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  • 1.
    Aasgaard, Peter Wilhelm Valerius
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    En gate2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Project description:

    Three planned high schools in the area were to have a common building with different social functions, such as a library, social areas and a dining room. 

    Early on in the process, I figured that the program had many functions that potensially could be interesting for the general public, such as a library, social areas and an exhibition. This led to the concept of opening up the building and making it accessible to everyone, creating potensial for an active building, even after school hours. 

    So how can openness be communicated in form? My concept was to extend the public space and let it continue uninterrupted through the whole interior., in short: a ramp. By connecting the ramp to Enskede, lying ten metres above the plot, the building became a public street. Stockholm municipality had an ambition for opening up Slakthusomradet, and the building became a part of this project.

    The program in the assignment excisted of many zones, usually assosciated with staff areas. I wanted to change that conception and make these rooms open to the public. These rooms inculded for example administration, cleaning and kitchen. 

    The materials used were all taken from typical public spaces, such as concrete, stone, asphalt, steel and glass. Furthermore, the character of the materials were to change when you moved from “the street” and into the closed spaces. Here you would find wooden walls and furniture, as well as curtains of cotton.

  • 2.
    Abarkan, Abdellah
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Architecture.
    Reshaping regional planning: A northern perspective2004In: European Urban and Regional Studies, ISSN 0969-7764, E-ISSN 1461-7145, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 180-181Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Abshirini, Ehsan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Geodesy and Geoinformatics.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Visibility Analysis, Similarity and Dissimilarity in General Trends of Building Layouts and their Functions2013In: Proceedings of Ninth International Space Syntax Symposium / [ed] Young Ook Kim, Hoon Tae Park, Kyung Wook Seo, Seoul: Sejong University Press , 2013, p. 11:1-11:15Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Visibility analysis is one of the key methods in space syntax theory that discusses visual information conveyed to observers from any location in space that is potentially directly visible for the observer without any obstruction. Visibility – simply defined as what we can see – not only affects the spatial function of buildings, but also has visual relation to the perception of buildings by inhabitants and visitors. In this paper we intend to present the result of visibility analysis applied on a sample of building layouts of different sizes and functions from a variety of places of periods. The main aim of this paper is to statistically explore the general trends of building layouts and show if and how visibility properties such as connectivity, clustering coefficient, mean depth, entropy, and integration values can make distinctions among different functions of buildings. Our findings reveal that there are significant correlation coefficients among global properties of visibility in which we consider the mean value of properties, a similarity suggesting that they are not intensively manipulated by architecture. On the other hand, there are correlations although less so than the previous, still significant among local properties of visibility in which we consider the (max-min) value of properties, suggesting that social, cultural or other physical parameters distinguish buildings individually. We also show that functions such as ‘museum’ and ‘veterinary’ are relatively well-clustered, while functions such as ‘ancient’ and ‘shopping’ show high diversity. In addition, using a decision tree model we show that, in our sample, functions such as ‘museum’ and ‘library’ are more predictable rather than functions such as ‘hospital’ and ‘shopping.’ All of these mean that – at least in our sample – the usability and applicability of well-clustered and well-predicted functions have been predominant in shaping their interior spaces; vice versa, in well-diverse and unpredicted functions, the pragmatic solutions of people’s daily life developed in material culture affect the visual properties of their interior spaces.

  • 4.
    Abshirini, Ehsan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Geoinformatics.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Legeby, Ann
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Flood hazard and its impact on the resilience of cities: An accessibility-based approach to amenities in the city of Gothenburg, Sweden2017In: Proceedings - 11th International Space Syntax Symposium, SSS 2017, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Departamento de Engenharia Civil, Arquitetura e Georrecursos , 2017, p. 36.1-36.15Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the wake of climate change and its impact on increasing the number and intensity of floods, adaptability of cities to and resistance against the flood hazard is critical to retain functionality of the cities. Vulnerability of urban infrastructure and its resilience to flooding from different points of view have been important and worth investigating for experts in different fields of science. Flood hazards as physical phenomena are influenced by form of the cities and thus the magnitude of their impacts can be intensified by urban infrastructures such as street networks and buildings (Bacchin et. al, 2011). In this paper, we aim to develop a method to assess the resilience of a river city (the city of Gothenburg in Sweden), which is prone to flood events, against such disturbances and find out how the city reacts to river floods and to what extent the city retains its accessibility to essential amenities after a flood occurs. To do so, collecting required data; we, firstly, simulate flood inundation with two different return periods (50 and 1000 years) and then the impact areas overlay on the street networks. Evaluating the resilience of the city, syntactic properties of the street networks before and after flooding are measured at different scales. Additionally, accessibility and the minimum distance of the street networks to essential amenities such as healthcare centers, schools and commercial centers, at a medium distance (3 Km) is examined. The results show that flooding influences the city configuration at global scale more than the local scale based on comparison of syntactic properties before and after flooding. However, the results of accessibility and the minimum distance show that the impact of flooding on the functionality of the city is more limited to the riparian areas and the city is not affected globally.

  • 5.
    Adalmundsson, Magnus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Connecting with the Elements: - Geothermal Bath House, Nesjavellir, Iceland2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A geothermal bathing facility utilising exhaust thermal energy from a nearby geothermal power plant. During the process of producing thermal and electrical energy enormous amounts of thermal energy is exhausted into the air, energy that if used must be used on location.

    In designing the bath close contact and experience with local materials was a focus point, intimate connection with the surrounding elements are to be experienced at intervals from within the building.

    Reflecting both icelandic bathing culture as well as seeking inspiration from icelandic nature is a center point, bringing the materials tactility to the visitors fingertips.

    Focus has been the following:

    NATURE - Building in exposed landscape carries a responsibility, explore the boundaries between architecture and untouched nature.  Fusing and simulating external experiences inside the program through sequences of different experiences and testing different senses.

    MATERIAL STUDY - Iceland is a poor provider of traditional building materials, examining the available volcanic substances, aesthetic as well as practical usages. Studying their advantages as well as disadvantages.

    ENERGY - To bring to use otherwise exhausted (wasted) thermal energy, study the energy cycle, amount of available energy and utilize it to activate the building itself as well as to heat the various pools.

  • 6.
    Adamovich, Andrey
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Adaptive Envelope: Contemporary center of visual arts in Frihamnen2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main idea of my thesis work is to deal with the problem of an adaptive reuse of an existing building, which has been designed many years ago and now lost its function. And the way I am approaching this - is through the idea of infection.  What if an existing building becomes infected by new purposes and qualities, and if so then how this move could be performed and realized?

    Unlike the majority of the adaptive reuse projects, mine has at its core the idea of introducing new feathers and elements in the way that it’s natural and a bit illusive, without contrasting the newly added to already existed. My goal is not to reveal this materiality difference. What I’m presenting today is a completely new envelope but from the inside you still can see this repetition of circular forms and understand that these are the same silos, which at some point were deformed in order to perform a different functions.

  • 7.
    Adamsson, My
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Urban Buildning, Kungsholmen2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    My project is a “Urban building” on Kungsholmen in Stockholm. Västra Kungsholmen is an expanding area with a lot of new apartment blocks, and the stereotype habitant in the area is the young family with small kids. My intention is then to do a building for the young people in Stockholm, who need their first home. Since it is quite rare with those kind of buildings in Stockholm and on Kungsholmen.

    The building consists of five volumes surrounding a core. In the five volumes there are apartments and the core is the common spaces, that will be shared among the people living in the house. The building has a passage thorough the building for both the ones living in the house and people who wants to take a shortcut through the house to get to the park.

  • 8. Addessi, Anna Rita
    et al.
    Anelli, Filomena
    Benghi, Diber
    Friberg, Anders
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH.
    Child-Computer Interaction at the Beginner Stage of Music Learning: Effects of Reflexive Interaction on Children's Musical Improvisation2017In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 8, article id 65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article childrens musical improvisation is investigated through the reflexive interaction paradigm. We used a particular system, the MIROR-Impro, implemented in the framework of the MIROR project (EC-FP7), which is able to reply to the child playing a keyboard by a reflexive output, mirroring (with repetitions and variations) her/his inputs. The study was conducted in a public primary school, with 47 children, aged 6-7. The experimental design used the convergence procedure, based on three sample groups allowing us to verify if the reflexive interaction using the MIROR-Impro is necessary and/or sufficient to improve the childrens abilities to improvise. The following conditions were used as independent variables: to play only the keyboard, the keyboard with the MIROR-Impro but with not-reflexive reply, the keyboard with the MIROR-Impro with reflexive reply. As dependent variables we estimated the childrens ability to improvise in solos, and in duets. Each child carried out a training program consisting of 5 weekly individual 12 min sessions. The control group played the complete package of independent variables; Experimental Group 1 played the keyboard and the keyboard with the MIROR-Impro with not-reflexive reply; Experimental Group 2 played only the keyboard with the reflexive system. One week after, the children were asked to improvise a musical piece on the keyboard alone (Solo task), and in pairs with a friend (Duet task). Three independent judges assessed the Solo and the Duet tasks by means of a grid based on the TAI-Test for Ability to Improvise rating scale. The EG2, which trained only with the reflexive system, reached the highest average results and the difference with EG1, which did not used the reflexive system, is statistically significant when the children improvise in a duet. The results indicate that in the sample of participants the reflexive interaction alone could be sufficient to increase the improvisational skills, and necessary when they improvise in duets. However, these results are in general not statistically significant. The correlation between Reflexive Interaction and the ability to improvise is statistically significant. The results are discussed on the light of the recent literature in neuroscience and music education.

  • 9.
    Adriasola Orellana, Renato
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Boendet där emellan2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    De senaste decennierna har det blivit allt tydligare att utbudet på bostadsmarknaden inte matchar efterfrågan. Främst den rådande bristen på bostäder, men också för de bostäder som alla slåss om i huvudsak är byggda utifrån hur Sverige såg ut för 40–50 år sedan. Dagens familjer och deras behov ser inte lika dana ut som när bostäderna byggdes. Bostadsmarknaden måste följa samhällets utveckling och vara villiga att satsa på nytänkande. I mitt examensarbete vill jag visa på hur ett sådant boende skulle kunna se ut.

  • 10.
    Adrià, Carbonell
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE).
    The Solid Matter(s) of Digital Natures: Multiscalar Technologies of World Urbanisation2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays, predominant approaches to urban planning are commonly driven by ecological and cybernetic narratives, thus focusing on sustainability and smart cities principles. These trends arguably arise as a response to the two major conditions of our contemporary societies: 1) we live in an urban world, and 2) we live in a digital world. This paper will look at the intersection of these two fundamental paradigms, and particularly at the way they are reshaping the idea of our contemporary world; a world increasingly urban and digital. Furthermore, it will present a broad historical perspective of data based urbanism through the work of Ildefons Cerdà’s  and his “Teoría General de la Urbanización” of 1867. If most of the international attention gathered around the work of the Catalan engineer has typically focused on hygiene, circulation and morphological unity, most important for the success of his General Theory of Urbanisation as an intended theory of practice was the scientific and methodological organisation of a territorial system, from the collection and production of data and statistics to the design of legal instruments of space management. Last, it will explore how this new theoretical and technological framework has triggered a process of world urbanisation, thus radically transforming the way in which we conceive, design and inhabit the new space of the world. The interplay of geographical space and virtual space will be scrutinised by looking at their material origins and effects in order to disentangle the multiple scales of digital urbanisation, from planetary networks of information and communication technologies to the urbanisation of our human bodies. 

  • 11.
    Aejmelaeus-Lindström, Petrus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    FAD* for Stadsgårdskajen2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    FAD * for Stadsgårdskajen

    Re-introduction of some of the knowledge from the master builder to the contemporary architect.

    This project investigates the interaction between designing architecture and building architecture in a computer controlled context. Algorithms have been developed to simulate and control an automated in situ brick stacking process. Brick laying is a well researched topic for robotic processes. It is an ideal material for building with robots (in Stockholm) since it is a generic building block that is cheap and easy to produce locally. Corbeled vaults, instead of keystone vaults, can be built without support and with all identical elements and are therefore also suitable for robotic fabrication. 

    The algorithms have been incorporated in a parametric model that have been used to develop public building at Stadsgårdskajen, Stockholm. FAD is about creating and explore a different architectural expression as well as reintroducing the brick as a relevant construction material for Stockholm.

  • 12.
    Af Geijerstam, Jan
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Landscapes of Technology Transfer: Swedish Ironmakers in India 1860–18642004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    In the early 1860s three Swedes, Nils Wilhelm Mitander,Julius Ramsay and Gustaf Wittenström, were engaged by theBritish to build and run charcoal-based ironworks in India.These works, the Burwai Iron Works of the British Government inthe case of Mitander and the privately owned Kumaon Iron Worksin the case of Ramsay and Wittenström, were both to bebased on the most modern European technology. The projects werepioneering in Indian ironmaking. The ambitions were high andstakes big, but after only a few years the projects were closedand the Swedes returned home.Landscapes of Technology Transferpresents a detailedstudy of the Kumaon and Burwai Iron Works, from their firstconception to their final closure. The investigation isbasically empirical and a fundamental question is: Why were theworks never brought into full and continuous production?

    The ironworks projects should be considered as processes oftechnology transfer rather than fully fledged and completedtransfers. In spite of this lack of success, or maybe becauseof it, the history of the ironworks and the Swedes also forms afruitful case to put other questions of wide relevance. Itexposes workings and effects of colonialism and offers anexplanation of the late development of India's iron and steelindustry and analyses of the complex totality forming theprerequisites for a successful transfer of technology. The longtraditions of bloomery ironmaking in India and ismarginalisation is also discussed.

    Landscapes of Technology Transferis a comprehensiveempirical study. From a local and individual perspective ittraces lines of connection across boundaries of time andgeography. The historical landscapes of technology transfer aredescribed in their cultural, social, economic and politicaldimensions and the thesis underlines the importance of a closeacquaintance with local settings and conditions, where historyis manifested in a physical presence. The remains of theironworks and theirlocal landscapes in present-day India areused as a central source for writing their histories. There isalso a strong emphasis on the use of photographs and drawingsas sources.

    The outcome of the projects was the result of the interplaybetween the local and the global, between a diversity ofconcrete factors influencing the construction of the works andtheir running and their colonial character. The studyemphasises the importance of technological systems andnetworks, both on a micro and a macro level. On a local leveldemanding logistics, a sometimes adverse climate, theprocurement of charcoal and iron ore in sufficient quantitiesand the build up of knowledge of ironmaking posed serious butnot insurmountable difficulties. Most obstacles were overcomealready during the first few years of the 1860s, the period ofthe Swedes, but to put the works into full and continuousproduction would have needed perseverance and purposefulefforts to support and protect the iron production, at leastduring an initial period. In the end the position of India as acolonial dependency, subjected to the primacy of Britishinterests, set the limits of the projects.

    Key words:History of technology, industrial heritagestudies, industrial archaeology, technology transfer,diffusion, technological systems, landscapes of technology,iron and steel, charcoal iron, direct and indirect ironmaking,bloomeries, 19th century, industrial history,industrialisation, de-industrialisation, underdevelopment,colonialism, India, Sweden, Great Britain, global history,annales.

  • 13.
    Aghaei Meibodi, Mania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Architectural Technologies.
    Generative Design Exploration: Computation and Material Practice2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, computation serves as an important intermediary agent for the integration of analyses and the constraints of materialisation into design processes. Research efforts in the field have emphasised digital continuity and conformity between different aspects of a building project. Such an approach can limit the potential for significant discoveries, because the expression of architectural form is reduced to the varying tones of one fabrication technique and simulation at a time. This dissertation argues that disparate sets of digital and physical models are needed to incorporate multiple constraints into the exploration, and that the way the designer links them to one another significantly impacts the potential for arriving at significant discoveries. Discoveries are made in the moment of bridging between models, representational mediums, and affiliated processes.

    This dissertation examines the capacity of algorithm—as a basis for computation—to diversify and expand the design exploration by enabling the designer to link disparate models and different representational mediums. It is developed around a series of design experiments that question how computation and digital fabrication can be used to diversify design ideation, foster significant discoveries, and at the same time increase flexibility for the designer’s operation in the design process. The experiments reveal the interdependence of the mediums of design—algorithm, geometry, and material—and the designer’s mode of operation. They show that each medium provides the designer with a particular way of incorporating constraints into the exploration. From the way the designer treats these mediums and the design process, two types of exploration are identified: goal oriented and open-ended. In the former, the exploration model is shaped by the designer’s objective to reach a specified goal through the selection of mediums, models, and tools. In the latter, the design process itself informs the designer’s intention. From the kinds of interdependencies that are created between mediums in each experiment, three main exploration models emerge: circular and uniform, branched and incremental, and parallel and bidirectional.

    Finally, this dissertation argues that the theoretical case for integral computational design and fabrication must be revised to go beyond merely applying established computational processes to encompass the designer and several design mediums. The new model of design exploration is a cooperation between algorithm, geometry, materials, tools, and the designer. For the exploration to be novel, the designer must play a significant role by choosing one medium over another when formulating the design problem and establishing design drivers from the set of constraints, by linking the design mediums, by translating between design representations, and by describing the key aspects of the exploration in terms of algorithms.

     

  • 14.
    Aghaiemeybodi, Hamia
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Digital Design & AlterationThe Establishment of Socio-technological Hub2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The establishment of a Socio-technological Hub is through refurbishing, altering and reprogramming of already existing KTH School of architecture, Stockholm by the means of digital tools. This project is driven with two parallel objectives. First, exploring the potential for alteration when using the contemporary digital tools in the design and production. Seconded exploring the potential of architecture as a medium for integration of the knowledge in 3 sectors of society: university, industry and public.

  • 15.
    Ahl Eliasson, Johan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Projecting Realities: Re-mediation in the Realm of Architecture2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The boundaries between physical and virtual are dissolving as worlds are superimposed through media saturation. The design proposal of a movie theater at S:t Eriksgatan in Stockholm acts as vehicle for exploring the opportunities of architecture in an unstable reality. Remediation. A concept within media studies, describes the way any new media incorporates the traits of already existing ones. Conversely, “(…)older media refashion themselves to answer the challenges of new media”(1).

    By regarding architecture as a world-conjuring operation, parallel investigations into other media provide new tools of design. The method consists of simultaneously developing five works in five media: text, image, diorama, video and architecture. The text serves as abinding narrative. The image is based on an analysis of Giovanni Battista Piranesis prison etchings wich exhibit a range of devices particular to the world of image. The diorama or mirror box is an attempt to create a boundless but contained world. The video world has centered around the use of a reverse zoom effect. The movie theater uses the techniques of media in order to enhance it´s immersive qualities.

    (1) BOLTER & GRUSIN, Jay David & Richard (2000) Remediation: Understanding New Media, USA: MIT Press, p. 19.

  • 16.
    Ahl Eliasson, Johan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Tillbyggnad till Nationalmuseum2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the work is to design an extension to The National Museum in Stockholm. The current facilities are going to be reorganized in a near future. Conservation of artworks, research and administration, today housed in the museum building, will be moved to an extension. The current addition, built in the 1960s will be torn down. The extension designed in this work is placed behind (north of) The National Museum. A smaller body of four stories act as prime motif and include entrances, offices, research rooms, library and main vertical communication of the extension. This volume lies parallel to the original building. In a small angle to the first body a lower but very elongated volume lies, it is a continuation of the apparent urban grid. It includes the conservation studios and forms a solid granite wall toward the National Museum and the sculpture park created between them. The park becomes a new, identifiable space in the city, in a way targeting the modern museum of art across the water.

  • 17.
    Ahlgren Bergman, Malin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Fruängen Centrum: En kontextuell strategi för det offentliga rummet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The subject matter of this thesis project is post-war suburban centres, and particularly the case of Fruängen. The main question has been how to intervene spatially in this type of context, without completely contradicting the spatial logic of the existing system. The intention has been to introduce specific and monumental architecture to a generic environment, and to strengthen the definition of its public spaces. 

    The proposal consists of two buildings, an indoor bus terminal located on the existing bus station, and a library placed on the large parking lot behind the centre. New parking spaces in the bus terminal makes the placement of the library possible. 

    This project suggests that by dealing more efficiently with the traffic situation in a typical post-war centre, space can be created for new buildings on publicly owned land. This allows for the return of civic institutions to increasingly commercial centres and improved public spaces.

  • 18.
    Ahlgren Bergman, Malin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    School in Mariehäll: Elementary school in the new residential area Annedal2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An elementary school in the Stockholm suburb Mariehäll, for children aged 6-11 as well as a daycare centre. The school will cater to approximately 700 students and a centre for art and culture, which will be available to the public. The school is located in the new residential area Annedal, adjacent to the local park and Bullerbytorget.

    This project explores the correlation between architecture and learning, with the purpose of creating an environment that meets the needs of students with difficulties in concentrating. This has influenced the orientation of the building and the classrooms, the organisation of the plan and the materials and colours used in the various rooms.

    The program is divided into two volumes – one which houses the actual school and daycare centre, and one which consists of administration and the centre for art and culture. These are connected by a souterrain storey which contains the school cafeteria, and entrances from the street and the square. The school grounds are located four meters above street level, which allows the roof of the lower volume to function as a part of the playground.

  • 19.
    Ahlin, Jesper
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    Personal Autonomy and Informed Consent: Conceptual and Normative Analyses2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This licentiate thesis is comprised of a “kappa” and two articles. The kappa includes an account of personal autonomy and informed consent, an explanation of how the concepts and articles relate to each other, and a summary in Swedish.

    Article 1 treats one problem with the argument that a patient’s consent to treatment is valid only if it is authentic, i.e., if it is “genuine,” “truly her own,” “not out of character,” or similar. As interventions with a patient’s life and liberties must be justified, the argument presupposes that the authenticity of desires can be reliably determined. If the status of a desire in terms of authenticity cannot be reliably determined, discarding the desire-holder’s treatment decision on the basis that it is inauthentic is morally unjustified. In the article, I argue that no theory of authenticity that is present in the relevant literature can render reliably observable consequences. Therefore, the concept of authenticity, as it is understood in those theories, should not be part of informed consent practices.

    Article 2 discusses the problem of what it is to consent or refuse voluntarily. In it, I argue that voluntariness should be more narrowly understood than what is common. My main point is that a conceptualization of voluntariness should be agent-centered, i.e., take into account the agent’s view of her actions. Among other things, I argue that an action is non-voluntary only if the agent thinks of it as such when being coerced. This notion, which at first look may seem uncontroversial, entails the counterintuitive conclusion that an action can be voluntary although the agent has been manipulated or coerced into doing it. In defense of the notion, I argue that if the agent’s point of view is not considered accordingly, describing her actions as non-voluntary can be alien to how she leads her life. There are other moral concepts available to describe what is wrong with manipulation and coercion, i.e., to make sense of the counterintuitive conclusion. Voluntariness should be reserved to fewer cases than what is commonly assumed.

  • 20.
    Ahlin, Jesper
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    Reflective Equilibrium DefendedManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Reflective equilibrium is a method of justification in ethics. In this essay, I account for an argument against reflective equilibrium put forth by Theo van Willigenburg from a position of (weak) foundationalism. I attempt to demonstrate why it is flawed and how reflective equilibrium as a method of justification can withstand the foundationalist critique.

  • 21.
    Ahlin, Jesper
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    The Ethics of Immigration2015In: Theoria, ISSN 0040-5825, E-ISSN 1755-2567, Vol. 81, no 4, p. 380-384Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 22. Ahlin, Jesper
    The impossibility of reliably determining the authenticity of desires: implications for informed consent2017In: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is sometimes argued that autonomous decision-making requires that the decision-maker’s desires are authentic, i.e., “genuine,” “truly her own,” “not out of character,” or similar. In this article, it is argued that a method to reliably determine the authenticity (or inauthenticity) of a desire cannot be developed. A taxonomy of characteristics displayed by different theories of authenticity is introduced and applied to evaluate such theories categorically, in contrast to the prior approach of treating them individually. The conclusion is drawn that, in practice, the authenticity of desires cannot be reliably determined. It is suggested that authenticity should therefore not be employed in informed consent practices in healthcare.

  • 23.
    Ahlin, Jesper
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    Toward an Agent-Centered Theory of VoluntarinessManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of voluntariness is central to informed consent and personal autonomy, yet it has been underexplored by bioethicists. There are various theories intended to explain voluntary choice and action. None is fully agent-centered, in the sense that the conceptualization of voluntariness takes into account the agent’s views of her decisions and actions. An agent-centered theory of voluntariness would promote analytical precision, and foster autonomy in healthcare and research practices. According to the most influential bioethical theory of voluntariness, here called the Voluntariness as Control theory, an action is non-voluntary if the agent is controlled by external influences. The theory is critically discussed from an agent-centered perspective, and a new conceptualization of voluntariness is proposed.

  • 24.
    Ahlin, Jesper
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    What Justifies Judgments of Inauthenticity?2018In: HEC Forum, ISSN 0956-2737, E-ISSN 1572-8498Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The notion of authenticity, i.e., being “genuine,” “real,” or “true to oneself,” is sometimes held as critical to a person’s autonomy, so that inauthenticity prevents the person from making autonomous decisions or leading an autonomous life. It has been pointed out that authenticity is difficult to observe in others. Therefore, judgments of inauthenticity have been found inadequate to underpin paternalistic interventions, among other things. This article delineates what justifies judgments of inauthenticity. It is argued that for persons who wish to live according to the prevailing social and moral standards and desires that are seriously undesirable according to those standards, it is justified to judge that a desire is inauthentic to the extent that it is due to causal factors that are alien to the person and to the extent that it deviates from the person’s practical identity. The article contributes to a tradition of thinking about authenticity which is known mainly from Frankfurt and Dworkin, and bridges the gap between theoretical ideals of authenticity and real authenticity-related problems in practical biomedical settings.

  • 25.
    Ahlin Marceta, Jesper
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    A non-ideal authenticity-based conceptualization of personal autonomy2018In: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Respect for autonomy is a central moral principle in bioethics. The concept of autonomy can be construed in various ways. Under the non-ideal conceptualization proposed by Beauchamp and Childress, everyday choices of generally competent persons are autonomous to the extent that they are intentional and are made with understanding and without controlling influences. It is sometimes suggested that authenticity is important to personal autonomy, so that inauthenticity prevents otherwise autonomous persons from making autonomous decisions. Building from Beauchamp and Childress’s theory, this article develops a non-ideal authenticity-based conceptualization of personal autonomy. Factors that indicate inauthentic decision-making are explicated, and the full concept is defended from three expected objections. The theory is then tested on a paradigm case which has concerned theorists and practitioners for some time, namely the possible inauthenticity of anorexia nervosa patients’ decision-making. It is concluded that the theory seems to be fruitful in analyses of the degree of autonomy of patients’ decision-making, and that it succeeds in providing reliable action-guidance in practical contexts.

  • 26.
    Ahlin Marceta, Jesper
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    Authenticity in Bioethics: Bridging the Gap between Theory and Practice2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this doctoral thesis is to bridge the gap between theoretical ideals of authenticity and practical authenticity-related problems in healthcare. In this context, authenticity means being "genuine," "real," "true to oneself," or similar, and is assumed to be closely connected to the autonomy of persons. The thesis includes an introduction and four articles related to authenticity. The first article collects various theories intended to explain the distinction between authenticity and inauthenticity in a taxonomy that enables oversight and analysis. It is argued that (in-)authenticity is difficult to observe in others. The second article offers a solution to this difficulty in one theory of authenticity. It is proposed that under certain circumstances, it is morally justified to judge that the desires underlying a person's decisions are inauthentic. The third article incorporates this proposition into an already established theory of personal autonomy. It is argued that the resulting conceptualization of autonomy is fruitful for action-guidance in authenticity-related problems in healthcare. The fourth article collects nine cases of possible authenticity-related problems in healthcare. The theory developed in the third article is applied to the problems, when this is allowed by the case-description, to provide guidance with regard to them. It is argued that there is not one universal authenticity-related problem but many different problems, and that there is thus likely not one universal solution to such problems but various particular solutions.

  • 27.
    Ahlin Marceta, Jesper
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    Nine Cases of Possible Inauthenticity in Biomedical Contexts and What They Require from BioethicistsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Respect for autonomy is a main moral principle in bioethics. It is sometimes argued that authenticity, i.e., being "real," "genuine," "true to oneself," or similar, is crucial to a person's autonomy. This article collects nine cases in which the notion of authenticity has been or could be invoked in biomedical contexts. One recently developed theory aiming to provide normative guidance with regard to authenticity-related problems is applied when it is possible, while it is explained in detail why the theory is inept or impractical in the remaining cases. The article thus provides an overview of authenticity-related problems which may be helpful for autonomy theorists. Furthermore, it is argued that there is no universal problem of authenticity, but many problems, and that they may require various particular solutions rather than one universal solution. Among other things, it is suggested that bioethicists should explore non-ideal methodological approaches to authenticity-related problems to provide action-guidance with regard to them.

  • 28.
    Ahlmark, Jonatan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Adding Layers: Adaptive Reuse in Tensta Centrum2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The project examines how a new structure could be added on top a 60’s school building without interfering with its structurally order and aesthetical manifestation. A new space for the citizens of Tensta, a hovering glass box that puts Tensta Centrum on the map. Together with new office spaces for the City District Administration it would work as a catalytic effect for the area. New spatial qualities emerges and the composition, the old vs the new, together creates Tensta’s new Town Hall.

  • 29.
    Ahlstrom, Kristina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Darsena-an urban void becomes Milan`s new green district2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis project is an urban developement project in the centre of Milan.

  • 30.
    Ahlvik, Patrik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Nya Operan Stockholm: Förslag till nytt operahus i Stockholm2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    New Opera Stockholm

    My thesis is a proposal for a new opera house in Stockholm at Galärparken on the southern island of Djurgården, already one of Sweden's most visited tourist activity areas that I believe a new opera house will thrive on. Like a big boat building has comfortably settled to correct the Strandvägskajen with land bridge lowered. It is an opera in Stockholm and the National Opera in Sweden. With its 70,000 sqm it will give the opera a better room for a live opera, ballet and concert activities than can fit within the existing opera house today.

    The debate on giving Stockholm a new opera house has a long history, the current oscarianska opera has become too small and outdated to keep today's technically demanding operas; both Copenhagen, Oslo, Helsinki and Gothenburg have dared to invest and built their new opera houses in the last decade, now it's Stockholm's turn!

  • 31.
    Ahmad, Rayan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Gottsunda Culture center2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The district Gottsunda has a wide variety of buildings, both in size and in style. The larger southern part consists largely of the 1960s million program. The district has a very rich culture that should be enlightened and taken care of. My first entry to this project was to, with the help of architecture, highlight some of the strong and positive sides of Gottsunda, its culture, activities and knowledge. I started by puncturing rules for myself which I will try to follow through the project process, these rules are that the cultural center should have as a focus to contribute to increased understanding and knowledge within the different cultures, there should be opportunity to learn how to use various technical tools to be able to share their culture and there should be opportunity for large collections.

  • 32.
    Ahteensuu, Marko
    KTH.
    Kai Horsthemke: Animals and African Ethics: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. xi + 187pp. £60.00. isbn 978-0-230-57686-52016In: Theoria, ISSN 0040-5825, E-ISSN 1755-2567, Vol. 82, no 3, p. 288-294Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Ailenei, Ivona
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Kahn Skola2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The building is searching for the site’s existing landscape with it’s forests and an existing hidden glade that becomes the core of the project.

    The school is a place which is meant to be discovered step by step, in order to increase the creativity. And it acts like a heart, where the circle becomes a symbol for interaction and movement through the parts of the programme and the surroundings. 

    The building has its heart where the existing glade 

    exists.There are the smaller children, the kindergarden and the dining room which are directed outward. 

    A new , bigger glade is built for the children from the upper classes. This acts also as a social act between the society and the school. The big circle activates the place and takes the 

    children through all parts of the program. There will be an

    challenging investigation to move from the classrooms to the dining room and then to the school garden or the 

    workshops. 

    The classrooms take an articulated form that also

    encourages the idea of that  everyone should find her/his own place and provides a place for everyone.

    The workshops which are located on the ground floor open up to room where they can extend to the exterior  and where the children can work and have acces to the outside and where they can be seen and appreciated.

  • 34.
    Ailert, Sebastian
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Bevarat boende, Skapat boende: Transformation Tyresö2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    What is a transformation, and what could it be? How could a strategy for how to approach a transformation project look?

    I have defined a transformation as the act of taking an existing building and inserting a new program that creates a new reality.

    There can be many reasons to do a transformation instead of building something new. The most important reason that I have chosen to work with is about capturing the qualities or values that exists in a building and bring them into the new reality and build on them instead of creating whole different values. Values in this case are things like surface area, volumes, height, light conditions, material and details. It is things like the cast concrete stairs and the very special windows in some parts of the building. To me this is the core idea and purpose of any transformation.

    Because the values that are kept ties the present to the history, and carries and keeps memories and identities. They create continuity in the story of the building.

    In a transformation a number of mayor conflicts arise because the new program demands values that the existing building lacks. How you chose to solve these conflicts is the most critical and most difficult aspect of any transformation.

    My transformation is done two steps. The first step is about identifying as much values as possible and trying to bring them into the new program while overlooking the whole. The dwelling was there already, all I had to do was isolate the values and bring them in to the new program. I have kept as much of the existing material as possible to keep the values intact and only added walls to define the new apartments. The result is very particular dwellings; a lot of them have their own entrances, they are spreading out both horizontally and vertically and have sunlight from two directions.

    This is a safe and rather easy way of keeping values. When these kept dwellings are defined the more difficult conflicts arises that makes the transformation so interesting. The surface areas that remain after I have laid out these kept dwellings are hard to create good dwellings from.

    I think it’s important that the additions that has to be made in a transformation relates to the building that used to be. Otherwise there´s a great risk that the existing values are destroyed.

    Relation for me is about picking up things like spatial concepts and concepts relating to form, material or structure.

    The courtyards that exist today are rarely in use. Courtyards are actually something amazing. They don’t only retract sunlight but also shadow, rain, snow, sounds, foliage, bugs and birds deep into a building. Therefore I have chosen to develop the courtyards that already exists by adding some more. In and around the school there are also several stairs in cast concrete. To create connections I’ve added new similar stairs.  

    A good transformation creates the conditions needed for a new demand, while keeping the most important values in a building and adds to the identity instead of destroying it.  

    My strategy for transformations in two steps is about first bringing certain special values into a new program without considering the building as a whole. Afterwards an addition is created which relates to the existing while solving the conflicts that always arise when doing a transformation.

    The result in this case is dwellings that are very particular compared to the dwellings which are usually built today. They are not standard flats but dwellings with surface areas, volumes, details and other characteristics that newly built dwellings rarely has.

  • 35.
    Al Ghifary, Haider
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Hötorget Rooftop Hälsocenter & Restaurang - en takpotential2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An investigation of a rooftop potential of Hötorget Building 5 in Stockholm.

    This project proposes a program on floor 17, 18 and 19 (rooftop level) of the high-rise building containing a restaurant and a health centre with fitness facilities, group training and hamam-inspired steam sauna.

    The challenges have been to fit in a program in a space traditionally meant only for office use. The aim has been to provide a business that is useful for the place but at the same time provide architectural qualities by structural alterations to make vertical spaces with skylight, maximizing sightlines, keeping constant access to the façade and thereby access to the view outside. Other aims have been to create a brand and identity by adding an oriental hamam-theme into the project. Lastly the project intended to catch the “natural qualities” that are offered by a place of this height by giving access to the roof-top and letting the visitor experience the open sky and the city panorama throughout the year.

  • 36.
    Al Moubayed, Samer
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH, Speech Communication and Technology. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Speech Technology, CTT.
    Beskow, Jonas
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH, Speech Communication and Technology. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Speech Technology, CTT.
    Öster, Ann-Marie
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH, Speech Communication and Technology. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Speech Technology, CTT.
    Salvi, Giampiero
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH, Speech Communication and Technology. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Speech Technology, CTT.
    Granström, Björn
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH, Speech Communication and Technology. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Speech Technology, CTT.
    van Son, Nic
    Ormel, Ellen
    Virtual Speech Reading Support for Hard of Hearing in a Domestic Multi-Media Setting2009In: INTERSPEECH 2009: 10TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL SPEECH COMMUNICATION ASSOCIATION 2009, BAIXAS: ISCA-INST SPEECH COMMUNICATION ASSOC , 2009, p. 1443-1446Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we present recent results on the development of the SynFace lip synchronized talking head towards multilinguality, varying signal conditions and noise robustness in the Hearing at Home project. We then describe the large scale hearing impaired user studies carried out for three languages. The user tests focus on measuring the gain in Speech Reception Threshold in Noise when using SynFace, and on measuring the effort scaling when using SynFace by hearing impaired people. Preliminary analysis of the results does not show significant gain in SRT or in effort scaling. But looking at inter-subject variability, it is clear that many subjects benefit from SynFace especially with speech with stereo babble noise.

  • 37.
    Al Moubayed, Samer
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Speech Technology, CTT. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH, Speech Communication and Technology.
    De Smet, Michael
    Van Hamme, Hugo
    Lip Synchronization: from Phone Lattice to PCA Eigen-projections using Neural Networks2008In: INTERSPEECH 2008: 9TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL SPEECH COMMUNICATION ASSOCIATION 2008, BAIXAS: ISCA-INST SPEECH COMMUNICATION ASSOC , 2008, p. 2016-2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lip synchronization is the process of generating natural lip movements from a speech signal. In this work we address the lip-sync problem using an automatic phone recognizer that generates a phone lattice carrying posterior probabilities. The acoustic feature vector contains the posterior probabilities of all the phones over a time window centered at the current time point. Hence this representation characterizes the phone recognition output including the confusion patterns caused by its limited accuracy. A 3D face model with varying texture is computed by analyzing a video recording of the speaker using a 3D morphable model. Training a neural network using 30 000 data vectors from an audiovisual recording in Dutch resulted in a very good simulation of the face on independent data sets of the same or of a different speaker.

  • 38.
    Al Tamimi, Ibrahim
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Roslagen Mosque2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A room for meditation and remembering Allah,where spiritual qualities unified in architectural and artistic style.The simple origin of the mosque is the prophet Muhammad's mosque in Medina,which was built from mud-bricks walls and palm-tree trunks and fibre for roofing,it has evolved into an intricate system of spatial designing and decorative creativity.This Project is located at Stockholm Northern outer suburb of Österåker, to house the Muslim community's association offices and mosque , with total area of sqm.1700.500 -700 persons are  estimated to gather in high time feasts' services.The minaret and the dome are in  abstraction form , Mihrab and Minbar "a raised structure similar to a pulpit from where the Friday sermon is given" at the Qiblah "southern" wall made of painted wood work in Arabesque .Mosques are centres for Muslim community gatherings,both  social and cultural .They also functioned as ”Madrasah” for weekend's Quranic classes .

  • 39. Albert de la Bruheze, A. A.
    et al.
    Emanuel, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    European bicycling: The politics of low and high culture: Taming and framing cycling in twentieth-century Europe2012In: Journal of Transport History, ISSN 0022-5266, E-ISSN 1759-3999, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 64-66Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Albertini, Vittoria
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Urban Design.
    THE WALKABLE CITY: ALONG THE EDGE OF STOCKHOLM. Developing the edge to reconnect a former industrial site to the city2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stockholm is an archipelago of islands connected by water that historically has been an important resource for the city and for the industries, which found an easy access for ships and therefore they settled on strategic positions along the edges.

    This thesis investigates the topics of water, industrial heritage and edges in the city of Stockholm: these aspects are strong in their individual identity but they also interact in a powerful and interesting way.

    This work intervenes where this pattern is still visible -due to the presence of water and industries- but not accessible because it lacks the third element of connection with the city.

    The aim is therefore to investigate strategies that increase and reconnect the potential of these aspects that got disconnected through time.

    To obtain accessibility and usability, the edge was transformed and redefined to enhance the experience of walking along it.

    An analysis was carried out and a proposal was designed for the site of Lövholmen, which has these characteristics -the water, a strong industrial heritage and proximity to the city- that are now disconnected.

    The opening of the edge and possibilities of walking will transform and reconnect the site - and the richness in it- with the city of Stockholm. 

  • 41.
    Albrecht, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Enabling socio-technical transitions – electric vehicles and high voltage electricity grids as focal points of low emission futures2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Today humankind is facing numerous sustainability challenges that require us to question CO2 intensive practices like those present in the transport and energy sector. To meet those challenges, many countries have adopted ambitious climate targets. Achieving such targets requires an understanding of the wider socio-technical context of transitions. The aim of this licentiate thesis is therefore to analyse such socio-technical transitions towards low-emission futures enabled by the electrification of passenger cars and high voltage grid development.

    A combination of different transitions theories (for ex. Multi-level perspective and Technological innovation systems) and institutional theory has been used. To reach the aim paper I analyses the climate impacts of electric vehicles (EVs) and policy measures to achieve a breakthrough scenario for EVs. The results show that a mixture of short and long term policies are needed that take into account the technology development stage and behavioural aspects of EV adopters. Paper II addresses the need to include the high voltage transmission grid and its planning procedures as a central part of debates on transitions. Therefore the opportunities, challenges and reasons for conflict in the established regime are studied. The results show that in order to achieve a sustainable grid development regime, it is necessary to spend time on achieving legitimacy and social sustainability. The third paper uses semi-structured expert interviews and focuses on innovation dynamics for EV adoption. By focusing on dynamics instead of single policy measures, it is possible to grasp interactions within a niche, but also in between a niche, regime and landscape. The results show that strong initial technology legitimacy was needed to start substantial innovation dynamics. This could be further strengthened with a strong and broad coalition of actors. Both those factors led, if present, to an improved variety and match of policy instruments.

    As such this thesis has shown that transitions are not just about technology or policy instruments as such but about the dynamics and processes needed to enable them. This can be relevant in other transitions that otherwise may underestimate the importance of these components.

  • 42.
    Albrecht, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Nordic power road map 2050: Strategic choices towards carbon neutrality. D4.1.R Institutional grid review.2013Report (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Albrecht, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    System innovation dynamics around electric vehicles. The cases of Norway, Denmark and Sweden.Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the comparison of electric car innovation patterns in Norway, Sweden and Denmark. Doing so, it takes a closer look at what the most essential dynamics in the systems were over time and what enabled those dynamics. The main research aim is to contribute to a wider understanding of why Norway is so much ahead of Sweden and Denmark in electric car adoption. The purpose is also to adopt a perspective that goes beyond a mere focus on economic policy instruments. In order to do so different theory elements are combined in a framework. These elements stem from the transition theory literature field, especially the technological innovation system (TIS) and the multi-level perspective (MLP). This combination allows analysing the development behind a dynamic, not just when it comes to an innovation itself but also with regards to the established regime. The data is gathered through analysis of existing documents and data as well as a series of 27 expert interviews conducted in the three case countries. The findings suggest that there are important differences in transition patterns that can account for the electric vehicle (EV) diffusion situation we can find nowadays in the three Nordic countries. An important stepping stone was the need for a very strong legitimacy of the original EV vision that is also anchored in a coordinated, sector overarching coalition of actors that thinks strategically and long term. Moreover some general beneficial dynamics could be identified across the countries in question. In Norway these beneficial dynamics can be summarised as a systems motor, in Denmark as a failed entrepreneurial motor that shifted towards a constrained municipal motor and in Sweden as a loosely, coordinated and weaker version of a systems motor.

  • 44.
    Albrecht, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Nilsson, Måns
    Åkerman, Jonas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Nordic power road map 2050:Strategic choices towards carbon neutrality. D4.2.R Policy and Institutional Review Electric Vehicles (EV).2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report examines policy drivers of electric vehicles (EVs), and what potential role policy can play in enhancing the innovation and market development of EVs. We start with a policy review of key targets in the Nordic countries and the EU, up to 2030, and discuss to what extent they are consistent with industry, government and expert estimates of how the EV innovation systems can grow. On the basis of this, the second part examines what policy drivers might be needed to enable a breakthrough scenario, using a technological innovation systems (TIS) perspective to describe the needed processes, drivers and developments in policy and technology.

  • 45.
    Aleksic, Uros
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Nynäshamn City Hall2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nynäshamn City Hall

    Nynäshamn is a small archipelago city south of Stockholm with around 15,000 inhabitants. Our task was to design a new City Hall that would represent an expansive and progressive community like Nynäshamn. The municipality has an explicit goal of approaching citizens and making them feel included. A building that represents a municipality where its political representatives work is a building that belongs to the citizens as much as it belongs to its employees.

    I entered the project by trying to find a way to integrate the public activities into activities that a closed state building has. The goal was to achieve a functioning entirety of two entirely different functions one building can have. The collaboration between these two functional extremes made it possible for large parts of the building to be available for visitors, which gave the City Hall an open character.

    The facade is intense. That's how I want to express inner life. The collision between two extremes forms an entirety. The centre of the building is an atrium that represents the people of Nynäshamn. It is the buildings largest public area. The atrium reaches out and penetrates through the facade of a state building and symbolically explains the character of the building.

  • 46.
    Alenius, Malin
    et al.
    White arkitekter.
    Lundgren, Marja
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Architectural Technologies. White Arkitekter.
    Architectural repertoire and daylight metricsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    With this article wehighlight the importance of architectural repertoire, methods and tools touncover basic components set by building science in performance-basedregulation. This article elucidates the potential of architecturally groundedmethods when assessing daylight often used in legislation and certificationschemes, by making the daylight factor metric intelligible through geometry. Theempirical material used is five architectural cases from 1917 to 2016. Thesefive cases originate from an exhibition room on daylight presented in relationto architectural composition, historical changes in Swedish building regulationand the 2014 daylight factor building code requirement. The Swedish buildingregulation has, as many other countries, undergone a historical change fromprescriptive-based regulation to performance-based regulation. With regards toregulating daylight this has meant replacing requirements based on geometricalrelationships with abstract building science metrics. Additionally,we review these findings in relation findings from a numerical analysis of 2014daylight factor building code requirement from a larger number of Swedishresidential building stock from the 20th century. This articleargues that architectural research based in drawings and geometricalrelationships and case study material, weather historical or contemporary, canguide practitioners towards a new understanding of building code.

  • 47.
    Alexanderson, Frida
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Bryggerigården: -bryggeri och bryggmästarskola på norra Öland2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Two months every summer Öland is coming to life when thousands of tourists are visiting the island. The rest of the year it is half asleep. The season is too short to create a viable society all year round and the service provided is decreasing for the residents.         

     In this project my aim has been to investigate if architecture combined with a relevant program can attract new groups of visitors to the island independent of the season, and strengthen the identity of a small community.

  • 48.
    Alexanderson, Frida
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Cirkus Cirkör i Alby2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Cirkus Cirkör i Alby

    Cirkus Cirkör vill göra människor modigare och göra världen och livet mer levande .. Verksamheten är stor och har något som vänder sig till de flesta..Målet att förändra världen med nycirkus.

    Cirkus Cirkör växer hela tiden och vill  nu samla hela sin verksamhet i en byggnad och behöver därför nya större lokaler. De är idag inrymda i en del av en stor lagerbyggnad i Alby, som delas med en bilmek. Byggndens anonyma utsida speglar inte alls veksamheten.

    Cirkus Cirkörs verksamhet har stor spännvidd och lokalerna skall tillgodose behov. Det finns en sida av cirkusen som vill visa upp sig utåt. Men detfinns också delar av cirkusen som behöver kunna dra sig undan,Jag vill att dessa två motsatser, introvert och slutet respektive extrovert öppet och inbjudande, ska synas i byggnaden.

  • 49. Alger, I.
    et al.
    Weibull, Jörgen W.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.). Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden.
    Strategic behavior of moralists and altruists2017In: Games, ISSN 2073-4336, E-ISSN 2073-4336, Vol. 8, no 3, article id 38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Does altruism and morality lead to socially better outcomes in strategic interactions than selfishness? We shed some light on this complex and non-trivial issue by examining a few canonical strategic interactions played by egoists, altruists and moralists. By altruists, we mean people who do not only care about their own material payoffs but also about those to others, and, by a moralist, we mean someone who cares about own material payoff and also about what would be his or her material payoff if others were to act like himself or herself. It turns out that both altruism and morality may improve or worsen equilibrium outcomes, depending on the nature of the game. Not surprisingly, both altruism and morality improve the outcomes in standard public goods games. In infinitely repeated games, however, both altruism and morality may diminish the prospects of cooperation, and to different degrees. In coordination games, morality can eliminate socially inefficient equilibria while altruism cannot.

  • 50.
    Allen, Irma
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Fossil Capital: the rise of steam power and the roots of global warming2016In: The EcologistArticle, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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