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  • 1.
    Marsavelski, Aleksandra
    et al.
    Rudjer Boskovic Inst, Div Organ Chem & Biochem, Computat Organ Chem & Biochem Grp, Bijenicka Cesta 54, Zagreb 10000, Croatia.;Univ Zagreb, Fac Sci, Dept Chem, Horvatovac 102a, Zagreb 10000, Croatia.;Uppsala Univ, Dept Cell & Mol Biol, BMC Box 596, S-75124 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Petrovic, Dusan
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Cell & Mol Biol, BMC Box 596, S-75124 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Bauer, Paul
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Biophysics. KTH, Centres, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala Univ, Dept Cell & Mol Biol, BMC Box 596, S-75124 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Vianello, Robert
    Rudjer Boskovic Inst, Div Organ Chem & Biochem, Computat Organ Chem & Biochem Grp, Bijenicka Cesta 54, Zagreb 10000, Croatia..
    Kamerlin, Shina Caroline Lynn
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Cell & Mol Biol, BMC Box 596, S-75124 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Empirical Valence Bond Simulations Suggest a Direct Hydride Transfer Mechanism for Human Diamine Oxidase2018In: ACS OMEGA, ISSN 2470-1343, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 3665-3674Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Diamine oxidase (DAO) is an enzyme involved in the regulation of cell proliferation and the immune response. This enzyme performs oxidative deamination in the catabolism of biogenic amines, including, among others, histamine, putrescine, spermidine, and spermine. The mechanistic details underlying the reductive half-reaction of the DAO-catalyzed oxidative deamination which leads to the reduced enzyme cofactor and the aldehyde product are, however, still under debate. The catalytic mechanism was proposed to involve a prototropic shift from the substrateSchiff base to the product-Schiff base, which includes the ratelimiting cleavage of the C alpha-H bond by the conserved catalytic aspartate. Our detailed mechanistic study, performed using a combined quantum chemical cluster approach with empirical valence bond simulations, suggests that the rate-limiting cleavage of the C alpha-H bond involves direct hydride transfer to the topaquinone cofactor. a mechanism that does not involve the formation of a Schiff base. Additional investigation of the D373E and D373N variants supported the hypothesis that the conserved catalytic aspartate is indeed essential for the reaction; however, it does not appear to serve as the catalytic base, as previously suggested. Rather, the electrostatic contributions of the most significant residues (including D373), together with the proximity of the Cu2+ cation to the reaction site, lower the activation barrier to drive the chemical reaction.

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