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  • 1.
    Algers, Staffan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301), Transport and Location Analysis (closed 20110301).
    Eliasson, Jonas
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301), Transport and Location Analysis (closed 20110301).
    Is it time to use activity-based urban transport models? A discussion of planning needs and modelling possibilities2005In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 39, no 4, p. 767-789Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For some decades now, transport researchers have put considerable efforts into developing what is called activity-based approaches for modelling urban travel demand. The basic idea is that travel demand is derived from people's desires to take part in different activities. In particular, the interrelationships among different activities with respect to temporal and spatial constraints are in focus. It means that such models treat the activities and the travelling of the households with respect to where and when the activities can be carried out and how they may be scheduled, given characteristics of the households and potential opportunities, the transport networks and various institutional constraints. We discuss what demands we see on future travel demand models, with a focus on urban analysis. This discussion is somewhat biased towards what role activity-based models could play in meeting these demands. We then review in some detail three prominent and distinctly different representatives of operational activity-based models to give an indication of what new modelling possibilities they offer. Theoretical appeal, empirical validity, usefulness for planning, need for data and easiness of implementation are discussed. In the final section we draw some conclusions about the prospects of these models and of their descendants.

  • 2.
    Algers, Staffan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301), Transport and Location Analysis (closed 20110301). KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301), Transport and Location Analysis (closed 20110301). KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Rydergren, Clas
    Östlund, Bo
    Sampers: erfarenheter och utvecklingsmöjligheter på kort och lång sikt2009Report (Other academic)
  • 3. Anderstig, C.
    et al.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    An integrated model of residential and employment location in a metropolitan region1991In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 70, p. 167-184Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4. Anderstig, C.
    et al.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Appraising large-scale investments in a metropolitan transportation system1992In: Transportation, ISSN 0049-4488, E-ISSN 1572-9435, Vol. 19, p. 267-283Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5. Anderstig, C.
    et al.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Interregional allocation models of infrastructure investments1989In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 23, p. 287-298Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6. Anderstig, C.
    et al.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Modelling land-use and transport interaction: Policy analyses using the IMREL model1998In: Network Infrastructure and the Urban Environment: Advances in Spatial Systems Modelling / [ed] Lundqvist, L., Mattsson, L.-G. and Kim, T.J., Berlin: Springer-Verlag , 1998Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Berdica, Katja
    et al.
    Transek AB.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301), Transport and Location Analysis (closed 20110301). KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Vulnerability: A model-based case study of the road network in Stockholm2007In: Critical Infrastructure: Reliability and Vulnerabilitiy, Springer-Verlag , 2007, p. 81-106Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Vulnerability, exposure and criticality in various infrastructures are issues that have been more explicitly looked into in recent years. However, road vulnerability as such has not been in focus for very long, despite the fundamental importance of our road networks in everyday life, as well as in crisis evacuation situations. Consequently, network reliability in transport modelling is an important and growing field of research (Lam 1999). The connection between reliability, vulnerability and other related concepts are discussed in Berdica (2002), with the main proposition that vulnerability analysis of road networks should be regarded as an overall framework, within which different transport studies can be performed to describe how well our transport systems function when exposed to different kinds of disturbances. Following that approach, this paper presents the results from a model-based case study, performed with the overall objective to study how vulnerable the Stockholm road network is in different respects. More specifically it is built up around three main questions:

    1.      How do interruptions of different critical links affect the system and how important are these links in relation to one another?

    2.      How is the network performance affected by general capacity reductions and possible prioritisation of a sub-network?

    3.      How is the system affected by traffic demand variations, i.e. how close to its capacity limit does the system operate?

  • 8.
    Beser Hugosson, Muriel
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Eliasson, Jonas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Karlström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Rosenlind, Stina
    Kan vi lita på trafikprognoser? – En kritisk granskning av några trafikmodeller1996Report (Other academic)
  • 9. Boyce, David
    et al.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Modeling residential location choice in relation to housing location and road tolls on congested urban highway networks1999In: Transportation Research Part B, Vol. 33, no 8Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Eliasson, Jonas
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Infrastructure and Planning.
    Mattson, Lars- Göran
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Infrastructure and Planning.
    Transport and Location Effects of Road Pricing: A Simulation Approach2001In: Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, ISSN 0022-5258, E-ISSN 1754-5951, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 417-456Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effects of road pricing on transport and location patterns have been much discussed. However, it is unclear how large the effects are, and whether relocation of households, workplaces and shops will counteract or amplify the effects on transport. In this paper a model of a generic symmetric city is developed. The model is used to investigate the effects of road pricing in the form of congestion pricing and a toll ring. The results indicate that the impacts on location are small compared to the impacts on traffic volumes, modal split, and trip distances. The different effects of congestion pricing and toll rings at different positions are considered.

  • 11.
    Eliasson, Jonas
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Infrastructure and Planning.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Infrastructure and Planning.
    A model for integrated analysis of household location and travel choices2000In: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, ISSN 0965-8564, E-ISSN 1879-2375, Vol. 34, no 5, p. 375-394Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We develop a model for integrated analysis of household location and travel choices and investigate it from a theoretical point of view. Each household makes a joint choice of location (zone and house type) and a travel pattern that maximizes utility subject to budget and time constraints. Prices for housing are calculated so that demand equals supply in each submarket. The travel pattern consists of a set of expected trip frequencies to different destinations with different modes. The joint time and budget constraints ensure that time and cost sensitivities are consistent throughout the model. Choosing the entire travel pattern at once, as opposed to treating travel decisions as a series of isolated choices, allows the marginal utilities of trips to depend on which other trips are made. When choosing trip frequencies to destinations, households are assumed to prefer variation to an extent varying with the purpose of the trip. The travel pattern will tend to be more evenly distributed across trip ends the less similar destinations and individual preferences are. These heterogeneities of destinations and individual preferences, respectively, are expressed in terms of a set of parameters to be estimated.

  • 12.
    Eliasson, Jonas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Equity effects of congestion pricing. Quantitative methodology and a case study for Stockholm2006In: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, ISSN 0965-8564, E-ISSN 1879-2375, Vol. 40, no 7, p. 602-620Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is widely recognised that congestion pricing could be an effective measure to solve environmental and congestion problems in urban areas—a reform that normally also would generate a net welfare surplus. Despite this the implementation of congestion pricing has been very slow. One reason for a low public and political acceptance could be that equity impacts have not been given enough concern. In studies of distributional impacts of congestion pricing it has often been claimed that the reform is regressive rather than progressive even if there are studies claiming the opposite. We develop a method for detailed, quantitative assessment of equity effects of road pricing and apply it to a real-world example, namely a proposed congestion-charging scheme for Stockholm. The method simultaneously takes into account differences in travel behaviour, in preferences (such as values of time) and in supply of travel possibilities (car ownership, public transport level-of-service etc.). We conclude that the two most important factors for the net impact of congestion pricing are the initial travel patterns and how revenues are used. Differences in these respects dwarf differences in other factors such as values of time. This is accentuated by the fact that the total collected charges are more than three times as large as the net benefits. With respect to different groups, we find that men, high-income groups and residents in the central parts of the city will be affected the most. If revenues are used for improving public transport, this will benefit women and low-income groups the most. If revenues are used for tax cuts, the net benefits will be about equal for men and women on the average, while it naturally will benefit high-income groups. Given that it is likely that the revenues will be used to some extent to improve the public transport system, we conclude that the proposed congestion-charging scheme for Stockholm is progressive rather than regressive.

  • 13.
    Eliasson, Jonas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Modeling long-period trip patterns with time and money constraints - the TILT land-use/transportation model1999In: / [ed] Meersman, H., Van de Voorde, E., Winkelmans, M., Elsevier, 1999Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 14. Eriksson, E.A.
    et al.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Quantitative measurement of continuity of care: Measures in use and an alternative approach1983In: Medical Care, ISSN 0025-7079, E-ISSN 1537-1948, Vol. 21, p. 858-875Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 15. Fosgerau, M.
    et al.
    Lindberg, P. O.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Weibull, Jörgen
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.). Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden.
    A note on the invariance of the distribution of the maximum2018In: Journal of Mathematical Economics, ISSN 0304-4068, E-ISSN 1873-1538, Vol. 74, p. 56-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many models in economics involve discrete choices where a decision-maker selects the best alternative from a finite set. Viewing the array of values of the alternatives as a random vector, the decision-maker draws a realization and chooses the alternative with the highest value. The analyst is then interested in the choice probabilities and in the value of the best alternative. The random vector has the invariance property if the distribution of the value of a specific alternative, conditional on that alternative being chosen, is the same, regardless of which alternative is considered. This note shows that the invariance property holds if and only if the marginal distributions of the random components are positive powers of each other, even when allowing for quite general statistical dependence among the random components. We illustrate the analytical power of the invariance property by way of examples.

  • 16.
    Fosgerau, Mogens
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport Planning, Economics and Engineering. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Lindberg, Per Olov
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport Planning, Economics and Engineering. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Weibull, Jörgen
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.).
    Invariance of the distribution of the maximumManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Many models in economics involve probabilistic choices where each decision-maker selects the best alternative from a finite set. Viewing the value of each alternative as a random variable, the analyst is then interested in the choice probabilities, that is, the probability for an alternative to give the maximum value. Much analytical power can be gained, both for positive and normative analysis, if the maximum value is statistically independent of which alternative obtains the highest value. This note synthesizes and generalizes previous results on this invariance property. We provide characterizations of this property within a wide class of distributions that comprises the McFadden GEV class, show implications in several directions, and establish connections with copulas. We illustrate the usefulness of the invariance property by way of a few examples.

  • 17.
    Hårsman, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Hovsepyan, Vardan
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics.
    Correction to: The income return to entrepreneurship: theoretical model and outcomes for Swedish regions2018In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 61, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The original version of this article unfortunately contains an error in Appendix A.

  • 18.
    Hårsman, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH.
    Hovsepyan, Vardan
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    The income return to entrepreneurship: theoretical model and outcomes for Swedish regions2018In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 61, no 3, p. 479-498Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the income return to entrepreneurship and wage employment by means of Lazear's model of occupational choice. The paper has two major aims. The first is to develop a new theoretical framework for analyzing the income return to entrepreneurship by combining the Lazear model with the assumption that the skill profiles in a population are Frechet-distributed. The second is to demonstrate that the resulting theoretical derivations can be used for a new type of regional analysis of the income return to entrepreneurship and wage employment. The empirical analysis is based on data for individuals with a Master of Science degree in Electrical Engineering. We compute their income return to self-employment and wage employment in three parts of Sweden: the Stockholm region, the combined Gothenburg and Malmo region, and the Rest of Sweden. The results show that the average return to self-employment is less than 5% in all regions and smaller in the Gothenburg and Malmo region than in the other two regions. The regional differences are explained by the differential supply curves and market values of entrepreneurial talent. The theoretical derivation of the income return to entrepreneurship is the main contribution of the paper. Another contribution is the derivation of regional supply curves for entrepreneurs.

  • 19.
    Höjer, Mattias
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Infrastructure and Planning.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Infrastructure and Planning.
    Determinism and backcasting in future studies2000In: Futures: The journal of policy, planning and futures studies, ISSN 0016-3287, E-ISSN 1873-6378, Vol. 32, no 7, p. 613-634Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, four frequently cited approaches to future studies are criticised. We use examples mainly from the field of transport research. The first approach is the tendency to try to establish cyclic behaviour in socio-technical changes. The second is the view that transport and communication are positively correlated. The third is the so-called 'hypothesis of constant travel time', according to which, the average daily travel time of a population is more or less stable. The fourth is the alleged causal relationship between urban density and petrol use. The use of these approaches is criticised for a number of reasons, among others for over-simplifying the underlying mechanisms and for being too deterministic. In cases where drastic change is needed, current trends must be broken, but perhaps through measures other than those indicated by the above approaches. In other words, the cited approaches may overlook interesting opportunities and fail to urge necessary action. Backcasting is put forward as a more promising approach, especially for situations where great change is needed, However, it has been found in this study that backcasting and different forecasting approaches an complementary. The argument is that backcasting is mainly appropriate where current trends art: leading towards an unfavourable state. Therefore, forecasting methods are necessary because they inform the backcaster when backcasting is required. Finally, the paper discusses the use of different models in planning, primarily in the context of their role in the path analyses of backcasting scenarios.

  • 20.
    Jenelius, Erik
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Traffic and Logistics.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Developing a methodology for road network vulnerability analysis2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Jenelius, Erik
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Traffic and Logistics.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Road network vulnerability analysis: Conceptualization, implementation and application2015In: Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, ISSN 0198-9715, E-ISSN 1873-7587, Vol. 49, p. 136-147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper describes a process for road network vulnerability analysis, from (i) the conceptual definition of vulnerability measures, through (ii) the derivation of practical indicators and models adapted to available data and their implementation in computational procedures, to (iii) the application of the methodology in case studies. In the first step, the vulnerability concept is defined and quantified formally, and distinct user and technological perspectives are highlighted. In the second step, the conceptual measures are adapted and calculated according to the conditions, requirements and goals of a particular analysis. The paper describes practical indicators and algorithms developed for large-scale vulnerability analyses. For the third step, the paper analyzes both single link closures and area-covering disruptions and the distribution of impacts among different regions in a case study on the Swedish road transport system. The spatial patterns are put in connection with the regional variations in location and travel patterns and network density. Finally, the implications for policy and possible approaches to vulnerability management are discussed.

  • 22.
    Jenelius, Erik
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Traffic and Logistics.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Road network vulnerability analysis of area-covering disruptions: A grid-based approach with case study2010Report (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Jenelius, Erik
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Traffic and Logistics.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Road network vulnerability analysis of area-covering disruptions: A grid-based approach with case study2012In: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, ISSN 0965-8564, E-ISSN 1879-2375, Vol. 46, no 5, p. 746-760Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present an approach to systematically analysing the vulnerability of road networks under disruptions covering extended areas. Since various kinds of events including floods, heavy snowfall, storms and wildfires can cause such spatially spread degradations, the analysis method is an important complement to the existing studies of single link failures. The methodology involves covering the study area with grids of uniformly shaped and sized cells, where each cell represents the extent of an event disrupting any intersecting links. We apply the approach to the Swedish road network using travel demand and network data from the Swedish national transport modelling system Sampers. The study shows that the impacts of area-covering disruptions are largely determined by the level of internal, outbound and inbound travel demand of the affected area itself. This is unlike single link failures, where the link flow and the redundancy in the surrounding network determine the impacts. As a result, the vulnerability to spatially spread events shows a markedly different geographical distribution. These findings, which should be universal for most road networks of similar scale, are important in the planning process of resource allocation for mitigation and recovery.

  • 24.
    Jenelius, Erik
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Traffic and Logistics.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    The impact of network density, travel and location patterns on regional road network vulnerability2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Jenelius, Erik
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    The vulnerability of road networks under area-covering disruptions2008In: INFORMS Annual Meeting, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Jenelius, Erik
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301), Transport and Location Analysis (closed 20110301).
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301), Transport and Location Analysis (closed 20110301).
    Levinson, David
    The traveler costs of unplanned transport network disruptions: An activity-based modeling approach2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Jenelius, Erik
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Traffic and Logistics.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Levinson, David
    Traveler delay costs and value of time with trip chains, flexible activity scheduling and information2010Report (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Jenelius, Erik
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Traffic and Logistics.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Levinson, David
    Traveler delay costs and value of time with trip chains, flexible activity scheduling and information2011In: Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, ISSN 0191-2615, E-ISSN 1879-2367, Vol. 45, no 5, p. 789-807Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The delay costs of traffic disruptions and congestion and the value of travel time reliability are typically evaluated using single trip scheduling models, which treat the trip in isolation of previous and subsequent trips and activities. In practice, however, when activity scheduling to some extent is flexible, the impact of delay on one trip will depend on the actual and predicted travel time on itself as well as other trips, which is important to consider for long-lasting disturbances and when assessing the value of travel information. In this paper we extend the single trip approach into a two trips chain and activity scheduling model. Preferences are represented as marginal activity utility functions that take scheduling flexibility into account. We analytically derive trip timing optimality conditions, the value of travel time and schedule adjustments in response to travel time increases. We show how the single trip models are special cases of the present model and can be generalized to a setting with trip chains and flexible scheduling. We investigate numerically how the delay cost depends on the delay duration and its distribution on different trips during the day, the accuracy of delay prediction and travel information, and the scheduling flexibility of work hours. The extension of the model framework to more complex schedules is discussed.

  • 29.
    Jenelius, Erik
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301), Transport and Location Analysis (closed 20110301).
    Petersen, Tom
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301), Transport and Location Analysis (closed 20110301).
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301), Transport and Location Analysis (closed 20110301).
    Importance and exposure in road network vulnerability analysis2006In: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, ISSN 0965-8564, E-ISSN 1879-2375, Vol. 40, no 7, p. 537-560Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The reliability and vulnerability of critical infrastructures have attracted a lot of attention recently. In order to assess these issues quantitatively, operational measures are needed. Such measures can also be used as guidance to road administrations in their prioritisation of maintenance and repair of roads, as well as for avoiding causing unnecessary disturbances in the planning of roadwork. The concepts of link importance and site exposure are introduced. In this paper, several link importance indices and site exposure indices are derived, based on the increase in generalised travel cost when links are closed. These measures are divided into two groups: one reflecting an "equal opportunities perspective", and the other a "social efficiency perspective". The measures are calculated for the road network of northern Sweden. Results are collected in a GIs for visualisation, and are presented per link and municipality. In view of the recent great interest in complex networks, some topological measures of the road network are also presented.

  • 30.
    Jenelius, Erik
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Traffic and Logistics.
    Petersen, Tom
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Road network vulnerability: Identifying important links and exposed regions2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 31. Johansson, B.
    et al.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    From theory and policy analysis to the implementation of road pricing: The Stockholm Region in the 1990s1994In: Road Pricing: Theory, Empirical Assessment and Policy / [ed] Johansson, B and Mattsson, L.-G., Boston: Kluwer , 1994, p. 181-204Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 32. Johansson, B.
    et al.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Introduction1994In: Road Pricing: Theory, Empirical Assessment and Policy / [ed] Johansson, B. and Mattsson, L.-G., Boston: Kluwer , 1994, p. 1-4Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 33. Johansson, B.
    et al.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Principles of road pricing1994In: Road Pricing: Theory, Empirical Assessment and Policy / [ed] Johansson, B. and Mattsson, L.-G., Boston: Kluwer , 1994, p. 7-33Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 34. Johansson, B.
    et al.
    Mattsson, Lars-GöranKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Road Pricing: Theory, Empirical Assessment and Policy1994Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Karlström, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301), Transport and Location Analysis (closed 20110301). KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Ståhle, Alexander
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Marcus, Lars
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Urban Design.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301), Transport and Location Analysis (closed 20110301). KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Place, space syntax and attraction-accessibility2009In: Proceedings of the Seventh International Space Syntax Symposium, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Lindberg, Per Olov
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Eriksson, E. Anders
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Homothetic functions revisited2002In: Economic Theory, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 417-427Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Lindberg, Per Olov
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Numerical Analysis, NA (closed 2012-06-30).
    Eriksson, E.A.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Invariance of achieved utility in random utility models1995In: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 27, p. 121-142Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Lundqvist, L.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Mattsson, Lars-GöranKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    National Transport Models: Recent Developments and Prospects2002Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Lundqvist, L.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Transportation systems and residential location1983In: European Journal of Operational Research, ISSN 0377-2217, E-ISSN 1872-6860, Vol. 12, p. 279-294Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Lundqvist, L.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Mattsson, Lars-GöranKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.Eriksson, E.A.
    Spatial Energy Analysis: Models for Strategic Decisions in an Urban and Regional Context1989Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Lundqvist, L.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Mattsson, Lars-GöranKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.Kim, T.J.
    Network Infrastructure and the Urban Environment: Advances in Spatial Systems Modelling1998Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Lundqvist, L.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Kim, T.J.
    Network infrastructure and the urban environment: Introduction and summary1998In: Network Infrastructure and the Urban Environment: Advances in Spatial Systems Modelling, / [ed] Lundqvist, L., Mattsson, L.-G. and Kim, T.J., Berlin: Springer-Verlag , 1998Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 43. Lundqvist, Lars
    et al.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    National transport models: Introduction and comparative analysis2002In: National Transport Models: Recent Developments and Prospects, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2002Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Equivalence between welfare and entropy approaches to residential location1984In: Regional Science and Urban Economics, ISSN 0166-0462, E-ISSN 1879-2308, Vol. 14, p. 147-173Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Modelling pricing reform in Stockholm2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Normative housing allocation and work trip energy use1989In: Spatial Energy Analysis: Models for Strategic Decisions in an Urban and Regional Context / [ed] Lundqvist, L., Mattsson, L.-G. and Eriksson, E.A., Aldershot: Avebury (Gower) , 1989Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301), Transport and Location Analysis (closed 20110301). KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Railway capacity and train delay relationships2007In: Critical Infrastructure: Reliability and Vulnerability / [ed] Murray, A. and Grubesic, T.H., Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2007, p. 129-150Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Reliable transport infrastructure systems are vital for the functioning of modern societies. People in their everyday lives, as well as trade and industry, plan their activities on the assumption that it is possible to travel and to transport goods between different places in a fast, safe and predictable way. Over time the development of the transport infrastructure has allowed people and goods to be transported at higher speeds. This has contributed, for good or bad, to a spatial reorganisation of many human activities on a local as well as a global geographical scale. Transport systems, as all technical systems, are more or less reliable, however. This is an important aspect of the quality of transport services, which may have spatial implications. In many big cities capacity shortages lead to congestion and unreliable transports that hamper the development. In rural areas lack of alternative transport routes, in case the main route has to be closed for some reason, contributes to make these areas less attractive for location.

  • 48.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis.
    Residential location and school planning in a tightening urban economy1986In: Annals of Operations Research, ISSN 0254-5330, E-ISSN 1572-9338, Vol. 6, p. 181-200Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301).
    Road pricing: Consequences for traffic, congestion and location2008In: Road Pricing, teh Economy and the Envorinment / [ed] Jensen-Butler, C., Sloth, B., Larsen, M.M., Madsen, B. and Nielsen, O.A., Berlin Heidelberg: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2008, p. 29-48Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Congested roads seem to be an unavoidable characteristic of large cities. Transport economists and planners have regularly suggested that road pricing would be an appropriate and effective instrument in an overall policy to relieve congestion. Politicians and the public at large have usually been quite sceptical, however. In this paper, three ex ante studies of transport and location effects of alternative road pricing systems are presented and compared. Different models estimated with different data sets are applied to calculate the effects. The first two studies deal with the effects on the traffic pattern of a zone-based and a distance-based road pricing system for the Stockholm area, respectively. In the third study, location effects are also included in an analysis of optimal congestion charges in a stylised symmetric city adjusted to resemble Stockholm. All studies indicate a substantial reduction in vehicle distance travelled. For the zone-based system, traffic volumes in the inner city of Stockholm are predicted to decrease by 30% for charged hours at a charge level equivalent to 3 SEK/km. For the distance-based system, traffic volumes in the inner city are predicted to be reduced by 35 and 19% at charge levels of 4 and 2 SEK/km for peak and office hours, respectively. For the case of optimal congestion pricing, the reduction is 25% at an average charge level of 2 SEK/km. Additional effects in the first study are that speed might increase on inner city roads and arterials by around 20%. Moreover, accessibility to activities in the other half of the city will be reduced significantly. The most affected relation is the one between inner northern and inner southern suburbs. In that case, a reduction of the number of vehicle trips by around 30% is predicted. In spite of quite substantial transport effects, the location effects are predicted to be very limited.

  • 50.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301), Transport and Location Analysis (closed 20110301). KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Samhällsekonomisk analys av ett huvudvägnät för godstransporter: En idédiskussion och förslag till upplägg2008Report (Other academic)
12 1 - 50 of 78
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