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  • 1.
    Aghasi, Keivan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    Lougui, Monia
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    Colombo, Massimo
    Department of Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering, Politecnico di Milano.
    Why diverse top managementteams break up in post-acquisition periodsManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper proposes a complementary explanation behind the turnover of target’s top managers in post-acquisition periods. Although human capital and acquisition implementation literature describe managerial retention as desirable, empirical studies have reported significant managerial turnover in acquisition of high-tech and knowledge intensive firms. Borrowing some insights from the team diversity literature, the paper examines the ex-ante diversity among top managers of knowledge-intensive and high-tech firms as an antecedent of their turnover in post-acquisition. We argue that diversity reduces the coordination efficiency necessary to transfer knowledge and facilitate post-acquisition organizational integration, and managers belonging to such teams are more likely to be replaced. Empirical analysis drawing on 2164 top managers in 297 Swedish firms shows that managerial position diversity as a separation, pay disparity and industrial tenure diversity as a variety indeed are associated with managerial exit in three years after the acquisition.

  • 2.
    Aghasi, Keivan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Nationalekonomi. Politecnico di Milano.
    Lougui, Monia
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Nationalekonomi.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Nationalekonomi.
    Colombo, Massiomo
    Why Diverse Top Management Teams Break up in Post-acquisition Periods2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper proposes a complementary explanation behind the turnover of target’s top managers in post-acquisition periods. Although human capital and acquisition implementation literature describe managerial retention as desirable, empirical studies have reported significant managerial turnover in acquisition of high-tech and knowledge intensive firms. Borrowing some insights from the team diversity literature, the paper examines the ex-ante diversity among top managers of knowledge-intensive and high-tech firms as an antecedent of their turnover in post-acquisition. We argue that diversity reduces the coordination efficiency necessary to transfer knowledge and facilitate post-acquisition organizational integration, and managers belonging to such teams are more likely to be replaced. Empirical analysis drawing on 2164 top managers in 297 Swedish firms shows that managerial position diversity as a separation, pay disparity and industrial tenure diversity as a variety indeed are associated with managerial exit in three years after the acquisition.

  • 3.
    Astebro, Thomas
    et al.
    HEC Paris, Entreprneurship, Dept Econ & Decis Sci, Paris, France..
    Braguinsky, Serguey
    Univ Maryland, Robert H Smith Sch Business, College Pk, MD 20742 USA.;Univ Maryland, Dept Econ, College Pk, MD 20742 USA.;Osaka Univ, ISER, Osaka, Japan.;NBER, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA..
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Academic Entrepreneurship: The Bayh-Dole Act versus the Professor's Privilege2019Inngår i: Industrial & labor relations review, ISSN 0019-7939, E-ISSN 2162-271X, Vol. 72, nr 5, s. 1094-1122Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Is the Bayh-Dole intellectual property regime associated with more and better academic entrepreneurship than the Professor's Privilege regime? The authors examine data on US PhDs in the natural sciences, engineering, and medical fields who became entrepreneurs in 1993-2006 and compare this to similar data from Sweden. They find that, in both countries, those with an academic background have lower rates of entry into entrepreneurship than do those with a non-academic background. The relative rate of academics starting entrepreneurial firms is slightly lower in the United States than in Sweden. Moreover, the mean economic gains from becoming an entrepreneur are negative, both for PhDs originating in academia and for non-academic settings in both countries. Analysis indicates that selection into entrepreneurship occurs from the lower part of the ability distribution among academics. The results suggest that policies supporting entrepreneurial decisions by younger, tenure-track academics may be more effective than are general incentives to increase academic entrepreneurship.

  • 4.
    Baltzopoulos, Apostolos
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.). KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Attractors of Entrepreneurial Activity: Universities, Regions and Alumni Entrepreneurs2013Inngår i: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 47, nr 6, s. 934-949Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Baltzopoulos A. and Brostrom A. Attractors of entrepreneurial activity: universities, regions and alumni entrepreneurs, Regional Studies. This paper investigates how universities may affect regional entrepreneurship through the localization decisions of entrepreneurial alumni. Empirically, a comprehensive, individual-level data set from Sweden for the period 2003-2005 is employed. The results suggest that even when controlling for their spatial history, individuals have an increased propensity to set up in the region where they studied. This effect is found to substitute for both urbanization economies and localization economies as drivers of regional-level entrepreneurship. Thus, the present analysis provides evidence on how universities affect regional economic development that complements the strong focus on spin-off activities by university researchers in previous studies.

  • 5.
    Baltzopoulos, Apostolos
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi, Samhällsekonomi.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi, Samhällsekonomi.
    Attractors of Talent: Universities, Regions and Almni EntrepreneursManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 6. Bazzazian, N.
    et al.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Nationalekonomi.
    The effect of employer prominence on employee entrepreneurship2012Inngår i: Academy of Management 2012 Annual Meeting, AOM 2012, Academy of Management , 2012, s. 1720-1725Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 7.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Academic breeding grounds: Home department conditions and early career performance of academic researchers2019Inngår i: Research Policy, Vol. 48, nr 7, s. 1647-1665Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates how research group characteristics relate to the early career success of PhD candidates who are trained in the group. In particular, I study how the citation impact of early-career PhDs is related to the staff composition and funding of the group. Using data on a cohort of Swedish doctoral graduates in science, engineering, mathematics and medicine, two sets of findings are obtained. First, students who were trained in groups with a lower number of PhD students perform better in terms of academic productivity. From the perspective of research policy, this finding suggests a decreasing return to funding additional PhD student positions allocated to professors who are already maintaining larger research groups. Second, PhD students trained in groups with funding for PhD research that is conditioned by funder influence over the topic of thesis research are more likely to stay in academia. Controlling for career destination, however, PhDs from such groups have lower than average scientific productivity and citation impact. These results suggest that finders of PhD studies face a trade-off between the two different funding objectives of "getting what they want" in terms of research content and fostering successful scholars.

  • 8.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    Dimensionering av svensk forskarutbildning2012Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 9.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    Firms' rationales for interaction with research universities and the principles for public co-funding2012Inngår i: Journal of Technology Transfer, ISSN 0892-9912, E-ISSN 1573-7047, Vol. 37, nr 3, s. 313-329Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    R&D managers at 50 firms who have formal relations with two research universities in Stockholm are interviewed about their rationales for collaboration. Drawing on this material, a distinctive typology of rationales for establishing cooperative relations is presented. While the typology demonstrates a considerable breadth of interaction rationales, rationales related to innovation, in terms of invented or improved products or processes, are found to be the main drivers for interaction. Based on this framework, we analyse which rationales for interaction are consistent with public rationales for supporting university-industry relationships. Public co-funding that allow firms to influence (part of) the academic agenda is identified as a particularly interesting case that requires further theoretical attention.

  • 10.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    FIRMS’ RATIONALES FOR INTERACTION WITH RESEARCHUNIVERSITIES: the principles for public co-funding2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    R&D managers at 50 firms randomly selected from all firms who have formal relations withtwo research universities in Stockholm are being interviewed about their rationales forcollaboration. Drawing on this material, a distinctive typology of rationales and the therewithassociated effects from cooperative relations is presented. As expected, rationales related toinnovation, in terms of invented or improved products or processes, are found to be themain drivers for interaction. As regards the nature of the innovation process leading toinnovation, most respondents indicate that “indirect” relationships between collaborationoutcomes and successful innovation dominate over “direct” appropriation of results.Contrasting open ended search rationales with pursuit of defined objectives, we find thatboth types are strongly represented among the studied collaborative linkages. We also findthat interaction rationales often go beyond the pursuit of innovation per se; firms also workwith university researchers to access academic networks, to develop its human capital and torealise direct business opportunities. The consequences of these findings for policy measuressteered towards the strengthening of collaborative university-industry linkages are discussed.

  • 11.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Forskning för det 21:a århundradet: Slutrapport från Agenda för forskning2012Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 12.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Från forskare till företagare: en lönsam karriärväxling?2013Inngår i: Institutioner och incitament för innovation: entreprenöriella vägval för svensk tillväxt / [ed] Pontus Braunerhjelm, Stockholm: Entreprenörskapsforum , 2013, s. 73-82Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 13.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    How can we study innovation systems?: Introducing an actor-centralised perspective2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The systems of innovation approach has helped advocating a view on innovation as dependent onthe interaction over time between different actors and brought the role of institutions to the centerof interest. However, the approach has remained a general framework rather than evolved into ananalytical tool for the study of the dynamics of innovation activities. In this discussion paper, weintroduce the concept of innovation system services, defined as the set of factors that have asignificant potential influence on the opportunities of a certain groups of actors to perform a certaintype of activities efficiently. We suggest that the relevant innovation system for the actors-activitiesnexus at hand can be defined as this set of system services. We examine this analytical framework ina case study on R&D investments of multinational enterprises in Sweden. In this context, innovationsystem services are defined as the set of external factors that the case study suggests to havesignificant impact on the decisions of MNEs to invest in R&D in Sweden. The focus on servicesallows us to analyse the influence of an innovation system on the long-term development of R&D inSweden in a structured and coherent manner and to identify critical dynamics.

  • 14.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Interaction with science: In what sense a case of learning by doing?2014Inngår i: Science and Public Policy, ISSN 0302-3427, E-ISSN 1471-5430, Vol. 41, nr 2, s. 141-150Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the contribution of Cohen et al. (Management Science, 2002, 48: 1-23), it is well established that linkages between engineering firms and public research organisations serve to both suggest new R&D projects and comple existing projects. However, the literature has little to say about whether these two types of outcomes are linked or independent effects. Drawing on theories of organisational learning and empirical analysis of data on Swedish engineering firms, this paper establishes that the occurrence of useful impulses to further R& D is inherently linked to the achievement of objectives related to a firm's ongoing R& D projects. This connection is, however, mediated by the character of the project objective. Compared to linkages where objectives of exploration and exploitation are balanced, the connection between serendipitous learning and the achievement of established R& D objectives is stronger when these objectives are oriented towards exploration and weaker when objectives are oriented towards exploitation.

  • 15.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Learning by doing in science linkages2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the contribution of Cohen et al. (2002), it is well established that linkages between firms and public research organisations (PROs) serve purposes of both suggesting new R&D projects and completing existing projects. However, the extant literature has little to say about whether these two types of outcomes are linked or independent effects. This paper examines how a firm‟s ability to absorb useful impulses to new R&D projects from interaction with public research organisations depends on how and how well the firm is able to utilise such linkages in project completion. An analysis of Swedish firms suggests that interaction provides impulses to further R&D primarily when it is successfully linked to achieving objectives in ongoing R&D projects of the firm. However, linkages which are focused on contributions to short-term projects are less likely to generate useful impulses. Moreover, not only are linkages which support both long-term and short-term objectives better than linkages which solely serve short-term objectives; firm-PRO linkages in which short-term objectives play a less accented role are most likely to facilitate valuable impulses to further R&D and innovation.

  • 16.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Samhällsekonomi.
    Learning by doing in university-industry interactions2011Inngår i: DRUID 2011, 2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the contribution of Cohen et al. (2002), it is well established that linkages between firms andpublic research organisations (PROs) serve purposes of both suggesting new R&D projects andcompleting existing projects. However, the extant literature has little to say about whether these twotypes of outcomes are linked or independent effects. This paper examines how a firm’s ability toabsorb useful impulses to new R&D projects from interaction with public research organisationsdepends on how and how well the firm is able to utilise such linkages in project completion. Ananalysis of Swedish firms suggests that interaction provides impulses to further R&D primarily whenit is successfully linked to achieving objectives in ongoing R&D projects of the firm. However,linkages which are focused on contributions to short-term projects are less likely to generate usefulimpulses. Moreover, not only are linkages which support both long-term and short-term objectivesbetter than linkages which solely serve short-term objectives; firm-PRO linkages in which short-termobjectives play a less accented role are most likely to facilitate valuable impulses to further R&D andinnovation.

  • 17.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Samhällsekonomi.
    Stockholm som studieort2010Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 18.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110301).
    Strategists and Academics: Essays on interaction in R&D2009Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This doctoral thesis consists of five self-contained essays on interaction in R&D between university researchers and private firms. Together, these essays explore the conditions under which private firms benefit from spillovers from publicly funded and organised research. From the first essay, which sets out to empirically validate the theoretical arguments about the benefits of university-industry interaction for private firms, the thesis follows a line of pursuit that goes back and forth between exploration of the different benefits that firms enjoy from university interaction and the relationships between these benefits and the conditions of interaction. In essay II, a typology of rationales for establishing cooperative relations is presented. A considerable breadth of interaction rationales is documented, but on closer examination, a “core” set of rationales related to innovation in terms of invented or improved products or processes are found to be the main drivers of interaction. Developing this view, three critical issues previously studied within innovation economics are re-considered from the point of view of firm rationales for interaction; public co-funding of university-firm interaction (essay II), the role of geographic proximity for interaction on R&D (essay III) and the organisation of public sector research (public research institutes and universities) in relation to firm level competences (essay IV). In a fifth essay, four ideal types of strategy for localised interaction between R&D subsidiaries and universities are proposed. Through the framework developed in this essay, the rationales for interaction are related to the overall R&D strategy of multinational firms. Concluding the thesis, it is discussed how the research presented herein opens up for improved theorizing around the roles of academic research for industrial innovation.

  • 19.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    Svenska forskarutbildade fem år efter disputation2012Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 20.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Samhällsekonomi.
    The Triple Helix: University-industry-government innovation in action2011Inngår i: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 90, nr 2, s. 441-442Artikkel, omtale (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 21.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Samhällsekonomi.
    Vilka roller spelar universitet och högskolor i Stockholm-Mälarregionen?2009Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 22.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110301), Samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110301). KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS (stängd 20110701).
    Working with Distant Researchers: – distance and content in university-industry interaction2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the role of geographic proximity for interaction on R&D, by exploring the special case of university-industry contacts. While numerous studies find that geographic proximity facilitates spillover effects between university and industry by utilising evidence from e.g. patenting and publishing activities, the geographical dimension is largely understudied in studies that report evidence from direct interaction. To explore when geographical proximity matters for university-industry interaction, a series of interviews with R&D managers in Swedish engineering firms is conducted. These interviews suggest that linkages in geographical proximity are more likely to generate impulses to innovation and create significant learning effects at the firm. Similarly, geographic proximate interaction is more likely to successfully contribute to R&D projects with short time to market. For long-term R&D projects, geographic proximity is generally seen as a less critical factor. A survey to 425 R&D managers in Swedish engineering firms provides evidence that supports these hypotheses.

  • 23.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110301).
    Working with Distant Researchers: Distance and Content in University-industry Interaction2008Inngår i: Paper presented at European Summer School in Industrial Dynamics (ESSID), Monte Sant Angelo, Italy, 2008, 2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 24.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi, Samhällsekonomi.
    Working with distant researchers: distance and content in university-industry interaction2010Inngår i: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 39, nr 10, s. 1311-1320Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the role of geographic proximity for interaction on R&D by exploring the special case of formalised university-industry interaction in the engineering sector While numerous studies find that geographic proximity facilitates spillover effects between university and industry by utilising evidence from e g patenting and publishing activities the geographical dimension is largely understudied in studies that report evidence from direct interaction A series of interviews with R&D managers suggests that linkages in geographical proximity are more likely than distant linkages to generate impulses to innovation and create significant learning effects at the firm Similarly geographic proximate interaction is more likely to successfully contribute to R&D projects with short time to market For long-term R&D projects geographic proximity is generally seen as a less critical factor A survey to 425 R&D managers in Swedish engineering firms provides evidence that supports these hypotheses.

  • 25.
    Broström, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Baltzopoulos, Apostolos
    Attractors of talent: Universities, regions, and alumni entrepreneurs2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates how universities may affect regional entrepreneurship through the localisation decisions of entrepreneurial alumni. Empirically a comprehensive, individual-level dataset from Sweden for the period 2003-2005 is employed. The results suggest that even when controlling for their spatial history, individuals have an increased propensity to set up in the region where they studied. This effect is found to substitute for both urbanisation economies and localisation economies as drivers of regional-level entrepreneurship. Thus, the present analysis provides evidence on how universities affect regional economic development that complements the strong focus on spin-off activities by university researchers in previous studies.

  • 26.
    Broström, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Nationalekonomi.
    Ekman Rising, Marianne
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Organisation och ledning.
    Geschwind, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Lärande.
    Lindgren, Monica
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Organisation och ledning.
    Packendorff, Johann
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Organisation och ledning. Sevenday.
    Instrumentalisation of academic work: Creeping, myopic and individualising processes and their consequences2019Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 27.
    Broström, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Nationalekonomi.
    Feldmann, Andreas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    Kaulio, Matti A.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    Structured relations between higher education institutions and external organisations: opportunity or bureaucratisation?2019Inngår i: Higher Education, ISSN 0018-1560, E-ISSN 1573-174X, Vol. 78, nr 4, s. 575-591Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the introduction of centrally coordinated initiatives aimed at formalising universities' relationships to external organisations. Such initiatives are referred to as structured relations. Based on a review of nine Swedish Universities, we identify three types of structured relation initiatives (network events, collaboration platforms, partnership agreements). In common for all structured relations identified are that they offer new opportunities to manage external expectations on universities, in particular as regards their ability to demonstrate their commitment to outreach activities. The formalisation of outreach activities challenges the academic tradition of giving individual professors discretionary mandates to enter and manage external relationships. Drawing on a collective action perspective, we analyse the tensions that are generated when universities introduce new elements of support and central coordination of outreach activities. The introduction of structured relations potentially contributes to changing the nature of the university as an organisation.

  • 28.
    Broström, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Lougui, Monica
    Johansson, Fredrik
    Mergers and acquisitions in the coming-to-age phase of the Swedish ICT services industry2015Inngår i: Small and beautiful: The ICT success of Finland and Sweden / [ed] E. Giertz, A. Rickne & P. Rouvinen, VINNOVA , 2015, s. 147-155Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Industrial consolidation through mergers and acquisitions has been important for development of the IT sector. M&As constituted a force of creative destruction parallel to the mechanism of exit through bankruptcy. Drawing on new empiricalevidence, we argue that M&As also provided new impulses and opportunities for entrepreneurship and stimulated between-firm job mobility of key persons in the sector. We conclude that the intensive M&A-activity of the period contributed to renewal and growth of the ICT software and services industry at large, but did not lead to the creation of new Swedish-based multinationals in the sector.

  • 29.
    Broström, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Samhällsekonomi.
    Lööf, Hans
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110301).
    How does University Collaboration Contribute to Successful R&D Management?2008Inngår i: IUP Journal of Managerial Economics, ISSN 0972-9305, Vol. 6, nr 4, s. 7-24Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue—how a firm’s R&D (Research and Development) interaction with universities affects its innovation performance—remains under-researched. This study explores the relationship between firms’ collaboration with universities and their capabilities for innovation, as perceived by R&D managers. Drawing on a series of interviews with R&D managers of 45 randomly selected firms collaborating with two research universities in Sweden, we explicitly recognize mechanisms through which university relationships contribute to successful R&D management.

  • 30.
    Broström, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Lööf, Hans
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    How Does University Collaboration Contribute to Successful R&D Management?: An examination of the Swedish setting2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of through what processes R&D collaboration with universities affects a firms’innovation performance remains under-researched. In particular, university relationships have notbeen fully integrated in the open innovation framework. This study explores the relationshipbetween firms’ collaboration with universities and their capabilities for innovation, as perceivedby R&D managers. Drawing on a series of interviews with R&D managers at 45 randomlyselected firms collaborating with two research universities in Sweden, we explicitly recognisemechanisms through which university relationships contribute to successful R&D management.

  • 31.
    Broström, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110301).
    Lööf, Hans
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110301).
    Vad säger forskningen om sambanden mellan offentligt finansierad forskning och ekonomisk tillväxt?2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 32.
    Broström, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110301).
    Lööf, Hans
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110301).
    What do we know about Firms’ Research Collaboration with Universities?2007Inngår i: Commercialization and Transfer of Technology: Major Country Case Studies, Nova Science Publisher , 2007Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 33.
    Broström, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Lööf, Hans
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    What do we know about Firms’ Research Collaborationwith Universities?: New Quantitative and Qualitative Evidence2006Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter provides an integrated view of knowledge transfer between university and industryby combining two different approaches. First, we report results from an econometric analysis,where recent matching techniques are used on a dataset of 2,071 Swedish firms. Our findingsfrom this analysis strongly suggest that university collaboration has a positive influence on theinnovative activity of large manufacturing firms. In contrast, there appears to be an insignificantassociation between university collaboration and the average service firm’s innovation output.Second, in the pursuit of credible explanations for these findings, we apply a semi-structuredinterview methodology on 39 randomly selected firms collaborating with two researchuniversities in Stockholm, Sweden. We identify three ideas for how collaboration may help firmsbecome more innovative in the literature of innovation studies. In analysis of the interviews, wefind very weak support for the first idea; that firms are able to exploit and market innovationsoriginating in the university. The second idea – that firms improve their internal innovativecapability by collaboration – is found to apply to about half of the investigated firms. Innovationefficiency gains in the form of reduced cost and risk for innovation projects, which is a third ideasuggested by the literature, are also suggested to be a major factor behind firms’ benefits. Finally,we offer tentative explanations for the lack of measurable effects of collaboration for servicefirms.

  • 34.
    Broström, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM).
    McKelvey, Maureen
    Univ Gothenburg, Sch Business Econ & Law, Dept Econ & Soc, Inst Innovat & Entrepreneurship, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Engaging Experts: Science-Policy Interactions and the Introduction of Congestion Charging in Stockholm2018Inngår i: Minerva, ISSN 0026-4695, E-ISSN 1573-1871, Vol. 56, nr 2, s. 183-207Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes the conditions for mobilizing the science base for development of public policy. It does so by focusing upon the science-policy interface, specifically the processes of direct interaction between scientists and scientifically trained experts, on the one hand, and agents of policymaking organizations, on the other. The article defines two dimensions - cognitive distance and expert autonomy - which are argued to influence knowledge exchange, in such a way as to shape the outcome. A case study on the implementation of congestion charges in Stockholm, Sweden, illustrates how the proposed framework pinpoints three central issues for understanding these processes: (1) Differentiating the roles of, e.g., a science-based consultancy firm and an academic environment in policy formation; (2) Examining the fit between the organizational form of the science-policy interface and the intended goals; and (3) Increasing our understanding of when policymaker agents themselves need to develop scientific competence in order to interact effectively with scientific experts.

  • 35.
    Broström, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Samhällsekonomi.
    McKelvey, Maureen
    How do organisational and cognitive distances shape firms’ interactions with universities and public research institutes?2009Inngår i: Summer Conference 2009, 2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines how the institutional set-up of public research organisations (PROs) affects how firms are able to utilise direct interaction with publicly employed researchers. We argue that the role that PRO interaction has to play in the firm’s innovation processes depend on the organisational and cognitive distances between the firm and the PRO. In particular, this paper empirically explores how Swedish engineering firms assess the value of R&D partnerships with universities and research institutes. Our theoretical discussion of organizational distance suggests that managers should perceive institute contacts to be more strongly associated with short-term R&D projects than university contacts. This hypothesis cannot be verified. Following from our discussion of cognitive distance, we find that firms with advanced R&D capabilities obtain differential benefits. Their interaction with universities provides impulses for innovation and offers opportunities to learn to a greater extent than contacts with public research institutes. However, firms with less advanced R&D capabilities perceive no significant differences between university and institute interaction. Thus, both organizational and cognitive distance affect firms’ interactions with PROs, and our results have implications for the current push in Europe to reform universities and institutes.

  • 36.
    Broström, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110301), Samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110301). KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS (stängd 20110701).
    McKelvey, Maureen
    How do Organisational and Cognitive Distances Shape Firms’ Interactions with Universities and Public Research Institutes?2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines how the institutional set-up of public research organisations (PROs) affects how firms are able to utilise direct interaction with publicly employed researchers. We argue that the role that PRO interaction has to play in the firm’s innovation processes depend on the organisational and cognitive distances between the firm and the PRO. In particular, this paper empirically explores how Swedish engineering firms assess the value of R&D partnerships with universities and research institutes. Our theoretical discussion of organizational distance suggests that managers should perceive institute contacts to be more strongly associated with short-term R&D projects than university contacts. This hypothesis cannot be verified. Following from our discussion of cognitive distance, we find that firms with advanced R&D capabilities obtain differential benefits. Their interaction with universities provides impulses for innovation and offers opportunities to learn to a greater extent than contacts with public research institutes. However, firms with less advanced R&D capabilities perceive no significant differences between university and institute interaction. Thus, both organizational and cognitive distance affect firms’ interactions with PROs, and our results have implications for the current push in Europe to reform universities and institutes.

  • 37.
    Broström, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    McKelvey, Maureen
    Universities and Public Research Institutes as Collaboration Partners2015Inngår i: Innovation and Entrepreneurship in the Global Economy: Knowledge, Technology and Internationalization / [ed] Karlsson, C., Gråsjö, U., Wixe, S., Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, s. 44-64Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine how firms assess the value of R & D partnerships with two types of public research organizations: public research institutes (PRIs) and universities. Survey data on Swedish engineering and manufacturing firms suggest that contacts with universities provide firms with impulses to innovation and offer opportunities to learn to a higher extent that contacts with PRIs. Guided by a view of institutes as more oriented towards applied R & D than universities, we also test whether managers perceive institute contacts as contributing more strongly to short-term R & D projects than universities. This hypothesis cannot, however, be verified. Our results suggest that, in terms of perceived effects of R & D managers, PRIs and universities are more similar as collaboration partners than would be expected, given the differing institutional set-ups. Implications for current discussions about the role of PRIs in national research and innovation systems are discussed.

  • 38.
    Broström, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110701). KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS (stängd 20110701).
    McKelvey, Maureen
    Sandström, Christian
    Elite European Universities and the R&D Subsidiaries of Multinational Enterprises2009Inngår i: Learning to Compete in European Universities: From Social Institution to Knowledge Business / [ed] McKelvey, M. and M. Holmén, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2009, 1, s. 251-257Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 39.
    Broström, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi.
    McKelvey, Maureen
    Sandström, Christian
    Investing in localised relationships with universities: what are the benefits for R&D subsidiaries of multinational enterprises?2009Inngår i: Industry and Innovation, ISSN 1366-2716, E-ISSN 1469-8390, Vol. 16, s. 59-78Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In spite of a long-standing interest in the distribution of knowledge spillovers from university research, there is only limited theoretical understanding of if and when opportunities to interact with a research university constitute a significant force of attraction for globally mobile investment in RD. Based on an empirical investigation of the benefits of interaction with universities, this paper proposes an analytical framework and four ideal types of strategy for localised collaboration between RD subsidiaries and universities. This taxonomy, which largely transcends industry sectors, and the illustrative cases presented in this paper provide insights into the potential scope for localised university-industry interaction from the perspective of multinational enterprises. By connecting the empirical results to the question whether these benefits are significant enough to enhance a region's attractiveness as a location for RD, we are able to develop a better understanding of the alternative strategies for policymakers and university leaders interested in stimulating such linkages.

  • 40.
    Broström, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    McKelvey, Maureen
    Sandström, Christian
    Investing in Localized Relationships with Universities: What are the Benefits for RD Subsidiaries of Multinational Enterprises?2009Inngår i: Industry and Innovation, ISSN 1366-2716, E-ISSN 1469-8390, Vol. 16, nr 1, s. 59-78Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In spite of a long-standing interest in the distribution of knowledge spillovers from university research, there is only limited theoretical understanding of if and when opportunities to interact with a research university constitute a significant force of attraction for globally mobile investment in RD. Based on an empirical investigation of the benefits of interaction with universities, this paper proposes an analytical framework and four ideal types of strategy for localised collaboration between RD subsidiaries and universities. This taxonomy, which largely transcends industry sectors, and the illustrative cases presented in this paper provide insights into the potential scope for localised university-industry interaction from the perspective of multinational enterprises. By connecting the empirical results to the question whether these benefits are significant enough to enhance a region's attractiveness as a location for RD, we are able to develop a better understanding of the alternative strategies for policymakers and university leaders interested in stimulating such linkages.

  • 41. Deiaco, Enrico
    et al.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    Geschwind, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskaplig kommunikation och lärande (ECE), Lärande.
    Högskola och region - ett trevande förhållande: reflektioner över exemplet Västra Götalandsregionen2007Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 42.
    Geschwind, Lars
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskaplig kommunikation och lärande (ECE), Lärande.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    Managing the teaching-research nexus: ideals and practice in research-oriented universities2015Inngår i: Higher Education Research and Development, ISSN 0729-4360, E-ISSN 1469-8366, Vol. 34, nr 1, s. 60-73Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper demonstrates that while ideals of close linkages between research and teaching are widely embraced in research-oriented universities, a practice of division of labour between teaching-oriented and research-oriented staff persists. In an investigation of how the research–teaching nexus is managed at three Swedish universities, we identify a perceived misalignment between institutional incentives for individual academic staff and the needs of teaching. Under pressure from such tensions, managers are forced to deploy pragmatic strategies for the staffing of undergraduate education tasks. This includes allowing research needs and agendas to take priority over teaching needs. While managers seek to secure the participation of senior researchers in education, they often actively prefer to delegate the bulk of teaching activities to less research-active staff. Such strategies seem to reinforce existing patterns of division of labour among academic staff.

  • 43.
    Lougui, Monia
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    From Employment to Entrepreneurship: The Effects of Merger and Acquisition2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Regardless of the reasons stimulating M&As, the engaged firms are confronted with tough challenges and the need to assure a successful integration of the firms involved. A common short-term outcome of a M&A is reorganization through downsizing, reducing research and development activities and cutting down employees. With companies facing difficulties and inconveniences during the period of post-M&A, the concerned employees and their careers are compromised. This paper examines the conditions under which M&As affect the propensity of employees to switch from employment to entrepreneurship.

    We empirically investigate Swedish firms being involved in a M&A during the time period 2000-2009. We isolate firms operating in knowledge intensive industries yielding 35 239 observations including 9482 unique firms and 1395 mergers and acquisitions. Applying a fixed effect negative binomial regression, we confirm that the size difference, activity match and productivity difference have an impact on the number of spin-outs generated after a M&A. 

  • 44.
    Lougui, Monia
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Nationalekonomi.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Nationalekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    The Labor Market Value of Experience from Temporary Self-employment2018Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the evaluation of experience from self-employment on the Swedish labormarket. Specically, we analyze the wage remuneration of individuals moving from a spell inself-employment to regular employment as compared to a control group of individuals withoutsuch experience. To tackle the challenge of estimating the average eect of treatment, we seekto reduce unobserved heterogeneity across groups by only considering individuals moving intoself-employment after being displaced in the context of employer exit, and setting up the controlgroup to consist of individuals moving from the same exiting rms into new employment. Tofurther ensure similarity on key observables with the treated group, we select the control groupthrough coarsened exact matching. Our results demonstrate that the average treatment eect ispositive. In further exploration, we nd evidence suggesting that this eect is at least partiallydriven by self-employment experiences being positively evaluated for jobs requiring general andmanagerial skills rather than industry-specic expertise.

  • 45.
    Lööf, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    Does Knowledge Diffusion between University and Industry Increase Innovativeness?2004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper rigorously explores the impact of firm’s collaboration with universities on innovation. Specifically, using a representative dataset of manufacturing and service firms we have applied recent matching techniques to examine the hypotheses that whether academic knowledge has a positive impact on innovative sales and the propensity to apply for patents. Econometrically, the paper illustrates the differences that emerge from different matching estimators and samples. On balance, we find robust evidence that university collaboration positively influences innovative performance for large manufacturing firms. In contrast, whatever estimator is chosen, the data show no significant association between university collaboration and the average service firm’s innovation sales or propensity to apply for patents.

  • 46.
    Lööf, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi.
    Does knowledge diffusion between university and industry increase innovativeness?2008Inngår i: Journal of Technology Transfer, ISSN 0892-9912, E-ISSN 1573-7047, Vol. 33, nr 1, s. 73-90Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an econometric analysis of the impact of collaboration with universities on the innovative output of firms. We also illustrate the differences that emerge from robustness checks, based on different matching estimators and samples. Our findings strongly suggest that university collaboration has a positive influence on the innovative activity of large manufacturing firms. In contrast, there appears to be an insignificant association between university collaboration and the average service firm's innovation output.

  • 47. Mohammadi, Ali
    et al.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Nationalekonomi.
    Franzoni, Chiara
    Workforce Composition and Innovation: How Diversity in Employees' Ethnic and Educational Backgrounds Facilitates Firm-Level Innovativeness2017Inngår i: The Journal of product innovation management, ISSN 0737-6782, E-ISSN 1540-5885, Vol. 34, nr 4, s. 406-426Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article studies how workforce composition is related to a firm's success in introducing radical innovations. Previous studies have argued that teams composed of individuals with diverse backgrounds are able to perform more information processing and make deeper use of the information, which is important to accomplish complex tasks. We suggest that this argument can be extended to the level of the aggregate workforce of high-technology firms. In particular, we argue that ethnic and higher education diversity within the workforce is associated with superior performance in radical innovation. Using a sample of 3,888 Swedish firms, this article demonstrates that having greater workforce diversity in terms of both ethnic background and educational disciplinary background is positively correlated to the share of a firm's turnover generated by radical innovation. Having more external collaborations does, however, seem to reduce the importance of educational background diversity. The impact of ethnic diversity is not affected by external collaboration. These findings hold after using alternative measures of dependent and independent variables, alternative sample sizes, and alternative estimation techniques. The research findings presented in this article would seem to have immediate and important practical implications. They would suggest that companies may pursue recruitment policies inspired by greater ethnic and disciplinary diversity as a way to boost the innovativeness of the organization. From a managerial perspective, it may be concluded that workforce disciplinary diversity could be potentially replaced by more external links, while ethnic diversity could not.

  • 48. Perkmann, Markus
    et al.
    Tartari, Valentina
    McKelvey, Maureen
    Autio, Erkko
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    D'Este, Pablo
    Fini, Riccardo
    Geuna, Aldo
    Grimaldi, Rosa
    Hughes, Alan
    Krabel, Stefan
    Kitson, Michael
    Llerena, Patrick
    Lissoni, Franceso
    Salter, Ammon
    Sobrero, Maurizio
    Academic engagement and commercialisation: A review of the literature on university-industry relations2013Inngår i: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 42, nr 2, s. 423-442Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A considerable body of work highlights the relevance of collaborative research, contract research, consulting and informal relationships for university-industry knowledge transfer. We present a systematic review of research on academic scientists' involvement in these activities to which we refer as 'academic engagement'. Apart from extracting findings that are generalisable across studies, we ask how academic engagement differs from commercialisation, defined as intellectual property creation and academic entrepreneurship. We identify the individual, organisational and institutional antecedents and consequences of academic engagement, and then compare these findings with the antecedents and consequences of commercialisation. Apart from being more widely practiced, academic engagement is distinct from commercialisation in that it is closely aligned with traditional academic research activities, and pursued by academics to access resources supporting their research agendas. We conclude by identifying future research needs, opportunities for methodological improvement and policy interventions.

  • 49.
    Saiedi, Ed
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Financing Decisions and Outcomes of European SMEs in the Global Financial CrisisManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the financing of European SMEs during the 2007-2009 global financial crisis. We investigate firm-specific determinants of firms’ external financing applications and outcomes, distinguishing between various types of debt and equity instruments. Accounting for firms’ non-random willingness to seek additional outside capital, we mitigate sample selection biases and find that during the crisis, SMEs largely behave in accordance with the pecking-order theory. Innovative firms seek debt more, but innovativeness is only associated with successful search if SMEs are old or market-oriented, and not tech-intensive. Young firms with high investment needs had difficulties obtaining debt financing, but were more likely than average to succeed if applying for equity. Contrasting findings with a similar examination of the post-crisis period suggests that the crisis particularly disadvantaged such young, innovative firms with high investment needs to secure debt.

  • 50.
    Saiedi, Ed
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Global Drivers of Cryptocurrency Infrastructure AdoptionManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A vast digital eco-system of entrepreneurship and exchange has sprung up with Bitcoin’s digital infrastructure at its core. We explore the worldwide spread of infrastructure necessary to maintain and grow Bitcoin as a system (Bitcoin nodes) and infrastructure enabling the use of bitcoins for everyday economic transactions (Bitcoin merchants). Specifically, we investigate the role of legal, criminal, financial and social determinants of the adoption of Bitcoin infrastructure. We offer some support for the view that the adoption of cryptocurrency infrastructure is driven by perceived failings of traditional financial systems, in that the spread of Bitcoin infrastructure is associated with low trust in banks and the financial system among inhabitants of a region, and with the occurrence of country-level inflation crises. On the other hand, our findings also suggest that active support for Bitcoins is higher in locations with well-developed banking services. Finally, we find support for the view that bitcoin adoption is also partly driven by cryptocurrencies’ usefulness in engaging in illicit trade.

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