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  • 1.
    Abebe, Henok Girma
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och historia, Filosofi.
    Road Safety Policy in Addis Ababa: A Vision Zero Perspective2022Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, nr 9, s. 1-22Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, the Addis Ababa city road safety policies are examined and analysed based on the Vision Zero approach to road safety work. Three major policy documents are explored and assessed in terms of how they compare with Vision Zero policy in Sweden, concerning how road safety problems are conceptualised, the responsibility ascriptions promoted, the nature of goal setting concerning road safety objectives, and the specific road safety interventions promoted. It is concluded that there is a big difference between the Swedish Vision Zero approach to road safety work and the Addis Ababa road safety approach in terms of how road safety problems are framed and how responsibility ascriptions are made. In Addis Ababa, policy documents primarily frame road safety problems as individual road user problems and, hence, the responsibility for traffic safety is mainly left to the individual road users. The responsibility extended to other system components such as the vehicles, road design, and the operation of the traffic is growing but still very limited. It is argued that in order to find and secure long-term solutions for traffic safety in the city, a paradigm shift is needed, both regarding what are perceived to be the main causes of road safety problems in the city and who should be responsible for ensuring that road fatalities and injuries are prevented.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 2.
    Adem Esmail, Blal
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö.
    Suleiman, Lina
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Analyzing Evidence of Sustainable Urban Water Management Systems: A Review through the Lenses of Sociotechnical Transitions2020Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, nr 11, s. 4481-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability concerns and multiple socio‐environmental pressures have necessitated a shift towards Sustainable Urban Water Management (SUWM) systems. Viewing SUWM systems as sociotechnical, this paper departs from eight factors previously identified by transition research: Pressures, Context, Purposes, Actors, Instruments, Processes, Outputs, and Outcomes as a methodological framework for a structured review of 100 articles. The study seeks to analyze empirical cases of planning and implementing SUWM systems worldwide. A wide range of public actors—driven by social and environmental factors rather than by economic pressures—have initiated SUWM projects so as to locally fulfill defined social and environmental purposes. We provide evidence on the emergence of new actors, such as experts, users, and private developers, as well as on the diverse and innovative technical and societal instruments used to promote and implement SUWM systems. We also explore their contexts and institutional capacity to deal with pressures and to mobilize significant financial and human resources, which is in itself vital for the transition to SUWM. Planned or implemented SUWM outputs are divided into green (wet ponds, raingardens, and green roofs) and gray (rain barrels and porous pavements) measures. The outcomes of SUWM projects— in terms of societal and technical learning, and their institutional uptakes—are often implicit or lacking, which seemingly reduces the rate of desirable change.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3.
    Adolphson, Marcus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Spatial Lifestyle Clusters and Access to the City: Evidence from the Stockholm Region2022Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, nr 21, s. 14261-, artikkel-id 14261Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the distribution of social infrastructure (accessibility to services and job opportunities) in a perspective of spatial lifestyle stratification in the Stockholm region. The study is based on a questionnaire completed by 1160 respondents, capturing individual data on attitudes, lifestyles and demography, and urban morphological qualities developed from high resolution register data. The spatial social stratification is based on a spatial cluster analysis on six lifestyles: highly success-oriented; success-oriented with high work ethics; conscious young and elder; people with weak motivations; designers; and middle-class bourgeois. They are spatially distributed in eight overlapping spatial clusters, namely: highly success-oriented and socially mixed central inner city; designers' inner suburbia; socially mixed inner suburbia; middle-class bourgeois suburbia; highly success-oriented suburbia; conscious young-elder suburbia; socially mixed exurbia; and socially mixed rurality. It turns out that people characterized by weak motivation lifestyle (low income, low education level, not success oriented, etc.) are the most negatively affected lifestyle cluster concerning accessibility to jobs and service. A total of 45% of the 'weak motivation lifestyle' respondents reside in 'socially mixed exurbia' and 'socially mixed rurality'. They experience less than 20% of social infrastructure compared to, in this respect, the most privileged spatial lifestyle cluster, the 'highly success-oriented and socially mixed central inner city' cluster. Still, surprisingly, this 'weak motivation' lifestyle is also concentrated in the 'socially mixed inner suburbia' cluster. One reason for this dual spatial concentration might be the Swedish rental policy, linked to residential use-values and a queuing system, instead of exchange values. This policy allows for a complex spatial social stratification influenced by a range of factors (lifestyle and attitudes among others), and not merely income.

  • 4.
    Agrawal, Tarun Kumar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Pal, Rudrajeet
    he Swedish School of Textiles, University of Borås, S-50190 Borås, Sweden.
    Traceability in Textile and Clothing Supply Chains: Classifying Implementation Factors and Information Sets via Delphi Study2019Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 06Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is twofold. First, to explore and classify factors influencing traceability implementation, and second, to cluster essential traceability-related information that demands recording and sharing with businesses and customers, in the context of the textile and clothing supply chain. A Delphi study is conducted with 23 experts (including research practitioners and industry experts) to explore, validate, and classify traceability factors and related information using distribution analyses and hierarchal clustering. As a result, 14 factors and 19 information sets are identified and classified with a moderately high agreement among the experts. Among these, risk management, product authentication, and visibility are the highest ranked and the most important factors influencing traceability implementation in the textile and clothing supply chain. While origin, composition, and sustainability-related information are crucial for sharing with customers, the information vital to businesses includes manufacturer/supplier details, product specifications, and composition. It is noteworthy that this research is among the few that classifies traceability factors and information through expert perspectives, and it creates decisive knowledge of traceability for the textile and clothing supply chain. It further provides insights on the extent to which this information can be shared among supply chain actors. Outcomes of this study can be helpful for the development of an information traceability framework. Policymakers can use the results to draft traceability guidelines/regulations, whilst top management can develop traceability-related strategies.

  • 5.
    Akhtar, Nadia
    et al.
    Int Islamic Univ, Dept Environm Sci, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan..
    Bokhari, Syed Atif
    Govt Grad Coll, Dept Geog, Asghar Mall 46000, Rawalpindi, Pakistan..
    Martin, Michael
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik. IVL Swedish Environm Res Inst, Sustainable Soc, Life Cycle Management, S-11428 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Saqib, Zafeer
    Int Islamic Univ, Dept Environm Sci, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan..
    Khan, Muhammad Irfan
    Int Islamic Univ, Dept Environm Sci, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan..
    Mahmud, Arif
    Natl Univ Med Sci, Dept Social & Behav Sci, Rawalpindi 46000, Pakistan..
    Zaman-ul-Haq, Muhammad
    Int Islamic Univ, Dept Environm Sci, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan..
    Amir, Sarah
    Int Islamic Univ, Dept Environm Sci, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan..
    Uncovering Barriers for Industrial Symbiosis: Assessing Prospects for Eco-Industrialization through Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Developing Regions2022Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, nr 11, s. 6898-, artikkel-id 6898Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Industrialization is indispensable for socio-economic development but poses far-reaching implications for resources and the environment. Consequently, industrial symbiosis-based collaborations are gaining recognition as a viable strategy to manage resource consumption for mitigating environmental distress. However, these types of synergistic collaborations are more prevalent in developed regions and are linked to larger-sized industries. Admittedly, such collaborative partnerships are less focused in developing regions and small- to medium-size enterprises (SMEs). This calls for discovering the potentials for synergistic partnerships among the small and medium scaled industrial entities in developing economies. Therefore, the study was designed to identify, assess and explore the prospects of symbiotic collaborations among SMEs in Pakistan. Moreover, the inputs are equally relevant for developing and expanding such productive associations in developing regions. Data regarding inputs and outputs was collected from sixty-one (61) SMEs through field survey during the year 2019. It was processed and analyzed to uncover existing and potential synergies among SMEs. The significant findings transpired that the majority of collaborative linkages are bilateral and are driven to maximize economic gains. However, informal networks of recyclers and absence of a stringent regulatory regime are the ground realities in developing/transforming economies. These factors symptomatically interfere with the process of formal/informal exchanges between and among firms. Furthermore, it was observed that the lack of awareness and impulsiveness of SMEs, as well as the inconsistent supply of by-products, act as barriers for such partnerships in developing countries. It calls for proactive engagements and facilitations from the state institutions through policy instruments. The study addresses a broad audience including industrialists, investors, policy makers and researchers engaged in IS studies. Moreover, the inputs will provide impetus for stimulating eco-industrial progress in developing regions such as Pakistan.

  • 6.
    Almulla, Youssef
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik, Energisystemanalys.
    Ramirez Gomez, Camilo
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Elektroteknik, Elkraftteknik.
    Pegios, Konstantinos
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik.
    Korkovelos, Alexandros
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik, Energisystemanalys. World Bank, 1818 H St NW, Washington, DC 20433 USA..
    Strasser, Lucia de
    United Nations Econ Commiss Europe UNECE, Bur S411, CH-1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland..
    Lipponen, Annukka
    United Nations Econ Commiss Europe UNECE, Bur S411, CH-1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland..
    Howells, Mark
    Loughborough Univ, Sch Social Sci & Humanities, Dept Geog, Epinal Way, Loughborough LE11 3TU, Leics, England.;Imperial Coll London, Fac Nat Sci, Ctr Environm Policy, 16-18 Princes Gardens, London SW7 1NE, England..
    A GIS-Based Approach to Inform Agriculture-Water-Energy Nexus Planning in the North Western Sahara Aquifer System (NWSAS)2020Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, nr 17, artikkel-id 7043Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The North Western Sahara Aquifer System (NWSAS) is a vital groundwater source in a notably water-scarce region. However, impetuous agricultural expansion and poor resource management (e.g., over-irrigation, inefficient techniques) over the past decades have raised a number of challenges. In this exploratory study, we introduce an open access GIS-based model to help answer selected timely questions related to the agriculture, water and energy nexus in the region. First, the model uses spatial and tabular data to identify the location and extent of irrigated cropland. Then, it employs spatially explicit climatic datasets and mathematical formulation to estimate water and electricity requirements for groundwater irrigation in all identified locations. Finally, it evaluates selected supply options to meet the electricity demand and suggests the least-cost configuration in each location. Results indicate that full irrigation in the basin requires similar to 3.25 billion million m(3)per year. This translates to similar to 730 GWh of electricity. Fossil fuels do provide the least-cost electricity supply option due to lower capital and subsidized operating costs. Hence, to improve the competitiveness of renewable technologies (RT) (i.e., solar), a support scheme to drop the capital cost of RTs is critically needed. Finally, moving towards drip irrigation can lead to similar to 47% of water abstraction savings in the NWSAS area.

  • 7.
    Anderson-Skold, Yvonne
    et al.
    Swedish Natl Rd & Transport Res Inst, S-58195 Linköping, Sweden.;Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Architecture & Civil Engn, S-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Afridi, Muhammad Amjad
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Byggvetenskap, Byggnadsmaterial. Skellefteå Municipal, Stromsorgatan 15, S-93134 Skellefteå, Sweden..
    Nordin, Lina
    Swedish Natl Rd & Transport Res Inst, S-58195 Linköping, Sweden..
    Patricio, Joao
    Swedish Natl Rd & Transport Res Inst, S-58195 Linköping, Sweden..
    Lindgren, Asa
    Swedish Transport Adm, POB 3057, S-90302 Umeå, Sweden..
    Johansson, Carl-Martin
    Swedish Transport Adm, POB 3057, S-90302 Umeå, Sweden..
    Olofsson, Alexandra
    Swedish Transport Adm, POB 3057, S-90302 Umeå, Sweden..
    Andersson, Angelica
    Swedish Natl Rd & Transport Res Inst, S-58195 Linköping, Sweden.;Linköping Univ, Dept Sci & Technol, Campus Norrköping, S-60174 Norrköping, Sweden..
    Erlingsson, Sigurdur
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Byggvetenskap. Swedish Natl Rd & Transport Res Inst, S-58195 Linköping, Sweden.;Univ Iceland, Fac Civil & Environm Engn, IS-108 Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Development of the SUNRA Tool to Improve Regional and Local Sustainability of the Transportation Sector2022Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, nr 18, s. 11275-, artikkel-id 11275Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    To fulfil the global sustainable development goals (SDGs), achieving sustainable development is becoming urgent, not least in the transportation sector. In response to this, the sustainability framework Sustainability National Road Administrations (SUNRA) was developed to contribute to improving the sustainability performance of national road administrations across Europe. In the present study, the framework has been tested, applied and further developed to be applicable for target setting and follow-up at the project level at both the Swedish Transport Administration (STA) and at municipal levels. The aim was a framework relevant for investment, re-investments, maintenance and operation projects and also to make it more user applicable. The study also investigated how the framework can contribute to sustainability, identified drivers and barriers for applying the framework and examined whether the framework can be applied and adapted to projects of different complexities. The adaptations and developments were done in collaboration between researchers and practitioners. The results show that the framework could easily be used and adapted for investment, re-investment, maintenance and operation projects in the planning stage, as well as for small municipal establishments, construction or reconstruction of residential areas and frequent maintenance. The framework contributes to increased awareness on sustainability, and it provides a common structure and transparency on how infrastructure project goals/targets are set and fulfilled. The framework can also be applied to follow the fulfilment of the goals/targets and thereby adapt the project to better fulfil the goals. Identified barriers include the lack of obligations and lack of experience in using sustainability frameworks.

  • 8.
    Angelaki, Stavroula
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Ljusdesign.
    Triantafyllidis, Georgios A.
    Besenecker, Ute
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Ljusdesign.
    Lighting in Kindergartens: Towards Innovative Design Concepts for Lighting Design in Kindergartens Based on Children’s Perception of Space2022Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, nr 4, s. 2302-2302Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Light is the foundation of the visual perceptual process that initiates the evaluation of the surrounding area. Linked to various aspects and rhythms of the body, light connects us to both the natural environment and the interior space. The process of perceiving and assessing space for children and adults with different viewing heights and viewing perspectives as well as the role of light to facilitate this are the key elements of this study. The paper describes general lighting design strategies for kindergartens, specifically developed to create an environment that takes into account the children’s scale and cognitive processes. The objective was to discuss environments that support the child’s spatial perception along with shape and object recognition by means of lighting design, for example by creating distinct, well-placed shadows. The proposed strategies are informed by a literature review on the concepts and interrelations of light, human physiology and the perception of scale and space. In addition, our process also included visits to kindergartens to observe and analyse existing lighting as well as the use of simulation programs to test lighting scenarios and their patterns/distribution of light and shadow. The outcome described in this paper is a proposal and strategy to take into account children’s vantage points when designing lighting in kindergartens that is still open to practical interpretations in real-world sites.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 9.
    Balatsky, Alexander V.
    et al.
    KTH, Centra, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics NORDITA. Institute for Materials Science, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, United States .
    Balatsky, Galina I.
    Borysov, Stanislav S.
    KTH, Centra, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics NORDITA. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Tillämpad fysik, Nanostrukturfysik.
    Resource Demand Growth and Sustainability Due to Increased World Consumption2015Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 7, nr 3, s. 3430-3440Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper aims at continuing the discussion on sustainability and attempts to forecast the impossibility of the expanding consumption worldwide due to the planet's limited resources. As the population of China, India and other developing countries continue to increase, they would also require more natural and financial resources to sustain their growth. We coarsely estimate the volumes of these resources (energy, food, freshwater) and the gross domestic product (GDP) that would need to be achieved to bring the population of India and China to the current levels of consumption in the United States. We also provide estimations for potentially needed immediate growth of the world resource consumption to meet this equality requirement. Given the tight historical correlation between GDP and energy consumption, the needed increase of GDP per capita in the developing world to the levels of the U.S. would deplete explored fossil fuel reserves in less than two decades. These estimates predict that the world economy would need to find a development model where growth would be achieved without heavy dependence on fossil fuels.

  • 10.
    Billstein, Tova
    et al.
    IVL Swedish Environm Res Inst, Life Cycle Management, S-11428 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Björklund, Anna
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Hållbarhet, utvärdering och styrning.
    Rydberg, Tomas
    IVL Swedish Environm Res Inst, Life Cycle Management, S-11428 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Life Cycle Assessment of Network Traffic: A Review of Challenges and Possible Solutions2021Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, nr 20, artikkel-id 11155Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The environmental impact of Industry 4.0 and related technologies remains relatively unknown, with little research devoted to investigating the impact on sustainability aspects, resulting in a greater need for climate reporting. However, impacts of data transmission have historically been the least studied part of the information and communication technology sector, and there is currently no consensus on how to correctly assess it. In an attempt to guide process development within the area in the hopes that future life cycle assessments will be created, this study sought to identify, examine, and address potential challenges that might occur when assessing the environmental impact of network traffic during its life cycle. Through a combination of a literature review and semi-systematic research interviews with identified experts within the field of research, several areas in the form of knowledge gaps, unsolved methodological issues, and areas in need of further development were identified and assessed. The results show that eight key challenges exist in the areas of system boundaries, data collection methods, energy intensity metrics, transparency and data availability, age of data, allocation procedures, assumptions, and limited coverage of impact categories. Several approaches to address said challenges are presented, as well as areas in need of further investigation. It is furthermore suggested that the sector should strive to agree upon several parameters of significance to enable future harmonized life cycle studies of network traffic.

  • 11.
    Birru, Eyerusalem
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik.
    Erlich, Catharina
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik.
    Herrera, Idalberto
    University “Marta Abreu” of Las Villas (UCLV), Cuba.
    Martin, Andrew R.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik.
    Feychting, Sofia
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM).
    Vitez, Marina
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM).
    Abdulhadi, Emma Bednarcik
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM).
    Larsson, Anna
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM).
    Onoszko, Emanuel
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM).
    Hallersbo, Mattias
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM).
    Weilenmann, Louise
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM).
    Puskoriute, Laura
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM).
    A Comparison of Various Technological Options for Improving Energy and Water Use Efficiency in a Traditional Sugar Mill2016Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 8, nr 12, artikkel-id 1227Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a comparison of four technological improvements proposed in previous works for the Cuban sugar mill Carlos Balino. These technological options are: (1) utilization of excess wastewater for enhanced imbibition; (2) utilization of waste heat for thermally driven cooling; (3) utilization of excess bagasse for pellets; and (4) modification of the cogeneration unit for maximum electric power generation. The method used for the evaluation of the technological options involves using criteria such as energy saving, financial gains, and CO2 emission saving potential. The results of the analysis show that the first three technological improvement options are attractive only during the crushing season. On the other hand, the last technological improvement option can be attractive if a year round generation of surplus power is sought. The first technological improvement option leads to only minor changes in energy utilization, but the increase in sugar yield of 8.7% leads to attractive profitability with an extremely low payback period. The CO2 emissions saved due to the fourth technological improvement option are the highest (22,000 tonnes/year) and the cost of CO2 emissions saved for the third technological improvement option (lowest) amount to 41 USD/tonne of CO2 emissions saved. The cycle efficiencies of the third and fourth technological improvement options are 37.9% and 36.8%, respectively, with payback periods of 2.3 and 1.6 years. The second technological improvement option is the least attractive alternative of the group.

  • 12.
    Biørn-Hansen, Aksel
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Människocentrerad teknologi, Medieteknik och interaktionsdesign, MID.
    Pargman, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Människocentrerad teknologi, Medieteknik och interaktionsdesign, MID.
    Eriksson, Elina
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Människocentrerad teknologi, Medieteknik och interaktionsdesign, MID.
    Romero, Mario
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Datavetenskap, Beräkningsvetenskap och beräkningsteknik (CST).
    Laaksolahti, Jarmo
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Människocentrerad teknologi, Medieteknik och interaktionsdesign, MID.
    Robért, Markus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Strategiska hållbarhetsstudier.
    Exploring the Problem Space of CO2 Emission Reductions from Academic Flying2021Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, nr 21, s. 12206-12206Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    CO2 emissions from aviation have been predicted to increase over the coming decades. Within the academic world, flying is often perceived to be a necessary prerequisite to being a successful researcher. Many Swedish universities have ambitious climate goals, but are simultaneously among the top emitters in the public sector. Reaching stated climate goals could feasibly be met through a combination of measures, including decreased flying. One way to address the challenge is to support behavioural interventions with the help of interactive visualizations of CO2 emissions from flying. Those few examples that exist in the research literature are generally directed towards management and are less applicable to universities, given the large autonomy researchers enjoy and their discretionary control of research project funds. This paper uses a design-oriented research approach to present an analysis of the problem space at the intersection of interactive visualizations using air travel data to reduce CO2 emissions from business air travel at our own university, KTH Royal Institute of Technology. Through a number of design experiments, evaluations and investigations, we have unearthed needs, challenges and opportunities for the creation of visualization tools to support more sustainable travel practices at universities and in other knowledge-intensive organisations.

  • 13.
    Blomberg, Eva
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Herting, Gunilla
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Kuttuva Rajarao, G
    Mehtiö, T
    Uusinoka, M
    Ahonen, M
    Mäkinen, R
    Mäkitalo, T
    Odnevall, Inger
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. AIMES—Center for the Advancement of Integrated Medical and Engineering Sciences; Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, SE-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Weathering and Antimicrobial Properties of Laminate and Powder Coatings Containing Silver Phosphate Glass Used as High-Touch Surfaces2022Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, nr 12, s. 7102-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasing the use of hygienic high-touch surfaces with antimicrobial properties in health care and public spaces is one way to hinder the spread of bacteria and infections. This study investigates the antimicrobial efficacy and surface reactivity of commercial laminate and powder coated surfaces treated with silver-doped phosphate glass as antimicrobial additive towards two model bacterial strains, Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis, in relation to surface weathering and repeated cleaning. High-touch conditions in indoor environments were simulated by different extents of pre-weathering (repeated daily cycles in relative humidity at constant temperature) and simplified fingerprint contact by depositing small droplets of artificial sweat. The results elucidate that the antimicrobial efficacy was highly bacteria dependent (Gram-positive or Gram-negative), not hampered by differences in surface weathering but influenced by the amount of silver-doped additive. No detectable amounts of silver were observed at the top surfaces, though silver was released into artificial sweat in concentrations a thousand times lower than regulatory threshold values stipulated for materials and polymers in food contact. Surface cleaning with an oxidizing chemical agent was more efficient in killing bacteria compared with an agent composed of biologically degradable constituents. Cleaning with the oxidizing agent resulted further in increased wettability and presence of residues on the surfaces, effects that were beneficial from an antimicrobial efficacy perspective.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 14.
    Bodin Danielsson, Christina
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE).
    Hoy, Sara
    GIH, Swedish Sch Sport & Hlth Sci, S-11433 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Health-Supportive Office Design-It Is Chafing Somewhere: Where and Why?2022Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, nr 19, s. 12504-, artikkel-id 12504Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This explorative case study investigates health-promoting office design from an experience and meaning-making perspective in an activity-based flex-office (A-FO) in a headquarter building. This small case study (n = 11) builds using qualitative data (walk-through and focus group interviews). A reflexive thematic analysis (RTA) of the experience of design approach was performed on this from a health and sustainability perspective, including the physical, mental, and social dimensions of health defined by WHO. Results show a wide range in participants' experiences and meaning-making of the health-promoting office design of their office building. The control aspect plays a central role in participants' experiences, including factors such as surveillance and obeyance, related to status and power, in turn associated with experiences of pleasantness, symbolism, and inclusiveness. Three main themes are identified in participants' experiences: (1) comfort-non-comfort, (2) outsider-insider, and (3) symbolism. The major finding of the study is the ambiguity among participants about the health-supportive office design of the office building per se and its various environments. There is a sense that it is chafing, due to dissonance between the intention of the office and the applied design.

  • 15.
    Borg, Lena
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Högberg, Lovisa
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Organization of Laundry Facility Types and Energy Use in Owner-Occupied Multi-Family Buildings in Sweden2014Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 6, nr 6, s. 3843-3860Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The way in which we plan and produce buildings today will influence our energy consumption in the future. This paper explores how the types of laundry facilities provided in owner-occupied multi-family buildings in Sweden have changed since the 1990s and seeks to draw attention to how this may impact energy consumption for laundry. Three factors are analyzed that influence energy consumption: the number of laundry appliances, energy performance in laundry appliances and user demand for laundry. The results indicate that there has been a change in building practices, from the domination of communal laundry rooms towards in-unit laundry facilities. The findings imply that the changes in provision of laundry facilities increase the number of appliances but do not necessarily increase energy consumption during the usage phase depending on energy performance and user behavior. Thus, developers should consider laundry facility organization when designing multi-family buildings in order to optimize the use of space and resources, given user demand and building regulations. This paper is exploratory in nature and indicates a shift in building practices that up until now has been undocumented in a research context which in turn opens up for many new research questions related to resource use but also related to the economics of developers, housing firms and households.

  • 16.
    Brokking, Pieter
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Mörtberg, Ulla
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik.
    Balfors, Berit
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Hållbarhet, utvärdering och styrning.
    Municipal Practices for Integrated Planning of Nature-Based Solutions in Urban Development in the Stockholm Region2021Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, nr 18, artikkel-id 10389Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban planning is assumed to play an important role in developing nature-based solutions (NBS). To explore how NBS is addressed in urban development, municipal planning practices are analyzed based on three case studies in the Stockholm region of Sweden. Through focus group discussions, interviews and document studies, the planning and implementation of NBS and their intended contribution to regional green infrastructure (GI) and social and ecological qualities are investigated. The results show that the planning and design of urban green spaces engages the local community. Moreover, different conceptual frameworks are used to strengthen an ecological perspective and nurture expected outcomes, in particular ecosystem services and GI. Through competence development and collaborative approaches, the co-creation of innovative solutions for public and private green spaces is promoted. However, institutional conditions, e.g., legal frameworks and landownership shape the planning process and can challenge the ability to enhance social and ecological qualities. An assessment of the planning processes indicates a strong focus on ecosystem services and local GI, while the potential to contribute to regional GI differs widely between cases. The study concludes that a knowledge-driven and integrative planning process can foster the potential of NBS for green and sustainable cities.

  • 17.
    Buhr, Katarina
    et al.
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Isaksson, Karolina
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Hagbert, Pernilla
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Local Interpretations of Degrowth—Actors, Arenas and Attempts to Influence Policy2018Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, nr 6, s. 1899-, artikkel-id 1899Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decade, degrowth has developed into a central research theme within sustainability science. A significant proportion of previous works on degrowth has focused on macro-level units of analysis, such as global or national economies. Less is known about local interpretations of degrowth. This study explored interpretations of growth and degrowth in a local setting and attempts to integrate degrowth ideas into local policy. The work was carried out as a qualitative single-case study of the small town of Alingsås, Sweden. The results revealed two different, yet interrelated, local growth discourses in Alingsås: one relating to population growth and one relating to economic growth. Individuals participating in the degrowth discourse tend to have a sustainability-related profession and/or background in civil society. Arenas for local degrowth discussions are few and temporary and, despite some signs of influence, degrowth-related ideas have not had any significant overall impact on local policy and planning. In practice, degrowth-interested individuals tend to adjust their arguments to the mainstream sustainability discourse and turn to arenas beyond the formal municipal organization when discussing transformative ideas about development, progress, and quality of life. Based on these findings, the conditions for a further integration of degrowth into local policy and planning are discussed. Suggested themes for further research are institutional change and the role of local politicians.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 18.
    Bukovszki, Viktor
    et al.
    Adv Bldg & Urban Design Ltd, Alkotas Ut 53, H-1123 Budapest, Hungary..
    Dóczi, Gabriella
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Resurser, energi och infrastruktur.
    Reith, Andras
    Adv Bldg & Urban Design Ltd, Alkotas Ut 53, H-1123 Budapest, Hungary.;Univ Pecs, Res Grp BIM SKILL LAB, H-7624 Pecs, Hungary..
    Coding Engines in Participatory Social Housing Design-A Case to Revisit Pattern Languages2021Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, nr 6, artikkel-id 3367Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Participation has been touted as a critical instrument for both citizen empowerment and responsibility-sharing in sustainability. In architecture, participation allows for the progression of green building to sustainable habitation that integrates environmental, economic, and social dimensions. However, participation in practice rarely delegates meaningful decisions to marginalized groups and is mostly a one-sided process. This study seeks to investigate which factors of the participatory method afford both empowerment and behavioral change to a sustainable lifestyle in low-income groups. To do so, a case study of designing a social housing estate in Hungary is presented, where participatory design was used to codevelop a building that considers and adjusts to the sustainable lifestyle envisioned by the future residents. A coding engine based on the concept of pattern languages was developed that places conditions and experience of everyday activities at the center of design, translating them to spatial features. As a result, a focus group of social housing tenants and cohousing experts were able to define explicit shared spaces, allocate square meters to them, and articulate legible design criteria. Of the early-stage design decisions, 45% were made with or by the participants, and the bilateral process made it possible to convince the tenants to adopt a more sustainable habitation format.

  • 19.
    Cai, Zhichang
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi. Nanjing Tech Univ, Sch Architecture, Nanjing 211899, Peoples R China..
    Guan, Chenghe
    NYU Shanghai, Shanghai Key Lab Urban Design & Urban Sci, Shanghai 200122, Peoples R China.;NYU Shanghai, Div Arts & Sci, Shanghai 200122, Peoples R China..
    Trinh, An
    Univ Chicago, Environm & Urban Studies, Chicago, IL 60637 USA..
    Zhang, Bo
    Xiamen Univ, Sch Management, Xiamen 361005, Fujian, Peoples R China..
    Chen, Zhibin
    NYU Shanghai, Shanghai Key Lab Urban Design & Urban Sci, Shanghai 200122, Peoples R China..
    Srinivasan, Sumeeta
    Tufts Univ, Dept Urban & Environm Policy & Planning, Medford, MA 02155 USA..
    Nielsen, Chris
    Harvard Univ, Sch Engn & Appl Sci, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA..
    Satisfactions on Self-Perceived Health of Urban Residents in Chengdu, China: Gender, Age and the Built Environment2022Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, nr 20, artikkel-id 13389Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Self-perceived health is an important factor for assessing urban residents' satisfaction and quality of life. However, few have comprehensively investigated the impact of demographics, lifestyle and health awareness, indoor environment characteristics, and neighborhood features on self-perceived health. To fill this gap, we designed a framework using multivariable regressions to derive odd rations and to analyze the determinants of self-rated health, stratified into different sub-groups divided by gender, age, and neighborhood types. The study area is Chengdu, one of the most populous cities in western China. The results show that: (1) female respondents reported worse health, with household income level and marital status significantly affecting self-rated health; (2) elderly people reported the worst health, while unique factors affected only younger people (18-29 years old), such as gender, smoking, and indoor environment characteristics; and (3) different types of neighborhoods influence their residents' perception of health differently due to historical establishment, current population composition, and housing conditions. Our study provides new observations on neighborhood types, while agreeing with previous studies on the influences of gender and age. We contribute to the field by providing a more complex understanding of the mechanism by which people rate their own health, which is important for understanding the satisfaction of urban residents and the built environment in which they live.

  • 20.
    Candel, Melissa
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Fastighetsvetenskap.
    Using Sustainability-Oriented Developer Obligations and Public Land Development to Create Public Value2022Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, nr 1, artikkel-id 57Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish municipalities use negotiable developer obligations and public land development in sustainability-profiled districts to achieve various public sustainability objectives. They initiate and govern these districts, which act as models for sustainable urban development and testbeds for new sustainability-related policies, using municipally owned land. Public land development in Sweden enables municipalities to include sustainability-oriented negotiable developer obligations in development agreements. The aim of the study is to investigate how Swedish municipalities use sustainability-oriented negotiable developer obligations together with public land development, and to identify what public value outcomes they currently seek to create by using these public value capture instruments. Sustainability-oriented negotiable developer obligations are investigated in relation to municipalities’ desired public value outcomes in five sustainability-profiled district developments in different Swedish municipalities. Findings illustrate that Swedish municipalities use negotiable developer obligations to create ecological, social and cultural, political, and economic public value outcomes. This calls for more research investigating different forms of value and value creation in relation to public value capture instruments.

  • 21. Cantoni, J.
    et al.
    Kalantari, Z.
    Destouni, G.
    Watershed-based evaluation of automatic sensor data: Water quality and hydroclimatic relationships2020Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, nr 1, artikkel-id 5536Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 22.
    Cao, Bo
    et al.
    Xidian Univ, Sch Humanities, Xian 710071, Peoples R China.;Shaanxi Coll Commun Technol, Xian 710028, Peoples R China..
    Shahraki, Abdol Aziz
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Planning of Transportation Infrastructure Networks for Sustainable Development with Case Studies in Chabahar2023Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 15, nr 6, artikkel-id 5154Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses the problem of increasing transport services that intercontinental corridors demand from the urban infrastructure networks along their routes. Yet, attention has not been paid to the coordination between the transportation potentials of a city infrastructure network located on the path of an intercontinental corridor and the sustainable application of the corridor itself. This article discusses solving this problem by increasing the transportation capacities of the cities on the path of the corridor. With field studies in Chabahar, we observe the situation of its transportation infrastructure network to discover shortcomings and suggest required changes. This paper recommends the necessary changes and improvements in the urban transportation system of Chabahar to have a sustainable intercontinental corridor and an effective urban infrastructure network simultaneously. The research methods used include observation of traffic flow and behavior in travel origins, destinations, and paths in Chabahar. Then, this study builds a mathematical model with a graph technique to calculate the traffic capacities on the nodes and streets and determine places that require changes. Analyses show that 13,420 cars enter just the center of Chabahar city due to the increasing pressure of the Chabahar-Milak corridor. This paper recommends a multi-modal transportation system with an urban public transport network. It also suggests physical and geometric corrections in sight distances and longitudinal curves of streets, sidewalks, and squares. We find urban transportation failures in the city and present a comprehensive transportation plan for its improvement. This model is applicable in all cities on the route of corridors and assists their sustainable function and urban transport system simultaneously.

  • 23.
    Carlsson Kanyama, Annika
    et al.
    Ecoloop, Ringvägen 100, 118 60 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hedin, Björn
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Människocentrerad teknologi, Medieteknik och interaktionsdesign, MID.
    Katzeff, Cecilia
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Strategiska hållbarhetsstudier.
    Differences in Environmental Impact between Plant-Based Alternatives to Dairy and Dairy Products: A Systematic Literature Review2021Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A large body of research suggests a more plant-based diet, including a switch to plant-based alternatives to dairy, is needed for lowering human-induced climate change as well as land and water use. With the help of a systematic literature review, we analyzed data from 21 peer-reviewed articles about the differences in emissions and resources used between various plant-based alternatives to dairy and dairy products. Emissions included were greenhouse gases, acidifying, eutrophicating, and ozone-depleting substances, and resource use included water, energy, and land. The results are presented as the quotients of the ratios of plant-based alternatives to dairy and dairy products. The comparison shows that the plant-based dairy alternatives have lower, or much lower, impacts in almost all cases, with two exceptions: water use for almond drinks (several studies) and emissions of ozone-depleting substances for margarine (one study). There is a lack of data concerning impacts other than greenhouse gas emissions for plant-based cheese alternatives; and in general, emissions of greenhouse gases are more highly covered than other impacts. In the quest for a swift transition to a low carbon economy, however, there is already enough evidence to proceed with a dietary change involving switching dairy products to plant-based alternatives.

  • 24.
    Carlsson Kanyama, Annika
    et al.
    Ecoloop AB, Stockholm, 118 60, Sweden.
    Zapico, Jorge Luis
    Department of Computer Science and Media Technology, Linnaeus University, Växjö, 351 95, Sweden.
    Holmberg, Chatarina
    Ecoloop AB, Stockholm, 118 60, Sweden.
    Wikman-Svahn, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och historia, Filosofi.
    “The Greatest Benefit Is to Think Differently”: Experiences of Developing and Using a Web-Based Tool for Decision-Making under Deep Uncertainty for Adaptation to Sea Level Rise in Municipalities2024Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 16, nr 5, artikkel-id 2044Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The need for handling the deep uncertainty surrounding the future climate has led to various novel and robust approaches for decision-making under deep uncertainty (DMDU) when adapting to climate change. Here, an online and self-explanatory web-based tool was developed and tested with civil servants from five municipalities in Sweden challenged by rising sea levels. The municipalities used the tool by themselves and were then interviewed about the usability of the tool, the perceived urgency of climate change adaptation, and the possibilities for municipalities for handling the flexible solutions that are at the core of DMDU. Results were that the civil servants reported that the urgency of climate change adaptation has increased, that the tool changed their perspectives compared to traditional planning methods, and that changes in laws and regulations to accommodate decisions about flexible solutions were recommended.

  • 25.
    Carstens, Christoffer
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik. Cty Adm Board Gavleborg, S-80266 Gavle, Sweden..
    Sonnek, Karin Mossberg
    Swedish Def Res Agcy, Def Anal, S-16490 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Raty, Riitta
    Swedish Def Res Agcy, Def Anal, S-16490 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Wikman-Svahn, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och historia.
    Carlsson-Kanyama, Annika
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Insights from Testing a Modified Dynamic Adaptive Policy Pathways Approach for Spatial Planning at the Municipal Level2019Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 2, artikkel-id 433Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Dynamic Adaptive Policy Pathways (DAPP) approach has successfully been used to manage uncertainties in large infrastructure projects. However, the viability of the DAPP approach for spatial planning in smaller municipal settings is not clear. This paper examines opportunities and constraints of using adaptive pathways approaches to help small municipalities plan for future sea-level rise. The methodology was based on developing a simplified DAPP-approach, which was tested in a multiple experimental case study of spatial planning projects in three municipalities in Sweden. The results show that the approach promoted vulnerability-based thinking among the end-users and generated new ideas on how to manage the uncertain long-term impacts of future sea-level rise. However, the increased understanding of uncertainties was used to justify static, rather than adaptive, solutions. This somewhat surprising outcome can be explained by perceived legal constraints, lack of experience of adaptive pathways, and unwillingness to prescribe actions that could prove difficult to enforce in the future. More research is needed to further understand at what planning phases dynamic policy pathway approaches work best and how current barriers in legislation, practices, mind-set, organization, and resources can be overcome.

  • 26.
    Cheemakurthy, Harsha
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teknisk mekanik, Farkostteknik och Solidmekanik, Lättkonstruktioner, marina system, flyg- och rymdteknik, rörelsemekanik.
    Garme, Karl
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teknisk mekanik, Farkostteknik och Solidmekanik, Lättkonstruktioner, marina system, flyg- och rymdteknik, rörelsemekanik.
    Fuzzy AHP-Based Design Performance Index for Evaluation of Ferries2022Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, nr 6, s. 3680-3680Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Within waterborne public transportation (WPT), one often observes a mismatch between the operational requirements and ferry characteristics. A method to holistically evaluate ferries with respect to local requirements could lead to tailored procurement and targeted refurbishment of existing fleet. In this study, we develop a structure for operational requirements and use it as a basis for a ferry evaluation methodology. The requirements’ structure follows a three-level hierarchy starting from broad vessel design to mandatory requirements to performance requirements. The performance requirements are based on the three pillars of sustainability, aided by commuter surveys carried out in Stockholm ferries, interviews with public transport providers (PTP) and previous literature. The evaluation of the ferry is performed using analytic hierarchic process (AHP) to convert the PTP’s subjective preferences and ferry performance into a single dimensionless index. Rules for quantification of performance metrics including social performance are proposed. The uncertainties associated with AHP are addressed by employing fuzzy AHP based on extent analysis and fuzzy AHP in combination with particle swarm optimization. Two applications including performance assessment of existing ferries and assembly of a modular ferry are discussed. The method can lead to objective decision making in ferry evaluation, potentially leading to a more efficient WPT.

  • 27.
    Ciampa, Francesca
    et al.
    Univ Naples Federico II, Dept Architecture DiARC, I-80100 Naples, Italy..
    Seifollahi-Aghmiuni, Samaneh
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, S-11419 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, S-11419 Stockholm, Sweden.;Navarino Environm Observ, Costa Navarino, Navarino Dunes, Messinia 24001, Greece..
    Kalantari, Zahra
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Vatten- och miljöteknik. Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, S-11419 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, S-11419 Stockholm, Sweden.;Navarino Environm Observ, Costa Navarino, Navarino Dunes, Messinia 24001, Greece..
    Ferreira, Carla Sofia Santos
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, S-11419 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, S-11419 Stockholm, Sweden.;Navarino Environm Observ, Costa Navarino, Navarino Dunes, Messinia 24001, Greece.;Coimbra Agr Sch, Res Ctr Nat Resources, Polytech Inst Coimbra, Environm & Soc CERNAS, P-3045601 Coimbra, Portugal..
    Flood Mitigation in Mediterranean Coastal Regions: Problems, Solutions, and Stakeholder Involvement2021Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, nr 18, artikkel-id 10474Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Flooding affects Mediterranean coastal areas, with negative impacts on regional populations and ecosystems. This paper reviews the causes and consequences of coastal flooding in European Mediterranean countries, common and advanced solutions implemented to mitigate flood risk, and the importance of stakeholder involvement in developing these solutions. Climate change, intensive urbanization, tourism, deforestation, wildfires, and erosion are the main causes of coastal flooding, leading to social and economic losses, degradation of ecosystems, and water and soil contamination due to saltwater intrusion. Various measures for mitigating urban coastal flooding have been implemented, including coastal barriers, infrastructural drainage systems, wetlands, and mobile dams. Development and implementation of such solutions should be performed in close collaboration with stakeholders, but their current engagement at the coordination and/or decision-making level does not allow full integration of local knowledge in flood mitigation projects. Various processes are used to engage stakeholders in coastal flood mitigation, but participatory approaches are required to integrate their perspectives into performance analysis of potential solutions. Such approaches would allow a balance to be reached between nature conservation, market forces, stakeholder needs, and decision-makers' priorities, resulting in development of innovative and sustainable mitigation solutions to enhance urban resilience to coastal flooding.

  • 28.
    Connell-Variy, Theodore
    et al.
    RMIT Univ, Dept Property Construct & Project Management, Melbourne, Vic 3000, Australia..
    Berggren, Björn
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande.
    McGough, Tony
    RMIT Univ, Dept Property Construct & Project Management, Melbourne, Vic 3000, Australia..
    Housing Markets and Resource Sector Fluctuations: A Cross-Border Comparative Analysis2021Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, nr 16, artikkel-id 8918Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent research has sought to better understand resource and housing market cycles longitudinally and define clear phases in order to understand interactions between the two over time. This is a necessary step forward in housing market knowledge for this under researched area, particularly in an economically unique context. This paper expands knowledge by undertaking a comparative study of town housing markets in Queensland's coal mining Bowen Basin and Sweden's northern municipalities-specifically Gallivare and Kiruna-where a long history of iron ore mining exists. This paper analyses these housing markets using longitudinal data spanning two decades, which includes two resources cycles in two geographically disparate locations. The results indicate that the housing market in Queensland, Australia, is far more volatile than the housing market in the Swedish municipalities. The regional housing market in Sweden's municipalities tend to be less dependent on resource price and output from mines than their Australian counterparts. Part of the explanation for this is that the Swedish towns examined are less of the traditional mining town known from previous studies, and more a town with mining. Developing and improving understanding of markets over the duration of a cycle is important. Particular value is apparent in the comparison and contrasting of two separate resource regions encompassing resource reliant communities in two different countries. Importantly, the linkage of research regions through resource relationships leads to groundbreaking research which will have practical benefit to multiple economies, housing markets and for policy-makers alike.

  • 29.
    Cotrim, Joao Miguel
    et al.
    BRU IUL, ISCTE IUL, P-1649026 Lisbon, Portugal..
    Nunes, Francisco
    BRU IUL, ISCTE IUL, P-1649026 Lisbon, Portugal..
    Laurenti, Rafael
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Integrerad produktutveckling.
    Making Sense of the Sharing Economy: A Category Formation Approach2020Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, nr 24, artikkel-id 10648Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The sharing economy (SE) has drawn significant attention from several society stakeholders in the last five years. While business actors are interested in financial opportunities to meet consumer needs, new business models, academia and governmental organisations are concerned with potential unintended effects on society and the environment. Despite its notable global growth, there is still a lack of more solid ground in understanding its origins and respective mechanisms through which it has been evolving as a category. This research addresses the problematics of the origins and ascendency of the SE by examining the process by which it is arising as a new category, searching for conceptual clarification, and pinpointing the legitimacy granted by stakeholders. Our guiding research questions are: how the SE was formed and evolved as a category, and as a category, is the SE legitimate? Additionally, we attempt to identify the nature of the SE as a category. Making a historical analysis of the expression SE and its equivalents, this paper deepens the discussion about the SE's nature by providing evidence that it has predominantly been formed by emergence processes, comprising social movement, similarity clustering, and truce components, which render the SE a particular case of category formation and allow communication, entrepreneurship, regulation, and research about what it is. Moreover, the findings reveal a generalised legitimacy granted to the SE by a vast number of stakeholders, although still lacking the consolidation of socio-political legitimation. The SE's nature seems to fall into a metaphorical approach, notably, the notion of radial categories.

  • 30.
    D'Adamo, Idiano
    et al.
    Sapienza Univ Rome, Dept Comp Control & Management Engn, Via Ariosto 25, I-00185 Rome, Italy..
    Falcone, Pasquale Marcello
    Univ Naples Parthenope, Dept Business & Econ, Via Gen Parisi 13, I-80132 Naples, Italy..
    Martin, Michael
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik. IVL Swedish Environm Res Inst, Valhallavägen 81, S-11428 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Rosa, Paolo
    Politecn Milan, Dept Management Econ & Ind Engn, Piazza L Da Vinci 32, I-20133 Milan, Italy..
    A Sustainable Revolution: Let's Go Sustainable to Get Our Globe Cleaner2020Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, nr 11, artikkel-id 4387Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of sustainability is a clear blue sea, a snowy mountain, a flowery meadow, in which there is resource sharing that allows us to satisfy human needs without damaging natural resources. The challenge is complex, and we hope to support the decarbonization of our society and mitigate climate changes. This Special Issue aims to outline different approaches in several sectors with a common point of view: seeing our world with a green perception and encouraging a sustainable revolution to provide a cleaner world.

  • 31.
    de Almeida, Constanca Martins Leite
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM).
    Silveira, Semida
    Sustainable Vis Global Ventures AB, S-18131 Lidingo, Sweden..
    Jenelius, Erik
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Byggvetenskap, Transportplanering.
    Fuso Nerini, Francesco
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik, Energisystem.
    Using the Sustainable Development Goals to Evaluate Possible Transport Policies for the City of Curitiba2021Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, nr 21, artikkel-id 12222Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Cities across the world are becoming more engaged in tackling climate change and contributing to the achievement of international agreements. The city of Curitiba in Brazil is no exception. In December 2020, the city published PlanClima (Plano Municipal de Mitigacao e Adaptacao as Mudancas Climaticas), a climate plan developed with local and international organizations. PlanClima aims to guide policies and actions to mitigate and adapt to climate change. This study focuses on selecting and qualitatively evaluating transport policies that contribute to the city's 2030 climate and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). With PlanClima's analysis for the transport sector in mind, nine targets for 2030 are identified and connected to different transport policies. To evaluate the possible interactions between the policies and the different dimensions of the SDGs, four types of linkages were designed: essential, uncertain, limited, and opposite. These categories were developed to evaluate the several dimensions in which a policy can have a positive or negative impact. The results show that the implementation of zero emission zones/low emission zones, green public procurement, subsidy schemes for the uptake of clean vehicle technology, and the digitalization of the transport system through smarter public transport and digital platforms that couple bike sharing, taxis, and public transport are some of the measures that can contribute to the achievement of Curitiba's targets and ensure a positive impact on the sustainable development of the city. The study highlights how different policy instruments can contribute to achieve the city's targets, thus providing guidance to policymakers.

  • 32.
    de Ferreira, Antonio Cavaleiro
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik, Energisystemanalys.
    Nerini, Francesco Fuso
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik, Energisystemanalys. KTH Royal Inst Technol, Unit Energy Syst Anal dESA, Brinellvagen 68, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    A Framework for Implementing and Tracking Circular Economy in Cities: The Case of Porto2019Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 6, artikkel-id 1813Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Circular economy (CE) is an emerging concept that contrasts the linear economic system. This concept is particularly relevant for cities, currently hosting approximately 50% of the world's population. Research gaps in the analysis and implementation of circular economy in cities are a significant barrier to its implementation. This paper presents a multi-sectorial and macro-meso level framework to monitor (and set goals for) circular economy implementation in cities. Based on literature and case studies, it encompasses CE key concepts, such as flexibility, modularity, and transparency. It is structured to include all sectors in which circular economy could be adopted in a city. The framework is then tested in Porto, Portugal, monitoring the circularity of the city and considering its different sectors.

  • 33.
    de Miguel Ramos, Carlos
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.). Univ Politecn Madrid UPM, ETS Ingenieros Ind, Calle Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, Madrid 28006, Spain..
    Laurenti, Rafael
    Univ Politecn Madrid UPM, ETS Ingenieros Ind, Calle Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, Madrid 28006, Spain..
    Synergies and Trade-offs among Sustainable Development Goals: The Case of Spain2020Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, nr 24, artikkel-id 10506Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The United Nations plans have marked global sustainable development for more than two decades. Most of the developed and developing countries have adopted these plans to achieve the Agenda 2030, currently formed by the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The analysis of the interactions between the SDGs is a growing area in research and of interest for governments. However, studies on how positive correlations can improve deteriorated goals are scarce for countries to date. This study aims at filling this gap by finding and quantifying the synergies and trade-offs among the SDGs of Spain. During the years 2000-2019, almost 80% of the SDG targets had significant interactions, either positive (synergy) or negative (trade-off). SDG 4 (quality education), SDG 5 (gender Equality) and SDG 7 (affordable and clean energy) contained the largest number of positive interactions, more than 60% in all of them. SDG 3 (good health and wellbeing) was strongly linked with indicators from SDG 4 (quality education) and also SDG 6 (clean water and sanitation). Furthermore, indicators from SDG 7 (affordable and clean energy) shared a high correlation with the ones from SGD 12 (responsible consumption and production) and SDG 15 (life on land). SDG 1 (no poverty), 2 (zero hunger), 6 (clean water and sanitation), 8 (decent work and economic growth) and 11 (sustainable cities and communities) had the slowest evolution during the years 2000-2019, showing contractions in some instances. We developed a regression model to assess the influence that selected targets have had on a less evolved target (target 8.6-proportion of youth not in education, employment or training). We managed to clarify high influence from target 1.3 (unemployment compensations), target 8.4 (domestic material consumption) and target 10.5 (non-performing loans) on the dependent variable. Identifying numerical dependencies between the SDGs may help nations to develop a roadmap where targets work as cogwheel towards achieving the Agenda 2030.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 34.
    Devendran, Aarthi Aishwarya
    et al.
    Linnaeus Univ, Dept Built Environm & Energy Technol, S-35195 Växjö, Sweden..
    Mainali, Brijesh
    Linnaeus Univ, Dept Built Environm & Energy Technol, S-35195 Växjö, Sweden..
    Khatiwada, Dilip
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik, Energisystem.
    Golzar, Farzin
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik.
    Mahapatra, Krushna
    Linnaeus Univ, Dept Built Environm & Energy Technol, S-35195 Växjö, Sweden..
    Toigo, Camila H. H.
    Pontificia Univ Catol Rio Grande, Business Sch, Econ Dept, BR-90619900 Porto Alegre, Brazil..
    Optimization of Municipal Waste Streams in Achieving Urban Circularity in the City of Curitiba, Brazil2023Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 15, nr 4, artikkel-id 3252Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The municipal solid waste (MSW) remains a great challenge in most cities of developing countries, as the majority of the generated waste is either not collected or is dumped in open uncontrolled non-engineered landfill sites, creating significant pollution due to the leakage of landfill leachate in the surrounding environment. In developing countries, a complete transition to a zero-landfill scenario is less likely to happen in the near future due to various socio-economic challenges. Therefore, the existing landfills in developing countries need holistic waste management thinking with more efforts on waste to energy conversions. This study highlights the challenges with existing MSW management practices of Curitiba, Brazil, and suggests some holistic and sustainable landfill management techniques. This is accomplished through the (i) identification of the suitable sites for setting up transfer stations (TSs), (ii) route optimization for MSW transportation, and (iii) analysis of the life expectancy of the existing landfill with waste valorization techniques for enhancing circularity of MSW of the city. The study has identified six potential TSs, making use of various geological criteria and constraints as suggested by the United States Environmental Protection Agency using GIS-based spatial analysis, which could save fuel cost of approximately 1.5 million Brazilian Real (BRL) per year for the solid waste transportation (from the source to the landfill site). This research has also made a value addition in this specific field with the preparation of a digitized road network map of the study region. Further, the sensitivity-based scenario analysis highlights that the lifespan of the existing landfill (until 2030) might be extended to 2058 if the city achieves the targeted recycling rate of 85% compared with the current rate of 23%. The results would be useful for policy-makers to adopt the crucial MSW scenario to achieve a circular economy in the waste management of the city of Curitiba.

  • 35.
    Dis, Asli Tepecik
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE).
    Karimnia, Elahe
    Theatrum Mundi, London E R 0AA, England..
    Reframing Kiruna's Relocation-Spatial Production or a Sustainable Transformation?2021Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, nr 7, artikkel-id 3811Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the expansion of nearby mining operations, the city of Kiruna, an arctic city in Sweden, has been undergoing a massive urban transformation, led by the mining company, Luossavaara-Kiirunavaara Aktiebolag (LKAB), which is the largest iron ore producer in the EU. This paper explores this relocation in a three-sphere transformation framework that has sustainability as the outcome (practical sphere), and analyses it as a socio-spatial transformation process, including political decisions as its driving forces (political sphere), to examine how this outcome and decisions represent individual and collective values (personal sphere). The analysis of three spheres is used as a tool to understand how and why Kiruna's urban transformation is deemed to be sustainable, as it claims, and which it is being globally acknowledged for. Methods include analysis of Kiruna's new master plan, media representations, and interviews with key actors of the project, who include municipal planners; the mining company's planning developers; consultants, as the designers of 'Kiruna 4-ever' and the new city center; as well as the city's residents. The analysis is a critique of the approaches that fit this project into either the critique of market-led spatial production, or as an example of best practice, based on its participatory processes. Results indicate that although Kiruna's relocation is claimed to be a transformation of collective values, practical and technical transformations were dominant, which represents only partial responses in the framework. Therefore, a multi-voice narrative challenges the sustainability of Kiruna's transformation.

  • 36.
    Dóczi, Gabriella
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik.
    Collective Action with Altruists: How Are Citizens Led Renewable Energy Communities Developed?2021Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, nr 2, artikkel-id 507Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Transition to a sustainable future requires not only technical but also societal changes, including changes in behavioral patterns and consumer roles. Renewable energy communities embody such changes: they are mainly residential communities that break with their passive consumer role and produce energy from renewable sources in order to meet primarily local needs. Although the number of these communities has increased remarkably in the last decade in many Western countries, as has the academic attention paid to them, we still have limited knowledge on how they are formed and operate. It is unclear how they get their members to work collectively on a voluntary basis for a common goal; that is, energy production at the local level, and overcome the challenge of free-riding. This article seeks to contribute to a better understanding of the institutional and social context in which these communities operate, as well as of the way they are created and function. Therefore, the research question addressed is: What factors influence renewable energy communities' formation and organization? In particular, the interest is in strategies for group formation, task distribution, collective action, communication, decision making, and problem-solving. This paper addresses the research question through a comparative assessment of case studies in Germany and the Netherlands. It analyzes different communities-of distinct sizes, location, and using various technologies-and assesses the commonalities between them and their general practices that led to the successful project implementation. The results show that, contrary to Olson's expectation about voluntary collective action, renewable energy communities can realize their goals based on the work of only a few volunteers who develop the project without receiving any additional reward and who also accept free-riding. However, the larger the community's size and the complexity of the project, the more likely it is that they need to formally organize the procedure or count on external support.

  • 37.
    Eckersten, Sofia
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Hållbarhet, utvärdering och styrning.
    Balfors, Berit
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Hållbarhet, utvärdering och styrning.
    Gunnarsson-Östling, Ulrika
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Hållbarhet, utvärdering och styrning.
    Challenges and Opportunities in Early Stage Planning of Transport Infrastructure Projects: Environmental Aspects in the Strategic Choice of Measures Approach2021Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, nr 3, artikkel-id 1295Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Strategic Choice of Measures (SCM) approach aims to integrate different perspectives and identify measures to adapt new infrastructure projects to their local context at an early stage of Swedish transport planning. SCM is a loosely structured framework for collaboration between actors from, e.g., municipalities and the Swedish Transport Administration, in order to facilitate the coordination of transport planning and land use planning. This paper aims to explore the consideration of environmental aspects in early-stage transport planning by analyzing the SCM approach. An explorative research approach is applied based on literature studies, semi-structured interviews, and a focus group interview. The result shows that in the SCM process, environmental aspects such as noise and air pollution generated by road traffic in urban areas, engage the actors, whereas aspects related to landscape and water were perceived as poorly addressed and received less attention. The consideration of environmental aspects in the SCM process is affected by the local and national authorities' different interests and the competences involved. To consolidate environmental aspects in early transport planning, these aspects need to be explicitly addressed in the SCM guidelines and the link between the SCM and preceding and following planning stages needs to be strengthened.

  • 38.
    Edvardsson Björnberg, Edvardsson
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och historia, Filosofi.
    Jonas, Elisabeth
    Marstorp, Hakan
    Tidaker, Pernilla
    The Role of Biotechnology in Sustainable Agriculture: Views and Perceptions among Key Actors in the Swedish Food Supply Chain2015Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 7, nr 6, s. 7512-7529Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers have put forward agricultural biotechnology as one possible tool for increasing food production and making agriculture more sustainable. In this paper, it is investigated how key actors in the Swedish food supply chain perceive the concept of agricultural sustainability and the role of biotechnology in creating more sustainable agricultural production systems. Based on policy documents and semi-structured interviews with representatives of five organizations active in producing, processing and retailing food in Sweden, an attempt is made to answer the following three questions: How do key actors in the Swedish food supply chain define and operationalize the concept of agricultural sustainability? Who/what influences these organizations' sustainability policies and their respective positions on agricultural biotechnology? What are the organizations' views and perceptions of biotechnology and its possible role in creating agricultural sustainability? Based on collected data, it is concluded that, although there is a shared view of the core constituents of agricultural sustainability among the organizations, there is less explicit consensus on how the concept should be put into practice or what role biotechnology can play in furthering agricultural sustainability.

  • 39.
    Ehnert, Franziska
    et al.
    Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Development.
    Frantzeskaki, Niki
    Dutch Research Institute for Transitions, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
    Barnes, Jake
    Science Policy Research Unit (SPRU), University of Sussex.
    Borgström, Sara
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik.
    Gorissen, Leen
    Studio Transitio.
    Kern, Florian
    Science Policy Research Unit (SPRU), University of Sussex.
    Strenchock, Logan
    Campus Sustainability Office, Central European University.
    Egermann, Markus
    Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Development.
    The Acceleration of Urban Sustainability Transitions: a Comparison of Brighton, Budapest, Dresden, Genk, and Stockholm2018Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, nr 3Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    City-regions as sites of sustainability transitions have remained under-explored so far. With our comparative analysis of five diverse European city-regions, we offer new insights on contemporary sustainability transitions at the urban level. In a similar vein, the pre-development and the take-off phase of sustainability transitions have been studied in depth while the acceleration phase remains a research gap. We address this research gap by exploring how transitions can move beyond the seeding of alternative experiments and the activation of civil society initiatives. This raises the question of what commonalities and differences can be found between urban sustainability transitions. In our explorative study, we employ a newly developed framework of the acceleration mechanisms of sustainability transitions. We offer new insights on the multi-phase model of sustainability transitions. Our findings illustrate that there are no clear demarcations between the phases of transitions. From the perspective of city-regions, we rather found dynamics of acceleration, deceleration, and stagnation to unfold in parallel. We observed several transitions—transitions towards both sustainability and un-sustainability—to co-evolve. This suggests that the politics of persistence—the inertia and path dependencies of un-sustainability—should be considered in the study of urban sustainability transitions.

  • 40.
    Eliasson, Jonas
    et al.
    Linkoping Univ, Div Commun & Transport Syst, S-58183 Linkoping, Sweden..
    Kopsch, Fredrik
    Lund Univ, Div Real Estate Sci, S-22200 Lund, Sweden.;Swedish Natl Rd & Transport Res Inst, S-10215 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Mandell, Svante
    Natl Inst Econ Res, S-12090 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Wilhelmsson, Mats
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Transport Mode and the Value of Accessibility-A Potential Input for Sustainable Investment Analysis2020Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, nr 5, artikkel-id 2143Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Accessibility plays an essential role in determining real estate prices and land use. An understanding of how accessibility and changes in accessibility influence real estate prices is key to making decisions regarding investments in infrastructure projects. From an accessibility point of view, it is not clear that there should be differences in valuation depending on the mode of public transport, road, or rail. There are, however, other differences that may affect real estate prices differently. For example, railway stations more often than bus stations, tend to be associated with a higher level of service. In addition, an investment in a railway station may signal a long-term decision from the policymaker. A third possible explanation concerns differences in perceived safety, comfort, and security. This paper aims to study if and how capitalization of accessibility differs between modes of transportation. The findings indicate that rail has a higher impact, both for single-family and multifamily houses. The implication of these findings may be of importance for future infrastructure investments and their corresponding cost-benefit analyses. Incorrect valuations of the benefits of infrastructure investments may result in sub-optimal investments.

  • 41.
    Engström, Rebecka Ericsdotter
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik, Energisystemanalys.
    Destouni, Georgia
    Department of Physical Geography, Stockholm University.
    Howells, Mark I.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik, Energisystemanalys.
    Ramaswamy, Vivek
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik, Energisystemanalys.
    Rogner, Hans-Holger
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik, Energisystemanalys. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria.
    Bazilian, Morgan
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik, Energisystemanalys.
    Cross-Scale Water and Land Impacts of Local Climate and Energy Policy—A Local Swedish Analysis of Selected SDG Interactions2019Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 7, s. 1847-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses how local energy and climate actions can affect the use of water and land resources locally, nationally and globally. Each of these resource systems is linked to different Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs); we also explore related SDG interactions. A municipality in Sweden with the ambition of phasing out fossil fuels by year 2030 is used as illustrative case example. The local energy system is modelled in detail and indirect water and land requirements are quantified for three stylised decarbonisation scenarios of pathways to meeting climate and energy requirements (related to SDG13 and SDG7, respectively). Total local, national and global implications are addressed for the use of water and land resources, which relate to SDG6 for water, and SDG2 and SDG15 for land use. We find that the magnitude and location of water and land impacts are largely pathway-dependent. Some scenarios of low carbon energy may impede progress on SDG15, while others may compromise SDG6. Data for the studied resource uses are incoherently reported and have important gaps. As a consequence, the study results are indicative and subject to uncertainty. Still, they highlight the need to recognise that resource use changes targeting one SDG in one locality have local and non-local impacts that may compromise progress other SDGs locally and/or elsewhere in the world.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 42.
    Erixon Aalto, Hanna
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE).
    Marcus, Lars
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Architecture & Civil Engn, S-41258 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Torsvall, Jonas
    2BK Arkitekter, S-11848 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Towards a Social-Ecological Urbanism: Co-Producing Knowledge through Design in the Albano Resilient Campus Project in Stockholm2018Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, nr 3, artikkel-id 717Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    If we are to promote urban sustainability and resilience, social-ecological knowledge must be better integrated in urban planning and design projects. Due to gaps in the two cultures of thinking that are associated with the disciplines of ecology and design, such integration has, however, proven to be challenging. In mainstream practice, ecologists often act as sub-consultants; they are seldom engaged in the creative and conceptual phases of the process. Conversely, research aiming to bridge the gap between design and ecology has tended to be dominated by a relatively static and linear outlook on what the design process is, and what it could be. Further, few concrete examples of the co-production of ecological and design knowledge exist. In this paper, we give an account of a transdisciplinary design proposal for Albano Resilient Campus in Stockholm, discussing how design-seen as a process and an assemblage of artifacts-can act as a framework for co-producing knowledge and operationalizing concepts of resilience and ecosystem services. Through a design-based and action-oriented approach, we discuss how such a collaborative design process may integrate ecological knowledge into urban design through three concrete practices: (a) iterative prototyping; (b) generative matrix models; and, (c) legible, open-ended, comprehensive narratives. In the conclusion, we sketch the contours of a social-ecological urbanism, speculating on possible broader and changed roles for ecologists, designers, and the associated actors within this framework.

  • 43.
    Fagerlind, Therese
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    Stefanicki, Martin
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    Feldmann, Andreas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    Korhonen, Jouni
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Hållbar produktionsutveckling (ML).
    The distribution of sustainability decision-making in manufacturing networks2019Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 18, artikkel-id 4871Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to contribute to research on implementing business sustainability, this study aims to explore the distribution of decision-making authority related to economic, environmental, and social sustainability. Sustainability objectives between different organizational levels in multinational manufacturing enterprises (MMEs) are investigated. The research is fundamentally exploratory. We conducted a multiple case study endeavor with nine participating case organizations. The study identified five different decision-making approaches to sustainability in multinational manufacturing enterprises. The findings showed that there was no consistent way of deciding upon sustainability issues. Some case organizations seemed to regard sustainability as a global concern, while others regarded it as a more local concern. In general, the economic sustainability dimension was regarded as more of a global concern, while the environmental dimension was more of a local concern, and the social dimension more of an integrated concern. The findings of this study can act as guidance for managers when implementing or improving sustainability strategies. The findings will also serve as a map to navigate and understand what should be given the strongest priority in different situations concerning decision-making relating to sustainability in manufacturing processes and networks.

  • 44.
    Faradynawati, Ida Ayu Agung
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande.
    Söderberg, Inga-Lill
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande.
    Sustainable Investment Preferences among Robo-Advisor Clients2022Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, nr 19, s. 12636-, artikkel-id 12636Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The increasing role of individual investors in supporting the achievement of sustainable development goals through sustainable investment has gained growing interest from financial authorities and the research community. Digitalization in the financial sector, e.g., robo-advisors, enables lay-investors to make sustainable investments in a simple and convenient way. This study investigates whether investment-related attitudes and demographic profiles are related to robo-advisor clients' sustainable investment choices. This paper describes an empirical study that uses a logistic regression model to investigate sustainable investment preferences at the individual investor level. Cross-sectional data consisting of 27,771 individual investors in Sweden, Norway, and Finland, who purchased investment products through a robo-advisor application, are used in this study. The results suggest that, concerning investment-related attitudes, robo-advisor clients with low-risk tolerance and a short investment horizon are more likely to choose to become sustainable investors. Furthermore, sustainable investments are preferred by robo-advisor clients who are less wealthy, female, and older.

  • 45.
    Farrell, Kyle
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    The Rapid Urban Growth Triad: A New Conceptual Framework for Examining the Urban Transition in Developing Countries2017Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 9, nr 8, s. 1-19Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the urban transition is a universal event that unfolds in all countries, the determinants, patterns, and outcomes do not necessarily follow a uniform process. With the urban transition being basically completed in developed countries around the turn of the 21st century, the growth of cities today is almost entirely confined to developing countries. Still, much of our conceptual understanding of this process is derived from earlier accounts, with definitions rooted in a historical context. This has resulted in common misconceptions such as a tendency to view the growth of cities primarily as an outcome of rural to urban migration, neglecting the growing contributions of urban natural population increase and reclassification of rural areas. A tendency to treat the components of urban growth in isolation has created a rift within the urban studies discourse, preventing any real theorization of their combined impacts and the interplay among them. Applying a systems thinking approach, this paper introduces a multidisciplinary framework for conceptualizing rapid urban growth in developing countries. The framework offers explanatory power to previously neglected components of urban growth and serves as a diagnostic for examining the urban transition—ultimately revealing new policy levers for managing it in a sustainable way.

  • 46.
    Fauré, Eléonore
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms).
    Svenfelt, Åsa
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms).
    Finnveden, Göran
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms).
    Hornborg, Alf
    Lund University, Department of Human Geography and the Human Ecology Division.
    Four Sustainability Goals in a Swedish Low-Growth/Degrowth Context2016Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 8, nr 1080Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Continual environmental degradation and an unfair distribution of environmental burdens and benefits are two great challenges for humanity. Economic growth is often taken for granted when planning for the future. However, it is often argued that maintaining economic growth conflicts with keeping human activities adjusted to ecological boundaries and finite resources, at least for the more-developed countries. With this paper, we present sustainability goals for building and planning in Sweden to be achieved by 2050 in a context of limited or even negative economic growth. These goals should ensure that all groups in society have sufficient resources and a good life within planetary boundaries. We select four goals in a participatory process: two environmental goals related to climate change and land use and two social goals related to welfare and participation. Our results show that achieving the environmental goals will require significant reductions of Sweden’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and land use compared to today’s levels. Regarding the social goals, these are, in many aspects, reasonably well fulfilled in Sweden today, although disparities remain between groups of citizens. The main challenge, however, is to ensure that these goals are fulfilled even within environmental limits and if economic growth should halt.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Four Sustainability Goals in a Swedish Low-Growth/Degrowth Context
  • 47.
    Favero, Federico
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Ljusdesign.
    Lowden, Arne
    Stress Research Institute at the Department of Psychology, Stockholm University.
    Bresin, Roberto
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Människocentrerad teknologi, Medieteknik och interaktionsdesign, MID.
    Ejhed, Jan
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Människocentrerad teknologi, Medieteknik och interaktionsdesign, MID.
    Study of the Effects of Daylighting and Artificial Lighting at 59° Latitude on Mental States, Behaviour and Perception2023Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 15, nr 2, artikkel-id 1144Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Although there is a documented preference for daylighting over artificial electric lighting indoors, there are comparatively few investigations of behaviour and perception in indoor day-lit spaces at high latitudes during winter. We report a pilot study designed to examine the effects of static artificial lighting conditions (ALC) and dynamic daylighting conditions (DLC) on the behaviour and perception of two groups of participants. Each group (n = 9 for ALC and n = 8 for DLC) experienced one of the two conditions for three consecutive days, from sunrise to sunset. The main results of this study show the following: indoor light exposure in February in Stockholm can be maintained over 1000 lx only with daylight for most of the working day, a value similar to outdoor workers’ exposure in Scandinavia; these values can be over the recommended Melanopic Equivalent Daylight Illuminance threshold; and this exposure reduces sleepiness and increases amount of activity compared to a static artificial lighting condition. Mood and feeling of time passing are also affected, but we do not exactly know by which variable, either personal or group dynamics, view or variation of the lighting exposure. The small sample size does not support inferential statistics; however, these significant effects might be large enough to be of importance in practice. From a sustainability point of view, daylighting can benefit energy saving strategies and well-being, even in the Scandinavian winter.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    PaperIII_Sustainability
  • 48.
    Feldmann, Andreas
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    Sayem, Ahmed
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    Ortega-Mier, Miguel
    UPM Madrid.
    Coordination in International Manufacturing: The Role of Competitive Priorities and the Focus of Globally Dispersed Facilities2018Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, nr 5, artikkel-id 1314Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this era of globalization, network integration has received great attention, as it certainly has implications for the competitiveness in international manufacturing. A key issue in integration is to coordinate activities of dispersed facilities in a way to align the target of locating abroad and the priorities to be competitive. This study explores and clarifies the effect of competitive priority and focus of dispersed facilities on coordinating the activities in intra-firm network manufacturing. Based on a multiple case study involving four different companies manufacturing in globally dispersed facilities, the results confirm that both competitive priorities and specific focus of global manufacturing are important for selecting mechanisms to coordinate overseas facilities, with the competitive priorities ‘quality’ and ‘flexibility’ being the more important. Furthermore, the findings reveal that companies place emphasis on informal mechanisms to coordinate the low-cost focused facilities. In turn, the importance of formal mechanisms seems equal for coordinating both low-cost focused facilities and those focused on capturing a local market. Finally, the findings of this paper suggest that elements of competitive priority, as well as the focus of dispersed facilities, should be considered towards making the choice for mechanisms of coordination. The findings bear important implications for the effective coordination of activities in international manufacturing.

  • 49.
    Finnveden, Göran
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms).
    Ekvall, Tomas
    Arushanyan, Yevgenia
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms).
    Bisaillon, Mattias
    Henriksson, Greger
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms).
    Gunnarsson-Östling, Ulrika
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms).
    Ljungren Söderman, Maria
    Sahlin, Jenny
    Stenmarck, Åsa
    Sundberg, Johan
    Sundqvist, Jan-Olov
    Svenfelt, Åsa
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms).
    Söderholm, Patrik
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Björklund, Anna
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms).
    Eriksson, Ola
    University of Gävle.
    Forsfält, Tomas
    Guath, Mona
    KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Policy Instruments towards a Sustainable Waste Management2013Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 5, nr 3, s. 841-881Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to suggest and discuss policy instruments that could lead towards a more sustainable waste management. The paper is based on evaluations from a large scale multi-disciplinary Swedish research program. The evaluations focus on environmental and economic impacts as well as social acceptance. The focus is on the Swedish waste management system but the results should be relevant also for other countries. Through the assessments and lessons learned during the research program we conclude that several policy instruments can be effective and possible to implement. Particularly, we put forward the following policy instruments: “Information”; “Compulsory recycling of recyclable materials”; “Weight-based waste fee in combination with information and developed recycling systems”; “Mandatory labeling of products containing hazardous chemicals”, “Advertisements on request only and other waste minimization measures”; and “Differentiated VAT and subsidies for some services”. Compulsory recycling of recyclable materials is the policy instrument that has the largest potential for decreasing the environmental impacts with the configurations studied here. The effects of the other policy instruments studied may be more limited and they typically need to be implemented in combination in order to have more significant impacts. Furthermore, policy makers need to take into account market and international aspects when implementing new instruments. In the more long term perspective, the above set of policy instruments may also need to be complemented with more transformational policy instruments that can significantly decrease the generation of waste.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Policy Instruments towards a Sustainable Waste Management
  • 50.
    Finnveden, Göran
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Hållbarhet, utvärdering och styrning.
    Newman, Julie
    MIT, Off Sustainabil, 77 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA..
    Verhoef, Leendert A.
    Amsterdam Inst Adv Metropolitan Solut, NL-1018 JA Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Sustainable Development and Higher Education: Acting with a Purpose2019Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 14, artikkel-id 3831Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
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