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  • 1.
    Baltzopoulos, Apostolos
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.). KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Attractors of Entrepreneurial Activity: Universities, Regions and Alumni Entrepreneurs2013Inngår i: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 47, nr 6, s. 934-949Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Baltzopoulos A. and Brostrom A. Attractors of entrepreneurial activity: universities, regions and alumni entrepreneurs, Regional Studies. This paper investigates how universities may affect regional entrepreneurship through the localization decisions of entrepreneurial alumni. Empirically, a comprehensive, individual-level data set from Sweden for the period 2003-2005 is employed. The results suggest that even when controlling for their spatial history, individuals have an increased propensity to set up in the region where they studied. This effect is found to substitute for both urbanization economies and localization economies as drivers of regional-level entrepreneurship. Thus, the present analysis provides evidence on how universities affect regional economic development that complements the strong focus on spin-off activities by university researchers in previous studies.

  • 2.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    Center for Business/Policy Studies, SNS.
    Borgman, Benny
    Center for Business/Policy Studies, SNS.
    Geographical concentration, entrepreneurship and regional growth: Evidence from regional data in Sweden, 1975-992004Inngår i: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 38, nr 8, s. 929-947Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Geographical concentration, entrepreneurship and regional growth: evidence from regional data in Sweden, 1975-99, Regional Studies 38, 929-947. This paper implements Swedish data cross-tabulated on 143 industries (four-digit level) and 70 labour market regions for 1975-99 to examine empirically the degree of concentration in the production of goods and services, the relationship between concentration and regional growth, and the role of regional entrepreneurship. To our knowledge, these issues have not been analysed previously at this level of aggregation. Ellison-Glaeser indexes and Gini location quotients reveal a geographical concentration in Swedish industry that is stronger than in the USA. The econometric results imply a 2-6% higher growth in regionally concentrated industries. The effect is more pronounced for knowledge-intensive manufacturing, network industries and industries intensively using raw material. It is also found that regional entrepreneurship and regional absorption capacity are important explanations of regional growth, whereas the impact of the skill-level and economies of scale is more mixed.

  • 3.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och teknikhistoria, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö. University of Cape Town.
    Lawhon, Mary
    Duminy, James
    Conceptual Vectors of African Urbanism: 'Engaged Theory-Making' and 'Platforms of Engagement'2014Inngår i: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 48, nr 9, s. 1563-1577Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban political ecology (UPE) has provided critical insights into the sociomaterial construction of urban environments, their unequal distribution of resources, and contestation over power and resources. Most of this work is rooted in Marxist urban geographical theory, which provides a useful but limited analysis. Such works typically begin with a historical-materialist theory of power, then examine particular artifacts and infrastructure to provide a critique of society.We argue that there aremultipleways of expanding this framing, including through political ecology or wider currents of Marxism. Here, we demonstrate one possibility: starting from theory and empirics in the South, specifically, African urbanism. We show how African urbanism can inform UPE and the associated research methods, theory and practice to create a more situated UPE. We begin suggesting what a situated UPE might entail: starting with everyday practices, examining diffuse forms of power, and opening the scope for radical incrementalism.

  • 4.
    Kourtit, Karima
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Nijkamp, Peter
    Creative actors and historical-cultural assets in urban regions2019Inngår i: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 53, nr 7, s. 977-990Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines whether the distribution of creative actors (firms and employees) among Dutch urban agglomerations is related to historically shaped culture heritage assets (cultural amenities and historical monuments). The concept of a creative-cultural complex is introduced to explore the synergy between urban amenities with a high cultural heritage value and their magnet function for firms and people. The paper offers a concise overview of the creativity-cultural heritage nexus, provides an operational framing of the research, and describes briefly the relative growth of the creative sector in urban labour market regions in the Netherlands. It addresses the spatial-economic profile of creative actors in four large urban agglomerations (Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague and Utrecht), which have a wealth of cultural assets. The findings show a concentration trend of creative actors in these agglomerations. We then test the general proposition that differences in these spatial concentration patterns are inter alia related to differences in the local presence of cultural amenities and historical monuments in Dutch municipalities, combined with other moderator variables (urban size and agglomeration advantages). We develop a conceptual model and employ a regression analysis to test a correlation between creative actors and historical-cultural amenities at a local level. The paper concludes that local historical-cultural heritage may function as a pull factor that is positively correlated with the local creative economy. This leads to important policy lessons on creative-cultural complexes.

  • 5.
    Lawhon, M.
    et al.
    Florida State Univ, Dept Geog, Tallahassee, FL 32306 USA..
    Silver, J.
    Florida State Univ, Dept Geog, Tallahassee, FL 32306 USA..
    Ernstson, Henrik
    Filosofi och historia, KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och teknikhistoria, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    Unlearning (Un)Located Ideas in the Provincialization of Urban Theory2016Inngår i: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 50, nr 9, s. 720-732Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies of infrastructure have demonstrated broad differences between Northern and Southern cities, and deconstructed urban theory derived from experiences of the networked urban regions of the Global North. This includes critiques of the universalisation of the historically–culturally produced normative ideal of universal, uniform infrastructure. In this commentary, we first introduce the notion of ‘heterogeneous infrastructure configurations’ (HICs) which resonates with existing scholarship on Southern urbanism. Second, we argue that thinking through HICs helps us to move beyond technological and performative accounts of actually existing infrastructures to provide an analytical lens through which to compare different configurations. Our approach enables a clearer analysis of infrastructural artefacts not as individual objects but as parts of geographically spread socio-technological configurations: configurations which might involve many different kinds of technologies, relations, capacities and operations, entailing different risks and power relationships. We use examples from ongoing research on sanitation and waste in Kampala, Uganda – a city in which service delivery is characterised by multiplicity, overlap, disruption and inequality – to demonstrate the kinds of research questions that emerge when thinking through the notion of HICs.

  • 6.
    Lawhon, Mary
    et al.
    Florida State University.
    Silver, Jonathan
    Durham University.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    Filosofi och historia, KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och teknikhistoria, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö. University of Cape Town.
    Pierce, Joe
    Florida State University.
    Unlearning [Un]Located Ideas in the Provincialization of Urban Theory2016Inngår i: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 50, nr 9, s. 1611-1622Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Postcolonial scholars have argued for the provincialization of urban knowledge, but doing so remains an opaque process. This paper argues that explicit attention to 'learning to unlearn' unstated theoretical assumptions and normativities can aid in provincialization, and demonstrate ways in which theorizing entails a socio-spatial situation. The authors' efforts to grapple with operationalizing learning to unlearn in three different urban cases are described, followed by an articulation of strategies for theorizing which more explicitly acknowledge theory-building's situatedness as well as points of reflection for developing postcolonial urban theory. It is argued that this usefully shifts the focus of unlearning from 'who' is theorizing 'where' towards theory's unstated norms and assumptions.

  • 7.
    Nyström, Kristina
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Nationalekonomi.
    Regional resilience to displacements2018Inngår i: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 52, nr 1, s. 4-22Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Regional resilience to displacements. Regional Studies. This paper contributes to knowledge about regional resilience to displacement and examines the extent to which the characteristics of the (1) regional closures, (2) individuals in a region, (3) regional industry, (4) regional economy and (5) regional attractiveness influence the re-employment of displaced employees. Regions where the average size of establishment closures is large or the regional displacement rate is high exhibit increased resilience in terms of re-employing displaced employees in the same region. Unrelated and related industrial variety are positively related to resilience to displacement in regions with low re-employment capacities, whereas there is some evidence that regional attractiveness is positively related to resilience in regions with a good ability to re-employ displaced employees in the same region.

  • 8. Paasi, Anssi
    et al.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Foregrounding the region2017Inngår i: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 51, nr 1, s. 19-30Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Foregrounding the region. Regional Studies. This paper scrutinizes the everlasting but transforming significance of the concept of region for regional studies and social practice. After tracing the changing meanings of this category, it highlights one characteristic aspect of the progress of the academic conceptualizations of the region: recurrent iterations of critiques regarding various forms of essentialism and fetishism. The main focus then moves to the conceptualization of the region and the articulation of ideas about what regions substantially ‘are’ and ‘do’, and what makes the region a worthy object of attention (scholarly or otherwise). The paper concludes with a discussion about the implications of the perspective on regions developed in the article for the future of regional studies.

  • 9.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Rader Olsson, Amy
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Start-ups and Local Entrepreneurial Social Capital in the Municipalities of Sweden2014Inngår i: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 48, nr 6, s. 974-994Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contains one of the first empirical attempts to investigate the influence of local entrepreneurial social capital (ESC) on start-up propensity. A unique database, including not only total start-ups but also data on start-ups divided into six sectors, is used to study the impact of ESC on start-ups per capita. The results support the hypothesis that social capital, measured both as (1) firm perception of local public attitudes to entrepreneurship and (2) the share of small businesses influences start-up propensity in Swedish municipalities. The findings also support previous results suggesting that social capital has a somewhat stronger influence in rural areas than in urban areas.

  • 10.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Institutet för Tillväxtpolitiska Studier (ITPS).
    Nilsson, Elin
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö.
    Measuring enterprises' investments in social capital: A pilot study2005Inngår i: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 39, nr 8, s. 1079-1094Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Research into the impact of social capital on economic growth has focused mainly on the social capital related to the civic society. Social capital related to business enterprises has received little attention. This pilot study aims to develop a method of measuring investment by enterprises in social capital and to study possible connections between the enterprises' investments in social capital and their economic growth. Based on a network approach, the paper makes a distinction between the networks' links and the norms, values, etc. that are created and sustained by the nodes (i.e. the enterprises and other actors) and distributed via the links. The study has been limited to measurement of the links. Three types of link are analysed: (1) direct investment in social links; (2) investment in economic links forming the basis of social links; and (3) investment in social links originating from economic links.

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