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  • 1.
    Antonsson, Hans
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Finnveden, Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Gullberg, Anders
    Beser Hugosson, Muriel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, System Analysis and Economics.
    Höjer, Mattias
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Isaksson, Karolina
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Kaijser, Arne
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Laestadius, Staffan
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Sustainability and Industrial Dynamics.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering.
    Nelldal, Bo-Lennart
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science.
    Summerton, Jane
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Åkerman, Jonas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Nu finns chansen att riva upp beslutet om förbifarten2014In: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 2014-09-16Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2.
    Antonsson, Hans
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Finnveden, Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Gullberg, Anders
    Höjer, Mattias
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Isaksson, Karolina
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Kaijser, Arne
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Laestadius, Staffan
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Sustainability and Industrial Dynamics.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering.
    Nelldal, Bo-Lennart
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science.
    Summerton, Jane
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Åkerman, Jonas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Elbilar och förnybara bränslen räcker inte.2014In: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3.
    Avango, Dag
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Vetenskaplig forskning - teknisk förändring - industriell förnyelse: slutrapportering av ett forskningsprojekt finansierat av Riksbankens jubileumsfond 1998-20072008Book (Other academic)
  • 4. Dussauge, I.
    et al.
    Gribbe, Johan
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Kaijser, Arne
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Lundin, Per
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Peralta, Julia
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Sjöblom, G.
    Thodenius, B.
    Precursors of the IT Nation: Computer use and control in swedish society, 1955–19852011In: 3rd IFIP WG 9.7 Conference on History of Nordic Computing, HiNC 2010, Springer-Verlag New York, 2011, p. 425-432Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is a presentation of a research project that aims at writing the history of computing in Sweden in the mainframe age from a user perspective. Rather than beginning with the history of hardware, this project takes as its point of departure the way in which actors in different sectors of society used computer technology in order to achieve a higher degree of control over crucial processes, whether through electronic data processing systems, process control or technical/scientific computation.

  • 5.
    Emanuel, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Cykel bättre än spårbil på campus!2010Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Fjæstad, Maja
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Åberg, Anna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    The Geopolitics of Energy: Swedish International Dependencies in a Historical Perspective2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A metaphor that is often used to describe energy supply is that of a nation’s blood circulation. Indeed, a permanent interruption in the supply of energy would be lethal to any society. Sweden – a neutral country in cold war Europe – belongs to those countries that are, and have been, very strongly dependent on imports of energy, and this implies a special vulnerability. Today two imported energy carriers – oil and uranium – each covers some 30 % of the total.

    Sweden is of course not alone in its dependence on imported fuels. The world’s energy resources are unevenly distributed, and since the mid 19th century the pursuit of coal, oil, gas and uranium has been an important constituent of international politics and economics. The strongest nations have used economical, political and if necessary military means to control energy sources in far away territories in order to secure their energy supplies at home. This is often referred to as the geopolitics of energy, and there has been quite some research about it. There has been much less research on how small nations have tried to handle their dependencies on far away countries using “soft” means rather than “hard” ones. By studying how Sweden has done this we hope to contribute to an understanding of the geopolitics of energy of small nations.

    We will focus at which actors and which motives that have been central in these decisions and whether it is possible to identify a distinct but evolving ‘Swedish model’ in actors’ attempts to deal with vulnerabilities stemming from energy import dependence, and if this model has applied to the energy system as a whole, i.e. the same model has applied to all types of fuels.

  • 7.
    Gullberg, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, Superseded Departments, History of Science and Technology.
    City-building regimes in post-war Stockholm2004In: The Journal of urban technology, ISSN 1063-0732, E-ISSN 1466-1853, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 13-39Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Hommels, Anique
    et al.
    Maastricht University.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Van der Vleuten, Erik
    Eindhoven University of Technology.
    Europe’s Infrastructure Vulnerabilities: Comparisons and Connections2013In: The Making of Europe's Critical Infrastructure: Common Connections and Shared Vulnerabilities / [ed] Per Högselius, Anique Hommels, Arne Kaijser, and Erik van der Vleuten, Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, p. 263-277Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Högselius, Per
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Hommels, Anique
    Maastricht University, The Netherlands.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Van der Vleuten, Erik
    Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands.
    The Making of Europe's Critical Infrastructure: Common Connections and Shared Vulnerabilities2013Book (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Högselius, Per
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Använt kärnbränsle som resurs: exemplen Tyskland, Ryssland och Japan2007In: SKB Samhällsforskning 2007, Stockholm: SKB , 2007, p. 121-151Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Högselius, Per
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    När folkhemselen blev internationell: Elavregleringen i historiskt perspektiv2007Book (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Högselius, Per
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), History of Science and Technology.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), History of Science and Technology.
    The politics of electricity deregulation in Sweden: the art of acting on multiple arenas2010In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 38, no 5, p. 2245-2254Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates the deregulation of the Swedish electricity industry as a political process. Discussions about deregulation started in the late 1980s. A first step in the process was the corporatization of the Swedish state-owned utility Vattenfall in 1992. The deregulatory process culminated with the new Electricity Law, which entered into force in 1996. We investigate in historical depth how a diverse range of actors contributed to shaping both the new institutional environment and the political discourse. The article scrutinizes not only the formal political decision-making process and the activities of a variety of ministries, boards and agencies, but also the processes by which energy companies and other relevant industrial actors influenced the outcome of the regulatory reforms. We explicitly focus on activities taking place on both political and business arenas, showing that major stakeholders acted on several arenas simultaneously to influence the deregulatory process and that the large power companies were most skilful in doing so. We also show that activities on the political and business arenas mutually reinforced each other in shaping the new regulatory framework.

  • 13.
    Högselius, Per
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    van der Vleuten, Erik
    Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands.
    Europe's Infrastructure Transition: Economy, War, Nature2016Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Europe's infrastructure both united and divided peoples and places via economic systems, crises, and wars. Some used transport, communication, and energy infrastructure to supply food, power, industrial products, credit, and unprecedented wealth; others mobilized infrastructure capacities for waging war on scales hitherto unknown. Europe's natural world was fundamentally transformed; its landscapes, waterscapes, and airscapes turned into infrastructure themselves. Europe's Infrastructure Transition reframes the conflicted story of modern European history by taking material networks as its point of departure. It traces the priorities set and the choices made in constructing transnational infrastructure connections - within and beyond the continent. Moreover, this study introduces an alternative set of historically-key individuals, organizations, and companies in the making of modern Europe and analyzes roads both taken and ignored.

  • 14.
    Högselius, Per
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Åberg, Anna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Natural Gas in Cold War Europe: The Making of a Critical Infrastructure2013In: The Making of Europe’s Critical Infrastructure / [ed] Per Högselius, Anique Hommels, Arne Kaijser, and Erik van der Vleuten, Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, 1, p. 27-61Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Högselius, Per
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Åberg, Anna
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Natural Gas in Cold War Europe: The Making of a Critical Infrastructure2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Att återställa förtroendet2009In: Fjärrvärmetidningen : en tidning om fjärrvärme, kraftvärme och fjärrkyla, ISSN 1401-7687, no 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 17.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Citybanan - en ny Hallandsås?2006In: Ny Teknik, ISSN 0550-8754, no 2006-03-15Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Commentary2013In: The Future of Nature: Documents of Global Change, Yale University Press, 2013, p. 279-281Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Den hjälpsamma handen: Staten och infrastrukturen2008In: Då förändras Sverige: 25 experter beskriver drivkrafter bakom utvecklingen / [ed] Eric Giertz, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2008, p. 65-74Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Elektrifieringens apostlar: Propaganda för elektrisk matlagning 1927-19522007In: Samhällsförändrarna: Livsmönster, idéer och teknisk förändring / [ed] Lars Elenius och Kristina Söderholm, Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2007, p. 136-151Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Fast i infrasystemen2005In: Spelet om staden / [ed] Gun Frank, Stockholm: Formas , 2005, p. 79-87Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Frivillig prisprövning av fjärrvärme?2009Report (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Kaijser, Arne
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Från stora tekniska system till tekniska komplex: Digitaliseringen av den svenska kraftförsörjningen2016In: Historikere i oppdrag: Festskrift till Trond Bergh, Sverre Knutsen, Lars Thue i anledning 70-årsdagene i 2015 og 2016 / [ed] Harald Espeli og Finn Erhard Johannessen, Oslo: Novus Forlag, 2016, p. 35-61Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln handlar om utvecklingen och införandet av datorsystemet TIDAS, Total Integrerat DAtor System, som introducerades av Vattenfall år 1977 för övervakning av det svenska kraftnätet. Artikeln ger en bakgrund om kraftnätets framväxt och växande komplexitet, analyserar den nästan tio år långa processen för att specificera, utveckla och driftsätta TIDAS samt skisserar datorsystemets effekter för det svenska och nordiska kraftsystemet.

  • 24.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Försurningen gick att hejda2009In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 2009-11-26Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    How to Describe Large Technical Systems and Their Changes over Time?2005In: Urban Transport Development: A Complex Issue / [ed] G. Jönsson & E. Tengström, Berlin: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2005, p. 12-19Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    I fäders spår2006In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 2006-03-04Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Iceland Imagined: Nature, Culture, and Storytelling in the North Atlantic2012In: Technology and culture, ISSN 0040-165X, E-ISSN 1097-3729, Vol. 53, no 3, p. 702-703Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Minnen från folkomröstningskampanjen2008In: Daedalus: Tekniska Museets Årsbok, Tekniska Museet , 2008Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 29.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Nature's Periphery: Rural Transformation by the Advent of Infrasystems2006In: Taking Place: The Spatial Contexts of Science, Technology and Business / [ed] E. Baraldi, H. Fors, A. Houltz, Sagamore Beach: Science History Publications Ltd., 2006, p. 151-186Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Nya vägar i europeisk historieskrivning2007In: Tvärsnitt, ISSN 0348-7997, no 2Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Nätverksneutralitet i historiskt perspektiv2008In: Nätverksneutralitet i Sverige: En summering av ett Teldok 2.0 seminarium / [ed] Stefan Görling & Peter Nou, Teldok , 2008, p. 39-50Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Staten stärker greppet om infrastrukturen2008In: Då förändras Sverige: 25 experter beskriver drivkrafter bakom / [ed] Eric Giertz, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2008, p. 127-137Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Swedish energy imports in the 20th century: The geopolitics of a small nation2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Throughout the 20th century Sweden has imported more than half of its energy needs, except for a few years during the WWI and WWII. In the 1970s imports reached a level of almost 80 % and today we still import almost 2/3 of our energy needs. There has been much historical research focusing on the development of domestic energy sources like hydro power, nuclear power, biofuels, wind power and about the conflicts surrounding these, not least concerning environmental impacts. But very little about the predominance of energy imports and what these have meant.

    This dependency on energy imports from many parts of the world has implied a major vulnerability that became manifest a number of times. Both World War I and II implied huge obstacles for coal imports. Other critical periods were in 1956, when the Suez crisis cut off oil supplies from the Middle East, and in 1973 and 1979, when oil prices sky rocketed due to the Yom Kippur War and the Iranian revolution, respectively.

    Sweden has of course not been alone in its dependence on imported fuels. The world’s energy resources are very unevenly distributed, and since the mid-19th century the pursuit of coal, oil, gas and uranium has been an important constituent of international politics and economics. The strongest nations have used economic, political and if necessary military means to control energy sources in far-away territories in order to secure their energy supplies at home. This is often referred to as the geopolitics of energy, and there has been quite some research about it. There has been much less research on how small nations have tried to handle their dependencies on far away countries using “soft” means rather than “hard” ones.

    This paper will discuss the geopolitics of a small nation by looking at the strategies that Swedish actors of different kinds have pursued to try to reduce the vulnerability of energy imports: by increasing the number of export countries and by developing trustful relations with exporting countries and companies; by cooperating with other importing countries to get a stronger bargaining position vis-à-vis exporters; by participating in prospecting and exploration of energy abroad; by storing energy fuels to be used in case of interruptions in energy imports; and by building flexible heat and power plants that can use different kinds of energy carriers.

    It will also reflect on the environmental implications of this energy import. How can we assess the magnitude of these environmental effects? And how come that this aspect of Swedish energy supply has been so little discussed in comparison to the environmental effects of domestic energy production?

  • 34.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, Superseded Departments, History of Science and Technology.
    System building from below - Institutional change in Dutch water control systems2002In: Technology and culture, ISSN 0040-165X, E-ISSN 1097-3729, Vol. 43, no 3, p. 521-548Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Teknik och vetenskap2015In: Perspektiv på historia: En introduktion till historiestudier / [ed] Henrik Ågren, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 1:1, p. 89-112Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta kapitel ska jag beröra några av de frågor som teknikhistoriker har ägnat sig åt de senaste årtiondena. Jag börjar med frågan om vad teknik och tekniska system är. Därefter reflekterar jag kring: Kontinuitet eller förändring? Hur sprids teknik? Hur utvecklas ny teknik? Vad är förhållandet mellan teknik och vetenskap?  Hur utvecklas tekniska system, och hur har sådana system påverkat samhälle och natur? Avslutningsvis diskuterar jag varför teknik är en så manlig domän och i vilken mån teknikhistoria ger nya perspektiv.

  • 36.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    The future as history - Swedish Energy Futures Studies in Perspective2007In: Science for Sustainable Development. The Social Challenge with Emphasis on the Conditions for Change: Proceedings of the 2nd VHU conference on Science for Sustainable Development, Linköping, Sweden 6-7 september 2007 / [ed] Björn Frostell m. fl., 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    The Trail from Trail New Challenges for Historians of Technology2011In: Technology and culture, ISSN 0040-165X, E-ISSN 1097-3729, Vol. 52, no 1, p. 131-142Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    The Use of Computers for Controlling Electricity Flows in Sweden, 1950-19802011In: History of Nordic Computing 3 / [ed] J. Impagliazzo, P. Lundin, L. Wangler, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2011, 3, p. 28-34Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An important application of computers from the 1950s and onwards has been for designing and operating complex infrastructural systems like air traffic, telephony, railways, and electricity. This paper tells the story about how computers from the 1950s and onwards became an important tool for designing and operating the Swedish power grid. It describes two phases of this development. In the 1950s and 1960s, computers were used for making complicated calculations for designing power grids in a reliable way and optimizing the use of the different power plants. In a second phase starting in the late 1960s, computer systems were developed for real time monitoring supporting human control of the power grid. The paper analyzes by whom and for what purposes computers became tools for controlling electricity flows. In the conclusion, it also discusses the wider implications of computers for the development of the Swedish power system.

  • 39.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Tom Hughes-International Scholar2014In: Technology and culture, ISSN 0040-165X, E-ISSN 1097-3729, Vol. 55, no 4, p. 953-957Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Träsklandet blev stormakt: Väderkvarnar mot Nederländernas översvämningar2006In: Forskning & Framsteg, ISSN 0015-7937, no 4, p. 42-47Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Under a Common Acid Sky. Negotiating Transboundary Air Pollution in Europe: Negotiating Transboundary Air Pollution in Europe2013In: Cosmopolitan Commons: Sharing Resources and Risks across Borders / [ed] Nil Disco and Eda Kranakis, Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2013, p. 213-242Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Under the Damocles Sword: Coal import and the fear of energy shortage in Sweden2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    “Our country’s independence and economy has a Damocles sword constantly hanging over it”. This formulation was used by a Swedish parliamentarian in the year 1900 referring to Sweden’s dependency on coal import. The vulnerability this implied had become manifest in previous months, when coal prices had increased significantly following a major strike in British coal mines. And as coal provided almost half of total energy supply this price increase had a huge impact on the Swedish economy at large.

    Until the mid-19th century, Sweden had been almost self-sufficient in energy supply. In the mid-19th century a growing number of steam engines were installed in industries, trains, steamboats and urban gasworks were established in cities and towns. This created a growing demand for coal. In spite of ambitious coal prospecting and exploration in parts of the country, very few deposits were discovered, and Sweden started importing coal mainly from Great Britain. The organization of the industry became very fragmented. In the 1930s there were no less than 40 wholesale dealers and more than 5000 retailers on the Swedish coal and cokes market.

    In my paper I will study how the fear of coal shortage spurred developments of domestic energy sources before WWI and during the interwar years. Moreover, I will study how Swedish public and private actors coped with the actual coal shortages during the two world wars, focusing both on the large scale substitution of coal and coke with wood and peat and on negotiations with potential exporters. In both wars the state intervened very strongly in the fuel market with rationing of sales and large scale stock piling. During WWII Nazi Germany became Sweden’s main coal supplier and increased its export substantially, when imports from Britain had been cut off. In return Sweden increased its export of iron ore in proportion.

     

  • 43.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Växlande förbindelser: Konkurrens och samverkan mellan stat och näringsliv i utvecklingen av svensk teleindustri2015In: Om Sverige i framtiden – en antologi om digitaliseringens möjligheter (SOU 2015:65) / [ed] Jan Gulliksen, Stockholm: Regeringskansliet , 2015, p. 213-240Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Kabelvåg är en gudomligt vacker plats belägen i Lofoten i norra Norge. Alldeles särskilt vackert är det kring midsommar när solen lyser dygnet runt. Detta var säkert ett bidragande skäl till att den 34:e nordiska telekonferensen anordnades i denna lilla ort midsommaren 1969 med ett 30-tal deltagare från de nordiska televerken. Vid konferensen presenterade delegationen från det svenska Televerket ett förslag om att inleda ett nordiskt samarbete inom mobiltelefoni som fick en positiv respons från de övriga delegaterna. Detta blev startskottet för ett utvecklingsprojekt som resulterade i att de nordiska länderna etablerade en gemensam standard för mobiltelefoni, NMT, och därmed blev pionjärer inom mobiltelefoni. Och även till att företagen LM Ericsson och Nokia med avstamp i Norden blev världsledande tillverkare av mobilutrustning.

    Två månader senare, den 2 september 1969, ägde ett annat möte som skulle få stor betydelse för svensk telefoniutveckling. Marcus Wallenberg var värd för ett lunchmöte med Björn Lundvall och Bertil Bjurel. De två förstnämnda var styrelseordförande resp. VD för LM Ericsson medan den sistnämnde var generaldirektör för Televerket. Syftet med lunchen var att föra en förtrolig diskussion om förutsättningarna för ett samarbete kring utveckling av digitala telefonväxlar, och det resulterade i en gentlemen’s agreement att skapa ett gemensamt forskningsbolag. Ett halvår senare etablerades det samägda bolaget Ellemtel Utvecklings AB, som på sex år lyckades utveckla en digital telefonväxel, AXE, som blev en grundbult i LM Ericssons försäljningi ett kvartssekel.

    Dessa två utvecklingsprojekt bidrog till att Sverige kunde behålla och förstärka sin traditionella ställning som en framgångsrik IT nation i en ny teknologisk era. Båda projekten skedde i en nära samverkan mellan stat och näringsliv, en samverkan som hade en lång, historisk tradition och inleddes redan på 1920-talet. Dessförinnan hade den svenska teleindustrin istället präglats av intensiv konkurrens, inte minst mellan det statliga Telegrafverket och privata telefonbolag. Denna konkurrens bidrog till att Sverige tidigt fick en i internationell jämförelse mycket hög telefontäthet. Tesen i denna artikel är att dessa växlande relationer mellan stat och näringsliv med ömsom intensiv konkurrens och ömsom nära samverkan har haft en avgörande betydelse för det svenska telesystemets utveckling och för Sveriges ställning som en ledande IT-nation idag. Artikeln behandlar tidsepoken från telefonens introduktion år 1880 fram till liberaliseringen av telemarknaden vid mitten av 1990-talet.

  • 44.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    When the grid became smart2010In: Proceedings of the Scientific Conference on Energy and IT at Alvsjo fair, Stockholm March 11-12, 2009 in connection with "Energitinget 2010", 2010, p. 151-165Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Kaijser, Arne
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Fjæstad, Maja
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Åberg, Anna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Under the Damocles Sword: Managing Swedish Energy Dependence2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Kaijser, Arne
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Elavregleringen är ett skräckexempel2007In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 19 juniArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 47.
    Kaijser, Arne
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Kraftbolagens vinster - helt i linje med politiska beslut2007In: Göteborgsposten, ISSN 1103-9345, no 13 septemberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 48.
    Kaijser, Arne
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Resurs eller avfall?: politiken kring hanteringen av använt kärnbränsle i Finland, Tyskland, Ryssland och Japan2007Report (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Kaijser, Arne
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Kander, Astrid
    Lunds Universitet.
    Framtida energiomställningar i historiskt perspektiv2013Report (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Kaijser, Arne
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Sax, Ulrika
    A Tribute to the Memory of Brita Åkerman and Carin Boalt2013Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
12 1 - 50 of 57
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