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  • 1.
    Engström, Christina
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, CLINTEC, Stockholm.
    Groth, Kristina
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Understanding needs and requirements in applications for identifying clinically relevant similarities between patients with liver related diseases2009In: HEALTHINF 2009: PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON HEALTH INFORMATICS   / [ed] Azevedo, L; Londral, AR, SETUBAL, Portugal: INSTICC-INST SYST TECHNOLOGIES INFORMATION CONTROL & COMMUNICATION ESQUERDO , 2009, p. 187-192Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a field study at a surgical clinic of what data that is relevant in order to identify clinically relevant similarities. We have observed discussion meetings in which different medical specialities decide how to treat patients with severe diseases in the liver. Our study also includes interviews with medical personnel, and examination of two data sources, the electronic patient records and the local quality liver registry used within the clinic. Our findings include a model of data that can be useful when searching for clinically relevant similarities between patient cases, as well as requirements on the functionality of an application that can identify clinically relevant similarities.

  • 2.
    Fredriksson, Johan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID. Karolinska University Hospital, Sweden .
    Groth, Kristina
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID. Karolinska University Hospital, Sweden .
    Räsänen, Minna
    Bergius, Helena
    Rylander, Emma
    Effects of mobile video-mediated communication for health care professionals in advanced home care of children2014In: 2014 IEEE 27th International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems (CBMS), IEEE , 2014, p. 363-368Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we explore the use of a mobile video-conferencing tool (MVCT) in advanced home care of children. We present the results from a qualitative study where we have evaluated mobile video communication between the patient's home and the hospital unit. Our results show that mobile video enhances communication between home care teams and medical staff at the unit, makes more effective use of practitioners' time and that the equipment have additional values for staff that extend beyond video communication. Challenges identified are related to technical problems, limitations in the MVCT's design and the concern that the inability to handle problems may affect health care professionals' role as an authority. The benefits of the MVCT rely to a great extent on individual users' creativity and the willingness of key actors in the organization's management to find ways of improving the present home care format.

  • 3.
    Frykholm, Oscar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Groth, Kristina
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    References to personal experiences and scientific evidence during medical multi-disciplinary team meetings2011In: Behavior and Information Technology, ISSN 0144-929X, E-ISSN 1362-3001, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 455-466Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a field study of medical multi-disciplinary team meetings (MDTMs) where decisions are made concerning the diagnosis and treatment of patients suffering from diseases in the upper abdomen. The study shows how evidence is referred to during weekly team meetings; this evidence is related both to scientific studies and to personal experiences of similar cases. We focus on the conversations during the meetings, on the complicated nature of the cases and on the details in the discussions that led the meeting participants to refer to scientific evidence or previous cases. We identify possibilities for improving the use of already documented information from medical records, in order to identify clinically relevant similarities and to bring additional information into the treatment discussion.

  • 4.
    Frykholm, Oscar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Lantz, Ann
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Groth, Kristina
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Walldius, Åke
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Medicine meets engineering in cooperative design of collaborative decision-supportive system2010In: IEEE 23rd International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems (CBMS), Perth, WA: IEEE conference proceedings, 2010, p. 116-121Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers in Human-Computer Interaction have worked together with physicians to specify and create prototypes of a system to be used primarily during multi-disciplinary team meetings. Physicians will use the system to aggregate and present relevant patient information during discussions on diagnosis and treatment, and also to coordinate the cases during the patient care pathway. In this paper we present the cooperative design process and activities conducted within the project. The results are two-fold; we report on the progress of creating the decision-supportive system, and describe how the physicians experience the design process. The design activities have made the physicians reflect on: the lack or loss of patient information, how patient information can be improved, break-downs in their work process, how they learn from each other, and the design methodology itself.

  • 5.
    Frykholm, Oscar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Nilsson, Marcus
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Groth, Kristina
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Yngling, Alexander
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Interaction design in a complex context: medical multi-disciplinary team meetings2012In: The 7th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction: Making Sense Through Design, New York, NY, USA, 2012, p. 341-350Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to improve collaboration on, and visualisation of, patient information in medical multi-disciplinary team meetings, we have developed a system that presents information from different medical systems to be used as a support for the decision process. Based on field studies, we have implemented a high-fidelity prototype on tablet-sized displays, and tested it in a realistic setting. Our evaluation proved that more patient information can efficiently be displayed to all meeting participants, compared to the current situation. Interaction with the information, on the other hand, proved to be a complicated activity that needs careful design considerations; it should ultimately be based on what roles the meeting participants have, and what tasks they should complete. Medical decision-making is a complex area, and conducting interaction design in this area proved complex too. We foresee a great opportunity to improve medical work, by introducing collaborative tools and visualisation of medical data, but it requires that interaction design becomes a natural part of medical work.

  • 6.
    Groth, Kristina
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA.
    A technological framework supporting knowledge exchange in organizations2004In: ACM Int. Conf. Proc. Ser., 2004, p. 381-384Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on presenting a technological framework for supporting knowledge sharing in organizations through computer support. The framework is based on the results from three studies of organizational knowledge in three kinds of settings and focuses on communication between people, awareness information about people's activities and availability, and information management. The third study also included an evaluation of a number of prototypes developed based on the three areas focused on in the framework. The results from the evaluation indicate that the framework is suitable for the purpose of supporting knowledge exchange.

  • 7.
    Groth, Kristina
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA.
    Knowledge net: a support for sharing knowledge within an organisation1999Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 8.
    Groth, Kristina
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA.
    On knowing who knows: An alternative approach to knowledge management2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of this thesis is how computer applications can support knowledge sharing between individuals in an organization. The thesis particularly focuses on solutions that facilitate for people to find other persons to share knowledge with, rather than solutions where information is stored in some kind of database for the purpose of being reused by other persons.

    The thesis describes one shorter and one longer ethnographic study about information and knowledge sharing in two different settings. The studies have shown that what actions people take when they search for information and knowledge depends on the problem itself, and on the situation in which the problem occurs. The results from the studies indicate that supporting people in knowing about others’ activities and availability would be more important when supporting knowledge sharing, than a specific knowledge system with the purpose of storing information to be reused as knowledge. This awareness can be supported in a number of different ways, some based on social activities, and some based on technical solutions. Social activities involve supporting the development of social networks, communities of practice, and other kinds of social activities that facilitate for people to get to know each other and get an opportunity to talk to each other.

    There exists many technologies that can support people’s knowledge about others’ activities and availability. Awareness systems focus on collecting and presenting information about, for example, where a person is located and how busy a person is. Some awareness systems collect such information automatically using, for example, sensor technology or electronic calendars, while others require the user to enter the information by him- or herself. It is more difficult to get the second kind of systems to work in practice because it requires that the time a user spends on supporting the system is also returning a benefit in the end. Ordinary information systems may also contribute to supporting people’s knowledge about others’ activities and availability, but they need to be structured and searchable in a way that fulfils this purpose. Also, there usually exist more than one documentation repository in an organization among which some may be structured and some not.

    Based on the studies that have been conducted a number of prototypes supporting knowledge sharing have been developed and evaluated. The technologies focused on are notification systems including mobile solutions to communicate with others, awareness systems focusing on activities and availability, and information management to make already existing written documentation structured and searchable. These prototypes have been evaluated using video recorded scenarios, based on the studies conducted, and focus groups in a medium sized consultancy organization. The results from the evaluation show that the suggested prototypes in the large fulfil the purpose of supporting knowledge sharing in an organization.

    Based on the three field studies conducted within the work of this thesis, a framework for supporting knowledge sharing through computer support is suggested. The framework focuses on issues such as annoying interruptions, platform independent communication, privacy aspects, and how the information can be presented.

  • 9. Groth, Kristina
    Personal Home Pages on the World Wide Web–a Simple Version of a Knowledge Net?1998In: Trends of communication, Vol. 4, p. 47-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A common type of pages on the World Wide Web concerns individual persons. These "personal home pages" often include information about activities, interest areas etc, and show what knowledge and interests different persons have. In a "knowledge net" the idea is to distribute information about peoples knowledge about different topics. To do this references to "who-knows-what" is given. This report presents an interview study of personal home pages; what information is included, how it is presented etc. The results show that personal home pages can be of use in a, or even seen as a simple, knowledge net.

  • 10.
    Groth, Kristina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID. Karolinska universitetssjukhuset, Sweden.
    Algers, Göran
    Arnelo, Urban
    Eliasson, Git
    Larsson, Jörgen
    Molén, Thomas
    Telemedicin leder till ökad patientnytta2014In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, no 43, p. 30-32Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11.
    Groth, Kristina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Bogdan, Cristian
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Lindquist, Sinna
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Räsänen, Minna
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Sandor, Ovidiu-Silviu
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Lidskog, Tobias
    Metamatrix Development & Consulting AB.
    Creating a space for increased community feeling among geographically distributed teachers2005In: Proceedings of the 4th decennial conference on Critical computing: between sense and sensibility : August 20-24, 2005 Aarhus, Denmark, New York, USA: ACM , 2005, p. 145-148Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present the initial stages of a project in which we focuson participatory design methods to build information andcommunication technology support that stimulate knowledgesharing in a group of geographically distributedteachers. Teachers in general spend most of their time in aclassroom leaving few opportunities for social encountersand chats with their colleagues. The prototype we aredeveloping focuses on informality and playfulness, thatwould increase the social communication and thereby thecommunity feeling. In turn, this would ultimately increaselearning among the setting members.

  • 12.
    Groth, Kristina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Bogdan, Cristian
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Lindquist, Sinna
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Sundblad, Yngve
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Simple and playful interaction for informal communication and learning2007In: International Journal of Knowledge and Learning, ISSN 1741-1009, E-ISSN 1741-1017, Vol. 3, no 2-3, p. 191-208Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Teachers in general usually do not have one single office and they seldom have time for face-to-face interaction with their colleagues since they typically spend most of the time in a classroom. Teachers in rural areas have even less colleagues to interact with face-to-face. In our work with teachers in a rural area near Stockholm, in an archipelago school distributed over six islands, we have encouraged informal communication and learning through a digital notice board connecting all six units. This paper discusses three issues that we find important to focus on in our work; the role of shared interactive displays, simplicity and play as a social activity and the role of communication for informal learning.

  • 13. Groth, Kristina
    et al.
    Bowers, J
    On finding things out: Situating organisational knowledge in CSCW2001Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a field study of an organisation which designs and constructs precision mechatronic devices, which typically integrate electronics, mechanical assemblies, computer hardware and software. We study how organisation members seek out answers to questions and solutions to problems as they arise in their work. We examine how project documentation is used, how chance encounters are capitalised upon, how advice is sought, the role of meetings, training and competence-enhancing activities, and the use of the organisation‘s information systems. We develop an account of ‘finding things out’ as an orderly and practically situated organisational affair, and compare this with recent studies in CSCW of ‘expertise location’. The paper closes with an examination of potential technology development programs to support people in finding things out in organisations while suggesting the re-specification of research on ‘organisational memory’, ‘knowledge management’ and allied notions in CSCW.

  • 14.
    Groth, Kristina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Frykholm, Oscar
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Building Relationships: HCI Researchers at a Gastro Surgical Department2014In: Fieldwork for Healthcare: Case Studies Investigating Human Factors in Computing Systems / [ed] Furniss, D., O’Kane, A. A., Randell, R., Taneva, S., Mentis, H. & Blandford, A., Morgan & Claypool Publishers, 2014, p. 49-55Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Groth, Kristina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Frykholm, Oscar
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Segersvard, Ralf
    CLINTEC, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
    Isaksson, Bengt
    CLINTEC, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
    Permert, Johan
    CLINTEC, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
    Efficiency in Treatment Discussions: A Field Study of Time Related Aspects in Multi-Disciplinary Team Meetings2009In: 2009 22ND IEEE INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON COMPUTER-BASED MEDICAL SYSTEMS   , 2009, p. 88-95Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a field study of multi-disciplinary team meetings where decisions on treatment of patients with diseases in the upper part of the abdomen are made. These meetings are important for knowledge dissemination and learning. We have studied how different time related aspects affect the efficiency during these meetings. Time is relevant because several physicians attend these meetings, and they have tight schedules as it is. Our analysis focuses on the conversation during the team meetings, and on how aspects such as indistinct discussions, lack of relevant competence and information, and the structuring of medical information affect time efficiency.

  • 16.
    Groth, Kristina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI (closed 20111231).
    Lannerö, Pär
    Metamatrix Development & Consulting, Stockholm.
    Context browser: Ontology based navigation in information spaces2006In: Information Interaction in Context, Proceedings / [ed] Ruthven, I; Borlund, P; Ingwersen, P; Belkin, NJ; Tombors, A; Vakkari, P, 2006, p. 75-78Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For people working in knowledge intensive organisations, information about specific projects, documents, etc. are important for performing an ordinary workday. Different kinds of problems, large or small, complex or simple, continually arise and need to be dealt with. Finding information or people with specific knowledge to solve the problem may be of crucial importance. Today, a number of technologies exist facilitating this, but they are either not sophisticated enough, i.e., not providing results detailed enough, or too complicated to prepare for, e.g., tagging large amounts of information. As an alternative, we propose using ontologies to facilitate free-text searches. From an ontology, a menu-like interface can be automatically generated. Such a menu can replace searching with navigation. To demonstrate our ideas, we present Context Browser. a tool providing ontology based navigation in structured and unstructured information spaces.

  • 17.
    Groth, Kristina
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA.
    Lantz, Ann
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA.
    Personal homepages  - function or passion (in Swedish)1997In: Usability tomorrow - function or passion, 1997, p. 29-34Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Groth, Kristina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Lantz, Ann
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Sallnäs, Eva-Lotta
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Frykholm, Oscar
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Green, Anders
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Team Meetings within Clinical Domains: Exploring the Use of Routines and Technical Support for Communication2009In: HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERACTION - INTERACT 2009, PT II, PROCEEDINGS / [ed] Gross T; Gulliksen J; Kotze P; Oestreicher L; Palanque P; Prates RO; Winckler M, 2009, Vol. 5727, p. 975-976Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, it is common that a team of clinicians, from different disciplines, instead of one single doctor, care for a patient. This is especially true when it concerns more complicated diseases in highly specialised health care. Going from one doctor to a team of doctors raises new dimensions/problems/issues when deciding about the diagnosis and how to treat the patient. Instead of one person deciding, based on the information given from others, a group of people need to agree on a decision. How do the participants during such decision meetings argue for their experience and skill? What kind of technologies are available and how do they support the communication in the meeting? Måseide (2006), for example, focuses on how different forms of evidence influence and regulate the judgements and decisions of medical practitioners during such meetings. Groth et al. (2008), for example, focuses on the technology used during such meetings, with a focus on audio, video, and images.

  • 19.
    Groth, Kristina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Lindquist, Sinna
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Bogdan, Cristian
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Lidskog, Tobias
    Metamatrix Development & Consulting AB.
    Sundblad, Yngve
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Sandor, Ovidiu-Silviu
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Saxaren: Strengthening Informal Collaboration among Geographically Distributed Teachers2006In: OZCHI '06 Proceedings of the 18th Australia conference on Computer-Human Interaction, Design, Activities, Artefacts and Environments, New York, USA: ACM , 2006, p. 285-292Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For people working in situations with few colleagues around, information technology could be used for increased communication with colleagues at other places. One such group is teachers in rural areas. In our work with teachers in an archipelago school distributed over six islands we have focused on encouraging communication using a digital notice board, providing for quick handwritten notes, connecting all islands. Based on the teachers' collaborative situation, and on the design, implementation and use of the prototype, we illustrate, by a number of recorded notes, how the teachers have been using the prototype, relating the findings to group building, easy access, and playful behaviour.

  • 20.
    Groth, Kristina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Scholl, J.
    Coordination in highly-specialized care networks2013In: Proc. ACM Conf. Comput. Support. Coop. Work CSCW, 2013, p. 143-148Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a field study of coordination of work in centralized highly-specialized gastro surgical care, with a large number of patients being routinely referred from participating referral hospitals. We provide a description of the organization and coordination of work at the clinic where surgery is performed in this process. A key part of the study is the description of a "Coordinator" role and a fairly rigid workflow system referred to as the Care Chain that is used to help manage interdependencies within the care process.

  • 21.
    Groth, Kristina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Yngling, Alexander
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Frykholm, Oscar
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Clinical journal: a collaborative shared medical workspace2011In: CSCW '11 Proceedings of the ACM 2011 conference on Computer supported cooperative work, NewYork, USA: ACM , 2011, p. 633-636Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [nb]

    We describe our findings from a cooperative design effort of a shared medical workspace used in multi-disciplinary team meetings, as well as during other activities in a patient care pathway for highly specialised care. In collaboration with surgeons, sketches of such a system have been developed and evaluated. Our findings point out the importance of overview and visualisation of the information

  • 22. Kane, Bridget
    et al.
    Groth, Kristina
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID. Karolinska University Hospital, Sweden.
    Multidisciplinary Work Practices: A Comparison of Three Major European Hospitals2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reviews the practices of multidisciplinary teamwork (MDT) for cancer care in three large teaching hospitals in separate jurisdictions. Ethnographic observations provide the main source of data, which are verified though interviews, and in some cases by surveys and analysis of video recordings. We demonstrate how MDT practices develop among different groups, and in different jurisdictions. Common practices are identified and differences explained. Work practice analysis is an integral part of our research, and this study provides insights into medical teamwork and decision-making.

  • 23. Kane, Bridget
    et al.
    Groth, Kristina
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Randall, Dave
    Medical team meetings: utilising technology to enhance communication, collaboration and decision-making2011In: Behavior and Information Technology, ISSN 0144-929X, E-ISSN 1362-3001, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 437-441Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Nilsson, Marcus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Graphic Arts, Media (closed 20111231).
    Frykholm, Oscar
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Graphic Arts, Media (closed 20111231).
    Groth, Kristina
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Graphic Arts, Media (closed 20111231).
    Interactions with mobile units in collocated MDTMs2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper a prototype is presented for individual mobileunits in a collocated multi disciplinary team meeting. Thisprototype has been used in a simulated team meeting withauthentic patient information. Preliminary results about navigationin the shared workspace show that participants bothappreciated being able to interact with the group throughmobile units at the same time as they had concerns aboutgiving all participants at the meeting this possibility.

  • 25.
    Nilsson, Marcus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Groth, Kristina
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Yngling, Alexander
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Keeping the remote expert informed: Designing a mediated communication tool for trauma resuscitationManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We have designed and developed a mobile prototype that sup- ports a remote trauma surgeon that has been given the task to guide a trauma resuscitation at a local hospital. The design is based on field studies of trauma resuscitations, and on using different probes during trauma training sessions. The proto- type was tested in a trauma training session and evaluated in contextual interviews. The design focuses on what informa- tion that the remote trauma surgeon needs in order to support the trauma team and how the information should be presented in order to enhance situation awareness. Our results show that a consideration of the elements in the environment that add to situation awareness can open up for easier inclusion of mo- bile technology. We show the importance to design for the whole flow of information to achieve acceptance of the de- sign among future users. 

  • 26.
    Nilsson, Marcus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Yngling, Alexander
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Groth, Kristina
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Hammarqvist, Folke
    Christoffer, Jernling
    Remote supported trauma care: Understanding the situation from afar2013In: Proceedings of the 26th IEEE International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems, 2013, p. 65-70Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present results from a study of information needs when teleconsultation is used in trauma resuscitation. Three trauma team training sessions including 14 patient cases were observed together with field studies at emer- gency units. Technology probes like headcams and visu- alization of data usually available in the trauma room were used to better understand what information that is impor- tant or not for the remote expert to achieve a satisfactory Situation Awareness to support the trauma resuscitation. It was found that the two major information sources that the remote expert relies on are the vital signs and an overview, not necessarily with high video quality, of the team in the trauma room. 

  • 27.
    Olwal, Alex
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI (closed 20111231).
    Frykholm, Oscar
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI (closed 20111231).
    Groth, Kristina
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI (closed 20111231).
    Moll, Jonas
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI (closed 20111231).
    Design and Evaluation of Interaction Technology for Medical Team Meetings2011In: 13th IFIP TC 13 International Conference, Lisbon, Portugal, September 5-9, 2011, Proceedings, Part I, Springer, 2011, p. 505-522Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Multi-disciplinary team meetings (MDTMs) are essential in health-care, where medical specialists discuss diagnosis and treatment of patients. We introduce a prototype multi-display groupware system, intended to augment the discussions of medical imagery, through a range of input mechanisms, multi-user interfaces and interaction techniques on multi-touch devices and pen-based technologies. Observations of MDTMs, as well as interviews and observations of surgeons and radiologists, serve as a foundation for guidelines and a set of implemented techniques. We present a detailed analysis of a study where the techniques’ potential was explored with radiologists and surgeons of different specialties and varying expertise. The results show that the implemented technologies have the potential to bring numerous benefits to the team meetings with minimal modification to the current workflow. We discuss how they can augment the expressiveness and communication between meeting participants, facilitate understanding for novices, and improve remote collaboration.

  • 28. Påhlsson, H. I.
    et al.
    Groth, Kristina
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Permert, J.
    Swahn, F.
    Löhr, M.
    Enochsson, L.
    Lundell, L.
    Arnelo, U.
    Telemedicine: an important aid to perform high-quality endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in low-volume centers2013In: Endoscopy, ISSN 0013-726X, E-ISSN 1438-8812, Vol. 45, no 5, p. 357-361Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and study aims: The aim of this study was to investigate whether telemedicine can help to ensure high-quality endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients living in rural areas. The study was conducted by investigators from two centers: the Karolinska University Hospital, a high-volume center which provided the teleguided support, and the Visby District Hospital, a low-volume center. Patients and methods: From September 2010 to August 2011, 26 ERCP procedures performed at a district hospital were teleguided by an experienced endoscopist at the Karolinska University Hospital. To ensure patient data protection, all communication went through a network (Sjunet) that was separate from the Internet and open only to accredited users. The indications for ERCP were common bile duct stones (n=12), malignant strictures (n=12), and benign biliary strictures (n=2). In 15 cases, this was the patient's first ERCP procedure. Results: The common bile duct was successfully cannulated in all 26 teleguided procedures. The local endoscopist scored the teleguided support as crucial for the successful outcome in 8/26 cases, as an important factor in 8, and as being of less importance in the remaining 10. In the eight cases where the teleguided support was judged to be crucial, six subsequent percutaneous trans-hepatic cholangiography procedures and two repeat ERCPs were avoided. The overall cannulation rate at the district hospital improved from 85% to 99% after teleguided support was introduced. No procedure-related complications occurred. Conclusion: Distant guidance of advanced ERCP procedures in a low-volume center, through teleguided support from a high-volume center, has the potential to improve the quality of care, as reflected in high cannulation rates and the ability to complete the scheduled interventions.

  • 29.
    Sallnäs Pysander, Eva-Lotta
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Moll, Jonas
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Frykholm, Oscar
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Groth, Kristina
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Forsslund, Jonas
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Pointing in Multi-Disciplinary Medical Meetings2011In: 2011 24TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON COMPUTER-BASED MEDICAL SYSTEMS (CBMS) / [ed] Olive, M; Solomonides, T, NEW YORK, NY: IEEE , 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper a field study of using laser-pointing during multi-disciplinary medical meetings is presented. The pointing behaviour adopted by radiologists and surgeons to communicate about and collaboratively analyse patient data such as CT images today is illustrated based on field observations of pre-operative meetings. In a field test, laser-pointers were introduced in pre-operative meetings. How the dialogue and gesturing changed compared to meetings where laser-pointers were not present were investigated. Results from our study show that the multi-disciplinary medical meetings are clearly affected by the introduction of laser-pointer devices and we believe that the participants would benefit from a future gesturing tool if it was carefully designed. The implementation of an application that provides touch feedback in three dimensions of the anatomical structure of blood vessels as well as tumours is described and related to our results.

  • 30.
    Sandor, Ovidiu
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Bogdan, Cristian
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Groth, Kristina
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Cooperative Learning through ICT: the Case of the Swedish Teachers Abroad2005In: 3rd International Conference on Education and Information Systems: Technologies and Applications, Vol 1, Proceedings / [ed] Malpica, F; Welsch, F; Tremante, A; Lawler, J, 2005, p. 144-149Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    in this paper we will present the initial stages of a project where knowledge sharing among a group of teachers is targeted using an approach in which a community of practice is initiated and nurtured based on cooperative design principles. The resulting process of transforming a formal organization into an informal community of practice is presented. We outline our approach that has both social and technological components that we believe will enable us to help a community form and thrive in a sustainable manner.

  • 31. Scholl, Jeremiah
    et al.
    Groth, Kristina
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media technology and interaction design, MID.
    Of organization, device and context: Interruptions from mobile communication in highly specialized care2012In: Interacting with computers, ISSN 0953-5438, E-ISSN 1873-7951, Vol. 24, no 5, p. 358-373Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an ethnographic study of mobile communication at a surgical unit in Sweden involved with highly specialized care for the upper abdomen. The primary focus of the study is interruptions related to usage of mobile communication, with the goal of informing the design of systems that better balance interruptions and availability. The department uses a patchwork of hospital pagers, personal cell phones, and department provided cell phones. Issues related to social factors at the department, technical features of mobile communication devices, and specific contexts where interruptions were identified to be a problem are presented. Some of the salient findings of the study include a generally complex situation with respect to interruptions that is impacted by technical, social and individual factors related to mobile communication, challenges related to managing personal and private communication on the same device, issues related to supporting distributed work in highly specialized care and how this contributes to interruptions, and a more in depth overview of specific contexts where interruptions are problematic than previous studies. Some theoretical perspectives on these issues are presented as well as implications for design.

  • 32.
    Severinsson Eklundh, Kerstin
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA.
    Groth, Kristina
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA.
    Hedman, Anders
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA.
    Rodriguez, Henry
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA.
    Sallnäs Pysander, Eva-Lotta
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA.
    The World Wide Web as a social infrastructure for knowledge-oriented work2002In: Cognition in a digital world / [ed] Herre van Oostendorp, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2002, p. 91-117Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Tanyingyong, Voravit
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Network Systems Laboratory (NS Lab).
    Rathore, M. Siraj
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Network Systems Laboratory (NS Lab).
    Hidell, Markus
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Network Systems Laboratory (NS Lab).
    Sjödin, Peter
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Network Systems Laboratory (NS Lab).
    Pehrson, Björn
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Network Systems Laboratory (NS Lab).
    Jonsson, Sven
    Karolinska University Hospital.
    Groth, Kristina
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Carenet: An Infrastructure for Home-Based Healthcare Services2013In: Medicinteknikdagarna 2013, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
1 - 33 of 33
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