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  • 1.
    Af Geijerstam, Jan
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Landscapes of Technology Transfer: Swedish Ironmakers in India 1860–18642004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    In the early 1860s three Swedes, Nils Wilhelm Mitander,Julius Ramsay and Gustaf Wittenström, were engaged by theBritish to build and run charcoal-based ironworks in India.These works, the Burwai Iron Works of the British Government inthe case of Mitander and the privately owned Kumaon Iron Worksin the case of Ramsay and Wittenström, were both to bebased on the most modern European technology. The projects werepioneering in Indian ironmaking. The ambitions were high andstakes big, but after only a few years the projects were closedand the Swedes returned home.Landscapes of Technology Transferpresents a detailedstudy of the Kumaon and Burwai Iron Works, from their firstconception to their final closure. The investigation isbasically empirical and a fundamental question is: Why were theworks never brought into full and continuous production?

    The ironworks projects should be considered as processes oftechnology transfer rather than fully fledged and completedtransfers. In spite of this lack of success, or maybe becauseof it, the history of the ironworks and the Swedes also forms afruitful case to put other questions of wide relevance. Itexposes workings and effects of colonialism and offers anexplanation of the late development of India's iron and steelindustry and analyses of the complex totality forming theprerequisites for a successful transfer of technology. The longtraditions of bloomery ironmaking in India and ismarginalisation is also discussed.

    Landscapes of Technology Transferis a comprehensiveempirical study. From a local and individual perspective ittraces lines of connection across boundaries of time andgeography. The historical landscapes of technology transfer aredescribed in their cultural, social, economic and politicaldimensions and the thesis underlines the importance of a closeacquaintance with local settings and conditions, where historyis manifested in a physical presence. The remains of theironworks and theirlocal landscapes in present-day India areused as a central source for writing their histories. There isalso a strong emphasis on the use of photographs and drawingsas sources.

    The outcome of the projects was the result of the interplaybetween the local and the global, between a diversity ofconcrete factors influencing the construction of the works andtheir running and their colonial character. The studyemphasises the importance of technological systems andnetworks, both on a micro and a macro level. On a local leveldemanding logistics, a sometimes adverse climate, theprocurement of charcoal and iron ore in sufficient quantitiesand the build up of knowledge of ironmaking posed serious butnot insurmountable difficulties. Most obstacles were overcomealready during the first few years of the 1860s, the period ofthe Swedes, but to put the works into full and continuousproduction would have needed perseverance and purposefulefforts to support and protect the iron production, at leastduring an initial period. In the end the position of India as acolonial dependency, subjected to the primacy of Britishinterests, set the limits of the projects.

    Key words:History of technology, industrial heritagestudies, industrial archaeology, technology transfer,diffusion, technological systems, landscapes of technology,iron and steel, charcoal iron, direct and indirect ironmaking,bloomeries, 19th century, industrial history,industrialisation, de-industrialisation, underdevelopment,colonialism, India, Sweden, Great Britain, global history,annales.

  • 2.
    Alsterdal, Lotte
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    The Duke of Uncertainty -Aspects of Professional Skill2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [sv]

    The Duke of Uncertainty - Aspects of Professional Skillis a dissertation whose title is a literary metaphor designedto draw attention to encounters with unforeseen problems anddilemmas at work.

    The first part of the dissertation presents the skill andtechnology tradition that has developed over the last twentyyears through explorative case studies. These have covered theskills of various occupational groups, such as processoperators in the paper-and-pulp and chemicals industries,managers and systems engineers working on real timeapplications in specialized knowledge intensive firms as wellas doctors and nurses.

    The theoretical perspective is the epistemology of skillfocusing on the phenomenon of tacit knowledge. This has itsroots in Wittgenstein's philosophy of language as developed bythe philosophers Allan Janik and Kjell S. Johannessen.

    The methodological framework develops indirect analogicalthinking which is a prerequisite for knowledge based onexperience, through exemplification.

    The empirical part of the work shows knowledge offamiliarity among members of an occupational group with lowformal training but extensive practical experience, namelyassistant nurses. A comparative analysis is undertaken inrelation to previous case studies in the field of skill andtechnology aimed at occupational groups with high formaleducational qualifications.

    A particular aspect to which attention is drawn is therhythm in work that unites occupational groups regardless ofeducational background. Occupational skill is treated as acapacity developed to find rhythm in action when confrontedwith situations that are hard to handle. The dissertationconsiders aspects that can be tried out in other occupationalarenas and paves the way for identifying phenomena in workinglife that hinder the development of rhythm in work.

    The dissertation contributes to the setting-up ofundergraduate-level training for groups of people who have notpreviously had access to higher education, and aims tointroduce new aspects into the development of analoguethinking.

    Key words: practical versus theoretical knowledge, skillof epistemology, tacit knowledge, comparative case study,literary metaphor, analogical thinking, indirect method,occupational training.

  • 3.
    Andersson Gustafsson, Gunilla
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Scenbyte2001Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 4.
    Andersson Gustafsson, Gunilla
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    The inner theatre in learning: en studie om kunskapsväxandet inom hantverk2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 5.
    Aniander, Magnus
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Blomgren, Henrik
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Handberg, Leif
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA.
    Investigating a new production technique: the case of digital printing1997In: Journal of prepress and printing technology, ISSN 1365-7321, Vol. 1, p. 30-38Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Backström, Tomas
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Environmental Technology and Work Science.
    Hemphälä, Jens
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    EFFECTS OF FOUR DIFFERENT TYPES OF LEARNING ORGANISATIONS2004In: International Journal of Human Resources Development and Management, ISSN 1465-6612, E-ISSN 1741-5160Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Barchéus, Fredrik
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Mårtensson, Lena K
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    New air traffic management systems: views of air traffic controllers2003In: IFAC 8th Symposium on Automated Systems Based on Human Skill and Knowledge / [ed] Stahre, Johan & Mårtensson, Lena, Göteborg: Chalmers tekniska högskola , 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Bauner, David
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    International Private and Public Reinforcing Dependencies for the Innovation of Automotive Emission Control Systems in Japan and USA2004Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the beginning of the 1970s, the economies of USA and Japan were growing fast. The larger, sprawling cities had suffered from pollution and congestion for some years. A number of distinctive environmental incidents and growing evidence of the negative effects of air pollution caused the respective governments to act   in  order   to   limit  pollution.  As  passenger   car  emissions  were   found   to  be   significant  and   rapidly increasing, their reduction was specially targeted. Initial steps had been taken in the 1960s, but air quality problems  and   increasing  vehicle   fleets  populating   the  cities  called   for  substantially   reduced  emissions. Investigations and entrenched political discussions resulted in requirements for the vehicle manufacturers to reduce the emissions of carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrocarbons (HC) with 90 % until 1975, and nitrogen oxides (NOx) with 90 % by 1976.  These requirements were first presented in USA and soon adapted to fit in the Japanese regulatory framework, known in both countries as the "Muskie Act" or "Muskie Law" after the senator who developed the bill passed by US Congress in 1968.

  • 9.
    Bauner, David
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Laestadius, Staffan
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    The Introduction of the Automotive Catalytic Converter in Chile2003In: Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, ISSN 0022-5258, E-ISSN 1754-5951, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 157-199Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The regional Special Commission for Decontamination of Chile's capital, Santiago, was formed in 1990. The issue of regulating passenger car emissions was one of the first initiatives on the commission's agenda, empowering a group of consultants and administrators to set up a structure for the transition in legal, economic, and commercial terms. In April 1992 the first car with a catalytic converter was sold as unleaded petrol became available, and from 1 September the same year a decree required every new car in the capital regions to be equipped with a catalytic converter. Chile thus introduced the automotive catalytic converter in little more than a year. It is argued that the critical factors for this process were the effective and efficient adoption and adaptation of foreign technology, policy, and market space, Chile's common understanding of the need to reduce emissions, and prevalent strong economic growth permitting widespread car ownership and renewal.

  • 10.
    Berg von Linde, Rikard
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Making process models usable2001Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 11. Berggren, C.
    et al.
    Laestadius, Staffan K.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Co-development and composite clusters - the secular strength of Nordic telecommunications2003In: Industrial and Corporate Change, ISSN 0960-6491, E-ISSN 1464-3650, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 91-114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the 1980s and 1990s Finland and Sweden were on the international frontier in telecommunications, pioneering the first-generation cellular system and leading in the development of the second generation. This strength in telecommunications has developed under various regulatory regimes in a complex industrial history; going back to the nineteenth century. To account for this Fenno-Swedish telecom trajectory, the article starts out with Porter's model of industrial competitiveness and theories of public procurement, and then focus the attention and analysis in two directions: (i) the historical role of advanced, research-intensive users and competitive public-private development pairs; and (ii) the emergence and significance of a composite binational clusters and their local agglomerations in the accelerated industry growth in the 1990s.

  • 12.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Brulin, Göran
    Arbetslivsinstitutet.
    Laestadius, Staffan
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Den globaliserade ekonomins regionala paradox1999In: Ekonomisk Debatt, Vol. 27, no 6, p. 335-347Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Brulin, Göran
    Arbetslivsinstitutet.
    Laestadius, Staffan
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Generella faktorer eller handlande subjekt1999In: Ekopnomisk Debatt, Vol. 27, no 8, p. 544-550Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Laestadius, Staffan
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Slå vakt om svensk telekomindustri2000Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 15.
    Bernotat, Knut
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Sandberg, Thomas
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Biomass fired small-scale CHP in Sweden and the Baltic States: a case study on the potential of clustered dwellings2004In: Biomass and Bioenergy, ISSN 0961-9534, E-ISSN 1873-2909, Vol. 27, no 6, p. 521-530Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden as well as the three Baltic states has an abundant supply of biomass, mostly wood waste. Much of it goes into district heating (DH), which has expanded continuously since the first system started 50 years ago. DH now accounts for 43% of the heating consumption and a further expansion is possible in many directions. Firstly existing DH systems can be enlarged, secondly DH can be upgraded to combined heat and power (CHP) to a much larger extent, thirdly new DH (and CHP) systems can be implemented in many smaller places down to 1000 inhabitants or less. The last alternative, biomass and especially pellets fired small-scale cogeneration in combination with local heating networks, is the topic for this paper. It presents a method to estimate the potential for small-scale DH and CHP and results from a "test" area in southeast Sweden. The method estimates local heat demand using databases with individual and statistical property data. It identifies areas with clusters of buildings where the heat demand is enough to implement decentralized small DH networks if possible in combination with small-scale CHP. In the event for Swedish circumstances very sparsely populated test area of 36 x 48 km(2) with around 8000 inhabitants, the total heat consumption in residential buildings is estimated to 84 GWh. When we have identified the areas with clusters of buildings, we have set the minimum heat consumption in such an area to 500 MW h. The area size is varied in 250 m steps from 250 x 250 m(2) to 1000 x 1000 m(2). For the four area sizes, the method then identifies and locates 30, 38, 38,30, respectively, clustered areas with a potential for small-scale DH and CHP worth investing closer.

  • 16.
    Björing, Gunnar
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Ergonomics in the wood-working industry1998Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
  • 17.
    Blomgren, Henrik
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Arbetsfördelningen i produktionskedjan: mellan underleverantörer och köpande företag1997Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    This study takes its starting point in what seems to be acommon opinion in industry: the trend for more and more work,product development activities in particular, to be handled bysuppliers. Today this is often discussed as a trend towardsincreased outsourcing and words like lean supply, partnershipand co-operation in the supply chain have become popular todescribe what is happening. A critical view on these trends isthe starting point of this study.

    The overall question in this study is: what is influencingthe allocation of work, product development work in particular,within a supply chain? Literature and three deep case studiesis the base of the study. Earlier research discussed is thenetwork approach within marketing, the transaction costapproach, literature on purchasing, strategic supply andproduct development.

    Three important aspects of the overall question arediscussed: the product (specifications in particular), theorganizational context and the time dimension. Arising fromthese three aspects is a discussion on what influence on theallocation of product development within a supply chain canlook like.

    An important theoretical result of the study is that anapproach on how to study the changes of allocation of work inthe supply chain, as a make-or-buy decision problem, should becomplemented with studies like this one. A seldom articulatedpresumption, that influence could be reduced to a decision,must be broadened. By influencing the product, the organizationand earlier happenings both within and between the companies itis possible to get influence on the allocation of work withinthe supply chain. That kind of influence can be achievedoutside a "decision-room". It could even be achieved before anydecision of changed allocation of work have been made.

    A practical result of the study, and a complement to thetrend scenario, is that an often stated advice to suppliers,"to-start-your-own-department-for-product-development", shouldbe given some nuances. It is not necessary to employ a designengineer to take part in the product development work of thecustomers. It is possible for a supplier to use hismanufacturing knowledge in his customers developmentprocess.

    Keywords:buyer-supplier relationship, allocation ofwork, product development, influence, time, products,organizational context, supply-chain, outsourcing.

  • 18.
    Blomgren, Henrik
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Technological Development in deregulated markets : What we can learn from telecom, energy, railway and defense sectors2004Report (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Mulrinational firms and the choice of foreign production or exports: The case of Sweden1998In: Wirtschaftspolitische Blätter, Vol. 6, p. 570-577Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    On the role of knowledge capital in firm perfromance: Empirical evidence from Swedish firms in the engineering industry1997In: Revue d'Economie Industrielle, Vol. 81, p. 9-22Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Carlsson, Bo
    Industry clusters in Ohio and Sweden, 1975-19951999In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 12, p. 279-293Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Bria, Aurelian
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Signals, Sensors and Systems.
    Flament, Maxime
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Gessler, Fredrik
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Queseth, Olav
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Signals, Sensors and Systems.
    Stridh, Rickard
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Signals, Sensors and Systems.
    Unbehaun, Matthias
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS.
    Wu, Jiang
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Zander, Jens
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Wireless at KTH.
    Overall design of 4th Generation Wireless Infrastructures (4GW)2002Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An important factor contributing to this uncertainty is that we have very limited knowledge about the future environment in which a fourth generation wireless infrastructure should function. Which of today's systems will still exist when a potential 4G infrastructure is deployed? Which systems and solutions will be considered successful then? What technical bottlenecks will be apparent ten years from now? What market impact will third generation wireless systems have? How will this affect user behavior, and user demands? How much money do prospective users have available to pay for services provided over this infrastructure? This paper presents some of the conclusion of of the Fourth Generation Wireless Infrastructure project (4GW) of the Personal Computing and Communications program (PCC), the major Swedish academic research effort on future communications systems launched in late 1997(1). The vision of the PCC project has been "Personal Multimedia to everyone at today's prices for fixed telephony". In 4GW a scenario-based approach has been used to tackle the issue of identifying reasonable research topics. In the paper we will present this method, and demonstrate how it interfaces with traditional research methods in the fields that the 4GW project incorporates. We will also give an overview of some research results from the project. Finally, we will conclude these results as a vision of what fourth generation wireless infrastructures might become

  • 23.
    Bria, Aurelian
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Signals, Sensors and Systems.
    Gessler, Fredrik
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Queseth, Olav
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Signals, Sensors and Systems.
    Stridh, Rickard
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Signals, Sensors and Systems.
    Unbehaun, Matthias
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Signals, Sensors and Systems.
    Wu, Jiang
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Zander, Jens
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Signals, Sensors and Systems.
    Flament, Maxime
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    4th Generation Wireless Infrastructures: Scenarios and Research Challenges2001In: IEEE personal communications, ISSN 1070-9916, E-ISSN 1558-0652, Vol. 8, no 6, p. 25-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A "fourth generation" of wireless systems, likely to appear after the successful deployment of the current third-generation systems, is frequently debated these days. This article presents some of the results of the Fourth Generation Wireless project (4GW) of the Personal Computing and Communications program (PCC), the major Swedish academic research effort on future communications systems, launched in late 1997. In the 4GW project, scenarios have been used as tools for formulating relevant research topics related to future wireless systems. By working with scenarios the project group has been able to challenge some of the assumptions commonly made in the field of wireless research. Since the project group is multidisciplinary, the work has also helped the members of the project group to understand the differences between the research traditions to which they belong. The scenarios, as well as the ensuing research into various wireless related topics, point to a vision of fourth-generation systems where "low-hierarchy" user-deployed infrastructures are the prime candidate. Fourth-generation systems will offer short- to moderate-range communications with very high data rates (>100 Mb/s). They are likely to employ array signal processing and ad hoc operation to provide the required coverage. A key aspect of their design will be the fact that they will be deployed in environments where large-scale wireless, and wired, infrastructures are already in operation.

  • 24.
    Broman, Elisabeth
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Sprickor i gemenskapen2004Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Cracks in the Spirit of Community is a study of a Swedishtrade union in a period of change. Increasingly, traditionaltrade unions´ work based on collective solutions has comeinto question, and the customer perspective of trade unionactivities is becoming more prominent. At the same time, ageneration of mainstay trade union supporters at ourcountry´s workplaces are approaching retirement age. Howdo these - now ageing - children of Sweden´s"people´s home" hand over our society´s institutionsand pass on its traditions to a new generation? Is there a riskthat knowledge will be lost? And is anyone in the newgeneration ready to receive this knowledge?

    A systematic and structured dialogue with participants fromSif, Sweden´s leading white collar union, helped developthis complex of problems. The work focused on the interactionbetween people to build up a community of understanding, whichwas at the core of earlier trade union tradition. Broadeningthe present pattern of action allows more long-term trends tobe traced. A disregard for matters of common concern, andunstated dissension, cause cracks in the spirit of community,cracks that undermine the power of collective action inpolitical matters. This dissertation poses complex questionsabout democracy, participation and common responsibility.

    The case study was carried out as a series of dialogueseminars with a carefully-selected group of people from Sif.The dialogue seminar method was developed to bring to the foretacit knowledge in skills research. By focussing onvalue-based, shared human knowledge, the dissertation puts tothe test a new application of the dialogue seminar method. Thisstudy illustrates a shift from common interests to individualinterests. It points out general trends in the development ofour society - a trade union member, an employee and a citizenis often one and the same person.

  • 25.
    Bäckman, Jon
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Machine Design. KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Kommer svenska högavkastande företagsobligationer att bli ett vanligare placeringsalternativ i Sverige?2012Student paper other, 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Marknadsförutsättningarna för en utveckling av den svenska marknaden för högavkastande företagsobligationer är idag bättre än någonsin. För första gången är bankerna motiverade att hjälpa svenska företag med marknadsfinansiering via exempelvis företagsobligationer. Tidigare har denna verksamhet setts som konkurrerande till bankernas egen lånefinansiering. Regulatoriska förändringar, såsom Basel III, ligger till grund för denna nya viktiga förutsättning.

     

    Det händer saker på bred front och mycket sker samtidigt. Nya aktörer och organisationer har bildats, färdiga marknadsplatser för högavkastande företagsobligationer finns nu att tillgå. Fler regulatoriska förändringar har skett och kommer att ske framöver. Syftet med dessa regulatoriska förändringar är bland annat att förbättra transparensen på markanden och öka intresset för ränteplaceringar som alternativ till aktieplaceringar för vissa institutionella investerare.

     

    Rapportens resultat motiverar en utveckling av den svenska marknaden för högavkastande företagsobligationer, med fler emittenter och fler emitterade instrument. Den uteblivna avkastningen och det volatila beteendet av den svenska aktiemarknaden de sista 12 åren, motiverar investerare att se sig om efter alternativa placeringar. När marknadsräntorna är rekordlåga blir företagsobligationer ett mycket intressant alternativ.

     

    Kunskapsnivåerna behöver dock höjas både hos framtida potentiella emittenter och hos investerare. Större resurser hos befintliga intermediärer och kanske fler aktörer kommer att krävas för att klara av det ökade behovet av obligationsfinansiering hos de svenska företagen. Fler emitterade instrument och en bättre transparens på marknaden kommer att ge investerare bättre möjligheter att utvärdera förväntad avkastning och de risker som finns förknippade med detta placeringsalternativ.

     

    Huruvida högavkastande företagsobligationer kommer att bli ett framtida sparalternativ för svenska sparare är lite osäkrare. Fler emissioner av högavkastande företagsobligationer tros komma redan den närmaste tiden, medan det kan ta längre tid för den nya potentiella sparformen att etablera sig bland investerare. En ökning av detta placeringsalternativ hos svenska sparare kommer förmodligen att ske succesivt, men i vilken mån denna sparform på sikt etablerar sig återstår att se.

  • 26.
    Cerin, Pontus
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Turning Corporate Behaviour into Sustainability: Challenges of Environmental Strategies in Industry2004Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
  • 27.
    Cerin, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Laestadius, Staffan
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    The Efficiency of Becoming Eco-Efficient2003In: Management of Environmental Quality, Vol. 14, no 2-3, p. 221-241Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Christian, Eliasson
    et al.
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Brown, Terrence
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Exploring the difference between the entrepreneurial orientation scale and the entrepreneurial management scale as predictor of performance2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Christian, Eliasson
    et al.
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Brown, Terrence
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Knowledge-based resources, entrepreneurial management and firm performance2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Dabhilkar, Mandar
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Mot balanserad styrning i teamorganiserad produktion2003Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    During the 1990s two contrasting paths to the organization of work have emerged in the Swedish engineering industry: the structure-conservative and structure-innovative. This thesis deals with the latter, and focuses primarily on necessary changes in management control systems that support structureinnovative forms of team-organized work. Three types of management control systems are studied in this thesis: performance management and measurement systems, systems for continuous improvements and wage systems.

    The empirical base of this thesis consists of data from an exploratory survey study as well as a multiple case study.

    On a general level, the survey study indicates a lack of congruence between structure and systems. Many companies seem to have started to move along the structure-innovative path but have not changed the management control systems accordingly. However, there are good reasons for doing so. The companies that have chosen the structure-innovative path perform better in terms of productivity, quality and cost reduction. These are also the companies that have changed their management control systems to the greatest extent.

    The case study provides examples of how management control systems may be changed to fit structure-innovative forms of team-organized work. The main focus has been on the use of Balanced Scorecard. How a strategic continuous improvement capability was developed and sustained in the studied companies is illustrated. The findings extend previous research on new production concepts, which, this thesis argues, are not to be regarded as an issue of technology and vertical division of labour only, but also of supportive management control systems.

  • 31.
    Dabhilkar, Mandar
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Bengtsson, L
    Balanced scorecards for strategic and sustainable continuous improvement capability2004In: Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, ISSN 1741-038X, E-ISSN 1758-7786, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 350-359Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Illustrates how strategic continuous improvement (CI) capabilities were developed in three Swedish manufacturing companies that have implemented the Balanced Scorecard (BSC). A multiple case study was conducted; each company followed a unique team-based CI strategy. Shows how the use of BSC was adapted to the specific characteristics that each of the CI strategies entail. Furthermore, shows that it could be difficult to sustain the capability that was developed. However, also finds that certain mechanisms in the management control system, as well as the presence of an advanced work organisation, may help in sustaining the strategic CI capability.

  • 32.
    Dabhilkar, Mandar
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Bengtsson, L
    Lean manufacturing in Sweden: Reinforcement of Taylorism or basis for sustainable work systems?In: international journal of operations and production management, ISSN 0144-3577Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Dabhilkar, Mandar
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Bengtsson, L
    The role of balanced scorecard in manufacturing: A tool for strategically aligned work on continuous improvements in production teams?2002In: PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT AND MANAGEMENT CONTROL: A COMPENDIUM OF RESEARCH / [ed] Epstein MJ; Manzoni JF, 2002, Vol. 12, p. 181-208Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we analyze the role of balanced scorecard in strategically aligned work on continuous improvements in production teams. The analysis is based on survey responses from 51 engineering industry companies and data from three case studies. Two continuous improvement strategies are identified with the use of cluster analysis, namely, the expert task force strategy and the wide focus strategy. These strategies were found to be closely related to specific features of the local work organization. The case studies shows that there is a clear connection between local work on continuous improvements in teams and implementation and use of the balanced scorecard. A common role of balanced scorecard is to facilitate focus, resource allocation, prioritization and comprehensive coordination of continuous improvement activities, which implies a potential for exploiting the local and operational knowledge base. The balanced scorecard applications, however, are adapted to each strategy for continuous improvements as well as the features of the work organization by a unique emphasis on control of content, process and goals.

  • 34.
    Dabhilkar, Mandar
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Niss, Camilla
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Spridning av produktionsteam och förändrade styrformer2000In: Styrning av team och processer: teoretiska perspektiv och fallstudier / [ed] L. Bengtsson & J. Lind & L. A. Samuelsson, 2000Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Dobers, Peter
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Stockholm as a mobile valley: Empty spaces or illusionary images?2004In: The Journal of urban technology, ISSN 1063-0732, E-ISSN 1466-1853, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 87-108Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Dobers, Peter
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Strannegard, L
    The cocoon - A traveling space2004In: Organization, ISSN 1350-5084, E-ISSN 1461-7323, Vol. 11, no 6, p. 825-848Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As a graduation project at a design school in Stockholm, a piece of furniture to be used for retreats in the public space was exhibited. It was named 'The Cocoon' and was a reclining chair covered with a bubble-like construction made out of cloth and steel. The exhibition was a starting point for a number of journeys. In the years to come, the Cocoon reached museums, exhibition halls, newspapers and magazines throughout the world. In this article, we track the travels and illustrate the transformations of the Cocoon. We seek to understand spacing activities behind the travels and view the travels from a spatial perspective focusing on the relation between transportation and transformation, of emptiness, form and content.

  • 37.
    Dutarte, David
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    A human perspective on ship and aircraft control2001Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
  • 38.
    Ekman, Sten
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Kompetens och effektivitet: en studie av tidsanvändning och tillverkningskvalitet i NC-arbete1998Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 39.
    Ekman, Tomas
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Kampen om gatan: Avveckling av spårvägstrafiken I Stockholms innerstad 1920-19672000Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 40.
    Ekman, Tomas
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Spår i vägen: tekikval, politik&spårvägestafik i Stockholm 1920-20022003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 41.
    Eliasson, Gunnar
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Henrekson, M
    William J. Baumol: An entrepreneurial economist on the economics of entrepreneurship2004In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 1-7Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    William J. Baumol is the 2003 winner of the International Award for Entrepreneurship and Small Business Research. Throughout his career Baumol has urged the profession to pay attention to the instrumental role of entrepreneurship in economic renewal and growth. At the same time he has insisted that economists continue to use their usual tool box when the purview of analysis is extended to entrepreneurship. Hence, Baumol can be characterized as a revolutionary from within. In this article we present and discuss Baumol's research contribution in the areas of entrepreneurship and small business economics, notably from a growth perspective. In addition to placing his work in these areas into the wider context of his full contribution, we emphasize Baumol's findings that growth cannot be explained by the accumulation of various factors of production per se; human creativity and productive entrepreneurship are needed to combine the inputs in profitable ways. As a result, an institutional environment that encourages productive entrepreneurship and human experimentation becomes the ultimate determinant of economic growth.

  • 42.
    Eliasson, Gunnar
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management. The Ratio Institute, Sweden.
    Johansson, D.
    Taymaz, E.
    Simulating the New Economy2004In: Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, ISSN 0954-349X, E-ISSN 1873-6017, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 289-314Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Information Technology (IT), the Internet, or the Computing & Communications (C&C) technology revolution has been central to the economic discussion for several decades. Before the mid-1990s the catchword was the "productivity paradox" coined by Robert Solow, who stated in 1987 that "computers are everywhere visible, except in the productivity statistics." Then the New Economy and fast productivity growth fueled by C&C technology suddenly became the catchword of the very late 1990s. Its luster, however, faded almost as fast as it arrived with the dot.com deaths of the first years of the new millennium. With this paper we demonstrate that the two paradoxes above are perfectly compatible within a consistent micro(firm) based macro theoretical framework of endogenous growth. Within the same model framework also a third paradox can be resolved, namely the fact that the previous major New Industry creation, the Industrial Revolution, only involved a handful of Western nations that had got their institutions in order. If the New Economy is a potential reality, one cannot take for granted that all industrial economies will participate successfully in its introduction. It all depends on the local receiver competence to build industry on the new technology. We, hence, also demonstrate within the same model the existence of the risk of failing altogether to capture and commercialize the opportunities of a New Economy.

  • 43.
    Figler, Barbara
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Immission measurement of diesel particles by scanning electron microscopy1998Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
  • 44.
    Flament, Maxime
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Gessler, Fredrik
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Lagergren, Fredrik
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Queseth, Olav
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Signals, Sensors and Systems.
    Stridh, Rickard
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Signals, Sensors and Systems.
    Unbehaun, Matthias
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Signals, Sensors and Systems.
    Wu, Jiang
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Teleinformatics.
    Zander, Jens
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Signals, Sensors and Systems.
    An Approach to Fourth Generation Wireless Infrastructures - Scenarios and Key Research Issues1999In: Vehicular Technology Conference, 1999 IEEE 49th, IEEE , 1999, p. 1742-1746Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studying the feasibility and viability of various future infrastructure architectures and potential road-maps of their deployment is the focus of the 4th Generation Wireless Infrastructures (4GW) project within the strategic Personal Computing and Communication (PCC) program (Molin 1998). In attempting to realize the PCC vision “mobile multimedia to all at today's prices for fixed telephony”, a difficult problem arises. In contrast to the process of solving engineering and business problems in current or imminent wireless systems, where system concepts, requirements and markets are reasonably well known, very little is known about these things over a 10 year horizon. The approach used in the project to tackle this problem, is to use various scenario techniques. Plausible scenarios which describe the telecommunication scene in 2010 and which are used to determine potential technological and other bottlenecks in order to find key areas for research in this field are a very important element in these studies. Some of these scenarios are presented in this paper, together with some implications regarding bottlenecks and key research issues. The results are presented in terms of working assumptions (WAs) used with the project. The WAs are also proposed to provide a framework for interrelating different research activities within PCC.

  • 45.
    Flament, Maxime
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Gessler, Fredrik
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Lagergren, Fredrik
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Queseth, Olav
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Signals, Sensors and Systems.
    Stridh, Rickard
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Signals, Sensors and Systems.
    Unbehaun, Matthias
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Signals, Sensors and Systems.
    Wu, Jiang
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Teleinformatics.
    Zander, Jens
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Signals, Sensors and Systems.
    Key Research Issues in 4th Generation Wireless Infrastructures1998Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The world of communication is now developing faster than ever. Telecommunication infrastructure deployment in contrast is a slow and costly process demanding along-range strategic perspective in decision making. As aconsequence, R&D efforts are concerned with problems on a time horizon of 10 years or more. Studying the feasibility and viability of various future infrastructure architectures and potential road-maps of their deployment is the focus for the 4th Generation WirelessInfrastructures project within PCC. Determining technological and other bottlenecks to find key areas forr esearch in this area is a very important element in these studies.The methods used for this purpose are various scenario techniques. Plausible scenarios, describing the telecommunication scene in 2010, have been designed based on a number of global trends in technology,economy and politics. The scenario trends have also been verified by using a Delphi survey among leading industrials and scientists in Sweden. Based on these trends, three vivid scenarios are built which implicitly describe the different trends that have been created, for instance, the Big Brother, the Anything Goes, and thePocket Computing. At the end of the paper, the implications of the scenarios to the infrastructure research areas are discussed. In particular, the working assumptions and key research problems in each PCC/4GW work package are revisited and prioritized according to the scenarios. The scenarios are also proposed to provide a framework for inter-relating different research activities within PCC.

  • 46.
    Flament, Maxime
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Gessler, Fredrik
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Lagergren, Fredrik
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Queseth, Olav
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Signals, Sensors and Systems.
    Stridh, Rickard
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Signals, Sensors and Systems.
    Unbehaun, Matthias
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Signals, Sensors and Systems.
    Wu, Jiang
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Teleinformatics.
    Zander, Jens
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Signals, Sensors and Systems.
    Scenarios - A tool for starting a research process1998Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scenarios can be used as a tool for starting a research process within a group. When putting together a research group of people with different backgrounds, differentcompetencies and different preconceived ideas, special attention has to be put on the problem of integration.Many different "tools" can be used to help merging thedifferent approaches of the individuals constituting thegroup. One such tool is scenario work. Trends arecreated by analyzing and structuring the environment around the project. Combining and extrapolating the trends gives a basis for creating the scenarios. The scenarios are then used to help refining research issues. Both the process and the result are hence of importance. The process aims at revealing the different approachesand possible conflicts due to the different  scientific andresearch traditions among the members of the group. Theresult forms a basis for refining and limit the researchquestion.

    The work within the 4th Generation Wireless Infrastructure project group of the PCC-project aims atfinding important design issues for the infrastructure of a future wireless communication system. Using the scenarios as a starting point the research questions originally put, have been successfully challenged andrefined.

  • 47.
    Flament, Maxime
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Gessler, Fredrik
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS.
    Lagergren, Fredrik
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Queseth, Olav
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Signals, Sensors and Systems.
    Stridh, Rickard
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Signals, Sensors and Systems.
    Unbehaun, Matthias
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Signals, Sensors and Systems.
    Wu, Jiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS.
    Zander, Jens
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Wireless at KTH.
    Telecom scenarios for the 4th Generation Wireless Infrastructures1998Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Telecommunication infrastructure deployment, incontrast to the rest of the communication area, is a slowand costly process, demanding a long-range strategic perspective in decision making. Determining key issues for strategic research in this area is thus very important. This paper describes detailed work to that aim, within the PCC project. The aim was to find possible scenariosfor the 4th Generation Wireless Infrastructures (4GW)around year 2010 and to determine their implications onthe direction of research in wireless communications.

    In this scenario work, a number of trends were created based on the current state of technology, economy and politics. These trends are verified by using Delphi methods. Based on these trends and additional research,three vivid scenarios are built, which picture differentways the trends may develop, The scenarios are called:"Big Brother Scenario", "Anything-Goes Scenario" and"Pocket Computing Scenario". At the end, the paper discusses the implications of the scenarios on thewireless communication research areas. In particular, the working assumptions and key research problems in eachwork package in the 4th Generation Wireless Infrastructure project are verified and prioritized according to the scenarios.

  • 48.
    Fock, Niclas
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Eventyrlyst och risker2004Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [sv]

    Adventurousness and Risksis a study of the way a newknowledge paradigm changed Combitech Systems, a specialised andknowledge-intensive Swedish enterprise. The dissertationdescribes the way company management broke away from atraditional view of information and knowledge and began toapply a practice-orientated perspective of knowledge of itsoperation in the work of solving problems associated with theadvanced learning of experienced co-workers. In the course ofthe management group's work, the Dialogue Seminar method wasdeveloped in co-operation with the researchers Bo Göranzonand Maria Hammarén. The study describes the way theDialogue Seminar method was developed, and includes discussionsof the factors that were central to the successfulimplementation of the method.

    The Dialogue Seminar method has been introduced into theenterprise's internal work as a basis for Combitech LearningLab, an organisation for continuous learning set up by theenterprise. The method has been tested outside the organisationin different stages of work with clients. The dissertationbrings to the fore complexes of questions that were identifiedduring this time, and discusses the use of the method and itsscope in different contexts.

    How can it be shown that the Dialogue Seminar method hasproduced the intended changes? Niclas Fock has brought thegroup into focus here. The method provides support insustaining common insights and common concept formation, and italso serves as a forum for the development of the richcomplexity that precedes decisions on the implementation ofideas. Adventurousness and Risks is a study in leadership; astudy from within an organisation of the rhythm of reflectiveleadership in the learning organisation.

    Key words:leadership - risk - rhythm - learning -concept formation - dialogue seminar method - practice -professional role - knowledge intensive - enterprise

  • 49.
    Fridh, Ann-Charlotte
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Dynamics and growth: the health care industry2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation uses the theory of the experimentallyorganised economy (EOE) and competence blocs to analyseeconomic development in the health care industry. The healthcare industry is both important and interesting to study fromseveral points of view. The industry is large, even larger thanthe manufacturing industry, and draws significantresources.

    The theory of the EOE and competence blocs is bothevolutionary and dynamic. It identifies the actors needed foran efficient selection and commercialisation of investmentprojects and the competences needed to support that process.For this, the institutional setting is important in thatinstitutions influence the incentives that guide actors in theeconomy and the nature of competitionthat forces change.

    Four empirical studies are carried out using severalempirical methods to study similar problems, ranging fromeconometric analyses of panel micro data to case studies. Weask if the withdrawal of a major employer (Pharmacia) from aregion (Uppsala) has had a negative effect on employmentgrowth. We then ask if the turnover of establishments has hadany effect on regional employment growth. We find no supportfor the first question. However, the regional turnover ofestablishments is found to have had a positive effect onregional employment growth, illustrating how important thisdynamic is for the economy. In addition, a case study of theintroduction of two almost identical innovations in twodifferent competence bloc environments, that of the US and thatof Sweden, captures the whole process from invention toinnovation and diffusion in the market. We find that without acomplete competence bloc the risk is high of“loosing awinner”. Finally, we study the role of the technologytransfer process from university to industry for thecommercialisation of new inventions. Among other things, thestudy illustrates how institutional changes, such as theBayh-Dole Act, have created positive effects for theeconomy.

    The Experimentally Organised Economy; Competence Blocs;Industrial Dynamics; Health Care Industry; IndustrialTransformation; Regional Turnover of Establishments; CaseStudies; Technology Transfer

  • 50.
    Fridh, Ann-Charlotte
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Institutions, technology and growth: a competence bloc approach2000Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
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