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  • 1.
    Aaboud, M.
    et al.
    Univ Clermont Auvergne, LPC, CNRS IN2P3, Clermont Ferrand, France..
    Bloch, I.
    Royal Inst Technol, Phys Dept, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Citterio, M.
    Royal Inst Technol, Phys Dept, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Shlomi, J.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik.
    Strandberg, Jonas
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Zwalinski, L.
    Search for pair production of Higgs bosons in the b(b)over-barb(b)over-bar final state using proton-proton collisions at root s=13 TeV with the ATLAS detector2019Inngår i: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, nr 1, artikkel-id 030Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A search for Higgs boson pair production in the bbbb final state is carried out with up to 36.1 fb(-1) of LHC proton-proton collision data collected at s=13 TeV with the ATLAS detector in 2015 and 2016. Three benchmark signals are studied: a spin-2 graviton decaying into a Higgs boson pair, a scalar resonance decaying into a Higgs boson pair, and Standard Model non-resonant Higgs boson pair production. Two analyses are carried out, each implementing a particular technique for the event reconstruction that targets Higgs bosons reconstructed as pairs of jets or single boosted jets. The resonance mass range covered is 260-3000 GeV. The analyses are statistically combined and upper limits on the production cross section of Higgs boson pairs times branching ratio to bbbb are set in each model. No significant excess is observed; the largest deviation of data over prediction is found at a mass of 280 GeV, corresponding to 2.3 standard deviations globally. The observed 95% confidence level upper limit on the non-resonant production is 13 times the Standard Model prediction.

  • 2.
    Aaboud, M.
    et al.
    Univ Mohamed Premier, Fac Sci, Oujda, Morocco.;LPTPM, Oujda, Morocco..
    Kastanas, Konstatinos A.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Jensen, Bengt
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Ohm, Christian
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Ristić, B
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik.
    Sidebo, P. Edvin
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Strandberg, Jonas
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Zwalinski, L.
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland..
    et al.,
    Search for pairs of highly collimated photon-jets in pp collisions at root s=13 TeV with the ATLAS detector2019Inngår i: Physical Review D: covering particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology, ISSN 2470-0010, E-ISSN 2470-0029, Vol. 99, nr 1, artikkel-id 012008Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Results of a search for the pair production of photon-jets-collimated groupings of photons-in the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider are reported. Highly collimated photon-jets can arise from the decay of new, highly boosted particles that can decay to multiple photons collimated enough to be identified in the electromagnetic calorimeter as a single, photonlike energy cluster. Data from proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36.7 fb(-1), were collected in 2015 and 2016. Candidate photon-jet pair production events are selected from those containing two reconstructed photons using a set of identification criteria much less stringent than that typically used for the selection of photons, with additional criteria applied to provide improved sensitivity to photon-jets. Narrow excesses in the reconstructed diphoton mass spectra are searched for. The observed mass spectra are consistent with the Standard Model background expectation. The results are interpreted in the context of a model containing a new, high-mass scalar particle with narrow width, X, that decays into pairs of photon-jets via new, light particles, a. Upper limits are placed on the cross section times the product of branching ratios sigma x B(X -> aa) x B(a -> gamma gamma)(2) for 200 GeV < m(X) < 2 TeV and for ranges of m(a) from a lower mass of 100 MeV up to between 2 and 10 GeV, depending upon m(X). Upper limits are also placed on sigma x B(X -> aa) x B(a -> 3 pi(0))(2) for the same range of m(X) and for ranges of m(a) from a lower mass of 500 MeV up to between 2 and 10 GeV.

  • 3. Aaditya, V. B.
    et al.
    Bharathesh, B. M.
    KTH.
    Harshitha, R.
    Chaluvaraju, B. V.
    Raghavendra, U. P.
    Murugendrappa, M. V.
    Study of dielectric properties of polypyrrole/titanium dioxide and polypyrrole/titanium dioxide-MWCNT nano composites2018Inngår i: Journal of materials science. Materials in electronics, ISSN 0957-4522, E-ISSN 1573-482X, Vol. 29, nr 4, s. 2848-2859Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The polypyrrole/titanium dioxide nano composites and polypyrrole/titanium dioxide-MWCNT nano composites were synthesized by chemical polymerization technique in the presence of an ammonium persulphate (oxidizing agent). Different concentrations viz. 15, 30, 45 and 60 wt% of titanium dioxide (TiO2) as well as mixture of TiO2-MWCNT in polypyrrole (PPy) respectively were used in the present study. The nano composites have almost spherical type shaped particles which have cluster formation as confirmed from SEM photos. The XRD graphs reveal that the PPy/TiO2 (PT) nano composites have shown the semi-crystalline nature and also, the graphs indicate the changeover of the structure of PPy/TiO2-MWCNT (PTM) nano composites from amorphous to semi-crystalline nature. From the FTIR figures, shift in wavenumber towards lower side is noticed in the case of PT and PTM nano composites when compared to PPy. The dielectric properties such as dielectric constant, dielectric loss and tangent loss have shown good behavior. This reveals that, the TiO2 as well as mixture of TiO2-MWCNT particles have shown strong dependence on PPy and helps to form good composites. So, the nano composites are good dielectric materials.

  • 4.
    Aartsen, M. G.
    et al.
    Univ Canterbury, Dept Phys & Astron, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand..
    Ackermann, M.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Adams, J.
    Univ Canterbury, Dept Phys & Astron, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand..
    Aguilar, J. A.
    Univ Libre Bruxelles, Sci Fac, CP230, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium..
    Ahlers, M.
    Univ Copenhagen, Niels Bohr Inst, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Ahrens, M.
    Stockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Al Samarai, I.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Phys Nucl & Corpusculaire, CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland..
    Altmann, D.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany..
    Andeen, K.
    Marquette Univ, Dept Phys, Milwaukee, WI 53201 USA..
    Anderson, T.
    Penn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA..
    Ansseau, I.
    Univ Libre Bruxelles, Sci Fac, CP230, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium..
    Anton, G.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany..
    Arguelles, C.
    MIT, Dept Phys, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA..
    Auffenberg, J.
    Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Phys Inst 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany..
    Axani, S.
    MIT, Dept Phys, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA..
    Bagherpour, H.
    Univ Canterbury, Dept Phys & Astron, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand..
    Bai, X.
    South Dakota Sch Mines & Technol, Dept Phys, Rapid City, SD 57701 USA..
    Barron, J. P.
    Univ Alberta, Dept Phys, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1, Canada..
    Barwick, S. W.
    Univ Calif Irvine, Dept Phys & Astron, Irvine, CA 92697 USA..
    Baum, V.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, Staudinger Weg 7, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Bay, R.
    Univ Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
    Beatty, J. J.
    Ohio State Univ, Dept Phys, Columbus, OH 43210 USA.;Ohio State Univ, Ctr Cosmol & Astroparticle Phys, Columbus, OH 43210 USA.;Ohio State Univ, Dept Astron, Columbus, OH 43210 USA..
    Tjus, J. Becker
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, Fak Phys Astron, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Becker, K. -H
    BenZvi, S.
    Univ Rochester, Dept Phys & Astron, Rochester, NY 14627 USA..
    Berley, D.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Bernardini, E.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany.;Univ Padua, I-35131 Padua, Italy.;INFN, I-35131 Padua, Italy.;Deutsch Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany.;Humboldt Univ, Inst Phys, D-12489 Berlin, Germany..
    Besson, D. Z.
    Univ Kansas, Dept Phys & Astron, Lawrence, KS 66045 USA..
    Binder, G.
    Univ Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA.;Lawrence Berkeley Natl Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
    Bindig, D.
    Univ Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany..
    Blaufuss, E.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Blot, S.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Bohm, C.
    Stockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Borner, M.
    TU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany..
    Bos, F.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, Fak Phys Astron, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Boser, S.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, Staudinger Weg 7, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Botner, O.
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Box 516, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Bourbeau, E.
    Univ Copenhagen, Niels Bohr Inst, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Bourbeau, J.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Bradascio, F.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Braun, J.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Brenzke, M.
    Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Phys Inst 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany..
    Bretz, H. -P
    Bron, S.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Phys Nucl & Corpusculaire, CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland..
    Brostean-Kaiser, J.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Burgman, A.
    SUNY Stony Brook, Dept Phys & Astron, Stony Brook, NY 11794 USA.;Uppsala Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Box 516, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden.;Univ Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany.;Univ Politecn Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy..
    Busse, R. S.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Carver, T.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Phys Nucl & Corpusculaire, CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland..
    Cheung, E.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Chirkin, D.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Christov, A.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Phys Nucl & Corpusculaire, CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland..
    Clark, K.
    SNOLAB, 1039 Reg Rd 24, Lively, ON P3Y 1N2, Canada..
    Classen, L.
    Westfalische Wilhelms Univ Munster, Inst Kernphys, D-48149 Munster, Germany..
    Coenders, S.
    Tech Univ Munich, Phys Dept, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Collin, G. H.
    MIT, Dept Phys, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA..
    Conrad, J. M.
    MIT, Dept Phys, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA..
    Coppin, P.
    Vrije Univ Brussel VUB, Dienst ELEM, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium..
    Correa, P.
    Vrije Univ Brussel VUB, Dienst ELEM, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium..
    Cowen, D. F.
    Penn State Univ, Dept Astron & Astrophys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA.;Penn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA.;Penn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA.;Penn State Univ, Ctr Particle & Gravitat Astrophys, Inst Gravitat & Cosmos, University Pk, PA 16802 USA.;Penn State Univ, Dept Astron & Astrophys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA..
    Cross, R.
    Univ Rochester, Dept Phys & Astron, Rochester, NY 14627 USA..
    Dave, P.
    Georgia Inst Technol, Sch Phys, Atlanta, GA 30332 USA.;Georgia Inst Technol, Ctr Relativist Astrophys, Atlanta, GA 30332 USA..
    Day, M.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    de Andre, J. P. A. M.
    Michigan State Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA..
    De Clercq, C.
    Vrije Univ Brussel VUB, Dienst ELEM, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium..
    DeLaunay, J. J.
    Penn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA.;Penn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA.;Penn State Univ, Ctr Particle & Gravitat Astrophys, Inst Gravitat & Cosmos, University Pk, PA 16802 USA..
    Dembinski, H.
    Univ Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DE 19716 USA.;Univ Delaware, Dept Phys & Astron, Newark, DE 19716 USA..
    De Ridder, S.
    Univ Ghent, Dept Phys & Astron, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Desiati, P.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    de Vries, K. D.
    Vrije Univ Brussel VUB, Dienst ELEM, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium..
    de Wasseige, G.
    Vrije Univ Brussel VUB, Dienst ELEM, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium..
    de With, M.
    Humboldt Univ, Inst Phys, D-12489 Berlin, Germany..
    DeYoung, T.
    Michigan State Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA..
    Diaz-Velez, J. C.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Guadalajara, Dept Fis, Ctr Univ Ciencias Exactase Ingn, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.;Univ Guadalajara, Ctr Univ Valles CUValles, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico..
    di Lorenzo, V.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, Staudinger Weg 7, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Dujmovic, H.
    Sungkyunkwan Univ, Dept Phys, Suwon 440746, South Korea..
    Dumm, J. P.
    Stockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Dunkman, M.
    Penn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA..
    Dvorak, E.
    South Dakota Sch Mines & Technol, Dept Phys, Rapid City, SD 57701 USA..
    Eberhardt, B.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, Staudinger Weg 7, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Ehrhardt, T.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, Staudinger Weg 7, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Eichmann, B.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, Fak Phys Astron, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Eller, P.
    Penn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA..
    Evenson, P. A.
    Univ Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DE 19716 USA.;Univ Delaware, Dept Phys & Astron, Newark, DE 19716 USA..
    Fahey, S.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Fazely, A. R.
    Southern Univ, Dept Phys, Baton Rouge, LA 70813 USA..
    Felde, J.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Filimonov, K.
    Univ Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
    Finley, C.
    Stockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Flis, S.
    Stockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Franckowiak, A.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany.;Deutsch Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany.;DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Friedman, E.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Fritz, A.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, Staudinger Weg 7, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Gaisser, T. K.
    Univ Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DE 19716 USA.;Univ Delaware, Dept Phys & Astron, Newark, DE 19716 USA..
    Gallagher, J.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Astron, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Gerhardt, L.
    Lawrence Berkeley Natl Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
    Ghorbani, K.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Glauch, T.
    Tech Univ Munich, Phys Dept, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Glusenkamp, T.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany..
    Goldschmidt, A.
    Lawrence Berkeley Natl Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
    Gonzalez, J. G.
    Univ Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DE 19716 USA.;Univ Delaware, Dept Phys & Astron, Newark, DE 19716 USA..
    Grant, D.
    Univ Alberta, Dept Phys, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1, Canada..
    Griffith, Z.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Haack, C.
    Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Phys Inst 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany..
    Hallgren, A.
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Box 516, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Halzen, F.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Hanson, K.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Hebecker, D.
    Humboldt Univ, Inst Phys, D-12489 Berlin, Germany..
    Heereman, D.
    Univ Libre Bruxelles, Sci Fac, CP230, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium..
    Helbing, K.
    Univ Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany..
    Hellauer, R.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Hickford, S.
    Univ Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany..
    Hignight, J.
    Michigan State Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA..
    Hill, G. C.
    Univ Adelaide, Dept Phys, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia..
    Hoffman, K. D.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Hoffmann, R.
    Univ Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany..
    Hoinka, T.
    TU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany..
    Hokanson-Fasig, B.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Hoshina, K.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Astron, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Tokyo, Earthquake Res Inst, Bunkyo Ku, Tokyo 1130032, Japan..
    Huang, F.
    Penn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA..
    Huber, M.
    Tech Univ Munich, Phys Dept, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Hultqvist, K.
    Stockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Hunnefeld, M.
    TU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany..
    Hussain, R.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    In, S.
    Sungkyunkwan Univ, Dept Phys, Suwon 440746, South Korea..
    Iovine, N.
    Univ Libre Bruxelles, Sci Fac, CP230, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium..
    Ishihara, A.
    Chiba Univ, Dept Phys, Chiba 2638522, Japan.;Chiba Univ, Inst Global Prominent Res, Chiba 2638522, Japan..
    Jacobi, E.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Japaridze, G. S.
    Clark Atlanta Univ, CTSPS, Atlanta, GA 30314 USA..
    Jeong, M.
    Sungkyunkwan Univ, Dept Phys, Suwon 440746, South Korea..
    Jero, K.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Jones, B. J. P.
    Univ Texas Arlington, Dept Phys, 502 Yates St,Sci Hall Rm 108,Box 19059, Arlington, TX 76019 USA..
    Kalaczynski, P.
    Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Phys Inst 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany..
    Kang, W.
    Sungkyunkwan Univ, Dept Phys, Suwon 440746, South Korea..
    Kappes, A.
    Westfalische Wilhelms Univ Munster, Inst Kernphys, D-48149 Munster, Germany..
    Kappesser, D.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, Staudinger Weg 7, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Karg, T.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Karle, A.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Katz, U.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany..
    Kauer, M.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Keivani, A.
    Penn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA.;Penn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA.;Penn State Univ, Ctr Particle & Gravitat Astrophys, Inst Gravitat & Cosmos, University Pk, PA 16802 USA..
    Kelley, J. L.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Kheirandish, A.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Kim, J.
    Sungkyunkwan Univ, Dept Phys, Suwon 440746, South Korea..
    Kim, M.
    Chiba Univ, Dept Phys, Chiba 2638522, Japan.;Chiba Univ, Inst Global Prominent Res, Chiba 2638522, Japan..
    Kintscher, T.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Kiryluk, J.
    SUNY Stony Brook, Dept Phys & Astron, Stony Brook, NY 11794 USA..
    Kittler, T.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany..
    Klein, S. R.
    Univ Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA.;Lawrence Berkeley Natl Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
    Koirala, R.
    Univ Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DE 19716 USA.;Univ Delaware, Dept Phys & Astron, Newark, DE 19716 USA..
    Kolanoski, H.
    Humboldt Univ, Inst Phys, D-12489 Berlin, Germany..
    Kopke, L.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, Staudinger Weg 7, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Kopper, C.
    Univ Alberta, Dept Phys, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1, Canada..
    Kopper, S.
    Univ Alabama, Dept Phys & Astron, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 USA..
    Koschinsky, J. P.
    Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Phys Inst 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany..
    Koskinen, D. J.
    Univ Copenhagen, Niels Bohr Inst, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Kowalski, M.
    Humboldt Univ, Inst Phys, D-12489 Berlin, Germany.;DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Krings, K.
    Tech Univ Munich, Phys Dept, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Kroll, M.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, Fak Phys Astron, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Kruckl, G.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, Staudinger Weg 7, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Kunwar, S.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Kurahashi, N.
    Drexel Univ, Dept Phys, 3141 Chestnut St, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA..
    Kuwabara, T.
    Chiba Univ, Dept Phys, Chiba 2638522, Japan.;Chiba Univ, Inst Global Prominent Res, Chiba 2638522, Japan..
    Kyriacou, A.
    Univ Adelaide, Dept Phys, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia..
    Labare, M.
    Univ Ghent, Dept Phys & Astron, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Lanfranchi, J. L.
    Penn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA..
    Larson, M. J.
    Univ Copenhagen, Niels Bohr Inst, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Lauber, F.
    Univ Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany..
    Leonard, K.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Lesiak-Bzdak, M.
    SUNY Stony Brook, Dept Phys & Astron, Stony Brook, NY 11794 USA..
    Leuermann, M.
    Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Phys Inst 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany..
    Liu, Q. R.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Mariscal, C. J. Lozano
    Westfalische Wilhelms Univ Munster, Inst Kernphys, D-48149 Munster, Germany..
    Lu, L.
    Chiba Univ, Dept Phys, Chiba 2638522, Japan.;Chiba Univ, Inst Global Prominent Res, Chiba 2638522, Japan..
    Lunemann, J.
    Vrije Univ Brussel VUB, Dienst ELEM, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium..
    Luszczak, W.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Madsen, J.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, River Falls, WI 54022 USA..
    Maggi, G.
    Vrije Univ Brussel VUB, Dienst ELEM, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium..
    Mahn, K. B. M.
    Michigan State Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA..
    Mancina, S.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Maruyama, R.
    Yale Univ, Dept Phys, New Haven, CT 06520 USA..
    Mase, K.
    Chiba Univ, Dept Phys, Chiba 2638522, Japan.;Chiba Univ, Inst Global Prominent Res, Chiba 2638522, Japan..
    Maunu, R.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Meagher, K.
    Univ Libre Bruxelles, Sci Fac, CP230, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium..
    Medici, M.
    Univ Copenhagen, Niels Bohr Inst, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Meier, M.
    TU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany..
    Menne, T.
    TU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany..
    Merino, G.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Astron, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Meures, T.
    Univ Libre Bruxelles, Sci Fac, CP230, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium..
    Miarecki, S.
    Univ Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA.;Lawrence Berkeley Natl Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
    Micallef, J.
    Michigan State Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA..
    Momente, G.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, Staudinger Weg 7, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Montaruli, T.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Phys Nucl & Corpusculaire, CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland..
    Moore, R. W.
    Univ Alberta, Dept Phys, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1, Canada..
    Morse, R.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Moulai, M.
    MIT, Dept Phys, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA..
    Nahnhauer, R.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Nakarmi, P.
    Univ Alabama, Dept Phys & Astron, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 USA..
    Naumann, U.
    Univ Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany..
    Neer, G.
    Michigan State Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA..
    Niederhausen, H.
    SUNY Stony Brook, Dept Phys & Astron, Stony Brook, NY 11794 USA..
    Nowicki, S. C.
    Univ Alberta, Dept Phys, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1, Canada..
    Nygren, D. R.
    Lawrence Berkeley Natl Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
    Pollmann, A. Obertacke
    Univ Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany..
    Olivas, A.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    O'Murchadha, A.
    Univ Libre Bruxelles, Sci Fac, CP230, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium..
    O'Sullivan, E.
    Stockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Palczewski, T.
    Univ Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA.;Lawrence Berkeley Natl Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
    Pandya, H.
    Univ Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DE 19716 USA.;Univ Delaware, Dept Phys & Astron, Newark, DE 19716 USA..
    Pankova, D. V.
    Penn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA..
    Peiffer, P.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, Staudinger Weg 7, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Pepper, J. A.
    Univ Alabama, Dept Phys & Astron, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 USA..
    de los Heros, C. Perez
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Box 516, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Pieloth, D.
    TU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany..
    Pinat, E.
    Univ Libre Bruxelles, Sci Fac, CP230, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium..
    Plum, M.
    Marquette Univ, Dept Phys, Milwaukee, WI 53201 USA..
    Price, P. B.
    Univ Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
    Przybylski, G. T.
    Lawrence Berkeley Natl Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
    Raab, C.
    Univ Libre Bruxelles, Sci Fac, CP230, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium..
    Radel, L.
    Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Phys Inst 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany..
    Rameez, M.
    Univ Copenhagen, Niels Bohr Inst, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Rauch, L.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Rawlins, K.
    Univ Alaska Anchorage, Dept Phys & Astron, 3211 Providence Dr, Anchorage, AK 99508 USA..
    Rea, I. C.
    Tech Univ Munich, Phys Dept, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Reimann, R.
    Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Phys Inst 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany..
    Relethford, B.
    Drexel Univ, Dept Phys, 3141 Chestnut St, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA..
    Relich, M.
    Chiba Univ, Dept Phys, Chiba 2638522, Japan.;Chiba Univ, Inst Global Prominent Res, Chiba 2638522, Japan..
    Resconi, E.
    Tech Univ Munich, Phys Dept, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Rhode, W.
    TU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany.;Tech Univ Dortmund, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany..
    Richman, M.
    Drexel Univ, Dept Phys, 3141 Chestnut St, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA..
    Robertson, S.
    Univ Adelaide, Dept Phys, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia..
    Rongen, M.
    Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Phys Inst 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany..
    Rott, C.
    Sungkyunkwan Univ, Dept Phys, Suwon 440746, South Korea..
    Ruhe, T.
    TU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany..
    Ryckbosch, D.
    Univ Ghent, Dept Phys & Astron, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Rysewyk, D.
    Michigan State Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA..
    Safa, I.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Salzer, T.
    Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Phys Inst 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany..
    Herrera, S. E. Sanchez
    Univ Alberta, Dept Phys, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1, Canada..
    Sandrock, A.
    TU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany..
    Sandroos, J.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, Staudinger Weg 7, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Santander, M.
    Univ Alabama, Dept Phys & Astron, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 USA.;Univ Alabama, Dept Phys & Astron, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 USA.;Univ Alabama, Dept Phys & Astron, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 USA..
    Sarkar, S.
    Univ Copenhagen, Niels Bohr Inst, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.;Univ Alberta, Dept Phys, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1, Canada.;Univ Oxford, Dept Phys, 1 Keble Rd, Oxford OX1 3NP, England..
    Satalecka, K.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany.;Deutsch Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Schlunder, P.
    TU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany..
    Schmidt, T.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Schneider, A.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Schoenen, S.
    Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Phys Inst 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany..
    Schoneberg, S.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, Fak Phys Astron, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Schumacher, L.
    Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Phys Inst 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany..
    Sclafani, S.
    Drexel Univ, Dept Phys, 3141 Chestnut St, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA..
    Seckel, D.
    Univ Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DE 19716 USA.;Univ Delaware, Dept Phys & Astron, Newark, DE 19716 USA..
    Seunarine, S.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, River Falls, WI 54022 USA..
    Soedingrekso, J.
    TU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany..
    Soldin, D.
    Univ Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DE 19716 USA.;Univ Delaware, Dept Phys & Astron, Newark, DE 19716 USA..
    Song, M.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Spiczak, G. M.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, River Falls, WI 54022 USA..
    Spiering, C.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Stachurska, J.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Stamatikos, M.
    Ohio State Univ, Dept Phys, Columbus, OH 43210 USA.;Ohio State Univ, Ctr Cosmol & Astroparticle Phys, Columbus, OH 43210 USA..
    Stanev, T.
    Univ Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DE 19716 USA.;Univ Delaware, Dept Phys & Astron, Newark, DE 19716 USA..
    Stasik, A.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Stein, R.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Stettner, J.
    Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Phys Inst 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany..
    Steuer, A.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, Staudinger Weg 7, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Stezelberger, T.
    Lawrence Berkeley Natl Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
    Stokstad, R. G.
    Lawrence Berkeley Natl Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
    Stossl, A.
    Chiba Univ, Dept Phys, Chiba 2638522, Japan.;Chiba Univ, Inst Global Prominent Res, Chiba 2638522, Japan..
    Strotjohann, N. L.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Stuttard, T.
    Univ Copenhagen, Niels Bohr Inst, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Sullivan, G. W.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Sutherland, M.
    Ohio State Univ, Dept Phys, Columbus, OH 43210 USA.;Ohio State Univ, Ctr Cosmol & Astroparticle Phys, Columbus, OH 43210 USA..
    Taboada, I.
    Georgia Inst Technol, Sch Phys, Atlanta, GA 30332 USA.;Georgia Inst Technol, Ctr Relativist Astrophys, Atlanta, GA 30332 USA..
    Tatar, J.
    Univ Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA.;Lawrence Berkeley Natl Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
    Tenholt, F.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, Fak Phys Astron, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Ter-Antonyan, S.
    Southern Univ, Dept Phys, Baton Rouge, LA 70813 USA..
    Terliuk, A.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Tilav, S.
    Univ Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DE 19716 USA.;Univ Delaware, Dept Phys & Astron, Newark, DE 19716 USA..
    Toale, P. A.
    Univ Alabama, Dept Phys & Astron, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 USA..
    Tobin, M. N.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Toennis, C.
    Sungkyunkwan Univ, Dept Phys, Suwon 440746, South Korea..
    Toscano, S.
    Vrije Univ Brussel VUB, Dienst ELEM, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium..
    Tosi, D.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Tselengidou, M.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany..
    Tung, C. F.
    Georgia Inst Technol, Sch Phys, Atlanta, GA 30332 USA.;Georgia Inst Technol, Ctr Relativist Astrophys, Atlanta, GA 30332 USA..
    Turcati, A.
    Tech Univ Munich, Phys Dept, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Turley, C. F.
    Penn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA.;Penn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA.;Penn State Univ, Ctr Particle & Gravitat Astrophys, Inst Gravitat & Cosmos, University Pk, PA 16802 USA..
    Ty, B.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Unger, E.
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Box 516, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Usner, M.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Vandenbroucke, J.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Van Driessche, W.
    Univ Ghent, Dept Phys & Astron, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    van Eijk, D.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    van Eijndhoven, N.
    Vrije Univ Brussel VUB, Dienst ELEM, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium..
    Vanheule, S.
    Univ Ghent, Dept Phys & Astron, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    van Santen, J.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Vogel, E.
    Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Phys Inst 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany..
    Vraeghe, M.
    Univ Ghent, Dept Phys & Astron, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Walck, C.
    Stockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Wallace, A.
    Univ Adelaide, Dept Phys, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia..
    Mallraff, M.
    Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Phys Inst 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany..
    Wandler, F. D.
    Univ Alberta, Dept Phys, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1, Canada..
    Wandkowsky, N.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Waza, A.
    Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Phys Inst 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany..
    Weaver, C.
    Univ Alberta, Dept Phys, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1, Canada..
    Weiss, M. J.
    Penn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA..
    Wendt, C.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Werthebach, J.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Westerhoff, S.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Whelan, B. J.
    Univ Adelaide, Dept Phys, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia..
    Whitehorn, N.
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Phys & Astron, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
    Wiebe, K.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, Staudinger Weg 7, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Wiebusch, C. H.
    Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Phys Inst 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany..
    Wille, L.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Williams, D. R.
    Univ Alabama, Dept Phys & Astron, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 USA..
    Wills, L.
    Drexel Univ, Dept Phys, 3141 Chestnut St, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA..
    Wolf, M.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Wood, J.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Wood, T. R.
    Univ Alberta, Dept Phys, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1, Canada..
    Woschnagg, K.
    Univ Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
    Xu, D. L.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Xu, X. W.
    Southern Univ, Dept Phys, Baton Rouge, LA 70813 USA..
    Xu, Y.
    SUNY Stony Brook, Dept Phys & Astron, Stony Brook, NY 11794 USA..
    Yanez, J. P.
    Univ Alberta, Dept Phys, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1, Canada..
    Yodh, G.
    Univ Calif Irvine, Dept Phys & Astron, Irvine, CA 92697 USA..
    Yoshida, S.
    Chiba Univ, Dept Phys, Chiba 2638522, Japan.;Chiba Univ, Inst Global Prominent Res, Chiba 2638522, Japan..
    Yuan, T.
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA.;Univ Wisconsin, Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophys Ctr, Madison, WI 53706 USA..
    Abdollahi, S.
    Hiroshima Univ, Dept Phys Sci, Hiroshima 7398526, Japan..
    Ajello, M.
    Clemson Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Kinard Lab Phys, Clemson, SC 29634 USA..
    Angioni, R.
    Max Planck Inst Radioastron, Hugel 69, D-53121 Bonn, Germany..
    Baldini, L.
    Univ Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Ballet, J.
    Univ Paris Diderot, CEA IRFU CNRS, Lab AIM, CEA Saclay,Serv Astrophys, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France..
    Barbiellini, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Trieste, Dipartimento Fis, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Trieste, Dipartimento Fis, Via Valerio 2, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;INFN, Via Valerio 2, I-34127 Trieste, Italy..
    Bastieri, D.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Padova, I-35131 Padua, Italy.;Univ Padua, Dipartimento Fis Astron G Galilei, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
    Bechtol, K.
    Large Synopt Survey Telescope, 933 North Cherry Ave, Tucson, AZ 85721 USA..
    Bellazzini, R.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Berenji, B.
    Calif State Univ Los Angeles, Dept Phys & Astron, Los Angeles, CA 90032 USA..
    Bissaldi, E.
    Univ Politecn Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Blandford, R. D.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Bonino, R.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Univ Torino, Dipartimento Fis, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Bottacini, E.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Univ Padua, Dept Phys & Astron, Vicolo Osservatorio 3, I-35122 Padua, Italy..
    Bregeon, J.
    Univ Montpellier, Lab Univers & Particules Montpellier, CNRS IN2P3, F-34095 F- Montpellier, France..
    Bruel, P.
    Ecole Polytech, Lab Leprince Ringuet, F-91128 Palaiseau, France..
    Buehler, R.
    Deutsch Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Burnett, T. H.
    Univ Washington, Dept Phys, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Burns, E.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;NASA, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Buson, S.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;NASA, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Cameron, R. A.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Caputo, R.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;CRESST, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Caraveo, P. A.
    INAF, Ist Astrofis Spaziale & Fis Cosm Milano, Via E Bassini 15, I-20133 Milan, Italy..
    Cavazzuti, E.
    Italian Space Agcy, Via Politecn Snc, I-00133 Rome, Italy..
    Charles, E.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Chen, S.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Padova, I-35131 Padua, Italy.;Univ Padua, Dept Phys & Astron, Vicolo Osservatorio 3, I-35122 Padua, Italy..
    Cheung, C. C.
    Naval Res Lab, Div Space Sci, Washington, DC 20375 USA..
    Chiang, J.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Chiaro, G.
    INAF, Ist Astrofis Spaziale & Fis Cosm Milano, Via E Bassini 15, I-20133 Milan, Italy..
    Ciprini, S.
    Agenzia Spaziale Italiana, Space Sci Data Ctr, Snc, Via Politecnico, I-00133 Rome, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy..
    Cohen-Tanugi, J.
    Univ Montpellier, Lab Univers & Particules Montpellier, CNRS IN2P3, F-34095 F- Montpellier, France..
    Conrad, J.
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys, AlbaNova, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;AlbaNova, Oskar Klein Ctr Cosmoparticle Phys, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Costantin, D.
    Univ Padua, Dipartimento Fis Astron G Galilei, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
    Cutini, S.
    Agenzia Spaziale Italiana, Space Sci Data Ctr, Snc, Via Politecnico, I-00133 Rome, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy..
    D'Ammando, F.
    INAF Ist Radioastron, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.;Univ Bologna, Dipartimento Astron, I-40127 Bologna, Italy..
    de Palma, F.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Univ Telemat Pegaso, Piazza Trieste & Trento 48, I-80132 Naples, Italy..
    Digel, S. W.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Di Lalla, N.
    Univ Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Di Mauro, M.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Di Venere, L.
    Univ Politecn Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Dominguez, A.
    Univ Complutense Madrid, Grp Altas Energias, E-28040 Madrid, Spain.;Univ Complutense, Unidad Particulas & Cosmol UPARCOS, E-28040 Madrid, Spain..
    Favuzzi, C.
    Univ Politecn Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Fukazawa, Y.
    Hiroshima Univ, Dept Phys Sci, Hiroshima 7398526, Japan..
    Funk, S.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, Erwin Rommel Str 1, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany.;Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, Erwin Rommel Str 1, Erlangen, Germany..
    Fusco, P.
    Univ Politecn Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Gargano, F.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Gasparrini, D.
    Agenzia Spaziale Italiana, Space Sci Data Ctr, Snc, Via Politecnico, I-00133 Rome, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy..
    Giglietto, N.
    Univ Politecn Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Giomi, M.
    Deutsch Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Giommi, P.
    Agenzia Spaziale Italiana, Space Sci Data Ctr, Snc, Via Politecnico, I-00133 Rome, Italy..
    Giordano, F.
    Univ Politecn Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Giroletti, M.
    INAF Ist Radioastron, I-40129 Bologna, Italy..
    Glanzman, T.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Green, D.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;Univ Maryland, Dept Astron, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Grenier, I. A.
    Univ Paris Diderot, CEA IRFU CNRS, Lab AIM, CEA Saclay,Serv Astrophys, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France..
    Grondin, M. -H
    Guiriec, S.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;George Washington Univ, Dept Phys, 725 21st St, Washington, DC 20052 USA..
    Harding, A. K.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Hayashida, M.
    Chiba Univ, Dept Phys, Chiba 2638522, Japan.;Chiba Univ, Inst Global Prominent Res, Chiba 2638522, Japan.;Konan Univ, 8 Chome 9-1 Okamoto, Kobe, Hyogo 6580072, Japan.;Univ Tokyo, Japanese MAGIC Consortium ICRR, Chiba 2778582, Japan.;Kyoto Univ, Dept Phys, Kyoto 6068502, Japan.;Tokai Univ, Kanagawa 2591292, Japan.;Univ Tokushima, Tokushima 7708502, Japan..
    Hays, E.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Hewitt, J. W.
    Univ North Florida, Dept Phys, 1 UNF Dr, Jacksonville, FL 32224 USA..
    Horan, D.
    Ecole Polytech, Lab Leprince Ringuet, F-91128 Palaiseau, France..
    Johannesson, G.
    Univ Iceland, Inst Sci, IS-107 Reykjavik, Iceland.;KTH Royal Inst Technol, Roslagstullsbacken 23, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Roslagstullsbacken 23, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Kadler, M.
    Univ Wurzburg, Inst Theoret Phys & Astrophys, D-97074 Wurzburg, Germany..
    Kensei, S.
    Hiroshima Univ, Dept Phys Sci, Hiroshima 7398526, Japan..
    Kocevski, D.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Krauss, F.
    Univ Amsterdam, Astron Inst Anton Pannekoek, Postbus 94249, NL-1090 GE Amsterdam, Netherlands.;Univ Amsterdam, GRAPPA, Sci Pk 904, NL-1098 XH Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Kreter, M.
    Univ Wurzburg, Inst Theoret Phys & Astrophys, D-97074 Wurzburg, Germany..
    Kuss, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    La Mura, G.
    Univ Padua, Dipartimento Fis Astron G Galilei, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
    Larsson, S.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik. AlbaNova, Oskar Klein Ctr Cosmoparticle Phys, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Latronico, L.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Lemoine-Goumard, M.
    Univ Bordeaux, Ctr Etud Nucl Bordeaux Gradignan, BP120, F-33175 Gradignan, France.;Univ Bordeaux, CNRS IN2P3, Ctr Etud Nucl Bordeaux Gradignan, F-33175 Gradignan, France..
    Li, J.
    Deutsch Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Longo, F.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Trieste, Dipartimento Fis, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Udine, I-33100 Udine, Italy.;INFN Trieste, I-33100 Udine, Italy.;Univ Trieste, Dipartimento Fis, I-34127 Trieste, Italy..
    Loparco, F.
    Univ Politecn Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Lovellette, M. N.
    Naval Res Lab, Div Space Sci, Washington, DC 20375 USA..
    Lubrano, P.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy..
    Magill, J. D.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Astron, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Maldera, S.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Malyshev, D.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, Erwin Rommel Str 1, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany..
    Manfreda, A.
    Univ Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Mazziotta, M. N.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    McEnery, J. E.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;Univ Maryland, Dept Astron, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Meyer, M.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Michelson, P. F.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Mizuno, T.
    Hiroshima Univ, Hiroshima Astrophys Sci Ctr, Hiroshima 7398526, Japan..
    Monzani, M. E.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Morselli, A.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Roma Tor Vergata, I-00133 Rome, Italy.;INFN Roma Tor Vergata, Via Ric Sci 1, I-00133 Rome, Italy..
    Moskalenko, I. V.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Negro, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Univ Torino, Dipartimento Fis, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Nuss, E.
    Univ Montpellier, Lab Univers & Particules Montpellier, CNRS IN2P3, F-34095 F- Montpellier, France..
    Ojha, R.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Omodei, N.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Orienti, M.
    INAF Ist Radioastron, I-40129 Bologna, Italy..
    Orlando, E.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Palatiello, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Trieste, Dipartimento Fis, I-34127 Trieste, Italy..
    Paliya, V. S.
    Clemson Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Kinard Lab Phys, Clemson, SC 29634 USA..
    Perkins, J. S.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Persic, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Osserv Astron Trieste, Ist Nazl Astrofis, I-34143 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Udine, I-33100 Udine, Italy.;INFN Trieste, I-33100 Udine, Italy.;Univ Bologna, INAF Trieste, Bologna, Italy.;Univ Bologna, Dept Phys & Astron, Bologna, Italy..
    Pesce-Rollins, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Piron, F.
    Univ Montpellier, Lab Univers & Particules Montpellier, CNRS IN2P3, F-34095 F- Montpellier, France..
    Porter, T. A.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Principe, G.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, Erwin Rommel Str 1, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany..
    Raino, S.
    Univ Politecn Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Rando, R.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Padova, I-35131 Padua, Italy.;Univ Padua, Dipartimento Fis Astron G Galilei, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
    Rani, B.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Razzano, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Razzaque, S.
    Univ Johannesburg, Dept Phys, Box 524, ZA-2006 Auckland, New Zealand..
    Reimer, A.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Leopold Franzens Univ Innsbruck, Inst Astro & Teilchenphys, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria.;Leopold Franzens Univ Innsbruck, Inst Theoret Phys, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria..
    Reimer, O.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Leopold Franzens Univ Innsbruck, Inst Astro & Teilchenphys, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria.;Leopold Franzens Univ Innsbruck, Inst Theoret Phys, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria..
    Renault-Tinacci, N.
    Univ Paris Diderot, CEA IRFU CNRS, Lab AIM, CEA Saclay,Serv Astrophys, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France.;UPMC CNRS, Inst Astrophys Paris, UMR7095, F-75014 Paris, France..
    Ritz, S.
    Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Dept Phys, Santa Cruz Inst Particle Phys, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA.;Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Dept Astron & Astrophys, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA..
    Rochester, L. S.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Parkinson, P. M. Saz
    Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Dept Phys, Santa Cruz Inst Particle Phys, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA.;Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Dept Astron & Astrophys, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA.;Univ Hong Kong, Dept Phys, Pokfulam Rd, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China.;Univ Hong Kong, Lab Space Res, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China..
    Sgro, C.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Siskind, E. J.
    NYCB Real Time Comp Inc, Lattingtown, NY 11560 USA..
    Spandre, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Spinelli, P.
    Univ Politecn Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Suson, D. J.
    Purdue Univ Northwest, Hammond, IN 46323 USA..
    Tajima, H.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Nagoya Univ, Solar Terr Environm Lab, Nagoya, Aichi 4648601, Japan..
    Takahashi, M.
    Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany.;Univ Tokyo, Japanese MAGIC Consortium ICRR, Chiba 2778582, Japan.;Kyoto Univ, Dept Phys, Kyoto 6068502, Japan.;Tokai Univ, Kanagawa 2591292, Japan.;Univ Tokushima, Tokushima 7708502, Japan..
    Tanaka, Y.
    Hiroshima Univ, Hiroshima Astrophys Sci Ctr, Hiroshima 7398526, Japan..
    Thayer, J. B.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Thompson, D. J.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Tibaldo, L.
    Univ Toulouse, CNRS, IRAP, UPS,CNES, F-31028 Toulouse, France..
    Torres, D. F.
    Inst Space Sci CSICIEEC, Campus UAB, E-08193 Barcelona, Spain.;ICREA, E-08010 Barcelona, Spain..
    Torresi, E.
    INAF Ist Astrofis Spaziale & Fis Cosm Bologna, Via P Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna, Italy..
    Tosti, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy.;Univ Perugia, Dipartimento Fis, I-06123 Perugia, Italy..
    Troja, E.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;Univ Maryland, Dept Astron, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Valverde, J.
    Ecole Polytech, Lab Leprince Ringuet, F-91128 Palaiseau, France..
    Vianello, G.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Vogel, M.
    Calif State Univ Los Angeles, Dept Phys & Astron, Los Angeles, CA 90032 USA..
    Wood, K.
    Praxis Inc, Alexandria, VA 22303 USA.;Naval Res Lab, Washington, DC 20375 USA..
    Wood, M.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Zaharijas, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Nova Gorica, Ctr Astrophys & Cosmol, Nova Gorica, Slovenia..
    Ahnen, M. L.
    Swiss Fed Inst Technol, CH-8093 Zurich, Switzerland..
    Ansoldi, S.
    Univ Udine, I-33100 Udine, Italy.;INFN Trieste, I-33100 Udine, Italy.;Univ Tokyo, Japanese MAGIC Consortium ICRR, Chiba 2778582, Japan.;Kyoto Univ, Dept Phys, Kyoto 6068502, Japan.;Tokai Univ, Kanagawa 2591292, Japan.;Univ Tokushima, Tokushima 7708502, Japan..
    Antonelli, L. A.
    Natl Inst Astrophys INAF, I-00136 Rome, Italy..
    Arcaro, C.
    Univ Padua, I-35131 Padua, Italy.;INFN, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
    Baack, D.
    Tech Univ Dortmund, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany..
    Babic, A.
    Natl Inst Astrophys INAF, I-00136 Rome, Italy.;Univ Rijeka, Croatian MAGIC Consortium, Rijeka 51000, Croatia.;Univ Zagreb FESB, Split 21000, Croatia.;Univ Zagreb FER, Zagreb 21000, Croatia.;Univ Osijek, Osijek 31000, Croatia.;Rudjer Boskovic Inst, Zagreb 10000, Croatia.;Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany.;BIST, IFAE, E-08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain..
    Banerjee, B.
    Saha Inst Nucl Phys, HBNI, 1-AF Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700064, India..
    Bangale, P.
    Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany..
    de Almeida, U. Barres
    URCA, CBPF, BR-2229018 Rio De Janeiro, RJ, Brazil..
    Barrio, J. A.
    Univ Complutense, Unidad Particulas & Cosmol UPARCOS, E-28040 Madrid, Spain..
    Gonzalez, J. Becerra
    Inst Astrofis Canarias, E-38200 San Cristobal la Laguna, Spain.;Univ La Laguna, Dept Astrofis, E-38206 San Cristobal la Laguna, Spain..
    Bednarek, W.
    Univ Lodz, Dept Astrophys, PL-90236 Lodz, Poland..
    Berti, A.
    Univ Udine, I-33100 Udine, Italy.;INFN Trieste, I-33100 Udine, Italy.;Univ Rijeka, Croatian MAGIC Consortium, Rijeka 51000, Croatia.;Univ Zagreb FESB, Split 21000, Croatia.;Univ Zagreb FER, Zagreb 21000, Croatia.;Univ Trieste, Dipartimento Fis, I-34127 Trieste, Italy..
    Bhattacharyya, W.
    Deutsch Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Biland, A.
    Swiss Fed Inst Technol, CH-8093 Zurich, Switzerland..
    Blanch, O.
    BIST, IFAE, E-08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain..
    Bonnoli, G.
    Univ Siena, I-53100 Siena, Italy.;INFN Pisa, I-53100 Siena, Italy..
    Carosi, A.
    Natl Inst Astrophys INAF, I-00136 Rome, Italy.;Univ Savoie Mont Blanc, Univ Grenoble Alpes, Lab Annecy Phys Particules, CNRS,LAPP, F-74000 Annecy, France..
    Carosi, R.
    Univ Siena, I-53100 Siena, Italy.;INFN Pisa, I-53100 Siena, Italy..
    Ceribella, G.
    Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany..
    Chatterjee, A.
    Saha Inst Nucl Phys, HBNI, 1-AF Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700064, India..
    Colak, S. M.
    BIST, IFAE, E-08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain..
    Colin, P.
    Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany..
    Colombo, E.
    Inst Astrofis Canarias, E-38200 San Cristobal la Laguna, Spain.;Univ La Laguna, Dept Astrofis, E-38206 San Cristobal la Laguna, Spain..
    Contreras, J. L.
    Univ Complutense, Unidad Particulas & Cosmol UPARCOS, E-28040 Madrid, Spain..
    Cortina, J.
    BIST, IFAE, E-08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain..
    Covino, S.
    Natl Inst Astrophys INAF, I-00136 Rome, Italy..
    Cumani, P.
    BIST, IFAE, E-08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain..
    Da Vela, P.
    Univ Siena, I-53100 Siena, Italy.;INFN Pisa, I-53100 Siena, Italy..
    Dazzi, F.
    Natl Inst Astrophys INAF, I-00136 Rome, Italy..
    De Angelis, A.
    Univ Padua, I-35131 Padua, Italy.;INFN, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
    De Lotto, B.
    Univ Udine, I-33100 Udine, Italy.;INFN Trieste, I-33100 Udine, Italy..
    Delfino, M.
    BIST, IFAE, E-08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain.;Port Informac Cient PIC, E-08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain..
    Delgado, J.
    BIST, IFAE, E-08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain..
    Di Pierro, F.
    Univ Padua, I-35131 Padua, Italy.;INFN, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
    Prester, D. . Dominis
    Univ Rijeka, Croatian MAGIC Consortium, Rijeka 51000, Croatia.;Univ Zagreb FESB, Split 21000, Croatia.;Univ Zagreb FER, Zagreb 21000, Croatia.;Univ Osijek, Osijek 31000, Croatia.;Rudjer Boskovic Inst, Zagreb 10000, Croatia..
    Dorner, D.
    Univ Wurzburg, D-97074 Wurzburg, Germany..
    Doro, M.
    Univ Padua, I-35131 Padua, Italy.;INFN, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
    Einecke, S.
    Tech Univ Dortmund, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany..
    Elsaesser, D.
    Tech Univ Dortmund, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany..
    Ramazani, V. Fallah
    Univ Turku, Finnish MAGIC Consortium, Tuorla Observ, Vaisalantie 20, FI-21500 Piikkio, Finland.;Univ Turku, Finnish Ctr Astron ESO FINCA, Vaisalantie 20, FI-21500 Piikkio, Finland.;Univ Oulu, Astron Div, FIN-90014 Oulu, Finland..
    Fernandez-Barral, A.
    Univ Padua, I-35131 Padua, Italy.;INFN, I-35131 Padua, Italy.;BIST, IFAE, E-08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain..
    Fidalgo, D.
    Univ Complutense, Unidad Particulas & Cosmol UPARCOS, E-28040 Madrid, Spain..
    Foffano, L.
    Univ Padua, I-35131 Padua, Italy.;INFN, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
    Pfrang, K.
    Tech Univ Dortmund, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany..
    Fonseca, M. V.
    Univ Complutense, Unidad Particulas & Cosmol UPARCOS, E-28040 Madrid, Spain..
    Font, L.
    Univ Autonoma Barcelona, Dept Fis, E-08193 Bellaterra, Spain.;Univ Autonoma Barcelona, CERES IEEC, E-08193 Bellaterra, Spain..
    Franceschini, A.
    Univ Padua, Dept Phys & Astron, E-35131 Padua, Italy..
    Fruck, C.
    Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany..
    Galindo, D.
    Univ Barcelona, ICC, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain..
    Gallozzi, S.
    Natl Inst Astrophys INAF, I-00136 Rome, Italy..
    Lopez, R. J. Garcia
    Inst Astrofis Canarias, E-38200 San Cristobal la Laguna, Spain.;Univ La Laguna, Dept Astrofis, E-38206 San Cristobal la Laguna, Spain..
    Garczarczyk, M.
    Deutsch Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Gaug, M.
    Univ Autonoma Barcelona, Dept Fis, E-08193 Bellaterra, Spain.;Univ Autonoma Barcelona, CERES IEEC, E-08193 Bellaterra, Spain..
    Giammaria, P.
    Natl Inst Astrophys INAF, I-00136 Rome, Italy..
    Godinovic, N.
    Univ Rijeka, Croatian MAGIC Consortium, Rijeka 51000, Croatia.;Univ Zagreb FESB, Split 21000, Croatia.;Univ Zagreb FER, Zagreb 21000, Croatia.;Univ Osijek, Osijek 31000, Croatia.;Rudjer Boskovic Inst, Zagreb 10000, Croatia..
    Gora, D.
    Deutsch Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany.;Polish Acad Sci, Inst Nucl Phys, PL-31342 Krakow, Poland..
    Guberman, D.
    BIST, IFAE, E-08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain..
    Hadasch, D.
    Univ Tokyo, Japanese MAGIC Consortium ICRR, Chiba 2778582, Japan.;Kyoto Univ, Dept Phys, Kyoto 6068502, Japan.;Tokai Univ, Kanagawa 2591292, Japan.;Univ Tokushima, Tokushima 7708502, Japan..
    Hahn, A.
    Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany..
    Hassan, T.
    BIST, IFAE, E-08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain..
    Herrera, J.
    Inst Astrofis Canarias, E-38200 San Cristobal la Laguna, Spain.;Univ La Laguna, Dept Astrofis, E-38206 San Cristobal la Laguna, Spain..
    Hose, J.
    Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany..
    Hrupec, D.
    Univ Rijeka, Croatian MAGIC Consortium, Rijeka 51000, Croatia.;Univ Zagreb FESB, Split 21000, Croatia.;Univ Zagreb FER, Zagreb 21000, Croatia.;Univ Osijek, Osijek 31000, Croatia.;Rudjer Boskovic Inst, Zagreb 10000, Croatia..
    Inoue, S.
    RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 3510198, Japan..
    Ishio, K.
    Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany..
    Konno, Y.
    Univ Tokyo, Japanese MAGIC Consortium ICRR, Chiba 2778582, Japan.;Kyoto Univ, Dept Phys, Kyoto 6068502, Japan.;Tokai Univ, Kanagawa 2591292, Japan.;Univ Tokushima, Tokushima 7708502, Japan..
    Kubo, H.
    Univ Tokyo, Japanese MAGIC Consortium ICRR, Chiba 2778582, Japan.;Kyoto Univ, Dept Phys, Kyoto 6068502, Japan.;Tokai Univ, Kanagawa 2591292, Japan.;Univ Tokushima, Tokushima 7708502, Japan..
    Kushida, J.
    Univ Tokyo, Japanese MAGIC Consortium ICRR, Chiba 2778582, Japan.;Kyoto Univ, Dept Phys, Kyoto 6068502, Japan.;Tokai Univ, Kanagawa 2591292, Japan.;Univ Tokushima, Tokushima 7708502, Japan..
    Lelas, D.
    Univ Rijeka, Croatian MAGIC Consortium, Rijeka 51000, Croatia.;Univ Zagreb FESB, Split 21000, Croatia.;Univ Zagreb FER, Zagreb 21000, Croatia.;Univ Osijek, Osijek 31000, Croatia.;Rudjer Boskovic Inst, Zagreb 10000, Croatia..
    Lindfors, E.
    Univ Turku, Finnish MAGIC Consortium, Tuorla Observ, Vaisalantie 20, FI-21500 Piikkio, Finland.;Univ Turku, Finnish Ctr Astron ESO FINCA, Vaisalantie 20, FI-21500 Piikkio, Finland.;Univ Oulu, Astron Div, FIN-90014 Oulu, Finland..
    Lombardi, S.
    Natl Inst Astrophys INAF, I-00136 Rome, Italy..
    Lopez, M.
    Univ Complutense, Unidad Particulas & Cosmol UPARCOS, E-28040 Madrid, Spain..
    Maggio, C.
    Univ Autonoma Barcelona, Dept Fis, E-08193 Bellaterra, Spain.;Univ Autonoma Barcelona, CERES IEEC, E-08193 Bellaterra, Spain..
    Majumdar, P.
    Saha Inst Nucl Phys, HBNI, 1-AF Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700064, India..
    Makariev, M.
    Bulgarian Acad Sci, Inst Nucl Res & Nucl Energy, BG-1784 Sofia, Bulgaria..
    Maneva, G.
    Bulgarian Acad Sci, Inst Nucl Res & Nucl Energy, BG-1784 Sofia, Bulgaria..
    Manganaro, M.
    Inst Astrofis Canarias, E-38200 San Cristobal la Laguna, Spain.;Univ La Laguna, Dept Astrofis, E-38206 San Cristobal la Laguna, Spain..
    Mannheim, K.
    Univ Wurzburg, D-97074 Wurzburg, Germany..
    Maraschi, L.
    Natl Inst Astrophys INAF, I-00136 Rome, Italy..
    Mariotti, M.
    Univ Padua, I-35131 Padua, Italy.;INFN, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
    Martinez, M.
    BIST, IFAE, E-08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain..
    Masuda, S.
    Univ Tokyo, Japanese MAGIC Consortium ICRR, Chiba 2778582, Japan.;Kyoto Univ, Dept Phys, Kyoto 6068502, Japan.;Tokai Univ, Kanagawa 2591292, Japan.;Univ Tokushima, Tokushima 7708502, Japan..
    Mazin, D.
    Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany.;Univ Tokyo, Japanese MAGIC Consortium ICRR, Chiba 2778582, Japan.;Kyoto Univ, Dept Phys, Kyoto 6068502, Japan.;Tokai Univ, Kanagawa 2591292, Japan.;Univ Tokushima, Tokushima 7708502, Japan..
    Minev, M.
    Bulgarian Acad Sci, Inst Nucl Res & Nucl Energy, BG-1784 Sofia, Bulgaria..
    M, J. M.
    Univ Siena, I-53100 Siena, Italy.;INFN Pisa, I-53100 Siena, Italy..
    Mirzoyan, R.
    Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany..
    Moralejo, A.
    BIST, IFAE, E-08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain..
    Moreno, V.
    Univ Autonoma Barcelona, Dept Fis, E-08193 Bellaterra, Spain.;Univ Autonoma Barcelona, CERES IEEC, E-08193 Bellaterra, Spain..
    Moretti, E.
    Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany..
    Nagayoshi, T.
    Univ Tokyo, Japanese MAGIC Consortium ICRR, Chiba 2778582, Japan.;Kyoto Univ, Dept Phys, Kyoto 6068502, Japan.;Tokai Univ, Kanagawa 2591292, Japan.;Univ Tokushima, Tokushima 7708502, Japan..
    Neustroev, V.
    Univ Turku, Finnish MAGIC Consortium, Tuorla Observ, Vaisalantie 20, FI-21500 Piikkio, Finland.;Univ Turku, Finnish Ctr Astron ESO FINCA, Vaisalantie 20, FI-21500 Piikkio, Finland.;Univ Oulu, Astron Div, FIN-90014 Oulu, Finland..
    Niedzwiecki, A.
    Univ Lodz, Dept Astrophys, PL-90236 Lodz, Poland..
    Rosillo, M. Nievas
    Univ Complutense, Unidad Particulas & Cosmol UPARCOS, E-28040 Madrid, Spain..
    Nigro, C.
    Deutsch Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Nilsson, K.
    Univ Turku, Finnish MAGIC Consortium, Tuorla Observ, Vaisalantie 20, FI-21500 Piikkio, Finland.;Univ Turku, Finnish Ctr Astron ESO FINCA, Vaisalantie 20, FI-21500 Piikkio, Finland.;Univ Oulu, Astron Div, FIN-90014 Oulu, Finland..
    Ninci, D.
    BIST, IFAE, E-08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain..
    Nishijima, K.
    Univ Tokyo, Japanese MAGIC Consortium ICRR, Chiba 2778582, Japan.;Kyoto Univ, Dept Phys, Kyoto 6068502, Japan.;Tokai Univ, Kanagawa 2591292, Japan.;Univ Tokushima, Tokushima 7708502, Japan..
    Noda, K.
    BIST, IFAE, E-08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain.;Univ Tokyo, Japanese MAGIC Consortium ICRR, Chiba 2778582, Japan.;Kyoto Univ, Dept Phys, Kyoto 6068502, Japan.;Tokai Univ, Kanagawa 2591292, Japan.;Univ Tokushima, Tokushima 7708502, Japan..
    Nogues, L.
    BIST, IFAE, E-08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain..
    Paiano, S.
    Univ Padua, I-35131 Padua, Italy.;INFN, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
    Palacio, J.
    BIST, IFAE, E-08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain..
    Paneque, D.
    Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany..
    Paoletti, R.
    Univ Siena, I-53100 Siena, Italy.;INFN Pisa, I-53100 Siena, Italy..
    Paredes, J. M.
    Univ Barcelona, ICC, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain..
    Pedaletti, G.
    Deutsch Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Peresano, M.
    Univ Udine, I-33100 Udine, Italy.;INFN Trieste, I-33100 Udine, Italy..
    Moroni, P. G. Prada
    Univ Pisa, I-56126 Pisa, Italy.;INFN Pisa, I-56126 Pisa, Italy..
    Prandini, E.
    Univ Padua, I-35131 Padua, Italy.;INFN, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
    Puljak, I.
    Univ Rijeka, Croatian MAGIC Consortium, Rijeka 51000, Croatia.;Univ Zagreb FESB, Split 21000, Croatia.;Univ Zagreb FER, Zagreb 21000, Croatia.;Univ Osijek, Osijek 31000, Croatia.;Rudjer Boskovic Inst, Zagreb 10000, Croatia..
    Garcia, J. Rodriguez
    Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany..
    Reichardt, I.
    Univ Padua, I-35131 Padua, Italy.;INFN, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
    Ribo, M.
    Univ Barcelona, ICC, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain..
    Rico, J.
    BIST, IFAE, E-08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain..
    Righi, C.
    Natl Inst Astrophys INAF, I-00136 Rome, Italy..
    Rugliancich, A.
    Univ Siena, I-53100 Siena, Italy.;INFN Pisa, I-53100 Siena, Italy..
    Saito, T.
    Univ Tokyo, Japanese MAGIC Consortium ICRR, Chiba 2778582, Japan.;Kyoto Univ, Dept Phys, Kyoto 6068502, Japan.;Tokai Univ, Kanagawa 2591292, Japan.;Univ Tokushima, Tokushima 7708502, Japan..
    Schweizer, T.
    Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany..
    Sitarek, J.
    Univ Lodz, Dept Astrophys, PL-90236 Lodz, Poland.;Univ Tokyo, Japanese MAGIC Consortium ICRR, Chiba 2778582, Japan.;Kyoto Univ, Dept Phys, Kyoto 6068502, Japan.;Tokai Univ, Kanagawa 2591292, Japan.;Univ Tokushima, Tokushima 7708502, Japan..
    Snidaric, I.
    Univ Rijeka, Croatian MAGIC Consortium, Rijeka 51000, Croatia.;Univ Zagreb FESB, Split 21000, Croatia.;Univ Zagreb FER, Zagreb 21000, Croatia.;Univ Osijek, Osijek 31000, Croatia.;Rudjer Boskovic Inst, Zagreb 10000, Croatia..
    Sobczynska, D.
    Univ Lodz, Dept Astrophys, PL-90236 Lodz, Poland..
    Stamerra, A.
    Natl Inst Astrophys INAF, I-00136 Rome, Italy..
    Strzys, M.
    Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany..
    Suric, T.
    Univ Rijeka, Croatian MAGIC Consortium, Rijeka 51000, Croatia.;Univ Zagreb FESB, Split 21000, Croatia.;Univ Zagreb FER, Zagreb 21000, Croatia.;Univ Osijek, Osijek 31000, Croatia.;Rudjer Boskovic Inst, Zagreb 10000, Croatia..
    Tavecchio, F.
    Natl Inst Astrophys INAF, I-00136 Rome, Italy..
    Temnikov, P.
    Bulgarian Acad Sci, Inst Nucl Res & Nucl Energy, BG-1784 Sofia, Bulgaria..
    Terzic, T.
    Univ Rijeka, Croatian MAGIC Consortium, Rijeka 51000, Croatia.;Univ Zagreb FESB, Split 21000, Croatia.;Univ Zagreb FER, Zagreb 21000, Croatia.;Univ Osijek, Osijek 31000, Croatia.;Rudjer Boskovic Inst, Zagreb 10000, Croatia..
    Teshima, M.
    Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany.;Univ Tokyo, Japanese MAGIC Consortium ICRR, Chiba 2778582, Japan.;Kyoto Univ, Dept Phys, Kyoto 6068502, Japan.;Tokai Univ, Kanagawa 2591292, Japan.;Univ Tokushima, Tokushima 7708502, Japan..
    Torres-Alba, N.
    Univ Barcelona, ICC, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain..
    Treves, A.
    Univ Udine, I-33100 Udine, Italy.;INFN Trieste, I-33100 Udine, Italy..
    Tsujimoto, S.
    Univ Tokyo, Japanese MAGIC Consortium ICRR, Chiba 2778582, Japan.;Kyoto Univ, Dept Phys, Kyoto 6068502, Japan.;Tokai Univ, Kanagawa 2591292, Japan.;Univ Tokushima, Tokushima 7708502, Japan..
    Vanzo, G.
    Inst Astrofis Canarias, E-38200 San Cristobal la Laguna, Spain.;Univ La Laguna, Dept Astrofis, E-38206 San Cristobal la Laguna, Spain..
    Acosta, M. Vazquez
    Inst Astrofis Canarias, E-38200 San Cristobal la Laguna, Spain.;Univ La Laguna, Dept Astrofis, E-38206 San Cristobal la Laguna, Spain..
    Vovk, I.
    Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany..
    Ward, J. E.
    BIST, IFAE, E-08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain..
    Will, M.
    Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany..
    Zaric, D.
    Univ Rijeka, Croatian MAGIC Consortium, Rijeka 51000, Croatia.;Univ Zagreb FESB, Split 21000, Croatia.;Univ Zagreb FER, Zagreb 21000, Croatia.;Univ Osijek, Osijek 31000, Croatia.;Rudjer Boskovic Inst, Zagreb 10000, Croatia..
    Lucarelli, F.
    ASI Space Sci Data Ctr SSDC, Via Politecn Snc, I-00133 Rome, Italy.;INAF OAR, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Rome, Italy..
    Tavani, M.
    INAF IAPS Roma, Via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Rome, Italy.;Univ Tor Vergata, Via Ric Sci 1, I-00133 Rome, Italy.;Gran Sasso Sci Inst, Viale Francesco Crispi 7, I-67100 Laquila, Italy..
    Piano, G.
    INAF IAPS Roma, Via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Rome, Italy..
    Donnarumma, I.
    ASI, Via Politecn Snc, I-00133 Rome, Italy..
    Pittori, C.
    ASI Space Sci Data Ctr SSDC, Via Politecn Snc, I-00133 Rome, Italy.;INAF OAR, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Rome, Italy..
    Verrecchia, F.
    ASI Space Sci Data Ctr SSDC, Via Politecn Snc, I-00133 Rome, Italy.;INAF OAR, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Rome, Italy..
    Bulgarelli, A.
    INAF IASF Bologna, Via Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna, Italy..
    Caraveo, P.
    INAF IASF Milano, Via Bassini 15, I-20133 Milan, Italy..
    Cattaneo, P. W.
    INFN Pavia, Via Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia, Italy..
    Colafrancesco, S.
    INAF OAR, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Rome, Italy.;Univ Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.;Univ Witwatersrand, Sch Phys, 1 Jan Smuts Ave, ZA-2050 Johannesburg, South Africa..
    Costa, E.
    INAF IAPS Roma, Via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Rome, Italy.;ASI, Via Politecn Snc, I-00133 Rome, Italy..
    Di Cocco, G.
    INAF IASF Bologna, Via Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna, Italy..
    Ferrari, A.
    Univ Turin, Phys Dept, CIFS, Via P Giuria 1, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Gianotti, F.
    INAF IASF Bologna, Via Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna, Italy..
    Giuliani, A.
    INAF IASF Milano, Via Bassini 15, I-20133 Milan, Italy..
    Lipari, P.
    INFN Roma Sapienza, Piazzale Aldo Moro 2, I-00185 Rome, Italy..
    Mereghetti, S.
    INAF IASF Milano, Via Bassini 15, I-20133 Milan, Italy.;IASF Milano, INAF, Via E Bassini 15, I-20133 Milan, Italy..
    Pacciani, L.
    INAF IAPS Roma, Via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Rome, Italy..
    Paoletti, F.
    INAF IAPS Roma, Via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Rome, Italy.;East Windsor RSD, 25a Leshin Lane, Hightstown, NJ 08520 USA..
    Parmiggiani, N.
    INAF IASF Bologna, Via Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna, Italy..
    Pellizzoni, A.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Cagliari, Via Sci 5, I-09047 Selargius, CA, Italy..
    Picozza, P.
    INFN Roma Tor Vergata, Via Ric Sci 1, I-00133 Rome, Italy..
    Pilia, M.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Cagliari, Via Sci 5, I-09047 Selargius, CA, Italy..
    Rappoldi, A.
    INFN Pavia, Via Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia, Italy..
    Trois, A.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Cagliari, Via Sci 5, I-09047 Selargius, CA, Italy..
    Vercellone, S.
    INAF Oss Astron Brera, Via E Bianchi 46, I-23807 Merate, LC, Italy..
    Vittorini, V.
    INAF IAPS Roma, Via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Rome, Italy..
    Stanek, K. Z.
    Ohio State Univ, Dept Astron, 140 West 18th Ave Columbus, Columbus, OH 43210 USA..
    Kochanek, C. S.
    Ohio State Univ, Dept Astron, 140 West 18th Ave Columbus, Columbus, OH 43210 USA.;Ohio State Univ, Ctr Cosmol & Astroparticle Phys, 191 W Woodruff S9 Ave, Columbus, OH 43210 USA..
    Beacom, J. F.
    Ohio State Univ, Dept Astron, 140 West 18th Ave Columbus, Columbus, OH 43210 USA.;Ohio State Univ, Ctr Cosmol & Astroparticle Phys, 191 W Woodruff S9 Ave, Columbus, OH 43210 USA.;Ohio State Univ, Dept Phys, 191 W Woodruff Ave, Columbus, OH 43210 USA..
    Thompson, T. A.
    Ohio State Univ, Dept Astron, 140 West 18th Ave Columbus, Columbus, OH 43210 USA..
    Holoien, W. -S
    Dong, S.
    Peking Univ, Kavli Inst Astron & Astrophys, 5 Yiheyuanlu, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Prieto, J. L.
    Univ Diego Port, Nucleo Astron, Fac Ingn Ciencias, Av Ejercito 441, Santiago, Chile.;Millennium Inst Astrophys, Santiago, Chile. Univ Hawaii, Inst Astron, 2680 Woodlawn Dr, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA..
    Shappee, B. J.
    Millennium Inst Astrophys, Santiago, Chile. Univ Hawaii, Inst Astron, 2680 Woodlawn Dr, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA..
    Holmbo, S.
    Aarhus Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Ny Munkegade 120, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark..
    Abeysekara, A. U.
    Univ Utah, Dept Phys & Astron, Salt Lake City, UT USA.;Univ Utah, Dept Phys & Astron, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 USA..
    Albert, A.
    Los Alamos Natl Lab, Div Phys, Los Alamos, NM USA.;Univ Paris Saclay, IRFU, CEA, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France.;Humboldt Univ, Inst Phys, Newtonstr 15, D-12489 Berlin, Germany.;Columbia Univ, Dept Phys, New York, NY 10027 USA..
    Alfaro, R.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Inst Fis, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Alvarez, C.
    Univ Autonoma Chiapas, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, Mexico..
    Arceo, R.
    Univ Autonoma Chiapas, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, Mexico..
    Arteaga-Velazquez, J. C.
    Univ Michoacana, Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico..
    Rojas, D. Avila
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Inst Fis, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Solares, H. A. Ayala
    Penn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA..
    Becerril, A.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Inst Fis, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Belmont-Moreno, E.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Inst Fis, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Bernal, A.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Inst Astron, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Caballero-Mora, K. S.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Capistran, T.
    Inst Nacl Astrofis, Opt Elect, Puebla, Mexico..
    Carraminana, A.
    Inst Nacl Astrofis, Opt Elect, Puebla, Mexico..
    Casanova, S.
    Polish Acad Sci, Inst Nucl Phys, IFJ PAN, PL-31342 Krakow, Poland.;Max Planck Inst Kernphys, POB 103980, D-69029 Heidelberg, Germany.;Inst Fizyki Jadrowej PAN, Ul Radzikowskiego 152, PL-31342 Krakow, Poland..
    Castillo, M.
    Univ Michoacana, Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico..
    Cotti, U.
    Univ Michoacana, Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico..
    Cotzomi, J.
    Benemerita Univ Autonoma Puebla, Fac Ciencias Fis Matemat, Puebla, Mexico..
    de Leon, S. Coutino
    Inst Nacl Astrofis, Opt Elect, Puebla, Mexico..
    De Leon, C.
    Benemerita Univ Autonoma Puebla, Fac Ciencias Fis Matemat, Puebla, Mexico..
    De la Fuente, E.
    Univ Guadalajara, Dept Fis, Ctr Univ Ciencias Exactase Ingn, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.;Univ Guadalajara, Ctr Univ Valles CUValles, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico..
    Hernandez, R. Diaz
    Inst Nacl Astrofis, Opt Elect, Puebla, Mexico..
    Dichiara, S.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Inst Astron, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Dingus, B. L.
    Los Alamos Natl Lab, Div Phys, Los Alamos, NM USA..
    DuVernois, M. A.
    Univ Wisconsin Madison, Dept Phys, Madison, WI USA..
    Ellsworth, R. W.
    George Mason Univ, Sch Phys Astron & Computat Sci, Fairfax, VA 22030 USA..
    Engel, K.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Fiorino, D. W.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Fleischhack, H.
    Michigan Technol Univ, Dept Phys, Houghton, MI 49931 USA..
    Fraija, N.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Inst Astron, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Garcia-Gonzalez, J. A.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Inst Fis, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Garfias, F.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Inst Astron, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Munoz, A. Gonzalez
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Inst Fis, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Gonzalez, M. M.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Inst Astron, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Goodman, J. A.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Hampel-Arias, Z.
    Univ Wisconsin Madison, Dept Phys, Madison, WI USA..
    Harding, J. P.
    Los Alamos Natl Lab, Div Phys, Los Alamos, NM USA..
    Hernandez, S.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Inst Fis, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Hona, B.
    Michigan Technol Univ, Dept Phys, Houghton, MI 49931 USA..
    Hueyotl-Zahuantitla, F.
    Univ Autonoma Chiapas, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, Mexico..
    Hui, C. M.
    NASA, George C Marshall Space Flight Ctr, Astrophys Off, Huntsville, AL 35812 USA..
    Huntemeyer, P.
    Michigan Technol Univ, Dept Phys, Houghton, MI 49931 USA..
    Iriarte, A.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Inst Astron, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Jardin-Blicq, A.
    Max Planck Inst Nucl Phys, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Joshi, V.
    Max Planck Inst Nucl Phys, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Kaufmann, S.
    Univ Autonoma Chiapas, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, Mexico..
    Kunde, G. J.
    Los Alamos Natl Lab, Div Phys, Los Alamos, NM USA..
    Lara, A.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Inst Geofis, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Lauer, R. J.
    Univ New Mexico, Dept Phys & Astron, Albuquerque, NM 87131 USA..
    Lee, W. H.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Inst Astron, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Lennarz, D.
    Georgia Inst Technol, Sch Phys, Atlanta, GA 30332 USA.;Georgia Inst Technol, Ctr Relativist Astrophys, Atlanta, GA 30332 USA..
    Vargas, H. Leon
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Inst Fis, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Linnemann, J. T.
    Michigan State Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA..
    Longinotti, A. L.
    Inst Nacl Astrofis, Opt Elect, Puebla, Mexico..
    Luis-Raya, G.
    Univ Politecn Pachuca, Pachuca, Hgo, Mexico..
    Luna-Garcia, R.
    Inst Politecn Nacl, Ctr Invest Computac, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Malone, K.
    Penn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA..
    Marinelli, S. S.
    Michigan State Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA..
    Martinez, O.
    Benemerita Univ Autonoma Puebla, Fac Ciencias Fis Matemat, Puebla, Mexico..
    Martinez-Castellanos, I.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Martinez-Castro, J.
    Inst Politecn Nacl, Ctr Invest Computac, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Martinez-Huerta, H.
    IPN, Dept Phys, Ctr Invest & Estudios Avanzados, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Matthews, J. A.
    Univ New Mexico, Dept Phys & Astron, Albuquerque, NM 87131 USA..
    Miranda-Romagnoli, P.
    Univ Autonoma Estado Hidalgo, Pachuca, Mexico..
    Moreno, E.
    Benemerita Univ Autonoma Puebla, Fac Ciencias Fis Matemat, Puebla, Mexico..
    Mostafa, M.
    Penn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA..
    Nayerhoda, A.
    Polish Acad Sci, Inst Nucl Phys, IFJ PAN, PL-31342 Krakow, Poland..
    Nellen, L.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Inst Ciencias Nucl, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Newbold, M.
    Univ Utah, Dept Phys & Astron, Salt Lake City, UT USA..
    Nisa, M. U.
    Univ Rochester, Dept Phys & Astron, Rochester, NY 14627 USA..
    Noriega-Papaqui, R.
    Univ Autonoma Estado Hidalgo, Pachuca, Mexico..
    Pelayo, R.
    Inst Politecn Nacl, Ctr Invest Computac, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Pretz, J.
    Penn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA..
    Perez-Perez, E. G.
    Los Alamos Natl Lab, Div Phys, Los Alamos, NM USA..
    Ren, Z.
    Univ New Mexico, Dept Phys & Astron, Albuquerque, NM 87131 USA..
    Rho, C. D.
    Univ Rochester, Dept Phys & Astron, Rochester, NY 14627 USA..
    Riviere, C.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Rosa-Gonzalez, D.
    Inst Nacl Astrofis, Opt Elect, Puebla, Mexico..
    Rosenberg, M.
    Penn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA..
    Ruiz-Velasco, E.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Inst Fis, Mexico City, DF, Mexico.;Max Planck Inst Nucl Phys, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Greus, F. Salesa
    Polish Acad Sci, Inst Nucl Phys, IFJ PAN, PL-31342 Krakow, Poland..
    Sandoval, A.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Inst Fis, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Schneider, M.
    Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz Inst Particle Phys, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA..
    Schoorlemmer, H.
    Max Planck Inst Nucl Phys, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Sinnis, G.
    Los Alamos Natl Lab, Div Phys, Los Alamos, NM USA..
    Smith, A. J.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Springer, R. W.
    Univ Utah, Dept Phys & Astron, Salt Lake City, UT USA..
    Surajbali, P.
    Max Planck Inst Nucl Phys, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Tibolla, O.
    Univ Autonoma Chiapas, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, Mexico..
    Tollefson, K.
    Michigan State Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA..
    Torres, I.
    Inst Nacl Astrofis, Opt Elect, Puebla, Mexico..
    Villasenor, L.
    Benemerita Univ Autonoma Puebla, Fac Ciencias Fis Matemat, Puebla, Mexico..
    Weisgarber, T.
    Univ Wisconsin Madison, Dept Phys, Madison, WI USA..
    Werner, F.
    Max Planck Inst Nucl Phys, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Yapici, T.
    Univ Rochester, Dept Phys & Astron, Rochester, NY 14627 USA..
    Gaurang, Y.
    Univ Calif Irvine, Dept Phys & Astron, Irvine, CA 92697 USA..
    Zepeda, A.
    IPN, Dept Phys, Ctr Invest & Estudios Avanzados, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Zhou, H.
    Los Alamos Natl Lab, Div Phys, Los Alamos, NM USA..
    Alvarez, J. D.
    Univ Michoacana, Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico..
    Abdalla, H.
    North West Univ, Ctr Space Res, ZA-2520 Potchefstroom, South Africa..
    Anguner, E. O.
    Aix Marseille Univ, CPPM, CNRS IN2P3, Marseille, France..
    Armand, C.
    Univ Savoie Mont Blanc, Univ Grenoble Alpes, Lab Annecy Phys Particules, CNRS,LAPP, F-74000 Annecy, France..
    Backes, M.
    Univ Namibia, Dept Phys, Private Bag 13301, Windhoek, Namibia..
    Becherini, Y.
    Linnaeus Univ, Dept Phys & Elect Engn, S-35195 Vaxjo, Sweden..
    Berge, D.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Bottcher, M.
    North West Univ, Ctr Space Res, ZA-2520 Potchefstroom, South Africa..
    Boisson, C.
    Univ Paris Diderot, PSL Res Univ, CNRS, LUTH, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France..
    Bolmont, J.
    Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Univ, Lab Phys Nucl & Hautes Energies, Sorbonne Paris Cite,LPNHE,CNRS IN2P3, 4 Pl Jussieu, F-75252 Paris, France..
    Bonnefoy, S.
    Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Univ, Lab Phys Nucl & Hautes Energies, Sorbonne Paris Cite,LPNHE,CNRS IN2P3, 4 Pl Jussieu, F-75252 Paris, France..
    Bordas, P.
    Max Planck Inst Kernphys, POB 103980, D-69029 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Brun, F.
    Univ Bordeaux, CNRS IN2P3, Ctr Etud Nucl Bordeaux Gradignan, F-33175 Gradignan, France..
    Buchele, M.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, Erwin Rommel Str 1, Erlangen, Germany..
    Bulik, T.
    Univ Warsaw, Astron Observ, Ujazdowskie 4, PL-00478 Warsaw, Poland..
    Caroff, S.
    Ecole Polytech, Lab Leprince Ringuet, F-91128 Palaiseau, France..
    Cerruti, M.
    Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Univ, Lab Phys Nucl & Hautes Energies, Sorbonne Paris Cite,LPNHE,CNRS IN2P3, 4 Pl Jussieu, F-75252 Paris, France..
    Chakraborty, N.
    Max Planck Inst Kernphys, POB 103980, D-69029 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Chandra, S.
    North West Univ, Ctr Space Res, ZA-2520 Potchefstroom, South Africa..
    Chen, A.
    Univ Witwatersrand, Sch Phys, 1 Jan Smuts Ave, ZA-2050 Johannesburg, South Africa..
    Davids, I. D.
    Univ Namibia, Dept Phys, Private Bag 13301, Windhoek, Namibia..
    Deil, C.
    Max Planck Inst Kernphys, POB 103980, D-69029 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Devin, J.
    Univ Montpellier, Lab Univers & Particules Montpellier, CC 72,Pl Eugene Bataillon, F-34095 Montpellier 5, France..
    Djannati-Atai, A.
    Univ Paris Diderot, APC, AstroParticule & Cosmol, CEA Irfu,CNRS IN2P3, 10 Rue Alice Domon & Leonie Duquet, F-75205 Paris 13, France..
    Egberts, K.
    Univ Potsdam, Inst Phys & Astron, Karl Liebknecht Str 24-25, D-14476 Potsdam, Germany..
    Emery, G.
    Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Univ, Lab Phys Nucl & Hautes Energies, Sorbonne Paris Cite,LPNHE,CNRS IN2P3, 4 Pl Jussieu, F-75252 Paris, France..
    Eschbach, S.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, Erwin Rommel Str 1, Erlangen, Germany..
    Fiasson, A.
    Univ Savoie Mont Blanc, Univ Grenoble Alpes, Lab Annecy Phys Particules, CNRS,LAPP, F-74000 Annecy, France..
    Fontaine, G.
    Ecole Polytech, Lab Leprince Ringuet, F-91128 Palaiseau, France..
    Fussling, M.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Gallant, Y. A.
    Univ Montpellier, Lab Univers & Particules Montpellier, CC 72,Pl Eugene Bataillon, F-34095 Montpellier 5, France..
    Gate, F.
    Univ Savoie Mont Blanc, Univ Grenoble Alpes, Lab Annecy Phys Particules, CNRS,LAPP, F-74000 Annecy, France..
    Giavitto, G.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Glawion, D.
    Heidelberg Univ, Landessternwarte, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Glicenstein, J. F.
    Univ Paris Saclay, IRFU, CEA, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France..
    Gottschall, D.
    Univ Tubingen, Inst Astron & Astrophys, Sand 1, D-72076 Tubingen, Germany..
    Haupt, M.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Henri, G.
    Univ Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IPAG, F-38000 Grenoble, France..
    Hinton, J. A.
    Max Planck Inst Kernphys, POB 103980, D-69029 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Hoischen, C.
    Univ Potsdam, Inst Phys & Astron, Karl Liebknecht Str 24-25, D-14476 Potsdam, Germany..
    Holch, T. L.
    Humboldt Univ, Inst Phys, Newtonstr 15, D-12489 Berlin, Germany..
    Huber, D.
    Leopold Franzens Univ Innsbruck, Inst Astro & Teilchenphys, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria..
    Jamrozy, M.
    Uniwersytet Jagiellonski, Obserwatorium Astron, Ul Orla 171, PL-30244 Krakow, Poland..
    Jankowsky, D.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, Erwin Rommel Str 1, Erlangen, Germany..
    Jankowsky, F.
    Heidelberg Univ, Landessternwarte, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Jouvin, L.
    Univ Paris Diderot, APC, AstroParticule & Cosmol, CEA Irfu,CNRS IN2P3, 10 Rue Alice Domon & Leonie Duquet, F-75205 Paris 13, France..
    Jung-Richardt, I.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, Erwin Rommel Str 1, Erlangen, Germany..
    Kerszberg, D.
    Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Univ, Lab Phys Nucl & Hautes Energies, Sorbonne Paris Cite,LPNHE,CNRS IN2P3, 4 Pl Jussieu, F-75252 Paris, France..
    Khelifi, B.
    Univ Paris Diderot, APC, AstroParticule & Cosmol, CEA Irfu,CNRS IN2P3, 10 Rue Alice Domon & Leonie Duquet, F-75205 Paris 13, France..
    King, J.
    Max Planck Inst Kernphys, POB 103980, D-69029 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Klepser, S.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Kluzniak, W.
    Polish Acad Sci, Nicolaus Copernicus Astron Ctr, Ul Bartycka 18, PL-00716 Warsaw, Poland..
    Komin, Nu.
    Univ Witwatersrand, Sch Phys, 1 Jan Smuts Ave, ZA-2050 Johannesburg, South Africa..
    Kraus, M.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, Erwin Rommel Str 1, Erlangen, Germany..
    Lefaucheur, J.
    Univ Paris Saclay, IRFU, CEA, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France..
    Lemiere, A.
    Univ Paris Diderot, APC, AstroParticule & Cosmol, CEA Irfu,CNRS IN2P3, 10 Rue Alice Domon & Leonie Duquet, F-75205 Paris 13, France..
    Lenain, J. -P
    Leser, E.
    Univ Potsdam, Inst Phys & Astron, Karl Liebknecht Str 24-25, D-14476 Potsdam, Germany..
    Lohse, T.
    Humboldt Univ, Inst Phys, Newtonstr 15, D-12489 Berlin, Germany..
    Lopez-Coto, R.
    Max Planck Inst Kernphys, POB 103980, D-69029 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Lorentz, M.
    Univ Paris Saclay, IRFU, CEA, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France..
    Lypova, I.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Marandon, V.
    Max Planck Inst Kernphys, POB 103980, D-69029 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Marti-Devesa, G. Guillem
    Leopold Franzens Univ Innsbruck, Inst Astro & Teilchenphys, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria..
    Maurin, G.
    Univ Savoie Mont Blanc, Univ Grenoble Alpes, Lab Annecy Phys Particules, CNRS,LAPP, F-74000 Annecy, France..
    Mitchell, A. M. W.
    Max Planck Inst Kernphys, POB 103980, D-69029 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Moderski, R.
    Polish Acad Sci, Nicolaus Copernicus Astron Ctr, Ul Bartycka 18, PL-00716 Warsaw, Poland..
    Mohamed, M.
    Heidelberg Univ, Landessternwarte, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Mohrmann, L.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, Erwin Rommel Str 1, Erlangen, Germany..
    Moulin, E.
    Univ Paris Saclay, IRFU, CEA, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France..
    Murach, T.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    de Naurois, M.
    Ecole Polytech, Lab Leprince Ringuet, F-91128 Palaiseau, France..
    Niederwanger, F.
    Leopold Franzens Univ Innsbruck, Inst Astro & Teilchenphys, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria..
    Niemiec, J.
    Inst Fizyki Jadrowej PAN, Ul Radzikowskiego 152, PL-31342 Krakow, Poland..
    Oakes, L.
    Humboldt Univ, Inst Phys, Newtonstr 15, D-12489 Berlin, Germany..
    O'Brien, P.
    Univ Leicester, Dept Phys & Astron, Univ Rd, Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics, England..
    Ohm, S.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Ostrowski, M.
    Uniwersytet Jagiellonski, Obserwatorium Astron, Ul Orla 171, PL-30244 Krakow, Poland..
    Oya, I.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Panter, M.
    Max Planck Inst Kernphys, POB 103980, D-69029 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Parsons, R. D.
    Max Planck Inst Kernphys, POB 103980, D-69029 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Perennes, C.
    Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Univ, Lab Phys Nucl & Hautes Energies, Sorbonne Paris Cite,LPNHE,CNRS IN2P3, 4 Pl Jussieu, F-75252 Paris, France..
    Piel, Q.
    Univ Savoie Mont Blanc, Univ Grenoble Alpes, Lab Annecy Phys Particules, CNRS,LAPP, F-74000 Annecy, France..
    Pita, S.
    Univ Paris Diderot, APC, AstroParticule & Cosmol, CEA Irfu,CNRS IN2P3, 10 Rue Alice Domon & Leonie Duquet, F-75205 Paris 13, France..
    Poireau, V.
    Univ Savoie Mont Blanc, Univ Grenoble Alpes, Lab Annecy Phys Particules, CNRS,LAPP, F-74000 Annecy, France..
    Noel, A. Priyana
    Uniwersytet Jagiellonski, Obserwatorium Astron, Ul Orla 171, PL-30244 Krakow, Poland..
    Prokoph, H.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Puhlhofer, G.
    Univ Tubingen, Inst Astron & Astrophys, Sand 1, D-72076 Tubingen, Germany..
    Quirrenbach, A.
    Heidelberg Univ, Landessternwarte, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Raab, S.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, Erwin Rommel Str 1, Erlangen, Germany..
    Rauth, R.
    Leopold Franzens Univ Innsbruck, Inst Astro & Teilchenphys, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria..
    Renaud, M.
    Univ Montpellier, Lab Univers & Particules Montpellier, CC 72,Pl Eugene Bataillon, F-34095 Montpellier 5, France..
    Rieger, F.
    Max Planck Inst Kernphys, POB 103980, D-69029 Heidelberg, Germany.;ITA Univ Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany..
    Rinchiuso, L.
    Univ Paris Saclay, IRFU, CEA, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France..
    Romoli, C.
    Max Planck Inst Kernphys, POB 103980, D-69029 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Rowell, G.
    Univ Adelaide, Sch Phys Sci, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia..
    Rudak, B.
    Polish Acad Sci, Nicolaus Copernicus Astron Ctr, Ul Bartycka 18, PL-00716 Warsaw, Poland..
    Sanchez, D. A.
    Univ Savoie Mont Blanc, Univ Grenoble Alpes, Lab Annecy Phys Particules, CNRS,LAPP, F-74000 Annecy, France..
    Sasaki, M.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, Erwin Rommel Str 1, Erlangen, Germany..
    Schlickeiser, R.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, Inst Theoret Phys, Lehrstuhl Weltraum & Astrophys 4, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Schussler, F.
    Univ Paris Saclay, IRFU, CEA, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France..
    Schulz, A.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Schwanke, U.
    Humboldt Univ, Inst Phys, Newtonstr 15, D-12489 Berlin, Germany..
    Seglar-Arroyo, M.
    Univ Paris Saclay, IRFU, CEA, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France..
    Shafi, N.
    Univ Witwatersrand, Sch Phys, 1 Jan Smuts Ave, ZA-2050 Johannesburg, South Africa..
    Simoni, R.
    Univ Amsterdam, Astron Inst Anton Pannekoek, GRAPPA, Sci Pk 904, NL-1098 XH Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Sol, H.
    Univ Paris Diderot, PSL Res Univ, CNRS, LUTH, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France..
    Stegmann, C.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany.;Univ Potsdam, Inst Phys & Astron, Karl Liebknecht Str 24-25, D-14476 Potsdam, Germany..
    Steppa, C.
    Univ Potsdam, Inst Phys & Astron, Karl Liebknecht Str 24-25, D-14476 Potsdam, Germany..
    Tavernier, T.
    Univ Paris Saclay, IRFU, CEA, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France..
    Taylor, A. M.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Tiziani, D.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, Erwin Rommel Str 1, Erlangen, Germany..
    Trichard, C.
    Aix Marseille Univ, CPPM, CNRS IN2P3, Marseille, France..
    Tsirou, M.
    Univ Montpellier, Lab Univers & Particules Montpellier, CC 72,Pl Eugene Bataillon, F-34095 Montpellier 5, France..
    van Eldik, C.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, Erwin Rommel Str 1, Erlangen, Germany..
    van Rensburg, C.
    North West Univ, Ctr Space Res, ZA-2520 Potchefstroom, South Africa..
    van Soelen, B.
    Univ Free State, Dept Phys, POB 339, ZA-9300 Bloemfontein, South Africa..
    Veh, J.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, Erwin Rommel Str 1, Erlangen, Germany..
    Vincent, P.
    Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Univ, Lab Phys Nucl & Hautes Energies, Sorbonne Paris Cite,LPNHE,CNRS IN2P3, 4 Pl Jussieu, F-75252 Paris, France..
    Voisin, F.
    Univ Adelaide, Sch Phys Sci, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia..
    Wagner, S. J.
    Heidelberg Univ, Landessternwarte, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Wagner, R. M.
    Stockholm Univ, Albanova Univ Ctr, Dept Phys, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Wierzcholska, A.
    Ecole Polytech, Lab Leprince Ringuet, F-91128 Palaiseau, France..
    Zanin, R.
    Max Planck Inst Kernphys, POB 103980, D-69029 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Zdziarski, A. A.
    Polish Acad Sci, Nicolaus Copernicus Astron Ctr, Ul Bartycka 18, PL-00716 Warsaw, Poland..
    Zech, A.
    Univ Paris Diderot, PSL Res Univ, CNRS, LUTH, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France..
    Ziegler, A.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, Erwin Rommel Str 1, Erlangen, Germany..
    Zorn, J.
    Max Planck Inst Kernphys, POB 103980, D-69029 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Zywucka, N.
    Uniwersytet Jagiellonski, Obserwatorium Astron, Ul Orla 171, PL-30244 Krakow, Poland..
    Savchenko, V.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, ISDC, Chemin Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland..
    Ferrigno, C.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, ISDC, Chemin Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland..
    Bazzano, A.
    INAF, Inst Space Astrophys & Planetol, Via Fosso Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Rome, Italy..
    Diehl, R.
    Max Planck Inst Extraterr Phys, Garching, Germany..
    Kuulkers, E.
    European Space Res & Technol Ctr ESA ESTEC, Keplerlaan 1, NL-2201 AZ Noordwijk, Netherlands..
    Laurent, P.
    Univ Paris Diderot, CNRS IN2P3, AstroParticule & Cosmol, CEA Irfu,Observ Paris Sorbonne Paris Cite,APC, 10 Rue Alice Domont & Leonie Duquet, F-75205 Paris 13, France.;CEA Saclay, DSM Irfu Serv Astrophys, Bat 709 Orme des Merisiers, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France..
    Natalucci, L.
    INAF, Inst Space Astrophys & Planetol, Via Fosso Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Rome, Italy..
    Panessa, F.
    INAF, Inst Space Astrophys & Planetol, Via Fosso Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Rome, Italy..
    Rodi, J.
    INAF, Inst Space Astrophys & Planetol, Via Fosso Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Rome, Italy..
    Ubertini, P.
    INAF, Inst Space Astrophys & Planetol, Via Fosso Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Rome, Italy..
    Morokuma, T.
    Univ Tokyo, Inst Astron, Grad Sch Sci, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 1810015, Japan..
    Ohta, K.
    Kyoto Univ, Grad Sch Sci, Dept Astron, Sakyo Ku, Kyoto 6068502, Japan..
    Tanaka, Y. T.
    Hiroshima Univ, Hiroshima Astrophys Sci Ctr, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Hiroshima 7398526, Japan..
    Mori, H.
    Hiroshima Univ, Dept Phys Sci, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Hiroshima 7398526, Japan..
    Yamanaka, M.
    Hiroshima Univ, Hiroshima Astrophys Sci Ctr, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Hiroshima 7398526, Japan..
    Kawabata, K. S.
    Hiroshima Univ, Hiroshima Astrophys Sci Ctr, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Hiroshima 7398526, Japan..
    Utsumi, Y.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA..
    Nakaoka, T.
    Hiroshima Univ, Dept Phys Sci, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Hiroshima 7398526, Japan..
    Kawabata, M.
    Hiroshima Univ, Dept Phys Sci, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Hiroshima 7398526, Japan..
    Nagashima, H.
    Hiroshima Univ, Dept Phys Sci, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Hiroshima 7398526, Japan..
    Yoshida, M.
    Natl Inst Nat Sci, Subaru Telescope, Natl Astron Observ Japan, 650 N Aohoku Pl, Hilo, HI 96720 USA..
    Matsuoka, Y.
    Ehime Univ, Res Ctr Space & Cosm Evolut, Matsuyama, Ehime 7908577, Japan..
    Itoh, R.
    Tokyo Inst Technol, Dept Phys, 2-12-1 Ohokayama, Tokyo 1528551, Japan..
    Keel, W.
    Univ Alabama, Dept Phys & Astron, Box 870324, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 USA..
    Copperwheat, C.
    Liverpool John Moores Univ, Astrophys Res Inst, IC2,Liverpool Sci Pk, Liverpool L3 5RF, Merseyside, England..
    Steele, I.
    Liverpool John Moores Univ, Astrophys Res Inst, IC2,Liverpool Sci Pk, Liverpool L3 5RF, Merseyside, England..
    Cenko, S. B.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Astrophys Sci Div, Mail Code 661, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;Univ Maryland, Joint Space Sci Inst, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Evans, P. A.
    Univ Leicester, Xray & Observat Astron Res Grp, Leicester Inst Space & Earth Observat, Dept Phys & Astron, Univ Rd, Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics, England..
    Fox, D. B.
    Penn State Univ, Ctr Particle & Gravitat Astrophys, Inst Gravitat & Cosmos, University Pk, PA 16802 USA.;Penn State Univ, Dept Astron & Astrophys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA.;Penn State Univ, Inst Gravitat & Cosmos, Ctr Theoret & Observat Cosmol, University Pk, PA 16802 USA..
    Kennea, J. A.
    Penn State Univ, Dept Astron & Astrophys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA..
    Marshall, F. E.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Mail Code 660-1, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Osborne, J. P.
    Univ Leicester, Xray & Observat Astron Res Grp, Leicester Inst Space & Earth Observat, Dept Phys & Astron, Univ Rd, Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics, England..
    Tohuvavohu, A.
    Penn State Univ, Dept Astron & Astrophys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA..
    Archer, A.
    Washington Univ, Dept Phys, St Louis, MO 63130 USA..
    Benbow, W.
    Harvard Smithsonian Ctr Astrophys, Fred Lawrence Whipple Observ, Amado, AZ 85645 USA..
    Bird, R.
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Phys & Astron, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
    Brill, A.
    Columbia Univ, Dept Phys, New York, NY 10027 USA..
    Brose, R.
    Univ Potsdam, Inst Phys & Astron, D-14476 Potsdam, Germany.;DESY, Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Buchovecky, M.
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Phys & Astron, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
    Buckley, J. H.
    Washington Univ, Dept Phys, St Louis, MO 63130 USA..
    Bugaev, V.
    Washington Univ, Dept Phys, St Louis, MO 63130 USA..
    Christiansen, J. L.
    Calif Polytech State Univ San Luis Obispo, Dept Phys, San Luis Obispo, CA 94307 USA..
    Connolly, M. P.
    Natl Univ Ireland Galway, Sch Phys, Univ Rd, Galway, Ireland..
    Cui, W.
    Purdue Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, W Lafayette, IN 47907 USA.;Tsinghua Univ, Dept Phys, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China.;Tsinghua Univ, Ctr Astrophys, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China..
    Daniel, M. K.
    Harvard Smithsonian Ctr Astrophys, Fred Lawrence Whipple Observ, Amado, AZ 85645 USA..
    Errando, M.
    Washington Univ, Dept Phys, St Louis, MO 63130 USA..
    Falcone, A.
    Penn State Univ, Dept Astron & Astrophys, Davey Lab 525, University Pk, PA 16802 USA..
    Feng, Q.
    McGill Univ, Dept Phys, Montreal, PQ, Canada..
    Finley, J. P.
    Purdue Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, W Lafayette, IN 47907 USA..
    Fortson, L.
    Univ Minnesota, Sch Phys & Astron, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA..
    Furniss, A.
    Calif State Univ East Bay, Dept Phys, Hayward, CA 94542 USA..
    Gueta, O.
    DESY, Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Hutten, M.
    DESY, Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Hervet, O.
    Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz Inst Particle Phys, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA.;Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Dept Phys, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA..
    Hughes, G.
    Harvard Smithsonian Ctr Astrophys, Fred Lawrence Whipple Observ, Amado, AZ 85645 USA..
    Humensky, T. B.
    Columbia Univ, Dept Phys, New York, NY 10027 USA..
    Johnson, C. A.
    Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz Inst Particle Phys, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA.;Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Dept Phys, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA..
    Kaaret, P.
    Univ Iowa, Dept Phys & Astron, Van Allen Hall, Iowa City, IA 52242 USA..
    Kar, P.
    Univ Utah, Dept Phys & Astron, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 USA..
    Kelley-Hoskins, N.
    DESY, Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Kertzman, M.
    Depauw Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Greencastle, IN 46135 USA..
    Kieda, D.
    Univ Utah, Dept Phys & Astron, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 USA..
    Krause, M.
    DESY, Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Krennrich, F.
    Iowa State Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Ames, IA 50011 USA..
    Kumar, S.
    Univ Delaware, Dept Phys & Astron, Newark, DE 19716 USA.;Univ Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DE 19716 USA..
    Lang, M. J.
    Natl Univ Ireland Galway, Sch Phys, Univ Rd, Galway, Ireland..
    Lin, T. T. Y.
    McGill Univ, Dept Phys, Montreal, PQ, Canada..
    Maier, G.
    DESY, Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    McArthur, S.
    Purdue Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, W Lafayette, IN 47907 USA..
    Moriarty, P.
    Natl Univ Ireland Galway, Sch Phys, Univ Rd, Galway, Ireland..
    Mukherjee, R.
    Columbia Univ, Barnard Coll, Dept Phys & Astron, New York, NY 10027 USA..
    Nieto, D.
    Columbia Univ, Dept Phys, New York, NY 10027 USA..
    O'Brien, S.
    Univ Coll Dublin, Sch Phys, Dublin 4, Ireland..
    Ong, R. A.
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Phys & Astron, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
    Otte, A. N.
    Georgia Inst Technol, Sch Phys, 837 State St NW, Atlanta, GA 30332 USA.;Georgia Inst Technol, Ctr Relativist Astrophys, 837 State St NW, Atlanta, GA 30332 USA..
    Park, N.
    Univ Chicago, Enrico Fermi Inst, Chicago, IL 60637 USA..
    Petrashyk, A.
    Columbia Univ, Dept Phys, New York, NY 10027 USA..
    Pohl, M.
    Univ Potsdam, Inst Phys & Astron, D-14476 Potsdam, Germany.;DESY, Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Popkow, A.
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Phys & Astron, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
    Pueschel, E.
    DESY, Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Quinn, J.
    Univ Coll Dublin, Sch Phys, Dublin 4, Ireland..
    Ragan, K.
    McGill Univ, Dept Phys, Montreal, PQ, Canada..
    Reynolds, P. T.
    Cork Inst Technol, Dept Phys Sci, Cork, Ireland..
    Richards, G. T.
    Georgia Inst Technol, Sch Phys, 837 State St NW, Atlanta, GA 30332 USA.;Georgia Inst Technol, Ctr Relativist Astrophys, 837 State St NW, Atlanta, GA 30332 USA..
    Roache, E.
    Harvard Smithsonian Ctr Astrophys, Fred Lawrence Whipple Observ, Amado, AZ 85645 USA..
    Rulten, C.
    Univ Minnesota, Sch Phys & Astron, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA..
    Sadeh, I.
    DESY, Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Scott, S. S.
    Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz Inst Particle Phys, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA.;Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Dept Phys, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA..
    Sembroski, G. H.
    Purdue Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, W Lafayette, IN 47907 USA..
    Shahinyan, K.
    Univ Minnesota, Sch Phys & Astron, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA..
    Sushch, I.
    DESY, Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Trepanier, S.
    McGill Univ, Dept Phys, Montreal, PQ, Canada..
    Tyler, J.
    McGill Univ, Dept Phys, Montreal, PQ, Canada..
    Vassiliev, V. V.
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Phys & Astron, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
    Wakely, S. P.
    Univ Chicago, Enrico Fermi Inst, Chicago, IL 60637 USA..
    Weinstein, A.
    Iowa State Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Ames, IA 50011 USA..
    Wells, R. M.
    Iowa State Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Ames, IA 50011 USA..
    Wilcox, P.
    Univ Iowa, Dept Phys & Astron, Van Allen Hall, Iowa City, IA 52242 USA..
    Wilhelm, A.
    Univ Potsdam, Inst Phys & Astron, D-14476 Potsdam, Germany.;DESY, Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Williams, D. A.
    Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz Inst Particle Phys, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA.;Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Dept Phys, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA..
    Zitzer, B.
    McGill Univ, Dept Phys, Montreal, PQ, Canada..
    Tetarenko, A. J.
    Univ Alberta, Dept Phys, CCIS 4-181, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1, Canada..
    Kimball, A. E.
    Natl Radio Astron Observ, 1003 Lopezville Rd, Socorro, NM 87801 USA..
    Miller-Jones, J. C. A.
    Curtin Univ, Int Ctr Radio Astron Res, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA 6845, Australia..
    Sivakoff, G. R.
    Univ Alberta, Dept Phys, CCIS 4-181, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1, Canada..
    Multimessenger observations of a flaring blazar coincident with high-energy neutrino IceCube-170922A2018Inngår i: Science, ISSN 0036-8075, E-ISSN 1095-9203, Vol. 361, nr 6398, artikkel-id eaat1378Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 5. Abate, M.
    et al.
    De Jong, Gerard
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för transportstudier, CTS.
    The optimal shipment size and truck size choice - The allocation of trucks across hauls2014Inngår i: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, ISSN 0965-8564, E-ISSN 1879-2375, Vol. 59, s. 262-277Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There has been a growing interest in understanding how firms allocate their trucks across hauls, and how this allocation changes under various economic environments. This study investigates how variations in route/haul, carrier and vehicle characteristics affect the optimal vehicle size choice and the associated choice of shipment size. We show that the two choices are derived from the same optimization problem. There can be a continuum of shipment sizes, but decision-makers in freight transport have to choose from a limited number of vehicle alternatives. Therefore, we use a discrete-continuous econometric model where shipment size is modeled as a continuous variable, and vehicle size/type choice as a discrete variable. The results indicate that when faced with higher demand, and during longer trips firms are more likely to use heavier vehicles and ship in larger quantities which suggest that firms are realizing economies of scale and economies of distance. The study also discusses the effect of vehicle operating cost on the vehicle selection process and its policy implications.

  • 6.
    Abazov, V. M.
    et al.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna, Russia..
    Åsman, Björn
    KTH.
    Bandurin, D. V.
    Kansas State Univ, Manhattan, KS 66506 USA..
    Belanger-Champagne, C.
    Lund Univ, Lund, Sweden.;Royal Inst Technol, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Uppsala Univ, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Clement, C.
    Lund Univ, Lund, Sweden.;Royal Inst Technol, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Uppsala Univ, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Gollub, Nils
    KTH.
    Hansson, P.
    KTH.
    Strandberg, S
    KTH.
    Measurement of the isolated photon cross section in p(p)over-bar collisions at root s = 1.96 TeV (vol 639, pg 151, 2006)2008Inngår i: Physics Letters B, ISSN 0370-2693, E-ISSN 1873-2445, Vol. 658, nr 5, s. 285-289Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 7.
    Abbas, Ghazanfar
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik. COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Pakistan.
    Raza, Rizwan
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik. COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Pakistan.
    Ahmad, M. Ashfaq
    Khan, M. Ajmal
    Hussain, M. Jafar
    Ahmad, Mukhtar
    Aziz, Hammad
    Ahmad, Imran
    Batool, Rida
    Altaf, Faizah
    Zhu, Bin
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik.
    Electrochemical investigation of mixed metal oxide nanocomposite electrode for low temperature solid oxide fuel cell2017Inngår i: International Journal of Modern Physics B, ISSN 0217-9792, Vol. 31, nr 27, artikkel-id 1750193Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Zinc-based nanostructured nickel (Ni) free metal oxide electrode material Zn-0.60/CU0.20Mn0.20 oxide (CMZO) was synthesized by solid state reaction and investigated for low temperature solid oxide fuel cell (LTSOFC) applications. The crystal structure and surface morphology of the synthesized electrode material were examined by XRD and SEM techniques respectively. The particle size of ZnO phase estimated by Scherer's equation was 31.50 nm. The maximum electrical conductivity was found to be 12.567 S/cm and 5.846 S/cm in hydrogen and air atmosphere, respectively at 600 degrees C. The activation energy of the CMZO material was also calculated from the DC conductivity data using Arrhenius plots and it was found to be 0.060 and 0.075 eV in hydrogen and air atmosphere, respectively. The CMZO electrode-based fuel cell was tested using carbonated samarium doped ceria composite (NSDC) electrolyte. The three layers 13 mm in diameter and 1 mm thickness of the symmetric fuel cell were fabricated by dry pressing. The maximum power density of 728.86 mW/cm(2) was measured at 550 degrees C.

  • 8.
    Abbas, Ghazanfar
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik.
    Raza, Rizwan
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik.
    Ashfaq, M.
    Chaudhry, M. Ashraf
    Khan, Ajmal
    Ahmad, Imran
    Zhu, Bin
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik.
    Electrochemical study of nanostructured electrode for low-temperature solid oxide fuel cell (LTSOFC)2014Inngår i: International journal of energy research (Print), ISSN 0363-907X, E-ISSN 1099-114X, Vol. 38, nr 4, s. 518-523Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Zn-based nanostructured Ba0.05Cu0.25Fe0.10Zn0.60O (BCFZ) oxide electrode material was synthesized by solid-state reaction for low-temperature solid oxide fuel cell. The cell was fabricated by sandwiching NK-CDC electrolyte between BCFZ electrodes by dry press technique, and its performance was assessed. The maximum power density of 741.87 mW-cm(-2) was achieved at 550 degrees C. The crystal structure and morphology were characterized by X-ray diffractometer (XRD) and SEM. The particle size was calculated to be 25 nm applying Scherer's formula from XRD data. Electronic conductivities were measured with the four-probe DC method under hydrogen and air atmosphere. AC Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy of the BCFZ oxide electrode was also measured in hydrogen atmosphere at 450 degrees C.

  • 9.
    Abbasi, M.
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemiteknik, Tillämpad elektrokemi.
    Backstrom, J.
    Mid Sweden Univ, FSCN Mat Phys, Dept Nat Sci, SE-85170 Sundsvall, Sweden..
    Cornell, Ann M.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemiteknik, Tillämpad elektrokemi.
    Fabrication of Spin-Coated Ti/TiHx/Ni-Sb-SnO2 Electrode: Stability and Electrocatalytic Activity2018Inngår i: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, ISSN 0013-4651, E-ISSN 1945-7111, Vol. 165, nr 9, s. H568-H574Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A novel three-layer anode having the composition Ti/TiHx/Ni-Sb-SnO2 (Ti/TiHx/NATO) was successfully prepared by a spin-coating and pyrolysis process aiming at a long service lifetime and good electrocatalytic properties for ozone formation. The TiHx as an interlayer was produced by electrochemical cathodic reduction of a coated layer of the TiOx on the titanium substrate. Spin coating and thermal decomposition were used to deposit the Sn-Sb-Ni precursor on the surface of the prepared Ti/TiHx electrode. Cyclic and linear scanning voltammetry, Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were used to reveal the electrode performance and morphology. Results show that the onset potential for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) of Ti/TiHx /NATO is higher than for Ti/NATO. They also indicate that the service lifetime of the Ti/TiHx/NATO is twice as long as the Ti/NATO at a current density of 50 mA.cm(-2) at room temperature. Electrochemical ozone generation and degradation of the methylene blue were investigated to confirm selectivity and activity of the electrodes. After 5 min electrolysis, a current efficiency for ozone generation of 56% was obtained the electrode with TiHx while 38% was obtained on Ti/NATO under same conditions. The results also confirm that the Ti/TiH x /NATO has a higher kinetic rate constant and decolorization efficiency for removal of the methylene blue compare to the Ti/NATO. The rate constant for the pseudo-first ordered reaction of methylene blue degradation showed high values of 350 x 10(-3) min(-1) for Ti/NATO and 440 x 10(-3) min(-1) for Ti/TiHx/NATO. 

  • 10. Abbott, Andrew
    et al.
    Addicoat, Matthew
    Aldous, Leigh
    Bhuin, Radha Gobinda
    Borisenko, Natalia
    Lopes, Jose Nuno Canongia
    Clark, Ryan
    Coles, Samuel
    Gomes, Margarida Costa
    Cross, Benjamin
    Everts, Jeffrey
    Firestone, Millicent
    Gardas, Ramesh
    Gras, Matthieu
    Halstead, Simon
    Hardacre, Christopher
    Holbrey, John
    Itoh, Toshiyuki
    Ivanistsev, Vladislav
    Jacquemin, Johan
    Jessop, Philip
    Jones, Robert
    Kirchner, Barbara
    Li, Sichao
    KTH.
    Lynden-Bell, Ruth
    MacFarlane, Doug
    Maier, Florian
    Mezger, Markus
    Padua, Agilio
    Pavel, Octavian D.
    Perkin, Susan
    Purcell, Simon
    Rutland, Mark
    Slattery, John M.
    Suzer, Sefik
    Tamura, Kazuhisa
    Thomas, Morgan L.
    Tiwari, Shraeddha
    Tsuzuki, Seiji
    Uralcan, Betul
    Wallace, William
    Watanabe, Masayoshi
    KTH.
    Wishart, James
    Ionic liquids at interfaces: general discussion2018Inngår i: Faraday discussions (Online), ISSN 1359-6640, E-ISSN 1364-5498, Vol. 206, s. 549-586Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 11. Abbott, BP
    et al.
    Axelsson, Magnus
    KTH.
    Larsson, S
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik.
    Li, Liang
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik.
    Zweizig, John G.
    et al.,
    SUPPLEMENT: "LOCALIZATION AND BROADBAND FOLLOW-UP OF THE GRAVITATIONAL-WAVE TRANSIENT GW150914" (2016, ApJL, 826, L13)2016Inngår i: Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, ISSN 0067-0049, E-ISSN 1538-4365, Vol. 225, nr 1, artikkel-id 8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 12.
    Abdellaoui, G.
    et al.
    Univ Abou Bekr Belkaid Tlemcen, Fac Technol, Telecom Lab, Tilimsen, Algeria..
    Abe, S.
    Nihon Univ Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan..
    Adams, J. H., Jr.
    Univ Alabama, Huntsville, AL 35899 USA..
    Ahriche, A.
    Univ Jijel, Lab Theoret Phys LPT, Jijel, Algeria..
    Allard, D.
    Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Obs Paris, CEA Irfu,CNRS IN2P3,APC, Paris, France..
    Allen, L.
    Univ Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 USA..
    Alonso, G.
    UPM, Madrid, Spain..
    Anchordoqui, L.
    CUNY, Lehman Coll, Bronx, NY USA..
    Anzalone, A.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Catania, Catania, Italy.;INAF Ist Astrofis Spaziale & Fis Cosm Palermo, Palermo, Italy..
    Arai, Y.
    High Energy Accelerator Res Org KEK, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan..
    Asano, K.
    Univ Tokyo, Inst Cosm Ray Res, Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan..
    Attallah, R.
    Univ Badji Mokhtar, Fac Sci, Dept Phys, LPR, Annaba, Algeria..
    Attoui, H.
    Ctr Dev Adv Technologies CDTA, Algiers, Algeria..
    Ave Pernas, M.
    Univ Alcala UAH, Madrid, Spain..
    Bacholle, S.
    Colorado Sch Mines, Golden, CO 80401 USA..
    Bakiri, M.
    Ctr Dev Adv Technologies CDTA, Algiers, Algeria..
    Baragatti, P.
    UTIU, Dipartimento Ingn, Rome, Italy..
    Barrillon, P.
    Univ Paris 11, CNRS IN2P3, LAL, Orsay, France..
    Bartocci, S.
    UTIU, Dipartimento Ingn, Rome, Italy..
    Bayer, J.
    Univ Tubingen, Kepler Ctr, Inst Astron & Astrophys, Tubingen, Germany..
    Beldjilali, B.
    Univ Abou Bekr Belkaid Tlemcen, Fac Technol, Telecom Lab, Tilimsen, Algeria..
    Belenguer, T.
    INTA, Madrid, Spain..
    Belkhalfa, N.
    Ctr Dev Adv Technologies CDTA, Algiers, Algeria..
    Bellotti, R.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, Bari, Italy.;Univ Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, Italy.;INFN, Sez Bari, Bari, Italy..
    Belov, A.
    Lomonosov Moscow State Univ, Skobeltsyn Inst Nucl Phys, Moscow, Russia..
    Belov, K.
    NASA, Jet Prop Lab, Pasadena, CA USA..
    Benmessai, K.
    Ctr Dev Adv Technologies CDTA, Algiers, Algeria..
    Bertainaek, M.
    Univ Turin, Dipartimento Fis, Turin, Italy..
    Biermann, P. L.
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Biktemerova, S.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna, Russia..
    Bisconti, F.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, Turin, Italy..
    Blanc, N.
    Swiss Ctr Elect & Microtechnol CSEM, Neuchatel, Switzerland..
    Blecki, J.
    Polish Acad Sci CBK, Space Res Ctr, Warsaw, Poland..
    Blin-Bondil, S.
    Ecole Polytech, CNRS IN2P3, Omega, Palaiseau, France..
    Bobik, P.
    Inst Expt Phys, Kosice, Slovakia..
    Bogomilov, M.
    St Kliment Ohridski Univ Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria..
    Bozzo, E.
    ISDC Data Ctr Astrophys, Versoix, Switzerland..
    Bruno, A.
    Univ Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, Italy.;INFN, Sez Bari, Bari, Italy..
    Caballero, K. S.
    Univ Autonoma Chiapas UNACH, Chiapas, Mexico..
    Cafagna, F.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, Bari, Italy..
    Campana, D.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Napoli, Naples, Italy..
    Capdevielle, J-N
    Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Obs Paris, CEA Irfu,CNRS IN2P3,APC, Paris, France..
    Capel, Francesca
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Caramete, A.
    ISS, Magurele, Romania..
    Caramete, L.
    ISS, Magurele, Romania..
    Carlson, Per
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Caruso, R.
    Univ Catania, Dipartimento Fis & Astron, Catania, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Catania, Catania, Italy..
    Casolino, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Roma Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.;RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan..
    Cassardo, C.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, Turin, Italy.;Univ Turin, Dipartimento Fis, Turin, Italy..
    Castellina, A.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Astrofis, Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Turin, Italy..
    Catalano, C.
    Univ Toulouse, CNRS, IRAP, Toulouse, France..
    Catalano, O.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Catania, Catania, Italy.;INAF Ist Astrofis Spaziale & Fis Cosm Palermo, Palermo, Italy..
    Cellino, A.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Astrofis, Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Turin, Italy..
    Chikawa, M.
    Kinki Univ, Higashi Osaka, Japan..
    Chiritoi, G.
    ISS, Magurele, Romania..
    Christl, M. J.
    NASA, Marshall Space Flight Ctr, Washington, DC 20546 USA..
    Connaughton, V
    Univ Alabama, Huntsville, AL 35899 USA..
    Conti, L.
    UTIU, Dipartimento Ingn, Rome, Italy..
    Cordero, G.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Cotto, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, Turin, Italy.;Univ Turin, Dipartimento Fis, Turin, Italy..
    Crawford, H. J.
    Univ Calif Berkeley, Space Sci Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
    Cremonini, R.
    Univ Turin, Dipartimento Fis, Turin, Italy..
    Csorna, S.
    Vanderbilt Univ, Nashville, TN 37235 USA..
    Cummings, A.
    Colorado Sch Mines, Golden, CO 80401 USA..
    Dagoret-Campagne, S.
    Univ Paris 11, CNRS IN2P3, LAL, Orsay, France..
    De Donato, C.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Roma Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy..
    de la Taille, C.
    Ecole Polytech, CNRS IN2P3, Omega, Palaiseau, France..
    De Santis, C.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Roma Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy..
    del Peral, L.
    Univ Alcala UAH, Madrid, Spain..
    Di Martino, M.
    Ist Nazl Astrofis, Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Turin, Italy..
    Damian, A. Diaz
    Univ Toulouse, CNRS, IRAP, Toulouse, France..
    Djemil, T.
    Univ Badji Mokhtar, Fac Sci, Dept Phys, LPR, Annaba, Algeria..
    Dutan, I
    ISS, Magurele, Romania..
    Ebersoldt, A.
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Ebisuzaki, T.
    RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan..
    Engel, R.
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Eser, J.
    Colorado Sch Mines, Golden, CO 80401 USA..
    Fenuek, F.
    Univ Turin, Dipartimento Fis, Turin, Italy..
    Fernandez-Gonzalez, S.
    Univ Leon ULE, Leon, Spain..
    Fernandez-Soriano, J.
    Univ Alcala UAH, Madrid, Spain..
    Ferrarese, S.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, Turin, Italy.;Univ Turin, Dipartimento Fis, Turin, Italy..
    Flamini, M.
    UTIU, Dipartimento Ingn, Rome, Italy..
    Fornaro, C.
    UTIU, Dipartimento Ingn, Rome, Italy..
    Fouka, M.
    CRAAG, Dept Astron, Algiers, Algeria..
    Franceschi, A.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Frascati, Frascati, Italy..
    Franchini, S.
    UPM, Madrid, Spain..
    Fuglesang, Christer
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Fujii, T.
    Univ Tokyo, Inst Cosm Ray Res, Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan..
    Fujimoto, J.
    High Energy Accelerator Res Org KEK, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan..
    Fukushima, M.
    Univ Tokyo, Inst Cosm Ray Res, Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan..
    Galeotti, P.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, Turin, Italy.;Univ Turin, Dipartimento Fis, Turin, Italy..
    Garcia-Ortega, E.
    Univ Leon ULE, Leon, Spain..
    Garipov, G.
    Lomonosov Moscow State Univ, Skobeltsyn Inst Nucl Phys, Moscow, Russia..
    Gascon, E.
    Univ Leon ULE, Leon, Spain..
    Genci, J.
    Tech Univ Kosice TUKE, Kosice, Slovakia..
    Giraudo, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, Turin, Italy..
    Gonzalez Alvarado, C.
    INTA, Madrid, Spain..
    Gorodetzky, P.
    Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Obs Paris, CEA Irfu,CNRS IN2P3,APC, Paris, France..
    Greg, R.
    Colorado Sch Mines, Golden, CO 80401 USA..
    Guarino, F.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Napoli, Naples, Italy.;Univ Napoli Federico II, Dipartimento Fis, Naples, Italy..
    Guzman, A.
    Univ Tubingen, Kepler Ctr, Inst Astron & Astrophys, Tubingen, Germany..
    Hachisu, Y.
    RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan..
    Haiduc, M.
    ISS, Magurele, Romania..
    Harlov, B.
    TsNIIMash, Cent Res Inst Machine Bldg, Korolev, Russia..
    Haungs, A.
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Hernandez Carretero, J.
    Univ Alcala UAH, Madrid, Spain..
    Hidber Cruz, W.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Ikeda, D.
    Univ Tokyo, Inst Cosm Ray Res, Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan..
    Inoue, N.
    Saitama Univ, Saitama, Japan..
    Inoue, S.
    RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan..
    Isgro, F.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Napoli, Naples, Italy.;Univ Napoli Federico II, DIETI, Naples, Italy..
    Itow, Y.
    Nagoya Univ, Inst Space Earth Environm Res, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan..
    Jammer, T.
    Univ Tubingen, Kepler Ctr, Expt Phys Inst, Tubingen, Germany..
    Jeong, S.
    Sungkyunkwan Univ, Seoul, South Korea..
    Joven, E.
    IAC, Tenerife, Spain..
    Judd, E. G.
    Univ Calif Berkeley, Space Sci Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
    Jung, A.
    Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Obs Paris, CEA Irfu,CNRS IN2P3,APC, Paris, France..
    Jochum, J.
    Univ Tubingen, Kepler Ctr, Expt Phys Inst, Tubingen, Germany..
    Kajino, F.
    Konan Univ, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan..
    Kajino, T.
    Natl Astron Observ, Mitaka, Tokyo, Japan..
    Kalli, S.
    Univ Msila, Fac Sci, Dept Phys, Msila, Algeria..
    Kaneko, I
    RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan..
    Karadzhov, Y.
    St Kliment Ohridski Univ Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria..
    Karczmarczyk, J.
    Natl Ctr Nucl Res, Lodz, Poland..
    Katahira, K.
    RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan..
    Kawai, K.
    RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan..
    Kawasaki, Y.
    RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan..
    Kedadra, A.
    Ctr Dev Adv Technologies CDTA, Algiers, Algeria..
    Khales, H.
    Ctr Dev Adv Technologies CDTA, Algiers, Algeria..
    Khrenov, B. A.
    Lomonosov Moscow State Univ, Skobeltsyn Inst Nucl Phys, Moscow, Russia..
    Kim, Jeong-Sook
    Korea Astron & Space Sci Inst KASI, Daejeon, South Korea..
    Kim, Soon-Wook
    Korea Astron & Space Sci Inst KASI, Daejeon, South Korea..
    Kleifges, M.
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Klimov, P. A.
    Lomonosov Moscow State Univ, Skobeltsyn Inst Nucl Phys, Moscow, Russia..
    Kolev, D.
    St Kliment Ohridski Univ Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria..
    Krantz, H.
    Colorado Sch Mines, Golden, CO 80401 USA..
    Kreykenbohm, I
    Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, ECAP, Erlangen, Germany..
    Kudela, K.
    Inst Expt Phys, Kosice, Slovakia..
    Kurihara, Y.
    High Energy Accelerator Res Org KEK, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan..
    Kusenko, A.
    Univ Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.;NASA, Jet Prop Lab, Pasadena, CA USA..
    Kuznetsov, E.
    Univ Alabama, Huntsville, AL 35899 USA..
    La Barbera, A.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Catania, Catania, Italy.;INAF Ist Astrofis Spaziale & Fis Cosm Palermo, Palermo, Italy..
    Lachaud, C.
    Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Obs Paris, CEA Irfu,CNRS IN2P3,APC, Paris, France..
    Lahmar, H.
    Ctr Dev Adv Technologies CDTA, Algiers, Algeria..
    Lakhdari, F.
    UROP CDTA, Res Unit Opt & Photon, Setif, Algeria..
    Larson, R.
    Colorado Sch Mines, Golden, CO 80401 USA..
    Larsson, O.
    KTH.
    Lee, J.
    Sungkyunkwan Univ, Seoul, South Korea..
    Licandro, J.
    IAC, Tenerife, Spain..
    Lopez Campano, L.
    Univ Leon ULE, Leon, Spain..
    Maccarone, M. C.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Catania, Catania, Italy.;INAF Ist Astrofis Spaziale & Fis Cosm Palermo, Palermo, Italy..
    Mackovjak, S.
    ISDC Data Ctr Astrophys, Versoix, Switzerland..
    Mahdi, M.
    Ctr Dev Adv Technologies CDTA, Algiers, Algeria..
    Maravilla, D.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Marcelli, L.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Roma Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy..
    Marcos, J. L.
    Univ Leon ULE, Leon, Spain..
    Marini, A.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Frascati, Frascati, Italy..
    Marszal, W.
    Natl Ctr Nucl Res, Lodz, Poland..
    Martens, K.
    Univ Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan..
    Martin, Y.
    IAC, Tenerife, Spain..
    Martinez, O.
    BUAP, Puebla, Mexico..
    Martucci, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Frascati, Frascati, Italy..
    Masciantonio, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Roma Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy..
    Mase, K.
    Chiba Univ, Chiba, Japan..
    Mastafa, M.
    Univ Alabama, Huntsville, AL 35899 USA..
    Matev, R.
    St Kliment Ohridski Univ Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria..
    Matthews, J. N.
    Univ Utah, Salt Lake City, UT USA..
    Mebarki, N.
    Univ Constantine I, Lab Math & Subatom Phys LPMPS, Constantine, Algeria..
    Medina-Tanco, G.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Mendoza, M. A.
    CDA IPN, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Menshikov, A.
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Merino, A.
    Univ Leon ULE, Leon, Spain..
    Meseguer, J.
    UPM, Madrid, Spain..
    Meyer, S. S.
    Univ Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 USA..
    Mimouni, J.
    Univ Constantine I, Lab Math & Subatom Phys LPMPS, Constantine, Algeria..
    Miyamoto, H.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, Turin, Italy.;Univ Turin, Dipartimento Fis, Turin, Italy..
    Mizumoto, Y.
    Natl Astron Observ, Mitaka, Tokyo, Japan..
    Monaco, A.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, Bari, Italy.;Univ Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, Italy.;INFN, Sez Bari, Bari, Italy..
    Morales de los Rios, J. A.
    Univ Alcala UAH, Madrid, Spain..
    Moretto, C.
    Univ Paris 11, CNRS IN2P3, LAL, Orsay, France..
    Nagataki, S.
    RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan..
    Naitamor, S.
    CRAAG, Dept Astron, Algiers, Algeria..
    Napolitano, T.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Frascati, Frascati, Italy..
    Naslund, W.
    Colorado Sch Mines, Golden, CO 80401 USA..
    Nava, R.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Neronov, A.
    ISDC Data Ctr Astrophys, Versoix, Switzerland..
    Nomoto, K.
    Univ Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan..
    Nonaka, T.
    Univ Tokyo, Inst Cosm Ray Res, Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan..
    Ogawa, T.
    RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan..
    Ogio, S.
    Osaka City Univ, Grad Sch Sci, Osaka, Japan..
    Ohmori, H.
    RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan..
    Olinto, A. , V
    Orleanski, P.
    Polish Acad Sci CBK, Space Res Ctr, Warsaw, Poland..
    Osteria, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Napoli, Naples, Italy..
    Pagliaro, A.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Catania, Catania, Italy.;INAF Ist Astrofis Spaziale & Fis Cosm Palermo, Palermo, Italy..
    Painter, W.
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Panasyuk, M. , I
    Panico, B.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Napoli, Naples, Italy..
    Pasqualino, G.
    Colorado Sch Mines, Golden, CO 80401 USA..
    Parizot, E.
    Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Obs Paris, CEA Irfu,CNRS IN2P3,APC, Paris, France..
    Park, I. H.
    Sungkyunkwan Univ, Seoul, South Korea..
    Pastircak, B.
    Inst Expt Phys, Kosice, Slovakia..
    Patzak, T.
    Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Obs Paris, CEA Irfu,CNRS IN2P3,APC, Paris, France..
    Paul, T.
    CUNY, Lehman Coll, Bronx, NY USA..
    Perez-Grande, I
    UPM, Madrid, Spain..
    Perfetto, F.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Napoli, Naples, Italy..
    Peter, T.
    ETH, Inst Atmospher & Climate Sci, Zurich, Switzerland..
    Picozza, P.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Roma Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.;Univ Roma Tor Vergata, Dipartimento Fis, Rome, Italy.;RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan..
    Pindado, S.
    UPM, Madrid, Spain..
    Piotrowski, L. W.
    RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan..
    Piraino, S.
    Univ Tubingen, Kepler Ctr, Inst Astron & Astrophys, Tubingen, Germany..
    Placidi, L.
    UTIU, Dipartimento Ingn, Rome, Italy..
    Plebaniak, Z.
    Natl Ctr Nucl Res, Lodz, Poland..
    Pliego, S.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Pollini, A.
    Swiss Ctr Elect & Microtechnol CSEM, Neuchatel, Switzerland..
    Polonski, Z.
    Colorado Sch Mines, Golden, CO 80401 USA..
    Popescu, E. M.
    ISS, Magurele, Romania..
    Prat, P.
    Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Obs Paris, CEA Irfu,CNRS IN2P3,APC, Paris, France..
    Prevot, G.
    Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Obs Paris, CEA Irfu,CNRS IN2P3,APC, Paris, France..
    Prieto, H.
    Univ Alcala UAH, Madrid, Spain..
    Puehlhofer, G.
    Univ Tubingen, Kepler Ctr, Inst Astron & Astrophys, Tubingen, Germany..
    Putis, M.
    Inst Expt Phys, Kosice, Slovakia..
    Rabanal, J.
    Univ Paris 11, CNRS IN2P3, LAL, Orsay, France..
    Radu, A. A.
    ISS, Magurele, Romania..
    Reyes, M.
    IAC, Tenerife, Spain..
    Rezazadeh, M.
    Univ Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 USA..
    Ricci, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Frascati, Frascati, Italy..
    Rodriguez Frias, M. D.
    Univ Alcala UAH, Madrid, Spain..
    Rodencal, M.
    Univ Alabama, Huntsville, AL 35899 USA..
    Ronga, F.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Frascati, Frascati, Italy..
    Roudil, G.
    Univ Toulouse, CNRS, IRAP, Toulouse, France..
    Rusinov, I
    St Kliment Ohridski Univ Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria..
    Rybczynski, M.
    Jan Kochanowski Univ Humanities & Sci, Inst Phys, Kielce, Poland..
    Sabau, M. D.
    INTA, Madrid, Spain..
    Saez Cano, G.
    Univ Alcala UAH, Madrid, Spain..
    Sagawa, H.
    Univ Tokyo, Inst Cosm Ray Res, Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan..
    Sahnoune, Z.
    CRAAG, Dept Astron, Algiers, Algeria..
    Saito, A.
    Kyoto Univ, Kyoto, Japan..
    Sakaki, N.
    Univ Tokyo, Inst Cosm Ray Res, Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan..
    Salazar, H.
    BUAP, Puebla, Mexico..
    Sanchez Balanzar, J. C.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Sanchez, J. L.
    Univ Leon ULE, Leon, Spain..
    Santangelo, A.
    Univ Tubingen, Kepler Ctr, Inst Astron & Astrophys, Tubingen, Germany..
    Sanz-Andres, A.
    UPM, Madrid, Spain..
    Sanz Palomino, M.
    INTA, Madrid, Spain..
    Saprykin, O.
    TsNIIMash, Cent Res Inst Machine Bldg, Korolev, Russia..
    Sarazin, F.
    Colorado Sch Mines, Golden, CO 80401 USA..
    Sato, M.
    Hokkaido Univ, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan..
    Schanz, T.
    Univ Tubingen, Kepler Ctr, Inst Astron & Astrophys, Tubingen, Germany..
    Schieler, H.
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Scotti, V
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Napoli, Naples, Italy..
    Selmane, S.
    Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Obs Paris, CEA Irfu,CNRS IN2P3,APC, Paris, France..
    Semikoz, D.
    Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Obs Paris, CEA Irfu,CNRS IN2P3,APC, Paris, France..
    Serra, M.
    IAC, Tenerife, Spain..
    Sharakin, S.
    Lomonosov Moscow State Univ, Skobeltsyn Inst Nucl Phys, Moscow, Russia..
    Shimizu, H. M.
    Nagoya Univ, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan..
    Shinozaki, K.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, Turin, Italy.;Univ Turin, Dipartimento Fis, Turin, Italy..
    Shirahama, T.
    Saitama Univ, Saitama, Japan..
    Spataro, B.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Frascati, Frascati, Italy..
    Stan, I
    ISS, Magurele, Romania..
    Sugiyama, T.
    Nagoya Univ, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan..
    Supanitsky, D.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Suzuki, M.
    JAXA, Inst Space & Astronaut Sci, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan..
    Szabelska, B.
    Natl Ctr Nucl Res, Lodz, Poland..
    Szabelski, J.
    Natl Ctr Nucl Res, Lodz, Poland..
    Tajima, N.
    RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan..
    Tajima, T.
    RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan..
    Takahashi, Y.
    Hokkaido Univ, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan..
    Takami, H.
    High Energy Accelerator Res Org KEK, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan..
    Takeda, M.
    Univ Tokyo, Inst Cosm Ray Res, Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan..
    Takizawa, Y.
    RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan..
    Talai, M. C.
    Univ Badji Mokhtar, Fac Sci, Dept Phys, LPR, Annaba, Algeria..
    Tenzer, C.
    Univ Tubingen, Kepler Ctr, Inst Astron & Astrophys, Tubingen, Germany..
    Thomas, S. B.
    Univ Utah, Salt Lake City, UT USA..
    Tibolla, O.
    Ctr Mesoamer Fis Teor MCTP, Chiapas, Mexico..
    Tkachev, L.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna, Russia..
    Tokuno, H.
    Tokyo Inst Technol, Interact Res Ctr Sci, Tokyo, Japan..
    Tomida, T.
    Shinshu Univ, Nagano, Japan..
    Tone, N.
    RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan..
    Toscano, S.
    ISDC Data Ctr Astrophys, Versoix, Switzerland..
    Traiche, M.
    Ctr Dev Adv Technologies CDTA, Algiers, Algeria..
    Tsenov, R.
    St Kliment Ohridski Univ Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria..
    Tsunesada, Y.
    Osaka City Univ, Grad Sch Sci, Osaka, Japan..
    Tsuno, K.
    RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan..
    Tubbs, J.
    Univ Alabama, Huntsville, AL 35899 USA..
    Turriziani, S.
    RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan..
    Uchihori, Y.
    Natl Inst Radiol Sci, Chiba, Japan..
    Vaduvescu, O.
    IAC, Tenerife, Spain..
    Valdes-Galicia, J. F.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Vallania, P.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Astrofis, Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Turin, Italy..
    Vankova, G.
    St Kliment Ohridski Univ Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria..
    Vigorito, C.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, Turin, Italy.;Univ Turin, Dipartimento Fis, Turin, Italy..
    Villasenor, L.
    UMSNH, Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico..
    Vlcek, B.
    Univ Alcala UAH, Madrid, Spain..
    Von Ballmoos, P.
    Univ Toulouse, CNRS, IRAP, Toulouse, France..
    Vrabel, M.
    Tech Univ Kosice TUKE, Kosice, Slovakia..
    Wada, S.
    RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan..
    Watanabe, J.
    Natl Astron Observ, Mitaka, Tokyo, Japan..
    Watts, J., Jr.
    Univ Alabama, Huntsville, AL 35899 USA..
    Weber, M.
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Weigand Munoz, R.
    Univ Leon ULE, Leon, Spain..
    Weindl, A.
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Wiencke, L.
    Colorado Sch Mines, Golden, CO 80401 USA..
    Wille, M.
    Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, ECAP, Erlangen, Germany..
    Wilms, J.
    Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, ECAP, Erlangen, Germany..
    Wlodarczyk, Z.
    Jan Kochanowski Univ Humanities & Sci, Inst Phys, Kielce, Poland..
    Yamamoto, T.
    Konan Univ, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan..
    Yang, J.
    Ewha Womans Univ, Seoul, South Korea..
    Yano, H.
    JAXA, Inst Space & Astronaut Sci, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan..
    Yashin, I. , V
    Yonetoku, D.
    Kanazawa Univ, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan..
    Yoshida, S.
    Chiba Univ, Chiba, Japan..
    Young, R.
    NASA, Marshall Space Flight Ctr, Washington, DC 20546 USA..
    Zgura, I. S.
    ISS, Magurele, Romania..
    Zotov, M. Yu
    Lomonosov Moscow State Univ, Skobeltsyn Inst Nucl Phys, Moscow, Russia..
    Marchi, A. Zuccaro
    RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan..
    First observations of speed of light tracks by a fluorescence detector looking down on the atmosphere2018Inngår i: Journal of Instrumentation, ISSN 1748-0221, E-ISSN 1748-0221, Vol. 13, artikkel-id P05023Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    EUSO-Balloon is a pathfinder mission for the Extreme Universe Space Observatory onboard the Japanese Experiment Module (JEM-EUSO). It was launched on the moonless night of the 25(th) of August 2014 from Timmins, Canada. The flight ended successfully after maintaining the target altitude of 38 km for five hours. One part of the mission was a 2.5 hour underflight using a helicopter equipped with three UV light sources (LED, xenon flasher and laser) to perform an inflight calibration and examine the detectors capability to measure tracks moving at the speed of light. We describe the helicopter laser system and details of the underflight as well as how the laser tracks were recorded and found in the data. These are the first recorded laser tracks measured from a fluorescence detector looking down on the atmosphere. Finally, we present a first reconstruction of the direction of the laser tracks relative to the detector.

  • 13. Abdellaoui, G.
    et al.
    Capel, Francesca
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Carlson, Per
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Fuglesang, Christer
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Larsson, O.
    KTH. RIKEN, Wako, Japan.
    Zuccaro Marchi, A.
    et.al.,
    Cosmic ray oriented performance studies for the JEM-EUSO first level trigger2017Inngår i: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, s. 150-163Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    JEM-EUSO is a space mission designed to investigate Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays and Neutrinos (E > 5.10(19) eV) from the International Space Station (ISS). Looking down from above its wide angle telescope is able to observe their air showers and collect such data from a very wide area. Highly specific trigger algorithms are needed to drastically reduce the data load in the presence of both atmospheric and human activity related background light, yet retain the rare cosmic ray events recorded in the telescope. We report the performance in offline testing of the first level trigger algorithm on data from JEM-EUSO prototypes and laboratory measurements observing different light sources: data taken during a high altitude balloon flight over Canada, laser pulses observed from the ground traversing the real atmosphere, and model landscapes reproducing realistic aspect ratios and light conditions as would be seen from the ISS itself. The first level trigger logic successfully kept the trigger rate within the permissible bounds when challenged with artificially produced as well as naturally encountered night sky background fluctuations and while retaining events with general air-shower characteristics.

  • 14.
    Abdel-Magied, Ahmed F.
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemiteknik, Resursåtervinning.
    Nasser Abdelhamid, Hani
    Ashour, Radwa M.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemiteknik.
    Zou, Xiaodong
    Forsberg, Kerstin
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemiteknik, Resursåtervinning.
    Hierarchical porous zeolitic imidazolate framework nanoparticles for efficient adsorption of rare-earth elements2019Inngår i: Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, ISSN 1387-1811, E-ISSN 1873-3093, Vol. 278, s. 175-184Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Hierarchical porous zeolitic imidazolate frameworks nanoparticles (ZIF-8 NPs) were synthesized at room temperature via a template-free approach under dynamic conditions (stirring) using water as a solvent. The ZIF-8 NPs were evaluated as adsorbents for rare earth elements (La3+, Sm3+ and Dy3+). Adsorption equilibrium was reached after 7h and high adsorption capacities were obtained for dysprosium and samarium (430.4 and 281.1 mg g(-1), respectively) and moderate adsorption capacity for lanthanum (28.8 mg g(-1)) at a pH of 7.0. The high adsorption capacitiese, as well as the high stability of ZIF-8 NPs, make the hierarchical ZIF-8 materials as an efficient adsorbent for the recovery of La3+, Sm3+ and Dy3+ from aqueous solution.

  • 15. Abdollahi, S.
    et al.
    Ackermann, M.
    Ajello, M.
    Albert, A.
    Atwood, W. B.
    Baldini, L.
    Barbiellini, G.
    Bellazzini, R.
    Bissaldi, E.
    Bloom, E. D.
    Bonino, R.
    Bottacini, E.
    Brandt, T. J.
    Bruel, P.
    Buson, S.
    Caragiulo, M.
    Cavazzuti, E.
    Chekhtman, A.
    Ciprini, S.
    Costanza, F.
    Cuoco, A.
    Cutini, S.
    D'Ammando, F.
    de Palma, F.
    Desiante, R.
    Digel, S. W.
    Di Lalla, N.
    Di Mauro, M.
    Di Venere, L.
    Donaggio, B.
    Drell, P. S.
    Favuzzi, C.
    Focke, W. B.
    Fukazawa, Y.
    Funk, S.
    Fusco, P.
    Gargano, F.
    Gasparrini, D.
    Giglietto, N.
    Giordano, F.
    Giroletti, M.
    Green, D.
    Guiriec, S.
    Harding, A. K.
    Jogler, T.
    Johannesson, G.
    Kamae, T.
    Kuss, M.
    Larsson, Stefan
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik.
    Latronico, L.
    Li, J.
    Longo, F.
    Loparco, F.
    Lubrano, P.
    Magill, J. D.
    Malyshev, D.
    Manfreda, A.
    Mazziotta, M. N.
    Meehan, M.
    Michelson, P. F.
    Mitthumsiri, W.
    Mizuno, T.
    Moiseev, A. A.
    Monzani, M. E.
    Morselli, A.
    Negro, M.
    Nuss, E.
    Ohsugi, T.
    Omodei, N.
    Paneque, D.
    Perkins, J. S.
    Pesce-Rollins, M.
    Piron, F.
    Pivato, G.
    Principe, G.
    Raino, S.
    Rando, R.
    Razzano, M.
    Reimer, A.
    Reimer, O.
    Sgro, C.
    Simone, D.
    Siskind, E. J.
    Spada, F.
    Spandre, G.
    Spinelli, P.
    Strong, A. W.
    Tajima, H.
    Thayer, J. B.
    Torres, D. F.
    Troja, E.
    Vandenbroucke, J.
    Zaharijas, G.
    Zimmer, S.
    Search for Cosmic-Ray Electron and Positron Anisotropies with Seven Years of Fermi Large Area Telescope Data2017Inngår i: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 118, nr 9, artikkel-id 091103Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Large Area Telescope on board the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope has collected the largest ever sample of high-energy cosmic-ray electron and positron events since the beginning of its operation. Potential anisotropies in the arrival directions of cosmic-ray electrons or positrons could be a signature of the presence of nearby sources. We use almost seven years of data with energies above 42 GeV processed with the Pass 8 reconstruction. The present data sample can probe dipole anisotropies down to a level of 10(-3). We take into account systematic effects that could mimic true anisotropies at this level. We present a detailed study of the event selection optimization of the cosmic-ray electrons and positrons to be used for anisotropy searches. Since no significant anisotropies have been detected on any angular scale, we present upper limits on the dipole anisotropy. The present constraints are among the strongest to date probing the presence of nearby young and middle-aged sources.

  • 16.
    Abdollahi, S.
    et al.
    Hiroshima Univ, Dept Phys Sci, Higashihiroshima, Hiroshima 7398526, Japan..
    Ajello, M.
    Clemson Univ, Kinard Lab Phys, Dept Phys & Astron, Clemson, SC 29634 USA..
    Helgason, K.
    KTH. Max Planck Inst Astrophys, Postfach 1317, D-85741 Garching, Germany.;Stockholm Univ, Roslagstullsbacken 23, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Johannesson, G.
    KTH. Univ Iceland, Sci Inst, IS-107 Reykjavik, Iceland.;Stockholm Univ, Roslagstullsbacken 23, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Larsson, S.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik. AlbaNova, Oskar Klein Ctr Cosmoparticle Phys, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    et al.,
    A gamma-ray determination of the Universe's star formation history2018Inngår i: Science, ISSN 0036-8075, E-ISSN 1095-9203, Vol. 362, nr 6418, s. 1031-+Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The light emitted by all galaxies over the history of the Universe produces the extragalactic background light (EBL) at ultraviolet, optical, and infrared wavelengths. The EBL is a source of opacity for gamma rays via photon-photon interactions, leaving an imprint in the spectra of distant gamma-ray sources. We measured this attenuation using 739 active galaxies and one gamma-ray burst detected by the Fermi Large Area Telescope. This allowed us to reconstruct the evolution of the EBL and determine the star formation history of the Universe over 90% of cosmic time. Our star formation history is consistent with independent measurements from galaxy surveys, peaking at redshift z similar to 2. Upper limits of the EBL at the epoch of reionization suggest a turnover in the abundance of faint galaxies at z similar to 6.

  • 17.
    Abdullah Asif, Farazee Mohammad
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Semere, Daniel Tesfamariam
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Haumann, M.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    METHODS ANALYSIS OF REMANUFACTURING OPTIONS FOR REPEATED LIFECYCLE OF STARTERS AND ALTERNATORS2010Inngår i: 7th International DAAAM Baltic Conference"INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING"22-24 April 2010, Tallinn, Estonia / [ed] R. Kyttner, Estonia: Tallinn University of Technology , 2010, s. 340-345Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Design for Repeatedly Utilization (DFRU) is a proposed conceptto be used in the product realizationprocess to ensure optimum useable life (forinstance in terms of economy, resourceusage, environmental impact etc.) ofproducts or parts of products enablingmultiple lifecycle. In the DFRU approachproducts are restored as new like productsthrough remanufacturing processes. Theterm remanufacturing has been interpreteddifferently by different researchers and theindustries that are involved inremanufacturing business use differentapproaches to remanufacture theirproducts. In this paper the starter motorand alternator of automotives has beenused to demonstrate the novel concepts.The purpose of this paper is to expresswhat remanufacturing means in ourconcept, model their major lifecycleaspects and create a simulation modelfrom it. This is a preliminary work towardsdefining and specifying the processes,methods and design properties in DFRU.The work will be further extended to aholistic business model which can facilitateDFRU approach in an efficient way. Infuture the model will be developed andadopted to create new models for otherproducts appropriate for remanufacturingand eventually DFRU.

  • 18. Abe, K.
    et al.
    Iwana, B. K.
    Holmer, Viktor Gösta
    KTH.
    Uchida, S.
    Font creation using class discriminative deep convolutional generative adversarial networks2018Inngår i: Proceedings - 4th Asian Conference on Pattern Recognition, ACPR 2017, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2018, s. 238-243Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this research, we attempt to generate fonts automatically using a modification of a Deep Convolutional Generative Adversarial Network (DCGAN) by introducing class consideration. DCGANs are the application of generative adversarial networks (GAN) which make use of convolutional and deconvolutional layers to generate data through adversarial detection. The conventional GAN is comprised of two neural networks that work in series. Specifically, it approaches an unsupervised method of data generation with the use of a generative network whose output is fed into a second discriminative network. While DCGANs have been successful on natural images, we show its limited ability on font generation due to the high variation of fonts combined with the need of rigid structures of characters. We propose a class discriminative DCGAN which uses a classification network to work alongside the discriminative network to refine the generative network. This results of our experiment shows a dramatic improvement over the conventional DCGAN.

  • 19. Abeysekara, A. U.
    et al.
    Archer, A.
    Benbow, W.
    Bird, R.
    Brose, R.
    Buchovecky, M.
    Buckley, J. H.
    Bugaev, V.
    Chromey, A. J.
    Connolly, M. P.
    Cui, W.
    Daniel, M. K.
    Falcone, A.
    Feng, Q.
    Finley, J. P.
    Fortson, L.
    Furniss, A.
    Hütten, M.
    Hanna, D.
    Hervet, O.
    Holder, J.
    Hughes, G.
    Humensky, T. B.
    Johnson, C. A.
    Kaaret, P.
    Kar, P.
    Kertzman, M.
    Kieda, D.
    Krause, M.
    Krennrich, F.
    Kumar, S.
    Lang, M. J.
    Lin, T. T. Y.
    McArthur, S.
    Moriarty, P.
    Mukherjee, R.
    O'Brien, S.
    Ong, R. A.
    Otte, A. N.
    Park, N.
    Petrashyk, A.
    Pohl, M.
    Pueschel, E.
    Quinn, J.
    Ragan, K.
    Reynolds, P. T.
    Richards, G. T.
    Roache, E.
    Rulten, C.
    Sadeh, I.
    Santander, M.
    Sembroski, G. H.
    Shahinyan, K.
    Sushch, I.
    Tyler, J.
    Wakely, S. P.
    Weinstein, A.
    Wells, R. M.
    Wilcox, P.
    Wilhelm, A.
    Williams, D. A.
    Williamson, T. J.
    Zitzer, B.
    Abdollahi, S.
    Ajello, M.
    Baldini, L.
    Barbiellini, G.
    Bastieri, D.
    Bellazzini, R.
    Berenji, B.
    Bissaldi, E.
    Blandford, R. D.
    Bonino, R.
    Bottacini, E.
    Brandt, T. J.
    Bruel, P.
    Buehler, R.
    Cameron, R. A.
    Caputo, R.
    Caraveo, P. A.
    Castro, D.
    Cavazzuti, E.
    Charles, E.
    Chiaro, G.
    Ciprini, S.
    Cohen-Tanugi, J.
    Costantin, D.
    Cutini, S.
    D'Ammando, F.
    Palma, F. D.
    Lalla, N. D.
    Mauro, M. D.
    Venere, L. D.
    Dominguez, A.
    Favuzzi, C.
    Fegan, S. J.
    Franckowiak, A.
    Fukazawa, Y.
    Funk, S.
    Fusco, P.
    Gargano, F.
    Gasparrini, D.
    Giglietto, N.
    Giordano, F.
    Giroletti, M.
    Green, D.
    Grenier, I. A.
    Guillemot, L.
    Guiriec, S.
    Hays, E.
    Hewitt, J. W.
    Horan, D.
    Jóhannesson, G.
    KTH. Science Institute, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, IS-107, Iceland.
    Kensei, S.
    Kuss, M.
    Larsson, S.
    KTH. Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmoparticle Physics, AlbaNova, Stockholm, SE-106 91, Sweden.
    Latronico, L.
    Lemoine-Goumard, M.
    Li, J.
    Longo, F.
    Loparco, F.
    Lovellette, M. N.
    Lubrano, P.
    Magill, J. D.
    Maldera, S.
    Mazziotta, M. N.
    McEnery, J. E.
    Michelson, P. F.
    Mitthumsiri, W.
    Mizuno, T.
    Monzani, M. E.
    Morselli, A.
    Moskalenko, I. V.
    Negro, M.
    Nuss, E.
    Ojha, R.
    Omodei, N.
    Orienti, M.
    Orlando, E.
    Palatiello, M.
    Paliya, V. S.
    Paneque, D.
    Perkins, J. S.
    Persic, M.
    Pesce-Rollins, M.
    Petrosian, V.
    Piron, F.
    Porter, T. A.
    Principe, G.
    Raino, S.
    Rando, R.
    Rani, B.
    Razzano, M.
    Razzaque, S.
    Reimer, A.
    Reimer, O.
    Reposeur, T.
    Sgro, C.
    Siskind, E. J.
    Spandre, G.
    Spinelli, P.
    Suson, D. J.
    Tajima, H.
    Thayer, J. B.
    Thompson, D. J.
    Torres, D. F.
    Tosti, G.
    Troja, E.
    Valverde, J.
    Vianello, G.
    Vogel, M.
    Wood, K.
    Yassine, M.
    Alfaro, R.
    Alvarez, C.
    Alvarez, J. D.
    Arceo, R.
    Arteaga-Velázquez, J. C.
    Rojas, D. A.
    Solares, H. A. A.
    Becerril, A.
    Belmont-Moreno, E.
    Benzvi, S. Y.
    Bernal, A.
    Braun, J.
    Brisbois, C.
    Caballero-Mora, K. S.
    Capistrán, T.
    Carraminana, A.
    Casanova, S.
    Castillo, M.
    Cotti, U.
    Cotzomi, J.
    De León, S. C.
    León, C. D.
    Fuente, E. D. L.
    Dichiara, S.
    Dingus, B. L.
    Duvernois, M. A.
    Diaz-Vélez, J. C.
    Engel, K.
    Enriquez-Rivera, O.
    Fiorino, D. W.
    Fleischhack, H.
    Fraija, N.
    Garcia-González, J. A.
    Garfias, F.
    Munoz, A. G.
    González, M. M.
    Goodman, J. A.
    Hampel-Arias, Z.
    Harding, J. P.
    Hernandez, S.
    Hernandez-Almada, A.
    Hona, B.
    Hueyotl-Zahuantitla, F.
    Hui, C. M.
    Hüntemeyer, P.
    Iriarte, A.
    Jardin-Blicq, A.
    Joshi, V.
    Kaufmann, S.
    Lara, A.
    Lauer, R. J.
    Lee, W. H.
    Lennarz, D.
    Vargas, H. L.
    Linnemann, J. T.
    Longinotti, A. L.
    Luis-Raya, G.
    Luna-Garcia, R.
    López-Coto, R.
    Malone, K.
    Marinelli, S. S.
    Martinez, O.
    Martinez-Castellanos, I.
    Martinez-Castro, J.
    Martinez-Huerta, H.
    Matthews, J. A.
    Miranda-Romagnoli, P.
    Moreno, E.
    Mostafá, M.
    Nayerhoda, A.
    Nellen, L.
    Newbold, M.
    Nisa, M. U.
    Noriega-Papaqui, R.
    Pelayo, R.
    Pretz, J.
    Pérez-Pérez, E. G.
    Ren, Z.
    Rho, C. D.
    Riviere, C.
    Rosa-González, D.
    Rosenberg, M.
    Ruiz-Velasco, E.
    Salazar, H.
    Greus, F. S.
    Sandoval, A.
    Schneider, M.
    Arroyo, M. S.
    Sinnis, G.
    Smith, A. J.
    Springer, R. W.
    Surajbali, P.
    Taboada, I.
    Tibolla, O.
    Tollefson, K.
    Torres, I.
    Ukwatta, T. N.
    Villasenor, L.
    Weisgarber, T.
    Westerhoff, S.
    Wisher, I. G.
    Wood, J.
    Yapici, T.
    Yodh, G.
    Zepeda, A.
    Zhou, H.
    VERITAS and Fermi-LAT Observations of TeV Gamma-Ray Sources Discovered by HAWC in the 2HWC Catalog2018Inngår i: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 866, nr 1, artikkel-id 24Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) collaboration recently published their 2HWC catalog, listing 39 very high energy (VHE; >100 GeV) gamma-ray sources based on 507 days of observation. Among these, 19 sources are not associated with previously known teraelectronvolt (TeV) gamma-ray sources. We have studied 14 of these sources without known counterparts with VERITAS and Fermi-LAT. VERITAS detected weak gamma-ray emission in the 1 TeV-30 TeV band in the region of DA 495, a pulsar wind nebula coinciding with 2HWC J1953+294, confirming the discovery of the source by HAWC. We did not find any counterpart for the selected 14 new HAWC sources from our analysis of Fermi-LAT data for energies higher than 10 GeV. During the search, we detected gigaelectronvolt (GeV) gamma-ray emission coincident with a known TeV pulsar wind nebula, SNR G54.1+0.3 (VER J1930+188), and a 2HWC source, 2HWC J1930+188. The fluxes for isolated, steady sources in the 2HWC catalog are generally in good agreement with those measured by imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes. However, the VERITAS fluxes for SNR G54.1+0.3, DA 495, and TeV J2032+4130 are lower than those measured by HAWC, and several new HAWC sources are not detected by VERITAS. This is likely due to a change in spectral shape, source extension, or the influence of diffuse emission in the source region.

  • 20. Abramowski, A.
    et al.
    Acero, F.
    Aharonian, F.
    Akhperjanian, A. G.
    Anton, G.
    Balzer, A.
    Barnacka, A.
    de Almeida, U. Barres
    Becherini, Y.
    Becker, J.
    Behera, B.
    Bernloehr, K.
    Birsin, E.
    Biteau, J.
    Bochow, A.
    Boisson, C.
    Bolmont, J.
    Bordas, P.
    Brucker, J.
    Brun, F.
    Brun, P.
    Bulik, T.
    Bueching, I.
    Carrigan, S.
    Casanova, S.
    Cerruti, M.
    Chadwick, P. M.
    Charbonnier, A.
    Chaves, R. C. G.
    Cheesebrough, A.
    Clapson, A. C.
    Coignet, G.
    Cologna, G.
    Conrad, Jan
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik.
    Dalton, M.
    Daniel, M. K.
    Davids, I. D.
    Degrange, B.
    Deil, C.
    Dickinson, Hugh J.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik.
    Djannati-Atai, A.
    Domainko, W.
    Drury, L. O 'C.
    Dubus, G.
    Dutson, K.
    Dyks, J.
    Dyrda, M.
    Egberts, K.
    Eger, P.
    Espigat, P.
    Fallon, L.
    Farnier, C.
    Fegan, S.
    Feinstein, F.
    Fernandes, M. V.
    Fiasson, A.
    Fontaine, G.
    Foerster, A.
    Fuessling, M.
    Gallant, Y. A.
    Gast, H.
    Gerard, L.
    Gerbig, D.
    Giebels, B.
    Glicenstein, J. F.
    Glueck, B.
    Goret, P.
    Goering, D.
    Haeffner, S.
    Hague, J. D.
    Hampf, D.
    Hauser, M.
    Heinz, S.
    Heinzelmann, G.
    Henri, G.
    Hermann, G.
    Hinton, J. A.
    Hoffmann, A.
    Hofmann, W.
    Hofverberg, P.
    Holler, M.
    Horns, D.
    Jacholkowska, A.
    de Jager, O. C.
    Jahn, C.
    Jamrozy, M.
    Jung, I.
    Kastendieck, M. A.
    Katarzynski, K.
    Katz, U.
    Kaufmann, S.
    Keogh, D.
    Khangulyan, D.
    Khelifi, B.
    Klochkov, D.
    Kluzniak, W.
    Kneiske, T.
    Komin, Nu
    Kosack, K.
    Kossakowski, R.
    Laffon, H.
    Lamanna, G.
    Lennarz, D.
    Lohse, T.
    Lopatin, A.
    Lu, C. -C
    Marandon, V.
    Marcowith, A.
    Masbou, J.
    Maurin, D.
    Maxted, N.
    Mayer, M.
    McComb, T. J. L.
    Medina, M. C.
    Mehault, J.
    Moderski, R.
    Moulin, E.
    Naumann, C. L.
    Naumann-Godo, M.
    de Naurois, M.
    Nedbal, D.
    Nekrassov, D.
    Nguyen, N.
    Nicholas, B.
    Niemiec, J.
    Nolan, S. J.
    Ohm, S.
    Wilhelmi, E. de Ona
    Opitz, B.
    Ostrowski, M.
    Oya, I.
    Panter, M.
    Arribas, M. Paz
    Pedaletti, G.
    Pelletier, G.
    Petrucci, P. -O
    Pita, S.
    Puehlhofer, G.
    Punch, M.
    Quirrenbach, A.
    Raue, M.
    Rayner, S. M.
    Reimer, A.
    Reimer, O.
    Renaud, M.
    de los Reyes, R.
    Rieger, F.
    Ripken, Joachim
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik.
    Rob, L.
    Rosier-Lees, S.
    Rowell, G.
    Rudak, B.
    Rulten, C. B.
    Ruppel, J.
    Sahakian, V.
    Sanchez, D. A.
    Santangelo, A.
    Schlickeiser, R.
    Schoeck, F. M.
    Schulz, A.
    Schwanke, U.
    Schwarzburg, S.
    Schwemmer, S.
    Sheidaei, F.
    Skilton, J. L.
    Sol, H.
    Spengler, G.
    Stawarz, L.
    Steenkamp, R.
    Stegmann, C.
    Stinzing, F.
    Stycz, K.
    Sushch, I.
    Szostek, A.
    Tavernet, J. -P
    Terrier, R.
    Tluczykont, M.
    Valerius, K.
    van Eldik, C.
    Vasileiadis, G.
    Venter, C.
    Vialle, J. P.
    Viana, A.
    Vincent, P.
    Voelk, H. J.
    Volpe, F.
    Vorobiov, S.
    Vorster, M.
    Wagner, S. J.
    Ward, M.
    White, R.
    Wierzcholska, A.
    Zacharias, M.
    Zajczyk, A.
    Zdziarski, A. A.
    Zech, A.
    Zechlin, H. -S
    Search for dark matter annihilation signals from the Fornax galaxy cluster with H.E.S.S.2012Inngår i: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 750, nr 2, s. 123-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Fornax galaxy cluster was observed with the High Energy Stereoscopic System for a total live time of 14.5 hr, searching for very high energy (VHE; E > 100GeV) gamma-rays from dark matter (DM) annihilation. No significant signal was found in searches for point-like and extended emissions. Using several models of the DM density distribution, upper limits on the DM velocity-weighted annihilation cross-section <sigma upsilon > as a function of the DM particle mass are derived. Constraints are derived for different DM particle models, such as those arising from Kaluza-Klein and supersymmetric models. Various annihilation final states are considered. Possible enhancements of the DM annihilation gamma-ray flux, due to DM substructures of the DM host halo, or from the Sommerfeld effect, are studied. Additional gamma-ray contributions from internal bremsstrahlung and inverse Compton radiation are also discussed. For a DM particle mass of 1 TeV, the exclusion limits at 95% of confidence level reach values of <sigma upsilon >(95% C.L.) similar to 10(-23) cm(3) s(-1), depending on the DM particle model and halo properties. Additional contribution from DM substructures can improve the upper limits on <sigma upsilon > by more than two orders of magnitude. At masses around 4.5 TeV, the enhancement by substructures and the Sommerfeld resonance effect results in a velocity-weighted annihilation cross-section upper limit at the level of <sigma upsilon >(95% C.L.) similar to 10(-26) cm(3) s(-1).

  • 21.
    Abrehdary, M.
    et al.
    Univ West HV, Div Math Comp & Surveying Engn, SE-46186 Trollhattan, Sweden..
    Sjöberg, L. E.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Geodesi och satellitpositionering. Univ West HV, Div Math Comp & Surveying Engn, SE-46186 Trollhattan, Sweden..
    Recovering Moho constituents from satellite altimetry and gravimetric data for Europe and surroundings2019Inngår i: Journal of Applied Geodesy, ISSN 1862-9016, E-ISSN 1862-9024, Vol. 13, nr 4, s. 291-303Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this research, we present a local Moho model, named MOHV19, including Moho depth and Moho density contrast (or shortly Moho constituents) with corresponding uncertainties, which are mapped from altimetric and gravimetric data (DSNSC08) in addition to seismic tomographic (CRUST1.0) and Earth topographic data (Earth2014) to a resolution of 1 degrees x 1 degrees based on a solution of Vening Meinesz-Moritz' theory of isostasy. The MOHV19 model covers the area of entire European plate along with the surrounding oceans, bounded by latitudes (30 degrees N-82 degrees N) and longitudes (40 degrees W-70 degrees E). The article aims to interpret the Moho model resulted via altimetric and gravimetric information from the geological and geophysical perspectives along with investigating the relation between the Moho depth and Moho density contrast. Our numerical results show that estimated Moho depths range from 7.5 to 57.9 km with continental and oceanic averages of 41.3 +/- 4.9 km and 21.6 +/- 9.2 km, respectively, and an overall average of 30.9 +/- 12.3 km. The estimated Moho density contrast ranges from 60.2 to 565.8 kg/m(3), with averages of 421.8 +/- 57.9 and 284.4 +/- 62.9 kg/m(3) for continental and oceanic regions, respectively, with a total average of 350.3 +/- 91.5 kg/m(3). In most areas, estimated uncertainties in the Moho constituents are less than 3 km and 40 kg/m(3), respectively, but they reach to much more significant values under Iceland, parts of Gulf of Bothnia and along the Kvitoya Island. Comparing the Moho depths estimated by MOHV19 and those derived by CRUST1.0, MDN07, GRAD09 and MD19 models shows that MOHV19 agree fairly well with CRUST1.0 but rather poor with other models. The RMS difference between the Moho density contrasts estimated by MOHV19 and CRUST1.0 models is 49.45 kg/m(3).

  • 22.
    Abrehdary, Majid
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Geodesi och satellitpositionering. Univ Karlstad, Sweden.
    Sjöberg, L. E.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Geodesi och satellitpositionering.
    Bagherbandi, Mohammad
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Geodesi och satellitpositionering. Univ Gavle, Sweden.
    Sampietro, D.
    Towards the Moho depth and Moho density contrast along with their uncertainties from seismic and satellite gravity observations2017Inngår i: Journal of Applied Geodesy, ISSN 1862-9016, E-ISSN 1862-9024, Vol. 11, nr 4, s. 231-247Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a combined method for estimating a new global Moho model named KTH15C, containing Moho depth and Moho density contrast (or shortly Moho parameters), from a combination of global models of gravity (GOCO05S), topography (DTM2006) and seismic information (CRUST1.0 and MDN07) to a resolution of 1 degrees x 1 degrees based on a solution of Vening Meinesz-Moritz' inverse problem of isostasy. This paper also aims modelling of the observation standard errors propagated from the Vening Meinesz-Moritz and CRUST1.0 models in estimating the uncertainty of the final Moho model. The numerical results yield Moho depths ranging from 6.5 to 70.3 km, and the estimated Moho density contrasts ranging from 21 to 650 kg/m(3), respectively. Moreover, test computations display that in most areas estimated uncertainties in the parameters are less than 3 km and 50 kg/m(3), respectively, but they reach to more significant values under Gulf of Mexico, Chile, Eastern Mediterranean, Timor sea and parts of polar regions. Comparing the Moho depths estimated by KTH15C and those derived by KTH11C, GEMMA2012C, CRUST1.0, KTH14C, CRUST14 and GEMMA1.0 models shows that KTH15C agree fairly well with CRUST1.0 but rather poor with other models. The Moho density contrasts estimated by KTH15C and those of the KTH11C, KTH14C and VMM model agree to 112, 31 and 61 kg/m(3) in RMS. The regional numerical studies show that the RMS differences between KTH15C and Moho depths from seismic information yields fits of 2 to 4 km in South and North America, Africa, Europe, Asia, Australia and Antarctica, respectively.

  • 23. Abtahi, Farhad
    et al.
    Forsman, Mikael
    Diaz-Olivazrez, Jose A.
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH).
    Yang, Liyun
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Medicinteknik och hälsosystem, Ergonomi.
    Lu, Ke
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH).
    Eklund, Jörgen
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH).
    Lindecrantz, Kaj
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH).
    Seoane, Fernando
    Teriö, Heikki
    Mediavilla Martinez, Cesar
    Aso, Santiago
    Tiemann, Christian
    Big Data & Wearable Sensors Ensuring Safety and Health @Work2017Inngår i: GLOBAL HEALTH 2017, The Sixth International Conference on Global Health Challenges, 2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    —Work-related injuries and disorders constitute a major burden and cost for employers, society in general and workers in particular. We@Work is a project that aims to develop an integrated solution for promoting and supporting a safe and healthy working life by combining wearable technologies, Big Data analytics, ergonomics, and information and communication technologies. The We@Work solution aims to support the worker and employer to ensure a healthy working life through pervasive monitoring for early warnings, prompt detection of capacity-loss and accurate risk assessments at workplace as well as self-management of a healthy working life. A multiservice platform will allow unobtrusive data collection at workplaces. Big Data analytics will provide real-time information useful to prevent work injuries and support healthy working life

  • 24.
    Abtahi, Farhad
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Medicinsk teknik, Medicinska sensorer, signaler och system.
    Lu, Ke
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Medicinsk teknik, Medicinska sensorer, signaler och system.
    Dizon, M
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Medicinsk teknik, Medicinska sensorer, signaler och system.
    Johansson, M
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Medicinsk teknik, Medicinska sensorer, signaler och system.
    Seoane, Fernando
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Medicinsk teknik, Medicinska sensorer, signaler och system. Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för vård, arbetsliv och välfärd.
    Lindecrantz, Kaj
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Medicinsk teknik, Medicinska sensorer, signaler och system.
    Evaluation of Atrial Fibrillation Detection by using Heart Rate Variability analysis2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 25.
    Ackermann, M.
    et al.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Ajello, M.
    Clemson Univ, Kinard Lab Phys, Dept Phys & Astron, Clemson, SC 29634 USA..
    Baldini, L.
    Univ Pisa, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Ballet, J.
    Univ Paris Diderot, CEA Saclay, Serv Astrophys, CNRS,Lab AIM,CEA IRFU, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France..
    Barbiellini, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Seze Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Trieste, Dipartimento Fis, I-34127 Trieste, Italy..
    Bastieri, D.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Padova, I-35131 Padua, Italy.;Univ Padua, Dipartimento Fis & Astron G Galilei, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
    Bellazzini, R.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Bissaldi, E.
    Univ Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Blandford, R. D.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Bloom, E. D.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Bonino, R.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Univ Turin, Dipartimento Fis, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Bottacini, E.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Univ Padua, Dept Phys & Astron, Vicolo Osservatorio 3, I-35122 Padua, Italy..
    Brandt, T. J.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Bregeon, J.
    Univ Montpellier, CNRS IN2P3, Lab Univ & Particules Montpellier, F-34095 Montpellier, France..
    Bruel, P.
    Ecole Polytech, IN2P3, CNRS, Lab Leprince Ringuet, F-91128 Palaiseau, France..
    Buehler, R.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Cameron, R. A.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Caputo, R.
    CRESST, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Caraveo, P. A.
    INAF Ist Astrofis Spaziale & Fis Cosm Milano, Via E Bassini 15, I-20133 Milan, Italy..
    Castro, D.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;Harvard Smithsonian Ctr Astrophys, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA..
    Cavazzuti, E.
    Italian Space Agcy, Via Politecn Snc, I-00133 Rome, Italy..
    Charles, E.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Cheung, C. C.
    Naval Res Lab, Div Space Sci, Washington, DC 20375 USA..
    Chiaro, G.
    INAF Ist Astrofis Spaziale & Fis Cosm Milano, Via E Bassini 15, I-20133 Milan, Italy..
    Ciprini, S.
    Space Sci Data Ctr Agenzia Spaziale Italiana, Via Politecn Snc, I-00133 Rome, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy..
    Cohen-Tanugi, J.
    Univ Montpellier, CNRS IN2P3, Lab Univ & Particules Montpellier, F-34095 Montpellier, France..
    Costantin, D.
    Univ Padua, Dipartimento Fis & Astron G Galilei, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
    Cutini, S.
    Space Sci Data Ctr Agenzia Spaziale Italiana, Via Politecn Snc, I-00133 Rome, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy..
    D'Ammando, F.
    INAF Ist Radioastron, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.;Univ Bologna, Dipartimento Astron, I-40127 Bologna, Italy..
    de Palma, F.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Univ Telemat Pegaso, Piazza Trieste & Trento 48, I-80132 Naples, Italy..
    Desai, A.
    Clemson Univ, Kinard Lab Phys, Dept Phys & Astron, Clemson, SC 29634 USA..
    Di Lalla, N.
    Univ Pisa, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Di Mauro, M.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Di Venere, L.
    Univ Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Favuzzi, C.
    Univ Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Finke, J.
    Naval Res Lab, Div Space Sci, Washington, DC 20375 USA..
    Franckowiak, A.
    DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Fukazawa, Y.
    Hiroshima Univ, Dept Phys Sci, Hiroshima 7398526, Japan..
    Funk, S.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, Erwin Rommel Str 1, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany..
    Fusco, P.
    Univ Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Gargano, F.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Gasparrini, D.
    Space Sci Data Ctr Agenzia Spaziale Italiana, Via Politecn Snc, I-00133 Rome, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy..
    Giglietto, N.
    Univ Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Giordano, F.
    Univ Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Giroletti, M.
    INAF Ist Radioastron, I-40129 Bologna, Italy..
    Green, D.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;Univ Maryland, Dept Astron, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Grenier, I. A.
    Univ Paris Diderot, CEA Saclay, Serv Astrophys, CNRS,Lab AIM,CEA IRFU, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France..
    Guillemot, L.
    Univ Orleans, CNRS, Lab Phys & Chim Environnem & Espace, F-45071 Orleans 02, France.;CNRS INSU, Observ Paris, Stn Radioastron Nancay, F-18330 Nancay, France..
    Guiriec, S.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;George Washington Univ, Dept Phys, 725 21st St, Washington, DC 20052 USA..
    Hays, E.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Hewitt, J. W.
    Univ North Florida, Dept Phys, 1 UNF Dr, Jacksonville, FL 32224 USA..
    Horan, D.
    Ecole Polytech, IN2P3, CNRS, Lab Leprince Ringuet, F-91128 Palaiseau, France..
    Johannesson, G.
    KTH. Univ Iceland, Sci Inst, IS-107 Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Kensei, S.
    Hiroshima Univ, Dept Phys Sci, Hiroshima 7398526, Japan..
    Kuss, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Larsson, S.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik.
    Latronico, L.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Lemoine-Goumard, M.
    Univ Bordeaux 1, IN2P3 CNRS, Ctr Etudes Nucl Bordeaux Gradignan, BP120, F-33175 Gradignan, France..
    Li, J.
    Inst Space Sci CSICIEEC, Campus UAB,Carrer Magrans S-N, E-08193 Barcelona, Spain..
    Longo, F.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Seze Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Trieste, Dipartimento Fis, I-34127 Trieste, Italy..
    Loparco, F.
    Univ Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Lovellette, M. N.
    Naval Res Lab, Div Space Sci, Washington, DC 20375 USA..
    Lubrano, P.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy..
    Magill, J. D.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Astron, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Maldera, S.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Manfreda, A.
    Univ Pisa, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Mazziotta, M. N.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    McEnery, J. E.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;Univ Maryland, Dept Astron, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Meyer, M.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Mizuno, T.
    Hiroshima Univ, Hiroshima Astrophys Sci Ctr, Hiroshima 7398526, Japan..
    Monzani, M. E.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Morselli, A.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Roma Tor Vergata, I-00133 Rome, Italy..
    Moskalenko, I. V.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Negro, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Univ Turin, Dipartimento Fis, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Nuss, E.
    Univ Montpellier, CNRS IN2P3, Lab Univ & Particules Montpellier, F-34095 Montpellier, France..
    Omodei, N.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Orienti, M.
    INAF Ist Radioastron, I-40129 Bologna, Italy..
    Orlando, E.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Ormes, J. F.
    Univ Denver, Dept Phys & Astron, Denver, CO 80208 USA..
    Palatiello, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Seze Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Trieste, Dipartimento Fis, I-34127 Trieste, Italy..
    Paliya, V. S.
    Clemson Univ, Kinard Lab Phys, Dept Phys & Astron, Clemson, SC 29634 USA..
    Paneque, D.
    Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany..
    Perkins, J. S.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Persic, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Seze Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Ist Nazl Astrofis, Osservatorio Astronom Trieste, I-34143 Trieste, Italy..
    Pesce-Rollins, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Piron, F.
    Univ Montpellier, CNRS IN2P3, Lab Univ & Particules Montpellier, F-34095 Montpellier, France..
    Porter, T. A.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Principe, G.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, Erwin Rommel Str 1, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany..
    Raino, S.
    Univ Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Rando, R.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Padova, I-35131 Padua, Italy.;Univ Padua, Dipartimento Fis & Astron G Galilei, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
    Rani, B.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Razzaque, S.
    Univ Johannesburg, Dept Phys, POB 524,Auckland Pk, ZA-2006 Auckland Pk, South Africa..
    Reimer, A.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Leopold Franzens Univ Innsbruck, Inst Astro & Teilchenphys, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria.;Leopold Franzens Univ Innsbruck, Inst Theoret Phys, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria..
    Reimer, O.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Leopold Franzens Univ Innsbruck, Inst Astro & Teilchenphys, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria.;Leopold Franzens Univ Innsbruck, Inst Theoret Phys, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria..
    Reposeur, T.
    Univ Bordeaux 1, IN2P3 CNRS, Ctr Etudes Nucl Bordeaux Gradignan, BP120, F-33175 Gradignan, France..
    Sgro, C.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Siskind, E. J.
    NYCB Real Time Comp Inc, Lattingtown, NY 11560 USA..
    Spandre, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Spinelli, P.
    Univ Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Suson, D. J.
    Purdue Univ Northwest, Hammond, IN 46323 USA..
    Tajima, H.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Nagoya Univ, Solar Terr Environm Lab, Nagoya, Aichi 4648601, Japan..
    Thayer, J. B.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Tibaldo, L.
    CNRS, IRAP, F-310284 Toulouse 4, France.;Univ Toulouse, GAHEC, UPS OMP, IRAP, F-31400 Toulouse, France..
    Torres, D. F.
    Inst Space Sci CSICIEEC, Campus UAB,Carrer Magrans S-N, E-08193 Barcelona, Spain.;ICREA, E-08010 Barcelona, Spain..
    Tosti, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy.;Univ Perugia, Dipartimento Fis, I-06123 Perugia, Italy..
    Valverde, J.
    Ecole Polytech, IN2P3, CNRS, Lab Leprince Ringuet, F-91128 Palaiseau, France..
    Venters, T. M.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Vogel, M.
    Calif State Univ Los Angeles, Dept Phys & Astron, Los Angeles, CA 90032 USA..
    Wood, K.
    Praxis Inc, Alexandria, VA 22303 USA.;Naval Res Lab, Washington, DC 20375 USA..
    Wood, M.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Zaharijas, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Nova Gorica, Ctr Astrophys & Cosmol, Nova Gorica, Slovenia..
    Biteau, J.
    Univ Paris 11, Univ Paris Saclay, Inst Phys Nucl, 15 Rue Georges Clemenceau, F-91406 Orsay, France..
    The Search for Spatial Extension in High-latitude Sources Detected by the Fermi Large Area Telescope2018Inngår i: Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, ISSN 0067-0049, E-ISSN 1538-4365, Vol. 237, nr 2, artikkel-id 32Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a search for spatial extension in high-latitude (vertical bar b vertical bar > 5 degrees) sources in recent Fermi point source catalogs. The result is the Fermi High-Latitude Extended Sources Catalog, which provides source extensions (or upper limits thereof) and likelihood profiles for a suite of tested source morphologies. We find 24. extended sources, 19 of which were not previously characterized as extended. These include sources that are potentially associated with supernova remnants and star-forming regions. We also found extended.-ray emission in the vicinity of the Cen. A radio lobes and-at GeV energies for the first time-spatially coincident with the radio emission of the SNR CTA 1, as well as from the Crab Nebula. We also searched for halos around active galactic nuclei, which are predicted from electromagnetic cascades induced by the e(+)e(-) pairs that are deflected in intergalactic magnetic fields. These pairs are produced when gamma-rays interact with background radiation fields. We do not find evidence for extension in individual sources or in stacked source samples. This enables us to place limits on the flux of the extended source components, which are then used to constrain the intergalactic magnetic field to be stronger than 3 x 10(-16) G for a coherence length lambda greater than or similar to 10 kpc, even when conservative assumptions on the source duty cycle are made. This improves previous limits by several orders of magnitude.

  • 26.
    Ackermann, M.
    et al.
    Deutsches Elekt Synchrotron DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Ajello, M.
    Clemson Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Kinard Lab Phys, Clemson, SC 29634 USA..
    Baldini, L.
    Univ Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Ballet, J.
    CEA Saclay, Serv Astrophys, Univ Paris Diderot, Lab AIM,CEA IRFU,CNRS, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France..
    Barbiellini, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Trieste, Dipartimento Fis, I-34127 Trieste, Italy..
    Bastieri, D.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Padova, I-35131 Padua, Italy.;Univ Padua, Dipartimento Fis Astron G Galilei, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
    Bellazzini, R.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Bissaldi, E.
    M Merlin Univ, Dipartimento Fis, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Blandford, R. D.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Bonino, R.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Univ Torino, Dipartimento Fis, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Bottacini, E.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Univ Padua, Dept Phys & Astron, Vicolo Osservatorio 3, I-35122 Padua, Italy..
    Bregeon, J.
    Univ Montpellier, Lab Univers & Particules Montpellier, CNRS IN2P3, F-34095 Montpellier, France..
    Bruel, P.
    Ecole Polytech, CNRS IN2P3, Lab Leprince Ringuet, F-91128 F- Palaiseau, France..
    Buehler, R.
    Deutsches Elekt Synchrotron DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Burns, E.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Buson, S.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Cameron, R. A.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Caputo, R.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;CRESST, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Caraveo, P. A.
    INAF, Ist Astrofis Spaziale & Fis Cosm Milano, Via E Bassini 15, I-20133 Milan, Italy..
    Cavazzuti, E.
    Italian Space Agcy, Via Politecn Snc, I-00133 Rome, Italy..
    Chen, S.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Padova, I-35131 Padua, Italy.;Univ Padua, Dept Phys & Astron, Vicolo Osservatorio 3, I-35122 Padua, Italy..
    Chiaro, G.
    INAF, Ist Astrofis Spaziale & Fis Cosm Milano, Via E Bassini 15, I-20133 Milan, Italy..
    Ciprini, S.
    Space Sci Data Ctr Agenzia Spaziale Italiana, Via Politecn,Snc, I-00133 Rome, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy..
    Costantin, D.
    Univ Padua, Dipartimento Fis Astron G Galilei, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
    Cuoco, A.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Theoret Particle Phys & Cosmol, TTK, D-52056 Aachen, Germany..
    Cutini, S.
    Space Sci Data Ctr Agenzia Spaziale Italiana, Via Politecn,Snc, I-00133 Rome, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy..
    D'Ammando, F.
    INAF Ist Radioastron, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.;Univ Bologna, Dipartimento Astron, I-40127 Bologna, Italy..
    Luque, P. de la Torre
    M Merlin Univ, Dipartimento Fis, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    de Palma, F.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Desai, A.
    Clemson Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Kinard Lab Phys, Clemson, SC 29634 USA..
    Digel, S. W.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Di Lalla, N.
    Univ Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Di Mauro, M.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Di Venere, L.
    M Merlin Univ, Dipartimento Fis, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Dirirsa, F. Fana
    Univ Johannesburg, Dept Phys, POB 524, ZA-2006 Auckland Pk, South Africa..
    Favuzzi, C.
    M Merlin Univ, Dipartimento Fis, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Franckowiak, A.
    Deutsches Elekt Synchrotron DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Fukazawa, Y.
    Hiroshima Univ, Dept Phys Sci, Higashihiroshima, Hiroshima 7398526, Japan..
    Funk, S.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, Erwin Rommel Str 1, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany..
    Fusco, P.
    M Merlin Univ, Dipartimento Fis, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Gargano, F.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Gasparrini, D.
    Space Sci Data Ctr Agenzia Spaziale Italiana, Via Politecn,Snc, I-00133 Rome, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy..
    Giglietto, N.
    M Merlin Univ, Dipartimento Fis, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Giordano, F.
    M Merlin Univ, Dipartimento Fis, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Giroletti, M.
    INAF Ist Radioastron, I-40129 Bologna, Italy..
    Green, D.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;Univ Maryland, Dept Astron, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Grenier, I. A.
    CEA Saclay, Serv Astrophys, Univ Paris Diderot, Lab AIM,CEA IRFU,CNRS, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France..
    Guillemot, L.
    Univ Orleans, Lab Phys & Chim Environm & Espace, CNRS, F-45071 Orleans, France.;CNRS, INSU, Observ Paris, Stat Radioastron Nancay, F-18330 Nancay, France..
    Guiriec, S.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;George Washington Univ, Dept Phys, 725 21st St,NW, Washington, DC 20052 USA..
    Horan, D.
    Ecole Polytech, CNRS IN2P3, Lab Leprince Ringuet, F-91128 F- Palaiseau, France..
    Johannesson, G.
    KTH, Centra, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics NORDITA. Univ Iceland, Sci Inst, IS-107 Reykjavik, Iceland.Stockholm Univ, Roslagstullsbacken 23, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Kuss, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Larsson, S.
    AlbaNova, Oskar Klein Ctr Cosmoparticle Phys, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Latronico, L.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Li, J.
    Deutsches Elekt Synchrotron DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Liodakis, I.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Longo, F.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Trieste, Dipartimento Fis, I-34127 Trieste, Italy..
    Loparco, F.
    M Merlin Univ, Dipartimento Fis, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Lubrano, P.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy..
    Magill, J. D.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Astron, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Maldera, S.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Malyshev, D.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, Erwin Rommel Str 1, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany..
    Manfreda, A.
    Univ Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Mazziotta, M. N.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Mereu, I.
    Univ Perugia, Dipartimento Fis, I-06123 Perugia, Italy..
    Michelson, P. F.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Mitthumsiri, W.
    Mahidol Univ, Dept Phys, Fac Sci, Bangkok 10400, Thailand..
    Mizuno, T.
    Hiroshima Univ, Hiroshima Astrophys Sci Ctr, Higashihiroshima, Hiroshima 7398526, Japan..
    Monzani, M. E.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Morselli, A.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Roma Tor Vergata, I-00133 Rome, Italy..
    Moskalenko, I. V.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Negro, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Univ Torino, Dipartimento Fis, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Nuss, E.
    Univ Montpellier, Lab Univers & Particules Montpellier, CNRS IN2P3, F-34095 Montpellier, France..
    Orienti, M.
    INAF Ist Radioastron, I-40129 Bologna, Italy..
    Orlando, E.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Palatiello, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Trieste, Dipartimento Fis, I-34127 Trieste, Italy..
    Paliya, V. S.
    Clemson Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Kinard Lab Phys, Clemson, SC 29634 USA..
    Paneque, D.
    Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany..
    Persic, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Ist Nazl Astrofis, Osservatorio Astronom Trieste, I-34143 Trieste, Italy..
    Pesce-Rollins, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Petrosian, V.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Piron, F.
    Univ Montpellier, Lab Univers & Particules Montpellier, CNRS IN2P3, F-34095 Montpellier, France..
    Porter, T. A.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Principe, G.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, Erwin Rommel Str 1, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany..
    Raino, S.
    M Merlin Univ, Dipartimento Fis, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Rando, R.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Padova, I-35131 Padua, Italy.;Univ Padua, Dipartimento Fis Astron G Galilei, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
    Razzano, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Razzaque, S.
    Univ Johannesburg, Dept Phys, POB 524, ZA-2006 Auckland Pk, South Africa..
    Reimer, A.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Leopold Franzens Univ Innsbruck, Inst Astro & Teilchenphys, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria.;Leopold Franzens Univ Innsbruck, Inst Theoret Phys, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria..
    Reimer, O.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Leopold Franzens Univ Innsbruck, Inst Astro & Teilchenphys, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria.;Leopold Franzens Univ Innsbruck, Inst Theoret Phys, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria..
    Serini, D.
    M Merlin Univ, Dipartimento Fis, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Sgro, C.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Siskind, E. J.
    NYCB Real Time Comp Inc, Lattingtown, NY 11560 USA..
    Spandre, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Spinelli, P.
    M Merlin Univ, Dipartimento Fis, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Suson, D. J.
    Purdue Univ Northwest, Hammond, IN 46323 USA..
    Tajima, H.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Nagoya Univ, Solar Terr Environm Lab, Nagoya, Aichi 4648601, Japan..
    Takahashi, M.
    Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany..
    Thayer, J. B.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Tibaldo, L.
    Univ Toulouse, IRAP, CNRS, UPS,CNES, F-31028 Toulouse, France..
    Torres, D. F.
    Inst Space Sci CSICIEEC, Campus UAB,Carrer Magrans S-N, E-08193 Barcelona, Spain.;ICREA, E-08010 Barcelona, Spain..
    Troja, E.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;Univ Maryland, Dept Astron, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Venters, T. M.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Vianello, G.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Wood, K.
    Praxis Inc, Alexandria, VA 22303 USA.;Naval Res Lab, Washington, DC 20375 USA..
    Yassine, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Trieste, Dipartimento Fis, I-34127 Trieste, Italy..
    Zaharijas, G.
    Univ Trieste, Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Nova Gorica, Ctr Astrophys & Cosmol, Nova Gorica 5000, Slovenia..
    Ammazzalorso, S.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Univ Torino, Dipartimento Fis, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Fornengo, N.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Univ Torino, Dipartimento Fis, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Regis, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Univ Torino, Dipartimento Fis, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Unresolved Gamma-Ray Sky through its Angular Power Spectrum2018Inngår i: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 121, nr 24, artikkel-id 241101Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The gamma-ray sky has been observed with unprecedented accuracy in the last decade by the Fermi-large area telescope (LAT), allowing us to resolve and understand the high-energy Universe. The nature of the remaining unresolved emission [unresolved gamma-ray background (UGRB)] below the LAT source detection threshold can be uncovered by characterizing the amplitude and angular scale of the UGRB fluctuation field. This Letter presents a measurement of the UGRB autocorrelation angular power spectrum based on eight years of Fermi-LAT Pass 8 data products. The analysis is designed to be robust against contamination from resolved sources and noise systematics. The sensitivity to subthreshold sources is greatly enhanced with respect to previous measurements. We find evidence (with similar to 3.7 sigma significance) that the scenario in which two classes of sources contribute to the UGRB signal is favored over a single class. A double power law with exponential cutoff can explain the anisotropy energy spectrum well, with photon indices of the two populations being 2.55 +/- 0.23 and 1.86 +/- 0.15.

  • 27. Ackermann, M.
    et al.
    Ajello, M.
    Baldini, L.
    Ballet, J.
    Barbiellini, G.
    Bastieri, D.
    Bellazzini, R.
    Bissaldi, E.
    Bloom, E. D.
    Bonino, R.
    Bottacini, E.
    Brandt, T. J.
    Bregeon, J.
    Bruel, P.
    Buehler, R.
    Cameron, R. A.
    Caragiulo, M.
    Caraveo, P. A.
    Castro, D.
    Cavazzuti, E.
    Cecchi, C.
    Charles, E.
    Chekhtman, A.
    Cheung, C. C.
    Chiaro, G.
    Ciprini, S.
    Cohen, J. M.
    Costantin, D.
    Costanza, F.
    Cutini, S.
    D'Ammando, F.
    de Palma, F.
    Desiante, R.
    Digel, S. W.
    Di Lalla, N.
    Di Mauro, M.
    Di Venere, L.
    Favuzzi, C.
    Fegan, S. J.
    Ferrara, E. C.
    Franckowiak, A.
    Fukazawa, Y.
    Funk, S.
    Fusco, P.
    Gargano, F.
    Gasparrini, D.
    Giglietto, N.
    Giordano, F.
    Giroletti, M.
    Green, D.
    Grenier, I. A.
    Grondin, M. -H
    Guillemot, L.
    Guiriec, S.
    Harding, A. K.
    Hays, E.
    Hewitt, J. W.
    Horan, D.
    Hou, X.
    Johannesson, G.
    Kamae, T.
    Kuss, M.
    La Mura, G.
    Larsson, Stefan
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik.
    Lemoine-Goumard, M.
    Li, J.
    Longo, F.
    Loparco, F.
    Lubrano, P.
    Magill, J. D.
    Maldera, S.
    Malyshev, D.
    Manfreda, A.
    Mazziotta, M. N.
    Michelson, P. F.
    Mitthumsiri, W.
    Mizuno, T.
    Monzani, M. E.
    Morselli, A.
    Moskalenko, I. V.
    Negro, M.
    Nuss, E.
    Ohsugi, T.
    Omodei, N.
    Orienti, M.
    Orlando, E.
    Ormes, J. F.
    Paliya, V. S.
    Paneque, D.
    Perkins, J. S.
    Persic, M.
    Pesce-Rollins, M.
    Petrosian, V.
    Piron, F.
    Porter, T. A.
    Principe, G.
    Raino, S.
    Rando, R.
    Razzano, M.
    Razzaque, S.
    Reimer, A.
    Reimer, O.
    Reposeur, T.
    Sgro, C.
    Simone, D.
    Siskind, E. J.
    Spada, F.
    Spandre, G.
    Spinelli, P.
    Suson, D. J.
    Tak, D.
    Thayer, J. B.
    Thompson, D. J.
    Torres, D. F.
    Tosti, G.
    Troja, E.
    Vianello, G.
    Wood, K. S.
    Wood, M.
    Search for Extended Sources in the Galactic Plane Using Six Years of Fermi-Large Area Telescope Pass 8 Data above 10GeV2017Inngår i: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 843, nr 2, artikkel-id 139Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The spatial extension of gamma-ray source is an essential ingredient to determine its spectral properties, as well as its potential multiwavelength counterpart. The capability to spatially resolve gamma-ray sources is greatly improved by the newly delivered Fermi-Large Area Telescope (LAT) Pass 8 event-level analysis, which provides a greater acceptance and an improved point-spread function, two crucial factors for the detection of extended sources. Here, we present a complete search for extended sources located within 7 degrees from the Galactic plane, using 6 yr of Fermi-LAT data above 10 GeV. We find 46 extended sources and provide their morphological and spectral characteristics. This constitutes the first catalog of hard Fermi-LAT extended sources, named the Fermi Galactic Extended Source Catalog, which allows a thorough study of the properties of the Galactic plane in the sub-TeV domain.

  • 28.
    Ackermann, M.
    et al.
    Deutsch Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Atwood, W. B.
    Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz Inst Particle Phys, Dept Phys, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA.;Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Dept Astron & Astrophys, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA..
    Baldini, L.
    Univ Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Ballet, J.
    Univ Paris Diderot, CEA Saclay, CEA IRFU, CNRS,Lab AIM,Serv Astrophys, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France..
    Barbiellini, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Trieste, Dipartimento Fis, I-34127 Trieste, Italy..
    Bastieri, D.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Padova, I-35131 Padua, Italy.;Univ Padua, Dipartimento Fis & Astron G Galilei, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
    Bellazzini, R.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Berenji, B.
    Calif State Univ Los Angeles, Dept Phys & Astron, Los Angeles, CA 90032 USA..
    Bissaldi, E.
    Univ & Politecn Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Blandford, R. D.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Bloom, E. D.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Bonino, R.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Univ Torino, Dipartimento Fis, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Bottacini, E.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Bregeon, J.
    Univ Montpellier, CNRS IN2P3, Lab Univers & Particules Montpellier, F-34095 Montpellier, France..
    Bruel, P.
    Ecole Polytech, CNRS, IN2P3, Lab Leprince Ringuet, F-91128 Palaiseau, France..
    Buehler, R.
    Deutsch Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Cameron, R. A.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Caputo, R.
    CRESST, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Caraveo, P. A.
    INAF Ist Astrofis Spaziale & Fis Cosm Milano, Via E Bassini 15, I-20133 Milan, Italy..
    Cavazzuti, E.
    Italian Space Agcy, Via Politecn Snc, I-00133 Rome, Italy..
    Charles, E.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Chekhtman, A.
    George Mason Univ, Coll Sci, Fairfax, VA 22030 USA.;US Navy, Res Lab, Washington, DC 20375 USA..
    Cheung, C. C.
    US Navy, Res Lab, Space Sci Div, Washington, DC 20375 USA..
    Chiaro, G.
    INAF Ist Astrofis Spaziale & Fis Cosm Milano, Via E Bassini 15, I-20133 Milan, Italy..
    Ciprini, S.
    Agenzia Spaziale Italiana, Space Sci Data CenteR, Via Politecn, I-00133 Rome, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy..
    Cohen-Tanugi, J.
    Conrad, J.
    Stockholm Univ, AlbaNova, Dept Phys, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;AlbaNova, Oskar Klein Ctr Cosmoparticle Phys, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Costantin, D.
    Univ Padua, Dipartimento Fis & Astron G Galilei, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
    D'Ammando, F.
    INAF Ist Radioastron, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.;Univ Bologna, Dipartimento Astron, I-40127 Bologna, Italy..
    de Palma, F.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Univ Telemat Pegaso, Piazza Trieste & Trento 48, I-80132 Naples, Italy..
    Digel, S. W.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Di Lalla, N.
    Univ Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Di Mauro, M.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Di Venere, L.
    Univ & Politecn Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Favuzzi, C.
    Univ & Politecn Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Fegan, S. J.
    Ecole Polytech, CNRS, IN2P3, Lab Leprince Ringuet, F-91128 Palaiseau, France..
    Focke, W. B.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Franckowiak, A.
    Deutsch Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany.;Univ & Politecn Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Fukazawa, Y.
    Hiroshima Univ, Dept Phys Sci, Higashihiroshima, Hiroshima 7398526, Japan..
    Funk, S.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, Erwin Rommel Str 1, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany..
    Fusco, P.
    Univ & Politecn Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Gargano, F.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Gasparrini, D.
    Agenzia Spaziale Italiana, Space Sci Data CenteR, Via Politecn, I-00133 Rome, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy..
    Giglietto, N.
    Univ & Politecn Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Giordano, F.
    Univ & Politecn Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Giroletti, M.
    INAF Ist Radioastron, I-40129 Bologna, Italy..
    Green, D.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA.;Univ Maryland, Dept Astron, College Pk, MD 20742 USA.;NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Grenier, I. A.
    Univ Paris Diderot, CEA Saclay, CEA IRFU, CNRS,Lab AIM,Serv Astrophys, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France..
    Guillemot, L.
    Univ Orleans, CNRS, Lab Phys & Chim Environnement & Espace, F-45071 Orleans 02, France.;INSU, Observ Paris, CNRS, Stn Radioastron Nancay, F-18330 Nancay, France..
    Guiriec, S.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;George Washington Univ, Dept Phys, 725 21st St, Washington, DC 20052 USA..
    Horan, D.
    Ecole Polytech, CNRS, IN2P3, Lab Leprince Ringuet, F-91128 Palaiseau, France..
    Johannesson, G.
    Univ Iceland, Inst Sci, IS 107, Reykjavik, Iceland.;NORDITA, Roslagstullsbacken 23, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Johnson, C.
    Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz Inst Particle Phys, Dept Phys, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA.;Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Dept Astron & Astrophys, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA.;NYCB Real Time Comp Inc, Lattingtown, NY 11560 USA.;Purdue Univ Northwest, Hammond, IN 46323 USA..
    Kensei, S.
    Hiroshima Univ, Dept Phys Sci, Higashihiroshima, Hiroshima 7398526, Japan..
    Kocevski, D.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Kuss, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Larsson, S.
    AlbaNova, Oskar Klein Ctr Cosmoparticle Phys, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;KTH Royal Inst Technol, Dept Phys, AlbaNova, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Latronico, L.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Li, J.
    Inst Space Sci CSICIEEC, Campus UAB,Carrer Magrans S-N, E-08193 Barcelona, Spain..
    Longo, F.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Trieste, Dipartimento Fis, I-34127 Trieste, Italy..
    Loparco, F.
    Univ & Politecn Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Lovellette, M. N.
    US Navy, Res Lab, Space Sci Div, Washington, DC 20375 USA..
    Lubrano, P.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy..
    Magill, J. D.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA.;Univ Maryland, Dept Astron, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Maldera, S.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Malyshev, D.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, Erwin Rommel Str 1, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany..
    Manfreda, A.
    Univ Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Mazziotta, M. N.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    McEnery, J. E.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA.;Univ Maryland, Dept Astron, College Pk, MD 20742 USA.;NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Meyer, M.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Michelson, P. F.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Mitthumsiri, W.
    Mahidol Univ, Fac Sci, Dept Phys, Bangkok 10400, Thailand..
    Mizuno, T.
    Hiroshima Univ, Hiroshima Astrophys Sci Ctr, Higashihiroshima, Hiroshima 7398526, Japan..
    Monzani, M. E.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Moretti, E.
    Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany..
    Morselli, A.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Roma Tor Vergata, I-00133 Rome, Italy..
    Moskalenko, I. V.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Negro, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Univ Torino, Dipartimento Fis, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Nuss, E.
    Univ Montpellier, CNRS IN2P3, Lab Univers & Particules Montpellier, F-34095 Montpellier, France..
    Ojha, R.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Omodei, N.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Orienti, M.
    INAF Ist Radioastron, I-40129 Bologna, Italy..
    Orlando, E.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Ormes, J. F.
    Univ Denver, Dept Phys & Astron, Denver, CO 80208 USA..
    Palatiello, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Trieste, Dipartimento Fis, I-34127 Trieste, Italy..
    Paliya, V. S.
    Clemson Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Kinard Lab Phys, Clemson, SC 29634 USA..
    Paneque, D.
    Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany..
    Persic, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Osserv Astron Trieste, Ist Nazl Astrofis, I-34143 Trieste, Italy..
    Pesce-Rollins, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Piron, F.
    Univ Montpellier, CNRS IN2P3, Lab Univers & Particules Montpellier, F-34095 Montpellier, France..
    Principe, G.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, Erwin Rommel Str 1, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany..
    Raino, S.
    Univ & Politecn Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Rando, R.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Padova, I-35131 Padua, Italy.;Univ Padua, Dipartimento Fis & Astron G Galilei, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
    Razzano, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Razzaque, S.
    Univ Johannesburg, Dept Phys, POB 524, ZA-2006 Auckland Pk, South Africa..
    Reimer, A.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Leopold Franzens Univ Innsbruck, Inst Astro & Teilchenphys, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria.;Leopold Franzens Univ Innsbruck, Inst Theoret Phys, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria..
    Reimer, O.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Leopold Franzens Univ Innsbruck, Inst Astro & Teilchenphys, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria.;Leopold Franzens Univ Innsbruck, Inst Theoret Phys, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria..
    Ritz, S.
    Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz Inst Particle Phys, Dept Phys, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA.;Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Dept Astron & Astrophys, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA..
    Sanchez-Conde, M.
    Univ Autonoma Madrid, Inst Fis Teor, CSIC, E-28049 Madrid, Spain.;Univ Autonoma Madrid, Dept Fis Teor, E-28049 Madrid, Spain..
    Sgro, C.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Siskind, E. J.
    NYCB Real Time Comp Inc, Lattingtown, NY 11560 USA..
    Spada, F.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Spandre, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Spinelli, P.
    Univ & Politecn Bari, Dipartimento Fis M Merlin, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Suson, D. J.
    Purdue Univ Northwest, Hammond, IN 46323 USA..
    Tajima, H.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Nagoya Univ, Solar Terr Environm Lab, Nagoya, Aichi 4648601, Japan..
    Thayer, J. G.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Thayer, J. B.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Torres, D. F.
    Inst Space Sci CSICIEEC, Campus UAB,Carrer Magrans S-N, E-08193 Barcelona, Spain.;ICREA, E-08010 Barcelona, Spain..
    Tosti, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy.;Univ Perugia, Dipartimento Fis, I-06123 Perugia, Italy..
    Troja, E.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA.;Univ Maryland, Dept Astron, College Pk, MD 20742 USA.;NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;NYCB Real Time Comp Inc, Lattingtown, NY 11560 USA..
    Valverde, J.
    Ecole Polytech, CNRS, IN2P3, Lab Leprince Ringuet, F-91128 Palaiseau, France..
    Vianello, G.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Wood, K.
    Praxis Inc, Alexandria, VA 22303 USA.;US Navy, Res Lab, Washington, DC 20375 USA..
    Wood, M.
    Stanford Univ, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Zaharijas, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Nova Gorica, Ctr Astrophys & Cosmol, Nova Gorica, Slovenia..
    Search for Gamma-Ray Emission from Local Primordial Black Holes with the Fermi Large Area Telescope2018Inngår i: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 857, nr 1, artikkel-id 49Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Black holes with masses below approximately 10(15) g are expected to emit gamma-rays with energies above a few tens of MeV, which can be detected by the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT). Although black holes with these masses cannot be formed as a result of stellar evolution, they may have formed in the early universe and are therefore called primordial black holes (PBHs). Previous searches for PBHs have focused on either short-timescale bursts or the contribution of PBHs to the isotropic gamma-ray emission. We show that, in cases of individual PBHs, the Fermi-LAT is most sensitive to PBHs with temperatures above approximately 16 GeV and masses 6 x 10(11) g, which it can detect out to a distance of about 0.03 pc. These PBHs have a remaining lifetime of months to years at the start of the Fermi mission. They would appear as potentially moving point sources with gamma-ray emission that become spectrally harder and brighter with time until the PBH completely evaporates. In this paper, we develop a new algorithm to detect the proper motion of gamma-ray point sources, and apply it to 318 unassociated point sources at a high galactic latitude in the third Fermi-LAT source catalog. None of the unassociated point sources with spectra consistent with PBH evaporation show significant proper motion. Using the nondetection of PBH candidates, we derive a 99% confidence limit on the PBH evaporation rate in the vicinity of Earth, <(rho)over dot>(PBH) < 7.2 x 10(3) pc(-3) yr(-1). This limit is similar to the limits obtained with ground-based gamma-ray observatories.

  • 29. Adrian, K.
    et al.
    Chocron, P.
    Confalonieri, R.
    Ferrer, X.
    Giraldez-Cru, J.
    KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Teoretisk datalogi, TCS.
    Link prediction in evolutionary graphs the case study of the CCIA network2016Inngår i: 19th International Conference of the Catalan Association for Artificial Intelligence, CCIA 2016, IOS Press, 2016, s. 187-196Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Studying the prediction of new links in evolutionary networks is a captivating question that has received the interest of different disciplines. Link prediction allows to extract missing information and evaluate network dynamics. Some algorithms that tackle this problem with good performances are based on the sociability index, a measure of node interactions over time. In this paper, we present a case study of this predictor in the evolutionary graph that represents the CCIA co-authorship network from 2005 to 2015. Moreover, we present a generalized version of this sociability index, that takes into account the time in which such interactions occur. We show that this new index outperforms existing predictors. Finally, we use it in order to predict new co-authorships for CCIA 2016.

  • 30.
    Afzal, Muhammad
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik.
    Xia, Chen
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik.
    Zhu, Bin
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik, Kraft- och värmeteknologi. Hubei University, China.
    Lanthanum-doped Calcium Manganite (La0.1Ca0.9MnO3) Cathode for Advanced Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC)2016Inngår i: MATERIALS TODAY-PROCEEDINGS, ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV , 2016, Vol. 3, nr 8, s. 2698-2706Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We present here a new perovskite oxide with low lanthanum content doped in calcium manganite, La0.1Ca0.9MnO3 (LCM) as a functional material for low temperature solid oxide fuel cell (LTSOFC) and electrolyte-layer free fuel cell (EFFC). The LCM introduces an intrinsic mixed-ion and electron conduction. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) analysis shows high oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity with an extremely low activation energy which enables an excellent cathode activity. Fuel cells using LCM as cathode with oxide ion conducting electrolyte samarium doped ceria (SDC) and NCAL as an anode, demonstrate a maximum power density of 650 mW cm(-2) at 550 degrees C, which is higher than most of the cathode materials reported for SOFC at this temperature. For EFFC, maximum power density of 750 mW cm(-2) is achieved using LCM as a semiconductor material with SDC ion conducting material. The present work highlights the development of new active air electrode especially for developing low temperature solid oxide fuel cells.

  • 31.
    Aghaali, H.
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Förbränningsmotorteknik.
    Ångström, H. -E
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Förbränningsmotorteknik.
    Improving turbocharged engine simulation by including heat transfer in the turbocharger2012Inngår i: SAE technical paper series, ISSN 0148-7191Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Engine simulation based on one-dimensional gas dynamics is well suited for integration of all aspects arising in engine and powertrain developments. Commonly used turbocharger performance maps in engine simulation are measured in non-pulsating flow and without taking into account the heat transfer. Since on-engine turbochargers are exposed to pulsating flow and varying heat transfer situations, the maps in the engine simulation, i.e. GT-POWER, have to be shifted and corrected which are usually done by mass and efficiency multipliers for both turbine and compressor. The multipliers change the maps and are often different for every load point. Particularly, the efficiency multiplier is different for every heat transfer situation on the turbocharger. The aim of this paper is to include the heat transfer of the turbocharger in the engine simulation and consequently to reduce the use of efficiency multiplier for both the turbine and compressor. A set of experiment has been designed and performed on a water-oil-cooled turbocharger, which was installed on a 2 liter GDI engine with variable valve timing, for different load points of the engine and different conditions of heat transfer in the turbocharger. The experiments were the base to simulate heat transfer on the turbocharger, by adding a heat sink before the turbine and a heat source after the compressor. The efficiency multiplier of the turbine cannot compensate for all heat transfer in the turbine, so it is needed to put out heat from the turbine in addition to the using of efficiency multiplier. Results of this study show that including heat transfer of turbocharger in engine simulation enables to decrease the use of turbine efficiency multiplier and eliminate the use of compressor efficiency multiplier to correctly calculate the measured gas temperatures after turbine and compressor. 

  • 32.
    Ahl, Amanda
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik.
    Eklund, Johanna
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik.
    Lundqvist, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik.
    Yarime, M.
    Balancing formal and informal success factors perceived by supply chain stakeholders: A study of woody biomass energy systems in Japan2018Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 175, s. 50-59Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Small-scale woody biomass energy systems have an inherent ability to aid in emissions reduction while stimulating local economies and, as collective energy systems, are strongly connected to supply chain design based on local conditions and stakeholder integration. Despite an abundance of forest area alongside the promotion of biomass in energy policies, however, woody biomass utilization still remains low in Japan. The woody biomass supply chain, considered as a socio-technical system, involves a complex, cross-sectoral stakeholder network in which inter-organizational dynamics necessitates well-organized management based on an understanding of formal factors such as technology, as well as informal factors such as social relations and culture. In this paper, success factor perceptions from across the woody biomass supply chain are investigated based on semi-structured interviews with four stakeholders in the Kyushu region of Japan. Identified success factors here are: 1) respect of values & traditions, 2) transportation infrastructure, 3) business model integration, 4) relationship & trust, 5) local vitalization and 6) biomass quality control. A convergence as well as divergence of perceptions are observed, involving both formal and informal dimensions. Aiming to balance perceptions and to enable long-term success of woody biomass in Japan, a series of policy implications are drawn, including cross-ministerial integration, knowledge building on wood logistics, forest certification, local coordinators, biomass quality control standards and a feed-in-tariff for heat. This paper suggests a new arena of policy-making based on the importance of considering both informal and formal dimensions in energy policy.

  • 33.
    Ahmadi, Mazaher
    et al.
    Bu Ali Sina Univ, Fac Chem, Hamadan, Iran..
    Moein, Mohammad Mahdi
    Karolinska Inst, Ctr Psychiat Res, Dept Clin Neurosci, SE-17176 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Cty Council, SE-17176 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Madrakian, Tayyebeh
    Bu Ali Sina Univ, Fac Chem, Hamadan, Iran..
    Afkhami, Abbas
    Bu Ali Sina Univ, Fac Chem, Hamadan, Iran..
    Bahar, Soleiman
    Univ Kurdistan, Fac Sci, Dept Chem, Sanandaj, Iran..
    Abdel-Rehim, Mohamed
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Tillämpad fysik, Material- och nanofysik. Karolinska Inst, Ctr Psychiat Res, Dept Clin Neurosci, SE-17176 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Cty Council, SE-17176 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Reduced graphene oxide as an efficient sorbent in microextraction by packed sorbent: Determination of local anesthetics in human plasma and saliva samples utilizing liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry2018Inngår i: Journal of chromatography. B, ISSN 1570-0232, E-ISSN 1873-376X, Vol. 1095, s. 177-182Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Herein, reduced graphene oxide (RGO) has been utilized as an efficient sorbent in microextraction by packed sorbent (MEPS). The combination of MEPS and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry has been used to develop a method for the extraction and determination of three local anesthetics (i.e. lidocaine, prilocaine, and ropivacaine) in human plasma and saliva samples. The results showed that the utilization of RGO in MEPS could minimize the matrix effect so that no interfering peaks at the retention times of the analytes or internal standard was observed. The high extraction efficiency of this method was approved by mean recoveries of 97.26-106.83% and 95.21-105.83% for the studied analytes in plasma and saliva samples, respectively. Intra- and inter-day accuracies and precisions for all analytes were in good accordance with the international regulations. The accuracy values (as percentage deviation from the nominal value) of the quality control samples were between - 2.1 to 13.9 for lidocaine, - 4.2 to 11.0 for prilocaine and between - 4.5 to - 2.4 for ropivacaine in plasma samples while the values were ranged from - 4.6 to 1.6 for lidocaine, from - 4.2 to 15.5 for prilocaine and from - 3.3 to - 2.3 for ropivacaine in human saliva samples. Lower and upper limit of quantification (LLOQ, ULOQ) were set at 5 and 2000 nmol L-1 for all of the studied drugs. The correlation coefficients values were >= 0.995. The limit of detection values were obtained 4 nmol L-1 for lidocaine and prilocaine, and 2 nmol L-1 for ropivacaine.

  • 34. Ahmed, Engy
    et al.
    Hugerth, Luisa W.
    KTH, Skolan för bioteknologi (BIO), Genteknologi. KTH, Centra, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Logue, Jürg Brendan
    KTH, Skolan för bioteknologi (BIO), Genteknologi. KTH, Centra, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Bruchert, Volker
    Andersson, Anders F.
    KTH, Skolan för bioteknologi (BIO), Genteknologi. KTH, Centra, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Holmström, Sara J. M.
    Mineral Type Structures Soil Microbial Communities2017Inngår i: Geomicrobiology Journal, ISSN 0149-0451, E-ISSN 1521-0529, Vol. 34, nr 6, s. 538-545Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Soil microorganisms living in close contact with minerals play key roles in the biogeochemical cycling of elements, soil formation, and plant nutrition. Yet, the composition of microbial communities inhabiting the mineralosphere (i.e., the soil surrounding minerals) is poorly understood. Here, we explored the composition of soil microbial communities associated with different types of minerals in various soil horizons. To this effect, a field experiment was set up in which mineral specimens of apatite, biotite, and oligoclase were buried in the organic, eluvial, and upper illuvial horizons of a podzol soil. After an incubation period of two years, the soil attached to the mineral surfaces was collected, and microbial communities were analyzed by means of Illumina MiSeq sequencing of the 16S (prokaryotic) and 18S (eukaryotic) ribosomal RNA genes. We found that both composition and diversity of bacterial, archaeal, and fungal communities varied across the different mineral surfaces, and that mineral type had a greater influence on structuring microbial assemblages than soil horizon. Thus, our findings emphasize the importance of mineral surfaces as ecological niches in soils.

  • 35.
    Ahmed, Furqan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Kommunikationssystem, CoS.
    Alfredo Dowhuszko, Alexis
    Tirkkonen, Olav
    Self-Organizing Algorithms for Interference Coordination in Small Cell Networks2017Inngår i: IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, ISSN 0018-9545, E-ISSN 1939-9359, Vol. 66, nr 9, s. 8333-8346Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses novel joint (intracell and intercell) resource allocation algorithms for self-organized interference coordination in multicarrier multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) small cell networks. The proposed algorithms enable interference coordination autonomously, over multiple degrees of freedom, such as base station transmit powers, transmit precoders, and user scheduling weights. A generic a-fair utility maximization framework is considered to analyze performance-fairness tradeoff and to quantify the gains achievable in interference-limited networks. The proposed scheme involves limited inter-base station signaling in the form of two step (power and precoder) pricing. Based on this decentralized coordination, autonomous power and precoder update decision rules are considered, leading to algorithms with different characteristics in terms of user data rates, signaling load, and convergence speed. Simulation results in a practical setting show that the proposed pricing-based self-organization can achieve up to 100% improvement in cell-edge data rates when compared to baseline optimization strategies. Furthermore, the convergence of the proposed algorithms is also proved theoretically.

  • 36. Ahnen, Max L.
    et al.
    Larsson, Stefan
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik. Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmoparticle Physics, AlbaNova, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Li, Liang
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik. Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmoparticle Physics, AlbaNova, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Zottmann, N.
    et al.,
    VERY HIGH ENERGY γ-RAYS from the UNIVERSE'S MIDDLE AGEMAGIC: DETECTION of the z = 0.940 BLAZAR PKS 1441+25 with MAGIC2015Inngår i: Astrophysical Journal Letters, ISSN 2041-8205, E-ISSN 2041-8213, Vol. 815, nr 2, artikkel-id L23Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The flat-spectrum radio quasar PKS 1441+25 at a redshift of z = 0.940 is detected between 40 and 250 GeV with a significance of 25.5σ using the MAGIC telescopes. Together with the gravitationally lensed blazar QSO B0218+357 (z = 0.944), PKS 1441+25 is the most distant very high energy (VHE) blazar detected to date. The observations were triggered by an outburst in 2015 April seen at GeV energies with the Large Area Telescope on board Fermi. Multi-wavelength observations suggest a subdivision of the high state into two distinct flux states. In the band covered by MAGIC, the variability timescale is estimated to be 6.4 ±1.9 days. Modeling the broadband spectral energy distribution with an external Compton model, the location of the emitting region is understood as originating in the jet outside the broad-line region (BLR) during the period of high activity, while being partially within the BLR during the period of low (typical) activity. The observed VHE spectrum during the highest activity is used to probe the extragalactic background light at an unprecedented distance scale for ground-based gamma-ray astronomy.

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    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Univ Torino, Dipartimento Fis, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Dept Astron & Astrophys, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA..
    Axelsson, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik. Tokyo Metropolitan Univ, Dept Phys, Minami Osawa 1-1, Hachioji, Tokyo 1920397, Japan..
    Baldini, L.
    Univ Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Barbiellini, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Trieste, Dipartimento Fis, I-34127 Trieste, Italy..
    Baring, M. G.
    Rice Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, MS 108,POB 1892, Houston, TX 77251 USA..
    Bastieri, D.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Padova, I-35131 Padua, Italy.;Univ Padua, Dipartimento Fis Astron G Galilei, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
    Bellazzini, R.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Berenji, B.
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Phys & Astron, Los Angeles, CA 90032 USA..
    Bissaldi, E.
    M Merlin Universita, Dipartimento Fis, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Blandford, R. D.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Bloom, E. D.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
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    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Univ Torino, Dipartimento Fis, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
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    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
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    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
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    Univ Montpellier, Lab Univers & Particules Montpellier, CNRS IN2P3, F-34095 Montpellier, France..
    Bruel, P.
    CNRS IN2P3, Lab Leprince Ringuet, Ecole Polytech, F-91128 Palaiseau, France..
    Buehler, R.
    Deutsch Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
    Burnett, T. H.
    Univ Washington, Dept Phys, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Buson, S.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Cameron, R. A.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Caputo, R.
    CRESST, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
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    INAF, Ist Astrofis Spaziale & Fis Cosm Milano, Via E Bassini 15, I-20133 Milan, Italy..
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    Univ Paris Diderot, Laboratoire AIM, CEA IRFU, CNRS,Serv Astrophys,CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France..
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    Italian Space Agcy, Via Politecn Snc, I-00133 Rome, Italy..
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    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;George Mason Univ, Coll Sci, Fairfax, VA 22030 USA.;Naval Res Lab, Washington, DC 20375 USA..
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    Naval Res Lab, Space Sci Div, Washington, DC 20375 USA..
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    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
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    INAF, Ist Astrofis Spaziale & Fis Cosm Milano, Via E Bassini 15, I-20133 Milan, Italy..
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    Space Sci Data Ctr Agenzia Spaziale Italiana, Via Politecnico,Snc, I-00133 Rome, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy..
    Cohen-Tanugi, J.
    Univ Montpellier, Lab Univers & Particules Montpellier, CNRS IN2P3, F-34095 Montpellier, France..
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    Sonoma State Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Rohnert Pk, CA 94928 USA..
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    Univ Padua, Dipartimento Fis Astron G Galilei, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
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    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Theoret Particle Phys & Cosmol TTK, D-52056 Aachen, Germany..
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    Space Sci Data Ctr Agenzia Spaziale Italiana, Via Politecnico,Snc, I-00133 Rome, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy..
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    INAF, Ist Radioastron, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.;Univ Bologna, Dipartimento Astron, I-40127 Bologna, Italy..
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    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Univ Telemat Pegaso, Piazza Trieste & Trento,48, I-80132 Naples, Italy..
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    Univ Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
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    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Di Venere, L.
    M Merlin Universita, Dipartimento Fis, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
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    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
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    Univ Bordeaux 1, Ctr Etud Nucl Bordeaux Gradignan, IN2P3 CNRS, BP120, F-33175 Gradignan, France..
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    M Merlin Universita, Dipartimento Fis, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
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    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
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    Deutsch Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany..
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    Hiroshima Univ, Dept Phys Sci, Higashihiroshima, Hiroshima 7398526, Japan..
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    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, Erwin Rommel Str 1, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany..
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    M Merlin Universita, Dipartimento Fis, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
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    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
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    Space Sci Data Ctr Agenzia Spaziale Italiana, Via Politecnico,Snc, I-00133 Rome, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy..
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    M Merlin Universita, Dipartimento Fis, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Gill, R.
    Open Univ Israel, Dept Nat Sci, 1 Univ Rd,POB 808, IL-43537 Raanana, Israel..
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    M Merlin Universita, Dipartimento Fis, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
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    INAF, Ist Radioastron, I-40129 Bologna, Italy..
    Glanzman, T.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
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    Open Univ Israel, Dept Nat Sci, 1 Univ Rd,POB 808, IL-43537 Raanana, Israel..
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    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA.;Univ Maryland, Dept Astron, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
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    Univ Paris Diderot, Laboratoire AIM, CEA IRFU, CNRS,Serv Astrophys,CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France..
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    Univ Orleans, Lab Phys & Chim Environm & Espace, CNRS, F-45071 Orleans 02, France.;CNRS INSU, Stn Radioastron Nancay, Observ Paris, F-18330 Nancay, France..
    Guiriec, S.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;George Washington Univ, Dept Phys, 725 21st St NW, Washington, DC 20052 USA..
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    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
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    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
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    CNRS IN2P3, Lab Leprince Ringuet, Ecole Polytech, F-91128 Palaiseau, France..
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    Hiroshima Univ, Dept Phys Sci, Higashihiroshima, Hiroshima 7398526, Japan..
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    Univ Iceland, Sci Inst, IS-107 Reykjavik, Iceland.;NORDITA, Roslagstullsbacken 23, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
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    Univ Tokyo, Dept Phys, Grad Sch Sci, Bunkyo Ku, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 1130033, Japan..
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    Hiroshima Univ, Dept Phys Sci, Higashihiroshima, Hiroshima 7398526, Japan..
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    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
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    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
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    Univ Padua, Dipartimento Fis Astron G Galilei, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
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    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik.
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    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
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    Inst Space Sci CSICIEEC, Campus UAB,Carrer Magrans S-N, E-08193 Barcelona, Spain..
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    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Trieste, Dipartimento Fis, I-34127 Trieste, Italy..
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    M Merlin Universita, Dipartimento Fis, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
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    Naval Res Lab, Space Sci Div, Washington, DC 20375 USA..
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    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy..
    Magill, J. D.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA.;Univ Maryland, Dept Astron, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
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    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
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    Univ Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
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    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Michelson, P. F.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Mizuno, T.
    Hiroshima Univ, Hiroshima Astrophys Sci Ctr, Higashihiroshima, Hiroshima 7398526, Japan..
    Moiseev, A. A.
    CRESST, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA.;Univ Maryland, Dept Astron, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Monzani, M. E.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
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    Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany..
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    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Roma Tor Vergata, I-00133 Rome, Italy..
    Moskalenko, I. V.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Negro, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Univ Torino, Dipartimento Fis, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Nuss, E.
    Univ Montpellier, Lab Univers & Particules Montpellier, CNRS IN2P3, F-34095 Montpellier, France..
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    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
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    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
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    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
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    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Univ Denver, Dept Phys & Astron, Denver, CO 80208 USA..
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    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Trieste, Dipartimento Fis, I-34127 Trieste, Italy..
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    Clemson Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Kinard Lab Phys, Clemson, SC 29634 USA..
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    Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany..
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    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Ist Nazl Astrofis, Osservatorio Astron Trieste, I-34143 Trieste, Italy..
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    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Petrosian, V.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
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    Univ Montpellier, Lab Univers & Particules Montpellier, CNRS IN2P3, F-34095 Montpellier, France..
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    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Principe, G.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, Erwin Rommel Str 1, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany..
    Racusin, J. L.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Raino, S.
    M Merlin Universita, Dipartimento Fis, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
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    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Padova, I-35131 Padua, Italy.;Univ Padua, Dipartimento Fis Astron G Galilei, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
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    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Razzaque, S.
    Univ Johannesburg, Dept Phys, POB 524, ZA-2006 Auckland Pk, South Africa..
    Reimer, A.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Leopold Franzens Univ Innsbruck, Inst Astro & Teilchenphys, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria.;Leopold Franzens Univ Innsbruck, Inst Theoret Phys, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria..
    Reimer, O.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Leopold Franzens Univ Innsbruck, Inst Astro & Teilchenphys, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria.;Leopold Franzens Univ Innsbruck, Inst Theoret Phys, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria..
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    Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz Inst Particle Phys, Dept Phys, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA.;Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Dept Astron & Astrophys, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA..
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    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Ryde, Felix
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik.
    Parkinson, P. M. Saz
    Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz Inst Particle Phys, Dept Phys, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA.;Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Dept Astron & Astrophys, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA.;Univ Hong Kong, Dept Phys, Pokfulam Rd, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China.;Univ Hong Kong, Lab Space Res, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China..
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    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Siskind, E. J.
    NYCB Real Time Comp Inc, Lattingtown, NY 11560 USA..
    Spada, F.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Spandre, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy..
    Spinelli, P.
    M Merlin Universita, Dipartimento Fis, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Politecn Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy..
    Suson, D. J.
    Purdue Univ Northwset, Hammond, IN 46323 USA..
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    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Nagoya Univ, Solar Terr Environm Lab, Nagoya, Aichi 4648601, Japan..
    Takahashi, M.
    Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany..
    Tak, D.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA.;Univ Maryland, Dept Astron, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
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    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
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    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
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    Inst Space Sci CSICIEEC, Campus UAB,Carrer Magrans S-N, E-08193 Barcelona, Spain.;ICREA, E-08010 Barcelona, Spain..
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    INAF, Ist Astrofis Spaziale & Fis Cosm Bologna, Via P Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna, Italy..
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    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy.;Univ Perugia, Dipartimento Fis, I-06123 Perugia, Italy..
    Troja, E.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA.;Univ Maryland, Dept Astron, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Valverde, J.
    CNRS IN2P3, Lab Leprince Ringuet, Ecole Polytech, F-91128 Palaiseau, France..
    Venters, T. M.
    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Vianello, G.
    Stanford Univ, WW Hansen Expt Phys Lab, Kavli Inst Particle Astrophys & Cosmol, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Wood, K.
    Naval Res Lab, Washington, DC 20375 USA.;Praxis Inc, Alexandria, VA 22303 USA..
    Yang, C.
    Hiroshima Univ, Dept Phys Sci, Higashihiroshima, Hiroshima 7398526, Japan..
    Zaharijas, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;Univ Nova Gor, Ctr Astrophys & Cosmol, Nova Gorica, Slovenia..
    Fermi-LAT Observations of LIGO/Virgo Event GW1708172018Inngår i: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 861, nr 2, artikkel-id 88Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We present the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) observations of the binary neutron star merger event GW170817 and the associated short gamma-ray burst (SGRB) GRB 170817A detected by the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor. The LAT was entering the South Atlantic Anomaly at the time of the LIGO/Virgo trigger (t(GW)) and therefore cannot place constraints on the existence of high-energy (E > 100 MeV) emission associated with the moment of binary coalescence. We focus instead on constraining high-energy emission on longer timescales. No candidate electromagnetic counterpart was detected by the LAT on timescales of minutes, hours, or days after the LIGO/Virgo detection. The resulting flux upper bound (at 95% C. L.) from the LAT is 4.5. x. 10(-10) erg cm(-2) s(-1) in the 0.1-1 GeV range covering a period from tGW. +. 1153 s to t(GW). +. 2027 s. At the distance of GRB 170817A, this flux upper bound corresponds to a luminosity upper bound of 9.7. x. 10(43) erg s(-1), which is five orders of magnitude less luminous than the only other LAT SGRB with known redshift, GRB 090510. We also discuss the prospects for LAT detection of electromagnetic counterparts to future gravitational-wave events from Advanced LIGO/Virgo in the context of GW170817/GRB 170817A.

  • 38.
    Akhtar, Faiza
    et al.
    UET, ACTSENA Res Grp, Taxila 47050, Pakistan..
    Naqvi, Syeda Iffat
    UET, ACTSENA Res Grp, Taxila 47050, Pakistan..
    Arshad, Farzana
    UET, ACTSENA Res Grp, Taxila 47050, Pakistan..
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. UET, ACTSENA Res Grp, Taxila 47050, Pakistan.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. Univ Turku, TUCS, FIN-20520 Turku, Finland..
    A Flexible and Compact Semicircular Antenna for Multiple Wireless Communication Applications2018Inngår i: Radioengineering, ISSN 1210-2512, E-ISSN 1805-9600, Vol. 27, nr 3, s. 671-678Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This work presents a compact, quad-band planar antenna intended for assimilation into flexible and conformal devices. The CPW-fed semicircular shaped prototype with rake-shaped slots is designed, realized and characterized experimentally. The frequency bands covered by the proposed radiator are centered at 2.5, 3.7, 5.5 and 8 GHz with measured impedance bandwidths of 16%, 13.5%, 11.8% and 14.63%, respectively. The proposed antenna is thus enabled to support WLAN, ISM, Bluetooth, WiMAX LTE and X-band applications. The antenna exhibits a significant gain. The radiation characteristics of the proposed radiator are measured in concave and convex bent shapes at various radii to analyze its flexibility. Performance of the antenna remains almost unaffected in the bent situation. Measurements demonstrate good coherence with simulations. The compactness and good performance of the design both in bent and unbent conditions proves it to be the better contender for future multiband conformal wireless applications.

  • 39.
    Alam, Assad
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik.
    Asplund, Fredrik
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Mekatronik.
    Behere, Sagar
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Mekatronik.
    Björk, Mattias
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Mekatronik.
    Garcia Alonso, Liliana
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Mekatronik.
    Khaksari, Farzad
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Signalbehandling.
    Khan, Altamash
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Signalbehandling.
    Kjellberg, Joakim
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik.
    Liang, Kuo-Yun
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik.
    Lyberger, Rickard
    Scania CV AB.
    Mårtensson, Jonas
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Nilsson, John-Olof
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Signalbehandling.
    Pettersson, Henrik
    Scania CV AB.
    Pettersson, Simon
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Mekatronik.
    Stålklinga, Elin
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik.
    Sundman, Dennis
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Signalbehandling.
    Zachariah, Dave
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Signalbehandling.
    Cooperative driving according to Scoop2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    KTH Royal Institute of Technology and Scania are entering the GCDC 2011 under the name Scoop –Stockholm Cooperative Driving. This paper is an introduction to their team and to the technical approach theyare using in their prototype system for GCDC 2011.

  • 40.
    Alcusa-Saez, E. P.
    et al.
    ICMUV, Dept Fis Aplicada & Electromagnetismo, Dr Moliner 50, Burjassot 46100, Spain..
    Diez, A.
    ICMUV, Dept Fis Aplicada & Electromagnetismo, Dr Moliner 50, Burjassot 46100, Spain..
    Margulis, W.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Tillämpad fysik. Acreo AB, Dept Fiber Photon, Elect 236, S-16440 Kista, Sweden..
    Norin, L.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Tillämpad fysik. Acreo AB, Dept Fiber Photon, Elect 236, S-16440 Kista, Sweden..
    Andres, M. V.
    ICMUV, Dept Fis Aplicada & Electromagnetismo, Dr Moliner 50, Burjassot 46100, Spain..
    Acousto-optic interaction in polyimide coated optical fibers2017Inngår i: 2017 CONFERENCE ON LASERS AND ELECTRO-OPTICS EUROPE & EUROPEAN QUANTUM ELECTRONICS CONFERENCE (CLEO/EUROPE-EQEC), IEEE , 2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 41.
    Ali, Amjad
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Materialvetenskap. COMSATS Inst Informat Technol, Dept Phys, Lahore 54000, Pakistan.;Univ Okara, Dept Phys, Okara 56300, Pakistan.
    Raza, Rizwan
    COMSATS Inst Informat Technol, Dept Phys, Lahore 54000, Pakistan.;Royal Inst Technol KTH, Dept Energy Technol, S-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Khalil, R. M. Arif
    Bahauddin Zakariya Univ, Dept Phys, Multan 60800, Pakistan..
    Ahmad, M. Ashfaq
    COMSATS Inst Informat Technol, Dept Phys, Lahore 54000, Pakistan..
    Rafique, Asia
    COMSATS Inst Informat Technol, Dept Phys, Lahore 54000, Pakistan..
    Ullah, M. Kaleem
    COMSATS Inst Informat Technol, Dept Phys, Lahore 54000, Pakistan..
    Rehman, Amin Ur
    Lahore Univ, Dept Phys, Lahore 54000, Pakistan..
    Mushtaq, M. Naveed
    COMSATS Inst Informat Technol, Dept Phys, Lahore 54000, Pakistan..
    Belova, Lyubov
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Materialvetenskap.
    A potential electrolyte (Ce1-x CaxO2-delta) for fuel cells:Theoretical andexperimental study2018Inngår i: Ceramics International, ISSN 0272-8842, E-ISSN 1873-3956, Vol. 44, nr 11, s. 12676-12683Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    First-principles calculations are performed using density function theory to explore the effects of dopant Ca in ceria (Ce1-x CaxO2-delta). The impact of oxygen vacancy on band gap and density of states is examined in doped ceria using generalized gradient approximations. Vacancy association and vacancy formation energies of the doped ceria are calculated to reveal the effect of dopant on ion conduction. The experimental study of the sample Ce0.875Ca0.125O2-delta) was performed to compare with the theoretical results. The obtained results from theoretical calculation and experimental techniques show that oxygen vacancy increases the volume, lattice constant (5.47315 angstrom) but decrease the band gap (1.72 eV) and bulk modulus. The dopant radius (1.173 angstrom) and lattice constant (5.4718 angstrom) are also calculated by equations which is close to the DFT lattice parameter. The result shows that oxygen vacancy shifts the density of states to lower energy region. Band gap is decreased due to shifting of valence states to conduction band. Vacancy formation shows a significance increase in density of states near the Fermi level. Density of states at Fermi level is proportional to the conductivity, so an increase in density of states near the Fermi level increases the conductivity. The experimental measured ionic conductivity is found to 0.095 S cm(-1) at 600 degrees C. The microstructural studies is also reported in this work.

  • 42.
    Aljure, Mauricio
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS).
    Becerra Garcia, Marley
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Elektroteknisk teori och konstruktion. ABB Corp Res, Vasteras, Sweden..
    Karlsson, Mattias E.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH).
    On the injection and generation of charge carriers in mineral oil under high electric fields2019Inngår i: JOURNAL OF PHYSICS COMMUNICATIONS, ISSN 2399-6528, Vol. 3, nr 3, artikkel-id UNSP 035019Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Charge injection and generation mechanisms under intense electric fields (up to 10(9)Vm(-1)) in mineral oil are assessed experimentally and numerically. For this, current-voltage characteristics under positive and negative polarities are measured in a needle-plane configuration using sharp needles (with tip radius R-tip <= 1.1 mu m). In addition, a state of the art electro-hydrodynamic (EHD) model is implemented to calculate the contribution of the different mechanisms on the high-field conduction currents in the liquid. In order to evaluate exclusively the contribution of field emission, experiments are also performed in vacuum. It is found that neither field emission nor field ionisation can explain the conduction currents measured in mineral oil. It is proposed that field molecular ionisation, as described by Zener tunnelling model for solids, and electron impact ionisation are the processes dominating the generation of excess electron-ion pairs in mineral oil under positive and negative polarity, respectively. It is also shown that Zener molecular ionisation alone grossly overestimates the measured currents when parameters previously suggested in the literature for mineral oil are used. Preliminary model parameters for these mechanisms that best fit the conduction currents measured in mineral oil are presented and discussed.

  • 43.
    Al-Khalili Szigyarto, Cristina
    et al.
    KTH, Tidigare Institutioner (före 2005), Bioteknologi.
    Persson, A.
    KTH.
    Berglund, L.
    KTH.
    Tourle, S.
    KTH. Royal Inst Technol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ekstrom, M.
    KTH.
    Lindskog, M.
    KTH.
    Uhlén, Mathias
    KTH, Tidigare Institutioner (före 2005), Bioteknologi.
    High throughput approach for bioinformatic design and cloning of protein epitope sequence tags suitable for antibody generation2005Inngår i: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics, ISSN 1535-9476, E-ISSN 1535-9484, Vol. 4, nr 8, s. S60-S60Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 44.
    Almeida, Diogo
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Robotik, perception och lärande, RPL. KTH.
    Ambrus, Rares
    KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Datorseende och robotik, CVAP.
    Caccamo, Sergio
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Robotik, perception och lärande, RPL.
    Chen, Xi
    KTH.
    Cruciani, Silvia
    Pinto Basto De Carvalho, Joao F
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Robotik, perception och lärande, RPL.
    Haustein, Joshua
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Robotik, perception och lärande, RPL.
    Marzinotto, Alejandro
    KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Datorseende och robotik, CVAP.
    Vina, Francisco
    KTH.
    Karayiannidis, Yannis
    KTH.
    Ögren, Petter
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Optimeringslära och systemteori.
    Jensfelt, Patric
    KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Robotik, perception och lärande, RPL.
    Kragic, Danica
    KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Robotik, perception och lärande, RPL.
    Team KTH’s Picking Solution for the Amazon Picking Challenge 20162017Inngår i: Warehouse Picking Automation Workshop 2017: Solutions, Experience, Learnings and Outlook of the Amazon Robotics Challenge, 2017Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    In this work we summarize the solution developed by Team KTH for the Amazon Picking Challenge 2016 in Leipzig, Germany. The competition simulated a warehouse automation scenario and it was divided in two tasks: a picking task where a robot picks items from a shelf and places them in a tote and a stowing task which is the inverse task where the robot picks items from a tote and places them in a shelf. We describe our approach to the problem starting from a high level overview of our system and later delving into details of our perception pipeline and our strategy for manipulation and grasping. The solution was implemented using a Baxter robot equipped with additional sensors.

  • 45.
    Almqvist, Andreas
    KTH.
    Ways Into the Design Space of Butterflies in the Stomach2019Inngår i: CHI EA '19 EXTENDED ABSTRACTS: EXTENDED ABSTRACTS OF THE 2019 CHI CONFERENCE ON HUMAN FACTORS IN COMPUTING SYSTEMS, ASSOC COMPUTING MACHINERY , 2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This work presents ways into a design space of butterflies in the stomach; a qualia of belly tingling sensation possible of pleasure, discomfort and presence heightening. Three design instances are presented. From and within those are three conceptual directions drawn and exemplified. Conditional availability involves tuning the availability of an interaction to certain geographic locations, environmental conditions and time-of-day in strive for particular aesthetics. Erratic and dubious presence is about making interactions unpredictable and/or feeding a doubt whether the user is engaged in an interaction or not, in strive for confusion and startle. Sensorial evidence of interaction is a way of thinking about narratives within an interaction through elements of planning, exploration and suddenness in strive for experiential qualities like anticipation, surprise, and fascination of discovery. My felt experiences of a two-day camping trip were used as a design resource. Reflections of these experiences were used in the design and concept development through visualizations, textual narratives, technical implementation detailing, and thematic analysis. This work is a provocative step expanding on what human-computer interaction can be in the outdoors.

  • 46.
    Amer, Wadi
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Byggvetenskap, Bro- och stålbyggnad.
    Lars, Pettersson
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Byggvetenskap, Bro- och stålbyggnad.
    Structural response of a high profile arch flexible culvert in sloping terrain using finite element modeling2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Flexible culverts are generally considered cost-effective structures for their simplicity in construction and the short time involved in the erection process. This has constantly motivated practitioners to explore the different areas of application including their performance in sloping environment. Yet, the complex nature of the interaction between the soil and steel materials marks a challenge, where the performance of these structures is fundamentally influenced by the quality of the backfill soil and its configuration around the conduit/arch. Surface slopes may affect the structural response by inducing an asymmetrical soil support and an unbalanced earth loading.

    The use of numerical simulation is utilized to provide insights about the performance of flexible culvert in sloping environment, where a case study of a high profile arch is investigated under different construction schemes. The paper focuses mainly on predicting the structural behavior of soil loading effects. The study includes the influence of different slopes in combination with various depths of soil cover.

    The results enabled to realize the importance of soil configuration around the steel arch and its influence on the structural response. While the presence of surface slopes emphasizes the susceptibility of flexible culverts with low depths of soil cover, higher covers may help in reducing the effect of steep slopes. Sectional forces were found to increase with the increase of surface slopes. The study also highlighted recent research efforts on the topic and briefly discussed some design implications when building flexible culverts in sloping terrain.

  • 47.
    Aminzadeh, Selda
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Mattsson, Tuve
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Henriksson, Gunnar
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    On the crossflow membrane fractionation of lignoboost kraft lignin: Characterization of low molecular weight fractions2016Inngår i: Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0065-7727, Vol. 251Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 48.
    Anand, Srinivasan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Tillämpad fysik.
    Desieres, Y.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Tillämpad fysik. CEA LETI MINATEC, Grenoble, France.
    Visser, D.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Tillämpad fysik.
    Chen, D-Y
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Tillämpad fysik.
    Optical Coatings and Films Based on Photonic Semiconductor Nanostructure Assemblies2017Inngår i: 2017 19TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON TRANSPARENT OPTICAL NETWORKS (ICTON), IEEE , 2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Photonic semiconductor nanostructure assemblies offer unique possibilities for light manipulation as well as for tailoring light-matter interaction by appropriate choice of their geometrical and material properties. The material-structure combination offers a variety of options for wavelength specific applications, deriving from the electronic properties of semiconductors and optical properties of individual and assemblies of nanostructures (particles, disks, pillars/wires etc.). We present an overview of our research on optical coatings based on semiconductor nanostructure assemblies focusing on their optical properties, different fabrication technologies and selected application examples. Design and simulations of the optical coatings are performed by finite difference time domain calculations, and are used as a guideline for fabrication. We discuss different routes for fabrication of nanostructured optical films/coatings including directed assembly and patterning of nanoparticles from solution phase, solution synthesis, combination of dry etching and colloidal lithography, transfer printing, and generation of flexible polymer films with embedded nanostructures. The fabricated films are validated by optical measurements and some device specific properties such as omni-directional broad-band anti-reflection in solar cells and efficient light extraction in light emitting diodes are demonstrated.

  • 49.
    Anastasiou, A.
    et al.
    KTH, Centra, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics NORDITA. Stockholm Univ, Roslagstullsbacken 23, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Borsten, L.
    Dublin Inst Adv Studies, Sch Theoret Phys, 10 Burlington Rd, Dublin 4, Ireland..
    Duff, M. J.
    Imperial Coll London, Blackett Lab, Theoret Phys, London SW7 2AZ, England.;Univ Oxford, Math Inst, Radcliffe Observ Quarter, Andrew Wiles Bldg,Woodstock Rd, Oxford OX2 6GG, England.;Texas A&M Univ, Inst Quantum Sci & Engn, College Stn, TX 77840 USA.;Texas A&M Univ, Hagler Inst Adv Study, College Stn, TX 77840 USA..
    Nagy, S.
    Imperial Coll London, Blackett Lab, Theoret Phys, London SW7 2AZ, England.;Ctr Astron & Particle Theory, Univ Pk, Nottingham NG7 2RD, England..
    Zoccali, M.
    Imperial Coll London, Blackett Lab, Theoret Phys, London SW7 2AZ, England..
    Gravity as Gauge Theory Squared: A Ghost Story2018Inngår i: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 121, nr 21, artikkel-id 211601Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Becchi-Rouet-Stora-Tyutin (BRST) transformations and equations of motion of a gravity-two-form-dilaton system are derived from the product of two Yang-Mills theories in a BRST covariant form, to linear approximation. The inclusion of ghost fields facilitates the separation of the graviton and dilaton. The gravitational gauge fixing term is uniquely determined by those of the Yang-Mills factors which can be freely chosen. Moreover, the resulting gravity-two-form-dilaton Lagrangian is anti-BRST invariant and the BRST and anti-BRST charges anticommute as a direct consequence of the formalism.

  • 50.
    Anastasiou, Alexandros
    et al.
    KTH, Centra, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics NORDITA.
    Borsten, L.
    Duff, M. J.
    Hughes, M. J.
    Marrani, A.
    Nagy, S.
    Zoccali, M.
    Twin supergravities from Yang-Mills theory squared2017Inngår i: Physical Review D: covering particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology, ISSN 2470-0010, E-ISSN 2470-0029, Vol. 96, nr 2, artikkel-id 026013Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider "twin supergravities"-pairs of supergravities with N+ and N- supersymmetries, N+ > N-, with identical bosonic sectors-in the context of tensoring super Yang-Mills multiplets. It is demonstrated that the pairs of twin supergravity theories are related through their left and right super YangMills factors. This procedure generates newtheories from old ones. In particular, the matter coupled N(-)twins in D = 3, 5, 6 and the N- = 1 twins inD = 4 have not, as far as we are aware, been obtained previously using the double-copy construction, adding to the growing list of double-copy constructible theories. The use of fundamental matter multiplets in the double-copy construction leads us to introduce a bifundamental scalar that couples to the well-known biadjoint scalar field. It is also shown that certain matter coupled supergravities admit more than one factorization into left and right super Yang-Mills-matter theories.

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