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  • 1.
    Aminzadeh, Selda
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Mattsson, Tuve
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Henriksson, Gunnar
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    On the crossflow membrane fractionation of lignoboost kraft lignin: Characterization of low molecular weight fractions2016In: Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0065-7727, Vol. 251Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2. Antonsson, S.
    et al.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Hogskolan, K. T.
    Ragnar, M.
    A comparative study of the impact of the cooking process on oxygen delignification2003In: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, E-ISSN 2000-0669, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 388-394Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The impact of oxygen delignification on chemical pulps of a given kappa number manufactured in different ways (using kraft, prehydrolysis kraft and magnesium sulphite cooking) has been investigated. The prehistory of the pulps proves to be a very important factor in determining the response to oxygen delignification, i.e. the degree of delignification. It is shown that this is not due to different amounts of hexenuronic acid (HexA) in the different pulps, although this is an important factor behind the high residual kappa number after oxygen delignification of birch kraft pulp. Oxygen delignification of sulphite pulps proves to be efficient even at kappa numbers significantly lower than 10. These pulps show the greatest yield loss over the oxygen delignification. It is likely that Lignin Carbohydrate Complexes (LCC) complexes play a very important role in limiting the speed of reaction of oxygen delignification. Due to the very different prehistories of the pulps investigated, it is probable that the LCC:s are native and not formed during cooking.

  • 3.
    Antonsson, Stefan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Henriksson, Gunnar
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE).
    Johansson, Mats
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Biomimetic synthesis of suberin for new biomaterials2005In: Appita Annual Conference: Vol 2, 2005, p. 561-564Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Suberin is the biopolymer giving cork (oak bark) its hydrophobic and resistant characteristics. It acts as a diffusion barrier in bark and roots of plants. Similarly to lignin, it is a phenolic polymer with good affinity to cellulose and other wood polysaccharides, but it also contains polyaliphatic and strongly hydrophobic elements. In order to produce a lignin derivative similar to suberin, a desired lignin starting material should be of low molecular weight and have a high content of hydroxylic phenolic groups. By means of cross flow nanofiltration of softwood kraft pulping black liquor and pH-precipitation with diluted sulphuric acid, such a lignin has been obtained. Due to the fact that too much organics entering the recovery boiler frequently is the bottleneck for pulp production increases, a removal of part of the lignin can be economically very favourable. By using this lignin together with linola oil, a linseed oil with a large amount of unsaturated structures, an attempt was made to create a new hydrophobic lignin derivative similar tosuberin. The product was analysed with FT-IR, Fourier Transformed Infra Red Spectroscopy and GPC, Gel Permeation Chromatography. The suberin like material obtained from this lignin could be polymerised on thermo mechanical pulp fibres by means of Mn(III)-driven phenolic coupling. The ability of the suberin monomers to act as a hydrophobic paper coating was evaluated with contact angle measurements and the results indicate that this lignin derivative was potentially of interest due to its capability to interact well with wood fibres and make paper hydrophobic.

  • 4.
    Antonsson, Stefan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Henriksson, Gunnar
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Johansson, Mats
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael E.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Low Mw-lignin fractions together with vegetable oils as available oligomers for novel paper-coating applications as hydrophobic barrier2008In: Industrial crops and products (Print), ISSN 0926-6690, E-ISSN 1872-633X, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 98-103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lignin residues are available in large amounts as kraft lignin from chemical pulping processes. This lignin is mainly incinerated in recovery boilers. The recovery boilers are often the bottle-necks in the overall pulping process when pulp production increases are desired. Through cross-flow nano-filtration of the black liquor from kraft pulping, a low-molecular weight lignin fraction can be removed thus decreasing the organic load on the recovery boilers. The low-molecular weight lignin fraction furthermore exhibit different characteristics compared to other commercial kraft lignins and represents a new raw material source in novel applications.

    The low-molecular weight lignin was used together with a vegetable oil to produce a new hydrophobic lignin derivative similar to suberin. The lignin and the lignin derivative was analysed with FT-IR, UV-vis and SEC. The ability of the product to make paper surfaces hydrophobic was also evaluated.

    The results demonstrate the possibility to make a suberin-like lignin derivative that is potentially of interest in paper-coating applications due to its capability to interact well with wood fibres and make paper hydrophobic.

  • 5.
    Antonsson, Stefan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Henriksson, Gunnar
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    The utilization of lignin derivatives and radical coupling reaction to increase wet strength of kraftliner2006In: 6th international paper and coating chemistry symposium. Book of abstracts., 2006, p. 55-55Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Antonsson, Stefan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Henriksson, Gunnar
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael E.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Adding lignin derivatives to decrease the effect of mechano-sorptive creep in linerboard2008In: Appita journal, ISSN 1038-6807, Vol. 61, no 6, p. 468-471Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When load is applied to any type of paper while varying the relative humidity, the paper will creep more than if the same load is applied at constant humidity. This behaviour is called mechano-sorptive creep or accelerated creep, and the reasons for its occurrence in paper are still not fully understood. However, wet strength and the addition of apolar (hydrophobic) compounds to sheets have previously been suggested as factors improving the mechano-sorptive creep performance.

    This work evaluates a method for improving wet strength and tests the addition of a hydrophobic compound, with particular reference to mechano-sorptive creep stiffness. Wet strength was improved by subjecting kraft liner pulp to low-molecular-weight lignin, obtained by cross-flow filtration, and to the radical initiator manganese(III). The hydrophobic compound added was a suberin-like lignin derivative. Adding the suberin-like lignin derivative significantly increased the mechano-sorptive creep stiffness, even though the stiffness at 90% rh decreased in the tested samples. This was probably because of the decrease in hygroexpansion caused by this hydrophobic additive.

    Even though it is possible significantly to increase the wet strength of kraft liner pulp by adding manganese(III) and cross-flow-filtered lignin, doing so has no significant effect on mechano-sorptive creep stiffness.

  • 7.
    Antonsson, Stefan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
    Henriksson, Gunnar
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael E.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
    The influence of lignin and xylan on some kraftliner pulp properties2009In: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, E-ISSN 2000-0669, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 403-408Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the influence of lignin and hemicellulose content on the mechanical and physical properties of softwood kraft liner pulp. Tensile properties, hygroexpansion, and mechano-sorptive creep properties were measured. The lignin and hemicellulose contents were modified by chlorite delignification and xylanase treatment.

    After treatment, the chemical composition of the pulps was 3-14% Klason lignin, 69-77% cellulose, 16-21% hemicellulose, and 4-7% xylan. In the tested pulps, low lignin content tended to decrease hygroexpansion as well as increase tensile stiffness and mechano-sorptive creep stiffness. Xylan contributed less to the pulp sheet properties, but at equal lignin contents, higher xylan content tended to give increased hygroexpansion and worse mechano-sorptive creep properties.

  • 8.
    Antonsson, Stefan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
    Karlström, Katarina
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael E.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
    Applying a novel cooking technique to produce high kappa number pulps: the effects on physical properties2009In: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, E-ISSN 2000-0669, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 415-420Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A recently developed kraft cooking technique, with a longer impregnation time at lower temperatures to facilitate diffusion over consumption of active cooking chemicals, makes it possible to produce kraftliner pulp without inline refining. This technique was applied to prepare two pulps with different lignin contents, which were compared with two industrial pulps from conventional kraft cooks in order to evaluate the physical properties of the pulps.

    It was demonstrated that pulps with lower lignin content can increase tensile stiffness, decrease hygroexpansion, and decrease the mechano-sorptive creep of handsheets. However, no difference in SCT and tensile energy absorption values due to different lignin contents was observed. It was further demonstrated that pulps made with Extended Impregnation Cooking (EIC) results in straighter pulp fibres with higher cellulose content. These pulps tended to have lower mechano-sorptive creep than conventional pulps. A higher brightness of the pulp sheets can also be obtained by choosing a higher alkali profile.

  • 9.
    Antonsson, Stefan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Mäkelä, Petri
    Innventia AB.
    Fellers, Christer
    Innventia AB.
    Lindström, Mikael E.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Comparison of the physical properties between hardwood and softwood pulps2009In: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, E-ISSN 2000-0669, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 409-414Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    High mechano-sorptive creep resistance, i.e., good creep resistance in environments with changing relative humidity, is one of the key requirements for linerboards. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of pulp types and pulp properties on the mechano-sorptive creep of kraftliner. A high-yield softwood, kraftliner pulp, and four different hardwood pulps were investigated. The physical properties of laboratory sheets were evaluated, with emphasis on the mechano-sorptive creep properties.

    The results showed that the density increase due to increased beating significantly improved the tensile stiffness of all pulps, while its effect on the isocyclic creep stiffness was less pronounced. The hardwood pulps showed higher tensile stiffness, better mechano-sorptive creep properties, and lower hygroexpansion than the softwood pulp at a given density. However, the softwood pulp did exhibit better tensile strength and fracture toughness properties than the hardwood pulps.

    The results imply that hardwood pulps can be competitive with softwood pulps in kraftliners, provided that their tensile strength and fracture toughness properties can be improved by, for example, chemical means. Furthermore, the isocyclic creep stiffness correlates with the ratio of tensile stiffness to hygroexpansion, indicating that this ratio can be used for engineering estimates of the mechano-sorptive creep performance of paper materials.

  • 10.
    Antonsson, Stefan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
    Pulkkinen, Iiro
    Chemical Engineering, Department of Biotechnology and Chemical Technology, Helsinki University of Technology (TKK), Espoo, Finland.
    Fiskari, Juha
    Metsä-Botnia, Joutseno Mill, Lappeenranta, Finland.
    Karlström, Katarina
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael E.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
    The relationship between hygroexpansion, tensile stiffness, and mechano–sorptive creep in bleached hardwood kraft pulps2010In: Appita journal, ISSN 1038-6807, Vol. 63, no 1, p. 231-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hygroexpansion coefficient and tensile stiffness are important parameters in many paper applications. This study compares several bleached industrial hardwood kraft pulps, comprising five eucalypt pulps from South America, Europe, and Africa as well as an acacia pulp from Asia and a birch pulp from Scandinavia. Refined and unrefined pulps are compared. The results indicate significant differences in hygroexpansion but smaller differences in tensile stiffness index at comparable densities. No single factor offering a reasonable explanation of these differences in hygroexpansion coefficient, such as carbohydrate composition, fibre dimensions, or fibre form, was found. However, correlation between hygroexpansion coefficient and the mechano-sorptive creep stiffness was observed. We suggest that the hygroexpansion coefficient at a given tensile stiffness level can be used to rank pulps in terms of their mechano-sorptive creep properties.

  • 11. Axelsson, P.
    et al.
    Berggren, R.
    Berthold, F.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
    Molecular mass distributions of lignin and lignin-carbohyd rate complexes in birch Kraft pulps: Changes caused by the conditions in the cook and their relation to unbleached pulp brightness and bleachability2005In: Journal of Pulp and Paper Science (JPPS), ISSN 0826-6220, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 19-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lignin-carbohydrate complexes and their relationship to pulp bleachability and unbleached pulp brightness were studied in four birch kraft pulps produced at high and low hydroxide ion and sodium ion concentrations, using size-exclusion chromatography (SEC). About 75-80%of the lignin was found to be associated with carbohydrates, a larger part with hemicelluloses and a smaller part with cellulose. Easily bleached pulps, produced under high [OH-] or low [Na+] conditions, had more lignin associated with cellulose than their counterparts. Furthermore, a high [OH-] gave a residual lignin that was significantly more accessible in the residual lignin isolation, and where the inaccessible lignin was bonded to carbohydrates. Colour differences of pulps caused by variations in the cooking conditions, as studied in the SEC system, were associated with all the lignin, irrespective of whether it was associated with hemicelluloses or cellulose.

  • 12.
    Axelsson, Patrik
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Pulp and Paper Technology.
    Gellerstedt, Göran
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Pulp and Paper Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Condensation reactions of lignin during birch Kraft pulping as studied by thioacidolysis2004In: Journal of Pulp and Paper Science (JPPS), ISSN 0826-6220, Vol. 30, no 12, p. 317-322Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The influences of kappa number and ionic strength during birch kraft cooking on the extent of lignin condensation have been studied using thioacidolysis and size exclusion chromatography. Thioacidolysis degrades alkyl-aryl ether bonds in lignin while leaving carbon-carbon and diaryl-ether bonds relatively intact. Therefore, the lignin structures not cleaved during thioacidolysis can be considered as relatively stable and may account,, for example,for the slow residual phase delignification in the kraft cook and for differences in bleachability. It was shown that condensed lignin structures are formed in the residual lignin during birch kraft cooking. The relative amount of such structures increased with decreasing kappa number or with increasing sodium ion concentration in the cook. These structures were also found in a xylan-lignin complex isolated from a birch kraft pulp. The condensed structures were only partly reactive during oxygen delignification.

  • 13.
    Axelsson, Patrik
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Influence of the conditions during birch kraft cooking on unbleached brightness, and on ECF- and TCF-bleachability2004In: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, E-ISSN 2000-0669, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 309-317Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The influences on ECF and TCF bleachability of the hydroxide ion, hydrogen sulphide ion and sodium ion concentrations as well as of the amount of dissolved wood components (DWC) in a birch kraft cook were investigated. The pulping was carried out using a so-called constant composition cooking technique, where a high liquor-to-wood ratio enables an almost constant concentration of the cooking chemicals during the entire cook. This cooking method also renders possible to vary each cooking variable separately. The pulps were oxygen-delignified and bleached in a D(EOP)DD and a Q(OP)Q(PO) sequence. The presence of DWC caused a significant rate increasing effect on the delignification. An increase in hydroxide ion concentration, an increase in hydrogen sulphide ion concentration or a decrease in sodium ion concentration improved both the ECF and the TCF bleachability, but the DWC had no significant effect on the bleachability. Further a correlation was found between the bleachability and the brightness of the oxygen-delignified pulp.

  • 14.
    Azhar, Shoaib
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Henriksson, Gunnar
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Theliander, Hans
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Extraction of hemicelluloses from fiberized spruce wood2015In: Carbohydrate Polymers, ISSN 0144-8617, E-ISSN 1879-1344, Vol. 117, p. 19-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A novel mechanical pre-treatment method was used to separate the wood chips into fiber bundles in order to extract high molecular weight wood polymers. The mechanical pre-treatment involved chip compression in a conical plug-screw followed by defibration in a fiberizer. The fiberized wood was treated with hot water at various combinations of time and temperature in order to analyze the extraction yield of hemicelluloses at different conditions. Nearly 6 mg/g wood of galactoglucomannan was obtained at 90◦C/120min which was about three times more than what could be extracted from wood chips. The extracted carbohydrates had molecular weight ranging up to 60 kDa. About 10% of each of the extracted material had a molecular weight above 30 kDa. The extraction liquor could also be reused for consecutive extractions with successive increase in the extraction yield of hemicelluloses. 

  • 15.
    Azhar, Shoaib
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Wang, Yan
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Lawoko, Martin
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Henriksson, Gunnar
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Extraction of polymers from enzyme-treated softwood2011In: BioResources, ISSN 1930-2126, E-ISSN 1930-2126, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 4606-4614Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a biorefinery context it is an advantage to fractionate and extract different wood components in a relatively pure form. However, one major obstacle for efficient extraction of wood polymers (lignin, polysaccharides etc.) is the covalent lignin-polysaccharide networks present in lignified cell walls. Enzymatic catalysis might be a useful tool for a controlled degradation of these networks, thereby enhancing the extraction of high molecular weight polymers. In this work, a methanol-alkali mixture was used to extract two different wood samples treated with endoxylanase and gammanase, respectively. Wood chips were pretreated with alkali prior to enzymatic treatment to enhance the cell-wall accessibility to enzymes. Extractions were also carried out on non-enzyme-treated samples to evaluate the enzymatic effects. Results showed that the enzymatic treatment increased the extraction yield, with gammanase as the more efficient of the two enzymes. Furthermore, polymers extracted from xylanase-treated wood had a higher degree of polymerization than the reference.

  • 16.
    Azhar, Shoaib
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Wang, Yan
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Lawoko, Martin
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Henriksson, Gunnar
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael E.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Enhanced extraction of high-molecular-weight wood polymers with chemoenzymatic treatment2012In: Abstract of Papers of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0065-7727, Vol. 243Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Azhar, Shoaib
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Wang, Yan
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Lawoko, Martin
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Henriksson, Gunnar
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Lindström, Mikale E
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Chemoenzymatic separation of softwood polymers2011In: Proceedings of  the 16th international symposium of wood, fiber and pulp chemistry / [ed] Lijun Wan et al., 2011, p. 932-936Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Spruce wood chips were chemically pre-treated with sodium hydroxide to open up the compact structure of wood. The wood was then treated with enzymes (xylanase, gamanase and mannanase) and subjected to extraction with a mixture of methanol and alkali to efficiently isolate lignin and hemicelluloses. Chemical pre-treatment improved enzyme efficiency which consequently enhanced the extraction of lignocelluloses with higher average molar mass than the references.

  • 18.
    Berglund, Jennie
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Angles d’Ortoli, Thibault
    Vilaplana, Francisco
    KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Glycoscience. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Widmalm, Göran
    Bergenstråhle-Wohlert, Malin
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Lawoko, Martin
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Henriksson, Gunnar
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Wohlert, Jakob
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    A molecular dynamics study of the effect of glycosidic linkage type in the hemicellulose backbone on the molecular chain flexibility2016In: The Plant Journal, ISSN 0960-7412, E-ISSN 1365-313XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The macromolecular conformation of the constituent polysaccharides in lignocellulosic biomass influences their supramolecular interactions, and therefore their function in plants and their performance in technical products. The flexibility of glycosidic linkages from the backbone of hemicelluloses was studied by evaluating the conformational freedom of the φ and ψ dihedral angles using molecular dynamic simulations, additionally selected molecules were correlated with experimental data by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Three types of β-(1→4) glycosidic linkages involving the monosaccharides (Glcp, Xylp and Manp) present in the backbone of hemicelluloses were defined. Different di- and tetrasaccharides with combinations of such sugar monomers from hemicelluloses were simulated, and free energy maps of the φ – ψ space and hydrogen-bonding patterns were obtained. The glycosidic linkage between Glc-Glc or Glc-Man (C-type) was the stiffest with mainly one probable conformation; the linkage from Man-Man or Man-Glc (M-type) was similar but with an increased probability for an alternative conformation making it more flexible, and the linkage between two Xyl-units (X-type) was the most flexible with two almost equally populated conformations. Glycosidic linkages of the same type showed essentially the same conformational space in both disaccharides and in the central region of tetrasaccharides. Different probabilities of glycosidic linkage conformations in the backbone of hemicelluloses can be directly estimated from the free energy maps, which to a large degree affect the overall macromolecular conformations of these polymers. The information gained contributes to an increased understanding of the function of hemicelluloses both in the cell wall and in technical products.

  • 19.
    Berglund, Jennie
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Azhar, Shoaib
    Lawoko, Martin
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Vilaplana, Francisco
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Glycoscience. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Wohlert, Jakob
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Henriksson, Gunnar
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    The structure of galactoglucomannan impacts the degradation under alkaline conditions2018In: Cellulose (London), ISSN 0969-0239, E-ISSN 1572-882XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Galactoglucomannan (GGM) from sprucewas studied with respect to the degradation behavior inalkaline solution. Three reference systems includinggalactomannan from locust bean gum, glucomannanfrom konjac and the linear water-soluble carboxymethylcellulose were studied with focus onmolecular weight, sugar composition, degradationproducts, as well as formed oligomers, to identifyrelative structural changes in GGM. Initially allmannan polysaccharides showed a fast decrease inthe molecular weight, which became stable in the laterstage. The degradation of the mannan polysaccharidescould be described by a function corresponding to thesum of two first order reactions; one slow that wasascribed to peeling, and one fast that was connectedwith hydrolysis. The galactose side group wasstable under conditions used in this study (150 min,90 C, 0.5 M NaOH). This could suggest that, apartfrom the covalent connection to C6 in mannose, thegalactose substitutions also interact non-covalentlywith the backbone to stabilize the structure againstdegradation. Additionally, the combination of differentbackbone sugars seems to affect the stability of thepolysaccharides. For carboxymethyl cellulose thedegradation was linear over time which furthersuggests that the structure and sugar composition playan important role for the alkaline degradation. Moleculardynamics simulations gave details about theconformational behavior of GGM oligomers in watersolution, as well as interaction between the oligomersand hydroxide ions.

  • 20.
    Berglund, Jennie
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Bergenstråhle, Malin
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Vilaplana, Francisco
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center. KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Centres, Albanova VinnExcellence Center for Protein Technology, ProNova. KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Glycoscience.
    d'Ortoli, Thibault Angles
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Organ Chem, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Widmalm, Goran
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Organ Chem, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Lawoko, Martin
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Henriksson, Gunnar
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Wohlert, Jakob
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    How the flexibility properties of hemicelluloses are affected by the glycosidic bonds between different backbone sugars - A molecular dynamics study2016In: Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0065-7727, Vol. 251Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Berglund, Jennie
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Farahani, Saina Kishani
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    de Carvalho, Danila Morais
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Lawoko, Martin
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Wohlert, Jakob
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Henriksson, Gunnar
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Vilaplana, Francisco
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Glycoscience. AlbaNova University Centre.
    The influence of acetylation and sugar composition on the (in)solubility of mannans, their interaction with cellulose surfaces and thermal propertiesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Berglund, Jennie
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Kishani, Saina
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    de Carvalho, Danila Morais
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Lawoko, Martin
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Wohlert, Jakob
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Henriksson, Gunnar
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Vilaplana, Francisco
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Glycoscience.
    The influence of acetylation and sugar composition on the (in)solubility of mannans, their interaction with cellulose surfaces and thermal properties.Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Berglund, Jennie
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology, Fibre Technology.
    Mikkelsen, Deirdre
    Univ Queensland, Queensland Alliance Agr & Food Innovat, Ctr Nutr & Food Sci, ARC Ctr Excellence Plant Cell Walls, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Flanagan, Bernadine
    Univ Queensland, Queensland Alliance Agr & Food Innovat, Ctr Nutr & Food Sci, ARC Ctr Excellence Plant Cell Walls, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Dhital, Sushil
    Univ Queensland, Queensland Alliance Agr & Food Innovat, Ctr Nutr & Food Sci, ARC Ctr Excellence Plant Cell Walls, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Henriksson, Gunnar
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Yakubov, Gleb
    Univ Queensland, Sch Chem Engn, ARC Ctr Excellence Plant Cell Walls, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Gidley, Michael
    Univ Queensland, Queensland Alliance Agr & Food Innovat, Ctr Nutr & Food Sci, ARC Ctr Excellence Plant Cell Walls, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Vilaplana, Francisco
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Glycoscience.
    Hydrogels of bacterial cellulose and wood hemicelluloses as a model of plant secondary cell walls2019In: Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0065-7727, Vol. 257Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Berglund, Jennie
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Mikkelsen, Deirdre
    University of Queensland, Australia.
    Flanagan, Bernadine M.
    University of Queensland, Australia.
    Dhital, Sushil
    University of Queensland, Australia.
    Henriksson, Gunnar
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Yakubov, Gleb E.
    University of Queensland, Australia.
    Gidley, Michael J.
    University of Queensland, Australia.
    Vilaplana, Francisco
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Wood Hemicelluloses Exert Distinct Biomechanical Contributions in Bacterial Cellulose HydrogelsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 25. Berthold, F
    et al.
    Gustafsson, K
    Berggren, R
    Sjoholm, E
    Lindström, Mikael
    Swed. Pulp/Paper Research Institute.
    Dissolution of softwood kraft pulps by direct derivatization in lithium chloride/N,N-dimethylacetamide2004In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, ISSN 0021-8995, E-ISSN 1097-4628, Vol. 94, no 2, p. 424-431Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A method for the characterization of the molar mass distributions (MMDs) of softwood kraft pulps dissolved in 0.5% lithium chloride (LiCl)/N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMAc) by size exclusion chromatography is presented. The method is based on derivatization with ethyl isocyanate and the dissolution of samples in 8% LiCl/DMAc. In this study, the derivatization of hardwood kraft pulps did not influence the MMD. In the case of softwood pulps, however, the derivatization decreased the proportion of the high-molecular-mass material and increased the proportion of the low-molecular-mass material, which resulted in a distribution similar to the MMD of a hardwood kraft pulp. The results suggest that associations between hemicellulose and cellulose in the softwood kraft pulp were ruptured during derivatization. This led to a more correct estimation of the MMD of derivatized softwood kraft pulps than obtained by the dissolution of nonderivatized samples. This new method offers several advantages over derivatization with phenyl isocyanate: a precipitation step is not necessary, it is possible to follow the lignin distribution in the samples, and the method allows very high levels of dissolution of softwood kraft pulps up to a kappa number of around 50.

  • 26.
    Brännvall, Elisabet
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Eriksson, Malin
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Fibre surface modifications of market pulp by consecutive treatments with cationic and anionic starch2007In: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, E-ISSN 2000-0669, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 244-248Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bleached softwood kraft pulps were coated with one to three layers of starch, which lead to tensile strength improvement. The strength increase was larger when a never-dried pulp was treated compared to treatment of a once-dried pulp, although equal amounts of starch were adsorbed in both cases. When the never-dried, starch-treated pulp was dried and subsequently reslushed, its tensile strength was higher than that of the never-dried reference pulp. It also required less PFI beating to reach a certain tensile index. Starch-treatment can thereby be a way of improving the tensile strength and beatability of market pulp.

  • 27.
    Brännvall, Elisabet
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    A study on the difference in strength between industrially and laboratory-cooked pulp2006In: Nordic pulp and paper research journal, ISSN 0283-2631, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 222-226Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The tensile strength levels of industrially produced pulp and corresponding laboratory-cooked pulps were investigated. The industrial pulp had a lower tensile strength, which could not be explained by fibre form or fibre strength.

    It was concluded that bonding strength was the limiting factor for the tensile strength of the industrial pulp. The industrial pulp, despite of its higher hemicellulose content, had a lower surface charge. The xylan precipitated onto the fibres during the industrial cook was probably more degraded and consequently with lower degree of polymerisation and fewer charged groups.

  • 28.
    Brännvall, Elisabet
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    A study on the difference industrially and in tensile strength between laboratory-cooked pulp2006In: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, E-ISSN 2000-0669, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 222-226Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The tensile strength levels of industrially produced pulp and corresponding laboratory-cooked pulps were investigated. The industrial pulp had a lower tensile strength, which could not be explained by fibre form or fibre strength. It was concluded that bonding strength was the limiting factor for the tensile strength of the industrial pulp. The industrial pulp, despite of its higher hemicellulose content, had a lower surface charge. The xylan precipitated onto the fibres during the industrial cook was probably more degraded and consequently with lower degree of polymerisation and fewer charged groups.

  • 29.
    Brännvall, Elisabet
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    The hemicellulose composition of pulp fibers and their ability to endure mechanical treatment2007In: TAPPI Journal, ISSN 0734-1415, Vol. 6, no 10, p. 19-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two pulps of different hemicellulose content were subjected to high-intensity shear forces in a laboratory mixer to damage the fibers. The, ability of the fibers to resist the mechanical treatment was evaluated by comparing their strength that of undamaged pulps. The study showed that pulp produced at high hydroxide ion concentration, which resulted in lower xylan and, higher glucomannan content, was sensitive to mechanical treatment. The pulp strength decreased, evaluated as tear versus tensile index and as rewetted zero-span tensile index. Pulp with a higher xylan and lower glucomannan content could be subjected to mechanical treatment without losing strength.

  • 30.
    Brännvall, Elisabet
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    The impact of ionic strength during kraft cooking on the strength properties of softwood kraft pulp2007In: Appita journal, ISSN 1038-6807, Vol. 60, no 1, p. 60-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A study was undertaken in order to investigate the influence of ionic strength during pulping (measured as sodium ion concentration) on pulp strength (evaluated as tear index vs. tensile index) and on the pulps ability to resist mechanical damage. Sodium chloride was added to the cooking liquor in order to control the ionic strength during the laboratory kraft cooking of soft-wood. The strength properties were compared to a conventional laboratory pulp, pulped at an ionic strength equal to that originating solely from the cooking chemicals added.

    It was shown that the ionic strength of the cooking liquor had an impact on pulp strength. Tear index at a certain tensile index decreased at higher ionic strength. The fibre strength, measured as rewetted zero-span tensile index, also decreased. Furthermore, high ionic strength during cooking rendered the fibres more vulnerable to mechanical damage.

  • 31.
    Budnyak, Tetyana
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Aminzadeh, Selda
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Pylypchuk, Ievgen
    Department of Molecular Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Allmas alle 5, SE-750 07 Uppsala, Swede.
    Riazanova, Anastasiia
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Tertykh, Valentin
    Chuiko Institute of Surface Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 17 General Naumov Str., 03164 Kyiv, Ukraine.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Sevastyanova, Olena
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Peculiarities of synthesis and properties of lignin-silica nanocomposites prepared by sol-gel method2018In: Nanomaterials, ISSN 2079-4991, Vol. 8, no 11, p. 1-18, article id 950Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of advanced hybrid materials based on polymers from biorenewable sources and mineral nanoparticles is currently of high importance. In this paper, we applied softwood kraft lignins for the synthesis of lignin/SiO2 nanostructured composites. We described the peculiarities of composites formation in the sol-gel process through the incorporation of the lignin into a silica network during the hydrolysis of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS). The initial activation of lignins was achieved by means of a Mannich reaction with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES). In the study, we present a detailed investigation of the physicochemical characteristics of initial kraft lignins and modified lignins on each step of the synthesis. Thus, 2D-NMR, P-31-NMR, size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) and dynamic light scattering (DLS) were applied to analyze the characteristics of pristine lignins and lignins in dioxan:water solutions. X-Ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) were used to confirm the formation of the lignin-silica network and characterize the surface and bulk structures of the obtained hybrids. Termogravimetric analysis (TGA) in nitrogen and air atmosphere were applied to a detailed investigation of the thermal properties of pristine lignins and lignins on each step of modification. SEM confirmed the nanostructure of the obtained composites. As was demonstrated, the activation of lignin is crucial for the sol-gel formation of a silica network in order to create novel hybrid materials from lignins and alkoxysilanes (e.g., TEOS). It was concluded that the structure of the lignin had an impact on its reactivity during the activation reaction, and consequently affected the properties of the final hybrid materials.

  • 32. Börjesson, L.
    et al.
    L, KAELLEN
    C, LINDGREN
    Mikael, Lindström
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Green liquor clarification method for cellulose pulp production, involves using filtering layer which is made of membrane material with pores having predetermined pore size.2009Patent (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    NOVELTY - The green liquor clarification method involves filtering of flowing suspension containing solids and bringing in contact with a first filter unit (4). The filter unit consists of filter elements (12) with filter bodies having filter channels. A part of the suspension is forced to pass through the filtering layer to forming a filtrate while the solids substantially remain in a residual part of the suspension forming a slurry. The filtering layer is made of a membrane material with pores having a pore size of 0.1-10 micrometer (um), more preferred 0.1-5 um and most preferred 0.2-1.0 um. USE - Green liquor clarification method for cellulose pulp production. ADVANTAGE - Provides a filtering process which is a continuous process with no build up of a filter cake and is very effective in leading to a very high separation degree of dregs which is up to almost 100 percent and the filtrated green liquor is almost free from slurry. Characteristic green color of the green liquor is removed with the dregs which simplifies the identification both of disturbances in the filtration process and in the recovery flimace under normal operating conditions. Investment costs for the cross-flow filtration equipment is very minimal. The space required is much smaller than the space required for the sedimentation tanks. Minimizes oxidation of the valuable sulfide content of the green liquor since there is no contact with the surrounding air, nor is pressurized air used in the equipment. The closed system with no contact with surrounding air or use of vacuum shows that the temperature of the green liquor is maintained at a high level. The modular design of the filters facilitates an incremental capacity increase with minimal investment cost. Provides a simple system with minimal moving parts so less labor is needed for oversight and maintenance. Provides less lime make-up or decreased content of inerts in the lime at the same make-up rate due to less particles in the green liquor Less dregs carryover improves clarification of white liquor and improves mud dewatering and lower energy consumption. Enables efficient removal of non-process elements for minimum operation cost and low landfill volumes. DETAILED DESCRIPTION - An INDEPENDENT CLAIM is also included for an arrangement for green liquor clarification. DESCRIPTION OF DRAWING(S) - The drawing shows a schematic of an arrangement for cleaning green liquor using cross-flow filtration. First filter unit (4) Filter elements (12) Conduit (21) Tank (40) Collecting tank (42)

  • 33. Christiernin, M.
    et al.
    Henriksson, Gunnar
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Pulp and Paper Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Brumer, Harry
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Biotechnology.
    Teeri, Tuula T.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Biotechnology.
    Lindström, T.
    Laine, J.
    The effects of xyloglucan on the properties of paper made from bleached kraft pulp2003In: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, E-ISSN 2000-0669, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 182-187Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Xyloglucan was adsorbed onto bleached soft-wood kraft pulp followed by preparation and analysis of handsheets with respect to sheet formation as well as sheet mechanical and optical properties. Adsorption of xyloglucan was found to be slow. After more than 20 hrs adsorption, equilibrium had not been reached. The amount of xyloglucan adsorbed increased with beating, but neither the rate of adsorption nor the quantity adsorbed was significantly affected by temperature. Xyloglucan was found to be practically irreversibly adsorbed onto the fibres and the effects of xyloglucan on paper sheet properties were investigated after thorough washing of the pulp. The adsorption characteristics of xyloglucan confirm observations by other authors on other cellulose substrates. Tensile index values for handsheets formed with the xyloglucan-containing pulps were higher than those measured for control pulps with a comparable beating degree. The light scattering coefficient was, however, not affected by xyloglucan adsorption. Hence, the increase in tensile strength is attributed to an increased relative bond strength between the fibres. Tensile strength versus tear strength relationship was similar for pulps with and without xyloglucan, but water retention value and dewatering resistance were lower for the xyloglucan treated pulps than for the reference pulps at the same tensile strength. In addition, formation was improved for pulps with adsorbed xyloglucan. The conclusion is that xyloglucan is a promising wet end additive that decreases the necessity for beating of the pulp and improves the formation of paper.

  • 34. Dahllöf, Håkan
    et al.
    Nilsson, Erik
    Lindström, Mikael
    Kvaerner Pulping AB.
    An oxygen delignification study concerning storage of unwashed SW oxygen1998Patent (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 35.
    Danielsson, Sverker
    et al.
    KTH.
    Brännvall, Elisabet
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Xylan as a surface modifying agent in the kraft cook2006In: Abstract of Papers of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0065-7727, Vol. 231Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Danielsson, Sverker
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Jacobs, A.
    Lindström, Mikael E.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Topochemical modification of fibres during kraft pulping2005In: Appita Annu. Conf., 2005, p. 155-160Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Xylan dissolution, degradation and redeposition in the birch kraft cook have been examined. The molecular weight of the dissolved xylan was determined through gel permeation chromatography and the loss in molecular weight could be correlated to the amount of degraded xylan in the initial parts of the cook. This indicates that peeling is the only significant xylan degradation reaction early in the cook. Two different birch black liquors containing xylan with the molecular weight of 12.200 g/mol and 5.950 g/mol respectively, were added to softwood kraft cooks in order to determine the effect on pulp strength properties by birch xylan. The results show an increase in both tensile strength and tensile stiffness. The magnitude of the strength increase was affected very much by the molecular weight of xylan. High molecular weight xylan addition increased the tensile strength with more than 10% measured at 1000 PFI revolutions. The tensile stiffness was also increased by xylan addition, high molecular weight to a larger extent than low molecular weight.

  • 37.
    Danielsson, Sverker
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
    Josefsson, Peter
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
    Adsorption of hardwood black liquor xylan on celluloseManuscript (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Danielsson, Sverker
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
    Kisara, Koki
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
    Kinetic study of Hexenuronic and Methylglucuronic acid reactions in pulp and in dissolved xylan during kraft pulping of hardwood2006In: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, ISSN 0888-5885, E-ISSN 1520-5045, Vol. 45, no 7, p. 2174-2178Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During kraft pulping, the side group in the xylan backbone, 4-O-methyl-D-glucuronic acid, is partly converted to hexenuronic acid. Simultaneously, degradation reactions of these side groups take place. The rates of these reactions were studied during the kraft pulping of hardwood and were shown to be strongly affected by the location of the x Ian; dissolved xylan had markedly higher methylglucuronic acid and hexenuronic acid contents than pulp xylan did. The degree of substitution of methyl-lucuronic acid in dissolved xylan was found to be higher at reduced cooking temperatures; no such change was seen for pulp xylan. A kinetic model was developed that included the energies of activation for formation (129 U/mol) and degradation (143 U/mol) of hexenuronic acid and dearadation (141 kJ/mol) of methylglucuronic acid and bulk delignification (118 kJ/mol, in accordance with earlier studies). Decreased cooking temperatures thus increase the number of acidic charged groups in the pulp and in dissolved xylan.

  • 39.
    Danielsson, Sverker
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Influence of birch xylan adsorption during kraft cooking on softwood pulp strength2005In: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, E-ISSN 2000-0669, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 436-441Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The dissolution, degradation and redeposition of xylan in the kraft cooking of birch pulp were investigated. The molecular weight of the dissolved xylan was determined through gel permeation chromatography, and the loss in molecular weight could be correlated with the amount of degraded xylan in the initial stages of the kraft cook. This indicates that peeling is the only significant xylan degradation reaction taking place early in the cook. Two different birch black liquors containing xylan with molecular weights of 12.20 g/mol and 5.95 g/mol, respectively, were added to softwood kraft cooks in order to determine the effect of birch xylan on pulp strength properties. The results show an increase in both tensile strength and tensile stiffness. The magnitude of the strength increase was greatly affected by the molecular weight of the xylan added. Adding high-molecular-weight xylan increased the tensile strength by more than 10%, as measured at a beating degree of 1000 PFI revolutions. Tensile stiffness was also increased by xylan addition, though more so when the xylan was of high rather than low molecular weight.

  • 40.
    Danielsson, Sverker
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    The effect of black liquor exchange in the kraft cook on the tensile properties of Eucalyptus urograndis kraft pulp2009In: O Papel cellulose, papel, impressão, ISSN 0031-1057, Vol. 70, no 4, p. 35-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Xylan addition to kraft cooking has been shown to increase the tensile strength of the pulp but may also lead to a densification of the sheet. The main objective of this study was to correlate the molecular properties of black liquor xylan with its ability to increase tensile strength at a given sheet density. Black liquors were obtained from kraft cooks performed at different cooking temperatures and cooking times, which resulted in dissolved xylan with different degrees of substitution of uronic acids, different molecular weights, and connected to different amounts of lignin. These black liquors were added to the later part of subsequent kraft cooks. The results show that the degree of substitution of the black liquor xylan is of great importance when using it as an additive to the kraft cook in order to enhance pulp strength. Both, improved and deteriorated tensile strengths at given sheet densities were seen as a result of the black liquor exchange, depending on the charge of the added xylan. This illustrates that exchanging black liquor is an attractive tool in order to improve the physical properties of the produced paper if it is done wisely, but may cause impairments if the exchange is conducted in an incorrect manner. Furthermore, novel analytical tools made it possible to detect much higher uronic acid contents in xylan than previously reported.

  • 41.
    de Carvalho, Danila Morais
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology. KTH, Stockholm, Sweden.;Univ Fed Vicosa, Vicosa, MG, Brazil..
    Martinez-Abad, Antonio
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Colodette, Jorge Luiz
    Univ Fed Vicosa, Vicosa, MG, Brazil..
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Vilaplana, Francisco
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Sevastyanova, Olena
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. Fibre Wood Tech Wood Chem Pulp Tech, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Chemical and structural characterization of xylans from sugarcane bagasse and sugarcane straw2016In: Abstract of Papers of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0065-7727, Vol. 251Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 42.
    de Carvalho, Danila Morais
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
    Moser, Carl
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
    Sevastyanova, Olena
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
    Impact of the chemical composition of cellulosic materials on the nanofibrillation process and nanopaper properties2019In: Industrial crops and products (Print), ISSN 0926-6690, E-ISSN 1872-633X, Vol. 127, p. 203-211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigated the impact of the amounts of lignin and hemicelluloses on cellulose nanofibers (CNFs). Birch and spruce wood were used to prepare holocellulose and cellulose samples by classical methods. To better assess the effect of the chemical composition on the CNF performance and simplify the process for CNF preparation, no surface derivatization method was applied for CNF preparation. Increased amounts of hemicelluloses, especially mannans, improved the defibration process, the stability of the CNFs and the mechanical properties, whereas the residual lignin content had no significant effect on these factors. On the other hand, high lignin content turned spruce nanopapers yellowish and, together with hemicelluloses, reduced the strain-at-break values. Finally, when no surface derivatization was applied to holocellulose and cellulose samples before defibration, the controlled preservation of residual lignin and hemicelluloses on the CNFs indicate to be crucial for the process. This simplified method of CNF preparation presents great potential for forest-based industries as a way to use forestry waste (e.g., branches, stumps, and sawdust) to produce CNFs and, consequently, diversify the product range and reach new markets.

  • 43.
    de Carvalho, Danila Morais
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology. Royal Inst Technol, Fibre & Polymer Technol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Moser, Carl
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology. Royal Inst Technol, Fibre & Polymer Technol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Pulp and Paper Technology. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology. Royal Inst Technol, Fibre & Polymer Technol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Sevastyanova, Olena
    Fibre Wood Tech Wood Chem Pulp Tech, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Preparation of cellulosic samples with varied content of residual lignin and hemicelluloses: Impact on nanofibrillation process and nanopaper properties2019In: Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0065-7727, Vol. 257Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Dogaris, Ioannis
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
    Henriksson, Gunnar
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
    Study on tall oil solubility for improved resource recovery in chemical pulping of wood2019In: Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0065-7727, Vol. 257Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Tall oil is one of the most valuable by products in chemical pulpingof wood and is considered an important renewable alternative to petroleum.Its fractions have a large spectrum of applications including chemicalprecursors, detergents and energy. High recovery of tall oil is important forthe economic, sustainability, and environmental profile of industrial chemicalpulping. The purpose of this study was to develop ways to increase the yieldof tall oil based on its solubility in black liquors.To investigate this in a controlled way, a model system with a “synthetic”black liquor and a complete methodology for soap skimming anddetermination of recovered tall oil was developed based on solvent extractionand colorimetric analysis with good reproducibility. This model system allowsinvestigations of different parameters in small scale with high control overdifferent conditions.The developed system was used to study the effect of fatty acid addition andthe effect of lignin content on improving tall oil recovery. The presence ofrosin acids in the black liquor significantly reduced soap separation, whileincreasing the fatty acid content up to 60-70% greatly improved soaprecovery. Addition of lignin reduced tall oil recovery in the case of liquors withmore than 50% fatty acids, but slightly increased recovery in liquors withmore than 50% rosin acids. Furthermore, the presence of some ligninseemed to promote separation of the tall oil (reduced its solubility), while highamounts led to inhibition of its recovery.The experimental results clearly indicated that manipulating the content offatty acids and/or lignin before the soap skimming step significantly affect thetall oil solubility, opening up for chemical ways to improve its recovery.However, experiments in real industrial liquors and pulp mill conditions shouldbe considered to assess the actual tall oil yield improvement and processeconomics.

  • 45.
    Du, Xueyu
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
    Li, Jiebing
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Modification of industrial softwood kraft lignin using Mannich reaction with and without phenolation pretreatment2014In: Industrial crops and products (Print), ISSN 0926-6690, E-ISSN 1872-633X, Vol. 52, p. 729-735Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The amination of industrial softwood kraft lignin was conducted using the Mannich reaction to modify the lignin structure for value-added applications. To understand the reaction mechanism and to quantify the amount of amine groups that were introduced, different types of NMR analyses were performed. The lignin was also pretreated by phenolation to increase its reactivity and the amount of the amine groups that were introduced. The Mannich reaction was very selective at the C-5 position of the guaiacyl units and complete under acidic conditions with similar to 11-fold amounts of reagents of dimethylamine and formaldehyde over either model lignin (4-hydroxy-3-methoxyacetophenone, HMAP) or industrial spruce kraft lignin (LignoBoost lignin, LBL). For LBL, 28 amine groups were introduced over 100 aromatic rings. By weight, the nitrogen content was 2.5%. The animated lignin was found to possess a higher molecular mass, reaching a Mp of 4.9 x 10(3) Da compared to the original 319 x 10(3) Da, and with a considerably increased dispersibility, especially in a dilute aqueous solution of hydrochloric acid (pH = 3), namely 5.2 mg/ml. With a preceding phenolation treatment, which increased the amount of phenolic aromatic rings available for the Mannich reaction, an introduction of 42 amine groups over 100 aromatic rings, or a nitrogen content of 4.8%, was obtained, which caused a further increase of the molecular mass to 5.1 x 10(3) Da (Mp) and of dispersibility in the aqueous solution of hydrochloric acid up to 32.0 mg/ml. The aminated lignins with or without the phenolation pretreatment formed very stable colloidal suspensions in water, with large particle sizes (391 and 39 nm), high zeta potentials (31.6 and 27.2 mV), and large charge densities (1.6 and 1.2 x 10(-7) equiv./ml, respectively). The potential value-added applications of these modified lignins with high amine contents include use as surfactant chemicals, polycationic materials and slow-release fertilisers, among others.

  • 46.
    Du, Xueyu
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
    Li, Jiebing
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Lindström, Mikael E.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Modification of industrial kraft lignin by amination2012In: Abstract of Papers of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0065-7727, Vol. 243Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Du, Xueyu
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Li, Jiebing
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael E.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Modification of lignin structure by amine group introduction2011In: Int. Symp. Wood, Fiber Pulping Chem. - Proc., ISWFPC, 2011, p. 298-303Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Amination of lignin conducted simply by Mannich reaction is an important mean for lignin structural and value upgradation. However, there is a lack of powerful analysis for quantification of the amine groups introduced and at the meantime for supplement of structural information about e.g. binding positions and side reactions etc. Various types of NMR analysis have thus been performed for the analysis of Mannich reaction products from lignin model, 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyacetophenone (HMAP), and from industrial spruce Kraft lignin. As revealed by NMRs, the reaction was very selective at C-5 position of guaiacyl lignin units and complete under acidic conditions with 11-fold amounts of reagents of piperidine (PIP) or dimethylamine (DMA) and formaldehyde over HMAP. No side reactions took place at the aromatic structure. For industrial lignin, 13.5 (by PIP) and 15 (by DMA) nitrogen atoms were introduced per 100 aromatic rings. Using other analytical methods, the aminated lignin was found with higher molecular weights, reaching Mp of 5.06kDa from the original 3.92kDa by DMA modification, and with a sharp increased solubility especially in acetic acid aqueous solution, 31.2 mg/ml after DMA modification. A preceding phenolation of the lignin resulted in a 70% increase of available aromatic rings and an introduction of 56 amine groups over 100 original aromatic rings after Mannich reaction by using DMA, which caused increases of molecular weights to 5.11kDa (Mp) and of solubility in acetic acid aqueous solution up to 77.2 mg/mL. Potential applications of these modified lignins of high values include many applications in different fields such as surfactant chemicals, polycationic materials and slow released fertilizers etc.

  • 48.
    Ekevåg, Per
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Lindström, Tom
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Gellerstedt, Göran
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Addition of carboxymethylcellulose to the kraft cook2004In: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, E-ISSN 2000-0669, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 200-207Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The physical attachment of carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) onto kraft pulps during cooking and the effects of subsequent bleaching in an OD(EOP)DD sequence were investigated. Two CMC grades with different molecular weights and different degrees of substitution (D.S.) were used, CMC Finnfix WRH and CMC Cekol DVG. The effect of the CMC was studied by measuring the increase in the total charge density as well as in the surface charge density. In this way, both the total amount of attached CMC and the amount of the CMC attached onto the surface of the fibres Could be determined. Hand-sheets were made to study the effects of CMC addition on the physical properties of the paper. Different amounts of CMC were added to find the optimum, which was determined to be 1% CMC on wood. The proportion of CMC attached at a level addition of 1% (on wood) was about 40%. It was, however, found that a large part of the CMC was degraded during the cook. Whereas high molecular weight CMC is attached onto the surface of fibres, the degraded CMC is attached to the interior of the cell wall, decreasing the efficiency of the CIVIC to enhance the joint strength between fibres. The tensile index increased significantly, approximately 10% after beating to 2000 PFI revolutions, when 1% CMC Finnfix WRH on wood was added. The CMC Cekol DVG grade showed the greatest increase in tensile index, approximately 12% at 2000 PFI revolutions. The results of the bleaching of a sample treated with CMC Finnfix WRH showed that a part of the effect of CMC remains after bleaching. Most of the reduction in the positive effect was due to a loss of CMC molecules from the fibre surface.

  • 49.
    Elegir, Graziano
    et al.
    Stazione Sperimentale Carta Cartoni e Paste per Carta.
    Bussini, Daniele
    Stazione Sperimentale Carta Cartoni e Paste per Carta.
    Antonsson, Stefan
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
    Lindström, Mikael E.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
    Zoia, Luca
    Univ Milan, Dipartimento Sci Ambiente & Terr.
    Laccase-initiated cross-linking of lignocellulose fibres using a ultra-filtered lignin isolated from kraft black liquor2007In: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, ISSN 0175-7598, E-ISSN 1432-0614, Vol. 77, no 4, p. 809-817Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, the effect of Trametes pubescens laccase (TpL) used in combination with a low-molecular-weight ultra-filtered lignin (UFL) to improve mechanical properties of kraft liner pulp and chemi-thermo-mechanical pulp was studied. UFL was isolated by ultra-filtration from the kraft cooking black liquor obtained from softwood pulping. This by-product from the pulp industry contains an oligomeric lignin with almost twice the amount of free phenolic moieties than residual kraft pulp lignin. The reactivity of TpL on UFL and kraft pulp was studied by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and size exclusion chromatography. Laccase was shown to polymerise UFL and residual kraft pulp lignin in the fibres, seen by the increase in their average molecular weight and in the case of UFL as a decrease in the amount of phenolic hydroxyls. The laccase initiated cross-linking of lignin, mediated by UFL, which gives rise to more than a twofold increase in wet strength of kraft liner pulp handsheets without loosing other critical mechanical properties. Hence, this could be an interesting path to decrease mechano-sorptive creep that has been reported to lessen in extent as wet strength is given to papers. The laccase/2,2'azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) mediator system showed a greater increase in wet tensile strength of the resulting pulp sheets than the laccase/UFL system. However, other mechanical properties such as dry tensile strength, compression strength and Scott Bond internal strength were negatively affected by the laccase/ABTS system.

  • 50. Engström, Johan
    et al.
    Snekkenes, Vidar
    Krister, Olsson
    Gustavsson, Sören
    Christofer, Lindgren
    Mikael, Lindström
    Kvaerner Pulping AB.
    Metodo e dispositivo para o cozimento continuo de pasta de papel1998Patent (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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