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  • 1.
    Anderstig, Christer
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Berglund, Svante
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Eliasson, Jonas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport Planning, Economics and Engineering. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Andersson, Matts
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Congestion Charges and Labour Market Imperfections2016In: Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, ISSN 0022-5258, E-ISSN 1754-5951, Vol. 50, p. 113-131Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Standard cost-benefit analyses of transport policy measures will not capture all benefits and losses if there are labour market imperfections. In the case of congestion charges, theoretical analyses have raised concerns that these effects may constitute considerable losses, possibly to the extent that aggregate welfare is reduced, contrary to conventional wisdom. We investigate this by estimating the effects on labour income of the Stockholm congestion charges, using an estimated relationship between accessibility and income. Results show that effects on labour income are, in fact, positive. It turns out to be crucial that the model accounts for value-of-time heterogeneity.

  • 2.
    Bauner, David
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Laestadius, Staffan
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    The Introduction of the Automotive Catalytic Converter in Chile2003In: Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, ISSN 0022-5258, E-ISSN 1754-5951, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 157-199Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The regional Special Commission for Decontamination of Chile's capital, Santiago, was formed in 1990. The issue of regulating passenger car emissions was one of the first initiatives on the commission's agenda, empowering a group of consultants and administrators to set up a structure for the transition in legal, economic, and commercial terms. In April 1992 the first car with a catalytic converter was sold as unleaded petrol became available, and from 1 September the same year a decree required every new car in the capital regions to be equipped with a catalytic converter. Chile thus introduced the automotive catalytic converter in little more than a year. It is argued that the critical factors for this process were the effective and efficient adoption and adaptation of foreign technology, policy, and market space, Chile's common understanding of the need to reduce emissions, and prevalent strong economic growth permitting widespread car ownership and renewal.

  • 3.
    Börjesson, Maria
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Eliasson, Jonas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Lundberg, Mattias
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Is CBA ranking of transport investments robust?2014In: Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, ISSN 0022-5258, E-ISSN 1754-5951, Vol. 48, no 2, p. 189-204Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cost-benefit analyses (CBA) are often questioned on the grounds that results depend crucially on uncertain assumptions about the future, and on ethically or methodologically contestable trade-offs between different types of benefits. This paper explores the robustness of CBA rankings of transport investments with respect to two types of uncertainties: relative benefit valuations and scenario assumptions related to car ownership, car characteristics and driving costs. The impact of differentiating the value of time with respect to travel mode and purpose is also studied. The study concludes that CBA rankings are robust to all of the studied variations.

  • 4.
    Börjesson, Maria
    et al.
    VTI, Box 55685, SE-11428 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Fung, Chau Man
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Dept Econ, Naamsestr 69, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium..
    Proost, Stef
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Dept Econ, Naamsestr 69, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium..
    Yan, Zifei
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Do Small Cities Need More Public Transport Subsidies Than Big Cities?2019In: Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, ISSN 0022-5258, E-ISSN 1754-5951, Vol. 53, no 4, p. 275-298Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We compare the optimal public transport subsidies for a representative bus corridor in a small city and in a big city in Sweden, derived by assuming optimal pricing, frequency, bus stop spacing, and bus lane policies. The optimal cost-recovery of the buses depends on the relative size of two costs: waiting time and crowding/congestion. In the big city the high crowding cost is dominating, approaching full cost-recovery in the first-best optimum. In the small city the waiting time dominates, implying larger optimal subsidies. The subsidy is also more effective as a redistribution policy in the small city.

  • 5.
    Eliasson, Jonas
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Infrastructure and Planning.
    Mattson, Lars- Göran
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Infrastructure and Planning.
    Transport and Location Effects of Road Pricing: A Simulation Approach2001In: Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, ISSN 0022-5258, E-ISSN 1754-5951, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 417-456Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effects of road pricing on transport and location patterns have been much discussed. However, it is unclear how large the effects are, and whether relocation of households, workplaces and shops will counteract or amplify the effects on transport. In this paper a model of a generic symmetric city is developed. The model is used to investigate the effects of road pricing in the form of congestion pricing and a toll ring. The results indicate that the impacts on location are small compared to the impacts on traffic volumes, modal split, and trip distances. The different effects of congestion pricing and toll rings at different positions are considered.

  • 6.
    Mandell, Svante
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Steering the European transport greenhouse gas emissions under uncertainty2010In: Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, ISSN 0022-5258, E-ISSN 1754-5951, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses how to regulate greenhouse gas emissions from the transport sector when abatement costs are uncertain. In an EU context, it is shown that a combination of a cap-and-trade system and emission taxes is preferable as it minimises the expected efficiency loss. The optimal design will depend on the relative cost structure within and outside the transport sector. It is argued that the optimal regime for the transport sector has similarities, but is not identical to, a pure emissions tax.

  • 7.
    Mandell, Svante
    et al.
    , Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Brunes, Fredrik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Quantity Choice in Unit Price Contract Procurements2014In: Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, ISSN 0022-5258, E-ISSN 1754-5951, Vol. 48, no 3, p. 483-497Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A procurement approach commonly used for construction projects involves paying a fixed price per unit conducted — that is, unit price contracts. We develop an analytical model to study the optimal procurement quantity and monitoring intensity when the required quantities are uncertain. The optimum involves a trade-off between a risk of paying for more units than necessary, conducting costly renegotiations, and/or investing in monitoring. The paper adds to the understanding of both optimal behaviour in procurements and the presence of cost overruns. In particular, deliberately procuring low quantities, and thereby facing a high risk of cost overruns, is sometimes optimal, as it minimises the expected total cost.

  • 8. Norman, Therese
    et al.
    Börjesson, Maria
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Anderstig, Christer
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Labour Market Accessibility and Unemployment2017In: Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, ISSN 0022-5258, E-ISSN 1754-5951, Vol. 51, p. 47-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper estimates the relationship between temporal changes in unemployment and changes in labour market accessibility in Sweden. The accessibility measure is derived from the national transport model taking consumer behaviour, all travel modes, and different travel time components into account. The measure is more accurate than those used in previous studies and it is consistent with cost-benefit analyses (CBA). We find a negative relationship, which is more pronounced for low-educated workers, between changes in labour market accessibility and changes in unemployment.

1 - 8 of 8
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  • apa
  • ieee
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