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  • 1.
    Abarkan, Abdellah
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Architecture.
    Reshaping regional planning: A northern perspective2004In: European Urban and Regional Studies, ISSN 0969-7764, E-ISSN 1461-7145, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 180-181Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Abshirini, Ehsan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Geodesy and Geoinformatics.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Visibility Analysis, Similarity and Dissimilarity in General Trends of Building Layouts and their Functions2013In: Proceedings of Ninth International Space Syntax Symposium / [ed] Young Ook Kim, Hoon Tae Park, Kyung Wook Seo, Seoul: Sejong University Press , 2013, p. 11:1-11:15Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Visibility analysis is one of the key methods in space syntax theory that discusses visual information conveyed to observers from any location in space that is potentially directly visible for the observer without any obstruction. Visibility – simply defined as what we can see – not only affects the spatial function of buildings, but also has visual relation to the perception of buildings by inhabitants and visitors. In this paper we intend to present the result of visibility analysis applied on a sample of building layouts of different sizes and functions from a variety of places of periods. The main aim of this paper is to statistically explore the general trends of building layouts and show if and how visibility properties such as connectivity, clustering coefficient, mean depth, entropy, and integration values can make distinctions among different functions of buildings. Our findings reveal that there are significant correlation coefficients among global properties of visibility in which we consider the mean value of properties, a similarity suggesting that they are not intensively manipulated by architecture. On the other hand, there are correlations although less so than the previous, still significant among local properties of visibility in which we consider the (max-min) value of properties, suggesting that social, cultural or other physical parameters distinguish buildings individually. We also show that functions such as ‘museum’ and ‘veterinary’ are relatively well-clustered, while functions such as ‘ancient’ and ‘shopping’ show high diversity. In addition, using a decision tree model we show that, in our sample, functions such as ‘museum’ and ‘library’ are more predictable rather than functions such as ‘hospital’ and ‘shopping.’ All of these mean that – at least in our sample – the usability and applicability of well-clustered and well-predicted functions have been predominant in shaping their interior spaces; vice versa, in well-diverse and unpredicted functions, the pragmatic solutions of people’s daily life developed in material culture affect the visual properties of their interior spaces.

  • 3.
    Abshirini, Ehsan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Geoinformatics.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Legeby, Ann
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Flood hazard and its impact on the resilience of cities: An accessibility-based approach to amenities in the city of Gothenburg, Sweden2017In: Proceedings - 11th International Space Syntax Symposium, SSS 2017, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Departamento de Engenharia Civil, Arquitetura e Georrecursos , 2017, p. 36.1-36.15Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the wake of climate change and its impact on increasing the number and intensity of floods, adaptability of cities to and resistance against the flood hazard is critical to retain functionality of the cities. Vulnerability of urban infrastructure and its resilience to flooding from different points of view have been important and worth investigating for experts in different fields of science. Flood hazards as physical phenomena are influenced by form of the cities and thus the magnitude of their impacts can be intensified by urban infrastructures such as street networks and buildings (Bacchin et. al, 2011). In this paper, we aim to develop a method to assess the resilience of a river city (the city of Gothenburg in Sweden), which is prone to flood events, against such disturbances and find out how the city reacts to river floods and to what extent the city retains its accessibility to essential amenities after a flood occurs. To do so, collecting required data; we, firstly, simulate flood inundation with two different return periods (50 and 1000 years) and then the impact areas overlay on the street networks. Evaluating the resilience of the city, syntactic properties of the street networks before and after flooding are measured at different scales. Additionally, accessibility and the minimum distance of the street networks to essential amenities such as healthcare centers, schools and commercial centers, at a medium distance (3 Km) is examined. The results show that flooding influences the city configuration at global scale more than the local scale based on comparison of syntactic properties before and after flooding. However, the results of accessibility and the minimum distance show that the impact of flooding on the functionality of the city is more limited to the riparian areas and the city is not affected globally.

  • 4.
    Adalmundsson, Magnus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Connecting with the Elements: - Geothermal Bath House, Nesjavellir, Iceland2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A geothermal bathing facility utilising exhaust thermal energy from a nearby geothermal power plant. During the process of producing thermal and electrical energy enormous amounts of thermal energy is exhausted into the air, energy that if used must be used on location.

    In designing the bath close contact and experience with local materials was a focus point, intimate connection with the surrounding elements are to be experienced at intervals from within the building.

    Reflecting both icelandic bathing culture as well as seeking inspiration from icelandic nature is a center point, bringing the materials tactility to the visitors fingertips.

    Focus has been the following:

    NATURE - Building in exposed landscape carries a responsibility, explore the boundaries between architecture and untouched nature.  Fusing and simulating external experiences inside the program through sequences of different experiences and testing different senses.

    MATERIAL STUDY - Iceland is a poor provider of traditional building materials, examining the available volcanic substances, aesthetic as well as practical usages. Studying their advantages as well as disadvantages.

    ENERGY - To bring to use otherwise exhausted (wasted) thermal energy, study the energy cycle, amount of available energy and utilize it to activate the building itself as well as to heat the various pools.

  • 5.
    Adamovich, Andrey
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Adaptive Envelope: Contemporary center of visual arts in Frihamnen2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main idea of my thesis work is to deal with the problem of an adaptive reuse of an existing building, which has been designed many years ago and now lost its function. And the way I am approaching this - is through the idea of infection.  What if an existing building becomes infected by new purposes and qualities, and if so then how this move could be performed and realized?

    Unlike the majority of the adaptive reuse projects, mine has at its core the idea of introducing new feathers and elements in the way that it’s natural and a bit illusive, without contrasting the newly added to already existed. My goal is not to reveal this materiality difference. What I’m presenting today is a completely new envelope but from the inside you still can see this repetition of circular forms and understand that these are the same silos, which at some point were deformed in order to perform a different functions.

  • 6.
    Adamsson, My
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Urban Buildning, Kungsholmen2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    My project is a “Urban building” on Kungsholmen in Stockholm. Västra Kungsholmen is an expanding area with a lot of new apartment blocks, and the stereotype habitant in the area is the young family with small kids. My intention is then to do a building for the young people in Stockholm, who need their first home. Since it is quite rare with those kind of buildings in Stockholm and on Kungsholmen.

    The building consists of five volumes surrounding a core. In the five volumes there are apartments and the core is the common spaces, that will be shared among the people living in the house. The building has a passage thorough the building for both the ones living in the house and people who wants to take a shortcut through the house to get to the park.

  • 7. Addessi, Anna Rita
    et al.
    Anelli, Filomena
    Benghi, Diber
    Friberg, Anders
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH.
    Child-Computer Interaction at the Beginner Stage of Music Learning: Effects of Reflexive Interaction on Children's Musical Improvisation2017In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 8, article id 65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article childrens musical improvisation is investigated through the reflexive interaction paradigm. We used a particular system, the MIROR-Impro, implemented in the framework of the MIROR project (EC-FP7), which is able to reply to the child playing a keyboard by a reflexive output, mirroring (with repetitions and variations) her/his inputs. The study was conducted in a public primary school, with 47 children, aged 6-7. The experimental design used the convergence procedure, based on three sample groups allowing us to verify if the reflexive interaction using the MIROR-Impro is necessary and/or sufficient to improve the childrens abilities to improvise. The following conditions were used as independent variables: to play only the keyboard, the keyboard with the MIROR-Impro but with not-reflexive reply, the keyboard with the MIROR-Impro with reflexive reply. As dependent variables we estimated the childrens ability to improvise in solos, and in duets. Each child carried out a training program consisting of 5 weekly individual 12 min sessions. The control group played the complete package of independent variables; Experimental Group 1 played the keyboard and the keyboard with the MIROR-Impro with not-reflexive reply; Experimental Group 2 played only the keyboard with the reflexive system. One week after, the children were asked to improvise a musical piece on the keyboard alone (Solo task), and in pairs with a friend (Duet task). Three independent judges assessed the Solo and the Duet tasks by means of a grid based on the TAI-Test for Ability to Improvise rating scale. The EG2, which trained only with the reflexive system, reached the highest average results and the difference with EG1, which did not used the reflexive system, is statistically significant when the children improvise in a duet. The results indicate that in the sample of participants the reflexive interaction alone could be sufficient to increase the improvisational skills, and necessary when they improvise in duets. However, these results are in general not statistically significant. The correlation between Reflexive Interaction and the ability to improvise is statistically significant. The results are discussed on the light of the recent literature in neuroscience and music education.

  • 8.
    Adriasola Orellana, Renato
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Boendet där emellan2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    De senaste decennierna har det blivit allt tydligare att utbudet på bostadsmarknaden inte matchar efterfrågan. Främst den rådande bristen på bostäder, men också för de bostäder som alla slåss om i huvudsak är byggda utifrån hur Sverige såg ut för 40–50 år sedan. Dagens familjer och deras behov ser inte lika dana ut som när bostäderna byggdes. Bostadsmarknaden måste följa samhällets utveckling och vara villiga att satsa på nytänkande. I mitt examensarbete vill jag visa på hur ett sådant boende skulle kunna se ut.

  • 9.
    Aejmelaeus-Lindström, Petrus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    FAD* for Stadsgårdskajen2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    FAD * for Stadsgårdskajen

    Re-introduction of some of the knowledge from the master builder to the contemporary architect.

    This project investigates the interaction between designing architecture and building architecture in a computer controlled context. Algorithms have been developed to simulate and control an automated in situ brick stacking process. Brick laying is a well researched topic for robotic processes. It is an ideal material for building with robots (in Stockholm) since it is a generic building block that is cheap and easy to produce locally. Corbeled vaults, instead of keystone vaults, can be built without support and with all identical elements and are therefore also suitable for robotic fabrication. 

    The algorithms have been incorporated in a parametric model that have been used to develop public building at Stadsgårdskajen, Stockholm. FAD is about creating and explore a different architectural expression as well as reintroducing the brick as a relevant construction material for Stockholm.

  • 10.
    Af Geijerstam, Jan
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Landscapes of Technology Transfer: Swedish Ironmakers in India 1860–18642004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    In the early 1860s three Swedes, Nils Wilhelm Mitander,Julius Ramsay and Gustaf Wittenström, were engaged by theBritish to build and run charcoal-based ironworks in India.These works, the Burwai Iron Works of the British Government inthe case of Mitander and the privately owned Kumaon Iron Worksin the case of Ramsay and Wittenström, were both to bebased on the most modern European technology. The projects werepioneering in Indian ironmaking. The ambitions were high andstakes big, but after only a few years the projects were closedand the Swedes returned home.Landscapes of Technology Transferpresents a detailedstudy of the Kumaon and Burwai Iron Works, from their firstconception to their final closure. The investigation isbasically empirical and a fundamental question is: Why were theworks never brought into full and continuous production?

    The ironworks projects should be considered as processes oftechnology transfer rather than fully fledged and completedtransfers. In spite of this lack of success, or maybe becauseof it, the history of the ironworks and the Swedes also forms afruitful case to put other questions of wide relevance. Itexposes workings and effects of colonialism and offers anexplanation of the late development of India's iron and steelindustry and analyses of the complex totality forming theprerequisites for a successful transfer of technology. The longtraditions of bloomery ironmaking in India and ismarginalisation is also discussed.

    Landscapes of Technology Transferis a comprehensiveempirical study. From a local and individual perspective ittraces lines of connection across boundaries of time andgeography. The historical landscapes of technology transfer aredescribed in their cultural, social, economic and politicaldimensions and the thesis underlines the importance of a closeacquaintance with local settings and conditions, where historyis manifested in a physical presence. The remains of theironworks and theirlocal landscapes in present-day India areused as a central source for writing their histories. There isalso a strong emphasis on the use of photographs and drawingsas sources.

    The outcome of the projects was the result of the interplaybetween the local and the global, between a diversity ofconcrete factors influencing the construction of the works andtheir running and their colonial character. The studyemphasises the importance of technological systems andnetworks, both on a micro and a macro level. On a local leveldemanding logistics, a sometimes adverse climate, theprocurement of charcoal and iron ore in sufficient quantitiesand the build up of knowledge of ironmaking posed serious butnot insurmountable difficulties. Most obstacles were overcomealready during the first few years of the 1860s, the period ofthe Swedes, but to put the works into full and continuousproduction would have needed perseverance and purposefulefforts to support and protect the iron production, at leastduring an initial period. In the end the position of India as acolonial dependency, subjected to the primacy of Britishinterests, set the limits of the projects.

    Key words:History of technology, industrial heritagestudies, industrial archaeology, technology transfer,diffusion, technological systems, landscapes of technology,iron and steel, charcoal iron, direct and indirect ironmaking,bloomeries, 19th century, industrial history,industrialisation, de-industrialisation, underdevelopment,colonialism, India, Sweden, Great Britain, global history,annales.

  • 11.
    Aghaei Meibodi, Mania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Architectural Technologies.
    Generative Design Exploration: Computation and Material Practice2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, computation serves as an important intermediary agent for the integration of analyses and the constraints of materialisation into design processes. Research efforts in the field have emphasised digital continuity and conformity between different aspects of a building project. Such an approach can limit the potential for significant discoveries, because the expression of architectural form is reduced to the varying tones of one fabrication technique and simulation at a time. This dissertation argues that disparate sets of digital and physical models are needed to incorporate multiple constraints into the exploration, and that the way the designer links them to one another significantly impacts the potential for arriving at significant discoveries. Discoveries are made in the moment of bridging between models, representational mediums, and affiliated processes.

    This dissertation examines the capacity of algorithm—as a basis for computation—to diversify and expand the design exploration by enabling the designer to link disparate models and different representational mediums. It is developed around a series of design experiments that question how computation and digital fabrication can be used to diversify design ideation, foster significant discoveries, and at the same time increase flexibility for the designer’s operation in the design process. The experiments reveal the interdependence of the mediums of design—algorithm, geometry, and material—and the designer’s mode of operation. They show that each medium provides the designer with a particular way of incorporating constraints into the exploration. From the way the designer treats these mediums and the design process, two types of exploration are identified: goal oriented and open-ended. In the former, the exploration model is shaped by the designer’s objective to reach a specified goal through the selection of mediums, models, and tools. In the latter, the design process itself informs the designer’s intention. From the kinds of interdependencies that are created between mediums in each experiment, three main exploration models emerge: circular and uniform, branched and incremental, and parallel and bidirectional.

    Finally, this dissertation argues that the theoretical case for integral computational design and fabrication must be revised to go beyond merely applying established computational processes to encompass the designer and several design mediums. The new model of design exploration is a cooperation between algorithm, geometry, materials, tools, and the designer. For the exploration to be novel, the designer must play a significant role by choosing one medium over another when formulating the design problem and establishing design drivers from the set of constraints, by linking the design mediums, by translating between design representations, and by describing the key aspects of the exploration in terms of algorithms.

     

  • 12.
    Aghaiemeybodi, Hamia
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Digital Design & AlterationThe Establishment of Socio-technological Hub2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The establishment of a Socio-technological Hub is through refurbishing, altering and reprogramming of already existing KTH School of architecture, Stockholm by the means of digital tools. This project is driven with two parallel objectives. First, exploring the potential for alteration when using the contemporary digital tools in the design and production. Seconded exploring the potential of architecture as a medium for integration of the knowledge in 3 sectors of society: university, industry and public.

  • 13.
    Ahl Eliasson, Johan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Projecting Realities: Re-mediation in the Realm of Architecture2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The boundaries between physical and virtual are dissolving as worlds are superimposed through media saturation. The design proposal of a movie theater at S:t Eriksgatan in Stockholm acts as vehicle for exploring the opportunities of architecture in an unstable reality. Remediation. A concept within media studies, describes the way any new media incorporates the traits of already existing ones. Conversely, “(…)older media refashion themselves to answer the challenges of new media”(1).

    By regarding architecture as a world-conjuring operation, parallel investigations into other media provide new tools of design. The method consists of simultaneously developing five works in five media: text, image, diorama, video and architecture. The text serves as abinding narrative. The image is based on an analysis of Giovanni Battista Piranesis prison etchings wich exhibit a range of devices particular to the world of image. The diorama or mirror box is an attempt to create a boundless but contained world. The video world has centered around the use of a reverse zoom effect. The movie theater uses the techniques of media in order to enhance it´s immersive qualities.

    (1) BOLTER & GRUSIN, Jay David & Richard (2000) Remediation: Understanding New Media, USA: MIT Press, p. 19.

  • 14.
    Ahl Eliasson, Johan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Tillbyggnad till Nationalmuseum2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the work is to design an extension to The National Museum in Stockholm. The current facilities are going to be reorganized in a near future. Conservation of artworks, research and administration, today housed in the museum building, will be moved to an extension. The current addition, built in the 1960s will be torn down. The extension designed in this work is placed behind (north of) The National Museum. A smaller body of four stories act as prime motif and include entrances, offices, research rooms, library and main vertical communication of the extension. This volume lies parallel to the original building. In a small angle to the first body a lower but very elongated volume lies, it is a continuation of the apparent urban grid. It includes the conservation studios and forms a solid granite wall toward the National Museum and the sculpture park created between them. The park becomes a new, identifiable space in the city, in a way targeting the modern museum of art across the water.

  • 15.
    Ahlgren Bergman, Malin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Fruängen Centrum: En kontextuell strategi för det offentliga rummet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The subject matter of this thesis project is post-war suburban centres, and particularly the case of Fruängen. The main question has been how to intervene spatially in this type of context, without completely contradicting the spatial logic of the existing system. The intention has been to introduce specific and monumental architecture to a generic environment, and to strengthen the definition of its public spaces. 

    The proposal consists of two buildings, an indoor bus terminal located on the existing bus station, and a library placed on the large parking lot behind the centre. New parking spaces in the bus terminal makes the placement of the library possible. 

    This project suggests that by dealing more efficiently with the traffic situation in a typical post-war centre, space can be created for new buildings on publicly owned land. This allows for the return of civic institutions to increasingly commercial centres and improved public spaces.

  • 16.
    Ahlgren Bergman, Malin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    School in Mariehäll: Elementary school in the new residential area Annedal2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An elementary school in the Stockholm suburb Mariehäll, for children aged 6-11 as well as a daycare centre. The school will cater to approximately 700 students and a centre for art and culture, which will be available to the public. The school is located in the new residential area Annedal, adjacent to the local park and Bullerbytorget.

    This project explores the correlation between architecture and learning, with the purpose of creating an environment that meets the needs of students with difficulties in concentrating. This has influenced the orientation of the building and the classrooms, the organisation of the plan and the materials and colours used in the various rooms.

    The program is divided into two volumes – one which houses the actual school and daycare centre, and one which consists of administration and the centre for art and culture. These are connected by a souterrain storey which contains the school cafeteria, and entrances from the street and the square. The school grounds are located four meters above street level, which allows the roof of the lower volume to function as a part of the playground.

  • 17.
    Ahlin, Jesper
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    Personal Autonomy and Informed Consent: Conceptual and Normative Analyses2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This licentiate thesis is comprised of a “kappa” and two articles. The kappa includes an account of personal autonomy and informed consent, an explanation of how the concepts and articles relate to each other, and a summary in Swedish.

    Article 1 treats one problem with the argument that a patient’s consent to treatment is valid only if it is authentic, i.e., if it is “genuine,” “truly her own,” “not out of character,” or similar. As interventions with a patient’s life and liberties must be justified, the argument presupposes that the authenticity of desires can be reliably determined. If the status of a desire in terms of authenticity cannot be reliably determined, discarding the desire-holder’s treatment decision on the basis that it is inauthentic is morally unjustified. In the article, I argue that no theory of authenticity that is present in the relevant literature can render reliably observable consequences. Therefore, the concept of authenticity, as it is understood in those theories, should not be part of informed consent practices.

    Article 2 discusses the problem of what it is to consent or refuse voluntarily. In it, I argue that voluntariness should be more narrowly understood than what is common. My main point is that a conceptualization of voluntariness should be agent-centered, i.e., take into account the agent’s view of her actions. Among other things, I argue that an action is non-voluntary only if the agent thinks of it as such when being coerced. This notion, which at first look may seem uncontroversial, entails the counterintuitive conclusion that an action can be voluntary although the agent has been manipulated or coerced into doing it. In defense of the notion, I argue that if the agent’s point of view is not considered accordingly, describing her actions as non-voluntary can be alien to how she leads her life. There are other moral concepts available to describe what is wrong with manipulation and coercion, i.e., to make sense of the counterintuitive conclusion. Voluntariness should be reserved to fewer cases than what is commonly assumed.

  • 18.
    Ahlin, Jesper
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    Reflective Equilibrium DefendedManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Reflective equilibrium is a method of justification in ethics. In this essay, I account for an argument against reflective equilibrium put forth by Theo van Willigenburg from a position of (weak) foundationalism. I attempt to demonstrate why it is flawed and how reflective equilibrium as a method of justification can withstand the foundationalist critique.

  • 19.
    Ahlin, Jesper
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    The Ethics of Immigration2015In: Theoria, ISSN 0040-5825, E-ISSN 1755-2567, Vol. 81, no 4, p. 380-384Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 20. Ahlin, Jesper
    The impossibility of reliably determining the authenticity of desires: implications for informed consent2017In: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is sometimes argued that autonomous decision-making requires that the decision-maker’s desires are authentic, i.e., “genuine,” “truly her own,” “not out of character,” or similar. In this article, it is argued that a method to reliably determine the authenticity (or inauthenticity) of a desire cannot be developed. A taxonomy of characteristics displayed by different theories of authenticity is introduced and applied to evaluate such theories categorically, in contrast to the prior approach of treating them individually. The conclusion is drawn that, in practice, the authenticity of desires cannot be reliably determined. It is suggested that authenticity should therefore not be employed in informed consent practices in healthcare.

  • 21.
    Ahlin, Jesper
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    Toward an Agent-Centered Theory of VoluntarinessManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of voluntariness is central to informed consent and personal autonomy, yet it has been underexplored by bioethicists. There are various theories intended to explain voluntary choice and action. None is fully agent-centered, in the sense that the conceptualization of voluntariness takes into account the agent’s views of her decisions and actions. An agent-centered theory of voluntariness would promote analytical precision, and foster autonomy in healthcare and research practices. According to the most influential bioethical theory of voluntariness, here called the Voluntariness as Control theory, an action is non-voluntary if the agent is controlled by external influences. The theory is critically discussed from an agent-centered perspective, and a new conceptualization of voluntariness is proposed.

  • 22.
    Ahlmark, Jonatan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Adding Layers: Adaptive Reuse in Tensta Centrum2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The project examines how a new structure could be added on top a 60’s school building without interfering with its structurally order and aesthetical manifestation. A new space for the citizens of Tensta, a hovering glass box that puts Tensta Centrum on the map. Together with new office spaces for the City District Administration it would work as a catalytic effect for the area. New spatial qualities emerges and the composition, the old vs the new, together creates Tensta’s new Town Hall.

  • 23.
    Ahlstrom, Kristina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Darsena-an urban void becomes Milan`s new green district2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis project is an urban developement project in the centre of Milan.

  • 24.
    Ahlvik, Patrik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Nya Operan Stockholm: Förslag till nytt operahus i Stockholm2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    New Opera Stockholm

    My thesis is a proposal for a new opera house in Stockholm at Galärparken on the southern island of Djurgården, already one of Sweden's most visited tourist activity areas that I believe a new opera house will thrive on. Like a big boat building has comfortably settled to correct the Strandvägskajen with land bridge lowered. It is an opera in Stockholm and the National Opera in Sweden. With its 70,000 sqm it will give the opera a better room for a live opera, ballet and concert activities than can fit within the existing opera house today.

    The debate on giving Stockholm a new opera house has a long history, the current oscarianska opera has become too small and outdated to keep today's technically demanding operas; both Copenhagen, Oslo, Helsinki and Gothenburg have dared to invest and built their new opera houses in the last decade, now it's Stockholm's turn!

  • 25.
    Ahteensuu, Marko
    KTH.
    Kai Horsthemke: Animals and African Ethics: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. xi + 187pp. £60.00. isbn 978-0-230-57686-52016In: Theoria, ISSN 0040-5825, E-ISSN 1755-2567, Vol. 82, no 3, p. 288-294Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Ailert, Sebastian
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Bevarat boende, Skapat boende: Transformation Tyresö2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    What is a transformation, and what could it be? How could a strategy for how to approach a transformation project look?

    I have defined a transformation as the act of taking an existing building and inserting a new program that creates a new reality.

    There can be many reasons to do a transformation instead of building something new. The most important reason that I have chosen to work with is about capturing the qualities or values that exists in a building and bring them into the new reality and build on them instead of creating whole different values. Values in this case are things like surface area, volumes, height, light conditions, material and details. It is things like the cast concrete stairs and the very special windows in some parts of the building. To me this is the core idea and purpose of any transformation.

    Because the values that are kept ties the present to the history, and carries and keeps memories and identities. They create continuity in the story of the building.

    In a transformation a number of mayor conflicts arise because the new program demands values that the existing building lacks. How you chose to solve these conflicts is the most critical and most difficult aspect of any transformation.

    My transformation is done two steps. The first step is about identifying as much values as possible and trying to bring them into the new program while overlooking the whole. The dwelling was there already, all I had to do was isolate the values and bring them in to the new program. I have kept as much of the existing material as possible to keep the values intact and only added walls to define the new apartments. The result is very particular dwellings; a lot of them have their own entrances, they are spreading out both horizontally and vertically and have sunlight from two directions.

    This is a safe and rather easy way of keeping values. When these kept dwellings are defined the more difficult conflicts arises that makes the transformation so interesting. The surface areas that remain after I have laid out these kept dwellings are hard to create good dwellings from.

    I think it’s important that the additions that has to be made in a transformation relates to the building that used to be. Otherwise there´s a great risk that the existing values are destroyed.

    Relation for me is about picking up things like spatial concepts and concepts relating to form, material or structure.

    The courtyards that exist today are rarely in use. Courtyards are actually something amazing. They don’t only retract sunlight but also shadow, rain, snow, sounds, foliage, bugs and birds deep into a building. Therefore I have chosen to develop the courtyards that already exists by adding some more. In and around the school there are also several stairs in cast concrete. To create connections I’ve added new similar stairs.  

    A good transformation creates the conditions needed for a new demand, while keeping the most important values in a building and adds to the identity instead of destroying it.  

    My strategy for transformations in two steps is about first bringing certain special values into a new program without considering the building as a whole. Afterwards an addition is created which relates to the existing while solving the conflicts that always arise when doing a transformation.

    The result in this case is dwellings that are very particular compared to the dwellings which are usually built today. They are not standard flats but dwellings with surface areas, volumes, details and other characteristics that newly built dwellings rarely has.

  • 27.
    Al Moubayed, Samer
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH, Speech Communication and Technology. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Speech Technology, CTT.
    Beskow, Jonas
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH, Speech Communication and Technology. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Speech Technology, CTT.
    Öster, Ann-Marie
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH, Speech Communication and Technology. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Speech Technology, CTT.
    Salvi, Giampiero
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH, Speech Communication and Technology. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Speech Technology, CTT.
    Granström, Björn
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH, Speech Communication and Technology. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Speech Technology, CTT.
    van Son, Nic
    Ormel, Ellen
    Virtual Speech Reading Support for Hard of Hearing in a Domestic Multi-Media Setting2009In: INTERSPEECH 2009: 10TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL SPEECH COMMUNICATION ASSOCIATION 2009, BAIXAS: ISCA-INST SPEECH COMMUNICATION ASSOC , 2009, p. 1443-1446Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we present recent results on the development of the SynFace lip synchronized talking head towards multilinguality, varying signal conditions and noise robustness in the Hearing at Home project. We then describe the large scale hearing impaired user studies carried out for three languages. The user tests focus on measuring the gain in Speech Reception Threshold in Noise when using SynFace, and on measuring the effort scaling when using SynFace by hearing impaired people. Preliminary analysis of the results does not show significant gain in SRT or in effort scaling. But looking at inter-subject variability, it is clear that many subjects benefit from SynFace especially with speech with stereo babble noise.

  • 28.
    Al Moubayed, Samer
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Speech Technology, CTT. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH, Speech Communication and Technology.
    De Smet, Michael
    Van Hamme, Hugo
    Lip Synchronization: from Phone Lattice to PCA Eigen-projections using Neural Networks2008In: INTERSPEECH 2008: 9TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL SPEECH COMMUNICATION ASSOCIATION 2008, BAIXAS: ISCA-INST SPEECH COMMUNICATION ASSOC , 2008, p. 2016-2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lip synchronization is the process of generating natural lip movements from a speech signal. In this work we address the lip-sync problem using an automatic phone recognizer that generates a phone lattice carrying posterior probabilities. The acoustic feature vector contains the posterior probabilities of all the phones over a time window centered at the current time point. Hence this representation characterizes the phone recognition output including the confusion patterns caused by its limited accuracy. A 3D face model with varying texture is computed by analyzing a video recording of the speaker using a 3D morphable model. Training a neural network using 30 000 data vectors from an audiovisual recording in Dutch resulted in a very good simulation of the face on independent data sets of the same or of a different speaker.

  • 29.
    Al Tamimi, Ibrahim
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Roslagen Mosque2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A room for meditation and remembering Allah,where spiritual qualities unified in architectural and artistic style.The simple origin of the mosque is the prophet Muhammad's mosque in Medina,which was built from mud-bricks walls and palm-tree trunks and fibre for roofing,it has evolved into an intricate system of spatial designing and decorative creativity.This Project is located at Stockholm Northern outer suburb of Österåker, to house the Muslim community's association offices and mosque , with total area of sqm.1700.500 -700 persons are  estimated to gather in high time feasts' services.The minaret and the dome are in  abstraction form , Mihrab and Minbar "a raised structure similar to a pulpit from where the Friday sermon is given" at the Qiblah "southern" wall made of painted wood work in Arabesque .Mosques are centres for Muslim community gatherings,both  social and cultural .They also functioned as ”Madrasah” for weekend's Quranic classes .

  • 30. Albert de la Bruheze, A. A.
    et al.
    Emanuel, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    European bicycling: The politics of low and high culture: Taming and framing cycling in twentieth-century Europe2012In: Journal of Transport History, ISSN 0022-5266, E-ISSN 1759-3999, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 64-66Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Albertini, Vittoria
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Urban Design.
    THE WALKABLE CITY: ALONG THE EDGE OF STOCKHOLM. Developing the edge to reconnect a former industrial site to the city2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stockholm is an archipelago of islands connected by water that historically has been an important resource for the city and for the industries, which found an easy access for ships and therefore they settled on strategic positions along the edges.

    This thesis investigates the topics of water, industrial heritage and edges in the city of Stockholm: these aspects are strong in their individual identity but they also interact in a powerful and interesting way.

    This work intervenes where this pattern is still visible -due to the presence of water and industries- but not accessible because it lacks the third element of connection with the city.

    The aim is therefore to investigate strategies that increase and reconnect the potential of these aspects that got disconnected through time.

    To obtain accessibility and usability, the edge was transformed and redefined to enhance the experience of walking along it.

    An analysis was carried out and a proposal was designed for the site of Lövholmen, which has these characteristics -the water, a strong industrial heritage and proximity to the city- that are now disconnected.

    The opening of the edge and possibilities of walking will transform and reconnect the site - and the richness in it- with the city of Stockholm. 

  • 32.
    Albrecht, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Enabling socio-technical transitions – electric vehicles and high voltage electricity grids as focal points of low emission futures2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Today humankind is facing numerous sustainability challenges that require us to question CO2 intensive practices like those present in the transport and energy sector. To meet those challenges, many countries have adopted ambitious climate targets. Achieving such targets requires an understanding of the wider socio-technical context of transitions. The aim of this licentiate thesis is therefore to analyse such socio-technical transitions towards low-emission futures enabled by the electrification of passenger cars and high voltage grid development.

    A combination of different transitions theories (for ex. Multi-level perspective and Technological innovation systems) and institutional theory has been used. To reach the aim paper I analyses the climate impacts of electric vehicles (EVs) and policy measures to achieve a breakthrough scenario for EVs. The results show that a mixture of short and long term policies are needed that take into account the technology development stage and behavioural aspects of EV adopters. Paper II addresses the need to include the high voltage transmission grid and its planning procedures as a central part of debates on transitions. Therefore the opportunities, challenges and reasons for conflict in the established regime are studied. The results show that in order to achieve a sustainable grid development regime, it is necessary to spend time on achieving legitimacy and social sustainability. The third paper uses semi-structured expert interviews and focuses on innovation dynamics for EV adoption. By focusing on dynamics instead of single policy measures, it is possible to grasp interactions within a niche, but also in between a niche, regime and landscape. The results show that strong initial technology legitimacy was needed to start substantial innovation dynamics. This could be further strengthened with a strong and broad coalition of actors. Both those factors led, if present, to an improved variety and match of policy instruments.

    As such this thesis has shown that transitions are not just about technology or policy instruments as such but about the dynamics and processes needed to enable them. This can be relevant in other transitions that otherwise may underestimate the importance of these components.

  • 33.
    Albrecht, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Nordic power road map 2050: Strategic choices towards carbon neutrality. D4.1.R Institutional grid review.2013Report (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Albrecht, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    System innovation dynamics around electric vehicles. The cases of Norway, Denmark and Sweden.Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the comparison of electric car innovation patterns in Norway, Sweden and Denmark. Doing so, it takes a closer look at what the most essential dynamics in the systems were over time and what enabled those dynamics. The main research aim is to contribute to a wider understanding of why Norway is so much ahead of Sweden and Denmark in electric car adoption. The purpose is also to adopt a perspective that goes beyond a mere focus on economic policy instruments. In order to do so different theory elements are combined in a framework. These elements stem from the transition theory literature field, especially the technological innovation system (TIS) and the multi-level perspective (MLP). This combination allows analysing the development behind a dynamic, not just when it comes to an innovation itself but also with regards to the established regime. The data is gathered through analysis of existing documents and data as well as a series of 27 expert interviews conducted in the three case countries. The findings suggest that there are important differences in transition patterns that can account for the electric vehicle (EV) diffusion situation we can find nowadays in the three Nordic countries. An important stepping stone was the need for a very strong legitimacy of the original EV vision that is also anchored in a coordinated, sector overarching coalition of actors that thinks strategically and long term. Moreover some general beneficial dynamics could be identified across the countries in question. In Norway these beneficial dynamics can be summarised as a systems motor, in Denmark as a failed entrepreneurial motor that shifted towards a constrained municipal motor and in Sweden as a loosely, coordinated and weaker version of a systems motor.

  • 35.
    Albrecht, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Nilsson, Måns
    Åkerman, Jonas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Nordic power road map 2050:Strategic choices towards carbon neutrality. D4.2.R Policy and Institutional Review Electric Vehicles (EV).2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report examines policy drivers of electric vehicles (EVs), and what potential role policy can play in enhancing the innovation and market development of EVs. We start with a policy review of key targets in the Nordic countries and the EU, up to 2030, and discuss to what extent they are consistent with industry, government and expert estimates of how the EV innovation systems can grow. On the basis of this, the second part examines what policy drivers might be needed to enable a breakthrough scenario, using a technological innovation systems (TIS) perspective to describe the needed processes, drivers and developments in policy and technology.

  • 36.
    Alexanderson, Frida
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Bryggerigården: -bryggeri och bryggmästarskola på norra Öland2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Two months every summer Öland is coming to life when thousands of tourists are visiting the island. The rest of the year it is half asleep. The season is too short to create a viable society all year round and the service provided is decreasing for the residents.         

     In this project my aim has been to investigate if architecture combined with a relevant program can attract new groups of visitors to the island independent of the season, and strengthen the identity of a small community.

  • 37.
    Alexanderson, Frida
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Cirkus Cirkör i Alby2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Cirkus Cirkör i Alby

    Cirkus Cirkör vill göra människor modigare och göra världen och livet mer levande .. Verksamheten är stor och har något som vänder sig till de flesta..Målet att förändra världen med nycirkus.

    Cirkus Cirkör växer hela tiden och vill  nu samla hela sin verksamhet i en byggnad och behöver därför nya större lokaler. De är idag inrymda i en del av en stor lagerbyggnad i Alby, som delas med en bilmek. Byggndens anonyma utsida speglar inte alls veksamheten.

    Cirkus Cirkörs verksamhet har stor spännvidd och lokalerna skall tillgodose behov. Det finns en sida av cirkusen som vill visa upp sig utåt. Men detfinns också delar av cirkusen som behöver kunna dra sig undan,Jag vill att dessa två motsatser, introvert och slutet respektive extrovert öppet och inbjudande, ska synas i byggnaden.

  • 38. Alger, I.
    et al.
    Weibull, Jörgen W.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.). Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden.
    Strategic behavior of moralists and altruists2017In: Games, ISSN 2073-4336, E-ISSN 2073-4336, Vol. 8, no 3, article id 38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Does altruism and morality lead to socially better outcomes in strategic interactions than selfishness? We shed some light on this complex and non-trivial issue by examining a few canonical strategic interactions played by egoists, altruists and moralists. By altruists, we mean people who do not only care about their own material payoffs but also about those to others, and, by a moralist, we mean someone who cares about own material payoff and also about what would be his or her material payoff if others were to act like himself or herself. It turns out that both altruism and morality may improve or worsen equilibrium outcomes, depending on the nature of the game. Not surprisingly, both altruism and morality improve the outcomes in standard public goods games. In infinitely repeated games, however, both altruism and morality may diminish the prospects of cooperation, and to different degrees. In coordination games, morality can eliminate socially inefficient equilibria while altruism cannot.

  • 39.
    Allen, Irma
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Fossil Capital: the rise of steam power and the roots of global warming2016In: The EcologistArticle, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 40.
    Allen, Irma
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Så kan ångmaskinerna lära oss att förstå klimatförändringarna2016In: Dagens NyheterArticle, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 41.
    Allen, Irma
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Kaijser, Anna
    Vem ska offras för kolet?2016In: Dagens NyheterArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 42.
    Allisander, Emelie
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Gemensamt boende på Sankt Göransgatan2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Community and exchange of experience is the key concept for cohousing in Stadshagen at Kungsholmen, Stockholm. The house situated on top of the subway is connected to the street life by a material shop and a small timberyard. Below this level connected to the subway is a wood workshop housing, allowed fore anyone to work in. The collective house has a history of being a private zone for the inhabitants but the wood workshop and material shop opens up the space to the public. The house invites to change, and residents are invited to add and remove in the apartments they rent. When the residents move into the apartment it´s almost empty, there is for example no closets or kitchen cabinet. The type of cabinets and shelves you want, it is possible to build in the wood workshop. You'll find several residents who like to grow and build, primarily in wood. Some of the senior citizens have worked with crafts all their life and have a passion to share their knowledge that would otherwise be lost.

     

    By letting private surfaces decreases and instead be shared, the living should be more practical economically, environmentally and less lonely.

  • 43.
    Allisander, Emelie
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Naturens lärande rum - En utomhusförskola i Hammarbyhöjden2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The roof is the branches of the tree crown that reaches to the light, covered in foliage in the spring or snow in the winter. The soil, the roots and the leaves makes the floor. In between, a new layer of architecture takes form by strengthening the existing rooms and enabling an activity where the children spend six months a year outdoors. The pedagogy makes the child feel safe in the woods and in the nearby area, thereby protecting them and making them feel involved to gain strength to preserve or to change. Grow up and become a democratic citizen.

  • 44.
    Almesjö Karlsson, Emil
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    KoMuUp: Konstmuseum Uppsala2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Gallery Uppsala

    City of Uppsala is Sweden's fourth largest city and like many other cities its in development. The city is densified and it becomes apparent when centrally located brownfield sites are exploited and reorganized to meet contemporary needs of modern city. The city is a church center which is manifested by the cathedral, which together with the castle gives Uppsala it´s characteristic skyline, which has a clear hierarchy in the cityscape. Through Uppsala a river flows, Fyrosån.The castle and the cathedral is built on a ridge and Fyrisån follows it through out the city. The river and its surroundings gives the city its character with the sounds, the smell and water mirror that sneaks into the quarters and form a natural calm. At the river with a view over the ridge, castle, cathedral, university city, gentrifierade industrial areas and green areas is Uppsala Art Museum located. The building brings together the site's architectural idiom and it is a building which blends together areas of the city. A tectonic monumentality achieved with prefabricated elements.

  • 45.
    Alp, Melissa Maria
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Hotel Atrium2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hotel Atrium is built in the small town Mariefred, which is a seasonal tourist resort. The hotel offers public functions for both hotel residents and residents of Mariefred. It is in the ​​hotel that meetings between residents and guest occurs, between acquaintances and strangers , between new and old faces . The hotel is to be open and accessible to all, so it was important with public functions on the ground floor. Light, meetings, sight lines and movements , that characterizes the site, are found in the hotel's atrium that gives the sought light and sight lines. The strict form has a playful expression in the facade to create an interesting addition to the site and a contrasting relationship to the central oval room. Around the atrium there are exterior corridors to which the lobby is the central room that you can overlook from the balconies and take part of the life there, inspired by Arabic and cloister architecture.

  • 46.
    Alp, Melissa Maria
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Myrö Gård Spa2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a time where the cities get more crowded, this project had an aim to introduce a space free from everyday stress. The goal was to create a public space for recreation, health and experience, and the result was a spa. The spa is located in Örebro, a medium-sized city where this concept is lacking. The site is Myrö gård, a characteristic plot with high natural values and historical surroundings. Specific for Myrö is its castle, woods, recreation areas, wetlands, landscape of common reeds and the lake Hjälmaren. All these parts are taken in the spa experience, which consists of a fragmented journey with different sequences of movement throughout the site. The spa is built in wood and is a type of a thermal bath, which is placed on the wetlands near the lake. The program consists of fragmented volumes connected by duckboards and bridges. As an addition to the spa, there is an orangery where food and drinks are served. In between the volumes, the important characteristics of the site are picked up, for example, the reed, the stone blocks or the trees. Each movement between the different rooms is planned to not miss the details of nature. 

  • 47.
    Alvfors, Johan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Opera i Stockholm, Årstafältet2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Förslag till nytt operahus som en del av den planerade staden på Årstafältet, Stockholm. Projektet rymmer tre scener för opera, musik och teater och omfattande publika ytor. Operahuset är en del i det publika stråk som förbinder stadens kommunikationer med Årstafältets grönområden och blir en knutpunkt som också informerar och attraherar till kulturen. Projektets viktigaste utgångspunkt är att berätta både de operaanställdas och publikens berättelse. Detta görs i projektets två huvudsakliga sektioner.

  • 48.
    Alvfors, Johan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Repurposing the unwanted: 300 temporary apartments in Marievik2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A 1980’s office block is threatened with demolition, leaving space for high-end housing in a local suburban area to Stockholm. Through presenting decision-makers with a choice and demanding action, I suggest a new future for this unwanted architecture. 

    The 32.000 sq m building is turned into 300 temporary rental apartments, following a strong structural logic to keep investment low. The found structure is used as a tool for contrasting the mainstream housing development of today, caring for urban diversity, ecology and coexistence. 

    The thesis project investigates if and how the repurposing of structures not meant for residential use into apartments can be a tool to challenge accelerating segregation. I present a design proposal for the 300 flats and additional functions, and discuss if the qualities of the spaces achieved can have any effect on diversity in the area and the norms of conventional building and the idea of the home. Tentatively, I suggest that the use of existing buildings conceived to be out of date and on the bottom of their market value development, can be a method to make the city more diverse. The role and resources of the architect student make this option possible. 

  • 49. Al-Zoubi, N.
    et al.
    Schönecker, Stephan
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.
    Johansson, Börje
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.
    Vitos, Levente
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.
    Assessing the Exact Muffin-Tin Orbitals method for the Bain path of metals2017In: Philosophical Magazine, ISSN 1478-6435, E-ISSN 1478-6443, Vol. 97, no 15, p. 1243-1264Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We scrutinise the muffin-tin approximation and the screening within the framework of the Exact Muffin-Tin Orbitals method in the case of cubic and tetragonal crystal symmetries. Systematic total energy calculations are carried out for the Bain path including the body-centred cubic and face-centred cubic structures for a set of simple and transition metals. The present converged results in terms of potential sphere radius (S) and hard sphere radius (b) are in good agreement with previous theoretical calculations. We demonstrate that for all structures considered here, potential sphere radii around and slightly larger than the average Wigner–Seitz radius (w) yield accurate total energy results whereas S values smaller than w give large errors. It is shown that for converged total energies hard spheres with radii b = 0.7–0.8w should be used for an efficient screening within real space clusters consisting typically of 70–90 lattice sites. The less efficient convergence of the total energy in the case of small hard spheres is ascribed to the delocalisation of the screened spherical waves, which leads to inaccurate interstitial overlap matrix. The above conclusions are not significantly affected by the volume of the system.

  • 50. Ambrazaitis, G.
    et al.
    House, David
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH. KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Speech, Music and Hearing. KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Speech Transmission and Music Acoustics.
    Multimodal prominences: Exploring the patterning and usage of focal pitch accents, head beats and eyebrow beats in Swedish television news readings2017In: Speech Communication, ISSN 0167-6393, E-ISSN 1872-7182, Vol. 95, p. 100-113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Facial beat gestures align with pitch accents in speech, functioning as visual prominence markers. However, it is not yet well understood whether and how gestures and pitch accents might be combined to create different types of multimodal prominence, and how specifically visual prominence cues are used in spoken communication. In this study, we explore the use and possible interaction of eyebrow (EB) and head (HB) beats with so-called focal pitch accents (FA) in a corpus of 31 brief news readings from Swedish television (four news anchors, 986 words in total), focusing on effects of position in text, information structure as well as speaker expressivity. Results reveal an inventory of four primary (combinations of) prominence markers in the corpus: FA+HB+EB, FA+HB, FA only (i.e., no gesture), and HB only, implying that eyebrow beats tend to occur only in combination with the other two markers. In addition, head beats occur significantly more frequently in the second than in the first part of a news reading. A functional analysis of the data suggests that the distribution of head beats might to some degree be governed by information structure, as the text-initial clause often defines a common ground or presents the theme of the news story. In the rheme part of the news story, FA, HB, and FA+HB are all common prominence markers. The choice between them is subject to variation which we suggest might represent a degree of freedom for the speaker to use the markers expressively. A second main observation concerns eyebrow beats, which seem to be used mainly as a kind of intensification marker for highlighting not only contrast, but also value, magnitude, or emotionally loaded words; it is applicable in any position in a text. We thus observe largely different patterns of occurrence and usage of head beats on the one hand and eyebrow beats on the other, suggesting that the two represent two separate modalities of visual prominence cuing.

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