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  • 1.
    Abshirini, Ehsan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Geoinformatik.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Rivers as integration devices in cities2016Inngår i: City, Territory and Architecture, ISSN 0885-7024, E-ISSN 2195-2701, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 1-21Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: As dynamic systems rivers and cities have been in interaction under changing relations over time, and the morphology of many cities has risen through a long and steady struggle between the city functions and the river system flowing inside. This makes river cities an interesting case to study how the presence of geographical features interacts with spatial morphology in the formation of cities.

    Methods: The basis of this research is enabled by utilizing a novel model for cross-city comparison presented by Hillier in his Santiago keynote in 2012 called a “star model”. This is done on large samples of cities investigating concurrent configurations, as well as how the properties in this star model react to specific forms of disturbance.

    Results: Results illustrate that the foreground network as identified through maximum choice values in cities are more vital to the structure of cities than the bridges. The overall syntactic structure tends to retain its character (degree of distributedness) and the location of its foreground network (which street segments constitute the foreground network) even when bridges are targeted. Furthermore, counter to the initial hypothesis, river cities tend to change less than non-river cities after targeted disturbance of the systems. Finally, the results show that while there is a statistical morphological difference between river cities and non-river cities, this difference is not directly explained through the bridges.

    Conclusion: Integrating space syntax with statistical and geospatial analysis can throw light on the way in which the properties of city networks and urban structure reflect the relative effect of rivers on the morphology of river cities. The paper, finally, contributes through offering one piece of a better perception of the structure of river-cities that can support strategies of river-cities interaction as well as enhance our knowledge on the constraints and limits to that interaction.

  • 2.
    Abshirini, Ehsan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Geodesi och geoinformatik.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Visibility Analysis, Similarity and Dissimilarity in General Trends of Building Layouts and their Functions2013Inngår i: Proceedings of Ninth International Space Syntax Symposium / [ed] Young Ook Kim, Hoon Tae Park, Kyung Wook Seo, Seoul: Sejong University Press , 2013, s. 11:1-11:15Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Visibility analysis is one of the key methods in space syntax theory that discusses visual information conveyed to observers from any location in space that is potentially directly visible for the observer without any obstruction. Visibility – simply defined as what we can see – not only affects the spatial function of buildings, but also has visual relation to the perception of buildings by inhabitants and visitors. In this paper we intend to present the result of visibility analysis applied on a sample of building layouts of different sizes and functions from a variety of places of periods. The main aim of this paper is to statistically explore the general trends of building layouts and show if and how visibility properties such as connectivity, clustering coefficient, mean depth, entropy, and integration values can make distinctions among different functions of buildings. Our findings reveal that there are significant correlation coefficients among global properties of visibility in which we consider the mean value of properties, a similarity suggesting that they are not intensively manipulated by architecture. On the other hand, there are correlations although less so than the previous, still significant among local properties of visibility in which we consider the (max-min) value of properties, suggesting that social, cultural or other physical parameters distinguish buildings individually. We also show that functions such as ‘museum’ and ‘veterinary’ are relatively well-clustered, while functions such as ‘ancient’ and ‘shopping’ show high diversity. In addition, using a decision tree model we show that, in our sample, functions such as ‘museum’ and ‘library’ are more predictable rather than functions such as ‘hospital’ and ‘shopping.’ All of these mean that – at least in our sample – the usability and applicability of well-clustered and well-predicted functions have been predominant in shaping their interior spaces; vice versa, in well-diverse and unpredicted functions, the pragmatic solutions of people’s daily life developed in material culture affect the visual properties of their interior spaces.

  • 3.
    Abshirini, Ehsan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Geoinformatik.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Legeby, Ann
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Flood hazard and its impact on the resilience of cities: An accessibility-based approach to amenities in the city of Gothenburg, Sweden2017Inngår i: Proceedings - 11th International Space Syntax Symposium, SSS 2017, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Departamento de Engenharia Civil, Arquitetura e Georrecursos , 2017, s. 36.1-36.15Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the wake of climate change and its impact on increasing the number and intensity of floods, adaptability of cities to and resistance against the flood hazard is critical to retain functionality of the cities. Vulnerability of urban infrastructure and its resilience to flooding from different points of view have been important and worth investigating for experts in different fields of science. Flood hazards as physical phenomena are influenced by form of the cities and thus the magnitude of their impacts can be intensified by urban infrastructures such as street networks and buildings (Bacchin et. al, 2011). In this paper, we aim to develop a method to assess the resilience of a river city (the city of Gothenburg in Sweden), which is prone to flood events, against such disturbances and find out how the city reacts to river floods and to what extent the city retains its accessibility to essential amenities after a flood occurs. To do so, collecting required data; we, firstly, simulate flood inundation with two different return periods (50 and 1000 years) and then the impact areas overlay on the street networks. Evaluating the resilience of the city, syntactic properties of the street networks before and after flooding are measured at different scales. Additionally, accessibility and the minimum distance of the street networks to essential amenities such as healthcare centers, schools and commercial centers, at a medium distance (3 Km) is examined. The results show that flooding influences the city configuration at global scale more than the local scale based on comparison of syntactic properties before and after flooding. However, the results of accessibility and the minimum distance show that the impact of flooding on the functionality of the city is more limited to the riparian areas and the city is not affected globally.

  • 4.
    Abshirini, Ehsan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Geoinformatik.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Stadsbyggnad.
    Legeby, Ann
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Stadsbyggnad.
    Flood Resilient Cities: A Syntactic and Metric Novel on Measuring the Resilience of Cities against Flooding, Gothenburg, Sweden2017Inngår i: Journal of Geographic Information System, ISSN 2151-1950, E-ISSN 2151-1969, Vol. 9, s. 505-534Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Flooding is one of the most destructive natural disasters which have rapidly been growing in frequency and intensity all over the world. In this view, assessment of the resilience of the city against such disturbances is of high necessity in order to significantly mitigate the disaster effects of flooding on the city structures and the human lives. The aim of this paper is to develop a method to assess the resilience of a river city (the city of Gothenburg in Sweden), which is prone to flood Hazard, against such disturbances. By simulating flood inundation with different return periods, in the first step, the areas of impact are determined. To assess the resilience, two different methods are followed. One is a syntactic method grounded in the foreground network in space syntax theory and the other is based on measuring accessibility to the essential amenities in the city. In the first method, similarity and sameness parameters are defined to quantitatively measure the syntactic resilience in the city. In the next step, accessibility to amenities and the minimum distance to amenities before and after each disturbance is measured. The results, in general, show that such disturbances affect the city structure and the resilience of the city differently. For instance, the city is more resilient after flooding ac- cording to accessibility measures. This clearly means that the answer to the question of resilience is mainly dependent on “resilience of what and for what.”

  • 5.
    Bergström, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitekturens historia och teori.
    Marcus, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Stadsbyggnad.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    KI Arkitektur och kunskapsmiljö: Tävlingen/Etableringen/Förnyelsen2010 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Universitet och högskolor förknippas liksom många andra institutioner och verksamheter i vårt samhälle i så hög grad med sina byggnader att verksamheter och byggnader kan vara svåra att skilja från varandra. Det vi kan ana är att människor alltid använt byggandet för att etablera och upprätthålla både samhälleliga funktioner och mer vardagliga seder och bruk. Aktiviteter som lyckas etablera sig i byggd form blir en naturlig och stödjande del av vår fysiska verklighet, medan aktiviteter som inte blir manifesterade kan få svårare att överleva. I vår samtid, som präglas av en ständigt pågående förändring, kan etablerade lösningar också stå i vägen för ny utveckling och hindra oss från att se hur bebyggelsen skulle kunna utformas på ett annorlunda sätt.

    Mot denna bakgrund utgör KI – Karolinska Institutet – ett intressant exempel på samspelet mellan medvetet utformad bebyggelse och kvalificerad verksamhet. Karolinska Institutet är sedan lång tid tillbaka en av landets mest kreativa kunskapsmiljöer. Institutets bebyggelse har tillkommit under en längre tidsperiod och karakteriseras av höga ambitioner, där olika idéer om kunskapsproduktionens villkor har styrt såväl den övergripande planeringen som de enskilda byggnadernas utformning. Genom att tydliggöra dessa idéer och samtidigt undersöka hur det byggda resultatet fungerar, hoppas vi kunna bidra inte bara till en förståelse för Karolinska Institutets utveckling utan också till en mer generell kunskap om relationen mellan arkitektur och kunskapsmiljö.

     

  • 6.
    Borrion, Herve
    et al.
    UCL.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Integrating Architecture and Crime Science: A Transdisciplinary Challenge2017Inngår i: Transdisciplinary Higher Education: A Theoretical Basis Revealed in Practice / [ed] Gibbs, Paul, Berlin: Springer, 2017, s. 91-107Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The influence of products and urban structures on citizens’ security has been explored and exploited across civilisations. Rarely, though, has the research in this field been as vibrant as now. Examples of research and development work can be found in many disciplines and on various scales. They concern the design of street furniture to prevent bicycle theft, identification of urban topological structures that can reduce drug dealing, development of structures that can resist pressure waves from explosive devices, and improvement of buildings’ resilience to toxic agents. In spite of this breadth of knowledge, there is still a significant gap between architecture, design and crime science. To shed a light on the underexploited connections between these disciplines, we examine the cultural and methodological differences that characterise them. Using the problem-solving approach promoted by crime scientists as support for cross-disciplinary analysis, we then discuss its compatibility with architecture and design practices. Finally, we summarise our analysis with a list of recommendations for the development of postgraduate course curricula that support collaborative work in security and crime science.

  • 7. Borrion, Hervé
    et al.
    Ekblom, Paul
    Alrajeh, Dalal
    Borrion, Aiduan Li
    Keane, Aidan
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Stadsbyggnad. Chalmers Institute of Technology.
    Mitchener-Nissen, Timothy
    Toubaline, Sonia
    The Problem with Crime Problem-Solving: Towards a Second Generation Pop?2019Inngår i: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, artikkel-id azz029Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In his 2018 Stockholm prize winner lecture, Goldstein highlighted the need for problem-oriented policing (POP) to be not only effective but also fair. Contributing to the development of POP, this study examines how a wider perspective on problem-solving generally, and scoping in particular, can be adopted to address some of the growing challenges in 21st century policing. We demonstrate that the concept of ‘problem’ was too narrowly defined and that, as a result, many problem-solving models found in criminology are ill-structured to minimize the negative side-effects of interventions and deliver broader benefits. Problem-solving concepts and models are compared across disciplines and recommendations are made to improve POP, drawing on examples in architecture, conservation science, industrial ecology and ethics.

  • 8.
    Borén, Thomas
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Platser i Praktiken och Social Hållbarhet: Hökarängen och andra små centrumbildningar i fokus2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Stadsbyggnad och samhällsplanering är som framgår av förordet inget neutralt område utan en praktik och ett kunskapsområde med stora implikationer för människors vardagsliv liksom för samhället i stort. Det handlar om att få platser att fungera bra för dem som bor, arbetar eller på annat sätt är involverade i platsen, och där i samman­hanget ’fungera’ avser hela skalan från individens möjligheter till självförverkligande, till det för staden och samhället gemensamma bästa.

    Över tid förändrar sig förutsättningarna och platser som en gång formgivits i samklang med sin tid behöver i stadsbyggnadens och samhällsplaneringens praktik omtolkas och ges nya innebörder för att kunna leva upp till den nya tidens krav, utan att för den skull ge avkall på grundläggande överenskommelser i samhällskontraktet. Platser i praktiken kommer då att handla om social hållbarhet och om vilken typ av stad vi vill ha i vilken typ av samhälle. En komponent i detta handlar om livskraften i det lokala offentliga rummet och de villkor som gäller där oavsett om detta är beläget i stadens centrum eller i något av stadens ytterområden, där mycket av stadens liv levs. Det är detta lokala offentliga rum som den här rapporten ämnar bidra till att belysa.

  • 9.
    Choi, Eunyoung
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Stadsbyggnad.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Stadsbyggnad.
    Movement and the connectivity of streets: A closer look at route distribution and pedestrian density2015Inngår i: SSS 2015 - 10th International Space Syntax Symposium, The Bartlett School of Architecture, University College London , 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Correlations between pedestrian movement and connectivity of streets have been frequently found in numerous studies. The configuration of the street network and its relation to observed movement patterns found in space syntax research is, of course, a significant part from them. With an attempt to further investigate the relation between urban form and movement behaviour, this study tests the correlation between configurational measures and a more detailed data on pedestrian movement. Observed in three residential neighbourhoods from Stockholm, the first part of data collected is the number of pedestrian per street segment (on a given moment). This so-called ’snapshot’ data of the pedestrian density is tested with the configurational measures of the street network. The preliminary result shows a significant degree of correlation between pedestrian density and configuration. More importantly, another set of data on pedestrian movement is the data of 200 individual trips made in one of the three study areas (with highest average movement density). The detailed data on individual walking trips is obtained through random on-site tracking of pedestrians, and includes the route and the details of the trip character. This data is also tested in its correlation to configuration measures. An interesting result from this is the large difference in the degrees of correlation found for origin/destination segments and route-in-between segments. The result also shows that the degree of correlation also differs according to the character of the walking activity e.g. utilitarian, recreational, etc. Testing with data on movement containing more details of pedestrian behaviour, this study tries to investigate how urban form interacts with pedestrian movement in the aspect of street connectivity.

  • 10.
    Ekelund, Björn
    et al.
    Luleå Tekniska Universitet.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Space Syntax: Ett analysverktyg för planering och utvärdering av arkitektur i byggd miljö2012Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Förord [av Lisa Daram]

    Planering, projektering och utvärdering av arkitektur och byggd miljö innehåller ett centralt tema som, hur märkligt det än låter, kan vara lätt att tappa bort. Nämligen det faktum att det som sker eller kommer att ske i den byggda miljön inte syns i ritningar och modeller.

    Hur den byggda miljön påverkar människors beteenden är inget som framträder av sig självt - grunden för beslut måste byggas i hypotetisk form och medvetet tillföras diskussioner mellan entreprenörer, beställare, planerare och arkitekter. Tyvärr saknas alltför ofta resonemang om människors behov och beteenden i det byggda, och ännu oftare saknas uttalad metodik.

    Den här skriften handlar om space syntax - en analysmetod som i naturvetenskaplig mening ger sig i kast med att hitta mätbara förhållanden i det byggda som man menar har påverkan på människors beteenden. Därtill kommer den verkligt svåra uppgiften att tolka analysresultaten. Precis som vid användning av andra metoder inom området arkitektur och byggd miljö krävs ett levande tolkningsarbete som omfattar ifrågasättanden, prövanden och diskussioner kring analysresultaten.

    Skriften riktar sig till dig som använder eller vill använda space syntax i ditt arbete. Och till dig som är allmänt intresserad av kunskap om samband mellan människor och byggd miljö.

    Tack till Björn och Daniel för att ni med ett öppet förhållningssätt delat med er av ert kunnande om en metod som ni regelbundet använder. Tack till Formas som bidragit till skriften och sist men verkligen inte minst: Tack till Arkus medlemsföretag som gör studier som denna möjliga.

    Lisa Daram Arkus kansli, oktober 2012

  • 11. Jesper, Steen
    et al.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Samspelet på vårdavdelningen: Om att vara tillgänglig för varandra i det rumsliga sammanhanget2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    (Baksidestext:)

    Denna skrift vänder sig till dem som arbetar i vården och de som arbetar med attutforma vårdens miljöer. Syftet är att vara ett stöd i situationer då förändringar och nybyggnader av vårdavdelningar diskuteras. Avsikten är att stödja interna diskusioner kring vad som är önskade förhållanden – vad som skall lyftas fram i beställningen av det som byggs – såväl som att bidra till kommunikationen mellan vårdpersonalen å ena sidan och arkitekt och lokalhållare å andra sidan.

    Vår målsättning är att komma fram till frågeställningar av principiell karaktär som vi uppfattar vara allmängiltiga – och som beroende av sammanhanget kräver skilda lösningar i olika fall. Det är sådana frågeställningar, med sina inneboende motsättningar, som vi föreslår att man diskuterar i samband med förändringar av en vårdavdelning. På så vis kan arbetet med att forma nya miljöer grundas i ökad insikt om vilka val som förändringsarbetet rymmer och de konsekvenser som olika val har.

    Skriften är ett resultat av ett forskningsprojekt benämnt ”Att se och bli sedd i vården; Användarorienterad utformning för visibilitet och samarbete i rumsliga system förvård”. I projektet har fyra olika vårdavdelningar på Karolinska Universitetssjukhuset Huddinge studerats, två valdes för att de nyligen var ombyggda och två för att de har en traditionell uppbyggnad och står på tur för ombyggnad. Projektet har genomförts av arkitekturforskare på KTH i nära samarbete med personer på sjukhuset och inom vårdbyggandet.

    Även om detta är resultat av ett forskningsprojekt så är det inga sanna bilder av hur saker och ting fungerar som här presenteras. Det gäller all forskning som försöker fånga mänskliga beteenden. Det är stora frågor vi söker hantera och att det kan uppfattas som tveksamt att vi med våra begränsade erfarenheter av vården skall föra denna typ av diskussion. Vi tror dock att det kan finnas en poäng med att betraktavården med utanför ståendes ögon. Givetvis måste innehållet i denna skrift granskas kritiskt; det är läsarens omdöme som avgör vad som är giltiga frågeställningar i den egna situationen.

  • 12.
    Karlström, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110301), Transport och lokaliseringsanalys (stängd 20110301). KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för transportstudier, CTS.
    Ståhle, Alexander
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Marcus, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Stadsbyggnad.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110301), Transport och lokaliseringsanalys (stängd 20110301). KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för transportstudier, CTS.
    Place, space syntax and attraction-accessibility2009Inngår i: Proceedings of the Seventh International Space Syntax Symposium, 2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 13.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Analysing Architectural Configuration: Spatial heterogeneity as form, function, and communication2009Inngår i: urbanism & urban qualities: New Data & Methodologies / [ed] Jonna Majgaard Krarup, Thomas Sick Nielsen, Henrik Harder, Ålborg: Ålborg Universitet , 2009, s. 25-30Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Spatial and material form, the tools and modes of architects, participate in shaping our lives in many ways which are not detirminate but strongly influential. One of the ways in which it does this is by spatial configuration - that is, the setup of relations between spaces - which responds to and describes social relations as well as potentials, possibilities, restrictions, and suggestions. This both through practical and communicative means, and in a great many ways. Research at sad tries to focus more specifically at these components of the physical environment, and some intriguing results have been produced both when it comes to buildings and urban environments. Critical for these findingshave been the involvement of different theories and methods that complement one another, and the development of new models of analysis. This presentation aims to briefly present some of these models and results.

  • 14.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    ⋯and avoidance2015Inngår i: SSS 2015 - 10th International Space Syntax Symposium, Space Syntax Laboratory, The Bartlett School of Architecture, University College London , 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Social Logic of Space it is stated that spatial configuration affects social relations in how it structures patterns of movement, encounter and avoidance. Since then, a lot of space syntax research has investigated these phenomena to provide empirical support and to refine the understanding of mechanisms and relations. However, most of this research focuses on the first half of these patterns-that of how space structures and generates encounters, whereas studies of how space generates patterns of avoidance is less often studied. The outset of this paper is that in order to understand a 'social logic of space', the study of how space generates, allows, or prevents patterns of avoidance is a missing key question that may also further develop discourses of patterns of encounter. Avoidance, as a social action, simply requires a series of socio-spatial, interactive, and shared relations to and through space that necessitates assumptions, presumptions, and speculations of the behaviours of specific or generic others that studies of encounters at times can avoid. In extension, while a development rather than a challenge to studies of encounters, this informs knowledge on the relations between society, activity, and space in general, and on the socio-cultural structuring taking place in everyday spatial performativity.

  • 15.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    ...and avoidance2015Inngår i: Proceedings of the 10th International Space Syntax Symposium / [ed] Kayvan Karimi, Laura Vaughan, Kerstin Sailer, Garyfalia Palaiologou, Tom Bolton, London: Space Syntax Laboratory, The Bartlett School of Architecture, University College London , 2015, s. 22:1-22:12Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Social Logic of Space it is stated that spatial configuration affects social relations in how it structures patterns of movement, encounter and avoidance. Since then, a lot of space syntax research has investigated these phenomena to provide empirical support and to refine the understanding of mechanisms and relations. However, most of this research focuses on the first half of these patterns - that of how space structures and generates encounters, whereas studies of how space generates patterns of avoidance is less often studied. The outset of this paper is that in order to understand a 'social logic of space', the study of how space generates, allows, or prevents patterns of avoidance is a missing key question that may also further develop discourses of patterns of encounter. Avoidance, as a social action, simply requires a series of socio-spatial, interactive, and shared relations to and through space that necessitates assumptions, presumptions, and speculations of the behaviours of specific or generic others that studies of encounters at times can avoid. In extension, while a development rather than a challenge to studies of encounters, this informs knowledge on the relations between society, activity, and space in general, and on the socio-cultural structuring taking place in everyday spatial performativity.

  • 16.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Stadsbyggnad. Chalmers Civil Engineering and Architecture.
    Architectural Articulation and Configurations of Space: Advancing theory, principles and bases for spatial modelling2019Inngår i: Proceedings of the 12th Space Syntax Symposium, Beijing: Beijing Jiaotong University , 2019, s. 264-1:1-264-1:17Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Space syntax has established itself as a significant field of research into architectural and urban phenomena through the analysis of spatial configuration. Analyses that predominantly consist of variations on modelling spatial configurations as systems of axial lines, segments, convex spaces or isovists with further refinements. This analysis builds on the process of, as stated in the Social Logic of Space, first making discrete units out of continuous space, so as to create a system that can be analyzed, and then subjecting this system to analysis. The procedures of creating these discrete systems have seen many iterations, lately often employing a range of processes to road center line maps or similar existing geographical information or, increasingly dominantly for buildings, VGA analysis where isovists are distributed evenly in a grid in the space subject to analysis. This has allowed for more rapid analysis of larger sets of data and ostensibly less impact of human decisions in constructing the analytic models. At the same time, theoretical developments have increasingly looked to cognition to explain statistical results and to theorize the spatial units employed in syntactical analysis. This work has been important for the field. However, some important questions still await robust theoretical reconciliation. For instance, isovists, argued for as representation of vision, are employed both to analyze visibility and accessibility while the scale and type of object or material boundary that is considered a boundary in an axial line or convex space map varies. This article does not strive to provide a final resolution to these challenges, but discusses and refines the theoretical basis to provide potential paths forward. In this discussion, the article compares spatial configuration as the understanding of the combination of construction of pre-defined entities to spatial configuration as the result of subdivision and articulation of spatial differentiation in several ways, which incorporates cognition as an active faculty that operates in relation to intent and background of whomever is concerned, but also allows to consider the potential of different cultures embedded in cognition through notions of salience and articulation. It suggests that some of the difficulties in finding a clear-cut definition of e.g. ‘convex space’ lies in that rather than a geometric property of ‘space’, one might look to their formation and articulation by material boundaries as culturally and situationally conditioned. This allows for a more dynamic yet not completely relativistic theoretical ground for developing analytic modelling further and meeting challenges that are yet theoretically unresolved.

  • 17.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Stadsbyggnad.
    Architectural Disjunctions: Morphological identity andsyntactic contrasts of visibility and permeability2012Inngår i: Proceedings: Eighth International Space Syntax Symposium / [ed] Margareta Greene, José Reyes & Andrea Castro, 2012, s. 8143:1-8143:18Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Architecture can be understood as deliberate elaborations of physical forms and configurations into socially and culturally meaningful objects, enabling activities and programmes as well as communicating ideas andvalues. It can be argued that part of this elaboration is that of staging, and that of the treatment of differences of visibility and permeability, which carries strong cultural and social connotations. However, this is often discussed either as singular situations of exposure or accessibility, or as compensatory use of one over the other, where visibility serves to compensate for accessibility, or provide a certain form of transpatiality. Studying structures of relations between visibility and permeability, however, leading to an understanding of emergent degrees of exposure and availability, seems to say a lot about architectural character and identity. This paper argues that a more thorough study of this relation is central to developing architectural morphology, and proposes a model for ‘building profiling’ that sets up an analysis of how the interrelation between visibility and accessibility can be used to inform architectural analysis of the identity of architectural structures as well as the way that identity of the content is described. This is done on the onehand elaborating on basic architectural morphologies commonly used within space syntax, but also compares to experimental works such as Autant’s Théâtre de l’espace from 1937 and everyday urban and architectural situations. The main line of argument is the change from individual situations to a system of syntactic, configurative relations which, it is argued, requires a degree of secondary abstraction – an abstraction that provides thorough understanding of certain architectural effects of configuration that contributes to the character and identity of buildings or urban spaces.

  • 18.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Architectural Fashion Magazines2009Inngår i: Proceedings of the 7th International Space Syntax Symposium / [ed] Daniel Koch, Lars Marcus, Jesper Steen, Stockholm: KTH , 2009, s. 057:1-057:14Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In a recent research project regarding the layout, commodity distribution and performativity of department stores, one of the most important findings was the way in which commodity distribution did not follow the layman's retail theories of attractor goods and impulse buys, but rather quite directly resembled something else: namely a nuanced but clear description by staging of the social roles the commodities for sale have in society. Closest resemblance to the spatial configurative description of difference and belonging could be found in fashion- and lifestyle magazines, and closest resemblance to the arrangement of home goods could be found in likening the entire home floors to apartments. In both cases not as direct copies but by contextual reference via the social situations, roles, and descriptions performed in and by space. This was remarkably much done through comfigurative positioning in space, in relation to some of the performative effects we have come to know are in part dependent on spatial configuration. This has later been expanded, if in rudimentary research, to examining retailer positioning in the urban fabric. Some of these patterns are very similar, suggesting there to be social logics of retail and consumption that respond to spatial situations in a more intricate way than simply providing more customers by more passers-by. Many of these responses or strategies are configurative in their nature both spatially and socially, and linked to the effects of spatial configuration on presence, movement, and being. This paper present some of these results in the light of recent findings in marketing theory, and suggests that this has implications for how complex buildings of the kinds of museums, department stores and libraries should be studied.

  • 19.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Architectural Interfaces and Resilience: modeling, diagramming, measuring2013Inngår i: Architectural Morphology: Investigative modelling and spatial analysis / [ed] Daniel Koch & Pablo Miranda Carranza, Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013, s. 1-6Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Writing an abstract or summary for my presentation to this event proves more difficult than expected – which lies in part at the heart of the event itself: it serves a dual purpose, at least. On the one hand the intention is to present, quite pragmatically, some results from the research project funding it. On the other hand, the inten-tion is to raise questions on a higher level regarding architecture, modelling and spatial analysis. These are not contradictory, as the latter in part comes from the former, but it raises some issues as to whether to focus a summary on the results concretely, or the implications that were part of spawning the theme of the workshop. This ‘summary’, therefore, will have to wander somewhere in-between while aiming to definitively provide the former. I intend to get to this stage later on.

    The project behind the research workshop Architectural Morphology: Investigative modeling and spatial analysis, Resilient Infrastructure and Building Security, asks several questions to spatial analysis that to certain extents are different than what we usually encounter – and similarly, in our experience, architectural analysis asks questions to the other fields involved in the project that are sometimes given little attention. What I intend to do in this presentation, is to try and extract and describe some implications and questions raised in this work, and set them in relation to a wider architectural and morphological context. Originating in specific questions, what I will try to discuss here is thus some more overarching results that I believe of more general architect-ural interest. These will be formulated through two core concepts that have grown forth as central within the research that seem interdependent: spatial interfaces and spatial resilience

  • 20.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Architecture as Material Discourse: On the spatial formulation of knowledge and ideals in four library extensions2015Inngår i: A|Z ITU Journal of the Faculty of Architecture, ISSN 1303-7005, Vol. 12, nr 3, s. 7-22Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent decades libraries have been challenged in many ways, perhaps most pointedly by the digital revolution. This is, however, not the first time – a series of booms in library architecture emerging rather when knowledge ideals are chal- lenged than established allows us to discuss library architecture more clearly as investigations into what knowledge, learning and literature could be rather than as expressions of what knowledge, learning and literature is. These questions are complex and multifaceted and require both careful examination of architectural proposals and works and a step back to analyse the propositions they make through their formulations into architectural form. Utilizing four public library extensions in Sweden, of which three have been built and one has been rebooted, and competition and parallel commission proposals for their making, this article discusses how ideas of libraries, knowledge, and literature emerge through the mediation of programme, collections, activity, and visitors in interaction, related to other aspects of architectural form. Building on a series of empirical findings of correspondences between use patterns of libraries and spatial configuration, the article takes this discussion further into what this means for a discussion of architectural principles, ideals, and propositions. 

  • 21.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Architecture Re-Configured2009Inngår i: Proceedings of the 7th International Space Syntax Symosium / [ed] Daniel Koch, Lars Marcus, Jesper Steen, Stockholm: KTH , 2009, s. 058:1-058:11Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The question of what differentiates architecture and building has been raised many times in Architecture Theory, with various responses or explanations – usually under the precondition that architecture is something more. Space is the Machine makes a contribution to this discussion by elaborating some of the ways in which architecture becomes socially significant and how this differs from the vernacular. This discussion is herein continued, bringing in also a discussion of the formulation of spatial meaning as created through certain strategies of spatial configuration. In relation to the field of research, this paper constitutes a proposal of what this difference between architecture and the vernacular is, and how this is a difference in treatment of spatial configuration, making the findings within space syntax research pivotal for such an understanding. This is argued by use of a few socio-spatial figures commonly used in architectural design, that formulate positions and situations that are based on discrepancies between configurative relations of visibility and accessibility. It is finally suggested that it is the conscious and active use of these discrepancies that lies at the core of architectural design.

  • 22.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Architecture Re-Configured2010Inngår i: Journal of Space Syntax, ISSN 2044-7507, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 1-16Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The question of what differentiates architecture and building has been raised many times in Architecture Theory, with various responses or explanations – usually under the precondition that architecture is something more. It is one of the core questions of architecture theory. Inherent in the discussion seems to be how architecture becomes socially significant and how it conveys meaning. Continuing this line of inquiry, this paper examines how and why spatial configuration lies at the heart of architectural design and explores how and why space syntax research contributes to architecture per se. This is argued using a small set of socio-spatial figures commonly used in architectural design that formulate positions and situations based on discrepancies between configurative relations of visibility and accessibility. It is finally suggested that the conscious manipulation of these discrepancies is a core aspect of architectural design.

  • 23.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Byggnader till låns: Bygga till, bygga om, bygga nytt bibliotek2008Inngår i: Tidskriften RUM, ISSN 1650-1330, Vol. 4, s. 96-107Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att bygga om, bygga till, bygga nytt, eller flytta bibliotek är något som är en aktuell fråga i stora delar av Sverige, och som varit det i några år nu även om det verkar som det hela börjar närma sig en slags kulmen. Malmö började, och i strid ström har efterföljare som Växjö, Halmstad, Haninge, Landskrona, Karlskrona, Vallentuna, Solna, Umeå, Luleå, Ljungby och så vidare följt, liksom Göteborg och Stockholm, även om det varit anmärkningsvärt tyst om Göteborgs ombyggnad jämfört Stockholms. Det är inte heller en process som är unik för Sverige. All denna aktivitet går att studera som en strömning snarare än en uppsättning unika projekt, vilket leder till ett antal frågor: hur behandlar vi det som vi redan har? Vad är det för kunskapssyn som skall rymmas i de nya komplexen? Slutligen motsvarande fråga gällande det gamla byggnadsbeståndet - hur fyller vi ut lokaler ritade i en annan tid och för andra kulturella situationer?

  • 24.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Changing Building Typologies: The typological question and the formal basis of architecture2014Inngår i: Journal of Space Syntax, ISSN 2044-7507, Vol. 5, nr 2, s. 168-189Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The call for this themed issue formulates an interesting proposition, one that is a common conception – that people’s behaviour and, accordingly, the use of buildings is changing – and that this leads to the emer- gence of new building typologies. More specifically, it claims that ‘the reality of what is happening inside buildings nowadays is much more complex, diverse and multi-layered than a single word can describe.’ This paper intends to challenge the word ‘nowadays’, which places this situation as something historically unique and special. It will do this in order to conclude with a discussion of theory of analysing architecture.

    The first question to be examined is historical. While it may be true that building use is currently changing rapidly, it is equally true that this has happened before. Some of the most common ‘types’ are in fact under constant change, and this will be illustrated through the ‘shop’ and the ‘home’, concluded by a discussion on the perception of rapid change and historical stability as such. It will be suggested that this is partially embedded in a typological process. The second question is theoretical. It will be argued that the very idea of changing and more flexible use is tied to an idea of architecture with its roots in modernity, where ‘use’ became a central question to plan for, along with the development of a specific notion of function that was intimately connected to the notion of type. Many earlier ‘types’ were not as much use-adapted as ‘appropriate types’ for a range of reasons, sometimes even contrary to ‘use’. This discussion will explore the interdependency between conceptions of type and perceptions of the theoretical, disciplinary, and practical bases of architecture.

    Following this, the paper will conclude by drawing the strands together to discuss architectural analysis and the risks and potentials of typology as an analytical operation.

  • 25.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Choreographing Exposure: Theatrical configurations of architectural disjunction2013Inngår i: Proceedings of Ninth International Space Syntax Symposium / [ed] Young Ook Kim, Hoon Tae Park, Kyung Wook Seo, Seoul: Sejong University Press , 2013, s. 70:1-70:18Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The way architecture articulates social, cultural, political, and organizational values as well as character and identity through manipulation of visibility, permeability and the relation them in-between has been discussed by many researchers. Consistent methodologies that focus on this specific split are however unusual, and it tends to be handled discursively and on a case-by-case basis. There are also shortcomings in how such disjunctions are considered both in functional and communicatory terms. For development of morphological and configurational analysis, studies of well-known architectural works can be used to investigate geometric and configurative properties and how they relate to analyses and understanding of spatial mediation of societal values. This, however, faces a methodological challenge, as it deals with a multi-variable set of relations – including both amount of and degree of differentiation between visibility and permeability, and potentially questions of directionality that are problematic for syntax analysis to deal with.

    To move forward, one can either build a library of analysed buildings to compare and evaluate different disjunction patterns to, or compare these analyses to a base set of geometries and disjunctions. This paper intends to make generic methodological and theoretical contributions through specific studies of these relations focused on a well-known and analysed building: Adolf Loos' house for Josephine Baker (1928), and introducing comparison to other situations. It also aims to more clearly begin establishing a terminology for such disjunctions that can be used to further refine the understanding.

  • 26.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Consumption as Spatial Practice2007Inngår i: SITE, ISSN 1650-7894, Vol. 18-19, s. 17-18Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Of the French theorists of his generation Jean Baudrillard was perhaps the one most concerned with consumption and the effects of mass production and advertising on contemporary culture. He was one of the major contributors to the establishment of the term consumer society, a term that has grown increasingly relevant in a society such as our “Western” culture where life to the utmost degree is consumption and shopping—a life lived in commercial spaces or defined largely by artifacts bought in commercial spaces and used primarily by being consumed. Perhaps Baudrillard’s early writings are even more relevant and important today than when they were first published, as consumption has become our main form of active identity building and social positioning, where everyone is expected to be ready to describe themselves, in the middle of the street, in term of their choices of styles, only to see their statements printed in free morning papers the next day. Through consumption and the use of symbols such as clothes, furniture, and other cultural or mundane items, we define ourselves, our identities, and our positions in society. At the same time public spaces, to a high degree, have been closed or transformed into commercial spaces. Even public squares, streets, and city centers have been subject to more or less drastic transformations from open space to indoor malls or shopping centers, and the official rhetoric claims that this will make them more available and comfortable. While this rhetoric may be true in intent, the patterns and possibilities of control are intensified, often outsourced to a private entrepreneur. A phenomenon that has led the cultural geographer Sharon Zukin to coin the expression "Pacification through Cappuccino" (The Cultures of Cities). Through the establishing of such places of consumption in parks and other public spaces, the possibilities of action and agency become more limited without the need for official signs or patrolling personnel. Today life is, so to say, lived both through a logic of consumption and in spaces of consumption.

  • 27.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Exponerat, Tillgängligt och iscensatt... och det gömda, det dömda och det glömda2009Inngår i: MODE - en introduktion: En tvärvetenskaplig betraktelse / [ed] Louise Wallenberg & Dirk Gindt, Stockholm: Raster Förlag , 2009, s. 175-198Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    [Detta är de inledande styckena i kapitlet och inte ett egentligt abstract]

    Direkt innanför entrén till Åhléns fanns i november 2005 fyrtioåtta(dam)ben klädda i strumpbyxor eller nätstrumpor. FrånKlarabergsleden, innanför glasväggarna, sågs kosmetikmärken som Shiseido, Dior, Givenchy, Roc och Estée Lauder, medan det man möttes av innanför huvudentrén var Biotherm och Lancôme, som övergick i Chanel, Kanebo och Guerlain. Någonstans där bakomfanns, för den som tog sig dit, Max Factor, Revlon, och Decleor, medflera. En trappa upp låg damavdelningen där det fanns tre gånger flerskyltdockor som bar kläderna till försäljning än på herravdelningen,i Debenhams fyra gånger så många. Direkt från entrén till damavdelningarna i varuhusen kunde man se minst ett, helst flera, provrum,gärna också gardinerna som dras för, medan man ofta fick letaför att hitta dem på herravdelningarna. En del påminns man ständigtom medan annat mest flyter förbi, en del måste man aktivt leta efter. Såsom herrstrumpor.

    Det här, som bildar konsekventa mönster i shoppingmiljön, förklaras ofta med tankemodeller som används inom en del retail-litteratur, framförallt i dess populärvetenskapliga version: attraktorvaror och impulsköp.1 Ofta behandlas det vidare som om shoppingmiljönhar ett enda syfte: att exponera så mycket som möjligt, och göra detså enkelt som möjligt att förse sig.2 Det är så det förmedlas i tidskrifteroch bilder, i reklam och inte sällan i andra media som filmer ochteveserier. Ändå kräver det endast lite eftertanke att peka mot varorsom brukar vara undangömda, svårnådda, eller avsides.3 Av den anledningenär det viktigt att diskutera vad valet av grad av exponeringinnebär, och också vad det innebär att något är lätt att nå eller finnsbakom disk, inuti glasboxar, eller längst upp, längst in, längst bak.

    För en sådan diskussion är det av vikt att vi vrider perspektivet och läser behandlingen av mode och kläder i varuhus och butikersom disseminering och förhandling av modesystem snarare än rationelltförsäljningsmaskineri. Detta ger oss en annan bild av vad sompågår, som i viss utsträckning är förklarande.4 Vi bör också släppa enständigt framförd argumentation om målinriktade subjekt och specifika objekt som begärs och söks upp till förmån för en syn där arkitekturenär en aktiv deltagare i ständigt pågående förhandlingar och bestämningar genom hur den ordnar, strukturerar och förmedlar rum. I shoppingmiljön, på plats i den performativa handlingen, sker ett identitetsbildande; en slags träning, utbildning, protest mot och godtagande av modesystemet.5

  • 28.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Stadsbyggnad.
    Isovists Revisited: Egocentric space, allocentric space,and the logic of the Mannequin2012Inngår i: Proceedings: Eighth International Space Syntax Symposium / [ed] Margareta Greene, José Reyes & Andrea Castro, 2012, s. 8144:1-8144:23Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The description of the spatial entities used in space syntax is growingly taking on a direct cognitive character,where for example axial lines are often equated to ‘lines of movement’, convex spaces to ‘spaces of being’,and isovists to ‘visual fields’. While developments of these have served to deepen our understanding of spatial configuration in many ways, it is of importance to revisit the origins of the spatial entities used toinvestigate spatial syntactics and study the implications of alternate definitions. This is a question of whatkind of analysis can be performed and on what sort of objects, but also of positioning of the research field. This paper argues that while the perceiving subject is one valid point of interpretation of the spatial entitiesstudied syntactically, other interpretations enable other questions to be investigated and consequently other results to emerge. In this paper the focus lies on how a de‐centralisation from e.g. subjects’ visual fieldsunearths qualities in the isovist and its consecutive systemization into spatial syntactic relations that risk passby. It furthermore aims to discuss the theory base for analyses of certain phenomena (‘the logic of themannequin’). This discussion revolves around a concept already highlighted in space syntax theory:allocentricy, i.e. the quality of spatial cognition to recognize the situation of ‘elsewhere’, and discusses theimpact of such understanding through systemic operations and through the ‘elsewhere’ of inanimate objects.

  • 29.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Stadsbyggnad.
    KTHA #32017Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under vårterminen 2015 bildade arkitekturskolan en stadsbyggnadsgrupp bestående av Alexis Pontvik, Ann Legeby, Catharina Gabrielsson, Daniel Koch, Erik Wingquist och Meike Schalk. Huvudsyftet var att stärka och utveckla ämnet men också att skapa en tydligare koppling mellan forskning och undervisning och hitta fler samarbetsformer. I grunden låg också ett uppdrag från rektor att utveckla en profil i socialekologiskt samhällsbyggande inom arkitekturämnet. På hösten 2015 ordnade vi ett seminarium och ett symposium som hette Disciplinarities/Transdisciplinarities respektive Transversal Ecologies med en serie internationella gäster. Under våren 2016 arrangerades en seminarieserie i samarbete med ABF i ABF-huset i Stockholm med både svenska och internationella föreläsare och diskussionsdeltagare. Stadbyggnadsgruppens arbete har både skett genom ett informellt och spontant idéutbyte och genom en formell mötesstruktur och vi har haft en pågående diskussion om att samla forskning, studentarbeten och reflektioner om stadsbyggnad i en publikation. På ett organiskt sätt har denna diskussion skiftat i format och omfattning och uttryck. 

    I ett av våra samtal började vi prata om KTHA, en publikation som initierades av Staffan Lundgren och gavs ut i två nummer (KTHA #1, 2010, och KTHA #2, 2011). Där blandades material ifrån lärare studenter och forskare med ambitionen att spegla den pågående verksamheten. Vi ser en poäng i att arbeta för samarbeten och skapa kontinuitet och därför blev det symboliskt intressant att väcka publikationsserien till liv och göra ett tredje nummer (KTHA#3). Vi har försökt arbeta inkluderande och spretigt för att visa upp en bredd och en öppen diskussion. Produktionen av katalogen sammanföll också med en utställning av studentarbeten ifrån årskurs 3 och SUPD-programmet. Delar av det utställda materialet är med i publikationen, liksom ett par ytterligare studentarbeten och bidrag från forskare och lärare utanför arbetsgruppen. 

    Publikationen kompletterar utställningen och ger ett breddat perspektiv på en mängd frågor. Samtidigt gör vi inga anspråk på att vara kompletta eller heltäckande – vare sig för stadsbyggnadsfrågor i allmänhet, eller för hur Arkitekturskolan jobbar med dessa. Vi hoppas däremot att en läsning av denna publikation kan väcka tankar och frågor att ta vidare in i framtiden.

  • 30.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Memory, Projection, and Imagination: On challenges for observation and statistics based research2016Inngår i: Contour, ISSN 2297-6906, Vol. 2, s. 1-15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Various forms of material, empirical, or observation-based research has grown in importance over the last decade in both architecture and urban design research, in parallel to an increasingly data-driven research utilising an increasing amount and availability of GIS data, tracking technologies, GPS records, and ICT tools. Assemblage theory and Actor-Network Theory have grown strong in several fields, sometimes linked to ‘flat ontology’, as have empirically based fields such as space syntax and geoinformatics. While it is somewhat dubious to bundle these theories together, they there are tendencies in contemporary research in which they can be linked, with more or less explicit intents to cut past perceptions and conventions to look at the world ‘as it is’ and generate understanding from observed behaviours, actions, and the myriads of interactions going on. This has produced a rich body of research and significant advances in knowledge. However, there is also need for pause and reflection, to avoid risks of repeating the mistakes aimed to oust. This article offers a set of such reflections that will come about through a set of examples, leading onwards into a discussion of the role of memory, projection and imagination, as well as the need to consider how to integrate norms and structures into research that often intentionally leaves such concepts out.

  • 31.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Stadsbyggnad.
    On Architectural Space and Modes of Subjectivity: Producing the Material Conditions for Creative-Productive Activity2018Inngår i: Urban Planning, ISSN 2183–7635, Vol. 3, nr 3, s. 70-82Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses extended implications of Lefebvre’s The Production of Space in the context of contemporary global neoliberalism, by focus on its presence in architectural space as lived space and spatial practice. The main discussion concerns Lefebvre’s concepts of abstract space, in relation to Felix Guattari’s three ecologies, and the Aristotelean triad of aisthesis, poiesis and techné. The focus here concerns material architectural space and its relation to modes of subjectivity, especially creative-productive versus consuming subjectivities. The argument begins by elaborating on an understanding of abstract space as present in material architectural space as pervasive processes of disassociation of materiality and labor, and proceeds to through these concepts discuss modes of subjectivity—the dependence of abstract space on subjects as consumers—and the way this relates to challenges of sustainability. It further points to the importance of architectural space considered as built material environment for creative-productive modes of subjectivity which challenge abstract space and in extension consumer society, by offering potential dispositions that set subjects in a different relation to the world.

  • 32.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Stadsbyggnad.
    On Avoidance2019Inngår i: After Effects: Theories and Methodologies in Architectural Research / [ed] Hélène Fright, Gunnar Sandin, Bettina Schwalm, Barcelona: ACTAR, 2019, s. 380-397Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter reflects on how the “social” comes into being and how it relates toquestions of architecture and urban environments. My aim is not to identify what “the social” is but to introduce and discuss a few aspects that seem important for grasping its full complexity. In a sense, the chapter is a response to recent tendencies in practice aswell as theory, where “recent” at times reaches decades back while these tendencies seemto be particularly strong currently. On the practice side, such concerns include the focus onthe creation of “lively” environments as a response to all kinds of perceived or postulatedills or as means to all kinds of positive social outcomes. On the theoretical side, the comingdiscussion reflects on vastly different approaches that focus on questions of architecture, space, identity, and the ever-elusive “social” in a similar way. That is, I address tendenciesto discuss the social as lively, as social interaction, as copresence, as assemblages, as community activity; as negotiation between subjects, objects, bodies, and space; as situated, embodied, or emplaced. These tendencies extend to discussions and theoriesof how “the social,” “urban life,” or social structures come to be produced. I find much ofthis work interesting, as it has demonstrated its fruitfulness on many levels. But I perceive a risk in letting common lines of thought become too dominant; that is, in allowing the fruitful, complex, and rich descriptions of in situ social processes become the description andunderstanding of social processes. What happens to the idea of “social” and “society” if it, in whichever terms we prefer to define it, is somewhat translatable either to Georg Simmel’s sociability, Guy Debord’s spectacle, or strictly and locally situated in its performativity? Ina sense the questions that will be raised reflect Claire Bishop’s critique of relational art as considering “subjectivity as a whole” and “community as immanent togetherness” (Bishop 2004: 67). I find it troubling when the aforementioned terms—lively, social interaction, copresence, etc.—are too readily combined with community, with the assumption that particular forms of enacted (observable) sociality is good specifically because of the implication that other ways of acting are bad.

  • 33.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    On Avoidance: Reflections on Processes of Socio-Spatial Structuring2016Inngår i: Civil Engineering and Architecture, ISSN 2332-1121, Vol. 4, nr 2, s. 67-78, artikkel-id 4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is a reflection on how the ‘social’ comes into being, and how it relates to questions of architecture and urban environments. Taking its departure from a statement in The Social Logic of Space, where it is said spatial configuration affects social relations in how it structures patterns of movement, encounter and avoidance, it develops on the notion of avoidance as a socially and spatially structuring behaviour. One reason for such a focus is a contemporary focus in urban and architectural discourse of encounters and co-presence, whereas patterns and actions of avoidance are less often present. On the one hand, it argues that studying of how space generates, allows, or prevents patterns of avoidance is a missing key question that may also further develop discourses of patterns of encounter. On the other hand, it is suggested that a focus on avoidance demands a series of questions to be answered that is beneficial for understanding socio-spatial behaviour and structures in general. These questions concern the temporal, cultural, personal, and spatial embeddedness of actions that includes memory and myth as well as projection and imagination. Avoidance, furthermore, is argued to be as social an action as encounters, with considerable direct and indirect structuring effects, and thereby to constitute an important piece in socio-spatial structuring processes.

  • 34.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Parallel Spatial Scales: discerning cognitive layers of space2005Inngår i: Space Syntax 5th International Symposium: Proceedings Volume II / [ed] Akkelies van Nes, Delft: Techne Press , 2005, s. 373-386Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The idea of working with spatial scales is not new, neither in architecture theory in general nor within space syntax theory - as can be seen in e.g. Hillier (1996) and Read and Budiarto (2003). What this paper attempts, is to make such a discussion and such knowledge more concrete - to begin to find out how, in configurative systems, spatial scales work together, when they appear and if there are regularities in their relationships or uses that can aid our understanding of architecture.

    The research and findings presented are what began as a sidetrack, which proved to be of importance, in a research project on how spatial systems work to produce meaning in society - or, at the recently finished stage of a licentiate thesis, more precisely, how the idea of knowledge is produced through the spatial systems of public libraries.

  • 35.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Persons, Masks, Personas: Abstraction, Situated Embodiment, and the Logic of the Mannequin2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Fashion and identity are deeply intertwined with one another and in situated performativity, entailing not only individuals but atmospheres and relations to others and the Other. Something drawn upon by fashion retail, perhaps most noticeably through mannequins (living or dolls). Comparatively, fashion museums can be argued to have difficulties evoking similar reactions and participation even though often ostensibly operating with the same tools.

    This can be argued to depend on a number of factors, including degrees of interactivity and directionality. While mannequin dolls are seldom directly for interaction, their incarnation in commercial space represent interactivity to commodities in, within, and through spaces around them, and they have a temporal as well as an ownership directionality that proposes identities and identification. The logic of the mannequin, as Vanessa Osborne names it, is dependent on this, as well as an abstracted or de-personalized character of the mannequins, requiring the viewer to participate through completion, often involving placing oneself in the mannequin’s place.

    A situated experience rather than a person-object relation architecture, atmosphere, other mannequins, and other consumers participate. Thus the understanding of the mannequin can be said to be dependent on understanding its situatedness on a stage of multiple actors and actants where consumers complete the composition, much like Giovanna Stavroulaki and John Peponis observes the choreography of statues in Castlevecchio demands the visitor to complete their internal, configuratively staged narrative.

    By balancing the concrete and the abstract, providing enough information to trigger reading but not enough for stable interpretation, these situated presentations draw upon the viewer‟s imagination, allowing and requiring completion. In this sense, the mannequins perform diagrammatic operations, as discussed by Gilles Châtelet, but ones situated in space as almost bodies, almost persons.

    The recent exhibition at the Dance Museum, Stockohlm, Koroly’s Costume Drama, offered a unique opportunity to investigate this in-betweenness, as well as questions of situatedness, abstraction, expression, atmosphere, and various forms of interaction – from directly completing or participating in the staged drama to ignoring them altogether, to treating them „as is‟; that is, as inanimate objects. As few other exhibitions it allowed touch and interaction, and the staging was elaborate, dramatic, and playful. It allowed questions of architectural staging, situation, identity, and the curious operations performed by the mannequin dolls to be investigated in hands on experiments, upon which this presentation elaborates, comparing to material on mannequins in commercial as well as traditional museum environments.

  • 36.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Rummet som idéproducent: Vad har varuhus och bibliotek gemensamt?2007Inngår i: InfoTrend: Nordisk Tidskrift för Informationsspecialister, ISSN 1653-0225, Vol. 62, nr 4, s. 102-115Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln behandlar frågan hur rumslig struktur, och ordnande av ting i rummet, fungerar för att beskriva kategorier och karaktärer. I denna process jämför den likheter och olikheter mellan bibliotek och varuhus.

  • 37.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Sophia Psarra's Architecture and Narrative: The formation of space and cultural meaning2010Inngår i: Journal of Space Syntax, ISSN 2044-7507, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 246-248Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    (first paragraph of the review:)

    Architecture and Narrative: the formation of space and cultural meaning, looks at how meaning isconstructed in buildings and how it is communicated to the viewer. It does so by studying narrative through a series of contrasting studies, framing the question of narrative slightly differently in eachstudy. This gives the opportunity to study narrative not only from different perspectives, but in different historical periods. The book is not, however, a historical study of narrative in architecture but focuses on modernity - a limitation that seems to mostly have been for the better. It further focuses primarily on cultural buildings, and more specifically on museums. In a sense, this makes it a continuation of the discussions in Thomas A. Marcus Buildings & Power, which leaves off at the end of the 19th century. Nevertheless, Psarra's point of departure takes on the broad sweep of history. Thus, the first part of the book consists of a study of the Parthenon and the Erectheon, followed by an investigation of Mies' Barcelona Pavilion; the second part deals with architecture and narrative in literature through two chapters focusing on literary works of the 20th century by the Argentinean author Jean Luis Borges; the third part studies narrative in museums of history and art in a more or less chronological order; ending up with the fourth part which constitutes a theoretical synthesis and conclusion.

  • 38.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Tidigare Institutioner, Arkitekturskolan.
    Spatial systems as producers of meaning: the idea of knowledge in three public libraries2004Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 39.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Stadsbyggnad.
    Stadens begränsning: utmaningar för en hållbar stadsbyggnad2017Inngår i: KTHA #3 / [ed] Daniel Koch, Erik Wingquist, Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017, s. 20-24Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här texten avser jag diskutera stadsbyggnad som å ena sidan den byggda staden, och å andra sidan vår förståelse av och föreställningar om densamma. Utgångspunkten är att städer utgör försök hantera de ofta konfliktfyllda och motstridiga behov och processer som pågår i våra samhällen, och samtidigt tar form genom att vi försöker materialisera och därmed förstå vårt samhälle. I ett sådant perspektiv är det byggda i bästa fall en slags approximation eller kompromiss, som i all sin komplexitet är oförmögen att hantera det mångfasetterade, dynamiska och föränderliga samhälle som de är byggt att inhysa.1 Därmed är de också uttryck, på ett relativt direkt sätt, för vårt samhälle. Vad som får plats, vad som får synas, vad som får ske – och inte. 

    Utgångspunkten är att, med all respekt för allt arbete som pågår med att göra våra städer mer hållbara i både stor och liten skala liksom på kort och lång sikt, försöka lyfta utmaningar som återstår – utmaningar som rör själva förståelsen av vad det innebär att bygga städer. Det är lika lite en heltäckande bild som ett svar, utan ett försök att skissera en diskussion jag tror vi i högre utsträckning behöver föra.

  • 40.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Structuring Fashion: Department Stores as Situating Spatial Practice2007Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation investigates department stores as complex spatial and cultural buildings, in which values and ideas are expressed, negotiated, and produced. Situated in a cultural context commonly referred to as a society of consumption, where identity and social structures are worked out through consumption rather than production, the query turns to a specific act of consumption: that of shopping. More precisely, it investigates the role of space and spatial distribution in shopping. How space is distributed, arranged, or ordered allows for different possibilities in constructing categories from which the shoppers are to make a selection, and for how these categories can be related to one another, which informs the shoppers what belongs together, what is to be held apart, what is important, what is private, what is public, and what is of higher or lower status. It further supports, prevents, and promotes different routes and choices, giving different patterns of presence, publicity, privacy, purpose, etc. that not only affects the atmosphere of the spaces, but makes suggestions of what is found in them.

    These questions are investigated through a series of conceptual laboratories, each addressing the problem from different standpoints and focusing on different parts of the question: from how categories are constructed and given character, to how they form systems of values, how shoppers are trained in aesthetics of fashion, how relative degrees of presences are made use of, and how they appear influenced by spatial distribution. In this, the work shifts between qualitative and quantitative methods, each completing and evolving the other.

    It shows that to a remarkable degree, much of the emergent values and ideas can be understood through the filter of spatial configurations, and especially when treated as two systems: one of exposure and one of availability. As similar operations also affect patterns of movement and being, which enables them to also be related to publicity, privacy, and other social characters, the department stores can be understood as not only commercial spaces but as sites of negotiation of public culture. As such, both the analytic model and the more specific findings have important implications for architectural theory in general.

  • 41.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    The Architectural Interface Inside-Out: Interior-Exterior Relations, Spatial Models, and Configurational Mirroring2013Inngår i: Proceedings of Ninth International Space Syntax Symposium / [ed] Young Ook Kim, Hoon Tae Park, Kyung Wook Seo, Seoul: Sejong University Press , 2013, s. 67:1-67:16Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the early concepts of space syntax, from the Social Logic of Space, is architecture seen as an interface. This is sometimes interpreted as on one hand a singular transition between ‘private’ and ‘public’, or more gradually as a transition from ‘public’ urban space towards more and more private space on the other. Methodologically, the latter tends to consist of analyses that incorporate both interior and exterior space in the analysis. Similarly, it can be said that justified graphs drawn from the entrance – a commonly deployed practice – is the same kind of description, that is, they describe rather how interior and exterior relates based on the conditions set up by the ‘exterior’. This paper, instead, explores how internal configurational properties sets up an interface description, applying a method of ‘mirroring’ that in certain ways of doing it rather than replacing an exterior in the analysis, emphasizes the internal configuration of the building with regards to its exterior and how it thus describes directionality and priorities of both the building as a whole and of its constitute parts to the surrounding environment. It is thus possible to analyse buildings as interface ‘from the outside in’ – that is, how entry conditions sets up an interface for visitors, a kind of public-private gradient – and ‘from the inside out’ – that is, how the building describes its relation to the various exteriors and to what extent ‘inhabitants’ share similar interfaces and relations as visitors. It further tests these different models to empirical data. The paper explores both a methodology for this kind of analysis and what the results may mean through a series of analysed buildings that makes possible to posit a range of different questions to architectural and configurative analysis.

  • 42.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Training the Aesthetics2012Inngår i: Nordic Fashion Studies / [ed] Peter McNeil, Louise Wallenberg, Stockholm: Axl Books, 2012, s. 309-330Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Excerpt from the introduction by Peter McNeil:

    (pp. xxiv-xxv)

    The anthology concludes with a provocative essay by Daniel Koch, “Training the Aesthetics”. Koch, who has written a masterful PhD analyzing the architectural space of Åhléns department store, Stockholm City, aims to investigate “the matter of consumption choices, and to raise the question of how expert judgement communicates with and within populist quality judgement”. He argues that “one of the primary roles of retail architecture is that of performing aesthetic training, or perhaps education in taste”. Using wide-ranging theory drawn from art theory, philosophy, spatial theory and literature, Koch argues that a series of profound staging effects are enacted in entering a department store. Fashion is interrogated as akin to representative art, a subject that requires “inherent rarity and value – suggesting taste”. His is a useful corrective to the idea that fashion is democratic today. Not at all, suggests Koch. The perusal and acquisition of fashion still operates within a system not dissimilar to entering a gallery space. Although the “bazaar” still exists, much contemporary fashion gains its charge from being displayed in austere spaces in to which untrained consumers can enter but not engage. In an important link back to Ane Lynge-Jorlén’s essay on niche magazine readership, Koch resists the cliché of shop as gallery or cathedral space. Rather, he focuses upon the products themselves: “it is figured first as a subject rather than a practice, and it is presented with a disinterest as to how the real clothes look, and especially how they would look in a “normal” situation. Presentation constantly takes forms reminiscent of both popular or high art practices”. In a strong statement that brings together the many strands contained in this book, Koch’s comment will conclude our anthology: “Meaning is relative to other spaces as well as other systems of meaning, such as the mediation of fashion through magazines, advertising, television and online blogs.”

  • 43.
    Koch, Daniel
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Stadsbyggnad.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitekturens historia och teori.
    Marcus, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Stadsbyggnad.
    Configuring Academia: Academic entities and spatial identities2012Inngår i: Proceedings: Eighth International Space Syntax Symposium / [ed] Margareta Greene, José Reyes & Andrea Castro, 2012, s. 8147:1-8147:21Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Academia has a long tradition of structuring itself around academic subjects, often epitomized through architectural manifestations such as individual buildings and whole campi. These materializations serve as sites of research and education, but also serve to describe the university as whole as well as its institutional parts, their definitions and their interrelations. This description goes deeper than simple definition of specific buildings for specific activities or subjects, but rather describes the idea of academic structures and relations between different people in the campi. This paper makes a comparative study of one of the more successful research universities in Stockholm, studying the use of spatial configuration and programming when the main campus was established in the first decade after the second world war, and how it was used in the following large-scale expansion beginning in the 1960s. It shows how, for both pragmatic and ideological reasons, radical shifts in the relation between buildings and academic subjects, as well as academic individuals and the units central to these descriptions, have taken place in the years in-between, and scrutinizes some of the effects coming with such a change.

  • 44.
    Koch, Daniel
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Legeby, Ann
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Stadsbyggnad.
    Abshirini, Ehsan
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Geoinformatik.
    Perspectives on Culture: to witness, engage with, show, or do in cities2017Inngår i: Proceedings - 11th International Space Syntax Symposium, SSS 2017 / [ed] Teresa Heitor, Miguel Serra, João Pinelo Silva, Maria Bacharel, Luisa Cannas da Silva, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Departamento de Engenharia Civil, Arquitetura e Georrecursos , 2017, s. 130.1-130.15Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses how ‘culture’ is or can be present in a city, where culture is understood in a wide sense as cultural activities and output of creative activity as well as partaking in or making use of the same. The main line of argument is that this requires consideration of how to work with configurational analysis, which has implications for a wider set of issues but made apparent in the specific focus.

    While this is anchored in empirical analysis, the main point is a theoretical-methodological discussion. In short, the paper proposes a model where culture needs to be understood from four perspectives—to witness, to engage with, to show, and to do—since these are differently related to the built environment in the conditions for how they appear, what effects they might have, and in what ways they are affected by and affect urban environments.

    Specifically, the empirical analyses point to how inequalities between areas can be understood. The conditions for making sculptures and how this affects and is affected by its surrounding, simply put, is different from the effects and conditions for the placing of public sculptures, as are their effects on public and private life.

    By use of specific and particular examples of activities or outputs, the article will also highlight qualitative aspects that need to be considered in relation to more precisely what kind of ‘culture’ that is intended to be supported, and how this relates to questions of democratic development and social equality.

  • 45.
    Koch, Daniel
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Stadsbyggnad.
    Legeby, Ann
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Stadsbyggnad.
    Miranda Carranza, Pablo
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Stadsbyggnad.
    Maktperspektiv i byggd miljö: Reflektioner från Gottsunda2019Inngår i: Stadsutveckling & design för motstridiga önskemål: En bok om nödvändigheten av förändring i tanke och handling för sociala hållbarhetsprocesser / [ed] Lisa Daram och Björn Hellström, Stockholm: Arkus , 2019, 77, s. 241-268Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Avsikten med det här kapitlet är att reflektera kring två teman – makt och rumsstruktur – på ett sätt som underlättar för planeringspraktiken att ta sig an relationer mellan dessa teman. Området är brett och komplext och också komplicerat; eftersom makt till övervägande del är en social praktik låter den sig inte på ett enkelt sätt avläsas i rumsstrukturer.1 Detta, att makt är en social praktik, betyder dock inte att rummet inte ’utövar’ makt i sig själv i fysisk mening. Rum utövar ett slags makt genom att sätta begränsningar och erbjuda möjligheter, dela upp och binda samman, stödja, fostra, försvåra och underlätta olika sociala, kulturella, och ekonomiska praktiker. Rummet lyfter fram, visar eller gömmer, och så vidare – arkitektur är så att säga en social praktik. 

  • 46.
    Koch, Daniel
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Stadsbyggnad. Chalmers Civil Engineering and Architecture.
    Legeby, Ann
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Stadsbyggnad.
    Miranda Carranza, Pablo
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Stadsbyggnad.
    Suburbs and Power: Configuration, Direct and Symbolic Presence, Absence, and Power in The Swedish Suburb Gottsunda2019Inngår i: Proceedings of the 12th Space Syntax Symposium, Beijing: Beijing Jiaotong University , 2019, s. 264-2:1-264-2:21Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    One aspect of how cities are arranged and configured, from structures of communication networks to land division, programme distribution, and location of functions, monuments, and other urban objects is directly related to questions of power and representation. While sometimes more explicitly discussed regarding buildings or historical cities, as by Thomas A Markus and Kim Dovey, it is a present inquiry in a lot of syntax research. This article will engage explicitly with this inquiry through the filter of the city as a pedagogical device encoding and communicating priorities, values, and roles in society through built form and its subsequent effects on individual and collective use. From this perspective, centrality, and who is given space centrally, becomes a question of power and values as centrality for something (or someone) comes at the expense of something (or someone) else. Who this someone is might not always be obvious in terms of concerning a person but could be a type of amenity, a process, a kind of actor, or more symbolic means. It is a means by which one can remind others of one’s right to take up space, and the importance for the generic public to be aware of and relate to oneself. But power also operates through other means in displacing and relegating to the side or periphery, by claiming exclusivity through seclusion, or by imposing presence through other means such as being located in central viewsheds while physically not located centrally. This article draws on earlier studies to construct an understanding of how power can be read as manifest in the material, spatial structure of Gottsunda outside of Uppsala in Sweden, a suburb considered a particularly challenging area from a segregation perspective but where local variations of how the area is experienced are significant, suggesting that questions of ‘who’ or ‘what’ is Gottsunda are of interest to examine, and where specific aspects of the spatial systems allow local acts of control and dominance which then contribute to the image of the area as a whole. Such power structures and identity formations are analyzed in part by constructing how symbolic/visual and material/practical presence and absence of various actors and functions are configured to build an understanding of importance/unimportance and other types of power structures ‘ground-up’. The article thus—in addition to the particular study of Gottsunda and Uppsala—both advances and refines how power can be analyzed and understood through spatial configuration.

  • 47.
    Koch, Daniel
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Marcus, LarsKTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Stadsbyggnad.Steen, JesperKTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Proceedings of the 7th International Space Syntax Symposium2009Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    [Foreword to the printed proceedings]

    The Space Syntax symposia are by now recognised as an established tradition in international architectural research, a tradition that combines high scientific rigour with high relevance for architectural practice. It will be the primary aim of the organisers of the Stockholm symposium to carry on this tradition.

    Still, each symposium has its own flavour due to continuous changes in the global society, but also due to the local context of each symposium. We believe that contemporary Stockholm presents a situation in architecture and urban design of great international relevance. Stockholm is often described as a successful city in these fields, but it is a success to a high degree relying on a top-down approach to architectural and urban development. From a local horizon it is becoming obvious how Stockholm needs to learn from the kind of bottom-up urban processes often prevalent in cities less often described as successful.

    To a large degree it is the study of such self-organising and emergent processes in buildings and cities that is at the heart of Space Syntax research. Since this implies an exploration of the field of the possible in architectural and urban design, one here also finds the reason for the high relevance of Space Syntax for architectural practice. We hope that this tension between top-down and bottom-up approaches in architecture and urban design will be a lasting memory of the Stockholm symposium.

  • 48.
    Koch, Daniel
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Miranda Carranza, Pablo
    Models and diagrams in architectural design2014Inngår i: Journal of Space Syntax, ISSN 2044-7507, Vol. 5, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this issue is to contribute to the integration and communication between space syntax specifically, and architectural theory and practice in general. This aim comes both from a desire from our side, and a perceived potential for inspiring and rewarding contributions and developments from and to all sides in such an integration. This is neither a necessary nor obvious aim for space syntax research, but a potential that we would like to explore and a path we would like to see taken. However, we do think this aim comes with a range of consequences and questions to address, and the purpose of this issue is to contribute to address-ing some of these consequences and questions through its focus on diagrams and models, which forms only one, albeit arguably a crucial, part of such an endeavour. In stating it in this way, we do not mean to say that other steps have not been taken; it is a way to frame the topic of the issue that explains its intents in a clear manner.

  • 49.
    Koch, Daniel
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Miranda Carranza, Pablo
    Syntactic Resilience2013Inngår i: Proceedings of Ninth International Space Syntax Symposium / [ed] Young Ook Kim, Hoon Tae Park, Kyung Wook Seo, Seoul: Sejong University Press , 2013, s. 54:1-54:16Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In many fields connected to architecture and urban design, the term ‘resilience’ has grown common and tends to stand for a variety of different things. What this paper intends to do is to work with the term under a rather basic understanding – that of systems capable of performing even after being altered. Specifically, this means the extent to which a spatial configuration is sensitive to smaller or larger changes, where these sensitivities can be found and the degree of impact should the links be severed. Building on investigations by Hillier, Shpuza, and Conroy Dalton and Kirsan, the intent is to take one step further and set the term in relation to what a spatial configuration operates as social and cultural interface. Thus, a system that is considered as syntactically resilient is a system where inhabitance (use, identity) can follow similar principles as before the change, whereas a non-resilient system is one that can suffer big changes in the spatial logic by ostensibly minor local changes, thereby putting considerable strain on or enforcing change of inhabitance. The paper furthermore establishes some basic methods and measures for how to measure and analyse this, and also discusses the pros and cons of different spatial models for the ability of analyzing the question at hand.

    Concretely, the investigation begins with a conceptual, methodological discussion that is then followed by analysis of a small number of buildings to investigate the validity of the proposed methods and measures. The paper investigates the use of a series of existing measures as well as proposes new measures of configurational sensitivity. Finally it discusses how these measures relate to on the one hand security issues, and on the other generic questions in architectural design.

  • 50.
    Koch, Daniel
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Stadsbyggnad.
    Sand, Monica
    Konstfack.
    Rhythmanalysis - Rhythm as Mode, Methods and Theory for Analysing Urban Complexity2010Inngår i: Urban Design Research: Method and Application: Proceedings of the International Conference held at Birmingham City University / [ed] Moshen Aboutorabi & Andreas Wesener, Birmingham, UK: Birmingham City University , 2010, s. 61-72Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In his last project the French philosopher Henri Lefebvre aimed to develop rhythmanalysis.  This was  an attempt to understand the pulse and life of the city combining the strengths of the overview of the urban choreography as seen from a window with the intense experiences of living down in the streets. Rhythmanalysis is about acknowledging the tension between these modes of observation and participation, and simultaneously, by developing qualitative and quantitative aspects of rhythms, interpreting and acting it, allowing for a complex understanding of urban life. Like polyrhythms in music, combinations of individually simple rhythms form a complex, living, and nearly incomprehensible whole. Our aim to develop rhythmanalysis as mode, method and theory focuses on natural, social and cultural rhythms, change and diversity, as a precondition for “just sustainability”. For this, artistic research methods are necessary:  because methods, actions and performances developed in art compile rhythm, body, and presence. They further allow for actively changing or affecting rhythm as a means to understand present situations. By developing art experiments directly in the city, strategies of capturing, being captured by, producing, and changing rhythms, opens for other ways of interacting and hereby of interpreting the urban context. Rhythmanalysis in this sense is about discovering the complex reality through production in order to elucidate theoretical and methodological concepts from change and experiments as a research method. In the analysis it is shown how by interrupting, influencing, combining and introducing rhythms on places and in buildings, actions, reactions, and new meanings arise. This makes rhythmanalysis a powerful mode of analysis that merits further development, and provides important insights into the complex, emergent processes and meanings of contemporary urbanity.

    Rhythmanalyses is a collaboration between artists, architects and researchers at the School of Architecture and the Built Environment, KTH and the University College of Arts Crafts and Design, Stockholm

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