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  • 1. Alkmim, M. H.
    et al.
    Cuenca, J.
    De Ryck, L.
    Göransson, Peter
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, MWL Marcus Wallenberg Laboratoriet. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Model-based acoustic characterisation of muffler components and extrapolation to inhomogeneous thermal conditions2018Ingår i: Proceedings of ISMA 2018 - International Conference on Noise and Vibration Engineering and USD 2018 - International Conference on Uncertainty in Structural Dynamics, KU Leuven - Departement Werktuigkunde , 2018, s. 3009-3020Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A methodology for evaluating the acoustic behaviour of two-port inhomogeneous media in experimentally unavailable thermal conditions is proposed. The method consists of an inverse estimation of the geometrical and material properties of the object at room temperature followed by a forced thermal input. The properties of interest for the inverse estimation are the spatially-varying cross-section and/or bulk properties. The underlying model relies on a transfer matrix approach, allowing for a representation of spatially inhomogeneous objects as piece-wise equivalent homogeneous fluids, while ensuring continuity conditions between successive elements. A model of non-stationary thermal conduction is used as a first approximation, where an integral formulation accounts for the cumulative effect of multiple homogeneous elements. In order to evaluate the validity of the extrapolation, a validation against a fully numerical simulation is presented in two cases, namely a simple expansion chamber and a complex muffler. 

  • 2.
    Bhat, Sriharsha
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Fordonsdynamik.
    Davari, Mohammad Mehdi
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Fordonsdynamik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Nybacka, Mikael
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Fordonsdynamik. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Integrated Transport Research Lab, ITRL.
    Study on energy loss due to cornering resistance in over-actuated electric vehicles using optimal control2017Ingår i: SAE International Journal of Vehicle Dynamics, Stability, and NVH - V126-10, 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    As vehicles become electrified and more intelligent in terms of sensing, actuation and processing; a number of interesting possibilities arise in controlling vehicle dynamics and driving behavior. Over-actuation with in- wheel motors, all wheel steering and active camber is one such possibility, which facilitate the control strategies that push boundaries in energy consumption and safety. Optimal control can be used to investigate the best combinations of control inputs to an over-actuated system. This paper shows how an optimal control problem can be formulated and solved for an over-actuated vehicle case, and highlights the translation of this optimal solution to a real-world scenario, enabling intelligent means to improve vehicle efficiency. This paper gives an insight into the Dynamic Programming (DP) as an offline optimal control method that guarantees the global optimum. Therefore the optimal control allocation to minimize an objective function and simultaneously fulfill the defined constraints can be achieved. As a case study the effect of over-actuation on the cornering resistance were investigated in two different maneuvers i.e. step steer and sine with dwell, where in both cases the vehicle assumes to be in steady state situation. In this work the cornering resistance is the main objective function and maintaining the reference trajectory is the constraint which should be fulfilled. A parameter study is conducted on the benefits of over-actuation, and depending on the type of over-actuation about 15% and 50% reduction in cornering resistance were observed during step steer and sine with dwell maneuver respectively. From a second parameter study that focused on COG position from a safety perspective, it is more beneficial for the vehicle to be designed to under-steer than over-steer. Finally, a method is described to translate the offline optimal results to vehicle implementable controllers in the form of both feed-through lookup-tables and rule-based feed-forward control.

  • 3.
    Bouchouireb, Hamza
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    O'Reilly, Ciarán J.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Göransson, Peter
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Schöggl, Josef-Peter
    University of Graz, Institute of Systems Sciences Innovation & Sustainability Research, Austria.
    Baumgartner, Rupert J.
    University of Graz, Institute of Systems Sciences Innovation & Sustainability Research, Austria.
    Potting, José
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    The inclusion of vehicle shape and aerodynamic drag estimations within the life cycle energy optimisation methodology2019Ingår i: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 84, s. 902-907Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present work describes a widening of the scope of the Life Cycle Energy Optimisation (LCEO) methodology with the addition of shape-related design variables. They describe the curvature of a vehicle which impacts its aerodynamic drag and therewith its operational energy demand. Aerodynamic drag is taken into account through the estimation of the drag coefficient of the vehicle body shape using computational fluid dynamics simulations. Subsequently, the aforementioned coefficient is used to calculate the operational energy demand associated with the vehicle. The methodology is applied to the design of the roof of a simplified 2D vehicle model which is both mechanically and geometrically constrained. The roof is modelled as a sandwich structure with its design variables consisting of the material compositions of the different layers, their thicknesses as well as the shape variables. The efficacy of the LCEO methodology is displayed through its ability to deal with the arising functional conflicts while simultaneously leveraging the design benefits of the underlying functional alignments. On average, the optimisation process resulted in 2.5 times lighter and 4.5 times less life cycle energy-intensive free shape designs. This redesign process has also underlined the necessity of defining an allocation strategy for the energy necessary to overcome drag within the context of vehicle sub-system redesign.

  • 4.
    Bouchouireb, Hamza
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    O'Reilly, Ciarán J.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Göransson, Peter
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Schöggl, Josef-Peter
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design. University of Graz, Institute of Systems Sciences Innovation & Sustainability Research, Austria.
    Baumgartner, Rupert J.
    University of Graz, Institute of Systems Sciences Innovation & Sustainability Research, Austria.
    Potting, José
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Towards holistic energy-efficient vehicle product system design: The case for a penalized continuous end-of-life model in the life cycle energy optimisation methodology2019Ingår i: 22nd International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED19, Cambridge University Press, 2019, Vol. 1, s. 2901-2910Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Life Cycle Energy Optimisation (LCEO) methodology aims at finding a design solution that uses a minimum amount of cumulative energy demand over the different phases of the vehicle's life cycle, while complying with a set of functional constraints. This effectively balances trade-offs, and therewith avoids sub-optimal shifting between the energy demand for the cradle-to-production of materials, operation of the vehicle, and end-of-life phases. The present work describes the extension of the LCEO methodology to perform holistic product system optimisation. The constrained design of an automotive component and the design of a subset of the processes which are applied to it during its life cycle are simultaneously optimised to achieve a minimal product system life cycle energy. A subset of the processes of the end-of-life phase of a vehicle’s roof are modelled through a continuous formulation. The roof is modelled as a sandwich structure with its design variables being the material compositions and the thicknesses of the different layers. The results show the applicability of the LCEO methodology to product system design and the use of penalisation to ensure solution feasibility.

  • 5.
    Bouchouireb, Hamza
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Pignier, Nicolas
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    O'Reilly, Ciarán J.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Boij, Susann
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, MWL Marcus Wallenberg Laboratoriet.
    Dahan, Jeremy A.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design. Siemens PLM, United Kingdom.
    Identification of noise sources on a realistic landing gear using numerical phased array methods applied to computational data2017Ingår i: 23rd AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2017Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The aerodynamic sound sources on a realistic landing gear are investigated using numerical phased array methods, based on array data extracted from compressible Detached-Eddy Simulations of the flow. Assuming monopole or monopole in a moving medium propagation, the sound sources are identified in the source region through various beamforming approaches: dual linear programming (dual-LP) deconvolution, orthogonal beamforming and CLEAN-SC. The predicted source locations are in good agreement with previous experimental results performed on the same nose landing gear configuration by industrial and academic partners within the ALLEGRA project. Additionally, the modeled sources are used to generate far-field spectra which are subsequently compared to the ones obtained with the Ffowcs Williams-Hawkings acoustic analogy. The results of the dual-LP approach show a good match between the far-field spectra up to a certain frequency threshold cor- responding to the quality of the mesh used. The results demonstrate the potential of numerical phased array methods as a legitimate modeling tool for aeroacoustic simulations in general and as a tool to gain insight into the noise generation mechanisms of landing gear components in particular. 

  • 6.
    Cameron, Christopher J.
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Nordgren, Eleonora Lind
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Wennhage, Per
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Göransson, Peter
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    On the balancing of structural and acoustic performance of a sandwich panel based on topology, property, and size optimization2014Ingår i: Journal of Sound and Vibration, ISSN 0022-460X, E-ISSN 1095-8568, Vol. 333, nr 13, s. 2677-2698Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Balancing structural and acoustic performance of a multi-layered sandwich panel is a formidable undertaking. Frequently the gains achieved in terms of reduced weight, still meeting the structural design requirements, are lost by the changes necessary to regain acceptable acoustic performance. To alleviate this, a design method for a multifunctional load bearing vehicle body panel is proposed which attempts to achieve a balance between structural and acoustic performance. The approach is based on numerical modelling of the structural and acoustic behaviour in a combined topology, size, and property optimization in order to achieve a three dimensional optimal distribution of structural and acoustic foam materials within the bounding surfaces of a sandwich panel. In particular the effects of the coupling between one of the bounding surface face sheets and acoustic foam are examined for its impact on both the structural and acoustic overall performance of the panel. The results suggest a potential in introducing an air gap between the acoustic foam parts and one of the face sheets, provided that the structural design constraints are met without prejudicing the layout of the different foam types.

  • 7.
    Cameron, Christopher John
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Lättkonstruktioner. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Design of Multifunctional Body Panels for Conflicting Structural and Acoustic Requirements in Automotive Applications2011Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past century, the automobile has become an integral part of society, with vastincreases in safety, refinement, and complexity, but most unfortunately in mass. Thetrend of increasing mass cannot be maintained in the face of increasingly stringentregulations on fuel consumption and emissions.The body of work within this thesis exists to help the vehicle industry to take a stepforward in producing vehicles for the future in a sustainable manner in terms of botheconomic and ecological costs. In particular, the fundamentally conflicting requirementsof low weight and high stiffness in a structure which should have good acousticperformance is addressed.An iterative five step design method based on the concepts of multifunctionality andmultidisciplinary engineering is proposed to address the problem, and explained witha case study.In the first step of the process, the necessary functional requirements of the systemare evaluated. Focus is placed on the overall system behavior and diverted from subproblems.For the case study presented, the functional requirements included: structuralstiffness for various loading scenarios, mass efficiency, acoustic absorption, vibrationaldamping, protecting from the elements, durability of the external surfaces,and elements of styling.In the second step of the process, the performance requirements of the system wereestablished. This involved a thorough literature survey to establish the state of theart, a rigorous testing program, and an assessment of numerical models and tools toevaluate the performance metrics.In the third step of the process, a concept to fulfil requirements is proposed. Here, amulti-layered, multi-functional panel using composite materials, and polymer foamswith varying structural and acoustic properties was proposed.In the fourth step of the process, a method of refinement of the concept is proposed.Numerical tools and parameterized models were used to optimize the three dimensionaltopology of the panel,material properties, and dimensions of the layers in a stepwisemanner to simultaneously address the structural and acoustic performance.In the fifth and final step of the process, the final result and effectiveness of the methodused to achieve it is examined. Both the tools used and the final result in itself shouldbe examined. In the case study the process is repeated several times with increasingdegrees of complexity and success in achieving the overall design objectives.In addition to the design method, the concept of a multifunctional body panel is definedand developed and a considerable body of knowledge and understanding is presented.Variations in core topology, materials used, stacking sequence of layers, effects ofperforations, and air gaps within the structure are examined and their effects on performanceare explored and discussed. The concept shows promise in reducing vehicleweight while maintaining the structural and acoustic performance necessary in the contextof sustainable vehicle development.

  • 8.
    Cameron, Christopher John
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Lättkonstruktioner. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Lind, Eleonora
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Lättkonstruktioner. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Wennhage, Per
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Lättkonstruktioner. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Göransson, Peter
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, MWL Numerisk akustik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Proposal of a Methodology for Multidisciplinary Design of Multifunctional Vehicle Structures including an Acoustic Sensitivity Study2009Ingår i: International Journal of Vehicle Structures & Systems, ISSN 0975-3060, Vol. 1, nr 1-3, s. 3-15Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, a design methodology is proposed, wherein tools and knowledge from the areas of structural design, numerical optimization, and noise, vibration and harshness (NVH) engineering are combined into a single toolbox for vehicle design. The methodology attempts to address the topic of sustainable development from both economic and environmental perspectives within the vehicle industry. A brief review of the topics of NVH and numerical optimization is given for the purposes of disseminating knowledge. Finite element codes for predicting structural and acoustic response are implemented within the iterative design methodology, which is explained for generic problems. Specific focus is placed on the need for understanding functional requirements of the entire system rather than its components. The methodology is implemented in an automotive case study. The results in terms of design solution and development framework are evaluated and discussed. As part of this evaluation, and integral to the design process, an acoustic sensitivity analysis of the final solution is performed and the results are presented.

     

     

  • 9.
    Cameron, Christopher John
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Lättkonstruktioner. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Lind Nordgren, Eleonora
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Lättkonstruktioner. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Wennhage, Per
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Lättkonstruktioner. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Göransson, Peter
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, MWL Strukturakustik.
    A Design Method using Toplogy, Property, and Size Optimization to Balance Structural and Acoustic Performance of Sandwich Panels for Vehicle ApplicationsManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 10.
    Cameron, Christopher John
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Lättkonstruktioner. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Lind Nordgren, Eleonora
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Lättkonstruktioner. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Wennhage, Per
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Lättkonstruktioner. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Göransson, Peter
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, MWL Numerisk akustik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Material Property Steered Structural and Acoustic Optimization of a Multifunctional Vehcile Body PanelManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Conventional vehicle passenger compartments often achieve functional requirements using a complex assembly of components. As each component is optimized for a single task, the assembly as a whole is often suboptimal in achieving the system performance requirements. In this paper, a novel iterative design approach based on using a multi-layered load bearing sandwich panel with integrated acoustic capabilitiesis developed focusing on material properties and their effecton the systems behavior. The proposed panel is meant to fulfilmultiple system functionalities simultaneously, thus simplifying the assembly and reducing mass. Open cell acoustic foams are used to achieve acoustic performance, and the effect of altering the stacking sequence as well as introducing an air gap within the acoustic treatment is studied in detail to determine effects on the acoustic and structural performance of the panel as a whole.

  • 11.
    Cameron, Christopher John
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Wennhage, Per
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Göransson, Peter
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Rahmqvist, Sven
    Saab Automobile AB, Technical Integration Engineer - Body Structure and Closures, Noise & Vibration Center, Sweden.
    Structural-acoustic Design of a Multi-functional Sandwich Panel in an Automotive Context2010Ingår i: Journal of Sandwich Structures and Materials, ISSN 1099-6362, E-ISSN 1530-7972, Vol. 12, nr 6, s. 684-708Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the design and weight optimization of a multi-functional vehicle body panel in an automotive context. An existing vehicle design has provided functional design requirements regarding static, dynamic, and acoustic behavior of the components of a car roof. A novel, multifunctional panel is proposed which integrates the component requirements present in a traditional roof system within a single module. The acoustic properties of two configurations of the novel panel are examined using numerical methods including advanced poro-elastic modeling tools compatible with Nastran, and compared with numerical results of a finite element model of the existing construction.

  • 12.
    Cameron, Christopher
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Lättkonstruktioner. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Lind, Eleonora
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, MWL Numerisk akustik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Wennhage, Per
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Lättkonstruktioner. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Göransson, Peter
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, MWL Numerisk akustik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Balancing structural and acoustic performance of sandwich panels for vehicle applications with topology, property, and size optimization2010Ingår i: 7th Asian-Australasian Conference on Composite Materials 2010, ACCM 2010, ACCM-7 Organizing Committee , 2010, Vol. 2, s. 835-838Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Within this paper, a process for the design of a multifunctional sandwich body panel for vehicle applications is proposed. The method, presented with a case study, attempts to achieve a balance between structural and acoustic performance using numerical tools for topology optimization and combined size and property optimization. The goal of the work is to achieve an optimal distribution of traditional sandwich foam material and light weight acoustic foam within the core of the panel. The significance of the coupling between the panels inner face sheet and the acoustic foam is examined and proves to be a critical parameter in the design. An adaptation to existing topology optimization schemes is proposed to deal with the presence or absence of such a coupling. The results show promise in simplifying construction, reducing weight, and streamlining the assembly process.

  • 13.
    Carbonne, Louis
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Efraimsson, Gunilla
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Winkler, Niklas
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Use of Full Coupling of Aerodynamics and Vehicle Dynamics for Numerical Simulation of the Crosswind Stability of Ground Vehicles2016Ingår i: SAE International Journal of Commercial Vehicles, ISSN 1946-391X, E-ISSN 1946-3928, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 359-370Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The prediction in the design phase of the stability of ground vehicles subject to transient crosswinds become of increased concern with drag reduced shapes, lighter vehicles as well as platooning. The objective of this work is to assess the order of model complexity needed in numerical simulations to capture the behavior of a ground vehicle passing through a transient crosswind. The performance of a full-dynamic coupling between aerodynamic and vehicle dynamic simulations, including a driver model, is evaluated. In the simulations a feedback from the vehicle dynamics into the aerodynamic simulation is performed in every time step. In the work, both the vehicle dynamic response and the aerodynamic forces and moments are studied. The results are compared to a static coupling approach on a set of different vehicle geometries. Five car-type geometries and one simplified bus geometry are evaluated. The aerodynamic loads and moments are obtained using Detached Eddy Simulation (DES) where the motion of the vehicle is enabled using an overset mesh technique. This motion is calculated with a single-track model, including a driver model and handling two degrees of freedom, namely lateral translation and yaw motion.

    The results show that for vehicles undertaking large yaw moments and therefore large yaw motions, like the bus-type geometry, the full dynamic coupling is beneficial. In this case, a static coupling overestimates the aerodynamic loads and in turn the vehicle motion. On less crosswind sensitive vehicles, like the car-type geometries, the full-coupling approach does not modify the results in a significant way compared to a static coupling.

  • 14.
    Casanueva, Carlos
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Spårfordon. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Alonso, Asier
    Department of Applied Mechanics, CEIT, Donostia-San Sebastián, Spain.
    Giménez, José Germán
    TECNUN, University of Navarra, Donostia-San Sebastián, Spain.
    Influence of Bearing Flexibility in Rail Vehicle Dynamics2015Ingår i: The international Journal of railway technology, ISSN 2049-5358, E-ISSN 2053-602X, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 47-67Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Dynamic multibody models for railway vehicles usually assume that the stiffness of the bearings is much higher than that of the primary suspension, neglecting their effect whatsoever. This assumption might not be entirely valid for high speed vehicles, where the primary suspension is stiffer than other rail vehicles; or for more complex systems such as variable gauge wheelsets, where the whole mechanic system might have a higher than expected flexibility. In this paper, a model to obtain the stiffness of a typical configuration of railway bearings is developed and applied to both a high speed vehicle bearing set and a variable gauge wheelset bearing set. The results show that the reduction of lateral stiffness as a result of bearing flexibility can reach up to 35% of its theoretical value. This massive reduction has a major influence on the prediction of the dynamic behaviour of these vehicles, e.g. critical speed or curving performance.

  • 15.
    Casanueva, Carlos
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Enblom, Roger
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg.
    Stichel, Sebastian
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg.
    Berg, Mats
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg.
    On integrated wheel and track damage prediction using vehicle-track dynamic simulations2017Ingår i: Proceedings of the Institution of mechanical engineers. Part F, journal of rail and rapid transit, ISSN 0954-4097, E-ISSN 2041-3017, Vol. 231, nr 7, s. 775-785Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The renewal costs for wheels and rails are a substantial part of the costs for rolling stock operators and infrastructure managers all over the world. The causes for reprofiling or grinding are, in most cases, related to the following: (1) wheel or rail profiles with unacceptable wear, (2) appearance of rolling contact fatigue cracks in the surface, and (3) wheel flats caused by locking wheels during braking. The first two causes are related to the dynamic behavior of the vehicle-track system, and can be predicted using multibody simulations. However, there are several limitations that restrain the usefulness of these prediction techniques, such as simulation time constraints, necessary simplifications, and lack of experimental data that lead to educated assumptions. In this paper, we take the end-user perspective in order to show whether the latest developments in wheel-rail damage prediction can be integrated in a simplified framework, and subsequently used by the different stakeholders for an improved management of the different assets involved in the operation of rail vehicles.

  • 16.
    Davari, Mohammad Mehdi
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Fordonsdynamik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    A tyre model for energy studies in vehicle dynamics simulations2015Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 17.
    Davari, Mohammad Mehdi
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Fordonsdynamik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Jerrelind, Jenny
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Fordonsdynamik.
    Stensson Trigell, Annika
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Fordonsdynamik.
    Drugge, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Fordonsdynamik.
    A Multi-Line Brush Based Tyre Model to Study the Rolling Resistance and Energy Loss2015Ingår i: Proceedings of 4th International Tyre Colloquium: Tyre Models for Vehicle Dynamics Analysis, Guildford, UK (2015), 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aim to develop a three dimensional multi-line brush based tyre model for investigating the rolling resistance and energy loss in tyres. The losses in the model are characterised by the external losses originated from the sliding phenomenon in the tyre contact patch, and the internal losses due to the tyre viscoelastic nature which is employed by a rubber model. The Extended Brush tyre Model (EBM) proposed in this work can be used to estimate the dissipated energy and the rolling resistance under different driving manoeuvres and wheel conditions. This paper focuses on the estimation of energy loss and in-plane rolling resistance.

  • 18.
    Davari, Mohammad Mehdi
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg.
    Jerrelind, Jenny
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg.
    Stensson Trigell, Annika
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg.
    Drugge, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg.
    Extended Brush Tyre Model to Study Rolling Loss in Vehicle Dynamics Simulations2017Ingår i: International Journal of Vehicle Design, ISSN 0143-3369, E-ISSN 1741-5314, Vol. 73, nr 4, s. 255-280Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a semi-physical tyre model that enables studies of rolling loss in combination with vehicle dynamic simulations. The proposed model, named extended brush tyre model (EBM), takes the effects of driving conditions, wheel alignment, and tyre materials into account. Compared to the basic brush tyre model, EBM includes multiple numbers of lines and bristles as well as integrated rubber elements into the bristles. The force and moment characteristics of the model are shown to have a good correlation with the Magic Formula tyre model and experimental data. The numerically estimated rolling resistance coefficients under different conditions are compared to findings in the literature, FE-simulations and experiments. The model can capture some aspects that are not covered by the available literature and experimental observations such as camber effect on rolling loss. EBM can be used as a platform for future studies of rolling loss optimisation using active chassis control.

  • 19.
    Davari, Mohammad Mehdi
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Fordonsdynamik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Jerrelind, Jenny
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Fordonsdynamik.
    Stensson Trigell, Annika
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Fordonsdynamik.
    Edrén, Johannes
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Fordonsdynamik.
    Investigating the Potential of Wheel Corner Modules in Reducing Rolling Resistance of Tyres2014Ingår i: Proceedings of FISITA "14 World Automotive Congress, Maastricht, Netherlands (2014), 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The improvement in tire rolling efficiency is one of the key elements to optimize the fuel economy and thereby reduce the vehicle emissions. Earlier efforts to reduce the rolling resistance have mainly been focusing on new materials in the tire compounds. The overall research aim of this study is to present the potentials ofimplementing innovative chassis concepts with the focus on Wheel Corner Modules (WCM) by describing thepossibilities in affecting rolling resistance and relating them to previous research findings. The core idea of theconcept is to actively control and actuate all degrees of freedom in the wheel i.e. implementing steering,suspension and propulsion functions into a unique module which can be implemented in each corner of the vehicle. Using this concept the limitations of traditional wheel kinematics can be resolved extensively. This article presents the first step towards creating a vehicle simulation model that can show how the WCM functionality can influence the rolling resistance. A model of loss is chosen after analysing the behaviour of three different rubber models and then implemented into a brush tire model. An effective way, but less complicatedcompared to current methods, to introduce the loss into tire model is presented. In conventional suspensions, thedesign is compromising between for example safety, comfort and rolling resistance, etc. at all drivingconditions. However, using the WCM, the possibility of achieving a better compromise between those objectivesis possible. Finally, based on WCM functionalities a plausible control architecture is proposed.

  • 20.
    Dowling, Luke
    et al.
    Trinity College Dublin.
    Mao, Huina
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, MWL Marcus Wallenberg Laboratoriet.
    Flanagan, Lara
    Trinity College Dublin.
    Kennedy, John
    Trinity College Dublin.
    Rice, H J
    Trinity College Dublin.
    Göransson, Peter
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Cuenca, Jacques
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. Siemens Industry Software, Leuven Belgium.
    A combined design-manufacturing-testing investigation of micro- to macro-scale tailoring of open poroelastic materials based on perturbed kelvin cell micro-geometries2018Ingår i: Proceedings of ISMA 2018 - International Conference on Noise and Vibration Engineering and USD 2018 - International Conference on Uncertainty in Structural Dynamics, 1177 , 2018, s. 1163-1177Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 21.
    Drugge, Lars
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Fordonsdynamik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Juhlin, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Aerodynamic loads on buses due to crosswind gusts: extended analysis2010Ingår i: Vehicle System Dynamics, ISSN 0042-3114, E-ISSN 1744-5159, Vol. 48, s. 287-297Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this work is to use inverse simulations on measured vehicle data in order to estimate the aerodynamic loads on a bus when exposed to crosswind situations. Tyre forces, driver input, wind velocity and vehicle response were measured on a typical coach when subjected to natural crosswind gusts. Based on these measurements and a detailed MBS vehicle model, the aerodynamic loads were estimated through inverse simulations. In order to estimate the lift force, roll and pitch moments in addition to the lateral force and yaw moment, the simulation model was extended by also incorporating the estimation of the vertical road disturbances. The proposed method enables the estimation of aerodynamic loads due to crosswind gusts without using a full scale wind tunnel adapted for crosswind excitation.

  • 22.
    Favre, Tristan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Diedrichs, Ben
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Spårfordon.
    Efraimsson, Gunilla
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Aeroakustik.
    Detached-Eddy Simulations Applied to Unsteady Crosswind Aerodynamics of Ground Vehicles2010Ingår i: PROGRESS IN HYBRID RANS-LES MODELLING, Berlin: SPRINGER-VERLAG , 2010, Vol. 111, s. 167-177Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Crosswind stability is an important safety issue for manufacturers of cars, buses and rail vehicles. Since side wind conditions are unsteady phenomena they require time-dependent techniques to simulate the flow. In this study, a hybrid RANS-LES methods, Detached-Eddy Simulation, is applied to evaluate headwind and unsteady crosswind situations for a simple model of car. A grid refinement study is carried out to evaluate the accuracy of the calculations. Convergence in the force coefficients while refining the grid suggests that a certain level of grid convergence is reached. A similar conclusion is drawn from the unsteady simulations.

  • 23.
    Favre, Tristan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Aerodynamik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Efraimsson, Gunilla
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Aeroakustik.
    An Assessment of Detached-Eddy Simulations of Unsteady Crosswind Aerodynamics of Road Vehicle2011Ingår i: Flow Turbulence and Combustion, ISSN 1386-6184, E-ISSN 1573-1987, Vol. 87, nr 1, s. 133-163Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    An extensive study of the mesh requirements when simulating unsteady crosswind aerodynamics for industrial applications is conducted and reported in this article. Detached-Eddy Simulations (DES) of a simple car geometry under headwind, steady crosswind and time-dependent wind gust are analysed for different meshes and flow cases using a commercial software, STAR-CD. The typical Reynolds number of the cases studied is 2.0x106 based on the vehicle length. Mesh requirements for capturing the time development of the flow structures during a gust is provided. While respecting these requirements, the aerodynamic coefficients can be reliably calculated. Using turbulence methods like DES in order to resolve the flow scales provides a significant insight for designing a ground vehicle and, due to the reasonable computational times involved, can be incorporated in a design process in a near future.

  • 24.
    Favre, Tristan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Aerodynamik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Efraimsson, Gunilla
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Aeroakustik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Detached-Eddy Simulations of the Effects of Different Wind Gust Models on the Unsteady Aerodynamics of Road Vehicles2010Ingår i: ASME 2010 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting collocated with 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels (FEDSM2010), 2010, s. 2605-2614Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Therelative flexibility of nowadays simulation techniques offers an alternative wayto experiments in order to investigate unsteady crosswind aerodynamics inan industrial framework. In this study, time-accurate simulations, Detached-Eddy Simulations(DES), are used to simulate the flow around a simplevehicle shape, the so-called Windsor model. The ReL of thecorresponding flow case is 2.0 · 106. The influence ofdifferent deterministic models of wind gusts on the aerodynamic loadsand moments are studied. The wind gusts are varied inthe stream-wise and the vertical direction. The magnitude of thegusts models corresponds to a yaw angle of 20°. Theaerodynamic loads calculated show a large excess of drag coupledwith a reduction of the pitch moment. In addition, althoughthe side force has a smooth variation in the gust,overshoots up to 18% higher than the steady value ofyaw moment are also observed.

  • 25.
    Favre, Tristan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Aerodynamik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Efraimsson, Gunilla
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Aeroakustik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Numerical study of design alterations affecting the crosswind characteristics of a generic road vehicle model2010Ingår i: Eighth World MIRA International Vehicle Aerodynamics Conference, 2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 26.
    Favre, Tristan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Aerodynamik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Efraimsson, Gunilla
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Diedrichs, B.
    Numerical Investigation of Unsteady Crosswind Vehicle Aerodynamics using Time-Dependent Inflow Conditions2008Ingår i: Seventh World MIRA International Vehicle Aerodynamics Conference, 2008Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Transient disturbances concerning ground vehicles are not only due to rail or road irregularities but are also caused by unsteady ambient wind conditions. This study presents a numerical investigation of unsteady crosswind aerodynamics by using the commercial software STAR-CD from CD-Adapco. The unsteadiness of the aerodynamics is introduced through time-dependent inflow boundary conditions that describe a jet flow according to Schlichting [1]. The purpose of this study is to explore the validity of the commonly used numerical methods (URANS and DES) for the current crosswind application. To this end, simplified vehicle geometries are utilized, for which the experimental results of Chadwick et al. [2] are used as reference data.

  • 27.
    Favre, Tristan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Efraimsson, Gunilla
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Elofsson, Per
    Scania AB, Truck Chassis Development,Sweden.
    Detached-eddy simulations for steady and unsteady crosswind aerodynamics of ground vehicles2011Ingår i: 20th AIAA Computational Fluid Dynamics Conference 2011, 2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents Detached-Eddy Simulations (DES) of two generic vehicle models with different design characteristics and different Re numbers under steady and unsteady crosswind conditions. The good agreement with the experimental data available on the first model in gusty conditions demonstrates the capabilities of the combination of transient boundary data together with DES to accurately simulate unsteady crosswind ows for ground vehicles. The second geometry serves to evaluate whether polyhedral meshes with a second order upwind scheme, that is a numerical framework usually employed for RANS in industry, can be used for DES on crosswind ows. The results with the polyhedrals show comparable results with the reference hexahedral mesh and can be effciently used to provide some insights on complex unsteady ows.

  • 28.
    Favre, Tristan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Näfver, Jonas Jarlmark
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Jerrelind, Jenny
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Stensson Trigell, Annika
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Efraimsson, Gunilla
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Static coupling between detached-eddy simulations and vehicle dynamic simulations of a generic road vehicle model with different rear configurations in unsteady crosswind2016Ingår i: International Journal of Vehicle Design, ISSN 0143-3369, E-ISSN 1741-5314, Vol. 72, nr 4, s. 332-353Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, aerodynamic loads of a generic car model obtained from advanced computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations are coupled to a vehicle dynamics model to enable the assessment of the on-road response. The influence of four rear configurations is studied. The different configurations yield large differences in yaw moments and side forces, which in turn result in considerable discrepancies in lateral displacements as well as yaw rates. From the simulations, it is seen that through balancing the location of the centre of pressure, the stiffness of the suspension bushings and the cornering stiffness of the tyres, it is possible to obtain stable vehicles in strong crosswind conditions for all four rear designs. The results show that monitoring the location of the aerodynamic centre of pressure with respect to the centre of gravity and the neutral steer point is essential for the possibility of designing stable vehicles in transient crosswind.

  • 29.
    Futrzynski, Romain
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Alenius, Emma
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Efraimsson, Gunilla
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Reduction of the wake of a half-cylinder using a pair of plasma actuatorsManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, the effect of plasma actuators on separated flows is studied via Large Eddy Simulations (LES) of the incompressible flow over a half-cylinder at a Reynolds number of 32*10^3. One plasma actuator is modeled by a steady body force distribution which is able to replicate the effect of the actuator in a quiescent environment without adding any significant complexity to the numerical simulations. This model is applied at two locations in order to simulate a pair of plasma actuators placed on the surface of the halfcylinder, separated by 20 degrees. Several simulations have been performed with the pair of actuators placed at different angles on the half-cylinder, and the drag reduction is reported for each configuration. It is determined that the actuation is able to achieve up to 10% of drag reduction when one actuator from the pair is placed a few degrees downstream of the separation point of the non-actuated flow. Mean flow quantities obtained in the wake and on the surface of the half-cylinder reveal that the reduction in drag is coupled to a reduction in the size of the recirculating zone as well as a delay of the separation point of up to 10 degrees.

  • 30.
    Futrzynski, Romain
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Alenius, Emma
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Efraimsson, Gunilla
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Study of Plasma Actuator Efficiency by Simulation of the Detached Flow Over a Half-Cylinder2016Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, the effect of a numerical model for plasma actuators, in the form of single dielectric barrier discharge, is evaluated. One such plasma actuator is modeled by a steady body force distribution able to replicate the effect of the actuator in a quiescent environment without adding any significant complexity to the numerical simulations. This model is used in Large Eddy Simulations (LES) of the flow over a half-cylinder at a Reynolds number of 32000 , where the actuation is expected to yield a measurable drag reduction. The flow without actuation is first analyzed by mesh refinement and by evaluation of different flow quantities in order the validate the simulation results. Thereafter, the model is used to simulate two actuators placed on the half-cylinder one after another and at four locations chosen so that the mean separation point of the non-actuated flow lies betweenthe two actuators. It is determined that the actuation is able to achieve up to 10% of drag reduction, although this value decreases to 6% when the actuation location is moved.

  • 31.
    Futrzynski, Romain
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Efraimsson, Gunilla
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Analysis of the wake of a half-cylinder by dynamic mode decompositionManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the dynamic structures in the wake of a half-cylinder protruding from the ground. This relatively simple and smooth geometry allows to create a signicant wake, yet the the location of the detachment point is not predictable from the geometry. The flow over the half-cylinder has a Reynolds number of 32*10^3. It is considered to be incompressible and is simulated by Large Eddy Simulations (LES). The flow field is first described in terms of the time-averages of velocity, pressure, and turbulent kinetic energy. This is the most traditional way to study turbulent flows, and it enables to identify the recirculation regions upstream and downstream of the half-cylinder. The locations of separation and reattachment are also obtained. Then, dynamic structures are extracted by means of dynamic mode decomposition (DMD). The DMD modes have the particularity to oscillate in time at a single given frequency, which renders the dynamics of the flow field more intelligible. It is found that despite a broadband spectrum, all the DMD modes reveal the same type of phenomenon that varies only in scale. By observing the modes at different frequencies, vortices can be followed from their creation in the upstream recirculation region. As they are convected downstream, they merge with bigger and bigger vortices, until they are big enough to influence the whole wake.

  • 32.
    Futrzynski, Romain
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Efraimsson, Gunilla
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Dymode: A parallel dynamic mode decomposition software2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Dymode is a parallel program that computes dynamic mode decompositions. The code is written in C++ and relies on a number of libraries. Several parameters can be specified in order to control the computational aspects of the program as well as the input and output of the decomposition, particularly how the modes are sorted. Finally, dymode is almost entirely parallel and is therefore particularly suitable for computing the dynamic mode decomposition of large datasets.

    The dymode package also includes dymodem, a Matlab implementation of the code which accepts the same arguments as dymode, when they are relevant, and produces the same output. It can be useful to use dymodem when dealing with smaller datasets, or to validate the output from dymode.

  • 33.
    Futrzynski, Romain
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Efraimsson, Gunilla
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Effect of a SDBD on the drag of a half-submerged cylinder in crossflow2014Ingår i: ASME 2014 4th Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting, FEDSM 2014, Collocated with the ASME 2014 12th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, 3 August 2014 through 7 August 2014, ASME Press, 2014, Vol. 1CKonferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the effect of a SDBD-type plasma actuator on the flow over a half-submerged cylinder is investigated numerically. The actuator is modeled via a body force, which is steady in time and where an exponential decay in space is assumed. First, the parameters in the numerical actuator model are determined for the case of no flow by optimization relative to experimental data. Thereafter, numerical solutions for the case with flow are studied numerically with and without actuation. A grid study is performed to check that the flow structures are resolved in both space and time. The effect of the actuator is examined. Although no significant change is observed when using the optimized parameters, using a stronger body force yields a reduction in drag of the order of 5%.

  • 34.
    Futrzynski, Romain
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Efraimsson, Gunilla
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Numerical simulation of a plasma actuator on a half-submerged cylinder2013Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper Large Eddy Simulations are used to study the reduction of drag that can be achieved on a half-submerged cylinder by using a type of plasma actuator: the single dielectric barrier discharge. Two body force models, one based on an exponential decrease of the force away from the plasma, the other based on a simplified electric field between the electrodes, are compared to experimental values when the actuator is positioned at the apex of the cylinder in an otherwise quiescent environment. The cylinder is then put in a crossflow, and the exponential-based model, which gives the velocity profiles the closest to the experimental data, is used to simulate the effect of the plasma actuator on such a flow. The reduction in drag is changed as the position of the actuator is varied.

  • 35.
    Futrzynski, Romain
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Weng, Chenyang
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, MWL Marcus Wallenberg Laboratoriet. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Boij, Susann
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Hanifi, Ardeshir
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Efraimsson, Gunilla
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Numerical study of the Stokes layer in oscillating channel flowManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Oscillating turbulent channel flows present particular physics that proves to be particularly difficult to understand. In this paper, a case where the amplitude of the oscillations at the center of the channel is approximately 15% of the mean velocity and the dimensionless angular forcing frequency is 0.01 was studied using several numerical methods. DNS was performed to serve as reference to which the results from an LES were compared. The LES data was post-processed using both phase averaging and the more recent dynamic mode decomposition (DMD), which extracts coherent structures based on their frequency. It was found that the DMD is not able to extract faint harmonic components of the oscillations, which have been observed with phase averaging and Fourier transforms. It is, however, able to extract accurate profiles of the mean and forcing frequency quantities. Compared to the DNS, the accuracy of the LES results was similar to analytical models, although no single model gives accurate result for every quantity investigated.  

  • 36.
    Färm, Anna
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, MWL Strömningsakustik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Boij, Susann
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    The Effect of Boundary Layers on Bulk Reacting Liners at Low Mach Number Flows2013Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Sound absorbing linings are effective noise treatments in many applications in order to meet noise emission requirements. Stricter noise requirements set harder demands on the performance of the liners, why better prediction models of their performance have to be developed. As of today, several models to predict the sound reducing properties in the presence of flow exist and are shown to give diverging absorption properties for locally reacting liners exposed to high Mach number flows. The effect of flow on absorption properties is often seen as an issue that only needs to be addressed at high Mach number flows. In this paper, the existing models are applied to bulk reacting liners exposed to low Mach number flows and the resulting absorption coefficients are compared. Predictions of absorption coefficients clearly show that the effect of flow needs to be considered also at low Mach number flows and that the difference between the prediction models is indeed significant at low Mach number flows. This shows the importance in choosing the correct model for a specific application in order to avoid introducing erroneous prediction on the effect of flow. This study thus gives well-grounded evidence of the importance to include flow effects in modeling of sound absorptive linings even at low Mach number flows.

  • 37.
    Gaborit, Mathieu
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, MWL Marcus Wallenberg Laboratoriet. Université du Maine, Le Mans France.
    Göransson, Peter
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, MWL Numerisk akustik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, MWL Marcus Wallenberg Laboratoriet. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design. Centre for ECO2 Vehicle Design.
    Dazel, Olivier
    Université du Maine, Le Mans France.
    Simplification of the transfer matrix model for acoustic screens2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 38.
    Göransson, Peter
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, MWL Numerisk akustik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Exploring multi-functionality in poro-elastic materials with consideration given to some aspects related to the influence of scale, shape and space2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 39.
    Göransson, Peter
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, MWL Marcus Wallenberg Laboratoriet. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Cuenca, Jacques
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, MWL Marcus Wallenberg Laboratoriet. Siemens Industry Software, Leuven Belgium.
    Lähivaara, Timo
    University of Eastern Finland.
    Parameter estimation in modelling frequency response of coupled systems using a stepwise approach2019Ingår i: Mechanical systems and signal processing, ISSN 0888-3270, E-ISSN 1096-1216, Vol. 126, s. 161-175Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the problem of parameter estimation in resonant, acoustic fluid-structure interaction problems over a wide frequency range. Problems with multiple resonances are known to be subjected to local minima, which represents a major challenge in the field of parameter identification. We propose a stepwise approach consisting in subdividing the frequency spectrum such that the solution to a low-frequency subproblem serves as the starting point for the immediately higher frequency range. In the current work, two different inversion frameworks are used. The first approach is a gradient-based deterministic procedure that seeks the model parameters by minimising a cost function in the least squares sense and the second approach is a Bayesian inversion framework. The latter provides a potential way to assess the validity of the least squares estimate. In addition, it presents several advantages by providing invaluable information on the uncertainty and correlation between the estimated parameters. The methodology is illustrated on synthetic measurements with known design variables and controlled noise levels. The model problem is deliberately kept simple to allow for extensive numerical experiments to be conducted in order to investigate the nature of the local minima in full spectrum analyses and to assess the potential of the proposed method to overcome these. Numerical experiments suggest that the proposed methods may present an efficient approach to find material parameters and their uncertainty estimates with acceptable accuracy.

  • 40.
    Göransson, Peter
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, MWL Numerisk akustik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Lind Nordgren, Eleonora
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, MWL Marcus Wallenberg Laboratoriet. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Vibro-acoustic energy propagation in anisotropic, anelastic porous materials2014Ingår i: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Structural Dynamics, EURODYN 2014, 2014, s. 83-90Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Historically, the modelling of the acoustics of poro-elastic materials (APEMs) has assumed the materials to be isotropic in both their elastic as well as their acoustic properties including the dissipative mechanisms related to viscous, inertialand thermal interactions. While this is a reasonable approximation when the absorption of sound is of interest, it fails to provide meaningful results for most foamed materials in general and for certain sets of boundary conditions involving elastic contact with solids or other APEMs in particular. A general modelling of fully anisotropic APEMs will be reviewed and taken as a starting point for a series of numerical experiments focussing on aspects of propagation of vibro-acoustic energy, in a homogeneous layer as well as in multiple layer arrangements. From previous works it is known that the influence of anisotropy may be quite significant, in particular for structure-borne vibro-acoustic energy. In addition, it is known that the alignment of principal directions may have substantial influence on the transmission of vibro-acoustic energy. These findings will be recalled in order to prepare for a discussion on the aspects of the directional dependence of the anelastic moduli which will be the core of the presentation at the conference. Real material tensors may be constructed from a superposition of these anisotropic contributions, in the most general case, not necessarily sharing the same principal directions. Starting from these fully anisotropic constitutive tensors with general symmetry properties, studies of optimal alignment between conservative and dissipative tensors, as well as between different materials in various configurations of interest, will be illustrated in the lecture.

  • 41.
    Hammar, Johan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    O'Reilly, Ciarán J.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Efraimsson, Gunilla
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Simulation of aerodynamically generated noise propagation using the wave expansion method2016Ingår i: 22nd AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference, 2016Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    A numerical method to simulate aerodynamically generated sound and its propagation is presented in this paper. The flow is solved using both analytical expressions and numer- ical methods. The aeroacoustic source terms are then defined by using the aeroacoustic analogies of Lighthill, Ffowcs-Williams and Hawkings, Powell and Howe, and are evaluated from the flow solutions. The acoustic propagation with these sources is then performed using the wave expansion method. This is a discretization method suitable for solving wave propagation through inhomogeneous potential flows. Two different cases are considered in the study, a co-rotating vortex pair and the flow around a 2D cylinder at Re=150. The fo- cus of the work presented is to show a robust introduction of aeroacoustic sources in a wave expansion acoustic propagation solution procedure. The numerical results are compared to experimental and numerical results from other studies of the same configurations. 

  • 42.
    Hammar, Johan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    O'Reilly, Ciarán J.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Efraimsson, Gunilla
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Simulation of aerodynamically generated sound using hybrid aeroacoustic methods2015Ingår i: 10th European Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering, Euronoise, 2015, s. 521-526Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    A numerical method to simulate aerodynamically generated sound and its propagation is presented in this paper. The transient flow field solution is established using a compressible 2D Navier 6WRNHV VROYHU 7KH VRXUFH WHUPV DUH WKHQ GHILQHG E\ XVLQJ +RZH V vortex sound aeroacoustic analogy and are evaluated from the flow solutions. The propagation of acoustic waves from these sources is then performed using the wave expansion method (WEM). This is a discretization method suitable for solving wave propagation through inhomogeneous potential flows. The method is tested on a flow of a rectangular open cavity. The flow conditions are a free stream Mach number of M=0.5 and Reynolds number of Re=1500.. The numerical results are compared to experimental and numerical results from other studies of the same configuration. 

  • 43.
    Herbst, A H
    et al.
    Bombardier Transportation, Sweden.
    Muld, T W
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Efraimsson, Gunilla
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Aerodynamic prediction tools for high-speed trains2014Ingår i: International Journal of Rail transportation, ISSN 2324-8378, E-ISSN 2324-8386, Vol. 2, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    With high-speed trains, the need for efficient and accurate aerodynamic prediction tools increases, since the influence of the aerodynamics on the overall train performance raises. New requirements on slipstream velocities and head pressure pulse in the revised Technical Specification for Interoperability (TSI) for train speeds higher than 190 km/h are more challenging to fulfil for wide-body trains, like the Green train concept vehicle Regina 250, as well as higher trains, like double-deck trains. In this paper, we give an overview of the results from a project within the Green train programme, where the objective was to increase the knowledge on slipstream air flow of wide body trains at high speeds, to understand the implications of the new requirements on the front shape and to develop a prediction methodology in order to take this into account early in the design cycle. In addition, the front design was in parallel optimized with respect to head pressure pulse and drag.

  • 44. Hodzic, Erdzan
    et al.
    Alenius, Emma
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Duwig, Christophe
    Szasz, R. S.
    Fuchs, Laszlo
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    A Large Eddy Simulation Study of Bluff Body Flame Dynamics Approaching Blow-Off2017Ingår i: Combustion Science and Technology, ISSN 0010-2202, E-ISSN 1563-521X, Vol. 189, nr 7, s. 1107-1137Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The mechanisms leading to blowoff were investigated numerically by analyzing bluff body stabilized flame at two conditions: a condition far from blowoff to a condition just prior to blowoff. Large eddy simulations have been used to capture the time dependent, three-dimensional evolution of the field. The results were first validated to available experimental data, showing very good agreement for the flow and overall good agreement for the flame. Changes in the large-scale structures are investigated by means of proper orthogonal decomposition and the wavelet method, elucidating the underlying dynamics of the complex flow-flame interaction of a flame approaching blowoff. Our results reveal that, when the flame approaches blowoff conditions, significant changes are found in the large-scale structures responsible for entrainment of species into the recirculation zone located downstream of the bluff body. Possible causes of this shift in large-scale structures are also discussed, which may be useful for extending the blowoff limits of bluff body stabilized burners.

  • 45.
    Hossein Nia, Saeed
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Spårfordon.
    S. Sichani, Matin
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Spårfordon. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Järnvägsgruppen, JVG.
    Casanueva, Carlos
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Spårfordon. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Stichel, Sebastian
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg.
    Wheel life prediction model – an alternative to the FASTSIM algorithm for RCF2018Ingår i: Vehicle System Dynamics, ISSN 0042-3114, E-ISSN 1744-5159, Vol. 56, nr 7, s. 1051-1071Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, a wheel life prediction model considering wear and rolling contact fatigue (RCF) is developed and applied to a heavy-haul locomotive. For wear calculations, a methodology based on Archard's wear calculation theory is used. The simulated wear depth is compared with profile measurements within 100,000km. For RCF, a shakedown-based theory is applied locally, using the FaStrip algorithm to estimate the tangential stresses instead of FASTSIM. The differences between the two algorithms on damage prediction models are studied. The running distance between the two reprofiling due to RCF is estimated based on a Wohler-like relationship developed from laboratory test results from the literature and the Palmgren-Miner rule. The simulated crack locations and their angles are compared with a five-year field study. Calculations to study the effects of electro-dynamic braking, track gauge, harder wheel material and the increase of axle load on the wheel life are also carried out.

  • 46.
    Hossein Nia, Saeed
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Spårfordon.
    Stichel, Sebastian
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Spårfordon. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Järnvägsgruppen, JVG.
    Casanueva, Carlos
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Spårfordon. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Nordmark, Thomas
    STUDY OF THE LONG TERM EVOLUTION OF LOW-RCF WHEEL PROFILES FOR LKAB IRON-ORE WAGONS2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 47.
    Jank, Merle-Hendrikje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg.
    O'Reilly, Ciarán J.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Göransson, Peter
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Baumgartner, Rupert J.
    University of Graz, Institute of Systems Sciences Innovation & Sustainability Research, Austria.
    Schöggl, Josef-Peter
    University of Graz, Institute of Systems Sciences Innovation & Sustainability Research, Austria.
    Potting, José
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms). PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, The Netherlands.
    Advancing energy efficient early-stage vehicle design through inclusion of end-of-life phase in the life cycle energy optimisation methodology2017Ingår i: 12th International Conference on Ecological Vehicles and Renewable Energies Conference, EVER, 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Environmentally-friendly energy-efficient vehicles are an important contributor to meet future global transportation needs. To minimise the environmental impact of a vehicle throughout its entire life cycle, the life cycle energy optimisation (LCEO) methodology has been proposed. Using the proxy of life cycle energy, this methodology balances the energy consumption of vehicle production, operation and end-of-life scenarios. The overall aim is to design a vehicle where life cycle energy is at a minimum. While previous work only included vehicle production and operation, this paper aims at advancing the LCEO methodology by including an end-of-life phase. A simplified design study was conducted to illustrate how vehicle design changes when end-of-life treatment is included. Landfilling, incineration and recycling have been compared as end-of-life treatments, although the focus was put on recycling. The results reveal that the optimal design not only changes with the inclusion of an end-of-life phase but it changes with specific end-of-life treatment. 

  • 48.
    Jerrelind, Jenny
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Fordonsdynamik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Lopez Arteaga, Ines
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Fordonsdynamik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Drugge, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Fordonsdynamik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Kari, Leif
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, MWL Marcus Wallenberg Laboratoriet.
    Effects of non-linear wheel suspension bushing on vehicle response2012Ingår i: Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conferences And Computers And Information In Engineering Conference, Vol 6, ASME Press, 2012, s. 615-622Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This work presents an analysis of the effects of non-linear characteristics of a top mount bushing in the wheel suspension of a vehicle when evaluating vehicle characteristics such as comfort and handling. The investigation is performed by comparing simulation results from a quarter car model when using a non-linear bushing model and an approximated linear bushing model. It is revealed when analysing the results that there are differences in the response when comparing measures such as sprung mass acceleration, rattle space ratio and tyre-ground contact force. The conclusion is that the more detailed bushing model mainly affects the acceleration levels especially at high frequencies where the linear model underestimates the acceleration. The rattle space ratio and tyre-ground contact force are also affected but not to the same extent.

  • 49. Kazemahvazi, S.
    et al.
    Schneider, Christof
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Deshpande, V. S.
    A constitutive model for self-reinforced ductile polymer composites2015Ingår i: Composites. Part A, Applied science and manufacturing, ISSN 1359-835X, E-ISSN 1878-5840, Vol. 71, s. 32-39Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Self-reinforced polymer composites are gaining increasing interest due to their higher ductility compared to traditional glass and carbon fibre composites. Here we consider a class of PET composites comprising woven PET fibres in a PET matrix. While there is a significant literature on the development of these materials and their mechanical properties, little progress has been reported on constitutive models for these composites. Here we report the development of an anisotropic visco-plastic constitutive model for PET composites that captures the measured anisotropy, tension/compression asymmetry and ductility. This model is implemented in a commercial finite element package and shown to capture the measured response of PET composite plates and beams in different orientations to a high degree of accuracy.

  • 50.
    Kierkegaard, Axel
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, MWL Marcus Wallenberg Laboratoriet.
    Boij, Susann
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, MWL Marcus Wallenberg Laboratoriet. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Efraimsson, Gunilla
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Aeroakustik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    A frequency domain linearized Navier-Stokes equations approach to acoustic propagation in flow ducts with sharp edges2010Ingår i: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, ISSN 0001-4966, E-ISSN 1520-8524, Vol. 127, nr 2, s. 710-719Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Acoustic wave propagation in flow ducts is commonly modeled with time-domain non-linear Navier-Stokes equation methodologies. To reduce computational effort, investigations of a linearized approach in frequency domain are carried out. Calculations of sound wave propagation in a straight duct are presented with an orifice plate and a mean flow present. Results of transmission and reflections at the orifice are presented on a two-port scattering matrix form and are compared to measurements with good agreement. The wave propagation is modeled with a frequency domain linearized Navier-Stokes equation methodology. This methodology is found to be efficient for cases where the acoustic field does not alter the mean flow field, i.e., when whistling does not occur.

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