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  • 1. Acciaro, Roberta
    et al.
    Aulin, Christian
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Lindström, Tom
    Claesson, Per M.
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Varga, Imre
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Investigation of the formation, structure and release characteristics of self-assembled composite films of cellulose nanofibrils and temperature responsive microgels2011Inngår i: Soft Matter, ISSN 1744-683X, Vol. 7, nr 4, s. 1369-1377Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The possibility of forming self-organized films using charge-stabilized dispersions of cellulose I nanofibrils and microgel beads of poly-(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylic acid) copolymer is presented. The build-up behavior and the properties of the layer-by-layer (LbL)-constructed films were studied using quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) and ellipsometry. The morphology of the formed films was also characterized using atomic force microscopy (AFM) imaging. The applied methods clearly demonstrated the successful LbL-assembly of the monodisperse microgels and nanofibrils. The in situ QCM-D measurements also revealed that contrary to the polyelectrolyte bound microgel particles, the nanofibrils-bound gel beads preserve their highly swollen state and do not suffer a partial collapse due to the lack of interdigitation of the oppositely charged components. To probe the accessibility of the gel beads in the formed films, the room temperature (similar to 25 degrees C) loading and release of a fluorescent dye (FITC) was also investigated. The incorporation of the cellulose nanofibrils into the multilayer resulted in an open structure that was found easily penetrable for the dye molecules even at constant room temperature, which is in sharp contrast with previously reported systems based on synthetic polyelectrolytes. The amount of dye released from the multilayer films could be fine-tuned with the number of bilayers. Finally, the thermoresponsivity of the films was also shown by triggering the burst release of the loaded dye when the film was collapsed.

  • 2.
    Agfors, Gunnar
    et al.
    Ledamot av IVA.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Grenthe, Ingmar
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Oorganisk kemi.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Ödberg, Lars
    et, al
    KEMI: den gränslösa vetenskapen2011Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Kemi – handlar inte det bara om farliga ämnen och onödiga tillsatser? Det är kanske bildenmånga har av kemi, men faktum är att utan kemi skulle vi inte ha det höga välstånd vi har i dag.Tack vare kemisk kunskap har vi tillgång till läkemedel som botar sjukdomar och lindrar smärta– med hjälp av syntetiska antibiotika kan infektionssjukdomar som tidigare var dödliga botas,magsår kan behandlas utan dyra och plågsamma operationer och många cancerformer kanframgångsrikt behandlas med syntetiska preparat. Konstgödsel och medel som hindrar skadeinsektergör att skördar kan ökas och svälten i världen därigenom begränsas. Tack vare kemin harvi även tillgång till alla de material vi behöver för att tillverka allt från kläder, rengöringsprodukteroch kosmetika till bilar, TV-apparater och reservdelar till kroppen. Det är genom kemisk syntes vikan framställa dessa och alla de övriga produkter vi behöver för vårt dagliga liv och det är keminsom visar vägen till hållbar produktion som utnyttjar förnybara råvaror och ger minimala mängderavfall. Kemisk kunskap är också oumbärlig för utveckling av nanoteknik och medicinskdiagnostik och andra till kemin angränsande områden. Kemin bidrar alltså till att finna lösningartill många av de komplexa globala problem vi står inför: hälsa, klimat, brist på råvaror, utnyttjandetav nya energikällor och tillgång till livsmedel för att föda jordens ökande befolkning.

    DET ÄR OM ALLT DETTA DEN HÄR BOKEN HANDLAR.

  • 3.
    Alexakis, Alexandros Efraim
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Ytbehandlingsteknik. KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Telaretti Leggieri, Rosella
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Ytbehandlingsteknik.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Malmström, Eva
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center. KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Ytbehandlingsteknik.
    Benselfelt, Tobias
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 639798 Singapore, Singapore.
    Nanolatex architectonics: Influence of cationic charge density and size on their adsorption onto surfaces with a 2D or 3D distribution of anionic groups2023Inngår i: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 634, s. 610-620Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 4.
    Alipoormazandarani, Niloofar
    et al.
    Lakehead Univ, Dept Chem Engn, Thunder Bay, ON, Canada.;Abo Akad Univ, Lab Nat Mat Technol, Turku, Finland..
    Benselfelt, Tobias
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center. KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Ytbehandlingsteknik.
    Wang, Luyao
    Abo Akad Univ, Lab Nat Mat Technol, Turku, Finland..
    Wang, Xiaoju
    Abo Akad Univ, Lab Nat Mat Technol, Turku, Finland..
    Xu, Chunlin
    Abo Akad Univ, Lab Nat Mat Technol, Turku, Finland..
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi. KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Willfor, Stefan
    Abo Akad Univ, Lab Nat Mat Technol, Turku, Finland..
    Fatehi, Pedram
    Lakehead Univ, Dept Chem Engn, Thunder Bay, ON, Canada.;Qilu Univ Technol, State Key Lab Biobased Mat & Green Papermaking, Jinan, Shandong, Peoples R China..
    Functional Lignin Nanoparticles with Tunable Size and Surface Properties: Fabrication, Characterization, and Use in Layer-by-Layer Assembly2021Inngår i: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, E-ISSN 1944-8252, Vol. 13, nr 22, s. 26308-26317Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Lignin is the richest source of renewable aromatics and has immense potential for replacing synthetic chemicals. The limited functionality of lignin is, however, challenging for its potential use, which motivates research for creating advanced functional lignin-derived materials. Here, we present an aqueous-based acid precipitation method for preparing functional lignin nanoparticles (LNPs) from carboxy-methylated or carboxy-pentylated lignin. We observe that the longer grafted side chains of carboxy-pentylated lignin allow for the formation of larger LNPs. The functional nanoparticles have high tolerance against salt and aging time and well-controlled size distribution with R-h <= 60 nm over a pH range of 5-11. We further investigate the layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly of the LNPs and poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH) using a stagnation point adsorption reflectometry (SPAR) and quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D). Results demonstrate that LNPs made of carboxypentylated lignin (i.e., PLNPs with the adsorbed mass of 3.02 mg/m(2)) form a more packed and thicker adlayer onto the PAH surface compared to those made of carboxymethylated lignin (i.e., CLNPs with the adsorbed mass of 2.51 mg/m(2)). The theoretical flux, J, and initial rate of adsorption, (d Gamma/dt)(0), analyses confirm that 22% of PLNPs and 20% of CLNPs arriving at the PAH surface are adsorbed. The present study provides a feasible platform for engineering LNPs with a tunable size and adsorption behavior, which can be adapted in hionanomaterial production.

  • 5. Andersson, J.
    et al.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Ageing of Flexographic Printed Model Cellulose Surfaces and Determination of the Mechanisms Behind Ageing2009Inngår i: Pulp & paper Canada, ISSN 0316-4004, Vol. 110, nr 6, s. 34-38Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The influence of storage conditions on the ink detachment efficiency of water-based flexographic ink printed onto model cellulose surfaces and handsheets was investigated. It was shown that UV light, elevated temperatures, longer storage time, increasing surface roughness, and increasing surface hydrophobicity all had a negative effect on ink detachment. It was also shown that the ink's chemical and structural characteristics changed when stored at elevated temperatures. No chemical or structural changes could be observed for the ink when stored under UV light.

  • 6. Andersson, L.
    et al.
    Larsson, Per Tomas
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Bergström, Lennart
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center. Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Stockholm University.
    Evaluating pore space in macroporous ceramics with water-based porosimetry2013Inngår i: Journal of The American Ceramic Society, ISSN 0002-7820, E-ISSN 1551-2916, Vol. 96, nr 6, s. 1916-1922Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We show that water-based porosimetry (WBP), a facile, simple, and nondestructive porosimetry technique, accurately evaluates both the pore size distribution and throat size distribution of sacrificially templated macroporous alumina. The pore size distribution and throat size distribution derived from the WBP evaluation in uptake (imbibition) and release (drainage) mode, respectively, were corroborated by mercury porosimetry and X-ray micro-computed tomography (μ-CT). In contrast with mercury porosimetry, the WBP also provided information on the presence of "dead-end pores" in the macroporous alumina.

  • 7. Andreasson, B.
    et al.
    Forsstrom, J.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Determination of fibre pore structure: influence of salt, pH and conventional wet strength resins2005Inngår i: Cellulose, ISSN 0969-0239, E-ISSN 1572-882X, Vol. 12, nr 3, s. 253-265Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been shown, in the present investigation, that the two methods used to investigate the pore size distribution of unbleached chemical pulps, i.e. inverse size exclusion chromatography (ISEC) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), give different average pore radius for the pores inside the fibre wall. This is due to the way in which these experiments are performed and the sensitivity of the methods to different types of pores in the cell wall. It was also shown that the two methods gave different results when changing the pH and the ionic strength of the pulp suspension. The pore radius, as detected with ISEC, decreased with both increasing ionic strength and decreasing pH, indicating a loose structure of the exterior of the fibrillar network. However, the pore radius as detected with NMR, was virtually unaffected when increasing the ionic strength, indicating a very rigid structure of the interior of the fibre wall. Decreasing pH though, lead to a decrease in pore radius indicating that upon protonation of the carboxylic groups in the fibre wall, the electrostatic repulsion is diminished and the average pore radius decreases. The NMR technique was also used to study wet strength aid penetration into the fibre wall. It was shown that wet strength aids with a small molecular weight, penetrated the fibre wall, as detected by a decrease in pore radius. It was also shown that addition of different wet strength aids increased the tensile index of the sheet and decreased the fibre strength, measured as zero span-strength of the sheets.

  • 8. Andreasson, B.
    et al.
    Forsstrom, J.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Tidigare Institutioner (före 2005), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    The porous structure of pulp fibres with different yields and its influence on paper strength2003Inngår i: Cellulose, ISSN 0969-0239, E-ISSN 1572-882X, Vol. 10, nr 2, s. 111-123Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The porous structure of the interior of papermaking fibres is a well-known important property of the fibres. Changes of this structure will influence tensile and burst strength of paper formed from the fibres and a change in pore size of the pores within the fibre wall is also important for the ability of molecules to diffuse in and out of the fibre wall. Relevant examples of this latter effect are the removal of lignin during cooking and the addition of performance chemicals during papermaking. In this paper, pore sizes and the pore size distribution of unbleached softwood fibres have been studied. A well-characterised fibre material consisting of laboratory cooked spruce and pine pulp of various lignin contents was used. Pore size and pore size distribution were measured by studies of the relaxation behaviour of H-2 in fibres saturated with (H2O)-H-2. Beside this the total and surface charge of the fibres were also measured together with strength properties of papers from unbeaten fibres. For both pulps, there is a maximum in pore radius at a yield around 46%. Calculations of fibre wall volume from water retention values and yield levels show that there is a discontinuity in pore radius as a function of the fibre wall volume around a yield of 51%. It is suggested that this discontinuity is caused by the breakdown of the hemicellulose/ lignin matrix within the fibre wall at this yield level. The strength of the papers formed from the fibres shows a correlation with the surface charge of the fibres. Based on the change in surface charge with yield and the change in total charge with yield, this correlation is suggested to be due to an opening up of the external part of the fibre wall. This stresses the importance of the chemical composition and physical structure of the outer layer of the fibre wall.

  • 9. Andreasson, B.
    et al.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    On the mechanisms behind the action of wet strength and wet strength agents2009Inngår i: Paper Products Physics and Technology, Walter de Gruyter, 2009, s. 185-208Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 10.
    Ankerfors, Caroline
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Johansson, Erik
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Pettersson, Torbjörn
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Lars, Wågberg
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Use of PECs and PEMs from polymers and nanoparticles to create sacrificial bonds between surfacesManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 11.
    Ankerfors, Caroline
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Johansson, Erik
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Pettersson, Torbjörn
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Use of polyelectrolyte complexes and multilayers from polymers and nanoparticles to create sacrificial bonds between surfaces2013Inngår i: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 391, s. 28-35Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, particle polyelectrolyte complexes (PPECs) were formed by mixing cationic polyacrylamide (CPAM) and silica nanoparticles using the jet mixing technique. Within certain limits, the size of the formed PPECs could be controlled. The aim was to prepare PPECs with embedded sacrificial bonds, similar to those found in bones. Examination of PPEC adsorption to silica model surfaces indicated that,smaller PPECs adsorbed to a higher level than larger ones, due to the higher diffusion speed of smaller complexes. Adsorption studies of the same components as in the PPECs, but arranged in multilayers, that is, particle polyelectrolyte multilayers (PPEMs), indicated a stable, gradual build-up of material on the surface with smaller nanoparticles, whereas PPEMs comprising elongated nanoparticles appeared to be more loosely adsorbed onto the surface when the nanoparticles were in the outer layer, due to repulsive forces within the adsorbed layer. The AFM colloidal probe technique was used to study the interaction between surfaces treated with PPECs, multilayers, or polyelectrolyte complexes (PECs). The results showed that the expected long-range disentanglement could be achieved with PPECs but that the pull-off forces were generally low. Treatment with PPEMs comprising the same polymer and nanoparticle components produced higher pull-off values, together with disentanglement behaviour, possibly due to better contact between the surfaces. Adhesion experiments with polymer PECs showed significantly higher pull-off values than with the PPECs, probably due to polymer interdiffusion across the surface boundary.

  • 12.
    Ankerfors, Caroline
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Lingström, Rikard
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Ödberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    A comparison of polyelectrolyte complexes and multilayers: Their adsorption behaviour and use for enhancing tensile strength of paper2009Inngår i: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, E-ISSN 2000-0669, Vol. 24, nr 1, s. 77-86Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper compares the adsorption behaviour and paper-strength-enhancing properties of polyelectrolyte complexes (PECs) and polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEMs) of polyallylamine hydrochloride and polyacrylic acid. Model adsorption experiments using SPAR (stagnation point adsorption reflectometry) and QCM-D (quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation) showed that the amount of complexes adsorbed was lower than the amount adsorbed when forming a multilayer using the same polymer system. From these experiments, in combination with AFM and ESEM imaging, it was concluded that the PEC adsorption stopped before full surface coverage was reached. Tensile testing of handsheets treated with PECs and PEM showed a significant increase in both tensile index and strain-at-break using both systems. The largest strength improvement was achieved with the fibres treated with the largest number of PEMs, but the largest effect per adsorbed amount of polymer was achieved by PEC treatment.

  • 13.
    Ankerfors, Caroline
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Ondaral, Sedat
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Ödberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Applying jet mixing to the preparation of polyelectrolyte complexes: complex properties and their interaction with silicon oxide surfacesManuskript (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 14.
    Ankerfors, Caroline
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Ondaral, Sedat
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Ödberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Using jet mixing to prepare polyelectrolyte complexes: Complex properties and their interaction with silicon oxide surfaces2010Inngår i: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 351, nr 1, s. 88-95Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The influence of mixing procedure on the properties of polyelectrolyte complexes (PECs) was investigated using two complexation techniques, polyelectrolyte titration and jet mixing, the latter being a new method for PEC preparation. For the low-molecular-weight polyelectrolytes polyacrylic acid (PAA) and polyallyl amine hydrochloride (PAH), shorter mixing times produced smaller PECs, whereas for higher molecular weights of the same polyelectrolytes, PEC size first decreased with decreasing mixing time to a certain level, after which it started increasing again. This pattern was likely due to the diffusion-controlled formation of "pre-complexes", which, in the case of low-molecular-weight polymers, occurs sufficiently quickly to form stable complexes; when polyelectrolytes are larger, however, non-equilibrium pre-complexes, more prone to aggregation, are formed. Comparing the techniques revealed that jet mixing produced smaller complexes, allowing PEC size to be controlled by mixing time, which was not the case with polyelectrolyte titration. Higher polyelectrolyte concentration during jet mixing led to the formation of larger PECs. It was also demonstrated that PEC size could be changed after preparation: increasing the pH of the PEC dispersion led to an irreversible increase in PEC size, whereas lowering the pH did not influence PEC size. The adsorption behavior of PECs formed from weak polyelectrolytes on model substrates was studied using QCM-D, SPAR, and AFM imaging; the results indicated that increasing the pH increased the amount of PECs adsorbed to model surfaces. However, the amount of PECs adsorbed to the model surfaces was low compared with other systems in all studied cases.

  • 15.
    Ankerfors, Caroline
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Pettersson, Torbjörn
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    AFM adhesion imaging for comparison of polyelectrolyte complexes and polyelectrolyte multilayers2012Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 16.
    Ankerfors, Caroline
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Pettersson, Torbjörn
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    AFM adhesion imaging for the comparison of polyelectrolyte complexes and polyelectrolyte multilayers2012Inngår i: Soft Matter, ISSN 1744-683X, E-ISSN 1744-6848, Vol. 8, nr 32, s. 8298-8301Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The adhesion and topography of dry surfaces treated with polyelectrolyte complexes (PECs) and multilayers (PEMs) of PAH/PAA or CPAM/silica nanoparticles were studied using AFM adhesion mapping. PEMs gave higher adhesion than did PECs for the PAH/PAA system, but adhesion did not differ significantly between PEMs and PECs for the CPAM/silica system. The latter system displayed multiple release patterns, interpreted as disentanglements and tentatively ascribed to nanoparticle presence. AFM adhesion mapping is valuable for analysing PEC and PEM. The measurements should, however, be combined with separate force measurements for a more complete picture of the adhesion.

  • 17. Ankerfors, Caroline
    et al.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Polyelectrolyte Complexes for Tailoring of Wood Fibre Surfaces2014Inngår i: Polyelectrolyte Complexes In The Dispersed And Solid State II: Application Aspects, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2014, s. 1-24Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of polyelectrolyte complexes (PECs) provides new opportunities for surface engineering of solid particles in aqueous environments to functionalize the solids either for use in interactive products or to tailor their adhesive interactions in the dry and/or wet state. This chapter describes the use of PECs in paper-making applications where the PECs are used for tailoring the surfaces of wood-based fibres. Initially a detailed description of the adsorption process is given, in more general terms, and in this respect both in situ formed and pre-formed complexes are considered. When using in situ formed complexes, which were intentionally formed by the addition of oppositely charged polymers, it was established that the order of addition of the two polyelectrolytes was important, and by adding the polycation first a more extensive fibre flocculation was found. PECs can also form in situ by the interaction between polyelectrolytes added and polyelectrolytes already present in the fibre suspension originating from the wood material, e. g. lignosulphonates or hemicelluloses. In this respect the complexation can be detrimental for process efficiency and/or product quality depending on the charge balance between the components, and when using the PECs for fibre engineering it is not recommended to rely on in situ PEC formation. Instead the PECs should be pre-formed before addition to the fibres. The use of pre-formed PECs in the paper-making process is described as three sub-processes: PEC formation, adsorption onto surfaces, and the effect on the adhesion between surfaces. The addition of PECs, and adsorption to the fibres, prior to formation of the paper network structure has shown to result in a significant increase in joint strength between the fibres and to an increased strength of the paper made from the fibres. The increased joint strength between the fibres is due to both an increased molecular contact area between the fibres and an increased molecular adhesion. The increased paper strength is also a result of an increased number of fibre/fibre contacts/unit volume of the paper network.

  • 18.
    Ankerfors, Caroline
    et al.
    KTH.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH.
    Odberg, Lars
    KTH.
    Carlen, Joakim
    Eka Chem, S-44580 Bohus, Sweden..
    Persson, Michael
    Eka Chem, S-44580 Bohus, Sweden..
    CELL 281-Novel high-speed jet mixing method for the formation of polyelectrolyte complexes used for fiber surface modification2008Inngår i: Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0065-7727, Vol. 235Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 19.
    Ansari, Farhan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Biokompositer. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Sjöstedt, Anna
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Berglund, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Biokompositer. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Biocomposites based on nanostructured chemical wood pulp fibres in epoxy matrixManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 20.
    Ansari, Farhan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellens Centrum BiMaC Innovation.
    Sjöstedt, Anna
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Larsson, Per Tomas
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Berglund, Lars A.
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellens Centrum BiMaC Innovation. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellens Centrum BiMaC Innovation. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Hierarchical wood cellulose fiber/epoxy biocomposites: Materials design of fiber porosity and nanostructure2015Inngår i: Composites. Part A, Applied science and manufacturing, ISSN 1359-835X, E-ISSN 1878-5840, Vol. 74, s. 60-68Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Delignified chemical wood pulp fibers can be designed to have a controlled structure of cellulose fibril aggregates to serve as porous templates in biocomposites with unique properties. The potential of these fibers as reinforcement for an epoxy matrix (EP) was investigated in this work. Networks of porous wood fibers were impregnated with monomeric epoxy and cured. Microscopy images from ultramicrotomed cross sections and tensile fractured surfaces were used to study the distribution of matrix inside and around the fibers - at two different length scales. Mechanical characterization at different relative humidity showed much improved mechanical properties of biocomposites based on epoxy-impregnated fibers and they were rather insensitive to surrounding humidity. Furthermore, the mechanical properties of cellulose-fiber biocomposites were compared with those of cellulose-nanofibril (CNF) composites; strong similarities were found between the two materials. The reasons for this, some limitations and the role of specific surface area of the fiber are discussed.

  • 21.
    Ariza, David
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Elektroteknisk teori och konstruktion.
    Beccera, Marley
    Hollertz, Rebecca
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Methling, Ralf
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Gortschakow, Sergey
    Inception of first mode negative streamers at mineral oil-solid interfacesManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 22.
    Ariza, David
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Elektroteknisk teori och konstruktion.
    Becerra, Marley
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Elektroteknisk teori och konstruktion.
    Hollertz, Rebecca
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Inception of first mode negative streamers at liquid/solid interfacesInngår i: Journal of Physics D: Applied PhysicsArtikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an experimental study on the inception of first mode negative streamers at different mineral-oil/solid interfaces. This study is performed with a point-plane configuration immersed in mineral oil (point cathode). The mineral-oil/solid interface is done by assembling a solid in an inclined position into the point-plane gap. The solid is in contact (or in the proximity) with the point electrode tip. The tested solids are a kraft paper, a paper made from cellulosic micro and nano fibrils and different polymeric films (low density polyethylene (LDPE), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF)). These solids have different relative permittivity and structural composition. It is found that the streamer inception voltage is statistically similar for the cases with solids with higher permittivity than mineral oil. The streamer inception voltage for the case without any solid barrier is also statistically similar to the cases with solids with higher permittivity than mineral oil. It is also found that the inception voltage is higher for streamers initiated at permittivity-matched interfaces (cases with LDPE and PTFE). Additionally, the influence of the spatial limitation with the solid surface to the volume where the streamer initiation process takes is performed with PTFE by varying the distance between the point electrode and the solid surface. It is shown that the streamer inception voltage depends on the distance between the point electrode and the solid surface. Furthermore, It is observed that the streamer inception voltage is also influenced when the distance between the point electrode and the surface of the PTFE is several micrometers (twenty times longer than the penetration depth of the avalanche responsible of streamer initiation). Additionally, it is also shown that a recently-proposed streamer inception criterion is unsuitable to predict the streamer inception conditions close to permittivity matched and mismatched liquid/solid interfaces.

  • 23.
    Ariza, David
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Elektroteknisk teori och konstruktion.
    Becerra, Marley
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Elektroteknisk teori och konstruktion.
    Hollertz, Rebecca
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Second Mode Positive Streamers Propagating Along Mineral-oil/solid InterfacesManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an experimental study on second mode positive streamers propagating along mineral-oil/solid interfaces. The inception and propagation of these streamers is investigated with different impregnated solids (low density polyethylene (LDPE), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF), two papers referred to as kraft paper and a kraft fibril paper, made from cellulosic micro and nano fibrils, a lignin-free paper and a paper with high lignin content referred to as k107 kraft paper). Streamers are initiated in a point-plane configuration under step voltages with 35 ns rise time. The radius of the tip is 2.9 μm and the solid is installed in an inclined position in close contact to the point electrode. Shadowgraphs, charge and light recording of the streamers are reported for each case. Furthermore, estimations of the streamer stopping length, velocity, current and average charge are reported. It is found that the streamer inception is influenced by the solid interface indicating that the inception process is not only conditioned by the field at the tip but also by the interface. A time delay is observed before the initiation of the streamer and probably correlated with the initiation process and formation of the gaseous phase. Additionally, the threshold propagation voltage of the second mode streamers at mineral-oil/solid interfaces is shown to be independent of the interface. It is also shown that the different characteristics of streamers propagating along the tested interfaces cannot be fully explained by the capacitive coupling effect due to permittivity mismatch. Thus, it is suggested that the characteristics of streamers propagating near interfaces is affected by other properties of the solid such as chemical composition, wettability and surface roughness.

  • 24.
    Ariza, David
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Elektroteknisk teori och konstruktion.
    Becerra, Marley
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Elektroteknisk teori och konstruktion.
    Hollertz, Rebecca
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Pitois, Claire
    ABB AB Corporate Research.
    First Mode Negative Streamers along Mineral Oil-solid Interfaces2017Inngår i: IEEE transactions on dielectrics and electrical insulation, ISSN 1070-9878, E-ISSN 1558-4135, Vol. 24, nr 4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This document presents an experimental study on the propagation of first mode negative streamers along mineral oil-solid interfaces. Samples made of an oil impregnated kraft paper and a low-porosity paper made from cellulosic micro and nano fibrils, as well as different polymeric films (low density polyethylene (LDPE), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF)) are used as the solid. A comparison of the length, charge and velocity of streamers for all different mineral oil-solid interfaces is reported. It is shown that streamers propagate longer and faster along mineral oil-solid interfaces with low surface roughness, low porosity and higher electrical permittivity than mineral oil. Those streamers show a quasi-continuous injection of charge in the early stage of their propagation. This quasi-continuous charge injection consists of a sequence of small charge steps separated by few tens of nanoseconds in between. In comparison, the streamers that propagate along surfaces with similar permittivity to the mineral oil have lower injection of charge and higher stopping voltage conditions than streamers propagating free in the liquid without any solid barrier.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 25.
    Ariza, David
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Elektroteknisk teori och konstruktion.
    Becerra, Marley
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Elektroteknisk teori och konstruktion.
    Methling, Ralf
    INP - Leibniz Institute for Plasma Science and Technology.
    Gortchakow, Sergey
    INP Leibniz Institute for Plasma Science and Technology.
    Hollertz, Rebecca
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Influence of Paper Properties on Streamers Creeping in Mineral Oil2017Inngår i: Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Dielectric Liquids, ISSN 2153-3725, E-ISSN 2153-3733Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This work presents an experimental study ofsecond mode positive streamers propagating along mineral oilpaperinterfaces. A point-plane arrangement immersed inmineral oil with the paper inclined 60 degrees to the planeelectrode is used to create the liquid-solid interface. Kraft paperand a kraft fibril paper, made from cellulosic micro and nanofibrils, with higher density and lower surface roughness are usedas the solid materials. High speed shadowgraphy and chargerecordings are used to compare the propagation of second modepositive streamers along the mineral oil-kraft paper and mineraloil-kraft fibril paper. Streamers creeping along the mineral oilkraftpaper interface propagate mainly into the liquid, with oneor two main filaments. In comparison, the streamers propagatingalong the kraft fibril paper show a strong reduction of thebranching; these streamers consist of a single filament thatpropagates exactly on the solid surface. Streamers along the kraftfibril paper also have longer propagation time than for the casewith kraft paper. Mutual electrostatic shielding betweenfilaments is observed for the streamers creeping on the kraftpaper. An electrostatic analysis of the influence of permittivity,density and surface roughness of the solid in the electricalproperties of the streamer filaments is also performed.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 26.
    Ariza, David
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Elektroteknisk teori och konstruktion.
    Hollertz, Rebecca
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Beccera, Marley
    Pitois, Claire
    KTH.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    First mode negative streamers at mineral oil-solid interfacesManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 27.
    Ariza, David
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Elektroteknisk teori och konstruktion.
    Hollertz, Rebecca
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Methling, Ralf
    Gortschakow, Sergey
    Influence of paper properties on streamers creeping in mineral oilManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 28.
    Arumughan, Vishnu
    et al.
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Chem & Chem Engn, Gothenburg, Sweden.;Chalmers Univ Technol, AvanCell, SE-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Nypelo, Tiina
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Chem & Chem Engn, Gothenburg, Sweden.;Chalmers Univ Technol, Wallenberg Wood Sci Ctr, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Hasani, Merima
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Chem & Chem Engn, Gothenburg, Sweden.;Chalmers Univ Technol, AvanCell, SE-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Brelid, Harald
    Södra Innovat, Väröbacka, Sweden..
    Albertsson, Sverker
    Södra Innovat, Väröbacka, Sweden..
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi. KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Larsson, Anette
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Chem & Chem Engn, Gothenburg, Sweden.;Chalmers Univ Technol, AvanCell, SE-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden.;Chalmers Univ Technol, Wallenberg Wood Sci Ctr, Gothenburg, Sweden.;Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Chem & Chem Engn, FibRe Ctr Lignocellulose Based Thermoplast, SE-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Specific ion effects in the adsorption of carboxymethyl cellulose on cellulose: The influence of industrially relevant divalent cations2021Inngår i: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, ISSN 0927-7757, E-ISSN 1873-4359, Vol. 626, artikkel-id 127006Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The adsorption of carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) on cellulose surfaces is of relevance from both academic and industrial perspectives as it facilitates resource-efficient modification of cellulose fibres that allows them to carry negative charges. It is known that, compared to monovalent ions, Ca2+ ions are superior ions in facilitating CMC adsorption and the subsequent introduction of charge on cellulose fibres. However, the formation and deposition of calcium oxide involved in this process necessitates the search for alternative cations. Magnesium ions form one of the more promising candidates since they are already used in the pulping process to prevent cellulose degradation during peroxide bleaching. This work aims at elucidating the effects of the industrially relevant alkaline earth metal divalent cations Mg2+ and Ca2+ on the CMC adsorption process onto cellulose surfaces. Quartz Crystal Microbalance (QCM-D) technology was used to follow the adsorption in model systems in real time, whereas the adsorption of CMC on commercial fibres was studied using polyelectrolyte titrations, total organic carbon (TOC) analysis and conductometric titrations. This study shows that the presence of Ca2+ ions was more favourable for the adsorption of CMC to both types of cellulosic surfaces than Mg2+ ions. The distinction in the adsorption behaviour in the presence of Mg2+ and Ca2+ is suggested to be due to the differences in the polarizability of the ions. The findings are decisive in designing efficient industrial processes for the adsorption of polyelectrolytes to cellulose surfaces of similar charge.

  • 29.
    Asta, Nadia
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Kaplan, Magdalena
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teknisk mekanik, Farkostteknik och Solidmekanik, Hållfasthetslära.
    Kulachenko, Artem
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teknisk mekanik, Farkostteknik och Solidmekanik, Hållfasthetslära.
    Östlund, Sören
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teknisk mekanik, Farkostteknik och Solidmekanik, Hållfasthetslära.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Influence of density and chemical additives on paper mechanical propertiesManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 30.
    Asta, Nadia
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Loist, Maximilian
    Reid, Michael S.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Model Systems for Clarifying the Effects of Surface Modification on Fibre-Fibre Joint Strength and Paper Mechanical PropertiesManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 31.
    Asta, Nadia
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Reid, Michael S.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi. RISE Research Institute of Sweden, SE-114 86 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Pettersson, Torbjörn
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi. KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    The Use of Model Cellulose Materials for Studying Molecular Interactions at Cellulose Interfaces2023Inngår i: ACS Macro Letters, E-ISSN 2161-1653, Vol. 12, nr 11, s. 1530-1535Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite extensive research on biobased and fiber-basedmaterials, fundamental questions regarding the molecular processesgoverning fiber−fiber interactions remain unanswered. In this study, weintroduce a method to examine and clarify molecular interactions withinfiber−fiber joints using precisely characterized model materials, i.e.,regenerated cellulose gel beads with nanometer-smooth surfaces. Byphysically modifying these materials and drying them together to createmodel joints, we can investigate the mechanisms responsible for joiningcellulose surfaces and how this affects adhesion in both dry and wet statesthrough precise separation measurements. The findings reveal a subtlebalance in the joint formation, influencing the development ofnanometer-sized structures at the contact zone and likely inducingbuilt-in stresses in the interphase. This research illustrates how model materials can be tailored to control interactions betweencellulose-rich surfaces, laying the groundwork for future high-resolution studies aimed at creating stiff, ductile, and/or tough jointsbetween cellulose surfaces and to allow for the design of high-performance biobased materials.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 32.
    Atoufi, Zhaleh
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Ciftci, Göksu Cinar
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Reid, Michael S.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Larsson, Per A.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi. KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Green Ambient-Dried Aerogels with a Facile pH-Tunable Surface Charge for Adsorption of Cationic and Anionic Contaminants with High Selectivity2022Inngår i: Biomacromolecules, ISSN 1525-7797, E-ISSN 1526-4602, Vol. 23, nr 11, s. 4934-4947Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The fabrication of reusable, sustainable adsorbents from low-cost, renewable resources via energy efficient methods is challenging. This paper presents wet-stable, carboxymethylated cellulose nanofibril (CNF) and amyloid nanofibril (ANF) based aerogel-like adsorbents prepared through efficient and green processes for the removal of metal ions and dyes from water. The aerogels exhibit tunable densities (18-28 kg m-3), wet resilience, and an interconnected porous structure (99% porosity), with a pH controllable surface charge for adsorption of both cationic (methylene blue and Pb(II)) and anionic (brilliant blue, congo red, and Cr(VI)) model contaminants. The Langmuir saturation adsorption capacity of the aerogel was calculated to be 68, 79, and 42 mg g-1for brilliant blue, Pb(II), and Cr(VI), respectively. Adsorption kinetic studies for the adsorption of brilliant blue as a model contaminant demonstrated that a pseudo-second-order model best fitted the experimental data and that an intraparticle diffusion model suggests that there are three adsorption stages in the adsorption of brilliant blue on the aerogel. Following three cycles of adsorption and regeneration, the aerogels maintained nearly 97 and 96% of their adsorption capacity for methylene blue and Pb(II) as cationic contaminants and 89 and 80% for brilliant blue and Cr(VI) as anionic contaminants. Moreover, the aerogels showed remarkable selectivity for Pb(II) in the presence of calcium and magnesium as background ions, with a selectivity coefficient more than 2 orders of magnitude higher than calcium and magnesium. Overall, the energy-efficient and sustainable fabrication procedure, along with good structural stability, reusability, and selectivity, makes these aerogels very promising for water purification applications.

  • 33.
    Atoufi, Zhaleh
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Cortes Ruiz, Maria F.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Olsen, Peter
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Extremely highly charged wood fibers via a green radical grafting from method towards water remediationManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 34.
    Atoufi, Zhaleh
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Gordeyeva, Korneliya
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberprocesser.
    Cortes Ruiz, Maria F.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Hall, Stephen A
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teknisk mekanik, Farkostteknik och Solidmekanik, Hållfasthetslära.
    Larsson, Per A.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Wet-resilient foams based on heat-treated β-lactoglobulin and cellulose nanofibrilsManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 35.
    Atoufi, Zhaleh
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Gordeyeva, Korneliya
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberprocesser.
    Cortes Ruiz, Maria F.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Larsson, Per A.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Synergistically stabilized wet foams from heat treated β-lactoglobulin and cellulose nanofibrils and their application for green foam productionManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 36.
    Atoufi, Zhaleh
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Reid, Michael S.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Larsson, Per A.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi. KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Surface tailoring of cellulose aerogel-like structures with ultrathin coatings using molecular layer-by-layer assembly2022Inngår i: Carbohydrate Polymers, ISSN 0144-8617, E-ISSN 1879-1344, Vol. 282, artikkel-id 119098Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Cellulose nanofibril-based aerogels have promising applicability in various fields; however, developing an effi-cient technique to functionalize and tune their surface properties is challenging. In this study, physically and covalently crosslinked cellulose nanofibril-based aerogel-like structures were prepared and modified by a mo-lecular layer-by-layer (m-LBL) deposition method. Following three m-LBL depositions, an ultrathin polyamide layer was formed throughout the aerogel and its structure and chemical composition was studied in detail. Analysis of model cellulose surfaces showed that the thickness of the deposited layer after three m-LBLs was approximately 1 nm. Although the deposited layer was extremely thin, it led to a 2.6-fold increase in the wet specific modulus, improved the acid-base resistance, and changed the aerogels from hydrophilic to hydrophobic making them suitable materials for oil absorption with the absorption capacity of 16-36 g/g. Thus, demon-strating m-LBL assembly is a powerful technique for tailoring surface properties and functionality of cellulose substrates.

  • 37.
    Aulin, Christian
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Johansson, E.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Lindström, T.
    Adsorption behaviour, structural and adhesive properties of microfibrillated cellulose-based multilayersArtikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 38.
    Aulin, Christian
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center. Innventia AB, Sweden.
    Johansson, Erik
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Structure and Properties of Layer-by-Layer Films from Combinations of Cellulose Nanofibers, Polyelectrolytes and Colloids2014Inngår i: HANDBOOK OF GREEN MATERIALS, VOL 3: SELF - AND DIRECT - ASSEMBLING OF BIONANOMATERIALS, World Scientific, 2014, s. 57-77Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The formation of nanometer-thin films of cellulose nanofibers (CNFs), polyelectrolytes, and/or nanoparticles has opened up new possibilities of manufacturing interactive devices with controlled mechanical properties. By controlling the charge of the CNF and the charge and 3D structure of the polyelectrolytes, it is possible to control the buildup, i.e., the thickness, the adsorbed amount, and the immobilized water of layer-by-layer (LbL) films of these materials. The charge balance between the components is not the only factor controlling the LbL formation. The structure of these adsorbed layers in combination with the properties of the constituent components will in turn control how these layers interact with, for example moist air. The mechanical properties of the LbLs can be tuned by combining the high-modulus CNF with different components. This has been shown by using a microbuckling technique where the mechanical properties of ultra-thin films can be measured. In combination with, for example, moisture-sensitive poly(ethylene imine) (PEI), the Young's modulus of CNF/PEI films can be changed by one order of magnitude when the humidity is increased from 0% RH to 50% RH. The incorporation of high-modulus nanoparticles such as SiO2 particles can also be used to prepare LbLs with a higher modulus. Examples are also given where it is shown that the color of an LbL film can be used as a non-contact moisture sensor since the thickness is related to the amount of adsorbed moisture. By chemical modification of the CNF, it is also possible to tailor the interaction between the CNF and multivalent metal ions, enabling a specific interaction between multivalent for example metal surfaces in water and modified CNF.

  • 39.
    Aulin, Christian
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Johansson, Erik
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Lindström, Tom
    Self-Organized Films from Cellulose I Nanofibrils Using the Layer-by-Layer Technique2010Inngår i: Biomacromolecules, ISSN 1525-7797, E-ISSN 1526-4602, Vol. 11, nr 4, s. 872-882Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The possibility of forming self-organized films using only charge-stabilized dispersions of cellulose I nanofibrils with opposite charges is presented, that is, the multilayers were composed solely of anionically and cationically modified microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) with a low degree of substitution. The build-up behavior and the properties of the layer-by-layer (LbL)-constructed films were studied using a quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) and stagnation point adsorption reflectometry (SPAR). The adsorption behavior of cationic/anionic MFC was compared with that of polyethyleneimine (PEI)/anionic MFC. The water contents of five bilayers of cationic/anionic MFC and PEI/anionic MFC were approximately 70 and 50%, respectively. The MFC surface coverage was studied by atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements, which clearly showed a more dense fibrillar structure in the five bilayer PEI/anionic MFC than in the five bilayer cationic/anionic MFC. The forces between the cellulose-based multilayers were examined using the AFM colloidal probe technique. The forces on approach were characterized by a combination of electrostatic and steric repulsion. The wet adhesive forces were very long-range and were characterized by multiple adhesive events. Surfaces covered by PEU/anionic MFC multilayers required more energy to be separated than surfaces covered by cationic/anionic MFC multilayers.

  • 40.
    Aulin, Christian
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Josefsson, Peter
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Nanoscale Cellulose Films with Different Crystallinities and Mesostructures: Their Surface Properties and Interaction with Water2009Inngår i: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 25, nr 13, s. 7675-7685Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A systematic study of the degree of molecular ordering and swelling of different nanocellulose model films has been conducted. Crystalline cellulose II surfaces were prepared by spin-coating of the precursor cellulose solutions onto oxidized silicon wafers before regeneration in water or by using the Langmuir-Schaefer (LS) technique. Amorphous cellulose films were also prepared by spin-coating of a precursor cellulose solution onto oxidized silicon wafers. Crystalline cellulose I surfaces were prepared by spin-coating wafers with aqueous suspensions of sulfate-stabilized cellulose nanocrystals and low-charged microfibrillated cellulose (LC-MFC). In addition, a dispersion of high-charged MFC was used for the buildup of polyelectrolyte multilayers with polyetheyleneimine on silica with the aid of the layer-by-layer (LbL) technique. These preparation methods produced smooth thin films on the nanometer scale Suitable for X-ray diffraction and swelling measurements. The surface morphology and thickness of the cellulose films were characterized in detail by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and ellipsometry measurements, respectively. To determine the surface energy of the cellulose surfaces, that Is, their ability to engage in different interactions with different materials, they were characterized through contact angle measurements against water, glycerol, and methylene iodide. Small incidence angle X-ray diffraction revealed that the nanocrystal and MFC films exhibited a cellulose I crystal structure and that the films prepared from N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMMO), LiCl/DMAc solutions, using the LS technique, possessed a cellulose II structure. The degree of crystalline ordering was highest in the nanocrystal films (similar to 87%), whereas the MFC, NMMO, and LS films exhibited a degree of crystallinity of about 60%. The N,N-dimethylacetamide(DMAc)/LiCl film possessed very low crystalline ordering (<15%). It was also established that the films ha different mesostructures, that is, structures around 10 nm, depending on the preparation conditions. The LS and LiCl/DMAc films are smooth without any clear mesostructure, whereas the other films have a clear mesostructure in which the dimensions are dependent oil the size of the nanocrystals, fibrillar cellulose, and electrostatic charge of the MFC. The swelling of the films was studied using a quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation. To understand the swelling properties of the films, it was necessary to consider both the difference in crystalline ordering and the difference in mesostructure of the films.

  • 41.
    Aulin, Christian
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Karabulut, Erdem
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Tran, Amy
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Lindström, Tom
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Transparent Nanocellulosic Multilayer Thin Films on Polylactic Acid with Tunable Gas Barrier Properties2013Inngår i: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, E-ISSN 1944-8252, Vol. 5, nr 15, s. 7352-7359Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The layer-by-layer (LbL) deposition method was used for the build-up of alternating layers of nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) or carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) with a branched, cationic polyelectrolyte, polyethyleneimine (PEI) on flexible poly (lactic acid) (PLA) substrates. With this procedure, optically transparent nanocellulosic films with tunable gas barrier properties were formed. 50 layer pairs of PEI/NFC and PEI/CMC deposited on PLA have oxygen permeabilities of 0.34 and 0.71 cm(3).mu m/m(2).day.kPa at 23 degrees C and 50% relative humidity, respectively, which is in the same range as polyvinyl alcohol and ethylene vinyl alcohol. The oxygen permeability of these multilayer nanocomposites outperforms those of pure NFC films prepared by solvent-casting. The nanocellulosic LbL assemblies on PLA substrates was in detailed characterized using a quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D). Atomic force microscopy (AFM) reveals large structural differences between the PEI/NFC and the PEI/CMC assemblies, with the PEI/NFC assembly showing a highly entangled network of nanofibrils, whereas the PEI/CMC surfaces lacked structural features. Scanning electron microscopy images showed a nearly perfect uniformity of the nanocellulosic coatings on PLA, and light transmittance results revealed remarkable transparency of the LbL-coated PLA films. The present work demonstrates the first ever LbL films based on high aspect ratio, water-dispersible nanofibrillated cellulose, and water-soluble carboxymethyl cellulose polymers that can be used as multifunctional films and coatings with tailorable properties, such as gas barriers and transparency. Owing to its flexibility, transparency and high-performance gas barrier properties, these thin film assemblies are promising candidates for several large-scale applications, including flexible electronics and renewable packaging.

  • 42.
    Aulin, Christian
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Lindqvist, Josefina
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Malmström, Eva
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Shchukarev, Andrei
    Umeå Universitet.
    Lindström, Tom
    Wetting kinetics of oil mixtures on fluorinated model cellulose surfaces2008Inngår i: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 317, s. 556-567Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The wetting of two different model cellulose surfaces has been studied; a regenerated cellulose (RG) surface prepared by spin-coating, and a novel multilayer film of poly(ethyleneimine) and a carboxymethylated microtibrillated cellulose (MFC). The cellulose films were characterized in detail using atomic force microscopy (AFM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). AFM indicates smooth and continuous films on a nanometer scale and the RMS roughness of the RG cellulose and MFC surfaces was determined to be 3 and 6 nm, respectively. The cellulose films were modified by coating with various amounts of an anionic fluorosurfactant, perfluorooctadecanoic acid, or covalently modified with pentadecafluorooctanyl chloride. The fluorinated cellulose films were used to follow the spreading mechanisms of three different oil mixtures. The viscosity and surface tension of the oils were found to be essential parameters governing the spreading kinetics on these surfaces. XPS and dispersive surface energy measurements were made on the cellulose films coated with perfluorooctadecanoic acid. A strong correlation was found between the surface concentration of fluorine, the dispersive surface energy and the contact angle of castor oil on the surface. A dispersive surface energy less than 18 mN/m was required in order for the cellulose surface to be non-wetting (theta(e) > 90 degrees) by castor oil.

  • 43.
    Aulin, Christian
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Netrval, Julia
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Biokompositer.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Lindström, Tom
    Aerogels from nanofibrillated cellulose with tunable oleophobicity2010Inngår i: SOFT MATTER, ISSN 1744-683X, Vol. 6, nr 14, s. 3298-3305Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The formation of structured porous aerogels of nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) by freeze-drying has been demonstrated. The aerogels have a high porosity, as shown by FE-SEM and nitrogen adsorption/desorption measurements, and a very low density ( < 0.03 g cm(-3)). The density and surface texture of the aerogels can be tuned by selecting the concentration of the NFC dispersions before freeze-drying. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of 1H, 1H, 2H, 2H-perfluorodecyltrichlorosilane (PFOTS) was used to uniformly coat the aerogel to tune their wetting properties towards non-polar liquids. An XPS analysis of the chemical composition of the PFOTS-modified aerogels demonstrated the reproducibility of the PFOTS-coating and the high atomic fluorine concentration (ca. 51%) in the surfaces. The modified aerogels formed a robust composite interface with high apparent contact angles (theta* >> 90 degrees) for castor oil (gamma(1v) = 35.8 mN m(-1)) and hexadecane (gamma(1v) = 27.5 mN m(-1)).

  • 44.
    Aulin, Christian
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Netrval, Julia
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Lindström, Tom
    Ultra light-weight microfibrillated cellulose aerogels with tunable oleophobicityArtikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 45.
    Aulin, Christian
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Varga, Imre
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Claesson, Per
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Lindström, Tom
    STFI-Packforsk AB.
    Buildup of Polyelectrolyte Multilayers of Polyethyleneimine and Microfibrillated Cellulose Studied by in situ Dual Polarization Interferometry and Quartz Crystal Microbalance with Dissipation2008Inngår i: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 24, nr 6, s. 2509-2518Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Polyethyleneimine (PEI) and Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) have been used to buildup polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEM) on silicone oxide and silicone oxynitride surfaces at different pH values and with different electrolyte and polyelectrolyte/colloid concns. of the components.  Consecutive adsorption on these surfaces was studied by in situ dual-polarization interferometry (DPI) and quartz crystal microbalance measurements.  The adsorption data obtained from both the techniques showed a steady buildup of multilayers.  High pH and electrolyte concn. of the PEI soln. was found to be beneficial for achieving a high adsorbed amt. of PEI, and hence of MFC, during the buildup of the multilayer.  On the other hand, an increase in the electrolyte concn. of the MFC dispersion was found to inhibit the adsorption of MFC onto PEI.  The adsorbed amt. of MFC was independent of the bulk MFC concn. in the investigated concn. range (15-250 mg/L).  At. force microscopy measurements were used to image a MFC-treated silicone oxynitride chip from DPI measurements.  The surface was found to be almost fully covered by randomly oriented microfibrils after the adsorption of only one bilayer of PEI/MFC.  The surface roughness expressed as the rms-roughness over 1 μm2 was calcd. to be 4.6 nm (1 bilayer).  The adsorbed amt. of PEI and MFC and the amt. of water entrapped by the individual layers in the multilayer structures were estd. by combining results from the two anal. techniques using the de Feijter formula.  These results indicate a total water content of ca. 41% in the PEM.

  • 46.
    Aulin, Christian
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Tidigare Institutioner (före 2005), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Lindstrom, Tom
    STFI Packforsk, KTH STFI, SE-11486 Stockholm, Sweden..
    CELL 206-Preparation, characterization and wetting of fluorinated cellulose surfaces2008Inngår i: Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0065-7727, Vol. 235Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 47.
    Aulin, Christian
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Lindström, Tom
    Ultra light-weight microfibrillated cellulose aerogels with tunable oleophobicity2010Inngår i: Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0065-7727, Vol. 239, artikkel-id 226-CELLArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 48.
    Aulin, Christian
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.
    Yun, Sang Ho
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Mikroelektronik och tillämpad fysik, MAP.
    Lindström, Tom
    Design of Highly Oleophobic Cellulose Surfaces from Structured Silicon Templates2009Inngår i: Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, Vol. 1, nr 11, s. 2443-2452Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Structured silicon surfaces, possessing hierarchical porous characteristics consisting of micrometer-sized cavities superimposed upon a network of nanometer-sized pillars or wires, have been fabricated by a plasma-etching process. These surfaces have superoleophobic properties, after being coated with fluorinated organic trichlorosilanes, on intrinsically oleophilic surfaces. By comparison with flat silicon surfaces, which are oleophilic, it has been demonstrated that a combination of low surface energy and the structured features of the plasma-etched surface is essential to prevent oil from penetrating the surface cavities and thus induce the observed macroscopic superoleophobic phenomena with very low contact-angle hysteresis and low roll-off angles. The structured silicon surfaces were coated with cellulose nanocrystals using the polyelectrolyte multilayer technique. The cellulose surfaces prepared in this way were then coated with a monolayer of fluorinated trichlorosilanes. These porous cellulose films displayed highly nonwetting properties against a number of liquids with low surface tension, including alkanes such as hexadecane and decane. The wettability and chemical composition of the cellulose/silicon surfaces were characterized with contact-angle goniometry and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, respectively. The nano/microtexture features of the cellulose/silicon surfaces were also studied with field-emission scanning electron microscopy. The highly oleophobic structured cellulose surfaces are very interesting model surfaces for the development of biomimetic self-cleaning surfaces in a vast array of products, including green constructions, packaging materials, protection against environmental fouling, sports, and outdoor clothing, and microfluidic systems.

  • 49. Battegazzore, Daniele
    et al.
    Alongi, Jenny
    Frache, Alberto
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Carosio, Federico
    Layer by Layer-functionalized rice husk particles: A novel and sustainable solution for particleboard production2017Inngår i: Materials Today Communications, ISSN 2352-4928, Vol. 13, s. 92-101Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Rice husk particles from agro-wastes have been treated with a Layer by Layer (LbL) deposition of polyelectrolytes and further assembled to prepare a bio-based particle board. The all polymer system employed uses a branched polyethyleneimine combined with a polyacrylic acid. The two polyelectrolytes show a super-linear growth as demonstrated by infrared spectroscopy. A schematic description of the mechanism behind the LbL deposition on rice husk particles is proposed and discussed on the basis of electron microscopy observations. The mechanical properties of the prepared LbL-joined particle boards are evaluated and related to the unique structure and intermolecular ionic interaction occurring between the assembled polyelectrolytes. Only 2 BLs allow for the preparation of a free-standing/self-supporting material. Boards assembled with 3 and 4 BL-coated particles yielded impressive storage moduli of 1.7 and 2.2 GPa, respectively, as measured by dynamic mechanical analyses performed at different temperatures and relative humidities. When tested by three points bending mechanical tests the same materials showed an elastic moduli up to 3.2 GPa and a tensile strengths up to 12 MPa. The presented results demonstrate that the LbL functionalization of agro-waste particles represents an attractive, functional and sustainable solution for the production of mechanically strong particleboards.

  • 50.
    Belaineh, Dagmawi
    et al.
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Sci & Technol, Lab Organ Elect, S-60174 Norrkoping, Sweden.;RISE Acreo, RISE Res Inst Sweden, Div ICT, S-60117 Norrkoping, Sweden..
    Andreasen, Jens W.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Energy Convers & Storage, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark..
    Palisaitis, Justinas
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Phys Chem & Biol, S-58183 Linkoping, Sweden..
    Malti, Abdellah
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi. KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Hakansson, Karl
    RISE Bioecon, Res Inst Sweden, S-11486 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi. KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Crispin, Xavier
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Sci & Technol, Lab Organ Elect, S-60174 Norrkoping, Sweden..
    Engquist, Isak
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Sci & Technol, Lab Organ Elect, S-60174 Norrkoping, Sweden..
    Berggren, Magnus
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Sci & Technol, Lab Organ Elect, S-60174 Norrkoping, Sweden..
    Controlling the Organization of PEDOT:PSS on Cellulose Structures2019Inngår i: ACS APPLIED POLYMER MATERIALS, ISSN 2637-6105, Vol. 1, nr 9, s. 2342-2351Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Composites of biopolymers and conducting polymers are emerging as promising candidates for a green technological future and are actively being explored in various applications, such as in energy storage, bioelectronics, and thermoelectrics. While the device characteristics of these composites have been actively investigated, there is limited knowledge concerning the fundamental intracomponent interactions and the modes of molecular structuring. Here, by use of cellulose and poly(3,4-ethylene-dioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS), it is shown that the chemical and structural makeup of the surfaces of the composite components are critical factors that determine the materials organization at relevant dimensions. AFM, TEM, and GIVVAXS measurements show that when mixed with cellulose nanofibrils, PEDOT:PSS organizes into continuous nanosized beadlike structures with an average diameter of 13 nm on the nanofibrils. In contrast, when PEDOT:PSS is blended with molecular cellulose, a phase-segregated conducting network morphology is reached, with a distinctly relatively lower electric conductivity. These results provide insight into the mechanisms of PEDOT:PSS crystallization and may have significant implications for the design of conducting biopolymer composites for a vast array of applications.

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