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  • 1.
    Andersson, Daniel
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    A maximum principle for relaxed stochastic control of linear SDEs with application to bond portfolio optimization2010In: Mathematical Methods of Operations Research, ISSN 1432-2994, E-ISSN 1432-5217, Vol. 72, no 2, p. 273-310Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study relaxed stochastic control problems where the state equation is a one dimensional linear stochastic differential equation with random and unbounded coefficients. The two main results are existence of an optimal relaxed control and necessary conditions for optimality in the form of a relaxed maximum principle. The main motivation is an optimal bond portfolio problem in a market where there exists a continuum of bonds and the portfolio weights are modeled as measure-valued processes on the set of times to maturity.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Daniel
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    A maximum principle for SDEs of mean-field type2011In: Applied mathematics and optimization, ISSN 0095-4616, E-ISSN 1432-0606, Vol. 63, no 3, p. 341-356Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the optimal control of a stochastic differential equation (SDE) of mean-field type, where the coefficients are allowed to depend on some functional of the law as well as the state of the process. Moreover the cost functional is also of mean-field type, which makes the control problem time inconsistent in the sense that the Bellman optimality principle does not hold. Under the assumption of a convex action space a maximum principle of local form is derived, specifying the necessary conditions for optimality. These are also shown to be sufficient under additional assumptions. This maximum principle differs from the classical one, where the adjoint equation is a linear backward SDE, since here the adjoint equation turns out to be a linear mean-field backward SDE. As an illustration, we apply the result to the mean-variance portfolio selection problem.

  • 3.
    Arnarson, Teitur
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.).
    Djehiche, Boualem
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.).
    Poghosyan, Michael
    Yerevan State Univ, Dept Math & Mech.
    Shahgholian, Henrik
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.).
    A PDE approach to regularity of solutions to finite horizon optimal switching problems2009In: Nonlinear Analysis, ISSN 0362-546X, E-ISSN 1873-5215, Vol. 71, no 12, p. 6054-6067Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study optimal 2-switching and n-switching problems and the corresponding system of variational inequalities. We obtain results on the existence of viscosity solutions for the 2-switching problem for various setups when the cost of switching is non-deterministic. For the n-switching problem we obtain regularity results for the solutions of the variational inequalities. The solutions are C-l,C-l-regular away for the free boundaries of the action sets.

  • 4. Aro, Helena
    et al.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Löfdahl, Björn
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Stochastic modelling of disability insurance in a multi-period framework2015In: Scandinavian Actuarial Journal, ISSN 0346-1238, E-ISSN 1651-2030, no 1, p. 88-106Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose a stochastic semi-Markovian framework for disability modelling in a multi-period discrete-time setting. The logistic transforms of disability inception and recovery probabilities are modelled by means of stochastic risk factors and basis functions, using counting processes and generalized linear models. The model for disability inception also takes IBNR claims into consideration. We fit various versions of the models into Swedish disability claims data.

  • 5.
    Aurell, Alexander
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Mean-field type modeling of nonlocal crowd aversion in pedestrian crowd dynamics2018In: SIAM Journal of Control and Optimization, ISSN 0363-0129, E-ISSN 1095-7138, Vol. 56, no 1, p. 434-455Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We extend the class of pedestrian crowd models introduced by Lachapelle and Wolfram [Transp. Res. B: Methodol., 45 (2011), pp. 1572–1589] to allow for nonlocal crowd aversion and arbitrarily but finitely many interacting crowds. The new crowd aversion feature grants pedestrians a “personal space” where crowding is undesirable. We derive the model from a particle picture and treat it as a mean-field type game. Solutions to the mean-field type game are characterized via a Pontryagin-type maximum principle. The behavior of pedestrians acting under nonlocal crowd aversion is illustrated by a numerical simulation.

  • 6. Bahlali, K.
    et al.
    Chighoub, F.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Mezerdi, B.
    Optimality necessary conditions in singular stochastic control problems with nonsmooth data2009In: Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications, ISSN 0022-247X, E-ISSN 1096-0813, Vol. 355, no 2, p. 479-494Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present paper studies the stochastic maximum principle in singular optimal control, where the state is governed by a stochastic differential equation With nonsmooth coefficients, allowing both classical control and singular control. The proof of the main result is based oil the approximation of the initial problem, by a sequence of control problems with smooth coefficients. We, then apply Ekeland's variational principle for this approximating sequence of control problems, in order to establish necessary conditions satisfied by a sequence of near optimal controls. Finally, we prove the convergence of the scheme, using Krylov's inequality in the nondegenerate case and the Bouleau-Hirsch now property in the degenerate one. The adjoint process obtained is given by means of distributional derivatives of the coefficients.

  • 7. Bahlali, Khaled
    et al.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Mezerdi, Brahim
    On the stochastic maximum principle in optimal control of degenerate diffusions with lipschitz coefficients2007In: Applied mathematics and optimization, ISSN 0095-4616, E-ISSN 1432-0606, Vol. 56, no 3, p. 364-378Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We establish a stochastic maximum principle in optimal control of a general class of degenerate diffusion processes with global Lipschitz coefficients, generalizing the existing results on stochastic control of diffusion processes. We use distributional derivatives of the coefficients and the Bouleau Hirsh flow property, in order to define the adjoint process on an extension of the initial probability space.

  • 8. Bahlali, Seid
    et al.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Mezerdi, Brahim
    The relaxed stochastic maximum principle in singular optimal control of diffusions2007In: SIAM Journal of Control and Optimization, ISSN 0363-0129, E-ISSN 1095-7138, Vol. 46, no 2, p. 427-444Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies optimal control of systems driven by stochastic differential equations, where the control variable has two components, the first being absolutely continuous and the second singular. Our main result is a stochastic maximum principle for relaxed controls, where the first part of the control is a measure valued process. To achieve this result, we establish first order optimality necessary conditions for strict controls by using strong perturbation on the absolutely continuous component of the control and a convex perturbation on the singular one. The proof of the main result is based on the strict maximum principle, Ekeland's variational principle, and some stability properties of the trajectories and adjoint processes with respect to the control variable.

  • 9. Bauso, Dario
    et al.
    Dia, Ben Mansour
    Djehiche, Boualem
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Tembine, Hamidou
    Tempone, Raul
    Mean-Field Games for Marriage2014In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 9, no 5, p. e94933-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines mean-field games for marriage. The results support the argument that optimizing the long-term wellbeing through effort and social feeling state distribution (mean-field) will help to stabilize marriage. However, if the cost of effort is very high, the couple fluctuates in a bad feeling state or the marriage breaks down. We then examine the influence of society on a couple using mean-field sentimental games. We show that, in mean-field equilibrium, the optimal effort is always higher than the one-shot optimal effort. We illustrate numerically the influence of the couple's network on their feeling states and their well-being.

  • 10. Bensoussan, Alain
    et al.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.).
    Tembine, Hamidou
    Yam, Phillip
    Risk-Sensitive Mean-Field-Type Control2017In: 2017 IEEE 56TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON DECISION AND CONTROL (CDC), IEEE , 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study risk-sensitive optimal control of a stochastic differential equation (SDE) of mean-field type, where the coefficients are allowed to depend on some functional of the law as well as the state and control processes. Moreover the risk-sensitive cost functional is also of mean-field type. We derive optimality equations in infinite dimensions connecting dual functions associated with Bellman functional to the adjoint process of the Pontryagin maximum principle. The case of linear-exponentiated quadratic cost and its connection with the risk-neutral solution is discussed.

  • 11. Buckdahn, Rainer
    et al.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Li, Juan
    A General Stochastic Maximum Principle for SDEs of Mean-field Type2011In: Applied mathematics and optimization, ISSN 0095-4616, E-ISSN 1432-0606, Vol. 64, no 2, p. 197-216Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the optimal control for stochastic differential equations (SDEs) of mean-field type, in which the coefficients depend on the state of the solution process as well as of its expected value. Moreover, the cost functional is also of mean-field type. This makes the control problem time inconsistent in the sense that the Bellman optimality principle does not hold. For a general action space a Peng's-type stochastic maximum principle (Peng, S.: SIAM J. Control Optim. 2(4), 966-979, 1990) is derived, specifying the necessary conditions for optimality. This maximum principle differs from the classical one in the sense that here the first order adjoint equation turns out to be a linear mean-field backward SDE, while the second order adjoint equation remains the same as in Peng's stochastic maximum principle.

  • 12. Buckdahn, Rainer
    et al.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Li, Juan
    Peng, Shige
    MEAN-FIELD BACKWARD STOCHASTIC DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS: A LIMIT APPROACH2009In: Annals of Probability, ISSN 0091-1798, E-ISSN 2168-894X, Vol. 37, no 4, p. 1524-1565Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mathematical mean-field approaches play an important role in different fields of Physics and Chemistry, but have found in recent works also their application in Economics, Finance and Game Theory. The objective of our paper is to investigate a special mean-field problem in a purely stochastic approach: for the solution (Y, Z) of a mean-field backward stochastic differential equation driven by a forward stochastic differential of McKean-Vlasov type with solution X we study a special approximation by the solution (X-N, Y-N, Z(N)) of some decoupled forward-backward equation which coefficients are governed by N independent copies of (X-N, Y-N, Z(N)). We show that the convergence speed of this approximation is of order 1/root N. Moreover, our special choice of the approximation allows to characterize the limit behavior of root N(X-N - X, Y-N - Y, Z(N) - Z). We prove that this triplet converges in law to the solution of some forward-backward. stochastic differential equation of mean-field type, which is not only governed by a Brownian motion but also by an independent Gaussian field.

  • 13. Dermoune, Azzouz
    et al.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Rahmania, Nadji
    Consistent estimators of the smoothing parameter in the Hodrick-Prescott Filter2008In: Journal of the Japan Statistical Society, ISSN 1882-2754, E-ISSN 1348-6365, Vol. 38, no 2, p. 225-241Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 14. Dermoune, Azzouz
    et al.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Rahmania, Nadji
    Estimation of the smoothing parameters in the HPMV filter2011In: ANALELE STIINT UNIV AL I CUZA, ISSN 1221-8421, Vol. 57, no 1, p. 61-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We suggest an optimality criterion, for choosing the best smoothing parameters for an extension of the so-called Hodrick-Prescott Multivariate (HPMV) filter. We show that this criterion admits a whole set of optimal smoothing parameters, to which belong the widely used noise-to-signal ratios. We also propose explicit consistent estimators of these noise-to-signal ratios, which in turn yield a new performant method to estimate the output gap.

  • 15. Dermoune, Azzouz
    et al.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Rahmania, Nadji
    Multivariate Extension of the Hodrick-Prescott Filter-Optimality and Characterization2009In: Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics and Econometrics, ISSN 1081-1826, E-ISSN 1558-3708, Vol. 13, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The univariate Hodrick-Prescott filter depends on the noise-to-signal ratio that acts as a smoothing parameter. We first propose an optimality criterion for choosing the best smoothing parameters. We show that the noise-to-signal ratio is the unique minimizer of this criterion, when we use an orthogonal parametrization of the trend, whereas it is not the case when an initial-value parametrization of the trend is applied. We then propose a multivariate extension of the filter and show that there is a whole class of positive definite matrices that satisfy a similar optimality criterion, when we apply an orthogonal parametrization of the trend.

  • 16.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Actuarial mathematics for life contingent risks2011In: Scandinavian Actuarial Journal, ISSN 0346-1238, E-ISSN 1651-2030, no 4, p. 318-318Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Mathematics.
    Global solution of the pressureless gas equation with viscosity2002In: Physica D: Non-linear phenomena, ISSN 0167-2789, E-ISSN 1872-8022, Vol. 163, no 3-4, p. 184-190Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We construct a global weak solution to a d-dimensional system of zero-pressure gas dynamics modified by introducing a finite artificial viscosity. We use discrete approximations to the continuous gas and make particles move along trajectories of the normalized simple symmetric random walk with deterministic drift. The interaction of these particles is given by a sticky particle dynamics. We show that a subsequence of these approximations converges to a weak solution of the system of zero-pressure gas dynamics in the sense of distributions. This weak solution is interpreted in terms of a random process solution of a nonlinear stochastic differential equation. We get a weak solution of the inviscid system by tending the viscosity to zero.

  • 18.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Mathematics.
    Hedging options in market models modulated by the fractional Brownian motion2001In: Stochastic Analysis and Applications, ISSN 0736-2994, E-ISSN 1532-9356, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 753-770Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We use the stochastic calculus of variations for the fractional Brownian motion to derive formulas for the replicating portfolios for a class of contingent claims in a Bachelier and a Black-Scholes markets modulated by fractional Brownian motion. An example of such a model is the Black-Scholes process whose volatility solves a stochastic differential equation driven by a fractional Brownian motion that may depend on the underlying Brownian motion.

  • 19.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.).
    Market-valuation methods in life and pension insurance2008In: Scandinavian Actuarial Journal, ISSN 0346-1238, E-ISSN 1651-2030, no 4, p. 316-316Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Nonlife actuarial models, theory, methods and evaluation2011In: Scandinavian Actuarial Journal, ISSN 0346-1238, E-ISSN 1651-2030, no 4, p. 319-320Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Mathematics.
    On large deviations in nonlinear filtration theory2001In: Studia Mathematica, ISSN 0039-3223, E-ISSN 1730-6337, Vol. 148, no 1, p. 5-21Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Mathematics.
    Pressureless gas equations with viscosity and nonlinear diffusion2001In: Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences. Série 1, Mathématique, ISSN 0764-4442, E-ISSN 1778-3577, Vol. 332, no 8, p. 745-750Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Under some regularity conditions on P-0 and u(0), we derive a unique local strong solution of the following system of pressureless gas equations with viscosity: [GRAPHICS] P-t-->P-0, uP(t) --> u(0)P(0), weakly, as t --> 0(+), by constructing a nonlinear diffusion process as solution to the following SDE: [GRAPHICS] We show then that Pt is the probability density of X-t while the velocity field admits the Following stochastic representation: u(t,X) = E [u(0)(X-0) \ X-t = x].

  • 23.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Regression modeling with actuarial and financial applications2011In: Scandinavian Actuarial Journal, ISSN 0346-1238, E-ISSN 1651-2030, no 4, p. 319-319Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Statistical and probabilistic methods in actuarial science2009In: Scandinavian Actuarial Journal, ISSN 0346-1238, E-ISSN 1651-2030, no 2, p. 168-168Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Statistical estimation techniques in life and disability insurance—a short overview2016In: Springer Proceedings in Mathematics and Statistics, Springer, 2016, p. 127-147Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a short introduction to some basic aspects of statistical estimation techniques known as graduation technique in life and disability insurance. © 2016, Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016.

  • 26.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Mathematics.
    Alaton, Peter
    Stillberger, David
    On Modelling and Pricing Weather Derivatives2002In: Applied Mathematical Finance, ISSN 1350-486X, E-ISSN 1433-4313, Vol. 9, p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Bahlali, Seid
    Mezerdi, Brahim
    Existence and optimality necessary conditions in relaxed controlproblems2006In: Journal of Applied Mathematics and Stochastic Analysis, ISSN 1048-9533, E-ISSN 1687-2177Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Gioulekas, Alex
    Tail risk optimisation2009In: Insights/Q4 2009, IPM Informed Portfolio Management AB, StockholmArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 29.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Hamadene, Said
    Hdhiri, Ibtissam
    Stochastic Impulse Control of Non-Markovian Processes2010In: Applied mathematics and optimization, ISSN 0095-4616, E-ISSN 1432-0606, Vol. 61, no 1, p. 1-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider a class of stochastic impulse control problems of general stochastic processes i.e. not necessarily Markovian. Under fairly general conditions we establish existence of an optimal impulse control. We also prove existence of combined optimal stochastic and impulse control of a fairly general class of diffusions with random coefficients. Unlike, in the Markovian framework, we cannot apply quasi-variational inequalities techniques. We rather derive the main results using techniques involving reflected BSDEs and the Snell envelope.

  • 30.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Hamadene, Said
    Morlais, Marie-Amehe
    Zhao, Xuzhe
    On the equality of solutions of max-min and min-max systems of variational inequalities with interconnected bilateral obstacles2017In: Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications, ISSN 0022-247X, E-ISSN 1096-0813, Vol. 452, no 1, p. 148-175Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we deal with the solutions of systems of PDEs with bilateral interconnected obstacles of min-max and max-min types. These systems arise naturally in stochastic switch-in zero-sum game problems. We show that when the switching costs of one side are regular, the solutions of the min-max and max-min systems coincide. Then, this common viscosity solution is related to a multi-dimensional doubly reflected BSDE with bilateral interconnected obstacles. Finally, its relationship with the values of a zero-sum switching game is studied.

  • 31.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Hamadene, Said
    Morlais, Marie-Amelie
    Viscosity Solutions of Systems of Variational Inequalities with Interconnected Bilateral Obstacles2015In: Funkcialaj Ekvacioj, ISSN 0532-8721, Vol. 58, no 1, p. 135-175Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study a general class of nonlinear second-order variational inequalities with interconnected bilateral obstacles, related to a multiple modes switching game. Under rather weak assumptions, using systems of penalized unilateral backward SDEs, we construct a continuous viscosity solution of polynomial growth. Moreover, we establish a comparison result which in turn yields uniqueness of the solution.

  • 32.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Hamadene, Said
    Popier, Alexandre
    A FINITE HORIZON OPTIMAL MULTIPLE SWITCHING PROBLEM2009In: SIAM Journal of Control and Optimization, ISSN 0363-0129, E-ISSN 1095-7138, Vol. 48, no 4, p. 2751-2770Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider the problem of optimal multiple switching in a finite horizon when the state of the system, including the switching costs, is a general adapted stochastic process. The problem is formulated as an extended impulse control problem and solved using probabilistic tools such as the Snell envelope of processes and reflected backward stochastic differential equations. Finally, when the state of the system is a Markov process, we show that the associated vector of value functions provides a viscosity solution to a system of variational inequalities with interconnected obstacles.

  • 33.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Hamadène, Said
    On a finite horizon starting and stopping problem with risk of abandonment2009In: International Journal of Theoretical and Applied Finance, ISSN 0219-0249, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 523-543Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We address the issue of finding a strategy to sustain structural profitability of an investment project, whose production activity depends on the market price of a number of underlying commodities. Depending on the fluctuating prices of these commodities, the activity will either continue until the project's profitability reaches a critical low level at which it is stopped and starts again when it becomes profitable. But, if the structural nonprofitability remains for a while, the investment project will face the risk to be abandoned or be definitely closed. We suggest a general probabilistic set up to model profitability as a function of the market price of a set of commodities, and find the related optimal strategy to sustain it, under the constraint that the project faces the abandonment risk when being nonprofitable under a fixed finite time interval. When the market price dynamics is described by a diffusion process, we show that the optimal strategy is related to viscosity solutions of a system of two variational inequalities with inter-connected obstacles.

  • 34.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Hamadène, Said
    Morlais, Marie-Amelie
    Optimal stopping of expected profit and cost yields in an investment under uncertainty2011In: Stochastics and Stochastics Reports, ISSN 1045-1129, E-ISSN 1029-0346, Vol. 83, no 4-6, p. 431-448Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider a finite horizon optimal stopping problem related to trade-off strategies between expected profit and cost cash flows of an investment under uncertainty. The optimal problem is first formulated in terms of a system of Snell envelopes for the profit and cost yields which act as obstacles to each other. We then construct both a minimal solution and a maximal solution using an approximation scheme of the associated system of reflected backward stochastic differential equations (SDEs). We also address the question of uniqueness of solutions of this system of SDEs. When the dependence of the cash flows on the sources of uncertainty, such as fluctuation market prices, assumed to evolve according to a diffusion process, is made explicit, we obtain a connection between these solutions and viscosity solutions of a system of variational inequalities with interconnected obstacles.

  • 35.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Hamdi, Ali
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    A full balance sheet two-mode optimal switching problem2015In: Stochastics: An International Journal of Probablitiy and Stochastic Processes, ISSN 1744-2508, E-ISSN 1744-2516, Vol. 87, no 4, p. 604-622Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We formulate and solve a finite horizon full balance sheet of a two-mode optimal switching problem related to trade-off strategies between expected profit and cost yields. Given the current mode, this model allows for either a switch to the other mode or termination of the project, and this happens for both sides of the balance sheet. A novelty in this model is that the related obstacles are nonlinear in the underlying yields, whereas, they are linear in the standard optimal switching problem. The optimal switching problem is formulated in terms of a system of Snell envelopes for the profit and cost yields which act as obstacles to each other. We prove the existence of a continuous minimal solution of this system using an approximation scheme and fully characterize the optimal switching strategy.

  • 36.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Hamdi, Ali
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    A Full Balance Sheet Two-modes Optimal Switching problemIn: Mathematical Methods of Operations Research, ISSN 1432-2994, E-ISSN 1432-5217Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We formulate and solve a finite horizon full balance sheet two-modes optimal switching problem related to trade-off strategies between expected profit and cost yields. The optimal switching problem is formulated in terms of a system of Snell envelopes for the profit and cost yields which act as obstacles to each other. We prove existence of a continuous minimal solution of this system using an approximation scheme and fully characterize the optimal switching strategy.

  • 37.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Hamdi, Ali
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    A Two-modes Mean-field Optimal Switching Problem for The Full Balance Sheet2014In: International Journal of Stochastic Analysis, ISSN 2090-3332, E-ISSN 2090-3340, article id 159519Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider the problem of switching a large number of production lines between two modes, high-production and low-production. The switching is based on the optimal expected profit and cost yields of the respective production lines, and considers both sides of the balance sheet. Furthermore, the production lines are all assumed to be interconnected through a coupling term, which is the average of all optimal expected yields. Intuitively, this means that each individual production line is compared to the average of all its peers which acts as a benchmark.

    Due to the complexity of the problem, we consider the aggregated optimal expected yields, where the coupling term is approximated with the mean of the optimal expected yields. This turns the problem into a two-modes optimal switching problem of mean-field type, which can be described by a system of Snell envelopes where the obstacles are interconnected and nonlinear.

    The main result of the paper is a proof of a continuous minimal solution to the system of Snell envelopes, as well as the full characterization of the optimal switching strategy.

  • 38.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Hilbert, A.
    Nassar, H.
    On the functional Hodrick-Prescott filter with non-compact operators2016In: Random Operators and Stochastic Equations, ISSN 0926-6364, E-ISSN 1569-397X, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 33-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study a version of the functional Hodrick-Prescott filter in the case when the associated operator is not necessarily compact but merely closed and densely defined with closed range. We show that the associated optimal smoothing operator preserves the structure obtained in the compact case when the underlying distribution of the data is Gaussian.

  • 39.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Huang, Minyi
    A Characterization of Sub-game Perfect Equilibria for SDEs of Mean-Field Type2016In: Dynamic Games and Applications, ISSN 2153-0785, E-ISSN 2153-0793, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 55-81Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study a class of dynamic decision problems of mean-field type with time-inconsistent cost functionals and derive a stochastic maximum principle to characterize sub-game perfect equilibrium points. Subsequently, this approach is extended to a mean-field game to construct decentralized strategies and obtain an estimate of their performance.

  • 40.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Hult, Henrik
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Nyquist, Pierre
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Importance sampling for a Markovian intensity model with applications to credit riskManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper considers importance sampling for estimation of rare-event probabilities in a Markovian intensity model for credit risk. The main contribution is the design of efficient importance sampling algorithms using subsolutions of a certain Hamilton-Jacobi equation. For certain instances of the credit risk model the proposed algorithm is proved to be asymptotically optimal. The computational gain compared to standard Monte Carlo is illustrated by numerical experiments.

  • 41.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Hult, Henrik
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Nyquist, Pierre
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Min-max representations of viscosity solutions of Hamilton-Jacobi equations and applications in rare-event simulationManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper a duality relation between the Mañé potential and Mather's action functional is derived in the context of convex and state-dependent Hamiltonians. The duality relation is used to obtain min-max representations of viscosity solutions of first order Hamilton-Jacobi equations. These min-max representations naturally suggest classes of subsolutions of Hamilton-Jacobi equations that arise in the theory of large deviations. The subsolutions, in turn, are good candidates for designing efficient rare-event simulation algorithms.

  • 42.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Hörfelt, Per
    Standard approaches to asset and liability risk2005In: Scandinavian Actuarial Journal, ISSN 0346-1238, E-ISSN 1651-2030, Vol. 5, p. 377-400Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We compare two different valuation models for assets and liabilitiesthat can be considered in the standard approach to solvency assessmentand in particular, in determining the required target capital. The firstmodel is suggested by a joint working party by members in CEA, Comit´eEurop´een des Assurances, and is based on the duration concept and thesecond one is based on ideas from Arbitrage Pricing Theory (APT). Anapplication of these valuation approaches to two specific insurance contractsone from life insurance and another from vehicle insurance showsthat, among other things, the duration-based approach to solvency assessmentsuggests larger target capital requirement than the one based onAPT.

  • 43.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Löfdahl, Björn
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    A hidden Markov approach to disability insuranceManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Point and interval estimation of future disability inception and recovery rates are predominantly carried out by combining generalized linear models (GLM) with time series forecasting techniques into a two-step method involving parameter estimation from historical data and subsequent calibration of a time series model. This approach may in fact lead to both conceptual and numerical problems since any time trend components of the model are incoherently treated as both model parameters and realizations of a stochastic process. We suggest that this general two-step approach can be improved in the following way: First, we assume a stochastic process form for the time trend component. The corresponding transition densities are then incorporated into the likelihood, and the model parameters are estimated using the Expectation-Maximization algorithm. We illustrate the modelling procedure by fitting the model to Swedish disability claims data.

  • 44.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.).
    Löfdahl, Björn
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.).
    A Hidden Markov Approach to Disability Insurance2018In: North American Actuarial Journal, ISSN 1092-0277, E-ISSN 2325-0453, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 119-136Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Point and interval estimation of future disability inception and recovery rates is predominantly carried out by combining generalized linear models with time series forecasting techniques into a two-step method involving parameter estimation from historical data and subsequent calibration of a time series model. This approach may lead to both conceptual and numerical problems since any time trend components of the model are incoherently treated as both model parameters and realizations of a stochastic process. We suggest that this general two-step approach can be improved in the following way: First, we assume a stochastic process form for the time trend component. The corresponding transition densities are then incorporated into the likelihood, and the model parameters are estimated using the Expectation-Maximization algorithm. We illustrate the modeling procedure by fitting the model to Swedish disability claims data.

  • 45.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.).
    Löfdahl, Björn
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.).
    Aggregation of 1-year risks in life and disability insurance2016In: Annals of Actuarial Science, ISSN 1748-4995, E-ISSN 1748-5002, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 203-221Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider large insurance portfolios consisting of life or disability insurance policies that are assumed independent, conditional on a stochastic process representing the economic-demographic environment. Using the conditional law of large numbers, we show that when the portfolio of liabilities becomes large enough, its value on a delta-year horizon can be approximated by a functional of the environment process. Based on this representation, we derive a semi-analytical approximation of the systematic risk quantiles of the future liability value for a homogeneous portfolio when the environment is represented by a one-factor diffusion process. For the multi-factor diffusion case, we propose two different risk aggregation techniques for a portfolio consisting of large, homogeneous pools. We give numerical results comparing the resulting capital charges with the Solvency II standard formula, based on disability claims data from the Swedish insurance company Folksam.

  • 46.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Löfdahl, Björn
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Aggregation of one-year risks in life and disability insuranceManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Löfdahl, Björn
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Nonlinear reserving in life insurance: Aggregation and mean-field approximation2016In: Insurance, Mathematics & Economics, ISSN 0167-6687, E-ISSN 1873-5959, Vol. 69, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We suggest a unified approach to claims reserving for life insurance policies with reserve-dependent payments driven by multi-state Markov chains. The associated prospective reserve is formulated as a recursive utility function using the framework of backward stochastic differential equations (BSDE). We show that the prospective reserve satisfies a nonlinear Thiele equation for Markovian BSDEs when the driver is a deterministic function of the reserve and the underlying Markov chain. Aggregation of prospective reserves for large and homogeneous insurance portfolios is considered through mean-field approximations. We show that the corresponding prospective reserve satisfies a BSDE of mean-field type and derive the associated nonlinear Thiele equation.

  • 48.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Löfdahl, Björn
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Nonlinear reserving in life insurance: aggregation and mean-field approximationManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Löfdahl, Björn
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Risk aggregation and stochastic claims reserving in disability insurance2014In: Insurance, Mathematics & Economics, ISSN 0167-6687, E-ISSN 1873-5959, Vol. 59, p. 100-108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider a large, homogeneous portfolio of life or disability annuity policies. The policies are assumed to be independent conditional on an external stochastic process representing the economic-demographic environment. Using a conditional law of large numbers, we establish the connection between claims reserving and risk aggregation for large portfolios. Further, we derive a partial differential equation for moments of present values. Moreover, we show how statistical multi-factor intensity models can be approximated by one-factor models, which allows for solving the PDEs very efficiently. Finally, we give a numerical example where moments of present values of disability annuities are computed using finite-difference methods and Monte Carlo simulations.

  • 50.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
    Mezerdi, Brahim
    Chighoub, Farid
    The stochastic maximum principle in optimal control of degenerate diffusions with non-smooth coefficients2009In: Random Operators and Stochastic Equations, ISSN 0926-6364, E-ISSN 1569-397X, Vol. 17, p. 35-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For a controlled stochastic di¤erential equation with a …nite horizon cost functional,a necessary conditions for optimal control of degenerate di¤usions with non smooth coe¢ cients isderived. The main idea is to show that the SDES admit a unique linearized version interpreted as itsdistributional derivative with respect to the initial condition, we use technique of Bouleau-Hirsch onabsolute contunuity of probability measures in order to de…ne the adjoint process on an extension ofthe initial probability space.

12 1 - 50 of 60
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