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  • 1.
    Brain, David
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Center for the Future of Places. New Coll Florida, Div Social Sci, Sarasota, FL 34243 USA.
    Reconstituting the Urban Commons: Public Space, Social Capital and the Project of Urbanism2019In: URBAN PLANNING, ISSN 2183-7635, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 169-182Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article outlines a framework for connecting design-oriented research on accommodating and encouraging social interaction in public space with investigation of broader questions regarding civic engagement, social justice and democratic governance. How can we define the "kind of problem a city is" (Jacobs, 1961), simultaneously attending to the social processes at stake in urban places, the spatial ordering of urban form and the construction of the forms of agency that enable us to make better places on purpose? How can empirical research be connected more systematically to theories of democratic governance, with clear implications for urban design, urban and regional planning as professional practice? This framework connects three distinct theoretical moves: (1) understanding the sociological implications of public space as an urban commons, (2) connecting the making of public space to research on social capital and collective efficacy, and (3) understanding recent tendencies in the discipline of urban design in terms of the social construction of a "program of action" (Latour, 1992) at the heart of the professional practices relevant to the built environment.

  • 2.
    Haas, Tigran
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Mehaffy, Michael W.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Center for the Future of Places.
    Introduction: the future of public space2019In: Urban Design International, ISSN 1357-5317, E-ISSN 1468-4519, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 1-3Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Haas, Tigran
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Center for the Future of Places.
    Mehaffy, Michael W.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Center for the Future of Places.
    Introduction: the future of public space (vol 24, pg 1, 2019)2019In: Urban Design International, ISSN 1357-5317, E-ISSN 1468-4519, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 75-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The following paragraph on page 2 (bottom of first column) has been moved.

  • 4.
    Kourtit, Karima
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Center for the Future of Places.
    Nijkamp, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Center for the Future of Places.
    Big data dashboards as smart decision support tools for i-cities - An experiment on stockholm2018In: Land use policy, ISSN 0264-8377, E-ISSN 1873-5754, Vol. 71, p. 24-35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses the strategic governance challenges of modern smart cities from the new viewpoint of big data management. It seeks to develop and highlight a systematic methodological framework for handling multivariate big data in a smart urban decision support context in the 'New Urban World', so as to enhance the cities' competitive performance through the design and development of operational urban management principles and strategies. The specific aim of this paper is to provide the critical and basic cornerstones for an applicable interactive dashboard architecture as a supporting tool in a structured process of innovative city strategies and consequent enhanced socio-economic performance. A core element in the present paper is formed by a smart urban dashboard system that acts as an interactive navigation tool supporting operational choices of all stakeholders involved. This dashboard is able to integrate complex and ever-changing big data bases serving as 'signposts' of city intelligence (or i-city smartness) for daily or strategic decisions of all urban stakeholders. This study thus outlines successively the concept of smart i-cities in our 'urban century', the great potential of digital technology for managing big data in governing i-cities, and the foundations of an urban dashboard on the basis of the so-called Pentagon model as a policy strategy vehicle. Starting from extensive data on a broad set of global cities, the potential of this approach is exemplified by means of an illustrative application of a smart urban dashboard for the city of Stockholm.

  • 5. Kovacs-Györi, A.
    et al.
    Cabrera-Barona, P.
    Resch, B.
    Mehaffy, Michael W.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Center for the Future of Places.
    Blaschke, T.
    Assessing and representing livability through the analysis of residential preference2019In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 18, article id 4934Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Livability reflects the quality of the person-environment relationship, namely how well the built environment or the available services in a city fulfill the residents' needs and expectations. We argue that livability assessment can aid the implementation of certain New Urban Agenda (NUA) goals by providing a flexible way to assess urban environments and their quality. However, a reliable and transferable assessment framework requires the key elements of livability to be defined in such a way that measurable factors adequately represent the person-environment relationship. As an innovative approach, we determined key livability elements accordingly and asked over 400 residents worldwide to evaluate their urban environments using these parameters. Thereby, we could calibrate the livability assessment workflow by including personal aspects and identifying the most relevant livability factors through an ordinal regression analysis. Next, we performed relational-statistical learning in order to define the individual and combined contribution of these statistically significant factors to the overall livability of a place. We found that urban form and mobility-related factors tend to have the highest influence on residential satisfaction. Finally, we tested the robustness of the assessment by using geospatial analysis to model the livability for the city of Vienna, Austria. We concluded that the workflow allows for a reliable livability assessment and for further utilization in urban planning, improving urban quality by going beyond simple city rankings.

  • 6.
    Locke, Ryan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Elmlund, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Center for the Future of Places.
    Mehaffy, Michael
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Center for the Future of Places.
    Evaluating Landscape Urbanism: evidence from Lafayette Park, Detroit2019In: Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability, ISSN 1754-9175, E-ISSN 1754-9183, ISSN 1754-9175, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 34-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The claims made for Landscape Urbanism have been difficult to evaluate, since they rely heavily on theoretical and aspirational arguments, and new projects to date have offered little post-occupancy evidence. However, more specific claims have also been made about historic projects as proposed precedents for Landscape Urbanism, and these offer a more substantial evidence base for the evaluation of claims. Here we take the claimed precedent of Detroit’s Lafayette Park, and evaluate the stated claims for its performance on social, economic and ecological criteria, in light of the available evidence. We conclude with an assessment of broader claims for Landscape Urbanism in light of the evidence we find in Lafayette Park.

  • 7.
    Mehaffy, M. W.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Center for the Future of Places.
    Haas, Tigran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Center for the Future of Places.
    Informality in the new urban agenda: A “new paradigm?”2018In: Berkeley Planning Journal, ISSN 1047-5192, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 6-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The New Urban Agenda, the outcome document of the United Nations Habitat III conference in 2016, was adopted by consensus by all 193 member states of the United Nations. The Habitat III leadership has proclaimed that the document represents a “new paradigm” in urban planning, reversing the “over-determined” model of 20th century Western-dominated planning, and embracing more locally-determined forms of informality. This paper examines the intellectual history of the document, and compares it to its antecedents, thereby evaluating the claim that it represents a new paradigm. The conclusion assesses implications for future planning practice, particularly as we confront an age of rapid urbanization in many parts of the globe.

  • 8.
    Mehaffy, Michael W.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Center for the Future of Places.
    Elmlund, Peter
    Farrell, Kyle
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Correction to: Implementing the New Urban Agenda: the central role of public space (URBAN DESIGN International, (2019), 24, 1, (4-6), 10.1057/s41289-018-0063-2)2019In: Urban Design International, ISSN 1357-5317, E-ISSN 1468-4519, Vol. 24, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the second paragraph in the second column on page 2 beginning “1. How important are public spaces as engines of human well-being, economic development and social justice, and what are the threats to them, especially from private interests?” the following sentence has been removed: “Setha Low also points to a worrisome diminution of the capacity of public spaces to promote social justice and diversity, replaced by a “politics of exclusion”.” On page 3 of the final sentence of the first paragraph “Ali Madanipour and Setha Low again warn of the danger of unequal access when private sector actors have increasing control over public spaces” has been replaced by “Ali Madanipour again warns of the danger of unequal access when private sector actors have increasing control over public spaces”. 

  • 9.
    Mehaffy, Michael W.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Center for the Future of Places.
    Elmlund, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Farrell, Kyle
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Center for the Future of Places.
    Implementing the New Urban Agenda: the central role of public space2019In: Urban Design International, ISSN 1357-5317, E-ISSN 1468-4519, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 4-6Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Mehaffy, Michael W.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Center for the Future of Places.
    Haas, Tigran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Center for the Future of Places.
    Elmlund, Peter
    Ax Son Johnson Fdn, Urban City Res, S-10375 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Public space in the new urban agenda: Research into implementation2019In: Urban Planning, ISSN 2183-7635, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 134-137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The New Urban Agenda is a landmark international framework for urbanisation for the next two decades, adopted by acclamation by all 193 countries of the United Nations. Nonetheless, implementation remains an enormous challenge, as does the related need for research evidence to inform practice. This thematic issue brings together research from a number of participants of the Future of Places conference series, contributing new research to inform the development and implementation of the New Urban Agenda, and with a focus on the fundamental topic of public space creation and improvement.

  • 11.
    Mehaffy, Michael West
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Center for the Future of Places.
    Neighborhood “choice architecture”: A new strategy for lower-emissions urban planning?2018In: Urban Planning, ISSN 2183-7635, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 113-127Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent advances in the field of behavioral economics offer intriguing insights into the ways that consumer decisions are influenced and may be influenced more deliberately to better meet community-wide and democratic goals. We demonstrate that these insights open a door to urban planners who may thereby develop strategies to alter urban-scale consumption behaviors that may significantly reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions per capita. We first hypothesize that it is possible, through feasible changes in neighborhood structure, to alter the “choice architecture” of neighborhoods in order to achieve meaningful GHG reductions. We then formulate a number of elements of “choice architecture” that may be applied as tools at the neighborhood scale. We examine several neighborhoods that demonstrate variations in these elements, and from known inventories, we generate a preliminary assessment of the possible magnitude of GHG reductions that may be available. Although we acknowledge many remaining challenges, we conclude that “neighborhood choice architecture” offers a promising new strategy meriting further research and development.

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