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  • 1.
    Bengtsson, Susanna Hedborg
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Projektkommunikation.
    Coordinated construction logistics: an innovation perspective2019Inngår i: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433X, Vol. 37, nr 5, s. 294-307Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Coordinated construction logistics is an increasingly discussed topic in the Swedish construction industry. It is suggested as a means to increase efficiency in transportation, decrease material usage, coordinate health and safety on-site, etc. Much research on construction logistics has been done from a supply chain management perspective, often highlighting construction logistics as a necessary rational tool to improve efficiency in construction industry. However, could there be other ways to study this phenomenon? The purpose of this paper is to map empirically found coordinated construction logistics models and explore them as different types of innovation. The findings suggest that coordinated construction logistics models should be regarded as not being a fully embedded innovation as they have not yet changed the processes in the way they set out to do initially. Furthermore, differences are identified between company-based models, project-based models and system-based models, and suggest that differences in, for example, development, impact and objectives should be regarded both when conducting research on and when implementing coordinated construction logistics in practice. Finally, it is concluded that commitment, communication and cooperation are important when implementing coordinated construction logistics, which is in line with findings within the supply chain management literature.

  • 2.
    Borg, Lena
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Lind, Hans
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Service-led construction: is it really the future?2010Inngår i: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433X, Vol. 28, s. 1145-1153Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 3.
    Ekeskär, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Kommunikations- och transportsystem.
    Rudberg, Martin
    Linköpings universitet, Kommunikations- och transportsystem.
    Third-party logistics in construction: the case of a large hospital project2016Inngår i: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433X, Vol. 34, nr 3, s. 174-191Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The construction supply chain is of temporary nature and complex, with many interactions between multiple actors in different construction projects. This challenging context typically leads to relatively higher costs and lower productivity, compared to other industries. Supply chain management (SCM) has been put forward as a mean to better handle this challenging context. As a part of SCM initiatives some construction industry stakeholders have turned to third-party logistics (TPL) providers, especially in large construction projects. The use of TPL providers is a new, and under-investigated, phenomenon in the construction industry. The main purpose of this study is thus to explore the use of a TPL provider in a large construction project and to analyse its resulting effects. Driving forces and possible concerns for implementing TPL are identified and the possibility for TPL to be a facilitator for implementing SCM in construction is investigated. The research is based on a literature review and an explorative case study of a large hospital project in Sweden, where the client and the main contractor have initiated the use of a TPL provider to coordinate sourcing and materials handling activities on site. The results show positive effects on establishing an effective interface between the construction site and the supply chain. The results also show that a TPL solution facilitates an increase in productive work at the construction site itself, a reduction of costs and an increased utilisation of site assets. On the downside, the study also shows a lack of SCM knowledge amongst the involved actors in the project, hindering them to reap the full potential of TPL.

  • 4.
    Gerth, Robert
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Produktionssystem.
    Boqvist, Albert
    Lund University.
    Bjelkemyr, Marcus
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Produktionssystem.
    Lindberg, Bengt
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Produktionssystem.
    Design for construction: Utilizing production experiences in development2013Inngår i: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433X, Vol. 31, s. 135-150Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The design process has a significant impact on the performance and profitability of a housing project. Therefore, decisions made during the design process should take into consideration knowledge and experience from other processes in previously accomplished projects, specifically from the production phase. How to capture and use production experience in housing has not gained enough interest, possibly leading to sub-optimal improvements during the construction process. This motivates research on how onsite production experience from similar previous projects can be captured and used to improve constructability without risking customer values. Based on the concept of constructability, ’design for manufacturing and assembly’ and the theory of waste, the method ’design for construction’ (DFC) has been developed. The four-step model complements the conventional construction process, and consists of the following steps: (1) specify customer values and similar previous projects; (2) identify onsite waste and cost drivers in previous projects; (3) develop criteria to evaluate constructability; and (4) evaluate constructability of the design. The DFC method is exemplified and tested through a case study, in which it was shown that the method facilitated identification of all problems that were considered in the investigated project. The method also highlighted other project obstacles that potentially could have been solved to improve constructability.

  • 5.
    Karrbom Gustavsson, Tina
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Projektkommunikation.
    Liminal roles in construction project practice: exploring change through the roles of partnering manager, building logistic specialist and BIM coordinator2018Inngår i: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433XArtikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Industries have to adapt to changes in external environment. This adaption includes the development of new professional roles that challenge established structures, roles and communities of practice. In order to better understand the unfolding of construction project practice in an increasingly changeful world new professional roles are explored as liminal roles. The studied professional roles are partnering manager, building logistic specialist and BIM coordinator. Liminality is used as framework to understand descriptions of liminal experiences when negotiating boundary interfaces in construction project practice. Findings are both theoretical and practical and suggest that new professional roles practice multi-liminal work and acknowledge tensions that pose challenges for liminal roles to act as change agents.

  • 6.
    Lind, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Brunes, Fredrik
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Explaining cost overruns in infrastructure projects: a new framework with applications to Sweden2015Inngår i: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433X, Vol. 33, nr 7, s. 554-568Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to both develop a new theory-based framework for analysing cost overruns, and to use this for an empirical study of cost overruns in infrastructure projects in Sweden. The conceptual part is based on a literature review and the empirical part is primarily based on a questionnaire to project managers. The framework has a descriptive part comprising two dimensions: when, during the process, the cost overrun arose and what part of the cost function was responsible: change in the product, change in quantities of the inputs and change in price of inputs. The explanatory part is a development of Flyvbjerg’s theories and identifies four possible explanations: political/strategic aspects, psychological aspects, competence-related aspects and bad luck. The result from the empirical study is that most cost overruns occur in the initiation and planning stages up to the final design and are related to design changes and increases in the amount of inputs needed because of technical and administrative problems. Of the explanatory factors, there is most support for lack of competence and optimism bias.

  • 7.
    Lindblad, Hannes
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Projektkommunikation.
    Black Boxing BIM: The public client’s strategy in BIM implementation2019Inngår i: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433X, Vol. 37, nr 1, s. 1-12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Building information modelling (BIM) is widely discussed in both industry and academia and studies have argued that public clients play an important role in industry’s implementation of BIM. While public client initiatives have gained much interest in previous research, there is still a lack of knowledge exploring the public clients’ role and choice of strategies when implementing BIM with the aim to change industry. Based on a case study of BIM implementation at the largest infrastructure client in Sweden, this paper applies the theory sociology of translation to explore the role of the public client as a driver for industry change and the strategy used during this process. The case study shows how the public client tries to influence its own organization and the construction industry as a whole. Findings show that the main strategy for enrolling actors to implement BIM is to demand its use in the procurement of all construction projects, thereby attempting to establish the BIM issue as a Black Box. A Black Box, a locked network element, which includes associated inscriptions aimed at prescribing BIM use in projects conducted by this client. The acceptance of this Black Box has however been problematic, resulting in a diverse influence on the demand for BIM in procured construction projects.

  • 8.
    Lindblad, Hannes
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Byggvetenskap, Byggteknik och design.
    Guerrero, J. R.
    Client’s role in promoting BIM implementation and innovation in construction2020Inngår i: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433XArtikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovation is often viewed as vital in addressing future demands on the construction industry, but innovation implementation is also considered challenging in this fragmented, project-based industry. In order to address the challenges, client organisations are commonly acknowledged as key actors in driving construction innovation. However, the details of what the client role constitutes is less clear, and the question of whether innovation should be mainly client-led or supplier-led is debated. The purpose in this paper is to explore different roles public client organisations can enact to promote innovation. To fulfil this purpose, an explorative case study has been conducted at the largest transport infrastructure client in Sweden; exploring two initiatives which have simultaneously been deployed to promote innovation. The studied organisation is on the one hand trying to influence the industry to implement Building Information Modelling (BIM), adopting a BIM policy and actively influencing the supply chain, while on the other hand promoting innovation through policies aimed at providing more flexibility in projects, enabling suppliers to propose new solutions and emphasising market competition. Even though the overarching goals are similar, promote innovation, the research finds that the simultaneous use of the policies create intra-organisational tension within the client organisation. The findings provide insights into the different roles clients can enact in promoting innovation, and contribute to the understanding of clients as a key actor for promoting innovation in the construction industry.

  • 9.
    Lindblad, Hannes
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Projektkommunikation.
    Karrbom Gustavsson, Tina
    Public Clients as Drivers for Change: Exploring BIM implementation, Systems Integrators and Relative BoundednessInngår i: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433XArtikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Public client organizations are suggested as drivers for change and innovation towards a more sustainable, efficient and productive construction industry. It is argued that clients have power and are in a position to act as ‘innovation supporters’ or ‘change agents’. However, clients’ role and ability in driving change is underexplored and in need further investigation. The purpose here is to further explore public clients’ ability in driving construction industry change. We do this by investigating a change initiative – the implementation of BIM – at a large public infrastructure client. Receptiveness for change is used as framework and the analysis is based on combining literature on systemic innovation and the role of systems integrators together with the phenomena of relative boundedness.Findings show that client driven change by systemic innovation is challenging because of relative boundedness and that client driven change in relatively unbounded contexts requires a two-stage process. By combining the concept of systems integrators with the concept of relative boundedness we contribute to the understanding of challenges with client driven change in construction. Findings are relevant for research on the project managers’ role as systems integrators in BIM implementation, for public project governance and, in particular, for procurement.

  • 10.
    Nyström, Johan
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    A quasi-experimental evaluation of partnering2008Inngår i: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433X, Vol. 26, nr 5, s. 531-541Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Construction managerial literature often argues that there are gains to be made by using partnering. Voices have however been raised to approach partnering in a more neutral perspective and with well-founded methods of evaluation. This study can be seen as an outcome of the criticisms against earlier empirical evaluations by setting out to provide more tangible data and an improved method for evaluating partnering. A quasi-experimental method has been adopted in order to control for other affecting variables and find the unique effect of partnering. This approach strives to match partnering projects with identical non-partnering projects on every relevant variable except partnering. Six hundred and twenty three site meeting minutes from 20 publicly procured projects have been analysed to extract differences between partnering and non-partnering projects concerning cost and quality. Time delays, the amount of disputes, financial outcome and contract flexibility have been used as indicators. The paper has made a first attempt in trying to push the frontier for partnering evaluations forward by providing a new type of data (site meeting minutes) and applying a well-reputed evaluation method (quasi-experiment). The main result is that no systematic or general trends can be seen in the material. This result casts a shadow over the optimistic results from earlier evaluations and suggests that the main contribution of partnering might lie in its intangible effects.

  • 11.
    Nyström, Johan
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    The definition of partnering as a Wittgenstein family-resemblanceconcept2005Inngår i: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433X, Vol. 23, nr 5, s. 473-481Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article on partnering and family-resemblance makes two contributions to the debate about the definition of partnering in construction. The first is a distinction between general prerequisites , components and goals when discussing the concept. In order to understand what is specific about partnering the focus should be on the components, which are identified through a literature review. The second contribution is to apply Ludwig Wittgenstein's idea of family-resemblance to the partnering concept. His idea is that a complex concept can be understood as a network of overlapping similarities. From the literature review it is concluded that there are two necessary components in partnering -- trust and mutual understanding -- and that a number of different components can be added to form a specific variant of partnering. This provides a new method to define the vague and multifaceted concept of partnering in a flexible and structured way.

  • 12. Stenbeck, Torbjörn
    Incentives, Results and Possible Success Factors for Rail Maintenance Performance-Based Contracting: Case StudyInngår i: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433XArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 13.
    Vass, Susanna
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Projektkommunikation.
    Karrbom Gustavsson, Tina
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Projektkommunikation.
    Challenges when implementing BIM for industry change2017Inngår i: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433XArtikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Public clients have been identified as drivers of AEC industry change through their implementation of BIM. Yet, little is known of this implementation process and the associated challenges. This study aims to increase the understanding of what intra and inter organizational challenges that arise when a large Swedish public infrastructure client implements BIM to change the work practices of the actors in the Swedish AEC industry. The IT Business Value Model allows for understanding the public client’s implementation of BIM as an IT-supported change process and for understanding the associated intra and inter organizational challenges. The findings show nine categories of intra and inter organizational challenges related to, for example, demanding BIM in procurement and creating incentives for BIM implementation.  The findings show that intra organizational challenges related to a top-down implementation of BIM, while inter organizational challenges related to a bottom-up implementation. The impact of these challenges on the public client´s ability to drive AEC industry change by implementing BIM is discussed. The findings contribute with the client perspective to studies on BIM implementation and with an increased understanding of the challenges associated with implementing IT-supported change processes.

  • 14.
    Warsame, Abukar
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Organizational modes in the residential building sector in Sweden2009Inngår i: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433X, Vol. 27, nr 2, s. 153-163Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditional organizational studies emphasize department groupings and the management style of differentorganizations that are often based on common tasks, products, geography and processes. They also mainlyemphasize the connection between construction supply chain and procurement methods but have not analysedof how external factors shape the organization structure and consequently the supply chain. Three things areanalysed: the impact of competitive pressure, required competence and degree of flexibility on various modes ofconstruction organization used for producing multi-family residential housing in Sweden from a transactioncost theory perspective. Organization structures depend on the level of project engagement, competencedemanded by the preferred organization mode as well as the economic environment, and the level ofconstruction activities.

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