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  • 1.
    Abdul Al, Fatima
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Ansvarsfördelning vid förvaltning av 3D-utrymmen: En studie om underbyggnad av allmän plats2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1st of January 2004 it has according to Swedish law been possible to form a 3D property. As the cities continue to grow and expand by attract more inhabitants it has become of a greater importance to develop the city and at the same time preserving its qualities. 3D property formation could be used to do so. This thesis focuses on 3D property formation where a facility is built underneath a public space. The thesis study how the responsibility to maintain the 3D property should be distributed between the property owners, in this case between the municipality and a private property owner, to establish a long term management of the public spplace as well as the underground construction. The research is carried out by studying property formation cases, detail plans and contracts. The results of the study shows that 3D property research is a highly complex matter and that a clear distribution of responsibilities between the property owners is requiredneeded in order to facilitate a long term management of the property. It is also important to distribute any eventual costs and clearly decide what responsibilities each property owner has. Lastly, collaboration between the divisions within the municipality as well as collaboration between the municipality and the department of cadastral survey is of great importance to secure that the information given in property formation cases, detail plans and contracts is unambiguous.

  • 2.
    Ackebo, Jonas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Brandt, Anna-Clara
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Dobraja, Kristine
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Isaksson, Sarah
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Liebmann, Andrew
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Lindberg, Anna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Lundgren, Monia
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Song, Meng
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Svenfelt, Åsa
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Zachrisson, Maja
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    What is the potential to create a just social-ecological in Fisksätra/Saltsjöbaden?: Report from the Ecosystem support and Environmental Justice course (AG2803)2013Report (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Aguiar Borges, Luciane
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Education and Health in ICT-futures: Scenarios and sustainability impacts of ICT societies2015In: PROCEEDINGS OF ENVIROINFO AND ICT FOR SUSTAINABILITY 2015, Atlantis Press , 2015, p. 213-220Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the performance of the education and health sectors in relation to five ICT futures for Sweden in 2060. The accessibility, affordability, quality and efficiency of these sectors influence the creation and maintenance of essential collective values such as democracy and justice; consequently both education and health are fundamental to a sustainable society. Exploring the performance of these sectors in different futures enables the identification of barriers and undesirable developments, and encourages a debate on how ICT can be used to reinforce inclusive, and counteract unwanted, futures.

  • 4.
    Aguiar Borges, Luciane
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Stories of Pasts and Futures in Planning2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Societies are constantly changing, facing new challenges and possibilities generated by innovative technologies, sociospatial re-structuring and mobilities. This research approaches these challenges by exploring the role that stories about pasts, presents and futures play in planning. It sees stories as interlinked spaces of struggle over meanings, legitimacies and powers through which “our” valuable pasts and “our” desirable futures become re-constructed, framed and projected. It argues that powerful stories might consciously or unconsciously become institutionalised in policy discourses and documents, foregrounding our spatial realities and affecting our living spaces. These arguments and assumptions are investigated in relation to three cases: Regional-Pasts, SeGI-Futures and ICT-Futures. The stories about pasts, presents and futures surrounding these cases are investigated with the aim of initiating critical discussions on how stories about pasts and futures can inform, but also be sustained by, planning processes. While studies of these cases are presented in separate papers, these studies are brought together in an introductory essay and reconstructed in response to the research questions: How do regional futures become informed by the pasts? How do particular stories about the pasts become selected, framed and projected as envisioned futures? What messages are conveyed to the pasts and the presents through envisioned futures? How can stories of the past be referred and re-employed in planning to build more inclusive futures? To engage with the multidisciplinarity of these questions, they are investigated through dialogues between three main fields: heritage studies, futures studies and planning. The discussions have challenged the conventional divides between pasts, presents and futures, emphasised their plural nature and uncovered how the discursive power of stories play a significant role when interpreting pasts and envision futures in planning practices.

  • 5.
    Aguiar Borges, Luciane
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Using the Past to Construct Territorial Identities in Regional Planning: the Case of Mälardalen, SwedenManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how the past is used in the construction of regional identity narratives in policy discourses and documents. Despite assumptions that regional identity is based on shared culture, some authors argue that new forms of regional identity have emerged as the consequence of regions’ involvement in wider networks. Identity has been pursued as an asset to regional attractiveness and economic growth and, as such, is shaped by regional development strategies concerning particular social groups. Socially shared representations of the past through history, cultural heritage and collective memory play an important role in this process since the past is a powerful resource that may be used to construct images of places, legitimizing claims on territories. Document analysis and interviews with planners are used to analyse strategies for regional development in five counties located in the Mälardalen Region, Sweden. This study shows that regional strategies are guided by identity narratives framing regions from an exclusive outside perspective, leaving internal qualities unnoticed. The past is used to structure these narratives and construct identities that serve economic growth rather than the integration of the plural heritages of the region.

  • 6.
    Ahmad Termida, Nursitihazlin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, System Analysis and Economics. Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Department of Infrastructure and Geomatic Engineering.
    Susilo, Yusak
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, System Analysis and Economics.
    Franklin, Joel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, System Analysis and Economics.
    Attrition and Fatigue in a Four Waves of Two-Week Travel Diary: A Case Study in Stockholm, SwedenManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a four-wave panel survey design and implementation collected on individual level, consisting of three survey’s instrument namely, self-reported two-week travel diary, on-line psychological questionnaire, and self-reported mental map-related questions. The panel survey is built with the aim to examine individuals’ behavioural changes when a new tram extension line in western sub-urban areas of Stockholm, Sweden, was introduced in October 2013. The survey duration took approximately seven months’ period and the data collected covers all four different seasons of the year, which make it wealth of information. The analysis of attrition and fatigue was done on the two-week travel diary survey instrument only. It is found that the overall attrition rate is 34.3% of the total participants (102 individuals) in the Wave 1 survey, which is considered large. The attrition rate between consecutive waves, however, is considered low which is within the range of 7% to 10%. Based on the binary logit models, there are no systematic tendencies of the dropouts’ characteristics from wave to wave to be found, indicating attrition is purely random. There is no correlation between immobile days and missing trips per day are to be found between-waves. The results of the binary logit model on missing trip show that personal attributes, temporal factors (e.g. weekdays and waves) and travel characteristics (e.g. home-based trip, trip purpose, travel distance and number of inter-modal transfers) significantly affect the missing trip but no indication of fatigue appears.

  • 7.
    Althén Bergman, Felix
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Geoinformatics.
    Östblom, Evelina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Geoinformatics.
    GIS-based crisis communication: A platform for authorities to communicate with the public during wildfire2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, people are used to having technology as a constant aid. This also sets expectations that information should always be available. This, together with ongoing climate change that has led to more natural disasters, has laid the foundation for the need to change the methodology for how geographical data is collected, compiled and visualized when used for crisis communication. This study explores how authorities, at present, communicate with the public during a crisis and how this can be done in an easier and more comprehensible way, with the help of Geographical Information Systems (GIS). The goal is to present a new way of collecting, compiling and visualizing geographical data in order to communicate, as an authority, with the public during a crisis. This has been done using a case study with focus on wildfires. Therefore, most of the work consisted of the creation of a prototype, CMAP – Crisis Management and Planning, that visualizes fire-related data. The basic work of the prototype consisted of determining what data that exists and is necessary for the information to be complete and easily understood together with how the data is best implemented. The existing data was retrieved online or via a scheduled API request. Eventrelated data, which is often created in connection with the event itself, was given a common structure and an automatic implementation into the prototype using Google Fusion Tables. In the prototype, data was visualized in two interactive map-based sections. These sections focused on providing the user with the information that might be needed if one fears that they are within an affected location or providing the user with general preparatory information in different counties. Finally, a non-map-based section was created that allowed the public to help authorities and each other via crowdsource data. This was collected in a digital form which was then directly visualized in the prototype’s map-based sections. The result of this showed, among other things, that automatic data flows are a good alternative for avoiding manual data handling and thus enabling a more frequent update of the data. Furthermore, it also showed the importance of having a common structure for which data to be included and collected in order to create a communication platform. Finally, by visualizing of dynamic polygon data in an interactive environment a development in crisis communication that can benefit the public’s understanding of the situation is achieved. This thesis is limited to the functionality and layout provided by the Google platform, including Google Earth Engine, Google Forms, Google Fusion Tables etc

  • 8.
    Andersson, Karin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Eklund, Jörgen
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Lean Projects and Sustainability in the Swedish Agricultural Sector2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Royal Institute of Technology (KTH).
    Toxic Bios: Toxic Autobiographies: A Public Environmental Humanities Project2019In: Environmental Justice, ISSN 1939-4071, E-ISSN 1937-5174, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 7-11, article id 10.1089/env.2018.0019Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we present Toxic Bios, a public environmental humanities (EH) project that aims to coproduce, gather, and make visible stories of contamination and resistance. To explain the rationale of the project and its potentialities, first we offer a brief reflection on the field of the EH and its (possible) contribution to environmental justice research, then, we illustrate the guerrilla narrative strategy experimented through the project.

  • 10.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    De Angelis, Massimo
    University of east London .
    Anthropocene: Victims, Narrators, and Revolutionaries2017In: The South Atlantic Quarterly, ISSN 0038-2876, E-ISSN 1527-8026, South Atlantic Quarterly, Vol. 116, no 2, p. 345-362Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The absence of a reflection on revolutionary practices and subjects is the main weakness of the radical critique of the Anthropocene. The risk is to envision the Anthropocene as a space for villains and victims but not for revolutionaries. It is crucial to challenge the (in)visibility and (un)knowability of the Anthropocene beyond geological strata and planetary boundaries. As the Capitalocene, the Anthropocene has left its traces in the bodies of people upon which the new epoch has been created. The traces of the Capitalocene are not only in geological strata but also in the biological and genetic strata of human bodies; exploitation, subordination, and inequalities are inscribed into the human body and experienced, visible and knowable by subalterns without the mediation of—many times actually in opposition to—mainstream scientific knowledge. This essay inflects the concept of Capitalocene with what we call Wasteocene, to stress the contaminating nature of capitalism and its perdurance within the sociobiological fabric, its accumulation of externalities inside both the human and the earth's body. The essay envisions the Wasteocene as a feature of the Capitalocene, especially adapted to demystify the mainstream narratives of the Anthropocene. To enhance these arguments, the essay builds on the findings of the Environmental Justice Organisations, Liabilities and Trade (EJOLT) atlas of environmental conflicts and on in-depth research on the struggles against toxic contamination in Campania, Italy.

  • 11.
    Arnold, Erik
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Borrás, Susana
    Mora Ruiz, José-Ginés
    The Latvian Research Funding System2018Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12.
    Bamzar, Roya
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Assessing the safety and quality of the indoor environment of senior housing: A Swedish case study2017In: Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, ISSN 1566-4910, E-ISSN 1573-7772Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of this article are to assess the safety quality of the indoor living environment of senior housing in Hässelgården, Stockholm Municipality (Sweden’s capital), and to suggest improvement strategies. First, the physical indoor environment of older adults is examined via a fieldwork checklist devised in accordance with the principles of universal design (UD). Second, their indoor environment is assessed through a survey that includes subjective questions about seniors’ use of space, experience of falls, and safety perception. Third, the study explores whether the applications of UD in the seniors’ indoor living environment contribute to the understanding of their use of space, experience of falls, and safety perception. Fieldwork inspections and a detailed survey with residents are used as a basis for the empirical analysis. Findings indicate that the living room has the highest UD score compared with those for the kitchen and the bedroom. The elderly spend most of their time in the living room and the kitchen. A low UD score (e.g. kitchen and bedroom) is associated with a higher number of falls but not with low levels of safety perception and use of space. The article concludes with suggestions to improve housing safety of Hässelgården’s senior housing, which may also help prevent falls in the older population elsewhere.

  • 13.
    Bamzar, Roya
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Ensuring elderly mobility: environmental and safety issues2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to provide a better understanding of the issues of safe mobility ‎for the elderly population in Sweden. ‎This is achieved first by assessing the geography and patterns of ‎elderly falls at the county level and then by conducting a detailed survey with residents in senior ‎housing to investigate the relationship between indoor and/or outdoor environmental ‎characteristics and elderly safety. Safety is regarded as a multidimensional concept that ‎involves risk of falls, crime victimization and elderly people’s perception of their ‎overall safety. Using a case study approach, the study also assesses the types of outdoor places where most crimes ‎against the elderly take place and the types of places most feared by them. The study ‎adapts a set of qualitative and quantitative methods ‎to capture the nature of the phenomena; trends, patterns and frameworks that support ‎the analysis and implications of the results for both research and practice. The findings show ‎that elderly falls in Sweden vary geographically and exhibit gender, age, environmental, and socio-‎economic differences. The mobility of the older population is influenced by their ‎perceived safety in indoor and outdoor environments. Certain features of apartment layout and furniture arrangement are identified as potential causes of falls. Older adults’ ‎perception of safety exhibits a distance-decay effect from their senior housing building. Distance decay indicates that safety is deemed highest closest to their homes and decreases as the distance increases. There are indications that older adults take longer routes and increase their mobility because they are fearful at certain spots in their neighbourhood. The thesis ‎concludes with a discussion of the results and implications for both research and policy making at the local and ‎county levels. ‎

  • 14.
    Baron Zenari, Leonardo
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    The relation between buildings and public spaces in the context of sustainable compact cities: Understanding the impacts on human behavior- cases of Ørestad and Hammarby Sjöstad2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis discusses the relation between the buildings and public space in the context of the compact cities, and how it interferes on human behavior related to walking experience and pleasurability. In order to illustrate how the human scale is portrayed in different scenarios, two case studies - Ørestad District, Copenhagen and Hammarby Sjöstad, Stockholm - have been selected to be studied in different scales, shifting from the block structure to the use of the building groundfloor. This enables me to identify the similarities in the process of composition of each compact city and, in case of contrasting comparisons, have a more critical discussion and understand the negative impacts on the user experience.

  • 15.
    Baró Planella, Ariadna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Barcelona gives way to green infrastructure: Les Glòries urban transformation as a case study of citizen participation2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays, there are more population concentrated in urban areas rather than in rural areas. This process of urbanization has altered natural processes in addition to landscape modification. The green in cities has become more and more fragmented, leading to the degradation and loss of many ecosystem services. The big expansion of Barcelona happened during the Cerdàs Plan in the middle of the 19th century. Cerdà designed Barcelona as a grid of blocks where people could walk through its streets and rest in big green areas, but, left some parts of the city like Les Glòries without any planning due to its complexity. In the years thereafter, the city of Barcelona has become a compact city, densely populated, with scare and isolated green spaces while the public space becomes mainly dominated by the car. In order to face the current issues of Barcelona, its City Council has implemented several measures like the green infrastructure strategic policy and planning. Although they have not been done with citizen participation, this supposed a paradigm shift on the municipal city planning, as well as, a paradigm shift on Barcelona’s city model where green infrastructure is being used as an adaptation measure to mitigate the effects of climate change and as a strategic planning tool for reducing car traffic. The project of Les Glòries is a landmark of how a place planned as car-based could become pedestrian-based, in addition to the second biggest green space of the city of Barcelona. Becoming a reference for the new city council policies and measures for a more sustainable and participative Barcelona. Les Glòries project is also a referent of citizen participation due to the citizens and neighbourhood associations were from the very beginning in the planning and design of this space together with the city council technicians.

  • 16.
    Becker, Thilo
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics.
    Analysis of behavioral changes due to the Stockholm Congestion Charge Trial2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 25 credits / 37,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Stockholm Congestion Tax Trial is one of the few projects where an automatic system was implemented to tax road vehicles in order to reduce congestion. The taxation period lasted from January until July 2006 and vehicles going in or out of the inner city during daytime were taxed with 10 to 20 SEK (1.07 to 2.14 Euro). The project included improved public transportation and more park & ride sites. The trial was limited to a half year and the public was able to vote on the congestion tax afterwards. A large research package was set up in order to inform everybody about the effects of the tax. The referendum was positive and the congestion tax is permanent today, but the data collected for research purposes is not fully analyzed yet. This thesis focuses on travel behavior of the population in Stockholm County and uses a household panel survey with 24,000 individuals. The waves took place in September 2004 and March 2006.The main idea is to use the advantages of the panel survey and keep track of how the individuals behaved during the two waves. The analysis is done separately for each trip purpose and examines the change of mode choice during the second wave in comparison to the individual’s choice before the congestion tax. This can be even specified for different socio-demographic groups.The cross-sectional comparison shows that avoiding trips to and from the inner city is not an option. The number of trips of the individuals passing through the congestion tax cordon is reduced to a lower extend by seasonal influences than the trips in all other parts of the county. Therefore the inner city has become more attractive as a origin or destination or the trips passing through the cordon can not be substituted by trips free of tax.Public transportation is the mode which benefits most from the congestion tax in terms of modal split. The importance of it increases in the whole county, but the gain is a lot higher for trips through the cordon. The modes foot and bike are not a relevant alternative for trips through the cordon because of long distances in general and cold weather during the survey. The panel analysis shows that many more people doing cordon passages to work, home and shopping change from car to public transportation in comparison to the rest of the county. Changes from public transport to car occur less often for cordon passages than for trips not being taxed.Certain socio-demographic groups adapt differently to the congestion tax. Compared to men, up to 30 percent point fewer women continue to use the car depending on the trip purpose. This may be related to personal income, but the variables household income has proofed to have a smaller impact. Only really poor households use the car a lot less often and the highest income group tends to continue to drive by car.The main limiting factor of the analysis is the seasonal and weather influence because of unusual cold weather during the second wave. It is not possible to take this completely into account because the control group of the cordon passages has different trip characteristics.The thesis provides better knowledge how a congestion tax affects the behavior of the people. It allows checking the reasonability of transportation modeling results and shows that certain socio-demographic variables should be used if modeling is done for areas with a different composition of the population than Stockholm.

  • 17.
    Bergman, Hanna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Kan kollektiva boenden lösa bostadskrisen och den sociala isoleringen?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    his study is exploring whether collective housing could mean a solution to the housing crisis and if this form of housing at the same time could achieve social sustainability. It is of interest to achieve social sustainability in order to decrease social isolation and mental illness that spreads mainly among young people in Sweden (Eckerdal, C. et al., 2018). This is examined by looking at the social benefits that can be found by charing home with others that is not your direct family and see if this form of housing could be seen as an attractive housing alternative of people in different socio-economic groups. The results are based on interviews and scientific articles that together concludes that this way of housing may not be an over all solution for the housing crisis in Sweden but may contribute to some positive change in both the housing market and in the inhabitants mental health, which the results of this text indicates. The way people live has a big impact on their possibilities to create a sustainable social life and it is important for humans to feel safe (Alfredsson, B., 1979). Humans way of socialise is directly related to their social connection which is why an unsafe living situation could have negative consequences on humans social life and mental health (Satici, S. A et al., 2015). This way of living could become more and more popular with inhabitant in need of a home (Törnqvist, M.,2019) and an increased wish from people to become a part of a community as a result of the urbanisation and an individualism (Vestbro D., 2010).

  • 18.
    Björnsen, Marte
    et al.
    NIBR.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Nordregio.
    The Nordic Regional Labour Markets2009In: The Potential Labour Supply in the Nordic Countries / [ed] D. Rauhut & I.R. Edvardsson, Stockholm: Nordregio , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Blomkvist, Pär
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Johansson, Petter
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Sustainability and Industrial Dynamics.
    A Dynamic Mind. Perspectives on Industrial Dynamics in Honour of Staffan Laestadius2016Book (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Blomquist, Erik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Idrotts- och motionsanläggningar för alla!: En utredning av kommunernas möjlighet att planera för jämställd fysisk aktivitet med Järfälla kommun som fallstudie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The number of people with a sedentary lifestyle in Sweden is increasing and a large share does not exercise enough to compensate for their physically inactive lifestyle. There is a clear connection between physical activity and health and well-being. The behaviour physical activity is affected by the surrounding urban environment and therefore, urban planning have an impact on the public health. There are several components which the city consists of that has a great influence on the public health. One of those components is sport and exercise facilities which are directly focused on physical activity. The usage of these facilities depend on the variety and on proximity, accessibility and usability. Residents in the municipality of Järfälla have generally a bad variety of free sports and exercise facilities, but good variety of facilities that not necessarily are free, especially in Jakobsberg. The proximity to different kinds of sport and exercise facilities is good in close to the hole part of the municipality, except Stäket. In order to support a higher and more equal usage of the facilities, an inventory of the accessibility of the pedestrian and bike infrastructure and of the usability of sport and exercise facilities should be made. Facilities owned by the municipality which there are a limited number of and regional facilities, should be located so the users can get there easily with public transportation. In order to obtain a more equal infrastructure of sport and exercise facilities, more data about exercise habits in Järfälla needs to be gathered, making decision-making easier. Consideration should be taken to sports that are small in number of members and thereby does not have the same influence and also to the fact that a majority of the residents are not a member in any sports club. Lastly, there are further elements to consider than the facilities; the subsidy to sport clubs needs to be reconsidered and the social norms that affects the prerequisites for men and women to be physically active.

  • 21.
    Blyth, Daniel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Promoting 'Age-Friendly' Cities: Assessing Elderly Perceptions of Public Spaces2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding the features of urban public spaces that attract or exclude elderly residents is becoming an increasingly pressing concern in cities across the world. The present study is underpinned by the aim to uncover the desires, needs, values, uses and aspirations of elderly residents in public spaces across Stockholm. Using the concept of ‘Age-Friendly Cities’, this research examines the links between these specific elements and broader feeling of belonging or wellbeing that can arise from access to inclusive public spaces. Participants from two contrasting neighbourhoods were recruited to partake in a mental mapping and photo elicitation study of their surrounding areas. These visual materials were used to assess the age-friendliness of the two areas. Findings were analysed according to three themes: outdoor green spaces, transport infrastructure and urban development and growth. These themes were used to inform a discussion around what constitutes age-(un)friendliness. Flexible, inclusive, open, accessible places sensitive to local histories were found to be preferred. The design of transport infrastructure, such as roads and metro stations, were identified as features that contribute to discomfort in public spaces. These concerns were further exacerbated and amplified by concerns at the rapid growth of the city. Age-unfriendliness was therefore characterised by issues such as exclusion from access to new developments and a loss of identity, quality of life, resources and local character.

  • 22.
    Boholm, Max
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    Risk, language and discourse2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This doctoral thesis analyses the concept of risk and how it functions as an organizing principle of discourse, paying close attention to actual linguistic practice.

              Article 1 analyses the concepts of risk, safety and security and their relations based on corpus data (the Corpus of Contemporary American English). Lexical, grammatical and semantic contexts of the nouns risk, safety and security, and the adjectives risky, safe and secure are analysed and compared. Similarities and differences are observed, suggesting partial synonymy between safety (safe) and security (secure) and semantic opposition to risk (risky). The findings both support and contrast theoretical assumptions about these concepts in the literature.

              Article 2 analyses the concepts of risk and danger and their relation based on corpus data (in this case the British National Corpus). Frame semantics is used to explore the assumptions of the sociologist Niklas Luhmann (and others) that the risk concept presupposes decision-making, while the concept of danger does not. Findings partly support and partly contradict this assumption.

              Article 3 analyses how newspapers represent risk and causality. Two theories are used: media framing and the philosopher John Mackie’s account of causality. A central finding of the study is that risks are “framed” with respect to causality in several ways (e.g. one and the same type of risk can be presented as resulting from various causes). Furthermore, newspaper reporting on risk and causality vary in complexity. In some articles, risks are presented without causal explanations, while in other articles, risks are presented as results from complex causal conditions. Considering newspaper reporting on an aggregated overall level, complex schemas of causal explanations emerge.

              Article 4 analyses how phenomena referred to by the term nano (e.g. nanotechnology, nanoparticles and nanorobots) are represented as risks in Swedish newspaper reporting. Theoretically, the relational theory of risk and frame semantics are used. Five main groups of nano-risks are identified based on the risk object of the article: (I) nanotechnology; (II) nanotechnology and its artefacts (e.g. nanoparticles and nanomaterials); (III) nanoparticles, without referring to nanotechnology; (IV) non-nanotechnological nanoparticles (e.g. arising from traffic); and (V) nanotechnology and nanorobots. Various patterns are explored within each group, concerning, for example, what is considered to be at stake in relation to these risk objects, and under what conditions. It is concluded that Swedish patterns of newspaper reporting on nano-risks follow international trends, influenced by scientific assessment, as well as science fiction.

              Article 5 analyses the construction and negotiation of risk in the Swedish controversy over the use of antibacterial silver in health care and consumer products (e.g. sports clothes and equipment). The controversy involves several actors: print and television news media, Government and parliament, governmental agencies, municipalities, non-government organisations, and companies. In the controversy, antibacterial silver is claimed to be a risk object that negatively affects health, the environment, and sewage treatment industry (objects at risk). In contrast, such claims are denied. Antibacterial silver is even associated with the benefit of mitigating risk objects (e.g. bacteria and micro-organisms) that threaten health and the environment (objects at risk). In other words, both sides of the controversy invoke health and the environment as objects at risk. Three strategies organising risk communication are identified: (i) representation of silver as a risk to health and the environment; (ii) denial of such representations; and (iii) benefit association, where silver is construed to mitigate risks to health and the environment.

  • 23.
    Borell, Lena
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Johansson, Karin
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Lundberg, Stefan
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.
    Kognitiva köket - framtidens kök2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Äldre personer som har en demenssjukdom eller andra medicinska diagnoser som kan leda till kognitiva problem och som bor i egna hem är en växande grupp. Samtidigt så förväntas alla oavsett funktionsnedsättning kunna hantera matlagning och andra köksrelaterade aktiviteter på egen hand.

    Personer med kognitiva problem, och personer som arbetar med denna grupp definierar problem relaterade till matlagning och att hålla ordning i köket som några av de viktigaste att lösa (Wherton and Monk 2008). Att kunna utföra köksrelaterade aktiviteter betraktas som något som höjer livskvaliteten. Trots det växande behovet av att kunna skapa köksmiljöer och köksprodukter, både generellt och med individuella anpassningar, finns det i dag ingen samlad kunskap om hur sådana miljöer och produkter bäst kan utformas.

    I det här projektet ses köket som en plats där flera dimensioner av livet pågår. Förutom matlagning och förvaring av mat så är köket även en plats för socialt umgänge, och utgör vardagens nav. Kökets roll i hemmet är alltså central. Projektet utgår från att det är möjligt att skapa inkluderande köksmiljöer som tar hänsyn till personer med nedsatt kognition, men som samtidigt förenklar för alla.

    Modern design av kök handlar idag mycket om eleganta ytor och dolda, och därmed svårdefinierade, funktioner vilket skapar problem för personer med kognitiva funktionsnedsättningar. Dessa problem måste lyftas fram och diskuteras för att kunna utforma framtida inkluderande köksmiljöer. Syftet med projektet är att, i dialog med intressenter och experter inom området, sammanställa och generera kunskap om hur kök och köksprodukter kan designas för att underlätta för äldre människor med kognitiva nedsättningar att kunna använda sina kök utan problem.

  • 24.
    Bourennane, Malika
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    A legal framework for enabling low-income housing: a study of women´s access to home based enterprises in Botswana2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Bradley, Karin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Kollektiv konsumtion: Från tvättstugor och bibliotek till klädotek och allmänna kontor2014In: Det förflutna i framtidens stad: Tankar om kulturarv, konsumtion och hållbar stadsutveckling / [ed] Krister Olsson och Daniel Nilsson, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2014, p. 103-113Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Bradley, Karin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Livet i miljonprogrammet: hållbara än man kan tro2012In: Miljonprogrammet: Utveckla eller avveckla / [ed] Birgitta Johansson, Stockholm: Forskningsrådet Formas, 2012, 1, p. 101-111Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27.
    Bradley, Karin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Ekelund, Lotta
    Dela är det nya äga2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    En knäckfråga i den rika delen av världen är hur man kan minska materiell konsumtion och samtidigt behålla god livskvalitet. De senaste åren har intresset ökat för att dela på saker – att ha tillgång till varor eller tjänster snarare än att köpa och äga enskilt – något som brukar beskrivas som kollaborativ konsumtion. Men vad innebär detta? Hur kan det se ut? I dokumentärfilmen Dela är det nya äga får vi träffa människor som på olika sätt delar på saker och utrymmen i tre olika städer: Malmö, Barcelona och London. Vi träffar också olika experter som beskriver hur kollaborativ konsumtion fungerar och hur detta kan tänkas utvecklas i framtiden.

  • 28.
    Brandt, Anna-Clara
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Hälsoeffekter av ett förändrat klimat – risker och åtgärder i Botkyrka kommun: Planering för en robust och klimatsäkrad dricksvattenförsörjning med vatten av god kvalitet2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här rapporten baseras på en klimat- och sårbarhetsanalys som identifierar de hälsoeffekter som uppkommer i och med ett förändrat klimat. Analysen pekar ut flera samhällsystem som kommer att påverkas av klimatförändringarna men som kan anpassas med hjälp av samhällsplaneringen. Utifrån klimat- och sårbarhetsanalysen har parametern dricksvatten undersökts närmare då tillgången till rent dricksvatten är grundläggande för allt mänskligt liv.

    Botkyrka kommun tar idag sitt dricksvatten från Mälaren. Forskning visar dock att Mälarens vattenkvalitet hotas av klimatförändringarna. Den pågående havsnivåhöjningen kommer i slutet av seklet leda till en ökad risk för större inbrott av saltvatten i Mälaren. Brunifieringen, en ökad halt av näringsämnen och humus i råvattnet, är ytterligare ett hot mot dricksvattenkvaliteten och kommer att öka i och med större nederbördsmängder i framtiden.

    Botkyrka har genom sina stora isälvsavlagringar bra naturliga förutsättningar för att producera grundvatten av god kvalitet, vilket är vatten som kan användas för dricksvatten, både idag och i framtiden. De stora isälvsavlagringarna bidrar också till goda förutsättningar f̈ör att framställa ballastmaterial till bygg- och anläggningsindustrin. Det innebär en målkonflikt mellan dessa olika prioriteringar, vilken har blivit synliggjord under senare år i och med den ökade kunskapen kring behovet att säkerställa en robust, kvalitetssäkrad och långsiktig lösning för kommunens och regionens dricksvattenförsörjning.

    Idag pågår grustäktsverksamhet på flera platser i kommunen, vilket innebär en negativ risk för vattenresursens funktion som dricksvatten. Vid grustäktsverksamhet forslas många lager grus bort, vilka fyller en funktion vid naturlig rening av grundvattnet. I och med det ökar riskerna för att vattnets naturliga rening kommer att påverkas negativt. En ökad risk finns även för föroreningar från verksamheten i sig, där fordon på grustäktsområdet kan leda till spill av olja och andra kemikalier.

    Kommunen arbetar för att grustäktsverksamheten ska avvecklas. I samrådsförslaget till den nya översiktsplanen har kommunen istället förslag på att exploatera dessa områden. Det kan innebära andra risker, som kan ha negativ påverkan på grundvattenkvaliteten, om dessa områden exploateras. Kommunen behöver därför se över de exploateringsförslag som finns på grustäktsområden.

    Kommunen behöver upprätta en vattenförsörjningsplan för att kunna säkerställa en robust, kvalitetssäkrad och långsiktig lösning för kommunens och regionens dricksvattenförsörjning. Med en sådan plan kan prioriterade vattenområden, för framtida dricksvattenförsörjning, identifieras och skyddas. 

  • 29.
    Brandt, Elvira
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Feministisk stadsplanering, mer än bara jämställdhet: En kvalitativ studie om praktiserandet av diskursen2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Through the ages, women have been neglected in urban planning because of structural discrimination. Both planning theory and practice have been characterized by masculinity and gender norms. A trend that, according to the theory, can be reversed by integrating the feminist perspective into the planning practice. A postmodern perspective permeated with intersectionality will identify the underlying unequal structures and, through inclusive urban planning, generate equal urban environments. Thus, the feminist perspective is believed to call into question the urban planning, beyond the powers of equitable urban planning. Although the postmodern feminist perspective includes more aspects than sex and gender, such as ethnicity, class and age, the term feminism is here used in the context of the groups of women and men. The division is relevant as urban planning, based on the interviews, has proven to be based on statistics broken down by gender and research based on the knowledge that planning that is based on a woman's experiences benefits everyone in society. However, the intersectional perspective contributes to the knowledge that both women and men consist of sub-groups that are of relevance to the planning. Although interest in feminist theory has increased in the field of architectural research over the past few decades, theorists within the discourse of feminist urban planning can’t recall that the discourse has been implemented. A finding that, in this study, is considered strange considering that the goal of Sweden's urban planning is to achieve gender mainstreaming throughout the whole planning process. As the feminist perspective on urban planning is process-oriented, it is considered to raise awareness of social injustice and change urban planning from scratch. Judith Butler’s (n.d. Swedish u.å.) theory about sex being social constructed is here interpreted as gender being created from people's actions and that an action is influenced by the physical environment, which in turn is influenced by the urban planning. Thus, urban planning can influence the creation of gender and what appears female and male. It has been shown that urban planning that is based on women and their everyday perspective favours all social groups and makes planning more equal. That the professional planners possess knowledge, guidelines and tools of how to implement the feminist perspective into practice is a pre-condition of the planning’s success. The qualitative methods that form the basis of this study are document analysis and semi-structured interviews. The study has shown that both the literature and the planning profession identify a lack of a clear definition of the feminist urban planning discourse, but the professionals see no point to coin one since a definition doesn’t facilitate the practice of the discourse. However, the professionals demand clearer guidelines and tools for the practical work. Based on the document analysis and the semi-structured interviews, it appears that the practice of feminist urban planning should be based on locally adapted tools that are inspired by general guidelines. Both theory and empiricism indicate that feminist urban planning that has an intersectional perspective and starts from a citizens’ perspective generates equality in spatial planning. The result also shows that the planning profession needs a humanistic awareness-raising campaign in order to be able to incorporate the needs of the citizens into the urban planning.

  • 30.
    Brokking, Christoffer
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Wind power policy and planning - a comparative study of Sweden and the Netherlands2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As the world try to combat the impacts of climate change governments have taken action by implementing a greater emphasis on renewable energy sources. To facilitate this transition to more sustainable energy sources new policies and planning practises are required. This study has focused on how two countries, Sweden and the Netherlands, work with implementing wind power by exploring what policies they have concerning wind power development, how the planning process work in practise and what challenges they face regarding policies and the planning process. The result of this study has shown that the Netherlands has made large efforts in providing policies and are working towards establishing a new regional body responsible for the transition towards renewable energy sources. Sweden on the other hand, has not made the same commitment to policies and is mostly focused on improving the planning process.

  • 31.
    Brorsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Öhman, Annika
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Lundberg, Stefan
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.
    Nygård, Louise
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Accessibility in public space as perceived by people with Alzheimer´s disease2011In: Dementia, ISSN 1471-3012, E-ISSN 1741-2684, no aug 11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most people with dementia remain living at home as long as possible after being diagnosed, and hence their lives also include activities in the public space. The aim of this study was to illuminate experiences of accessibility in public space in people with Alzheimer’s disease. A qualitative grounded theory approach with repeated in-depth interviews was used. The core category, accessibility as a constantly changing experience, was characterized by changes in the relationship between informants and public space. Changes in the relationship took place in activities and use of place and related to familiarity and comfort, individual motives and interests, and planning and protecting. Other changes occurred in places and problematic situations related to everyday technologies, crowded places with high tempo and noise, and change of landmarks. These changes reduced feelings of accessibility and increased difficulties in carrying out activities in public space. These findings may be helpful when providing support, and supporting community living.

  • 32.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics.
    Dimensionering av svensk forskarutbildning2012Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 33.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Forskning för det 21:a århundradet: Slutrapport från Agenda för forskning2012Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 34.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics.
    Svenska forskarutbildade fem år efter disputation2012Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 35.
    Bull Sletholt, Kristine
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Berg Henriksen, Maria
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Planning for Sustainable Urban Freight Transport: A Comparative Study of Measures to Reduce Carbon Emissions from Last Mile Transport in Oslo and Stockholm2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a need to reduce global carbon emissions in order to limit climate change, especially from the transport sector, as it contributes to a large share of these emissions. This thesis explores carbon emissions from urban freight transport in Oslo, Norway, and Stockholm, Sweden, and the measures and strategies that have been implemented in accordance with the municipalities’ targets. In addition, the involvement of relevant freight transport companies in these issues has been investigated, as well as the challenges and possibilities related to reducing carbon emissions from urban freight transport. Both municipalities have expressed ambitions to adhere to the European Union’s goals of emission reduction. However, based on the observations of this thesis, it is evident that the municipalities have yet to adequately implement impactful measures for urban freight transport, in order to reduce carbon emissions from this sector if they are to achieve their goals. The results show that that Oslo municipality has access to a substantial amount of data and statistics regarding urban freight transport, but is lacking a comprehensive freight plan. Stockholm municipality, on the other hand, has an urban freight transport plan, but is lacking comprehensive data and statistics about urban freight transport. The focus on - and inclusion of - urban freight transport in comprehensive urban planning could be argued to be increasing, but we contend that there is still a need to increase knowledge and understanding regarding emission reduction for urban freight transport across departments and cities, in order to reach a more sustainable future for urban freight transport.

  • 36. Burton, Kerry
    et al.
    Karvonen, Andrew
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Caprotti, Federico
    Smart goes green: digitalising environmental agendas in Bristol and Manchester2019In: Inside Smart Cities: Place, Politics and Urban Innovation / [ed] A. Karvonen, F Cugurullo and F. Caprotti, London: Routledge, 2019, p. 117-132Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Bristol and Manchester are at the forefront of the UK smart urbanization agenda, serving as ‘lighthouse’ cities to realise ambitions for city-scale low carbon economies. This chapter uses a comparative approach to the two cities to reveal the similarities in approach as well as the local factors (notably infrastructure and cultural politics) that influence the distinct environmental mobilisations of smart. Bristol has a long history of green innovation and has ambitions to build upon its 2015 designation as European Green Capital to become a leading international ‘smart-green city’. Bristol’s idealised smart-green city is human-centred and able to realise low carbon growth that is equitable for all. Conversely, the Greater Manchester storyline on smart is strongly focused on economic development with environmental protection as a by-product of business innovation. The campuses of two Manchester universities play a central role as testbeds to catalyse a twenty-first century knowledge economy that builds upon the existing economic cornerstones of the city. The Manchester activities have little focus on social equity and inclusion and instead focus on business opportunity as the prime motivation for smart-green urbanisation. The smart-green performances in each city embody particular logics and practices that are at once global in their perspective while simultaneously local in their composition and framing. Bristol and Manchester reveal distinctive pathways of smart urban innovation that are neither top-down nor bottom-up but instead combine principles of IT development with decarbonisation to enhance and extend the existing urban development trajectories of each city.

  • 37.
    Caesar, Carl
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Disposal of municipal land aimed for housing: a critical evaluation of assigning methods applied in Sweden2016Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden considerable amounts of land suitable for housing is owned publicly, or more specifically, by any of the 290 municipalities. A significant proportion of the land necessary for the housing market is accordingly owned, controlled and consequently publicly supplied to a highly privatized developer sector that carries out the actual development. A pivotal task in the Swedish land markets, and a natural consequence of the initial separation between land and developer, concerns the disposal phase, i.e. the allocation procedures were land initially owned by a municipality gets assigned to a specific developer. In Sweden, distribution of municipal land aimed for housing is done by so-called ‘land allocations’. While numerous scientific articles implicitly acknowledging the occurrence of local authorities abroad supplying developers with land aimed for housing, the structure of this disposal procedure seems yet to be a rather neglected subject within current housing research. The objective of present article is therefore twofold, with a first aim to present contemporary disposal practice of municipal land aimed for housing, as it is applied in Sweden. More specifically, the assignment of land allocations – i.e. the developer selection – is examined based on an empirical investigation of practices in over 30 municipalities. Secondly, this article seeks to, while acknowledging the nature of a land allocation, critically assess and intermutually rank observed methods. In short, the present article initially distinguishes between two diverging ‘assigning approaches’ – a tender approach and a direct approach. This is followed by a subdivision into four distinct ‘assigning methods’ – auctions, competitions without price, competitions with price and direct allocations.

  • 38.
    Caesar, Carl
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Mark(ägande) och bostadsbyggande: En belysning av kommunala markens funktion 1900-20152016Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Mark har i alla tider utgjort en grundläggande förutsättning för bebyggelse och att så även kommer vara fallet för en lång tid framöver är odiskutabelt. För mer omfattande bebyggelse ska kunna ske idag krävs dock att marken är kopplad till såväl fysiska som juridiska och ekonomiska egenskaper. Saknas någon av dessa kommer marken normalt inte att bebyggas. Uppfylls samtliga egenskaper är det ändå inte heller säkert att marken bebyggs. Det krävs dessutom att marken har en ägare med intresse av att bebyggelsen faktiskt realiseras. Utöver marken i sig samt de fysiska, juridiska och ekonomiska egenskaperna är alltså markägandet av väsentlig betydelse. Förutom att ytterst avgöra om och när möjlig bebyggelse ska genomföras inbegriper ägandet av mark därtill potential att påverka lokalisering och utformning – d.v.s. i praktiken de juridiska och ekonomiska egenskaperna.

    Att fördelarna, eller snarare möjligheterna, med att äga mark sedan länge uppmärksammats från offentligt håll speglas bl.a. av det faktum att en stor del av dagens bebyggelse – i synnerhet avseende bostäder – går att härleda till kommunal mark. Det övergripande syftet med denna rapport är beskriva bakomliggande faktorer till denna koppling – eller analogt, framväxten av dagens förhållandevis omfattande kommunala markinnehav. Detta genom att belysa den kommunala markens funktion inom bebyggelseutvecklingen från 1900-talets början fram till idag.

    Framställningen bygger primärt på lagstiftning och finansiellt stöd som staten ställt till kommunernas förfogade för att leda bebyggelseutvecklingen och därtill stimulera ett planenligt genomförande. Till stora delar har de lagverktyg som utarbetats avsett begränsa privata markägares möjligheter att styra och påverka den – ur offentligt synvinkel – önskvärda bebyggelseutvecklingen. Det är således främst problem relaterade till mark i privat ägo som motiverat merparten av lagstiftningen. I föreliggande rapport diskuteras den kommunala markens funktion mot bakgrund av tre huvudsakliga problemområden:

    • Kontrollen över bebyggelsen – hur ska önskvärd bebyggelse säkerställas? 

    • Kontrollen över genomförandet av bebyggelsen – hur ska realisationen av önskvärd bebyggelse säkerställas? 

    • Kontrollen över markvärden och markvärdestegring – hur ska (negativa) effekter av höga markvärden och (oförtjänt) markvärdestegringar behandlas?

  • 39.
    Caesar, Carl
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Kopsch, Fredrik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Municipal land allocations: a key for understanding tenure and social mix patterns in Stockholm2016Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A socially mixed population is a politically stated ambition in Stockholm, the capital of Sweden. By providing a variety of tenure alternatives – i.e. rental and ownership housing – throughout all neighborhoods it is presumed this objective could be at least partially fulfilled. Since current tenure proportions display a weak balance in many neighborhoods it could consequently be assumed that governing politicians – by primarily utilizing Stockholm’s vast landownership and municipal housing developers – attempt to bridge observed gaps. Distribution of new rental- and ownership apartments in municipal land allocations should accordingly acknowledge the existing tenure composition in a neighborhood. Methodically this article focuses on all (nearly 50 000) apartments channeled through Stockholm’s land allocation system between the years of 2002 to 2012. After classification of all apartments based on tenure, location, year and developer (private or municipal) this information is merged with yearly housing stock characteristics for 128 neighborhoods. The outcome is a unique data set allowing for a statistical assessment of whether Stockholm’s tenure (and in extension social) mix ambition is reflected in practice, and moreover the role played by the municipality’s own housing developers. The present article thereto aims to highlight the crucial importance of landownership in every Swedish municipality with an aspiration to achieve or maintain a balanced tenure mix. While the findings indicate Stockholm is complying fairly well with its stated ambition, the results do reveal some contradicting signs. Looking beyond the tenure mix focus it could moreover be questioned whether Stockholm fully utilizes its (landownership) capacity to stimulate a socially mixed population – especially one capturing more than solely socio-economical aspects.

  • 40. Cauvain, Jenni
    et al.
    Karvonen, Andrew
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Social housing providers as unlikely low-carbon innovators2018In: Energy and Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788, E-ISSN 1872-6178, Vol. 177, p. 394-401Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social housing providers have recently emerged as unlikely innovators of low carbon transitions in the UK residential sector. They tend to have a significant amount of influence over large housing stocks, op- portunities to access funding to retrofit on a large scale, can make explicit connections between reduced carbon emissions and improved quality of life for low-income residents, and foster a close relationship with the place and communities they serve. In effect, social housing providers are ‘middle actors’ who not only facilitate but also realise low carbon transitions through various strategies. This paper uses em- pirical findings from interviews with social housing providers in Greater Manchester to understand the different ways that low carbon and energy efficiency innovation is being undertaken in this sector. The findings reveal that as middle actors, social landlords influence upstream to policy makers and regulators, downstream to individual households, and sideways to other actors in the social housing sector as well as to other building and energy professionals. The findings reveal opportunities for governments to sup- plement their existing policies with recognising and supporting middle actors to accelerate low carbon transitions of the built environment.

  • 41.
    Childs, Mackenzie
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Urban Flooding in Halifax, Nova Scotia: The extent of the issue and the approach through policy2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 42.
    Collin, Lina
    et al.
    FoU-enheten, Stockholms stad.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    FoU-enheten, Stockholms stad.
    50+ år – en osynlig grupp?2007In: Vägen till arbete: Om Stockholms stads arbete med olika grupper av arbetslösa socialbidragstagare / [ed] Daniel Rauhut, Stockholm: Fou-enheten, Stockholms stad , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Covelli, Cristina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Transit Oriented Development assessment of Handen Pendeltåg Station2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Transit Oriented Development theoretical and practical framework represents an important tool for municipalities, private actors and citizens to enhance quality of life in urban contexts. Planning cities that encourage sustainable mobility patterns can contribute to aim at diversifying land use and making cities more accessible, safer and attractive for people. Handen has developed as a car-dependant area that is planned to growth its population and build more than 9000 new housing units by 2030 (Haninge Kommun, 2016). The TOD standard 3.0 was applied in the area around Handen pendeltåg station, to practically assess the TODness level of the area and provide recommendations to take into a consideration for future and current developments. Using the TOD standard in Handen can contribute to aim at a more sustainable growth pattern for both current and expected new citizens on the area. After implementing the evaluation system, it was found out that the best ranked variables were Compactness and Cycling. In contrast the variables that received the lowest scores were Walk, Densify, Connect, and Shift. Overall, Handen scored a Bronze level of TODness. Therefore, there are several actions that could be implemented on the study area in order to improve the TODness level. Specifically, Handen needs to diversify its land use, enhance the pedestrian network, encourage land mix use, decrease the space destined to cars and increase pedestrian connectivity, among others.

  • 44.
    Cronvall, Caroline
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Nilsson, Sofie
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Delningsekonomi från vision till verklighet: Kan stadsutveckling möjliggöra för mer hållbara ekonomier?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Contrary to the individualised consumption culture that prevails in our part of the world, emerging alterna­tive economies are focusing on more responsible forms of consumption and resource utilisation. Concepts aimed at sharing have recently received great attention in media, also related to various urban development trends. The aim of this study is to explore how planning can enable more sustainable economies in society. By studying sharing economy in an urban development context, an increased understanding can be created for how different actors frame the concept and what planning for sharing economics means in practice. To investigate the conditions that contribute to the development of sharing economy in an urban development project, these conditions will be explored more closely. The case Täby park has been used as an illustrative example of how sharing economy is discussed in urban development as part of the sustainability work. The empirical material is based on interviews with actors who have represented different stages in a process between vision and reality. Most actors argue that sharing economy refers to activities that promote increased sharing, but there is no common view that sharing economy represents a paradigm shift. The conclusions of this study concern that aspirations for sharing activities that such a new urban area should attract primarily are framed by political ambitions and private interests. As place marketing has become central to urban developments, there is also a question about the substance of visions and hence the sharing economy. The study has helped to reinforce the arguments that allow sharing activities to take place in the discussion about sustainable urban development. Self-organised groups are attributed to a major responsibility, something that questions which actors should be included in the planning. Finally, the study has shown that current planning ideals have difficulties in responding to alternative ideas that do not fit in prevailing structures of society.

  • 45.
    Dahlberg, Johanna
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Ahrnstein, Lina
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Snabbrörliga konsumentvaror inom livsmedelsbranschen:: Marknadsutveckling för produkter med stagnerad försäljning2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Snabbrörliga konsumentvaror utsätts för stor konkurrens och verkar i en dynamisk värld med kräsna konsumenter. Studiens syfte var att undersöka hur snabbrörliga konsumentvaror med stagnerad försäljning genom marknads- och produktutveckling kan öka sin försäljning. För att uppfylla syftet utfördes en fallstudie på Göteborgs kex för att undersöka produkt- och marknadsutveckling för Smörgåsrån som stagnerat i försäljning. För att samla in data gjordes butiksundersökningar, konsumentintervjuer, direktobservationer och fokusgrupper. För djupare förståelse för produktion gjordes även besök i fabriken. Därefter togs ett antal potentiella idéer fram för Smörgåsråns marknads- och produktutveckling som analyserades utifrån marknadsstrategiteori. Med hjälp av analysen togs därefter fyra rekommendationer fram som Göteborgs kex bör implementera för att uppnå målet att öka försäljningen för Smörgåsrån. Med hjälp av teori och empiri kunde besvarades syftet med studien. Det bästa sättet att öka försäljning för produkter med stagnerad försäljning är att produktutveckla på ny marknad, följt av produktutveckling på befintlig marknad. Då livsmedelsmarknaden är en mättad marknad är det svårt att växa på den nuvarande marknaden med den befintliga produkten, varför detta alternativ är det minst lämpade för marknadsutveckling för snabbrörliga konsumentvaror med stagnerad försäljning. 

  • 46.
    Dall Schmidt, Torben
    et al.
    University of Southern Denmark.
    Kangasharju, Aki
    VATT, Helsinki.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Nordregio.
    Regional Structures of Potential Labour Supply2009In: The Potential Labour Supply in the Nordic Countries. / [ed] D. Rauhut & I.R. Edvardsson, Stockholm: Nordregio , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Damsgaard, Ole
    et al.
    Nordregio.
    Dubois, Alexandre
    Nordregio.
    Glöersen, Erik
    Nordregio.
    Hedin, Sigrid
    Nordregio.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Nordregio.
    Roto, Johanna
    Nordregio.
    Schmitt, Peter
    Nordregio.
    Moxnes Steinecke, Jon
    Nordregio.
    Nordic Inputs to the EU Green Paper on Territorial Cohesion2008Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 48.
    Danenberg, Rosa
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Municipalities as Enablers of Citizen-led Urban Initiatives: Possibilities and Constraints2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Municipal bottom-up urban development is growing into an increasingly common

    urban practice. However, bottom-up urban development differs considerably from

    conventional top-down planning. The discrepancy forms obstacles for the relationship

    between top-down and bottom-up actors. Yet, creating an enabling relationship is

    possible, although how it can be realized is rather underexamined. Therefore, the

    aim of this research is to contribute knowledge to how municipalities can enable

    citizen-led urban initiatives. Empirical research in Stockholm and Istanbul, based on

    four examples of citizen-led urban initiatives and one municipal representative,

    provided valuable insights. On the one hand, within the existing municipal framework,

    certain possibilities and constraints for municipal bottom-up urban development arise.

    However, aiming to creating a structural change that transforms the relationship, new

    urban governance arrangements need to be established at the local level. From a

    governance innovation perspective, implementing a neighborhood council and a

    municipal guide form feasibly possibilities. Especially its combination is found key to

    redeem most of the constraints while it has the potential to establish socially

    innovative urban development.

  • 49.
    Darmani, Anna
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Sustainability and Industrial Dynamics. Universidad Politecnica de Madrid.
    Who is in the driver's seat?: Insights into the mixed outcomes of renewable policy instruments in the electricity industry2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is consensus about a need to reduce the amount of green-house gas emission in the electricity industry to be able to deal with the probable consequences of climate change. This necessitates extensive investments in technologies used to generate electricity from renewable energy sources (RES-E). To stimulate such investments, governments have enacted several policy instruments. However, the outcomes of these instruments are mixed. This thesis delineates two reasons for the different effects of policies. First, the development of the renewable electricity industry hinges on a set of driving forces that differ across regions, through the years and for different actors. Given that, policy instruments are not only driving forces behind the renewable electricity industry and can thus by themselves not explain its development.

    Second, RES-E investors comprise a heterogeneous group of actors whose perceptions of business opportunities vary substantially and are also based on a variety of driving forces. Hence, RES-E investors may react differently to changes within the electricity industry, as well as to government policies that aim to create a more sustainable electricity industry. Garnering a better understanding of these reactions is therefore important as they influence the pace of transition to a more sustainable electricity industry.

    This is an interdisciplinary study that brings together several theories and research areas. First, using the technological innovation system perspective, it identifies systemic driving forces behind the development of the renewable energy industry that will also accelerate the electricity industry transitions to sustainability. To gain a better insight into the role of policy instruments as such as well as in relation to other driving forces, this thesis explores what factors are accounted for in attempts to assess the instruments’ performance. Second, drawing on sustainability transition studies and dynamic capability theories, this thesis seeks to explore which firms are willing to contribute—and capable of contributing—to sustainability transitions in the electricity industry. The thesis argues that good forecast and policy plans need to be built on a solid understanding of the firms that change the structure of the electricity industry through their RES-E investments.

    This thesis leverages a mix of qualitative and quantitative methods. Empirical data are collected through two extensive literature reviews on the driving forces of the renewable energy industry development in Europe, a longitudinal case study on a European multinational energy company, and statistical analyses of data on RES-E investors in Sweden. The thesis makes theoretical, methodological, and empirical contributions to this area of research. The findings explain what motivates the development of the renewable energy industry; who competes in the renewable electricity industry; and what the future renewable electricity industry may look like. The thesis outlines implications for policies, for managers as well as for renewable energy technologies. 

  • 50.
    Darmani, Anna
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Sustainability and Industrial Dynamics. Universidad Politecnica de Madrid.
    Annika, Rickne
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Sustainability and Industrial Dynamics.
    Hidalgo, Antonio
    Universidad Politecnica de Madrid.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Sustainability and Industrial Dynamics.
    When outcomes are the reflection of the analysis criteria: A review of the tradable green certificate assessmentsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The tradable green certificates (TGC) framework is a prevalent policy-support scheme enacted to stimulate investments in electricity from renewable energy sources (RES-E). In several countries, including Sweden and Norway, the TGC framework is currently under reevaluation. In this process, academic literature plays a crucial role by assessing the outcomes of this policy framework. The outcomes, however, are often limited by the analysis criteria, which reflect what has been accounted for or disregarded and also stress what is considered a successful outcome. Given the importance of such criteria, this paper presents an extensive and systemic literature review of academic publications assessing the performance of the TGC framework using the Web of Science database. The findings are to provide an overview of the publications’ analysis criteria and outline their outcomes. We also provide descriptive statistics for the publications and examine the average citation record of the publications that use various analysis criteria in order to explore their relative impact on later studies. These findings can help policy makers place the assessments into perspective when reevaluating a country’s TGC system. They also suggest several intriguing directions for future studies in this field. 

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