kth.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
123456 1 - 50 of 283
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1. Ahnborg, Johan
    et al.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Kvastad, Kristina
    Norling, Monika
    Restaurering 1910-talet: Vreta klosterkyrka2005In: Kulturvärden, ISSN 1104-845X, no 2, p. 19-20Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2.
    Anstey, Tim
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Behaya, JakobKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.Burroughs, BradyKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.Karlsson, Klas RichardKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.Lindstrand, TorKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.Lundgren, StaffanKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.Mattsson, HelenaKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.Rosenberg, FridaKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.Samuelsson, KalleKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.Zenger, SigridKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    KTHA #12010Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Innehåll|Contents

    • "Gunnar Henriksson: Mannen bakom allt", Ola Andersson, Hans Loord
    • "Nittonhundraåttiofem" Ola Andersson
    • "Landscape as a Body (To Dress)", Katja Grillner
    • "Nya Slussen", Daniel Johansson, Johanna Håkansdotter- Karlsson, Tor Lindstrand, Martin Losos, Victor Mickelsson, Sara Vall, Ann-Charlotte Wiklander, Frida Öhlin
    • "Patchwork: Albano Sustainable Campus", Stephan Bartel, Johan Colding, Hanna Erixon, Henrik Ernstson, Sara Grahn, Matts Ingman, Carl Kärsten, Lars Marcus, Jonas Torsvall
    • "Multireligiös begravningsplats på Järva friområde", Henrik Vogt
    • "Bridging the Gap", Alexis Pontvik
    • "Tullinge Idea Store: Plats, struktur, program" Jesús Azpeitia
    • "Treasures from the Archive: Der Städtebau nach seinen künstlerischen Grundsätzen, Camillo Sitte", Anders Bergström
    • "Reading Architecture and Beauty: Conversations with Architects about a Troubled Relationship, Yael Reisner with Fleur Watson", Frida Rosenberg
    • "Leon Battista Alberti, Identical Copies, and the Early Modern Invention of Architectural Design", Mario Carpo
    • "Three Concepts of Performative Design: Proturbance, Porosity, Venation", Marcelyn Gow, Ulrika Karlsson, Daniel Norell

     

     

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 3. Arrhenius, Thordis
    et al.
    Pech, Christina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    The swedish museum of architecture 1962–1978: The making of a national museum of architecture2017In: Oase, ISSN 0169-6238, Vol. 99, p. 46-55Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4. Bengtsdotter, Charlotta
    et al.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Johansson, Per-Anders
    Svärdson Wächter, Ylva
    Wenander, Vicki
    Edman, Victor (Editor)
    Katalysator: Restaureringskonst 2022–20232023Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Restaureringskonsten med sina långa tidsperspektiv är i sig hållbar, och den har betydande kunskap att tillföra dagens diskussion. Dess metoder stärker de kulturella och socialt engagerande processer som fler behöver vara delaktiga i för att gemensamt definiera vad som redan är – och som på sikt kommer att bli – vårt kulturarv.

    Arkitekturen berätar om förfluten tid, länkar ihop oss med tidigare generationer, skapar sammanhang och stabiblitet. Den ger oss ramar för social interaktion, skapar tillhörighet till platser, samhörighet med andra människor och är identitetsskapande. I det perspektivet borde återbruk av byggnader och miljöer vara en självklar pusselbit i ett hållbart samhällsbyggande. Men fler behöver se det befintliga som resurser med hög potential, med målet att hitta lösningar för hur man på bästa sätt kan förändra och vidareutveckla utan att betydande värden går förlorade.

    Får behovet av omställning till ett mer hållbart samhällsbyggande konsekvenser för restaureringskonsten, eller kan dess metoder rent av vara en katalysator för att vidga och förändra vår syn på kunskapsfältet?

  • 5. Bengtsdotter, Charlotta
    et al.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Johansson, Per-Anders
    Svärdson Wächter, Ylva
    Wenander, Vicki
    Katalysator: Staden, platsen, rummet, hantverket och framtiden2023Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Berg Villner, Lena
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    "I cannot copy Gorbusier's entire life" - Architecture, history and architectural history (Walter Gropius)2008In: Konsthistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-3609, E-ISSN 1651-2294, Vol. 77, no 1-2, p. 96-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    The essay focuses on modernism and its - problematic - relation to its historical heritage, taking a starting-point in Walter Gropius' declaration for the Bauhaus. Two main strategies, still present, could be discerned as strategies for architectural schools during the following decades; on the one hand to concentrate on the building and its temporal and societal context, starting in the nineteenth century, thus postponing the confrontation with the dangerous and obsolete past; on the other to concentrate on architectural methods and principles, rather than form. History as a model is discussed from three examples from early Swedish modernism, adopting differing approaches, from an interest in architectural qualities as light in Backstrorm and Reinius' Villa Engkvist, to the use of architectural form as pattern in Artur von Schmalensee's own villa.

  • 7.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Anna Ingemark Milos, Stockholms stadsbibliotek och Moderna museet: En analys av arkitekturkritik i svensk press2011In: Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0349-2834, E-ISSN 2002-3812, no 61, p. 93-94Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Architects in Formation2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Architectural Education and the Formation of Architects2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Architectural education has many features in common with art education. Still, in most countries, architecture departments are acting as one-faculty universities, although they might be parts of large organisations; their autonomy partly secures a privileged and secluded, almost monastic character of the department. This means that architectural education has a great impact on the formation of architects. Furthermore, the knowledge of architecture is more or less based on the values implemented during the early years of an architect’s training. Thus, practice, research and education become closely knit together into a systematic relation. Reyner Banham was probably the first historian to acknowledge architectural education as an important factor in the development of modern architecture. In his Theory and Design in the First Machine Age (1960), Banham introduced what might be seen as a hermeneutical triangle, identifying academy, arts & crafts and polytechnics as the main traditions in modern architecture. However, these traditions were received, combined and synthesized in different ways in each country and at each particular school. This explains why both curriculum and pedagogy are seemingly alike in an international comparison, although there might be important differences between the schools, difficult to analyse and acknowledge. A detailed study of the formation of architects from within the profession, taking into account the combined relations of education, research and professional practice does not exist at the moment, although the interest in architectural education is currently resulting in books, projects, seminars and networks of different kinds.

  • 10.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Architectural Education and the Profession2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Arkitektyrkets formering: Relationen mellan utbildning, forskning och praktik2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Att bygga forskning2010Other (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Bernadottegalleriet på Stockholms slott. Arkivhistorisk förundersökning2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten behandlar det nuvarande Bernadottegalleriets historia på Stockholms slott, från den ombyggnad av slottets norra länga som påbörjades 1692 till aktuella konserveringsarbeten 2008. Framställningen baseras dels på arkivmaterial och tryckta källor, dels på iakttagelser i det befintliga rummet. De många omvandlingar som rummet genomgått speglar en förändring från kunglig bostadsvåning till konstgalleri och musealt minnesrum.

  • 14.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Beyond the Reflective Practitioner: Architecture and the Epistemological Turn2013In: Rethinking the Social in Architecture: The Reader / [ed] Staffan Lundgren, Stockholm: Architecture in Effect: Rethinking the Social in Architecture, KTH School of Architecture , 2013, p. 15-17Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The decline of the welfare state is often connected with a change in attitudes towards politics, technology and environmental consciousness. However, this change may also be connected with new attitudes towards science. As science philosophers like Karl Popper and Thomas Kuhn questioned the accumulation of research through positivism and linear models, this critique undermined the epistemological foundations of social engineering and thus the legitimacy of the welfare state.

    This paper will discuss the epistemological turn that took place in architecture during the 1960s, 70s and 80s, focusing on the relationship between architectural practice and education while analysing some of the texts that appeared during this period. The body of these texts are of American origin, but their impact goes far beyond the development in the United States. As an example, Sweden fits perfectly into the discourse introduced in American architecture.

    A dominating feature of this discourse was the rise of professional practice in architecture. The introduction of a new epistemology is evident already in the early 1960s, when Stanford Anderson took Popper’s theory on conjecture and refutation as his departure. During the 1970s, modern science remained an inspiration for architectural scholars like Colin Rowe, who drew on Popper’s critique of utopia while criticising Kuhn’s paradigm theory on the structure of scientific revolutions.

    By the late 1970s, the importance of investigating the social foundations of professional practice was confirmed by Spiro Kostof’s influential anthology on The Architect (1977). This book started a new research tradition, which reached its peak more than a decade later, when Dana Cuff published her important book Architecture: The Story of Practice (1991). Cuff also took the opportunity to criticise the profession, proposing possible areas for future change. 

    In the field of education, this rethinking of the social in architecture found its philosopher in Donald Schön, who devoted himself to an epistemology of practice. His starting point was the crisis of confidence experienced in many schools of architecture during the 1970s. In his seminal work, The Reflective Practitioner (1983), Schön observed how professionals act in social situations. Strengthening the legitimacy of his arguments with references to both Popper and Kuhn, he also secured a place for architectural practice in modern science.

    However, Schön did not choose actual professional practices for his study but pedagogical situations in design studios at different American schools of architecture. Thus, the design studio became the norm not just for architectural education but for professional practice as well. Highly influential among educators, Schön’s contribution cannot be overestimated. Through the reflective practitioner, the sense of crisis of the 1970s could be replaced by a newly born professional pride.

    Today, the rapid development of information technology calls for a new reform in architectural education. In Sweden, the balance between design studio and classroom pedagogy seems to be developing in favour of classroom courses. Thus, the recent heyday of the design studio seems to be over for now, but the question of architectural epistemology still remains to be answered.

  • 15.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Beyond the Welfare State: Architecture and the Epistemological Turn2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Bilden av Tessin2008In: Konsthistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-3609, E-ISSN 1651-2294, Vol. 77, no 1-2, p. 72-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the image of the Swedish architect Nicodemus Tessin the Younger (1654-1728), one of the main characters in the history of Swedish architecture. The image of Tessin was established by Swedish art historians at the beginning of the Twentieth century, partly as a parallel to other architects of a national reputation, notably Christopher Wren and Karl Friedrich Schinkel. The article concentrates on the image established by the Swedish art historian Ragnar Josephson in creating his monumental monograph Tessin, published in two volumes 1930-31. However, alternative images of Tessin, established by Josephson's contemporary colleagues, are used as comparative references. The article also offers a brief outline of the earlier periods of research on Tessin, and eventually emphasizes the importance of further research in the field of architectural historiography.

  • 17.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Bilden av Tessin och den nationella arkitekturen2013In: Konsten och det nationella: Essäer om konsthistoria i Europa 1850–1950 / [ed] Martin Olin, Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets historie och antikvitets akademien , 2013, p. 210-223Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay deals with the image of the Swedish architect Nicodemus Tessin the Younger (1654-1728), one of the main characters in the history of Swedish architecture. The image of Tessin was established by Swedish art historians at the beginning of the Twentieth century, partly as a parallel to other architects of a national reputation, notably Christopher Wren and Karl Friedrich Schinkel. The essay concentrates on the image established by the Swedish art historian Ragnar Josephson in creating his monumental monograph Tessin, published in two volumes 1930-31. However, alternative images of Tessin, established by Josephson's contemporary colleagues, are used as comparative references. The essay also offers a brief outline of the national paradigm in architecture, established at the turn of the century 1900 in collaboration between architects and art historians.

  • 18.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Bilden av Tessin: om behovet av historiografisk forskning2007In: Arkitekturhistorisk forskning – igår, idag, imorgon: Rapport från kollokvium 1–2 februari 2007 / [ed] Hall, Thomas; Wistrand, Lotta von Liewen, Stockholm: Endast webpublicering , 2007, p. 19-20Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ingen annan svensk arkitekt har ägnats så omfattande forskningsinsatser som Nicodemus Tessin den yngre (1654–1728). I egenskap av överintendent och arkitekt till Stockholms slott har Tessin betraktats som grundläggare av den akademiska traditionen och arkitektyrket i Sverige. Intresset är än idag relativt stort, även för internationella förhållanden. Det framgick inte minst i samband med det symposium som anordnades på Nationalmuseum hösten 2002.

    Bilden av Tessin etablerades framförallt under det tidiga 1900-talet, med ambitionen att knyta arkitekturen till den svenska historien och den nationella självbilden. Tessin utgör med andra ord en intressant parallell till andra nationellt betydelsefulla arkitekter, med exempel som Christopher Wren och Karl Friedrich Schinkel.

    Den grundläggande forskningsinsatsen kring Tessin utfördes under 1920-talet av konst- och arkitekturhistorikern Ragnar Josephson (1891–1966). Sammantaget resulterade Josephsons arbete i ett tjugotal artiklar och böcker. Höjdpunkten var den stora monografin Tessin, som publicerades i två volymer åren 1930–31. Det är ett av de klassiska arbetena i svensk arkitekturhistorieskrivning, och det är fortfarande läsvärt, tack vare Josephsons inlevelsefulla och välformulerade text.

    Det är lätt att bli imponerad av Josephsons insats. Men det finns också skäl att ställa sig kritisk. Slutsatserna är retoriskt formulerade, och såväl källkritik som akribi lämnar en del övrigt att önska. Framförallt saknas en översikt över tidigare forskning. Presentationen omfattar därför en kort resumé av den äldre bilden av Tessin.

    Intresset för Tessin var inte nytt när Ragnar Josephson inledde sitt arbete åren kring 1920. Tessin hade själv lämnat efter sig ett stort material, som var avsett att bilda utgångspunkt för en uppskattande levnadsbeskrivning. Inom Överintendentsämbetet bidrog minnet av Tessin till en stark tradition, som ännu var levande vid mitten av 1800-talet. Vid denna tid publice- rade Magnus Jacob Crusenstolpe sin märkliga krönika Huset Tessin under enväldet och frihetstiden (1847–49). Det handlar snarast om en historisk roman, men Ragnar Josephson använde sig av Crusenstolpes noter och kommentarer.

    Den första översikten över ”Svenska byggnadskonsten” publicerades av Christofer Eichhorn 1871 i form av ett tillägg till den svenska översättningen av Wilhelm Lübkes bok Arkitekturens historia. Eichhorn hyllade Tessin i panegyriska formuleringar, som snarast hör hemma i en hyllningsskrift. En mer kritisk bild av Tessin utvecklades först kring sekelskiftet 1900, samtidigt som den nationella arkitekturhistorieskrivningen etablerades. Gustaf Upmark behandlade Tessin i sitt pionjärarbete Svensk byggnadskonst, som publicerades på svenska 1904. Här introducerade Upmark en tolkning som skulle bli seglivad och följa Tessinforskningen ända fram till vår egen tid. Tessin var enligt Upmark en ”eklektisk natur”.

    Till de äldre Tessinforskare som i likhet med Upmark kom att ställas i skuggan av Ragnar Josephson hörde framförallt Osvald Sirén. Redan 1910 publicerade Sirén en uppsats om Tessins studieresor i Ord och Bild, där Tessin framställdes i positiva ordalag. Siréns värdering av Tessin speglar ganska väl uppfattningen i den svenska arkitektkåren åren kring 1910. Men bland konsthistoriker kom Tessins arkitektur att betraktas med tveksamhet. Tessins byggnader var skickligt sammansatta av intryck och studier i Rom. Men byggnaderna uppfattades inte som originella, och Tessin själv framstod inte som den stora konstnärliga personligheten.

    En av de konsthistoriker som övervägde att skriva en monografi om Tessin var Gregor Paulsson. Hans intresse svalnade vid upptäckten att Tessin var en ”eklektiker”, men genom Ragnar Josephsons insats fick han senare tillfälle att revidera sin uppfattning. I sin självbiografi framhåller Paulsson att Tessins osjälvständiga arbetssätt uppvägdes av hans förmåga att skapa ”en miljö för enväldet”.

    Ragnar Josephsons insats innebar med andra ord att Tessin framställdes som gestaltare av en specifik tidsanda. Detta synsätt hade sin motsvarighet i samtida arkitektur- och konst- teori, där Josephson tillämpade en kombination av konstvetenskapliga och kulturhistoriska angreppssätt. Själv refererade han framförallt till internationella forskarkolleger, såsom Jacob Burckhardt, Alois Riegl och Heinrich Wölfflin.

    Den nya bilden av Tessin fick stort genomslag bland arkitekter och kritiker. Men Josephsons forskarkolleger lät sig inte självklart övertygas om att Tessin var en genial gestaltare av det karolinska enväldet. När Henrik Cornell och Andreas Lindblom under 1940-talet publicerade sina parallella översikter över den svenska konst- och arkitekturhistorien utelämnade de medvetet Ragnar Josephsons tolkning. Istället förmedlade de bilden av Tessin som osjälv ständig eklektiker.

    I viss mån ansluter även de senaste årens forskningsinsatser till de olika uppfattningar om Tessin som etablerades för närmare 100 år sedan. Men syftet här är inte att ge en heltäckande redogörelse för bilden av Tessin. Avsikten är snarare att betona behovet av historiografisk forskning.

    Att studera historieskrivningens historia kan beskrivas som ett försök att medvetandegöra och problematisera de bilder eller berättelser som har etablerats av tidigare forskare. Historieskrivningen utgår inte bara från odiskutabla fakta utan också från personliga värderingar och övergripande ideologier. Även om de ideologiska skiljelinjerna inte är desamma som tidigare präglas vi omedvetet av äldre forskningsinsatser.

    Arkitekturhistorieämnet kan numera betraktas som väletablerat, men den växande mängden av forskningsresultat har inneburit nya svårigheter. Som forskare brottas vi alla med generella problem, som rör värderingen av tidigare resultat. För att orientera sig i det stora materialet är det helt enkelt nödvändigt med övergripande studier av tidigare forskning.

  • 19.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Brutalism och bruksanda2020In: A-huset: Brutalism på svenska / [ed] Anders Bergström, Ingegärd Gyllenswärd, Carl Hansson, Anna Nittve, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2020, p. 17-23Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Det moderna monumentet: Stadsbiblioteket och den historiska värderingen2012In: Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0349-2834, Vol. 62, p. 8-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the historical reception of modern public buildings, advocating further research in this field in order to understand the role of monuments in the canon of modern architecture. Sweden’s most referred building in an international context, the Stockholm Public Library, serves here as a case study. Paradoxically, the library is still not officially listed, although most experts would agree on its importance, but this is not unusual with modern monuments of the 20th Century. On the contrary, modern public buildings constitute a mere fraction of Sweden’s built heritage, managed by the National Property Board.

    Ever since Stockholm Public Library was completed in 1928, its reception has continuously changed over the years, both for ideological reasons and in response to practical demands. Originally, the monumental character of the building was partly criticised, while its rational organisation was generally acknowledged. From a Swedish perspective, the library was overshadowed by the Stockholm Exhibition of 1930. Thus, in the national historiography of Swedish architecture, the library has been interpreted as the final monument of Nordic classicism. However, from an international point of view, the library was included in the canon of modern architecture during the late 1970s. Its Post-Modern fame climaxed in 1985, in connection with the centenary of the architect, Gunnar Asplund.

    More recently, in 2006–07, after the decline of the Post-Modern movement, the library was reappraised in an international competition for its enlargement. Following the competition, the plan for the extension was heavily criticised, both nationally and internationally, and the project was finally abandoned. The article holds that, given better knowledge of the library's international status, this reaction would have been foreseeable. In other words, analyses of the historical reception might serve to indicate possible examples of conflict in future heritage practice.

  • 21.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    En färgstark debatt2013In: Kulturvärden, ISSN 1104-845X, no 1, p. 16-16Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den aktuella fasadrestaureringen på Stockholms slott innebär att också färgfrågan aktualiseras. De senaste undersökningarna visar att dagens brunaktiga kulör är resultatet av en kraftig smutsning och nedbrytning, som inte gör tidigare restaureringsinsatser rättvisa. Men insikten att slottets färg har skiftat i olika nyanser bidrar också till att det nu är svårare att framhålla en enskild epok i slottets historia. Färgen kan inte heller skiljas från de material som byggnaden faktiskt består av. Puts och sten bildar tillsammans den färgverkan som slottet förmedlar.

  • 22.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Fortified Towns in the Former Borderlands of Sweden and Denmark2008In: Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0349-2834, E-ISSN 2002-3812, Vol. 56, p. 23-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the origin of the 17th century fortified towns in the former borderlands between Sweden and Denmark, with special emphasis on Kristianstad, Kalmar and Karlskrona. These towns, established between 1614 and 1680, mirror contemporary developments in architecture, urban planning and fortifications engineering. They also point to the interaction between military, commercial and prestige-related requirements.

    On starting point here is the notion of the ideal fortified town as being characterised by deliberate partnership between military fortifications and civilian settlement. Even the private houses were regulated, and the public buildings played an important role in giving the towns a symbolic and becoming outward appearance. This is an important reason for the fortified towns including some of the foremost buildings of the age in Sweden and Denmark.

    The article also discusses the relationship between different professions, such as architects and engineers. Previous research has often highlighted the architects at the expense of the engineers. Well-known architect names – Tessin for exemple – have been associated with town plans and individual buildings without the source material warranting any such assumptions. In other words, previous research is open to further development and revision in a number of fields relating to the interaction of military and civilian architecture during the 17th century.

  • 23.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Hallman som lärare2022Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hösten 1897 antogs Per Halllman som docent vid Tekniska högskolan i Stockholm. Han hade själv inlett sina studier i högskolebyggnaden vid Drottninggatan och var därför väl bekant med kollegor och undervisningsformer. Först 1917 flyttade de högre årskurser där Hallman undervisade upp till de nya lokalerna vid Valhallavägen. Under de tjugo år som förflutit hade undervisningen i stadsanläggningslära utvecklats från en valfri kurs till ett obligatoriskt ämne.

  • 24.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    I städernas mitt: Restaurering i miljömedvetandets tid2023Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    I städernas mitt: Restaurering i miljömedvetandets tid2023In: Katalysator: Restaureringskonst 2022–2023 / [ed] Lone-Pia Bach, Victor Edman, Stockholm: Kungl. Konsthögskolan , 2023, p. 9-27Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Miljömedvetandets genombrott i Sverige brukar fixeras till slutet av 1960- och början av 1970-talet. Naturvårdsverket grundades exempelvis 1967, almstriden ägde rum 1971 och den internationella miljökonferensen i Stockholm gick av stapeln året därpå. Inom byggnadsvård och restaurering kom Byggnadsvårdsåret 1975 att spela en viktig roll – på initiativ av Europarådet – och konkreta resultat kunde skönjas under andra hälften av 1970-talet. En starkt bidragande orsak var den växande opinionen mot samtida stadsomvandlingar. Men såväl miljömedvetandet som intresset för städernas äldre bebyggelse hade i själva verket växt fram under en längre period, i växelspel med de accelererande tillväxtprocesserna.

    I synnerhet åren kring 1960 var betydelsefulla för den förändrade syn på stadsmiljö som efter hand etablerades, framförallt under inflytande av amerikanska skribenter. Förändringarna kan beskrivas som en gradvis förskjutning av intresset från enskilda monument till samlad bebyggelse, men också som en förskjutning mot synen på äldre bebyggelse som en materiell resurs snarare än ett kulturhistoriskt problem. Parallellt med det växande intresset för samlad bebyggelse pågick en omvärdering av hur enskilda monument skulle bevaras, där materiella egenskaper fick större betydelse på bekostnad av kulturhistoriska faktorer. I båda fallen fanns föregångare från det tidiga 1900-talet, med exempel som Arkitekturminnesföreningen och Gamla svenska städer, då en motsvarande process hade ägt rum och på samma sätt orsakats av omfattande samhällsförändringar.

    Ämnet är stort, och den följande undersökningen är därför begränsad i tid och rum Betoningen ligger på Stockholm med utblickar framförallt mot de mellansvenska städer som stod i fokus för samtida stadsomvandlingar. Avsikten är att studera hur kunskapen utvecklades och förmedlades genom sinsemellan olika aktörer, från det sena 1950-talets ifrågasättande av konsumtionssamhället, till det växande intresset för stadsmiljö och reformeringen av arkitektutbildningarna under 1960-talet. Det handlar alltså inte om konkreta resultat i form av utförda projekt. Karakteristiskt för perioden är snarare ett kritiskt förhållningssätt och ett sökande efter alternativ.

    I miljöhistorisk forskning har tidigare framhållits att det var först när begreppet miljö övergick till att handla om naturmiljö som miljömedvetandet slog igenom på allvar. Men i arkitektursammanhang hade miljö sedan lång tid tillbaka betecknat en samlad upplevelse av natur och bebyggelse, och det kom även i fortsättningen att användas i mycket vid bemärkelse. I viss mån var detta också en fördel i debatten, eftersom både skribent och läsare kunde använda och uppfatta begreppet miljö på ett mångtydigt sätt, utan en närmare definition. Det var inte heller förrän i slutet av 1980-talet som miljö kom att ersättas av begreppet hållbarhet, och det finns alltså anledning att hålla fast vid ett äldre språkbruk i en kunskapshistorisk överblick av det här slaget.

  • 26.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Introducing Architects in Formation2015In: On Theory and Method: Architects in Formation / [ed] Anders Bergström and Erik Sigge, Stockholm: Architecture in Effect , 2015, p. 1-1Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of the architect seems to be constantly renegotiated, due to social change, and technological development. In spite of the proliferation of architectural research, however, architectural knowledge may still be grounded in design experience and cultural values transmitted during the early years of an architect’s training. Furthermore, most scholarly studies on architectural practice and education have been focused on earlier periods, on the École des Beaux-Arts and the Bauhaus, often aimed at legitimating rather than critically examining the profession. Thus, critical studies of contemporary models of practice and education are urgently needed today, and this workshop seminar will situate the formation of architects in relation to social theories and methodologies, raised from the 1960s onwards.

  • 27.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Mot en museal mönsteranläggning2005In: Folkhemmets museum: Byggnader och rum för kulturhistoriska samlingar / [ed] Anders Bergström, Victor Edman, Stockholm: Byggförlaget , 2005, p. 61-107Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    När Stockholm fick ett bibliotek i världsklass2020In: Arkitekten, ISSN 0903-2347, no 1, p. 48-49Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 29.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Om en odramatisk flytt2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 30.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Paradigm Shift in Architectural Education2018In: After Effects: Theories and Methodologies in Architectural Research / [ed] Hélène Frichot with Gunnar Sandin and Bettina Schwalm, New York, Barcelona: Actar Publishers , 2018, p. 187-187Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Paradigm is a concept used extensively by Thomas Kuhn in his essay on the structure of scientific revolutions (1962). Engaged in developing a general, relativist epistemology, Kuhn describes the normative views shared by a scientific community at a specific moment as paradigms. Scientific revolutions or turning points in the history of science are, consequently, paradigm shifts. As a physicist, Kuhn hardly succeded in convincing his colleagues within the natural sciences, and his influence proved to be more consistent within the humanities. Furthermore, outside the scientific community, a paradigm shift is popularly used to describe any turning point in the development of society. Here it serves as a notion for the turn in architectural education that took place in the United States during the 1970s and 1980s, acknowledged by Kathryn Anthony (1991) in her study of the drawbacks of design-studio pedagogy.

  • 31.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Puts- och färgsättningshistorik2012In: Stockholms slott: Långsiktigt underhåll av fasader: Program för puts / [ed] Heymowski, Andreas; Myrin, Malin, Stockholm: Statens fastighetsverk , 2012, p. 1-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    På konstnärlig grund: Hallman som lärare2019In: Per O. Hallman: Stadsplanekonstens förnyare / [ed] Ann Pålsson, Stockholm: Appell Förlag , 2019, p. 76-83Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hösten 1897 antogs Per Halllman som docent vid Tekniska högskolan i Stockholm. Han hade själv inlett sina studier i högskolebyggnaden vid Drottninggatan och var därför väl bekant med kollegor och undervisningsformer. Först 1917 flyttade de högre årskurser där Hallman undervisade upp till de nya lokalerna vid Valhallavägen. Under de tjugo år som förflutit hade undervisningen i stadsanläggningslära utvecklats från en valfri kurs till ett obligatoriskt ämne.

  • 33.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Restaureringen av Stockholms slotts fasader2015In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, p. 20-20Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    De kungliga slotten förvaltas av Statens fastighetsverk, som årligen utför större och mindre restaureringsarbeten i avsikt att underhålla och anpassa slotten till aktuella behov. Det största restaureringsarbetet genomförs för närvarande på Stockholms slott, där arbetet med fasaderna inleddes 2010 och beräknas pågå de närmaste tjugo åren. Av praktiska skäl, och för att undvika att hela slottet täcks av byggnadsställningar, är arbetet indelat i etapper. Det huvudsakliga arbetet utgörs av stenbyten, men i samband med stenarbetena krävs även putslagningar. Det har därför visat sig lämpligt att putsa om fasaderna i takt med att de olika etapperna genomförs.

  • 34.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Restaureringshistorisk översikt (sammanfattning)2009Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Stockholms slott ger i kraft av sin enhetliga yttre gestalt intryck av att ha tillkommit under en begränsad period. Men i själva verket är slottet resultatet av en lång byggnadsprocess. En översikt över de senaste trehundra årens försök att vidmakthålla fasaderna på Stockholms slott visar på motsvarande sätt att såväl skador som underhållsinsatser har varit ständigt återkommande.

    Ur kulturhistorisk synvinkel är slottets fasader alltså resultatet av många olika insatser från olika perioder. De numera frilagda stenarbetena är inte bara ett vittnesbörd om det förra sekelskiftets restaureringsideologi, de förstärker också bilden av slottet som hantverksprodukt. Den genomfärgade putsen är i sin tur anpassad till den anslutande stenen, med avsikt att ge ett enhetligt intryck även i tider av bristande underhåll. Fasaderna kan med andra ord betraktas som en konstnärlig helhetslösning, där estetiska och kulturhistoriska faktorer balanseras av faktorer som rör underhåll, material och teknik.

    Del av "FÖRSTUDIE: Stockholms slotts fasader - Långsiktigt underhåll av sten", s.7-9. Förstudien ingår i "Kulturfastighetsutredningen - Bilagor".

  • 35.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Samspel mellan arkitekt och forskare2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Situating Architects in Formation: Introduction2018In: After Effects: Theories and Methodologies in Architectural Research / [ed] Hélène Frichot with Gunnar Sandin and Bettina Schwalm, New York, Barcelona: Actar Publishers , 2018, p. 113-117Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As an academic activity, "Architects in Formation" stands for rethinking the social within the architectural profession. Investigating the relationships between architectural education, research, and design practice, this program area within the broader research environment Architecture in Effect aims to point out existing conditions of the profession, how they were established, how they are reproduced, and how they might be changed. A recurrent theme, elaborated within workshop seminars, and evident in some of the texts produced for those seminars and for inclusion in the present volume, has been to situate the formation of architects in relation to theories and methodologies raised from the 1960s onward.

  • 37.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Skyddat enligt lag: Vad ska staten äga?2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Nätverket för Arkitektur och kulturmiljö inom Samverkansforum för statliga byggherrar och förvaltare arrangerade hösten 2013 en serie om tre seminarier, som belyste den aktuella frågan om statens roll för skyddet av kulturhistoriskt värdefulla miljöer. Seminarieserien ägde rum i statligt ägda kulturmiljöer i Stockholm med syftet att bredda kunskapsunderlaget och öka intresset för statens ägande, byggande och reglerande av arkitektur och kulturmiljö. Frågor om statens ägande borde intressera en vidare krets än de aktuella myndigheterna. Vilken är statens roll som fastighetsägare, och vilket ansvar har staten för kulturarvet? Vilka urvalskriterier är aktuella, och hur påverkar de synen på kulturarvet?

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 38.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Social vs. Monumental: Contrasting Views of the Architectural Profession2018In: After Effects: Theories and Methodologies in Architectural Research / [ed] Hélène Frichot with Gunnar Sandin and Bettina Schwalm, New York, Barcelona: Actar Publishers , 2018, p. 118-127Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, influential and contrasting views of the architectural profession are analyzed in light of conscious research efforts made in response to the crisis of architecture that took place in the 1960s and 1970s. Texts by Dana Cuff, Spiro Kostof, Thomas Kuhn, Magali Sarfatti Larson, and others connected with the University of California, Berkeley, are treated as primary material for a critical historiography. The main issue is the observed conflict between a monumental approach to architecture on the one hand, and a social or collaborative approach to the work of architects on the other. 

  • 39.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Stadsbiblioteket – så blev huset till2018Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 40.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Stadsbiblioteket, Stockholm2019In: Tio byggnader som definierade 1920-talet / [ed] Dan Hallemar, Stockholm: Arkitektur Förlag , 2019, p. 134-155Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main building for the Stockholm Public Library is one of the most treasured monuments of the 1920s in Sweden, and its construction process covers several years of that decade. A committee was formed in 1918, construction work began in 1925, and the building was eventually completed in 1928. But the background of this process is more complicated. A previous committee had launched a report already in 1912, and the library movement goes further back in the history of general education in Sweden.

  • 41.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Stockholm Public Library: Designing a Path to Knowledge2009In: Erik Gunnar Asplund. Le radici della modernità / [ed] Luca Ortelli & Luciano Motta, Venezia: Scuola di dottorato, Università IUAV di Venezia , 2009, p. 15-15Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The opening of Stockholm Public Library in 1928 was the last step in a long series of considerations, since the idea originated in Sweden at the turn of the century 1900. At that time there were numerous libraries in Stockholm, each organised to meet the demands of people from different classes. However, the contemporary development towards extended civic rights called for cooperation, and a special committee launched an official proposal for a central library in 1912.

    When Gunnar Asplund joined the committee as architect in 1918, the design of the building was already subject to study by expert librarians. Thus, Asplund's work focused on a synthesis of existing ideas rather than personal invention. Asplund's assignment was to create an overall design, which combined a both functional and symbolic approach. Among Asplund's colleagues in the committee, the idea of public libraries was presented as emanating from the French revolution. Accordingly, Stockholm Public Library has been interpreted as "revolutionary architecture" in the tradition of Ledoux and Boullée. However, since such projects did not appear in popular publication until early 1930:s, Asplund's design seems to be based on other sources.

    As a part of his preliminary work for the committee, Asplund travelled to the United States in 1920, visiting modern public libraries. During his visit, Asplund was also introduced to American examples of revolutionary architecture, based on French sources. Paradoxically, American public buildings offered a vivid experience, consisting of actual buildings rather than mere projects.

    In the official report, published by the committee in 1921, Asplund analysed the results of his American studies in connection with his contemporary project for the library. His programme is easily summarised; since common knowledge was to be found mostly in books, it must be the aim to supply the citizens with the books they want at short hand. The path to knowledge should thus be designed as the easiest way to find a certain book, without great effort and hesitation.

    For security reasons the path to knowledge had better be thoroughly organised. Asplund took advantage of this fact, leading the visitor through a veritable "rite of passage", combining both the functional and symbolic demands of the library. However, since public libraries were expected to be modest in character, Asplund's symbolic approach was rather criticised from a social perspective.

    Eventually, to understand Asplund's design, it is important to note that the library was to meet the demands of people from all ages and classes. To secure the status of the library among the citizens, it was equally important to attract more demanding visitors. This called for a monumental approach, based on a rather traditional view of society. In fact, far from being a worker's initiative, Stockholm Public Library was in many ways a conservative project.

  • 42.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Stockholm Public Library: The American Experience2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Stockholms konserthusannex. Arkitekturhistorisk konsekvensanalys2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten behandlar inledningsvis tillkomsten av Stockholms konserthus med betoning på frågor som aktualiseras av en föreslagen tilbyggnad mot Oxtorgsgatan. Därefter behandlas tillkomsten av Hötorgscity och dess relation till Konserthuset. Det avslutande avsnittet utgör en sammanfattande analys, där de kulturhistoriska konsekvenserna diskuteras. 

  • 44.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Stockholms slott under 1900-talet2006In: Stockholms slott: En kunskapsöversikt / [ed] Anders Bodin, Stockholm: Statens fastighetsverk , 2006, p. 62-106Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Projekt finansierat av Statens fastighetsverk. 

    För fullständigt vårdprogram kontakta Statens fastighetsverk.

  • 45.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Stormaktstidens fästningsstäder. I gränsbygden mellan Sverige och Danmark2008In: Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0349-2834, no 56, p. 8-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the origin of the 17th century fortified towns in the former borderlands between Sweden and Denmark, with special emphasis on Kristianstad, Kalmar and Karlskrona. These towns, established between 1614 and 1680, mirror contemporary developments in architecture, urban planning and fortifications engineering. They also point to the interaction between military, commercial and prestige-related requirements.

    On starting point here is the notion of the ideal fortified town as being characterised by deliberate partnership between military fortifications and civilian settlement. Even the private houses were regulated, and the public buildings played an important role in giving the towns a symbolic and becoming outward appearance. This is an important reason for the fortified towns including some of the foremost buildings of the age in Sweden and Denmark.

    The article also discusses the relationship between different professions, such as architects and engineers. Previous research has often highlighted the architects at the expense of the engineers. Well-known architect names – Tessin for exemple – have been associated with town plans and individual buildings without the source material warranting any such assumptions. In other words, previous research is open to further development and revision in a number of fields relating to the interaction of military and civilian architecture during the 17th century.

  • 46.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    The Importance of Colour2023Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    The Modern Monument: Stockholm Public Library and its Historical Reception2012In: Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0349-2834, E-ISSN 2002-3812, Vol. 62, p. 24-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the historical reception of modern public buildings, advocating further research in this field in order to understand the role of monuments in the canon of modern architecture. Sweden’s most referred building in an international context, the Stockholm Public Library, serves here as a case study. Paradoxically, the library is still not officially listed, although most experts would agree on its importance, but this is not unusual with modern monuments of the 20th Century. On the contrary, modern public buildings constitute a mere fraction of Sweden’s built heritage, managed by the National Property Board.

    Ever since Stockholm Public Library was completed in 1928, its reception has continuously changed over the years, both for ideological reasons and in response to practical demands. Originally, the monumental character of the building was partly criticised, while its rational organisation was generally acknowledged. From a Swedish perspective, the library was overshadowed by the Stockholm Exhibition of 1930. Thus, in the national historiography of Swedish architecture, the library has been interpreted as the final monument of Nordic classicism. However, from an international point of view, the library was included in the canon of modern architecture during the late 1970s. Its Post-Modern fame climaxed in 1985, in connection with the centenary of the architect, Gunnar Asplund.

    More recently, in 2006–07, after the decline of the Post-Modern movement, the library was reappraised in an international competition for its enlargement. Following the competition, the plan for the extension was heavily criticised, both nationally and internationally, and the project was finally abandoned. The article holds that, given better knowledge of the library's international status, this reaction would have been foreseeable. In other words, analyses of the historical reception might serve to indicate possible examples of conflict in future heritage practice.

  • 48.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Towards Architects in Formation2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Treasures From the Archive: Der Städtebau nach seinen künstlerischen Grundsätzen2010In: KTHA #1 / [ed] Anstey, Tim; et al., Stockholm: KTH Arkitekturskolan , 2010, p. 34-35Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Ever since its foundation in 1877, the School of Architecture at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm has been susceptible to international theory. The archive and the library at the present School of Architecture contain numerous examples; in this section we intend to present material as part of a continous project to acknowledge the history and theory of architectural education.

    The starting point is a book that plays an important part in the history of early modern architecture in Sweden. Following the publication of "Der Städtebau nach seinen künstlerischen Grundsätzen" in 1889, the Austrian architect Camillo Sitte was particularly well received in Sweden and became one of the most influential theorists in the field of architecture and urban planning.

    The Swedish reception of Sitte is closely connected to the architect Per Hallman (1869–1941), who promoted Sitte's ideas in his practice as an urban planner. Hallman introduced Sitte's ideas in a lecture in Stockholm as early as 1895, clearly inspired by a close reading of "Der Städtebau". His own copy of the first edition still exists in the Library of Architecture at the Royal Institute of Technology. As a PhD-student, I found this worn-out, fragile book almost fifteeen years ago, marked with Hallman's personal ex libris and generously filled with notes in the margins.

    Hallman's comments on Sitte's text make for fascinating reading, especially since Hallman also had the opportunity to use Sitte's ideas in his practice as a teacher. As the leading Swedish practitioner in his field, Hallman was appointed the first Associate Professor in Urban Planning at the Royal Institute of Technology in 1897, although a permanent position was not granted until 1914. Besides his work as an urban planner, he stayed on as a teacher until 1934, when Sitte's ideas on planning had long lost its significance. However, his influence can still be traced in different ways.

    One of the most prestigious precincts in Stockholm, planned by Hallman in 1907-08, is the mountainous area adjacent to the present School of Architecture. In this context, Hallman solved the problems introduced by the terrain through an ingenious use of Sitte's methods of irregular planning. It is evident that this situation was taken into account in the design process of the present building for the School of Architecture, which was completed in 1970.

    A decade earlier, an architectural critic, Thomas Paulsson, had acknowledged Hallman's work in a thesis, concentrating on the forgotten values of earlier planning policies. The urban planning at the turn of the century 1900 could thus be incorporated in the urban appraisal in architectural theory during the 1960s. Later on, architect Göran Sidenbladh, fornerly responsible for the reconstruction of the central parts of Stockholm, even published a Swedish translation of "Der Städtebau".

    Following the critique towards the city's earlier policy, Sidenbladh's translation may be interpreted as a late memento. Although Sitte's irregular method is no longer the answer to the questions of urban planning, "Der Städtebau" still holds a prominent position in the history and theory of early modern architecture in Sweden.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 50.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Treasures from the Archive: Spektrum2011In: KTHA #2 / [ed] Andersson, Johan; et al., Stockholm: KTH Arkitekturskolan , 2011, p. 22-25Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Through the history of modern architecture, avant-garde periodicals have played an important part in implementing new theoretical perspectives. Swedish architecture is no exception, although "Spektrum", the first generally acknowledged avant-garde periodical in Sweden, started with literature as its main object. "Spektrum" was founded in 1931 by the Russian immigrant Josef Riwkin. The first editors were the writer, Karin Boye, together with the literary critic, Erik Mesterton, later joined by poet Gunnar Ekelöf.

    Economic difficulties, following the Kreuger affair in spring 1932, forced the publisher to reorient towards architecture, thus attracting advertisers from the building industry. The first issue on architecture was called "Arkitektur och samhälle" (Architecture and Society) and was in fact identical with the last issue of "Spektrum". During the next three years, "Arkitektur och samhälle" took a radical position in promoting modern architecture. Later on, it gradually changed its position, eventually advocating reactionary ideas, paradoxically contrary to those promoted in the first issues.

    The Library of Architecture at the Royal Institute of Technology contains a single copy of the first issue of "Arkitektur och samhälle". Unfortunately, as this issue was originally spiral bound, cover and title page are missing. The cover was extremely fragile, made from Salubra wallpaper, of the collection designed by Le Corbusier. Furthermore, a photographic composition by El Lissitzky was printed on the cover, which is documented in the Royal Library and the Museum of Architecture in Stockholm.

    Editor of this first issue was architect Sven Markelius, most probably cooperating with his fiancé, Viola Wahlstedt, a professional journalist, who had previously been a co-editor of "Spektrum". Markelius invited a prestigious group of writers: architects, art historians, and critics from his personal network. Although Alvar Aalto and Gregor Paulsson were among the contributors, the only text later acknowledged was written by Gotthard Johansson, at that time an influential critic, strongly promoting modern architecture or "functionalism"– the notion that he preferred to use.

    In his article, "Är funktionalismen en stil?" (Is Functionalism a Style?), Gotthard Johansson took the chance of criticising a contemporary approach to architecture, advocated by art historian Heinrich Wölfflin and later further developed by Wölfflin's disciples Sigfried Giedion and Nikolaus Pevsner. Wölfflin's approach was based on perception and a new concept of space, which priviliged formal qualities and neglected cultural and historical aspects. In Sweden, this approach had recently been acknowledged by Gunnar Asplund, in his inaugural lecture as professor of Architecture at the Royal Institute of Technology in 1931.

    Thus, Gotthard Johansson's aim was to contribute to an ideological debate, and he strongly opposed the idea that architecture was the product of formal qualities. From his point of view, no formal approaches were sufficient, no matter if they were based on psychology or on philosophy. Instead, he advocated a cultural approach to architecture, based partly on the use of material and technique, partly on the practical use of the actual building. Eventually, he exclaimed that functionalism demanded a new science of architectural history, focusing on architecture as a cultural phenomenon.

    Later on, these ideas played an important part in the foundation of architectural research on housing and planning in Sweden. In 1939, Gotthard Johansson took charge of the first official housing research programme, initiated by the Swedish Society of Arts and Crafts, together with the National Association of Swedish Architects. That marked the beginning of an era of architectural research, strongly influencing architectural practice and education. However, by that time, "Spektrum" had long lost its significance for an avant-garde that was already well established in society.

123456 1 - 50 of 283
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf