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  • 1.
    Abdul Al, Fatima
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Alla barns lekplats: En studie om tillgängligheten på lekplatser2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is one of the leading countries when it comes to availability in the physical environment. Approximately 7 000 children in Sweden are disabled. Half of these children use a wheelchair. It is every child’s right to play, and it’s thereby interesting to know whether every child is given the opportunity to use a playground. In the county of Helsingborg there are playgrounds appealing to many children, although the question is whether every child is given the chance to play at these playgrounds.

    The aim of this study is to highlight the importance of availability at playgrounds and outline ways to improve the availability. The method used in this thesis is a literature study, focusing on legal framework and literature about availability, usability and playgrounds. The case study provides information about eight playgrounds in Helsingborg. There is also an interview with landscape architect Johanna Elgström.

    Playgrounds where availability has been prioritized are often more available and useable for wheelchair-bound children. Still, the legal framework is in need of a more precise definition of availability and usability to ensure that playgrounds are suitable for children using a wheelchair. The playgrounds that are more available and useable can favor children using a wheelchair and give them the opportunity to socially interact with other children.

  • 2.
    Abrahamsson, Johanna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Vild natur: Värden, attityder och associationer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Modern humans are considered to have lost connection to nature and actions to reduce the separation between man and nature has been demanded. Green areas are often valued from a broad perspective and few studies have investigated the specific nature of the wild habitat. There also seem to be definitive problems and conflicts regarding the concept of "wild nature". The purpose of this report is to identify the specific values of wild nature ​​and to investigate what the concept really can include. Another purpose is to investigate attitudes and associations to wild nature and how wild nature is being worked on in planning.

    A literature study has been used as the primary method. The literature study has been supplemented with a minor case study including a documentary study, interviews and questionnaires.

    The conclusion is that wild nature offers values ​​of ecological, educational and experiential character. The ecological value is that wild nature allows biodiversity. The educational value includes aspects that help strengthen the connection to nature, which may lead to changed environmental behavior. Wild nature also has values ​​that concerns for example the experience of spiritual and reflective emotions, contributing to stress reduction and increased well-being. Moreover, wild nature is associated with large areas unaffected by humans. The same approaches are in the planning process, and the experience of wild nature is often evaluated from an ecological perspective. This means that the potential of green spaces that does not fit into the traditional image is not taken advantage of. Wild nature can also be defined based on the experience qualities related to wildness. A development towards such an approach could mean that the specific nature of the wild nature is taken advantage of. This could contribute to the increased well-being of the residents, but in the long term, a more sustainable society.

  • 3. Adam, F.
    et al.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping, Sweden .
    Introduction: The meaning and importance of socio-cultural context for innovation performance2013In: Innovation in Socio-Cultural Context, Taylor & Francis, 2013, 1-21 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Adolphson, Marcus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Estimating a polycentric urban structure2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Adolphson, Marcus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Estimating a Polycentric Urban Structure. Case Study: Urban Changes in the Stockholm Region 1991-20042009In: Journal of urban planning and development, ISSN 0733-9488, E-ISSN 1943-5444, Vol. 135, no 1, 19-30 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of this paper are to empirically test and evaluate methods for describing intraurban polycentricity, and to evaluate the polycentric development with respect to the regional development plan of the Office of Urban and Regional Transportation in 2001. The study area is Stockholm County and the time period investigated is 1991-2004. Three dimensions of polycentricity are analyzed: urban nuclei size relations, spatial distribution of urban nuclei, and potential interaction (accessibility). According to the methods' various qualifications in describing polycentric forms it is proposed here that a combination of methods is preferable for this subject. The polycentric structure exposes an increasing and considerable concentration of urban resources to the major urban nuclei. This concentration is combined with an increased spatial dispersal of the urban nuclei. In relative terms, the accessibility has decreased concerning the accessibility by public transportation modes and increased (workspace) or remained on almost the same level (residential space) by car transportation mode. Thus, the urban structural change in the Stockholm region corresponds to the political guidelines. In spite of this, by the increase in relative accessibility by car and decrease in the relative accessibility by public transportation modes the goal concerning higher share in public transports may not be possible to fulfill.

  • 6.
    Adolphson, Marcus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Främling i konsumtionsstaden2014In: Det förflutna i framtidens stad / [ed] Krister Olsson, Daniel Nilsson, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2014Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Idag lever vi i ett globaliserat konsumtionssamhälle, i ett allt intensivare tempo där konkurrensen är hård om tid, utrymme och uppmärksamhet. I vår samtid är även kultur- och stadsmiljöerna på olika sätt ”produkter” och ”resurser”. Men hur påverkar samhällsutvecklingen kulturarvet och vår syn på dess värden? Kanske kan vi tydligare se utvecklingstrenderna och kulturarvets roll för hållbar stadsutveckling om vi blickar bakåt i tid och även vänder perspektivet mot framtiden? I Det förflutna i framtidens stad lägger en grupp forskare olika tidsperspektiv på relationen mellan kulturarv, konsumtion och hållbar stadsutveckling. Författarna arbetar till vardags med framtidsstudier, samhällsplanering, arkeologi, arkitektur och konst och de samsas här under tematiska avsnitt som framtidsvisioner, valmöjligheter, tid och rörelse i stadslandskapet. Texterna gör nedslag i vår närmiljö bland resor, detaljhandel, bostäder och livsstilsideal. Författarna frågar sig bland annat hur vi kan bygga in hemkänsla, identitet och trygghet i stadsmiljön. Kan vi återanvända historiska bostadsmodeller? Och vem bestämmer vilka minnen som är värda att bevaras – vilka föreställningar om framtiden har bäring på samtidens kulturmiljövård? Boken vänder sig till beslutsfattare, tjänstemän, studenter och en bred allmänhet – alla som har ett intresse för såväl utmaningar som lösningar för en hållbar stad. 

  • 7.
    Adolphson, Marcus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Kernel densities and mixed functionality in a multicentred urban region2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Adolphson, Marcus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Kernel densities and mixed functionality in a multicentred urban region2010In: Environment and Planning, B: Planning and Design, ISSN 0265-8135, E-ISSN 1472-3417, Vol. 37, no 3, 550-566 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Interurban-level focus during the last decade has shifted from the compact city towards a polycentric urban framework. The ability to define consistent urban structures and also link them with sustainability goals has been hindered by inconsistent evaluation methods for density and mixed functionality in a polycentric framework. The aim of this research is to test and combine various methods from these perspectives in order to define more reliable and consistent descriptions of urban structures. The methods used are spatial-density modelling using kernel convolution, a polycentric density estimation, and methods depicting mixed functionality and the association between density and mixed functionality. The empirical findings relate to planning goals at both national and international level. The study region is the municipality of Strangnas, within the Stockholm City Region since 1997. Results from the analysis reveal urban development towards further segregated land use and sprawl, as well as a decreasing link with a polycentric urban scheme. The methods developed for depicting urban form could be useful tools in the planning process and may reinforce the possibility for analysing links between urban form and sustainability aspects. This improved knowledge in turn could contribute towards formulating future planning principles.

  • 9.
    Adolphson, Marcus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    New urban settlements in a perspective of public and private interests. Case study: a Swedish municipality within the hinterland of the Stockholm city2008In: Journal of Geographical Systems, ISSN 1435-5930, E-ISSN 1435-5949, Vol. 10, no 4, 345-367 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The changes of land use patterns and urban structures could be seen as the dynamic result of the trade off between public and private interests. Thereby the land use change is to some extent unpredictable. The focus in the current study is to measure the importance of spatial location factors regarding new residential and commercial buildings in relation to existing urban amenities and political guidelines. The relative importance of the location factors was studied by multinomial regression analysis. Results from this study reveal that the location profiles of new urban object types attained here indicate strong correspondence with local political land use guidelines and to clustering. The spatial distribution of new urban settlements does not in general correspond to the monocentric urban scheme where firms and residents locate in spatial proximity to urban centres.

  • 10.
    Adolphson, Marcus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    On analysing changes in urban structure: Some theoretical and methodological issues2011Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Adolphson, Marcus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Urban Design and social life – the relocation of Kiruna2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Adolphson, Marcus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Vad talar vi om när vi talar om Urbansim?2016In: Urbanismer / [ed] Olsson K, Nilsson D. och Haas T., Nordic Academic Press, 2016Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Adolphson, Marcus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Johansson, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Van Well, Lisa
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Polycentrism, monocentrism och regionförstoring: Alternativa och/eller komplementära utvecklingsförlopp2006Report (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Adolphson, Marcus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Jonsson, Daniel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport Planning, Economics and Engineering.
    The theory practice gap in regional (transport) planning2016In: RSA Annual Conference Graz 2016, Regional Studies Association , 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Adolphson, Marcus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Olsson, Krister
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Urban structure and social life: the planning for relocation of Kiruna townArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Adolphson, Marcus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Snickars, Folke
    On analysing changes in urban form – some theoretical and methodological issues2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Afrin, Shahrina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Green Skyscraper: Integration of Plants into Skyscrapers2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research has been emphasized on integration of plants in skyscraper design which play a vital role for the energy conservation by the building as well as improving the living quality into these vertical cities. Throughout the thesis work it has been studied to establish the necessity of planting to incorporate into skyscrapers, for the well being of our economy, society and the environment. The rules and regulations in various countries have been studied. The provisions of integrate plants into skyscraper includes the four possible options like, Green roof, Green wall, Biofilter and Indoor potting plants which can be incorporate into the  esign. Benefits and impacts have been studied in terms of energy savings and  ndoor environmental qualities. For example green roof can reduce 50% of cooling  oad; green wall can reduce 10 degree centigrade indoor temperature, where as biofilter and indoor plants purifies indoor air by 50% to 60%. Available technologies for green installments, like complete, modular and vegetated blanket system for green roof; modular, freestanding and cable-rope system for green wall; active and passive system for biofilter and different types of indoor plants have been addressed here along with their examples and case studies. At the end the  ecommendation shows that integration of plants into skyscrapers can change the micro and macro environment, climate, can restore the ecology and benefited to the economy. Results are the noticeable decrease in urban heat island, rapid reduction of energy consumption and cost, refreshing air for a healthy environment.

    Key words: Green Skyscraper, integration of plants, green roof, green wall, biofilter, ecological impact, climate, energy savings, indoor air quality, aesthetics, design technology.

  • 18.
    Aguiar Borges, Luciane
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Education and Health in ICT-futures: Scenarios and sustainability impacts of ICT societies2015In: PROCEEDINGS OF ENVIROINFO AND ICT FOR SUSTAINABILITY 2015, Atlantis Press , 2015, 213-220 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the performance of the education and health sectors in relation to five ICT futures for Sweden in 2060. The accessibility, affordability, quality and efficiency of these sectors influence the creation and maintenance of essential collective values such as democracy and justice; consequently both education and health are fundamental to a sustainable society. Exploring the performance of these sectors in different futures enables the identification of barriers and undesirable developments, and encourages a debate on how ICT can be used to reinforce inclusive, and counteract unwanted, futures.

  • 19.
    Aguiar Borges, Luciane
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Stories of Pasts and Futures in Planning2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Societies are constantly changing, facing new challenges and possibilities generated by innovative technologies, sociospatial re-structuring and mobilities. This research approaches these challenges by exploring the role that stories about pasts, presents and futures play in planning. It sees stories as interlinked spaces of struggle over meanings, legitimacies and powers through which “our” valuable pasts and “our” desirable futures become re-constructed, framed and projected. It argues that powerful stories might consciously or unconsciously become institutionalised in policy discourses and documents, foregrounding our spatial realities and affecting our living spaces. These arguments and assumptions are investigated in relation to three cases: Regional-Pasts, SeGI-Futures and ICT-Futures. The stories about pasts, presents and futures surrounding these cases are investigated with the aim of initiating critical discussions on how stories about pasts and futures can inform, but also be sustained by, planning processes. While studies of these cases are presented in separate papers, these studies are brought together in an introductory essay and reconstructed in response to the research questions: How do regional futures become informed by the pasts? How do particular stories about the pasts become selected, framed and projected as envisioned futures? What messages are conveyed to the pasts and the presents through envisioned futures? How can stories of the past be referred and re-employed in planning to build more inclusive futures? To engage with the multidisciplinarity of these questions, they are investigated through dialogues between three main fields: heritage studies, futures studies and planning. The discussions have challenged the conventional divides between pasts, presents and futures, emphasised their plural nature and uncovered how the discursive power of stories play a significant role when interpreting pasts and envision futures in planning practices.

  • 20.
    Aguiar Borges, Luciane
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Using the Past to Construct Territorial Identities in Regional Planning: the Case of Mälardalen, SwedenManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how the past is used in the construction of regional identity narratives in policy discourses and documents. Despite assumptions that regional identity is based on shared culture, some authors argue that new forms of regional identity have emerged as the consequence of regions’ involvement in wider networks. Identity has been pursued as an asset to regional attractiveness and economic growth and, as such, is shaped by regional development strategies concerning particular social groups. Socially shared representations of the past through history, cultural heritage and collective memory play an important role in this process since the past is a powerful resource that may be used to construct images of places, legitimizing claims on territories. Document analysis and interviews with planners are used to analyse strategies for regional development in five counties located in the Mälardalen Region, Sweden. This study shows that regional strategies are guided by identity narratives framing regions from an exclusive outside perspective, leaving internal qualities unnoticed. The past is used to structure these narratives and construct identities that serve economic growth rather than the integration of the plural heritages of the region.

  • 21.
    Aguiar Borges, Luciane
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Adolphson, Marcus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    The role of official heritage in regional spaces2016In: Urban Research and Practice, ISSN 1753-5069, E-ISSN 1753-5077Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Following the argument that increasing mobility has scattered consumption throughout Sweden’s regions, this study investigates how individuals’ consumption choices are influenced by official heritage. It argues that individuals’ everyday routines highlight the role played by heritage in socio-economic regional change, challenging traditional planning systems and altering individuals’ relationships with their environments, leading to new values being placed on official heritage. This argument was tested using interviews and questionnaires in Mariefred, Sweden, and demonstrates that official heritage plays multiple and contrasting roles, including the use of heritage as an attempt to reconcile opposing principles such as progress/development and tradition/conservation. 

  • 22.
    Aguiar Borges, Luciane Aguiar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Humer, Alois
    University of Vienna.
    Smith, Christopher
    Europe's possible SGI futures: territorial settings and potential policy paths2015In: Services of General Interest and Territorial Cohesion: European Perspectives and National Insights / [ed] Heinz Fassmann, Daniel Rauhut, Eduarda Marques da Costa and Alois Humer, Vienna: Vienna University Press , 2015, 1, 123-146 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Ahlstedt, Staffan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Hållbar stadsutveckling?: Problem och målkonflikter i planeringen av Hagastaden och Norra Djurgårdsstaden i Stockholm2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The major environmental problems that we have today are frequently mentioned in the media today. One example is the ongoing debate regarding global warming and its causes and consequences. There are also several other problems in our society such as segregation and social tensions. Most agree that we must do something to solve these problems and that we must try to achieve a sustainable development for the entire planet. But how should it actually be done and what trade-offs, compromises, sacrifices and changes must be made?

    The purpose of this paper is to examine how these issues are being dealt with in Swedish city planning. Which principles and objectives are being applied to achieve a sustainable development? Are the ambitions of the planners sufficient? And above all – which problems and conflicts of goals appear when they try to put the ideas of sustainable development into practice.

    To answer these questions I have conducted a case study of two current city development projects in Stockholm. For these two projects, several planning documents have been examined and analyzed. Based on this analysis I have conducted interviews with a responsible urban planner from each project and subsequently analyzed and evaluated the results. The main conclusions are that it is very difficult for the municipality to develop new housing for low-income earners in the inner city. The planners have no real tools to solve this issue that adds to segregation in the society. Furthermore, there is a major conflict between the aim to develop good public spaces and the municipalitys and the private operators economic interest in exploiting as much of the buildable land as possible.

    English title: Sustainable urban development? Problems and conflicts of aims in the planning of Hagastaden and Norra Djurgårdsstaden in Stockholm

  • 24.
    Ahmed, Salahuddin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Transformation and Expectations: From Landowner’s and Developer’s Perspective: A case study of Dhanmondi R/A2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25.
    Ahsan, Tahmina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Passive Design Features for Energy-Efficient Residential Buildings in Tropical Climates: The context of Dhaka, Bangladesh2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed at identifying passive design features through extensive literature study that can be incorporated in residential buildings to make them energy efficient. The study also aimed at identifying changes in the design process that can affect energy efficiency in residential buildings. It has analyzed the design features of typical residential buildings representative of upper middle income households in Dhaka through a case study conducted in Dhaka. It also analyzed the present electric energy use for cooling and lighting typical residential buildings of upper middle income households in Dhaka and the possible energy savings by adopting certain energy efficient features in the case study building. It also distinguishes the different roles of developers, architects, interior designers, land owners (clients) and residents that can act as a barrier in achieving energy efficiency in residential buildings. The findings from this study indicate that doubling the thickness of external walls on east and west, use of hollow clay tiles instead of weathering course for roofs and use of appropriate horizontal overhang ratios for all four orientations can reduce the cooling load of the case study building by 64% and hence reduce the total energy use of the building by 26%. Finally it can be concluded that the process of designing energy efficient residential buildings is not a ‘one-man’s show’. Architects, developers, interior designers and clients are the other actors who can bring a change in the design practice.

     

     

     

     

    Keywords: Energy- efficient; passive design features; residential building; tropical climate

     

     

     

  • 26.
    Al Abassi, Mohammed
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    The Possibilities for Establishing Agricultural Vocational Training Institutions in Kisumu2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27.
    Allen, J.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Land and Water Resources Engineering.
    Cars, Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Multiculturalism and governing neighbourhoods2001In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 38, no 12, 2195-2209 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Parekh's theory of multiculturalism offers a number of insights which are useful in analysing the role of neighbourhood governance in promoting social cohesion within culturally diverse small areas. The problems of neighbourhood governance are rooted in disjointed structural change across Europe over the past 25 years. In this context, the formation of a multicultural European polity risks creating a white European ethnicity which will institutionalise specific forms of racism within distressed neighbourhoods. At the same time, the shift from government to governance as a way to address the problems of governability in structurally reconstituted societies is associated with the top-down imposition of specific forms of neighbourhood governance which can then, unwittingly, become part of the institutionalisation of racism. Using Parekh's theory to construct a critique yields a set of principles which illuminate a number of key strategic elements which can be used practically in designing neighbourhood governance mechanisms and which illuminate the pre-occupations in the existing literature.

  • 28.
    Andersson, Caroline
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Planerarens kompetenser2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 29.
    Andersson, Emma
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Vardagslivets många nyanser: Om utmaningen i att bedöma den sociala konsekvensen av en fysisk miljö2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En av planeringens främsta uppgifter är att utarbeta strategier och visioner för att skapa förutsättningar för människors vardagsliv. Samtidigt som detta är av så stor betydelse för en planerare, finns det ingen teoretisk enighet om hur mycket människor faktiskt påverkas av en fysisk miljö. I ljuset av Stockholm stads översiktsplan – Promenadstaden – är syftet med denna uppsats att studera relationen mellan stadens fysiska struktur och sociala liv. Mer specifikt ämnar denna uppsats att diskutera ifall människor verkligen lever enligt dagens normativa stadsplaneringsideal. För att kunna studera människors vardagliga handlingar baseras det empiriska materialet på ett flertal kvalitativa intervjuer med boenden i ett nyproducerat område i Stockholm stad (Telefonplan). Förståelsen för människors handlingar i Telefonplan har sedan växt fram utifrån ett flertal tongivande teoretiker inom samhällsplanering och sociologi. Bland annat har Bourdieus kultursociologiska teorier varit av stor betydelse för uppsatsens analytiska resonemang. Resultatet visar på att det finns både starka och svaga argument för Promenadstaden. Att argumentera att idealet Promenadstaden inte kommer ge förutsättningar för att uppnå sina egna mål (idén om det funktionsblandade och lokala närområdet), vore att helt bortse från den fysiska strukturens betydelse för människors vardagsliv. Men att argumentera att människors vardagsliv per automatik kommer att gå i paritet med promenadstadsplanerna, vore lika med att förbise de sociala grunder och villkor som varje dag påverkar hur människor använder sin miljö.

  • 30.
    Andersson, Jonas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Kazemian, RezaKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.Rönn, MagnusKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Nordic Journal of Architectural Research: Nordisk arkitekturforskning2009Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Andersson, Lovisa
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Analys av Skiftingehus skolgårds fysiska miljö ur ett trygghetsperspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 32.
    Andersson, Lovisa
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Planera för barn i förtätad stad: En studie av hur barnvänliga utemiljöer för skolor och förskolor kan skapas i samband med stadsförtätning i Eskilstuna kommun2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As a result of a growing population and negative climate impact, today’s planning trend in Sweden is going towards densification which means that cities are being developed by concentrating new buildings on already exploited land. Even though densification is linked to sustainability this strategy has resulted in the exclusion of significant places for children’s outdoor play, such as school and preschool playgrounds. At the same time, children are a quite powerless social group that constitute the future of society and thus knowledge of their perspectives is necessary in urban planning. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to contribute to an increased understanding of how the child perspective, the perception of a child’s best, can be applied in relation to densification of the city in the municipal community planning. In the study the child perspective is defined by examining how a municipality can create child-friendly school and preschool outdoor environments.

    This study applies a qualitative approach through a case study of the municipality of Eskilstuna. By conducting interviews and a documentary study, data regarding the municipality’s work with school and preschool outdoor environments was generated. In order to gain an understanding of the conditions for municipal community planning, legislation as well as government and municipal documents were studied. A literate review was also conducted with the aim of studying previous work on the child perspective, the child impact assessment, the child-friendly outdoor environment and collaborative planning. Together with data collected from expert interviews this constitutes the study’s theoretical framework that in turn formed the basis for the following discussion.

    The results prove that child-friendly outdoor environments for schools and preschools comprise several factors that promote children’s development: room for outdoor play, reduced traffic, green and natural environments, variation and challenges. Among these, room for outdoor play, the size of the school or preschool playground, is the fundamental factor.

    The study also shows that school and preschool outdoor environments are a matter that often conflicts with other challenges that the municipal community planning has to deal with. In the municipality of Eskilstuna there is an ambition to create child-friendly outdoor environments for schools and preschools. However, the lack of available places as well as strategies and guidelines makes this difficult in practice. In order to create child-friendly outdoor environments for schools and preschools the results indicate the importance of using a collaborative approach through cooperation and mutual understanding between different actors. Also, it is stated that children’s needs should be highlighted in an early stage of the process to ensure room for school and preschool playgrounds in the dense city.

  • 33.
    Andersson, Lovisa
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    "Platser att hänga på": En studie av barns upplevelser av platser i den urbana miljön i Eskilstuna2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens samhälle är en stor del av världens alla barn bosatta i städer, vilket medför att barns upplevelser av den urbana miljön har en inverkan på deras uppväxt och framtida liv. Eftersom barn utgör vårt samhälles framtid är det viktigt att framhäva och tillvarata deras upplevelser för att kunna förbättra staden ur ett barnvänligt ramverk. Utifrån detta är arbetets syfte att undersöka barns upplevelser av platser i den urbana miljön. För att uppnå syfte och besvara tillhörande frågeställningar avgränsas studien genom att undersöka hur barn i Eskilstuna upplever platser i staden. Data avseende barns upplevelser inhämtades genom att, vid två tillfällen, utföra gruppintervjuer med barn i årskurs 6 på en grundskola i Eskilstuna. För att möjliggöra analys av den empiriska undersökningen studerades även tidigare forskning och teorier som behandlar detta ämnesområde.

    Resultatet visar på att barn till största del vistas på offentliga platser, vilka utgör sociala mötespunkter och benämns "platser att hänga på". Barnens positiva upplevelser av platser associeras till lugna områden, fritidsintressen, aktiviteter och sociala processer med kompisar samt familj eller släkt. Platser som genererar negativa upplevelser hos barnen anknyts till obehagliga händelser och främmande sociala grupper.

    Med hjälp av tidigare forskning och teorier fastställs betydelsen av "platser att hänga på" eftersom dessa möjliggör barns identitetsskapande och självständighet. Det framgår även att direkta erfarenheter och sociala relationer kan förstärka barnens positiva uppfattningar samt reducera känslor av obehag. Slutligen konstateras att barns okunskap, vilken avser brist på direkta erfarenheter, ovetskap gällande främmande människor och mörker, producerar negativa upplevelser av platser.

  • 34.
    Andersson, Roland
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Mandell, Svante
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Wilhelmsson, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Så skapas attraktiva städer2014Book (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Andersson, Roland
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Nabavi, Pardis
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Wilhelmsson, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    The impact of advanced vocational education and training on earnings in Sweden2014In: International Journal of Training and Development, ISSN 1360-3736, E-ISSN 1468-2419, Vol. 18, no 4, 256-270 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers have established a relationship between greater education and training and higher earnings but it is difficult to infer that the former causes the latter if those with higher earnings tend to engage in more education and training. The present study attempts to control for ability and family background to see if stronger inferences can be made about education and training as the independent variable. The study focuses upon advanced vocational education and training (AVET) in Sweden. This is post-secondary school education for individuals who are 20 years of age or older. The aim of this article is to estimate the effects of AVET on earnings by controlling for selection bias. We used various approaches such as instrumental variables, Hausman–Taylor estimates, fixed effects estimates and propensity score matching to achieve this aim. A panel, or longitudinal, data set for eight different labor markets in Sweden for the period 1996–2008 was used. The results indicate that earnings from AVET are higher than the return on investment in comprehensive education. The average effect on income is estimated to be in the range of 3–8 percent.

  • 36.
    Andersson, Roland
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Wilhelmsson, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Universities, knowledge transfer and regional development: Geography, entrepreneurship and policy2012In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 91, no 2, 477-479 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Andersson, Sara
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Cross-Border Collaboration for a Sustainable Future: - a case study about Interreg V ÖKS subsidyand sustainable transportation projects2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate one of the European Structural Fundprogrammes, Interreg V Öresund-Kattegat-Skagerrak (ÖKS) and the priority areaTransportation. The programme gives financial support to transportation projectsaiming to develop sustainable (environmentally friendly) transportation alternativesand solutions.

    Through studies and theories on cross-border collaboration (CBC) and goals forsustainable transportation a major need of joint strategies for solving shared problems,such as environmental concerns has been demonstrated. This approach ofcollaboration projects as a pillar for sustainable development has been the foundationof how the current Interreg programme has been studied and the starting point for thisresearch. The study aims to clarify the relationship between the overall view uponcooperation and joint development programmes (within areas stretching over nationaland administrative borders, such as transportation) and the specific Interregprogramme. A programme which during current period (2014-2020) experienced adrastic decline of number of applicants. In order to further understand the context thecurrent study has trough empirical research defined added values (advantages) of theCBC but also identified the perceived difficulties and barriers (disadvantages). Thefounding’s have further been compared and supplemented with perspectives fromrelevant actors engaged in transportation development. This material has beencollected through qualitative interviews enabling a vital and good understanding ofconcerned actors and their view of advantages and disadvantages with CBC. Theanalysis has also enabled the conclusion that the general view among the actors is thatcollaboration projects are necessary for a sustainable development. However, studiedprogramme with declined number of applicants did not succeed in attracting desiredparticipants. Consequently, the actors were also asked to share their view upon thedecline of applicants for current Interreg period. One identified explanation wasrelated to the administrative burden which was perceived too heavy by the actors. Inaddition, the financial part was perceived to be too low or poorly designed. Theknowledge about the programme was also found to be limited among some of theactors. To be able to involve more participants in the future it has been concluded thatimprovements within the three areas of defined obstacles have to be implemented.

    This investigation and findings aim to contribute to increased insights andunderstanding of the cross-border cooperation process in order to be able to reach andinvolve relevant actors in the most favourable way for successful future projects anddesired sustainable development.

  • 38.
    Andersson, Sara
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Cross-Border Collaborationfor a Sustainable Future: - a case study about Interreg V ÖKS subsidy andsustainable transportation projects2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate one of the European Structural Fundprogrammes, Interreg V Öresund-Kattegat-Skagerrak (ÖKS) and the priority areaTransportation. The programme gives financial support to transportation projectsaiming to develop sustainable (environmentally friendly) transportation alternativesand solutions.

    Through studies and theories on cross-border collaboration (CBC) and goals forsustainable transportation a major need of joint strategies for solving shared problems,such as environmental concerns has been demonstrated. This approach ofcollaboration projects as a pillar for sustainable development has been the foundationof how the current Interreg programme has been studied and the starting point for thisresearch. The study aims to clarify the relationship between the overall view uponcooperation and joint development programmes (within areas stretching over nationaland administrative borders, such as transportation) and the specific Interregprogramme. A programme which during current period (2014-2020) experienced adrastic decline of number of applicants. In order to further understand the context thecurrent study has trough empirical research defined added values (advantages) of theCBC but also identified the perceived difficulties and barriers (disadvantages). Thefounding’s have further been compared and supplemented with perspectives fromrelevant actors engaged in transportation development. This material has beencollected through qualitative interviews enabling a vital and good understanding ofconcerned actors and their view of advantages and disadvantages with CBC. Theanalysis has also enabled the conclusion that the general view among the actors is thatcollaboration projects are necessary for a sustainable development. However, studiedprogramme with declined number of applicants did not succeed in attracting desiredparticipants. Consequently, the actors were also asked to share their view upon thedecline of applicants for current Interreg period. One identified explanation wasrelated to the administrative burden which was perceived too heavy by the actors. Inaddition, the financial part was perceived to be too low or poorly designed. Theknowledge about the programme was also found to be limited among some of theactors. To be able to involve more participants in the future it has been concluded thatimprovements within the three areas of defined obstacles have to be implemented.

    This investigation and findings aim to contribute to increased insights andunderstanding of the cross-border cooperation process in order to be able to reach andinvolve relevant actors in the most favourable way for successful future projects anddesired sustainable development.

  • 39.
    Annadotter, Kerstin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Werner, Inga Britt
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Grannskapseffekter på områdesnivå- en fördjupad studie av bostadsrättsombildning i allmännyttan: Arbetsrapport 3: Ekonomiska investeringar i Dalen och Östberga2014Report (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Annadotter, Kerstin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Werner, Inga Britt
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Motiv för inflyttning till Dalen och Östbergahöjden samt inflyttades värdering av områdena: Arbetsrapport nr 5 i projektet Grannskapseffekter på områdesnivå- en fördjupad studie av bostadsrättsombildning i allmännyttan2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Huvudsyftet med denna studie är att få kunskaper om varför man flyttar till Östbergahöjden och Dalen samt vilka kvaliteter och eventuella problem de nyinflyttade upplever i respektive område.

     

    Metoden för att erhålla svar på frågorna är skriftliga enkäter där inbjudan att delta i en webbaserad enkät sändes ut via brev till personer som flyttat in till Östbergahöjden respektive Dalen under år 2014. Data på inflyttade personer 2014 erhölls från SPAR. Såväl brevet med inbjudan som enkäten var på både svenska och engelska.

     

    Antalet inflyttade år 2014 var 341 personer i Östbergahöjden och 320 personer i Dalen. Svarsfrekvensen efter två påminnelser blev totalt ca 12% i båda områdena, en mycket låg siffra.

    En analys av delgrupper av svarande indikerar att de som svarat kan anses vara representativa för de som har köpt en bostadsrätt eller fått en hyresrätt i respektive område.

     

    Priserna på bostäderna i Dalen och Östbergahöjden uppfattas som billiga och prisvärda. Det är den mest omnämnda orsaken för flytt till båda områdena. Man har kunnat köpa sin bostad eller köpa en större bostad. Man har i båda områdena i viss utsträckning flyttat från hyresrätt till bostadsrätt vilket talar för att områdena till del har fungerat som ett insteg på bostadsrättsmarknaden för de inflyttande.

    De svarande i båda områdena tillsammans bedömer att bostadsområdet de bodde i tidigare var tryggare, hade bättre rykte, att man hade bättre förtroende för grannar, att man tog mer hänsyn till varandra och att man höll mer rent och snyggt. Svaren per område visar att man i Östbergahöjden upplever att trygghet och områdets rykte är de faktorer där skillnaderna är störst och negativa jämfört med det bostadsområde där man bodde innan flytten.

    Att läget är centralt med goda kommunikationer och bra service är det näst mest omnämnda orsaken till varför man flyttat in, både för Dalen och Östbergahöjden. Andra ofta omnämnda orsaker till att flytta till Dalen är: ”nära natur, grönt”; ”trevligt område, fin arkitektur”; ”barnvänligt, bra skola, dagis ”samt att ”vänner, släkt har rekommenderat området”. Andra ofta nämnda orsaker att flytta till Östbergahöjden är att man ”flyttar ihop eller isär”; ”flyttat med släkt och familj” samt ”fick möjligheten; var tvungen”.

    Det bästa med att bo i både Dalen och Östberga är att områdena ligger nära Stockholms centrum. För Dalen omnämns också ”nära natur”; ”trevliga grannar, bra gemenskap”; ”trevligt område, ”fina innergårdar” samt ”bra lägenhet, stor lägenhet, billigt att bo”.

    Det mest omnämnda problemet med att bo i Östbergahöjden är ”anlagd brand”. Därefter kommer ”ungdomsgäng, knark, störande beteende, otryggt”, vilket också är de problem som omnämns mest i Dalen. I Dalen kommer därefter ”nedskräpning, dålig sophantering” samt ”dålig bostadskvalitet, planlösning, ljudisolering”.

    I Dalen upplever man att tex ungdomskriminaliteten minskat och att befolkningen håller på att gentrifieras. I Östbergahöjden fortsätter problemen med kriminalitet och bränder vilket oroar de boende. Östbergahöjden ser ut att lida större brist på socialt förtroende, gemenskap och samarbete än Dalen.

  • 41.
    Annadotter, Kerstin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Werner, Inga Britt
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Sammanfattande rapport: Projekt Grannskapseffekter på områdesnivå-en fördjupad studie av bostadsrättsombildning i allmännyttan2017Report (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Annadotter, Kerstin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Werner, Inga Britt
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Sammanfattande rapport: Projekt Grannskapseffekter på områdesnivå-en fördjupad studie av bostadsrättsombildning i allmännyttan2017Report (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Annadotter, Kerstin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Werner, IngaBritt
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Bostadsrättsombildning i allmännyttan: Delproejkt 4 Socialt Kapital: Delrapport. Redovisning av undersökningsfas 12009Report (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Antman Debels, Felix
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Socio-ekologisk resiliens i svensk strategisk planering2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Klimatförändringar och andra miljöproblem kan i framtiden komma att innebära stora påfrestningar på städer. Socio-ekologisk resiliens är ett sätt att förstå motståndskraft och förändring hos sociala och ekologiska system. För att göra städer mer motståndskraftiga för yttre och inre störningar har ett socio-ekologiskt resiliensförhållningssätt till planering ansetts givande. Konceptet socio-ekologisk resiliens kan också betraktas som en brygga mellan social hållbarhet och ekologisk hållbarhet.

    Denna uppsats undersöker ifall det finns uttryck för socio-ekologisk resiliens i svenska kommuners strategiska planering och om det finns strategier i kommunerna för att binda ihop social hållbarhet med ekologisk hållbarhet. Genom studier av teoretisk litteratur kring socio-ekologisk resiliens har fyra utgångspunkter för en planering för socio-ekologisk resiliens tagits fram och med hjälp av dessa fyra utgångspunkter analyseras nio kommunala översiktsplaner.

    Planerna har valts ut för att spegla ett genomsnitt av svenska kommuner. Resultatet visar att det finns spridda strategier som skulle öka den socio-ekologiska resiliensen men att ingen kommun har en fullt genomförd strategi. Studien visar också att det finns vissa strategier som skulle kunna sägas stärka både den sociala hållbarheten och den ekologiska hållbarheten men att dessa är få. En förklaring till att en socio-ekologisk resiliensplanering är så frånvarande är att kommunerna oftast har en rigid framtidsvision och att fokus i planeringen ligger på tillväxtstrategier.

    Sammanfattningsvis skulle en planering för ökad socio-ekologisk resiliens kunna stärka beredskapen inför klimat- och miljörelaterade kriser i svenska städer men det behövs mer forskning kring hur en socio-ekologisk resilienspraktik skulle kunna se ut och hur den skulle kunna uttryckas i plan- och policydokument.

     

  • 45.
    Appelgren, Hannes
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Hirsch, Sam
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Vintergatan - finns det liv innan mars?Förutsättningar för attraktiva stadsrum vintertid genom temporär urbanism2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Levande Stockholm is a concept that Stockholm City initiated in 2015. The purpose of the concept is to create vibrant and attractive urban spaces for the citizens. Developing the attractive city is a process that has become more common and important for cities, due to the ever- increasing globalization. The Levande Stockholm concept is based on temporary urbanism to create attractive city spaces in the summer and has had a successful outcome. This study springs from this concept. During winter, there are different conditions that affect the city, its inhabitants and the interaction between the two. Therefore, this study investigates how to create conditions for attractive and vibrant urban spaces during winter through temporary urbanism.

    The research question is answered through a case study by collecting data from three different groups whom we chose to label as planners, external actors and citizens. The planners and external actors who were interviewed were chosen due to their experience of working with Levande Stockholm prior. A citizen's perspective has been examined through a survey to compare if their thoughts about attractive urban spaces in winter time are consistent with the views of planners and external actors. The theoretical framework consists of three comprehensive research fields from different disciplines; the vibrant city, temporary urbanism and urban planning in a cold climate. This creates a cross-disciplinary context that allows a depth and breadth in the study.

    The results show that temporary urbanism has the potential to create more vibrant and interesting urban spaces. Furthermore, our empirics show that most actors, public and private, agree that the municipality’s role is to enable the creation of vibrant spaces, while other actors should be the creators of the content within the urban space. Possible obstacles to developing vibrant city spaces during wintertime through temporary urbanism are rigid rules regarding snow clearance, concession fees and the fixed periods for outdoor seating. Vibrant and attractive urban spaces can be created by enabling actors to temporarily develop and utilize streets and urban spaces during winter. 

  • 46.
    Arakji, Farah
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Sustaining the Early Recovery: Integrating Planning in Early RecoveryCase: Southern Lebanon2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 47.
    Aroles, Jérémy
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Rail infrastructure management: transaction cost theory applied to a French case study2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many changes have occurred since 1997 in the French rail institutional system. Réseau Ferré de France (RFF) was created as rail institutional network owner but delegates almost all its functions as infrastructure manager to the state owned railroad corporation called Société Nationale des Chemins de Fer Français (SNCF). This reform results from the implementation of the EU directives concerning the introduction of free competition on the rail transport market in order to improve the economic efficiency of the sector.

    The French reorganized hybrid structure with RFF as owner of the network and SNCF as subcontractor for most issues influences the way investment projects are managed while RFF has restrictive commitments towards the French state concerning the modernisation and the renewal of the national network.

    Since 2008 new actors appear in the rail engineering sector. They are involved in the delegation of contracting ownership and technical master design of investment projects for RFF. Their introduction adds interactions in a framework where transactions are highly complex, uncertain and human specific. But so far they have shown improvements on productivity on specific types of projects.

    Today the idea of creating a unique infrastructure manager is shared by all stakeholders and supported by theoretical underpinnings. A consensus is however not reached on the details of a possible new reorganisation. Production costs representing by far the biggest part of the total costs must in any case be reduced. A further development of free competition in the rail engineering sector can help in this direction while safety issues connected to the railroad system might need specific regulation. Gathering the responsibilities of the infrastructure manager within a new independent institution might be the best compromise despite of social and cultural issues. It would moreover anticipate a reorganisation that might be soon required by the European Union.

  • 48. Arribas-Bel, D.
    et al.
    Kourtit, Karima
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland.
    Nijkamp, P.
    Steenbruggen, J.
    Cyber Cities: Social Media as a Tool for Understanding Cities2015In: Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy, ISSN 1874-463X, Vol. 8, no 1, 231-247 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ‘Big’ urban data are increasingly becoming accessible for scientific research and policy use. They may enhance the intelligence that is needed for understanding and mapping out social connectivity phenomena (in the sense of Jane Jacobs) in modern smart cities. The present paper aims to highlight and demonstrate the rich potential of information based on digital technology in modern cities. As a case study example of the power of social media data as a support tool in smart cities, we consider Twitter data in the municipality of Amsterdam. We use machine learning techniques to identify temporal patterns that we then relate back to their spatial dimension, effectively connecting the digital with physical aspect of cities. We also show that analysis of geo-referenced tweets can shed significant light on physical aspects of the city and on the spatial distribution of urban functions.

  • 49.
    Asplund, Eva
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Hilding-Rydevik, Tuija
    Institutionen för stad och land, SLU.
    Håkansson, Maria
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Skantze, Ann
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Vårt uppdrag är utveckling: hållbar utveckling och regional tillväxt2010Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken handlar om erfarenheterna från några svenska regioners ansträngningar att omsätta hållbar utveckling inom ramen för regionalt tillväxtarbete, och behandlar bland annat lärandeprocesser och integration av miljöfrågor i en organisations arbete.

    Syftet är att inspirera till kritisk reflektion och diskussion vilket utgör en avgörande grund för förändring och lärande. I grunden handlar boken om vad arbetet med regional utveckling och tillväxt är och kan vara samt vilken roll hållbar utveckling spelar i arbetet.

  • 50.
    Asztély, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Lagen om offentlig upphandling: En studie om hållbarhetskrav i upphandlingar inom stadsbyggnad2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Staden och den byggda miljön har blivit en källa till omfattande miljöproblem. Byggsektorn i Sverige står för en stor andel av både utsläpp och avfallsproduktion. Begreppet hållbarhet används ofta inom stadsbyggnad och innefattar socialt, ekologiskt och ekonomiskt hänsynstagande. Dock har det visat sig svår att implementera hänsyn till hållbarhet i realiteten.

    Lagen om offentlig upphandling tillämpas då offentliga aktörer köper varor eller tjänster av privata leverantörer. Inom stadsbyggnad är det vanligt att kommuner och statliga myndigheter köper upp produkter, entreprenader och tjänster från privata bolag. Lagen syftar till att öka konkurrensen, skapa transparens och motverkas risken för att vissa leverantörer särbehandlas i en upphandlingsprocess. I en upphandling har den upphandlande enheten möjlighet att ställa krav på de leverantörer som är lämpliga. Kraven kan bland annat röra hänsyn till miljö och sociala aspekter.

    Denna uppsats belyser möjligheterna att hållbarhetskrav integreras i offentliga upphandlingar som rör stadsbyggnad. Genom intervjuer med ett antal olika aktörer inom bygg- och planeringssektorn har åsikter och erfarenhet samlats in och analyserats. Analysen av dessa intervjuer och tidigare forskning visar på att det finns en tydlig kunskapsbrist kring hur krav som rör hållbarhet ska formuleras samt hur dessa skall värderas i en upphandling. Studien visar även att det efterfrågas tydligare direktiv och en ökad samverkan mellan aktörer beträffande upphandlingar och möjligheten att integrerar hållbarhetskrav.

    Studiens resultat tyder på att Lagen om offentlig upphandling reglerar en stor köpkraft och kan, om kunskap och kompetens finns, användas för att ställa krav på miljö och sociala hänsyn inom bygg- och planeringssektorn och därmed bidra till en mer hållbar stadsutveckling.

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