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  • 1.
    Arrhenius, Thordis
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    The fragile monument2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 2.
    Asztély, Jan
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Värdering av industrigolvmaterials nötningsbeständighet2003Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
  • 3.
    Berg, Samuel A.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Betongens utvecklingshistoria till 19102003Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 4.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), School of Architecture.
    Ahlbom, Yngve2000In: Nationalencyklopedin: Supplementband I / [ed] Arne Ekman, Malmö: Bokförlaget Bra Böcker , 2000, p. 21-21Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Arkitekten Ivar Tengbom: byggnadskonst på klassisk grund2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Arkitekten Ivar Tengbom - byggnadskonst på klassiskgrund (The Architecture of Ivar Tengbom). With an Englishsummary. 384 p. Illustrated. Byggförlaget, Stockholm. ISBN 91-7988-205-6.

    Ivar Tengbom (1878-1968) was one of the most prolific Swedish architects of the first decades of the 20th century. He combined a large private office with commissions as Professor of architecture at the Royal Academy in Stockholm and as Director General of the Board of Works. The purpose of this thesis is to establish a thorough knowledge of Ivar Tengbom's work and its theoretical background. As a hypothesis, 19th century architectural theory is considered to have had a great impact on the early development of Swedish architecture in the 20th century.

    Continuously present in Ivar Tengbom's work, is an urge to combine a rational approach to the arts and crafts with the architectural principles of the classical tradition. This urge is demonstrated in Tengbom's most important buildings - the Church of Högalid (1911-23), the Stockholm Enskilda Bank(1911-15) and the Stockholm Concert Hall (1920-26). These buildings are studied and interpreted in the main chapters of this thesis. Through the interiors of these buildings, large central spaces are co-ordinated with demands of structural clarity and simplicity. This structural approach was drawn from the writings of Viollet-le-Duc.

    However, Ivar Tengbom also stressed the importance of unity between his buildings and their surroundings. This contextual approach was connected with the works of John Ruskin. The construction sites were also organised in accordance with Ruskin's notion of "Gothic imperfection". Furthermore, Gottfried Semper's notion of "cladding" was present in Tengbom's combination of arts and crafts with modern construction.

    Finally, Ivar Tengbom's approach to architecture can be summarised as a synthesis of the main streams of 19th century architectural theory. In combining the realist approach to arts and crafts with the architectural principles of the classical tradition, Ivar Tengbom offered a solution to the contemporary demands of representing a modern civilisation, based on historical knowledge and national development.

  • 6.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Att studera Ivar Tengboms arkitektur2000In: Nordisk arkitekturforskning, ISSN 1102-5824, no 1–2, p. 7-12Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), School of Architecture.
    Berghagen, Robert2000In: Nationalencyklopedin: Supplementband I / [ed] Arne Ekman, Malmö: Bokförlaget Bra Böcker , 2000, p. 180-180Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), School of Architecture.
    Borgström, Birger2000In: Nationalencyklopedin: Supplementband I / [ed] Arne Ekman, Malmö: Bokförlaget Bra Böcker , 2000, p. 235-235Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), School of Architecture.
    Brinckmann, Albert Erich2000In: Nationalencypklopedin: Supplementband I / [ed] Arne Ekman, Malmö: Bokförlaget Bra Böcker , 2000, p. 263-263Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 10.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), School of Architecture.
    Clason, Peder2000In: Nationalencyklopedin: Supplementband I / [ed] Arne Ekman, Malmö: Bokförlaget Bra Böcker , 2000, p. 342-342Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), School of Architecture.
    Dahl, Erik F.2000In: Nationalencykklopedin: Supplementband I / [ed] Arne Ekman, Malmö: Bokförlaget Bra Böcker , 2000Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), School of Architecture.
    Deurell, Carl-Olof2000In: Nationalencyklopedin: Supplementband I / [ed] Arne Ekman, Malmö: Bokförlaget Bra Böcker , 2000, p. 403-403Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    En svensk gård på romersk grund. Arkitekten Ivar Tengbom och byggnaden för Svenska Institutet i Rom2002In: Humanist vid Medelhavet. Reflektioner och studier samlade med anledning av Svenska Institutets i Rom 75-årsjubileum / [ed] Börje Magnusson, Stockholm: Svenska Institutet i Rom , 2002, p. 402-410Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), School of Architecture.
    Friberg, Nils G:son2000In: Nationalencyklopedin: Supplementband II / [ed] Arne Ekman, Malmö: Bokförlaget Bra Böcker , 2000, p. 2-2Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 15.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Jean de la Vallée. Kunglig arkitekt2004In: Byggnadskultur, ISSN 0348-6885, no 2, p. 44-44Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 16.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Kultiverat bland kultiverade grannar2002In: Arkitektur, ISSN 0004-2021, no 6, p. 33-33Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 17.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), School of Architecture.
    Lundeqvist, Joel2000In: Nationalencylopedin: Supplementband II / [ed] Arne Ekman, Malmö: Bokförlaget Bra Böcker , 2000, p. 474-474Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), School of Architecture.
    Peterson, Adrian Crispin2000In: Nationalencyklopedin: Supplementband III / [ed] Arne Ekman, Malmö: Bokförlaget Bra Böcker , 2000, p. 101-101Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    PS Böcker: "Stockholms stränder", redaktör: Eva Eriksson2004In: Arkitektur: byggnad, interiör, plan, landskap, ISSN 0004-2021, no 2, p. 80-80Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), School of Architecture.
    Romare, Bengt2000In: Nationalencyklopedin: Supplementband III / [ed] Arne Ekman, Malmö: Bokförlaget Bra Böcker , 2000, p. 177-177Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), School of Architecture.
    Scherman, Georg2000In: Nationalencyklopedin: Supplementband III / [ed] Arne Ekman, Malmö: Bokförlaget Bra Böcker , 2000, p. 226-226Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), School of Architecture.
    Sterner, Nils2000In: Nationalencyklopedin: Supplementband III / [ed] Arne Ekman, Malmö: Bokförlaget Bra Böcker , 2000, p. 316-317Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 23.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), School of Architecture.
    Wennerholm, Ture2000In: Nationalencyklopedin: Supplementband III / [ed] Arne Ekman, Malmö: Bokförlaget Bra Böcker , 2000, p. 507-508Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24.
    Bergström, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), School of Architecture.
    Edman, Victor
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), School of Architecture.
    Folkhemmets museum – bildning, tradition och modernitet2003In: Minnets miljöer / [ed] Lennart Palmqvist, Stockholm: Rådet för museivetenskaplig forskning , 2003, p. 9-17Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Bergström, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), School of Architecture.
    Edman, Victor
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), School of Architecture.
    Folkhemmets museum – bildning, tradition och modernitet2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Bergström, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Edman, Victor
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Folkhemmets museum – iscensättningar av Sveriges förflutna2003In: Endast webpublicering, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under 1930-talet planerades och byggdes ett stort antal kulturhistoriska museer i Sverige. Detta skedde utifrån ett medvetet program som utgick från riksantikvarie Sigurd Curman. Bakom Curmans program fanns en bestämd historiesyn med vetenskapliga och folkbildande aspekter, något som kom till konkret uttryck i hur samlingarna skulle exponeras och hur byggnaden skulle organiseras. Samlingarna bestod till största delen av konstföremål från skilda epoker, som utnyttjades för att skildra den nationella och regionala utvecklingen.

    En viktig aspekt på 1930-talets nybyggda museer är deras relation till de historiska monument som under samma period iståndsattes och inrättades som museer. Särskilt när det gäller de kulturhistoriska museerna är det därför intressant att diskutera hur de förhåller sig till tidens restaureringar och till den historiesyn som dessa manifesterade. Martin Olssons restaurering av Kalmar slott åren 1920-40 bildar huvudexemplet från denna period.

    Periodens museibyggande omfattar ett tjugotal byggnader eller projekt, varav några framstår som särskilt intressanta. Studien är koncentrerad till Statens Historiska museum i Stockholm, Malmö museum och Linköpings museum. Museibyggnaderna blev föremål för allmänna tävlingar där samtidens främsta arkitekter deltog.

    Statens Historiska museum, av arkitekterna Romare och Scherman, utgör en programbyggnad för hela perioden. Byggnaden var föremål för en allmän tävling 1930 och presenterades efter en första omarbetning tillsammans med Sigurd Curmans artikel "Museibyggnader" i tidskriften Byggmästaren 1933. Projektet omarbetades från ursprungsversionens radikala funktionalism mot ett uttryck för nationell identitet. Malmö museum, av arkitekten Karl-Axel Stoltz, genomfördes efter en allmän tävling 1932. Uppgiften innefattade komplikationen att i gestaltningen ansluta till det befintliga Malmöhus slott. Linköpings museum, genomfört av arkitekterna Ahrbom och Zimdal efter en allmän tävling 1934, blev den av tidens museibyggnader som värderades högst.

    Tillsammans med tävlingsmaterialet utgör 1930-talets museibyggande ett intressant studiematerial för att belysa frågan hur tradition och historia kunde förenas med samtidens uppfattning om modernitet och framtidstro. Museibyggnaderna kan därför studeras som iscensättningar av en vetenskaplig och en ideologisk vision av Sveriges förflutna.

  • 27.
    Bergström, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Edman, Victor
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Folkhemmets museum – iscensättningar av Sveriges förflutna2004In: Valör, ISSN 0283-751X, no 2–3, p. 3-13Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Bergström, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Nolin, Catharina
    Konstvetenskapliga institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Millesgården: Arkitektur & trädgård2004Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    North of Stockholm, on the island of Lidingö, the Swedish-American sculptor Carl Milles started in 1908 to build his well-known artist studio, combined with a garden, which is now called Millesgården. Although Milles was indeed both prolific and productive as a sculptor, his studio may may well be mentioned as the most distinguished result of his career.

    In this book, the design and construction of the studio as well as the layout of the garden is described and analysed in connection with the contemporary development of architecture and gardening. Through recurrent renovations, the whole studio eventually turned into a monument – a garden of memory – and a true expression of Milles's ambitions as an artist.

  • 29.
    Bjurström, Patrick
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Arkitekturens mening I en social kontext, tre undersökningar och ett program2001Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 30.
    Bjurström, Patrick
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Att förståskolbyggnader2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [sv]

    Understanding School Buildingscompletes a study ofmodern Swedish school buildings and the ideas behind them. In aseries of case studies of seven schools built between 1953 and2001, changes in architecture have been found to reflectchanges in the ideas and practices of teaching and learning.The study has raised a number of questions, regarding currentdemands on school buildings. Problems and qualities of schoolbuildings demands on school buildings, problems and qualitiesof school buildings form the 1950s, 60s and 70s, problems foundand qualities lost in the process of changing such buildings,and the motives of architects involved in the design ofschools.

    In practical terms, the research method has includedobservations of buildings in use, interviews with directors,staff and pupils as well as architects, and the study ofliterature, documents and architectural drawings. Intheoretical terms, different perspectives of architecture havebeen discussed and applied, from the phenomenological approachof Norberg-Schulz to the space syntax theory of Hillier, frompractical, social use of symbolic meaning and aesthetics.Finally, some philosophical themes on art, architecture andsociety, from Dewey, Shusterman, Scruton and Sartre have beenintroduced.

    Partly diverging from the case study model of Yin, the studydoes not simply aim at verifying or falsifying a hypothesis. Ata point in the study, each case is explained in a morenarrative manner. In the final analysis, understanding schoolbuildings in shown to require a multifaceted view. A schoolbuilding must be seen in a historic/political perspective, as atool for teaching and learning and as the life-world ofteachers and pupils. In cases discussed, a school building isalso the object of strong pedagogical or social intensions ofan architect. In other term, a study of school buildings mustbe a study in pragmatist aesthetics.

    Keywords:School building, architectural theory, recentsocial history of architecture, intention, experience,pragmatist aesthetics

  • 31.
    Bonnevier, Katarina
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Making things perfectly Queer. An interpretation of Eileen Gray’s E.10272004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Dahlin, Åsa
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Om färgupplevelse: ett arkitekturpedagogiskt perspektiv1999Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 33.
    Dahlin, Åsa
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    On architecture, aesthetic experience and the embodied mind2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 34.
    Estlander, Lars
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Designteori för plan-, bygg- och förvaltningssektorn1997Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 35.
    Fagerström, Katrin
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Color and the Quiet Discourse2004In: Contemporary Discourses in Architecture: Symposium Proceedings / [ed] Elie Haddad, Beirut: Lebanese American University , 2004, p. 93-108Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Fridell Anter, Karin
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Metoder för bestämning av uppfattad färg på fasader1997Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 37.
    Fridell Anter, Karin
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    What colour is the red house? Perceived colour of painted facades.2000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Architects and others choosingfacade colours using colour samples face difficulties whichprevious research has not addressed. This work aims to aid suchcolour design by exploring three main questions: 1. Is itpossible to survey and map out what colours people perceive onfacades observed under different conditions? If so, whatmethods can be used and it is possible to obtain results ofwider application? 2. How does the perceived colour of a facadevary with changing observation conditions? What is the impactof factors such as light conditions, viewing distance andsurrounding colours? 3. How does the perceived colour of thehouse, in different situations, differ from the colourcorresponding to the specification of the sample used forselection? Are there any recurring tendencies that can bepresented in a practically useful way? The work was based onabout 3600 observations of painted timber and rendered facades,made by both experienced colour researchers and "naïve"school students, with various daylighting conditions, viewingdistances and seasons. Colour specifications and discussions oncolour attributes were made within the conceptual framework ofthe Natural Colour System (NCS). Inherent colour was measuredby comparison with colour samples placed directly on the facadesurface. Six methods for determination of perceived colour weredeveloped and evaluated, along with a method for comparison ofperceived and inherent colour. A combination of all gave themost reliable results. Results showed some recurring tendenciesfor perceived colour to vary with viewing conditions, but thevariations were always smaller than the difference betweenperceived and inherent colour. Consistent variation patternsfor the difference between inherent and perceived colour werefound for both hue and nuance. Most obvious was that perceivedcolour always had less blackness than inherent colour. Possibleexplanations included differences between the outdoor viewingsituation and the standard situation where inherent colour isdefined, and the observer’s acquired sense of what colours"belong" outdoors. A fuller explanation would require furtherstudies such as of colour perception in different lightsituations, and of three dimensional context effects. Resultshave immediate applicability however; suitably illustrated andpublished, the variation patterns found could be of directpractical use in exterior colour design.

  • 38.
    Gustafsson, Lotta
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Spån, puts och solbänk: förändringar i uppländska medeltidskyrkor under 1900-talet2001Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 39.
    Hellström, Björn
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Noise design: Architectural Modelling and the Aesthetics of Urban Acoustic Spase2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [sv]

    Noise Design takes up a structural approach to sound issuesin general and more particularly to urban acoustic space. Whilemost recent research efforts in the field adopt a defensiveattitude by seeking to protect people from sounds, this bookcelebrates our constructive and creative relations with thesound world and develops methods to manage sounds as mediatorsof qualitative information. The title is chosen to oppose thecommon meaning of noise, as‘unwanted sound’, whichimplies a denial of all its immanent qualities as well as itscontexts and uses. The thesis explores the concept oftransparent and fluid space as a central principle forarchitectural conception. Urban acoustic space is seen astransient and immaterial, making public and private spaces lesspredictable, less monotonous.

    The thesis comprises a Prologue, which provides an overviewof the subject, and three essays: On Sound Design, On SoundEffect and On Sound Identity. The first essay derives mainlyfrom the fieldof music, and discusses the internal,morphological properties of sound as well as aspects ofperception and notation. The second and third essays originatefrom theories and methods that are developed at the CressonInstitute in Grenoble, focusing on the external properties ofsounds, mainly regarding spatial, social and perceptualcriteria. Each essay comprises a descriptive and operativesection, whereby the former emphasises the exploration andqualification of conceptual tools, while the latter examinesthe concepts in different types of models. Thus, the essays arebased upon a research-by-design methodology, revealing theclose connection between analysis and creation towards design,and including, for example, the sound art installations Tiksand Tiger, which are presented in the text body and on theattached CD.

    Keywords:architecture, music, aesthetics, sound art,acoustic space, sound design, sound effect, sound identity,sound morphology, graphic notation, diagram, sampling culture,acousmatics, sound-object, metabolic effect, ubiquity,synecdoche, schizophonia, gesture,listening-hearing-attending-understanding, Cresson,Jean-François Augoyard, Pascal Amphoux, Tiks, Tiger.

  • 40.
    Hill Edwards, Eleanor
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    The architect in the building process1999Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 41.
    Idsäter, Jonna
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), School of Architecture.
    Lighting and Safety in Transit Environments: Does lighting affect perceived safety at subway platforms?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis will focus on the lighting at three underground stations in Stockholm, and the effects thereof on the perceived safety for the passengers on the platform. The platforms have distinctive different types of environments. Odenplan subway station has to a large extent an open platform, Hötorget subway station has a mostly semi-blocked, permeable platform and Östermalmstorg subway station has, to a large extent, a blocked platform. The purpose of this thesis is to evaluate whether the lighting affects the perceived passenger safety at the platforms and, if so, what are the essential aspects of lighting that are likely to be important for the perceived safety. Through the passenger interviews it is clear that good lighting and visibility affects the perceived safety at the platform. Further, it was concluded that not only lighting but also other environmental properties such as materials, surfaces, structures, and art work also adds to the overall perception of the passengers. Normally, an open structure is more likely to be perceived as safe, but lighting and the overall environment at the platform can easily change such perception to the negative. Since the same applies for the opposite situation, good lighting and a pleasant overall environment can make a platform be perceived as safe, even though the structure is blocked or closed. Keywords: Stockholm underground, subway station, lightness, darkness, transit environments, perception, safety, security and crime.

  • 42.
    Junestrand, Stefan
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Being private and public at home: an architectural perspective on video mediated communication in smart homes2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Video mediated communication (VMC) is a two way real time audio and video communication between remote places. VMC has the potential to be applied favourably to many activities, services and functions in smart homes. The concept of smart homes refers to homes equipped with technological systems and appliances enabling centralised or remotely controllable integrated functionalities and services.

    The main question for the current research work is formulated accordingly: How can spaces for video mediated communication be designed and integrated into smart homes? The governing idea is that there are two main perceptions of space in the design and integration of video mediated communication into smart homes. One concerns the conception of private and public spaces, the other relates to the idea of physical and digital spaces. The interrelationship between these two concepts is supposed to become important when VMC is considered for smart home applications.

    This thesis is written from an architectural perspective. It refers to the functionalistic paradigm here defined basically as the set of essential functions of the home that have to be solved in order to achieve good dwellings. The function of the home can be described as the organisation of space and furniture to support activities and processes in and around it. The thesis is based upon five papers and a covering text providing background, analysis and reflection, as well as ideas on further development. The research method can be described as mainly explorative and design-oriented.

    A principal result from the study is that a novel modality of space, the public digital space, appears when VMC is introduced into smart homes. Further, it is advocated that this modality is a relevant issue for the architectural profession and architectural research.

  • 43.
    Karlsdotter Lyckman, Kerstin
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Linoljefärg förr och nu2003Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 44.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Spatial systems as producers of meaning: the idea of knowledge in three public libraries2004Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 45.
    Lindberg, Eva-Rut
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Gjort av jord: lerjord som byggmaterial i Sverige och länder med likartat klimat2002Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
  • 46.
    Löfgren, Karin
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Machiya: architecture and history of the Kyoto town house2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Machiya is the term for a traditional house type, a merchantand artisan dwelling found in the cities. The focus of the thesisis on the spatial qualities and technical structure of themachiya in relation to the specific use of the house type. Theaim is to present the complex history of the houses as theydeveloped in Kyoto, Japan, including disciplines such as;economics, sociology, technical history, history of literatureand of aesthetics, religious and philosophical history.

    Part One presents a theory of why the machiya developed as itdid and how the new social class of merchants and artisansemerged. The early history of the houses is described throughthree kinds of pictorial sources, the emakimono - the 12th-14thcentury scrolls, the Kyoto byobu - the 16th-17th century paintedscreens and the 17th-18th century wood-block printed guide booksof famous sites in the capital. The discrepancy among the machiyahouses are examined and examples of general architecturaldevelopments, such as increasing building height, trussdevelopment, changes in layout, and advances in buildingtechnique and material are discussed.

    Wedge - This chapter is a study of the transformation ofhigh-class architecture from the aristocratic shinden to thewarrior shoin and the mixture with the ideas around Tea.Artisans’production and merchants trade demanded a certainsocial pattern around business and representation. This partdeals with how the machiya adapted to these architecturalinfluences. As the machiya was the setting for these interactionsa specific architecture was formed.

    Part Two–This part includes discussions around detaildevelopments in the house type and with the historical usage ofthe house such as business and family systems of the merchantsand artisans, the machiya as a workplace and as a home.

    Part Three–The final part contains architecturalanalysis of six typical machiya houses.

    : Machiya, Japanese architecture, Japanese Tea ceremony andmerchant culture, chomin, vernacular architecture, chashitsu, teahouses, town planning, Kyoto, Muromachi, Tokugawa, Japanesehistory, tsuboniwa, courtyard gardens, wooden houses, Japaneseaesthetics, daiku, Kyomachiya, carpenters, architecturalhistory

  • 47.
    Makenya, Amon Raphael
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Composition for durability of a chempruf-modified sulfur concrete1997Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 48.
    Makenya, Amon Raphael
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Industrial Application of Sulfur Concrete An Environment-friendly Construction Material2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Sulfur Concrete (SC) is a thermoplastic constructionmaterial, of mineral aggregates and modified sulfur as binder.Elemental sulfur has now a low smelting point (120oC) and appears in two solid allotropic forms,separated by considerable contraction. Hence, the need formodification to delay the transition. Two agents are nowavailable, the Chempruf modifyer (McBee), which retains thesulfur in the monoclinic phase, and the SRX (Vroom), which cutsthe crystalline chains of the orthorhombic phase into smallerpieces, and reduces the shrinkage. Sulfur Concrete (SC) isrecyclable by low-energy heating, with the aggregates beingfully recovered. It is mixed at 155oC and cast at more than 140oC.

    Sulfur has been produced from volcanic soils by thermalextraction, a method also applied in early combination withmammoth pumping from domes (H Frasch) along the Mexican Gulf.Today, sulfur is produced mainly as a by-product from fossilfuels (oil, gas) in a refinery process (C F Claus). Fromresource analysis, it becomes evident that the procedure mustsoon include mineral coal, which is by far the largest source.The main part (>90%) of sulfur is converted into sulfuricacid for industrial chemistry. The roasting of metal sulfides,in order to produce metals, and an immediate conversion tosulfuric acid of SO2remains a feasible way of production. The price ofsulfur has dropped since 1986 to 1999 by more than 50%, fromUSD 150 to 60 per metric ton.

    The sensitivity of Sulfur Concrete (SC) against moisture isa critical property, secured by gap-grading at the filler level- against other chemicals by systematic testing. SulfurConcrete (SC) is resistant to many harsh environments, butsensitive to strong acids, oxidizers, lyes and organicsolvents.

    A Swedish market has been conducted towards thechemical-related industries. The industry confirmed havingproblems with structural parts (including floors, columns,foundations and vessels) and would welcome an alternativematerial, such as Sulfur Concrete (SC) on the market. Theyprefer the traditional contractors to execute the job.

    Sulfur Concrete (SC) applies on six sectors, from industrialsector, road- and bridge, agriculture, railroad, marine towaste management.

    Keywords:Sulfur binder, Chempruf modifier, SulfurConcrete (SC), Durability, SC market survey, SC applications,Environment.

  • 49.
    Marcus, Lars
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Staden som censurerar2004Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 50.
    Marcus, Lars
    KTH, Superseded Departments, School of Architecture.
    Urban miljö för näringsliv: Fallstudie Bromma2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Efterkrigstidens stadsbyggande har haft en stark betoning på boendet och dess behov. Efter hand har detta lett till att en stor mängd erfarenheter och kunskaper kring både bostadsplaneringens processer och slutprodukter har byggts upp. Ett betydligt mindre känt område i detta sammanhang utgör näringslivet och dess behov. Orsakerna till detta är bland annat att den forskning som bedrivits:

    • varit inriktad på boendefrågor snarare än näringslivsfrågor.
    • varit inriktad på frågan om hur vi upplever staden snarare än hur vi använder staden.
    • saknat effektiva metoder att beskriva stadens spatiala struktur, vilket försvårar möjligheterna att fånga stadsbyggandets betydelse i detta sammanhang.

    När det gäller att studera relationen mellan byggd form och funktion har det dock under senare år skett en teoretisk och metodologisk utveckling, bland annat inom den forskningsinriktning som går under benämningen space syntax. Denna inriktning fokuserar just på relationen mellan byggd form, framför allt dess rumsliga struktur, och de funktionella utfall som är möjliga att härleda till denna.

    Stockholm befinner sig idag i en situation som den delar med många andra städer. Man har breda erfarenheter av bostadsplanering och en allmänt omfattad insikt om vikten att värna stadens bebyggelsekaraktär. Samtidigt har nya behov och problem dykt upp som man står mindre beredd inför. Framför allt gäller detta behovet att skapa goda förutsättningar för ekonomisk utveckling och problemet med en allt akutare social segregation. Stockholm är därför ett intressant fall att pröva nya kunskaper och metoder på.

    Studien ingår i ett bredare och mer långsiktigt forskningsprogram. Den har därför ambitionen att bidra till kunskap av olika allmängiltighetsgrad. Syftet kan formuleras i punktform där den aktuella studien har sin tyngdpunkt i den första:

    • att bygga upp specifik kunskap användbar för planeringen i Stockholm när det gäller funktionaliteten i stadens stadsdelar, i synnerhet utifrån näringslivets perspektiv.
    • att utveckla generell kunskap som förmår urskilja näringslivskategorier som är rumsligt betingade liksom stadsbyggnadskategorier relevanta ur näringslivsperspektiv.
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