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  • 1. Anderson, David
    et al.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    The Construction of the Soviet Ethnography and “The Peoples of Siberia"2016In: History and Anthropology, ISSN 0275-7206, E-ISSN 1477-2612, Vol. 27, no 2, 183-209 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The multi-generation book project "The Peoples of Siberia" enabled a group of Leningrad-based scholars to reshape their museum into a Soviet ethnographic community. This article analyses the face-to-face performances, the legalistic stenographic documentation, the collective crafting of a single authoritative style, and a unique temporal frame as an important background to understand a hallmark volume in Siberian studies. The authors argue that the published volume indexes nearly thirty years of scholarly debates as much as it indexes the peoples it represents. The article concludes with a critical discussion of how this volume was translated and received by a Euro-American readership influencing the perception of Siberian peoples internationally. It also links the volume to contemporary post-Soviet publication projects which seem to retrace the same path. The article is based on extensive archival work and references collections recently discovered and which are presented for publication here for the first time.

  • 2.
    Angere, Staffan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    The defeasible nature of coherentist justification2007In: Synthese, ISSN 0039-7857, E-ISSN 1573-0964, Vol. 157, no 3, 321-335 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The impossibility results of Bovens and Hartmann (2003, Bayesian epistemology. Oxford: Clarendon Press) and Olsson (2005, Against coherence: Truth, probability and justification. Oxford: Oxford University Press.) show that the link between coherence and probability is not as strong as some have supposed. This paper is an attempt to bring out a way in which coherence reasoning nevertheless can be justified, based on the idea that, even if it does not provide an infallible guide to probability, it can give us an indication thereof. It is further shown that this actually is the case, for several of the coherence measures discussed in the literature so far. We also discuss how this affects the possibility to use coherence as a means of epistemic justification.

  • 3.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    An environmental historian among activists and other tales2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Andrew Denning. Skiing into Modernity: A Cultural and Environmental History2016In: American Historical Review, ISSN 0002-8762, E-ISSN 1937-5239, Vol. 121, no 3, 1017-1018 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Confessions of an Enthusiastic Chair2017In: Environment and History, ISSN 0967-3407, E-ISSN 1752-7023, vii-xi p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Dal mondo all'Italia: Andata e ritorno2015In: Ambientalismi, Torino: Linaria , 2015, 229-239 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Environmental history between institutionalization and revolution: A short commentary with two sites and one experiment2016In: Environmental humanities. Voices from the Anthropocene / [ed] Serenella Iovino and Serpil Opperman, London: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2016, 45-59 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Environmental Justice from the US to the world2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Garbage under the volcano: The waste crisis in Campania and the struggles for environmental justice2014In: A History of Environmentalism: Local Struggles, global histories / [ed] Marco Armiero - Lise Sedrez, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2014, 167-184 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 10. Armiero, Marco
    Invited speaker at the Panel on Transformations towards Sustainability2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Migrants and the making of the American landscape2017In: Environmental History of Modern Migrations / [ed] Marco Armiero and Richard Tucker, London: Routledge, 2017, 53-70 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter I will explore how migrants have adapted, fought with, and reshaped the environment they moved into, changing themselves and nature at the same time. Their tools, skills, knowledge, even their ethnic identities and solidarity, interacted with the local natural resources. Immigrants have looked at nature with different eyes; sometimes they saw natural resources where others could not see anything (for instance, in the case of urban commons); they adapted themselves or fought against the landscape they arrived in (as in the case of Southern plantations in the Mississippi Delta or the making of California’s agricultural landscape); their bodies became part of the capitalistic ecologies of industrial and mining production transforming both the external and the internal nature. While in the classical narrative pioneers entered, settled, and coped with a natural environment they heroically tamed, in this chapter I argue that immigrants’ environments were never only “natural.” Those were racialized landscapes, where class, law, and property rights were influential at least as much as soil, climate, viruses, or wild animals. Therefore, rather than speaking of how immigrants shaped or adapted to the “natural” environment, it seems more appropriate to analyze the metabolic relationships between immigrants and the socionatures in which they settled. I will do so employing several examples from the history of various immigrants’ groups, especially Italians, in the United States.

  • 12.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Of Ghosts, Waste and the Anthropocene2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Of the Titanic, the Bounty, and Other Shipwrecks2015In: Intervalla, ISSN 2296-3413, Vol. 3, 50-54 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The metaphor of the ship has always been extremely powerful in the global narrative about the common fate of planet Earth. The famous image of the Blue Marble was instrumental in the construction of the imaginary of the planet as a spaceship roaming in the universe. The ship evokes the idea of both finiteness and unity. In many languages "to be in the same boat" means to share the same destiny, thereby, to collaborate in order to operate the ship. The corollary of that metaphor is the existence of the open ocean, that is, of a risky space in which the ship and its crew are navigating. I will discuss about what these metaphors say - and hide - about the ecological crisis, or the the collapse of modern civilization using the key concept of this workshop.

  • 14.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Ribelli: Naturalmente2015In: La contestazione ecologica. Storia, cronache e narrazioni, Napoli: La scuola di Pitagora , 2015, 9-30 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Teresa e le altre: Storie di donne nella Terra dei Fuochi2014Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [it]

    Sono vent’anni che la Campania è sommersa dai rifiuti. Una politica corrotta o incapace, poteri criminali e interessi economici hanno determinato un disastro ecologico di enormi proporzioni. Si è scelta una comunità «debole» per trasformarla nella discarica finale di ogni scarto. Ma la convinzione che quella comunità sarebbe rimasta apatica si è rivelata sbagliata. Si è formata, invece, una comunità resistente capace di battersi per la giustizia ambientale, di proporre soluzioni alternative, di gridare le sue ragioni. In Campania sono le donne a svolgere un ruolo di primo piano. Questo libro racconta le storie di alcune di loro nella convinzione che costruire la memoria significa lottare contro la fine della storia e il ricatto di un presente senza alternative. Raccontare le storie di Teresa e le altre è un antidoto potente, un tassello di una resistenza collettiva, un progetto di guerrilla narrative. Perché la resistenza ha bisogno di voci e di reti. Sulla munnezza campana si sono scritte enciclopedie, trattati scientifici, resoconti giornalistici, persino pièce teatrali. Questo libro vuole fare altro. Tanto per cominciare, si ispira allo slogan del movimento americano della giustizia ambientale: "we speak for ourselves", che qui non significa solo che attivisti e attiviste parlano in prima persona ma rimanda anche al carattere "narrativo" del movimento, alla volontà di sfidare il sistema che ha prodotto ingiustizia con la forza del raccontare. Scrive Marco Armiero nella sua introduzione al volume: «Io mi sono messo a cercare l’ingiustizia, ovvero ho provato a legge- re questa vicenda campana non tanto come una storia di inefficienze, di corruzione, di camorra, ma come una storia che mette a nudo le asimmetrie del potere, il sistematico scegliere comunità marginali, spesso già contaminate, come «zone di sacrificio» destinate ad accogliere ciò che nessuno vuole».

  • 16.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    The Summits of Modern Man: Mountaineering after the Enlightenment2014In: American Historical Review, ISSN 0002-8762, E-ISSN 1937-5239, Vol. 119, no 4, 1347-1348 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Wars in environmental history2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Biasillo, Roberta
    University of Bari, Italy.
    Seeing the nation for the trees: at the frontier of the Italian nineteenth century modernityIn: Environment and History, ISSN 0967-3407, E-ISSN 1752-7023Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we analyse the emergence and the transformation of three different socio-natural spaces in a particular historical context, that is, the establishment of a modern state.

    We explore this issue researching the relationship between forests and modernization from Unification in 1861 to the 1890's. Over this period Italy experienced a radical change connected with the state-building process, and forests represented a material place where innovations in social and economic development were tested.

    Based on three case studies, this article explores how modernity was articulated through urban parks, ironworks, and infrastructures. Those three cases speak of both depletion and conservation; they exemplify the patterns through which in the very making of modernity, Italian society articulated its relationship to nature in an attempt to overcome customary rights and the traditional rural organization of society.

    Forests were constructed as socio-ecological spaces reflecting Italy's contested and heterogeneous modernization process upon which political tensions, social conflicts, and economic development theories were inscribed on transformed landscapes.

  • 19.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    De Rosa, Salvatore Paolo
    Lund University .
    Political effluvia2016In: methodological challenges in nature-culture and environmental history research / [ed] Jocelyn Thorpe, Stephanie Rutherford, L. Anders Sandberg, Routledge, 2016, 173-186 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Graf von Hardenberg, WilkoUniversity of Wisconsin, Madison .
    Nature and Nation in Modern Europe2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Sedrez, LiseInstituto de História (IH-UFRJ) Brazil.
    A History of Environmentalism: Local Struggles, Global Histories2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Think globally, act locally’ has become a call to environmentalist mobilization, proposing a closer connection between global concerns, local issues and individual responsibility. A History of Environmentalism explores this dialectic relationship, with ten contributors from a range of disciplines providing a history of environmentalism which frames global themes and narrates local stories.Each of the chapters in this volume addresses specific struggles in the history of environmental movements, for example over national parks, species protection, forests, waste, contamination, nuclear energy and expropriation. A diverse range of environments and environmental actors are covered, including the communities in the Amazonian Forest, the antelope in Tibet, atomic power plants in Europe and oil and politics in the Niger Delta. The chapters demonstrate how these conflicts make visible the intricate connections between local and global, the body and the environment, and power and nature. A History of Environmentalism tells us much about transformations of cultural perceptions and ways of production and consuming, as well as ecological and social changes. More than offering an exhaustive picture of the entire environmentalist movement, A History of Environmentalism highlights the importance of the experience of environmentalism within local communities. It offers a worldwide and polyphonic perspective, making it key reading for students and scholars of global and environmental history and political ecology.

  • 22.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Tucker, R.
    Environmental history of modern migrations2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the age of climate change, the possibility that dramatic environmental transformations might cause the dislocation of millions of people has become not only a matter for scientific speculation or science-fiction narratives, but the object of strategic planning and military analysis. Environmental History of Modern Migrations offers a worldwide perspective on the history of migrations throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and provides an opportunity to reflect on the global ecological transformations and developments which have occurred throughout the last few centuries. With a primary focus on the environment/migration nexus, this book advocates that global environmental changes are not distinct from global social transformations. Instead, it offers a progressive method of combining environmental and social history, which manages to both encompass and transcend current approaches to environmental justice issues. This edited collection will be of great interest to students and practitioners of environmental history and migration studies, as well as those with an interest in history and sociology.

  • 23.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    von Hardenberg, Wilko Graf
    University of Wisconsin, Madison.
    Green Rhetoric in Blackshirts: Italian Fascism and the Environment2013In: Environment and History, ISSN 0967-3407, Vol. 19, no 3, 283-311 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In comparison with the significant historiographical work on the German case, specifically on Nazi environmental policies and ideology, studies on such issues for other Fascist regimes are still rather rare. This article attempts partially to fill this gap, at least as regards the Italian case, offering a general overview of the Fascist regime and its environmental politics and narratives. Analysing how Fascists appropriated Italian landscapes through both discourses and concrete policies, this paper examines the construction of a Fascist nature as a rhetorical, symbolic and geographical space. In particular, this essay explores the combined process of appropriation and expropriation through the analysis of two diverse but intertwined issues: firstly, Fascist rural ideology as a narrative on the mutual constituency of nature and people and secondly, the creation of the first Italian national parks, their successes and failures as institutions of nature conservation and their role as symbols of the nature/society divide. While blending the ideas of race, landscape, history, modernity and ruralism, Fascists shaped both the national environment and general ideas about nature in a narrative which affected the very object of the narration that is, nature itself.

  • 24.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    von Hardenberg, Wilko Graf
    On History, Nature and Nation An Interview with David Blackbourn2014In: Environment and History, ISSN 0967-3407, Vol. 20, no 1, 143-159 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    von Hardenberg, Wilko Graf
    special issue: Nature and Nation Introduction2014In: Environment and History, ISSN 0967-3407, Vol. 20, no 1, 1-8 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 26. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    Samoyedic Diary: Early Years of Visual Anthropology in the Soviet Arctic2016In: Visual Anthropology, ISSN 0894-9468, E-ISSN 1545-5920, Vol. 29, no 4-5, 331-359 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 27. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    Writing the History of the Northern ‘Field’: An Introductory Note2017In: Sibirica (keele): Interdisciplinary Journal of Siberian Studies, ISSN 1361-7362, E-ISSN 1476-6787, Vol. 16, no 1, 1-5 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    et al.
    Alymov, SergeiAnderson, David
    Ot klassikov k marksizmu: soveshchanie ėtnografov Moskvy i Leningrada (5–11 apreli͡a 1929 g.)2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 29. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    et al.
    Kan, Sergei
    The Concept of the ‘Field’ in Early Soviet Ethnography: A Northern Perspective2017In: Sibirica: Interdisciplinary Journal of Siberian Studies, Vol. 16, no 1, 31-74 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Constructing industrial futures for the Arctic2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The circumpolar north has become increasingly important as a potential supply area for minerals, fossil energy resources and new shorter routes for international shipping. Allthough mining, oil and gas extraction are not new activities in the Arctic, the prospect of an ice free Arctic ocean may open possibilities for resource extraction in areas where such activities used to be unthinkable. Such visions of the future of the Arctic are not new however, there are several examples in the history of the Arctic of economic actors formulating visions of what the future of the region should be. The objective of this paper is to analyze the production of future visions for the Arctic by actors within large scale natural resource utilization industries historically and their influence on the economy and politics of the region. The paper will focus on actors involved in the coal mining industry in the Arctic archipelago Spitsbergen / Svalbard from 1898-present. The main research questions are: what futures visions have been produced by actors within the Spitsbergen coal mining industry and why? To what extent have these future visions gained influence in different time periods and why? How has companies and governments interacted in order to strengthen political influence and/or control over natural resources?

     

    The paper is based on analyses of sources from two contexts in which companies outlined their visions of the future of Spitsbergen – in written documents and material objects. Companies promoted their visions of the future in the form of narratives published in company prospects, expedition reports, annual reports, articles in professional journals and in correspondence with potential allies such as government bodies. They also formulated their visions by constructing buildings and technological systems in the landscape of Spitsbergen – material representations of potential, real or unlikely futures, economic and / or political.

     

    I will show that the Spitsbergen mining companies used their future visions in order to build actor networks. By constructing narratives about potential futures, they tried to enroll capital owners and political actors in to actor-networks strong enough to realize their visions. In a similar way, actors within politics and science included industry in their future visions in order to push their own agendas. Therefore, although the future visions of Arctic industry had many similar traits, the actors producing the visions often had quit different motives for producing them – economic visions hiding political agendas and strategic considerations. Moreover, the future visions has changed over the course of the 20th century, as result of the changing economic and political contexts on Svalbard and in Europe and the USA.

     

    The results suggest that Arctic future visions produced by industrial companies become influential if the companies share common interests with other influential actors (governments) and if they are able to build strong networks with such actors. Moreover, they show that Arctic future visions are most often elements in strategies aimed at achieving goals outside of the Arctic. The results can be used to deepen our understanding of the mineral and energy projects that underpin contemporary Arctic futures.

  • 31.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Constructing Svalbard and its natural resources: industrial futures in a contested Arctic space2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Arctic is often envisioned as a future supply area for fossil energy and shipping, a development bound to occur because of the decreasing Arctic Ocean sea ice. In the Assessing Arctic Futures project we have challenged this deterministic future vision, arguing that natural resources are social constructions, constructed within networks of actors who ascribe value to them.

    Based on a theoretical model developed in this project, I will present cases on the construction of resources in the Svalbard coal mining industry (1898-present). How and why have actors envisioned Svalbard as a place for settlement and extraction? How did they build influence for their visions and why were some of those visions realized? The paper will suggest that explanations of why resource utilization in the Arctic occur (or not) is far more complex than the relative amount of sea ice on the Arctic Ocean.

  • 32.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Constructing the Past of Polar Futures2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Constructing the pasts of competing Spitsbergen futures: Russian heritage in action2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Creating sustainable development in the Arctic: abandoned extraction sites as assets for new Arctic futures2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The impacts of climate change on polar cultural heritage have received an increasing attention in recent years within the field of heritage research. Less attention has been place on other processes of global change affecting the Arctic, where cultural heritage plays an important role – industrialization and de-industrialization. In recent years the circumpolar Arctic has been affected by a global mining boom, triggered by high world market prices on minerals as well as notions of the Arctic as a future arena for resource extraction in the wake of climate change. This mining boom is affecting communities in much of the Arctic region and holds a central place in debates about sustainable development there. A central item of these discussions focus on the question of how to handle the physical remains of mining sites once the boom is over and the activities have seized. The attitudes to abandoned mining sites differ across the Arctic. In some cases they have been perceived as unwanted legacies of problematic pasts, making land reclamation a preferred strategy. In other cases abandoned mines and associated infrastructures have been re-defined as cultural heritage and have become anchor points for local identities and a resource for new economies.

    The objective of this paper is to present a research project aiming to explain these differences in order to understand under which circumstances abandoned large-scale resource extraction sites can be turned into resources for new futures in post-industrial Arctic communities. The focus is on the European Arctic, but in a circumpolar and bi-polar comparative perspective. The main questions are: how have different groups of actors interpreted and used physical remains of abandoned resource extraction operations, and why? Which policies are needed to turn abandoned resource extraction sites into resources for constructing new futures in the Arctic? By addressing these questions, the field of heritage studies can make an important contribution to the discussion on sustainable futures in the Arctic.

  • 35.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Creating sustainable development in the Arctic: abandoned extraction sites as assets for new futures2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The impacts of climate change on polar cultural heritage have received an increasing attention in recent years within the field of heritage research. Less attention has been place on other processes of global change affecting the Arctic, where cultural heritage plays an important role – industrialization and de-industrialization. In recent years the circumpolar Arctic has been affected by a global mining boom, triggered by high world market prices on minerals as well as notions of the Arctic as a future arena for resource extraction in the wake of climate change. This mining boom is affecting communities in much of the Arctic region and holds a central place in debates about sustainable development there. A central item of these discussions focus on the question of how to handle the physical remains of mining sites once the boom is over and the activities have seized. The attitudes to abandoned mining sites differ across the Arctic. In some cases they have been perceived as unwanted legacies of problematic pasts, making land reclamation a preferred strategy. In other cases abandoned mines and associated infrastructures have been re-defined as cultural heritage and have become anchor points for local identities and a resource for new economies.

    The objective of this paper is to present preliminary results from a research project aiming to explain these differences in order to understand under which circumstances abandoned large-scale resource extraction sites can be turned into resources for new futures in post-industrial Arctic communities. The focus is on the European Arctic, but in a circumpolar and bi-polar comparative perspective. The main questions are: how have different groups of actors interpreted and used physical remains of abandoned resource extraction operations, and why? Which policies are needed to turn abandoned resource extraction sites into resources for constructing new futures in the Arctic? By addressing these questions, the field of industrial heritage studies can make an important contribution to the discussion on sustainable futures in the Arctic.

  • 36.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Det industriella kulturarvet som källa2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Heritage in Action: Industrial heritage in sovereignty conflicts2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this paper is to analyze the role of cultural heritage in international disputes over polar areas, through the lens of heritage sites in the Arctic and Antarctic.

    Over the last centuries, entrepreneurs and states have competed for control over territories and resources in the Arctic and Antarctic. Previous research has analyzed this struggle on different arenas – in diplomacy and in the Polar landscapes, where scientific research and resource utilization has served as bases for claims to political influence or exclusive extraction rights. Less is known about the role of the historical remains of these activities, in current sovereignty controversies in the Arctic and Antarctic. What is the role of heritage sites in the competition for influence and resources in the Polar Regions?

    The paper analyzes industrial heritage sites in two contested areas in the Polar Regions – the Antarctic Peninsula and South Georgia in the Antarctic, and Svalbard in the Arctic – sites remaining from large scale whaling and mining in the 20th century. The analysis is based on extensive industrial archaeological field research conducted in the Arctic and Antarctic within the framework of the International Polar Year project LASHIPA (Large Scale Historical Exploitation of Polar Areas).

    The cases analyzed shows that industry heritage sites have been used in the struggle between the main competitors for sovereignty in those regions, through practical re-use, by narration and through heritage management. The results show that industrial heritage sites in the Polar Regions can play a significant role in competitions for political influence and resources there. By enrolling the heritage sites into actor networks, competing stakeholders populate sparsely populated places with allied actors and actants. In these networks, the heritage sites can play different roles, defending national prestige, attracting tourists, creating a sense connectedness to distant polar places, as well as legitimizing claims for influence over territories and natural resources.

  • 38.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Kampen om naturresurserna2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Natural resources and industrial geopolitics2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Sustainable Communities and the Legacies of Mining in the Nordic Arctic2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    The Greening of Arctic Mining Landscapes: The Politics of Industrial Heritage at Svalbard2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Valfångst, industriarv och geopolitik i Sydatlanten2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Avango, Dag
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    af Geijerstam, Jan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Isacson, Maths
    The Imprints of Industry: Marie Nisser and the development of industrial heritage research in Sweden2011In: Patrimoine d'industrie/Industrial patrimony, Vol. 26, 151-160 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Avango, Dag
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Grönlund-Myrberg, Lena
    Falun Copper Mine World Heritage Site.
    Falun copper mine – industrial heritage in mining futures2014In: Industrial and Mining Landscapes within world heritage context / [ed] Albrecht, Helmuth and Hansell, Friederike, Freiberg: IWTG/TU Bergakademie Freiberg , 2014, 142-153 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Falun copper mine is an industrial heritage site locatedin middle Sweden. Mining began here in the 8th century AD. Over a thousand years later, in 1992, the mine was closed and in 2001 Unesco declared it a world heritage site. Eight years later the Australian company Drake Resources started prospect drilling, right in the middle of the world heritage area, to investigate the possibilities for re-opening the mine again. This development is not unique. Rising world market prices for raw materials in recent years is driving a mining boom, in which companies seek licenses for prospecting and mining in increasingly remote locations, as well as in national parks and cultural heritage sites. World heritage sites are not excluded. From Cornwall to Falun, prospecting and mining companies attempt to reopen mining operations in world heritage sites where the historical remains that form the bases of the sites are a result of a long history of mining. This has led to a discussion within global heritage organisations such as TICCIH and ICOMOS, on how to deal with this development – are new mining operations in historical mining districts only a problem or could it also be seen as a resource, an activity representing continuity rather than destruction?

    The objective of this article is to describe the developmentof prospecting activities and mining plans at the Falu coppermine world heritage site and its possible consequences. What prospecting activities have taken place at the Falu copper mine after Unesco inscribed it on the world heritage list and why? How has local media and the organizations managing and protecting, responded to these plans andactivities and why? What could be the consequences of renewedmining operations at Falun?

  • 45.
    Avango, Dag
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Hacquebord, Louwrens
    Wrakberg, Urban
    Industrial extraction of Arctic natural resources since the sixteenth century: technoscience and geo-economics in the history of northern whaling and mining2014In: Journal of Historical Geography, ISSN 0305-7488, E-ISSN 1095-8614, Vol. 44, 15-30 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A comparative perspective is applied in analyzing the large-scale utilization of Arctic natural resources driven by economies and agents outside the Arctic and subarctic regions. This paper focuses on whaling since the sixteenth century, and on the development of mining from the nineteenth century to the present. The European sector of the Arctic and subarctic regions including the high-Arctic archipelago of Spitsbergen provides the main cases for this study. The social, economic and environmental contexts and consequences of northern industry are considered; as part of this line of research, the little-known symbolic and geopolitical uses of industrial field installations are considered. The northern transfer of Western technoscience, including scientific navigation, colonial geography, steam-propulsion and aviation, often failed initially despite much enthusiasm and underwent painstaking on-site modification. In this industrialists and other Arctic entrepreneurs attempted to control a complex combination of factors including the sparse local population, the lack of major infrastructure, and the environmental impact of their own businesses. This combined with the social problems of keeping peace among collaborators and competitors under isolated and lawless conditions. In conclusion, the greatest challenges to industry in the Arctic throughout modern history were local and social rather than climatic or geopolitical. Indigenous interests were long disregarded while Arctic seas and some land areas were exploited by Western nations as unregulated commons. Not only nature and local inhabitants but also the industry itself suffered from increased scales of operations. The record of Arctic extractive industries over four hundred years reveals a need to develop and share relevant environmental and socio-economic knowledge and to develop international regulations and instruments such as industry certification to guarantee sustainable northern resource utilization.

  • 46.
    Avango, Dag
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Industriarvet Idag2013In: Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0349-2834, 5-9 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction to thematic issue of Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift, identifying trends.

  • 47.
    Avango, Dag
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    ‘The essence of the adventure’: Narratives of Arctic work and engineering in th early 20th century2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Why do people decide to leave everything behind to find work in harsh Arctic environments? This is an important question, if we want to explain the development of industry in the Polar Regions. In this presentation we will try to answer it, by analyzing the stories of employees in the Spitsbergen mining industry in the early 20th century.

    The late 19th and early 20th centuries experienced the culmination of an exceptional hero cult surrounding polar scientists and explorers. Far less celebrated, but probably no less important, were the numerous mining workers and engineers present and active in industrial enterprises in the High Arctic at about the same period. While the motives and driving forces of polar scientists and explorers have been relatively carefully examined, very little attention has been paid to these, less glamorous, people and their choice to earn a living in an Arctic industrial community.

    By examining a unique material of written accounts, diaries, newspaper articles and images from the Swedish coal mining establishment of Sveagruvan (the Svea Mine) on Spitsbergen, in production during the first two decades of the 20th century, we will analyze the narratives of workers, foremen and managers, men and women, expressing their views of the time they spent on Spitsbergen. The material will be discussed from four identity creating perspectives:  gender, nationality, class and profession. How did individuals in different positions narrate their life and work at the Svea Mine? What was the source of inspiration for those narratives? To what extent were they inspired by the established heroic picture of the Arctic scientists and explorers? What does this tell us about the motives for working in the High Arctic?

  • 48.
    Avango, Dag
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    "The essence of the adventure": Narratives of Arctic work and engineering in the early 20th century2012In: LASHIPA: History of Large Scale Resource Exploitation in Polar Areas / [ed] Louwrens Hacquebord, Groningen: Barkhuis Publishing , 2012, 87-104 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Avango, Dag
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Lagerås, Per
    Riksantikvarieämbetet.
    Inledning2012In: Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0349-2834, no 63Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 50.
    Avango, Dag
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Nilsson, Annika
    Roberts, Peder
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Assessing Arctic Futures: Voices, Resources, and Governance2013In: The Polar Journal, ISSN 2154-896X, E-ISSN 2154-8978, Vol. 3, no 2, 431-446 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Interest in the future of the Arctic is running high, motivated in large part by belief that climate change will open new possibilities (and unleash new threats). Wealth from shipping and natural resource extraction features prominently in narratives about the Arctic in the media, and governance of the region has become a major concern as new actors demand influence. We use three components of current discourse about the Arctic to help reveal connections between how the region is constructed and how the right to decide its future is articulated. Voices are the actors who participate in the discursive construction of Arctic futures, with varying degrees of influence. Resources are objects upon which actors inscribe values, thus locating them in the discourse. Governance refers to the structural features through which action is regulated within spaces, restricting also the range of legitimate actors. We demonstrate the usefulness of these concepts through brief case studies of coal on Spitsbergen, hydrocarbons in the Barents Sea and whaling in the North Atlantic. We conclude by emphasizing the value of a historical perspective to understanding contemporary debates about the future of the Arctic.

1234567 1 - 50 of 379
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