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  • 1.
    Alfvén, Hannes
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005).
    Memoirs of a dissident scientist1988In: American Scientist, ISSN 0003-0996, E-ISSN 1545-2786, Vol. 76, no 3, p. 249-251Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Alymov, Sergei S.
    et al.
    Russian Acad Sci, Inst Ethnol & Anthropol, Sci Hist, Moscow, Russia.;Russian Acad Sci, Inst Ethnol & Anthropol, Moscow, Russia..
    Anderson, David G.
    Univ Aberdeen, Dept Anthropol, Chair Anthropol North, Aberdeen, Scotland..
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Life histories of the etnos concept in Eurasia: an introduction2018In: Ab Imperio: Theory and History of Nationalities and Nationalism in the post-Soviet Realm, ISSN 2166-4072, E-ISSN 2164-9731, no 1, p. 21-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article is an abridged version of the first chapter in the edited volume A Theory for Empire Written on Its Margins. It presents an account of more than 150 years of what the authors identify as "etnos-thinking" - the attempt to use positivistic and rational scientific methodologies to describe, encapsulate, evaluate, and rank "etnoses" across Eurasia. Its central argument is that the work of professional ethnographers created a powerful language parallel to the political vocabulary of "tribes," "nationalities," and "nations." The essay surveys the definitions of etnos offered by scholars during the twentieth century, and argues that historically etnos-thinking emerged and developed in the multidisciplinary scientific environment of "biosocial" science - an approach to identity heavily influenced by physical anthropology and natural sciences. The biosocial synthesis - and etnos-thinking - was incompatible with Soviet Marxism of the 1930s, but had a piecemeal revival in the 1960s. The article claims that etnos-thinking acquired new dynamism in post-Soviet Russia. Although leading academic anthropologists criticize the concept, it remains high on the agenda for many intellectuals and ethnic activists in the twenty-first century.

  • 3. Anderson, David G.
    et al.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    The Etnos Archipelago: Sergei M. Shirokogoroff and the Life History of a Controversial Anthropological Concept2019In: Current Anthropology, ISSN 0011-3204, E-ISSN 1537-5382, Vol. 60, no 6, p. 741-773Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of etnos—one of the more controversial anthropological concepts of the Cold War period—is contextualized by looking at its “life history” through the biography of one of its proponents. Sergei Mikhailovich Shirokogoroff was a Russian/Chinese anthropologist whose career transected Eurasia from Paris to Beijing via Saint Petersburg and the Siberian borderlands of the Russian Empire. His transnational biography and active correspondence shaped the unique spatial and intellectual configuration of a concept that became a cornerstone of both Soviet and Chinese ethnography. The theory of etnos turned out to be surprisingly stable, while circulating through various political and intellectual environments ranging from England, Germany, and China to Imperial, Soviet, and modern Russia. This case study presents a history of anthropology wherein networks and conversations originating in the Far East of Eurasia have had unexpected influences on the heartlands of anthropology. 

  • 4.
    Anstey, Tim
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Architectural Technologies.
    The ambiguities of disegno2005In: Journal of Architecture, ISSN 1360-2365, E-ISSN 1466-4410, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 295-306Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Bertilsson, Fredrik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Användbar humaniora: Textbedömning, argumentationsanalys och källkritik i den svenska försvarsforskningen och det psykologiska försvaret2023In: Humaniora i välfärdssamhället: Kunskapshistorier om efterkrigstiden / [ed] Johan Östling, Anton Svensson och Ragni Svensson Stringberg, Göteborg & Stockholm: Makadam Förlag, 2023, p. 267-289Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här kapitlet vägleds av ett intresse för hur humanistisk kunskap hargjorts användbar i det svenska försvaret i förhållande till informationsteknologiskalandvinningar och nya former av så kallad informationspåverkanunder slutet av 1900-talet. Informationspåverkan avser kort sagtanvändningen av (vilseledande) information i syfte att påverka den allmännaopinionen, demokratiska processer och det politiska beslutsfattandet. Målet med kapitlet är att bidra till en bättre förståelse av denbetydelse som humanistisk kunskap har haft i det svenska försvaret ochdärmed den svenska staten under slutet av 1900-talet. Jag studerar kunskapsom vanligen knyts till utbildningen och forskningen inom humanioraoch humanistiska fakulteter vid universitet och högskolor. Det handlarsärskilt om filosofisk kunskap om bedömningen eller värderingen av argumentoch utsagor i text samt källkritik. Källkritiken utvecklades ursprungligenav historiker under 1800-talet och har som vetenskaplig metod haftett stort inflytande på historievetenskapen i de nordiska länderna, kanskesärskilt i Sverige.

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  • 6.
    Bertilsson, Fredrik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Den radioaktiva vetenskapen: Beredskapen mot kärnvapen och engagemanget för miljön i Sverige2022In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 11-29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Throughout the Cold War, there was an extensive production of ideas and knowledge around radioactivity as a social hazard. Previous research shows that there is a lack of knowledge about the relationship between the preparedness against nuclear weapons that was built up in Sweden from the 1950s onwards and the environmental commit-ment that took shape a few decades later. The aim of this article is to contribute new knowledge about these historical conditions by examining the radioactivity research conducted at the Swedish National Defence Research Establishment [Försvarets for-skningsanstalt] (FOA). The exploration is focusing on a period during the 1960s and 1970s when questions about radioactivity in relation to nuclear weapons, nuclear power and the environment had a clear impact in Sweden. Swedish preparedness is usually associated with efforts to protect the human population. I show how animals, plants and other non-human life also became objects in defence research and the preparedness against radioactivity that the scientific work at FOA enabled. FOA was a Swedish governmental agency that provided scientific advice to the Swedish Total Defence. FOA operated at the intersection of military and civil science. The article is concerned with FOA’s ambitions and expressed interests. The primary empirical material consists of FOA publications. I focus on how radioactivity research was presented in Foatidningen that was published by FOA between 1963 and 2000.

  • 7.
    Bertilsson, Fredrik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Humanistisk torka: Nya beredskapsproblem och humanioras betydelse2022Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8. Bertilsson, Fredrik
    Nya universitetsregler vid 1700-talets mitt2018In: Vägval i skolans historia, ISSN 2002-0147, Vol. 4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9.
    Bertilsson, Fredrik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    The Public Space and Informal Accountability: Verdandi’s Study Manual, the Press and Uppsala University2019In: Cogent Arts and Humanities, E-ISSN 2331-1983, Vol. 6, no 1, article id 1586622Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is concerned with the introduction of new forms of accountability. Instead of studying political reforms in the present, it explores a process in 19th century Sweden where the university became informally accountable to the public. It focuses not on large-scale government interventions but on seemingly mundane educational documentation: the study handbook published by Verdandi, a fraternity at Uppsala University, in 1887. The study is concerned with the impact of the handbook on the infrastructure of control, transparency and agency of the university. It shows how the handbook rearranged the academic structure of agency and provided new venues of assessment. The handbook was the first of its kind and it received nation-wide press coverage. It provided the press and the public with an official point of reference to informally and publicly assess, question and judge university education. At the same time, students were enabled to strengthen their influence within and without the university. The study illuminates a dual process of agency and accountability that was arguably an integral part to the 19th century “modern” university emerging in relation to the public space and contemporary political and social developments.

  • 10.
    Bertilsson, Fredrik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Verksamhetsöverskridande universitetspolitiska samarbeten: Införandet av en juristexamen i Sverige 17492019In: Universitetets gränser / [ed] Peter Josephson och Thomas Karlsohn, Göteborg: Arche Press , 2019, 1, p. 94-113Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Dahlberg, Leif
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Spacing Law and Politics: The Constitution and Representation of the Juridical2016 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Examining the inherent spatiality of law, both theoretically and as social practice, this book presents a genealogical account of the emergence and the development of the juridical. In an analysis that stretches from ancient Greece, through late antiquity and early modern and modern Europe, and on to the contemporary courtroom, it considers legal and philosophical texts, artistic and literary works, as well as judicial practices, in order to elicit and document a series of critical moments in the history of juridical space. Offering a more nuanced understanding of law than that found in traditional philosophical, political or social accounts of legal history, Dahlberg forges a critical account of the intimate relations between law and politics that shows how juridical space is determined and conditioned in ways that are integral to the very functioning – and malfunctioning – of law.

  • 12. Dodds, Klaus
    et al.
    Sörlin, SverkerKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Ice Humanities: Living, Thinking and Working in a Melting World2022Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ice humanities is a pioneering collection of essays that tackles the existential crisis posed by the planet's diminishing ice reserves. By the end of this century, we will likely be facing a world where sea ice no longer reliably forms in large areas of the Arctic Ocean, where glaciers have not just retreated but disappeared, where ice sheets collapse, and where permafrost is far from permanent. The ramifications of such change are not simply geophysical and biochemical. They are societal and cultural, and they are about value and loss. Where does this change leave our inherited ideas, knowledge and experiences of ice, snow, frost and frozen ground? How will human, animal and plant communities superbly adapted to cold and high places cope with less ice, or even none at all? The ecological services provided by ice are breath-taking, providing mobility, water and food security for hundreds of millions of people around the world, often Indigenous and vulnerable communities. The stakes could not be higher. Drawing on sources ranging from oral testimony to technical scientific expertise, this path-breaking collection sets out a highly compelling claim for the emerging field of ice humanities, convincingly demonstrating that the centrality of ice in human and non-human life is now impossible to ignore.

  • 13.
    Ekström, Anders
    Institutet för studier av utbildning och forskning.
    Den mediala vetenskapen2004Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Ekström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Den nya kulturhistorien: Från representation till materialitet2008In: Idéhistoria i tiden: Perspektiv på ämnets identitet under sjuttiofem år / [ed] Nils Andersson, Henrik Björck, Stockholm/Stehag: Symposion , 2008, 1, p. 292-300Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Ekström, Anders
    Uppsala universitet.
    Samverkan som universitetspolitik: Historia, förnyelse, kunskapskultur2007Report (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Ekström, Anders
    Uppsala universitet.
    Universiteten och samverkan: Från bildningsuppdrag till entreprenörskap?2006In: Tvärsnitt, ISSN 0348-7997, no 4Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 17.
    Ekström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Varje skiljetecken har en mening2009In: Hjärnstorm, ISSN 0348-6958, no 96-97Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18.
    Ekström, Anders
    Institutet för studier av utbildning och forskning.
    Vetenskaperna, medierna, publikerna2004In: Den mediala vetenskapen / [ed] Anders Ekström, Nora: Nya Doxa , 2004, 1, p. 9-31Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Ekström, Anders
    et al.
    Institutet för studier av utbildning och forskning.
    Carlsson, Anders
    Uppsala universitet.
    Vetenskapsjournalistik som forskningsfält: En intervju med Sharon Dunwoody2004In: Den mediala vetenskapen / [ed] Anders Ekström, Nora: Nya Doxa , 2004, 1, p. 323-334Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20.
    Ekström, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Jülich, Solveig
    Stockholms universitet.
    Lundgren, Frans
    Uppsala universitet.
    Wisselgren, Per
    Umeå universitet.
    Vetenskapernas mediehistoria - varm eller kall?: En forskningspresentation2010Report (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Fjæstad, Maja
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Arga amatörer ville stoppa Einsteins teori2010In: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 10/6Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Fjæstad, Maja
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Forskningsinstitut i Tyskland: forskningsideal och historisk framväxt2010In: Teknik- och Vetenskapshistoriska dagar: 10 ‒ 12 november 2010 Lindholmen Science Park Göteborg, 2010, p. 13-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskningsorganisation i Tyskland under andra halvan av 1900-talet har haft en distinkt nationell historia, starkt präglad av möjligheterna till återhämtning efter kriget och, senare, de utmaningar av ekonomisk karaktär som det återförenade landet ställdes inför. Samtidigt har det tyska forskningslandskapet vuxit fram under intensivt utbyte med utlandet och uttrycker på många sätt pan-europeiska ideal kring grundforskning, forskningsfrihet och innovation. Föreliggande papper fokuserar på två forskningsinstitutsorganisationer i Tyskland och deras historiska framväxt: Max-Planck-Gesellschaft och Fraunhofer Gesellschaft. Medan Max-Planck-Gesellschaft är en grundforskningsinstitution, oberoende från stat och industri men ändock i stort sett helt finansierad med offentliga medel, representerar Fraunhofer Gesellschaft nära nog dess motsats: industrinära institut med starkt fokus på innovation och utveckling. Medan den förra har sina rötter både i Weimarrepubliken och i de allierade styrkornas återrekonstruktion av landet efter kriget är den senare en utpräglad efterkrigsprodukt, präglad av samtida idéer om militär rustning och snabb tillväxt. Pappret fokuserar på de ideal kring organisation av grundforskning och tillämpad forskning som de två institutssystemen representerat och undersöker hur ideal som oberoende, excellens och tillväxt tar sig utryck i de två organisationerna. Som avslutning görs några reflektioner på vilka sätt situationen i Tyskland korresponderar med den svenska och vad som kan ses som unikt med det tyska systemet och dess historia.

  • 23.
    Fjæstad, Maja
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Max Plancks strålande upptäckt2008In: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 26/5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24.
    Fjæstad, Maja
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Miljörörelsens antagonister? : Tekniska yrkesföreningar som utmanare och förmedlare i miljödebatten2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Miljörörelsen som historiskt studieobjekt har ibland tyckts ha en närmast magisk lyskraft: den representerade det nya, det unga, det progressiva och kanske till och med det goda. Men det finns en annan sida av miljörörelsens historia, och det rör hur den motsatta polariseringen – det ”gamla”, de konservativa strukturerna, eller kanske de som hade ekonomiska intressen som stod i motsats mot till miljörörelsen – reagerade på denna nya samhällskraft.

    Teknik- och kärnkraftsdebatten under andra halvan av 1900-talet bidrog till en frustration hos ingenjörskåren över att inte längre ses som modernitetens vägröjare. Ingenjörerna upplevde kritiken från politiker och journalister som ”otacksamhet” över de tekniska framsteg som ingenjörsvetenskapen erbjudit mänskligheten. Den demokratisering av samhällsdebatten som skedde var alltså inte alltid välkommen.

    I mitt papper kommer jag att undersöka hur Svenska teknologföreningen – ingenjörernas yrkesorganisation som 1960-talet var en sammanslutning med både tyngd och inflytande – regerade på miljödebatten. Jag kommer att diskutera dels hur formellt apolitiska organisationer valde att engagera sig i miljöfrågor för att kunna framstå som relevanta, samtidigt som de slets mellan olika professionella ideal. En annan fråga är hur miljörörelsens idéer bars vidare – vilka organisationer deltog i utmejslandet av vad som sedan blev den starka rörelsen på 1970-talet, och vilken roll hade de ”konservativa” strukturerna i detta? Syftet är att söka rötterna till en av 1900-talets viktigaste sociala rörelser - den gröna rörelsen - och öka förståelsen för hur idéer sprids och slår rot.

  • 25.
    Fjæstad, Maja
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Pionjärarbete om fysikens tysta kunskap2005In: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 6/10Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26.
    Fjæstad, Maja
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Recension av Hård&Jamison, Hubris and Hybrids: A Cultural History of Technology and Science2009In: Polhem: Tidskrift för teknikhistoria, ISSN 0281-2142, Vol. 2007/2008Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27.
    Fjæstad, Maja
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Research Institutes in Germany: Basic and Applied Science institutionalized?2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The organization of post-war science has taken distinctly different paths in different countries, based on historical rationales, national funding patterns and institutional structure. The German Max Planck-Society is a research-only network of basic research institutes whose organization and establishment relies heavily on the high valuation of basic research, as well as principles of separation of basic and applied science and ideals of independent research. The paper investigates the historical roots and organizational character of this scientific milieu. Also, the separation between the Max Planck-Society and the more industrially orientated Franuhofer institutes is discussed and problemized. One conclusions is that in spite distinctly different roles in the German research landscape, separating basic from applied research, the two organization both stresses their usefulness and contribution to the “common good” in official presentations.

  • 28.
    Fjæstad, Maja
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Visionen om outtömlig energi: Bridreaktorn i svensk kärnkraftshistoria 1945–802010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The fast breeder is a type of nuclear reactor that aroused much attention in the 1950s and 60s. Its ability to produce more nuclear fuel than it consumes offered promises of cheap and reliable energy, and thereby connected it to utopian ideas about an eternal supply of energy.  Furthermore, the ideas of breeder reactors were a vital part of the post-war visions about the nuclear future.

     

    This dissertation investigates the plans for breeder reactors in Sweden, connecting them to the contemporary development of nuclear power with heavy or light water and the discussions of nuclear weapons, as well as to the general visions of a prosperous technological future. The history of the Swedish breeder reactor is traced from high hopes in the beginning, via the fiasco of the Swedish heavy water program, partly focusing on the activities at the company AB Atomenergi and investigating how it planned and argued for its breeder program and how this was received by the politicians. The story continues into the intensive environmental movement in the 1970s, ending with the Swedish referendum on nuclear energy in 1980, which can be seen as the final point for the Swedish breeder. The thesis discusses how the nuclear breeder reactor was transformed from an argument for nuclear power to an argument against it. The breeder began as a part of the vision of a society with abundant energy, but was later seen as a threat against the new sustainable world.

     

    The nuclear breeder reactor is an example of a technological vision that did not meet its industrial expectations. But that does not prevent the fact that breeder was an influential technology in an age where import decisions about nuclear energy were made. The thesis argues that important decisions about the contemporary reactors were taken with the idea that they in a foreseeable future would be replaced with the efficient breeder. And the last word on the breeder reactor is not said – today, reactor engineers around the world are showing a renewed interest in this elusive reactor type.

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  • 29. Fredrikzon, Johan
    Döden och författaren2023In: Bildningsboxen no. 2 / [ed] Magnus Bremmer & Lars Molin, Stockholm: Norstedts Förlag, 2023, p. 5-64Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A chapter on the relationship between death and writing. Turning to the history of writing and supported by a number of readings of current authors, the tension between life's finality and the durability of writing is explored. If writing takes place in the face of death, is it to make its author part of an eternal canon or does he or she mainly write in order to understand the fact that life will end? Is writing a turning away from life to work in isolation or, is it a method to fully digest and come to terms with our condition?

  • 30. Fredrikzon, Johan
    Konsten att beklaga2022In: AnekdotArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    A media history of the condolence letter.

  • 31.
    Fredrikzon, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för kultur och estetik.
    Maskindrömmar / Drömmaskiner: Tankens linje, om internetpionjären Ted Nelson2014In: Hjärnstorm, ISSN 0348-6958, no 115/116Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    On Ted Nelson's early hypertext imaginaries.

  • 32.
    Fredrikzon, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för kultur och estetik.
    Otfried Czaika, Jonas Nordin & Pelle Snickars (red.): Information som problem: Medie-analytiska texter från medeltid till framtid, Stockholm: Kungl. biblioteket & Lunds universitet, 20142015In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 270-271Article, book review (Other academic)
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  • 33.
    Frichot, Helene
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE).
    Instructions for literature and life: Writing-with landscape performances of joy2018In: The Creative Critic: Writing as/about Practice, Taylor & Francis, 2018, p. 140-145Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Following an instructional mode I argue that writing is an activity that is practised, and that practice operates according to transversal relays between thinking and doing. Reformulating Gilles Deleuze’s essay ‘Literature and Life’ as an instruction manual composed of eleven steps, a reading is undertaken of the landscape encounters of the artist-architect Margit Brünner. Brünner places an emphasis on the intimate and reciprocal passage between affecting and being affected, and how this produces either a diminution or increase of joys relative to sadnesses. These movements and transitions of a life create what Brünner calls atmospheres, thereby calling attention to the deep imbrication of human practitioners in their environment-worlds. This chapter is presented as an experiment, and the emphasis is on writing-with, whether that means writing-with landscapes, or writing-with other bodies (human and non-human).

  • 34.
    Grillner, Katja
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Critical Studies in Architecture.
    Automata, perspective and music: poetic instruments in the written garden of Salomon de Caus1995Book (Other academic)
  • 35. Gummeson, Christer
    Katarina levde sin forskardröm i USA2011Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Efter disputationen på KTH reste Katarina Larsen iväg för att göra en post doc i en internationell och innovativ miljö. Siktet var tidigt inställt på det amerikanska universitet Stanford som rankas bland världens allra främsta lärosäten.

    Stanford omges av många historier om hur Silicon Valley växte fram kring Stanfords campusområde. Hur ingenjörerna diskuterade problem och letade lösningar över en kaffe i Mountain View, som i dag har många huvudkontor för stora högteknologiska företag, säger Katarina Larsen.

    Regionens entreprenörer har fortfarande sina möten på fiken, och det berömda HP-garaget (där IT-företaget Hewlett-Packard startades) kan man besöka i staden Palo Alto – bara tio minuter med cykel från Stanford campus.

    Jag var nyfiken på alla historier om Silicon Valley-andan och även framväxten av ”gröna innovationer” och teknikutveckling inom förnybar energi och solceller i Kalifornien, säger Katarina Larsen.

  • 36.
    Gustafsson, Björn
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematics (Div.).
    Harold S. Shapiro at KTH: some personal memories2022In: Analysis and Mathematical Physics, ISSN 1664-2368, E-ISSN 1664-235X, Vol. 12, no 2, article id 41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The author, who was a student and colleague of Harold S. Shapiro, gives some personal memories from Shapiro's time as a professor at KTH, Stockholm, 1972-2021.

  • 37.
    Hansson, Sven Ove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, Philosophy.
    Experiments: Why and How?2016In: Science and Engineering Ethics, ISSN 1353-3452, E-ISSN 1471-5546, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 613-632Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An experiment, in the standard scientific sense of the term, is a procedure in which some object of study is subjected to interventions (manipulations) that aim at obtaining a predictable outcome or at least predictable aspects of the outcome. The distinction between an experiment and a non-experimental observation is important since they are tailored to different epistemic needs. Experimentation has its origin in pre-scientific technological experiments that were undertaken in order to find the best technological means to achieve chosen ends. Important parts of the methodological arsenal of modern experimental science can be traced back to this pre-scientific, technological tradition. It is claimed that experimentation involves a unique combination of acting and observing, a combination whose unique epistemological properties have not yet been fully clarified.

  • 38.
    Hansson, Sven Ove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, Philosophy.
    Karl Marx and Freedom of the Press2022In: Nineteenth century prose, ISSN 1052-0406, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 61-108Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Hertz, John
    et al.
    KTH, Centres, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics NORDITA.
    Roudi, Yasser
    KTH, Centres, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics NORDITA.
    Tyrcha, J.
    Ising models for inferring network structure from spike data2013In: Principles of Neural Coding, CRC Press , 2013, p. 527-546Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Now that we can record the spike trains of large numbers of neurons simultaneously, we have a chance, for the first time in the history of neuroscience, to start to understand how networks of neurons work. But how are we to proceed, once we have such data? In this chapter, we will review some ideas we have been developing. The reader will recognize that we are only describing the very first steps in a long journey. But we hope that they will help point the way toward real progress some time in the not-too-distant future. 

  • 40.
    Hultman, Martin
    et al.
    Vetenskaps-, teknik- och miljöstudier, Institutionen för teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Chalmers tekniska högskola, Sverige.
    Lorenzoni, Patricia
    Centrum för mångvetenskaplig forskning om rasism, Uppsala universitet, Sverige.
    Manns, Ulla
    Genusvetenskap, Södertörns högskola, Sverige.
    Sörlin, Sverker
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Idéhistorikerns samhällsroll: Att bidra till förståelse, ge perspektiv eller aktivt påverka samhället?2023In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, E-ISSN 2004-4852, p. 177-197Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 41.
    Höhler, Sabine
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Biodiversifizierung: Eine Neue Ökonomie der Natur?2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [de]

    Biodiversität gilt heutzutage als zentrale Bedingung für das Überleben der irdischen Natur. Jedoch wurde Biodiversität erst in den 1980er Jahren definiert und dabei nicht nur als konservatorisches Gebot formuliert, sondern auch als ein ökonomisches Prinzip, das die Servicefunktion der Natur aufrecht hält. Die Wahrnehmung der Natur als Dienstleisterin, die den Menschen mit Ökosystemdienstleistungen und -gütern versorgt, entstand mit der aufkommenden Dienstleistungsökonomie im letzten Drittel des 20. Jahrhunderts. Der Erhalt natürlicher Diversität ist keineswegs selbstverständlich, sondern Teil einer Dienstleistungsökologie, die eine möglichst robuste und anpassungsfähige Natur im Namen des Menschen herzustellen sucht. Im Vortrag werden der ökologische Ansatz und die Praxis untersucht, nach der ein Ökosystem als Portfolio aufzufassen und gemäß den Regeln der Finanzwirtschaft zu managen sei: Falls clever investiert und desinvestiert werde, könnten Risiken diversifiziert und Verluste minimiert werden, ließen sich Gewinne optimieren und eine möglichst große Reaktionsbreite des Ökosystems erreichen. Ziel der Portfolio-Theorie der Biodiversität ist es, auch nach Krisen und Katastrophen die ökosystemische Funktionalität bzw. den Servicebetrieb für den Menschen aufrecht zu halten. Der Vortrag diskutiert am Beispiel der Biodiversifizierung als Investmentstrategie, inwiefern die „New Economy of Nature“, die sich dem Ziel des Naturerhalts verschrieben hatte, den kritischen Begriff des Naturkapitals in eine Ressource des Investmentbankings überführte.

  • 42.
    Höhler, Sabine
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Comment in the session "Lebensraum Meer. Umwelt- und entwicklungspolitische Ressourcenfragen in den 1960er und 1970er Jahren"2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Höhler, Sabine
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Der kreative Kollaps: Resilienz als Überlebensmodell in Zeiten der Flexibilisierung2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [de]

    Resilienz ist der Begriff für die Fähigkeit eines Systems, flexibel auf äußere Störungen zu reagieren. Statt dem linearen Ideal der Erholung und Restabilisierung zu folgen, reorganisiert sich das resiliente System und geht in neue stabile Konfigurationen über. Resilienz stammt ursprünglich aus der Materialforschung, wanderte im 20. Jahrhundert in die Psychologie und Ökologie und weitete sich dabei zu einem Systembegriff aus, der so unterschiedliche Größen wie die Persönlichkeit als affektprozessierendes System oder die Natur als Ökosystem erfasste. Gegenwärtig ist Resilienz das Zauberwort in der Erforschung der Folgen des Klimawandels. Für zunehmend komplexe und anfällige sozial-ökologische Infrastruktursysteme soll Resilienz eine Überlebensstrategie bieten. Der Vortrag nimmt die Stressökologie der 1970er Jahre zum Ausgangspunkt, um das entstehende Ideal einer multistabilen Natur zu untersuchen, die auch nicht antizipierte willkürliche und diskontinuierliche Veränderungen bewältigen sollte. Der Vortrag diskutiert insbesondere die Bedeutung des erwarteten Versagens in der Resilienzforschung. Systemversagen wird zur Bedingung für die Selbstoptimierung der Natur: aus Krisen und Katastrophen gehen Ökosysteme gestärkt hervor. Zugespitzt, so die These, lässt sich das resiliente Ökosystem als ein Beispiel dafür auffassen, dass der Kollaps nicht mehr als ein Problem, sondern als ein Motor des evolutionären Wandels aufgefasst wird.

  • 44.
    Höhler, Sabine
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Exterritoriale Ressourcen: Die Diskussion um die Meere, die Pole und das Weltall um 19702012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [de]

    Als Garrett Hardin 1968 die Allmende als ein rückwärtsgewandtes Konzept verabschiedete und neue Formen der Allokation der globalen Güter („commons“) einforderte, legte er wie viele seiner Zeitgenossen im Streit über die Zukunft der Menschheit eine biologistische These des Kampfes rational handelnder egoistischer Individuen um endliche irdische Ressourcen zugrunde. Vor dem Hintergrund seiner zutiefst westlichen Sichtweise, die kollektive Formen der Güterbewirtschaftung ablehnte, diskutiert der Beitrag die internationale Kontroverse um die Vergemeinschaftung exterritorialer Gebiete um 1970. Als exterritorial galten jene terrestrischen und extraterrestrischen Gegenden, die als Expansionsräume und Rohstofflager geostrategisch an Aufmerksamkeit gewannen, aber weder territorial ausgewiesen noch national zugewiesen waren: die Meere, die Polargebiete und das Weltall. Im internationalen Rennen um Raum versprach ihre Aneignung militärische, wissenschaftlich-technische und ökonomische Vormacht. Der Beitrag geht den zeitgenössischen Fragen ihrer zukünftigen Verwaltung nach und arbeitet die Konflikte zwischen vorherrschenden nationalen Besitzansprüchen und neuen Vorstellungen über die Ressourcen der Erde als gemeinsam bewirtschaftetes Erbe der Menschheit heraus. Die Aufgabe der internationalen Vermittlung fiel an die Vereinten Nationen als staatenübergreifendes legislatives Rahmenwerk. Das entstehende Regime der Raumordnung verdeutlicht die Spannungen zwischen den Prinzipien der Territorialität und der Globalität sowie die Machtgefälle im Diskurs der Globalisierung.

  • 45.
    Höhler, Sabine
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Spaceship Earth: Envisioning Human Habitats in the Environmental Age, 1960-19902012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores how the figure of Spaceship Earth formatted the global environmental discourse in the late twentieth century. In a time of rising environmental consciousness, the spaceship, like the ark, held out the hope of preserving life and nature in scientifically managed natural-technological environments on earth and beyond. I will discuss how systems ecology, human ecology, and biosphere technology turned the earth into a complex and self-contained circulatory system with limited capacity, and the earthly biosphere into a life-support system.

  • 46.
    Höhler, Sabine
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Taking Stock of the Earth2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Höhler, Sabine
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Turning Point oder Tipping Point?: Die Zwei-Grad-Grenze im Klimadiskurs2016Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 48.
    Höhler, Sabine
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Two Degrees: A Global Climate Accord and its Disparities2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the discourse of global climate change the figure two (2) plays a prominent role. When the Copenhagen Accord anchored the two-degree-goal in 2009 the figure became a powerful target guiding international climate politics and a publicly comprehensible symbol of urgency. Based on scientific conjectures of planetary boundaries the figure quantifies the objective to limit the average global temperature increase to two degrees Celsius compared to the pre-Industrial Era. Although the figure continues to be contested it continues to mark the space for humanity that is safe to operate in, maintaining present ecological and social conditions on Earth.

     

    The two-degree-goal’s most attractive aspect is also its most problematic: a single numeral gathers ecological thresholds and political ambitions. This paper explores the promises and shortcomings of consigning an aggregated number to describe a temporally and spatially complex condition. It will do so by focusing on two paradoxes in the construction of the global target. First, the global average does not disperse into the diversity of local specificities. The figure two quantifies climate change on the global scale; by definition it cannot be experienced locally. The paper will discuss how the focus on temperature increase in aggregate diverts from the inequalities of causes and effects of climate change. The figure may be global in its scientific and political reach but is by no means universal in its impact. Secondly, the political guide value and the scientific threshold value do not necessarily correspond. While the guide value marks a political turning point the threshold value marks an ecological tipping point at which climate change may become uncontrollable. Two points, two futures: one relying on nature’s ‘elasticity’, the other experimenting with ‘overshooting’ the limits, suggesting a set of options among which stability is only one, and possibly not the most desirable route. The paper will discuss the two-degree-goal as putting the readiness for uncertainty and flexibility to the test on the scale of global humanity by counting on the adaptive abilities of a global system that lacks local correspondence.

  • 49.
    Isberg, Erik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Att arkivera ett hav: En rapport från Lamont-Doherty Core Repository2020In: Tydningen, ISSN 2001-4570, no 37/38, p. 12-18Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 50.
    Isberg, Erik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Att resa till Island under antropocen: OBS i P12019Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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