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  • 1.
    Ackebo, Jonas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Brandt, Anna-Clara
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Dobraja, Kristine
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Isaksson, Sarah
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Liebmann, Andrew
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Lindberg, Anna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Lundgren, Monia
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Song, Meng
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Svenfelt, Åsa
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Zachrisson, Maja
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    What is the potential to create a just social-ecological in Fisksätra/Saltsjöbaden?: Report from the Ecosystem support and Environmental Justice course (AG2803)2013Report (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Aguiar Borges, Luciane
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Education and Health in ICT-futures: Scenarios and sustainability impacts of ICT societies2015In: PROCEEDINGS OF ENVIROINFO AND ICT FOR SUSTAINABILITY 2015, Atlantis Press , 2015, p. 213-220Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the performance of the education and health sectors in relation to five ICT futures for Sweden in 2060. The accessibility, affordability, quality and efficiency of these sectors influence the creation and maintenance of essential collective values such as democracy and justice; consequently both education and health are fundamental to a sustainable society. Exploring the performance of these sectors in different futures enables the identification of barriers and undesirable developments, and encourages a debate on how ICT can be used to reinforce inclusive, and counteract unwanted, futures.

  • 3.
    Aguiar Borges, Luciane
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Stories of Pasts and Futures in Planning2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Societies are constantly changing, facing new challenges and possibilities generated by innovative technologies, sociospatial re-structuring and mobilities. This research approaches these challenges by exploring the role that stories about pasts, presents and futures play in planning. It sees stories as interlinked spaces of struggle over meanings, legitimacies and powers through which “our” valuable pasts and “our” desirable futures become re-constructed, framed and projected. It argues that powerful stories might consciously or unconsciously become institutionalised in policy discourses and documents, foregrounding our spatial realities and affecting our living spaces. These arguments and assumptions are investigated in relation to three cases: Regional-Pasts, SeGI-Futures and ICT-Futures. The stories about pasts, presents and futures surrounding these cases are investigated with the aim of initiating critical discussions on how stories about pasts and futures can inform, but also be sustained by, planning processes. While studies of these cases are presented in separate papers, these studies are brought together in an introductory essay and reconstructed in response to the research questions: How do regional futures become informed by the pasts? How do particular stories about the pasts become selected, framed and projected as envisioned futures? What messages are conveyed to the pasts and the presents through envisioned futures? How can stories of the past be referred and re-employed in planning to build more inclusive futures? To engage with the multidisciplinarity of these questions, they are investigated through dialogues between three main fields: heritage studies, futures studies and planning. The discussions have challenged the conventional divides between pasts, presents and futures, emphasised their plural nature and uncovered how the discursive power of stories play a significant role when interpreting pasts and envision futures in planning practices.

  • 4.
    Aguiar Borges, Luciane
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Using the Past to Construct Territorial Identities in Regional Planning: the Case of Mälardalen, SwedenManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how the past is used in the construction of regional identity narratives in policy discourses and documents. Despite assumptions that regional identity is based on shared culture, some authors argue that new forms of regional identity have emerged as the consequence of regions’ involvement in wider networks. Identity has been pursued as an asset to regional attractiveness and economic growth and, as such, is shaped by regional development strategies concerning particular social groups. Socially shared representations of the past through history, cultural heritage and collective memory play an important role in this process since the past is a powerful resource that may be used to construct images of places, legitimizing claims on territories. Document analysis and interviews with planners are used to analyse strategies for regional development in five counties located in the Mälardalen Region, Sweden. This study shows that regional strategies are guided by identity narratives framing regions from an exclusive outside perspective, leaving internal qualities unnoticed. The past is used to structure these narratives and construct identities that serve economic growth rather than the integration of the plural heritages of the region.

  • 5.
    Ahmad Termida, Nursitihazlin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, System Analysis and Economics. Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Department of Infrastructure and Geomatic Engineering.
    Susilo, Yusak
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, System Analysis and Economics.
    Franklin, Joel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, System Analysis and Economics.
    Attrition and Fatigue in a Four Waves of Two-Week Travel Diary: A Case Study in Stockholm, SwedenManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a four-wave panel survey design and implementation collected on individual level, consisting of three survey’s instrument namely, self-reported two-week travel diary, on-line psychological questionnaire, and self-reported mental map-related questions. The panel survey is built with the aim to examine individuals’ behavioural changes when a new tram extension line in western sub-urban areas of Stockholm, Sweden, was introduced in October 2013. The survey duration took approximately seven months’ period and the data collected covers all four different seasons of the year, which make it wealth of information. The analysis of attrition and fatigue was done on the two-week travel diary survey instrument only. It is found that the overall attrition rate is 34.3% of the total participants (102 individuals) in the Wave 1 survey, which is considered large. The attrition rate between consecutive waves, however, is considered low which is within the range of 7% to 10%. Based on the binary logit models, there are no systematic tendencies of the dropouts’ characteristics from wave to wave to be found, indicating attrition is purely random. There is no correlation between immobile days and missing trips per day are to be found between-waves. The results of the binary logit model on missing trip show that personal attributes, temporal factors (e.g. weekdays and waves) and travel characteristics (e.g. home-based trip, trip purpose, travel distance and number of inter-modal transfers) significantly affect the missing trip but no indication of fatigue appears.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Karin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Eklund, Jörgen
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Lean Projects and Sustainability in the Swedish Agricultural Sector2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    De Angelis, Massimo
    University of east London .
    Anthropocene: Victims, Narrators, and Revolutionaries2017In: The South Atlantic Quarterly, ISSN 0038-2876, E-ISSN 1527-8026, South Atlantic Quarterly, Vol. 116, no 2, p. 345-362Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The absence of a reflection on revolutionary practices and subjects is the main weakness of the radical critique of the Anthropocene. The risk is to envision the Anthropocene as a space for villains and victims but not for revolutionaries. It is crucial to challenge the (in)visibility and (un)knowability of the Anthropocene beyond geological strata and planetary boundaries. As the Capitalocene, the Anthropocene has left its traces in the bodies of people upon which the new epoch has been created. The traces of the Capitalocene are not only in geological strata but also in the biological and genetic strata of human bodies; exploitation, subordination, and inequalities are inscribed into the human body and experienced, visible and knowable by subalterns without the mediation of—many times actually in opposition to—mainstream scientific knowledge. This essay inflects the concept of Capitalocene with what we call Wasteocene, to stress the contaminating nature of capitalism and its perdurance within the sociobiological fabric, its accumulation of externalities inside both the human and the earth's body. The essay envisions the Wasteocene as a feature of the Capitalocene, especially adapted to demystify the mainstream narratives of the Anthropocene. To enhance these arguments, the essay builds on the findings of the Environmental Justice Organisations, Liabilities and Trade (EJOLT) atlas of environmental conflicts and on in-depth research on the struggles against toxic contamination in Campania, Italy.

  • 8.
    Bamzar, Roya
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Assessing the safety and quality of the indoor environment of senior housing: A Swedish case study2017In: Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, ISSN 1566-4910, E-ISSN 1573-7772Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of this article are to assess the safety quality of the indoor living environment of senior housing in Hässelgården, Stockholm Municipality (Sweden’s capital), and to suggest improvement strategies. First, the physical indoor environment of older adults is examined via a fieldwork checklist devised in accordance with the principles of universal design (UD). Second, their indoor environment is assessed through a survey that includes subjective questions about seniors’ use of space, experience of falls, and safety perception. Third, the study explores whether the applications of UD in the seniors’ indoor living environment contribute to the understanding of their use of space, experience of falls, and safety perception. Fieldwork inspections and a detailed survey with residents are used as a basis for the empirical analysis. Findings indicate that the living room has the highest UD score compared with those for the kitchen and the bedroom. The elderly spend most of their time in the living room and the kitchen. A low UD score (e.g. kitchen and bedroom) is associated with a higher number of falls but not with low levels of safety perception and use of space. The article concludes with suggestions to improve housing safety of Hässelgården’s senior housing, which may also help prevent falls in the older population elsewhere.

  • 9.
    Bamzar, Roya
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Ensuring elderly mobility: environmental and safety issues2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to provide a better understanding of the issues of safe mobility ‎for the elderly population in Sweden. ‎This is achieved first by assessing the geography and patterns of ‎elderly falls at the county level and then by conducting a detailed survey with residents in senior ‎housing to investigate the relationship between indoor and/or outdoor environmental ‎characteristics and elderly safety. Safety is regarded as a multidimensional concept that ‎involves risk of falls, crime victimization and elderly people’s perception of their ‎overall safety. Using a case study approach, the study also assesses the types of outdoor places where most crimes ‎against the elderly take place and the types of places most feared by them. The study ‎adapts a set of qualitative and quantitative methods ‎to capture the nature of the phenomena; trends, patterns and frameworks that support ‎the analysis and implications of the results for both research and practice. The findings show ‎that elderly falls in Sweden vary geographically and exhibit gender, age, environmental, and socio-‎economic differences. The mobility of the older population is influenced by their ‎perceived safety in indoor and outdoor environments. Certain features of apartment layout and furniture arrangement are identified as potential causes of falls. Older adults’ ‎perception of safety exhibits a distance-decay effect from their senior housing building. Distance decay indicates that safety is deemed highest closest to their homes and decreases as the distance increases. There are indications that older adults take longer routes and increase their mobility because they are fearful at certain spots in their neighbourhood. The thesis ‎concludes with a discussion of the results and implications for both research and policy making at the local and ‎county levels. ‎

  • 10.
    Becker, Thilo
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics.
    Analysis of behavioral changes due to the Stockholm Congestion Charge Trial2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 25 credits / 37,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Stockholm Congestion Tax Trial is one of the few projects where an automatic system was implemented to tax road vehicles in order to reduce congestion. The taxation period lasted from January until July 2006 and vehicles going in or out of the inner city during daytime were taxed with 10 to 20 SEK (1.07 to 2.14 Euro). The project included improved public transportation and more park & ride sites. The trial was limited to a half year and the public was able to vote on the congestion tax afterwards. A large research package was set up in order to inform everybody about the effects of the tax. The referendum was positive and the congestion tax is permanent today, but the data collected for research purposes is not fully analyzed yet. This thesis focuses on travel behavior of the population in Stockholm County and uses a household panel survey with 24,000 individuals. The waves took place in September 2004 and March 2006.The main idea is to use the advantages of the panel survey and keep track of how the individuals behaved during the two waves. The analysis is done separately for each trip purpose and examines the change of mode choice during the second wave in comparison to the individual’s choice before the congestion tax. This can be even specified for different socio-demographic groups.The cross-sectional comparison shows that avoiding trips to and from the inner city is not an option. The number of trips of the individuals passing through the congestion tax cordon is reduced to a lower extend by seasonal influences than the trips in all other parts of the county. Therefore the inner city has become more attractive as a origin or destination or the trips passing through the cordon can not be substituted by trips free of tax.Public transportation is the mode which benefits most from the congestion tax in terms of modal split. The importance of it increases in the whole county, but the gain is a lot higher for trips through the cordon. The modes foot and bike are not a relevant alternative for trips through the cordon because of long distances in general and cold weather during the survey. The panel analysis shows that many more people doing cordon passages to work, home and shopping change from car to public transportation in comparison to the rest of the county. Changes from public transport to car occur less often for cordon passages than for trips not being taxed.Certain socio-demographic groups adapt differently to the congestion tax. Compared to men, up to 30 percent point fewer women continue to use the car depending on the trip purpose. This may be related to personal income, but the variables household income has proofed to have a smaller impact. Only really poor households use the car a lot less often and the highest income group tends to continue to drive by car.The main limiting factor of the analysis is the seasonal and weather influence because of unusual cold weather during the second wave. It is not possible to take this completely into account because the control group of the cordon passages has different trip characteristics.The thesis provides better knowledge how a congestion tax affects the behavior of the people. It allows checking the reasonability of transportation modeling results and shows that certain socio-demographic variables should be used if modeling is done for areas with a different composition of the population than Stockholm.

  • 11.
    Björnsen, Marte
    et al.
    NIBR.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Nordregio.
    The Nordic Regional Labour Markets2009In: The Potential Labour Supply in the Nordic Countries / [ed] D. Rauhut & I.R. Edvardsson, Stockholm: Nordregio , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Blomkvist, Pär
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Johansson, Petter
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Sustainability and Industrial Dynamics.
    A Dynamic Mind. Perspectives on Industrial Dynamics in Honour of Staffan Laestadius2016Book (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Boholm, Max
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    Risk, language and discourse2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This doctoral thesis analyses the concept of risk and how it functions as an organizing principle of discourse, paying close attention to actual linguistic practice.

              Article 1 analyses the concepts of risk, safety and security and their relations based on corpus data (the Corpus of Contemporary American English). Lexical, grammatical and semantic contexts of the nouns risk, safety and security, and the adjectives risky, safe and secure are analysed and compared. Similarities and differences are observed, suggesting partial synonymy between safety (safe) and security (secure) and semantic opposition to risk (risky). The findings both support and contrast theoretical assumptions about these concepts in the literature.

              Article 2 analyses the concepts of risk and danger and their relation based on corpus data (in this case the British National Corpus). Frame semantics is used to explore the assumptions of the sociologist Niklas Luhmann (and others) that the risk concept presupposes decision-making, while the concept of danger does not. Findings partly support and partly contradict this assumption.

              Article 3 analyses how newspapers represent risk and causality. Two theories are used: media framing and the philosopher John Mackie’s account of causality. A central finding of the study is that risks are “framed” with respect to causality in several ways (e.g. one and the same type of risk can be presented as resulting from various causes). Furthermore, newspaper reporting on risk and causality vary in complexity. In some articles, risks are presented without causal explanations, while in other articles, risks are presented as results from complex causal conditions. Considering newspaper reporting on an aggregated overall level, complex schemas of causal explanations emerge.

              Article 4 analyses how phenomena referred to by the term nano (e.g. nanotechnology, nanoparticles and nanorobots) are represented as risks in Swedish newspaper reporting. Theoretically, the relational theory of risk and frame semantics are used. Five main groups of nano-risks are identified based on the risk object of the article: (I) nanotechnology; (II) nanotechnology and its artefacts (e.g. nanoparticles and nanomaterials); (III) nanoparticles, without referring to nanotechnology; (IV) non-nanotechnological nanoparticles (e.g. arising from traffic); and (V) nanotechnology and nanorobots. Various patterns are explored within each group, concerning, for example, what is considered to be at stake in relation to these risk objects, and under what conditions. It is concluded that Swedish patterns of newspaper reporting on nano-risks follow international trends, influenced by scientific assessment, as well as science fiction.

              Article 5 analyses the construction and negotiation of risk in the Swedish controversy over the use of antibacterial silver in health care and consumer products (e.g. sports clothes and equipment). The controversy involves several actors: print and television news media, Government and parliament, governmental agencies, municipalities, non-government organisations, and companies. In the controversy, antibacterial silver is claimed to be a risk object that negatively affects health, the environment, and sewage treatment industry (objects at risk). In contrast, such claims are denied. Antibacterial silver is even associated with the benefit of mitigating risk objects (e.g. bacteria and micro-organisms) that threaten health and the environment (objects at risk). In other words, both sides of the controversy invoke health and the environment as objects at risk. Three strategies organising risk communication are identified: (i) representation of silver as a risk to health and the environment; (ii) denial of such representations; and (iii) benefit association, where silver is construed to mitigate risks to health and the environment.

  • 14.
    Borell, Lena
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Johansson, Karin
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Lundberg, Stefan
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.
    Kognitiva köket - framtidens kök2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Äldre personer som har en demenssjukdom eller andra medicinska diagnoser som kan leda till kognitiva problem och som bor i egna hem är en växande grupp. Samtidigt så förväntas alla oavsett funktionsnedsättning kunna hantera matlagning och andra köksrelaterade aktiviteter på egen hand.

    Personer med kognitiva problem, och personer som arbetar med denna grupp definierar problem relaterade till matlagning och att hålla ordning i köket som några av de viktigaste att lösa (Wherton and Monk 2008). Att kunna utföra köksrelaterade aktiviteter betraktas som något som höjer livskvaliteten. Trots det växande behovet av att kunna skapa köksmiljöer och köksprodukter, både generellt och med individuella anpassningar, finns det i dag ingen samlad kunskap om hur sådana miljöer och produkter bäst kan utformas.

    I det här projektet ses köket som en plats där flera dimensioner av livet pågår. Förutom matlagning och förvaring av mat så är köket även en plats för socialt umgänge, och utgör vardagens nav. Kökets roll i hemmet är alltså central. Projektet utgår från att det är möjligt att skapa inkluderande köksmiljöer som tar hänsyn till personer med nedsatt kognition, men som samtidigt förenklar för alla.

    Modern design av kök handlar idag mycket om eleganta ytor och dolda, och därmed svårdefinierade, funktioner vilket skapar problem för personer med kognitiva funktionsnedsättningar. Dessa problem måste lyftas fram och diskuteras för att kunna utforma framtida inkluderande köksmiljöer. Syftet med projektet är att, i dialog med intressenter och experter inom området, sammanställa och generera kunskap om hur kök och köksprodukter kan designas för att underlätta för äldre människor med kognitiva nedsättningar att kunna använda sina kök utan problem.

  • 15.
    Bourennane, Malika
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    A legal framework for enabling low-income housing: a study of women´s access to home based enterprises in Botswana2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Bradley, Karin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Kollektiv konsumtion: Från tvättstugor och bibliotek till klädotek och allmänna kontor2014In: Det förflutna i framtidens stad: Tankar om kulturarv, konsumtion och hållbar stadsutveckling / [ed] Krister Olsson och Daniel Nilsson, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2014, p. 103-113Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Bradley, Karin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Livet i miljonprogrammet: hållbara än man kan tro2012In: Miljonprogrammet: Utveckla eller avveckla / [ed] Birgitta Johansson, Stockholm: Forskningsrådet Formas, 2012, 1, p. 101-111Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18.
    Bradley, Karin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Ekelund, Lotta
    Dela är det nya äga2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    En knäckfråga i den rika delen av världen är hur man kan minska materiell konsumtion och samtidigt behålla god livskvalitet. De senaste åren har intresset ökat för att dela på saker – att ha tillgång till varor eller tjänster snarare än att köpa och äga enskilt – något som brukar beskrivas som kollaborativ konsumtion. Men vad innebär detta? Hur kan det se ut? I dokumentärfilmen Dela är det nya äga får vi träffa människor som på olika sätt delar på saker och utrymmen i tre olika städer: Malmö, Barcelona och London. Vi träffar också olika experter som beskriver hur kollaborativ konsumtion fungerar och hur detta kan tänkas utvecklas i framtiden.

  • 19.
    Brandt, Anna-Clara
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Hälsoeffekter av ett förändrat klimat – risker och åtgärder i Botkyrka kommun: Planering för en robust och klimatsäkrad dricksvattenförsörjning med vatten av god kvalitet2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här rapporten baseras på en klimat- och sårbarhetsanalys som identifierar de hälsoeffekter som uppkommer i och med ett förändrat klimat. Analysen pekar ut flera samhällsystem som kommer att påverkas av klimatförändringarna men som kan anpassas med hjälp av samhällsplaneringen. Utifrån klimat- och sårbarhetsanalysen har parametern dricksvatten undersökts närmare då tillgången till rent dricksvatten är grundläggande för allt mänskligt liv.

    Botkyrka kommun tar idag sitt dricksvatten från Mälaren. Forskning visar dock att Mälarens vattenkvalitet hotas av klimatförändringarna. Den pågående havsnivåhöjningen kommer i slutet av seklet leda till en ökad risk för större inbrott av saltvatten i Mälaren. Brunifieringen, en ökad halt av näringsämnen och humus i råvattnet, är ytterligare ett hot mot dricksvattenkvaliteten och kommer att öka i och med större nederbördsmängder i framtiden.

    Botkyrka har genom sina stora isälvsavlagringar bra naturliga förutsättningar för att producera grundvatten av god kvalitet, vilket är vatten som kan användas för dricksvatten, både idag och i framtiden. De stora isälvsavlagringarna bidrar också till goda förutsättningar f̈ör att framställa ballastmaterial till bygg- och anläggningsindustrin. Det innebär en målkonflikt mellan dessa olika prioriteringar, vilken har blivit synliggjord under senare år i och med den ökade kunskapen kring behovet att säkerställa en robust, kvalitetssäkrad och långsiktig lösning för kommunens och regionens dricksvattenförsörjning.

    Idag pågår grustäktsverksamhet på flera platser i kommunen, vilket innebär en negativ risk för vattenresursens funktion som dricksvatten. Vid grustäktsverksamhet forslas många lager grus bort, vilka fyller en funktion vid naturlig rening av grundvattnet. I och med det ökar riskerna för att vattnets naturliga rening kommer att påverkas negativt. En ökad risk finns även för föroreningar från verksamheten i sig, där fordon på grustäktsområdet kan leda till spill av olja och andra kemikalier.

    Kommunen arbetar för att grustäktsverksamheten ska avvecklas. I samrådsförslaget till den nya översiktsplanen har kommunen istället förslag på att exploatera dessa områden. Det kan innebära andra risker, som kan ha negativ påverkan på grundvattenkvaliteten, om dessa områden exploateras. Kommunen behöver därför se över de exploateringsförslag som finns på grustäktsområden.

    Kommunen behöver upprätta en vattenförsörjningsplan för att kunna säkerställa en robust, kvalitetssäkrad och långsiktig lösning för kommunens och regionens dricksvattenförsörjning. Med en sådan plan kan prioriterade vattenområden, för framtida dricksvattenförsörjning, identifieras och skyddas. 

  • 20.
    Brorsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Öhman, Annika
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Lundberg, Stefan
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.
    Nygård, Louise
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Accessibility in public space as perceived by people with Alzheimer´s disease2011In: Dementia, ISSN 1471-3012, E-ISSN 1741-2684, no aug 11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most people with dementia remain living at home as long as possible after being diagnosed, and hence their lives also include activities in the public space. The aim of this study was to illuminate experiences of accessibility in public space in people with Alzheimer’s disease. A qualitative grounded theory approach with repeated in-depth interviews was used. The core category, accessibility as a constantly changing experience, was characterized by changes in the relationship between informants and public space. Changes in the relationship took place in activities and use of place and related to familiarity and comfort, individual motives and interests, and planning and protecting. Other changes occurred in places and problematic situations related to everyday technologies, crowded places with high tempo and noise, and change of landmarks. These changes reduced feelings of accessibility and increased difficulties in carrying out activities in public space. These findings may be helpful when providing support, and supporting community living.

  • 21.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics.
    Dimensionering av svensk forskarutbildning2012Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Forskning för det 21:a århundradet: Slutrapport från Agenda för forskning2012Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 23.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics.
    Svenska forskarutbildade fem år efter disputation2012Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24. Burton, Kerry
    et al.
    Karvonen, Andrew
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Caprotti, Federico
    Smart goes green: digitalising environmental agendas in Bristol and Manchester2019In: Inside Smart Cities: Place, Politics and Urban Innovation / [ed] A. Karvonen, F Cugurullo and F. Caprotti, London: Routledge, 2019, p. 117-132Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Bristol and Manchester are at the forefront of the UK smart urbanization agenda, serving as ‘lighthouse’ cities to realise ambitions for city-scale low carbon economies. This chapter uses a comparative approach to the two cities to reveal the similarities in approach as well as the local factors (notably infrastructure and cultural politics) that influence the distinct environmental mobilisations of smart. Bristol has a long history of green innovation and has ambitions to build upon its 2015 designation as European Green Capital to become a leading international ‘smart-green city’. Bristol’s idealised smart-green city is human-centred and able to realise low carbon growth that is equitable for all. Conversely, the Greater Manchester storyline on smart is strongly focused on economic development with environmental protection as a by-product of business innovation. The campuses of two Manchester universities play a central role as testbeds to catalyse a twenty-first century knowledge economy that builds upon the existing economic cornerstones of the city. The Manchester activities have little focus on social equity and inclusion and instead focus on business opportunity as the prime motivation for smart-green urbanisation. The smart-green performances in each city embody particular logics and practices that are at once global in their perspective while simultaneously local in their composition and framing. Bristol and Manchester reveal distinctive pathways of smart urban innovation that are neither top-down nor bottom-up but instead combine principles of IT development with decarbonisation to enhance and extend the existing urban development trajectories of each city.

  • 25.
    Caesar, Carl
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Disposal of municipal land aimed for housing: a critical evaluation of assigning methods applied in Sweden2016Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden considerable amounts of land suitable for housing is owned publicly, or more specifically, by any of the 290 municipalities. A significant proportion of the land necessary for the housing market is accordingly owned, controlled and consequently publicly supplied to a highly privatized developer sector that carries out the actual development. A pivotal task in the Swedish land markets, and a natural consequence of the initial separation between land and developer, concerns the disposal phase, i.e. the allocation procedures were land initially owned by a municipality gets assigned to a specific developer. In Sweden, distribution of municipal land aimed for housing is done by so-called ‘land allocations’. While numerous scientific articles implicitly acknowledging the occurrence of local authorities abroad supplying developers with land aimed for housing, the structure of this disposal procedure seems yet to be a rather neglected subject within current housing research. The objective of present article is therefore twofold, with a first aim to present contemporary disposal practice of municipal land aimed for housing, as it is applied in Sweden. More specifically, the assignment of land allocations – i.e. the developer selection – is examined based on an empirical investigation of practices in over 30 municipalities. Secondly, this article seeks to, while acknowledging the nature of a land allocation, critically assess and intermutually rank observed methods. In short, the present article initially distinguishes between two diverging ‘assigning approaches’ – a tender approach and a direct approach. This is followed by a subdivision into four distinct ‘assigning methods’ – auctions, competitions without price, competitions with price and direct allocations.

  • 26.
    Caesar, Carl
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Mark(ägande) och bostadsbyggande: En belysning av kommunala markens funktion 1900-20152016Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Mark har i alla tider utgjort en grundläggande förutsättning för bebyggelse och att så även kommer vara fallet för en lång tid framöver är odiskutabelt. För mer omfattande bebyggelse ska kunna ske idag krävs dock att marken är kopplad till såväl fysiska som juridiska och ekonomiska egenskaper. Saknas någon av dessa kommer marken normalt inte att bebyggas. Uppfylls samtliga egenskaper är det ändå inte heller säkert att marken bebyggs. Det krävs dessutom att marken har en ägare med intresse av att bebyggelsen faktiskt realiseras. Utöver marken i sig samt de fysiska, juridiska och ekonomiska egenskaperna är alltså markägandet av väsentlig betydelse. Förutom att ytterst avgöra om och när möjlig bebyggelse ska genomföras inbegriper ägandet av mark därtill potential att påverka lokalisering och utformning – d.v.s. i praktiken de juridiska och ekonomiska egenskaperna.

    Att fördelarna, eller snarare möjligheterna, med att äga mark sedan länge uppmärksammats från offentligt håll speglas bl.a. av det faktum att en stor del av dagens bebyggelse – i synnerhet avseende bostäder – går att härleda till kommunal mark. Det övergripande syftet med denna rapport är beskriva bakomliggande faktorer till denna koppling – eller analogt, framväxten av dagens förhållandevis omfattande kommunala markinnehav. Detta genom att belysa den kommunala markens funktion inom bebyggelseutvecklingen från 1900-talets början fram till idag.

    Framställningen bygger primärt på lagstiftning och finansiellt stöd som staten ställt till kommunernas förfogade för att leda bebyggelseutvecklingen och därtill stimulera ett planenligt genomförande. Till stora delar har de lagverktyg som utarbetats avsett begränsa privata markägares möjligheter att styra och påverka den – ur offentligt synvinkel – önskvärda bebyggelseutvecklingen. Det är således främst problem relaterade till mark i privat ägo som motiverat merparten av lagstiftningen. I föreliggande rapport diskuteras den kommunala markens funktion mot bakgrund av tre huvudsakliga problemområden:

    • Kontrollen över bebyggelsen – hur ska önskvärd bebyggelse säkerställas? 

    • Kontrollen över genomförandet av bebyggelsen – hur ska realisationen av önskvärd bebyggelse säkerställas? 

    • Kontrollen över markvärden och markvärdestegring – hur ska (negativa) effekter av höga markvärden och (oförtjänt) markvärdestegringar behandlas?

  • 27.
    Caesar, Carl
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Kopsch, Fredrik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Municipal land allocations: a key for understanding tenure and social mix patterns in Stockholm2016Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A socially mixed population is a politically stated ambition in Stockholm, the capital of Sweden. By providing a variety of tenure alternatives – i.e. rental and ownership housing – throughout all neighborhoods it is presumed this objective could be at least partially fulfilled. Since current tenure proportions display a weak balance in many neighborhoods it could consequently be assumed that governing politicians – by primarily utilizing Stockholm’s vast landownership and municipal housing developers – attempt to bridge observed gaps. Distribution of new rental- and ownership apartments in municipal land allocations should accordingly acknowledge the existing tenure composition in a neighborhood. Methodically this article focuses on all (nearly 50 000) apartments channeled through Stockholm’s land allocation system between the years of 2002 to 2012. After classification of all apartments based on tenure, location, year and developer (private or municipal) this information is merged with yearly housing stock characteristics for 128 neighborhoods. The outcome is a unique data set allowing for a statistical assessment of whether Stockholm’s tenure (and in extension social) mix ambition is reflected in practice, and moreover the role played by the municipality’s own housing developers. The present article thereto aims to highlight the crucial importance of landownership in every Swedish municipality with an aspiration to achieve or maintain a balanced tenure mix. While the findings indicate Stockholm is complying fairly well with its stated ambition, the results do reveal some contradicting signs. Looking beyond the tenure mix focus it could moreover be questioned whether Stockholm fully utilizes its (landownership) capacity to stimulate a socially mixed population – especially one capturing more than solely socio-economical aspects.

  • 28.
    Childs, Mackenzie
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Urban Flooding in Halifax, Nova Scotia: The extent of the issue and the approach through policy2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 29.
    Collin, Lina
    et al.
    FoU-enheten, Stockholms stad.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    FoU-enheten, Stockholms stad.
    50+ år – en osynlig grupp?2007In: Vägen till arbete: Om Stockholms stads arbete med olika grupper av arbetslösa socialbidragstagare / [ed] Daniel Rauhut, Stockholm: Fou-enheten, Stockholms stad , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Cronvall, Caroline
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Nilsson, Sofie
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Delningsekonomi från vision till verklighet: Kan stadsutveckling möjliggöra för mer hållbara ekonomier?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Contrary to the individualised consumption culture that prevails in our part of the world, emerging alterna­tive economies are focusing on more responsible forms of consumption and resource utilisation. Concepts aimed at sharing have recently received great attention in media, also related to various urban development trends. The aim of this study is to explore how planning can enable more sustainable economies in society. By studying sharing economy in an urban development context, an increased understanding can be created for how different actors frame the concept and what planning for sharing economics means in practice. To investigate the conditions that contribute to the development of sharing economy in an urban development project, these conditions will be explored more closely. The case Täby park has been used as an illustrative example of how sharing economy is discussed in urban development as part of the sustainability work. The empirical material is based on interviews with actors who have represented different stages in a process between vision and reality. Most actors argue that sharing economy refers to activities that promote increased sharing, but there is no common view that sharing economy represents a paradigm shift. The conclusions of this study concern that aspirations for sharing activities that such a new urban area should attract primarily are framed by political ambitions and private interests. As place marketing has become central to urban developments, there is also a question about the substance of visions and hence the sharing economy. The study has helped to reinforce the arguments that allow sharing activities to take place in the discussion about sustainable urban development. Self-organised groups are attributed to a major responsibility, something that questions which actors should be included in the planning. Finally, the study has shown that current planning ideals have difficulties in responding to alternative ideas that do not fit in prevailing structures of society.

  • 31.
    Dahlberg, Johanna
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Ahrnstein, Lina
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Snabbrörliga konsumentvaror inom livsmedelsbranschen:: Marknadsutveckling för produkter med stagnerad försäljning2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Snabbrörliga konsumentvaror utsätts för stor konkurrens och verkar i en dynamisk värld med kräsna konsumenter. Studiens syfte var att undersöka hur snabbrörliga konsumentvaror med stagnerad försäljning genom marknads- och produktutveckling kan öka sin försäljning. För att uppfylla syftet utfördes en fallstudie på Göteborgs kex för att undersöka produkt- och marknadsutveckling för Smörgåsrån som stagnerat i försäljning. För att samla in data gjordes butiksundersökningar, konsumentintervjuer, direktobservationer och fokusgrupper. För djupare förståelse för produktion gjordes även besök i fabriken. Därefter togs ett antal potentiella idéer fram för Smörgåsråns marknads- och produktutveckling som analyserades utifrån marknadsstrategiteori. Med hjälp av analysen togs därefter fyra rekommendationer fram som Göteborgs kex bör implementera för att uppnå målet att öka försäljningen för Smörgåsrån. Med hjälp av teori och empiri kunde besvarades syftet med studien. Det bästa sättet att öka försäljning för produkter med stagnerad försäljning är att produktutveckla på ny marknad, följt av produktutveckling på befintlig marknad. Då livsmedelsmarknaden är en mättad marknad är det svårt att växa på den nuvarande marknaden med den befintliga produkten, varför detta alternativ är det minst lämpade för marknadsutveckling för snabbrörliga konsumentvaror med stagnerad försäljning. 

  • 32.
    Dall Schmidt, Torben
    et al.
    University of Southern Denmark.
    Kangasharju, Aki
    VATT, Helsinki.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Nordregio.
    Regional Structures of Potential Labour Supply2009In: The Potential Labour Supply in the Nordic Countries. / [ed] D. Rauhut & I.R. Edvardsson, Stockholm: Nordregio , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Damsgaard, Ole
    et al.
    Nordregio.
    Dubois, Alexandre
    Nordregio.
    Glöersen, Erik
    Nordregio.
    Hedin, Sigrid
    Nordregio.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Nordregio.
    Roto, Johanna
    Nordregio.
    Schmitt, Peter
    Nordregio.
    Moxnes Steinecke, Jon
    Nordregio.
    Nordic Inputs to the EU Green Paper on Territorial Cohesion2008Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 34.
    Danenberg, Rosa
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Municipalities as Enablers of Citizen-led Urban Initiatives: Possibilities and Constraints2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Municipal bottom-up urban development is growing into an increasingly common

    urban practice. However, bottom-up urban development differs considerably from

    conventional top-down planning. The discrepancy forms obstacles for the relationship

    between top-down and bottom-up actors. Yet, creating an enabling relationship is

    possible, although how it can be realized is rather underexamined. Therefore, the

    aim of this research is to contribute knowledge to how municipalities can enable

    citizen-led urban initiatives. Empirical research in Stockholm and Istanbul, based on

    four examples of citizen-led urban initiatives and one municipal representative,

    provided valuable insights. On the one hand, within the existing municipal framework,

    certain possibilities and constraints for municipal bottom-up urban development arise.

    However, aiming to creating a structural change that transforms the relationship, new

    urban governance arrangements need to be established at the local level. From a

    governance innovation perspective, implementing a neighborhood council and a

    municipal guide form feasibly possibilities. Especially its combination is found key to

    redeem most of the constraints while it has the potential to establish socially

    innovative urban development.

  • 35.
    Darmani, Anna
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Sustainability and Industrial Dynamics. Universidad Politecnica de Madrid.
    Who is in the driver's seat?: Insights into the mixed outcomes of renewable policy instruments in the electricity industry2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is consensus about a need to reduce the amount of green-house gas emission in the electricity industry to be able to deal with the probable consequences of climate change. This necessitates extensive investments in technologies used to generate electricity from renewable energy sources (RES-E). To stimulate such investments, governments have enacted several policy instruments. However, the outcomes of these instruments are mixed. This thesis delineates two reasons for the different effects of policies. First, the development of the renewable electricity industry hinges on a set of driving forces that differ across regions, through the years and for different actors. Given that, policy instruments are not only driving forces behind the renewable electricity industry and can thus by themselves not explain its development.

    Second, RES-E investors comprise a heterogeneous group of actors whose perceptions of business opportunities vary substantially and are also based on a variety of driving forces. Hence, RES-E investors may react differently to changes within the electricity industry, as well as to government policies that aim to create a more sustainable electricity industry. Garnering a better understanding of these reactions is therefore important as they influence the pace of transition to a more sustainable electricity industry.

    This is an interdisciplinary study that brings together several theories and research areas. First, using the technological innovation system perspective, it identifies systemic driving forces behind the development of the renewable energy industry that will also accelerate the electricity industry transitions to sustainability. To gain a better insight into the role of policy instruments as such as well as in relation to other driving forces, this thesis explores what factors are accounted for in attempts to assess the instruments’ performance. Second, drawing on sustainability transition studies and dynamic capability theories, this thesis seeks to explore which firms are willing to contribute—and capable of contributing—to sustainability transitions in the electricity industry. The thesis argues that good forecast and policy plans need to be built on a solid understanding of the firms that change the structure of the electricity industry through their RES-E investments.

    This thesis leverages a mix of qualitative and quantitative methods. Empirical data are collected through two extensive literature reviews on the driving forces of the renewable energy industry development in Europe, a longitudinal case study on a European multinational energy company, and statistical analyses of data on RES-E investors in Sweden. The thesis makes theoretical, methodological, and empirical contributions to this area of research. The findings explain what motivates the development of the renewable energy industry; who competes in the renewable electricity industry; and what the future renewable electricity industry may look like. The thesis outlines implications for policies, for managers as well as for renewable energy technologies. 

  • 36.
    Darmani, Anna
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Sustainability and Industrial Dynamics. Universidad Politecnica de Madrid.
    Annika, Rickne
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Sustainability and Industrial Dynamics.
    Hidalgo, Antonio
    Universidad Politecnica de Madrid.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Sustainability and Industrial Dynamics.
    When outcomes are the reflection of the analysis criteria: A review of the tradable green certificate assessmentsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The tradable green certificates (TGC) framework is a prevalent policy-support scheme enacted to stimulate investments in electricity from renewable energy sources (RES-E). In several countries, including Sweden and Norway, the TGC framework is currently under reevaluation. In this process, academic literature plays a crucial role by assessing the outcomes of this policy framework. The outcomes, however, are often limited by the analysis criteria, which reflect what has been accounted for or disregarded and also stress what is considered a successful outcome. Given the importance of such criteria, this paper presents an extensive and systemic literature review of academic publications assessing the performance of the TGC framework using the Web of Science database. The findings are to provide an overview of the publications’ analysis criteria and outline their outcomes. We also provide descriptive statistics for the publications and examine the average citation record of the publications that use various analysis criteria in order to explore their relative impact on later studies. These findings can help policy makers place the assessments into perspective when reevaluating a country’s TGC system. They also suggest several intriguing directions for future studies in this field. 

  • 37.
    Darmani, Anna
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Sustainability and Industrial Dynamics.
    Niesten, Eva
    Manchester University.
    Hekkert, Marko
    Utrecht University.
    Which Investors Drive the Development of Wind Energy?2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to facilitate the transition to electricity sectors with low CO2 emissions, it is important to understand which firms invest in new renewable energy technologies, and which firms are responsive to energy policies. This study concentrates on the heterogeneous characteristics of investors in wind power that are embedded in the investors’ dynamic capabilities. The paper explores which type of investors display a positive reaction to the undifferentiated policy, and thus build up more assets in wind power. Empirical data is collected on investments in the Swedish wind energy industry in the Swedish tradable certificate system. The findings demonstrate that the cumulative wind power assets are indeed influenced by investors’ characteristics. Investors with a greater resource endowment, higher investment experience and a mixed generation portfolio hold higher share of assets in wind. The results also indicate that the investors’ age in the wind industry has a negative relation with the cumulative assets in wind, offering evidence on the important role of new entrants in this industry. This study offers insights for policy makers on which investors are responsive to the certificate system and invest in wind. It also implies that a more diversified set of policies could stimulate a greater variety of firms to invest in wind power. 

  • 38.
    Darmani, Anna
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Sustainability and Industrial Dynamics. Universidad Politecnica de Madrid.
    Niesten, Eva M. M. I.
    Manchester University.
    Hekkert, Marko P.
    Utrecht University.
    Which investors contribute to the transition to a more sustainable electricity industry?: Evidence of investments in Swedish wind powerManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to facilitate the transition to electricity industries with low CO2 emissions, it is important to understand which firms invest in renewable energy technologies, and which firms are responsive to energy policies. This study concentrates on the heterogeneous characteristics of investors in wind power that are embedded in the investors’ dynamic capabilities. The paper explores which investors respond to changes in energy policy aimed at a more sustainable electricity industry, and accordingly invest in wind power. Empirical data is collected on investments in the Swedish wind power industry and on prices in the Swedish tradable certificate system. The findings demonstrate that the cumulative wind power assets are influenced by investors’ characteristics. Investors with higher investment experience and a mixed generation portfolio whose business is dedicated to electricity generation hold a higher share of assets in wind. The results also indicate that the investors’ age in the wind power industry has a negative relation with the cumulative assets in wind, offering evidence on the important role of new entrants in this industry. This study offers insights for policy makers by showing, which investors are responsive to the certificate system and invest in wind. We also argue that a more diversified set of policies may stimulate a greater variety of firms to invest in wind power. 

  • 39.
    Darmani, Anna
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Sustainability and Industrial Dynamics.
    Rickne, Annika
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Sustainability and Industrial Dynamics.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    Hidalgo, Antonio
    How did we assess the outcomes of tradable green certificates? A review2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the European policy debate, Tradable Green Certificates (TGC) system has been considered as a superior support scheme to stimulate investments in Electricity from Renewable Energy Sources (RES-E). The TGC system even had been suggested as an option for a harmonized support scheme for the European electricity industry.

    At present, after more than a decade of having TGC systems in the European electricity sectors, several countries including Sweden and Norway, are reevaluating their TGC system.  In this reevaluation process, scholarly articles can contribute to the knowledge for policymakers on the current outcomes and consequences of TGC systems in different European countries. Nevertheless, how did researchers examine outcomes of the TGC system relating to investments in RES-E?

    In order to address this, we conduct an extensive and systematic literature review based on the Web of Science database. Our review reveals the topics that have been investigated intensively. However, our results also indicate other important key topics and issues, as outcomes of the TGC system that have been neglected. Specifically, our results show that economy of investments as an outcome of the TGC system has been studied intensively.  However, there is less research available on societal consequences of the TGC system, for example in which way a TGC system has influenced different group of potential RES-E investors. Recent literature identifies RES-E investors as heterogeneous groups of actors with different industrial backgrounds and motives. This heterogeneity has a message behind that has not been investigated in studies on TGC schemes. Our findings create several intriguing opportunities for future research.

  • 40.
    Drakenberg, Olof
    et al.
    Göteborgs Miljövetenskapliga Centrum.
    Nilsson, David
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Droits de l’Homme à l’Eau et à l’Assainissement au Burkina Faso: Evaluation des droits humains et utilisation d’approches basées sur les droits humains dans la théorie et la pratique2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [fr]

    D’énormes progrès ont été constatés au Burkina Faso depuis les années 1990 en termes d’accès à l’eau potable. Quelques progrès- mais moindres- peuvent être également observés dans l’accès à un assainissement adéquat. Lorsque l’on utilise les définitions du PCS de l’OMS/UNICEF en matière de couverture d’un meilleur approvisionnement en eau, alors le Burkina Faso atteint déjà les objectifs des OMD en matière d’eau. L’accès à l’assainissement est encore très faible ; entre 11% et 20% selon que l’on utilise les définitions nationales ou celles du PCS. Il y a donc, une réalisation progressive des droits à l’eau et à l’assainissement, bien que les progrès en matière d’assainissement soient non satisfaisants.Les engagements de l’Etat en matière d’eau et d’assainissement sont clairement indiqués au Burkina Faso par le biais des conventions internationales et des législations nationales. Les quatre principes de redevabilité, de transparence, de participation et de non- discrimination des droits humains sont à des degrés divers intégrés dans les institutions formelles, l’organisation et les opérations du secteur. Toutefois, subsistent d’énormes lacunes quant à la manière dont ils sont mis en pratique. La redevabilité est un problème majeur, particulièrement aux niveaux régional et national. Les mécanismes de participation existent au niveau local, mais la participation des femmes et des autres groupes marginalisés demeure faible en bien des endroits et des décisions clés sont prises à d’autres niveaux, mettant en péril la signification de la participation aux endroits où elle se passe. Bien que la plupart des informations soit ouvertes au public, cela ne signifie pas qu’elles soient facilement accessibles. Les mécanismes de non-discrimination, par exemple dans la budgétisation, peuvent être renforcés en utilisant les données déjà existantes en matière d’inégalité.Le Burkina Faso a, dans plusieurs aspects, respecté et dépassé les critères normatifs internationaux (normes minimales) des droits humains aux services d’eau et d’assainissement. Alors que des critères normatifs plus ambitieux sont louables à long terme, ils sont également plus coûteux et par conséquent, le taux de réalisation sera plus lent. Une norme inférieure et plus flexible pourrait accélérer la réalisation des droits particulièrement liés à l’assainissement.Dans l’ensemble, d’importantes opportunités existent pour la réalisation du droit à l’eau et à l’assainissement et pour l’utilisation d’approches basées sur les droits humains dans le secteur de l’eau et de l’assainissement au Burkina Faso.

  • 41.
    Engwall, Mats
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Linse, Charlotta
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Kreativ på beställning: att styra designkonsulters skapandeprocesser2013In: Kreativt kapital: Om ledning och organisation i kulturella och kreativa näringar / [ed] Emma Stenström & Lars Strannegård, Stockholm: 8tto , 2013Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Erdeniz, Robert
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy. Försvarshögskolan.
    Approaches to Operational Art Revisited: Theoretical and Practical Implications of Methodology2016In: 21st International Command & Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS): C2 in a Complex Connected Battlespace, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    U.S. doctrines have introduced a third approach within Operational Art, called the design approach, which has evoked military professional and academic debate as well as influenced NATO doctrines. Allied Joint Doctrine for Operational-level Planning (AJP 5) states that a Force Commander should choose one out of three approaches when conducting Operational Art and conducting operational planning: a traditional (causalist), a systemic or a design approach. The difference between the causalist- and the systemic- approach concerns the clash between reductionism and holism, but the difference between the design- and the systemic- approach is methodologically vague. Hence the following question concerning methodology and Operational Art arises:What methodological implications could constitute an argument for choosing the design approach when conducting Operational Art within a battlespace?Neither NATO doctrine, planning framework nor previous research offer any explicit methodological argument for choosing, or preferring, the design- over the systemic- approach. This article concludes that one possible argument for preferring a design approach is adherence to value-focused thinking, but this requires that the Force Commander can and is willing to focus on stakeholders’ values within the battlespace. This conclusion is implied by two methodological implications identified and discussed in this article. If the design approach is to be a relevant option, then further conceptual development, experimentation and education is required. To conclude, NATO should review the description of their approaches within Operational Art since the argument for preferring one approach over another is lacking and this could hamper the Force Commander’s management of the battlespace. U.S. doctrines have introduced a third approach within Operational Art, called the design approach, which has evoked military professional and academic debate as well as influenced NATO doctrines. Allied Joint Doctrine for Operational-level Planning (AJP 5) states that a Force Commander should choose one out of three approaches when conducting Operational Art and conducting operational planning: a traditional (causalist), a systemic or a design approach. The difference between the causalist- and the systemic- approach concerns the clash between reductionism and holism, but the difference between the design- and the systemic- approach is methodologically vague. Hence the following question concerning methodology and Operational Art arises:What methodological implications could constitute an argument for choosing the design approach when conducting Operational Art within a battlespace?Neither NATO doctrine, planning framework nor previous research offer any explicit methodological argument for choosing, or preferring, the design- over the systemic- approach. This article concludes that one possible argument for preferring a design approach is adherence to value-focused thinking, but this requires that the Force Commander can and is willing to focus on stakeholders’ values within the battlespace. This conclusion is implied by two methodological implications identified and discussed in this article. If the design approach is to be a relevant option, then further conceptual development, experimentation and education is required. To conclude, NATO should review the description of their approaches within Operational Art since the argument for preferring one approach over another is lacking and this could hamper the Force Commander’s management of the battlespace.

  • 43.
    Eriksson, Julia
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Stadsplanering utifrån ett äldreperspektiv.: En studie om hur sociala konsekvensanalyser kan tillämpas för att utveckla goda livsmiljöer för äldre.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 44.
    Findahl, Susanna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Analyzing Stockholm’s Comprehensive Plan: In Search of an Ecofeminist Future 20502014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report addresses the environmental discourse of the current comprehensive plan of Stockholm, The Walkable City, and in what ways it can be developed following an ecofeminist framework. With a foundation in a critical perspective on current processes of urbanization, ecofeminist theory, and an interest in the potential in utopian thought, this thesis attempts to assist the comprehensive plan in finding alternative ways of approaching the urban development of the city, in search for social and environmental justice through increased citizen participation.

    Ecofeminists argue that economic growth is conditioned by and enforces colonial and patriarchal relations between humans, and between humans and nature. The current global process of urbanization is an integral part in sustaining the economic growth, making cities an important area to address in search of other relations. Sustainable development has been put forth as a way to relieve the negative social and environmental effects of the economic system, and has informed much urban policy-making. Urban policy, such as comprehensive plans, shape the path of urban development. The main strategy of the current comprehensive plan of Stockholm is ”sustainable growth”.

    This thesis analyses the components that make out the strategy of sustainable growth in order to understand why it is problematic. Further, it engages in participatory scenario generation using an ecofeminist framework, to find new ideas and paths for a sustainable urban development in Stockholm.

    The conclusions that are found comprise the positive notion that there are great chances to develop the notion and strategies for sustainability through workshops with stakeholders. While the overall course of development of the scenarios may be too far from our current reality to be easily implemented, there are several suggestions with great potential even in our current context. Furthermore, the results point out important directions in which to develop the plan in a longer perspective, that concern a fundamental restructuring of the political economy along more socially and environmentally sound lines that elevate the interconnectedness of humans and nature. This is a restructuring that makes economic growth according to the current model impossible, but that aims for equality between humans and far-reaching environmental protection. It is also pointed out that the deployment of a multitude of conflicting scenarios in planning would benefit both the urban development and democratic participation.

  • 45.
    Franzén, Daniel
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Organization and management.
    Large Swedish industrial companies: Farsightedness in business and sustainability strategies2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Industry facilitates the economic development of nations and acquisition of human wealth. Parallel to the global spread of industry, the world is facing rapid population growth. Simultaneously, formerly impoverished populations are approaching middle class standards of living with corresponding increases in levels of consumption. If the populations and consumption levels of societies continue to grow at the expected pace we will face a future environmental crises in the long-term and the world’s environmental resources will not be adequate to meet coming needs. Societies, together with industry, must transform to become sustainable in order to tackle one of our world’s most pressing challenges.Governments and organizations are now pushing industrial companies to meet this challenge and integrate sustainability into their businesses in order to put the economy on the pathway to a sustainable transformation. The World Business Council for Sustainable Development has a vision with formulated conditions that must be met before year 2050 to meet this challenge. But in order to unlock the full potential of sustainable growth, one must also understand the farsightedness of company leaders. The aim of this study is to examine how farsighted Swedish industries are both related to business and sustainability strategies. The main questions for this thesis are: How farsighted are the longest-term strategies/tasks/visions of the Chief Executive Officers (CEOs)? How farsighted are the longest-term tasks that the CEO delegate to members of the management team? How farsighted are the longest-term sustainability strategy of the company? And finally, who in the organization is responsible for the longest-term sustainability strategy/task/vision?The thesis focuses on finding out if their farsightedness in sustainability strategies match with their other business strategies. Eight large Swedish industrial companies were investigated using interviews with their CEOs.The results show a very large difference between companies in the farsightedness measured with time-span of business strategy and sustainability strategy. The time-span of the tasks that the CEOs delegate to the management team also differ substantially between companies. Moreover, the study revealed that all of the studied companies place the ultimate responsibility for sustainability with the CEO and that the farsightedness in sustainability match with the companies’ business strategies. The research show that all eight companies do match their farsightedness in sustainability with business.

  • 46.
    Gharibo, David
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Stadsplanerares syn på sin roll och relation till politiker: En inblick i stadsplaneringsprocessen2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is limited to a deeper insight into urban planners’ perspectives and views. The purpose of the study is to identify how urban planners understand their role and relationship with politicians, as well as the points of conflict there is between them in the planning process. The following themes are the focus of the study: Urban planner’s view of its role, urban planner’s interpretation of knowledge, urban planner’s view on the role of politicians and Communication.

     

    The literature studies describe urban planners’ and the politicians' relationship to each other based on a knowledge-, communication and self-image perspective. City planners and politicians are largely dependent on the mandatory rules but also external actors and stakeholders. Both urban planners and politicians strive for a smooth planning process, however, it is difficult to achieve because they have different levels of knowledge, expectations and motives.

     

    Two urban planners in a medium-sized municipality in Stockholm give their views on the role as planners and relationship with politicians. The results of the interviews show that urban planners see themselves as experts and knowledge providers. Both their and the politicians knowledge level is an important factor in the planning process duration. The interviews also show that the possibility of mediation or the sharing of knowledge is important. Another prerequisite is that the numbers of forums where communication and knowledge sharing can take place are sufficient.

     

    Urban planners think that the legislature frameworks e.g. consultation, planning briefs and master plans need complements. More forums where urban planners and politicians are able to communicate, interact and share knowledge are needed. Finally, the study shows that a bigger amount of forums are required in order to streamline the planning process from a perspective of time.

  • 47.
    Gullberg, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Spelet om Nedre Norrmalm1998In: Stockholm blir stor stad: Tiden 1948 - 1998 / [ed] Karl-Erik Synnemar, Stockholm: Byggförlaget , 1998, p. 8-49Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Få projekt har skapat sådana konflikter i Stockholms stadsplanehistoria som citysa­neringen. De skiljaktiga meningarna skar rakt igenom partier och privata organisationer. Politikerna och näringslivets företrädare förhandlade och gjorde bytesaffärer. Av de 52 hektar som skulle totalsaneras enligt Cityplanen 1967 blev endast 24 förverkligade.

  • 48.
    Gullberg, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Stadstrafiken är en usel tjänst: Så löser vi problemen!2012Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den som färdas i staden har rätt att få svar på frågan: När kommer jag fram? Inställda turer, förseningar, trafikstockningar och brist på lediga parkeringsplatser försinkar oftast utan förvarning. Det är hög tid att förbättra tjänstens kvalité. Med nytänkande och en nyordning inom stadstrafiken är detta möjligt. Alla former av stadstrafik skulle kunna betraktas som tjänster och samordnas i ett informations- och betalsystem, vilket öppnar möjligheter för en rad omvälvande förändringar.

  • 49.
    Gullberg, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Så kan informationssamhällets landvinningar lösa stadstrafikens problem2012In: Plan - tidskrift för samhällsplanering, ISSN 0032-0560, Vol. 66, no 5-6, p. 64-71Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Gullberg, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Andreas, Pemer
    Tre turbulenta decennier 1980 - 2010: Rapsodi från Stockholms bygg- och fastighetsvärld2011In: Murmestare embetet i Stockholm, årsskrift med matrikel, ISSN 1402-8107, Vol. 525, p. 23-47Article in journal (Other academic)
12345 1 - 50 of 232
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