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  • 1.
    Andersson, Roland
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Nabavi, Pardis
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Wilhelmsson, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    The impact of advanced vocational education and training on earnings in Sweden2014In: International Journal of Training and Development, ISSN 1360-3736, E-ISSN 1468-2419, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 256-270Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers have established a relationship between greater education and training and higher earnings but it is difficult to infer that the former causes the latter if those with higher earnings tend to engage in more education and training. The present study attempts to control for ability and family background to see if stronger inferences can be made about education and training as the independent variable. The study focuses upon advanced vocational education and training (AVET) in Sweden. This is post-secondary school education for individuals who are 20 years of age or older. The aim of this article is to estimate the effects of AVET on earnings by controlling for selection bias. We used various approaches such as instrumental variables, Hausman–Taylor estimates, fixed effects estimates and propensity score matching to achieve this aim. A panel, or longitudinal, data set for eight different labor markets in Sweden for the period 1996–2008 was used. The results indicate that earnings from AVET are higher than the return on investment in comprehensive education. The average effect on income is estimated to be in the range of 3–8 percent.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Roland
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Quigley, John M.
    Wilhelmsson, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Urbanization, productivity, and innovation: Evidence from investment in higher education2009In: Journal of Urban Economics, ISSN 0094-1190, E-ISSN 1095-9068, Vol. 66, no 1, p. 2-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the past two decades, Swedish government policy has decentralized post-secondary education throughout the country. We investigate the economic effects of this decentralization policy on the level of productivity and innovation and their spatial distribution in the national economy. We find important and significant effects of this investment policy upon economic output and the locus of knowledge production, suggesting that the decentralization has affected regional development through local innovation and increased creativity. Our evidence also suggests that aggregate productivity was increased by the deliberate policy of decentralization. Finally, we estimate the spillovers of university investment over space, finding that they are substantial, but that they are greatly attenuated. Agglomerative effects decline rapidly; roughly half of the productivity gains from these investments are manifest within 5-8 km of the community in which they are made.

  • 3.
    Andersson, Roland
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Wilhelmsson, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Universities, knowledge transfer and regional development: Geography, entrepreneurship and policy2012In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 91, no 2, p. 477-479Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Armerin, Fredrik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    On some properties of elliptical distributions2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We look at a characterization of elliptical distributions in the case when finiteness of moments of the random vector is not assumed. Some additional results regarding elliptical distributions are also presented.

  • 5.
    Armerin, Fredrik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Random start American perpetual optionsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The valuation of American perpetual options with the property that they are only possible to exercise after a random time has occured are considered. One situation where this feature is present is when we want to value the real option of when to build on vacant land and we are waiting for a permit. This and a version of an abandonment option are our two applications of this model.

  • 6.
    Armerin, Fredrik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    The Conditional Quantile as a Minimizer2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    It is well known that a quantile is the solution to a minimization problem.We show that the conditional quantile with respect to a general -algebrais the solution to similar a minimization problem.

  • 7.
    Armerin, Fredrik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Waiting in real options with applications to real estate development valuation2016Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis two dierent problems regarding real options are studied. The rst paper discusses the valuation of a timing option in an irreversible investment when the underlying model is incomplete. It is well known that in a complete model there is no nite optimal time at which to invest if the underlying asset, in our case the value of the developed project, does not pay out any strictly positive cash ows. In an incomplete model, the situation is dierent. Depending on the market price of risk in the model, there could be an optimal nite investment time even though the underlying asset does not pay out any strictly positive cash ows. Several examples of incomplete models are analyzed, and the value of the investment opportunity is calculated in each of them. The second paper concerns the valuation of random start American perpetual options. This type of perpetuate American option has the feature that it can not be exercised until a random time has occured. The reason for studying this type of option is that it provides a way of modelling the initiating of a project, e.g. the optimal time to build on a piece of land, which can not occur until a permit, or some other form of clearance, is given. The random time in the project application represents the time at which the permit is given. Two concrete examples of how to calculate the value of random start options is given.

  • 8.
    Armerin, Fredrik
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Song, Han-Suck
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    On the use of implied yields in real option modellingManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In many applications of real options there is an assumption of complete capital markets. For the perpetual optimal timing option this means that if the underlying asset (e.g. a developed project) does not pay out any cash flows, then there is no finite optimal time at which the investment should be undertaken. In contrast, when the markets are incomplete, there could be a possibility of a finite optimal stopping time. We discuss the incomplete case in detail, connect it with yields and “implied yields” and give several examples of incomplete market models where could be a finite optimal time to invest.

  • 9.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Dynamics (Closed 20130101). KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Designing more effective political governance of turbulent fields: The case of healthcare2012In: Business Planning for Turbulent Times: New Methods for Applying Scenarios, Taylor and Francis , 2012, p. 131-146Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Dynamics (Closed 20130101). KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Designing more effective political governance of turbulent fields: The case of healthcare2010In: Business planning for turbulent times: New methods for applying scenarios / [ed] Rafael Ramirez, John W. Selsky & Kees van der Heijden, Earthscan , 2010, 2, p. 130-146Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Exploring tensions in projectified matrix organisations2009In: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 97-107Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today's economic systems are characterised by flexible specialisation driven by a growth of service-based firms, a servicification of manufacturing firms and projectification. There is therefore a growing number of matrix organisations being co-dependent on line organisations and projects. The study aims to advance theorising on such organisations by empirically studying the assumption that tensions act as drivers for managerial action in project organisations and that they constitute a foundation upon which theories may be built. The study shows that tensions are concerns in project organisations and that sources of tensions are primarily created by the coexistence of fundamentally different organising principles, the way employees identify themselves with either the line function or with projects and by competition for limited organisational resources. The study differentiates project-oriented organisations and project-based organisations from one another. The main contribution is to empirically study and validate Lundin and Soderholm's (1995) [Lundin, R. A., Et Soderholm, A. (1995). A theory of the temporary organisation. Scandinavian Journal of Management, 11, 437-455] theory on temporary organisation.

  • 12.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Skapa ett bankvänligt affärslandskap för mobila betalningar!2010Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Vi behöver ett nytt betalsystem!2009Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Birkinshaw, Julian
    London Business School.
    Identifying leading edge marketing capabilities in multinational organizations2004In: Knowledge flows, governance and the multinational enterprise: Frontiers in international management research / [ed] Volker Mahnke and Torben Pedersen, Palgrave Macmillan , 2004, p. 151-176Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Ekstedt, Eskil
    The growth of project organisation and its effects on working conditions2006In: Routes to a more open labour market / [ed] Jonas Olofsson and Maria Zavisic, National institute for working life / Arbetslivsinstitutet , 2006, p. 88-102Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Greater personal accountability for results, strict demands in terms of social skills, and increased personal responsibility for companies’ financial risks. These are the realities facing increasing numbers ofemployees when companies use project-based working methods.According to Niklas Arvidsson and Eskil Ekstedt, more and more people are working more and moreoften on a project basis. This is one of the most important long-term changes in Swedish business life,noting that, on one hand, project-based work can be engaging and inspiring, but that it is also characterized by specific time frames and performance requirements that create stress. Swedish companies arechanging rapidly in order to adapt to, or rather survive in, a neo-industrial economy. But projects imposean entirely new set of demands on employees, who are compelled to take individual responsibility fortheir advancement and careers, sometimes even to the point of assuming the company’s business risks.Project-based work puts the emphasis on performance, and a special sort of leadership evolves in thiscontext that does not necessarily incorporate human or social aspects.

  • 16.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Mannervik, Ulf
    The innovation platform: enabling balance between growth and renewal2009Report (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Mannervik, Ulf
    Värdeskapande innovationsmiljöer2005Report (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Movin, Staffan
    Ett tredelat ledarskap: ägares, styrelsers och ledningars ansvar för att skapa utvecklingsorienterade företag2004Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Normann, Richard
    People as care catalysts: from being patient to becoming healthy2006Book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Ohlsson, Lennart
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Sörmlands kapitalinfrastruktur: kartläggning av kapitalmarknadens aktörer och marknadsbrister2009Report (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Ohlsson, Lennart
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Tillväxtföretagen svälter ihjäl utan reformer för affärsänglar2008Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Ramirez, Rafael
    University of Oxford.
    Aesthetics of business innovation: experiencing "internal process" versus "external jolts"2005In: Innovation: management, policy & practice, ISSN 1447-9338, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 373-388Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper summarizes findings of a research project on business innovation. It contrasts two forms of innovation - those of 'internal process' and 'external jolt'.

    We propose that their deployment depends on how managers responsible for business innovation in large firms feel about, and sense and make sense of innovation. The felt-sensed form of innovation that they find appealing or with which they are comfortable, makes a big difference on what type of innovation process is actually put in place, and is sometimes manifested in the actual business model.

    Our ambition is to highlight these so-called 'non-rational' aspects in innovation decision-making that, we propose, complement - and sometimes shape - rational analyses determining managerial efforts to innovate.

  • 23.
    Azasu, Samuel
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Berggren, Björn
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Integrating research into teaching using constructive alignment2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the paper is to review and evaluate efforts to integrate research into teaching in a postgraduate degree program in real estate management at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden. The majority of the students in the program come from European countries, but a significant minority is from Asia. The long term goals of the changes were to increase graduation rates as well as the quality of dissertations. In order to validate our findings, the data for this paper emanate from a number of different sources, such as students’ course evaluations, students’ grades as well as interviews with students. The results show that the first cohort of students found it stressful when individual research writing was introduced towards the end of their studies, since they had very little practice and experience in research writing. With a more gradual and earlier introduction in teams, coupled with changes in assessment tasks, the second cohort found individual research writing less stressful and more beneficial. Performance in the second cohort has improved significantly. By creating a more aligned course design, students have spent more time on task, which is the most significant factor in creating a better learning environment.

  • 24.
    Bamzar, Roya
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    The nature and the geography of elderly injuries in Sweden2015In: GeoJournal, ISSN 0343-2521, E-ISSN 1572-9893, Vol. 80, no 2, p. 279-299Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study assesses the nature and the geography of elderly injuries in Sweden. The most dominant types of accidents affecting the elderly in their homes and near environments are identified by using county-specific data from 2001 to 2010 followed by a correlation analysis of possible environmental factors underlying patterns of falls among the elderly. Geographical information systems are used to map rates by type. Slipping, tripping and stumbling are the causes of more than half of cases of elderly falls in Sweden, and is more typical in the Northern counties. Findings also show there has been a rise in rates of elderly falls since 2001 in most of the Southern counties, especially in Östergötland and Skåne Counties. Population age and gender affect the ecology of geography of fall rates and counties experiencing long cold winters tend to show higher rates of indoor falls than those with warmer temperature across the year. The article finalizes with a discussion of the results and implication for future research.

  • 25.
    Bamzar, Roya
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    The nature and the geography of elderly injuries in Sweden2015In: GeoJournal, ISSN 0343-2521, E-ISSN 1572-9893, Vol. 80, no 2, p. 279-299Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study assesses the nature and the geography of elderly injuries in Sweden. The most dominant types of accidents affecting the elderly in their homes and near environments are identified by using county-specific data from 2001 to 2010 followed by a correlation analysis of possible environmental factors underlying patterns of falls among the elderly. Geographical information systems are used to map rates by type. Slipping, tripping and stumbling are the causes of more than half of cases of elderly falls in Sweden, and is more typical in the Northern counties. Findings also show there has been a rise in rates of elderly falls since 2001 in most of the Southern counties, especially in Östergötland and Skåne Counties. Population age and gender affect the ecology of geography of fall rates and counties experiencing long cold winters tend to show higher rates of indoor falls than those with warmer temperature across the year. The article finalizes with a discussion of the results and implication for future research.

  • 26.
    Berggren, Björn
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Banking and Finance. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Bankers relation till mindre företag: vad skapar goda relationer och vad kännetecknar dessa?2006In: Utveckling av kundrelationer i bank- och finansmarknader / [ed] Eriksson, Kent, Studentlitteratur , 2006, 1, p. 135-153Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Berggren, Björn
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Finansiering av mindre företag2007In: Mikrofinans - Ger fler småskaliga initiativ ökat globalt välstånd? / [ed] Söderberg, Inga-Lill, SparbanksAkademin , 2007, 1, p. 134-139Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Berggren, Björn
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Banking and Finance. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Role, motivation and criteria for success in private public partnerships: The case of housing finance for low-income households2010Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 29.
    Berggren, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Banking and Finance. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Edsbäcker, Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Fili, Andreas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Talia, Krim
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Oskarshamnsprojektet - Slutrapport fas 12008Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 30.
    Berggren, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Banking and Finance. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Fili, Andreas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Entreprenörskap och tillväxt i Högsby och Mönsterås: En förstudie2013Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 31.
    Berggren, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Fili, Andreas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Nyföretagandets villkor i Högsby och Mönsterås2013Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32.
    Berggren, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Fili, Andreas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Tillväxthinder och utvecklingsmöjligheter bland företagen i Högsby och Mönsterås2013Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 33.
    Berggren, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Fili, Andreas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    When things go wrong: Business angels' use of cues in judging their investment relations2008In: International Journal of Business Strategy, ISSN 1553-9563, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 48-58Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Business angels play an important role in the development and growth of many entrepreneurial ventures. They provide not only capital, but also much needed business know-how and connections to customers and other financiers that are pivotal for the success of the firm. The relationship between the business angel and the entrepreneurial team evolves over time, starting with a due diligence process and the formulation of a contract. In this paper we are interested in the post-investment phase of the relationship, and how the business angel abstracts different cues that the relationship is experiencing problems. From interviews with experienced business angels in very different settings and from very different backgrounds, six different cues have emerged as indicators that something is amiss in the relationship. These cues have the following themes; the outright rebellion, the strange report, missing deadlines, history revision, changing information flows and going underground. The majority of the business angels that we have interviewed claimed that these cues have different meanings and that some are more detrimental to the relationship than other. For instance, the outright rebellion and the urge to re-negotiate the contract are looked upon as serious breaches of the trust in the relationship. Strange reports and missing deadlines on the other hand, tend to activate the business angel and trigger some kind of action on his part, but initially with sustained trust.Earlier studies have used either the agent-principal approach or the procedural justice perspective when they have studied the relationship between investor and entrepreneur. Usually papers take one or the other as their point of departure for a study, where the first focuses on control and monitoring and the other on trust building initiatives. However, from our interviews it seems as though they complement each other in the relationship over time. When everything is going as planned the control and monitoring activities are kept at a minimum, with weekly or monthly progress reports, instead the trust building activities dominate. When a cue emerges, the trust building process comes to a halt and the control and monitoring activities gain the upper hand. Before the business angel has identified the problem and together with the entrepreneurial team worked out a solution, everything else is put on hold. Some time after the incident, control and monitoring activities will be higher than usual, before everything gets back to normal.The findings in this paper fit well within the theoretical framework put forward by Shepherd and Zacharakis (2001). In their model, they see communication as a moderating factor on the other three; commitment and consistency, being fair and just and obtaining a good fit between investor and entrepreneur. In our interviews it is clear that an open and frequent communication is a necessary condition for the development of a trusting relationship. Hence, most cues of a deteriorating relationship have to do with problems in communicating with each other.

  • 34.
    Berggren, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Fili, Andreas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Lundahl, Nicolaus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Silver, Lars
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Conflicts in business angel networks: An evolutionary perspective2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Berggren, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Banking and Finance.
    Fili, Andreas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Nordberg, Olle
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Experience of digital examination in Sweden: Some preliminary findings from three different perspectives2015In: INTED2015 Proceedings, iated Digital Library , 2015, p. 4001-4007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish higher educational system is under pressure. The competition from international universities is getting fiercer, and the demographical projections indicate that the number of students entering the university system is peaking right now. At the same time, the financial support from the government is decreasing. In order to stay competitive Swedish universities are trying to find strategies for using the scarce resources in the optimal way. The problem is to strike a balance between quality and efficiency.Over the past ten years a lot of improvement has been made within the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) regarding quality and innovation in education. Pedagogical courses are mandatory for the staff, and the merits of educational experience have been emphasized in hiring new staff members. Even though problem-based learning, constructive alignment and peer instruction are common in most courses today, some other aspects of education and learning remains the same. One such conservative trait has to do with written examinations. Since the founding of the university in 1827, all written examinations have been done using paper and pen at the Royal Institute of Technology. It is interesting to note that even the school of computer science is using paper and pen for their final written examinations. The problems with using paper and pen are numerous and includes; problems with reading and grading because of poor handwriting, distribution of exams between teachers in the same course, written exams getting lost, etc. In comparison with other parts of the educational system, little has happened to improve quality and efficiency when it comes to written examinations.During 2013 and 2014 a number of teachers initiated a project for increasing the efficiency in written exams. There was a general understanding that the final part of the courses consumed too much time and effort in relations to the other parts. Hence, new software for digital examinations was identified and a license was purchased. This paper summarizes the experiences that the teachers have made during this trial period. The experiences are divided between three different perspectives; the teachers, the students and the administrators. From the teachers perspective the experiences have been very positive – less time have been allocated to grading written exams, the grades are perceived as more just and the saved time can be spent on increasing the quality on other parts of the course. From a student perspective the experiences have been positive – most students are positive in that they get the results much quicker, that they can edit their answers on the exam easier and that the grades are more just. The experiences from the final perspective – that from the administrators’ point of view – are far more complex. Some parts of the administrative system encouraged the projects, whereas other parts tried to stop it, using different measures.The paper concludes with some advice on implementing changes in written exams, based on the experiences from the Swedish case.

  • 36.
    Berggren, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Banking and Finance.
    Fili, Andreas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Silver, Lars
    Umeå universitet.
    Innovation and entrepreneurship in local savings banks in Sweden: Revitalizing local capital markets2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Berggren, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Liljefrost, Emilia
    Nilsson, Annika
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Risk management strategies in housing finance: Three case studies of creating sustainable housing finance models for low-income households in developing countries2009In: International Journal of Business Research, ISSN 1555-1296, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 153-165Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the risk management strategies used by lenders to finance housing for low-income households in developing countries. Three case studies of housing finance representing three distinct typologies of local financial solutions are used to develop a model for risk management strategies. The provider of housing loans in a developing country must tackle three types of risk: development/production risk, maintenance/management risk, and income risk. Lenders use a risk management strategy that combines monitoring and trust to reduce the problems related to adverse selection and moral hazard. The study provides evidence that in creating a sustainable system for the home financing of low-income households, policymakers need to consider the comparative advantages that different lenders provide in their various roles. Furthermore, this paper fulfills an important role by combining the traditional banking and finance literature with theories concerning trust and social capital and by extending the analysis to encompass the topic of home financing for low-income households.

  • 38.
    Berggren, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Banking and Finance. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Lundahl, Nicolaus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Banking and Finance. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Silver, Lars
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Banking and Finance. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Vegholm, Fatima
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Banking and Finance. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Bankers finansiering av små och medelstora företag2009In: Finanssektorns rolli samhällsbyggandet / [ed] Eriksson, Kent och Söderberg, Inga-Lill, SparbanksAkademin , 2009, 1, p. 50-55Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Berggren, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Lundahl, Nicolaus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Silver, Lars
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Vegholm, Fatima
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Crisis management: Entrepreneurship and social capital in local business communities2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Berggren, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Banking and Finance. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Lundahl, Nicolaus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Banking and Finance. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Silver, Lars
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Banking and Finance. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Vegholm, Fatima
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Banking and Finance. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    The influence of banks' advice to SMEs on customer satisfaction: The case for regulation2010In: International Journal of Services and Operations Management, ISSN 1744-2370, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 200-214Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Berggren, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Lundahl, Nicolaus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Silver, Lars
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Vegholm, Fatima
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    You will get what you give: Entrepreneurs' images of their advisors2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Berggren, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Olofsson, Christer
    Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Financing SMEs in different stages of the business cycle: Analyzing the financial search activity of Swedish SMEs between 1991 and 20002009In: Proceedings of the 6th International AGSE Entrepreneurship Research Exchange / [ed] L. Murry Gillin, 2009, p. 309-323Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we analyse the financial search behaviour of small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) in Sweden over a ten-year period, 1991-2000. We use a cluster analysis based on the level of control aversion that the entrepreneurs display, and arrive at a four-cluster solution. The results show that when the economy turns down, entrepreneurs are forced to be more active in searching for additional sources of finance. When the economy recovers, the control aversive entrepreneurs reduce their efforts in trying to get external financing. We can also see the SMEs in rural areas have greater difficulties in attracting external financing. 

  • 43.
    Berggren, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Olofsson, Christer
    Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Silver, Lars
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Do too many cooks spoil the broth?: The effect of syndication on the performance of venture capitalists' portfolio firms in Sweden2006In: Regional Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research 2006: Proceedings of the 3rd International AGSE Entrepreneurship Research Exchange / [ed] L. Murry Gillin, 2006, p. 778-779Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Berggren, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Olofsson, Christer
    Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Silver, Lars
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Financing entrepreneurship in different regions: The failure to decentralize financing to regional centres in Sweden2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Berggren, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Banking and Finance.
    Olofsson, Christer
    Silver, Lars
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Learning to handle control aversion1999Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Berggren, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Olofsson, Christer
    Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Silver, Lars
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Syndication in the venture capital industry during different stages of the business cycle2005Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we describe and analyse the development of the Swedish venture capital industryand its syndication pattern during the years 1996–2004. These nine years can be divided intothree different stages in the business cycle. The period from 1996-1998 is considered to be aperiod of moderate growth, where the Swedish economy and capital market was stillrecovering from the crisis in the early 1990s. The level of investment and syndication wasrelatively low in comparison with the following years and the primary reason for syndicationwas that of sharing risks. In the overheated Swedish economy between 1999 and 2001 supplyof capital to early stage investments were plentiful and new venture capital firms entered themarket every month. Since capital was plentiful the investors was in constant search for newventures to invest in which made it easy for venture capitalists to find syndication partners fortheir second round financing at a good valuation. After the drastic downturn in the venturecapital industry in 2001 the level of investments was relatively low during 2002–2004. In all,the total number of investment during the period 2002–2004 was lower than during 2001.Furthermore, the investments during this period were to a large extent in the form ofsyndication. During the shake out period, the survivors of the industry were more prone to do first round syndications again. The sharing of monitoring costs and risk sharing were the mostcommon reasons for syndication in this period.

  • 47.
    Berggren, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Olofsson, Christer
    Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Silver, Lars
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    The development of the venture capital industry in Sweden2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Berggren, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Banking and Finance. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Olofsson, Christer
    SLU.
    Silver, Lars
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Banking and Finance. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    The effect of business cycles on entrepreneurial control aversion and the search for external financing in SMEs2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Berggren, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Olofsson, Christer
    Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Silver, Lars
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    The effect of business cycles on entrepreneurial control aversion and the search for external financing in SMEs2009In: International Journal of Business Strategy, ISSN 1553-9563, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 33-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes how different stages of the business cycle influence of level of control aversion displayed by entrepreneurs and how a changing economic climate affects financial search activity among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). By using empirical data from three postal surveys, we analyze the financial search behavior of SMEs in Sweden of a ten-year period, 1991-200. We use a cluster analysis based on the level of control aversion displayed by the entrepreneurs and arrive at a four-cluster solution. The results show that when the economy turns downward, entrepreneurs are forced to become more active in searching for additional sources of finance. When the economy recovers, the control-averse entrepreneurs reduce their efforts in trying to obtain external financing. We also find that SMEs in rural areas have greater difficulties in attracting external financing than do SMEs in metropolitan areas.

    It might not be possible to generalize this study to other settings because it is based on the Swedish cultural and legal context. Nevertheless, we believe that the situation faced by entrepreneurs in different stages of the business cycle is fundamentally the same, irrespective of context. This study provides evidence that policymakers need to take into account the comparative advantages and roles of various financiers in the financial infrastructure surrounding SMEs. This paper fulfills an important role in analyzing the effect of a changing economic climate on the level of control aversion among entrepreneurs.

  • 50.
    Berggren, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Banking and Finance. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Olofsson, Christer
    SLU.
    Silver, Lars
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Banking and Finance. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    The effect of syndication on the performance of venture capitalists’ portfolio firms: The Swedish case2009Conference paper (Refereed)
12345 1 - 50 of 219
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