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  • 1.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Imayama, Shintaro
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Lingwood, Rebecca J.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. University of Cambridge, United Kingdom .
    Örlü, Ramis
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Segalini, Antonio
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Turbulent boundary layers over flat plates and rotating disks-The legacy of von Karman: A Stockholm perspective2013Ingår i: European journal of mechanics. B, Fluids, ISSN 0997-7546, E-ISSN 1873-7390, Vol. 40, s. 17-29Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Many of the findings and ideas of von Karman are still of interest to the fluid dynamics community. For instance, his result that the mean velocity distribution in turbulent flows has a logarithmic behavior with respect to the distance from the centreline is still a cornerstone for everybody working in wall-bounded turbulence and was first presented to an international audience in Stockholm at the Third International Congress for Applied Mechanics in 1930. In this paper we discuss this result and also how the so-called von Karman constant can be determined in a new simple way. We also discuss the possibility of a second (outer) maximum of the streamwise velocity fluctuations, a result that was implicit in some of the assumptions proposed by von Karman.

  • 2.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Lingwood, Rebecca J.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. University of Cambridge, United Kingdom .
    Rotation Effects on Wall-Bounded Flows: Some Laboratory Experiments2014Ingår i: Modeling Atmospheric and Oceanic Flows: Insights from Laboratory Experiments and Numerical Simulations, Wiley-Blackwell, 2014, s. 83-100Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter focuses on three different categories: (1) system rotation vector parallel to mean-flow vorticity; (2) flows set up by the rotation of one or more boundaries; and (3) system rotation aligned with the mean-flow direction. The flows in the different categories above differ with respect to their geometry but, more importantly, in how rotation affects them. The chapter focuses on three different flows that are relatively amenable to laboratory investigation, one from each category described above: One is plane Couette flow undergoing system rotation about an axis normal to the mean flow, another is the von Kármán boundary layer flow, and the third is axially rotating pipe flow. It defines important nondimensional parameters that govern them and discuss some of their interesting flow features in various parameter ranges. Various experimental realizations of the three different flow systems are described and considerations and limitations regarding the laboratory systems are discussed.

  • 3.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Segalini, Antonio
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Örlü, Ramis
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    A new scaling for the streamwise turbulence intensity in wall-bounded turbulent flows and what it tells us about the "outer" peak2011Ingår i: Physics of fluids, ISSN 1070-6631, E-ISSN 1089-7666, Vol. 23, nr 4, s. 041702-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    One recent focus of experimental studies of turbulence in high Reynolds number wall-bounded flows has been the scaling of the root mean square of the fluctuating streamwise velocity, but progress has largely been impaired by spatial resolution effects of hot-wire sensors. For the near-wall peak, recent results seem to have clarified the controversy; however, one of the remaining issues in this respect is the emergence of a second (so-called outer) peak at high Reynolds numbers. The present letter introduces a new scaling of the local turbulence intensity profile, based on the diagnostic plot by Alfredsson and Orlu [Eur. J. Mech. B/Fluids 42, 403 (2010)], which predicts the location and amplitude of the "outer" peak and suggests its presence as a question of sufficiently large scale separation.

  • 4.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Tillmark, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Instability, transition and turbulence in plane Couette flow with system rotation2005Ingår i: IUTAM Symposium on Laminar-Turbulent Transition and Finite Amplitude Solutions / [ed] Mullin, T; Kerswell, R, Springer Netherlands, 2005, Vol. 77, s. 173-193Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    System rotation may have either stabilizing or destabilizing effects on shear flows depending on the direction of rotation vector as compared to the vorticity vector of mean flow. This study describes experimental results of laminar, transitional and turbulent plane Couette flow with both stabilizing and destabilizing system rotation. For laminar flow with destabilizing rotation roll cells appear in the flow which may undergo several different types of secondary instabilities, especially interesting is a repeating pattern of wavy structures followed by breakdown, thereafter roll cells reappear in a cyclic pattern. For higher Reynolds number roll cells appear also in a turbulent environment. It is also shown how stabilizing rotation may quench the turbulence completely.

  • 5.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik. KTH Mech, Royal Inst Technol, Linne FLOW Ctr, S-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Örlü, Ramis
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik. KTH Mech, Royal Inst Technol, Linne FLOW Ctr, S-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    A New Way to Determine the Wall Position and Friction Velocity in Wall-Bounded Turbulent Flows2012Ingår i: PROGRESS IN TURBULENCE AND WIND ENERGY IV / [ed] Oberlack, M Peinke, J Talamelli, A Castillo, L Holling, M, SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN , 2012, s. 181-185Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 6.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH Mech, Linne FLOW Ctr, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Örlü, Ramis
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Large-Eddy BreakUp Devices - a 40 Years Perspective from a Stockholm Horizon2018Ingår i: Flow Turbulence and Combustion, ISSN 1386-6184, E-ISSN 1573-1987, Vol. 100, nr 4, s. 877-888Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the beginning of the 1980's Large Eddy BreakUp (LEBU) devices, thin plates or airfoils mounted in the outer part of turbulent boundary layers, were shown to be able to change the turbulent structure and intermittency as well as reduce turbulent skin friction. In some wind-tunnel studies it was also claimed that a net drag reduction was obtained, i.e. the reduction in skin-friction drag was larger than the drag on the devices. However, towing-tank experiments with a flat plate at high Reynolds numbers as well as with an axisymmetric body showed no net reduction, but instead an increase in total drag. Recent large-eddy simulations have explored the effect of LEBUs on the turbulent boundary layer and evaluations of the total drag show similar results as in the towing tank experiments. Despite these negative results in terms of net drag reduction, LEBUs manipulate the boundary layer in an interesting way which explains why they still attract some interest. The reason for the positive results in the wind-tunnel studies as compared to drag measurements are discussed here, although no definite answer for the differences can be given.

  • 7.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Örlü, Ramis
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    The diagnostic plot - a litmus test for wall bounded turbulence data2010Ingår i: European journal of mechanics. B, Fluids, ISSN 0997-7546, E-ISSN 1873-7390, Vol. 29, nr 6, s. 403-406Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A diagnostic plot is suggested that can be used to judge wall bounded turbulence data of the mean and the rms of the streamwise velocity in terms of reliability both near the wall, around the maximum in the rms as well as in the outer region. The important feature of the diagnostic plot is that neither the wall position nor the friction velocity needs to be known, since it shows the rms value as a function of the streamwise mean velocity, both normalized with the free stream velocity. One must remember, however, that passing the test is a necessary, but not sufficient condition to prove good data quality.

  • 8.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Örlü, Ramis
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Kurian, Thomas
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Fransson, Jens H. M.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Segalini, A.
    Rüedi, Jean-Daniel
    Talamelli, Alessandro
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    The diagnostic plot: a new way to appraise turbulent boundary-layer data2009Ingår i: ADVANCES IN TURBULENCE XII: PROCEEDINGS OF THE 12TH EUROMECH EUROPEAN TURBULENCE CONFERENCE / [ed] Eckhardt, B., 2009, Vol. 132, s. 609-612Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 9.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Örlü, Ramis
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Schlatter, Philipp
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    The viscous sublayer revisited-exploiting self-similarity to determine the wall position and friction velocity2011Ingår i: Experiments in Fluids, ISSN 0723-4864, E-ISSN 1432-1114, Vol. 51, nr 1, s. 271-280Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In experiments using hot wires near the wall, it is well known that wall interference effects between the hot wire and the wall give rise to errors, and mean velocity data from the viscous sublayer can usually not be used to determine the wall position, nor the friction velocity from the linear velocity distribution. Here, we introduce a new method that takes advantage of the similarity of the probability density distributions (PDF) or rather the cumulative distribution functions (CDF) in the near-wall region. By using the velocity data in the CDF in a novel way, it is possible to circumvent the problem associated with heat transfer to the wall and to accurately determine both the wall position and the friction velocity. Prior to its exploitation, the self-similarity of the distribution functions of the streamwise velocity fluctuations within the viscous sublayer is established, and it is shown that they can accurately be described by a lognormal distribution.

  • 10.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Örlü, Ramis
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Segalini, Antonio
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    A new formulation for the streamwise turbulence intensity distribution2011Ingår i: 13th European Turbulence Conference (ETC13): Wall-Bounded Flows And Control Of Turbulence, Institute of Physics Publishing (IOPP), 2011, s. 022002-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Numerical and experimental data from zero pressure-gradient turbulent boundary layers over smooth walls have been analyzed by means of the so called diagnostic plot introduced by Alfredsson & Orlu [Eur. J. Fluid Mech. B/Fluids, 4 2, 403 (2010)]. In the diagnostic plot the local turbulence intensity is shown as a function of the local mean velocity normalized with a reference velocity scale. In the outer region of the boundary layer a universal linear decay of the turbulence intensity is observed independent of Reynolds number. The deviation from this linear region appears in the buffer region and seems to be universal when normalized with the friction velocity. Therefore, a new empirical fit for the streamwise velocity turbulence intensity distribution is proposed and the results are compared with up to date reliable high-Reynolds number experiments and extrapolated towards Reynolds numbers relevant to atmospherical boundary layers.

  • 11.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Örlü, Ramis
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Segalini, Antonio
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    A new formulation for the streamwise turbulence intensity distribution in wall-bounded turbulent flows2012Ingår i: European journal of mechanics. B, Fluids, ISSN 0997-7546, E-ISSN 1873-7390, Vol. 36, s. 167-175Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The distribution of the streamwise velocity turbulence intensity has recently been discussed in several papers both from the viewpoint of new experimental results as well as attempts to model its behavior. In the present paper numerical and experimental data from zero pressure-gradient turbulent boundary layers, channel and pipe flows over smooth walls have been analyzed by means of the so called diagnostic plot introduced by Alfredsson & ÖrlÌ [P.H. Alfredsson, R. ÖrlÌ, The diagnostic plot-a litmus test for wall bounded turbulence data, Eur. J. Mech. B Fluids 29 (2010) 403-406]. In the diagnostic plot the local turbulence intensity is plotted as function of the local mean velocity normalized with a reference velocity scale. Alfredsson et al. [P.H. Alfredsson, A. Segalini, R. ÖrlÌ, A new scaling for the streamwise turbulence intensity in wall-bounded turbulent flows and what it tells us about the outer peak, Phys. Fluids 23 (2011) 041702] observed that in the outer region of the boundary layer a universal linear decay of the turbulence intensity independent of the Reynolds number exists. This approach has been generalized for channel and pipe flows as well, and it has been found that the deviation from the previously established linear region appears at a given wall distance in viscous units (around 120) for all three canonical flows. Based on these results, new empirical fits for the streamwise velocity turbulence intensity distribution of each canonical flow are proposed. Coupled with a mean streamwise velocity profile description the model provides a composite profile for the streamwise variance profile that agrees nicely with existing numerical and experimental data. Extrapolation of the proposed scaling to high Reynolds numbers predicts the emergence of a second peak of the streamwise variance profile that at even higher Reynolds numbers overtakes the inner one.

  • 12.
    Appelquist, Elinor
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. Swedish e-Science Research Centre (SeRC).
    Schlatter, Philipp
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. Swedish e-Science Research Centre (SeRC).
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Lingwood, Rebecca J.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. University of Cambridge, Cambridge .
    Investigation of the Global Instability of the Rotating-disk Boundary Layer2015Ingår i: Procedia IUTAM, Elsevier, 2015, s. 321-328Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of the flow over a rotating disk is investigated by direct numerical simulations using both the linearized and fully nonlinear incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. These simulations allow investigation of the transition to turbulence of the realistic spatially-developing boundary layer. The current research aims to elucidate further the global linear stability properties of the flow, and relate these to local analysis and discussions in literature. An investigation of the nonlinear upstream (inward) influence is conducted by simulating a small azimuthal section of the disk (1/68). The simulations are initially perturbed by an impulse disturbance where, after the initial transient behaviour, both the linear and nonlinear simulations show a temporally growing upstream mode. This upstream global mode originates in the linear case close to the end of the domain, excited by an absolute instability at this downstream position. In the nonlinear case, it instead originates where the linear region ends and nonlinear harmonics enter the flow field, also where an absolute instability can be found. This upstream global mode can be shown to match a theoretical mode from local linear theory involved in the absolute instability at either the end of the domain (linear case) or where nonlinear harmonics enter the field (nonlinear case). The linear simulation grows continuously in time whereas the nonlinear simulation saturates and the transition to turbulence moves slowly upstream towards smaller radial positions asymptotically approaching a global upstream mode with zero temporal growth rate, which is estimated at a nondimensional radius of 582.

  • 13.
    Appelquist, Ellinor
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik.
    Imayama, Shintaro
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik.
    Alfredsson, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik.
    Schlatter, Philipp
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Stabilitet, Transition, Kontroll.
    Lingwood, Rebecca
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. School of Engineering and Materials Science, Queen Mary University of London, Mile End Road, London, United Kingdom.
    Linear disturbances in the rotating-disk flow: A comparison between results from simulations, experiments and theory2016Ingår i: European journal of mechanics. B, Fluids, ISSN 0997-7546, E-ISSN 1873-7390, Vol. 55, s. 170-181Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The incompressible Navier-Stokes equations have an exact similarity solution for the flow over an infinite rotating disk giving a laminar boundary layer of constant thickness, also known as the von Kármán flow. It is well known now that there is an absolute instability of the boundary layer which is linked to transition to turbulence, but convective routes are also observed. It is these convective modes that we focus on here. A comparison of three different approaches to investigate the convective, so called Type-I, stationary crossflow instability is presented here. The three approaches consist of local linear stability analysis, direct numerical simulations (DNS) and experiments. The ’shooting method’ was used to compute the local linear stability whereas linear DNS was performed using a spectral-element method for a full annulus of the disk, a quarter and 1/32 of an annulus, each with one roughness element in the computational domain. These correspond to simulating one, four and 32 roughness elements on the full disk surface and in addition a case with randomly-distributed roughnesses was simulated on the full disk. Two different experimental configurations were used for the comparison: i) a clean-disk condition, i.e. unexcited boundary-layer flow; and ii) a rough-disk condition, where 32 roughness elements were placed on the disk surface to excite the Type-I stationary vortices. Comparisons between theory, DNS and experiments with respect to the structure of the stationary vortices are made. The results show excellent agreement between local linear stability analysis and both DNS and experiments for a fixed azimuthal wavenumber (32 roughnesses). This agreement clearly shows that the three approaches capture the same underlying physics of the setup, and lead to an accurate description of the flow. It also verifies the numerical simulations and shows the robustness of experimental measurements of the flow case. The effects of the azimuthal domain size in the DNS and superposition of multiple azimuthal wavenumbers in the DNS and experiments are discussed.

  • 14.
    Appelquist, Ellinor
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik.
    Imayama, Shintaro
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik.
    Alfredsson, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik.
    Schlatter, Philipp
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Stabilitet, Transition, Kontroll.
    Lingwood, Rebecca
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik. University of Cambridge, UK.
    Linear disturbances in the rotating-disk flow: a comparison between results from simulations, experiments and theory2014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 15.
    Appelquist, Ellinor
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Imayama, Shintaro
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Schlatter, Philipp
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Alfredsson, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Lingwood, Rebecca
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Simulating the linear behaviour of the flow over a rotating disk due to roughness elements2014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 16.
    Appelquist, Ellinor
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Schlatter, Philip
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Lingwood, Rebecca J.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. University of London, United Kingdom.
    On the global nonlinear instability of the rotating-disk flow over a finite domain2016Ingår i: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 0022-1120, E-ISSN 1469-7645, Vol. 803, s. 332-355Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Direct numerical simulations based on the incompressible nonlinear Navier-Stokes equations of the flow over the surface of a rotating disk have been conducted. An impulsive disturbance was introduced and its development as it travelled radially outwards and ultimately transitioned to turbulence has been analysed. Of particular interest was whether the nonlinear stability is related to the linear stability properties. Specifically three disk-edge conditions were considered; (i) a sponge region forcing the flow back to laminar flow, (ii) a disk edge, where the disk was assumed to be infinitely thin and (iii) a physically realistic disk edge of finite thickness. This work expands on the linear simulations presented by Appelquist el al. (J. Fluid. Mech., vol. 765, 2015, pp. 612-631), where, for case (i), this configuration was shown to be globally linearly unstable when the sponge region effectively models the influence of the turbulence on the flow field. In contrast, case (ii) was mentioned there to he linearly globally stable, and here, where nonlinearity is included, it is shown that both cases (ii) and (iii) are nonlinearly globally unstable. The simulations show that the flow can he globally linearly stable if the linear wavepacket has a positive front velocity. However, in the same flow field, a nonlinear global instability can emerge, which is shown to depend on the outer turbulent region generating a linear inward-travelling mode that sustains a transition front within the domain. The results show that the front position does not approach the critical Reynolds number for the local absolute instability, R = 507. Instead, the front approaches R = 583 and both the temporal frequency and spatial growth rate correspond to a global mode originating at this position.

  • 17.
    Appelquist, Ellinor
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Schlatter, Philipp
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Alfredsson, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Lingwood, Rebecca
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Global linear instability and the radial boundary of the rotating-disk flowManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 18.
    Appelquist, Ellinor
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Schlatter, Philipp
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Stabilitet, Transition, Kontroll. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Alfredsson, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Lingwood, Rebecca
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. nstitute of Continuing Education, University of Cambridge, Madingley Hall, Madingley Cambridge, United Kingdom .
    Global linear instability of the rotating-disk flow investigated through simulations2015Ingår i: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 0022-1120, E-ISSN 1469-7645, Vol. 765, s. 612-631Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Numerical simulations of the flow developing on the surface of a rotating disk are presented based on the linearized incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. The boundary-layer flow is perturbed by an impulsive disturbance within a linear global framework, and the effect of downstream turbulence is modelled by a damping region further downstream. In addition to the outward-travelling modes, inward-travelling disturbances excited at the radial end of the simulated linear region, r(end), by the modelled turbulence are included within the simulations, potentially allowing absolute instability to develop. During early times the flow shows traditional convective behaviour, with the total energy slowly decaying in time. However, after the disturbances have reached r(end), the energy evolution reaches a turning point and, if the location of r(end) is at a Reynolds number larger than approximately R = 594 (radius non-dimensionalized by root v/Omega*, where v is the kinematic viscosity and Omega* is the rotation rate of the disk), there will be global temporal growth. The global frequency and mode shape are clearly imposed by the conditions at r(end). Our results suggest that the linearized Ginzburg-Landau model by Healey (J. Fluid Mech., vol. 663, 2010, pp. 148-159) captures the (linear) physics of the developing rotating-disk flow, showing that there is linear global instability provided the Reynolds number of r(end) is sufficiently larger than the critical Reynolds number for the onset of absolute instability.

  • 19.
    Appelquist, Ellinor
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Schlatter, Philipp
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Lingwood, R. J.
    Transition to turbulence in the rotating-disk boundary-layer flow with stationary vortices2017Ingår i: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 0022-1120, E-ISSN 1469-7645, Vol. 836, s. 43-71Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper proposes a resolution to the conundrum of the roles of convective and absolute instability in transition of the rotating-disk boundary layer. It also draws some comparison with swept-wing flows. Direct numerical simulations based on the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations of the flow over the surface of a rotating disk with modelled roughness elements are presented. The rotating-disk flow has been of particular interest for stability and transition research since the work by Lingwood (J.FluidMech., vol.299, 1995, pp.17-33) where an absolute instability was found. Here stationary disturbances develop from roughness elements on the disk and are followed from the linear stage, growing to saturation and finally transitioning to turbulence. Several simulations are presented with varying disturbance amplitudes. The lowest amplitude corresponds approximately to the experiment by Imayama etal. (J.FluidMech., vol.745, 2014a, pp.132-163). For all cases, the primary instability was found to be convectively unstable, and secondary modes were found to be triggered spontaneously while the flow was developing. The secondary modes further stayed within the domain, and an explanation for this is a proposed globally unstable secondary instability. For the low-amplitude roughness cases, the disturbances propagate beyond the threshold for secondary global instability before becoming turbulent, and for the high-amplitude roughness cases the transition scenario gives a turbulent flow directly at the critical Reynolds number for the secondary global instability. These results correspond to the theory of Pier (J.EngngMaths, vol.57, 2007, pp.237-251) predicting a secondary absolute instability. In our simulations, high temporal frequencies were found to grow with a large amplification rate where the secondary global instability occurred. For smaller radial positions, low-frequency secondary instabilities were observed, tripped by the global instability.

  • 20.
    Appelquist, Ellinor
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Schlatter, Philipp
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Lingwood, Rebecca
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Transition to turbulence in the rotating-disk boundary-layer flow with stationary vorticesArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 21.
    Appelquist, Ellinor
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Schlatter, Philipp
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Lingwood, Rebecca
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Turbulence in the rotating-disk boundary layer investigated through direct numerical simulationsArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 22.
    Appelquist, Ellinor
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Schlatter, Philipp
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Lingwood, Rebecca
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. Queen Mary University of London, Mile End Road, London, United Kingdom.
    Turbulence in the rotating-disk boundary layer investigated through direct numerical simulations2018Ingår i: European journal of mechanics. B, Fluids, ISSN 0997-7546, E-ISSN 1873-7390, Vol. 70, s. 6-18Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Direct numerical simulations (DNS) are reported for the turbulent rotating-disk boundary layer for the first time. Two turbulent simulations are presented with overlapping small and large Reynolds numbers, where the largest corresponds to a momentum-loss Reynolds number of almost 2000. Simulation data are compared with experimental data from the same flow case reported by Imayama et al. (2014), and also a comparison is made with a numerical simulation of a two-dimensional turbulent boundary layer (2DTBL) over a flat plate reported by Schlatter and Örlü (2010). The agreement of the turbulent statistics between experiments and simulations is in general very good, as well as the findings of a missing wake region and a lower shape factor compared to the 2DTBL. The simulations also show rms-levels in the inner region similar to the 2DTBL. The simulations validate Imayama et al.’s results showing that the rotating-disk turbulent boundary layer in the near-wall region contains shorter streamwise (azimuthal) wavelengths than the 2DTBL, probably due to the outward inclination of the low-speed streaks. Moreover, all velocity components are available from the simulations, and hence the local flow angle, Reynolds stresses and all terms in the turbulent kinetic energy equation are also discussed. However there are in general no large differences compared to the 2DTBL, hence the three-dimensional effects seem to have only a small influence on the turbulence.

  • 23. Bailey, S. C. C.
    et al.
    Hultmark, M.
    Monty, J. P.
    Alfredsson, Per Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Chong, M. S.
    Duncan, R. D.
    Fransson, Jens
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Hutchins, N.
    Marusic, I.
    McKeon, B. J.
    Nagib, H. M.
    Örlü, Ramis
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Segalini, Antonio
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Smits, A. J.
    Vinuesa, R.
    Obtaining accurate mean velocity measurements in high Reynolds number turbulent boundary layers using Pitot tubes2013Ingår i: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 0022-1120, E-ISSN 1469-7645, Vol. 715, s. 642-670Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports on one component of a larger study on measurement of the zero-pressure-gradient turbulent flat plate boundary layer, in which a detailed investigation was conducted of the suite of corrections required for mean velocity measurements performed using Pitot tubes. In particular, the corrections for velocity shear across the tube and for blockage effects which occur when the tube is in close proximity to the wall were investigated using measurements from Pitot tubes of five different diameters, in two different facilities, and at five different Reynolds numbers ranging from Reθ = 11 100 to 67 000. Only small differences were found amongst commonly used corrections for velocity shear, but improvements were found for existing near-wall proximity corrections. Corrections for the nonlinear averaging of the velocity fluctuations were also investigated, and the results compared to hot-wire data taken as part of the same measurement campaign. The streamwise turbulence-intensity correction was found to be of comparable magnitude to that of the shear correction, and found to bring the hot-wire and Pitot results into closer agreement when applied to the data, along with the other corrections discussed and refined here.

  • 24. Brunet, P.
    et al.
    Amberg, Gustav
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Fysiokemisk strömningsmekanik.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik.
    Control of thermocapillary instabilities far from threshold2005Ingår i: Physics of fluids, ISSN 1070-6631, E-ISSN 1089-7666, Vol. 17, nr 10Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We report experiments on control of thermocapillary instabilities at high temperature differences, in an annular geometry. Previous studies [Phys. Fluids 14, 3039 (2002)] showed that a reasonable control of oscillatory instability could be achieved by optimizing a local heating feedback process. We conducted experiments with a basic flow converging from periphery to center. This constitutes a more unstable configuration than previously, and enables appearance of higher-order instabilities and chaos. Applying successfully local feedback control to the periodic state close to the threshold, we extend the process to higher temperature differences, where nonlinear as well as proportional/derivative control laws are necessary to obtain a significant decrease of the temperature fluctuations. Finally, proportional control allows us to synchronize a chaotic state, to a periodic one.

  • 25.
    Campagne, Antoine
    et al.
    LEGI, Université Grenoble Alpes.
    Alfredsson, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Chassagne, Rémi
    LEGI, Université Grenoble Alpes.
    Micard, Diane
    LMFA, École Centrale de Lyon.
    Mordant, Nicolas
    LEGI, Université Grenoble Alpes.
    Segalini, Antonio
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Sommeria, Joel
    LEGI, Université Grenoble Alpes.
    Viboud, Samuel
    LEGI, Université Grenoble Alpes.
    Mohanan, Ashwin Vishnu
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Lindborg, Erik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Augier, Pierre
    LEGI, Université Grenoble Alpes.
    First report of the MILESTONE experiment: strongly stratified turbulence and mixing efficiency in the Coriolis platform2016Ingår i: VIIIth International Symposium on Stratified Flows (ISSF), 2016, 2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Strongly stratified turbulence is a possible interpretation of oceanic and atmospheric mea-surements. However, this regime has never been produced in a laboratory experiment be-cause of the two conditions of very small horizontal Froude number Fh and large buoyancy Reynolds number R which require a verily large experimental facility. We present a new attempt to study strongly stratified turbulence experimentally in the Coriolis platform.The flow is forced by a slow periodic movement of an array of six vertical cylinders of 25 cm diameter with a mesh of 75 cm. Five cameras are used for 3D-2C scanned horizontalparticles image velocimetry (PIV) and stereo 2D vertical PIV. Five density-temperatureprobes are used to measure vertical and horizontal profiles and signals at fixed positions.The first preliminary results indicate that we manage to produce strongly stratified tur-bulence at very small Fh and large R in a laboratory experiment.

  • 26. Castro, Ian P.
    et al.
    Segalini, Antonio
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Outer-layer turbulence intensities in smooth- and rough-wall boundary layers2013Ingår i: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 0022-1120, E-ISSN 1469-7645, Vol. 727, s. 119-131Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Clear differences in turbulence intensity profiles in smooth, transitional and fully rough zero-pressure-gradient boundary layers are demonstrated, using the diagnostic plot introduced by Alfredsson, Segalini & Orlu (Phys. Fluids, vol. 23, 2011, p. 041702) u'/U versus U/U-e, where u' and U are the local (root mean square) fluctuating and mean velocities and U-e is the free stream velocity. A wide range of published data are considered and all zero-pressure-gradient boundary layers yield outer flow u'/U values that are roughly linearly related to U/U-e, just as for smooth walls, but with a significantly higher slope which is completely independent of the roughness morphology. The difference in slope is due largely to the influence of the roughness parameter (Delta U+ in the usual notation) and all the data can be fitted empirically by using a modified form of the scaling, dependent only on Delta U/U-e. The turbulence intensity, at a location in the outer layer where U/U-e is fixed, rises monotonically with increasing Delta U/U-e which, however, remains of O(1) for all possible zero-pressure-gradient rough-wall boundary layers even at the highest Reynolds numbers. A measurement of intensity at a point in the outer region of the boundary layer can provide an indication of whether the surface is aerodynamically fully rough, without having to determine the surface stress or effective roughness height. Discussion of the implication for smooth/rough flow universality of differences in outer-layer mean velocity wake strength is included.

  • 27. Elofsson, P. A.
    et al.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Tidigare Institutioner                               , Mekanik.
    An experimental study of oblique transition in a Blasius boundary layer flow2000Ingår i: European journal of mechanics. B, Fluids, ISSN 0997-7546, E-ISSN 1873-7390, Vol. 19, nr 5, s. 615-636Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Transition initiated by a pair of oblique waves was investigated experimentally in a Blasius boundary layer how by using hot-wire measurements and flow visualisation. The oblique waves were generated by periodic blowing and suction through an array of pipes connecting to the flow through a transverse slit in the flat plate model. The structure of the flow held is described and the amplitude of individual frequency-spanwise wave number modes was determined from Fourier transforms of the disturbance velocity. In contrast to results from investigations of oblique transition at subcritical flow conditions, the transition process at the present conditions suggests the combined effect of non-modal growth of streaks and a second stage with exponential growth of oblique waves to initiate the final breakdown stage.

  • 28.
    Facciole, L.
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Orlandi, P.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Swirling jets issued from fully developed rotating pipe flow: Experiments and numerics2005Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS) and experimental data are used to study a rotating jet flow. A non-confined swirling jet is generated by a fully developed rotating turbulent pipe flow. Previous experiments have demonstrated the presence of a counter-rotating core appearing approximatively 6 diameters downstream the pipe outlet. The mean azimuthal velocity component changes its sign in the central part of the jet starting to move in the opposite direction with respect to the rotation imposed by the rotation of the pipe. The present paper introduces new investigations intended to analyse the jet flow in the proximity of this phenomenon.

  • 29.
    Facciolo, Luca
    et al.
    KTH, Tidigare Institutioner, Mekanik.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Tidigare Institutioner, Mekanik.
    The counter-rotating core of a swirling turbulent jet issued from a rotating pipe flow2004Ingår i: Physics of fluids, ISSN 1070-6631, E-ISSN 1089-7666, Vol. 16, nr 9, s. L71-L73Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Axially rotating turbulent pipe flow is an example where rotation strongly affects the turbulence and thereby the Reynolds stresses and mean flow properties. The present Letter reports new measurements where a rotating pipe flow is used to establish a swirling jet. The measurements in the jet show that at some distance downstream (approximately 6 nozzle diameters) the central part of the jet starts to rotate in the opposite direction as compared to the rotation of the pipe. This effect is explained by the influence of the cross flow Reynolds stress originating in the pipe flow.

  • 30. Facciolo, Luca
    et al.
    Tillmark, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Talamelli, Alessandro
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik.
    A study of swirling turbulent pipe and jet flows2007Ingår i: Physics of fluids, ISSN 1070-6631, E-ISSN 1089-7666, Vol. 19, nr 3Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Axially rotating turbulent pipe flow is an example in which the rotation strongly affects the turbulence, which then also influences the mean flow properties. For instance, in the fully developed flow as well, the fluid is not in solid body rotation due to the influence of the cross-stream Reynolds stress. The present paper reports new measurements from a rotating pipe flow and the streamwise mean velocity distribution is compared with recent scaling ideas of Oberlack [J. Fluid Mech. 379, 1 (1999)] and good agreement is found. A second part of the paper deals with the initial stages when the flow leaves the pipe and forms a swirling jet. The measurements in the jet show that at some distance downstream (approximately five jet diameters) the central part of the jet actually rotates in the opposite direction as compared to the rotation of the pipe. This effect is explained by the influence of the cross-stream Reynolds shear stress.

  • 31. Fiorini, T.
    et al.
    Bellani, G.
    Örlü, Ramis
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Segalini, Antonio
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Talamelli, A.
    Turbulent pipe flow near-wall statistics2017Ingår i: Progress in Turbulence VII: Proceedings of the iTi Conference in Turbulence 2016, Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2017, Vol. 196, s. 89-94Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Results from the first experimental campaign in the Long Pipe facility of the CICLoPE laboratory are reported. Single hot-wire profile measurements are presented, taken from the wall up to one third of the pipe radius, with the friction Reynolds number Reτ ranging from 6.5 × 103 up to 3.8 × 104 . Measurements of the pressure drop along the pipe are presented together with an estimation of its uncertainty. Mean and variance of the streamwise velocity fluctuations are examined and compared with the findings from other facilities. The amplitude of the inner-scaled near-wall peak of the variance, after being corrected for spatial resolution effects, shows an increasing trend with Reynolds number, in accordance with low Reynolds number experiments and simulations.

  • 32.
    Ford, C. L.
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Competence Center for Gas Exchange (CCGEx).
    Winroth, Marcus
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Competence Center for Gas Exchange (CCGEx). KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Competence Center for Gas Exchange (CCGEx). KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Development of a pressure based vortex-shedding meter: measuring unsteady mass-flow in variable density gases2016Ingår i: Measurement science and technology, ISSN 0957-0233, E-ISSN 1361-6501, Vol. 27, nr 8, artikel-id 085901Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    An entirely pressure-based vortex-shedding meter has been designed for use in practical time-dependent flows. The meter is capable of measuring mass-flow rate in variable density gases in spite of the fact that fluid temperature is not directly measured. Unlike other vortex meters, a pressure based meter is incredibly robust and may be used in industrial type flows; an environment wholly unsuitable for hot-wires for example. The meter has been tested in a number of static and dynamic flow cases, across a range of mass-flow rates and pressures. The accuracy of the meter is typically better than about 3% in a static flow and resolves the fluctuating mass-flow with an accuracy that is better than or equivalent to a hot-wire method.

  • 33.
    Ford, C. L.
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Winroth, P. Marcus
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik.
    Vortex-meter design: The influence of shedding-body geometry on shedding characteristics2018Ingår i: Flow Measurement and Instrumentation, ISSN 0955-5986, E-ISSN 1873-6998, Vol. 59, s. 88-102Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The periodic vortex shedding from bluff bodies may be used in flow metering applications. However, because the bluff-body is highly confined (typically in a pipe) the shed vortices may interact with the pipe wall; causing an undesirable non-linear behaviour. An experimental investigation has been conducted; examining the vortex-shedding characteristics of highly confined bluff-bodies in pipe flow, at high Reynolds number (ReD=4.4×104 to 4.4×105). The bluff-bodies were comprised of a forebody and tail; both of which affected the primary-shedding characteristics. The shedders typically produced two unsteady modes: Mode-I was associated with the vortex shedding and mode-II resulted from a separation of the pipe-wall boundary layer. The mode-I behaviour allowed two classes of shedder to be defined: long-tails and short-tails. Modes I and II interacted, particularly for long-tailed geometries. When the length-scale of mode-II exceeded 0.8κ (where κ is the physical scale of the primary shedding vortex), mode-II disrupted mode-I, as the mode-frequency ratio (fII/fI) approached an integer value. The coupling of modes I and II caused mode-I to deviate from its preferred Strouhal number. When the deviation exceeded 25–30%, mode-I locked on to the mode-II frequency. This did not happen for short-tailed geometries, as the length-scale of mode-I was always dominant. Mode-coupling for short-tails occurred only when the mode frequencies were equal. 

  • 34.
    Fransson, Jens H.M.
    et al.
    KTH, Tidigare Institutioner, Mekanik.
    Konieczny, P
    Alfredsson, Per Henrik
    KTH, Tidigare Institutioner, Mekanik.
    Flow around a porous cylinder subject to continuous suction or blowing2004Ingår i: Journal of Fluids and Structures, ISSN 0889-9746, E-ISSN 1095-8622, Vol. 19, nr 8, s. 1031-1048Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present experimental investigation the surface pressure distribution, vortex shedding frequency, and the wake flow behind a porous circular cylinder are studied when continuous suction or blowing is applied through the cylinder walls. It is found that even moderate levels of suction/blowing (less than or similar to 5% of the oncoming streamwise velocity) have a large impact on the flow around the cylinder. Suction delays separation contributing to a narrower wake width, and a corresponding reduction of drag, whereas blowing shows the opposite behaviour. Both uniform suction and blowing display unexpected flow features which are analysed in detail. Suction shows a decrease of the turbulence intensity throughout the whole wake when compared with the natural case, whilst blowing only shows an effect up to five diameters downstream of the cylinder. The drag on the cylinder is shown to increase linearly with the blowing rate, whereas for suction there is a drastic decrease at a specific suction rate. This is shown to be an effect of the separation point moving towards the rear part of the cylinder, similar to what happens when transition to turbulence occurs in the boundary layer on a solid cylinder. The suction/blowing rate can empirically be represented by an effective Reynolds number for the solid cylinder, and an analytical expression for this Reynolds number representation is proposed and verified. Flow visualizations expose the complexity of the flow field in the near wake of the cylinder, and image averaging enables the retrieval of quantitative information, such as the vortex formation length.

  • 35.
    Futrzynski, Romain
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Efraimsson, Gunilla
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Numerical simulation of a plasma actuator on a half-submerged cylinder2013Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper Large Eddy Simulations are used to study the reduction of drag that can be achieved on a half-submerged cylinder by using a type of plasma actuator: the single dielectric barrier discharge. Two body force models, one based on an exponential decrease of the force away from the plasma, the other based on a simplified electric field between the electrodes, are compared to experimental values when the actuator is positioned at the apex of the cylinder in an otherwise quiescent environment. The cylinder is then put in a crossflow, and the exponential-based model, which gives the velocity profiles the closest to the experimental data, is used to simulate the effect of the plasma actuator on such a flow. The reduction in drag is changed as the position of the actuator is varied.

  • 36. Haggmark, C. P.
    et al.
    Bakchinov, A. A.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Tidigare Institutioner                               , Mekanik.
    Experiments on a two-dimensional laminar separation bubble2000Ingår i: Philosophical Transactions. Series A: Mathematical, physical, and engineering science, ISSN 1364-503X, E-ISSN 1471-2962, Vol. 358, nr 1777, s. 3193-3205Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A two-dimensional separation bubble on a flat plate is studied experimentally by means of hot-wire anemometry and flow visualization. Separation of the laminar boundary layer on the plate is caused by an adverse pressure gradient imposed by a curved wall opposite to the plate. The instability of, and transition process in, the separation bubble are focused on. The bubble is found to be highly susceptible to high-frequency two-dimensional instability waves, which are studied under both natural and forced conditions. A similar development of these instability waves in the separation bubble is found in both cases. The exponential growth of the two-dimensional disturbances dominates the flow except for in the reattachment region, where large-scale three-dimensional structures appear. Some difficulties associated with experimental investigations of boundary-layer separation-bubble flows are discussed.

  • 37. Haggmark, C. P.
    et al.
    Bakchinov, A. A.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Tidigare Institutioner                               , Mekanik.
    Measurements with a flow direction boundary-layer probe in a two-dimensional laminar separation bubble2000Ingår i: Experiments in Fluids, ISSN 0723-4864, E-ISSN 1432-1114, Vol. 28, nr 3, s. 236-242Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Measurements with a directional sensitive hot-wire probe have been carried out in a two-dimensional laminar separation bubble caused by an adverse pressure gradient. The probe has three parallel, in plane wires and can be traversed in the boundary layer in all spatial directions. The central wire, operated as a conventional hot-wire in CTA mode, and two surrounding resistance wires measure the instantaneous magnitude and direction of the flow, respectively. The probe is calibrated and operated in a similar way as a single hot-wire probe for boundary layer measurements. The frequency response is high enough for measurements of naturally occurring instability waves in the bubble. The flow direction intermittency was measured inside the bubble and regions with reversed flow were mapped out. Prior to reattachment periodical oscillations of the flow direction are found associated with shedding of vortical structures from the bubble.

  • 38. Hallbäck, M.
    et al.
    Henningson, Dan S.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Johansson, Arne, V.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Turbulens.
    Alfredsson, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    The basics of turbulence modelling1996Ingår i: Turbulence and Transition Modelling, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1996, s. 81-154Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 39. Hiwatashi, Kazuaki
    et al.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik.
    Tillmark, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Nagata, M.
    Experimental observations of instabilities in rotating plane Couette flow2007Ingår i: Physics of fluids, ISSN 1070-6631, E-ISSN 1089-7666, Vol. 19, nr 4Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The transition from the two-dimensional (2D) longitudinal roll cell state to 3D flows in the rotating plane Couette system, predicted by the theoretical investigation [M. Nagata, J. Fluid Mech. 358, 357 (1998)], is examined experimentally. The streamwise and spanwise wave numbers of observed steady 3D flows seem to agree with those predicted by the theory when the rotation rate is relatively large. However, we observe unsteady 3D states in the region where the theory predicts stable steady 3D flows when the rotation rate is small.

  • 40.
    Ikeya, Yuta
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. Keio University, Japan.
    Örlü, Ramis
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Fukagata, Koji
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Towards a theoretical model of heat transfer for hot-wire anemometry close to solid walls2017Ingår i: International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, ISSN 0142-727X, E-ISSN 1879-2278, Vol. 68, s. 248-256Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Hot-wire anemometry readings where the sensor is close to a solid wall become erroneous due to additional heat losses to the wall. Here we examine this effect by means of experiments and numerical simulations. Measurements in both quiescent air as well as laminar and turbulent boundary layers confirmed the influences of parameters such as wall conductivity, overheat ratio and probe dimensions on the hot-wire output voltage. Compared to previous studies, the focus lies not only on the streamwise mean velocity, but also on its fluctuations. The accompanying two-dimensional steady numerical simulation allowed a qualitative discussion of the problem and furthermore mapped the temperature field around the wire for different wall materials. Based on these experimental and numerical results, a theoretical model of the heat transfer from a heated wire close to a solid wall is proposed that accounts for the contributions from both convection and conduction.

  • 41.
    Imayama, Shintaro
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik.
    Alfredsson, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik.
    Lingwood, Rebecca
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik. Institute of Continuing Education, University of Cambridge.
    Experimental study of the rotating-disk boundary-layer flow with surface roughness2014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 42.
    Imayama, Shintaro
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Alfredsson, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Lingwood, Rebecca J.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Experimental study of rotating-disk boundary-layer flow with surface roughness2016Ingår i: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 0022-1120, E-ISSN 1469-7645, Vol. 786Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Rotating-disk boundary-layer flow is known to be locally absolutely unstable at R> 507 as shown by Lingwood (J. Fluid Mech., vol. 299, 1995, pp. 17-33) and, for the clean-disk condition, experimental observations show that the onset of transition is highly reproducible at that Reynolds number. However, experiments also show convectively unstable stationary vortices due to cross-flow instability triggered by unavoidable surface roughness of the disk. We show that if the surface is sufficiently rough, laminar turbulent transition can occur via a convectively unstable route ahead of the onset of absolute instability. In the present work we compare the laminar turbulent transition processes with and without artificial surface roughnesses. The differences are clearly captured in the spectra of velocity time series. With the artificial surface roughness elements, the stationary-disturbance component is dominant in the spectra, whereas both stationary and travelling components are represented in spectra for the clean-disk condition. The wall-normal profile of the disturbance velocity for the travelling mode observed for a clean disk is in excellent agreement with the critical absolute instability eigenfunction from local theory; the wall-normal stationary-disturbance profile, by contrast, is distinct and the experimentally measured profile matches the stationary convective instability eigenfunction. The results from the clean-disk condition are compared with theoretical studies of global behaviours in spatially developing flow and found to be in good qualitative agreement. The details of stationary disturbances are also discussed and it is shown that the radial growth rate is in excellent agreement with linear stability theory. Finally, large stationary structures in the breakdown region are described.

  • 43.
    Imayama, Shintaro
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Lingwood, Rebecca J.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    A new way to describe the transition characteristics of a rotating-disk boundary-layer flow2012Ingår i: Physics of fluids, ISSN 1070-6631, E-ISSN 1089-7666, Vol. 24, nr 3, s. 031701-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A new method of graphically representing the transition stages of a rotating-disk flow is presented. The probability density function contour map of the fluctuating azimuthal disturbance velocity is used to show the characteristics of the boundary-layer flow over the rotating disk as a function of Reynolds numbers. Compared with the variation of the disturbance amplitude (rms) or spectral distribution, this map more clearly shows the changing flow characteristics through the laminar, transitional, and turbulent regions. This method may also be useful to characterize the different stages in the transition process not only for the rotating-disk flow but also for other flows.

  • 44.
    Imayama, Shintaro
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Lingwood, Rebecca J.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    An Experimental Study of a Rotating-Disk Turbulent Boundary-Layer Flow2012Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 45.
    Imayama, Shintaro
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Lingwood, Rebecca J.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    An Experimental Study of Edge Effects on Rotating-Disk Transition2012Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 46.
    Imayama, Shintaro
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Lingwood, Rebecca J.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    An experimental study of edge effects on rotating-disk transition2013Ingår i: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 0022-1120, E-ISSN 1469-7645, Vol. 716, s. 638-657Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The onset of transition for the rotating-disk flow was identified by Lingwood (J. Fluid. Mech., vol. 299, 1995, pp. 17-33) as being highly reproducible, which motivated her to look for absolute instability of the boundary-layer flow; the flow was found to be locally absolutely unstable above a Reynolds number of 507. Global instability, if associated with laminar-turbulent transition, implies that the onset of transition should be highly repeatable across different experimental facilities. While it has previously been shown that local absolute instability does not necessarily lead to linear global instability: Healey (J. Fluid. Mech., vol. 663, 2010, pp. 148-159) has shown, using the linearized complex Ginzburg-Landau equation, that if the finite nature of the flow domain is accounted for, then local absolute instability can give rise to linear global instability and lead directly to a nonlinear global mode. Healey (J. Fluid. Mech., vol. 663, 2010, pp. 148-159) also showed that there is a weak stabilizing effect as the steep front to the nonlinear global mode approaches the edge of the disk, and suggested that this might explain some reports of slightly higher transition Reynolds numbers, when located close to the edge. Here we look closely at the effects the edge of the disk have on laminar-turbulent transition of the rotatingdisk boundary-layer flow. We present data for three different edge configurations and various edge Reynolds numbers, which show no obvious variation in the transition Reynolds number due to proximity to the edge of the disk. These data, together with the application (as far as possible) of a consistent definition for the onset of transition to others' results, reduce the already relatively small scatter in reported transition Reynolds numbers, suggesting even greater reproducibility than previously thought for 'clean' disk experiments. The present results suggest that the finite nature of the disk, present in all real experiments, may indeed, as Healey (J. Fluid. Mech., vol. 663, 2010, pp. 148-159) suggests, lead to linear global instability as a first step in the onset of transition but we have not been able to verify a correlation between the transition Reynolds number and edge Reynolds number.

  • 47.
    Imayama, Shintaro
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Lingwood, Rebecca J.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    On the laminar-turbulent transition of the rotating-disk flow: the role of absolute instability2014Ingår i: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 0022-1120, E-ISSN 1469-7645, Vol. 745, s. 132-163Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a detailed experimental study using hot-wire anemometry of the laminar-turbulent transition region of a rotating-disk boundary-layer flow without any imposed excitation of the boundary layer. The measured data are separated into stationary and unsteady disturbance fields in order to elaborate on the roles that the stationary and the travelling modes have in the transition process. We show the onset of nonlinearity consistently at Reynolds numbers, R, of similar to 510, i.e. at the onset of Lingwood's (J. Fluid Mech., vol. 299, 1995, pp. 17-33) local absolute instability, and the growth of stationary vortices saturates at a Reynolds number of similar to 550. The nonlinear saturation and subsequent turbulent breakdown of individual stationary vortices independently of their amplitudes, which vary azimuthally, seem to be determined by well-defined Reynolds numbers. We identify unstable travelling disturbances in our power spectra, which continue to grow, saturating at around R = 585, whereupon turbulent breakdown of the boundary layer ensues. The nonlinear saturation amplitude of the total disturbance field is approximately constant for all considered cases, i.e. different rotation rates and edge Reynolds numbers. We also identify a travelling secondary instability. Our results suggest that it is the travelling disturbances that are fundamentally important to the transition to turbulence for a clean disk, rather than the stationary vortices. Here, the results appear to show a primary nonlinear steep-fronted (travelling) global mode at the boundary between the local convectively and absolutely unstable regions, which develops nonlinearly interacting with the stationary vortices and which saturates and is unstable to a secondary instability. This leads to a rapid transition to turbulence outward of the primary front from approximately R = 565 to 590 and to a fully turbulent boundary layer above 650.

  • 48.
    Imayama, Shintaro
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Lingwood, Rebecca J.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. University of Cambridge, UK .
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    The turbulent rotating-disk boundary layer2014Ingår i: European journal of mechanics. B, Fluids, ISSN 0997-7546, E-ISSN 1873-7390, Vol. 48, s. 245-253Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The turbulent boundary layer on a rotating disk is studied with the aim of giving a statistical description of the azimuthal velocity field and to compare it with the streamwise velocity of a turbulent two-dimensional flat-plate boundary layer. Determining the friction velocity accurately is particularly challenging and here this is done through direct measurement of the velocity distribution close to the rotating disk in the very thin viscous sublayer using hot-wire anemometry. Compared with other flow cases, the rotating-disk flow has the advantage that the highest relative velocity with respect to a stationary hot wire is at the wall itself, thereby limiting the effect of heat conduction to the wall from the hot-wire probe. Experimental results of mean, rms, skewness and flatness as well as spectral information are provided. Comparison with the two-dimensional boundary layer shows that turbulence statistics are similar in the inner region, although the rms-level is lower and the maximum spectral content is found at smaller wavelengths for the rotating case. These features both indicate that the outer flow structures are less influential in the inner region for the rotating case.

  • 49. Inasawa, Ayumu
    et al.
    Lundell, Fredrik
    KTH, Tidigare Institutioner                               , Mekanik.
    Matsubara, Masaharu
    Kohama, Yasuaki
    Alfredsson, Henrik
    KTH, Tidigare Institutioner                               , Mekanik.
    Velocity statistics and flow structures observed in bypass transition using stereo PTV2003Ingår i: Experiments in Fluids, ISSN 0723-4864, E-ISSN 1432-1114, Vol. 34, nr 2, s. 242-252Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It is known from smoke visualizations that in a transitional boundary layer subjected to free-stream turbulence, streaks appear and eventually break down to turbulence after wavy motions. In order to observe the streaky structures directly, a stereo particle-tracking velocimetry system using hydrogen bubbles in a water channel has been developed and validated against laser Doppler velocimetry. Mean flow statistics show good agreement with previous results. With the developed measurement system, the instantaneous spanwise distribution of the streamwise and wall-normal velocities can be measured fast enough to resolve the time development of the streaky structures. Measurements of instantaneous spanwise distributions of the streamwise and wall-normal velocity disturbances show strong negative correlation between the wall-normal and streamwise velocities in the streaks.

  • 50. Jacob, Boris
    et al.
    Casciola, Carlo Massimo
    Talamelli, Alessandro
    Alfredsson, P. Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik.
    Scaling of mixed structure functions in turbulent boundary layers2008Ingår i: Physics of fluids, ISSN 1070-6631, E-ISSN 1089-7666, Vol. 20, nr 4Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We address the issue of the scaling of the anisotropic components of the hierarchy of correlation tensors in the logarithmic region of a turbulent boundary layer over a flat plate, at Re-theta approximate to 15 000. We isolate the anisotropic observables by means of decomposition tools based on the SO(3) symmetry group of rotations. By employing a dataset made of velocity signals detected by two X probes, we demonstrate that the behavior of the anisotropic fluctuations throughout the boundary layer may be understood in terms of the superposition of two distinct regimes. The transition is controlled by the magnitude of the mean shear and occurs in correspondence with the shear scale. Below the shear scale, an isotropy-recovering behavior occurs, which is characterized by a set of universal exponents which roughly match dimensional predictions based on Lumley's argument [J. L. Lumley, Phys. Fluids 8, 1056 (1965)]. Above the shear scale, the competition between energy production and transfer mechanisms gives rise to a completely different scenario with strong alterations of the observed scaling laws. This aspect has significant implications for the correct parametrization of the anisotropy behavior in the near wall region since, approaching the wall, an increasingly larger fraction of the scaling interval tends to conform to the shear-dominated power laws.

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