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  • 1. A. Hosseini, V.
    et al.
    Karlsson, L.
    Örnek, Cem
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science. Swerea KIMAB AB.
    Reccagni, P.
    Wessman, S.
    Engelberg, D.
    Microstructure and functionality of a uniquely graded super duplex stainless steel designed by a novel arc heat treatment method2018In: Materials Characterization, ISSN 1044-5803, E-ISSN 1873-4189, Vol. 139, p. 390-400Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A novel arc heat treatment technique was applied to design a uniquely graded super duplex stainless steel (SDSS), by subjecting a single sample to a steady state temperature gradient for 10 h. A new experimental approach was used to map precipitation in microstructure, covering aging temperatures of up to 1430 °C. The microstructure was characterized and functionality was evaluated via hardness mapping. Nitrogen depletion adjacent to the fusion boundary depressed the upper temperature limit for austenite formation and influenced the phase balance above 980 °C. Austenite/ferrite boundaries deviating from Kurdjumov–Sachs orientation relationship (OR) were preferred locations for precipitation of σ at 630–1000 °C, χ at 560–1000 °C, Cr2N at 600–900 °C and R between 550 °C and 700 °C. Precipitate morphology changed with decreasing temperature; from blocky to coral-shaped for σ, from discrete blocky to elongated particles for χ, and from polygonal to disc-shaped for R. Thermodynamic calculations of phase equilibria largely agreed with observations above 750 °C when considering nitrogen loss. Formation of intermetallic phases and 475 °C-embrittlement resulted in increased hardness. A schematic diagram, correlating information about phase contents, morphologies and hardness, as a function of exposure temperature, is introduced for evaluation of functionality of microstructures.

  • 2. Addicoat, Matthew
    et al.
    Atkin, Rob
    Canongia Lopes, José Nuno
    Costa Gomes, Margarida
    Firestone, Millicent
    Gardas, Ramesh
    Halstead, Simon
    Hardacre, Christopher
    Hardwick, Laurence J.
    Holbrey, John
    Hunt, Patricia
    Ivaništšev, Vladislav
    Jacquemin, Johan
    Jones, Robert
    Kirchner, Barbara
    Lynden-Bell, Ruth
    MacFarlane, Doug
    Marlair, Guy
    Medhi, Himani
    Mezger, Markus
    Pádua, Agílio
    Pantenburg, Isabel
    Perkin, Susan
    Reid, Joshua E. S. J.
    Rutland, Mark W.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
    Saha, Satyen
    Shimizu, Karina
    Slattery, John M.
    Swadźba-Kwaśny, Malgorzata
    Tiwari, Shraeddha
    Tsuzuki, Seiji
    Uralcan, Betul
    van den Bruinhorst, Adriaan
    Watanabe, Masayoshi
    Wishart, James
    Structure and dynamics of ionic liquids: general discussion2018In: Faraday discussions (Online), ISSN 1359-6640, E-ISSN 1364-5498, Vol. 206, no 0, p. 291-337Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    E

  • 3.
    Ahmad, Shargeel
    et al.
    Dalian Univ Technol, Inst Artificial Photosynthesis, State Key Lab Fine Chem, Dalian 116024, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Jinxuan
    Dalian Univ Technol, Inst Artificial Photosynthesis, State Key Lab Fine Chem, Dalian 116024, Peoples R China..
    Ji, Wei
    Dalian Univ Technol, Inst Artificial Photosynthesis, State Key Lab Fine Chem, Dalian 116024, Peoples R China..
    Sun, Licheng
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Centre of Molecular Devices, CMD. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry. Dalian Univ Technol, Inst Artificial Photosynthesis, State Key Lab Fine Chem, Dalian 116024, Peoples R China.;KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sch Chem Sci & Engn, Dept Chem, S-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Metal-Organic Framework Thin Film-Based Dye Sensitized Solar Cells with Enhanced Photocurrent2018In: Materials, ISSN 1996-1944, E-ISSN 1996-1944, Vol. 11, no 10, article id 1868Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Metal-organic framework thin film-based dye sensitized solar cell is fabricated with highly oriented, crystalline, and porous Zn-perylene metal-organic framework (MOF) thin film (SURMOF) which is integrated with Bodipy embedded in poly(methyl methacrylate). It has been demonstrated that the photocurrent can be enhanced by a factor of 5 relative to Zn-perylene MOF thin film due to triplet-triplet annihilation up-conversion between the Bodipy/PMMA sensitizer and the Zn-perylene MOF thin film acceptor using Co(bpy)(3)(2+/3+) as redox mediator.

  • 4.
    Alekseeva, L. A.
    et al.
    Natl Acad Sci Ukraine, B Verkin Inst Low Temp Phys & Engn, 47 Nauky Ave, UA-61103 Kharkov, Ukraine..
    Dobryden, Illia
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
    Determination of the low-temperature self-diffusion coefficient in solid p-H-2 from creep experiments2018In: Low temperature physics (Woodbury, N.Y., Print), ISSN 1063-777X, E-ISSN 1090-6517, Vol. 44, no 9, p. 946-951Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dependencies of the relative elongation epsilon under the constantly applied stress at T = 1.8 K on the endurance time t of polycrystalline parahydrogen (p-H-2, similar to 0.2% of o-H-2) of high purity (99.9999 mol.%), with varying deuterium content, were measured. The region of linear dependence between the measured creep rates (epsilon) over dot of samples and the applied stress s was revealed. The conclusion that the low-temperature creep of the studied p-H-2 possesses a vacancy-type diffusion character was made on the basis of linear dependence (epsilon) over dot similar to s. Determination of the low-temperature self-diffusion coefficient of vacancies D in solid p-H-2, which characterizes the rate of low-temperature mass transfer, was performed. The cases of migration of vacancies in the crystal bulk, along boundaries separating individual crystallites, as well as between dislocations existing in crystals, are considered. A significant decrease in the (epsilon) over dot and D values with an increase in the isotope concentration in the samples was observed, while maintaining the linear relationship between (epsilon) over dot and s for the studied p-H-2. Published by AIP Publishing.

  • 5.
    Almandoz-Gil, Leire
    et al.
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Publ Hlth & Caring Sci, Mol Geriatr, SE-75185 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Welander, Hedvig
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Publ Hlth & Caring Sci, Mol Geriatr, SE-75185 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Ihse, Elisabeth
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Publ Hlth & Caring Sci, Mol Geriatr, SE-75185 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Khoonsari, Payam Emami
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Med Sci, SE-75185 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Musunuri, Sravani
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Med Sci, SE-75185 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Lendel, Christofer
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry.
    Sigvardson, Jessica
    BioArctic AB, Warfvinges Vag 35, SE-11251 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Karlsson, Mikael
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Engn Sci, SE-75121 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Ingelsson, Martin
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Publ Hlth & Caring Sci, Mol Geriatr, SE-75185 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Kultima, Kim
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Med Sci, SE-75185 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Bergstrom, Joakim
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Publ Hlth & Caring Sci, Mol Geriatr, SE-75185 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Low molar excess of 4-oxo-2-nonenal and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal promote oligomerization of alpha-synuclein through different pathways (vol 110, pg 421, 2017)2018In: Free Radical Biology & Medicine, ISSN 0891-5849, E-ISSN 1873-4596, Vol. 117, p. 258-258Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Anantha, Krishnan Hariramabadran
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
    Örnek, Cem
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH).
    Ejnermark, Sebastian
    Uddeholms AB, Res & Dev, SE-68385 Hagfors, Sweden..
    Thuvander, Anders
    Uddeholms AB, Res & Dev, SE-68385 Hagfors, Sweden..
    Medvedeva, Anna
    Uddeholms AB, Res & Dev, SE-68385 Hagfors, Sweden..
    Sjostrom, Johnny
    Uddeholms AB, Res & Dev, SE-68385 Hagfors, Sweden..
    Pan, Jinshan
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.
    Experimental and modelling study of the effect of tempering on the susceptibility to environment-assisted cracking of AISI 420 martensitic stainless steel2019In: Corrosion Science, ISSN 0010-938X, E-ISSN 1879-0496, Vol. 148, p. 83-93Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The resistance to environment-assisted cracking (EAC) of AISI 420 martensitic stainless steel (MSS) was investigated in 0.3 M NaCl solution (room temperature) at constant loads for 30 days. The steel tempered at 250 degrees C was superior to the 500 degrees C-temper, which showed corrosion pits favouring cracking. The fracture surface showed faceted grains, cleavage, striations, and inter- and transgranular cracks, suggesting a mixed stress corrosion cracking (SCC) and hydrogen embrittlement (HE) mechanism as the cause for EAC. Finite element modelling (FEM) indicated strain/stress localization at the mouth of deep pits and at the wall of shallow pits, displaying the favoured locations for pit-to-crack transition.

  • 7. Angiolini, L.
    et al.
    Valetti, S.
    Cohen, B.
    Feiler, Adam
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science. Nanologica AB, Södertälje, Sweden.
    Douhal, A.
    Fluorescence imaging of antibiotic clofazimine encapsulated within mesoporous silica particle carriers: Relevance to drug delivery and the effect on its release kinetics2018In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 20, no 17, p. 11899-11911Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report on the encapsulation of the antibiotic clofazimine (CLZ) within the pores of mesoporous silica particles having hydrophilic (CBET value of 137) and more hydrophobic (CBET value of 94 after calcination at 600 °C) surfaces. We studied the effect of pH on the released amount of CLZ in aqueous solutions and observed a maximum at pH 4.1 in correlation with the solubility of the drug. Less release of the drug was observed from the more hydrophobic particles which was attributed to a difference in the affinity of the drug to the carrier particles. Fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy, emission spectra, and fluorescence lifetimes of single drug loaded particles provided detailed understanding and new knowledge of the physical form of the encapsulated drug and the distribution within the particles. The distribution of CLZ within the particles was independent of the surface chemistry of the particles. The confirmation of CLZ molecules as monomers or aggregates was revealed by controlled removal of the drug with solvent. Additionally, the observed optical "halo effect" in the fluorescent images was interpreted in terms of specific quenching of high concentration of molecules. The emission lifetime experiments suggest stronger interaction of CLZ with the more hydrophobic particles, which is relevant to its release. The results reported in this work demonstrate that tuning the hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity of mesoporous silica particles can be used as a tool to control the release without impacting their loading ability.

  • 8.
    Arafa, Wael Abdelgayed Ahmed
    et al.
    Jouf Univ, Coll Sci, Chem Dept, POB 72341, Sakaka, Aljouf, Saudi Arabia.;Fayoum Univ, Fac Sci, Chem Dept, POB 63514, Fayoum City, Egypt..
    Abdel-Magied, Ahmed Fawzy
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry. Nucl Mat Author, POB 530, Cairo, Egypt..
    An eco-compatible access to diversified bisoxazolone and bisimidazole derivatives2018In: ARKIVOC, ISSN 1551-7004, E-ISSN 1551-7012, p. 338-353Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An efficient, straight-forward and eco-friendly synthetic strategy for the assembly of novel bisoxazolones via a four-component, sequential reaction of dialdehydes, glycine, benzoyl chloride and acetic anhydride, using ultrasound radiation, is described. Additionally, a diverse group of new bisimidazoles has been synthesized in good yields by the sonication of diamines and (Z)-4-arylidene-2-phenyloxazol-5(4H)-ones. These approaches have resulted in a number of successful routes for the facile synthesis of bis-oxazolone and bis-imidazole frameworks within minutes of irradiation. Excellent outcomes using these environmentally-friendly parameters make these synthetic schemes ideal, sustainable, green-chemistry procedures and provide simple access towards the preparation of bisheterocycles. [GRAPHICS] .

  • 9. Armstronga, D. A.
    et al.
    Huie, R. E.
    Lymar, S.
    Koppenol, W. H.
    Merényi, Gabor
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Neta, P.
    Stanbury, D. M.
    Steenken, S.
    Wardman, P.
    Standard electrode potentials involving radicals in aqueous solution: Inorganic radicals2013In: BioInorganic Reaction Mechanisms, ISSN 2191-2491, Vol. 9, no 1-4, p. 59-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Inorganic radicals, such as superoxide and hydroxyl, play an important role in biology. Their tendency to oxidize or to reduce other compounds has been studied by pulse radiolysis; electrode potentials can be derived when equilibrium is established with a well-known reference compound. An IUPAC Task Group has evaluated the literature and produced the recommended standard electrode potentials for such couples as (O2/O2 ·-), (HO·, H+/H2O), (O3/O3 ·-), (Cl2/Cl2 ·-), (Br2 ·-/2Br-), (NO2 ·/NO2 -), and (CO3 ·-/CO3 2-). 

  • 10.
    Baath, Jenny Arnling
    et al.
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Div Ind Biotechnol, Dept Biol & Biol Engn, S-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden.;Chalmers Univ Technol, Wallenberg Wood Sci Ctr, S-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Martinez-Abad, Antonio
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Glycoscience.
    Berglund, Jennie
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Larsbrink, Johan
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Div Ind Biotechnol, Dept Biol & Biol Engn, S-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden.;Chalmers Univ Technol, Wallenberg Wood Sci Ctr, S-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Vilaplana, Francisco
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Glycoscience. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Olsson, Lisbeth
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Div Ind Biotechnol, Dept Biol & Biol Engn, S-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden.;Chalmers Univ Technol, Wallenberg Wood Sci Ctr, S-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Mannanase hydrolysis of spruce galactoglucomannan focusing on the influence of acetylation on enzymatic mannan degradation2018In: Biotechnology for Biofuels, ISSN 1754-6834, E-ISSN 1754-6834, Vol. 11, article id 114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Galactoglucomannan (GGM) is the most abundant hemicellulose in softwood, and consists of a backbone of mannose and glucose units, decorated with galactose and acetyl moieties. GGM can be hydrolyzed into fermentable sugars, or used as a polymer in films, gels, and food additives. Endo-beta-mannanases, which can be found in the glycoside hydrolase families 5 and 26, specifically cleave the mannan backbone of GGM into shorter oligosaccharides. Information on the activity and specificity of different mannanases on complex and acetylated substrates is still lacking. The aim of this work was to evaluate and compare the modes of action of two mannanases from Cellvibrio japonicus (CjMan5A and CjMan26A) on a variety of mannan substrates, naturally and chemically acetylated to varying degrees, including naturally acetylated spruce GGM. Both enzymes were evaluated in terms of cleavage patterns and their ability to accommodate acetyl substitutions. Results: CjMan5A and CjMan26A demonstrated different substrate preferences on mannan substrates with distinct backbone and decoration structures. CjMan5A action resulted in higher amounts of mannotriose and mannotetraose than that of CjMan26A, which mainly generated mannose and mannobiose as end products. Mass spectrometric analysis of products from the enzymatic hydrolysis of spruce GGM revealed that an acetylated hexotriose was the shortest acetylated oligosaccharide produced by CjMan5A, whereas CjMan26A generated acetylated hexobiose as well as diacetylated oligosaccharides. A low degree of native acetylation did not significantly inhibit the enzymatic action. However, a high degree of chemical acetylation resulted in decreased hydrolyzability of mannan substrates, where reduced substrate solubility seemed to reduce enzyme activity. Conclusions: Our findings demonstrate that the two mannanases from C. japonicus have different cleavage patterns on linear and decorated mannan polysaccharides, including the abundant and industrially important resource spruce GGM. CjMan26A released higher amounts of fermentable sugars suitable for biofuel production, while CjMan5A, producing higher amounts of oligosaccharides, could be a good candidate for the production of oligomeric platform chemicals and food additives. Furthermore, chemical acetylation of mannan polymers was found to be a potential strategy for limiting the biodegradation of mannan-containing materials.

  • 11.
    Badal Tejedor, Maria
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science. RISE Research Intitutes of Sweden.
    Pazesh, Samaneh
    Nordgren, Niklas
    Schuleit, Michael
    Rutland, Mark W.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science. RISE Research Intitutes of Sweden.
    Alderborn, Göran
    Millqvist-Fureby, Anna
    Milling induced amorphisation andrecrystallization of α-lactose monohydrate2018In: International Journal of Pharmaceutics, ISSN 0378-5173, E-ISSN 1873-3476, Vol. 537, no 1-2, p. 140-147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Preprocessing of pharmaceutical powders is a common procedure to condition the materials for a better manufacturing performance. However, such operations may induce undesired material properties modifications when conditioning particle size through milling, for example. Modification of both surface and bulk material structure will change the material properties, thus affecting the processability of the powder. Hence it is essential to control the material transformations that occur during milling. Topographical and mechanical changes in surface properties can be a preliminary indication of further material transformations. Therefore a surface evaluation of the alpha-lactose monohydrate after short and prolonged milling times has been performed. Unprocessed alpha-lactose monohydrate and spray dried lactose were evaluated in parallel to the milled samples as reference examples of the crystalline and amorphous lactose structure. Morphological differences between un-processed a-lactose, 1 h and 20 h milled lactose and spray dried lactose were detected from SEM and AFM images. Additionally, AFM was used to simultaneously characterize particle surface amorphicity by measuring energy dissipation. Extensive surface amorphicity was detected after 1 h of milling while prolonged milling times showed only a moderate particle surface amorphisation. Bulk material characterization performed with DSC indicated a partial amorphicity for the 1 h milled lactose and a fully amorphous thermal profile for the 20 h milled lactose. The temperature profiles however, were shifted somewhat in the comparison to the amorphous reference, particularly after extended milling, suggesting a different amorphous state compared to the spraydried material. Water loss during milling was measured with TGA, showing lower water content for the lactose amorphized through milling compared to spray dried amorphous lactose. The combined results suggest a surface-bulk propagation of the amorphicity during milling in combination with a different amorphous structural conformation to that of the amorphous spray dried lactose. The hardened surface may be due to either surface crystallization of lactose or to formation of a low-water glass transition.

  • 12.
    Baroffio, C. A.
    et al.
    Agroscope, Rte Eterpys 18, CH-1964 Conthey, Switzerland..
    Sigsgaard, L.
    Univ Copenhagen, Dept Plant & Environm Sci, Thorvaldsensvej 40, DK-1871 Frederiksberg C, Denmark..
    Ahrenfeldt, E. J.
    Univ Copenhagen, Dept Plant & Environm Sci, Thorvaldsensvej 40, DK-1871 Frederiksberg C, Denmark..
    Borg-Karlson, A. -K
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry.
    Bruun, S. A.
    NIBIO Norwegian Inst Bloecon Res, NO-1431 As, Norway.;NMBU Norwegian Univ Life Sci, Fac Environm Sci & Nat Resource Management, NO-1432 As, Norway..
    Cross, J. V.
    NIAB EMR, New Rd, Kent ME19 6BJ, England..
    Fountain, M. T.
    NIAB EMR, New Rd, Kent ME19 6BJ, England..
    Hall, D.
    Univ Greenwich, Nat Resources Inst, Cent Ave, Chatham ME4 4TB, Kent, England..
    Mozuraitis, R.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry.
    Ralle, B.
    LPPRC Latvian Plant Protect Res Ctr, Struktoru Lela 14 A, LV-1039 Riga, Latvia..
    Trandem, N.
    NIBIO Norwegian Inst Bloecon Res, NO-1431 As, Norway.;NMBU Norwegian Univ Life Sci, Fac Environm Sci & Nat Resource Management, NO-1432 As, Norway..
    Wibe, A.
    NORSOK Norwegian Ctr Organ Agr, Gunnars Vei 6, NO-6630 Tingvoll, Norway..
    Combining plant volatiles and pheromones to catch two insect pests in the same trap: Examples from two berry crops2018In: Crop Protection, ISSN 0261-2194, E-ISSN 1873-6904, Vol. 109, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most horticultural crops are attacked by more than one insect pest. As broad-spectrum chemical control options are becoming increasingly restricted, there is a need to develop novel control methods. Semiochemical attractants are available for three important horticultural pests, strawberry blossom weevil, Anthonomus rubi Herbst (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), European tarnished plant bug, Lygus rugulipennis Poppius (Hemiptera: Miridae) and raspberry beetle, Byturus tomentostts deGeer (Coleoptera: Byturidae). Traps targeting more than one pest species would be more practical and economical for both monitoring and mass trapping than traps for single-species. In this study we aimed to (1) improve the effectiveness of existing traps for insect pests in strawberry and raspberry crops by increasing catches of each species, and (2) test if attractants for two unrelated pest species could be combined to capture both in the same trap without decreasing the total catches. Field tests were carried out in four European countries and different combinations of semiochemicals were compared. A volatile from strawberry flowers, 1,4 dimethoxybenzene (DMB), increased the attractiveness of the aggregation pheromone to both sexes of A. rubi. The host-plant volatile, phenylacetaldehyde (PAA), increased the attraction of female L. rugulipennis to the sex pheromone, and, in strawberry, there was some evidence that adding DMB increased catches further. Traps baited with the aggregation pheromone of A. rubi, DMB, the sex pheromone of L rugulipennis and PAA attracted both target species to the same trap with no significant difference in catches compared to those single-species traps. In raspberry, catches in traps baited with a combination of A. rubi aggregation pheromone, DMB and the commercially available lure for B. tomentosus, based on raspberry flower volatiles, were similar to those in single-species traps. In both crops the efficiency of the traps still needs improvement, but the multi species traps are adequate for monitoring and should not lead to confusion for the user as the target species are easy to distinguish from each other.

  • 13.
    Barreiro Fidalgo, Alexandre
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Jonsson, Mats
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Radiation induced dissolution of (U, Gd)O-2 pellets in aqueous solution - A comparison to standard UO2 pellets2019In: Journal of Nuclear Materials, ISSN 0022-3115, E-ISSN 1873-4820, Vol. 514, p. 216-223Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The behavior of spent nuclear fuel exposed to groundwater is crucial in the safety assessment of a deep geological repository for spent nuclear fuel. For this reason, leaching experiments on spent nuclear fuel as well as non-radioactive analogues have been conducted for several decades. Although the processes involved can be considered to be fairly well understood, there is a need for further experimental studies whenever new fuel types are introduced. Fuels with burnable absorbers are now in use but very little is known about their behavior under repository conditions. In this work, the impact of burnable absorbers doping (Gd, 3-8%wt.) on the oxidative dissolution of UO2 in an aqueous system was studied in H2O2 and gamma-irradiation induced dissolution experiments. The results showed a significant decrease in uranium dissolution and lower reactivity towards H2O2 for (U,Gd)O-2 pellets compared to standard UO2. The resulting decrease in the final oxidative dissolution yield was mainly attributed to decreased redox reactivity of the UO2-matrix upon doping. The results of the gamma radiation exposures display an even larger effect of Gd-doping. These findings indicate that other processes are involved in the radiation-induced dissolution of Gd-doped UO2 compared to pure UO2. 

  • 14. Bazant, Martin
    et al.
    Bennewitz, Roland
    Bocquet, Lydéric
    Brilliantov, Nikolay
    Dey, Ranabir
    Drummond, Carlos
    Dryfe, Robert
    Girault, Hubert
    Hatzell, Kelsey
    Kornev, Konstantin
    Kornyshev, Alexei A.
    Kratochvilova, Irena
    Kucernak, Anthony
    Kulkarni, Mohit
    Kumar, Sunny
    Lee, Alpha
    Lemay, Serge
    Medhi, Himani
    Mount, Andrew
    Mugele, Frieder
    Perkin, Susan
    Rutland, Mark W.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
    Schatz, George
    Schiffrin, David
    Smela, Elisabeth
    Smirnov, Evgeny
    Urbakh, Michael
    Yaroshchuk, Andriy
    Electrotunable wetting, and micro- and nanofluidics: general discussion2017In: Faraday discussions (Online), ISSN 1359-6640, E-ISSN 1364-5498, Vol. 199, no 0, p. 195-237Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Beldowski, Piotr
    et al.
    UTP Univ Sci & Technol, Inst Math & Phys, Al Kaliskiego 7, PL-85796 Bydgoszcz, Poland..
    Weber, Piotr
    Gdansk Univ Technol, Atom & Opt Phys Div, Dept Atom Mol & Opt Phys, Fac Appl Phys & Math, Narutowicza 11-12, PL-80233 Gdansk, Poland..
    Dédinaité, Andra
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science. RISE Res Inst Sweden, Box 5607, SE-11486 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Claesson, Per M.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science. RISE Res Inst Sweden, Box 5607, SE-11486 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Gadomski, Adam
    UTP Univ Sci & Technol, Inst Math & Phys, Al Kaliskiego 7, PL-85796 Bydgoszcz, Poland..
    Physical crosslinking of hyaluronic acid in the presence of phospholipids in an aqueous nano-environment2018In: Soft Matter, ISSN 1744-683X, E-ISSN 1744-6848, Vol. 14, no 44, p. 8997-9004Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hyaluronic acid and phospholipids are two components in the synovial joint cavity that contribute to joint lubrication synergistically. Molecular dynamics simulations were performed and hydrogen bonds in hyaluronic acid were analyzed to identify specific sites that are responsible for its physical cross-linking. Two molecular masses of hyaluronic acid, 10 kDa and 160 kDa, were considered. We use molecular dynamics simulations and the small world network approach to investigate dynamic couplings using a distance map applied to oxygen atoms in a chain of hyaluronic acid in the presence of phospholipids and water. The distance characterizing the coupling can be defined in various ways to bring out the most evident differences between various scenarios of the polymer chain conformation We show herein a physical distance understood as H-bond length and classes of these distances which are defined in a coarse-grained picture of the molecule. Simulation results indicate that addition of phospholipids has little influence on hyaluronic acid crosslinking. However, longer chains and addition of lipids promote appreciably long lasting (resilient) networks that may be of importance in biological systems. Specific sites for hydrogen bonding of phospholipids to hyaluronic acid have also been identified.

  • 16.
    Belmonte, Rodrigo
    et al.
    Univ Aberdeen, Scottish Fish Immunol Res Ctr, Inst Biol & Environm Sci, Aberdeen, Scotland.;Univ Aberdeen, Inst Med Sci, Aberdeen Oomycete Lab, Aberdeen, Scotland..
    Wang, Tiehui
    Univ Aberdeen, Scottish Fish Immunol Res Ctr, Inst Biol & Environm Sci, Aberdeen, Scotland..
    Duncan, Gary J.
    Univ Aberdeen, Mass Spectrometry Grp, Rowett Inst Nutr & Hlth, Aberdeen, Scotland..
    Skaar, Ida
    Norwegian Vet Inst, Oslo, Norway..
    Melida, Hugo
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Glycoscience. Royal Inst Technol, Div Glycosci, Sch Biotechnol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Bulone, Vincent
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Glycoscience. Royal Inst Technol, Div Glycosci, Sch Biotechnol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    van West, Pieter
    Univ Aberdeen, Inst Med Sci, Aberdeen Oomycete Lab, Aberdeen, Scotland..
    Secombes, Christopher J.
    Univ Aberdeen, Scottish Fish Immunol Res Ctr, Inst Biol & Environm Sci, Aberdeen, Scotland..
    Erratum to:: Role of Pathogen-Derived Cell Wall Carbohydrates and Prostaglandin E-2 in Immune Response and Suppression of Fish Immunity by the Oomycete Saprolegnia parasitica2015In: Infection and Immunity, ISSN 0019-9567, E-ISSN 1098-5522, Vol. 83, no 1, p. 454-454Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Berglund, Jennie
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Kishani, Saina
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    de Carvalho, Danila Morais
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Lawoko, Martin
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Wohlert, Jakob
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Henriksson, Gunnar
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Vilaplana, Francisco
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Glycoscience.
    The influence of acetylation and sugar composition on the (in)solubility of mannans, their interaction with cellulose surfaces and thermal properties.Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Berglund, Jennie
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Azhar, Shoaib
    Lawoko, Martin
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Vilaplana, Francisco
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Glycoscience. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Wohlert, Jakob
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Henriksson, Gunnar
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    The structure of galactoglucomannan impacts the degradation under alkaline conditions2018In: Cellulose (London), ISSN 0969-0239, E-ISSN 1572-882XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Galactoglucomannan (GGM) from sprucewas studied with respect to the degradation behavior inalkaline solution. Three reference systems includinggalactomannan from locust bean gum, glucomannanfrom konjac and the linear water-soluble carboxymethylcellulose were studied with focus onmolecular weight, sugar composition, degradationproducts, as well as formed oligomers, to identifyrelative structural changes in GGM. Initially allmannan polysaccharides showed a fast decrease inthe molecular weight, which became stable in the laterstage. The degradation of the mannan polysaccharidescould be described by a function corresponding to thesum of two first order reactions; one slow that wasascribed to peeling, and one fast that was connectedwith hydrolysis. The galactose side group wasstable under conditions used in this study (150 min,90 C, 0.5 M NaOH). This could suggest that, apartfrom the covalent connection to C6 in mannose, thegalactose substitutions also interact non-covalentlywith the backbone to stabilize the structure againstdegradation. Additionally, the combination of differentbackbone sugars seems to affect the stability of thepolysaccharides. For carboxymethyl cellulose thedegradation was linear over time which furthersuggests that the structure and sugar composition playan important role for the alkaline degradation. Moleculardynamics simulations gave details about theconformational behavior of GGM oligomers in watersolution, as well as interaction between the oligomersand hydroxide ions.

  • 19. Bergquist, Helen
    et al.
    Rocha, Cristina S. J.
    Álvarez-Asencio, Rubén
    Nguyen, Colleen Ramsey
    Rutland, Mark W.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
    Smith, C I Edvard
    Good, L.
    Nielsen, Peter Egil
    Zain, Rula
    Structure and Photoactivatable Probes for Nucleic Acids and Kinases2016In: Biochimie, Vol. 128, no 129, p. 133-137Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Bernhem, Kristoffer
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics. KTH, Centres, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Blom, H.
    KTH, Centres, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Brismar, Hjalmar
    KTH, Centres, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics.
    Quantification of endogenous and exogenous protein expressions of Na,K-ATPase with super-resolution PALM/STORM imaging2018In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, no 4, article id e0195825Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Transient transfection of fluorescent fusion proteins is a key enabling technology in fluorescent microscopy to spatio-temporally map cellular protein distributions. Transient transfection of proteins may however bypass normal regulation of expression, leading to overexpression artefacts like misallocations and excess amounts. In this study we investigate the use of STORM and PALM microscopy to quantitatively monitor endogenous and exogenous protein expression. Through incorporation of an N-terminal hemagglutinin epitope to a mMaple3 fused Na,K-ATPase (α1 isoform), we analyze the spatial and quantitative changes of plasma membrane Na,K-ATPase localization during competitive transient expression. Quantification of plasma membrane protein density revealed a time dependent increase of Na,K-ATPase, but no increase in size of protein clusters. Results show that after 41h transfection, the total plasma membrane density of Na,K-ATPase increased by 63% while the endogenous contribution was reduced by 16%. © 2018 Bernhem et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

  • 21.
    Bernin, Diana
    et al.
    Swedish NMR Ctr, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Bialik, Erik
    Lund Univ, Div Theoret Chem, Lund, Sweden..
    Stenqvist, Bjorn
    Lund Univ, Div Theoret Chem, Lund, Sweden..
    Fang, Yuan
    KTH. KTH Royal Inst Technol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ostlund, Asa
    SP Tech Res Inst Sweden, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Furo, Istvan
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry. KTH Royal Inst Technol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Lindman, Bjorn
    Lund Univ, Chem, Lund, Sweden..
    Lund, Mikael
    Lund Univ, Div Theoret Chem, Lund, Sweden..
    On the ionization of cellulose in aqueous alkali2017In: Abstract of Papers of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0065-7727, Vol. 253Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 22. Besharat, Z.
    et al.
    Alvarez-Asencio, R.
    Tian, H.
    Yu, S.
    Johnson, C. M.
    Gothelid, M.
    Rutland, Mark W.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
    In-situ evaluation of dye adsorption on TiO2 using QCM2017In: EPJ Photovoltaics, ISSN 2105-0716, Vol. 8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We measured the adsorption characteristics of two organic dyes; triphenylamine-cyanoacrylic acid (TPA-C) and phenoxazine (MP13), on TiO2, directly in a solution based on quartz crystal microbalance (QCM). Monitoring the adsorbed amount as a function of dye concentration and during rinsing allows determination of the equilibrium constant and distinction between chemisorbed and physisorbed dye. The measured equilibrium constants are 0.8 mM(-1) for TPA-C and 2.4 mM(-1) for MP13. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was used to compare dried chemisorbed layers of TPA-C prepared in solution with TPA-C layers prepared via vacuum sublimation; the two preparation methods render similar spectra except a small contribution of water residues (OH) on the solution prepared samples. Quantitative Nanomechanical Mapping Atomic Force Microscopy (QNM-AFM) shows that physisorbed TPA-C layers are easily removed by scanning the tip across the surface. Although not obvious in height images, adhesion images clearly demonstrate removal of the dye.

  • 23.
    Bhagavathiachari, Muthuraaman
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Elumalai, V.
    Gao, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Centre of Molecular Devices, CMD.
    Kloo, Lars
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Centre of Molecular Devices, CMD.
    Polymer-doped molten salt mixtures as a new concept for electrolyte systems in dye-sensitized solar cells2017In: ACS Omega, ISSN 2470-1343, Vol. 2, no 10, p. 6570-6575Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A conceptually new polymer electrolyte for dye-sensitized solar cells is reported and investigated. The benefits of using this type of electrolyte based on ionic liquid mixtures (ILMs) and room temperature ionic liquids are highlighted. Impedance spectroscopy and transient electron measurements have been used to elucidate the background of the photovoltaic performance. Even though larger recombination losses were noted, the high ion mobility and conductivity induced in the ILMs by the added polymer result in enhanced overall conversion efficiencies.

  • 24.
    Blomkvist, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry.
    Dinér, Peter
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry.
    HBF4 center dot DEE-catalyzed formation of sulfinyl imines: Synthesis and mechanistic studies2018In: Tetrahedron Letters, ISSN 0040-4039, E-ISSN 1359-8562, Vol. 59, no 13, p. 1249-1253Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A mild acid-catalysed method is reported for the formation of sulfinyl imines from tert-butanesulfinamide and aromatic or aliphatic aldehydes using tetrafluoroboric acid diethyletherate (10 mol%) in dichloromethane. Reactions were performed at room temperature and gave the corresponding sulfinyl imines in excellent yield after 2 h. A DFT study was performed and a mechanism for the reaction is postulated. 

  • 25. Boshkova, Katrin
    et al.
    Kronberg, Bengt
    Rutland, Mark W.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
    Imae, Toyoko
    Visco-elastic properties of thin surfactant films studied with the tribological surface force apparatus.2000Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Brinck, Tore
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Stenlid, Joakim H.
    Stockholm Univ, AlbaNova Univ Ctr, Dept Phys, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    The Molecular Surface Property Approach: A Guide to Chemical Interactions in Chemistry, Medicine, and Material Science2019In: ADVANCED THEORY AND SIMULATIONS, ISSN 2513-0390, Vol. 2, no 1, article id 1800149Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The current status of the molecular surface property approach (MSPA) and its application for analysis and prediction of intermolecular interactions, including chemical reactivity, are reviewed. The MSPA allows for identification and characterization of all potential interaction sites of a molecule or nanoparticle by the computation of one or more molecular properties on an electronic isodensity surface. A wide range of interactions can be analyzed by three properties, which are well-defined within Kohn-Sham density functional theory. These are the electrostatic potential, the average local ionization energy, and the local electron attachment energy. The latter two do not only reflect the electrostatic contribution to a chemical interaction, but also the contributions from polarization and charge transfer. It is demonstrated that the MSPA has a high predictive capacity for non-covalent interactions, for example, hydrogen and halogen bonding, as well as organic substitution and addition reactions. The latter results open u p applications within drug design and medicinal chemistry. The application of MSPA has recently been extended to nanoparticles and extended surfaces of metals and metal oxides. In particular, nanostructural effects on the catalytic properties of noble metals are rationalized. The potential for using MSPA in rational design of heterogeneous catalysts is discussed.

  • 27.
    Bronken, Ida Antonia Tank
    et al.
    Natl Museum Art Architecture & Design, Dept Collect Management, Holmenkollveien 37b, N-0376 Oslo, Norway..
    Boon, Jaap J.
    JAAP Enterprise Art Sci Studies, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Corkery, Robert
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Steindal, Calin Constantin
    Univ Oslo, Museum Cultural Hist, Oslo, Norway..
    Changing surface features, weeping and metal soap formation in paintings by Karel Appel and Asger Jorn from 1946-19712019In: Journal of Cultural Heritage, ISSN 1296-2074, E-ISSN 1778-3674, Vol. 35, p. 279-287Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents results from ongoing investigations of soft and dripping oil paint in art works by CoBrA's Karel Appel (1921-2006) and Asger Jorn (1914-1973). The work is part of the PhD-project Investigation of soft and dripping paint in paintings from 1946-1971 where twenty-four paintings are being investigated. The paintings were chosen to represent a large variety of conditions: some with slightly soft and mainly stable paints, and others with deforming and dripping paints. All paintings chosen had some paint with uneven fluorescence emitted from specific paint colours. Earlier studies have shown that fluorescence can be an indicator of softening paint. The softening paints and drips on the surface of some of these paintings show similar polarity features with mid-chain functionalized stearic acids and azelaic acid moieties. Our findings show there are several physical and chemical alterations within one degradation symptom that have to be understood when conservation treatments are considered in the future.

  • 28. Brumer, Harry
    et al.
    Rutland, Mark W.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
    Sinnot, Michael
    Teeri, Tuula
    Zhou, Qi
    Crosslinking involving a polymeric carbohydrate material2006Patent (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 29.
    Busson, B.
    et al.
    Univ Paris Saclay, Univ Paris Sud, Lab Chim Phys, CNRS, Batiment 201 P2, F-91405 Orsay, France..
    Dalstein, Laetitia
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry. Univ Paris Saclay, Univ Paris Sud, Lab Chim Phys, CNRS, Batiment 201 P2, F-91405 Orsay, France.;KTH Royal Inst Technol, Dept Chem, Sch Chem Sci & Engn, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden.;Acad Sinica, Inst Phys, Taipei 11529, Taiwan..
    Nonlinear optical response of a gold surface in the visible range: A study by two-color sum-frequency generation spectroscopy. III. Simulations of the experimental SFG intensities2018In: Journal of Chemical Physics, ISSN 0021-9606, E-ISSN 1089-7690, Vol. 149, no 15, article id 154701Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We model the amplitude line shape and absolute phase of the infrared-visible sum-frequency signals produced by a thiolated polycrystalline gold surface as a function of the visible wavelength. We follow two hypotheses: in the interband scenario, the resonant features are attributed to interband transitions, whereas in the effective surface state scenario, they stem mostly from the excitation of surface transitions. We find that both scenarios lead to a satisfactory account of the experimental data and that only free electrons may spill out of the gold bulk, as expected. For the interband scenario, the balance between free and bound electron contributions to sum-frequency generation has to be adjusted to fit the data. The surface transitions are shown to take their origin inside gold and we investigate the surface states involved in such transitions, with a comparison to the silver surfaces. We finally provide a work program dedicated to discriminate between the two scenarios. Published by AIP Publishing.

  • 30. Butchosa, Núria
    et al.
    Leijon, Felicia
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Glycoscience.
    Bulone, Vincent
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Glycoscience.
    Zhou, Qi
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Glycoscience.
    Stronger cellulose microfibrils network structure through the expression of cellulose-binding modules in plant primary cell wallsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Cappellini, Francesca
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Hedberg, Yolanda
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science. Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden.
    McCarrick, Sarah
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Hedberg, Jonas
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
    Derr, Remco
    Toxys, Leiden, Netherlands..
    Hendriks, Giel
    Toxys, Leiden, Netherlands..
    Odnevall Wallinder, Inger
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
    Karlsson, Hanna L.
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Mechanistic insight into reactivity and (geno)toxicity of well-characterized nanoparticles of cobalt metal and oxides2018In: Nanotoxicology, ISSN 1743-5390, E-ISSN 1743-5404, Vol. 12, no 6, p. 602-620Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An increasing use of cobalt (Co)-based nanoparticles (NPs) in different applications and exposures at occupational settings triggers the need for toxicity assessment. Improved understanding regarding the physiochemical characteristics of Co metal NPs and different oxides in combination with assessment of toxicity and mechanisms may facilitate decisions for grouping during risk assessment. The aim of this study was to gain mechanistic insights in the correlation between NP reactivity and toxicity of three different Co-based NPs (Co, CoO, and Co3O4) by using various tools for characterization, traditional toxicity assays, as well as six reporter cell lines (ToxTracker) for rapid detection of signaling pathways of relevance for carcinogenicity. The results showed cellular uptake of all NPs in lung cells and induction of DNA strand breaks and oxidative damage (comet assay) by Co and CoO NPs. In-depth studies on the ROS generation showed high reactivity of Co, lower for CoO, and no reactivity of Co3O4 NPs. The reactivity depended on the corrosion and transformation/dissolution properties of the particles and the media highlighting the role of the surface oxide and metal speciation as also confirmed by in silico modeling. By using ToxTracker, Co NPs were shown to be highly cytotoxic and induced reporters related to oxidative stress (Nrf2 signaling) and DNA strand breaks. Similar effects were observed for CoO NPs but at higher concentrations, whereas the Co3O4 NPs were inactive at all concentrations tested. In conclusion, our study suggests that Co and CoO NPs, but not Co3O4, may be grouped together for risk assessment.

  • 32.
    Chang, Tingru
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
    Atmospheric corrosion of copper and copper-based alloys in architecture: from native surface oxides to fully developed patinas2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Copper and copper-based alloys are commonly used in both ancient and modern architecture. This requires an in-depth fundamental and applied understanding on their atmospheric corrosion behavior at different climatic, environmental and pollutant levels and how these parameters influence e.g. corrosion initiation, patina characteristics, aesthetic appearances, corrosion rates, and runoff rates. This doctoral thesis elucidates the role of native surface oxides on the corrosion performance, corrosion initiation, formation and evolution of corrosion products from hours to months, years and even centuries, to diffuse dispersion of metals from Cu metal/Cu alloy surfaces focusing on the roles of alloying elements, microstructure, and deposition of chlorides. In-depth investigations have been performed at both laboratory and field conditions on commercial Cu metal and copper-based alloys of a golden alloy (Cu5Zn5Al1Sn) and Sn-bronzes (Cu4Sn, Cu6Sn). Patina characteristics and relations to the presence of microstructural inclusions have in addition been investigated for historic patinas of Cu metal roofing of different age and origin, highlighted with data for a 400 years old Cu patina exposed at urban conditions.

    A multi-analytical approach comprising microscopic, spectroscopic and electrochemical methods was employed for in-depth investigations of surface characteristics and bulk properties. Electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD) was utilized to characterize the microstructure. Auger electron spectroscopy (scanning-AES), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), glow discharge optical emission spectroscopy (GDOES) were employed for surface chemical compositional analysis, and atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) to assess the amount of metal release from the patinas. Cathodic reduction (CR) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) were used to assess the amount and corrosion resistance of corrosion products formed at laboratory conditions. Confocal Raman micro-spectroscopy (CRM), infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (IRAS) and grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXRD) were used to identify the phases of corrosion products. Colorimetry was used to assess surface appearances.

    Cu5Zn5Al1Sn and Cu4Sn/Cu6Sn exhibit favorable bulk properties with respect to corrosion in terms of smaller grain size compared with Cu metal and show non-significant surface compositional variations. The presence of multi-component native oxides predominantly composed of Cu2O enriched with Sn-oxides on Cu4Sn/Cu6Sn, and with ZnO, SnO2 and Al2O3 on Cu5Zn5Al1Sn, improves the barrier properties of the native surface oxides and the overall corrosion resistance of Cu4Sn/Cu6Sn and Cu5Zn5Al1Sn. The formation of Zn/Al/Sn-containing corrosion products (e.g. Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6 and Zn6Al2(OH)16CO3·4H2O) significantly reduces the corrosion rate of Cu5Zn5Al1Sn in chloride-rich environments. Alloying with Sn reduces the corrosion rate of Sn-bronze at urban environments of low chloride levels but results in enhanced corrosion rates at chloride-rich marine conditions.

    A clear dual-layer structure patina was observed for centuries-old naturally patinated copper metal with an origin from the roof of Queen Anne's Summer Palace in Prague, the Czech Republic. The patina comprises an inner sub-layer of Cu2O and an outer sub-layer of Cu4SO4(OH)6/Cu3SO4(OH)4. Abundant relatively noble inclusions (mainly rosiaite (PbSb2O6)) were observed and incorporated in both the copper matrix and the patina. The largest inclusions of higher nobility than the surrounding material create significant micro-galvanic effects that result in a fragmentized patina and large thickness ratios between the Cu4SO4(OH)6/Cu3SO4(OH)4 and the Cu2O sub-layer, investigated via a statistical analysis of inclusions and patina characteristics of eight different historic urban copper patinas.

  • 33.
    Chang, Tingru
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
    The role of Sn on the long-term atmospheric corrosion of binary Cu-Sn bronze alloys in architectureManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Chang, Tingru
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
    Leygraf, Christopher
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.
    Odnevall Wallinder, Inger
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.
    Jin, Ying
    Univ Sci & Technol Beijing, Natl Ctr Mat Serv Safety, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China..
    Understanding the Barrier Layer Formed via Adding BTAH in Copper Film Electrodeposition2019In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, ISSN 0013-4651, E-ISSN 1945-7111, Vol. 166, no 2, p. D10-D20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The influence of surface adsorption of benzotriazole (BTAH) and of chloride ions (Cl-) on the kinetics of copper electrodeposition/dissolution in copper sulfate solutions and on copper deposit characteristics have been investigated using electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance (EQCM) combined with cyclic voltammetry (CV). The addition of BTAH alone increases the overpotential of copper deposition, whereas a Cu(I)BTA complex forms at potentials higher than 0.08 V (vs. SCE) accompanied with the occurrence of copper anodic dissolution. With simultaneous addition of BTAH and Cl-, surface adsorption of Cl- competes with that of BTAH during the initial stage of copper nucleation. Different cuprous reaction intermediates form in the examined potential range -0.4 to 0.3 V (vs. SCE), which partly eliminate the favorable effect of BTAH on the deposited copper. A BTAH-containing adsorbed layer formed on the matte side of electrodeposited copper film in the presence of BTAH with or without Cl-, exhibiting a barrier surface property and an improved corrosion resistance compared with the copper film electrodeposited in the electrolyte without addition of BTAH.

  • 35.
    Chang, Tingru
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science. University of Science and Technology Beijing, China.
    Wallinder, Inger Odnevall
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
    Jin, Ying
    Leygraf, Christofer
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
    The golden alloy Cu-5Zn-5Al-1Sn: A multi-analytical surface characterization2018In: Corrosion Science, ISSN 0010-938X, E-ISSN 1879-0496, Vol. 131, p. 94-103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The golden alloy Cu-5Zn-5Al-1Sn has found many applications because of its appearance and resistance to tarnishing. The microstructure and multi-component surface oxide of Cu-5Zn-5Al-1Sn have been investigated through a multi-analytical approach. Compared to commercial Cu metal, Cu-5Zn-5Al-1Sn has significantly smaller grains and higher fraction of coherent twin boundaries. The 5-10 nm thick oxide formed after diamond polishing has four identified sub-oxides all contributing to the overall corrosion resistance. Cu2O is mainly located in the outer part, followed by ZnO, SnO2 and Al2O3 closer to the alloy substrate. The latter three possess barrier properties, while Cu2O exhibits a more complex structure.

  • 36.
    Chang, Tingru
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science. Univ Sci & Technol Beijing, Natl Ctr Mat Serv Safety, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China.
    Herting, Gunilla
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
    Goidanich, S.
    Politecn Milan, Dept Chem Mat & Chem Engn Giulio Natta, Via Mancinelli 7, I-0131 Milan, Italy..
    Sanchez Amaya, J. M.
    LABCYP, Dept Mat Sci & Met Engn & Inorgan Chem, Sch Engn, Ave Univ Cadiz 10, Cadiz 11519, Spain..
    Arenas, M. A.
    CSIC, CENIM, Ctr Nacl Invest Met, Dept Ingn Superficies Corros & Durabilidad, Ave Gregorio del Amo 8, Madrid 28040, Spain..
    Le Bozec, N.
    French Corros Inst, 220 Rue Pierre Rivoalon, F-29200 Brest, France..
    Jin, Y.
    Univ Sci & Technol Beijing, Natl Ctr Mat Serv Safety, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China..
    Leygraf, Christopher
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
    Odnevall Wallinder, Inger
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
    The role of Sn on the long-term atmospheric corrosion of binary Cu-Sn bronze alloys in architecture2019In: Corrosion Science, ISSN 0010-938X, E-ISSN 1879-0496, Vol. 149, p. 54-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of Sn on the atmospheric corrosion performance of binary Cu-Sn bronze alloys (4-6 wt.% Sn) compared with Cu metal used in outdoor architecture is elucidated in terms of microstructure, native surface oxide composition, patina evolution, corrosion rates, appearance and metal release. Results are presented for non-exposed surfaces and surfaces exposed at different urban and marine sites in Europe up to 5 years and based on multi-analytical findings from microscopic, spectroscopic, electrochemical and chemical investigations. Alloying influenced the corrosion, aesthetic appearance and patina evolution, differently for urban and marine sites, whereas no effects were observed on the release pattern.

  • 37.
    Chang, Tingru
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
    Herting, Gunilla
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
    Goidanich, S.
    Sánchez Amaya, J. M.
    Arenas, M. A.
    Le Bozec, N.
    Jin, Y.
    Leygraf, Christopher
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
    Odnevall Wallinder, Inger
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
    The role of Sn on the long-term atmospheric corrosion of binary Cu-Sn bronze alloys in architecture2019In: Corrosion Science, ISSN 0010-938X, E-ISSN 1879-0496, Vol. 149, p. 54-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of Sn on the atmospheric corrosion performance of binary Cu-Sn bronze alloys (4–6 wt.% Sn) compared with Cu metal used in outdoor architecture is elucidated in terms of microstructure, native surface oxide composition, patina evolution, corrosion rates, appearance and metal release. Results are presented for non-exposed surfaces and surfaces exposed at different urban and marine sites in Europe up to 5 years and based on multi-analytical findings from microscopic, spectroscopic, electrochemical and chemical investigations. Alloying influenced the corrosion, aesthetic appearance and patina evolution, differently for urban and marine sites, whereas no effects were observed on the release pattern.

  • 38. Chen, C.
    et al.
    Cheng, M.
    Li, H.
    Qiao, F.
    Liu, Peng
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry.
    Kloo, Lars
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry.
    Sun, Licheng
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry.
    Molecular engineering of ionic type perylenediimide dimer-based electron transport materials for efficient planar perovskite solar cells2018In: Materials Today Energy, ISSN 2468-6069, Vol. 9, p. 264-270Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main of this work is to overcome the drawbacks of the traditional fullerene derivatives used as electron transport materials (ETMs) for perovskite solar cells (PSCs). Herein, a new strategy to design non-fullerene ETMs is presented by molecular engineering to include charged moieties in the ETM. The designed ETM FA2+-PDI2 is intrinsically ionic and the incorporated counter ions in FA2+-PDI2 significantly increase the electron conductivity and improve the film formation properties. Through careful device optimization, PSCs based on the ionic ETM FA2+-PDI2 exhibit an impressive average power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 17.0%, which is comparable to the PSC based on PC61BM (17.5%). The superior photovoltaic performance can be attributed to efficient electron extraction and effective electron transfer in the PSCs. This work provides important insights regarding the future design of new and efficient non-fullerene ETMs for PSCs. 

  • 39.
    Chen, Cheng
    et al.
    Jiangsu Univ, Inst Energy Res, Zhenjiang 212013, Peoples R China..
    Li, Hongping
    Jiangsu Univ, Inst Energy Res, Zhenjiang 212013, Peoples R China..
    Ding, Xingdong
    Jiangsu Univ, Inst Energy Res, Zhenjiang 212013, Peoples R China..
    Cheng, Ming
    Jiangsu Univ, Inst Energy Res, Zhenjiang 212013, Peoples R China..
    Li, Henan
    Jiangsu Univ, Sch Chem & Chem Engn, Zhenjiang 212013, Peoples R China..
    Xu, Li
    Jiangsu Univ, Inst Energy Res, Zhenjiang 212013, Peoples R China..
    Qiao, Fen
    Jiangsu Univ, Sch Energy & Power Engn, Zhenjiang 212013, Peoples R China..
    Li, Huaming
    Jiangsu Univ, Inst Energy Res, Zhenjiang 212013, Peoples R China..
    Sun, Licheng
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry.
    Molecular Engineering of Triphenylamine-Based Non-Fullerene Electron-Transport Materials for Efficient Rigid and Flexible Perovskite Solar Cells2018In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, E-ISSN 1944-8252, Vol. 10, no 45, p. 38970-38977Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There has been a growing interest in the design and synthesis of non-fullerene electron transport materials (ETMs) for perovskite solar cells (PSCs), which may overcome the drawbacks of traditional fullerene derivatives. In this work, a novel donor-acceptor (D-A) structured ETM termed TPA-3CN is presented by molecular engineering of triphenylamine (TPA) as the donor group and (3-cyano-4,5,5-trimethyl-2(5H)-furanylidene) malononitrile as the acceptor group. To further improve the electron mobility and conductivity and achieve excellent photovoltaic performance, a solution processable n-type dopant is introduced during the ETM spin-coating step. After device optimization, PSCs based on the doped TPA-3CN exhibit an impressive power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 19.2% with a negligible hysteresis. Benefitting from the low temperature and good solution processability of ETM TPA-3CN, it was further applied in flexible inverted PSCs and an impressive PCE of 13.2% was achieved, which is among the highest values reported for inverted flexible fullerene-free PSCs.

  • 40. Chen, H.
    et al.
    Gao, Y.
    Ye, L.
    Yao, Y.
    Chen, X.
    Wei, Y.
    Sun, Licheng
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Centre of Molecular Devices, CMD. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry.
    A Cu2Se-Cu2O film electrodeposited on titanium foil as a highly active and stable electrocatalyst for the oxygen evolution reaction2018In: Chemical Communications, ISSN 1359-7345, E-ISSN 1364-548X, Vol. 54, no 39, p. 4979-4982Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many nonprecious metal-selenide-based materials have been reported as electrocatalysts with high activity for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER). Herein, a hybrid catalyst film composed of Cu2Se and Cu2O nanoparticles directly grown on Ti foil (Cu2Se-Cu2O/TF) was prepared through a simple and fast cathodic electrodeposition method. Surprisingly, this electrode required a relatively low overpotential of 465 mV to achieve a catalytic current density of 10 mA cm-2 for the OER in 0.2 M carbonate buffer (pH = 11.0). Furthermore, a long-term constant current electrolysis test confirmed the high durability of the Cu2Se-Cu2O/TF anode at a current density of 10 mA cm-2 over 20 h. The XRD, TEM and XPS analysis of the sample after the OER indicated that a CuO protective layer formed on the surface of the Cu2Se-Cu2O catalyst, which effectively suppressed further oxidation of the Cu2Se-Cu2O catalyst during the OER and resulted in sustained catalytic oxidation of water.

  • 41.
    Chen, Song
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemical Engineering. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics.
    Abdel-Magied, Ahmed F.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemical Engineering.
    Fu, Le
    Uppsala Universitet, Department of Engineering Sciences.
    Jonsson, Mats
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry. KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Chemistry.
    Forsberg, Kerstin
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemical Engineering.
    Incorporation of strontium and europium in crystals of α-calcium isosaccharinate2019In: Journal of Hazardous Materials, ISSN 0304-3894, E-ISSN 1873-3336, Vol. 364, p. 309-316Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The final repository for short-lived, low and intermediate level radioactive waste in Sweden is built to act as a passive repository. Already within a few years after closure water will penetrate the repository and conditions of high alkalinity (pH 10.5―13.5) and low temperature (< 7 °C) will prevail. The mobility of radionuclides in the repository is dependent on the radionuclides distribution between solid and liquid phases. In the present work the incorporation of strontium (II) and europium (III) in α-calcium isosaccharinate (ISA) under alkaline conditions (pH ~10) at 5 °C and 50 °C have been studied. The results show that strontium and europium are incorporated into α-Ca(ISA)2 when crystallized both at 5 °C and 50 °C. Europium is incorporated to a greater extent than strontium. The highest incorporation of europium and strontium at 5 °C rendered the phase compositions Ca0.986Eu0.014(ISA)2 (2.4% of Eu(ISA)3 by mass) and Ca0.98Sr0.02(ISA)2 (2.2% of Sr(ISA)2 by mass). XPS spectra show that both trivalent and divalent Eu coexist in the Eu incorporated samples. Strontium ions were found to retard the elongated growth of the Ca(ISA)2crystals. The incorporation of Sr2+ and Eu3+ into the solid phase of Ca(ISA)2 is expected to contribute to a decreased mobility of these ions in the repository.

  • 42.
    Cheng, Jie
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science. Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.
    Pan, J.
    Wang, T.
    Lu, X.
    Micro-galvanic corrosion of Cu/Ru couple in potassium periodate (KIO4) solution2018In: Corrosion Science, ISSN 0010-938X, E-ISSN 1879-0496, Vol. 137, p. 184-193Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the study of micro-galvanic corrosion of the Cu/Ru couple in KIO4 solution. Practical nobility across the Cu/Ru interface was evaluated by Volta potential mapping, and the morphological changes were monitored by in-situ atomic force microscopy measurements during exposure in a KIO4 solution. Chemical composition of precipitated corrosion product was analyzed by Confocal Raman spectroscopy immediately after the exposure. The results show that Cu is the anode of the Cu/Ru couple, and accelerated dissolution of Cu preferentially occurs near the Cu/Ru interface. However, subsequent formation of insoluble Cu(IO3)2·nH2O leads to precipitation, which impedes further Cu corrosion.

  • 43.
    Chernyshev, Alexander
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemical Engineering.
    Forsberg, Kerstin
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemical Engineering.
    Jonsson, Mats
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry.
    Impact of organic cement additives on the mobility of radionuclides in a radioactive waste repository2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Chernyshev, Alexander N.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemical Engineering.
    Jonsson, Mats
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry.
    Forsberg, Kerstin
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemical Engineering.
    Characterization and degradation of a polyaryl ether based superplasticizer for use in concrete barriers in deep geological repositories2018In: Applied Geochemistry, ISSN 0883-2927, E-ISSN 1872-9134, Vol. 95, p. 172-181Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Superplasticizers are important additives used in concrete barriers in geological waste repositories. Superplasticizers have been a major concern in the long-term assessments of safe geological disposal for radioactive waste since superplasticizers and their degradation products can act as complexing ligands and thereby increase the mobility of radionuclides. In this work a new type of superplasticizer, based on a polyaryl ether polymer, has been characterized. It was found that the superplasticizer combines the structural features of polycarboxylate ether based superplasticizers and sulfonated naphthalene-formaldehyde based superplasticizers and that it contains organophosphatecharged groups. A novel method for evaluating the rate of degradation of the superplasticizer under alkaline conditions was elaborated and the degradation products and rate constant of the process was determined. The results demonstrate that degradation occurs rapidly compared to the typical lifetime of a repository.

  • 45.
    Cifelli, M.
    et al.
    Univ Pisa, Dipartimento Chim & Chim Ind, I-56124 Pisa, Italy..
    Domenici, V.
    Univ Pisa, Dipartimento Chim & Chim Ind, I-56124 Pisa, Italy..
    Chizhik, V. I.
    St Petersburg State Univ, Dept Phys, St Petersburg 199034, Russia..
    Dvinskikh, Sergey
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry. St Petersburg State Univ, Lab Biomol NMR, St Petersburg 199034, Russia.
    N-15-C-13 Dipole Couplings in Smectic Mesophase of a Thermotropic Ionic Liquid2018In: Applied Magnetic Resonance, ISSN 0937-9347, E-ISSN 1613-7507, Vol. 49, no 6, p. 553-562Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Unique combination of ionic conductivity and anisotropic physical properties in ionic liquid crystals leads to new dynamic properties exploited in modern technological applications. Structural and dynamics information at atomic level for molecules and ions in mesophases can be obtained by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy through the measurements of dipole-dipole spin couplings. While C-13-H-1 and N-15-H-1 dipolar NMR spectra can be routinely acquired in samples with natural isotopic abundance, recording N-15-C-13 dipolar NMR spectra is challenging because of the unfavourable combination of two rare isotopes. In the present study, an approach to measure N-15-C-13 dipole-dipole NMR spectra in static liquid crystalline samples with natural abundance is introduced. We demonstrate that well-resolved spectra can be recorded within 10 h of experimental time using a conventional NMR probe and a moderately strong magnetic field. The technique is applied to a thermotropic smectic mesophase formed by an ionic liquid with imidazolium-based organic cation.

  • 46.
    Claesson, Per M.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science. RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials − Surface, Process and Formulation, SE-114 86 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Tuominen, Mikko
    RISE Res Inst Sweden, Biosci & Mat Surface, Proc & Formulat, SE-11486 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Jarn, Mikael
    RISE Res Inst Sweden, Biosci & Mat Surface, Proc & Formulat, SE-11486 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Claesson, Per Martin
    RISE Res Inst Sweden, Biosci & Mat Surface, Proc & Formulat, SE-11486 Stockholm, Sweden.;KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sch Engn Sci Chem Biotechnol & Hlth, Div Surface & Corros Sci, Dept Chem, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Wallqvist, Viveca
    RISE Res Inst Sweden, Biosci & Mat Surface, Proc & Formulat, SE-11486 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Butt, Hans Juergen
    Max Planck Inst Polymer Res, Dept Phys Interfaces, Ackermannweg 10, DE-55128 Mainz, Germany..
    Vollmer, Doris
    Max Planck Inst Polymer Res, Dept Phys Interfaces, Ackermannweg 10, DE-55128 Mainz, Germany..
    Kappl, Michael
    Max Planck Inst Polymer Res, Dept Phys Interfaces, Ackermannweg 10, DE-55128 Mainz, Germany..
    Schoelkopf, Joachim
    Omya Int AG, Baslerstr 42, CH-4665 Oftringen, Switzerland..
    Gane, Patrick A. C.
    Omya Int AG, Baslerstr 42, CH-4665 Oftringen, Switzerland.;Aalto Univ, Sch Chem Engn, Dept Bioprod & Biosyst, FI-00076 Aalto, Finland..
    Teisala, Hannu
    Max Planck Inst Polymer Res, Dept Phys Interfaces, Ackermannweg 10, DE-55128 Mainz, Germany..
    Swerin, Agne
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science. RISE Res Inst Sweden, Biosci & Mat Surface, Proc & Formulat, SE-11486 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Direct Observation of Gas Meniscus Formation on a Superhydrophobic Surface2019In: ACS Nano, ISSN 1936-0851, E-ISSN 1936-086X, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 2246-2252Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The formation of a bridging gas meniscus via cavitation or nanobubbles is considered the most likely origin of the submicrometer long-range attractive forces measured between hydrophobic surfaces in aqueous solution. However, the dynamics of the formation and evolution of the gas meniscus is still under debate, in particular, in the presence of a thin air layer on a superhydrophobic surface. On superhydrophobic surfaces the range can even exceed 10 mu m. Here, we report microscopic images of the formation and growth of a gas meniscus during force measurements between a superhydrophobic surface and a hydrophobic microsphere immersed in water. This is achieved by combining laser scanning confocal microscopy and colloidal probe atomic force microscopy. The configuration allows determination of the volume and shape of the meniscus, together with direct calculation of the Young-Laplace capillary pressure. The long-range attractive interactions acting on separation are due to meniscus formation and volume growth as air is transported from the surface layer.

  • 47.
    Cuartero, Maria
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Crespo, Gaston A.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    All-solid-state potentiometric sensors: A new wave for in situ aquatic research2018In: Current Opinion in Electrochemistry, ISSN 2451-9103, Vol. 10, p. 98-106Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last few years, all-solid-state potentiometric ion-selective sensors have demonstrated a huge potential for environmental water analysis. Beyond the excellent analytical performances exhibited in benchtop conditions for the detection of important targets (e.g. pH, species relevant to the carbon and nitrogen cycles, trace metals), the challenge now lies in bringing those sensors to in situ format and obtaining valuable chemical information directly in the field while minimizing or avoiding the need for sampling. Technically speaking, the instrumentation for potentiometric assessment is extremely simple, low cost and requires minimal space. In addition, the all-solid-state configuration seems ideal to fabricate miniaturized sensors with sufficient analytical performance to detect certain ions in water resources. Herein, we highlight the power of all-solid-state potentiometric sensors applied to environmental water analysis providing a threefold overview: (i) the recent materials used in the fabrication of all-solid-state polymeric membrane electrodes, both the solid contact and ion-selective membrane; (ii) a collection of the main targets explored during the last 5 years; and (iii) examples of the most recent and relevant in situ applications employing submersible equipment. Throughout the review, issues such as ‘What are the real implications of all-solid-state membrane electrodes in the environmental field?’ and ‘To what extent has the effort in developing new sensors over time been well-exploited?’ are addressed. Convincingly, all-solid-state potentiometric sensors are positioning as a unique in situ interface providing real-time data that allow for an understanding of ongoing biogeochemical processes and possible anthropogenic activities implications.

  • 48.
    Cuartero, Maria
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Crespo, Gaston A.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Using Potentiometric Electrodes Based on Nonselective Polymeric Membranes as Potential Universal Detectors for Ion Chromatography: Investigating an Original Research Problem from an Inquiry-Based-Learning Perspective2018In: Journal of Chemical Education, ISSN 0021-9584, E-ISSN 1938-1328, Vol. 95, no 12, p. 2172-2181Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Because traditional laboratory practices in advanced chemistry education are being replaced by inquiry based approaches, we present herein a new laboratory activity based on a small research project that was designed and executed by students. The laboratory project aims at answering a well-defined research question: how far can potentiometric electrodes based on nonselective polymeric membranes be used as universal detectors in ion chromatography (IC)? Hence, the experiments were designed and conducted to explore the analytical performances of potentiometric electrodes based on different commercial membranes that are typically used in electrodialysis. The nonselective behavior shown by the electrodes permits a critical evaluation of their further implementation as a universal detector of anions in regular IC. Thus, the students were able to integrate a nonselective potentiometric sensor to analyze several anions in flow mode, mimicking the signal that is to be obtained using such electrodes as an IC detector. The proposed practice covers different pedagogical purposes: (i) to develop competence toward "thinking like a scientist" through reflective teaching; (ii) to promote argumentation skills and critical decision making; (iii) to improve students' research-planning and experimental-design skills; (iv) to refresh conceptual knowledge about analytical detectors, which typically goes unnoticed in laboratory practices; and (v) to reinforce students' knowledge about the basis of potentiometry. Furthermore, the present document may serve as an easy guide to develop other laboratory practices based on potentiometric sensors.

  • 49.
    Cánovas, Rocío
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry.
    Cuartero, Maria
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry.
    Crespo, Gaston A.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry.
    Modern creatinine (Bio)sensing: Challenges of point-of-care platforms2019In: Biosensors & bioelectronics, ISSN 0956-5663, E-ISSN 1873-4235, Vol. 130, p. 110-124Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of knowing creatinine levels in the human body is related to the possible association with renal, muscular and thyroid dysfunction. Thus, the accurate detection of creatinine may indirectly provide information surrounding those functional processes, therefore contributing to the management of the health status of the individual and early diagnosis of acute diseases. The questions at this point are: to what extent is creatinine information clinically relevant?; and do modern creatinine (bio)sensing strategies fulfil the real needs of healthcare applications? The present review addresses these questions by means of a deep analysis of the creatinine sensors reported in the literature over the last five years. There is a wide range of techniques for detecting creatinine, most of them based on optical readouts (20 of the 33 papers collected in this review). However, the use of electrochemical techniques (13 of the 33 papers) is recently emerging in alignment with the search for a definitive and trustworthy creatinine detection at the point-of-care level. In this sense, biosensors (7 of the 33 papers) are being established as the most promising alternative over the years. While creatinine levels in the blood seem to provide better information about patient status, none of the reported sensors display adequate selectivity in such a complex matrix. In contrast, the analysis of other types of biological samples (e.g., saliva and urine) seems to be more viable in terms of simplicity, cross-selectivity and (bio)fouling, besides the fact that its extraction does not disturb individual's well-being. Consequently, simple tests may likely be used for the initial check of the individual in routine analysis, and then, more accurate blood detection of creatinine could be necessary to provide a more genuine diagnosis and/or support the corresponding decision-making by the physician. Herein, we provide a critical discussion of the advantages of current methods of (bio)sensing of creatinine, as well as an overview of the drawbacks that impede their definitive point-of-care establishment.

  • 50.
    Dai, Jing
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry. KTH Royal Inst Technol, Div Appl Phys Chem, Dept Chem, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ferreira Fernandes, Ricardo Manuel
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry. KTH Royal Inst Technol, Div Appl Phys Chem, Dept Chem, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden.;Univ Porto, CIQUP, Dept Chem & Biochem, Fac Sci, P-4169007 Porto, Portugal..
    Regev, Oren
    Ben Gurion Univ Negev, Dept Chem Engn, IL-84105 Beer Sheva, Israel.;Ben Gurion Univ Negev, Ilse Katz Inst Nanotechnol, IL-84105 Beer Sheva, Israel..
    Marques, Eduardo F.
    Univ Porto, CIQUP, Dept Chem & Biochem, Fac Sci, P-4169007 Porto, Portugal..
    Furo, Istvan
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Industrial NMR Centre. KTH Royal Inst Technol, Div Appl Phys Chem, Dept Chem, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Dispersing Carbon Nanotubes in Water with Amphiphiles: Dispersant Adsorption, Kinetics, and Bundle Size Distribution as Defining Factors2018In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 122, no 42, p. 24386-24393Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Debundling and dispersing single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) is essential for applications, but the process is not well understood. In this work, aqueous SWNT dispersions were produced by sonicating pristine SWNT powder in the presence of an amphiphilic triblock copolymer (Pluronic F127) as dispersant. Upon centrifugation, one obtains a supernatant with suspended individual tubes and thin bundles and a precipitate with large bundles (and impurities). In the supernatant, that constitutes the final dispersion, we determined the dispersed SWNT concentration by thermogravi-metric analysis (TGA) and UV-vis spectroscopy, and the dispersant concentration by NMR The fraction of dispersant adsorbed at the SWNT surface was obtained by H-1 diffusion NMR Sigmoidal dispersion curves recording the concentration of dispersed SWNTs as a function of supernatant dispersant concentration were obtained at different SWNT loadings and sonication times. As SWNT bundles are debundled into smaller and smaller ones, the essential role of the dispersant is to sufficiently quickly cover the freshly exposed surfaces created by shear forces induced during sonication. Primarily kinetic reasons are behind the need for dispersant concentrations required to reach a substantial SWNT concentration. Centrifugation sets the size threshold below which SWNT particles are retained in the dispersion and consequently determines the SWNT concentration as a function of sonication time.

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