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  • 1.
    Af Geijerstam, Jan
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Landscapes of Technology Transfer: Swedish Ironmakers in India 1860–18642004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    In the early 1860s three Swedes, Nils Wilhelm Mitander,Julius Ramsay and Gustaf Wittenström, were engaged by theBritish to build and run charcoal-based ironworks in India.These works, the Burwai Iron Works of the British Government inthe case of Mitander and the privately owned Kumaon Iron Worksin the case of Ramsay and Wittenström, were both to bebased on the most modern European technology. The projects werepioneering in Indian ironmaking. The ambitions were high andstakes big, but after only a few years the projects were closedand the Swedes returned home.Landscapes of Technology Transferpresents a detailedstudy of the Kumaon and Burwai Iron Works, from their firstconception to their final closure. The investigation isbasically empirical and a fundamental question is: Why were theworks never brought into full and continuous production?

    The ironworks projects should be considered as processes oftechnology transfer rather than fully fledged and completedtransfers. In spite of this lack of success, or maybe becauseof it, the history of the ironworks and the Swedes also forms afruitful case to put other questions of wide relevance. Itexposes workings and effects of colonialism and offers anexplanation of the late development of India's iron and steelindustry and analyses of the complex totality forming theprerequisites for a successful transfer of technology. The longtraditions of bloomery ironmaking in India and ismarginalisation is also discussed.

    Landscapes of Technology Transferis a comprehensiveempirical study. From a local and individual perspective ittraces lines of connection across boundaries of time andgeography. The historical landscapes of technology transfer aredescribed in their cultural, social, economic and politicaldimensions and the thesis underlines the importance of a closeacquaintance with local settings and conditions, where historyis manifested in a physical presence. The remains of theironworks and theirlocal landscapes in present-day India areused as a central source for writing their histories. There isalso a strong emphasis on the use of photographs and drawingsas sources.

    The outcome of the projects was the result of the interplaybetween the local and the global, between a diversity ofconcrete factors influencing the construction of the works andtheir running and their colonial character. The studyemphasises the importance of technological systems andnetworks, both on a micro and a macro level. On a local leveldemanding logistics, a sometimes adverse climate, theprocurement of charcoal and iron ore in sufficient quantitiesand the build up of knowledge of ironmaking posed serious butnot insurmountable difficulties. Most obstacles were overcomealready during the first few years of the 1860s, the period ofthe Swedes, but to put the works into full and continuousproduction would have needed perseverance and purposefulefforts to support and protect the iron production, at leastduring an initial period. In the end the position of India as acolonial dependency, subjected to the primacy of Britishinterests, set the limits of the projects.

    Key words:History of technology, industrial heritagestudies, industrial archaeology, technology transfer,diffusion, technological systems, landscapes of technology,iron and steel, charcoal iron, direct and indirect ironmaking,bloomeries, 19th century, industrial history,industrialisation, de-industrialisation, underdevelopment,colonialism, India, Sweden, Great Britain, global history,annales.

  • 2. Albert de la Bruheze, A. A.
    et al.
    Emanuel, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    European bicycling: The politics of low and high culture: Taming and framing cycling in twentieth-century Europe2012In: Journal of Transport History, ISSN 0022-5266, E-ISSN 1759-3999, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 64-66Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Albrecht, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Enabling socio-technical transitions – electric vehicles and high voltage electricity grids as focal points of low emission futures2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Today humankind is facing numerous sustainability challenges that require us to question CO2 intensive practices like those present in the transport and energy sector. To meet those challenges, many countries have adopted ambitious climate targets. Achieving such targets requires an understanding of the wider socio-technical context of transitions. The aim of this licentiate thesis is therefore to analyse such socio-technical transitions towards low-emission futures enabled by the electrification of passenger cars and high voltage grid development.

    A combination of different transitions theories (for ex. Multi-level perspective and Technological innovation systems) and institutional theory has been used. To reach the aim paper I analyses the climate impacts of electric vehicles (EVs) and policy measures to achieve a breakthrough scenario for EVs. The results show that a mixture of short and long term policies are needed that take into account the technology development stage and behavioural aspects of EV adopters. Paper II addresses the need to include the high voltage transmission grid and its planning procedures as a central part of debates on transitions. Therefore the opportunities, challenges and reasons for conflict in the established regime are studied. The results show that in order to achieve a sustainable grid development regime, it is necessary to spend time on achieving legitimacy and social sustainability. The third paper uses semi-structured expert interviews and focuses on innovation dynamics for EV adoption. By focusing on dynamics instead of single policy measures, it is possible to grasp interactions within a niche, but also in between a niche, regime and landscape. The results show that strong initial technology legitimacy was needed to start substantial innovation dynamics. This could be further strengthened with a strong and broad coalition of actors. Both those factors led, if present, to an improved variety and match of policy instruments.

    As such this thesis has shown that transitions are not just about technology or policy instruments as such but about the dynamics and processes needed to enable them. This can be relevant in other transitions that otherwise may underestimate the importance of these components.

  • 4.
    Albrecht, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Nordic power road map 2050: Strategic choices towards carbon neutrality. D4.1.R Institutional grid review.2013Report (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Albrecht, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    System innovation dynamics around electric vehicles. The cases of Norway, Denmark and Sweden.Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the comparison of electric car innovation patterns in Norway, Sweden and Denmark. Doing so, it takes a closer look at what the most essential dynamics in the systems were over time and what enabled those dynamics. The main research aim is to contribute to a wider understanding of why Norway is so much ahead of Sweden and Denmark in electric car adoption. The purpose is also to adopt a perspective that goes beyond a mere focus on economic policy instruments. In order to do so different theory elements are combined in a framework. These elements stem from the transition theory literature field, especially the technological innovation system (TIS) and the multi-level perspective (MLP). This combination allows analysing the development behind a dynamic, not just when it comes to an innovation itself but also with regards to the established regime. The data is gathered through analysis of existing documents and data as well as a series of 27 expert interviews conducted in the three case countries. The findings suggest that there are important differences in transition patterns that can account for the electric vehicle (EV) diffusion situation we can find nowadays in the three Nordic countries. An important stepping stone was the need for a very strong legitimacy of the original EV vision that is also anchored in a coordinated, sector overarching coalition of actors that thinks strategically and long term. Moreover some general beneficial dynamics could be identified across the countries in question. In Norway these beneficial dynamics can be summarised as a systems motor, in Denmark as a failed entrepreneurial motor that shifted towards a constrained municipal motor and in Sweden as a loosely, coordinated and weaker version of a systems motor.

  • 6.
    Albrecht, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Nilsson, Måns
    Åkerman, Jonas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Nordic power road map 2050:Strategic choices towards carbon neutrality. D4.2.R Policy and Institutional Review Electric Vehicles (EV).2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report examines policy drivers of electric vehicles (EVs), and what potential role policy can play in enhancing the innovation and market development of EVs. We start with a policy review of key targets in the Nordic countries and the EU, up to 2030, and discuss to what extent they are consistent with industry, government and expert estimates of how the EV innovation systems can grow. On the basis of this, the second part examines what policy drivers might be needed to enable a breakthrough scenario, using a technological innovation systems (TIS) perspective to describe the needed processes, drivers and developments in policy and technology.

  • 7.
    Allen, Irma
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Fossil Capital: the rise of steam power and the roots of global warming2016In: The EcologistArticle, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8.
    Allen, Irma
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Så kan ångmaskinerna lära oss att förstå klimatförändringarna2016In: Dagens NyheterArticle, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9. Anderson, David
    et al.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    The Construction of the Soviet Ethnography and “The Peoples of Siberia"2016In: History and Anthropology, ISSN 0275-7206, E-ISSN 1477-2612, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 183-209Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The multi-generation book project "The Peoples of Siberia" enabled a group of Leningrad-based scholars to reshape their museum into a Soviet ethnographic community. This article analyses the face-to-face performances, the legalistic stenographic documentation, the collective crafting of a single authoritative style, and a unique temporal frame as an important background to understand a hallmark volume in Siberian studies. The authors argue that the published volume indexes nearly thirty years of scholarly debates as much as it indexes the peoples it represents. The article concludes with a critical discussion of how this volume was translated and received by a Euro-American readership influencing the perception of Siberian peoples internationally. It also links the volume to contemporary post-Soviet publication projects which seem to retrace the same path. The article is based on extensive archival work and references collections recently discovered and which are presented for publication here for the first time.

  • 10. Anderson, David G.
    et al.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.Alymov, Sergei S.
    Life Histories of Etnos Theory in Russia and Beyond2019Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The idea of etnos came into being over a hundred years ago as a way of understanding the collective identities of people with a common language and shared traditions. In the twentieth century, the concept came to be associated with Soviet state-building, and it fell sharply out of favour. Yet outside the academy, etnos-style arguments not only persist, but are a vibrant part of regional anthropological traditions.Life Histories of Etnos Theory in Russia and Beyond makes a powerful argument for reconsidering the importance of etnos in our understanding of ethnicity and national identity across Eurasia. The collection brings to life a rich archive of previously unpublished letters, fieldnotes, and photographic collections of the theory’s early proponents. Using contemporary fieldwork and case studies, the volume shows how the ideas of these ethnographers continue to impact and shape identities in various regional theatres from Ukraine to the Russian North to the Manchurian steppes of what is now China. Through writing a life history of these collectivist concepts, the contributors to this volume unveil a world where the assumptions of liberal individualism do not hold. In doing so, they demonstrate how notions of belonging are not fleeting but persistent, multi-generational, and bio-social.This collection is essential reading for anyone interested in Russian and Chinese area studies. It will also appeal to historians and students of anthropology and ethnography more generally.

  • 11. Anderson, Kevin
    et al.
    Sörlin, Sverker
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    "Vi klimatforskare stödjer Greta och skolungdomarna"2019In: Dagens Nyheter, Vol. 15 March, no DN DebattArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12.
    Andreasson, Ulf
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology.
    Arbetslösa i rörelse: Organisationssträvanden och politisk kamp inom arbetslöshetsrörelsen i Sverige, 1920-342008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    This doctoral thesis sets out to analyse the development of the unemployed movement in Sweden during the period 1920–34. The study is divided into two parts. The first is empirical and descriptive while the second is interpretive and explanatory, and seeks to examine why this phenomenon developed in the way it did.

    Mass unemployment in Sweden between the World Wars did not cause the same social tensions as in many other countries. This relative peace endured despite high and consistent unemployment and hard living conditions for the unemployed. These conditions served as sources for tensions present in the unemployed movement, and which some actors sought to take advantage of and even exacerbate.

    Andréasson argues that a major reason that society did not take a more radical turn in the period was that the reformist labour movement actively moderated these tensions. This was done by the Social Democratic Party (SAP) changing the environment of the unemployed organisations, for example by using local unemployment policy to polish off the rough edges of the national unemployment policy. More important was the crisis politics in the early 1930s that helped narrow the socio-economic gap between those who had and those who did not have a job. The Swedish Trade Union Confederation (LO) neutralised the movement of the unemployed by introducing changes within the unemployed movement itself, involving a variety of strategies.

    After 1933, the LO and SAP dominated and were able to direct the activities of most of the organisations that existed. Gaining control over the unemployed was as important for the LO and SAP as being able to exert control over other forces that might threaten to weaken their long-term strategies and aims.

    There was a conviction within the unemployed movement that mass unemployment was largely a consequence of technological developments in production. This argument had roots dating back to the early stages of industrialism in England when Luddites had attacked production machinery. The coalition of organisations of unemployed workers in Sweden during the 1920s and 1930s did not seriously consider engaging in machine-breaking activities. The movement’s criticism of technology did not extend into the Swedish model which envisioned the development of machinery as a way to prevent rising unemployment.

  • 13.
    Angere, Staffan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    The defeasible nature of coherentist justification2007In: Synthese, ISSN 0039-7857, E-ISSN 1573-0964, Vol. 157, no 3, p. 321-335Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The impossibility results of Bovens and Hartmann (2003, Bayesian epistemology. Oxford: Clarendon Press) and Olsson (2005, Against coherence: Truth, probability and justification. Oxford: Oxford University Press.) show that the link between coherence and probability is not as strong as some have supposed. This paper is an attempt to bring out a way in which coherence reasoning nevertheless can be justified, based on the idea that, even if it does not provide an infallible guide to probability, it can give us an indication thereof. It is further shown that this actually is the case, for several of the coherence measures discussed in the literature so far. We also discuss how this affects the possibility to use coherence as a means of epistemic justification.

  • 14.
    Anstey, Tim
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Architectural Technologies.
    Authority and Authorship in L. B. Alberti's De re aedificatoria2003In: Nordisk arkitekturforskning, ISSN ISSN 1102-5824, Vol. 4, p. 19-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the definition of the architect's role in Leon Battista' Alberti's instaurational text De re aedificatoria and considers the problems of judgement and authority for architectural authorship.

  • 15.
    Anstey, Tim
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Architectural Technologies.
    The ambiguities of disegno2005In: Journal of Architecture, ISSN 1360-2365, E-ISSN 1466-4410, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 295-306Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Appelblad Fredby, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Nilsson, David
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    From "All for some" to "Some for all"?: A historical geography of pro-poor water provision in Kampala2013In: Journal of Eastern African Studies, ISSN 1753-1055, E-ISSN 1753-1063, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 40-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the historical mechanisms and geographical factors that have formed the current structure of urban water provision in Kampala, the capital of Uganda. The formation of the urban geography of Kampala dates back to the early colonial period. The high- and middle-income earners have settled on the hills while the poorest part of the population lives in the low-lying areas, dispersed as pockets of unplanned and informal settlements. Public services are underdeveloped in these informal pockets. The government has pledged to improve services for the poor and this article analyses whether the efforts made are likely to lead to a lasting change, seen in a longer time perspective. The public water supply in Kampala has ever since its opening in 1930 focused on the middle- and high-income groups while poor people have been marginalised. Water provision to low-income groups has continued to rely on standpipes since the colonial period. There has also been organisational continuity, with a single centralised organisation in charge of urban water supply in all larger towns. Institutional changes, such as the new connection policy from 2004, have perpetuated the emphasis on middle- and high-income groups. This article argues that the traditional focus on private connections is creating a barrier for expansion of services in informal areas. Pre-paid water distribution, which was tried already in the 1920s, has in recent years seen a revival. This technology offers an important avenue for rectifying inequalities of public services that has been reproduced since the colonial period.

  • 17. Arlov, Thor Bjørn
    et al.
    Avango, Dag
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Reymert, Per Kyrre
    Gradmålingsstasjonen i Sorgfjorden: en kulturhistorisk dokumentasjon2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapport från arkeologisk fältforskning vid Sorgfjorden, Svalbard, Juli 2017. Rapporten innehåller en dokumentation av lämningar från den svensk-ryska gradmätningsexpeditionen 1898-1902 i form av kartor, foto och textbeskrivningar. Arkeologisk fältdata finns tillgänlig hos Sysselmannen på Svalbard.

  • 18.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    An Environemntal historian among activists. The political, the personal, and a project of guerrilla narrative2018In: Italy and the environmental humanities / [ed] Serenella Iovino, Enrico Cesaretti, Elena Past, University of Virginia Press, 2018, p. 163-172Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    An environmental historian among activists and other tales2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Andrew Denning. Skiing into Modernity: A Cultural and Environmental History2016In: American Historical Review, ISSN 0002-8762, E-ISSN 1937-5239, Vol. 121, no 3, p. 1017-1018Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Confessions of an Enthusiastic Chair2017In: Environment and History, ISSN 0967-3407, E-ISSN 1752-7023, p. vii-xiArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Dal mondo all'Italia: Andata e ritorno2015In: Ambientalismi, Torino: Linaria , 2015, p. 229-239Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Environmental history between institutionalization and revolution: A short commentary with two sites and one experiment2016In: Environmental humanities. Voices from the Anthropocene / [ed] Serenella Iovino and Serpil Opperman, London: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2016, p. 45-59Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Environmental Justice from the US to the world2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 25. Armiero, Marco
    Environmentalism2018In: Companion to Environmental Studies / [ed] Noel Castree, Mike Hulme, James D. Proctor, Routledge, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Fronitere. passaggi sulle Alpi.2017In: Ambientare. idee, saperi, pratiche / [ed] Lia Zola, Milano: Edizioni Franco Angeli, 2017, p. 17-23Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Garbage under the volcano: The waste crisis in Campania and the struggles for environmental justice2014In: A History of Environmentalism: Local Struggles, global histories / [ed] Marco Armiero - Lise Sedrez, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2014, p. 167-184Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 28. Armiero, Marco
    Invited speaker at the Panel on Transformations towards Sustainability2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Migrants and the making of the American landscape2017In: Environmental History of Modern Migrations / [ed] Marco Armiero and Richard Tucker, London: Routledge, 2017, p. 53-70Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter I will explore how migrants have adapted, fought with, and reshaped the environment they moved into, changing themselves and nature at the same time. Their tools, skills, knowledge, even their ethnic identities and solidarity, interacted with the local natural resources. Immigrants have looked at nature with different eyes; sometimes they saw natural resources where others could not see anything (for instance, in the case of urban commons); they adapted themselves or fought against the landscape they arrived in (as in the case of Southern plantations in the Mississippi Delta or the making of California’s agricultural landscape); their bodies became part of the capitalistic ecologies of industrial and mining production transforming both the external and the internal nature. While in the classical narrative pioneers entered, settled, and coped with a natural environment they heroically tamed, in this chapter I argue that immigrants’ environments were never only “natural.” Those were racialized landscapes, where class, law, and property rights were influential at least as much as soil, climate, viruses, or wild animals. Therefore, rather than speaking of how immigrants shaped or adapted to the “natural” environment, it seems more appropriate to analyze the metabolic relationships between immigrants and the socionatures in which they settled. I will do so employing several examples from the history of various immigrants’ groups, especially Italians, in the United States.

  • 30.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Of Ghosts, Waste and the Anthropocene2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Royal Institute of Technology (KTH).
    Of Ghosts, Waste and the Anthropocene2019In: Urban Political Ecology in the Anthropo-Obscene: Interruptions and Possibilities / [ed] Henrik Ernstson and Erik Swyngedouw, Routledge, 2019, p. 184-202Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Once there was a spectre haunting Europe and maybe the world. Now other fears and invisible presences have occupied the space of imagination, above all CO2 emissions and “the Anthropocene,” projecting their shadows and diminishing what we can imagine for the future. Building on my experience as a researcher on waste in Naples, Italy, I reflect on our own presence as radical scholars among activists and argue that the figure of the ghost might help to better understand the relation between theory, academic discourse, and activists’ storytelling practices. The hope is to contribute towards the every-necessary work needed to craft emancipatory imaginaries, yet again.

  • 32.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Of the Titanic, the Bounty, and Other Shipwrecks2015In: Intervalla, ISSN 2296-3413, Vol. 3, p. 50-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The metaphor of the ship has always been extremely powerful in the global narrative about the common fate of planet Earth. The famous image of the Blue Marble was instrumental in the construction of the imaginary of the planet as a spaceship roaming in the universe. The ship evokes the idea of both finiteness and unity. In many languages "to be in the same boat" means to share the same destiny, thereby, to collaborate in order to operate the ship. The corollary of that metaphor is the existence of the open ocean, that is, of a risky space in which the ship and its crew are navigating. I will discuss about what these metaphors say - and hide - about the ecological crisis, or the the collapse of modern civilization using the key concept of this workshop.

  • 33.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Royal Institute of Technology (KTH).
    Prefazione2019In: Cercate l'antica madre: Storie di straordinaria resistenza nelleTerre dei Fuochi d’Italia / [ed] Gnasso editore, Acerra: Gnasso Editore , 2019, p. 5-10Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 34.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Ribelli: Naturalmente2015In: La contestazione ecologica. Storia, cronache e narrazioni, Napoli: La scuola di Pitagora , 2015, p. 9-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Teresa e le altre: Storie di donne nella Terra dei Fuochi2014Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [it]

    Sono vent’anni che la Campania è sommersa dai rifiuti. Una politica corrotta o incapace, poteri criminali e interessi economici hanno determinato un disastro ecologico di enormi proporzioni. Si è scelta una comunità «debole» per trasformarla nella discarica finale di ogni scarto. Ma la convinzione che quella comunità sarebbe rimasta apatica si è rivelata sbagliata. Si è formata, invece, una comunità resistente capace di battersi per la giustizia ambientale, di proporre soluzioni alternative, di gridare le sue ragioni. In Campania sono le donne a svolgere un ruolo di primo piano. Questo libro racconta le storie di alcune di loro nella convinzione che costruire la memoria significa lottare contro la fine della storia e il ricatto di un presente senza alternative. Raccontare le storie di Teresa e le altre è un antidoto potente, un tassello di una resistenza collettiva, un progetto di guerrilla narrative. Perché la resistenza ha bisogno di voci e di reti. Sulla munnezza campana si sono scritte enciclopedie, trattati scientifici, resoconti giornalistici, persino pièce teatrali. Questo libro vuole fare altro. Tanto per cominciare, si ispira allo slogan del movimento americano della giustizia ambientale: "we speak for ourselves", che qui non significa solo che attivisti e attiviste parlano in prima persona ma rimanda anche al carattere "narrativo" del movimento, alla volontà di sfidare il sistema che ha prodotto ingiustizia con la forza del raccontare. Scrive Marco Armiero nella sua introduzione al volume: «Io mi sono messo a cercare l’ingiustizia, ovvero ho provato a legge- re questa vicenda campana non tanto come una storia di inefficienze, di corruzione, di camorra, ma come una storia che mette a nudo le asimmetrie del potere, il sistematico scegliere comunità marginali, spesso già contaminate, come «zone di sacrificio» destinate ad accogliere ciò che nessuno vuole».

  • 36.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    The Summits of Modern Man: Mountaineering after the Enlightenment2014In: American Historical Review, ISSN 0002-8762, E-ISSN 1937-5239, Vol. 119, no 4, p. 1347-1348Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Royal Institute of Technology (KTH).
    The world in a Tin Can: Migrants in Environmental History2019In: A Field of Fire: The future of environmental history / [ed] Mark D. Hersey and Ted Steinberg, The University of Alabama Press , 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Wars in environmental history2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Yale Univ, New Haven, CT 06520 USA.;Univ Calif Berkeley, Berkeley, CA USA.;Autonomous Univ Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.;Univ Coimbra, Ctr Social Sci, Coimbra, Portugal..
    What is Critical Environmental Justice?2019In: Ethics and the Environment, ISSN 1085-6633, E-ISSN 1535-5306, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 109-119Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Barca, Stefania
    Univ Coimbra, Ctr Estudios Sociais, Praca Dom Dinis, Coimbra, Portugal..
    Colarizi, Simona
    Sapienza Univ Roma, Dipartimento Comunicaz & Ric Sociale, Via Salaria 113, Rome, Italy..
    Serneri, Simone Neri
    Univ Firenze, Dipartimento Sci Polit & Sociali, Via Pandette 32, Florence, Italy..
    Cavazza, Stefano
    Univ Bologna, Dipartimento Arti, Via Barberia 4, Bologna, Italy..
    Political History and Environmental History in Italy2018In: Ricerche di Storia Politica, ISSN 1120-9526, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 63-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental history has grown greatly in various countries, in the last years, and has penetrated in Italy, too. At the same time, it remains in many ways a small sector, while political history, for its part, seems to be untouched by it, despite the relevance of the environment in political discourse. The forum, which closes this special issue on the relationship between politics and the environment, and involves both environmental and political historians, intends to give a contribution to the debate on the nature and fate of political and, more generally, contemporary history.

  • 41.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Biasillo, Roberta
    University of Bari, Italy.
    Seeing the nation for the trees: at the frontier of the Italian nineteenth century modernity2018In: Environment and History, ISSN 0967-3407, E-ISSN 1752-7023, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 497-508Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we analyse the emergence and the transformation of three different socio-natural spaces in a particular historical context – that is, the establishment of a modern state. We explore this issue by researching the relationship between forests and modernisation from Unification in 1861 to the 1890s. Over this period Italy experienced a radical change connected with the state-building process, and forests represented a material place where innovations in social and economic development were tested. Based on three case studies, this article explores how modernity was articulated through urban parks, ironworks, and infrastructures. The three cases speak of both depletion and conservation; they exemplify the patterns through which, in the very making of modernity, Italian society articulated its relationship to nature in an attempt to overcome customary rights and the traditional rural organisation of society. Forests were constructed as socio-ecological spaces reflecting Italy’s contested and heterogeneous modernisation process through which political tensions, social conflicts and economic development theories were inscribed on transformed landscapes.

  • 42.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    D'Alisa, Giacomo
    Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain .
    Rights of Resistance: The Garbage Struggles for Environmental Justice in Campania, Italy2012In: Capitalism, Nature, Socialism, ISSN 1045-5752, E-ISSN 1548-3290, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 52-68Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    De Rosa, S. P.
    Political effluvia: Smells, revelations, and the politicization of daily experience in Naples, Italy2016In: Methodological Challenges in Nature-Culture and Environmental History Research, Taylor & Francis, 2016, p. 173-186Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Graf von Hardenberg, WilkoUniversity of Wisconsin, Madison .
    Nature and Nation in Modern Europe2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Royal Institute of Technology (KTH).
    Gravagno, Filippo
    Universita di Catania.
    Pappalardo, Giusy
    Università di Catania .
    FERRARA, ALESSIA DENISE
    Università di Catania .
    The Nature of Mafia: An Environmental History of the Simeto River Basin, Sicily2019In: Environment and History, ISSN 0967-3407, E-ISSN 1752-7023Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article builds upon a rich scholarship that has proposed, though with different shades, the concept of socionatures, meaning by this the inextricable hybrid of ecological and social facts. In this article, we aim to explore how the Mafia produces particular socionatural formations, entering into landscapes, becoming rivers and cities, penetrating into the bodies of humans and nonhumans. We will develop our argument by exploring a specific geographical area, the Simeto River, and how the Mafia has become intertwined with its ecologies. We will analyse the appropriation of the river since the 1950s, illustrating various ways in which the Mafia has blended with its ecologies: the control of water, the touristification of the river’s mouth and the placement of waste facilities. We argue that one crucial feature of Mafia socionatures is the attack against commons, i.e. the attempt to subdue the (re)productive properties of human and more-than-human communities to Mafia economic interests. Therefore, we will propose the practices of commons and commoning – that is, the making of commons – as one of the possible strategies against the Mafia

  • 46.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Sedrez, LiseInstituto de História (IH-UFRJ) Brazil.
    A History of Environmentalism: Local Struggles, Global Histories2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Think globally, act locally’ has become a call to environmentalist mobilization, proposing a closer connection between global concerns, local issues and individual responsibility. A History of Environmentalism explores this dialectic relationship, with ten contributors from a range of disciplines providing a history of environmentalism which frames global themes and narrates local stories.Each of the chapters in this volume addresses specific struggles in the history of environmental movements, for example over national parks, species protection, forests, waste, contamination, nuclear energy and expropriation. A diverse range of environments and environmental actors are covered, including the communities in the Amazonian Forest, the antelope in Tibet, atomic power plants in Europe and oil and politics in the Niger Delta. The chapters demonstrate how these conflicts make visible the intricate connections between local and global, the body and the environment, and power and nature. A History of Environmentalism tells us much about transformations of cultural perceptions and ways of production and consuming, as well as ecological and social changes. More than offering an exhaustive picture of the entire environmentalist movement, A History of Environmentalism highlights the importance of the experience of environmentalism within local communities. It offers a worldwide and polyphonic perspective, making it key reading for students and scholars of global and environmental history and political ecology.

  • 47.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Tucker, R.
    Environmental history of modern migrations2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the age of climate change, the possibility that dramatic environmental transformations might cause the dislocation of millions of people has become not only a matter for scientific speculation or science-fiction narratives, but the object of strategic planning and military analysis. Environmental History of Modern Migrations offers a worldwide perspective on the history of migrations throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and provides an opportunity to reflect on the global ecological transformations and developments which have occurred throughout the last few centuries. With a primary focus on the environment/migration nexus, this book advocates that global environmental changes are not distinct from global social transformations. Instead, it offers a progressive method of combining environmental and social history, which manages to both encompass and transcend current approaches to environmental justice issues. This edited collection will be of great interest to students and practitioners of environmental history and migration studies, as well as those with an interest in history and sociology.

  • 48.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    von Hardenberg, Wilko Graf
    University of Wisconsin, Madison.
    Green Rhetoric in Blackshirts: Italian Fascism and the Environment2013In: Environment and History, ISSN 0967-3407, E-ISSN 1752-7023, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 283-311Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In comparison with the significant historiographical work on the German case, specifically on Nazi environmental policies and ideology, studies on such issues for other Fascist regimes are still rather rare. This article attempts partially to fill this gap, at least as regards the Italian case, offering a general overview of the Fascist regime and its environmental politics and narratives. Analysing how Fascists appropriated Italian landscapes through both discourses and concrete policies, this paper examines the construction of a Fascist nature as a rhetorical, symbolic and geographical space. In particular, this essay explores the combined process of appropriation and expropriation through the analysis of two diverse but intertwined issues: firstly, Fascist rural ideology as a narrative on the mutual constituency of nature and people and secondly, the creation of the first Italian national parks, their successes and failures as institutions of nature conservation and their role as symbols of the nature/society divide. While blending the ideas of race, landscape, history, modernity and ruralism, Fascists shaped both the national environment and general ideas about nature in a narrative which affected the very object of the narration that is, nature itself.

  • 49.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    von Hardenberg, Wilko Graf
    On History, Nature and Nation An Interview with David Blackbourn2014In: Environment and History, ISSN 0967-3407, E-ISSN 1752-7023, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 143-159Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    von Hardenberg, Wilko Graf
    special issue: Nature and Nation Introduction2014In: Environment and History, ISSN 0967-3407, E-ISSN 1752-7023, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed)
1234567 1 - 50 of 1066
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