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  • 1.
    Andrén, Oliver
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology.
    Malkoch, Michael
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology.
    Facile thiolation of hydroxyl functional polymers2017In: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 1759-9954, E-ISSN 1759-9962, Vol. 8, no 34, p. 4996-5001Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sulfur is an important component in many biological systems. In the hands of an organic chemist it can provide an ample handle for a myriad of robust reactions including thiol-ene click chemistry. However, in polymer chemistry the thiol functionality is rarely attributed to the macromolecule due to unatainable synthetic protocols. Herein, we provide a simple and robust strategy to produce thiol-functional polymers. The chemistry capitalizes on an unsymmetrical disulfide that straightforwardly converts hydroxyl functional polymers to their thiolated counterpart. Finally, PEG hydrogels, using both thiol-ene and Michael addition, is used to showcase the possibilities presented by thiol functional polymers.

  • 2.
    Arias, Veluska
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Olsén, Peter
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Odelius, Karin
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Höglund, Anders
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Selective degradation in aliphatic block copolyesters by controlling the heterogeneity of the amorphous phase2015In: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 1759-9954, E-ISSN 1759-9962, Vol. 6, no 17, p. 3271-3282Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Controlling the course of the degradation of aliphatic polyesters is a key question when designing new degradable materials. It is shown herein that it is possible to predetermine the degradation path of aliphatic block copolyesters by controlling the heterogeneity of the amorphous phase, which in turn regulates the availability of the hydrolyzable groups in the polyester backbone. To demonstrate these processes, we synthesized a set of degradable materials based on poly(l-lactide) (PLLA), poly(ε-decalactone) (PεDL) and poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) with varying compositions. The materials were subjected to hydrolysis for a six months period. The materials composed of PLLA and PεDL exhibited a heterogeneous amorphous phase, whereas the materials composed of PCL and PεDL presented a more homogeneous phase. The kinetics of the degradation indicated that the slowest degradation rate was observed for the more homogeneous compositions. The degradation path of the heterogeneous amorphous phase materials was driven by a random chain scission process, whereas the more homogeneous composition presented a degradation path driven by a more selective chain scission. The confinement of the amorphous phase by the more hydrolytically stable PεDL permitted a selective degradation of the available hydrolyzable groups. The random and more selective chain scission processes were further verified by using previously determined molecular modeling based on Monte Carlo procedures. Topographical images and thermal analyses of the materials under different degradation periods correlated with the proposed degradation paths. Detailed insights and the ability to predetermine the degradation pathways of aliphatic polyesters will continue to expand the great potential of renewable materials and their use in specific applications for a future sustainable society.

  • 3. Auty, Sam E. R.
    et al.
    Andrén, Oliver C. J.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Hern, Faye Y.
    Malkoch, Michael
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology.
    Rannard, Steven P.
    One-pot' sequential deprotection/functionalisation of linear-dendritic hybrid polymers using a xanthate mediated thiol/Michael addition2015In: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 1759-9954, E-ISSN 1759-9962, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 573-582Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Thiol-Michael addition chemistry is a powerful tool for the preparation of functional materials. In this first report of xanthate-functional linear-dendritic polymer hybrids, the preparation of four generations of xanthate-functionalised dendron atom transfer radical polymerisation macroinitiators is described using an orthogonal chemical strategy. The controlled polymerisation of tertiary butyl methacrylate is demonstrated to high conversion and without interference from the xanthate surface groups. Modification of the peripheral xanthate groups of dendrons at the hybrid polymer chain-end has been studied using a one-pot deprotection/functionalisation strategy and a range of commercially available and bespoke acrylate monomers to form complex polymer architectures from feedstock polymers, differing in the number of modified end groups and the surface chemistry of the dendron chain end.

  • 4.
    Carlsson, Linn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Fall, Andreas
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Chaduc, Isabelle
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Charleux, Bernadette
    Malmström, Eva
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    D'Agosto, Franck
    Lansalot, Muriel
    Carlmark, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Modification of cellulose model surfaces by cationic polymer latexes prepared by RAFT-mediated surfactant-free emulsion polymerization2014In: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 1759-9954, E-ISSN 1759-9962, Vol. 5, no 20, p. 6076-6086Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the successful surface modification of a model cellulose substrate by the preparation and subsequent physical adsorption of cationic polymer latexes. The first part of the work introduces novel charged polymer nanoparticles constituted of amphiphilic block copolymers based on cationic poly(N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate-co-methacrylic acid) (P(DMAEMA-co-MAA)) as the hydrophilic segment, and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) as the hydrophobic segment. First, RAFT polymerization of N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA) in water was performed at pH 7, below its pK(a). The simultaneous hydrolysis of DMAEMA led to the formation of a statistical copolymer incorporating mainly protonated DMAEMA units and some deprotonated methacrylic acid units at pH 7. The following step was the RAFT-mediated surfactant-free emulsion polymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) using P(DMAEMA-co-MAA) as a hydrophilic macromolecular RAFT agent. During the synthesis, the formed amphiphilic block copolymers self-assembled into cationic latex nanoparticles by polymerization-induced self-assembly (PISA). The nanoparticles were found to increase in size with increasing molar mass of the hydrophobic block. The cationic latexes were subsequently adsorbed to cellulose model surfaces in a quartz crystal microbalance equipment with dissipation (QCM-D). The adsorbed amount, in mg m(-2), increased with increasing size of the nanoparticles. This approach allows for physical surface modification of cellulose, utilizing a water suspension of particles for which both the surface chemistry and the surface structure can be altered in a well-defined way.

  • 5.
    Engström, Joakim
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Hatton, Fiona
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    D'Agosto, F.
    Université de Lyon, Univ Lyon 1, CPE Lyon, CNRS, UMR 5265, C2P2 (Chemistry, Catalysis, Polymers & Processes), Team LCPP Bat 308F, 43 Bd du 11 Novembre 1918, 69616 Villeurbanne, France .
    Lansalot, M.
    Université de Lyon, Univ Lyon 1, CPE Lyon, CNRS, UMR 5265, C2P2 (Chemistry, Catalysis, Polymers & Processes), Team LCPP Bat 308F, 43 Bd du 11 Novembre 1918, 69616 Villeurbanne, France .
    Malmström, Eva
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Carlmark, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Soft and rigid core latex nanoparticles prepared by RAFT-mediated surfactant-free emulsion polymerization for cellulose modification-a comparative study2017In: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 1759-9954, E-ISSN 1759-9962, Vol. 8, no 6, p. 1061-1073Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Latex nanoparticles comprising cationically charged coronas and hydrophobic cores with different glass transition temperatures (Tg) have been prepared by surfactant-free, RAFT-mediated emulsion polymerization, where the particles form through a polymerization-induced self-assembly (PISA) type mechanism. Poly(2-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate-co-methacrylic acid) (P(DMAEMA-co-MAA)) was utilized as a hydrophilic macroRAFT agent for the polymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) or n-butyl methacrylate (nBMA), respectively, resulting in two different latexes, with either a core of high (PMMA) or low (PnBMA) Tg polymer. By varying the molar mass of the hydrophobic block, latexes of different sizes were obtained (DHca. 40-120 nm). The adsorption of the latexes to cellulose model surfaces and cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) was studied using quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D). The surfaces with adsorbed PnBMA latexes yielded hydrophobic surfaces both before and after annealing, whereas surfaces with adsorbed PMMA latex became hydrophobic only after annealing, clearly showing the influence of the Tg of the core. The latexes were also used to modify macroscopic cellulose in the form of filter papers. Similar to the CNF surfaces, no annealing was required to achieve hydrophobic surfaces with PnBMA latexes. Finally, nanocomposites of CNF and the polymer nanoparticles were prepared through a one-pot mixing procedure. It was found that the largest synthesized PMMA latex (120 nm) facilitated a more strainable CNF network at 50% relative humidity, with a nearly 200% increase in strain at break compared to the neat CNF reference film as well as to the composite films with PnBMA latexes or to the smaller sized PMMA latexes. This difference was attributed to the spherical shape and rigidity of the large PMMA latex nanoparticles during composite formation. This highly interesting result should indeed be considered in the future design of novel biocomposites.

  • 6. Hern, Faye Y.
    et al.
    Auty, Sam E. R.
    Andrén, Oliver C. J.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Malkoch, Michael
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Rannard, Steve P.
    Model studies of the sequential and simultaneous statistical modification of dendritic functional groups and their implications within complex polymer architecture synthesis2017In: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 1759-9954, E-ISSN 1759-9962, Vol. 8, no 10, p. 1644-1653Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Post-synthesis modification of polymers is a synthetically appealing approach to generate a range of samples from a single, well-characterised starting material. When partial or mixed-functionalisation is sought, an inevitable statistical distribution of modification outcomes will lead to considerable variation of chemical structures within the final sample. Here we have comprehensively investigated the postsynthesis sequential/partial and simultaneous mixed modification of xanthate-functional ideal dendrons and used this data to consider the implications for the more complex linear-dendritic hybrids and hyper-branched- polydendron analogues. Although H-1 NMR confirmed the potential to direct the reactions, it was clear from MALDI-TOF studies that very little of the actual targeted structures were generated in the statistical reactions.

  • 7.
    Hult, Daniel
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology.
    Garcia-Gallego, Sandra
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology.
    Ingverud, Tobias
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology.
    Andrén, Oliver
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Malkoch, Michael
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology.
    Degradable High Tg Sugar Derived Polycarbonates from Isosorbide and Dihydroxyacetone2018In: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 1759-9954, E-ISSN 1759-9962, Vol. 9, no 17, p. 2238-2246Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Polycarbonates from isosorbide and dihydroxyacetone (DHA) have been synthesised using organocatalytic step-growth polymerization of their corresponding diols and bis-carbonylimidazolides monomers. By choice of feed ratio and monomer activation, either isosorbide or ketal protected DHA, random and alternating poly(Iso-co-DHA) carbonates have been formed. Thermal properties by DSC and TGA were herein strongly correlated to monomer composition. Dilution studies using 1H-NMR of a model compound DHA-diethyl carbonate in acetonitrile and deuterated water highlighted the influence of α-substituents on the keto/hydrate equilibrium of DHA. Further kinetics studies of in the pH* range of 4.7 to 9.6 serve to show the hydrolytic pH-profile of DHA-carbonates. The Hydrolytic degradation of deprotected polymer pellets show an increased degradation with increasing DHA content. Pellets with a random or alternating configuration show different characteristics in terms of mass loss and molecular weight loss profile over time.

  • 8.
    Larsson, Emma
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology.
    Pendergraph, Samuel A.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology.
    Kaldeus, Tahani
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Malmström, Eva
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology.
    Carlmark, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology.
    Cellulose grafting by photoinduced controlled radical polymerisation2015In: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 1759-9954, E-ISSN 1759-9962, Vol. 6, no 10, p. 1865-1874Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The photoinduced controlled radical polymerisation (CRP) technique has been utilised to graft methyl acrylate (MA) and di(ethylene glycol) ethyl ether acrylate (DEGA) from filter paper. Grafting of MA was performed from alpha-bromoisobutyryl bromide functionalised papers. The amount of polymer grafted on the surface could be regulated by modifying the target DP of the reaction. SEC of cleaved linear polymer grafts showed that the grafting from filter papers proceeded with different kinetics compared to polymerisation from a free initiator added to the reaction mixture, resulting in higher dispersity. Furthermore, filter papers were polymerised with a-chloro-epsilon-caprolactone by surface-initiated ring opening polymerisation, yielding linear grafts containing initiating functions through-out the main chain. This functionality was subsequently utilised for the photoinduced CRP grafting of DEGA, yielding a graft-on-graft structure, which resulted in a thermoresponsive cellulose surface.

  • 9. Lee, Jookyeong
    et al.
    Choi, Eun Jung
    Varga, Imre
    Claesson, Per M.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
    Yun, Sang-Ho
    Song, Changsik
    Terpyridine-functionalized stimuli-responsive microgels and their assembly through metal-ligand interactions2018In: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 1759-9954, E-ISSN 1759-9962, Vol. 9, no 8, p. 1032-1039Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We developed a terpyridine-functionalized microgel (tpy-mG) for its supramolecular assembly. Tpy-mG was synthesized by amidation between 3-(4-([2,2':6',2 ''-terpyridin]-4'-yl)phenoxy) propan-1-amine and carboxylates of a thermo-responsive p(NIPAM-co-MAA) microgel (A-mG), which was synthesized by emulsion polymerization. After decorating terpyridine, its effects on the hydrodynamic radius, volume phase transition temperature (VPTT), and the colloidal stability of the microgel were investigated. Tpy-mG can be assembled reversibly with several metal ions (Ni2+, Fe2+, Co2+, or Zn2+), and interestingly the assembled tpy-mG-M2+ showed different rheological properties depending on the metal ion type; the weakly bound ions (Co2+, Zn2+) indicated fast dynamics for "inter-particular" exchange, resulting in much higher storage (G') and loss (G '') moduli. Photocatalysts such as Ru dyes can be easily introduced into tpy-mG via metal-ligand interactions, and the photooxidation of benzylamine was tested. The free Ru dye showed almost the same conversions at 25 and 50 degrees C, whereas the assembled Ru-tpy-mG-Mg2+ displayed reduced conversion at 50 degrees C (>VPTT). This is suggested to be due to the collapsed or "locked" structure around the photocatalytic center (Ru). Tpy-mG can be utilized as a good platform for developing responsive functional materials via reversible metal-ligand complexation.

  • 10.
    Mongkhontreerat, Surinthra
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology.
    Walter, Marie V.
    Cai, Yanling
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology.
    Brismar, Hjalmar
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Cell Physics.
    Hulta, Anders
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology.
    Malkoch, Michael
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology.
    Functional porous membranes from amorphous linear dendritic polyester hybrids2015In: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 1759-9954, E-ISSN 1759-9962, Vol. 6, no 13, p. 2390-2395Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By combining ATRP, dendrimer chemistry and 'click' reactions, a library of novel linear dendritic block copolymers (hybrids) was successfully synthesized. The isolated polymers displayed hydrophilic alkyne groups and T-g's ranging from 14 degrees C to 67 degrees C. A T-g threshold of 39 degrees C was found necessary for straightforward porous membrane fabrication via the breath figure method. Exploiting the copper(I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) reaction, a robust and benign protocol was identified enabling surface functionalization under aqueous conditions. Such manipulations included the introduction of fluorescent rhodamine for thorough assessment by confocal fluorescence microscopy as well as polyethylene glycol chains or perfluorinated groups for tuning the membrane wettability. Finally, with the initial indication of being nontoxic to human dermal fibroblasts (hDF) and osteoblast-like MG63, the porous membranes can potentially find use in the field of controlled cell culture such as patterning of cell growth.

  • 11.
    Olsson, Johan V.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology.
    Hult, Daniel
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Cai, Yanling
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Garcia-Gallego, Sandra
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Malkoch, Michael
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology.
    Reactive imidazole intermediates: simplified synthetic approach to functional aliphatic cyclic carbonates2014In: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 1759-9954, E-ISSN 1759-9962, Vol. 5, no 23, p. 6651-6655Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Reactive imidazole intermediates based on AB(2) and A(3) monomers, i.e. bis(methylol) propionic acid (bis-MPA) and trimethylolpropane (TMP) have successfully been synthesized and isolated on a 100 gram scale via a facile synthetic protocol using 1,1' -carbonyldiimidazole (CDI) as a key reagent. The robustness of the imidazole intermediates as bench stable precursors enabled the synthesis of a library of functional cyclic carbonates bearing relevant functionalities including hydrophilic PEGs, bioactive cholesterol and clickable groups. A number of functional polycarbonates were obtained by ring-opening polymerization, and their relevance in biomedical applications was highlighted by their low cytotoxicity on human dermal fibroblasts (hDF).

  • 12.
    Olsén, Peter
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Undin, Jenny
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Odelius, Karin
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Establishing α-bromo-γ-butyrolactone as a platform for synthesis of functional aliphatic polyesters-bridging the gap between ROP and SET-LRP2014In: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 1759-9954, E-ISSN 1759-9962, Vol. 5, no 12, p. 3847-3854Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Utilizing a-bromo-g-butyrolactone (aBrgBL) as a comonomer with 3-caprolactone (3CL) or L-lactide (LLA)produces copolymers with active and available grafting sites, e.g., for SET-LRP, where the choice of thegrafting monomers is limited only by one's imagination. This was deduced by utilizing a wide range ofdifferent acrylates of varying polarities and was realized with the aid of a fluorinated alcohol, 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol, which acts as a universal solvent for both the hydrophobic macroinitiators and thegrafting monomers. Using aBrgBL successfully provides a simple route to merge the two polymerizationmethodologies, ROP and SET-LRP. aBrgBL inherently meets all of the prerequisites to act as a platformmonomer for the synthesis of functional aliphatic polyesters, i.e., it is inexpensive, available, and able toform isolated grafting sites along the polymer chain. The copolymerization of aBrgBL together with twoof the most commonly used cyclic ester monomers, 3-CL and LLA, proceeds with a high degree ofcontrol and a linear relationship between the feed ratio of aBrgBL and its composition in the copolymer.The formation of isolated units of aBrgBL in the copolymer is visualized by the reactivity ratios of thecopolymerization reactions and confirmed by 13C-NMR spectroscopy. The incorporation of isolatedaBrgBL is the feature that makes this class of copolymers unique, and it can be considered to provide aroute to the “perfect graft copolymer” with a degradable backbone.

  • 13. Sainz, Marina
    et al.
    Souto, J.A.
    Regentova, D.
    Johansson, M. K. G.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE).
    Torron Timhagen, Susana
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology.
    Irvine, D.J.
    Buijsen, P.
    Koning, C. E.
    Stockman, R. A.
    Howdle, S. M.
    A facile and green route to terpene derived acrylate and methacrylate monomers and simple free radical polymerisation to yield new renewable polymers and coatings2016In: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 1759-9954, E-ISSN 1759-9962, Vol. 7, p. 2882-2887Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Zheng, Jukuan
    et al.
    University of Akron, United States .
    Xie, Sibai
    University of Akron, United States .
    Lin, Fei
    University of Akron, United States .
    Hua, Geng
    University of Akron, United States .
    Yu, Tianyi
    University of Akron, United States .
    Reneker, Darrell H.
    University of Akron, United States .
    Becker, Matthew L.
    University of Akron, United States .
    4-Dibenzocyclooctynol (DIBO) as an initiator for poly([varepsilon]-caprolactone): copper-free clickable polymer and nanofiber-based scaffolds2013In: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 1759-9954, E-ISSN 1759-9962, Vol. 4, no 7, p. 2215-2218Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Utilization of 4-dibenzocyclooctynol (DIBO) as an initiator for the ring-opening polymerization of [varepsilon]-caprolactone yields well-defined, high molecular weight poly([varepsilon]-caprolactone) end functionalized with DIBO (DIBO-PCL). Nanofibers bearing reactive DIBO groups were generated via electrospinning and functionalized post-fabrication with azide-tethered molecules.

  • 15. Zhu, X.
    et al.
    Zou, Rongfeng
    KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Theoretical Chemistry and Biology.
    Sun, P.
    Wang, Q.
    Wu, J.
    A supramolecular peptide polymer from hydrogen-bond and coordination-driven self-assembly2018In: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 1759-9954, E-ISSN 1759-9962, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 69-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A terpyridine- and guanine-functionalized peptide was developed that could form different morphologies by self-assembly or coordination with Fe2+ in dimethyl sulfoxide. The self-assembly of the peptide is attributed to the G-quartet formation of a guanine moiety and intermolecular terpyridine π-π stacking. Upon the addition of Fe2+, a Fe2+-(terpyridine)2 complex is formed that turns the square-planar self-assembly to a three-dimensional self-assembly. As a consequence, a variety of interesting morphologies and chemical properties were observed. The self-assembled polymers were studied by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, ultraviolet-visible and fluorescence spectroscopy, viscosity measurement, circular dichroism, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, and atomic force microscopy. This external stimuli driven self-assembly of a peptide may be further applied to drug delivery applications. 

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