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  • 1.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Department for Library services, Language and ARC, Library, Publication Infrastructure.
    Yue, Ting
    Rousseau, Ronald
    Yang, Liying
    The role of the Chinese Key Labs in the international and national scientific arena revisited2017In: Research Evaluation, ISSN 0958-2029, E-ISSN 1471-5449, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 132-143Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this contribution, which builds on and develops a study that was published more than 10 years ago, we address the role of the Chinese Key Labs (KLs) in the international and national scientific arena. We give a short overview of the position of KLs in China, including their budget and manpower. Based on large numbers of Chinese publications obtained from the Web of Science (WoS) and the Chinese Science Citation Database (CSCD), the KLs are compared across publication years to the rest of China (ChRest) with respect to publication output and citation impact. We also look at collaboration in terms of co-publishing between the KLs and the ChRest. As to publications in the WoS, we found that the contribution of KLs compared with the ChRest is slightly and irregularly increasing (using full counting as well as fractional counting), whereas a stronger increasing trend is observed for the corresponding contribution in the CSCD. We observed an increase in the number of collaborations between KLs and Chinese colleagues, regardless of database. For WoS and field normalized citation indicators, we obtained the expected results that researchers at KLs perform considerably better than other Chinese colleagues and, moreover, perform clearly better than database average. As such we may conclude that KLs have lived up to their promise and made real impact on the international arena.

  • 2.
    Bruno, Karl
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Larsen, Katarina
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    van Leeuwen, Thed N.
    Knowledge production at industrial research institutes: Institutional logics and struggles for relevance in the Swedish Institute for Surface Chemistry, 1980-20052017In: Research Evaluation, ISSN 0958-2029, E-ISSN 1471-5449, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 337-348Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines dynamics of knowledge production and discourses of basic-applied science and relevance at the Swedish Institute for Surface Chemistry, a semi-public industrially oriented research institute, from 1980 to 2005. We employ a three-pronged method, consisting of (1) an analysis of how the institute articulated its research priorities and goals in publications primarily directed to stakeholders, (2) an analysis of retrospective narratives by researchers and managers about research ideologies and priorities, and (3) a bibliometric analysis of the institute's scientific publications. Using a theoretical framework centered on the notions of institutional logics and struggles for relevance, we show how the transformations of the institute amount to a substitution of an internalized institutional logic of scientific autonomy with a new logic of industrial utility, and how the institute's knowledge production was managed during this change. We also point out various strategies used by the institute to preserve and advance its own goals while still remaining relevant with regard to changing policy objectives. Another important finding is that although the institute by the end of the study period was fully committed to an industrial service role, parts of the originally deeply entrenched scientific logic were still manifested, although then discussed in the new industrial terminology.

  • 3.
    Hallonsten, Olof
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Hugander, Olof
    Supporting ‘future research leaders’ in Sweden: Institutional isomorphism and inadvertent funding agglomeration2014In: Research Evaluation, ISSN 0958-2029, E-ISSN 1471-5449, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 249-260Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The most recent fashion in the policy-level promotion of excellence in academic research seems to be the launching of funding programs directed to young and promising (postdoc level) researchers with the purpose of assisting them in establishing their own research profile at this allegedly crucial and fragile career stage. In the Swedish public research funding system, which is rather diversified and also quite recently has been recast, a number of such programs have been launched in recent years by public and private actors alike, all with the stated ambition of providing funding to those typically in lack of the same. In this article, we discuss the rather striking uniformity of these programs on the basis of the concept of institutional isomorphism from neoinstitutional theory, which is a powerful conceptual tool with capacity to explain why organizations in the same field grow alike in their practices despite preconditions that would suggest otherwise. Analyzing qualitatively the stated purposes of the programs and the discursive shift that accompanies them in policy, and analyzing quantitatively the 130 recipients of funding from the programs, we show that there are agglomeration effects that are unintended but also expectable, given the nature of the funding landscape in Sweden and the institutional isomorphism among the organizations in the field.

  • 4.
    Karlsson, Sara
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Learning.
    Evaluation as a travelling idea: Assessing the consequences of Research Assessment Exercises2017In: Research Evaluation, ISSN 0958-2029, E-ISSN 1471-5449, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 55-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research evaluation is widespread in academia, and may result in changes in publication patterns, management structures, and work practices. This study explores a relatively recent phenomenon where university leaders initiate research evaluation projects for internal strategic purposes. Two projects undertaken by KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden, in 2008 and 2012 are taken as cases in point. The study builds on interviews, documents, and statistics. In conclusion, the study finds that the early consequences of the two evaluations relate less to research output, and more to the management of research. The bibliometric data do not indicate a measurable impact on publication patterns. Rather, the evaluations have contributed towards an increased focus on leadership, communication, and good administrative order. A tendency towards game playing is apparent, but so is a revitalized intra-academic discourse on research quality. Further, the study finds variation in how the research evaluations have impacted on different research groups. Importantly, the impact is greatest on those groups that have been identified as least successful according to the specific evaluation criteria. Such groups can undergo major change in response to evaluation results. It is concluded that evaluation exercises carry a strong normative component which can be used for central management purposes to strive for more cultural coherence within the university. In theoretical terms, research evaluation is interpreted as a travelling idea, to which there is substantial pressure to conform but which may also stimulate a critical debate on research quality.

  • 5.
    Lööf, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Infrastructure.
    Heshmati, A.
    The link between firm-level innovation and aggregate productivity growth: a cross-country examination2003In: Research Evaluation, ISSN 0958-2029, E-ISSN 1471-5449, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 131-147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A broad definition of innovation input is used, in which R&D is one of several sources of innovation. A quantitative innovation output measure is used in the analysis, which is based on a large representative sample of firms, including small firms. An econometric framework based on the knowledge-production function accounting for both selectivity and simultaneity bias is employed. The results from Nordic countries show that, given difficulties in pooling the data, it is important to identify country-specific models to account for country-specific effects and differences in countries' national innovation systems.

  • 6.
    Sandström, Ulf
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Dynamics.
    Combining Curriculum Vitae and Bibliometric Analysis: Mobility, Gender and Research Performance2009In: Research Evaluation, ISSN 0958-2029, E-ISSN 1471-5449, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 135-142Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper demonstrates the benefits of combining curriculum vitae studies with advanced bibliometrics. Based on data from 326 CVs within one broad medical subject area we perform a cluster analysis of CV data. Data reduction produces four different groups of scientists: 1) mobile, 2) immobile, 3) excellent and 4) entrepreneurial. While it is clear that the most mobile and the least mobile researchers represent opposites also in citation performance we should acknowledge that for the large majority, with a low and medium mobility, there is no linear pattern of performance. The paper points at a double process where there are on the one hand selection processes at universities picking out 'the winners' and on the other hand self selection processes where researchers enhance their own performance by being mobile. 

  • 7.
    Sandström, Ulf
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Sandström, Erik
    Gothenburg University.
    The field factor: Towards a Metric for Academic Institutions2009In: Research Evaluation, ISSN 0958-2029, E-ISSN 1471-5449, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 243-250Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a new model for performance-related funding of universities in Sweden. The model is based oil number of papers in international scientific journals, but relies oil an estimation of field-adjusted production per scientific/technological area Author counts are based oil potential authors using the Waring distribution for 34 areas of science (Schubert and Braun, 1992) We apply this model to the Swedish university system and illustrate with the reallocations that Would follow from a complete implementation. Next, we test the accuracy of the method using publication data from six Swedish universities and four Norwegian universities. In conclusion we discuss advantages and drawbacks with the method.

  • 8.
    Sörlin, Sverker
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Humanities of Transformation: From Crisis and Critique towards the Emerging Integrative Humanities2018In: Research Evaluation, ISSN 0958-2029, E-ISSN 1471-5449, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 287-297Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article draws on the efforts to enhance and incentivize the humanities in the Nordic countries in the last quarter century, with a main focus on Sweden. During this period, bibliometric methodologies and a series of ‘crisis debates’ have formed an image of Nordic humanities as provincial, parochial, and not performing on a par with relatively high levels of achievement in most other science and knowledge fields in the Nordic countries. However, over a period of many years, a parallel collective learning experience has occurred through which the basic evaluation dimensions and criteria have been debated and also deepened. There is now an ongoing move away from the ambition of finding easy-to-operate knowledge management tools, such as performance indicators strictly related to funding systems. In this article it is argued that these tendencies can be linked to the emergence of a new transformations regime of research policy that has gradually taken shape over the past decade and is framing a new generation of humanities knowledge, here called the humanities of transformation, the contours of which are now visible, not least in the Nordic countries. Ultimately, it is possible to identify a far richer and more complex image of quality in the humanities and their performance in the Nordic countries than the one we had when the period of major, structural reform of higher education institutions in the Nordic countries started around 1990.

  • 9. van den Besselaar, Peter
    et al.
    Sandström, Ulf
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Counterintuitive effects of incentives?2017In: Research Evaluation, ISSN 0958-2029, E-ISSN 1471-5449, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 349-351Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A recent paper in this journal compares the Norwegian model of using publications counts for university funding with a similar intervention in Australia in the mid-1990 s. The authors argue that the Norwegian model (taking into account the quality of publications) performs better than the Australian (which did neglect paper quality other than being peer reviewed). We argue that these conclusions are in contrast to the evidence provided in the article, and therefore should be considered incorrect.

  • 10.
    Wang, Qi
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Sustainability and Industrial Dynamics.
    Sandström, Ulf
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Defining the role of cognitive distance in the peer review process with an explorative study of a grant scheme in infection biology2015In: Research Evaluation, ISSN 0958-2029, E-ISSN 1471-5449, Vol. 24, p. 271-281Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is twofold: (1) to provide a methodology formeasurement ofcognitive distance between researchers and (2) to explorethe role of cognitive distance on the results of peer review processes. Citedreferencesand the contentof articlesare used to represent their respective scientific knowledge bases. Based on the two different approaches—Author-Bibliographic Coupling analysis andAuthor-Topic analysis—we apply the methodologyon a recent competition for grants from the Swedish Strategic Foundation.Results indicate thatcognitive distances between applicants and reviewersmight influence peer review results, but that the impact is to some extent at the unexpectedend. The main contribution of this paper is the elaborationon the relevance of the concept of cognitive distance to the issue of research evaluationingeneral, and especially in relation to peer review as a model used in grant decisions.

1 - 10 of 10
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