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  • 1. Alymov, Sergei
    et al.
    Anderson, David
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Etnos-Thinking in the Long Twentieth Century2019In: Life Histories of Etnos Theory in Russia and Beyond / [ed] David Anderson, Dmitry Arzyutov, Sergei Alymov, Cambridge: Open Book Publishers, 2019, p. 21-75Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2. Anderson, David
    et al.
    Alymov, Sergei
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Grounding Etnos Theory: An Introduction2019In: Life Histories of Etnos Theory in Russia and Beyond / [ed] David Anderson, Dmitry Arzyutov, Sergei Alymov, Cambridge: Open Book Publishers, 2019, p. 1-19Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3. Anderson, David
    et al.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    The Construction of the Soviet Ethnography and “The Peoples of Siberia"2016In: History and Anthropology, ISSN 0275-7206, E-ISSN 1477-2612, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 183-209Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The multi-generation book project "The Peoples of Siberia" enabled a group of Leningrad-based scholars to reshape their museum into a Soviet ethnographic community. This article analyses the face-to-face performances, the legalistic stenographic documentation, the collective crafting of a single authoritative style, and a unique temporal frame as an important background to understand a hallmark volume in Siberian studies. The authors argue that the published volume indexes nearly thirty years of scholarly debates as much as it indexes the peoples it represents. The article concludes with a critical discussion of how this volume was translated and received by a Euro-American readership influencing the perception of Siberian peoples internationally. It also links the volume to contemporary post-Soviet publication projects which seem to retrace the same path. The article is based on extensive archival work and references collections recently discovered and which are presented for publication here for the first time.

  • 4. Anderson, David G.
    et al.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.Alymov, Sergei S.
    Life Histories of Etnos Theory in Russia and Beyond2019Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The idea of etnos came into being over a hundred years ago as a way of understanding the collective identities of people with a common language and shared traditions. In the twentieth century, the concept came to be associated with Soviet state-building, and it fell sharply out of favour. Yet outside the academy, etnos-style arguments not only persist, but are a vibrant part of regional anthropological traditions.Life Histories of Etnos Theory in Russia and Beyond makes a powerful argument for reconsidering the importance of etnos in our understanding of ethnicity and national identity across Eurasia. The collection brings to life a rich archive of previously unpublished letters, fieldnotes, and photographic collections of the theory’s early proponents. Using contemporary fieldwork and case studies, the volume shows how the ideas of these ethnographers continue to impact and shape identities in various regional theatres from Ukraine to the Russian North to the Manchurian steppes of what is now China. Through writing a life history of these collectivist concepts, the contributors to this volume unveil a world where the assumptions of liberal individualism do not hold. In doing so, they demonstrate how notions of belonging are not fleeting but persistent, multi-generational, and bio-social.This collection is essential reading for anyone interested in Russian and Chinese area studies. It will also appeal to historians and students of anthropology and ethnography more generally.

  • 5. Anderson, Kevin
    et al.
    Sörlin, Sverker
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    "Vi klimatforskare stödjer Greta och skolungdomarna"2019In: Dagens Nyheter, Vol. 15 March, no DN DebattArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Angere, Staffan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    The defeasible nature of coherentist justification2007In: Synthese, ISSN 0039-7857, E-ISSN 1573-0964, Vol. 157, no 3, p. 321-335Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The impossibility results of Bovens and Hartmann (2003, Bayesian epistemology. Oxford: Clarendon Press) and Olsson (2005, Against coherence: Truth, probability and justification. Oxford: Oxford University Press.) show that the link between coherence and probability is not as strong as some have supposed. This paper is an attempt to bring out a way in which coherence reasoning nevertheless can be justified, based on the idea that, even if it does not provide an infallible guide to probability, it can give us an indication thereof. It is further shown that this actually is the case, for several of the coherence measures discussed in the literature so far. We also discuss how this affects the possibility to use coherence as a means of epistemic justification.

  • 7.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    An Environemntal historian among activists. The political, the personal, and a project of guerrilla narrative2018In: Italy and the environmental humanities / [ed] Serenella Iovino, Enrico Cesaretti, Elena Past, University of Virginia Press, 2018, p. 163-172Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    An environmental historian among activists and other tales2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Andrew Denning. Skiing into Modernity: A Cultural and Environmental History2016In: American Historical Review, ISSN 0002-8762, E-ISSN 1937-5239, Vol. 121, no 3, p. 1017-1018Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Confessions of an Enthusiastic Chair2017In: Environment and History, ISSN 0967-3407, E-ISSN 1752-7023, p. vii-xiArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Dal mondo all'Italia: Andata e ritorno2015In: Ambientalismi, Torino: Linaria , 2015, p. 229-239Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Environmental history between institutionalization and revolution: A short commentary with two sites and one experiment2016In: Environmental humanities. Voices from the Anthropocene / [ed] Serenella Iovino and Serpil Opperman, London: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2016, p. 45-59Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Environmental Justice from the US to the world2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 14. Armiero, Marco
    Environmentalism2018In: Companion to Environmental Studies / [ed] Noel Castree, Mike Hulme, James D. Proctor, Routledge, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Fronitere. passaggi sulle Alpi.2017In: Ambientare. idee, saperi, pratiche / [ed] Lia Zola, Milano: Edizioni Franco Angeli, 2017, p. 17-23Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Garbage under the volcano: The waste crisis in Campania and the struggles for environmental justice2014In: A History of Environmentalism: Local Struggles, global histories / [ed] Marco Armiero - Lise Sedrez, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2014, p. 167-184Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 17. Armiero, Marco
    Invited speaker at the Panel on Transformations towards Sustainability2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Migrants and the making of the American landscape2017In: Environmental History of Modern Migrations / [ed] Marco Armiero and Richard Tucker, London: Routledge, 2017, p. 53-70Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter I will explore how migrants have adapted, fought with, and reshaped the environment they moved into, changing themselves and nature at the same time. Their tools, skills, knowledge, even their ethnic identities and solidarity, interacted with the local natural resources. Immigrants have looked at nature with different eyes; sometimes they saw natural resources where others could not see anything (for instance, in the case of urban commons); they adapted themselves or fought against the landscape they arrived in (as in the case of Southern plantations in the Mississippi Delta or the making of California’s agricultural landscape); their bodies became part of the capitalistic ecologies of industrial and mining production transforming both the external and the internal nature. While in the classical narrative pioneers entered, settled, and coped with a natural environment they heroically tamed, in this chapter I argue that immigrants’ environments were never only “natural.” Those were racialized landscapes, where class, law, and property rights were influential at least as much as soil, climate, viruses, or wild animals. Therefore, rather than speaking of how immigrants shaped or adapted to the “natural” environment, it seems more appropriate to analyze the metabolic relationships between immigrants and the socionatures in which they settled. I will do so employing several examples from the history of various immigrants’ groups, especially Italians, in the United States.

  • 19.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Of Ghosts, Waste and the Anthropocene2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Royal Institute of Technology (KTH).
    Of Ghosts, Waste and the Anthropocene2019In: Urban Political Ecology in the Anthropo-Obscene: Interruptions and Possibilities / [ed] Henrik Ernstson and Erik Swyngedouw, Routledge, 2019, p. 184-202Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Once there was a spectre haunting Europe and maybe the world. Now other fears and invisible presences have occupied the space of imagination, above all CO2 emissions and “the Anthropocene,” projecting their shadows and diminishing what we can imagine for the future. Building on my experience as a researcher on waste in Naples, Italy, I reflect on our own presence as radical scholars among activists and argue that the figure of the ghost might help to better understand the relation between theory, academic discourse, and activists’ storytelling practices. The hope is to contribute towards the every-necessary work needed to craft emancipatory imaginaries, yet again.

  • 21.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Of the Titanic, the Bounty, and Other Shipwrecks2015In: Intervalla, ISSN 2296-3413, Vol. 3, p. 50-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The metaphor of the ship has always been extremely powerful in the global narrative about the common fate of planet Earth. The famous image of the Blue Marble was instrumental in the construction of the imaginary of the planet as a spaceship roaming in the universe. The ship evokes the idea of both finiteness and unity. In many languages "to be in the same boat" means to share the same destiny, thereby, to collaborate in order to operate the ship. The corollary of that metaphor is the existence of the open ocean, that is, of a risky space in which the ship and its crew are navigating. I will discuss about what these metaphors say - and hide - about the ecological crisis, or the the collapse of modern civilization using the key concept of this workshop.

  • 22.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Royal Institute of Technology (KTH).
    Prefazione2019In: Cercate l'antica madre: Storie di straordinaria resistenza nelleTerre dei Fuochi d’Italia / [ed] Gnasso editore, Acerra: Gnasso Editore , 2019, p. 5-10Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 23.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Ribelli: Naturalmente2015In: La contestazione ecologica. Storia, cronache e narrazioni, Napoli: La scuola di Pitagora , 2015, p. 9-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Teresa e le altre: Storie di donne nella Terra dei Fuochi2014Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [it]

    Sono vent’anni che la Campania è sommersa dai rifiuti. Una politica corrotta o incapace, poteri criminali e interessi economici hanno determinato un disastro ecologico di enormi proporzioni. Si è scelta una comunità «debole» per trasformarla nella discarica finale di ogni scarto. Ma la convinzione che quella comunità sarebbe rimasta apatica si è rivelata sbagliata. Si è formata, invece, una comunità resistente capace di battersi per la giustizia ambientale, di proporre soluzioni alternative, di gridare le sue ragioni. In Campania sono le donne a svolgere un ruolo di primo piano. Questo libro racconta le storie di alcune di loro nella convinzione che costruire la memoria significa lottare contro la fine della storia e il ricatto di un presente senza alternative. Raccontare le storie di Teresa e le altre è un antidoto potente, un tassello di una resistenza collettiva, un progetto di guerrilla narrative. Perché la resistenza ha bisogno di voci e di reti. Sulla munnezza campana si sono scritte enciclopedie, trattati scientifici, resoconti giornalistici, persino pièce teatrali. Questo libro vuole fare altro. Tanto per cominciare, si ispira allo slogan del movimento americano della giustizia ambientale: "we speak for ourselves", che qui non significa solo che attivisti e attiviste parlano in prima persona ma rimanda anche al carattere "narrativo" del movimento, alla volontà di sfidare il sistema che ha prodotto ingiustizia con la forza del raccontare. Scrive Marco Armiero nella sua introduzione al volume: «Io mi sono messo a cercare l’ingiustizia, ovvero ho provato a legge- re questa vicenda campana non tanto come una storia di inefficienze, di corruzione, di camorra, ma come una storia che mette a nudo le asimmetrie del potere, il sistematico scegliere comunità marginali, spesso già contaminate, come «zone di sacrificio» destinate ad accogliere ciò che nessuno vuole».

  • 25.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    The Summits of Modern Man: Mountaineering after the Enlightenment2014In: American Historical Review, ISSN 0002-8762, E-ISSN 1937-5239, Vol. 119, no 4, p. 1347-1348Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Royal Institute of Technology (KTH).
    The world in a Tin Can: Migrants in Environmental History2019In: A Field of Fire: The future of environmental history / [ed] Mark D. Hersey and Ted Steinberg, The University of Alabama Press , 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Wars in environmental history2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Barca, Stefania
    Univ Coimbra, Ctr Estudios Sociais, Praca Dom Dinis, Coimbra, Portugal..
    Colarizi, Simona
    Sapienza Univ Roma, Dipartimento Comunicaz & Ric Sociale, Via Salaria 113, Rome, Italy..
    Serneri, Simone Neri
    Univ Firenze, Dipartimento Sci Polit & Sociali, Via Pandette 32, Florence, Italy..
    Cavazza, Stefano
    Univ Bologna, Dipartimento Arti, Via Barberia 4, Bologna, Italy..
    Political History and Environmental History in Italy2018In: Ricerche di Storia Politica, ISSN 1120-9526, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 63-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental history has grown greatly in various countries, in the last years, and has penetrated in Italy, too. At the same time, it remains in many ways a small sector, while political history, for its part, seems to be untouched by it, despite the relevance of the environment in political discourse. The forum, which closes this special issue on the relationship between politics and the environment, and involves both environmental and political historians, intends to give a contribution to the debate on the nature and fate of political and, more generally, contemporary history.

  • 29.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Biasillo, Roberta
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Rivoluzioni ecologiche lunghe tre secoli2018In: Introduzione alla storia moderna / [ed] Marco Bellabarba, Vincenzo Lavenia, Bologna: Il Mulino , 2018, Mulino, p. 43-54Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Graf von Hardenberg, WilkoUniversity of Wisconsin, Madison .
    Nature and Nation in Modern Europe2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Royal Institute of Technology (KTH).
    Gravagno, Filippo
    Universita di Catania.
    Pappalardo, Giusy
    Università di Catania .
    FERRARA, ALESSIA DENISE
    Università di Catania .
    The Nature of Mafia: An Environmental History of the Simeto River Basin, Sicily2019In: Environment and History, ISSN 0967-3407, E-ISSN 1752-7023Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article builds upon a rich scholarship that has proposed, though with different shades, the concept of socionatures, meaning by this the inextricable hybrid of ecological and social facts. In this article, we aim to explore how the Mafia produces particular socionatural formations, entering into landscapes, becoming rivers and cities, penetrating into the bodies of humans and nonhumans. We will develop our argument by exploring a specific geographical area, the Simeto River, and how the Mafia has become intertwined with its ecologies. We will analyse the appropriation of the river since the 1950s, illustrating various ways in which the Mafia has blended with its ecologies: the control of water, the touristification of the river’s mouth and the placement of waste facilities. We argue that one crucial feature of Mafia socionatures is the attack against commons, i.e. the attempt to subdue the (re)productive properties of human and more-than-human communities to Mafia economic interests. Therefore, we will propose the practices of commons and commoning – that is, the making of commons – as one of the possible strategies against the Mafia

  • 32.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Sedrez, LiseInstituto de História (IH-UFRJ) Brazil.
    A History of Environmentalism: Local Struggles, Global Histories2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Think globally, act locally’ has become a call to environmentalist mobilization, proposing a closer connection between global concerns, local issues and individual responsibility. A History of Environmentalism explores this dialectic relationship, with ten contributors from a range of disciplines providing a history of environmentalism which frames global themes and narrates local stories.Each of the chapters in this volume addresses specific struggles in the history of environmental movements, for example over national parks, species protection, forests, waste, contamination, nuclear energy and expropriation. A diverse range of environments and environmental actors are covered, including the communities in the Amazonian Forest, the antelope in Tibet, atomic power plants in Europe and oil and politics in the Niger Delta. The chapters demonstrate how these conflicts make visible the intricate connections between local and global, the body and the environment, and power and nature. A History of Environmentalism tells us much about transformations of cultural perceptions and ways of production and consuming, as well as ecological and social changes. More than offering an exhaustive picture of the entire environmentalist movement, A History of Environmentalism highlights the importance of the experience of environmentalism within local communities. It offers a worldwide and polyphonic perspective, making it key reading for students and scholars of global and environmental history and political ecology.

  • 33.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Tucker, R.
    Environmental history of modern migrations2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the age of climate change, the possibility that dramatic environmental transformations might cause the dislocation of millions of people has become not only a matter for scientific speculation or science-fiction narratives, but the object of strategic planning and military analysis. Environmental History of Modern Migrations offers a worldwide perspective on the history of migrations throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and provides an opportunity to reflect on the global ecological transformations and developments which have occurred throughout the last few centuries. With a primary focus on the environment/migration nexus, this book advocates that global environmental changes are not distinct from global social transformations. Instead, it offers a progressive method of combining environmental and social history, which manages to both encompass and transcend current approaches to environmental justice issues. This edited collection will be of great interest to students and practitioners of environmental history and migration studies, as well as those with an interest in history and sociology.

  • 34.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    von Hardenberg, Wilko Graf
    University of Wisconsin, Madison.
    Green Rhetoric in Blackshirts: Italian Fascism and the Environment2013In: Environment and History, ISSN 0967-3407, E-ISSN 1752-7023, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 283-311Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In comparison with the significant historiographical work on the German case, specifically on Nazi environmental policies and ideology, studies on such issues for other Fascist regimes are still rather rare. This article attempts partially to fill this gap, at least as regards the Italian case, offering a general overview of the Fascist regime and its environmental politics and narratives. Analysing how Fascists appropriated Italian landscapes through both discourses and concrete policies, this paper examines the construction of a Fascist nature as a rhetorical, symbolic and geographical space. In particular, this essay explores the combined process of appropriation and expropriation through the analysis of two diverse but intertwined issues: firstly, Fascist rural ideology as a narrative on the mutual constituency of nature and people and secondly, the creation of the first Italian national parks, their successes and failures as institutions of nature conservation and their role as symbols of the nature/society divide. While blending the ideas of race, landscape, history, modernity and ruralism, Fascists shaped both the national environment and general ideas about nature in a narrative which affected the very object of the narration that is, nature itself.

  • 35.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    von Hardenberg, Wilko Graf
    On History, Nature and Nation An Interview with David Blackbourn2014In: Environment and History, ISSN 0967-3407, E-ISSN 1752-7023, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 143-159Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    von Hardenberg, Wilko Graf
    special issue: Nature and Nation Introduction2014In: Environment and History, ISSN 0967-3407, E-ISSN 1752-7023, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 37. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    Samoyedic Diary: Early Years of Visual Anthropology in the Soviet Arctic2016In: Visual Anthropology, ISSN 0894-9468, E-ISSN 1545-5920, Vol. 29, no 4-5, p. 331-359Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 38. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    Writing the History of the Northern ‘Field’: An Introductory Note2017In: Sibirica (keele): Interdisciplinary Journal of Siberian Studies, ISSN 1361-7362, E-ISSN 1476-6787, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 1-5Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 39. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    et al.
    Alymov, SergeiAnderson, David
    Ot klassikov k marksizmu: soveshchanie ėtnografov Moskvy i Leningrada (5–11 apreli͡a 1929 g.)2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 40. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    et al.
    Kan, Sergei
    The Concept of the ‘Field’ in Early Soviet Ethnography: A Northern Perspective2017In: Sibirica: Interdisciplinary Journal of Siberian Studies, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 31-74Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 41. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    et al.
    Lyublinskaya, Marina
    Nenet͡skoe olenevodstvo: geografii͡a, ėtnografii͡a, lingvistika [Nenets Reindeer Husbandry: Geography, Ethnography, and Linguistics].2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Environmental encounters: Woolly mammoth, indigenous communities and metropolitan scientists in the Soviet Arctic2019In: Polar Record, ISSN 0032-2474, E-ISSN 1475-3057Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article investigates how in the Soviet Arctic researchers and indigenous communities searched and understood the mammoth before and during the Cold War. Based on a vast number of published and unpublished sources as well as interviews with scholars and reindeer herders, this article demonstrates that the mammoth as a paleontological find fusing together features of extinct and extant species, plays an in-between role among various environmental epistemologies. The author refers to moments of interactions among these different actors as “environmental encounters,” which comprise and engagement with the physical, political, social and cultural environments of the Arctic. These encounters shape the temporal stabilisations of knowledge which enable the mammoth to live its post-extinct life. The article combines approaches from environmental history and anthropology, history of science and indigenous studies showing the social vitality of a “fossil object”.

  • 43.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Department of Siberian Ethnography, Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera), Universitetskaya nab. 3, 199034 Saint Petersburg, Russia.
    Environmental Encounters: Woolly Mammoth, Indigenous Communities and Metropolitan Scientists in the Soviet Arctic2019In: Polar Record, ISSN 0032-2474, E-ISSN 1475-3057Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article investigates how in the Soviet Arctic researchers and indigenous communities searched and understood the mammoth before and during the Cold War. Based on a vast number of published and unpublished sources as well as interviews with scholars and reindeer herders, this article demonstrates that the mammoth as a paleontological find fusing together features of extinct and extant species, plays an in-between role among various environmental epistemologies. The author refers to moments of interactions among these different actors as “environmental encounters,” which comprise and engagement with the physical, political, social and cultural environments of the Arctic. These encounters shape the temporal stabilisations of knowledge which enable the mammoth to live its post-extinct life. The article combines approaches from environmental history and anthropology, history of science and indigenous studies showing the social vitality of a “fossil object”.

  • 44.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Order Out of Chaos: Anthropology and Politics of Sergei M. Shirokogoroff2019In: Life Histories of Etnos Theory in Russia and Beyond / [ed] Anderson, David; Arzyutov, Dmitry; Alymov, Sergei, Cambridge: Open Book Publishers, 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom.
    Voices of the Land, Samizdat, and Visionary Politics: On the Social Life of Altai Narratives2018In: Anthropology & Archeology of Eurasia, ISSN 1061-1959, E-ISSN 1558-092X, Vol. 57, no 1, p. 38-81Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses the social life of narratives within the contemporary Ak-Jang [Ak-Çaŋ] movement of the Altai people of Southern Siberia, based on periodic fieldwork from 2009-2012, with recent updates using the Internet and short trips. The author argues that the Ak-Jang movement, while it has roots and commonalities in the Burkhanist “new religion” of the turn of the twentieth century, also has divergences. While both were politically oppositionist, Ak-Jang members today mobilize against formal, official Buddhism and against outsiders, including tourists. Focus of the article is on written texts, often defending the ecology of sacred lands, stemming from cosmic “messages” received by Ak-Jang members.

  • 46.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Constructing industrial futures for the Arctic2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The circumpolar north has become increasingly important as a potential supply area for minerals, fossil energy resources and new shorter routes for international shipping. Allthough mining, oil and gas extraction are not new activities in the Arctic, the prospect of an ice free Arctic ocean may open possibilities for resource extraction in areas where such activities used to be unthinkable. Such visions of the future of the Arctic are not new however, there are several examples in the history of the Arctic of economic actors formulating visions of what the future of the region should be. The objective of this paper is to analyze the production of future visions for the Arctic by actors within large scale natural resource utilization industries historically and their influence on the economy and politics of the region. The paper will focus on actors involved in the coal mining industry in the Arctic archipelago Spitsbergen / Svalbard from 1898-present. The main research questions are: what futures visions have been produced by actors within the Spitsbergen coal mining industry and why? To what extent have these future visions gained influence in different time periods and why? How has companies and governments interacted in order to strengthen political influence and/or control over natural resources?

     

    The paper is based on analyses of sources from two contexts in which companies outlined their visions of the future of Spitsbergen – in written documents and material objects. Companies promoted their visions of the future in the form of narratives published in company prospects, expedition reports, annual reports, articles in professional journals and in correspondence with potential allies such as government bodies. They also formulated their visions by constructing buildings and technological systems in the landscape of Spitsbergen – material representations of potential, real or unlikely futures, economic and / or political.

     

    I will show that the Spitsbergen mining companies used their future visions in order to build actor networks. By constructing narratives about potential futures, they tried to enroll capital owners and political actors in to actor-networks strong enough to realize their visions. In a similar way, actors within politics and science included industry in their future visions in order to push their own agendas. Therefore, although the future visions of Arctic industry had many similar traits, the actors producing the visions often had quit different motives for producing them – economic visions hiding political agendas and strategic considerations. Moreover, the future visions has changed over the course of the 20th century, as result of the changing economic and political contexts on Svalbard and in Europe and the USA.

     

    The results suggest that Arctic future visions produced by industrial companies become influential if the companies share common interests with other influential actors (governments) and if they are able to build strong networks with such actors. Moreover, they show that Arctic future visions are most often elements in strategies aimed at achieving goals outside of the Arctic. The results can be used to deepen our understanding of the mineral and energy projects that underpin contemporary Arctic futures.

  • 47.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Constructing Svalbard and its natural resources: industrial futures in a contested Arctic space2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Arctic is often envisioned as a future supply area for fossil energy and shipping, a development bound to occur because of the decreasing Arctic Ocean sea ice. In the Assessing Arctic Futures project we have challenged this deterministic future vision, arguing that natural resources are social constructions, constructed within networks of actors who ascribe value to them.

    Based on a theoretical model developed in this project, I will present cases on the construction of resources in the Svalbard coal mining industry (1898-present). How and why have actors envisioned Svalbard as a place for settlement and extraction? How did they build influence for their visions and why were some of those visions realized? The paper will suggest that explanations of why resource utilization in the Arctic occur (or not) is far more complex than the relative amount of sea ice on the Arctic Ocean.

  • 48.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Constructing the Past of Polar Futures2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Constructing the pasts of competing Spitsbergen futures: Russian heritage in action2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Creating sustainable development in the Arctic: abandoned extraction sites as assets for new Arctic futures2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The impacts of climate change on polar cultural heritage have received an increasing attention in recent years within the field of heritage research. Less attention has been place on other processes of global change affecting the Arctic, where cultural heritage plays an important role – industrialization and de-industrialization. In recent years the circumpolar Arctic has been affected by a global mining boom, triggered by high world market prices on minerals as well as notions of the Arctic as a future arena for resource extraction in the wake of climate change. This mining boom is affecting communities in much of the Arctic region and holds a central place in debates about sustainable development there. A central item of these discussions focus on the question of how to handle the physical remains of mining sites once the boom is over and the activities have seized. The attitudes to abandoned mining sites differ across the Arctic. In some cases they have been perceived as unwanted legacies of problematic pasts, making land reclamation a preferred strategy. In other cases abandoned mines and associated infrastructures have been re-defined as cultural heritage and have become anchor points for local identities and a resource for new economies.

    The objective of this paper is to present a research project aiming to explain these differences in order to understand under which circumstances abandoned large-scale resource extraction sites can be turned into resources for new futures in post-industrial Arctic communities. The focus is on the European Arctic, but in a circumpolar and bi-polar comparative perspective. The main questions are: how have different groups of actors interpreted and used physical remains of abandoned resource extraction operations, and why? Which policies are needed to turn abandoned resource extraction sites into resources for constructing new futures in the Arctic? By addressing these questions, the field of heritage studies can make an important contribution to the discussion on sustainable futures in the Arctic.

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