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  • 1.
    Assefa, Getachew
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Glaumann, Mauritz
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Eriksson, O.
    Quality versus impact: Comparing the environmental efficiency of building properties using the EcoEffect tool2010In: Building and Environment, ISSN 0360-1323, E-ISSN 1873-684X, Vol. 45, no 5, p. 1095-1103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are tools that are developed for the assessment of the environmental impact of buildings (e.g. ATHENA). Other tools dealing with the indoor and outdoor environmental quality of building properties (referred to as real estates in other literature) are also available (e.g. GBTool). A platform where both the aspects of quality and impact are presented in an integrated fashion are few. The aim of this contribution is to present how the performance of different building properties can be assessed and compared using the concept of environmental efficiency in a Swedish assessment tool called EcoEffect. It presents the quality dimension in the form of users' satisfaction covering indoor and outdoor performance features against the weighted environmental impact covering global and local impacts. The indoor and outdoor values are collected using questionnaires combined with inspection and some measurements. Life cycle methodology is behind the calculation of the weighted external environmental impact. A case study is presented to show the application of EcoEffect using a comparative assessment of Lindas and a Reference property. The results show that Lindas block is better in internal environment quality than the Reference property. It performs slightly worse than the Reference property in the external environmental impact due to emissions and waste from energy and material use. The approach of integrated presentation of quality and impact as in EcoEffect provides with the opportunity of uncovering issues problem shifting and sub-optimisation. This avoids undesirable situations where the indoor quality is improved through measures that result in higher external environmental impact.

  • 2.
    Assefa, Getachew
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology.
    Glaumann, Mauritz
    Department of Technology and Built Environment, University of Gävle.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies (moved 20130630).
    Kindembe, Beatrice Isampete
    Department of Technology and Built Environment, University of Gävle.
    Hult, M.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Landscape Architecture, Uppsala.
    Myhr, U.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Landscape Architecture, Uppsala.
    Eriksson, O.
    Department of Technology and Built Environment, University of Gävle.
    Environmental assessment of building properties — Where natural and social sciences meet: the case of EcoEffect2007In: Building and Environment, ISSN 0360-1323, E-ISSN 1873-684X, Vol. 42, no 3, p. 1458-1464Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The EcoEffect method of assessing external and internal impacts of building properties is briefly described. The external impacts of manufacturing and transport of the building materials, the generation of power and heat consumed during the operation phase are assessed using life-cycle methodology. Emissions and waste; natural resource depletion and toxic substances in building materials are accounted for. Here methodologies from natural sciences are employed. The internal impacts involve the assessment of the risk for discomfort and ill-being due to features and properties of both the indoor environment and outdoor environment within the boundary of the building properties. This risk is calculated based on data and information from questionnaires; measurements and inspection where methodologies mainly from social sciences are used. Life-cycle costs covering investment and utilities costs as well as maintenance costs summed up over the lifetime of the building are also calculated.

    The result presentation offers extensive layers of diagrams and data tables ranging from an aggregated diagram of environmental efficiency to quantitative indicators of different aspects and factors. Environmental efficiency provides a relative measure of the internal quality of a building property in relation to its external impact vis-à-vis its performance relative to other building properties.

  • 3.
    Berglund, D.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering.
    Kharazmi, Parastou
    Miliutenko, S.
    Björk, Folke
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.
    Comparative life-cycle assessment for renovation methods of waste water sewerage systems for apartment buildings2018In: Journal of Building Engineering, ISSN 2352-7102, Vol. 19, p. 98-108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This comparative life-cycle assessment highlights three main alternatives for renovation of waste water sewerage: pipe replacement, cured- in- place pipe (CIPP) lining (also called sliplining) and renovation by coatings. The functional unit of this study is a six-story block house that was built in 1960 and has 29 apartments. The characterized results of environmental impacts display an advantage for CIPP-lining over pipe replacement in 14 of the 18 studied impact categories. Regarding those categories in which impacts were comparatively large, when looking at the average impact from a European citizen according to the ReCiPe methodology for life cycle inventory list, pipe replacement has greater impacts than CIPP-lining. In general, the impacts of pipe replacement are related to new tiles, expanded polyester cement, the screed, and the material for waterproofing, as well as the electricity needed for drying the structure. The CIPP-lining method displays higher impacts than pipe replacement in just four categories. These impacts are, to a large extent, caused by the use of consumables such as gloves and cotton cloths. From an LCA-perspective, the study shows that the CIPP and coatings relining methods have advantages over pipe replacement under the condition that the technical lifetime is the same for these methods. Still, the uncertainty of service life, as well as Bisphenol A (BPA) emissions, remain as issues of concern for further study. There are also other differences among the alternatives that ultimately influence a property owner's choice of method, such as costs, inconvenience for the residents, renewal of bathroom interiors, and the way in which the property owner values the alternative technologies.

  • 4. Birgisdottir, H.
    et al.
    Moncaster, A.
    Wiberg, A. Houlihan
    Chae, C.
    Yokoyama, K.
    Balouktsi, M.
    Seo, S.
    Oka, T.
    Luetzkendorf, T.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Sustainability Assessment and Management.
    IEA ESC annex 57 'evaluation of embodied energy and CO2eq for building construction'2017In: Energy and Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788, E-ISSN 1872-6178, Vol. 154, p. 72-80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The current regulations to reduce energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from buildings have focused on operational energy consumption. Thus legislation excludes measurement and reduction of the embodied energy and embodied GHG emissions over the building life cycle. Embodied impacts are a significant and growing proportion and it is increasingly recognised that the focus on reducing operational energy consumption needs to be accompanied by a parallel focus on reducing embodied impacts. Over the last six years the Annex 57 has 'addressed this issue, with researchers from 15 countries working together to develop a detailed understanding of the multiple calculation methods and the interpretation of their results. Based on an analysis of 80 case studies, Annex 57 showed various inconsistencies in current methodological approaches, which inhibit comparisons of results and difficult development of robust reduction strategies. Reinterpreting the studies through an understanding of the methodological differences enabled the cases to be used to demonstrate a number of important strategies for the reduction of embodied impacts. Annex 57 has also produced clear recommendations for uniform definitions and templates which improve the description of system boundaries, completeness of inventory and quality of data, and consequently the transparency of embodied impact assessments.

  • 5.
    Bradley, Karin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Fauré, Eléonore
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.
    Finnveden, Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.
    Fuehrer, Paul
    Gunnarsson Östling, Ulrika
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.
    Hagbert, Pernilla
    Hornborg, Alf
    Isaksson, Karolina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.
    Svenfelt, Åsa
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Öhlund, Erika
    Därför är ekonomisk tillväxt en risk2016In: Dagens samhälle, ISSN 1652-6511, no 9 marArticle, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Brown, Nils
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Bai, Wei
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Björk, Folke
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Molinari, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology.
    Sustainability assessment of Renovation for Increased End-use Energy Efficiency for Multi-family Buildings in Sweden2011In: Proceedings of 6th World Sustainable Building Conference, SB11, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Brown, Nils
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.
    Wintzell, Helene
    Owner organizations' value-creation strategies through environmental certification of buildings2016In: Building Research & Information, ISSN 0961-3218, E-ISSN 1466-4321, Vol. 44, no 8, p. 863-874Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The existing literature (mostly referencing heuristics of the valuation profession) provides little evidence on how property owners and managers themselves perceive value creation from environmental certification (EC) of buildings. To address this issue, questionnaire and interview data from non-residential EC building owners in Sweden are gathered and related in a strategy map' that explains their perceived value creation from EC. The mapping process also considers the four standard perspectives of the balanced scorecard, prompting researchers and owners to evaluate EC in terms of its contribution to long-term strategy, measuring it according to financial and non-financial metrics of organizational performance. The study confirmed that tenant demand is an important EC driver for property owners (particularly for large organizations) and therefore that increased EC awareness amongst tenants is important for EC and for further value creation. It was found that tool developers, property owners and valuers could all benefit from more closely aligning valuers' documentation requirements with those for accreditation with EC tools. Energy efficiency contributes significantly to value creation, but owners use energy management programs in addition to EC, possibly as a result of the performance gap phenomenon.

  • 8.
    Brown, Nils
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.
    Wintzell, Helene
    Value creation for tenants in environmentally certified buildings2016In: Building Research & Information, ISSN 0961-3218, E-ISSN 1466-4321Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research suggests that environmental certification (EC) affects rental rates in non-residential buildings, but there is still little understanding of how tenants differentiate such buildings from those without EC. This paper examines whether and how tenants perceive value creation in EC premises in Sweden. The findings (based on 29 questionnaire responses and 14 interviews with tenants in EC buildings) inform landlords and tenants on the development of EC strategies for improved organizational outcomes. EC creates value for tenants principally as support for their environmental management and reporting (e.g., low energy demand). EC is important for tenants internally, raising employee environmental awareness and improving employee attraction and retention. Tenants are generally positive about employee morale, indoor environmental quality (IEQ) and rental costs. However, it is not clear if such perceptions are dependent on features of modern premises in general, such as new fixtures, fittings and furnishings, and space-efficiency or from some EC-related feature. Tenants do not identify health or productivity increase in their EC premises. Findings suggest that the research focus should be shifted from investigating health and productivity increases through IEQ improvement to understanding the motivational improvement through value alignment with employees through EC.

  • 9.
    Brown, Nils
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Olsson, Stefan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Screening of globalwarming potential due to material production for renovation measures for 50 % decrease innet energy demand of existing stock of residential buildings in SwedenManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Brown, Nils W. O.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies (moved 20130630).
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies (moved 20130630).
    Bai, Wei
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies (moved 20130630).
    Molinari, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology.
    Sustainability assessment of renovation packages for increased energy efficiency for multi-family buildings in Sweden2012In: Building and Environment, ISSN 0360-1323, E-ISSN 1873-684X, Vol. 61, p. 140-148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we propose a method for assessing renovation packages drawn up with the goal of increasing energy efficiency. The method includes calculation of bought energy demand, life-cycle cost (LCC) analysis and assessment of the building according to the Swedish environmental rating tool Miljöbyggnad (MB). In this way the methodology assesses economic, indoor environmental quality (IEQ) and specifically environmental aspects associated with energy demand of such packages from a sustainability point-of-view. Through MB, energy efficiency packages are placed in context with other necessary measures required to improve environmental performance in buildings, providing a consistent and systematic basis other than simply financial performance by which to compare capital improvements. The method is further explained and analyzed by applying it in three case studies. In each case study a multi-family building representing a typologically significant class in the Swedish building stock is considered, and for each building a base case and two renovation packages with higher initial investment requirement and higher energy efficiency are defined. It is shown that higher efficiency packages can impact IEQ indicators both positively and negatively and that packages reducing energy demand by approx. 50% have somewhat higher LCC. Identified positive IEQ impacts point to added value for packages that may not otherwise be communicated, while negative impacts identify areas where packages need to be improved, or where MB indicators may be referred to as specifications in procurement procedures.

  • 11.
    Brown, Nils W. O.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Wintzell, Helene
    Mervärden för fastighetsägare vid miljöcertifiering av byggnader – en enkätstudie av fastighetsägare medmiljöcertifierade lokalfastigheter2014Report (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Brown, Nils W. O.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Wintzell, Helene
    HWz Miljö och Ledarskap AB.
    Miljöcertifiering och mervärden: Vad säger svenska lokalfastighetsägare?2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste 5 åren har miljöcertifiering för byggnader i Sverige tagit fart ordentligt. Det inhemska verktyget Miljöbyggnad är klart populärast, men LEED och en svensk BREEAM-version används också mycket. I vissa delar av västvärlden har miljöcertifiering för byggnader varit en företeelse i minst 15 år och erfarenheterna i form av olika mervärden av certifiering har studerats i ett antal forskningsstudier. Forskningen hittills har framför allt utgått ifrån att noggrann värdering av miljöcertifiering och hållbarhetsaspekter generellt är viktig för att rapportera tillgångars värde. Mindre uppmärksamhet har ägnats åt hur miljöcertifieringen kan påverka fastighetsägarföretag från ett bredare värdeskapande perspektiv.

    Det finns i dagsläget tillräckligt många svenska miljöcertifierade byggnader för att kunna undersöka hur mervärde hos svenska fastighetsägare skapas genom miljöcertifiering. Arbetets syfte är därför att visa om och i så fall hur svenska fastighetsägare upplever mervärde från miljöcertifiering utifrån ett brett verksamhetsperspektiv. Arbetet avser också att samla praktiska erfarenheter om mervärde från miljöcertifiering.

    Studien bygger på  en nätbaserad enkät och intervjuer. Enkäten har använts för  att samla information om möjliga mervärden, vilka definierats i förväg av forskargruppen med bas i den befintliga litteraturen. Målgruppen för enkäten var representanter för fastighetsägare med direkt erfarenhet av en svensk miljöcertifierad lokalbyggnad.. Enkäten skickades till representanter för 65 byggnader, och kompletta svar kom in från 31. Semi-strukturerade intervjuer har använts för att få levande exempel på specifika upplevda mervärden samt att ställa följdfrågor kring vilka förutsättningarna eller omständigheterna är/var för att dessa nyttor faktiskt skulle uppkomma alternativt varför de inte uppkommer. 15 personer intervjuades, där varje person hade direkt erfarenhet av en svensk miljöcertifierad lokalbyggnad.

    Intervjuer bekräftar enkätresultat att det klaraste mervärdet utifrån driftkostnads och -intäktsperspektivet är minskade energikostnader. Resultat från enkätundersökningen gällande hyresnivå och försäljningspris stämmer överens med tidigare utländska statistiska studier. Dessa mervärden förväntas öka i framtiden enligt enkätsvaren. Samtidigt visar intervjuer att de mervärdena samt vakansgraden, en annan faktor som styr driftinkomsterna, inte upplevs i klara ekonomiska termer. Snarare talar man om att miljöcertifieringen medför ett mervärde genom att den etablerar byggnaden i en nischmarknad för hyresgäster såväl som för investerare. Denna nischmarknad håller på att utvecklas så att miljöcertifieringen i framtiden kommer att ses som ett hygienkrav snarare än en ”unique selling point” som det har varit för de undersökta tidiga exemplen.

    Övriga viktiga mervärden enligt intervjuer med stöd av enkätresultat är att miljöcertifieringen underlättar kommunikationen av miljöfrågor i byggprojekt, företagsledning, fastighetsförvaltning och vid marknadsföring. Exempelvis kan man bättre kommunicera mål för miljöarbetet i byggprojekt som i sin tur enligt de intervjuade leder till bättre materialval, en högre kvalité hos byggnaden och bättre dokumentation över inbyggda material. Det senare leder dessutom till en lättare försäljningsprocess enligt en intervju. Studierna visar att miljöcertifieringen har lett till att miljöstyrning blivit en allt mer integrerad del i affärsstrategin vilket har understrukits av att ett flertal kommersiella företag numera har tagit beslut om miljöcertifiering på högst ledningsnivå. I fastighetsförvaltningen har man fått en bättre struktur på miljöarbetet med hjälp av miljöcertifieringen. Slutligen visar intervjuerna flera exempel där miljöcertifieringen har gett mycket positiv marknadsföring, exempelvis med en hög mediesynlighet, en ledande roll i internationella branschnätverk och ett gott rykte bland övriga i branschen.

    Med grund i enkät- och intervjuresultaten kan de uppkomna mervärdena delas in i tre separata men kopplade kategorier som handlar om hur miljöcertifiering skapar mervärden: ”miljösatsningarnas mervärde” syftar till mervärden som uppkommer direkt från en specifik miljösatsning som miljöcertifieringen föreskriver. Ett exempel är lägre energikostnader från en effektiv energianvändning. ”Process mervärde” uppkommer genom miljöcertifieringens struktur och kriterier som underlättar miljö- och kvalitetsstyrningsprocesser för byggprojektledning, fastighetsförvaltning och företagsledning. För det tredje uppkommer ”certifieringsmervärde” genom själva märkningen i sig som grundar sig på certifieringverktygens trovärdighet och kännedomen om certifieringssystemet. Det tydligaste mervärdet här för fastighetsägare är att kunna bemöta krav om en byggnad med en specifik certifiering från önskvärda hyresgäster.

    Utifrån det samlade intervjumaterialet kan man skönja tre typer av inriktningar när fastighetsägare tillämpar miljöcertifiering.  ”Marknadsledare” som kännetecknas av att man framhållersjälva certifieringens mervärden starkt. Mervärde för denna typ uppkommer främst genom konkurrensfördelar av att attrahera önskvärda hyresgäster, vid försäljning och genom varumärkesbyggande. Detta yttrar sig i bibehållna (eller ökade) ränteintäkter, minskad vakansgrad och ökat transaktionsvärde. Enligt intervjustudien är det främst stora privata företag med kontorsfastigheter i storstäder som har denna inriktning. Denna grupp anses vara ledande i den mening att företagsledningarna har fattat beslut om att applicera miljöcertifiering på t.ex. all nybyggnation.

    ”Samhällsledare” är organisationer vars strategiska inriktning påverkas av eventuella politiska krav eller som ett utfall av att man är en offentligägd organisation som förväntas bidra till samhällets mål och intentioner i största allmänhet. Här framhåller man starkt mervärden i form av den förbättrade byggprocess som tillämpningen av certifieringsverktyget ger. Det viktigaste identifierade mervärdesexemplet för denna strategi handlar om en bättre målstyrning som slår igenom i relationer med konsulter m fl. i byggprojekt samt i att kommunicera och etablera miljöarbetet internt.  Enligt intervjuerna leder dessa processförbättringar främst till en byggnad med högre kvalité och bättre kunskap i förvaltningen vad gäller inbyggda material. Typiskt för en sådan organisation är att de är offentligägda och inhyser offentlig verksamhet, exempelvis vård eller utbildning. Denna grupp anses vara ledande i den meningen att man har applicerat miljöcertifieringen mycket medvetet och ibland har man fattat beslut om det på högsta ledningsnivå.

    Den sista strategiska inriktningen bedömer vi inte som lika pådrivande som de två förstnämnda. En grupp kallar vi för ”kompetensutvecklare” och bland de intervjuade organisationerna finns det exempel inom denna grupp som är mer marknadsinriktade och de som är mer samhällsinriktade. Dessa fastighetsägare har gemensamt att de inte (i vår tolkning av intervjusvaren) har så tydligt uttryckta syften vad gäller mervärden från miljöcertifieringen som de inriktningar vi bedömer som pådrivande. En fråga är om det är en avsiktlig strategi för dessa organisationer att låta övriga gå före, eller om vi har intervjuat dessa organisationer medan de bygger upp den interna kompetensen för att vara mera pådrivande vad gäller miljöcertifieringen i en nära framtid. 

    Det ska noteras här att samtliga strategiska indelningar som vi har sett har möjlighet att få ut mervärde från specifika miljösatsningar. Främst av dessa är minskade energikostnader genom energieffektivitet, men det finns också de som kopplas till t.ex. materialval och dagsljus. Beroende på strategisk inriktning kan olika miljöcertifieringar vara mer eller mindre lämpliga för att ut mesta mervärden till lägsta kostnad. ”Marknadsledarna” får i dagsläget störst mervärde från internationella verktyg jämfört med övriga identifierade inriktningar. Frågan är emellertid hur situationen är om några år. Flera intervjuade talar om att miljöcertifiering snart (eller i princip redan är) hygienkrav på kontorsmarknaden i storstadsområden. Detta kan leda till att fler fastighetsägare behöver lära sig och överväga att tillämpa även andra system än Miljöbyggnad ganska snart. Samtidigt finns en risk då tillämpningen av miljöcertifiering blir en viktig affärsstrategisk komponent att verktygen inte styr mot hög miljöprestanda utan mer mot högsta möjliga mervärde. 

    Analysen här har också visat att det finns goda grunder för att etablera kopplingar mellan mervärde som man får från miljöcertifiering och organisationers värdeskapande arbete som avses att ge finansiell nytta på sikt. Dessa kopplingar kommer att vidareutvecklas i det fortsatta projektarbetet. I fortsättningen görs också en enkät och intervjuer med hyresgäster för lokalfastigheter. Dessutom gör vi en fördjupning kring offentliga aktörer.

  • 13.
    Brown, Nils W. O.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Olsson, Stefan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Embodied greenhouse gas emissions from refurbishment of residential building stock to achieve a 50% operational energy reduction2014In: Building and Environment, ISSN 0360-1323, E-ISSN 1873-684X, Vol. 79, p. 46-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mitigating climate change through operational energy reduction in existing buildings is of highest priority for policy-makers in Europe and elsewhere. At the same time there is increasing understanding of the significance of impacts arising from material production for buildings. The aim of this work has therefore been to evaluate the importance of embodied GWP for refurbishment for operational energy reduction on a stockwide basis. It is further intended to judge the relative significance of embodied GWP for specific refurbishment measures implemented for operational energy reduction. We study the case of operational energy reduction in the Swedish residential building stock by 50% compared to 1995. The total embodied GWP to achieve the noted operational energy reduction is 0.35 Mt CO2-e/year. 83% of this total is due to ventilation and window measures alone. Compared with previous studies assessing GWP mitigation from operational energy reduction, the "GWP payback time" is just over 3 years. Many types of measure that contribute significantly to achieving the above operational energy goal had average embodied GWP between 10 and 20 g CO2-e/kW h operational energy reduction, notably window and ventilation measures. Indoor temperature reduction (to 20 degrees C), was also significant for stockwide operational energy reduction but had a very low GWP of 0.4 g CO2-e/kW h operational energy reduction. If this measure proves unfeasible to implement on a stockwide basis then more expensive measures with higher embodied GWP will be needed to achieve the stated energy reduction goal.

  • 14.
    Brunklaus, Birgit
    et al.
    Chalmers University, dep of Environmental Systems analysis.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Baumann, Henrikke
    Chalmers University, dep of Environmental Systems Analysis.
    Managing Stakeholders or the Environment?: The Challenge of Relating Indicators in Practice2008In: Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, ISSN 1535-3958, E-ISSN 1535-3966, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 27-37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many organizations present their environmental work in the form of annual reports and use the indicators in them for follow-up. However, internal communication and management is needed for environmental improvements. The indicators found in reports may be suitable for external communication, but are they also suitable internally and operationally?

    This article reviews the existing literature on environmental indicators.  With the help of an operational approach, from organisation theory, and a life-cycle approach, indicators are analysed. The analysis shows that formulating indicators for internal management is not an easy task; available guidelines are of little help. It is concluded that the environment can be managed internally by relating indicators. Therefore, an additional set of indicators for internal management and a wider responsibility for the life cycle are recommended. The analysis and recommendations are illustrated with examples drawn from the field of property management.

  • 15.
    Finnveden, Göran
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Carlsson, P-O
    Wintzell, H
    Glaumann, Mauritz
    University of Gävle.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Eriksson, M
    Erlandsson, M
    Linholm, T
    Ohring, I
    Svenfelt, Åsa
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Andersson, J
    Malmström, T.-G
    Testfasen i miljöklassningsprojekten2007Report (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Finnveden, Göran
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Glaumann, Mauritz
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Svenfelt, Åsa
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Carlsson, P.-O
    Erlandsson, M
    Andersson, J
    Wintzell, H
    Lindholm, T
    Malmström, T.-G
    A Swedish Environmental rating Tool for Buildings2009In: Programme Book of SETAC 15th LCA Case Studies Symposium, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Finnveden, Göran
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Toller, Susanna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Wadeskog, A
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Carlsson, A
    Bygg- och fastighetssektorns miljöpåverkan2009Report (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Glaumann, Mauritz
    et al.
    University of Gävle.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Assessing the environmental efficiency of Buildings2005In: Methodologies in housing research / [ed] Vestbro, D-U., Hürol, Y., and Wilkinson, N, Tyne&Wear, Great Britain: The Urban International Press , 2005Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Glaumann, Mauritz
    et al.
    University of Gävle.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Miljövärdering av bebyggelse – EcoEffect-metoden: Bakgrund och sammanfattande beskrivning2007Report (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Glaumann, Mauritz
    et al.
    University of Gävle.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Peuportier, Bruno
    Wetzel, Christian
    Scarpellini, Sabina
    Zabalza, Ignacio
    Dias de Garayo, Sergio
    Staller, Heimo
    Krigsvoll, Guri
    Stoykova, Evelina
    Horvath, Sarah
    Szalay, Zsuzsa
    Degiovanni, Valeria
    GUIDELINES FOR LCA CALCULATIONS IN EARLY DESIGN PHASES2010Report (Other academic)
  • 21. Glaumann, Mauritz
    et al.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Peuportier, Bruno
    ARMINES.
    Wetzel, Christian
    CALCON.
    Scarpellini, Sabina
    CIRCE.
    Zabalza, Ignacio
    CIRCE.
    Díaz de Garayo, Sergio
    CIRCE.
    Staller, Heimo
    IFZ.
    Krigsvoll, Guri
    SINTEF.
    Stoykova, Evelina
    SEC.
    Horváth, Sarah
    EMI.
    Zsuzsa Szalay, EMI, Zsuzsa Szalay, EMI
    Zsuzsa Szalay, EMI.
    Degiovanni, Valeria
    ECOFYS.
    Riktlinjer för LCA beräkningar i tidiga byggnadsskeden2010Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Glaumann, Mauritz
    et al.
    University of Gävle.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Svenfelt, Åsa
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Carlson, Per-Olof
    Erlandsson, Martin
    Andersson, Johnny
    Wintzell, Helene
    Finnveden, Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Lindholm, Torbjörn
    Malmström, Tor-Göran
    Miljöklassning av byggnader: Slutrapport2008Report (Other academic)
  • 23. Glaumann, Mauritz
    et al.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies (moved 20130630).
    Wallhagen, Marita
    Miljöklassning och miljöpåverkan2009In: Fastighetsnytt, ISSN 1104-8913, no 6Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24.
    Glaumann, Mauritz
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Wallhagen, Marita
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Selecting environmental assessment tool for buildings2011In: Proceedings of 6th World Sustainable Building Conference, SB11 Helsinki, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Glaumann, Mauritz
    et al.
    University of Gävle.
    Svenfelt, Åsa
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Finnveden, Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies (moved 20130630).
    Eriksson, O
    Development of an environmental classification system for buildings through a new kind of dialogue between stakeholders and researchers2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Glaumann, Mauritz
    et al.
    University of Gävle.
    Svenfelt, Åsa
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Finnveden, Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Eriksson, Ola
    University of Gävle.
    Development of an environmental rating tool for buildings through a new kind of dialogue between stakeholders and researchers2009In: Archnet-IJAR : International Journal of Architectural Research, ISSN 1994-6961, E-ISSN 1938-7806, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 116-130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Buildings need to be more environmentally benign since the building sector is responsible for about 40% of all of energy and material use in Sweden. For this reason a unique cooperation between companies, municipalities and the Government called “Building-Living and Property Management for the future”, in short “The Building Living Dialogue” has going on since 2003. The project focuses on: a) healthy indoor environment, b) efficient use of energy, and c) efficient resource management. In accordance with the dialogue targets, two research projects were initiated aiming at developing an Environmental rating tool taking into accounts both building sector requirements and expectations and national and interna-tional research findings. This paper describes the first phase in the development work where stake-holders and researchers cooperate. It includes results from inventories and based on this experience discusses procedures for developing assessment tools and what the desirable features of a broadly accepted building rating tool could be.

  • 27.
    Hult, Marie
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Miljövärdering av bebyggelse.: Innemiljövärdering EcoEffect-metoden2008Report (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Kharazmi, Parastou
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE).
    Berglund, Daniel
    KTH.
    Miliutenko, Sofiia
    KTH.
    Björk, Folke
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Sustainability Assessment and Management.
    Comparative life-cycle assessment for renovation methods of waste water sewerage systems for apartment buildingss - Appendix on data and how life-cycle assessment was modeled in the LCA toolset SimaPro for the article2018Data set
  • 29.
    Liljenström, Carolina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Resource use and greenhouse gas emissions of office fit-outs - A case study2016In: CESB 2016 - Central Europe Towards Sustainable Building 2016: Innovations for Sustainable Future, Grada Publishing, 2016, p. 182-189Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper was to investigate the type and quantity of material resources used and waste generated in an office fit-out project, and to quantif' the embodied energy and greenhouse gas emissions associated with the fit-out. The study was performed for an office lit-out project, typical for large property owners and attractive office premises, in an office building in central Stockholm, Sweden. The total embodied greenhouse gas emissions of the fit-out project amounted to 74.5 kg C02-equivalents/m2 and the total embodied energy to 1 .7 Gum2. Depending on frequency of fit-outs, the embodied greenhouse gas emissions and energy of fit-outs could exceed the embodied greenhouse gas emissions and energy of the initial construction or operational energy use seen in a life-cycle perspective.

  • 30.
    Liljenström, Carolina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Erlandsson, Martin
    IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet.
    Fredén, Johanna
    IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet.
    Adolfsson, Ida
    IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet.
    Larsson, Gustav
    Skanska Sverige AB, Grön affärsutveckling.
    Brogren, Maria
    Sveriges Byggindustrier.
    Byggandets klimatpåverkan: Livscykelberäkning av klimatpåverkan och energianvändning för ett nyproducerat energieffektivt flerbostadshus i betong2015Report (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Lind, Jonas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies. Sweden Green Building Council.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Wangel, Josefin
    KTH. SLU.
    Belkert, Ann-Kristin
    Sweden Green Building Council, Sweden.
    Citylab Action: Guiding Sustainable Urban Development2017In: Conference Proceedings - World Sustainable Built Environment Conference 2017 Hong Kong, Hongkong, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategic Analysis.
    Environmental rating methods: selecting indoor environmental quality (IEQ) aspects and indicators2008In: Building Research & Information, ISSN 0961-3218, E-ISSN 1466-4321, Vol. 36, no 5, p. 466-485Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is often unclear whether environmental rating methods for buildings assess the most significant environmental aspects or if other considerations lie behind the choice of assessment aspects in specific methods. In the development of a comprehensive Swedish environmental rating method for buildings, a number of approaches for selecting environmental aspects in a method were tested. These include basing the selection on the severity and extent of problems, on official objectives, on mandatory rules, and on current practice. Once aspects, or rather building-related health problems, are selected, possible indicators for monitoring these problems can be tested with regard to theoretical and practical criteria in order to understand better the strengths and limitations of different indicators. The analyses in the paper are limited to indoor environmental quality (IEQ) and thus cover extensive reviews of current IEQ methods, Swedish objectives, and legislation as well as the severity and extent of IEQ problems. The results show that depending on the chosen approach, different numbers of aspects turn out to be significant. The approaches for prioritizing aspects suggested here can be used, preferably in combination. An aspect can be seen as motivated for inclusion in a method if many of the approaches suggest its significance.

     

  • 33.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Infrastructure.
    Fastighetsförvaltning med miljöproblemen i fokus: om miljöstyrning och uppföljning av minskad miljöpåverkan i fastighetsförvaltande organisationer2004Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Many of our most important and debated environmental problems of today have a tight relationship to the built environment. Examples are energy use, diffusion of chemical compounds through building materials and products and negative health impacts caused by emissions to indoor environments. Systematic work with such issues practiced in environmental management systems has become more and more common in companies, also in real estate companies. A series of studies have been exploring whether the application of environmental management systems also effectively ascertain reduced environmental impact. It has turned out that in many cases, this was not even possible to evaluate, since follow-up procedures often are insufficient.

    The purpose of this project was to study environmental management in real estate companies and to come up with ideas on how this practice could benefit from improved follow-up of environmental impact. In the first part of the project, nine real estate companies of different types were studied through deep interviews and document analysis. The companies were primarily chosen because they were considered to have an ambitious environmental management practice. And even though many of the companies also were very ambitious, the results indicate that it is difficult to draw conclusions concerning improvements in terms of reduced environmental impact. The formulation of targets and objectives with unclear relation to reduced environmental impact is an important reason. A result is that follow-up of improvements is pursued in diverse ways and this is mainly due to the difficulties of relating company activities to environmental impact.

    In the second part of the project a case study of a real estate unit (a housing unit with 900 apartments) was pursued. Large amounts of quantitative data on environmentally influencing flows were collected in order to explore the possibilities to account for the environmental impact of such a unit. Based on these data, a few environmental indicators with as clear relationship to environmental impact as possible were suggested and calculated, mainly through LCA-methodology. The amount of CO2-equivalents per year caused by the energy use and transports of the unit is one example of an indicator, which is expressing the unit’s contributions to the global problem of climate change. Both the flow’s extent and significance are then expressed in contrast to traditional measurements of energy use, like the amount of kWh/sqm and year.

    Indicators of this type may be used in order to develop environmental management in real estate companies, for example to formulate objectives and targets with a higher degree of relationship to environmental impact and to follow-up the efficiency of the environmental management system more clearly. For energy use, this is possible today. For other aspects in real estate management, indicators need to be developed further. Concerning availability of data from real estate for calculating environmental impact, structural difficulties to find data is a problem for some activities. However, routines for data collection are possible to develop. Clear, quantitative target formulations and benchmarking are examples of situations that support the introduction of routines for such data collection.

  • 34.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Methodological aspects of environmental assessment of buildings2008Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    The built environment contributes extensively to the overall environmental impact of society. An increasing number of tools have been developed worldwide for comprehensive environmental assessment and rating of buildings in order to make the building sector more sustainable. These tools are expected to drive and facilitate future environmental improvements and market transformation in the sector. This thesis explores different methodological aspects in tool development using experiences from two large Swedish projects, the EcoEffect and ByggaBo tools, which were developed with a high level of stakeholder participation in order to be of practical use in the building sector.

     

    The methodological aspects explored and discussed here include an approach for systematic selection of assessment aspects (energy use, indoor air quality, etc.) in tools (Paper 3), and a systematic procedure for selecting practical indicators using theoretical (e.g. validity/environmental relevance) and practical (e.g. costs) criteria (Papers 2 and 3). An approach for simple communication of complex results is presented with examples from 26 multi-family buildings (Paper 4). This approach allows a building’s ‘environmental efficiency’ to be presented in one diagram, without weighting the two distinct assessment areas energy use and indoor environmental quality. Paper 5 discusses the contextual issue of internal use of environmental indicators in property management organisations through reviews of environmental performance evaluation and organisation theory literature and comparisons with actual case studies. The EcoEffect (Paper 1) and the ByggaBo tools are also compared and summarised.

     

    The case studies of real buildings and experiences from the EcoEffect and ByggaBo projects allowed data collection, calculation procedures and different practical applications of such tools to be evaluated. Poor data availability sometimes limits assessments, and improved internal routines and database developments in the building sector would allow more reliable environmental assessments.

     

    Reviews of numerous indicators in Paper 3 (and 2) and literature revealed that environmental relevance was not a key aspect when current environmental performance indicators and building rating tools were constructed. This thesis suggests that environmental relevance and systematic procedures be prioritised in order to provide robust and trustworthy tools for environmental assessment of buildings.  Recommendations, some of which are generally applicable to other environmental assessments, include selection of environmentally relevant indicators, systematic procedures for handling theoretical and practical considerations in tool development, aggregation and weighting methods, use of a life cycle perspective and inclusion of performance-based rather than feature-based indicators. Since it is likely that the information these tools provide will increasingly be used by authorities, building users, economic incentive providers such as banks, etc., the methodological developments suggested here to strengthen tool rigour are important for future tool development processes.

  • 35.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Miljöbyggnad i renoveringsprocessen2012Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 36.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Birgisdottir, Harpa
    SBI, Denmark.
    Houlihan Wiberg, Aoife
    NTNU, Trondheim.
    Moncaster, Alice
    University of Cambridge.
    Brown, Nils
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    John, Viola
    ETH Zürich.
    Passer, Alexander
    Technical University of Graz.
    Potting, José
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Soulti, Eleni
    University of Cambridge.
    Design strategies for low embodied energy and greenhouse gases in buildings: analyses of the IEA Annex 57 case studies2014In: Proceedings of the World Sustainable Building Conference, SB14, Barcelona, October 28-30, 2014., 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper introduces the IEA Annex 57 case study method, consisting of a format fordescribing individual case studies and an evaluation matrix covering all case studies. Samplecase studies are used to illustrate the method and the evaluation matrix through a firstpreliminary analysis. In compiling and evaluation existing, transparent case studies we havetaken a stakeholder perspective. By so doing it is intended to identify fordecision makers thekey issues affecting EE/EC in buildings. Analysis in this paper focuses on one of the six casestudy themes, building design strategies for EE/EC mitigation and references cases coveringe.g. material selection, building shape, construction stage strategies and strategies to handlethe trade-off between embodied and operational impacts in net-zero emission building design.

  • 37.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Brown, Nils
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    "Miljöbyggnad" som verktyg vid renovering2012In: Miljonprogrammet - utveckla eller avveckla? / [ed] Johansson, Birgitta, Stockholm: Forskningsrådet Formas, 2012Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 38.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Glaumann, M.
    Impact indicators in the environmental management process of real estate companies – proposed concept and discussion of applicability2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Glaumann, M.
    To evaluate user satisfaction and environmental impact simultaneously in buildings2006Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    For a property manager it is crucial that a reduced environmental impact of a building is not achieved at the cost of an inferior indoor environment. A holistic perspective is therefore necessary. In this paper, a way to measure and display the user satisfaction related to the indoor environment of a building and the environmental impact related to the energy use of the building in the same diagram, the building’s environmental efficiency. It is presented and exemplified by using data from ten Swedish residential buildings. This environmental efficiency index may be used as an overarching objective for environmental management of buildings.

  • 40.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Glaumann, M.
    Assefa, G.
    Kindembe, B.
    Hult, H.
    Myhr, U.
    Eriksson, O.
    Environmental assessment of real estates – where natural and social sciences meet: the case of EcoEffect2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Glaumann, M.
    Westerberg, U.
    A simplified method to generate weights for application in environmental assessment of buildings2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Glaumann, Mauritz
    University of Gävle, Dep of Technology and the Built Environment.
    Environmental efficiency in residential buildings: A simplified communication approach2009In: Building and Environment, ISSN 0360-1323, E-ISSN 1873-684X, Vol. 44, no 5, p. 937-947Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For all actors involved with planning, developing and managing buildings, the environmental impact relating to energy use and the quality of the indoor environment are both aspects of major concern. It is crucial that a reduction in the environmental impact of a building is not achieved through compromising the indoor environment. This paper presents a method to assess user satisfaction related to the indoor environment and the environmental impact related to the energy use of the building, i.e. the environmental efficiency of the building. This environmental efficiency comprises two indices that are calculated separately but displayed in the same diagram to facilitate communication of complex information. This approach forms part of the Swedish life cycle based environmental assessment tool for buildings, EcoEffect. The present paper presents and exemplifies the environmental efficiency of buildings using data from 26 Swedish multi-family residential buildings and proposes a number of reference values. The concept can be used as an overarching objective for environmental management of a property firm’s building stock or for evaluating targets set in the planning process for a new building. It can also be used for environmental rating of buildings, which would probably increase the communication value further. The aggregated indices are rough but proportionately straightforward to calculate and easily communicated. In addition, they address the environmental impacts of buildings in a much more comprehensive way than the current practice.

     

     

     

  • 43.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Glaumann, Mauritz
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Selecting aspects and indicators in environmental assessment methods for buildings2007In: PORTUGAL SB07 - SUSTAINABLE CONSTRUCTION, MATERIALS AND PRACTICES: CHALLENGE OF THE INDUSTRY FOR THE NEW MILLENNIUM / [ed] Braganca L; Pinheiro M; Jalali S; Mateus R; Amoeda R; Guedes MC, AMSTERDAM: I O S PRESS , 2007, p. 326-333Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is tacitly understood that comprehensive environmental assessment methods cover the most significant environmental aspects of the intended assessment conditions. However, depending on the purpose and target-group of the method, more or fewer aspects and indicators may be included. In the development process of a Swedish environmental rating method for buildings, different approaches for selecting aspects were discussed and tested. In addition, possible indicators that measure the selected aspects were tested with regard to their environmental relevance, cost-effectiveness, etc. This procedure thus enabling a discussion of the appropriateness of different indicators used in existing environmental assessment methods for buildings. The analysis of this paper is restricted to indoor environmental quality (IEQ) but can be applied on all assessment areas of similar methods.

  • 44.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Glaumann, Mauritz
    Selecting problem-related environmental indicators for housing management2006In: Building Research & Information, ISSN 0961-3218, E-ISSN 1466-4321, Vol. 34, no 4, p. 321-333Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The performance of environmental management systems is difficult to evaluate due to insufficient methods for measuring their environmental impacts. A procedure is proposed that contains more environmentally relevant indicators for assessing environmental impacts. In addition, theoretical and practical criteria are suggested for evaluating the relevance of different indicators. This scheme was applied to the housing-management sector with the aim of finding more problem-related indicators. Data from three existing Swedish housing estates were collected and indicators calculated for three environmental aspects: energy use, household waste treatment and embedded toxic substances/materials. The results show that problem-related environmental indicators can be used in the housing sector to measure energy consumption and, to a certain extent, household waste treatment. Finding indicators for embedded toxic substances was found to be more problematic, but an example for further discussion is presented.

  • 45.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Glaumann, Mauritz
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Scarpellini, Sabina
    CIRCE - Centre of Research for Energy Resources and Consumption - Polytechnic Centre, University of Zaragoza.
    Zabalza, Ignacio
    CIRCE - Centre of Research for Energy Resources and Consumption - Polytechnic Centre, University of Zaragoza.
    Aranda, Alfonso
    CIRCE - Centre of Research for Energy Resources and Consumption - Polytechnic Centre, University of Zaragoza.
    Llera, Eva
    CIRCE - Centre of Research for Energy Resources and Consumption - Polytechnic Centre, University of Zaragoza.
    Diaz, Sergio
    CIRCE - Centre of Research for Energy Resources and Consumption - Polytechnic Centre, University of Zaragoza.
    Life Cycle Assessment in Buildings: the ENSLIC simplified method and guidelines2011In: Energy, ISSN 0360-5442, E-ISSN 1873-6785, Vol. 36, no 4, p. 1900-1907Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The application of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) in the building sector is scarce today. It has several causes. First of all, making a LCA evaluation of a whole building demands a specific tool to handle the large information needed. Further, this tool has to be adapted to the different decisions taken throughout the building life cycle. In a few countries such tools have been developed but they are exceptions. However, useful experience has been gained in these countries, which is a valuable source for developing guidelines for application in other countries. Since results of building’s LCA may contain abundant and complex information, a great challenge is to elaborate efficient ways for communication with users and clients.

    The simplified methodology and guidelines presented in this paper is a systematic approach guiding the user through the Life Cycle process - clarifying key issues which usually cause difficulty, such as the choice of the assessment tool, the definition of the system limits, the options for simplifying the process, etc. The guidelines have been developed in the framework of the “ENSLIC building project”, co-financed by the European Commission-Intelligent Energy for Europe Programme- and by 9 European Organisations including more than 15 LCA experts and architects.

  • 46.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Glaumann, Mauritz
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Svenfelt, Åsa
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Carlson, Per-Olof
    Erlandsson, Martin
    Andersson, Johnny
    Wintzell, Helene
    Finnveden, Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Lindholm, Torbjörn
    Malmstrom, Tor-Göran
    A Swedish environmental rating tool for buildings2011In: Energy, ISSN 0360-5442, E-ISSN 1873-6785, Vol. 36, no 4, p. 1893-1899Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2003, a joint effort between the Swedish government, a number of companies in the building and construction sectors, some municipalities, insurance companies and banks set a target that by 2009, all new buildings and 30% of existing Swedish buildings should be rated using a voluntary environmental rating tool. In a major research programme finished in 2008, a tool was developed to be used in this context. The tool covers three assessment areas: Energy, Indoor environment and Material & Chemicals. These areas are split into 11 aspects with one or a few indicators. Rating criteria are specified for each indicator, stipulating requirements for a rating Gold, Silver, Bronze and Rated. Indicator results can then be aggregated to aspect, area and a single raring for building level for enhanced result communication. The tool builds on previous experiences regarding environmental building rating tools and therefore includes some special characteristics which aim to tackle some of the criticism directed towards the first generation of such tools. At the time of writing, the first buildings have received official ratings and an independent stakeholder group is promoting broader implementation of the tool. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 47.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Keski-Seppälä, Lars
    Glaumann, Mauritz
    Integrating municipal climate targets with planning targets at building level in a life cycle perspective2011In: Proceedings of 6th World Sustainable Building Conference, SB11 Helsinki, October 18-22, 2011, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Noring, Maria
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Mervärden hos "gröna" fastigheter: Drivkrafter för energieffektivisering2009Report (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Scarpellini, S.
    Zabalza, I.
    Glauman, M.
    Díaz, S.
    LCA in Buildings: the Enslic Simplified Method and Guidelines2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 50. Moncaster, A. M.
    et al.
    Birgisdottir, H.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Sustainability Assessment and Management.
    Nygaard Rasmussen, F.
    Houlihan Wiberg, A.
    Soulti, E.
    Embodied carbon measurement, mitigation and management within Europe, drawing on a cross-case analysis of 60 building case studies2018In: Embodied Carbon in Buildings: Measurement, Management, and Mitigation, Springer International Publishing , 2018, p. 443-462Chapter in book (Other academic)
12 1 - 50 of 66
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