet Studies, Wiley-Blackwell, 2011, p. 270-299Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9. Bull, Jacob
    et al.
    Holmberg, ToraÅsberg, CeciliaKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Animal Places: Lively Cartographies of Human Animal Relations2017Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nonhuman animals are ubiquitous to our `human' societies. Interdisciplinary human/animal research has - for 50 years - drawn attention to how animals are ever-present in what we think of as human spaces and cultures. Our societies are built with animals and through all kinds of multispecies interactions. From public spaces and laboratories to homes, farms and in the `wilderness'; human and nonhuman animals meet to make space and place together, through webs of power relations. However, the very spaces of these interactions are not mute or passive themselves. The spaces where species meet matter, and shape human/animal relations. This book takes as its starting point the relationship between place and human/animal interaction. It brings together the work of leading scholars in human/animal studies, from a variety of disciplinary and interdisciplinary backgrounds. With a distinct focus on place, physical space and biocultural geography, the authors of this volume consider the ways in which space, human and nonhuman animals co-constitute each other, how they make spaces together, produce meaning around them, struggle over access, how these places are storied and how stories of spaces matter. Presenting studies thematically and including a variety of nonhuman creatures in a range of settings, this book delivers new understandings of the importance of nonhuman animals to understandings of place - and the role of places in shaping our interactions with nonhuman creatures. As pets, as laboratory animals, as exhibits, as parasites, as livestock, as quarry, as victims of disaster or objects of folklore, this book offers insights into human/animal intermingling at locales and settings of great relevance to many areas of research, including geography, sociology, science and technology studies, gender studies, history and anthropology. This book meets the evolving interest in human/animal interaction, anthrozoology, and the environmental humanities in relation to the research on space and place that currently informs the humanities and the social sciences.

  • 10.
    Cielemecka, Olga
    et al.
    University of Turku, Finland.
    Åsberg, Cecilia
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, The Department of Gender Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences..
    Toxic Embodiment and Feminist Environmental Humanities: Toxic Embodiment and Feminist Environmental Humanities2019In: Environmental Humanities, E-ISSN 2201-1919, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 101-107Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With toxic pollutants as a rising threat, important questions about environmental justice, gender, and the sexual politics of environmental movements issue an urgent challenge to intersectional gender and science studies; to anticolonial, queer, and trans theory; as well as to environmental and human-animal studies at large. Taking up this challenge, this piece aims at attending to the ways toxic embodiment disturbs or aligns with multiple boundaries of sexes, generations, races, geographies, nation-states, and species and how toxicity has re-dynamized corporeality and the biochemical materiality of bodies.

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    Åsberg Cielemecka
  • 11.
    Dahlberg, Leif
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Kvinnoperspektiv: Intervju med Linda Nochlin1992In: Kvinnovetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 0348-8365, no 1, p. 54-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article contains an interview with professor Linda Nochlin, Department of History of Art, Yale University. The interview was made in New Haven, Connecticut, on September 24, 1991. Professor Nochlin responds to questions on her published works, and in particular on her essay "Why have there been no Great Women Artists?” (1971). She discusses the position of feminism within the academic institution, her own position within the same institution, and her understanding of the documentary status of her essays. She reflects on critique she has received for her 1971 essay, on sources for the same essay, and on her present and future projects. Professor Nochlin also addresses the questions of how different discourses interact and how painting becomes an integral part of the social construction of reality. 

     

  • 12.
    Engstrand, Åsa-Karin
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Managing the manosphere: The limits of responsibility for government social media adoption2024In: Government Information Quarterly, ISSN 0740-624X, E-ISSN 1872-9517, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 101909-101909, article id 101909Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The prevalence of hate, threats, gender trolling, and other problematic communication patterns in social media prompts concerns about the responsibility associated with government social media adoption. In addressing this issue, this paper adopts a feminist perspective to enrich our understanding of how governments assume responsibility for their adoption of social media. The study contains a sentiment and thematic analysis of responses to a government video campaign on Facebook, which seeks to heighten public awareness about men's violence against women by highlighting problems surrounding sexist jokes. The video targets two audiences in terms of gender, resulting in various outcomes in sentiments, trolling, and trolling management. Results show disparities in sentiments between males and females, the diverse strategies employed in trolling, and how both users and the local government manage trolling. The local government deploys different strategies for trolling management, encompassing both engaging and non-engaging approaches. Notably, engagement is constrained to the targeted male audience and male trollers. The primary responsibility for trolling management is delegated to users, predominantly women, who become proxies for the local government. This dual practice of ignoring women as relevant stakeholders and utilizing them as proxies is considered a failure of responsibility. The study contributes to the advancement of citizen engagement research by delving into the intricate dynamics of trolling and trolling management within the specific context of government social media. Moreover, it sheds light on issues of responsibility inherent in the adoption of social media by governmental entities.

  • 13.
    Findahl, Susanna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Analyzing Stockholm’s Comprehensive Plan: In Search of an Ecofeminist Future 20502014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report addresses the environmental discourse of the current comprehensive plan of Stockholm, The Walkable City, and in what ways it can be developed following an ecofeminist framework. With a foundation in a critical perspective on current processes of urbanization, ecofeminist theory, and an interest in the potential in utopian thought, this thesis attempts to assist the comprehensive plan in finding alternative ways of approaching the urban development of the city, in search for social and environmental justice through increased citizen participation.

    Ecofeminists argue that economic growth is conditioned by and enforces colonial and patriarchal relations between humans, and between humans and nature. The current global process of urbanization is an integral part in sustaining the economic growth, making cities an important area to address in search of other relations. Sustainable development has been put forth as a way to relieve the negative social and environmental effects of the economic system, and has informed much urban policy-making. Urban policy, such as comprehensive plans, shape the path of urban development. The main strategy of the current comprehensive plan of Stockholm is ”sustainable growth”.

    This thesis analyses the components that make out the strategy of sustainable growth in order to understand why it is problematic. Further, it engages in participatory scenario generation using an ecofeminist framework, to find new ideas and paths for a sustainable urban development in Stockholm.

    The conclusions that are found comprise the positive notion that there are great chances to develop the notion and strategies for sustainability through workshops with stakeholders. While the overall course of development of the scenarios may be too far from our current reality to be easily implemented, there are several suggestions with great potential even in our current context. Furthermore, the results point out important directions in which to develop the plan in a longer perspective, that concern a fundamental restructuring of the political economy along more socially and environmentally sound lines that elevate the interconnectedness of humans and nature. This is a restructuring that makes economic growth according to the current model impossible, but that aims for equality between humans and far-reaching environmental protection. It is also pointed out that the deployment of a multitude of conflicting scenarios in planning would benefit both the urban development and democratic participation.

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    Analyzing Stockholm’s Comprehensive Plan: In Search of an Ecofeminist Future 2050
  • 14.
    Fredengren, Christina
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Åsberg, Cecilia
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Checking in with Deep time: Intragenerational Care in the Registers of Feminist Posthumanities2020In: Deterritorializing the Future: Heritage in, of, and after the Anthropocene / [ed] Rodney Harrison, and Colin Sterling, London: Open Humanities Press, 2020Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In considering deep time ethics and Anthropocene heritage, this paper (and subsequent chapter) discuss intragenerational care in the registers of feminist posthumanities and environmental humanities through the case of the waste-to-energy plant Gärstadsverken i Linköping, Sweden.  

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    Checking in with Deep Time
  • 15.
    Frid, Emma
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Sonification of women in sound and music computing - The sound of female authorship in ICMC, SMC and NIME proceedings2017In: 2017 ICMC/EMW - 43rd International Computer Music Conference and the 6th International Electronic Music Week, Shanghai Conservatory of Music , 2017, p. 233-238Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The primary goal of this study was to approximate the number of female authors in the academic field of Sound and Music Computing. This was done through gender prediction from author names for proceedings from the ICMC, SMC and NIME conferences, and by sonifying these results. Although gender classification by first name can only serve as an estimation of the actual number of female authors in the field, some conclusions could be drawn. The total percentage of author names classified as female was 10.3% for ICMC, 11.9% for SMC and 11.9% for NIME. When merging data from all three conferences for years 2004-2016, it could be concluded that names classified as female ranged from 9.5 to 14.3%. Changes in the ratio of female vs. male authors over time were further illustrated by sonifications, allowing the reader to explore, compare and reflect upon the results by listening to sonic representations of the data. The conclusion that can be drawn from this study is that the field of Sound and Music Computing is still far from being gender-balanced.

  • 16.
    Gafni, Hadar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Accounting, Finance & Changes.
    Marom, Dan
    The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
    Robb, Alicia
    University of Colorado at Boulder.
    Sade, Orly
    The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
    Gender Dynamics in Crowdfunding (Kickstarter): Evidence on Entrepreneurs, Backers, and Taste-Based Discrimination2021In: Review of Finance, ISSN 1572-3097, E-ISSN 1875-824X, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 235-274Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the launch phase of the leading reward-based crowdfunding market—Kickstarter. It documents the behavior of male and female entrepreneurs in raising early stage capital. We find that women share as entrepreneurs in the platform (34.7%) does not equal to their share in the overall population, and they are concentrated in stereotyped sectors, both as entrepreneurs and as backers. We also find that women do not set lower funding goals than men, they enjoy higher rates of success than men, even after controlling for project categories and funding goals, and that backers of both genders have a tendency to fund entrepreneurs of their own gender. Our survey of Kickstarter backers finds evidence of taste-based discrimination by male backers.

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    fulltext
  • 17.
    Grillner, Katja
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    A Performative mode of writing place: Out and about the Rosenlund Park, Stockholm, 2008–20102012In: Emergent Writing Methodologies in Feminist Studies / [ed] Mona Livholts, Taylor & Francis, 2012, p. 133-147Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Gunnarsson Östling, Ulrika
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Höjer, Mattias
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Svenfelt, Åsa
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Creating Feminist Futures2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Gunter, Katerina Pia
    et al.
    Uppsala Univ, Ctr Gender Res, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Ahnesjo, Ingrid
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Ecol & Genet, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Gullberg, Annica
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning, Learning in Stem. Uppsala Univ, Ctr Gender Res, Uppsala, Sweden..
    "I try to encourage my students to think, read, and talk science": intelligible identities in university teachers' figured worlds of higher education biology2023In: Journal of Research in Science Teaching, ISSN 0022-4308, E-ISSN 1098-2736, Vol. 60, no 6, p. 1195-1222Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Higher education biology is often imagined, perceived, and described as having reached gender equality in terms of who gets to participate in disciplinary practices. However, like any other natural science discipline, higher education biology is a world whose landscapes are shaped by (re)productions of historical, cultural, and social norms. We explore these norms through the lens of identity, asking what identities are recognized by university biology teachers at a large Swedish university, analyzing 94 teaching statements written when applying for faculty positions in biology. We argue that in and through teaching statements, university biology teachers negotiate and perform overarching academic and disciplinary norms and discourses with the goal to present themselves as intelligible candidates. As statements of value, they thereby display implicit and explicit identities recognized in worlds of higher education biology. Using a discourse analytical framework, we identified two university teacher identities imagined as intelligible: Research Science Teachers and Facilitating Science Teachers. Research Science Teachers position research and associated masculine-coded competences as anchor points of biology practice. They consider researchers to be ultimate knowers and consequently to be best suitable for university teaching with the goal to recruit students into research. Facilitating Science Teachers, even though aware of the hegemonic position of research, disentangle imaginaries of what makes a researcher from what makes a university teacher. They transgress dominant imaginaries of research as the ultimate competence for themselves and students, and create spaces for alternative identity work. These findings contribute to a more nuanced understanding of (re)productive processes in science education, providing perspectives of how to together infract intergenerational (re)productions of hegemonic norms of doing science. Additionally, this study provides further evidence that higher education biology is not a gender-neutral higher education landscape.

  • 20. Günter, K. P.
    et al.
    Gullberg, Annica
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning, Learning in Stem. Centre for Gender Research, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Ahnesjö, I.
    “Quite ironic that even I became a natural scientist”: Students' imagined identity trajectories in the Figured World of Higher Education Biology2021In: Science Education, ISSN 0036-8326, E-ISSN 1098-237X, Vol. 105, no 5, p. 837-854Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studying biology entails negotiating knowledges, identities, and what paths, more or less well-trodden, to follow. Knowledges, identities, and paths within the very practices of science are fundamentally gendered and it is, therefore, critical to recognize when exploring students' learning and participation in natural sciences. Even though students' numbers in undergraduate Higher Education Biology are female-biased, it does not mean that gendered processes are absent. In this study, we focus on early undergraduate biology students' identity work at a Swedish university, analyzing 55 study motivation texts discursively. Embedded in a Figured Worlds framework, we explore how students imagined and authored themselves in(to) the Figured World of Higher Education Biology along two imagined identity trajectories, the Straight Biology Path and the Backpacking Biology Path. While the first and numerically dominant imagined trajectory entails typical stories of a scientific child striving toward a research career, the latter recognizes broad interests and biology competences to be collected in a backpack for transdisciplinary use. Students imagining the Backpacking Biology Path authored themselves in relation to and explicitly not as having a linear trajectory, which positions the Straight Biology Path as dominant and culturally recognized. Our findings reveal gendered myths about science practices present in Higher Education Biology, yet also contested through alternative imaginaries. We, thereby, show that it is crucial for Higher Biology and Science Education to be aware of how students imagine their trajectories and how they negotiate masculine norms of science to create spaces for diverse and alternative identity trajectories.

  • 21.
    Günther-Hanssen, Anna
    et al.
    Barn och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen, Stockholms universitet .
    Jobér, Anna
    Institutionen för skolutveckling och ledarskap, Malmö universitet.
    Andersson, Kristina
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning, Learning in Stem.
    From swings, through physics, with pendulums, to gendering: Re-turning diffractive analyses on science and gender in preschool2021In: Reconceptualizing Educational Research Methodology, E-ISSN 1892-042X, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 21-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we re-turn (Barad, 2014) parts of the diffractive analyses conducted in a research project on science and gender in preschool (Günther-Hanssen, 2018, 2020; Günther-Hanssen, Danielsson, & Andersson, 2020). In our first re-turning, we explore how a swing and scientific phenomena in the data co-created the knowledge construction in entanglements with the researcher. To do this, we engage with how embodiment and re-actualized experiences of swinging came to matter. We then re-turn how certain events in the data are always part of other events, both in time and space. For this task, we elaborate with writing different situations from the data through one another. As we continue re-turning the analysis, new diffraction patterns emerge with each turn. By the end of the paper, our diffractive writings and readings have been re-turned into explanations of how pendulums can be used to think-with and approach gendering in preschool.

  • 22.
    Hagbert, Pernilla
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Perjo, Liisa
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nyblom, Åsa
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Taking the lead or following norms? Examining intersections of power in sustainability transitions in Swedish housing associations2022In: Environmental Sociology, ISSN 2325-1042, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 187-198Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we explore narratives of sustainability in housing and everyday life, positing the home as an ‘opportunity space’ for sustainability transitions. Case studies of three Swedish housing associations provide empirical insights on how sustainability is understood and practiced among residents. Addressing aspects of power and problem framing in sustainability transitions, we analyse how sustainability engagements in the associations are shaped by intersecting discourses, power relations and norms relating to age, gender, class and ethnicity. The analysis suggests that reflexivity on sustainability in the associations on one hand links to different sustainability approaches, which relate to assumptions regarding who can become engaged and the organisation of the associations’ work. On the other hand, narratives and practices of ‘doing sustainability’ are made sense of in different ways, where issues of for whom, the type of knowledge that is premiered, and the ‘upscaling’ of initiatives pose challenges for a more inclusive and transformative approach to sustainability in housing associations. Taken together, this creates different conditions for sustainability transitions in housing and everyday life, shaped both by norms of who and what is seen as sustainable, and by structures that outline the space for action for the associations and their residents. 

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  • 23.
    Hirvonen, Saara
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Kontext och värderingar i stadsplaneringen: Experimentell studie med inblick i stadsplanerarens vardag2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Context, values and people's personal opinions are something that will always be a part of society. Urban planning is a complex process where different wills and interests compete and urban planners as officials have an important role. This work strives to investigate how context and values affect the choices city planners make in their everyday lives. The study presents three theories that describe context and value aspects in the human systems. With the support of these theories, a number of experimental interview questions were created and three in-depth interviews were conducted with city planners working in Stockholm County. The results from the qualitative interviews showed that context and values play a role in the end result of urban planning and that special context in the form of work organization is important. Due to the experimental nature of the work, no general conclusions about the planner role could be drawn. Part of the work was to test whether the chosen theories and the chosen qualitative research method were useful to investigate how the various aspects of context and values are handled by city planners. The method worked reasonably well, but some of the interview questions should be developed somewhat. Alternative methods, such as focus groups, are discussed at the end of the work.

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  • 24.
    Holgersson, Charlotte
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Accounting, finance, economics and organization (AFEO).
    Hvenmark, Johan
    Center for Civil Society Research, Marie Cederschiöld University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Gender in nonprofit organizations: A critical review and research agenda2023In: Nonprofit Management & Leadership, ISSN 1048-6682, E-ISSN 1542-7854, Vol. 34, no 1, p. 195-209Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we suggest a research agenda based on a review of literature exploring gender in nonprofit organizations (NPOs) published in key field-specific journals in nonprofit studies. The literature review shows that gender is often included as an unproblematized variable and that few studies focus on organizational processes that (re)produce gender inequalities and promote gender equality in NPOs. There is thus a need to expand our knowledge concerning gender in NPOs. The purpose of this paper is therefore to contribute to the development of empirical and theoretical work concerning organizational processes that (re)produce gender in NPOs. In order to inspire such endeavors, we outline a research agenda that proposes an understanding of gender informed by gender theory, an acknowledgement of NPOs as arenas where gender is (re)produced, and a development of theories on NPOs as gendered organizations.

  • 25.
    Holgersson, Charlotte
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Organization and management.
    Höök, Pia
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Organization and management.
    Linghag, Sophie
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Organization and management. Karlstads universitet.
    Regnö, Klara
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Organization and management.
    Wahl, Anna
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Organization and management.
    Könsmärkta villkor styr synen på kvinnligt och manligt chefskap2013In: Leda mot det nya: En forskningsantologi om chefskap och innovation / [ed] Martin Kreuger, Lucia Crevani, Kristina Larsen, Stockholm: Vinnova , 2013Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Holgersson, Charlotte
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Accounting, Finance & Changes.
    Lindgren, Monica
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Accounting, Finance & Changes.
    Packendorff, Johann
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Organization and management.
    Snickare, Lotta
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Business and Financial Systems.
    Vänje, Annika
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Wahl, Anna
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Accounting, Finance & Changes.
    Men in focus: Exploring homosocial cultures in organizations and developing methods to prevent sexual harassment2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The program explores homosocial cultures in male-dominated organizations in order to contribute to our understanding of the dynamics of sexual harrassment and to develop measures and methods for transforming homosocial cultures into spaces where men in different positions can act as change agents in order to promote gender equality and workplaces free from violence and discrimination. This answers to recent calls for deepened understanding of processes by which sexual harassment is normalized and tolerated in organizational contexts and for improved prevention measures and methods (e.g. Chawla et al. 2021). By focusing on men and masculinities in relation to aspects of organizational cultures that enable men to exercise violence in order to maintain control in organizations, and by developing measures and methods for counteracting SH through organizational development, the program contributes to current research frontiers as well as to the development of new practices in organizational change management.

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  • 27.
    Holgersson, Charlotte
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Organization and management.
    Romani, L.
    Tokenism Revisited: When Organizational Culture Challenges Masculine Norms, the Experience of Token Is Transformed2020In: European Management Review, ISSN 1740-4754, E-ISSN 1740-4762Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Extant research on tokenism has documented the adverse consequences for employees in minority positions and how women's possibility of action is constrained in male-dominated contexts. We present an in-depth qualitative case study of a male-dominated organization in a masculine industry in which, despite all expectations, the experience of tokenism for minority women is ambiguous. Furthermore, these women also display a strong agentic role in an organization in which culture favours gender equality. This case reveals an aspect previously overlooked in studies of tokenism: the importance of organizational culture. By exposing and challenging the implicit masculine norm through its organizational culture, this organization actively engages in the change of gendering processes and contributes to establishing an alternative norm. Theoretical contributions show the impact of normative control on the experience of tokens, and how it provides a frame for action toward gender equality.

  • 28.
    Holter, Øystein Gullvåg
    et al.
    University of Oslo.
    Snickare, Lotta
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management.
    Ethnicity, Racism and Intersectionality2022In: Gender Equality in Academia  978-82-02-78265-8: from Knowledge to Change / [ed] Øystein Gullvåg Holter & Lotta Snickare, Oslo: Cappelen Akademisk Forlag, 2022, p. 165-201Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Holter, Øystein Gullvåg
    et al.
    University of Oslo.
    Snickare, Lotta
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management.
    The Triview Model: Three Views of a Problem2022In: Gender Equality in Academia: from Knowledge to Change / [ed] Øystein Gullvåg Holter & Lotta Snickare, Oslo: Cappelen Akademisk Forlag, 2022, p. 257-283Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Holter, Øystein Gullvåg
    et al.
    University of Oslo.
    Snickare, Lotta
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management.
    Liestol, Knut
    Oslo University.
    The Boygen Model: The Hypothesis of Accumulated Disadvantage2022In: Gender Equality in Academia: from Knowledge to Change / [ed] Øystein Gullvåg Holter & Lotta Snickare, Oslo: Cappelen Akademisk Forlag, 2022, p. 207-227-Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Höhler, Sabine
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Kommentar: Nachhaltigkeitsforschung und Geschlechterforschung: Parallele Welten?2013In: Geschlechterverhältnisse und Nachhaltigkeit: Die Kategorie Geschlecht in den Nachhaltigkeitswissenschaften / [ed] Sabine Hofmeister, Christine Katz, Tanja Mölders, Opladen: Verlag Barbara Budrich, 2013, 1, p. 169-174Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Höhler, Sabine
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Wider den Umweltdeterminismus: Nachhaltigkeitsforschung qualifiziert sich durch Gender2015In: Nachhaltigkeit anders denken: Veränderungspotenziale durch Geschlechterperspektiven / [ed] Christine Katz, Sebastian Heilmann, Anja Thiem, Lea M. Koch, Katharina Moths, Sabine Hofmeister, Berlin, Berlin, Heidelberg, Wiesbaden: Springer, 2015, p. 205-215Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [de]

    „Die Arktis ist heiß“, bemerkte Schwedens Arktis-Botschafter Gustaf Lind im März 2012, und er meinte damit nicht nur die globale Erwärmung (The Economist 2012). Von einem Dasein als globales Randgebiet ist die Arktis ins Zentrum internationaler Politik und Forschung gerückt. Das sich zurückziehende Polareis hat ungeheure kommerzielle und politische Aktivitäten im Zugang zu bislang unerschlossenen Erz- und Öllagerstätten, Fischgründen sowie Wald- und Wildbeständen freigesetzt. Hoffnungen auf Ressourcen, neue Transport- und Handelswege und nicht zuletzt der wachsende Tourismus haben die Arktis zu einem geopolitisch umkämpften Terrain werden lassen. Neben den arktischen Bewohner_innen und den selbst ernannten Arktisstaaten (darunter auch Schweden) umfasst die zunehmende Zahl sogenannter ‚Stakeholder‘ auch geographisch ferne Staaten wie China, Indien und Japan, supranationale Zusammenschlüsse wie die Europäische Union, eine Vielzahl von Nichtregierungsorganisationen (NGOs), wissenschaftlicher Institutionen sowie lokaler und multinationaler Unternehmen, die ihre Ansprüche mit Blick auf globale Sicherheitsfragen zu legitimieren suchen: militärische Sicherheit, Energiesicherheit und Umweltsicherheit.

  • 33.
    Johansson Palmkvist, Åsa
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Tekniker i människans tjänst: En feministisk analys av återskapande och förändring inom forskning på inflytelserik teknik2023Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis takes its starting point in the massive attention paid to artificial intelligence (AI) in recent years, especially the reporting on how AI maintains and reinforces power imbalances linked to gender and other categories. The aim is to examine and problematize relations between influential technology and gender from a feminist perspective. More specifically, the focus is on how co-productions of technology and gender are reproduced and changed in contemporary technology research that in various ways links to AI. The theoretical framework consists primarily of feminist science and technology studies (STS). Thus, the overall theoretical starting point is that technology and gender are “done” in relation to each other in ways that involve notions, and values about what is important. In addition, some concepts and perspectives from feminist organization studies are used, especially the concept of gender structure and centre-construction. Empirically, the study is based on semi-structured interviews with researchers and doctoral students in two academic technology research environments, and on observations of their everyday research practices. At both of these environments’ respective universities, the work on gender equality was extensive by international standards. The gender structure of the environments differed: where one of the environments was numerically male-dominated in general and had no female assistant professors, associate professors or full professors, the other environment had a relatively high proportion of women, especially among the full professors.

    Central to the thesis is how the researchers and doctoral students made a distinction between traditional and new/contemporary AI. Whereas traditional AI was articulated as a delimited technology discipline with the aim of imitating humans, the new form of AI was articulated as disciplinarily vaguer and as striving to support humans; the new AI was articulated as technologies in the service of humans. Based on this division, the thesis examines which technologies, which humans and what kinds of services the articulation of the new AI refers to. It also explores the norms and ideals of being a researcher or doctoral student in the two technology research environments. The thesis highlights some specific ways in which structural and discursive aspects can impact upon how gendered norms and ideals are reproduced and challenged in technology research on influential technologies. The findings indicate that a disruption of the conventional male-dominated gender structure of technology research enables alternative understandings and ways of conducting such research. By examining how interviewees from different gendered technology research directions described their research’s relationship with AI, the thesis also illustrates how researchers’ and doctoral students’ ways of relating to emerging technological phenomena can be understood as parts of wider negotiations about the status of gendered research directions. Furthermore, the thesis discusses how the interviewees’ articulations of the potential benefits of influential technology were influenced by both power-blind and power-critical discourses. This highlights nuances in how researchers and doctoral students engaged in technology research on influential technology understand the relationship between technology research and the wider context of technology. These nuances enable a situated criticism, with greater potential to be heard from within the field itself.

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    Tekniker i människans tjänst
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  • 34.
    Just, Edyta
    et al.
    Division of Gender Studies, Department of Thematic Studies, Linköping University, Sweden;InterGender International Consortium, Centre for Medical Humanities and Bioethics, Linköping University, Sweden.
    Udén, Maria
    Design research unit, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
    Weetzel, Vera
    Ohyes, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Åsberg, Cecilia
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Voices from Gender Studies: Negotiating the Terms of Academic Production, Epistemology, and the Logics and Contents of Identity2023Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The book is aimed at providing an assertion of Gender Studies as a vital community in our time, united in a commitment to inquiry. It brings forward an interdisciplinary set of early career researchers’ accounts of their motives for engaging in Gender Studies and, of the encounters with limitations as well as possibilities they experience on the paths they have chosen. Each chapter is accompanied by a brief response paper where a more senior researcher involves in conversation with respective chapter’s content and shares reflections regarding Gender Studies, its integration, and developments. The first level corresponds with the significance of research in the field and its transformative power in and, crucially, outside the academia. The second relates to the value of networking and community building for doing research. The book presents Gender Studies in a communicative, open manner that invites the reader to engage in and continue the displayed discussions. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of gender studies, sociology, queer studies, women’s studies, trans studies, anthropology, and literary studies.

  • 35.
    Karlgren, Jussi
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Computer Science, Theoretical Computer Science, TCS. Gavagai, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Esposito, L.
    Gratton, C.
    Kanerva, P.
    Authorship profiling without using topical information: Notebook for PAN at CLEF 20182018In: CLEF 2018 Working Notes, CEUR-WS , 2018, Vol. 2125Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes an experiment made for the PAN 2018 shared task on author profiling. The task is to distinguish female from male authors of microblog posts published on Twitter using no extraneous information except what is in the posts; this experiment focusses on using non-topical information from the posts, rather than gender differences in referential content.

  • 36.
    Kizilcec, Rene F.
    et al.
    Department of Information Science, Cornell University, United States.
    Viberg, Olga
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Human Centered Technology, Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Jivet, Ioana
    Goethe University Frankfurt DIPF, Germany.
    Martinez Mones, Alejandra
    Universidad de Valladolid, Spain.
    Oh, Alice
    Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, South Korea.
    Hrastinski, Stefan
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning, Digital Learning.
    Mutimukwe, Chantal
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Scheffel, Maren
    Ruhr University Bochum, Germany.
    The role of gender in students privacy concerns about learning analytics Evidence from five countries2023In: LAK 2023 Conference Proceedings: Towards Trustworthy Learning Analytics - 13th International Conference on Learning Analytics and Knowledge, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) , 2023, p. 545-551Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The protection of students' privacy in learning analytics (LA) applications is critical for cultivating trust and effective implementations of LA in educational environments around the world. However, students' privacy concerns and how they may vary along demographic dimensions that historically influence these concerns have yet to be studied in higher education. Gender differences, in particular, are known to be associated with people's information privacy concerns, including in educational settings. Building on an empirically validated model and survey instrument for student privacy concerns, their antecedents and their behavioral outcomes, we investigate the presence of gender differences in students' privacy concerns about LA. We conducted a survey study of students in higher education across five countries (N = 762): Germany, South Korea, Spain, Sweden and the United States. Using multiple regression analysis, across all five countries, we find that female students have stronger trusting beliefs and they are more inclined to engage in self-disclosure behaviors compared to male students. However, at the country level, these gender differences are significant only in the German sample, for Bachelor's degree students, and for students between the ages of 18 and 24. Thus, national context, degree program, and age are important moderating factors for gender differences in student privacy concerns.

  • 37. Klenk, T.
    et al.
    Antonowicz, D.
    Geschwind, Lars
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning.
    Pinheiro, R.
    Pokorska, A.
    Taking women on boards: a comparative analysis of public policies in higher education2022In: Policy Reviews in Higher Education, ISSN 2332-2969, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 128-152Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is growing interest in the underlying mechanisms affecting female leaders in Higher Education (HE). This article compares four countries–Germany, Norway, Poland and Sweden to identify key structural conditions (enablers and barriers) for female representation in academia by studying the regulative framework of government policy. Two research questions are guiding the analysis: first, what (if any) policy instruments are chosen to increase the number of female leaders in HE? Second, to what extent does this choice of instruments mirror either sectorial logic (HE) or national policy styles? The empirical results of the article show that while processes of policy diffusion are observable at the sectoral level, gender equality policies and instrument choice differ considerably in the four countries under consideration. The article thus concludes that national policy styles need to be understood as enabling and disabling policy factors for gender equality in HE shaping the process of translating diffused models decisively. 

  • 38.
    Linghag, Sophie
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Gender, Organisation and Management.
    Regnö, Klara
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Gender, Organisation and Management.
    What is Gender in Organizations?2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent decades different constructionist approaches, frequently gathered under the label of ‘doing gender’, have become influential in Scandinavian gender research (Widerberg 2007). In this text we focus on just what ‘doing gender’ in organisations is seen to be. What is gender and how can it be looked at with doing gender as the point of departure? Our initial inquiry involves taking a look at what the suggested definition of doing gender is in research on gender in organisations. We look at the criticism directed towards doing gender and how this has been treated. After going through the research on doing gender, we then outline our view of gender in organisations. We argue in favour of keeping a “divided eye” on how actors do gender via an analytical look at ‘where they have been’ and ‘where they are heading’, in relation to context and practices, and in this way being able to focus on the process of how gender is done. Following this we present some methodological implications arising from our view on gender with regard to two ongoing research projects on gender and leadership in two different organisational contexts. Finally, we give a summary of our ways of reasoning along with one or two observations on our view of gender and approaches to studying organisations. 

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  • 39. Lorenz, Dagmar
    et al.
    Åsberg, Cecilia
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Fredengren, Christina
    Sõrmus, Maris
    Treusch, Pat
    Vehviläinen, Marja
    Zekany, Eva
    Žeková, Lucie
    Anthropocene Ecologies: Biogeotechnical Relationalities in Late Capitalism2016In: New Materialism Cost ActionArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This position paper outlines a multidirectional approach to what we call Anthropocene ecologies, its diverse genealogies, and methodological and conceptual foci. Under the heading of Anthropocene ecologies we seek to fertilize the sciences of ecology with approaches of queer and feminist new materialisms, and engage in multiple collaborations across the humanities, sciences, and everyday ecological practices. Specifically we draw on ecology as the object of analysis and the methodology, building on concepts and approaches from the sciences, material feminisms, science and technology studies, human/animal studies and material ecocriticism. Five modes of attention become particularly salient for our analysis of the Anthropocene ecologies of solar energy, humananimal relations, organic food production, wetlands, and human-robot relations. First we attend to how these ecologies are generated within and affect the webs of multispecies ecologies in late capitalism. Second we suggest the concept of biogeotechno-power to capture the entanglements of the biological, the geologic and the technological in new formations of power that invest, regulate, enhance, and dispose of (more-than-)human bodies in particular ecological relationalities. Third we examine the multiplicities of ecological temporalities, including the deep time of mineralisation, fossilisation and past and future species survival. Fourth we attend to affect as an entangling force in ecological relations. And fifth we investigate an affirmative posthuman ethics of concern and response-ability in relations with living and nonliving materialities that might not be close by (spatially and/or temporally). Anthropocene ecologies thereby include the technical, informational, temporal, affective, and ethical as integral parts of ecological intra-actions, and remain attuned to the differential, paradoxical and unexpected.

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    Anthropocene Ecologies
  • 40.
    Mack, Jennifer
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE).
    Inhabiting the Imaginary: "Factory Women" at Home on Batam Island, Indonesia2004In: Singapore journal of tropical geography, ISSN 0129-7619, E-ISSN 1467-9493, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 156-179Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Batam Island, Indonesia, located a short ferry ride away from Singapore, is a place where tourism and industry have been developed simultaneously and a border area where “developed” and “developing” nations meet. Government officials, investing international corporations and the “factory women” who work in the island's industrial estates arrive in Batam - native to none of them - with their own preconceptions and goals. When challenges not foreseen through master planning arise, the authorities cling ever more tightly to their physical and structural development model: the nearby city-state of Singapore. Conversely, the factory workers who travel intranationally to work in this export processing zone (EPZ) find their objectives contested in the face of the Master Plan, corporate agendas and ethnic fusions characterising this transnational capitalist space.

    Entering into the homes of three groups of women migrants living and working in Batam, the relationship between the private realm that they inhabit and the social contexts in which they participate publicly is investigated. Some of the choices that women make at and about home are identified, and their ability to “micro-resist” these external structures is explored. At home, the dynamic relationship between the Batam development project and the women's own hopes and visions of the place - sometimes parallel and sometimes incongruous - are revealed. As they experience life on Batam, their “social imaginaries” of it are shaped into various new realities, and their homes, removed from the confines of the factory floor, thus become spaces of release from these tensions.

  • 41.
    Nasca, Maria
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE).
    Varför inte fler?: Kvinnliga elever på gymnasieskolans tekniska program - En undersökning kring gymnasievalet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The report is based on both a survey and a literature study. The purpose is to highlight the reasons why girls and women exclude technology as such and, in particular, why they opt it out in the upper secondary school selection process. What do the female students consider to be the main reasons affecting them in their selection and discontinuation of the technology programs?

    This study searches for the pupil perspective of upper secondary school students. This gives a deviating result as opposed to studies that are conducted with pupiles in lower grades.

    The survey was conducted at a major secondary school in one of Sweden's metropolitan regions. The method of the survey was interviews and a web questionnaire addressing female students on the technology program and the science program as well as teachers who teach them both. The study shows that the

    existence of the softer specializations of the technology program (such as design and production development), open-houses and the parents' opinion weighed heavily in their decision process.

    In close collaboration with the literature, these areas joined up to some conciliatory related fields.

    Hierarchical structures in cultural codes for the various programs were prominent.

    The interpretation of the term technical interest was also crucial as well as substantial factors in upper level lower secondary school technical education. Even the parents' direct –as well as indirect opinions are important. The survey shows that parents' education and their existing career choices have strong connection with female students' choices for their future education.

    Conclusion could be made that possible ways to avoid segregated upper secondary school program choices could include setting up an increased number of "soft" specializations in the technology program, active work to attract female students during technology programs’ open-houses and speeding up change of the technology program cultural codes by, among other things, emphasizing the importance of both established and new female role-models in the technology world.

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  • 42.
    Nelson, Anders
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Stockholm International Toy Research Center, SITREC.
    Children's toy collections in Sweden: A less gender-typed country?2005In: Sex Roles, ISSN 0360-0025, E-ISSN 1573-2762, Vol. 52, no 1-2, p. 93-102Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe and analyze differences between girls' and boys' toy collections in a country that strongly emphasizes gender equality (Sweden). The study was based on the assumptions that toy collections reflect social values in the society where they are found and that Sweden has less gendered values than do many other countries. The toy collections of 152 3- and 5-year old Swedish children were inventoried, and the results were analyzed and discussed in relation to previous research on children's toy collections and toy preferences in North America and Western Europe. The Swedish toy collections were found to be gender-typed in ways similar to those reported in previous research in other countries.

  • 43.
    Niemela, Pia
    et al.
    Tampere Univ, Tampere, Finland..
    Pears, Arnold
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning.
    Dagiene, Valentina
    Vilnius Univ Inst Educ Sci, Vilnius, Lithuania..
    Laanpere, Mart
    Tallinn Univ, Tallinn, Estonia..
    Computational Thinking - Forces Shaping Curriculum and Policy in Finland, Sweden and the Baltic Countries2022In: Digital transformation of education and learning - past, present and future, OCCE 2021 / [ed] Passey, D Leahy, D Williams, L Holvikivi, J Ruohonen, M, Springer Nature , 2022, Vol. 642, p. 131-143Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Through an increased focus on computing and computational concepts in the school curriculum the Nordic and Baltic countries are preparing to equip themselves to explore the opportunities that Industry 4.0 and beyond can offer. Realising this vision has inevitable consequences for the curriculum in compulsory schooling (preschool to year 9) as new scaffolding for the development of new competencies is needed, and adapting to technological change involves also integrating Computational Thinking topics and skills, as well as elements of programming and digital literacy into existing curricula. The Nordic countries (Finland and Sweden) have chosen not to create a new school subject, advocating the integration of these skills and competencies into existing subjects such as Arts and Crafts, Language, Mathematics and Technology. In contrast, the Baltic countries emphasise introduction of a subject called Informatics in which programming and Computational Thinking skills and competencies are intended to be developed. This paper provides an analysis of approaches taken to scaffolding access to Computational Thinking in the Nordic and Baltic countries.

  • 44.
    Pargman, Teresa Cerratto
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Comp & Syst Sci, Postbox 7003, SE-16407 Kista, Sweden.;Digital Futures, Osquars Backe 5, floor2, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    McGrath, Cormac
    Digital Futures, Osquars Backe 5, floor2, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Dept Educ, Postbox 106 91, S-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Viberg, Olga
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Human Centered Technology, Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID. Digital Futures, Osquars Backe 5, floor2, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Knight, Simon
    Digital Futures, Osquars Backe 5, floor2, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden.;Univ Technol Sydney, TD Sch, POB 123, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia..
    New Vistas on Responsible Learning Analytics: A Data Feminist Perspective2023In: JOURNAL OF LEARNING ANALYTICS, ISSN 1929-7750, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 133-148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of ethics in learning analytics (LA) frameworks and guidelines is predominantly on procedural elements of data management and accountability. Another, less represented focus is on the duty to act and LA as a moral practice. Data feminism as a critical theoretical approach to data science practices may offer LA research and practitioners a valuable lens through which to consider LA as a moral practice. This paper examines what data feminism can offer the LA community. It identifies critical questions for further developing and enabling a responsible stance in LA research and practice taking one particular case - algorithmic decision-making - as a point of departure.

  • 45.
    Paton-Romero, J. David
    et al.
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol NTNU, Dept Comp Sci, Sem Saelands Vei 7, N-7034 Trondheim, Norway.;Simula Metropolitan Ctr Digital Engn SimulaMet, Dept IT Management, Pilestredet 52, N-0167 Oslo, Norway..
    Vinuesa, Ricardo
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Engineering Mechanics, Fluid Mechanics and Engineering Acoustics.
    Jaccheri, Letizia
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol NTNU, Dept Comp Sci, Sem Saelands Vei 7, N-7034 Trondheim, Norway..
    Baldassarre, Maria Teresa
    Univ Bari Aldo Moro UniBa, Dept Informat, Via Edoardo Orabona 4, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    State of Gender Equality in and by Artificial Intelligence2022In: IADIS International Journal on Computer Science and Information Systems, E-ISSN 1646-3692, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 31-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When talking about sustainability, we usually think that it is only about safeguarding the environment; nothing is further from reality. Of course, the environment is a crucial component of sustainability and our survival, but it is important to recall that the society and the economy play important roles in this regard, and without the interconnection and development of these three perspectives it will not be possible to achieve sustainable progress. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) established by the United Nations (UN) defend this idea and address the main challenges that humanity faces. One of these challenges is gender equality, which is identified in the perspective of social sustainability through SDG 5. Gender equality is a very complex and difficult challenge to address due to the great cultural diversity of our society. Thus, achieving this goal will require laying a solid foundation and working together by combining very different fields of knowledge. In this sense, Artificial Intelligence (AI) is one of the fields that is currently having the greatest impact and relevance for the development of new technologies and for the advancement of numerous areas. This growing evolution of AI demonstrates that its repercussions at the social level must be analyzed and addressed in such a way that AI becomes a positive asset for sustainability and, in this particular case, for gender equality.For all these reasons, this study aims to analyze the current state of the art and collect the existing knowledge in the fields of AI and gender equality, by conducting a Systematic Mapping Study (SMS). The obtained results and findings have allowed us to identify the most relevant advances in this regard, as well as the gaps and drawbacks that currently exist and on which we must urgently focus to address gender equality both in and by AI. In the same way, these findings demonstrate the limited joint development of both fields, but also indicate an increase in the relevance and the number of proposals that these fields are receiving in recent years.

  • 46. Pinheiro, Romulo
    et al.
    Geschwind, Lars
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Learning. Universitety of Agder.
    Hansen, Hanne Foss
    University of Copenhagen.
    Pekkola, Elias
    Tampere University.
    Academic leadership in the Nordic countries: patterns of gender equality2015In: Women's voices in management: identifying innovative and responsible solutions / [ed] Syna, H. & Costea, C., London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015, 1, p. 15-33-Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 47. Pinheiro, Romulo
    et al.
    Geschwind, Lars
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Learning.
    Pekkola, Elias
    Hansen, Foss Hanne
    PRIMUS INTER PARES?: THE ACADEMIC AGORA SEEN FROM THE TOP (BY WOMEN)2014In: FUTURE OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP, 2014, p. 2206-2206Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Radomska, Marietta
    et al.
    University of Helsinki.
    Åsberg, Cecilia
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Doing Away with Life?: On Biophilosophy, the Non/Living, Toxic Embodiment, and Reimagining Ethics2020In: Art as We Don’t Know It / [ed] E. Berger, K. Mäki-Reinikka, K. O’Reilly & H. Sederholm, Aalto: Aalto ARTS Books , 2020, 1000, p. 54-63Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The question of life has been in the centre of attention since the inception of Western philosophy, including the pre-Socratics search for the essence of life to Aristitle's "psukhe" with its own capacity for self-nourishment, growth and decay and Kant's take on life as the question of the human subject engaging with life as an object of thought. Philosophical queries into the question of life also however asks what critical relations are precluded in the very classifications of what gets to count as life and not-life. Process ontological philosophies, after Canguilheim and Foucault, have reformulated the life/non-life issue on terms of ontological politics and ethics with key concepts such as "necropolitics" (Mbebe), "bare life" and "thanatopolitics" (Agamben). Bioart and feminist biophilosophy (Radomska) offers new challenges to the taken-for-granted notion of life and introduces the concept of "non/living". Examples are given from feminist environmental humanities research on toxic embodiment and from feminist science studies on laboratory practices of life and killing. A suggestion is made that these two concepts, toxic embodiment and non/living work as biophilosophical tools of analysis and exploration. This because they redirect our attention from essences and norms to processes, potentials and possibilities of living and dying in the here and now.  

  • 49.
    Radomska, Marietta
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Åsberg, Cecilia
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Elämästä luopuminen: Biofilosofiasta, epä/elämisestä, toksisesta ruumiillistumisesta ja etiikan uudelleenmuotoilusta. 2020In: Niin & Näin, ISSN 1237-1645, Vol. 104, no 1, p. 39-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A feminist biophilosophical discussion on the ethics of non/life, bio- and eco art, toxic embodiment and environmental humanities.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Doing away with life: Feminist biophilosophy
  • 50.
    Regnö, Klara
    Handelshögskolan i Stockholm, Företagsledning och arbetslivsfrågor.
    Dolda hinder för jämställdhet på Länsstyrelsen i Stockholm?2003Report (Other academic)
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