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  • 1.
    Berg Villner, Lena
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History of Architecture.
    "I cannot copy Gorbusier's entire life" - Architecture, history and architectural history (Walter Gropius)2008In: Konsthistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-3609, E-ISSN 1651-2294, Vol. 77, no 1-2, p. 96-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    The essay focuses on modernism and its - problematic - relation to its historical heritage, taking a starting-point in Walter Gropius' declaration for the Bauhaus. Two main strategies, still present, could be discerned as strategies for architectural schools during the following decades; on the one hand to concentrate on the building and its temporal and societal context, starting in the nineteenth century, thus postponing the confrontation with the dangerous and obsolete past; on the other to concentrate on architectural methods and principles, rather than form. History as a model is discussed from three examples from early Swedish modernism, adopting differing approaches, from an interest in architectural qualities as light in Backstrorm and Reinius' Villa Engkvist, to the use of architectural form as pattern in Artur von Schmalensee's own villa.

  • 2.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Bilden av Tessin2008In: Konsthistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-3609, E-ISSN 1651-2294, Vol. 77, no 1-2, p. 72-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the image of the Swedish architect Nicodemus Tessin the Younger (1654-1728), one of the main characters in the history of Swedish architecture. The image of Tessin was established by Swedish art historians at the beginning of the Twentieth century, partly as a parallel to other architects of a national reputation, notably Christopher Wren and Karl Friedrich Schinkel. The article concentrates on the image established by the Swedish art historian Ragnar Josephson in creating his monumental monograph Tessin, published in two volumes 1930-31. However, alternative images of Tessin, established by Josephson's contemporary colleagues, are used as comparative references. The article also offers a brief outline of the earlier periods of research on Tessin, and eventually emphasizes the importance of further research in the field of architectural historiography.

  • 3.
    Edman, Victor
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Ett svenskt sjuttonhundratal: Moderna iscensättningar av tre historiska miljöer2008In: Konsthistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-3609, E-ISSN 1651-2294, Vol. 77, no 1-2, p. 49-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last hundred years, the art and architecture of the Swedish eighteenth century has become a historic ideal, well integrated in the modern national identity. This research project deals with three eighteenth century environments which were restored and arranged as public museums in the 1930: s Skogaholm manor at the open air museum Skansen, Carl Linnaeus's house in Uppsala and the Royal Pavilion at Haga. The main isssue is how these environments were transformed into historic monuments and how the reconstructions relate to contemporary historiography, museology and restoration theories. The research project has been carried out at the School of Architecture, Royal Institue of Technology, Stockholm, and it will be published as a book in 2008.

  • 4.
    Geijer, Mia
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Power over Monuments - architects and antikvarier in practical work experience2008In: Konsthistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-3609, E-ISSN 1651-2294, Vol. 77, no 1-2, p. 57-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the period 1850-2000 the Swedish Renaissance castles, created by the Vasa kings, have been subjected to restorations. These restorations have been carried out by official authorities, representing the bureaucratic organisation managing state-owned real estate in Sweden. During the period an official management body for the built heritage, a legal system and political guidelines for the maintenance have been developed. The field of restoration have been of importance to architects, art historians and conservators of built heritage in their process of professionalisation. The article deals with the changing views on history and art history among these professions, how these changes have influenced the actual restorations and how the aforementioned professions have strived for influence on the field of restoration.

  • 5.
    Kristina, Knauff
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Perspektiv på tjugotalet2017In: Konsthistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-3609, E-ISSN 1651-2294, article id SKON 1297326Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With a point of departure in discussions about (facade)decorations in the early 20th century and with four facades from the Swedish architecture of the 1920s as my examples, I want to formulate a conception of the Swedish architecture of the period 1910–30 that in decoration sees traces of a problematizing of the historic elements and that sees the decoration as part of a negotiation with the present. In a research field that seems to be quite consistent in its approaches to the subject, the period has mostly been approached from a constant set of interpretational frameworks, with classicism as a main theme. I want to explore alternative ways to approach the period, where classicism does not have that prominent role. The discussion of the façade decoration thus also leads into a discussion of how the period has been looked at previously and how the research field could develop. An important point in my argument is the notion of brokenness, which is central for the 1920s. Thus, I look at the façade decorations in the context of contemporary discussions that question the use of historic material in this period. I want to broaden the interpretation of the period by showing that the façade decorations also can be seen as an expression of a distancing and of a broken relation to history. Further, the decorations may have a rather critical than confirming function, a thought expressed in the idea of a Statsuwandel of decoration. All in all this is a perspective that rather acknowledges brokenness than unity and that also sees the architecture of the period 1910–30 closer to the popular culture and the modern city.

  • 6.
    Mattsson, Helena
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Critical Studies in Architecture.
    Out of the Ivory Tower: The Independent Group and Popular Culture2014In: Konsthistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-3609, E-ISSN 1651-2294, Vol. 83, no 4, p. 342-345Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Mattsson, Helena
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Revisiting Swedish Postmodernism: Gendered Architecture and Other Stories2016In: Konsthistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-3609, E-ISSN 1651-2294, Vol. 85, no 1, p. 109-125Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The years around 1980 contained dynamic architectural discourse in Swedish history covering contradictory ideas all sharing the critique of functionalism. Revisiting the discussions today implies a reconsideration of the historiographical self-conception, the notion of a local history and its relations to a broader international stream of ideas. Two trajectories can be distinguished in this discussion. The first stresses formal expressions - like pastiche, play with historical elements, individualized forms - while the other focuses on social organizations, democratic processes and labour conditions. Through tracing the pre-history of these trajectories the intention is to show how aesthetic qualities overlap with politico-economical developments and strategies of democracy and user participation. The article has two purposes: the first is to revisit the late 1970s and the early 1980s to outline the early debates on postmodernism and the second is to shift gender and discuss the feminist movement, and its theoretical and practical implications. Through an inquiry into this turning point in Swedish architecture the article aims at reframing, or broadening, the postmodern narrative as well as reinterpreting the local discussions in relation to the global. The discourse of women's liberation, as well as other emancipatory movements, had a major impact on the postmodern movement at large and it is remarkable that this side of postmodernism is not yet fully formulated in relation to architectural history. In this article the women's movement in architecture is considered as a crucial part within the larger movement called postmodernism that influences the understanding of the movement itself.

  • 8.
    Mårtelius, Johan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Architectus ingenio2008In: Konsthistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-3609, E-ISSN 1651-2294, Vol. 77, no 1-2, p. 77-83Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    In trying to place the history of architecture in its proper position among the cultural, historical or creative disciplines one might find it useful to deconstruct the architectural knowledge into its many components. The nine fields of learning discussed by Vitruvius may be instrumental in this process, along with at least one other discipline - that of theology. Such a deconstruction may be found useful not least when expanding the scope of architectural history outside the western sphere. Beyond the tradition of architectural treatises, established by Alberti if not already by Vitruvius, textual sources will instead be found in the multitude of related fields of knowledge. But the study of architectural history through the lenses of its disciplinary branches may also open up other, perhaps unexpected, perspectives.

  • 9.
    Pech, Christina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Ett långt farväl: omprövningar i svensk arkitektur på 1970-talet2008In: Konsthistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-3609, E-ISSN 1651-2294, Vol. 77, no 1-2, p. 109-113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A single family house reproduced in large numbers all over the country, an exclusive headquarter of Sweden's central bank in the very centre of Stockholm, and Ararat, an experimental exhibition and visionary manifestation of society's condition in general. These are three examples, and three very different ways of describing architecture in Sweden in the 1970s - the commercial mass-housing, the one of a kind architectural project and the artistic experiment that crosses boundaries. The paper presents questions of evaluation and selection of historical events from an ongoing work with a thesis concerning new orientations on the Swedish architectural scene in the 1970s. It also touches briefly on the specific problems concerning the writing of the history of the recent past.

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