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  • 1. Adam, F.
    et al.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping, Sweden .
    Introduction: The meaning and importance of socio-cultural context for innovation performance2013In: Innovation in Socio-Cultural Context, Taylor & Francis, 2013, p. 1-21Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Ekane, Nelson
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Stockholm Environment Institute, Sweden.
    Mertz, C. K.
    Slovic, C.
    Kjellén, M.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Risk and benefit judgment of excreta as fertilizer in agriculture: An exploratory investigation in Rwanda and Uganda2016In: Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, ISSN 1080-7039, E-ISSN 1549-7860, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 639-666Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research explores the use of psychometric techniques to improve understanding of psychological mechanisms underlying judgment of excreta as fertilizer in agriculture including other excreta related activities. Participants consisted of environmental health students, smallholder farmers and traders in rural and urban Rwanda and Uganda. The finding reveals an inverse relationship between risk and benefit judgments. This relationship holds for the three groups of participants with significant risk-benefit correlations of p<.0001. This finding is consistent with other studies showing that affect plays a key role in risk perception, judgment and decision making.Building on this finding, we conclude that individuals with high risk and low benefit judgment for excreta related practices would eschew them or emphasize strict standards. Individuals with a high benefit and low risk judgment would engage in excreta management practices regardless of the actual risks involved. This finding is relevant for risk communication and risk management as it indicates that individuals do not rely only on risk management information they receive concerning excreta and related risks but also depend to an extent on their feelings about these substances when making judgments and decisions regarding the purpose for using excreta as fertilizer and the level of exposure they can tolerate and manage.

  • 3. Eliasson, G
    et al.
    Finnveden, Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Heshmati, A
    Hultkrantz, Lars
    Lööf, Hans
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Stephan, A
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Ojnare kan bli ett svenskt exempel i FN2015In: Dagens OpinionArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 4. Eliasson, K.
    et al.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Attributes influencing self-employment propensity in urban and rural Sweden2013In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 50, no 2, p. 479-514Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Policies aiming at promoting entrepreneurship are in general formed on national levels, without any consideration of differences between urban and rural areas. Usually, cities are provided with better and more modern infrastructure; cities have better supply of physical, financial and human capital, and connected services, and cities have a more modern industrial structure in the sense that their shares of growing industry are higher. Thus, it is possible that policies for entrepreneurship, which in general are designed for urban areas, might be less effective when they are implemented in rural areas. A first step to test the validity of this hypothesis could be to investigate the differences between cities and countryside regarding self-employment propensity and factors affecting the choice to become self-employed. Based on an exceptionally rich data set containing very detailed socio-economic and geographical information on all residents in Sweden, this paper examines: (a) the scope and structure of self-employment propensity in urban and rural areas, respectively, in Sweden, divided into full-time and part-time self-employment, and (b) the importance of a number of attributes that may have an impact on individuals' propensity to start an enterprise in the two area types. Variables being tested are connected to demography and education, labor market status, plant characteristics, self-employment experience, financial resources, family links and regional attributes. The main results indicate that self-employment entry is influenced by the same factors in the same way in urban and rural areas. However, countryside's industrial structure has a smaller share of growing industries. The fact that countryside's startups follow the existing industrial structure means that this "modernity gap" between densely built up areas and countryside remains. From a policy perspective, this must be seen as a serious problem for countryside's growth potential. This gives an argument for designing a special entrepreneurship policy for the countryside in order to increase its share of growing trades and thereby modernize its industrial structure.

  • 5. Eliasson, K.
    et al.
    Westlund, Hans
    Institutet för Tillväxtpolitiska Studier (ITPS).
    Fölster, Stefan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301).
    Does social capital contribute to regional economic growth: Swedish experiences2006In: Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas / [ed] Kobayashi, K., Westlund, H. and Matsushima K., Kyoto: Marginal Areas´Research Group, Kyoto University, Japan , 2006, p. 221-230Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 6. Eliasson, Kent
    et al.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Fölster, Stefan
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM).
    Does social capital contribute to regional economic growth? Swedish experiences2013In: Social Capital and Rural Development in the Knowledge Society / [ed] Hans Westlund and Kiyoshi Kobayashi, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013, p. 113-126Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7. Eliasson, Kent
    et al.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Johansson, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Determinants of net migration to rural areas, and the impacts of migration on rural labor markets and self-employment in rural Sweden2015In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 693-709Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Across most of Europe, the countryside seems to show a polarized development in which large districts are depopulating, while certain areas, mainly around big- and mid-sized cities, are increasing in population. The latter development is often described in concepts of “rural gentrification” and “rurbanization”, symbolizing a transformation of rural communities to communities with urban values and lifestyles. Most studies of the effects of these processes have focused on social and cultural consequences, as e.g. the displacements of lower-income households with higher-income residents and of rural culture and values with urban ones. This paper examines the phenomenon from another perspective, namely the effects of the “rurbanization” processes on countryside’s labour markets and economic life. This paper aims at analysing the determinants of net migration to rural areas in general and to different types of regions, and the impacts of inmigration on rural labour markets, self-employment and other socio-economic conditions in Sweden for the period of 2003–2005. We find that net migration into rural areas increases with the size of adjacent local and regional centres, whereas net migration decreases with the average commuting distance of workers in the rural areas. When comparing in-migrants to rural areas with rural area stayers, our results indicate that the former has lower incomes, a lower employment ratio and a lower degree of entrepreneurial activities. These differences could—at least partly—be explained by the fact that rural area stayers were on average 6 years older than rural area inmigrants, i.e. the two groups were in different stages of their life cycles.

  • 8.
    Falck, Simon
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Snickars, Folke
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    En liten politik i en stor värld: En studie om utländska företag och regionalt utvecklingsarbete2013Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9.
    Falck, Simon
    et al.
    KTH.
    Snickars, Folke
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Högskolan i Borås: Om högskolans betydelse för kompetensförsörjning, forskning och samverkan i Västra Götaland2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie handlar om framtiden för Borås. Den gör det för att dess tema gäller högskolans roll som en central komponent i en kunskapsproducerande ekonomi med global räckvidd. I studien analyseras hur kunskap sprids från utbildnings- och forskningsverksamheten vid Högskolan i Borås till det omgivande samhället samt betydelsen av olika kunskapsspridningsmekaismer. Syftet är att öka förståelsen av högskolans roll för kompetensförsörjning, forskning och samverkan i en regional kontext. Studiens bakgrund är ett tilltagande behov att förstå och förklara hur kunskap sprids och spiller över från universitet och högskolor samt den långsiktiga betydelsen av högre lärosäten för kompetensförsörjning och regional utveckling. För planerare och beslutsfattare kan studien ligga till grund för diskussioner och planeringsarbete om hur främja högskolans roll som motor i en kunskapsdriven ekonomi.En slutsats av den förhållandevis omfattande genomgång som studien görs av utbildning, forskning och samverkan vid Högskolan i Borås är att högskolan uppvisar förhållanden som liknar de som gäller vid andra regionala högskolor i landet. Studenterna sätter sin prägel på stads- och kulturliv. Högskolan framstår som väl etablerad på sin ort. Detta lägger en grund för ekonomisk tillväxt och utveckling. Man behöver dock förbättra det strategiska arbetet med att få fler att stanna kvar, inte minst bland dem med utbildning och kunskap utanför välfärdsrelaterade yrken. Bland dem med utbildning och kunskap typisk inom innovationsrelaterat arbete samt teknisk forskning och utveckling är det relativt få som stannar kvar. För att få studenterna att stanna kvar efter avslutad måste förutsättningarna stärkas för karriärer inom yrken med krav på (fördjupad) högskolekompetens.För att detta ska vara möjligt krävs ett långsiktigt och gränsöverskridande arbete som involverar högskolan, företag, entreprenörer och offentliga arbetsgivare samt planerare och beslutsfattare på lokal, regional och nationell nivå. Ett lyckosamt ett exempel på ett sådant arbete är satsningen Smart Textiles. Man behöver dock ett bredare och mer omfattande engagemang. En central fråga i ett sådant arbete är hur långt man kommit i att främja ett närings- och arbetsliv som skapar en kompetensmultiplikator till nytta för den ekonomiska utvecklingen på längre sikt. En annan fråga är hur kunskapsnyttor från forskningsverksamheten vid Högskolan i Borås kan få ännu större spridning och förankring i regionen.För att komma vidare på det spåret behövs en kritisk granskning från universitetsledningen av hur man ska förhålla sig till frågan om konkurrens eller samverkan mellan universiteten i Västra Götaland. Vid strategivalet kring Högskolan i Jönköping eller som lärosätet nu heter Jönköping University har frågan om lokal förankring eller internationell positionering varit av central betydelse. Det ambitiösa valet att satsa på det internationella spåret och göra hela Jönköping University internationellt har inte skett utan motsättningar och svårigheter.

  • 10.
    Falck, Simon
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Snickars, Folke
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Research Hubs in the Baltic Sea Region: An Explorative study about Research Cooperation and the Usage of Research Facilities in Physics and Life Sciences2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this explorative study is to investigate the extent the research infrastructure facilities at DESY in Hamburg (Germany) and MAX-lab in Lund (Sweden) serve as research hubs in the Baltic Sea Region, and how different research cooperations related to these facilities are structured. Our purpose is to focus explicitly on cooperations that exist or have existed and proceed to analyze whether there is a functional relationship between researchers and these research facilities within the Baltic Sea Region. The overall objective is to produce an undercoating material to discuss how the Baltic Sea Link can contribute to an improved research and innovation environment in the Baltic Sea Region by promoting cooperation and joint-actions between research institutes and research facilities.

  • 11.
    Falck, Simon
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Regional Grants and FDI Location: Evidence from Swedish Regional Policy Programs 2002-20092013In: Romanian Journal of Regional Science, ISSN 1843-8520, E-ISSN 1843-8520, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 36-68Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates factors determining the location of foreign direct investments (FDI) in Sweden. The main purpose is to examine the link between FDI and public incentives, in the form of regional grants, which make up a central part of the Swedish regional policy and state expenditures that explicitly addresses regional development. Our main finding is that there is no evidence of a robust relationship between grants and the location of FDI. However, a statistically significant effect is found for investment support and transport allowance, which are grants that aims at promoting development in designated areas. This by supporting investments in machines, buildings, and so on, and offset costs disadvantages in the northern parts of the country. We conclude that a better integration between the work on FDI and regional development may be a plausible route to promote economic development in Sweden, particularly in deprived regions.

  • 12. Jeong, Hayeong
    et al.
    Kobayashi, Kiyoshi
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Social capital for sustainable rural regions: the roles of voluntary association-mediated public service2013In: Social Capital and Rural Development in the Knowledge Society / [ed] Hans Westlund and Kiyoshi Kobayashi, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013, p. 299-332Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Johansson, Mats
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Eliasson, Kent
    Labour Market Aspects of the “New Rurality: Employment, Commuting and Entrepreneurship in Rural Sweden2010In: Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas / [ed] Westlund, H., Kobayashi, K, MARG , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14. Kobayashi, Kiyoshi
    et al.
    Jeong, Hayeong
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas Vol. 7.2012Book (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Larsson, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Rader Olsson, Amy
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Economic Entrepreneurship, Startups and their Effects on Local Development: The Case of Sweden2011In: / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan Sweden: University West , 2011, p. 451-470Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 16. Li, Y.
    et al.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Interpreting overall inequality in China: The roles of physical capital, human capital and social capital2013In: Regional Science Inquiry, ISSN 1791-5961, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 145-150Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the relationship between overall inequality in China and the contributions of physical capital, human capital and social capital. The investment in physical capital tends to enlarge overall inequality while human capital helps to reduce the inequality. Human capital appears to be more influential than physical capital in overall inequality reduction in the research period. Social capital (people's social networks) however, does not seem to exert any impact on overall inequality in the post-reform era. Possible policy implications of these results are that measures should be taken to pursue more even distributed investment of physical capital and to increase people's education in order to reduce overall inequality in China.

  • 17. Li, Y.
    et al.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Liu, Y.
    Urban-rural transformation in relation to cultivated land conversion in China: Implications for optimizing land use and balanced regional development2015In: Land use policy, ISSN 0264-8377, E-ISSN 1873-5754, Vol. 47, p. 218-224Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper aims to investigate land conversion as a result of urban-rural transformation in the Chinese context. Theoretical analysis and empirical study of the Bohai Rim region find strong connections between the land conversion rates and urban-rural transformation intensity in the period 2000-2010. Rapid land conversion normally takes place in counties/districts of low initial level of urban-rural transformation. However, places of high initial socioeconomic level and low transformation intensity would experience slow land conversion. The different land conversion rates in relation to urban-rural transformation intensity are mainly attributed to the China's land quotas distribution system which is subjective and administrative. The study highlights the implementation of land quotas distribution system based on differences to improve the land distribution efficiency and achieve balanced regional development in China.

  • 18. Li, Yuheng
    et al.
    Wang, Xun
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Liu, Yansui
    Physical Capital, Human Capital, and Social Capital: The Changing Roles in China’s Economic Growth2015In: Growth and Change, ISSN 0017-4815, E-ISSN 1468-2257, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 133-149Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the roles of physical capital, human capital, and social capital in China’s economic growth during the reform period 1981–2010. Empirical estimation confirms that physical capital and human capital contribute to the economic growth, probably due to the capital accumulation and the improvement of labor productivity. The impact of social capital turns from being insignificant in the 1980s and the 1990s to be positive in the 2000s, suggesting its rising importance in recent decades. A declining role of physical capital in the economic growth in China from 1990s to 2000s is also found. The findings hold for several additional robustness checks, including focusing on longer term determinants of the economic growth, subregional analysis, and endogeneity. Furthermore, the foreign direct investment inflows and adjustment of economic ownership structure are also important for economic growth in China

  • 19.
    Li, Yuheng
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Decomposition Analysis of Population Change and its Determinants in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Region2011In: Romanian Journal of Regional Science, ISSN 1843-8520, Vol. 529, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides two scenarios of population change and its spatial distribution at the county level in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Region: three residential patterns and three population growth groups. The findings show that population change in this region mainly agglomerated to the urban districts and areas of fast population growth in the period of 1990-2000. Regression results also provide details on the contribution of a number of determinants to the population change in the divisions of each scenario. This research concludes by arguing the necessity of future population studies in terms of different regional or local conditions.

  • 20.
    Li, Yuheng
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Social capital and economic growth in China’s provinces2013In: Social Capital and Rural Development in the Knowledge Society / [ed] Hans Westlund and Kiyoshi Kobayashi, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013, p. 182-198Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Li, Yuheng
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Cars, Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Future urban-rural relationship in China: comparison in a global context2010In: China Agricultural Economic Review, ISSN 1756-137X, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 396-411Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to make a general comparison between urban-rural relationship in China and that in the developed countries, aiming to draw some experiences based on which future tendencies of urban-rural relationship in China could be predicted.

    Design/methodology/approach – The core analysis of this paper examines how the urban-rural relationship develops especially when urbanization rate reaches a very high level. Through literature review, this paper explores the evolution of urban-rural relationship in developed nations by referring to some international cities in different industrial stages. In parallel, it goes through this relationship in China from 1949 until now.

    Findings – This paper shows that future urbanization development in China will be generated largely by rural-urban migration especially the eastern-inclined migration while rural industrialization-lead urbanization would develop at the provincial level. It also points that education and training to the labor force is the crucial issue to future urbanization development in China.

    Originality/value – The obvious value of this paper is to predict, through a historical review and comparison, urban-rural relationship in China when it is approaching to high urbanization level. Literature review finds some experiences in developed countries that will somehow take place in China. It also analyzes the eastern-oriented rural-urban migration, rural industrialization and their influence on urban-rural relationship in China.

  • 22. Li, Yuheng
    et al.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Zheng, Xiaoyu
    Liu, Yansui
    Bottom-up initiatives and revival in the face of rural decline: Case studies from China and Sweden2016In: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 47, p. 506-513Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is necessary for rural communities to meet conditions of decline, including depopulation, with effective strategies for rural revival and revitalisation. Based on Hirschman's 'exit-voice' theory, this paper investigates the way in which local stakeholders respond to processes of rural depopulation. Case studies undertaken in Xiaoguan village in China and in Are in Sweden reveal the effectiveness of bottom-up revitalization initiatives in combating rural decline. We show how local stakeholders' strong "voices" in these places which called for improved living conditions and increased job opportunities held people and groups together, encouraging them to work together with shared values and attitude. The strong leadership demonstrated either by local committees or in stakeholders' self-organized actions played an important role in carrying out revitalisation initiatives. We highlight the importance of not only reviving economies but also creating desirable rural lifestyles. Our findings also emphasize the need for bottom-up initiatives to align with government policy and regional development plans.

  • 23.
    Ljunggren, Maria
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Professors’ attitude to collaboration and central infrastructure for collaboration: an analysis of social capital establishment within higher education institutions2013In: Knowledge Commercialization and Valorization in Regional Economic Development, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013, p. 85-110Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Ljunggren, Maria
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Social capital enhancement through regional co-operation: a study of a swedish policy program2008In: Romanian journal of regional science, ISSN 1843-8520, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 35-53Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25. Naldi, Lucia
    et al.
    Nilsson, Pia
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Wixe, Sofia
    What is smart rural development?2015In: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 40, p. 90-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2010, the European Union adopted the notion 'smart' in its new ten-year growth strategy Europe 2020 stating that Europe should become a smart, sustainable, and inclusive economy. The broad and policy-oriented concepts of smart growth and smart development are part of the strategy introduced as a response to the observed low growth rates of innovation and productivity across European regions. In all its essence, the growth strategy states that smart growth supports sustainable development, which is achieved by promoting research, innovation, and knowledge in order to attain regional economic growth. What is made less clear is how the concept of smart growth can be translated to fit a diverse set of rural regions. Other outstanding issues discussed in this paper relate to the possibility to measure and empirically address the outcome of policies for smart rural development. Hence, in this paper we conceptually analyse and bring together the ideas that underlie the logic behind policies for smart growth by focusing on smart growth from the perspective of rural regions. The paper also presents indicators of smart rural development and analyses their relevance in future empirical studies. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 26. Olsson, A. R.
    et al.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas Vol. 92014In: Entrepreneurial Governance for Local Growth / [ed] Matsushima, K., Westlund, H. and Kobayashi, K., Kyoto: MARG, Kyoto University , 2014, p. 9-27Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Rader Olsson, Amy
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Hans, Westlund
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Economic Entrepreneurship, startups and local development2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Rader Olsson, Amy
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Measuring political entrepreneurship: an empirical study of Swedish Municipalities2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Rader Olsson, Amy
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Larijani, Pardis Nabavi
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Socialt kapital och innovation: ett rumsligt perspektiv” (Social capital and innovation: a spatial perspective)2013In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 90, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our understanding of the relationship between innovative capacity, social ca-pital and the social dimension of sustainable development is still in its infan-cy. There is an extensive literature on innovation with a strong connection to theories of social capital, but only a few studies have examined the effects of social capital on innovation. We create and test two measurable variables that describe local innovative potential in order to contribute to deeper understan-ding of the link between innovation and social capital: business-related social capital related to place, and innovative policy potential in local communities. Our model for Swedish municipalities indicates that these two variables have a positive impact on firm innovation (measured by export value per capita) at the local level, but also that there may be differences between these relationships in urban and rural municipalities.

  • 30.
    Rader Olsson, Amy
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Larsson, Johan P
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Entrepreneurial Governance for Local Growth2015In: The Rise of the City: Spatial Dynamics in the Urban Century / [ed] K. Kourtit, P. Nijkamp, RR Stough, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 135-Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 31. Westerdahl, Stig
    et al.
    Westlund, HansKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.Kobayashi, Kiyoshi
    Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas, Volume 82014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This volume contains the examined and selected papers of the 8th International Workshop on "Social Capital and Development Trends in Japan's and Sweden's Countryside".

  • 32.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    A Brief History of Time, Space, and Growth: Waldo Tobler’s First Law of Geography Revisited2013In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 51, no 3, p. 917-924Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the current knowledge economy, the most important production factor, human knowledge, is much more mobile than the dominating production factors of previous periods. This means that theories of spatial development, formulated during the manufacturing-industrial era, might not be wholly applicable today. One of the basic assumptions of spatial theory is formulated in Waldo Tobler's first law of geography: "everything is related to everything else, but near things are more related than distant things." This article discusses the validity of this law in today's knowledge economy. While several factors have made distance less important, a crucial factor for innovation and growth-tacit knowledge-is still highly dependent on face-to-face contacts. This suggests that Waldo Tobler's first law of geography plays an important role also in the knowledge economy.

  • 33.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    A multidimensional perspective on entrepreneurship2012In: Entrepreneurship, Social Capital and Governance: Directions for the Sustainable Development and Competitiveness of Regions / [ed] Karlsson C, Johansson B and Stough R., Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012, p. 192-220Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 34. Westlund, Hans
    An unplanned green wave: settlement patterns in Sweden during the 1990s2002In: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 34, no 8, p. 1395-1410Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the population changes in the countryside and in urban centres within the municipalities of Sweden outside the metropolitan areas, between 1990 and 1997. Overall, the countryside showed a higher population increase than the municipality centres. Smaller population centres suffered a population decline. The increase in population in the countryside was strongest in areas surrounding the metropolises and around regional centres. Statistical analysis showed that population change outside population centres mainly varies with the average income, labour-market access, and taxation values or housing costs in the municipalities. This process of change has run directly counter to the policy that was formulated for small municipalities from the end of the 1960s onwards. The growth in rural population was spontaneous for the most part, and more or less in conflict with the plans of the municipalities.

  • 35.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Collaboration in Innovation Systems and the Role of Social Capital2011In: Socio-Cultural Dimensions of Innovation Performance / [ed] Adam, F. and Westlund, H., Ljubljana: Institute for Developmental and Strategic Analysis (IRSA) , 2011, p. 108-130Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Comments on President Jack Osman’s Presentation2007In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 13-15Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Cultural Factors in Economic Growth2002Other (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Economic Growth and Change: National and Regional Patterns of Convergence and Divergence.2002Other (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Embedded Enterprise and Social Capital: International Perspectives2003Other (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Westlund, Hans
    Institutet för Tillväxtpolitiska Studier (ITPS).
    Entrepreneurship and Regional Economic Development: A Spatial Perspective2005In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 84, no 1, p. 137-139Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Westlund, Hans
    Arbetslivsinstitutet.
    Entrepreneurship in the Region2007In: Journal of regional science, ISSN 0022-4146, E-ISSN 1467-9787, Vol. 47, no 2, p. 390-392Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Gleanings of Nordic Regional Research.2000Other (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Handbook of social capital: The troika of sociology, political science and economics2011In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 90, no 1, p. 240-241Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 44.
    Westlund, Hans
    Institutet för Tillväxtpolitiska Studier (ITPS).
    Högskolans regionala samverkan: drivkrafter, problem och det sociala kapitalets betydelse2005In: Lärande hela livet: en antologi om lärandets betydelse för utveckling i arbetsliv och samhälle / [ed] Lindelöf, J., Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2005, p. 241-246Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Intangible Capital: Its Contribution to Economic Growth, Well-being and Rationality2010In: The Journal of Socio-Economics, ISSN 1053-5357, E-ISSN 1879-1239, Vol. 39, no 6, p. 702-703Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Westlund, Hans
    Institutet för Tillväxtpolitiska Studier (ITPS).
    Järnvägar och regional tillväxt i Skandinavien under 150 år2004In: Strukturernas dynamik: Kontinuitet och förändring i ekonomisk historia / [ed] Lena Andersson-Skog & Magnus Lindmark, Umeå: Umeå University , 2004, p. 33-47Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Kan hela Sverige leva som Gnosjö?2008In: Ska hela Sverige leva?, Stockholm: Formas Fokuserar , 2008, p. 217-228Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Knowledge Intense Industries, Spatial Externalities and Social Capital2008In: Sociokulturni in organizacijski vidiki prenosa znanja, Ljubljana: Inštitut za razvojne in strateške analize (IRSA) , 2008, p. 43-60Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Land och stad i Kalmarområdet1993Other (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Nyttiggörande också bortom den egna sektorn: samhällsentreprenörskap och socialt kapital2009In: Samhällets Entreprenörer: En antologi om Samhällsentreprenörskap / [ed] Gawell, M., Johannisson, B. and Lundqvist M., Stockholm: KK-stiftelsen , 2009, p. 234-251Chapter in book (Refereed)
123 1 - 50 of 130
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