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  • 1.
    Dabbaghchian, Saeed
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Tal, musik och hörsel, TMH.
    Arnela, Marc
    GTM Grup de recerca en Tecnologies Mèdia, La Salle, Universitat Ramon Llull, Barcelona, Spain.
    Engwall, Olov
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Tal, musik och hörsel, TMH.
    Guasch, Oriol
    GTM Grup de recerca en Tecnologies Mèdia, La Salle, Universitat Ramon Llull, Barcelona, Spain.
    Reconstruction of vocal tract geometries from biomechanical simulations2018Inngår i: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering, ISSN 2040-7939, E-ISSN 2040-7947Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Medical imaging techniques are usually utilized to acquire the vocal tract geometry in 3D, which may then be used, eg, for acoustic/fluid simulation. As an alternative, such a geometry may also be acquired from a biomechanical simulation, which allows to alter the anatomy and/or articulation to study a variety of configurations. In a biomechanical model, each physical structure is described by its geometry and its properties (such as mass, stiffness, and muscles). In such a model, the vocal tract itself does not have an explicit representation, since it is a cavity rather than a physical structure. Instead, its geometry is defined implicitly by all the structures surrounding the cavity, and such an implicit representation may not be suitable for visualization or for acoustic/fluid simulation. In this work, we propose a method to reconstruct the vocal tract geometry at each time step during the biomechanical simulation. Complexity of the problem, which arises from model alignment artifacts, is addressed by the proposed method. In addition to the main cavity, other small cavities, including the piriform fossa, the sublingual cavity, and the interdental space, can be reconstructed. These cavities may appear or disappear by the position of the larynx, the mandible, and the tongue. To illustrate our method, various static and temporal geometries of the vocal tract are reconstructed and visualized. As a proof of concept, the reconstructed geometries of three cardinal vowels are further used in an acoustic simulation, and the corresponding transfer functions are derived.

  • 2.
    Jansson, Johan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Beräkningsvetenskap och beräkningsteknik (CST).
    Degirmenci, N. C.
    KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC).
    Hoffman, Johan
    KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Beräkningsvetenskap och beräkningsteknik (CST).
    Adaptive unified continuum FEM modeling of a 3D FSI benchmark problem2017Inngår i: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering, ISSN 2040-7939, E-ISSN 2040-7947, Vol. 33, nr 9, artikkel-id e2851Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we address a 3D fluid-structure interaction benchmark problem that represents important characteristics of biomedical modeling. We present a goal-oriented adaptive finite element methodology for incompressible fluid-structure interaction based on a streamline diffusion–type stabilization of the balance equations for mass and momentum for the entire continuum in the domain, which is implemented in the Unicorn/FEniCS software framework. A phase marker function and its corresponding transport equation are introduced to select the constitutive law, where the mesh tracks the discontinuous fluid-structure interface. This results in a unified simulation method for fluids and structures. We present detailed results for the benchmark problem compared with experiments, together with a mesh convergence study.

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